consumer council advises caution CC asked locals to inquire into and understand the relevant mainland regulations before buying properties there smg says bad air quality ‘normal’ for this season P2 P3 frenchman tirole wins nobel prize Tirole, 61, won the Nobel prize for economics yesterday for research on market power and regulation P20 TUE. 14 Oct 2014 T. 22º/ 28º C H. 45/ 70% N.º 2169 Blackberry email service powered by CTM MOP 5.00 HKD 7.50 Founder & Publisher Kowie Geldenhuys Editor-in-Chief Paulo Coutinho “ THE TIMES THEY ARE A-CHANGIN’ ” Senior HK politician says to Macau: no striving, no democracy WORLD BRIEFS CHINA has approved the development of a USD3.3 billion Universal theme park in Beijing that would be the first major foreign-owned theme park in the Chinese capital. The U.S. company Comcast NBCUniversal and a consortium of four Chinese state-owned companies announced the plan, saying the park will be developed on about 120 hectares in eastern Beijing. P6,7 SPECIAL INTERVIEW INDIA More than 1,000 rescue workers and soldiers clear piles of uprooted trees and electrical poles blocking roads after powerful Cyclone Hudhud slammed into India’s eastern coast, killing at least eight people and demolishing tens of thousands of mud huts. In another storm lashing Asia, Typhoon Vongfong was downgraded to a tropical storm as it hit the Japanese island of Kyushu after battering the southern island of Okinawa. At least 37 people were injured, and authorities advised 400,000 people to evacuate. More on p12 Nobre de Carvalho Bridge reaches its 40th anniversary AFGHANISTAN A suicide bomber targets a NATO convoy in Kabul, killing one civilian, while another strikes an Afghan army patrol in the eastern Nangarhar province, killing two civilians, Afghan officials say. NATO said one of its vehicles was attacked in Kabul, adding that there were no immediate reports of any casualties among members of the military coalition. 9 days to go Carmo Correia/Lusa More on backpage P4 MACAU th Anniversary 澳聞 Autumn in Italy Paulo Coutinho, Milan* Flavors and gestures of Emiglia Romagna Macau residents and tourists are pretty familiar with Italian products and flavors by now. Over the past 10 years, all kinds of “salumi” and pasta have invaded neighborhood supermarkets and gourmet corners in Macau. Meanwhile, Il Luogo di Aimo e Nadia, Milan Italian restaurants have mushroomed up all over the place in the newly built hotel-casinos, bringing to town both experienced chefs and the real McCoy in terms of gastronomic experiences. First pioneering Italian products and restaurants in the city was the Macanese-Italian Acconci family and a Roman couple, who back in the 1980s dared to open a restaurant called ‘Roma’ in Rua Nova a Guia - which now is known as the ‘pharmacy street’. The next step, truly a landmark, was the opening of ‘Toscana’ in Rua Formosa, a narrow alley that intercepts Rua do Campo. ‘Toscana’ was a hit in town. Soon enough it grew in popularity and moved to a larger venue at the Grand Prix complex, for decades being the sole Italian cuisine experience in the city - apart from fast food chain Pizza Hut, whose first outlet opened in Hotel Lisboa in the early ’90s. From a split over the initial ‘Toscana’ shareholders, two other restaurants opened in Nape (‘Trattoria da Isa’) and ‘La Gondola’ in Cheoc Van, Coloane. These thoughts came to mind as I was travelling by bus from Milan to Bologna, crossing over the salivating Emiglia-Romagna region, led by representatives from the Italian trade agency and the regional association of food producers. The previous day, the Macau and HK press delegation was exposed to a fine dining experience made entirely from regional IGP food, or Indicazione Geografica Protetta. Well, that is an extremely bureaucratic way to put it, when you are sitting at a two-starred Michelin restaurant in an affluent Jewish neighborhood of Milan founded back in the sixties by Aimo and Nadia, the Tuscan-born parents of our very host, gracious Ms Stefania Moroni; all the while listening to eloquent and passionate chef Alexandro Negrini talking and gesturing about how his food resembles music and his work that of a maestro. You have to have the basics right, the symphonic harmony, which translates into the traditional palate, but as in any great piece of music you have to take risks in order to gain the heart of the audience. He was describing his spaghetti alla carbonara that is made without bacon, replaced instead by vegetarian ingredients grown at an altitude of 1,400 meters in the Italian Alps. Oh I get the passion, while savoring a deep fried sweet chili from Senise, southern Italy, covered by 36-month aged prosciutto… The authenticity of the ingredients is key to the integrity of the dishes: “We have friends [farmers] all over Italy that send us the products they grow to cook at the restaurant.” Earlier yesterday, lunch went on in a more down to earth “osteria,” run by a Neapolitan family at 29 Magenta Corso. Hence, their paccheri sauce tasted different to chef Alexandro’s due to the way they work on the southern herbs used to cook the dressing that stuck to the pasta like skin to flesh. Italy is territory of passionate people, who love food, fashion, art, wine and coffee and proudly boast 300 meaningful gestures to cheer up a conversation (as TK’s editor recalled citing a NYT post he had just read). As we approach Bologna an intriguing experience is awaiting us: a home-cooked dinner with flavors and smells of fresh-made pasta, Parma ham, parmigiano cheese and, I’m sure, more of those articulated stories. * The writer is in Italy at the invitation of the Italian Trade Agency www.macaudailytimes.com.mo MDT’s Website has logged over 81 million page views since January 1st, 2012 up to today. Thank You! Like us? facebook.com/mdtimes Consumer Council urges caution when buying mainland property T he Consumer Council has asked residents to inquire into and understand the relevant regulations in mainland China before choosing and buying properties there. In a press release, the Council said that more Macau residents have chosen to purchase properties on the mainland due to the increasing interaction between both regions. Some property developers have also organized events to attract Macau residents to purchase their firsthand properties, including those that are incomplete or under construction. The Consumer Council suggested that the mainland’s regulations on the sales of residential properties are “very strict”. There are various regulations that govern the sale of residential properties, including the Measures for Administration of Pre-sale of Residential Buildings, Regulations on the Development and Management of Urban Real Estate, and Measures for Administration of the Pre-sale of Urban Residential Buildings. “According to the Measures for Administration of Pre-sale of Residential Buildings, the developer of the residential building should possess the authorization certificate of land use, paulo barbosa 2 14.10.2014 tue Buildings in Zhuhai construction planning permit, and is also required to confirm the construction process, and completion date, as well as the date of payment for the residential building. Meanwhile, the permit for the pre-sale of residential buildings can only be applied when the capital invested has reached over 25 percent of the whole investment amount, and the proposal of the pre-sale project (including the floor plan of the building) is necessary for application. The developer can only initiate presale activities when their permit is approved and acquired. If the building is intended for sale outside China, a pre-approved authorization is also required, and the developer must state clearly the ratio of out- of-border sale on their permit,” the Council’s release stated. Moreover, it reminded residents that according to the Measures for Administration of Pre-sale of Residential Buildings, both the seller and buyer must sign a contract for the presale of such property. Registration should also be completed at the provincial department for real estate and land management within 30 days of signing the abovementioned contract. The Council reiterated that consumers should make inquiries about the relevant regulations and check the information of the estate developer, prior to making any decisions concerning the purchase of properties in the mainland. JPL Gov’t to launch new recruitment examination for legal officers T he Public Administration and Civil Service Bureau (SAFP) will re-launch a recruitment process for legal officers seeking to work within Macau’s public administration, the newspaper Tribuna de Macau reported. SAFP said it would launch another recruitment examination. The department has been unable to fill current vacancies, as only one candidate out of 500 “survived” the latest exam. SAFP released the results of a written exam for the recruitment of first-rank second-level legal officers (Técnico Superior naáreajuridica) early this month, Out of the 508 applicants, only one candidate passed. Only 380 took the test, and five were disqualified. The lone exam ‘survivor’ was already working as a civil servant in Macau. The new recruitment examination will be opened to new candidates, as well as to applicants who did not pass the latest test. “We are hoping Director and Editor-in-Chief_Paulo Coutinho [email protected] Managing Editor_Paulo Barbosa [email protected] Contributing Editors_Eric Sautedé, Leanda Lee, Severo Portela China & foreign editor_Vanessa Moore [email protected] Design Editor_João Jorge Magalhães [email protected] | Newsroom and Contributors_Albano Martins, António Espadinha Soares, Catarina Pinto, Cyril Law, Emilie Tran, Grace Yu, Irene Sam, Jacky I.F. Cheong, Jenny Philips, João Pedro Lau, Joseph Cheung, Juliet Risdon, Keith Ip, Renato Marques (photographer), Richard Whitfield, Robert Carroll (Hong Kong correspondent), Rodrigo de Matos (cartoonist), Ruan Du Toit Bester, Sandra Norte (designer), Sum Choi, Viviana Seguí | Associate Contributors_JML Property, MacauHR, MdME Lawyers, PokerStars | News agencies_ Associated Press, Bloomberg, Lusa News Agency, MacauHub, MacauNews, Xinhua | Secretary_Yang Dongxiao [email protected] that this group of candidates can repeat the exam, so that they can access [a post] in the Public Administration,” SAFP said. The Public Administration and Civil Service Bureau also denied any anomalies in the recruitment process, stating it was conducted according to the usual procedure. SAFP’s deputy director, Mr Kou Peng Kuan, said last week that the government recruitment process for legal officers was conducted in an equal and just manner, even though only one candidate passed the exam. “We tried to recruit people based on equal, just [criteria], so that they are able to perform their duties in the legal domain of Macau’s Public Administration. Therefore, the demands [of the test] are in line with the work they would be performing on a daily basis as legal officers,” he told reporters at a press conference on Friday. A Macau Times Publications Ltd Publication Administrator and Chief Executive Officer Kowie Geldenhuys [email protected] Secretary Juliana Cheang [email protected] Address Av. da Praia Grande, 599, Edif. Comercial Rodrigues, 12 Floor C, MACAU SAR Telephones: +853 287 160 81/2 Fax: +853 287 160 84 Advertisement [email protected] For subscription and general issues: [email protected] | Printed at Welfare Printing Ltd send newsworthy information and press releases to: [email protected] website: www.macaudailytimes.com.mo ISSN 2305-4271 tue 14.10.2014 th Anniversary 澳聞 Local administration surplus increases B etween January and September, Macau’s administration spent about 34 percent of its overall collected revenue, reaching a MOP79,295,8 million surplus, according to data on budget execution referring to this year’s first three quarters. Data released on the Financial Services Bureau website shows that between January and September, the administration recorded an overall revenue of MOP120,109.7 million, six percent more than in the first nine months of 2013 and representing 85 percent of what had been forecast for 2014. Current revenue, reaching MOP119,575.6 million, recorded an increase of 9 percent, and its execution rate reached 85.3 percent this year. Direct taxes are amongst the Macau government’s main sources of revenue, amounting to MOP104,780.7 million, representing an 8.8 percent increase yearon-year. Direct taxes from gaming amounted to MOP101,132.3 million, representing 35 percent of the operator’s gross revenue, with an execution of 85.8 percent and representing over 80 percent of the administration’s global revenue. Revenue from gaming tax does not exactly reflect the gross gaming revenue progress, since they’re paid a month after to which they refer to. Regarding expenditure, Macau’s administration presented an overall record of MOP40,813.8 million, representing a 14.3 percent increase year-on-year, with an execution of 52.6 percent of what had been forecast for 2014. Current expenditure reached MOP38,395.8 million, recording an increase of 16.4 percent and an execution of 62.2 percent of what had been forecast. Investments made on the Public Investment Plan (PIDDA) have decreased, reaching a 19 percent decline from a year earlier, with the government executing only 11.3 percent (with MOP1.607,8 expenditure). Macau’s administration surplus is 2.2 percent more than in the first nine months of 2013. Lusa MACAU 3 SMG says bad air quality ‘normal’ for this time of year Catarina Pinto T he air quality index forecast provided by Macau’s Meteorological and Geophysical Bureau (SMG) has recorded several days of bad air quality between September and October, but meteorologist Frankie Tam said that pollution levels for this time of the year are a normal result of ozone pollution. “We can see that the main air pollutant is ozone, which is formed when there’s very strong sunlight,” he stressed, recalling that in the past few weeks the weather has been mainly sunny and with weak winds. “It is normal [during] this time of the year. The ozone is at higher levels due to weather conditions,” he added, since by-products of burning gasoline and coal combine chemically with oxygen to form ozone, particularly in sunny, high-temperature conditions in late spring, summer and early fall. Frankie Tam said that the Weather Bureau advises people with respiratory diseases to stay indoors if possible, or at least reduce exposure to pollution, as well as refraining from taking part in outdoor activities. They should also avoid staying too long in roadside areas when the air quality is bad. SMG provides a daily air quality index bulletin based on the 24-hour data from an automatic monitoring network, which observes daily pollutants. The current list of pollutants includes breathable suspended particulate, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, carbon monoxide and ozone, among others. They have recently partnered with Guangdong province and Hong Kong authorities to launch a Regional Air Quality Monitoring Information System, which is available on their website. Within the framework of this cooperation protocol, Guangdong and Hong Kong have extended their air quality monitoring network, while Taipa’s monitoring station has joined the Pearl River Delta platform. Hong Kong will add one more monitoring station to its current three, while Guangdong province will increase its number of monitoring stations from 13 to 18, Macau’s Environmental Protection Bureau said recently in a statement. Hong Kong’s air pollution reached its highest level last month, and nitrogen dioxide levels jumped as well. Poor roadside air quality presents the biggest daily health threat to Hong Kong’s citizens, according to the HKSAR’s government clean-air plan, published in 2013. ad MACAU Chinese Estates approves Moon Ocean sale The Hong Kong-listed company Chinese Estates Holdings Limited has approved the sale of its subsidiary business Moon Ocean to Hong Kong tycoon Joseph Lau, who is still a major shareholder within the company. The Moon Ocean sales and purchase agreement reaches approximately HKD4.83 billion. A Chinese Estates announcement with the Hong Kong stock exchange revealed that the board has approved the Moon Ocean Special Dividend. Moon Ocean was previously granted the right to use the land opposite Macau International Airport, where it was planning to build the residential project La Scala. The Macau government would later revoke the land grant, as the Court of First Instance found Joseph Lau guilty of bribing former Secretary Ao Man Long – a decision that Joseph Lau has appealed. ad th Anniversary 澳聞 Nobre de Carvalho Bridge reaches its 40th anniversary T he Governor Nobre de Carvalho Bridge - Macau’s oldest bridge connecting the peninsula to Taipa – has reached its 40th anniversary, after emerging as “a first step toward the integrated development of the territory,” said architect José Maneiras. “As simple as it is, it’s still a landmark in Macau. It is the most beautiful and elegant and, in a certain way, it continues to serve the city’s public transportation. It made everything else happen. It was the first step toward an integrated development” of Macau, he said. José Maneiras believes that the old bridge also triggered Taipa’s urban development, as before everything was condensed in the peninsula. “The territories were very unbalanced, everything was condensed in the Macau peninsula,” including Macau’s population itself, vehicles, industry, as well as hotels. The dual-lane bridge shows the higher standards of engineer Edgar Cardoso, “one of the great Carmo Correia/Lusa 4 14.10.2014 tue Portuguese engineers, an internationally renowned expert in bridges.” The Macanese architect added that it was a huge achievement to build such a thin structure, which might have an apparent brittleness but has proven its endurance over time, having survived aggressive weather conditions and strong typhoons. Besides, “the bridge was built as cost-effectively as possible,” he added. Mr Maneiras recalls how he used to cross the river by boat to reach Taipa, which at that time, he said, was seen as a small village and a rural area even. The bridge was initially crossed upon payment of a MOP5 fee, which was later revoked. Since 2007, the old bridge is only used by public transportation, namely buses and cabs. When the 2,569 meter-long bridge opened it “was such a joy” for Macau people, the architect recalled, stressing that the old bridge has been a favorite ever since, even though two more have been built afterward. The Friendship Bridge opened 20 years later and in 2004 the Sai Van Bridge was built. The old bridge opened on October 5, 1974. “For Macau’s Portuguese and Chinese population, the Macau-Taipa bridge could well be the future of Macau,” the then-governor Nobre de Carvalho said. Newspaper “Noticias de Macau” reported back then that the Macau-Taipa bridge “was an important and grand happening,” which came to turn one of the population’s oldest and greatest desires into reality, with the newspaper headline reading “And the dream came true!” Engineer Edgar Cardoso said upon the bridge’s inauguration: “It is a masterpiece we have before our eyes (…) for a number of reasons it is one of the most passionate creations of our professional and scientific activity.” He added that the bridge will always represent the ancient friendship between the Lusophone and Chinese communities.” MDT/Lusa tue 14.10.2014 th Anniversary 澳聞 A udit commissioner Ho Veng On said that it is impossible for his department to monitor every detail of the expenses of all public departments. He has urged state institutions to manage their expenses well and review their own work instead of merely relying on the Commission of Audit (CA). “Frankly, how can the Commission of Audit monitor every part [of a department]? I think this is not very realistic. What is important is to have every public department do well in managing themselves and [utilize] public resources reasonably and in accordance to the law. That way, the operation [of the departments] will be more… appropriate,” he said. Mr Ho also refused to further comment on the “ghost bus” issue, where bus companies allegedly dispatched empty buses in order to boost their total kilometer count and get larger subsidies from the government. He said that the commission’s opinion has already been included in the audit report, and he has nothing to add to that for now. The commissioner’s comments were made on the sidelines of the Cross-straits, Hong Kong and Macau Accounting Profession Conference, which took place in town yesterday. Around 500 accounting and auditing professionals from Macau, the mainland, Hong Kong, and MACAU 5 CA head claims difficulties in monitoring public spending LRT construction works Taiwan attended the event. Ho Veng On was one of the senior officials to officiate the opening ceremony, alongside the Secretary for Administration and Justice Florinda Chan and Chen Sixi, deputy director of the Central Government Liaison Office in Macau. In his speech, the president of the Union of Associations The Moreira Project wins Cotai Jazz & Blues competition M ozambican band The Moreira Project won last weekend’s Cotai Jazz & Blues Festival competition. They were followed by Old Style Sextet from the USA, the Northern Governors from Finland, and AfroJazz from Brazil, with the latter winning a special recognition award. Led by Mozambican saxophonist Moreira Chongica, The Moreira Project is comprised of musicians from South and Southern Africa. According to the event’s organizers, their style mixes urban modern and funky African jazz, while their performances are known for being energetic, engaging and entertaining. The festival awarded each of the four winning bands a share of the competition’s HKD550,000 cash prize pool. Between Thursday and Sunday, judges Xu Kui (representative of the Cultural Affairs Bureau), Antonio Cabrita (jazz pianist), Michael Cloeren (founder and producer of the Pennsylvania Blues Festival) and Tomos Griffiths (creative director of Entertainment for Venetian Macau) watched each of the 12 finalists perform a 30-minute set. Six were shortlisted by the judges, who assessed their style, improvisation, technique, musicality, performance and audience response. Trio Ricardo Special (Hungary), fected by the establishment and development of accounting standards. The professionalism and judgment of accounting professionals also play crucial roles. JPL CRIME HK teenager alleged of drug possession P AfroJazz (Brazil), The Moreira Project (Mozambique), the Northern Governors (Finland), Soulmate (India) and Old Style Sextet (USA) each played a 30-minute set on Sunday in the final round of the competition. Ciaran Carruthers, senior vice president and director of Venetian and Plaza Operations, Sands China, said in a statement that, “as they do in New Orleans, we really let the good times roll at this festival, and we hope everyone enjoyed the outstanding musical performances and exciting live entertainment throughout the weekend.” The competition brought to Macau jazz musicians from Hong Kong, Taiwan, Brazil, India, Portugal, France, the Philippines, Mozambique, the USA, Finland and Hungary. The event was organized by The Venetian Macao with the support of the Cultural Affairs Bureau. CP of Professional Accountants of Macau, Chui Sai Cheong, said that professionalism is a resource of the industry. He also believes that the quality of accounting is not only af- ublic Security Police (PSP) has detained a teenager from Hong Kong who allegedly possessed 38 capsules of cocaine. PSP officers were reportedly conducting random vehicle inspections on Avenida Dr Rodrigo Rodrigues in the early hours last Sunday when they found the drugs on a taxi passenger, who was under the age of 16. The teenager admitted that the drugs were cocaine. He claimed that he met a friend in Hong Kong who sold him the capsules in Macau for HKD500 each. The drugs weighed 11.24 grams in total. A report from the Conde de São Januário General Hospital showed that the boy tested positive for cocaine. He also claimed to have bought the drugs for his own use. This is the second drug case in a month that involved a Hong Kong minor. A 16-year-old Hong Kong teenager was detained on September 24 after he was accused of packing and selling drugs in Macau nightclubs. The authorities found 95 bags of cocaine on him and in a hotel room, with a black market value of MOP60,000. Meanwhile, the Judiciary Police (PJ) has detained a junket operator and is tracking down at least three of his associates after they allegedly defrauded a Cotai casino out of HKD10 million. The detainee allegedly partnered with a cage officer to commit the crime. The cage officer returned to his workplace in the early evening of September 24 even thou- gh he should have been off-duty. He then forged a client’s signature and created a false deposit record of HKD10 million. An equal sum was later transferred to the account of one of his associates. The account owner then withdrew HKD9 million while accompanied by an associate and the detained man. They lost HKD7 million on the gambling table and left the casino, taking with them the remaining HKD2 million and the HKD1 million in the account. PJ received a report from the casino on October 8 when the management discovered the crime after an audit. They also found that the cage officer who allegedly forged the deposit record has been absent since the crime was committed. The police was able to catch the detainee when he attempted to depart Macau through the Border Gate checkpoint late Sunday evening, and retrieved HKD500,000. Several of his associates are still at large. JPL 6 SPECIAL INTERVIEW 14.10.2014 tue th Anniversary 特別專訪 hong kong politics Robert Carroll, Hong Kong Correspondent E xecutive Councilor and New Party leader, Regina Ip, represents the pro-establishment views on democratic reform, namely, that China has spoken definitively on universal suffrage of the Chief Executive through the National People’s Congress (NPC) Standing Committee. Chinese officials have spoken of national security concerns and fear an antagonistic pan-democrat CE, even though China wields veto power over the appointment of the CE, who must - according to article 23 of the Basic Law - be “accountable”, and article 28(8) “implement directives” by the central government. As a rule, observers and the general public here believe that Hong Kong’s notably pragmatic and sensible citizens would only elect someone who can get along with the central authorities. The NPC decision, although not as technically binding as an interpretation, is widely seen as largely non-negotiable. If accepted by the legislature, it looks set to be the final stage of political reform for the CE election; that reform being a catalyst for Occupy Central. In an interview with the Ti- I think we will get there inch by inch. It’s an uphill battle but we will keep trying ad bloomberg Ip to pan-democrats: Stop grandstanding and be pragmatic Regina Ip mes, Ip called for the pan-democrats to engage, try to build trust with Beijing by engaging in further consultation, to be pragmatic and “not say things in public which are hard to reverse” and for the students to also engage in dialogue. Ip concludes that, “we will get there inch by inch.” Macau Daily Times - The pan-democrats have not been getting their message across to Beijing for over twenty years. Why? Regina Ip (RI) - They’ve aimed too high; civic nomination is unrealistic. They overshot the mark. For example, they have cold-shouldered Beijing’s invitation to Shanghai, and this sort of protest is not helping Beijing’s confidence. The goals are therefore unrealistic. Civic nomination is a red herring. If we want more room for the democrats from Beijing’s point of view, the starting point must be at least some respect for the Basic Law. MDT - Is there a cross-cultural barrier too? RI - This is not just “one country, two systems” but one country, two cultures. In some quarters it’s “one country, two ideologies.” That’s what makes governing Hong Kong so complex and challenging. It’s reality. People who grew up in the colonial days, we have a stronger sense of connection to China emotionally and culturally. These young people don’t. It’s a problem that Beijing understands and that, I think, takes a long time to fix. MDT - Crucial issues as Beijing sees it include a lack of respect for the authority of the CCP and not insisting on June 4 - which is very sensitive. And after 1989 there was a loss of trust. RI - Not only harking back to June 4, but also down with one party rule that’s really unrealistic. For Hong Kong to change the destiny of China we should try our best to improve our own government step by step. MDT - So what are you calling for the democrats to do now? RI - To be pragmatic, to set realistic goals, and not forgo the chance of engagement. MDT - How can they build Beijing’s trust, which is so crucial? RI - I think some of my colleagues, having been politicians for decades, are too used to grandstanding in public. They should not say things in public which are hard to reverse, and need to get off their high horse. I think all of us should approach this ultra -important issue with humility, mutual respect and tolerance. That’s the way forward. MDT - Tsang Yok-sing has urged political coalition. RI - Tsang Yok-sing has been admirable in reaching across the aisles; that has always been his approach. He hails from (proBeijing party) DAB. As president of the legislative assembly he has always been fair-minded as possible and I respect that. As a Legco Member I will continue to try to reach across the aisles, and not aggravate the conflict and tension. And vis-a-vis the protestors, the best way to overcome the current impasse is through thorough public discussions. The whole community must know the goals, what’s not achievable, what’s the best way forward - and build a consensus. We are calling for students (and Occupy leaders) to talk to us (New People’s Party) because we are not the government but independent and, as (NPP consultant) Dr Allan Zeman said, close to government. MDT - But you’re in Exco. RI - Yes. I’m also a popularly elected legislator. MDT - You have known CY Leung for a long time. RI - Well...yes. So I think we will get there inch by inch. It’s an uphill battle but we will keep trying. I think it’s a question of building goodwill with the students and that’s difficult. in her corner: regina ip Pro-Beijing, Chairperson of thte New People’s Party, popularly elected legislator. Regina Ip is a former senior civil servant-turned-politician. Failed to run for Chief Executive in 2012. May try to run again. Champions the party line and relationship with China. Highly pessimistic about rapprochement with students. tue 14.10.2014 th Anniversary 特別專訪 SPECIAL INTERVIEW 7 Interview with Audrey Eu Look at Macau: no striving, no democracy Robert Carroll, Hong Kong Correspondent T he Civic Party Chairman - and for the moment, all pan-democrats - have rejected both the National People’s Congress Standing Committee’s narrow framework for political reform and participation in the second round of talks on the subject. In their view, the NPC decision does not offer a model consistent with democracy as envisaged in the Basic Law, both in intention and wording. Comparing Hong Kong to Macau, the leading senior barrister rests her case on the much stronger fight for democracy here (which clearly has produced a vigorous if obstructive opposition, a more representative legislature, and thorough public political debate). This demonstrates that acquiescence doesn’t always get results. In an interview with MDT, Audrey Eu also reveals a great disconnect with Beijing that has dogged relationships between the pan-democrats, consistently the most popular party in the legislative council elections, and the central authorities. This dissonance is a substantial challenge that must be addressed if Hong Kong’s government, politicians, students and general public are to reach a mutually acceptable - and critical accord on the political means to go forward. They must also overcome governmental deadlock, which has already reached alarming levels partly due to hostility in the legislative council - and which looks set to worsen. Macau Daily Times – Civic Party’s Ronny Tong faulted the Chinese leaders and officials expect a great deal of respect, don’t they? AE - I think if you listen to what the central authorities always say, people are not on the same level and therefore you don’t negotiate. You don’t make demands as such, and that’s their attitude. You’re never on an equal level. Contrast [the political scene in] Macau with Hong Kong... no matter how much you kowtow, you won’t get more Audrey Eu the pan-democrats for not accepting “the olive branch” and not meeting Chinese leaders in Shanghai. He said there could have been more room for compromise. Do you think there could have been more compromise? I am not asking you to criticize your colleagues, I understand you have to (as party chairman) have solidarity. Audrey Eu (AE) - Oh I am sure, having been a journalist all these years, you know the Communist Party just as much I do. MDT - I am not sure I do. I don’t speak or read Chinese like you do. AE - Do you really think that if you just agree to everything they [Chinese Communist Party] say, you will get more? MDT - No I don’t. It’s the opposite. AE - Exactly. So you know. That’s your answer. If you are not asking for democracy, you are not going to get it, and Macau is a good example. You can contrast [the political scene in] Macau with Hong Kong… no matter how much you kowtow, you won’t get more. MDT - On the other hand, a permanent resident who leaves Hong Kong after three years loses that status. Not in Macau. There was no permanent residency for the British until 1998, almost a year after the handover, unlike Macau (a result of non-confrontational diplomacy by the Portuguese as opposed to a confrontational approach by the UK). There are some advantages. AE - You’re not talking about democracy there, it’s something different. Your question to me, in relation to Ronny Tong’s question, was about democracy. I really answered with another question which was: ‘Do you think that by not asking for democracy, you are going to get it?’ MDT - A former British diplomat said of the negotiations to the 1997 transfer of sovereignty that while they thoroughly disliked tough stances, Chinese officials respected strength, not weakness. But when dealing with Beijing isn’t there a balance to be made? AE - I don’t think it’s easy to find the balance. MDT - Obviously, in meetings, one has to show respect on a basic human level, and MDT - Speaking of unequal levels, one senior official in China, commenting on the furore in Hong Kong over mainland tourists’ rude behavior and subsequent reaction in the mainland, said that China was not at the same level of development. China accepts that even as the world’s second superpower, it lags behind the developed world, including Hong Kong, in a number of areas, and states that it has its own path to take. Therefore, Western-style democracy is inappropriate]. Isn’t that a paradox? Isn’t that a contradiction? AE- Well they [Chinese officials] can always quote whichever saying they want at an appropriate time or on an appropriate issue. For example, when it comes to democracy, they will always say you are scum and that the British government are stooges. in her corner: audrey eu Pan-democrat Chairman, Civic Party, former popularly elected legislator , practicing senior barrister-turned-politician. Audrey Eu has been touted as potential Chief Executive candidate. Champions prodemocracy movement. Highly pessimistic about the possibility of real negotiations with Chinese officials. Sylvia Hui and Kelvin Chan, Hong Kong ap photo Angry crowd charges Hong Kong protest barricades A n angry crowd opposed to pro-democracy protests that have paralyzed parts of Hong Kong for more than two weeks charged barricades used by the demonstrators yesterday, clashing with police as they attempted to storm the protest zone. Scuffles broke out as about two dozen men wearing surgical masks to hide their faces tried to forcefully remove the metal barricades that protesters have set up to block off main roads near the heart of Hong Kong’s financial district. Some were seen using box cut- People wearing masks remove the metal barricades that protesters have set up to block off main roads near the heart of the city’s financial district ters to snap cables connecting the barricades. Several hundred of the protesters’ rivals rushed up to the barricades, punching their fists in the air and chanting “Open the road!” They also shouted “Occupy Central is illegal,” referring to one of the names of the pro-democracy movement that has swept Hong Kong. Taxi drivers joined in, some driving their cabs up to the barricades and leaning on their horns to express their anger about the traffic disruptions. A line of police officers held the crowd back, keeping them separated from the protesters on the other side of the barriers. Protester Alex Kwok said he received a scratch on his arm after he was attacked by several men whom he accused of being members of triads, or organized crime gangs. The tension later eased as the most of the crowd dispersed. Police took away some masked men inside the protest zone who tried to pick fights with the protesters, and later said they arrested three men, aged 18 to 47, at the clashes on suspicion of assault and carrying weapons. It was not immediately clear who convened the anti-protest crowd. “Before the police came, young men wearing masks and dark clothing came to pick fights with people and we heard that some of them had weapons,” said Kevin Ng, a college student who was at the scene and saw the scuffles. “I don’t know who the young men wearing masks were. We suspect they’re triad members, but it’s hard to say. What other kind of group would organize themselves to come attack us?” Allegations have surfaced in the past few weeks that some people were paid to disrupt the protests. A local radio station broadcast an audio clip yesterday in which a man, said to be a taxi driver, discussed a payment of 2,000 Hong Kong dollars (USD258) to take part in the ruckus. The clip cannot be independently verified and it was not clear where the alleged payment was coming from. AP 8 ADVERTISEMENT 14.10.2014 tue th Anniversary 廣告 tue 14.10.2014 th Anniversary 分析 9 ap photo ap photo Growth slows in China passenger vehicle sales BUSINESS Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg, right, speaks during a joint press conference with Indonesian President-elect Joko Widodo, left, after their meeting in Jakarta Ford unveils its latest model of Escort at the China Auto show in Beijing G rowth in China’s car sales slowed again in September while the country’s own auto brands increased their market share slightly. An industry group said yesterday that sales of passenger vehicles in the world’s biggest auto market rose 6.4 percent in September from a year earlier, slowing from 8 percent growth in August. Global automakers are looking to China to drive global sales but growth has slowed steadily from May’s rate of 13.9 percent as the world’s second largest economy cools. The China Association of Automobile Manufacturers said total sales, including trucks and buses, rose 2.5 percent over September 2013 to 1.98 million vehicles. Passenger car sales totaled 1.69 million vehicles in September, up from 1.5 million in August. Sales growth for foreign brands has largely outstripped that of their Chinese counterparts, but local models sold at a faster rate in September, allowing a small increase in market share. The market share of Chinese brands rose to 38.5 percent in September from 37.1 percent in August and was up 0.2 percent from a year earlier. German brands held a 19.8 percent share of the market in Sep- tember, Japanese brands held 14.9 percent, American brands 13.6 percent, Korean brands 9 percent and French brands 3.9 percent. In comparison, General Motors Co. said sales of GM brand vehicles by the company and its local partners rose 15.2 percent to 319,936 vehicles. The company said that was a record for September and the second-best month for sales this year. That brought its sales for the year to almost 2.6 million vehicles, an increase of 11.6 percent over the same period last year. Also in September, GM and its joint venture partners surpassed 20 million in all-time sales inChina, the company said. Ford Motor Co. said sales fell slightly in September to 95,875 vehicles, while overall sales for the year through September were up 26 percent to 813,412 vehicles. Nissan Motor Co., the biggest Japanese brand in China, said September sales fell about 21 percent over the same month last year to 166,000 vehicles, although year-to-date sales maintained steady growth. German luxury brand BMW AG said its sales in mainland China over the first nine months of the year rose 17.9 percent to 335,863 vehicles. AP Zuckerberg in Indonesia for Internet-access push O n his first visit to Facebook-crazy Indonesia, Mark Zuckerberg met the president-elect, spread the word about his company’s global Internet-access initiative and posted a photo of himself at an ancient Buddhist temple. The Facebook CEO arrived Sunday, when he climbed Borobudur temple in Central Java and posted a widely shared photo of himself atop its stupas on his Facebook page. Yesterday he met Indonesian President-elect Joko Widodo, who used social media extensively in his campaign. “It was a great conversation,” Zuckerberg said. “One of the big priorities that he communicated was growing jobs and growing the economy. I think that growing the Internet and connectivity is one of the best ways we can do that.” The 30-year-old billionaire is traveling to help advance the Facebook-led project Internet.org. “We are trying to get free basic services and affordable access to the two-thirds of (the world’s) people who aren’t on the Internet,” he said. He added that while “obviously we want a lot of people to connect and use Facebook ... Internet.org and connecting more people is not primarily to make money, especially in the near term.” Indonesia is the world’s fourth-largest Facebook user. Facebook spokesman Andy Stone said there are 69 million active Facebook users every month, and 61 million of them are on mobile devices. But the majority of Indonesia’s 252 million people do not have Internet access. When asked at a press conference about his experience using the Internet in Indonesia, Zuckerberg said, “It works,” generating laughs in a country where many complain about Internet speeds. “We hiked up this temple and it was beautiful and someone on our team ... took a photo on his phone and uploaded it right after, and it went quickly, and now that photo is in a lot of places,” he said. “There are places where you travel around and you can’t do basic things like that. “That’s obviously not the most important economic or cultural opportunity created by connectivity, but it was a good litmus test.” AP corporate bits venetian macau open to reach millions of homes across asia Millions of people across Asia will be able to tune in to the 2014 Venetian Macau Open, scheduled for 23-26 October at the Macau Golf and Country Club. One of the annual sports events in the city, the 2014 entry list includes Spaniard Miguel Angel Jiménez and defending Australian champion Scott Hend. With a total prize purse of USD900,000, an increase of 12.5% compared to last year, fans from around the world will be able to catch the action on the Asian Tour’s global media platforms, which reach approximately 600 million homes. The main national golf TV channels across Asia will continue to broadcast the four days of the tournament. For those in China, there is the option of live or delayed TV coverage on China Golf Channel or online via LETV, a portal that boasts 25 million visitors daily and streams over 120 million videos per day. Furthermore, tournament highlights will also be broadcast on The Travel Channel, which is available in over 150 million homes. field trip to galaxy macau inspires students to go green To raise environmental awareness among youth and to encourage them to go green in their daily lives, Galaxy Entertainment Group recently offered third-year students of Institute for Tourism Studies a field trip to Galaxy Macau where they learnt about a wide range of energy-saving initiatives, such as turning food waste into fertilizer, reducing pollution and oil consumption as well as participating in a glass bottle recycling campaign. The field trip included an introduction to GEG’s environmental missions and promises as well as a variety of green initiatives adopted in its daily operation, such as trash recycling, waste classification, energy conservation and emission reduction. sands china invites local families to shoppes at cotai central Sands China Ltd. invited families from the Against Child Abuse (Macau) Association’s (ACAM) Child Protection Centre to enjoy some fun last Saturday with a lunch buffet, interactive exhibition and treasure hunt at Shoppes at Cotai Central. Accompanied by 30 Sands China Care Ambassadors, 20 families from ACAM had an adventurous time together, starting with a lunch buffet at Grand Orbit. The SCCA volunteers and the families then experienced the interactive Chinese Fables exhibition, taking pictures together and enjoying the folklore. “My son and I had a great time today with the Sands China Care Ambassadors,” said one of the participating parents. “Exploring the Chinese Fables exhibit was a lot of fun, and my son liked reading about the ancient Chinese stories. He also loved running around during the treasure hunt. It was an amazing afternoon.” 10 CHINA 14.10.2014 tue th Anniversary 中國 ECONOMY Belinda Cao C entral bankers and International Monetary Fund officials agree with Beijing: a slowdown in the world’s second-largest economy is considered healthy and there’s no need for further monetary easing. People’s Bank of China Governor Zhou Xiaochuan reiterated the need for “prudent” monetary policy amid steady economic growth and “mild” inflation in an Oct. 11 report to the IMF in Washington. His statement comes before government reports of September inflation and credit this week; August data showed the weakest industrial-output expansion since the global financial crisis and a 40 percent drop in broadest measure of new credit from a year earlier. The slowing momentum in the Chinese economy is being seen as positive rather than alarming. Moderating growth will make it more sustainable, which will benefit both China and Asia, ad bloomberg Beijing finds agreement with IMF about slowdown Zhou Xiaochuan, governor of the People’s Bank of China, center, shakes hands with Ali Babacan, Turkey’s deputy prime minister Malaysia’s Central Bank Governor Zeti Akhtar Aziz said in an interview with Bloomberg News on the weekend. The balance between expansion and structural reforms that China is seeking is right so far, Markus Rodlauer, deputy director of IMF’s Asia Pacific Department, said at an Oct. 10 briefing. “China’s slowdown is a healthy correction, in many ways an engineered slowdown,” Jorge Mariscal, Chief Investment Officer for Emerging Markets at UBS AG, said in an interview in Washington on the weekend. “So far, this rate of decline of the economy isn’t so concerning to justify a very aggressive stimulus program, whether fiscal or monetary.” Chinese policy makers are focusing on employment even as industrial production to property investment are slowing. Premier Li Keqiang said last week that China has already achieved its employment target for 2014. “Stamina and perseverance” are as important as speed in the economic policy mix, underlining why China has avoided stimulus measures including using monetary policy to help meet its growth target, he said. Li said China still expects economic growth of about 7.5 percent this year in a weekend speech in Germany. The median forecast in a Bloomberg survey of economists from Sept. 18 to Sept. 23 is 7.3 percent this year. That would be the slowest pace since 1990. The government won’t need to do “big stimulus” as the job market looks “pretty stable,” according to PBOC’s chief economist Ma Jun. “We need to avoid further increase in leveraging in some sectors, for example, real estate, some state-owned enterprises and local government financing vehicles,” Ma said on a panel at the Institute of International Finance annual meeting in Washington Oct. 11. While the PBOC injected 500 billion yuan (USD81 billion) of liquidity into the nation’s five largest commercial lenders last month, and eased mortgage policies to aid the housing market, it has refrained from a broader interest-rate cut. The benchmark one-year lending rate has been 6 percent since July 2012. Bloomberg tue 14.10.2014 th Anniversary 中國 xinhua Declining teacher ethics ring alarm bells A spate of scandals regarding teachers in China has not only underscored a fall in ethics in the profession, but also shamed the country’s education authorities for lax inspection. On Sunday, southwest China’s Sichuan Fine Arts Institute barred Wang Xiaojian, a retired associate professor, from attending any of the institute’s teaching, research and academic activities, after pictures of him forcibly kissing and sexually harassing two female students in a restaurant circulated on the Internet. Coincidentally, Wang’s fall from grace came just a day after the Ministry of Education issued a guideline on ethics for university professors, a provision aimed at enhancing ethical conduct among education staff. The guideline, which bans college staff from sexually harassing or engaging in improper relationships with students, aims at curtailing China’s scandal-ridden education sector amid growing public disquiet. It also puts forward seven prohibitions for college teachers, promising sanctions for violators. The provisions include conduct undermining national or student interests, research fraud and plagiarism. A haze of corruption has shrouded China in recent years, and the toxic trend has spread to ivory towers, engulfing teachers, who are traditionally regarded role models. But, according to Xinhua’s analysis, teacher’s ethics are not in decline. The education sector is. Beijing’s official news agency claims that lowered ethical standards have reflected loopholes with China’s education system, characterized by a dearth of sufficient inspection and stiff penalties. This has left local officials large room to mull punishment on their own, allowing them to turn a blind eye to corruption and misconduct. Still according to Xinhua, to plug the loopholes, specific inspection teams should be established to reverse the trend. The agency says that China does not lack regulations, but the patchy enforcement of such regulations at the local level that has fueled a surge in these incidents. Xinhua 11 Xinjiang Court sentences 12 to death for terrorism A court in China’s western Xinjiang region has sentenced to death 12 people blamed for terrorist attacks that killed 37 people in July, state media reported yesterday. Xinhua News Agency said the court in Kashgar prefecture sentenced another 15 people to death with a two-year reprieve, and nine people received life sentences. Xinhua said another 20 defendants received terms of four to 20 years. Xinhua reported in August that attackers armed with knives and axes had stormed a police station and government offices in Elixku township before moving onto nearby Huangdi township. Xinhua said the police had killed 59 of the attackers. The U.S.-based Uyghur American Association, however, said police opened fire on people protesting ap photo analysis CHINA a security crackdown on Muslims during Ramadan, killing more than 20. Verifying what happened is impossible due to China’s tight control over the region. Tensions have run high between the Muslim Uighur ethnic group and Han Chinese in Xinjiang, with ethnic violence claiming hundreds of lives over the past year. Chinese authorities say they are battling separatist terrorists in the region, but Uighur groups say Chinese authorities have suppressed their religion and culture and violently cracked down on Uighurs who have voiced discontent. AP ad ASIA-PACIFIC Mohammed Shafeeq, Hyderabad M ore than 1,000 rescue workers and soldiers cleared away piles of uprooted trees and electrical poles blocking roads yesterday after powerful Cyclone Hudhud slammed into India’s eastern coast, leaving at least eight dead. In another storm lashing Asia, Typhoon Vongfong was downgraded to a tropical storm as it hit the Japanese island of Kyushu after battering the southern island of Okinawa. At least 37 people were injured, and authorities advised 400,000 people to evacuate. Train service and flights were disrupted in Kyushu and the neighboring island of Shikoku. Japan’s Meteorological Agency said the storm could reach the Tokyo area by early morning today. In India, rescuers readied dozens of boats, helicopters and other aircraft to carry out relief operations once they obtained a clearer idea of the extent of damage in Andhra Pradesh and Orissa states, said Anil Shekhawat, an Indian official. Weather forecasters downgraded Hudhud to a tropical depression as it moved further inland on a course north-northwest of the city of Visakhapatnam, where it made landfall Sunday. However, they warned that heavy to very heavy rainfall th Anniversary 亞太版 TWIN STORMS Workers clear debris after Indian cyclone kills 8 ap photo 12 14.10.2014 tue Two Indian villagers walk through the Bay of Bengal coast at Gopalpur, Orissa would lash parts of six Indian states. The death toll stood at eight yesterday, five in Andhra Pradesh state and three in Orissa state, mostly because of injuries from collapsed walls and falling trees, officials said. At least 400,000 people were evacuated from coastal areas of the states ahead of the storm, and hundreds of shelters were set up to house them, helping to reduce casualties. Visakhapatnam, one of the largest cities in southern India and a major naval base, bore the brunt of Hudhud’s fury. Television footage from Visakhapatnam showed downed electrical poles, uprooted trees and massive debris strewn in the streets. Electricity was disconnected in parts of Andhra Pradesh to avoid electrocutions, said Arvind Kumar, a relief and rescue official. Andhra Pradesh’s chief minister, N. Chandrababu Naidu, said Sunday that while the early evacuations had saved lives, the cyclone caused “huge damage” to buildings and crops in coastal districts. Authorities were trying to restore train service which remained suspended for a second day in the region. Cellphone service was also disrupted because of damage to communication towers in and around Visakhapatnam. The National Disaster Response Force said rescuers were trying to reach 320 villages in four districts of Andhra Pradesh state badly hit by the cyclone. AP SRI LANKA Jayampathi Palipane, Jaffna C heered by tens of thousands of people, a train decorated with banana plants and colorful flower garlands arrived in Sri Lanka’s northern Tamil heartland yesterday, 24 years after the “Queen of Jaffna” was suspended due to civil war. President Mahinda Rajapaksa bought a ticket and boarded the train for the last 43 kilometers of the journey and opened several railroad stations along the way. “Yarl Devi,” as it is known in Tamil, was once a popular mode of transport between the ethnic Tamil -majority north and the Sinhala-majority south but was scaled back in 1990 because of the heightening of the civil war between the government and the Tamil Tiger rebels. The civil war that raged since 1983 ended in 2009 when Sri Lankan troops crushed the rebels. ap photo Train service back in former war zone Sri Lankan ethnic Tamils get themselves photographed in front of the train “Queen of Jaffna,” after it arrived at Jaffna “This is not just a train journey but a bridge between north and south,” Rajapaksa told The Associated Press onboard the train. “Today what is left to us is to win over hearts and minds, healing of minds. I think this train journey today will help connect hearts and minds once again.” Many government ministers and military commanders joined Rajapaksa on the journey as thousands of people gathered at every station to greet the train and rushed to take photographs with it. An old woman using a walking aid clasped her hands in a sign of worship as the train reached Cha- vakachcheri, a town south of Jaffna. Since the service stopped, Jaffna has had no trains, meaning few of the city’s children have seen one in real life. Before the civil war erupted in 1983, the train was not only the most convenient way to travel between north and south, but also was a symbol of unity between the Sinha- lese majority and Tamil minority. At the time, Tamils dominated bureaucratic and state service posts, and many civil servants based in Colombo used it to visit friends and family in the north. It was a main artery in Sri Lanka’s commerce, transporting fish from the north to the capital, and connecting the islanders regardless of ethnic identity. As militants from the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam increased their attacks in the 1980s, the government stationed many soldiers, mostly Sinhalese, in Jaffna, and they used the train to return home for visits. In January 1985, rebels blew up the train, killing 22 soldiers and 11 civilians and wounding 44 other people, in the single-biggest attack on the military at the time. The train was shut down in 1990 as rebels stepped up attacks in the north to push for their own independent state. During the war, both sides attached immense strategic and symbolic importance to capturing and holding key access roads to Jaffna, including the railroad and the parallel A9 highway, dubbed “the highway of death” for the many lives lost in battles over its control. That highway has since been restored. Resumption of the “Queen of Jaffna” train service, thanks to an USD800 million loan from India, completes the restoration of government authority in the north. The government is dominated by the majority Sinhalese. But many Tamils feel such infrastructure projects alone won’t bring true ethnic reconciliation. Deep wounds have been left by the war, which took at least 100,000 lives on both sides over more than 25 years, according to conservative estimates by the United Nations. The U.N. is investigating into allegations of war crimes against the government and Tamil rebels. AP tue 14.10.2014 th Anniversary 廣告 ADVERTISEMENT 13 14 ASIA-PACIFIC 14.10.2014 tue th Anniversary 亞太版 MYANMAR Gabrielle Paluch, Naypyitaw T he only question opposition lawmaker U Win Htein asked Parliament last session was for permission to remove his silk turban, saying it was causing him headaches and hair loss. The 72-year-old, known for his irreverent sense of humor, admits he was just teasing. But the speaker shot him down just the same. The civilians elected to Myanmar’s legislature are required to wear hats when taking the floor. The appointed military members are not. Hats hold meaning here, embodying political allegiances, accomplishments and failures of a nation transitioning from a half-century of dictatorship to democracy. The dress code in parliament’s two chambers, based on old laws of the bygone king’s courts in Mandalay, reflects the major political camps and the legislature’s ethnic makeup. Military members distinguish themselves from their civilian counterparts with a conspicuous absence of both headwear and elections. Men in uniform are appointed to a quarter of the 664 seats by armed forces chief Min Aung Hlaing. The Burman majority don a silk-wrapped, cane-frame turban known as a gaun baung, which has come to symbolize the nascent civilian government. Ethnic minorities wear everything from feathers and claws to tea towels on their heads. The most famous legislator, Aung San Suu Kyi, wears simple white flowers. Like the hats, political allegiances in Parliament are as complicated as they are colorful. Suu Kyi, leader of the opposition and Nobel Peace laureate, spent decades under house arrest. She now sits alongside her former captors, in turns scolding or praising the military. It concerns some members of her National League for Democracy party, who quietly observe her tone shifting with her presidential prospects, which were never bright thanks to a law that was designed to keep her out of office. Meanwhile, the military is even better represented than the 166 hatless heads would suggest. Many of those wearing the ap photo In Parliament, colorful hats cap divisions From left to right, top, Myat Ko, an ethnic Naga wears a traditional Naga hat, Ye Tun, an ethnic Burman wears a Shan hat, In Phong San, an ethnic Kachin wears cane hat with wild bore horns. Middle left to right, Army Major Soe Moe, has five different hats but doesn’t wear any in the Parliament, democracy icon Aung San Suu Kyi wears flowers, Shwe Maung, an ethnic Rohingya keeps a soft, brown, tassled fez-like cap. Bottom, left to right, Je Yaw Wu, anethnic Lisu wears a cushioned white hat, Aye Maung, an ethnic Rakhine, wears a traditional hat known as Rakhine Gaun baung, Saw Thein Aung, an ethnic Karen wears a scarf in Naypyidaw, Myanmar. Like the hats, political allegiances in Parliament are as complicated as they are colorful gaun baung of the ruling Union Solidarity and Development Party are retired men of uniform. But while the heavy influence of the armed forces has drawn cynicism, the party has not always voted in lockstep with the military. The military, viewed abroad as being responsible for driving the country into decades of poverty, war, and dys- function, sees itself as the glue that binds the country and, perhaps counterintuitively, the arbiters of peace in the world’s longest running civil war involving a number of armed ethnic groups. The posting to Naypyitaw’s parliament is seen as unglamorous, as it’s not well paid and offers no chances for promotion. The most brightly colored headgear belongs to ethnic politicians from conflict-stricken states. Previously marginalized, they now find themselves with a little bargaining power and are seeking greater autonomy. President Thein Sein, a retired general, has promised a ceasefire ahead of the 2015 election. Ethnic armed groups have proven tough negotiators despite clashes between them and gover- nment forces, which have continued throughout the stalling peace talks. Win Htein typifies Parliament’s web of paradoxes. A close friend of Suu Kyi and a member of her party, he, too, was a soldier, under socialist dictator Gen. Ne Win. Win Htein was erroneously accused of being an accomplice in an assassination plot against Ne Win and forced to retire in 1976. In 1988, when a student uprising shook the government before a military crackdown that left thousands dead, Win Htein joined Suu Kyi’s party and was soon imprisoned. His transition is not dissimilar to Thein Sein’s, from military uniform to gaun baung. The jovial politician says he tries to avoid meetings with the top leadership, explaining that their re- lationship is complicated enough. “I was senior to them when I was in the army,” he says with a mischievous smile, referring to the president and other major players in government. “They call me ako gyi (big brother) when we meet.” If history had gone only slightly differently, Win Htein might himself be a powerful general. Or at least in Parliament, he would not have to wear his dreaded hat. U Shwe Maung is one of three MPs who identify as Rohingya. The number is surprisingly high, given that the government considers nearly all 1.3 million members of the Muslim minority to be illegal migrants from neighboring Bangladesh. The contradiction has taught Shwe Maung to blend in and choose his battles. “People refer to my people as ‘Bengali,’” he says. “I know I have to accept this sometimes.” On the floor of Parliament in Naypyitaw, he wears the gaun baung that is worn by ethnic Burmans and other members of his ruling USDP party. But in a cupboard at home in Yangon, the commercial capital, he keeps a soft, brown, tassled fez-like cap, modeled after one worn by a Rohingya who sat in the national legislature of Myanmar’s first prime minister. Shwe Maung says he won’t be needing it in Parliament. Myanmar’s recent steps toward democracy and freedom have been disastrous for the Rohingya, who have been attacked by Buddhist extremists in northwestern Rakhine state, where most Rohingya live. Up to 280 Rohingya were killed in communal violence in 2012, more than 140,000 Muslims remain in displacement camps and tens of thousands have fled on boats to seek asylum. Shwe Maung is possibly the most hated man in Parliament. His seat is flanked two ethnic Rakhines deep on either side. Rohingya were allowed to vote in 2010, but they will not be allowed to vote or join political parties in 2015, except for those few who have managed to become citizens. For his family’s safety’s sake, Shwe Maung feels pressure to remain in the public eye and get re-elected. “Maybe,” he says, “I will send them to another country beforehand.” AP tue 14.10.2014 th Anniversary 分析 Health worker’s infection raises concern for caregivers ap photo T A health worker, right, sprays a man with disinfectant chemicals as he is suspected of dying due to the Ebola virus while onlookers stand behind in Monrovia, Liberia confirmed by the Atlanta-based CDC Sunday. The CDC will investigate how the lapse occurred while increasing training and safety procedures, Frieden said. The infected worker, who has asked to remain anonymous, was involved in Duncan’s second visit to the hospital, said Dan Varga, chief clinical officer at Texas Health Presbyterian. The worker was wearing full protective gear, Varga said. Protective gear doesn’t gua- rantee that an infection won’t occur, said Ashish Jha, professor of health policy at Harvard’s Public School of Health in Boston, in a telephone interview. “The hard part is during the disrobing, when you take the suit off,” he said. “You’re removing material, getting skin exposed.” New York’s John F. Kennedy International Airport began added screening for arriving passengers over the weekend to help stem the spread of Ebola. Workers are using special procedures for people listed on airlines’ manifests as having traveled from Liberia, Sierra Leone or Guinea, the countries at the center of the outbreak in West Africa. In Madrid, Teresa Romero, a nursing assistant, is hospitalized after becoming infected last month when helping care for two missionaries who had fallen ill in West Africa. Her situation remains stable, Fernando Simon, a health ministry official, said yesterday. One of 16 people being monitored for Ebola in Madrid was released, and none of the others are showing symptoms of the virus, officials said. An international effort is under way to control the worst outbreak of Ebola on record, which has infected more than 8,300 people and killed more than 4,000. Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea have accounted for most of those cases. Bloomberg ebola strike threat in liberia hospitals Some nurses in Liberia defied calls for a strike yesterday and turned up for work at hospitals amid the worst Ebola outbreak in history. In view of the danger of their work, members of the National Health Workers Association are demanding higher monthly hazard pay. The association has more than 10,000 members, though the health ministry says only about 1,000 of those are employed at sites receiving Ebola patients. Some nurses were turning up for work yesterday, according to Gobee Logan, a doctor at a government hospital in Tubmanburg, 60 kilometers from the capital of Monrovia. The call to strike was for nurses, physician assistants, lab technicians and other health workers, but not doctors. South Africa ap photo Psychologist says Pistorius is ‘broken man’ Christopher Torchia and Gerald Imray, Pretoria O scar Pistorius is a «broken man» after killing girlfriend Reeva Steenkamp because he lost her, his reputation, friends, income and sense of self-worth, a psychologist called by the Olympic runner’s lawyers testified yesterday. Dr. Lore Hartzenberg gave the testimony ahead of Pistorius’ sentencing for culpable homicide, and it was almost immediately characterized by the chief prosecutor as unbalanced. 15 Ebola Darrell Preston, Margaret Newkirk and Caroline Chen he U.S. health worker who contracted Ebola after being in contact with an infected patient in Dallas is leading officials to examine how widespread the danger is for those who cared for him. The unidentified employee at Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital wasn’t among the 48 people who were being watched because they may have been in contact with the patient before he was placed in isolation, said Thomas Frieden, director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Under the safety procedures in place, the caregivers were monitoring their own health. “At some point there was a breach in protocol,” Frieden said at a press conference in Atlanta Sunday. “It is possible that other individuals were exposed.” It’s the first time someone is known to have contracted Ebola inside U.S. borders, and only the second known case of an infection outside Africa. The diagnosis adds pressure on the U.S. government to tighten controls aimed at stemming the spread of the virus that’s killed more than 4,000 people this year in three African nations. The health worker had been in contact with the patient, Thomas Eric Duncan, on multiple occasions, Frieden said. The medical team members who helped care for Duncan once he was isolated at the hospital were responsible for monitoring their own conditions because they were considered to be at low risk, Frieden said. The infected worker noticed she had a fever, notified the hospital and was admitted on Oct. 10, Texas Health Presbyterian said in a statement. Her Ebola was WORLD Oscar Pistorius arrives at the high court in Pretoria, South Africa A sentence for culpable homicide can range from a suspended sentence and a fine to as many as 15 years in prison. Judge Thokozile Masipa last month found Pistorius not guilty of both premeditated murder and murder in his killing of Steenkamp in the predawn hours of Valentine’s Day at his home last year. Several police officers stood guard on the dais where the judge sat amid concerns about her security. Masipa drew criticism from some South Africans who thought Pistorius could at least have been convicted of a lesser murder charge on the grounds that he knew a person could die when he fired four bullets through a toilet door and into a small cubicle, killing Steenkamp. Prosecutors said Pistorius had opened fire in anger after the couple argued. The runner testified that he mistook Steenkamp, a 29-year-old model and budding reality TV star, for an intruder who was about to come out of the toilet and attack him. Hartzenberg said the double-amputee runner had sometimes cried, retched, perspired and paced up and down during sessions in which she tried to assist him. “Some of the sessions were just him weeping and crying and me holding him,” Hartzenberg said. She testified she had been counseling a grief-stricken Pistorius since soon after the Feb. 14, 2013 killing of Steenkamp. The testimony was part of an effort by the runner’s legal team to persuade Masipa that Pistorius has suffered emotionally and materially and that he is remorseful. The team hopes the judge will be lenient when she sentences Pistorius, once a celebrated athlete who ran in the 2012 Olympics, after what is expected to be a week of legal argument and testimony. AP 16 INFOTAINMENT what’s ON ... 14.10.2014 tue th Anniversary 資訊／娛樂 TV canal macau Russian Romanticism - St. Petersburg Philharmonic Orchestra (Russia) Time: 8pm Venue: Macao Cultural Centre Grand Auditorium Admission: MOP300, MOP480, MOP580, MOP680 Enquiries: (853) 2836 6866 13:00 TDM News (Repeated) 13:30 News (RTPi) Delayed Broadcast 14:30 RTPi Live 17:45 Heavy Load (Repeated) 18:30 TDM Sports (Repeated) 19:30 Soap Opera Macau Arts Window: Pictures of Nothing at All - The Art and Poetry of Kit Kelen Time: 10am-7pm (Closed on Mondays, no admission 20:30 Main News, Financial & Weather Report 21:00 TDM Interview 21:45 Happy Endings S1 22:10 Heavy Load 23:00 TDM News 23:30 Miscellaneous 00:30 Main News, Financial & Weather Report (Repeated) after 6:30 pm) Until: October 19, 2014 Venue: Macau Museum of Art, Av. Xian Xing Hai, s/n, NAPE Admission: MOP5 (Free on Sundays and public holidays) Enquiries: (853) 8791 9814 Calendar Illustrations by Guan Huinong Time: 10am-7pm (Closed on Mondays, no admission after 6:30 pm) Until: December 28, 2014 Venue: Macau Museum of Art, Av. Xian Xing Hai, s/n, NAPE Admission: MOP5 (Free on Sundays and public holidays) Enquiries: (853) 8791 9814 Western Views on China: Prints of the 19th Century about China Time: 10am-7pm (Closed on Mondays, no admission after 6:30 pm) Until: December 31, 2014 Venue: Macau Museum of Art, Av. Xian Xing Hai, s/n, NAPE Admission: MOP5 (Free on Sundays and public holidays) Enquiries: (853) 8791 9814 Offbeat cinema cineteatro 09 Oct - 15 Oct annabelle_ room 1 2.30, 7.30, 9.30 pm Director: John R. Leonetti Starring: Ward Horton, Annabelle Wallis, Alfre Woodard Language: English (Chinese) Duration: 98min the maze runner_ room 1 4.30 pm Director: Wes Ball Starring: Dylan O’Brien, Kaya Scodelarioi Language: English (Chinese) Duration: 113min dracula untold_ room 2 2.15, 4.00, 5.45, 9.30 pm Director: Gary Shore Starring: Luke Evans, Dominic Cooper, Sarah Gadon Language: English (Chinese) Duration: 92min the maze runner_ room 2 7.30 pm Director: Wes Ball Starring: Dylan O’Brien, Kaya Scodelarioi Language: English (Chinese) Duration: 113min Large mosaic in ancient tomb uncovered in Greece Demetris Nellas, Athens Archaeologists digging through a vast ancient tomb in Amphipolis in northern Greece have uncovered a floor mosaic that covers the whole area of a room seen as the antechamber to the main burial ground. The mosaic, 3 meters long and 4.5 meters wide, depicts a horseman with a laurel wreath driving a chariot drawn by two horses and preceded by the god Hermes. According to a Culture Ministry announcement on Sunday, Hermes is depicted here as the conductor of souls to the afterlife. The mosaic is made up of pebbles in many colors: white, black, gray, blue, red and yellow. A circular part, near the center of the mosaic, is missing, but authorities say enough fragments have been found to reconstruct a large part. The ministry says that archaeologists have dated the mosaic to the last quarter of 4th century B.C. (325-300 B.C.), consistent with their belief the grave contains the remains of a contemporary of Alexander the Great, the ancient Greek King of Macedonia, who conquered the Persian Empire and reached present-day India, Afghanistan and Uzbekistan in a whirlwind campaign, from 334 to 323 B.C. The grave may be that of a relative or general of Alexander’s, archaeologists have speculated. Alexander himself, who died in Babylon in present-day Iraq at age 32, in 323 B.C., is believed to have been buried in Egypt. But his tomb hasn’t been found. AP this day in history Juon - the beginning of the end_ room 3 2.30, 4.30, 7.30, 9.30 pm Director: Masayuki Ochiai Starring: Nozomi Sasaki, Sho Aoyagi, Reina TriendlLanguage: Japonese (english and Chinese) Duration: 98min macau tower 09 Oct - 22 Oct dracula untold_ 2.30, 4.30, 7.30, 9.30 pm Director: Gary Shore Starring: Luke Evans, Dominic Cooper, Sarah Gadon Language: English (Chinese) Duration: 92min 1973 Thai army shoots protesters Dozens of people have been killed in the Thai capital of Bangkok in street battles between government troops and demonstrators. Most of the victims were students from Thammasat University, who had gathered in large numbers for a second day of protests against the Thai military regime. Violence broke out when several thousand students took to the streets demanding the military government step down. They are also calling for an early introduction of a constitution. Today demonstrators barricaded streets leading to government offices. Witnesses say protesters threw stones and petrol bombs but were driven back by police and troops using live rounds. Several people fell after shots were fired - reportedly the work of snipers. There have also been reports of fire engines and buses being commandeered and driven into tanks. Clashes between troops and students also occurred at Thammasat University after students began returning from the street demonstrations. The students are angry with Field Marshal Thanom and his regime - successive military governments have ruled Thailand since 1947. The field marshal abolished the existing constitution in a coup in November 1971, and less than 10 days ago 13 pro-democracy campaigners were arrested for calling for a permanent constitution. After a peaceful protest march of about 200,000 people yesterday, the government pledged to introduce a new constitution within 12 months. But there is considerable public scepticism about the government’s promises - the last constitution took 10 years to be introduced. Bangkok is now under a state of emergency. Newspaper censorship and curfews have been imposed, and schools in the capital will remain closed until the situation calms down. Courtesy BBC News In context Numerous testimonies indicate the regime opened fire on unarmed civilians. The official death toll was 77. Over 800 were wounded. Later that day, Marshal Thanom resigned along with two other senior officers. The three were temporarily exiled. Dr Sanya Dhammasak, rector of Thammasat University, became the new Prime Minister. Civilian government survived until October 1976, when a military regime took over again. There was another military coup in 1991. Elections in 1992 returned democracy to Thailand. But in September 2006 the military intervened again, to remove Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra. Most Thais celebrate the ‘October 14 Uprising’ anniversary as Thai People’s Rights and Freedom Day. tue 14.10.2014 th Anniversary 資訊／娛樂 17 The Born Loser by Chip Sansom YOUR STARS Aries INFOTAINMENT Taurus Mar. 21-Apr. 19 April 20-May 20 You should see about shaking things up — your energy is just right for taking action and making your mark on the world. See if your people can back you up as you bring big things to life. Try not to get too caught up in the excitement of the day — remember that not all that glitters is gold! Your energy is better spent on shoring up what you do have and making sure that things stay on track. Gemini Cancer May 21-Jun. 21 Jun. 22-Jul. 22 You are filled with great social energy — even more than usual — and should make sure that you’re partnered up for nearly everything you do. It’s a great time for dates and for business deals. Take care of a personal issue that has been troubling you for a while — you’ve got the right kind of energy to spend on yourself. Once you feel better, you can look beyond your limits and help the world! Leo Virgo Jul. 23-Aug. 22 Aug. 23-Sept. 22 You aren’t about to mince words when it comes to things you find important today — so make sure that you’re as clear as can be! Anyone who doesn’t get your message is sure to regret it! You’ve got to push yourself and really take a risk today — even if people are watching too closely for your comfort. If you can get past your worries, you can really make a difference! Libra Scorpio Sep.23-Oct. 22 Oct. 23 - Nov. 21 You are in an unusually communicative mood today — and you can get across whatever it is you’re feeling with ease! Make sure that your VIPs know they can count on you, and how. You need to listen to your gut — it’s got good advice, and you may go astray if you let your cerebrum do all the driving today. There’s a time for instinct, and you can feel it coming on. Sagittarius Capricorn Nov. 22-Dec. 21 Dec. 22-Jan. 19 Your almost unnaturally good mood may make some suspicious — but you know that you’re just riding a positive wave that comes from somewhere deep within. Enjoy it and spread the love! Your self-discipline is legendary, and today calls for every last ounce of it. You may have to field distractions or weird requests, but eventually, you just need to say ‘no’ and get on with your business. Aquarius Pisces Jan. 20-Feb. 18 Feb.19-Mar. 20 You need to deal with your social life — but it’s all good! New connections are easier to come by, and you may find that you meet someone new who could turn into a lifelong friend, or something even better. Your boss, or teacher — or aggressively demanding teenager — thinks they know better than you, and this time you may just have to let them enjoy their delusions. Give it a few days before opening the topic. SUDOKU Weather Easy Medium Hard Beijing 10 17 Harbin -2 13 clear Tianjin 11 19 cloudy/clear Urumqi 9 19 cloudy/clear Xi’an 16 25 cloudy/overcast Lhasa 6 16 overcast/shower Chengdu 19 27 cloudy overcast/cloudy Condition clear/cloudy Chongqing 21 29 Kunming 16 23 shower Nanjing 19 23 shower/overcast Shanghai 21 24 shower/drizzle Wuhan 18 24 cloudy Hangzhou 20 24 drizzle Taipei 23 31 clear/drizzle Guangzhou 24 32 cloudy Hong Kong 27 32 cloudy Moscow 4 11 drizzle Frankfurt 12 23 drizzle Paris 12 18 drizzle London 12 19 clear New York 15 25 overcast world Crossword puzzles provided by BestCrosswords.com Down: 1- To the extent that; 2- Incentives; 3- OK to vend; 4- Poker declaration; 5- Club alternative; 6- Long Island town; 7- Chantilly product; 8- ___ little teapot...; 9- Electric fish; Yesterday’s solution 10- Consumers; 11- Atheistic; 12- Salt of oxalic acid; 13- Tedium; 19- Brief letter, paper money; 21- Actress Peeples; 25- Object of devotion; 26- Maritime; 28- Upper limb; 30Alpaca’s cousin; 33- Male sheep who may play football for St Louis!; 34- Thin as ___; 36Writer LeShan; 39- Baby’s cry; 40- Begley and Bradley; 41- Marshy; 42- Greed; 43- Old entertainment; 46- Seaport in New Zealand; 47- Put up; 48- Parsonage; 50- Clockmaker Thomas; 52- Neither’s partner; 55- Hotelier Helmsley; 57- “Olympia” painter; 58Twisted expression?; 61- Small combo; 62Shrivelled, without moisture; 64- Cambodia’s Lon ___; 65- Baseball’s Mel; Max China Easy+ Crosswords Across: 1- Birthplace of St. Francis; 7- In ___ of; 11- Lump; 14- Seals; 15- Iowa city; 16- Tic-tac-toe loser; 17- Pert. to a son or daughter; 18- System of reckoning time; 20- Prepared with almonds; 22- Esther of “Good Times”; 23- Chafe; 24- Center starter; 25- In the place of; 27- ___ breve; 29- “Betsy’s Wedding” star; 31- This, in Tijuana; 32- Mountain range; 35- Deep affection; 37- Religious sch.; 38- Jellylike citrus preserve; 41- Bit of butter; 44- Polite address; 45- Climbing device; 49- Gardner and others; 51- ___ old cowhand...; 53- Deodorant brand; 54- Folium; 56- Mantra sounds; 59- Japanese computer giant; 60- Liquid waste component; 61- Cut across; 63- Ignominy; 66- Must; 67- Cologne cry; 68- Denier’s words; 69- More spine-tingling; 70- Pasture used for grazing; 71- Choir member; 72- Up-to-date; Min Useful telephone numbers Emergency calls 999 Taxi (Yellow) 28 519 519 Fire department 28 572 222 Taxi (Black) 28 939 939 PJ (Open line) 993 Water Supply – Report 1990 992 PJ (Picket) 28 557 775 Telephone – Report 1000 PSP 28 573 333 Electricity – Report 28 339 922 Customs 28 559 944 Macau Daily Times 28 716 081 S. J. Hospital 28 313 731 Kiang Wu Hospital 28 371 333 Commission Against Corruption (CCAC) 28326 300 IACM 28 387 333 Tourism 28 333 000 Airport 59 888 88 ad 18 ADVERTISEMENT 14.10.2014 tue th Anniversary 廣告 tue 14.10.2014 th Anniversary 體育 S even teens face sex crime charges as a solidly middle-class town and its beloved high school football program find themselves at the center of the broader debate over how to deal with hazing. Hazing generally involves endurance rituals to which prospective members of an organization are subjected. The school’s superintendent says abuse by the Sayreville War Memorial High School students was so pervasive he had no choice but to call off the season for a football team that has won three sectional titles in four years. His decision angered team parents but drew applause from advocates who called it the kind of bold stand necessary to confront hazing. Hundreds of people came out for an anti-bullying rally Sunday evening in a park across the street from the high school. Organizers said the goal of the event is to promote unity and healing within the community, as well as to show support for the victims of bullying. Participants were given balloons, ribbons, stickers and candles. They were asked to walk around the lake at Kennedy Park and eventually release the balloons or show other forms of support. No coaches have been charged, and it isn’t clear if any knew 19 US high school football case puts hazing in focus ap photo David Porter, Sean Carlin SPORTS Banners for state championships for the Sayreville War Memorial High School football team are lined up on a sign along Main Street in Sayreville, N.J. about the alleged incidents. In his first public comments, head coach George Najjar told the Star-Ledger of Newark on Saturday that he would comment on the allegations but that “now is not the time.” Najjar could not be reached by telephone Saturday evening. The allegations involved attacks on four students over a 10-day span last month, authorities said. Six defendants were arrested Friday and the seventh surrendered Saturday. Their names were not released because they are juveniles. One of the attacks involved sexual penetration upon one of the alleged victims, Middlesex County prosecutor Andrew C. Carey said. In a statement on the arrests, Superintendent Richard Labbe said the district will “come together as a school district and greater community to harness the strength required to support the young men who may have been victimized and then to begin the healing process for our beloved community.” Stuart Green, founder of the New Jersey Coalition for Bullying Awareness and Prevention, praised Labbe’s decision as one that could change the conversation on the issue of bullying. Though he sympathized with those who feel it unfair to punish an entire team, Green said responsibility for such conduct generally extends beyond the individual players. “When these problems arise they’re never primarily a function of the individual kids or players,” he said. “These problems primarily arise because of the behaviors of the adults and leaders who manage these environments.” The arrests came four days after the rest of the season was called off, prompting angry responses from parents of players. At an emotional school board meeting Tuesday night, some players denied seeing any of the alleged incidents occurring, and one parent said the cancellation “victimizes the kids who had nothing to do with it.” Reports of hazing surface regularly around the U.S., but rarely do they result in a sports season’s cancellation. One well-publicized exception was Mepham High School on New York’s Long Island, which canceled its 2003 season after reports of alleged sexual assaults by upperclassmen on younger players during a preseason trip to Pennsylvania. Steve Timko, executive director of the New Jersey State Interscholastic Athletic Association, said he couldn’t recall any seasons being forfeited because of hazing-related allegations in his 38 years involved with scholastic sports in the state. Hazing can be hard to define and harder to detect precisely because it occurs within the confines of a closed group such as a team, fraternity or sorority that wields it as a requisite for inclusion, experts say. AP ad THE Cambodia detains 3 after Robert Carroll Not time to throw in the towel Hong Kong is no stranger to massive street protests. The last was in 2003, when half a million people took to the streets to protest the proposed anti-subversion law, required by Article 23 of the Basic Law. Beijing sat up and heads rolled. First it was the Secretary for Security, Regina Ip, who resigned from her position, followed by no less than Chief Executive Tung Chee-wah. Later, large street demonstrations were successful in changing government policy. However, things have changed. The question is why has Beijing purposefully and continuously ignored mainstream popular sentiments, as evidenced by many polls and voting patterns. When I say mainstream popular sentiment, the most identified example is reflected in the results of Legislative Council elections, determined by “one person, one vote” since 1995. The parties which are closest to being Communist or seen to be controlled by the Chinese government have consistently failed to get a majority vote in the “one person, one vote” geographical Legislative Council elections, despite having vastly greater resources. However, the legislature has no initiating power to make law by design, only a degree of blocking power. The directly elected sector is counterbalanced by an indirectly elected sector, which can be controlled by business interests that are dependent on the Chinese government’s goodwill. If the popular vote is not mostly with the pro-China communist-backed parties for the legislature, then why would the Chinese Communist Party want a real popular vote for the Chief Executive too? Another pertinent question is that if the prodemocracy camp, the pan-democrats, had been more willing to bend in their demands for genuine democracy as promised by the Basic Law, would we have had a better offer from Beijing? The deal as it stands keeps the promise of universal suffrage for the next chief executive election. On the other hand, it keeps a deeply flawed system. It means that 1200 people, many of whom are open to pressure from Beijing, will decide from a list of two or three candidates who have been approved by the Chinese government. Even then the final veto rests with Beijing. How can this be considered reform when three screening processes are still controlled by Beijing ? Aren’t we supposed to be talking about democratic reform and progress? On the other hand, any form of universal suffrage can be considered a step forward, if candidates need to get the public behind them - by real campaigning - then this “one person, one vote” proposal, however diluted, must be another step towards real democracy. Beijing does not want an unpopular chief executive; therefore, however small the voting circle, the eventual candidates must fight through television debate and furious lobbying to get as much support as they can from the public, business, and professional sectors that make up the nominating committee. These sectors still have the penultimate say. As we have seen in the last chief executive election, whoever gets through the filtering process must still fight a hard campaign. If this is an interim solution, as the standing committee of the NPC - the constitutional authority on these matters - has claimed, there is still room for optimism that a future CE election can be tailored to be more representative of the popular will. Frenchman Tirole wins Nobel economics prize Karl Ritter, Nathalie Rothshild F rench economist Jean Tirole won the Nobel prize for economics yesterday for research on market power and regulation that has helped policy-makers understand how to deal with industries dominated by a few companies. Calling Tirole “one of the most influential economists of our time,” the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences said he’s made contributions in a range of research areas. But it highlighted his role in clarifying “how to understand and regulate industries with a few powerful firms.” Tirole, 61, works at the Toulouse School of Economics in France and has a Ph.D. from Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Left unregulated, industries that are dominated by a few single firms can produce undesirable results, such as unnecessarily high prices or unproductive companies blocking new firms from entering the market. From the mid-1980s, Tirole “breathed new life into research on such market failures,” the academy said, adding his work has strong bearing on how governments deal with mergers or cartels and how they should regulate monopolies. “In a series of articles and books, Jean Tirole has presented a general framework for designing such policies and applied it to a number of industries, ranging from telecommunications to banking,” the academy said. The vision according to which economists have unlimited trust in the efficiency of markets is 30 years behind the times Jean Tirole His work is credited with helping drive the deregulation of industries in developed economies in the 1980s and 1990s, when many sectors were dominated by state-owned companies or monopolies. More recently, however, Tirole has argued for stronger regulation in the wake of the global financial crisis. In a 2012 interview, Tirole told the financial journal Les Echos that the 2008 financial crisis stemmed primarily from regulatory failure. “The vision according to which economists have unlimited trust in the efficiency of markets is 30 years behind the times,” he said, adding his research “does not advocate necessarily more or less of the state, but rather better state intervention.” Harvard University professor and economist Philippe Aghion said on France’s BFM television yesterday that Tirole’s work is particularly useful to governments as they try to determine the best level of regulation, notably of banks after the global financial crisis. “Tirole is at the frontier of this domain,” Aghion said. It was the first economics prize without an American winner since 1999. “I’m so moved,” Tirole said, speaking to a news conference in Stockholm on a telephone link from Toulouse. In an interview with France -Info radio yesterday, Tirole said his work applied theories derived from game theory to industry. “The idea is to give companies the analytical means to deal with new contexts and also to give regulators the analytical tools they need,” he said. “For example, how to deregulate electricity or railroads without creating infrastructure problems. How to allow entrants who are perhaps more dynamic without expropriating from the companies already in place.” Before Tirole, the academy said, policy-makers advocated simple rules including capping prices for companies with a monopoly and banning cooperation between competitors. Tirole showed that in some circumstances, such rules can do more harm than good. “His contribution is that he has given us a whole toolbox,” said prize committee secretary Torsten Persson. “More than that, he has given us an instruction manual for what tool to use in what market.” Drawing on insights based on Tirole’s work, “governments can better encourage powerful firms to become more productive and, at the same time, prevent them from harming competitors and customers,” the academy said. The economics prize completed the 2014 Nobel Prize announcements. In Nobel Prizes awarded last week, Taliban attack survivor Malala Yousafzai, 17, became the youngest Nobel winner ever as she and Kailash Satyarthi of India won the peace prize for fighting for children’s rights. French writer Patrick Modiano won the literature prize for his lifelong study of the Nazi occupation and its effect on his country. U.S. researchers Eric Betzig and William Moerner and Stefan Hell of Germany shared the chemistry prize for finding ways to make microscopes more powerful than previously thought possible; while Isamu Akasaki and Hiroshi Amano of Japan and Japanese-born U.S. scientist Shuji Nakamura won the physics prize for the invention of blue light-emitting diodes used in mobile phones, computers and TVs. The awards will be presented on Dec. 10, the anniversary of prize founder Alfred Nobel’s death in 1896. Even though the economics award is not an original Nobel Prize — it was added in 1968 by Sweden’s central bank — it is presented with the others and carries the same prize money. Last year the economics prize went to three Americans who shed light on the forces that move stock, bond and home prices. AP Air quality Roadside 65-95 Moderate High Density 85-115 Residental Moderate Area Ambient 85-115 Moderate WORLD BRIEFS N KOREA says the remains of American soldiers killed during the Korean War are being neglected and “carried away en masse,” in an apparent effort to pressure Washington to resume recovery efforts that could also lead to much-needed money for the impoverished country. The United States suspended efforts to recover the remains of thousands of U.S. soldiers who died during the Korean War because of the North’s plans to launch a long-range rocket in 2012. AUSTRALIA’s prime minister warns that he intends to use tough language with Russian President Vladimir Putin in Australia next month in demanding full cooperation from Russia with the Dutch investigation into the shooting down of a Malaysian airliner in July. Putin has confirmed that he will attend a summit of the world’s 20 biggest economies to be chaired by Australia in the east coast city of Brisbane on Nov. 15-16. ap photo HK Observer der the protection of government agencies or influential people, environmental groups have charged. Taing Try was investigating illegal timber trading with several colleagues at the time of the shooting. Sok Savann said that at around midnight Saturday they observed timber being transported on several ox carts, and that afterward — when their vehicle got stuck in the mud on a dirt road — they were approached by the timber’s owners. ap photo opinion Cambodian police said yesterday that they have detained three men, including a timber trader, believed to be linked to the weekend shooting death of a local journalist who was investigating illegal logging in the country’s east. Freelance journalist Taing Try, 49, was shot in the forehead and died instantly early Sunday at a remote forestry site in Kratie province, said Sok Sovann, who heads the Khmer Journalists for Democracy Association. Illegal logging is rampant in Cambodia, and often occurs un- source: dsmg BUZZ journalist is killed Station PERU Evo Morales (pictured) coasted to victory in Bolivia’s presidential elections, winning an unprecedented third term as voters rewarded the former coca grower for delivering economic and political stability in what has traditionally been one of South America’s most ungovernable nations. Morales, an Aymara Indian, received 60 percent of the vote against 25 percent for cement magnate Samuel Doria Medina. TURKEY’s foreign minister insisted yesterday there was no new agreement with the United States on using Turkish bases for operations against the Islamic State militants. In comments carried by the state-run Anadolu Agency, Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu said, however, that the two countries had agreed to train and equip opposition forces. VATICAN CITY Catholic bishops showed unprecedented openness yesterday to accepting the real lives of many Catholics today, saying gays had gifts to offer the church and should be accepted and that there were “positive” aspects to a couple living together without being married.
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