 Network Operating Systems 

Network Operating Systems
Windows XP Configuration
Install Virtual Machine Add-ons
 Log into Windows XP running in Virtual PC
 From the Virtual PC Action Menu, select Install or Update Virtual Machine Additions
 Follow the prompts to finish the installation.
Windows Updates
 Log into Windows XP (if not already there)
 Click on start and choose windows updates
 Choose Install and Install now to install the Windows Update software
 Click Express, download and install and wait patiently.
 Restart
 If after logging back in you notice an exclamation mark in the bottom right corner, click on it and choose install.
 Go back into Windows update and check for and install all critical updates (You may need to go back and check again after
reboots – do this until there are no updates left.)
Create Users
 Right click My Computer and choose Manage
 Choose Local Users & Groups and then choose Users
 Right Click Users and choose New User
 Type darla as the user name, Debbie Arla as the full name and Debbie as her password
 Uncheck “user must change password at next login”
 Check “user cannot change password” and “password never expires”
 Click Create
 Create the following users
Full Name
User Name
Scott Panky
Alvin Falfa
Buck Wheat
Steve Pott
(Give them the same password restrictions as darla)
Create a new Group
 Right click on group and choose new groups
 Type RASCALS as the group name
 Type “Members of the famous little rascals gang” in the description box
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Network Operating Systems
 Click Create and close
 Right click on RASCALS and choose Add to Group
 Click add, advanced, Find Now
 Choose all of the users you created by holding down the ctrl key and clicking their names
 OK 3 times
 Go back and look at the properties for darla. You should see she is a member of the RASCALS group.
 Close the window.
Remove and Install optional XP features
 Open the Add or Remove Programs Control Panel
 Click Add/Remove Windows Components.
 Select Accessories and Utilities and click the Details button
 Remove Games from the XP machine by clearing the checkbox by Games. Click Ok.
 Add the Internet Information Services (the web server). Notice when you select the check box, it becomes a grayed out box.
This means only “some” of IIS is installed by default. Click Details and add in the File Transport Service. Click Ok then
click Next.
 If you asked for the CD, click ok and browse to the location where you copied the i386 subdirectory in the last lab.
(This is
why we copied the that directory… so we don’t need to always find the CD). You may be asked to do this multiple times.
 When the copy if completed, click Finish. Close the Add/Remove Control panel.
 Open a command prompt and type netstat -a -p TCP. This will show you a list of services that are waiting for incoming
connections. You should see lines for ftp, smtp, http, and https (among others). These services were installed along with the
IIS package above.
Explore the Administrative Tools
 Select Administrative Tools from Control Panel
 Select Computer Management
 System Tools
 Event Viewer
Look in the Application log
Do you have any Warnings? If so, check them out.
Spend some time looking through the entries
Look in the Security log. Any entries?
Spend some time looking through the System log entries
 Shared Folders
 Shares
Why do all shares end with the $ (If you don’t know, do a google search on this topic)
 Any Sessions running?
 Any Open Folders?
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Network Operating Systems
 Device Manager
 Spend some time looking through these options
 What Network Adapter(s) are you using?
 Storage
 Disk Management
 What file system do you have on each volume?
C: ___________ E: _____________
 How big is each volume?
C: ___________ E: _____________
 What condition is each volume in?
C: ___________ E: _____________
 How much free space is on each volume?
C: ___________ E: _____________
 Single click the E: volume and notice the cross hatching in the background that indicates which volume is currently
 Look into the Properties of the E: volume
 Look through the various tabs at the top of the window.
Pay attention to the Sharing and Quota tabs. You will
need these when we begin the Peer-to-Peer networking.
 Change your CD-ROM drive letter to G:
 Look through Disk Defragmenter and Removable Storage
 Exit Computer Management
 Select Local Security Policy
 Under Account Policies, change the Minimum password length to 4 characters
 Look through the rest of the Password Policy options
 Change the Account lockout threshold to 3 invalid logon attempts
 Change the Account lockout duration to 1 minute
 Change the Reset account lockout counter after 1 minute
 Spend some time looking through the User Rights Assignment under Local Policies
 Who can change the system time?
 Exit Local Security Policy
 Exit Administrative Tools
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Network Operating Systems
Run the Magnifier utility
Play with the settings
Why would you set a computer to use Magnifier?
Save a copy of your working Virtual XP system
 Shutdown the XP virtual machine and close Virtual PC.
 Copy the configuration file and the disk file created by Virtual PC (it is located in the D: partition of your host machine) to
the Data partition (should be E:) of your host machine; this is where we saved the Ghost image of Drive C: back in an earlier
 Now that we’ve changed the Windows 7 installation (installed Virtual PC), if you’d like, you could create another Ghost
image of your C: drive to the Data partition. Follow the instructions from Lab 3 if needed. If you don’t do this and you have
a problem with your Windows 7 installation, you can restore from the older Ghost image and reinstall Virtual PC. You
would not need to reinstall XP as we have made a copy of the virtual configuration.
You now have a backup of your working system if anything happens to your C partition!!
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