vPad-ES ™ Operating Manual

vPad-ES
™
Electrical Safety Analyzer
for AAMI-ES1
IEC 60601
Operating Manual
vPad-ES™
Electrical Safety Analyzer
Operating Manual
© 2013-2014 Datrend Systems Inc.
Unit 130 - 4020 Viking Way
Richmond, BC • CANADA • V6V 2L4
Tel: 800.667.6557 (North America Only) or
604.291.7747 • Fax 604.294.2355
e-mail: [email protected]
To order this manual, use Part Number 6100-040
Revision
Revision History
Description
Date
B
Update figures for PiPO tablet
2013-June-13
C
AC Fault, address
2013-Dec-12
D
Clarified Tablet RAM limits
2014-Aug-21
Copyright
Datrend Systems Inc. (“DSI”) agrees to a limited copyright release that allows you to reproduce manuals and other
printed materials for use in service training programs and other technical publications. If you would like other
reproductions or distributions, submit a written request to Datrend Systems Inc.
Unpacking and Inspection
Follow standard receiving practices upon receipt of the instrument. Check the shipping carton for damage. If damage
is found, stop unpacking the instrument. Notify the freight carrier and ask for an agent to be present while the instrument
is unpacked. There are no special unpacking instructions, but be careful not to damage the instrument when unpacking
it. Inspect the instrument for physical damage such as bent or broken parts, dents, or scratches.
Claims
Our routine method of shipment is via common carrier. Upon delivery, if physical damage is found, retain all packing
materials in their original condition and contact the carrier immediately to file a claim.
If the instrument is delivered in good physical condition but does not operate within specifications, or if there are any
other problems not caused by shipping damage, please contact your local sales representative or DSI immediately.
Standard Terms and Conditions
Refunds & Credits
Please note only serialized products (products labelled with a distinct serial number) and accessories are eligible for
partial refund and/or credit. Non-serialized parts and accessory items (cables, carrying cases, auxiliary modules, etc.)
are not eligible for return or refund. In order to receive a partial refund/credit, the product must not have been damaged,
and must be returned complete (meaning all manuals, cables, accessories, etc.) within 90 days of original purchase and
in “as new” and resalable condition. The Return Procedure must be followed.
Return Procedure
Every product returned for refund/credit must be accompanied by a Return Material Authorization (RMA) number,
obtained from Datrend Customer Service. All items being returned must be sent prepaid (freight, duty, brokerage, and
taxes ) to our factory location.
Restocking Charges
Products returned within 30 days of original purchase are subject to a minimum restocking fee of 15%. Products returned
in excess of 30 days after purchase, but prior to 90 days, are subject to a minimum restocking fee of 20%. Additional
charges for damage and/or missing parts and accessories will be applied to all returns. Products which are not in “as
new” and resalable condition, are not eligible for credit return and will be returned to the customer at their expense.
Certification
This instrument was thoroughly tested and inspected and found to meet DSI’s manufacturing specifications when it was
shipped from the factory. Calibration measurements are traceable to the National Research Council of Canada (NRC)
and/or the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). Devices for which there are no NRC/NIST calibration
standards are measured against in-house performance standards using accepted test procedures.
Page i
Warranty
Warranty and Product Support
Datrend Systems Inc. ("DSI") warrants the Analyzer Base Unit of vPad-ES (the "Datrend product") to be free from defects
in materials and workmanship under normal use and service for one (1) year from the date of original purchase. This
warranty will be automatically extended to two (2) years from the date of original purchase, provided that calibration is
performed on an annual basis by a Datrend Authorized Service Center*. During the warranty period DSI will, at our
option, either repair or replace defects in materials and workmanship at no charge; provided the Datrend product is
returned (shipping, duty, brokerage and taxes prepaid) to DSI. Any and all transportation charges incurred are the
responsibility of the purchaser and are not included within this warranty. This warranty extends only to the original
purchaser and does not cover damage from abuse, neglect, accident or misuse or as the result of service or modification
by other than DSI. IN NO EVENT SHALL DATREND SYSTEMS INC. BE LIABLE FOR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES.
This warranty is subject to the following limitations:
! Tablet PC: per tablet manufacturer's original warranty
! Standard Accessories: 90 day limited warranty
! Damage due to activation of devices under test which are connected to the “applied parts” inputs is not covered under
the warranty
! Re-calibration of the instrument, which has a recommended annual calibration frequency, is not covered under the
warranty.
No warranty shall apply when damage is caused by any of the following:
! Power failure, surges, or spikes,
! Damage in transit or when moving the instrument,
! Improper power supply such as low voltage, incorrect voltage, defective wiring or inadequate fuses,
! Accident, alteration, abuse or misuse of the instrument,
! Fire, water damage, theft, war, riot, hostility, acts of God, such as hurricanes, floods, etc.
Only serialized products (those items bearing a distinct serial number tag) and their accessory items are covered under
this warranty. PHYSICAL DAMAGE CAUSED BY MISUSE OR PHYSICAL ABUSE IS NOT COVERED UNDER THE
WARRANTY. Items such as cables and non-serialized modules are not covered under this warranty.
This warranty gives you specific legal rights and you may have other rights, which vary from province to province, state
to state, or country to country. This warranty is limited to repairing the instrument to DSI's specifications.
When you return an instrument to DSI for service, repair or calibration, we recommend shipment using the original
shipping foam and container. If the original packing materials are not available, we recommend the following guide for
repackaging:
! Use a double-walled carton of sufficient strength for the weight being shipped.
! Use heavy paper or cardboard to protect all instrument surfaces. Use non-abrasive material around all projecting parts.
! Use at least four inches of tightly packed, industrial-approved, shock-absorbent material all around the instrument.
DSI will not be responsible for lost shipments or instruments received in damaged condition due to improper packaging
or handling. All warranty claim shipments must be made on a prepaid basis (freight, duty, brokerage, and taxes). No
returns will be accepted without a Return Materials Authorization ("RMA”) number. Please contact Datrend (refer to
Chapter 5 of this manual) to obtain an RMA number and receive help with shipping/customs documentation.
* Subject to some exclusions, based on sales territory. Contact Datrend for details.
Page ii
Warranty Disclaimer
Should you elect to have your instrument serviced and/or calibrated by someone other than Datrend Systems or an
Authorized Service Centre, please be advised that the original warranty covering your product becomes void when the
tamper-resistant Quality Seal is removed or broken without proper factory authorization. We strongly recommend,
therefore, that you send your instrument to Datrend Systems or an Authorized Service Centre for service and calibration,
especially during the original warranty period.
In all cases, breaking the tamper-resistant Quality Seal should be avoided at all cost, as this seal is the key to your
original instrument warranty. In the event that the seal must be broken to gain internal access to the instrument (e.g.,
in the case of a customer-installed firmware upgrade), you must first contact Datrend Systems at 1-604-291-7747. You
will be required to provide us with the serial number for your instrument as well as a valid reason for breaking the Quality
Seal. You should break this seal only after you have received factory authorization. Do not break the Quality Seal before
you have contacted us! Following these steps will help ensure that you will retain the original warranty on your instrument
without interruption.
WARNING
Unauthorized user modifications or application beyond the published specifications may result in electrical shock hazards
or improper operation. Datrend Systems will not be responsible for any injuries sustained due to unauthorized equipment
modifications.
DSI DISCLAIMS ALL OTHER WARRANTIES, EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING ANY WARRANTY OF
MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE OR APPLICATION.
THIS PRODUCT CONTAINS NO USER-SERVICEABLE COMPONENTS.
UNAUTHORIZED REMOVAL OF THE INSTRUMENT COVER SHALL VOID
THIS AND ALL OTHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES.
Note: Calibration of Datrend products typically involves adjustment of parameters stored in firmware by proprietary
software. Parties other than Datrend and its Authorized Service Centers are limited to verification of the status of the
accuracy of the instrument. Do not confuse verification with calibration.
vPad™, vPad-XPORT™, vPad-ES™, vPad-353™, vPad-AS™, vPad-A3™,vPad-Record Manager™, vPad-RM™ ,
vPad-EQM™, vPad-Check™, vPad-Cal™, and Datrend Docs™ and CMX™ are trademarks of Datrend Systems Inc.
Android™ is trademark of Google Inc.
Page iii
Page iv
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
Table of Contents
ABBREVIATIONS AND DEFINITIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
VII
SYMBOL DEFINITIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
IX
1 SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
1.1 Electrical Safety Testing Standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.2 Safety Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.3 Instrument Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.3.1 Voltage Measurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.3.2 Load Current Measurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.3.3 Power Measurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.3.4 Resistance Measurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.3.5 Leakage Current Measurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.3.6 ECG Simulator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.4 Measurement Terminals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.4.1 Test Receptacle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.4.2 Current Source Terminals (SRC+/-) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.4.3 Meter Input Terminals (EXT+/-) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.4.4 ECG Terminals (APx) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.5 User Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.6 Electrical Ratings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.7 Externally-Accessible Fuses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.8 Environment for Use . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.9 Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.10 Weight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.11 Standard Accessories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.12 Optional Accessories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.13 Compliance With Standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1
1
2
2
2
2
2
3
3
4
4
4
4
4
5
6
6
6
6
6
7
7
7
2 OVERVIEW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
2.1 Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
2.1.1 Analyzer Base Unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
2.1.2 Test Receptacle Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
2.1.3 User Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
2.2 Test Modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
2.3 Safety Test Standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
3 SETUP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
4 OPERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
4.1 HOME Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
4.2 Startup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Table of Contents # Page v
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
4.3 Test Navigation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.4 Receptacle Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.5 Voltage Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.5.1 Line Voltage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.5.2 External Voltage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.5.3 External Micropotential . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.6 Equipment Load Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.6.1 Load Current . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.6.2 Power Consumption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.7 Resistance Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.7.1 Line Cord Resistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.7.2 External Resistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.7.3 Measurement Method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.7.4 Test Application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.8 Leakage Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.8.1 Chassis Leakage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.8.2 Ground Leakage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.8.3 External Leakage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.8.4 Test Application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.9 Patient Lead Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.9.1 Lead-to-Ground Leakage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.9.2 Lead-to-Lead Leakage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.9.3 Lead Isolation Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.9.4 Test Application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.10 Leakage Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.11 ECG Simulator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.11.1 ECG Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.11.2 Common-Mode Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.12 Equipment Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.12.1 Inspection Tasks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.12.2 Performing an Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.13 Data Recording . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.13.1 Using the Android Keyboard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.13.2 Recording Measurements and Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.13.3 Viewing Measurements and Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.13.4 Recording Equipment Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.13.5 Creating a Test Record . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.14 Record Manager App . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
31
31
33
34
35
36
38
39
39
40
41
42
43
43
44
46
47
48
50
51
52
53
55
57
59
63
65
66
67
67
70
72
72
74
76
77
79
83
5 CALIBRATION AND MAINTENANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
APPENDIX A. SAMPLE TEST RECORD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
Table of Contents # Page vi
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
Abbreviations and Definitions
The following abbreviations, terms and acronyms are used throughout this manual:
µA
Micro-ampere
A
Ampere
AAMI
American Association of Medical Instrumentation
AP
Applied Parts (patient leads)
App
Software application for a mobile device
Cct.
Abbreviation for circuit (ie. electrical circuit in a power distribution
system)
Earth
See GND
EUT
Equipment Under Test. The electrical device being tested.
GND or Ground
The line (conductor) connected to a place that is maintained at
“Ground” or “Earth” voltage. Same as Protective Earth.
Hz
Hertz
IEC
International Electrotechnical Commission
IME
Android input method (e.g. keyboard)
kHz
kilohertz
L1 or Line 1
Line 1 of the AC supply voltage, or "mains". In North America, the “Hot”
or “Live” line (conductor) of the AC supply.
L2 or Line 2
Line 2 of the AC supply voltage, or "mains". In North America, the
“Neutral” line (conductor) of the AC supply.
LA
left arm ECG lead
LL
left leg ECG lead
MAINS
The voltage provided by the building installation, nominally 120 VAC or
230 VAC depending on the country
M.A.P. / MAP
Mains on applied part(s)
Measurement Category I
Terminal
Intended for measurements on circuits with no direct connection to
MAINS (CAT I)
Measurement Category II
Terminal
Intended for measurements on circuits which may have a direct
connection to MAINS (CAT II)
MHz
Megahertz
NC
Normal Condition of AC supply to EUT: ground and neutral are both
connected
Definitions # Page vii
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
PE
Protective Earth. The line (conductor) connected to a place that is
maintained at “Ground” or “Earth” voltage.
RA
right arm ECG lead
RL
right leg ECG lead
RMS
Root-Mean-Square measurement of a parameter (eg. Vrms, Arms....)
Safety Standard
Standards established by various national and international agencies.
The most recognized Standards Organizations include:
AAMI - Association for Advancement of Medical Instrumentation
IEC - International Electrotechnical Commission
SFC
Single-fault condition of AC supply to EUT: either ground or neutral is
disconnected, but not both
Type B (Body)
IEC protection class referring to patient-applied parts (leads) which are
not isolated from ground
Type BF (Body Floating)
IEC protection class referring to patient-applied parts (leads) which are
isolated from ground
Type CF (Cardiac Floating)
IEC protection class referring to patient-applied parts (leads) which are
isolated from ground and also intended for direct cardiac application
V
Volt
V1-V6
Precordial (chest) ECG leads
Vrms
Volts rms
Definitions # Page viii
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
Symbol Definitions
The following symbols may be found on vPad-ES:
CONSULT MANUAL FOR PROPER OPERATION
The operating manual provides valuable information on the proper use of vPad-ES. It is highly recommended the
operator read the instructions thoroughly before operating the device. It is possible to damage the Equipment
Under Test (EUT) and/or cause harm to the operator if vPad-ES is used incorrectly.
MAXIMUM RATED INPUT CURRENT:
20AMPS @ 100 - 120 VAC, 60 Hz when used with power cord 3000-010
15AMPS @ 100 - 120 VAC, 60 Hz when used with power cord 3000-009
The maximum rated input current is dependent on the power cord used. When using standard 15A electrical
circuits, use the 3000-009 power cord. If current between 15 and 20A is required, find an appropriate power
receptacle rated to 20A and use power cord 3000-010.
Patient Leads: Hazardous Voltage: 264 VAC or 500 VDC max
This warning appears on the label for the patient lead connections, located at the rear of vPad-ES. During testing
of the isolation of the EUT patient applied parts leads with respect to either ground, or to the power input leads,
a voltage of either 100% of the AC line voltage may be present on the (CAT I) lead connectors. This voltage may
reach a maximum of ~264 VAC and, while current limited, represents a serious shock hazard to the operator.
Proper precautions should be taken when performing a test which includes the application of this voltage to the
EUT patient leads. The display of vPad-ES will indicate when a hazardous voltage is present at the patient lead
connectors.
CAUTION: Electrical Shock Hazard, Refer Servicing to Qualified Personnel
CAUTION: Consult Accompanying Documents
These warnings appear on the serial number label of vPad-ES. vPad-ES contains hazardous electrical voltages
internally which WILL BE present when the covers are removed. The operator should read the Operating Manual
to determine what actions to take in the event of failure of vPad-ES. Refer to the Troubleshooting and
Maintenance Section of the Operating Manual.
Kelvin Cable
The Kelvin Cable (CAT I) is used to measure the Line Cord Grounding Resistance, using a pulsed 1 amp current
(200 mA RMS). The voltage present at these terminals is below 6 volts. Consult the Operating Manual for the
proper operation of the Grounding Resistance test.
Definitions # Page ix
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
DO NOT EXCEED THE FOLLOWING CURRENT LOAD ON THE EUT
RECEPTACLE:
15AMPS @ 100 - 120 VAC, 60 Hz (in 20A circuit)
11AMPS @ 100 - 120 VAC, 60 Hz (in 15A circuit)
12AMPS @ 230 VAC, 50 Hz (in 16A circuit)
The regulatory requirements for loading a circuit (cct.) in a power distribution system sets a current limit on any
individual receptacle to 80% of the value of the circuit breaker on that circuit. For instance, in a circuit with a 15A
circuit breaker (or fuse), the maximum current allowed to be drawn from any individual receptacle is 12A.
Allowing 1A for the vPad-ES circuitry, the load current for the Equipment Under Test (EUT) should not exceed
11A. These limits are set by the Electrical Code in most jurisdictions in an attempt to avoid unexpected circuit
overloads and subsequent circuit failure. If the EUT load is expected to approach the maximum value on a
routine basis, it is recommended that a circuit with only a single receptacle be provided for use with vPad-ES.
WARNING: OPENING THE vPad-ES MAY COMPROMISE USER SAFETY.
REFER SERVICING TO DATREND AUTHORIZED AGENT.
vPad-ES is a complex instrument which contains internally distributed line voltages and other high voltages for
specific measurement purposes. Failure to observe appropriate measures when the instrument has been
opened, or failure to reassemble correctly may compromise the safety of the user.
WARNING: GROUNDING CIRCUIT CONTINUITY IS VITAL FOR SAFE
OPERATION. NEVER OPERATE THE vPad-ES WITH GROUNDING
CONDUCTOR DISCONNECTED.
Proper grounding is essential to ensure operator safety. Do not bypass the grounding provisions inherent in the
design of vPad-ES, otherwise, the operator may be subjected to an electrical shock risk.
WARNING: HAZARDOUS VOLTAGES OR CONDITIONS MAY EXIST DURING
TESTS. CONSULT THE ACCOMPANYING DOCUMENTS FOR APPROPRIATE
PRECAUTIONS.
During the execution of an electrical safety test on the EUT, vPad-ES may apply a high voltage (up to 264 VAC)
to the EUT. While this voltage is current limited, it does represent a shock hazard to the operator if precautions
are not followed. Consult the instructions in this manual regarding Isolation Leakage Current tests (MAP test)
for further information.
Definitions # Page x
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
1
Specifications
Equipment Performance Specifications
1.1 Electrical Safety Testing Standards
- IEC60601-1
- ANSI/AAMI-ES1
1.2 Safety Tests
- Line Voltage
- External (point-to-point) Voltage
- External (point-to-point) Micropotential
- Equipment Load Current
- Equipment Power Consumption
- Line Cord Resistance
- External (point-to-point) Resistance
- Chassis Leakage Current (IEC touch current)
- Ground Leakage Current (IEC earth leakage current)
- External (point-to-point) Leakage Current
- Patient Lead Leakage to Ground (earth)
- Patient Lead-to-Lead Leakage (IEC auxiliary leakage)
- Patient Lead Isolation Test (IEC MAP test)
Specifications/Chapter 1 # Page 1
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
1.3 Instrument Specifications
1.3.1 Voltage Measurement
Line voltage
Range....................................... 90 to 264 V rms
Accuracy ................................. ±(2 % of reading + 0.2 V)
External (point-to-point) voltage
Range...................................... 0 to 300 V rms
Accuracy ................................ ±(1 % FS + 0.2 V)
External (point-to-point) micropotential
Ranges..................................... 0 to 199.9 mV rms
200 to 1,999 mV rms
2000 to 19,999 mV rms
Accuracy ................................ ±(1 % of reading + 1 mV)
1.3.2 Load Current Measurement
Ranges .................................................. 0 to 1.999 A ac rms
2.00 to 19.99 A ac rms
Accuracy .............................................. ±(2 % reading + 0.2A)
Duty cycle ............................................ 0 A to 10 A, continuous
10 A to 15 A, 7 min. on/3 min. off
15A to 20 A, 5 min. on/5 min. off
1.3.3 Power Measurement
Range ................................................... 0 to 2400 watts
Accuracy .............................................. ±(5 % reading + 5W)
1.3.4 Resistance Measurement
Modes ..................................................
Test Current .......................................
Range ..................................................
Accuracy .............................................
Four-terminal, fully isolated
1A pulsed, 0.2A rms
0.000 to 2.000
±(1 % of reading + 0.02 )
Specifications/Chapter 1 # Page 2
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
1.3.5 Leakage Current Measurement
Modes................................................... AC+DC (True-rms)
AC only
DC only
Patient Load Selection........................ AAMI ES1-1993
IEC 60601
Crest factor .......................................... <=3
Ranges.................................................. 0.0 to 199.9 µA
200 to 1,999 µA
2,000 to 19,999 µA
Accuracy
DC to 1 kHz........................... ±(1 % of reading + 1 µA)
1 to 100 kHz .......................... ±(2 % of reading + 1 µA)
100 kHz to 1 MHz................. ±(5 % of reading + 1 µA)
Isolation test voltage............................ 100 % ±5 % of AC supply
1.3.6 ECG Simulator
Output
Amplitude................................
Impedance..............................
Accuracy
Frequency...............................
Amplitude................................
Waveforms
ECG Complex.........................
Square wave...........................
Pulse wave..............................
Triangle wave..........................
Sine wave................................
CMRR tests.............................
Arryhthmias.............................
1 mV QRS into Lead II
500 ohms
±1 %
±2 %
30, 60, 120, 180, 240 and 300 BPM
0.125 Hz, 2 Hz and 1 kHz
63 msec, 30PPM and 60PPM
2 Hz
0.5, 10, 40, 50, 60 and 100 Hz
SQR 2Hz & 1 kHz, PUL 4 sec, SIN 0.5, 50 & 60Hz
VFIB, AFIB, SVT, VTACH, PVC and ASYS
Specifications/Chapter 1 # Page 3
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
1.4 Measurement Terminals
1.4.1 Test Receptacle
Category...............................................
Maximum Voltage
North America.......................
Europe/Asia...........................
Maximum Current
North America.......................
Europe/Asia...........................
CAT II
132 VAC
264 VAC
20A AC
13A AC
Use vPad power cord 3000-009 for instruments rated to 15A
Use vPad power cord 3000-010 for instruments rated to 20A
1.4.2 Current Source Terminals (SRC+/-)
Category..............................................
Maximum Voltage.............................
Maximum Current.............................
CAT I
6V
200 mA RMS
1.4.3 Meter Input Terminals (EXT+/-)
Category..............................................
Maximum Voltage
External µA/mV mode........
External voltage mode..........
Maximum Current..............................
CAT I
20V
300V
0.2 mA @ 300V
1.4.4 ECG Terminals (APx)
Category................................................. CAT I
Maximum Voltage................................ 264 VAC (Isolation Test )
Maximum Current................................ 14mA AC @ 264 VAC
Connect measurement terminals ONLY as instructed in this manual.
See Chapter 4, Operation
Specifications/Chapter 1 # Page 4
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
1.5 User Interface
Display............................................................
10.1" colour LCD (1280 x 800)
User Controls.................................................
Capacitive touchscreen
Wired Connectivity........................................
Micro USB 2.0 Type B (shareable with base unit)
USB 2.0 Type A (premium tablet only)
XBUS Interface (RJ11-6)
Wireless Connectivity...................................
802.11 b/g/n
Bluetooth 2.1+ EDR
Memory, Internal............................................ 16GB Maximum †
Memory, Expansion....................................... 16GB to 32GB Micro SD Card (optional)
Modes of Operation....................................... Manual (standard)
Automatic (accessory option)
†
16 GB is the maximum amount of internal memory installed in the tablet. The internal memory is
formatted similar to a hard disk to facilitate storage and access to data including the Operating System,
Programs, and Data. The formatting process reduces that amount of storage available for use by the tablet.
Additionally, the Operating System can consume up to 4 GB of storage. The nominal internal storage
available for users is approximately 12 GB as shipped from Datrend.
If additional storage is required, an SD card can be installed in the tablet. Upon initial installation of an SD
card, check for proper operation and that the correct size is reported. It may be necessary to format your
SD card. If so, ensure that the card is formatted for the FAT32 file system, and that the long format mode is
used (do NOT use “quick format”).
Specifications/Chapter 1 # Page 5
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
Equipment Technical Specifications
1.6 Electrical Ratings
Country Specific:
120 VAC ± 10%, 60 Hz, 16A in 20A circuit
120 VAC ± 10%, 60 Hz, 12A in 15A circuit
230 VAC ± 10%, 50 Hz, 13A
Notes:
- This instrument has been designed to test equipment that meets local power distribution
standards, which limit devices to draw no more than 80% of the specified current capacity
of a circuit. For instance, a single device should draw no more than 16A from a single
receptacle on a 20A circuit.
- Transient overvoltages typically present on the mains supply are expected to be impulse
withstand (overvoltage) category II of IEC 60364-4-443
1.7 Externally-Accessible Fuses
20A / 250V AGC
1.8 Environment for Use
15 to 40 EC
10% to 90% RH
Altitude: 2000m max.
Indoor use only
Pollution Degree 2
1.9 Dimensions
Base unit.........................................................
Tablet PC (detachable).................................
11.8 x 8.9 x 3.3 in. (30 x 23 x 8.4 cm)
10.5 x 6.7 x 0.5 in. (27 x 17 x 1.3 cm)
1.10 Weight
5.5 lb (2.5kg)
Specifications/Chapter 1 # Page 6
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
1.11 Standard Accessories
vPad Kelvin Cable.........................................
vPad Tablet USB Cable................................
vPad Tablet DC Cable..................................
Power Cord (country specific)
North America 15A............................
North America 20A............................
Continental Europe............................
United Kingdom.................................
Australia...............................................
P/N 3140-475
P/N 3140-478
P/N 3140-476 (12V) or -477 (5V), depending on
tablet model
P/N 3000-009
P/N 3000-010
P/N 3000-011
P/N 3000-012
P/N 3000-018
1.12 Optional Accessories
For a complete list of available accessories, visit www.datrend.com or contact Datrend Customer
Service (see Chapter 5 for contact details)
1.13 Compliance With Standards
vPad-ES has been certified to meet the following safety standards:
CAN/CSA-C22.2 No. 61010-1-(2nd Edition) - Safety Requirements for Electrical Equipment for
Measurement, Control, and Laboratory Use, Part 1: General Requirements
UL Std. No. 61010-1 (2nd Edition) - Safety Requirements for Electrical Equipment for
Measurement, Control, and Laboratory Use - Part 1: General Requirements
Following manufacture, all units are subjected to, and have passed the requirements of the
‘Routine Tests’ defined in Annex F of the above Standard(s).
Specifications/Chapter 1 # Page 7
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
Specifications/Chapter 1 # Page 8
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
2
Overview
vPad-ES™ is a manually-operated electrical safety analyzer providing basic electrical safety testing of
medical devices with patient leads. This chapter provides an overview of vPad-ES features and test modes.
A summary of testing requirements specified by NFPA®, AAMI and IEC safety standards is included at the
end of this chapter.
2.1 Features
2.1.1 Analyzer Base Unit
The vPad-ES safety analyzer is comprised of an Android™-powered tablet which provides the user
interface, and a Base Unit which provides the analyzer instrumentation. Referring to Figure 1 , controls,
interfaces and features of the Analyzer Base Unit are:
Item
Description/Function
1.
AC supply input
Connect to AC power supply using line cord provided with vPad-ES
2.
Line fuse
Main supply fuse; replace with AGC 20A / 250V
3.
AUX test jack
Use when testing applied part leakage current of Class II medical equipment
4.
Test receptacle
Connect to AC power input of Equipment Under Test (EUT)
5.
Receptacle Active
indicator
Lights when power is applied to test receptacle (4)
6.
Tablet tray
Supports tablet when safety analyzer in use
7.
TABLET DC
Connect to DC power input of tablet, using cable provided (either 12V
(P/N 3140-476) or 5V (P/N 3140-477), according to tablet model)
8.
TABLET USB
Connect to USB port of tablet, using cable provided (P/N 3140-478)
9.
Cable storage bay
Store tablet USB and Power cables here when transporting or storing vPad-ES
Overview/Chapter 2 # Page 9
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
Figure 1 - vPad-ES Analyzer Base Unit.
Overview/Chapter 2 # Page 10
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
Item
Description/Function
10. Binding posts
Connect to EUT patient leads or applied parts, for example, ECG leads
11. Meter input, EXT+/-
Input to voltmeter or leakage measuring device
12. Current source, SRC+/-
Current source output for four-wire resistance measurement
13. Test resistor, 1.0 Ω
Use to verify function of ohmmeter
14. Test current, 100µA
Use to verify function of leakage measuring device
15. AC supply indicator
Lights when AC supply is connected to Base Unit
16. Reset button
Press to reset Base Unit
17. Normal/remote switch
Set to "normal" for operation by Android tablet; set to "remote" for
operation via remote control from PC running Microsoft Windows®
(Android tablet is bypassed)
18. PC IN
USB Type B (Device) - connect to PC for remote control operation
19. XBUS Port
Connect to Vision-Pad Technology™ accessory devices
2.1.2 Test Receptacle Configuration
vPad-ES may be equipped with one of these test receptacles, but other receptacles may be substituted to
satisfy customer requirements. For additional configurations, please contact Datrend Customer Service.
North America
Western Europe
United Kingdom
Overview/Chapter 2 # Page 11
Australia/China
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
2.1.3 User Interface
The user interface of vPad-ES is based on an Android™-powered tablet computer. Android provides
numerous features which make vPad-ES unique as a biomedical test instrument:
• HD colour display with capacitive touchscreen
• 4 to 16GB of internal memory (depending on tablet model), expandable via accessory SD Card
• WiFi for wireless connectivity to printers, PC's, and the Internet
• Bluetooth for wireless connectivity to PC's and hardware add-ons (keyboard; barcode scanner; etc.)
• USB Host Port on premium Vision-Pad tablets supports hardware accessories such as flash drive,
keyboard, barcode scanner, etc.
• Still-image camera and audio/video recorder
• Full-size (8½ x 11") document printing
• Pre-installed software applications ("apps"): file manager; Internet browser; PDF and e-book reader; email; calendar; notepad; plus many others
• More Android apps easily installable via direct download from Google Play, GetJar, and other sources
The vPad-ES app for Android drives the Analyzer Base Unit. In addition to large, easy-to-read indicators
and pushbutton controls necessary for analyzer operation, Datrend's vPad apps provide data recording and
other features which are unprecedented in a safety analyzer in this price range:
• Save tens of thousands of Test Records on the safety analyzer, with each Record storing a practically
unlimited number of measurement values in combination with in-line notations
• Save equipment information to Test Records, including control number, description, make, model,
serial number and more
• Perform and record equipment inspections following the General Devices Acceptance Procedure published by
the ECRI Institute (USA)
• Manage vPad Test Records: copy; delete; convert to PDF; and print to full-size (8½ x 11") pages - on
an individual basis or on multiple selected Records at once
More information on the many features of the user interface and apps may be found in Chapter 4 of this
manual.
Overview/Chapter 2 # Page 12
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
2.2 Test Modes
vPad-ES provides a variety of test modes which are useful for performing electrical safety measurements on
medical equipment.
Line Voltage
Use this mode to test the AC supply which powers vPad-ES. Measure voltages
from AC supply hot to neutral; from hot to ground; and from neutral to ground.
External Voltage
Use this mode to check larger voltages between two arbitrary points, up to
300V RMS maximum.
External
Micropotential
Use this mode to observe small voltages in the millivolt range between two
arbitrary points. In this mode, the voltmeter has a low input resistance (1 kohm).
vPad-ES auto-ranges to suit the potential being measured (200, 2000 or 20000 mV
RMS full scale).
Load Current
Use this mode to measure current drawn from the AC supply by the equipment
under test (EUT). vPad-ES auto-ranges to suit the current being measured (2A or
20A AC full scale).
Power
Use this mode to measure the power consumption of the EUT. Power is
calculated from the product of the line voltage and load current. This test mode is
useful for monitoring power consumption of loads over 50W.
Line Cord
Resistance
Use this mode to test the resistance of the EUT's power supply cord, up to a
maximum of 2 Ω. In this test mode, vPad-ES uses an isolated, four-wire
ohmmeter with a pulsed 1 amp current source.
External
Resistance
Use this mode to measure resistance between two arbitrary points, up to 2 Ω. A
four-wire ohmmeter is used.
Overview/Chapter 2 # Page 13
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
Chassis Leakage
Use this mode to check for leakage current that may flow from the chassis or
enclosure of the EUT to ground of the AC supply.
For Chassis and other leakage tests described below, you may choose either the
AAMI or IEC measuring device (MD). In addition to true-RMS readings, the MD
can be set for AC-only or DC-only measurements. The test receptacle may be set
to normal/reverse polarity, normal/open neutral, and normal/open ground. As
required, vPad-ES auto-ranges to suit the leakage being measured (200, 2000 or
20000 µA full scale).
Ground Leakage
Use this mode to measure leakage current which flows through the ground wire of
the EUT's power cord.
External Leakage
In this mode, the MD can be used to measure leakage currents which may flow
between two arbitrary points.
Lead Leakage to
Ground
Use this mode to check for leakage current from patient leads of the EUT to
ground of the AC supply. Leads may be tested individually or in various
combinations.
Lead-to-Lead
Leakage
Use this mode to check for leakage current from a selected patient lead of the
EUT to all other patient leads shorted together.
Lead Isolation
Test
Use this mode to check for leakage current that may be caused by driving one or
more EUT leads with an isolated, current-limited test voltage equal to the AC
supply. In this mode, you may test patient leads individually or in various
combinations.
ECG Simulator
Use this mode to produce calibrated test signals such as pulse, square, sine and
physiological waveforms which are useful in testing patient monitoring systems.
Overview/Chapter 2 # Page 14
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
2.3 Safety Test Standards
vPad-ES may be used to perform electrical safety tests of medical devices with patient leads, following
NFPA® 99, AAMI-ES1 and IEC60601-1 standards. TABLE 2.3-1 relates test nomenclature displayed by
vPad-ES to nomenclature of the standards. TABLE 2.3-2 defines additional terms which pertain in general
to electrical safety testing of medical equipment.
TABLE 2.3-1: Safety Test Nomenclature
vPad-ES
NFPA 99:2012
AAMI-ES1:1993
IEC60601-1:2007 (Ed. 3)
Line voltage
Hot (L1)
Neutral (L2)
Ground (G)
Line Voltage
Hot (H)
Neutral (N)
Ground (G)
Line Voltage
Hot (H)
Neutral (N)
Ground (G)
Mains voltage
Line 1 (L1)
Line 2 (L2)
Protective earth (PE)
Line cord resistance
Power cord resistance
(n / a)
Protective earth resistance
Chassis
leakage current
Touch current
Enclosure risk current
Touch current
Ground
leakage current
(n / a)
Earth risk current
Earth leakage current
Lead leakage to
ground (GND)
Lead leakage current
Patient-applied risk
current, source
Patient leakage current
Lead-to-lead leakage
(n /a )
Patient-applied risk
current, source
Auxiliary leakage current
Lead isolation test
(n / a)
Patient-applied risk
current, sink
Mains-on-applied-part (MAP)
test
Overview/Chapter 2 # Page 15
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
TABLE 2.3-2: Safety Test Terminology
Term
Definition
EUT
Equipment Under Test
NC
Normal operating condition. AC supply to EUT has ground and neutral both normal (closed).
SFC
Single-Fault Condition. AC supply to EUT has ground or neutral disconnected (open).
AP
Applied Part(s). IEC term referring to patient / ECG leads of EUT
Type B
IEC applied part protection class, type "Body" (non-isolated)
Type BF
IEC applied part protection class, type "Body-Floating" (isolated)
Type CF
IEC applied part protection class, type "Cardiac-Floating" (isolated, rated for direct cardiac application)
Leakage current testing is performed by connecting a measuring device, or "MD", to the EUT chassis
and/or patient leads. vPad-ES incorporates measuring devices specified by AAMI and IEC standards, which
are shown in Figure 2. Each MD incorporates a low-pass filter between the 1k test resistance and
millivoltmeter to compensate for an allowable increase in leakage limits with increasing frequency.
Figure 2 - Measuring devices (MD) for AAMI and IEC standards.
In addition to differences in the measuring device, NFPA, AAMI and IEC safety standards specify different
Overview/Chapter 2 # Page 16
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
testing methods, which are summarized in TABLE 2.3-3. vPad-ES encompasses requirements of the
standards by providing the necessary test settings that enable you to follow the standard of your choice.
TABLE 2.3-3: Leakage Test Requirements by Standard
Leakage
Test
NFPA 99:2012
AAMI-ES1:1993
IEC60601-1:2007 (Ed. 3)
Chassis
• Test with EUT ON and OFF
• Test normal polarity only
• Test SFC open ground only
• Test with EUT ON and OFF
• Test normal/reverse polarity
• Test normal condition (NC)
• Test SFC, open ground
• Test with EUT ON and OFF
• Test normal/reverse polarity
• Test normal condition (NC)
• Test SFC, open ground
• Test SFC, open neutral
• Test with AP floating and to PE
Ground
Not required
• Test with EUT ON and OFF
• Test normal/reverse polarity
• Test normal condition (NC)
• Test SFC, open neutral
• Test with EUT ON and OFF
• Test normal/reverse polarity
• Test normal condition (NC)
• Test SFC, open neutral
• Test with AP floating and to PE
Lead(s)
to Ground
• Test with EUT ON and OFF
• Test normal polarity only
• Test normal condition (NC)
• Test SFC, open ground
• Test all leads shorted
• Test with EUT ON and OFF
• Test normal/reverse polarity
• Test normal condition (NC)
• Test SFC, open ground
• Test all leads shorted together
• Test each lead individually
• Test with EUT ON and OFF
• Test normal/reverse polarity
• Test normal condition (NC)
• Test SFC, open ground
• Test SFC, open neutral
• Test APs in groups, by medical
function
- Type B: test whole group shorted
- Type BF: test whole group shorted
- Type CF: test each AP individually
• Test total leakage, by protection class
- Test all B AP's shorted together
- Test all BF AP's shorted together
- Test all CF AP's shorted together
Leadto-lead(s)
Not required
• Test with EUT ON and OFF
• Test normal/reverse polarity
• Test normal condition (NC)
• Test SFC, open ground
• Test each lead to all others
shorted together
• Test with EUT ON and OFF
• Test normal/reverse polarity
• Test normal condition (NC)
• Test SFC, open ground
• Test SFC, open neutral
• Test each AP to all others
shorted together
Overview/Chapter 2 # Page 17
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
Leakage
Test
Lead
isolation
test
NFPA 99:2012
Not required
AAMI-ES1:1993
• Test with EUT ON and OFF
• Test normal/reverse polarity
• Test each lead individually
IEC60601-1:2007 (Ed. 3)
• Test with EUT ON and OFF
• Test normal/reverse polarity
• Test APs in groups, by medical
function
- Type BF: test whole group shorted
- Type CF: test each AP individually
• Test total leakage, by protection class
- Test all BF AP's shorted together
- Test all CF AP's shorted together
Acceptance limits differ according to safety standard. TABLE 2.3-4 may be used as a reference when
performing safety tests with vPad-ES.
Note the following with respect to TABLE 2.3-4:
• EUT ON or OFF and supply polarity reversed are considered to be normal operating conditions and
have no bearing on limits specified.
• RMS values are listed for cord-connected equipment with a ground conductor (Class I), having isolated
patient connections of protection class Type CF. Refer to the standard of interest for alternative limits if
any of the following apply to the EUT or testing method:
• DC-only leakage measurement
• Cord-connected equipment without ground conductor (IEC Class II)
• Non-isolated patient leads (IEC Type B)
• Patient leads of IEC protection class Type BF (body-floating, isolated)
• Permanently-installed equipment
• Self-powered (battery) equipment
Overview/Chapter 2 # Page 18
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
TABLE 2.3-4: Maximum Limits by Standard
Test
NFPA 99:2012
Line cord
resistance
0.5 Ω
Chassis
leakage
NC:
SFC:
Ground
leakage
Lead
to ground
leakage
AAMI-ES1:1993
0.2 Ω
Not specified
100 µA
500 µA
IEC60601-1:2007 (Ed. 3)
NC:
SFC:
100 µA
300 µA
NC:
SFC:
100 µA
500 µA
Not specified
NC:
SFC:
500 µA
1000 µA
NC:
SFC:
5,000 µA
10,000 µA
All leads shorted:
NC:
100 µA
SFC:
500 µA
All leads shorted, or
each lead tested individually:
NC:
10 µA
SFC:
50 µA
Each lead tested individually:
NC:
10 µA
SFC:
50 µA
All leads shorted (total leakage):
NC:
50 µA
SFC:
100 µA
Leadto-lead
leakage
Not specified
Each lead tested individually:
NC:
10 µA
SFC:
50 µA
Each lead tested individually
NC:
10 µA
SFC:
50 µA
Lead
isolation
test
Not specified
Each lead tested individually:
50 µA
Each lead tested individually:
50 µA
All leads shorted (total leakage):
100 µA
Note:
vPad-ES is a manual safety analyzer and does NOT automatically assess a PASS or FAIL based on
the limits of TABLE 2.3-4. For automated electrical safety testing, including automatic pass/fail
assessment, the optional vPad-AS application may be used. For more information, see
www.datrend.com/index.php?page=vpad-es
Overview/Chapter 2 # Page 19
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
Overview/Chapter 2 # Page 20
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
3 Setup
After placing the Analyzer Base Unit on a stable,
flat surface, pull out the tablet tray on the front
of the unit.
Figure 3
At the back of the Base Unit above the binding
posts, grab the tablet and carefully lift it away
from the unit.
Figure 4
Setup/Chapter 3 # Page 21
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
Place the bottom of the tablet on the tray and
rest the rear of the tablet on the front of the base
unit.
The tablet may also be held in place without the
tray, using the inherent ‘sticky’ characteristics of
the labels on the back of the tablet and the front
of the base unit.
Figure 5
Connect the power cable from the TABLET DC jack of the Base Unit to the DC IN jack of the tablet. The
cable provided with vPad-ES will depend on tablet model: 12V (P/N 3140-476) or 5V (P/N 3140-477).
Figure 7
Figure 6
Setup/Chapter 3 # Page 22
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
Connect the USB cable provided with vPad-ES (P/N 3140-478) from the TABLET USB jack of the Base
Unit to the USB port of the tablet.
Figure 9
Figure 8
Connect the power cord provided with vPad-ES to the right side panel of the unit, then plug the cord into a
power outlet (Figure 10 ). If the AC outlet has power, the indicator lamp on the left panel of the Analyzer
Base Unit should now be lit (Figure 11 ).
Figure 10
Figure 11
Setup/Chapter 3 # Page 23
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
With the Base Unit now powered up, switch the tablet ON by pressing and holding the power button on
the top of the tablet until the tablet is felt to vibrate (approx. 5 - 10 sec). Approximately 60 seconds after
switching ON, the Android HOME screen should appear on the tablet.
Figure 12
The foregoing instructions are for the standard tablet model. Alternative tablet models may have DC and
USB connections and the Power button in different locations; one example is shown in Figure 13. If
necessary, refer to the tablet operator manual provided with vPad-ES for further guidance.
Figure 13
Setup/Chapter 3 # Page 24
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
Switch the tablet OFF when vPad-ES is not in use. Press and hold the ON/OFF switch until a
confirmation message appears on the tablet screen. Select the appropriate response to complete the Power
Off sequence.
Note: Pressing and releasing the Power ON/OFF button momentarily will put the tablet in a ‘sleep’ mode.
Press the ON/OFF button momentarily again to ‘wake’ the tablet. This is NOT the same as OFF.
To store or transport vPad-ES, reverse the setup procedure by starting at Figure 10 and proceeding to
Figure 3 above.
Setup/Chapter 3 # Page 25
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
Setup/Chapter 3 # Page 26
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
4 Operation
This chapter explains how to use vPad-ES to perform electrical safety tests and inspections of medical
equipment. Test Record management is also covered in this chapter.
4.1 HOME Screen
The Android HOME screen (Figure 14 ) is displayed approximately 60 seconds after switching the tablet
ON.
Figure 14 - HOME screen.
Operation/Chapter 4 # Page 27
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
Initiate actions on the tablet by pressing the corresponding icon or button. For example:
Press to launch the vPad-ES software application, or "app". Use this app to perform
electrical safety testing.
Press to launch the vPad Record Manager app. Use this app to copy, print, convert or delete
Test Records saved by vPad-ES.
Press to access Settings. Use this menu to configure sound, display, touchscreen, and
wireless setup.
By default, vPad-ES is supplied with both WiFi and Bluetooth connectivity disabled.
Use the Settings menu to enable wireless connectivity, in accordance with policies of
your institution or organization.
At top right on the screen, press the Apps button to access more apps which are installed
on the tablet.
At bottom left on the screen, press the Home button to return from an app to the Home
screen.
At bottom left, press the Back button to navigate back one step, from the app or screen
currently being displayed, to a previous one. For some apps, this button's function may be
disabled.
At bottom left, press the Recents button to jump from the current app to a different app
that was started earlier, but is currently on pause
For more information on how to use the Android tablet, refer to the tablet operator manual supplied with
vPad-ES.
Operation/Chapter 4 # Page 28
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
4.2 Startup
Press the vPad-ES icon on the Android Home screen to start the app. A splash screen will display the
product name and the software version.
Figure 15 - vPad-ES startup screen.
As the splash screen is displayed, the app will "connect" to the Analyzer Base Unit and cause it to perform a
number of internal self-tests. The AC supply which powers vPad-ES is also tested. Normally, all tests will
complete successfully and the main activity of the app will then be displayed.
Faults in the Base Unit or the AC supply may be detected during the self-test, in which case an alarm
message is displayed below the software version number. In the event of a Base Unit fault, the app will
automatically exit to the Home screen. In the event of an AC supply fault, in addition to the alarm message
the app will display an Alert Dialog, which you must then acknowledge by pressing “Continue”, “Exit”or
“OK” (see Figure 16 ). Refer to TABLE 4.2-1 for recommended actions in the event of a startup alarm
message.
Figure 16 - Alert Dialog: AC supply fault.
TABLE 4.2-1: Startup Alarms and Corrective Actions
Operation/Chapter 4 # Page 29
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
Alarm Message
Cause
ERROR:
cannot communicate with
Base Unit
App is unable to send
messages to one or more
instrument systems inside
the Base Unit
Actions
• Check Base Unit has power
(check power indicator, left panel - see Figure 1 on
page 10)
• Check Base-to-tablet USB connection
(see Figure 9 on page 23)
• If AC power and USB cables are OK, press and hold RESET
button of Figure 1 for 3 seconds, then try restarting the app
• If error persists, contact Datrend Customer Service (see
Chapter 5 for contact information)
AC SUPPLY FAULT
(polarity reversed)
AC outlet incorrectly wired
• Do not use vPad-ES with incorrect or unsafe AC supply
• Connect Base Unit to a different outlet
AC SUPPLY FAULT
(ground disconnected)
AC outlet incorrectly wired
• Do not use vPad-ES with incorrect or unsafe AC supply
• Connect Base Unit to a different outlet
AC SUPPLY FAULT
(ground disconnected)
Isolated power system
• Do not perform leakage testing as results will be invalid
• Optionally, vPad-ES may be used to perform tests other than
leakage (e.g., voltage, resistance or ECG simulator tests)
• If possible, change to grounded power outlet
RMS zero calibration
failure
Unable to zero voltmeter
• Press RESET button of Figure 1 for 3 seconds, then try
restarting app
• If problem persists, contact Datrend Customer Service (see
Chapter 5 for contact information)
Operation/Chapter 4 # Page 30
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
4.3 Test Navigation
After startup, the main menu of vPad-ES is displayed. Tabs at the top of the screen navigate between the
test modes provided by vPad-ES. By default, vPad-ES selects the Voltage tab after startup. To select a
different test mode, press the corresponding tab.
Figure 17 - Test Tabs.
4.4 Receptacle Control
This section contains important information which relates to operator
safety. Read and follow all instructions.
Voltage, Resistance and Simulator test modes provide a button which you may press to switch the test
receptacle ON or OFF as required. The Equipment Inspection menu also provides this control.
Figure 18 - Test receptacle power button.
For convenience, vPad-ES automatically switches the receptacle ON when you select Equipment Load,
Leakage or Patient Lead mode.
By default, vPad-ES automatically switches the receptacle OFF if you change test mode to Voltage,
Resistance or ECG Simulator. If desired, this default behaviour can be overridden via the vPad-ES Settings
menu; refer to Section 4.10 for details.
Operation/Chapter 4 # Page 31
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
Android navigation buttons override the app display but do not necessarily stop what an app may be doing.
If the test receptacle is ON, and you navigate away from vPad-ES by pressing:
Home
, or
Recent
the test receptacle will remain ON. A characteristic of Android is that once an app such as vPad-ES is
launched, the app may keep running, even if the app's display is partly or completely obscured by another app
or the Android Home screen.
While viewing Voltage, Leakage and other test displays of vPad-ES, the Android "Back" button
may
be pressed to completely close the application. Since unsaved measurement data will be lost if vPad-ES is
closed, a warning dialog is displayed which will allow you to exit or otherwise keep the application running.
When vPad-ES is closed, the test receptacle is switched OFF automatically. Note the Android "Back"
button is enabled on the test displays, but is disabled when viewing smaller pop-up menus such as Save
Data, which typically have a dedicated "Cancel" button for exiting the pop-up.
For safest operation of vPad-ES, follow these instructions:
• Before connecting or disconnecting equipment, observe the Receptacle
Active lamp (Figure 1 , page 10). Use caution when the Receptacle Active
lamp is lit.
• Switch the test receptacle OFF when not in use
• Do not disable the Receptacle Auto-OFF setting unless the EUT or test
requires that the AC supply must be continuously ON
• Before launching a new application, press the Android "Back" button
and respond "YES" to the displayed message. This will close vPad-ES and
switch the test receptacle OFF.
Operation/Chapter 4 # Page 32
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
4.5 Voltage Tests
Following application startup, vPad-ES defaults to measurement of the AC supply or "line voltage", from
Line 1 (L1) to Line (L2).
Figure 19 - Voltage test mode.
This test mode enables measurement of three different voltages associated with the AC supply, and two
external or point-to-point voltages. As selected by the upper row of buttons, the voltage currently under test
is indicated immediately above the numeric readout. Voltage is continuously measured and displayed until a
different test mode is selected. The bottom row of buttons provides these functions:
Equipment
Inspection
Press to launch the equipment inspection procedure. See Section 4.12 for
instructions.
Save Data
Press to save the voltage measurement currently being displayed. Refer to Section
4.13 for instructions on data recording.
View Data
Press to review measurement data recorded during testing.
Receptacle
ON/OFF
Press to switch the test receptacle ON or OFF as desired. Refer to Section 4.4 for
important information and instructions concerning operation of the test
receptacle.
Sections 4.5.1 to 4.5.3 provide instructions for the Voltage test mode.
Operation/Chapter 4 # Page 33
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
4.5.1 Line Voltage
Press the corresponding Line Voltage button to measure the desired potential per Figure 20 to Figure 22.
No external test leads are necessary. Voltages are measured over a range of 90-264 VAC.
With respect to the illustrations, note the following:
Line 1 (L1)
Line 2 (L2)
Earth (E)
= AC supply Hot (H)
= AC supply Neutral (N)
= AC supply Ground (G)
Figure 20 - Line voltage test, L1-L2 (hot-neutral).
Figure 21 - Line voltage test, L1-G (hot-ground).
Figure 22 - Line voltage test, L2-G (neutral-ground).
If the AC supply which powers vPad-ES is correctly wired and is not connected to an isolated power
distribution, potentials L1-L2 and L1-G should be approximately equal, and potential L2-G should be
substantially smaller than L1-L2.
Operation/Chapter 4 # Page 34
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
4.5.2 External Voltage
Press the External Voltage button to measure large voltages between two arbitrary points, typically 20V,
up to a maximum of 300V.
Connect test leads to the voltmeter at EXT+ and EXT- jacks on the left panel of the Analyzer Base Unit.
You may use standard multimeter (DMM) probes, or alternatively two vPad Kelvin Cables, as respectively
shown in Figure 23 and Figure 24 following.
Figure 23 - External voltage test with two DMM probes.
Figure 24 - External voltage test with two Kelvin Cables.
Operation/Chapter 4 # Page 35
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
4.5.3 External Micropotential
Press the External mV button to measure small potentials in the millivolt range between two arbitrary
points, up to a maximum of 20V.
When you select this test, an Alert Dialog is displayed to remind you of vPad-ES maximum ratings. Press
"OK" to clear the Alert Dialog and begin testing, or "Cancel" to abort and return to the previous test
mode.
Figure 25 - Alert Dialog - maximum input 20V.
Exceeding specified maximum ratings may result in damage to vPad-ES
and is not covered by warranty.
Operation/Chapter 4 # Page 36
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
Connect test leads to the voltmeter at EXT+ and EXT- jacks on the left panel of the Analyzer Base Unit.
You may connect to external points using two standard multimeter (DMM) probes, or two vPad Kelvin
Cables as shown in Figure 26. If points are less than 1" (2 cm) apart, a single Kelvin Cable may optionally
be used, as shown in Figure 27.
Figure 26 - External micropotential test with 2 x Kelvin cable.
Figure 27 - External micropotential test with one Kelvin cable.
According to the above schematics, external micropotential is measured with an IEC measuring device.
Range is automatically selected by vPad-ES to suit the voltage being measured (200, 2000 or 20000 mV full
scale).
Operation/Chapter 4 # Page 37
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
4.6 Equipment Load Tests
Select Equipment Load test mode by pressing the corresponding tab at the top of the screen. When this
mode is selected, the test receptacle is switched ON automatically. Refer to Section 4.4 for important
information and instructions concerning operation of the test receptacle.
Figure 28 - Load test mode.
This test mode enables you to measure AC supply current of the equipment under test (EUT), and power
consumption. The upper two buttons select the test, which is indicated immediately above the numeric
readout. AC current or power is continuously measured and displayed until a different test mode is selected.
The bottom row of buttons provide these functions:
Equipment
Inspection
Press to launch the equipment inspection procedure. See Section 4.12 for
instructions.
Save Data
Press to save the measurement value currently being displayed. Refer to Section
4.13 for instructions on data recording.
View Data
Press to review measurement data recorded during testing.
Sections 4.6.1 and 4.6.2 provide instructions for the Equipment Load test mode.
Operation/Chapter 4 # Page 38
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
4.6.1 Load Current
Connect the EUT to the test receptacle and press the Load Current button to place an AC ammeter in
series with the EUT (Figure 29 ). No external test leads are necessary. AC current is measured up to 2A or
20A, with the range being automatically selected by vPad-ES as required.
Figure 29 - Load current test.
4.6.2 Power Consumption
With the EUT connected to the test receptacle, press the Equipment Power button to measure EUT
power consumption (Figure 30 ). No external test leads are necessary. vPad-ES derives power by measuring
the load current, then the line voltage L1-L2, and multiplying the results: power = voltage x current.
Figure 30 - Power consumption test.
Considering specified tolerances of voltage and current measurements, this test mode is most useful when
measuring loads which draw 50W of power or higher. Examples would include lamps, heaters, ovens, fans
and other equipment incorporating larger induction motors or pumps.
Operation/Chapter 4 # Page 39
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
4.7 Resistance Tests
Select Resistance test mode by pressing the corresponding tab at the top of the screen.
Figure 31 - Resistance test mode.
This mode enables measurement of resistance of the line cord which conveys AC power to the equipment
under test (EUT). Point-to-point (External) resistance may also be measured. The upper two buttons select
the resistance test, which is indicated immediately above the numeric readout. Resistance is continuously
measured and displayed until a different test mode is selected. The bottom row of buttons provides these
functions:
Equipment
Inspection
Press to launch the equipment inspection procedure. See Section 4.12 for
instructions.
Save Data
Press to save the resistance value currently being displayed. Refer to Section 4.13
for instructions on data recording.
View Data
Press to review measurement data recorded during testing.
Receptacle
ON/OFF
Press to switch the test receptacle ON or OFF as desired. Refer to Section 4.4 for
important information and instructions concerning operation of the test
receptacle. For safety, this button is disabled when measuring resistance of the
EUT power cord.
Sections 4.7.1 and 4.7.2 provide instructions for the Resistance test mode.
Operation/Chapter 4 # Page 40
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
4.7.1 Line Cord Resistance
Press the Line Cord Resistance button to measure the resistance from the EUT chassis to the ground pin
on the plug of the EUT's line cord. This test is the default on entry to the Resistance mode.
An Alert Dialog is displayed if the test receptacle is ON when this test is selected. Press "OK" when you are
ready to power down the EUT and proceed with the resistance test.
Figure 32 - Alert Dialog - EUT will be powered OFF for test.
Connect the EUT line cord to the test receptacle. Plug the vPad Kelvin Cable into SRC+ and EXT+ jacks
on the left panel of the Analyzer Base Unit, then connect the Kelvin Cable to a grounded terminal or
conductive point on the EUT chassis (Figure 33 ).
Figure 33 - Line cord resistance test.
Operation/Chapter 4 # Page 41
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
Resistance is measured up to 2 Ω. If vPad-ES indicates X.XX, the resistance exceeds 2 Ω and may be opencircuit. When the display shows X.XX, a poor connection to the EUT chassis may be the problem; inspect
attachment of the Kelvin Cable or move the cable to a different point on the chassis.
Note that all exposed metal is not necessarily connected to ground.
Avoid connecting the Kelvin Cable to "functional earth" (FE) terminals on the EUT. FE terminals are zeroreference points for EUT input/output signals, and are not intended to provide protective grounding of
medical equipment. Examples of FE include the grounded shell or frame of connectors used for computer
interface (e.g. RS-232 Port; USB Port; etc.)
4.7.2 External Resistance
Press the External Resistance button to measure resistance between two arbitrary points. In this mode,
the receptacle ON/OFF button is enabled so that the EUT may be powered up, if desired.
This test requires two vPad Kelvin Cables, connected as shown in Figure 34. Resistance up to 2 Ω may be
measured. As with the line cord test, high resistance or open-circuit conditions are represented by X.XX on
the display; inspect attachment of the Kelvin Cables in this case.
Figure 34 - External (point-to-point) resistance test.
Operation/Chapter 4 # Page 42
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
4.7.3 Measurement Method
Referring to Figure 33 and Figure 34, vPad-ES uses a "four-wire method" when measuring line cord or
point-to-point resistance. Not apparent from the schematics are two separate insulated conductors in the
Kelvin Cable, one conductor conveying a current (I) to the resistance under test (R), and the other
conductor conveying voltage (V) caused by current (I) to a voltmeter. For known or measured current (I)
and measured voltage (V), resistance can then be calculated as R = V/I. The four-wire method is preferred
for measurement of small resistance values, since error caused by internal resistance of the test leads is
eliminated.
The four-wire ohmmeter of vPad-ES uses a pulsed 1A (200 mA rms) current source. Both the current
source and the voltmeter of vPad-ES are "floating", that is, isolated from ground of the AC supply. This
permits vPad-ES to be used for measuring resistance between any two points, grounded or otherwise.
4.7.4 Test Application
If medical equipment is not double-insulated (IEC Class II), resistance of the line cord should be tested to at
least one point of contact, or preferably to several different points, on the equipment chassis. Additionally, it
may be necessary to test continuity from one conductive part of the equipment to another, for example,
across the articulations of a hospital bed.
The maximum allowable resistance will depend on applicable electrical safety standards of your country or
region. Commonly-used limits range from 0.2 to 0.5 Ω. Refer to Section 2.3, TABLE 2.3-4.
Operation/Chapter 4 # Page 43
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
4.8 Leakage Tests
Select the Leakage test mode by pressing the corresponding tab at the top of the screen. The test receptacle
will be switched ON automatically, in normal condition. Refer to Section 4.4 for important information and
instructions concerning operation of the test receptacle.
Figure 35 - Leakage test mode.
Note that prior use of the External Voltage test function (Section 4.5.2) will cause a warning to be displayed
when Leakage test mode is initially selected. This warning prompts to user to confirm that a source of high
voltage, which could have been under test by the External Voltage function and which could damage the
safety analyzer if still active, has been disconnected from the EXT(+) input jack. The leakage meter of
vPad-ES is not activated until the user acknowledges this warning with the "Continue" button.
Figure 36 - Warning - check EXT(+) input.
Operation/Chapter 4 # Page 44
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
The Leakage test mode enables measurement of Chassis and Ground Leakage currents (or, in IEC
terminology, Touch Current and Earth Leakage respectively). External or point-to-point leakage may also
be tested. As selected by the upper row of buttons, the type of leakage current under test is indicated
immediately above the numeric readout. The leakage current is continuously measured and displayed until a
different test mode is selected. The bottom row of buttons provide these functions:
Save Data
Press to save the leakage value currently being displayed. Refer to Section 4.13 for
instructions on data recording.
View Data
Press to review measurement data recorded during testing.
Ground (Earth)
Press to toggle the ground of the test receptacle between "Normal" and "Open"
conditions.
Neutral (Line 2)
Press to toggle the neutral of the test receptacle between "Normal" and "Open"
conditions.
Polarity
Press to toggle the polarity of the test receptacle between "Normal" and "Reverse"
conditions.
Sections 4.8.1 to 4.8.3 provide instructions for the Leakage test mode.
Operation/Chapter 4 # Page 45
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
4.8.1 Chassis Leakage
Press the Chassis Leakage button to measure leakage current from the chassis or enclosure of the EUT to
the ground of the AC supply. Chassis Leakage is the default upon selection of the Leakage test mode.
Connect the EUT to the test receptacle, and use the vPad Kelvin Cable to connect a conductive point on
the EUT chassis to the EXT+ jack on the left side of the Base Unit, as shown in Figure 37. Leakage
current is measured over three ranges (200, 2000 or 20000 µA full scale), with the range being automatically
selected by vPad-ES as required.
Figure 37 - Chassis leakage test.
Referring to the display screen shown in Figure 35, the Patient Leads button may be used to connect
EUT patient leads or "applied parts" to the AC supply ground. This is represented in the schematic of
Figure 37 by switch S12 and is a test condition which is required by the IEC60601 standard. Pressing the
Settings button of Figure 35 allows you to choose AAMI or IEC measuring device (MD), and optionally
choose AC-only or DC-only measurement; refer to Section 4.10 for more details on Leakage Settings.
Ground and Neutral controls of Figure 35 are mutually exclusive and setting one of these to "Open" will
cause the other to be automatically set to "Normal" if it is not already so. This prevents you from
inadvertently selecting a double-fault test condition, which is not permitted in the safety standards.
Chassis leakage (touch current) may be tested for IEC Class I and Class II medical equipment. No special
provisions are required when testing Class II, however, note the Ground control of the safety analyzer will
have no influence on the test result since the EUT lacks a ground conductor in the line cord.
Operation/Chapter 4 # Page 46
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
When Polarity is changed, the test receptacle is switched OFF for a period of time, after which the
receptacle is then re-activated at the new polarity (see Figure 38 ). During the delay, receptacle controls are
disabled. This time delay is necessary to prevent surges in supply current which could potentially damage the
EUT and/or vPad-ES. A fixed two-second delay is used if Neutral is "Open" when Polarity is changed. If
Neutral is in "Normal" condition when Polarity is changed, a user-selectable delay then applies which may
be set over a range of 2 to 8 seconds using the Settings button; refer to Section 4.10 for details.
Figure 38 - Polarity change in progress.
4.8.2 Ground Leakage
Press the Ground Leakage button to measure leakage current which flows through the grounding
conductor of the EUT. No external test leads are necessary. Leakage current is measured over three ranges
(200, 2000 or 20000 µA full scale), with the range being automatically selected by vPad-ES, as required.
Figure 39 - Ground leakage display.
Operation/Chapter 4 # Page 47
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
Figure 40 - Ground leakage test.
The Ground control is disabled for this test. Per AAMI and IEC test requirements, Neutral of the test
receptacle may be set to "Open" as a single-fault condition. Note ground (earth) leakage testing is not
applicable to IEC Class II medical equipment, since the EUT has no ground conductor to convey the
current.
4.8.3 External Leakage
Press the External µA button to measure leakage current between two arbitrary points. The range is
automatically selected by vPad-ES to suit the leakage being measured (200, 2000 or 20000 µA full scale).
When you select this test, an Alert Dialog is displayed to remind you of vPad-ES maximum ratings. Press
"OK" to clear the Alert Dialog and begin testing, or "Cancel" to abort and return to the previous test
mode.
Figure 41 - Alert Dialog - maximum input 20V.
Exceeding specified maximum ratings may result in damage to vPad-ES
and is not covered by warranty.
Operation/Chapter 4 # Page 48
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
Connect test leads to the leakage measuring device at EXT+ and EXT- jacks on the left panel of the
Analyzer Base Unit. You may connect to external points using two vPad Kelvin Cables (Figure 42 ), or with
standard multimeter probes (Figure 43 ). If points are less than 1" (2 cm) apart, a single Kelvin Cable may
optionally be used, as shown in Figure 44.
Figure 42 - External leakage test with two Kelvin Cables.
Figure 43 - External leakage test with two DMM probes.
Operation/Chapter 4 # Page 49
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
Figure 44 - External leakage test with one Kelvin cable.
4.8.4 Test Application
At a minimum, chassis leakage of medical equipment should be tested with the AC supply in normal
polarity and with the ground open, with equipment power switch set to ON position and then to OFF
position. In this case, the number of measurements performed will be two. For non-conductive equipment
enclosures, apply tin foil onto the enclosure an attach the Kelvin Cable to the foil.
Depending on the electrical safety standard applied in your country or region, ground leakage tests and
additional testing conditions may be necessary. vPad-ES encompasses requirements of the standards by
providing the necessary test settings that enable you to follow the electrical standard applicable to your
region. Required tests and testing conditions for various electrical standards are specified in TABLE 2.3-3 of
Section 2.3. Refer to TABLE 2.3-4 of Section 2.3 for maximum limits which apply to each test.
Operation/Chapter 4 # Page 50
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
4.9 Patient Lead Tests
Select the Patient Lead test mode by pressing the corresponding tab at the top of the screen. When this
mode is selected, the test receptacle is switched ON automatically, in normal condition. Refer to Section 4.4
for important information and instructions concerning operation of the test receptacle.
Figure 45 - Patient Lead test mode.
This test mode enables measurement of Lead-to-Ground and Lead-to-Lead Leakage currents (or, in IEC
terminology, Patient Leakage and Auxiliary Leakage respectively). Isolation testing of patient leads may also
be performed. As selected by the upper row of buttons, the leakage under test is indicated immediately
above the numeric readout. Additionally, the patient lead (ECG) or applied part (AP) under test is also
indicated. The leakage current is continuously measured and displayed until a different test mode is selected.
The bottom row of buttons provide these functions:
Save Data
Press to save the leakage value currently being displayed. Refer to Section 4.13 for
instructions on data recording.
View Data
Press to review measurement data recorded during testing.
Ground (Earth)
Press to toggle the ground of the test receptacle between "Normal" and "Open"
conditions.
Neutral (Line 2)
Press to toggle the neutral of the test receptacle between "Normal" and "Open"
conditions.
Polarity
Press to toggle the polarity of the test receptacle between "Normal" and "Reverse"
conditions.
Operation/Chapter 4 # Page 51
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
Refer to Section 4.8.1 for instructions on operation of the Ground, Neutral and Polarity test receptacle
controls.
Sections 4.9.1 to 4.9.3 provide instructions for the Patient Lead test mode.
4.9.1 Lead-to-Ground Leakage
Press the Lead-to-GND Leakage button to measure leakage current from a selected ECG lead or patientapplied part (AP) to ground of the AC supply. For compliance with IEC test requirements, this test mode
also permits selection of functional groups of applied parts in various combinations. Lead-to-GND Leakage
is the default upon selection of the Patient Lead test mode.
Connect the EUT to the test receptacle, and connect EUT patient leads to the binding posts of vPad-ES, as
shown in Figure 46.
Figure 46 - Lead-to-ground leakage test.
Binding posts of vPad-ES operate according to Figure 47 : for patient leads terminated in a 3 mm or 4 mm
banana plug, press the spring-loaded collar of the binding post down to expose the receptacle inside, insert
the plug, then release to secure the plug in place (Figure 47 -(b)). This method will also work with bare
wires. If testing ECG snap leads, press the collar of the binding post down then rotate to lock in place,
exposing the male button (Figure 47-(c)). ECG snap connectors may then be attached to the buttons.
Follow the markings on the vPad-ES label when connecting ECG leads (LA; RA; LL; RL and V1-V6).
Operation/Chapter 4 # Page 52
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
Figure 47 - Operation of binding post.
Referring to Figure 45, select patient leads individually or in groups by pressing the corresponding radio
button under the numeric readout. This closes the corresponding switch or switches S1 to S5 of Figure 46,
connecting the measuring device (MD) to the lead(s). Leakage current sourced from the lead(s) to ground is
measured over three ranges (200, 2000 or 20000 µA full scale), with range being automatically selected by
vPad-ES as required.
According to Figure 46 , terminals V1-V6 (AP6-AP10) are shorted together inside vPad-ES, forming a
common lead. In the event that high leakage is observed from the V1-V6 group, disconnect from V1-V6
then reconnect one lead at a time, to determine which of the leads causes or contributes to the problem.
Patient leakage to earth may be tested for IEC Class I and Class II medical equipment. No special
provisions are required when testing Class II, however, note the Ground control of the safety analyzer will
have no influence on the test result since the EUT lacks a ground conductor in the line cord.
4.9.2 Lead-to-Lead Leakage
Press the Lead-to-Lead Leakage button to measure leakage current which flows from a selected patient
lead or applied part (AP) to all other leads shorted together.
Connect the EUT as previously instructed in Section 4.9.1. Referring to Figure 48, select the lead to be
tested by pressing the corresponding radio button under the numeric readout. This closes a corresponding
switch S1a to S5a of Figure 49, connecting the measuring device (MD) from the selected lead to the other
leads via S1b to S5b. As described in Section 4.9.1, V1-V6 are shorted together inside vPad-ES and so are
treated as a single lead. Leakage current is measured over three ranges (200, 2000 or 20000 µA full scale),
with the range being automatically selected by vPad-ES, as required.
Operation/Chapter 4 # Page 53
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
Figure 48 - Lead-to-lead leakage display.
Figure 49 - Lead-to-lead leakage test.
Lead-to-lead (auxiliary) leakage may be tested for IEC Class I and Class II medical equipment. No special
provisions are required when testing Class II, however, note the Ground control of the safety analyzer will
have no influence on the test result since the EUT lacks a ground conductor in the line cord.
Operation/Chapter 4 # Page 54
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
4.9.3 Lead Isolation Test
Press the Isolation Test button to measure leakage current which is caused by connecting a selected ECG
lead or patient-applied part (AP) to an isolated, current-limited source of voltage equal to the AC supply.
For compliance with IEC test requirements, this test mode also permits selection of functional groups of
applied parts in various combinations.
Selecting this test enables the Iso Voltage button and disables the Ground and Neutral receptacle
controls. This prevents inadvertent selection of double-fault conditions which are not permitted by AAMI
and IEC standards. On initial selection of the test, the isolation voltage is OFF and no leakage reading is
displayed (Figure 50 ).
Figure 50 - Lead isolation test (isolation voltage OFF).
Operation/Chapter 4 # Page 55
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
To prepare for the test, connect the power cord of the EUT to the test receptacle, and connect the EUT
patient leads to the corresponding binding posts of vPad-ES as shown in Figure 51. If the EUT is Class II
(two-wire power cord), use a jumper lead to connect the green "AUX" test jack on the right side of the Base
Unit to the EUT enclosure. See Section 4.9.4 for more information.
Figure 51 - Lead isolation test diagram.
Referring to the menu of Figure 50, select the lead or functional group to be tested with a corresponding
radio button, then activate the isolation test voltage by pressing the Iso Voltage button. For safety of the
operator, the test voltage will remain active for a maximum of 20 seconds, after which vPad-ES will
automatically switch the voltage OFF. The time may be terminated early by pressing ON again. When the
test voltage is active, the test description is displayed in red and the time remaining until test voltage deactivation is displayed immediately above the Iso Voltage button (see Figure 52 ). At any time, the test
voltage may be switched OFF by pressing the Iso Voltage button.
Operation/Chapter 4 # Page 56
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
Figure 52 - Lead isolation test (isolation voltage ON).
While the test voltage is either OFF or ON, individual patient leads or lead groups may be selected by
pressing the corresponding radio button under the numeric readout. Selecting a particular lead or group of
leads closes the corresponding switch or switches S1 to S5 of Figure 51, connecting the measuring device
(MD) between the lead(s) and the isolation transformer. As previously described, V1-V6 (AP6-AP10) are
treated as a single lead. When the ISO Test Voltage is ON (S9 closed), the resulting leakage current is
measured over three ranges (200, 2000 or 20000 µA full scale), with the range being automatically selected
by vPad-ES, as required.
4.9.4 Test Application
At a minimum, medical equipment with patient leads should be tested for source leakage current to ground.
A minimal test will check all patient leads at once, shorted together as a single group. Tests should be done
at normal AC supply polarity, with ground normal and with ground open. After performing tests with
equipment power switch in ON position, repeat with equipment power switch in the OFF position. In this
case, the number of measurements performed will be four. This very basic test will satisfy the essential
requirements of the NFPA 99 standard.
More comprehensive tests may be necessary, which will depend on the electrical standard applicable to your
region, and the number and type of patient leads the EUT has. Required tests and testing conditions for
AAMI-ES1 and IEC 60601 are specified in TABLE 2.3-3 of Section 2.3, with corresponding leakage limits
being specified in TABLE 2.3-4.
Operation/Chapter 4 # Page 57
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
To summarize testing requirements for AAMI-ES1, leakage to ground is measured for each EUT lead
individually as well as for all leads shorted together as a group. Isolation tests are performed on individual
leads only. Under this standard, tests do not depend on the medical function of the leads.
A greater number of test requirements are specified under the IEC 60601 standard. Each medical function
provided by the EUT is to be tested separately, with all patient leads or connections of the medical function
tested as a group. For a functional group having Type CF leads, the leads of the group are tested on an
individual basis. For a medical function having Type B or BF leads, the leads are tested while being shorted
to each other.
For example, a portable patient monitor may provide three ECG leads (LA; RA; and LL) which are rated
for direct cardiac application, and are thus specified by the monitor manufacturer as IEC Type CF. The
monitor has two independent temperature channels (T1 and T2), which are specified by the manufacturer as
Type BF (electrically isolated, but not for cardiac application). To test this patient monitor, LA, RA and LL
are respectively connected to binding posts AP1, 2 and 3 of vPad-ES, and T1 and T2 are respectively
connected to AP4 and 5. Lead-to-ground leakage and isolation of each ECG lead is tested individually, via
the LA/AP1, RA/AP2 and LL/AP3 radio buttons on the menus of Figure 45 and Figure 50 respectively.
Lead-to-ground leakage and isolation of T1 and T2 are tested with the temperature leads shorted together,
via the AP4-10 radio button.
If the equipment is ungrounded and thus has a two-wire power cord, a test jumper lead must be used to
connect the enclosure of the equipment to the "AUX" jack of the vPad-ES, as shown in Figure 51. If the
"AUX" connection is omitted when testing patient leads of ungrounded (Class II) equipment, then no
leakage current will be measured.
Operation/Chapter 4 # Page 58
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
4.10 Leakage Settings
Press the Settings button of the Leakage test mode (Figure 35 ) or the Patient Lead test mode (Figure 45 )
to enter the Leakage Settings menu, shown in Figure 53.
Figure 53 - Leakage settings menu.
At the bottom of the menu, the Receptacle Auto-OFF setting determines behaviour of the test receptacle
when changing test modes. For convenience, vPad-ES automatically switches the test receptacle ON when
Equipment Load, Leakage or Patient Lead test mode is selected. When changing to Voltage, Resistance or
Simulator mode, the test receptacle will be automatically switched OFF if Auto-OFF is checked, as shown
in Figure 53. If Auto-OFF is not checked, when changing modes the test receptacle will be switched OFF
only if the receptacle is in reverse polarity or single-fault condition, otherwise the receptacle will remain ON
as modes are changed.
The default is Auto-OFF enabled; disable Auto-OFF only for special situations where repeated application
and removal of power to the EUT must be avoided.
Operation/Chapter 4 # Page 59
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
To view or change a setting other than Auto-OFF, press the corresponding row on the menu (Standard;
AC/DC Filter; or Polarity Delay).
The Standard setting (Figure 54 ) allows you to choose the type of leakage measuring device (MD) based
on the Standard to be used. Press the radio button corresponding to the desired MD, or Cancel to exit
without changing the setting. Note the selected MD is indicated above the Settings button on the Leakage
or Patient Lead display (Figure 35 or Figure 45 respectively). Refer to Section 2.3 for more details on
AAMI and IEC measuring devices.
Figure 54 - Set measuring device standard.
The AC/DC Filter setting (Figure 55 ) allows you to enable a filter which is connected to the measuring
device. The AC-only filter removes DC offset from the leakage current, so that measurements include timevarying components only. Conversely, the DC-only filter suppresses line frequency and higher AC
components.
Depending on the filter selected, units of measure will be displayed as either "µA ac" or "µA dc"
accordingly. If no filter is selected, leakage readings are true-RMS values in which case the units of measure
are shown as "µA"; this is the default setting.
Operation/Chapter 4 # Page 60
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
Press the radio button to enable the corresponding filter, or Cancel to exit without changing the setting.
Figure 55 - Set measuring device filter.
When the test receptacle polarity is changed during a test, the receptacle is switched OFF for a period of
time, after which the receptacle is then re-activated at the new polarity. This time delay is necessary to
prevent surges in supply current which could potentially damage the EUT and/or vPad-ES. A fixed twosecond delay is used if the neutral is open when polarity is changed. If the neutral is in normal condition
when polarity is changed, a user-selectable delay then applies which may be set over a range of 2 to 8
seconds (see Figure 56).
The default delay is 2 seconds. Delays of 2 or 3 seconds may be used with low-powered equipment which
will not suffer ill effects from cycling of the AC power. Longer delays of up to 8 seconds should be used for
higher-powered equipment, particularly if the equipment presents a reactive load such as an induction
motor.
Press the radio button to select the desired delay time, or Cancel to exit without changing the setting.
Operation/Chapter 4 # Page 61
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
Figure 56 - Set polarity switching delay.
Operation/Chapter 4 # Page 62
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
4.11 ECG Simulator
Select ECG Simulator mode by pressing the corresponding tab at the top of the screen. vPad-ES will
default to outputting a 2 Hz square wave to the ECG binding posts.
Figure 57 - ECG simulator mode.
Test signals and physiological simulations are organized in five general categories such as Performance
Waves or Sinus Rhythm. Under each category, six waveforms may be selected via radio buttons. Upon
selecting a waveform, a simplified illustration of the signal is displayed on-screen above the radio buttons.
The bottom row of buttons provide these functions:
Equipment
Inspection
Press to launch the equipment inspection procedure. See Section 4.12 for
instructions.
Save Data
Press to save the name of the ECG waveform in use. In addition to the waveform,
test notations may be saved. Refer to Section 4.13 for instructions on data
recording.
View Data
Press to review measurement data recorded during testing.
Receptacle
ON/OFF
Press to switch the test receptacle ON or OFF as desired. Refer to Section 4.4 for
important information and instructions concerning operation of the test
receptacle.
Operation/Chapter 4 # Page 63
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
TABLE 4.11-1 describes the waveforms which may be selected via the menu. Amplitudes are specified for
ECG Lead II connection at the patient monitor.
TABLE 4.11-1: ECG Simulator Waveforms
Simulator Menu
Simulator Waveform Description
vPad-ES Name
Performance
Square wave, 2 Hz, 1 mV p-p (-0.5 to +0.5 mV)
SQR 2Hz
Performance
Triangle wave, 2 Hz, 1 mV p-p (-0.5 to +0.5 mV)
TRI 2Hz
Performance
'DC' Pulse, +1 mV for 4 seconds, 0 mV for 4 seconds
PUL 4sec
Performance
Pulse, +1 mV for 63 msec, rate = 30 pulses/minute
PUL 30ppm
Performance
Pulse, +1 mV for 63 msec, rate = 60 pulses/minute
PUL 60ppm
Performance
Square wave, 1 kHz, 1 mV p-p (-0.5 to +0.5 mV)
SQR 1KHz
Sine wave
Sine wave, 0.5 Hz, 1 mV p-p (-0.5 to +0.5 mV)
SIN 0.5Hz
Sine wave
Sine wave, 10 Hz, 1 mV p-p (-0.5 to +0.5 mV)
SIN 10Hz
Sine wave
Sine wave, 40 Hz, 1 mV p-p (-0.5 to +0.5 mV)
SIN 40Hz
Sine wave
Sine wave, 50 Hz, 1 mV p-p (-0.5 to +0.5 mV)
SIN 50Hz
Sine wave
Sine wave, 60 Hz, 1 mV p-p (-0.5 to +0.5 mV)
SIN 60Hz
Sine wave
Sine wave, 100 Hz, 1 mV p-p (-0.5 to +0.5 mV)
SIN 100Hz
CMRR test
Square wave, 2 Hz, 10 mV common-mode
SQR 2Hz
CMRR test
DC Pulse, 10 mV common-mode
PUL 4sec
CMRR test
Sine wave, 0.5 Hz, 10 mV common-mode
SIN 0.5Hz
CMRR test
Sine wave, 50 Hz, 10 mV common-mode
SIN 50Hz
CMRR test
Sine wave, 60 Hz, 10 mV common-mode
SIN 60Hz
CMRR test
Square wave, 1 kHz, 10 mV common-mode
SQR 1KHz
NSR
ECG normal sinus rhythm, 30 beats/minute, 1 mV QRS
30 BPM
NSR
ECG normal sinus rhythm, 60 beats/minute, 1 mV QRS
60 BPM
NSR
ECG normal sinus rhythm, 120 beats/minute, 1 mV QRS
120 BPM
NSR
ECG normal sinus rhythm, 180 beats/minute, 1 mV QRS
180 BPM
NSR
ECG normal sinus rhythm, 240 beats/minute, 1 mV QRS
240 BPM
NSR
ECG normal sinus rhythm, 300 beats/minute, 1 mV QRS
300 BPM
Operation/Chapter 4 # Page 64
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
Simulator Menu
Simulator Waveform Description
vPad-ES Name
Arrhythmia
Arrhythmia, ventricular fibrillation, coarse
VFIB
Arrhythmia
Arrhythmia, atrial fibrillation, coarse
AFIB
Arrhythmia
Arrhythmia, supraventricular tachycardia at 200BPM
SVT
Arrhythmia
Arrhythmia, monomorphic ventricular tachycardia
at 190 BPM
VTACH
Arrhythmia
Arrhythmia, unifocal preventricular contraction following
5 normal ECG beats
PVC
Arrhythmia
Arrhythmia, asystole, random baseline
ASYS
4.11.1 ECG Test
To test a patient monitor, connect ECG leads to the binding posts of vPad-ES as shown in Figure 58.
Specific instructions for connecting patient leads to binding posts are given in Section 4.8.1. Optionally, the
EUT may be connected to the test receptacle and powered from there. According to Figure 58, the ECG
simulator outputs three independent signals for the limbs (LA, RA, LL) and a fourth signal which is
common to all chest leads (V1-V6). RL provides the zero reference for the circuit which, as indicated, is
isolated with respect to the ground of the AC supply.
Figure 58 - Connection to ECG simulator.
Operation/Chapter 4 # Page 65
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
4.11.2 Common-Mode Test
When a Common-Mode Rejection Ratio (CMRR) test is selected, the ECG simulator is internally
configured as shown in Figure 59. Limb and chest leads are connected together and driven with a common
10 mV signal with respect to RL.
Figure 59 - Common-mode rejection test.
Provided differential amplifiers in the patient monitor are operating correctly, the common-mode signal
should be cancelled and there should be no indication on the monitor display for Lead I, II or III. Different
waveforms are provided for the CMRR test, allowing common-mode performance to be verified for a range
of frequencies and waveshapes.
Operation/Chapter 4 # Page 66
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
4.12 Equipment Inspection
4.12.1 Inspection Tasks
Voltage, Load Current, Resistance and ECG Simulator test modes provide an Equipment Inspection
button. Pressing this button displays a dialog for performing and recording an inspection.
Figure 60 - Equipment Inspection dialog.
The Equipment Inspection is based on a list of checkpoints or tasks, which are explained in the General
Devices Acceptance Procedure (no. 438-20081015-01), published by the ECRI Institute (USA). This guidance
document is in the public domain and may be downloaded from this URL:
https://www.ecri.org/Documents/General_Devices_USA_Acceptance.pdf
The IEC version of the procedure may be obtained from this URL:
https://www.ecri.org/Documents/General_Devices_IEC_Acceptance.pdf
The General Devices Acceptance Procedure was developed by ECRI to be generically applicable to medical
equipment undergoing incoming inspection, installation or repair service. The procedure includes a number
of qualitative checks and maintenance steps which are routinely performed on a wide range of medical
devices. Specific electrical safety tests are also described in the ECRI document.
Operation/Chapter 4 # Page 67
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
The Next Task button on the dialog of Figure 60 increments the displayed "Task" through a list of items
to be inspected or serviced, following the ECRI procedure as summarized in TABLE 4.12-1.
TABLE 4.12-1: Equipment Inspection Tasks
Task
Inspection Activity
(perform as applicable)
Summary
1
Chassis/housing
Check for shipping damage; cleanliness; general physical condition.
2
Mounting/fasteners
Check stability (unit won't tip); check security of wall-mount
equipment.
3
Casters/brakes
Check casters are correct size; check casters roll freely; check
brakes. Repair/replace as necessary.
4
Plug/receptacle(s)
Check plug for damage; ensure blades or blade screws are not loose.
Replace if necessary.
5
Power cord
Ensure power cord is long enough; for detachable cord, check for
capture device/cleat; check for wear; replace if necessary.
6
Strain reliefs
Verify strain reliefs hold power cord securely and are not damaged;
check both ends.
7
Circuit breaker/fuses
Check correct fuses are installed, per equipment labelling or
instructions.
8
Tubes and hoses
Check condition; repair/replace as necessary.
9
Cables
Check condition; check continuity while twisting; repair/replace as
necessary.
10
Fittings/connectors
Check fittings are correct type; check labelling is correct; check for
leaks; check for wear/damage; repair/replace as necesary.
11
Electrodes/transducers
Check required electrodes/transducers are with the equipment;
check condition of reusable transducers.
12
Filters
Check condition; clean or replace as required.
13
Controls and switches
Verify software setup parameters accessible through hidden or
service menus are correctly set; check physical condition, secure
mounting and range of motion for mechanical controls/switches.
14
Heater
Examine for damage; verify heater controls function correctly.
Operation/Chapter 4 # Page 68
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
Task
Inspection Activity
(perform as applicable)
Summary
15
Motor/pump/fan
Check shaft alignment; check wear; lubricate as required.
16
Fluid levels
Check and fill as required.
17
Battery/charger
Replace battery if necessary or per schedule; check rechargeable
battery can hold sufficient charge; check battery charger function.
18
Indicators/displays
During inspection activities, check operation of all lights, indicators,
meters, gauges, waveform displays and numeric display segments.
Repair/replace as required.
19
Cal/self-test function
Check calibration due label; check self-calibration function; activate
self-test or service-mode functions for basic performance
verifications.
20
Time/date settings
Check settings are correct.
21
Network setup/security
Document device, operating system, version, IP address; verify
passwords and virus protection; verify data backup processes.
22
Alarms and interlocks
Verify alarm settings; induce alarm condition(s) and verify alarm
function.
23
Audible signals
During inspection activities, check audio tones/alarms; check
volume control function.
24
Labelling
Check required placards, labels, charts and instruction cards are
present, legible and easy to understand.
25
Accessories
Verify required accessories are with the equipment.
Operation/Chapter 4 # Page 69
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
4.12.2 Performing an Inspection
To use the Equipment Inspection dialog of Figure 60:
a.)
Select the task to be performed, using the Next / Previous Task buttons. Per the ECRI
document, tasks can be performed in any order; some tasks may not be applicable to the
equipment and would therefore be skipped.
b.)
Perform the inspection task, following the specific instructions of the ECRI document. If
necessary, connect the EUT to the test receptacle and apply AC power via the Receptacle
ON / OFF button on the dialog.
c.)
On completion of the task, press the Inspected checkbox. Checking this box adds the
inspected item to the Test Record, combining it with safety test measurement data which
may be recorded either before or after the inspection (refer to Section 4.13 for full details on
saving test results and vPad-ES Test Records). Inspection Tasks which do not have the
Inspected box checked will not appear in the Test Record.
d.)
If the inspected item meets requirements, press the OK checkbox. This assigns a "PASS" to
the inspected item in the Test Record.
e.)
If an inspected item is not acceptable, and you are not able to correct the problem, do not
press the OK checkbox. In this case, a "FAIL" will be assigned to the inspected item in the
Test Record.
f.)
While inspecting, you may wish to record comments about what you find, and any repairs or
modifications you may have made to the EUT. To do so, press the Comments on... text
field, located below the buttons. This will display the Android onscreen keyboard (Figure
61). Although the text field is displayed as a single line, you may enter as many characters or
sentences as you wish. Comment data entry is reformatted as paragraphs later, when the Test
Record is saved.
Operation/Chapter 4 # Page 70
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
Figure 61 - Inspection comment entry.
g.)
Other inspection items may be selected via Next / Previous Task buttons while the
Android keyboard is being displayed. Alternatively, once a comment has been input the
keyboard can be dismissed, by pressing the ENTER button
, or alternatively the
"dismiss keyboard" button
at bottom left on the screen. More information on using
the Android keyboard is given in Section 4.13.1.
h.)
Once all pertinent items have been inspected, press Save & Exit to return to the previous
test mode. The Equipment Inspection dialog can be re-opened anytime prior to saving the
Test Record, allowing you to view, modify or add inspection results, as needed.
Operation/Chapter 4 # Page 71
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
4.13 Data Recording
Each test mode of vPad-ES provides means for recording and viewing measurement data during the course
of a test. Once sufficient data has been collected and information about the equipment under test (EUT)
has been entered, results may then be saved as a file in a designated folder on the "internal SD card"
(internal non-volatile memory) of the Android tablet.
This section provides instructions for recording measurements and notes during a test, and creating Test
Records.
4.13.1 Using the Android Keyboard
When you press a text field, the Android keyboard is displayed at the bottom of the screen.
Figure 62 - Android onscreen keyboard (default IME).
Android permits use of various input methods, called "IME". The onscreen keyboard is the default IME. If
you have connected an alternative input device to the tablet (e.g. Bluetooth/USB keyboard or barcode
scanner), then the Android keyboard will not appear when a text field is pressed and data entry will then be
from the external input device. To switch back to the default IME, disconnect the external input device.
The text field which is currently accepting data from the Android keyboard or other IME will be
highlighted:
Figure 63 - Single-line text field.
Operation/Chapter 4 # Page 72
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
Android text fields may be either single- or multi-line. A practically unlimited amount of text may be typed
for either single- or multi-line fields.
Pressing ENTER
for a single-line text field causes data entry to jump to the next text field on
the screen.
Pressing ENTER
on a multi-line text field inserts a new line. To move from a multi-line field to
a different text field on the screen, tap on the desired field.
Press
to navigate forward through multiple text fields on a screen. Press
to
navigate backward. You can also jump to a particular field on a screen simply by tapping the field.
Switch the Android keyboard from alpha to numeric modes by pressing
In alpha mode, to activate Caps Lock press and hold
Once activated, press
.
until the indicator lights up:
to switch Caps Lock off.
To correct a mistake in typing, tap the text field to the right of the error. This will activate the Android edit
cursor. Erase with backspace/correct
then retype.
Figure 64 - Error correction with edit cursor.
Operation/Chapter 4 # Page 73
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
As an alternative to typing with the keyboard, voice recognition may be used (requires an Internet
connection). To enable, press
. Android voice recognition technology has good performance,
particularly when entering numbers.
When done entering text, the Android keyboard may be removed from the screen by pressing
at
bottom left.
4.13.2 Recording Measurements and Notes
While safety testing, press the Save Data button to capture the reading currently being displayed on the
screen. The captured reading is combined with a description of the measurement and is forwarded to the
Save Data menu, which appears as pop-up over the test activity. The measurement with optional notes may
then be saved to a temporary holding buffer, located in (volatile) memory.
Figure 65 - Save Data pop-up menu.
Tap on the Additional notes text field to enter notations or comments, which will then be attached to the
measurement being saved. Tapping the text field causes the Android keyboard to be displayed (Figure 66).
If an external keyboard or barcode scanner is connected to the tablet, the Android keyboard is not displayed
and data entry is then accepted from the external input device. Refer to Section 4.13.1 for detailed
instructions on using the Android keyboard.
Operation/Chapter 4 # Page 74
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
Figure 66 - Enter additional notes or comments.
By default, notes are inserted into the test data before the measurement value. Alternatively, to place
notations after the measurement value, press the Insert note... After radio button (see Figure 65).
To save notations only, without any measurement data, uncheck the Save this checkbox near the top of
Figure 65.
Other buttons on the menu of Figure 65 provide these functions:
Save Data
Press to add the measurement data and notations (if any) to the holding
buffer, then return to the test activity. This button can be pressed anytime
to save and exit the menu, even while the keyboard is being displayed.
Cancel
Press to return to the test activity without saving.
Clear Notes
Press to erase the Additional notes test field.
Enter Equipment Info
Press to display the equipment information editor (see Section 4.13.4 for
instructions on using the editor).
Operation/Chapter 4 # Page 75
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
4.13.3 Viewing Measurements and Notes
Via the Save Data menu of Section 4.13.2, measurements and notes may be saved to a holding buffer while
testing is in progress. To view contents of this buffer, press the View Data button. If the amount of data
exceeds the length of the window, scroll it into view by means of a press-and-drag gesture in the window.
Figure 67 - View Data menu.
Buttons on the View Data menu provide these functions:
Enter Equipment
Info
Press to display the equipment information editor (see Section 4.13.4 for
instructions on using the editor).
Clear Last
Press to erase the last line of text saved to the holding buffer.
Clear All
Press to erase all data currently stored in the holding buffer. An Alert Dialog will
be displayed which will prompt you to confirm the erasure.
Create Record
Press to save recorded measurement values, notes, equipment information and
inspection results as a Test Record file on the Android tablet. This button
remains disabled until an Equipment Control Number has been input. See
Sections 4.13.4 and 4.13.5 for instructions.
Exit
Press to close the View Data menu and return to the test activity.
Operation/Chapter 4 # Page 76
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
4.13.4 Recording Equipment Information
Press Enter Equipment Info on the Save Data or View Data menu to pop-up the equipment information
editor.
Figure 68 - Equipment information editor.
Tap on a text field to display the Android keyboard and enter information. If an external keyboard or
barcode scanner is connected to the tablet, the Android keyboard is not displayed and data entry is then
accepted from the external input device. Refer to Section 4.13.1 for detailed instructions on using the
Android keyboard.
Figure 69
Figure 70
Operation/Chapter 4 # Page 77
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
Pressing ENTER
Alternatively, use
on the keyboard advances data input to the next text field on the screen.
to navigate the text fields, or simply tap a field to jump immediately there.
At a minimum an equipment control number, or other ID, must be entered in the Control Number field in
order to save a Test Record.
"Facility" and "Technician ID" fields are backed up in permanent storage on the Android tablet. These
information fields are maintained after power to vPad-ES is switched off, and are restored on subsequent
use of the app.
When done entering information, press
to dismiss the keyboard and expose the following buttons at
the bottom of the menu:
Clear Control+Serial No.
Press to erase Control Number and Serial Number fields.
Clear All
Press to erase all text fields on the menu.
Cancel
Press to return to Save or View Data menu without saving changes.
Save Info
Press to save information as displayed, and then return to Save or View
Data menu.
Operation/Chapter 4 # Page 78
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
4.13.5 Creating a Test Record
Press the Create Record button on the View Data menu to save recorded measurement values, notes,
equipment information and inspection results as a Test Record file. You must save at least one measurement
and an equipment control number/ID before the View Data menu will permit you to create a Test Record
(see Sections 4.13.2 through 4.13.4 respectively).
Figure 71 - Create Record menu.
Operation/Chapter 4 # Page 79
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
The filename and path of the Test Record are shown at the top of the Create Record menu (Figure 71 ).
The filename is derived automatically by vPad-ES, in the following format:
<control_number>_<date_code>_<timestamp>_<result>.txt
where:
control_number
is the Control Number field from the Equipment Information menu (see
Section 4.13.4).
date_code
represents the date of the Record, format YYYYmmDD (year-month-day)
timestamp
represents the time of the Record, format hhMMss (hours-minutes-seconds)
result
represents the overall result of the test: pass (P) or fail (F)
Test Record files are saved in TXT format, with character encoding that is compatible with both Android
(Linux) and Microsoft Windows® operating systems.
Test Records are saved to this location in the Android file system:
/mnt/sdcard/Datrend/vPad-ES/Records
Note: sdcard refers to internal memory of the Android tablet.
sdcard is NOT a removable "SD Card" memory device, which may
be optionally plugged into the external card slot of the tablet.
Any accessory SD Card which may be plugged into the tablet's card slot
is referred to as extsd in the Android file system.
The Overall test result shown in Figure 71 will be set to PASS, unless a failing result was recorded during
an Equipment Inspection (see Section 4.12). Select either PASS or FAIL radio button to reflect the result
you wish to store in the Test Record file.
Operation/Chapter 4 # Page 80
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
Optionally, time spent working on the EUT may be entered after tapping on the Technican labor time
field. This causes the Android numeric keypad to be displayed. Enter the labor time in hours.
Figure 72 - Optionally, enter technician labor time (hours).
Test Record files include a Title at the beginning of the file. This may be modified from default "vPad
Safety Analyzer" after tapping the Test report title field. Optionally, enter the name of your institution
or business, address, phone number and so on. Up to 16 lines may be entered into this text field, of which
the first three lines will be shown when the menu is initially displayed (to view or edit additional lines, scroll
the window using a press-and-drag gesture). The Test report title is backed up in permanent storage on the
Android tablet; the title is maintained after power to vPad-ES is switched off, and is then restored on
subsequent use of the app.
Figure 73 - Optionally, enter report title.
Operation/Chapter 4 # Page 81
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
Optionally, concluding comments about the EUT or test results may be entered after tapping the Final
comments field. Information entered in this text field will appear at the end of the Test Record file. Any
number of lines may be entered into the text field.
Figure 74 - Optionally, enter final comments about EUT or test.
Press the Create Record button at any time to save the Test Record file, whether or not the Android
keyboard is active. Alternatively, press Cancel to exit the menu without saving a file. On cancelling,
measurements and other data stored in the temporary holding buffer are retained.
When Create Record is pressed:
•
The Test Record file is saved to /mnt/sdcard/Datrend/vPad-ES/Records in the tablet;
•
The temporary holding buffer is erased, clearing all recorded measurement values, notes, and
equipment inspection results;
•
Control Number and Serial Number fields of the Equipment Information are erased;
•
Other fields of the Equipment Information (Description, Manufacturer, Model and so on) are
not erased. This is intended as a time-saving feature when performing acceptance tests and
inspections on multiple EUT of the same type.
An example of a Test Record file saved by vPad-ES is given in APPENDIX A.
Operation/Chapter 4 # Page 82
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
4.14 Record Manager App
vPad Record Manager is an app which is installed on the Android tablet and which may be run
independently of, or simultaneously with, the vPad-ES app.
Record Manager may be used to copy, print, and/or delete Test Record files saved by vPad-ES. Record
Manager can also be used to convert Test Records to Adobe PDF documents. Note that PDF is a format
which enables vPad Record compatibility with other Android apps, for example, e-book readers and
document printing apps.
Press
on the Android HOME screen to launch the Record Manager app.
Figure 75 - File browser of vPad Record Manager.
Refer to MN-087a 6100-081 vPad-RM Operators Manual for further information on use of the Record
Manager.
Operation/Chapter 4 # Page 83
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
Operation/Chapter 4 # Page 84
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
5 Calibration and Maintenance
Calibration of vPad-ES by a Datrend Authorized Service facility is recommended on an annual basis, and is
required to extend the product warranty. The basic one (1) year warranty on the Analyzer Base Unit can be
extended to a maximum of two (2) years provided that annual calibration is performed by a Datrend
Authorized Service Center on an annual basis. Refer to the Calibration Decal applied to the rear panel of
the unit to determine calibration status of your vPad-ES.
vPad-ES contains no user serviceable parts, other than a 20 Amp/250V AGC fuse located on the right side
panel of the Analyzer Base Unit. Any other failure will require return of vPad-ES to an authorized service
facility for repair. Opening the case of vPad-ES for any reason will void the warranty and may
compromise user safety.
Service must be performed by a factory trained, authorized service agent.
This unit contains hazardous voltages which may cause injury if correct
service procedures are not followed.
For calibration or service assistance, contact Datrend for a Return Materials Authorization (RMA) number
and the location of the nearest Service Facility.
Datrend Systems Inc.
Unit 130 - 4020 Viking Way
Richmond, BC • CANADA • V6V 2L4
Tel 604.291.7747 or 800.667.6557 • Fax 604.294.2355
e-mail [email protected]
www.datrend.com
vPad-ES may be cleaned with a soft, lint free, damp cloth using a mild detergent. Use of other cleaning
agents on the touchscreen may result in scratching, discolouration, streaking or even failure.
Electrical safety protection of the operator may be compromised if the
instructions in this manual are not followed, or if vPad-ES is used for a
purpose not specified in this manual.
Maintenance/Chapter 5 # Page 85
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
Maintenance/Chapter 5 # Page 86
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
APPENDIX A. Sample Test Record
This appendix provides an example of a vPad-ES Test Record, illustrating the data representation for
voltage, current, resistance and leakage measurements, as well as ECG waveform data. Inspection data and
example notes have been recorded for some measurements to show how these typically appear in a record.
This is an example of a "maximum" file where all possible measurements and inspections have been
recorded.
Biomedical Engineering Dept.
St. Joseph's Hospital
1234 Main Street
MyTown MyState 98765
Phone: 123-456-7890 Ext. 123
File: CN123456_20120618_173835.txt
Date: 2012 Jun 18
Time: 17:38:35
vPad-ES: VPES12010001
Equipment Information...
Control Number: CN123456
Description:
Diagnostic ECG
Manufacturer:
Marquette
Model:
MAC VIEW
Serial Number: 4459-712-50-DE
Location:
CCU
Facility:
St Josephs Hosp
Technician ID:
MEM
Tech Time (hrs): 0.5
Overall Result:
PASS
Signature:______________________________
Date:__________
Equipment Inspection...
Chassis/housing:
PASS
Small dent at the rear of the unit.
Acceptable.
Mounting/fasteners:
PASS
Casters/brakes:
PASS
Plug/receptacle(s):
PASS
Power cord:
PASS
Appendix A # Page 87
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
Line cord insulation was split. Replaced
the cord.
Strain reliefs:
PASS
Circuit breaker/fuses: PASS
Wrong fuse was installed. Replaced with
correct fuse.
Tubes and hoses:
PASS
Cables:
PASS
Fittings/connectors:
PASS
Electrodes/transducers: PASS
Filters:
PASS
Controls and switches: PASS
Heater:
PASS
Motor/pump/fan:
PASS
Fluid levels:
PASS
Battery/charger:
PASS
Replaced clock backup battery.
Indicators/displays:
PASS
Cal/self-test function: PASS
Time/date settings:
PASS
Network setup/security: PASS
Alarms and interlocks: PASS
Audible signals:
PASS
Labelling:
PASS
Accessories:
PASS
Detailed Test Data...
Safety Standard: AAMI
This test begins with some voltage measurements
although any test data may come first in a file.
This paragraph is an example of "additional notes".
By default, notes are inserted BEFORE measurement
data.
Line Voltage L1-L2: 119.8 V
Line Voltage L1-GND: 121.1 V
Line Voltage L2-GND:
2.5 V
External Voltage:
3.2 V
The notes text box can also be used to insert a
blank line, as was done immediately prior to this
note.
Load Current:
10.49 A
Equipment Power: 1256 W
Line Cord Resistance: 0.093 ohm
Another note is inserted here, prior to making
the External Resistance measurements. This note
could be used to explain what points on the EUT
chassis were probed to make these measurements.
External Resistance: 0.184 ohm
External Resistance: 0.198 ohm
External Resistance: 0.251 ohm
External Resistance: 0.267 ohm
External Resistance: 0.259 ohm
A full leakage test, using all possible test
conditions...
Chassis Leakage (POL-N;NEU-N;GND-N):
1.3 µA
Chassis Leakage (POL-N;NEU-N;GND-O): 186.7 µA
Appendix A # Page 88
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
Chassis Leakage
Chassis Leakage
Chassis Leakage
Chassis Leakage
Ground Leakage
Ground Leakage
Ground Leakage
Ground Leakage
Extrnal Leakage
Extrnal Leakage
Extrnal Leakage
Extrnal Leakage
Extrnal Leakage
Extrnal Leakage
(POL-N;NEU-O;GND-N):
(POL-R;NEU-N;GND-N):
(POL-R;NEU-N;GND-O):
(POL-R;NEU-O;GND-N):
(POL-N;NEU-N;GND-O):
(POL-N;NEU-O;GND-O):
(POL-R;NEU-N;GND-O):
(POL-R;NEU-O;GND-O):
(POL-N;NEU-N;GND-N):
(POL-N;NEU-N;GND-O):
(POL-N;NEU-O;GND-N):
(POL-R;NEU-N;GND-N):
(POL-R;NEU-N;GND-O):
(POL-R;NEU-O;GND-N):
12.6
3.8
189.1
15.1
186.7
197.8
189.1
200.4
2.8
2.9
2.8
5.3
5.4
5.4
µA
µA
µA
µA
µA
µA
µA
µA
µA
µA
µA
µA
µA
µA
Lead leakages, all possible combinations of leads
and test conditions...
Lead-GND LA/AP1 (POL-N;NEU-N;GND-N):
1.8 µA
Lead-GND RA/AP2 (POL-N;NEU-N;GND-N):
1.8 µA
Lead-GND LL/AP3 (POL-N;NEU-N;GND-N):
1.7 µA
Lead-GND RL/AP4 (POL-N;NEU-N;GND-N):
1.7 µA
Lead-GND V1-V6 (POL-N;NEU-N;GND-N):
1.7 µA
Lead-GND AP1-3 (POL-N;NEU-N;GND-N):
3.2 µA
Lead-GND AP1-4 (POL-N;NEU-N;GND-N):
3.3 µA
Lead-GND AP4-10 (POL-N;NEU-N;GND-N):
3.3 µA
Lead-GND ALL
(POL-N;NEU-N;GND-N):
3.3 µA
Lead-GND LA/AP1 (POL-N;NEU-N;GND-O):
2.0 µA
Lead-GND RA/AP2 (POL-N;NEU-N;GND-O):
2.1 µA
Lead-GND LL/AP3 (POL-N;NEU-N;GND-O):
2.0 µA
Lead-GND RL/AP4 (POL-N;NEU-N;GND-O):
2.1 µA
Lead-GND V1-V6 (POL-N;NEU-N;GND-O):
2.0 µA
Lead-GND AP1-3 (POL-N;NEU-N;GND-O):
3.5 µA
Lead-GND AP1-4 (POL-N;NEU-N;GND-O):
3.6 µA
Lead-GND AP4-10 (POL-N;NEU-N;GND-O):
3.6 µA
Lead-GND ALL
(POL-N;NEU-N;GND-O):
3.6 µA
Lead-GND LA/AP1 (POL-N;NEU-O;GND-N):
2.0 µA
Lead-GND RA/AP2 (POL-N;NEU-O;GND-N):
2.0 µA
Lead-GND LL/AP3 (POL-N;NEU-O;GND-N):
1.9 µA
Lead-GND RL/AP4 (POL-N;NEU-O;GND-N):
2.0 µA
Lead-GND V1-V6 (POL-N;NEU-O;GND-N):
2.0 µA
Lead-GND AP1-3 (POL-N;NEU-O;GND-N):
3.4 µA
Lead-GND AP1-4 (POL-N;NEU-O;GND-N):
3.5 µA
Lead-GND AP4-10 (POL-N;NEU-O;GND-N):
3.4 µA
Lead-GND ALL
(POL-N;NEU-O;GND-N):
3.4 µA
Lead-GND LA/AP1 (POL-R;NEU-N;GND-N):
1.9 µA
Lead-GND RA/AP2 (POL-R;NEU-N;GND-N):
1.9 µA
Lead-GND LL/AP3 (POL-R;NEU-N;GND-N):
1.8 µA
Lead-GND RL/AP4 (POL-R;NEU-N;GND-N):
1.8 µA
Lead-GND V1-V6 (POL-R;NEU-N;GND-N):
1.8 µA
Lead-GND AP1-3 (POL-R;NEU-N;GND-N):
3.3 µA
Lead-GND AP1-4 (POL-R;NEU-N;GND-N):
3.4 µA
Lead-GND AP4-10 (POL-R;NEU-N;GND-N):
3.3 µA
Lead-GND ALL
(POL-R;NEU-N;GND-N):
3.3 µA
Lead-GND LA/AP1 (POL-R;NEU-N;GND-O):
2.1 µA
Lead-GND RA/AP2 (POL-R;NEU-N;GND-O):
2.2 µA
Lead-GND LL/AP3 (POL-R;NEU-N;GND-O):
2.1 µA
Lead-GND RL/AP4 (POL-R;NEU-N;GND-O):
2.2 µA
Lead-GND V1-V6 (POL-R;NEU-N;GND-O):
2.1 µA
Lead-GND AP1-3 (POL-R;NEU-N;GND-O):
3.6 µA
Lead-GND AP1-4 (POL-R;NEU-N;GND-O):
3.6 µA
Lead-GND AP4-10 (POL-R;NEU-N;GND-O):
3.6 µA
Appendix A # Page 89
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
Lead-GND
Lead-GND
Lead-GND
Lead-GND
Lead-GND
Lead-GND
Lead-GND
Lead-GND
Lead-GND
Lead-GND
Lead-Ld
Lead-Ld
Lead-Ld
Lead-Ld
Lead-Ld
Lead-Ld
Lead-Ld
Lead-Ld
Lead-Ld
Lead-Ld
Lead-Ld
Lead-Ld
Lead-Ld
Lead-Ld
Lead-Ld
Lead-Ld
Lead-Ld
Lead-Ld
Lead-Ld
Lead-Ld
Lead-Ld
Lead-Ld
Lead-Ld
Lead-Ld
Lead-Ld
Lead-Ld
Lead-Ld
Lead-Ld
Lead-Ld
Lead-Ld
Iso Test
Iso Test
Iso Test
Iso Test
Iso Test
Iso Test
Iso Test
Iso Test
Iso Test
Iso Test
Iso Test
Iso Test
Iso Test
Iso Test
Iso Test
Iso Test
Iso Test
Iso Test
ALL
LA/AP1
RA/AP2
LL/AP3
RL/AP4
V1-V6
AP1-3
AP1-4
AP4-10
ALL
LA/AP1
RA/AP2
LL/AP3
RL/AP4
V1-V6
LA/AP1
RA/AP2
LL/AP3
RL/AP4
V1-V6
LA/AP1
RA/AP2
LL/AP3
RL/AP4
V1-V6
LA/AP1
RA/AP2
LL/AP3
RL/AP4
V1-V6
LA/AP1
RA/AP2
LL/AP3
RL/AP4
V1-V6
LA/AP1
RA/AP2
LL/AP3
RL/AP4
V1-V6
LA/AP1
RA/AP2
LL/AP3
RL/AP4
V1-V6
AP1-3
AP1-4
AP4-10
ALL
LA/AP1
RA/AP2
LL/AP3
RL/AP4
V1-V6
AP1-3
AP1-4
AP4-10
ALL
(POL-R;NEU-N;GND-O):
(POL-R;NEU-O;GND-N):
(POL-R;NEU-O;GND-N):
(POL-R;NEU-O;GND-N):
(POL-R;NEU-O;GND-N):
(POL-R;NEU-O;GND-N):
(POL-R;NEU-O;GND-N):
(POL-R;NEU-O;GND-N):
(POL-R;NEU-O;GND-N):
(POL-R;NEU-O;GND-N):
(POL-N;NEU-N;GND-N):
(POL-N;NEU-N;GND-N):
(POL-N;NEU-N;GND-N):
(POL-N;NEU-N;GND-N):
(POL-N;NEU-N;GND-N):
(POL-N;NEU-N;GND-O):
(POL-N;NEU-N;GND-O):
(POL-N;NEU-N;GND-O):
(POL-N;NEU-N;GND-O):
(POL-N;NEU-N;GND-O):
(POL-N;NEU-O;GND-N):
(POL-N;NEU-O;GND-N):
(POL-N;NEU-O;GND-N):
(POL-N;NEU-O;GND-N):
(POL-N;NEU-O;GND-N):
(POL-R;NEU-N;GND-N):
(POL-R;NEU-N;GND-N):
(POL-R;NEU-N;GND-N):
(POL-R;NEU-N;GND-N):
(POL-R;NEU-N;GND-N):
(POL-R;NEU-N;GND-O):
(POL-R;NEU-N;GND-O):
(POL-R;NEU-N;GND-O):
(POL-R;NEU-N;GND-O):
(POL-R;NEU-N;GND-O):
(POL-R;NEU-O;GND-N):
(POL-R;NEU-O;GND-N):
(POL-R;NEU-O;GND-N):
(POL-R;NEU-O;GND-N):
(POL-R;NEU-O;GND-N):
(POL-N;NEU-N;GND-N):
(POL-N;NEU-N;GND-N):
(POL-N;NEU-N;GND-N):
(POL-N;NEU-N;GND-N):
(POL-N;NEU-N;GND-N):
(POL-N;NEU-N;GND-N):
(POL-N;NEU-N;GND-N):
(POL-N;NEU-N;GND-N):
(POL-N;NEU-N;GND-N):
(POL-R;NEU-N;GND-N):
(POL-R;NEU-N;GND-N):
(POL-R;NEU-N;GND-N):
(POL-R;NEU-N;GND-N):
(POL-R;NEU-N;GND-N):
(POL-R;NEU-N;GND-N):
(POL-R;NEU-N;GND-N):
(POL-R;NEU-N;GND-N):
(POL-R;NEU-N;GND-N):
3.6
2.0
2.1
2.0
2.0
2.0
3.5
3.6
3.6
3.5
1.7
1.7
1.8
1.7
1.8
2.0
2.1
2.0
2.0
2.1
1.9
2.0
1.9
2.0
1.9
1.8
1.8
1.9
1.8
1.9
2.2
2.1
2.2
2.1
2.2
2.1
2.1
2.0
2.1
2.0
26.8
26.8
26.9
26.8
26.8
35.0
35.0
35.0
35.0
28.5
28.4
28.4
28.4
28.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
36.5
µA
µA
µA
µA
µA
µA
µA
µA
µA
µA
µA
µA
µA
µA
µA
µA
µA
µA
µA
µA
µA
µA
µA
µA
µA
µA
µA
µA
µA
µA
µA
µA
µA
µA
µA
µA
µA
µA
µA
µA
µA
µA
µA
µA
µA
µA
µA
µA
µA
µA
µA
µA
µA
µA
µA
µA
µA
µA
Appendix A # Page 90
vPad-ES OPERATORS MANUAL
Test the patient monitor response with some
ECG simulations...
ECG Test: SQR 2Hz
ECG Test: TRI 2Hz
ECG Test: PUL 4sec
ECG Test: PUL 30ppm
ECG Test: PUL 60ppm
ECG Test: SQR 1KHz
ECG Test: SIN 0.5Hz
ECG Test: SIN 10Hz
ECG Test: SIN 40Hz
ECG Test: SIN 50Hz
ECG Test: SIN 60Hz
ECG Test: SIN 100Hz
ECG Test: CMRR SQR 2Hz
ECG Test: CMRR PUL 4sec
ECG Test: CMRR SIN 0.5Hz
ECG Test: CMRR SIN 50HZ
ECG Test: CMRR SIN 60HZ
ECG Test: CMRR SQR 1KHz
ECG Test: 30 BPM
ECG Test: 60 BPM
ECG Test: 120 BPM
ECG Test: 180 BPM
ECG Test: 240 BPM
ECG Test: 300 BPM
ECG Test: VFIB
ECG Test: AFIB
ECG Test: SVT
ECG Test: VTACH
ECG Test: PVC
ECG Test: ASYS
ECG monitor is OK.
Final comments are inserted at the end of the
Test Record...
1. PM tag affixed.
2. Parts inventory updated.
END OF RECORD
Appendix A # Page 91
`