Name:___________________________________ A103 MidTerm W09 SAMPLE TEST Multiple Choice (1 pt each, no partial credit) Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. ____ 1. Ways of categorizing art include: a. geographical b. historical c. chronological d. thematic e. all of the above ____ 2. Art is a ____ phenomenon. a. natural b. scientific c. geographical d. human ____ 3. Art has several functions, including: (choose the best answer) a. serving as a profession in society b. providing economic benefits to the artist c. protesting social injustice d. decorating museum walls e. all of the above ____ 4. Aesthetics is: a. a branch of philosophy b. a study of creativity c. a study art and its effects d. none of the above e. all of the above ____ 5. Popular art includes: a. gallery displays b. calendars c. museum works d. art history slides ____ 6. Craft refers to which of the following? a. painting b. sculpture c. pottery d. architecture ____ 7. The content of a work of art refers to ____. a. its size b. its media c. its meaning d. its form ____ 8. In a work of art, the word “composition” refers to ____. a. the physical material used by the artist b. the arrangement of the formal elements of art c. the technical style used by the artist d. the physical texture of the work ____ 9. Value in art refers to ____ and ____. a. worth and price b. brightness and dullness c. lightness and darkness d. artificial and natural ____ 10. An achromatic value scale doesn't utilize ____. a. tones b. colors c. grays d. illumination ____ 11. Another name for atmospheric perspective is ____ perspective. a. tonal b. linear c. aerial d. one-point ____ 12. Every color has three properties: hue, value and ____. a. tone b. spectrum c. wavelength d. intensity ____ 13. Black and white added to colors creates ____ and ____. a. hues and tones b. shades and tints c. harmony and reflection d. subtractives and additives ____ 14. Analogous colors are ____ each other on the color wheel. a. opposite b. horizontally across from c. diagonally across from d. next to ____ 15. The various branches of art making activity, like painting or sculpture, are called ____. a. media b. avante guard c. museology d. disciplines ____ 16. The surface or material that underlies a two-dimensional work of art is called the ____. a. slip b. plate c. support d. pigment ____ 17. In ____ printing, areas which are not to be printed are cut away from the printing surface, so the areas to be printed are left higher. a. drypoint b. relief c. screen d. monotype ____ 18. A(n) ____ print is an example of a relief print. a. woodblock b. intaglio c. serigraphy d. lithography ____ 19. ____ is a type of printmaking process which uses a slab of limestone or metal and oily crayons, pencils or liquid. a. Lithography b. Drypoint c. Serigraphy d. Aquatint ____ 20. ____ sculptures are meant to be viewed from all sides. a. Bas relief b. Freestanding c. Assemblage d. Haute relief ____ 21. A marble sculpture made by cutting away stone is made in a ____ process. a. additive b. constructed c. haute relief d. subtractive ____ 22. Except for very small sculptures, all cast sculptures are created using the ____ method of casting. a. subtractive b. lost wax c. bronze d. mixed media ____ 23. Formal analysis is important because it is helpful in understanding the ____ of a work of art. a. design b. importance c. meaning d. quality ____ 24. The horizon line refers to the ____ eye level. a. picture plane’s b. artist’s c. subject’s d. none of the above ____ 25. Artistic metaphors and symbols are: a. elements which are descriptive of something else b. elements which represent some other concept c. culturally determined d. all of the above ____ 26. Iconography uses ____ to suggest concepts and ideas. a. writing b. symbols c. paint d. figures ____ 27. Ideological criticism deals with a work of art's ____ significance. a. religious b. political c. economic d. social ____ 28. Structuralists believe that the study of art ____ focus only on the significance of any one artwork. a. cannot b. can c. must d. should ____ 29. Deconstruction involves the belief that any image has a ____ of meanings. a. only one set b. a religiously determined set c. a multiplicity d. a universal set ____ 30. Psychoanalytic criticism helps to interpret artwork with strong ____ content. a. religious b. social c. preconceived d. emotional ____ 31. Feminist criticism deals with ____ in art. a. postmodernism b. gender c. prejudice d. psychoanalysis ____ 32. The role of the art critic is ____. a. to research art of the past and art of other cultures b. to write material for museum exhibitions c. to describe works of art and evaluate their significance d. define popular taste in art ____ 33. Artists who haven't been trained in academies and who work outside the mainstream of art are referred to as ____. a. populist b. naïve c. self-motivated d. interns ____ 34. The view of an artist as a creative genius rather than a skilled worker began to form in Europe in the ____. a. thirteenth century b. fourteenth century c. fifteenth century d. sixteenth century ____ 35. The opposite of an artist working on a commission is an artist working on ____. a. speculation b. contract c. auction d. exchange ____ 36. Art created for the tourist market generally helps local art production to ____. a. decrease b. survive c. increase d. fail ____ 37. Art is kept by various cultures for the following reasons: a. aesthetic b. religious c. political d. personal e. a, b, and c ____ 38. The Statue of Liberty is an example of a visual ____. a. metaphor b. statue c. symbol d. personification ____ 39. Museums became common in ____ during the nineteenth century. a. Europe b. North America c. Asia d. Africa ____ 40. Two factors which influenced the growth and popularity of museums were: a. religion and spirituality b. capitalism and colonialism c. government and politics d. aesthetics and education ____ 41. A virtual museum is one which is accessible through the ____. a. media of radio, television, film, etc. b. Internet c. use of special red and green glasses d. shopping mall ____ 42. The iconoclasts were known as: a. pagan idolaters b. ethnic cleansers c. image breakers d. holy rollers ____ 43. Art has been used in diagnosing and treating mental illnesses, because art represents: a. mental health b. another language c. art therapy d. human development True/False (1 pt each, no partial credit) Indicate whether the statement is true or false. “A” for true, “B” for false ____ 44. Regardless of culture, content is always readily apparent in a work of art. ____ 45. Every culture, both past and present, has a word that corresponds to ours for art. ____ 46. Gesture lines are a type of line with an expressive character. ____ 47. Gesso is a white, paint-like substance that is brushed onto paper or canvas to serve as a ground for painting or drawing. ____ 48. From an art historical perspective, drawing is one of the newest forms of art making. ____ 49. Printmaking excludes any medium that can produce multiple copies of an image or a design. ____ 50. Unlike most printmaking processes, monoprinting is a type of printmaking which makes only one copy of an image. ____ 51. Tempera, gouache, and watercolor are all water-based paint media. ____ 52. Because oil paints dry quickly, it is difficult for artists to make changes to their paintings. ____ 53. Some contemporary artists use the craft of quilting as an art medium. ____ 54. The most obvious factor in determining the content of a work of art is its subject matter. ____ 55. Transversals are lines that converge on one or many vanishing points in a two-dimensional composition. ____ 56. From the moment a work of art is made, its content is subject to change. ____ 57. Art historians and art critics from different periods of time often have the same interpretations of the same works of art. ____ 58. Artists always establish set standards for determining what is art within a culture. ____ 59. A skull representing “death” is an example of an allegorical symbol. ____ 60. Most people who want to study art in the United States today study in a college or university. ____ 61. Outsider artists always apprentice with a mature artist to learn their craft. ____ 62. Art in most cultures is used either for performance or display. ____ 63. Nations sometimes keep and preserve art because it can help promote tourism. Completion (1 pt each, no partial credit) Complete each statement from the list of terminology. restoration Modern/Contemporary cross-contour implied mixed media orthogonals contour complementary subtractive media pigments semiotics movement additive style performance subject matter apprentices metaphor value visual encaustic collection symmetrical content history cultural 64. ____________________ is the mass of ideas associated with a work of art. 65. ____________________ is the manner of expression that is characteristic of art made by an individual artist, from a historic period or from an entire civilization. 66. A line which describes volume across the surface of an object or shape is called a _________________________ line. 67. Cross-hatching is used to create ____________________ in a work of art. 68. In the ____________________ color system, artists mix pigments to control the light that is reflected from them. 69. ____________________ represents the edges of objects that define depth in a two-dimensional image. 70. Artists drawing only the outlines of an object are using ____________________ lines. 71. The use of red and green at Christmas is an example of _________________________ colors. 72. Lines in art can be either actual or ____________________. 73. Balance which involves a mirror-like repetition on either side of a central axis is called ____________________ balance. 74. The actual material substances used to create an artwork are called ____________________. 75. The intense colorful powders used to make paints are called ____________________. 76. ____________________ painting is an ancient medium which uses pigments mixed with hot beeswax. 77. In kinetic sculptures, ____________________ is required to make the sculpture complete. 78. Modeling is often considered a(n) ____________________ process, because material is built up to create sculptural form. 79. An assembled art work made with a variety of techniques and materials is categorized as a _________________________ piece. 80. A ____________________ is a live-action event that is staged as an artwork. 81. The ______________________________ tells us what a work of art is about. 82. A visual ____________________ is an image or element that is descriptive of something else. 83. The study of signs in verbal or written communication is called ____________________. 84. A recent discipline in critical writing is ____________________ culture, which attempts to integrate and analyze the visual components of contemporary culture. 85. Traditionally, in Western culture, artists learned their craft as ____________________ — working directly with mature artists to become skilled in materials, manual skills and styles. 86. An art ____________________ is an accumulation of art objects that are publicly held or are owned by private individuals. 87. Museums of ____________________ Art are dedicated to current art, which is often unusual or challenging to the public. 88. The goal of art ____________________ is to return damaged or deteriorating art to its original condition. 89. Art ____________________ is the historical study of visual arts and art objects. 90. ____________________ anthropology is the study of humanity within cultures, including human behavior, social organization, and the creation and use of objects. Essay (5 pts each, partial credit available) Choose 2 (two) Essays from the list below and answer each completely in a few paragraphs. A. Discuss the difference between "high" and "low" art. How can you tell which is which? What has the setting to do with the different classifications? B. Discuss the difference between nonobjective and abstract art. C. Discuss the various meanings the term “classical” has in reference to style. D. What are the “disciplines” and “media” in art? E. Define the term installation and describe a particular work of art that would be categorized as an installation. F. Discuss some of the iconographic images mentioned in this chapter. How do they add to an understanding of the work of art? G. Describe the two interpretations of this work presented in lecture and in your text. H. Do you agree or disagree that taxes should support artists? Explain. I. What are some roles artists fulfill in society? J. Discuss the reasons for and give examples of art which has been destroyed in conflicts. K. Is preservation/restoration beneficial or harmful to an understanding of art done in the past?
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