General A variety of standard as well as special mounting methods... virtually any installation.

A variety of standard as well as special mounting methods are available to suit
virtually any installation.
Standard Mounting Methods
Flush Mount with Studs (ST)
The backs of cast letters are drilled and tapped to accept
threaded studs. Letters are mounted flush to the wall surface.
Letters 3" in cap height and smaller are generally provided
with flat backs for adhesive mounting. These letters can be
drilled and tapped upon request.
Recommended Uses
All solid wall surfaces including brick, concrete, wood and stucco over cement
Using studs and adhesive, most cast letters can be installed on hollow wall
construction (such as drywall over studs).
A full-scale paper template to show spacing and mounting hole locations is included
with all standard letters 3" and larger. Using this template, drill holes into the wall
slightly larger than the diameter of the studs.
Insert threaded studs into the back of each letter. Verify accuracy of drilling by
pushing letter with the studs inserted into the holes. When ready for installation, fill
holes with silicone, epoxy or quick set cement. Press each letter into position and
hold until the adhesive sets.
Projected Mount with Studs and Spacers (PM)
This mounting method is identical to flush mount except
that letters are projected away from the wall. Standard
spacer lengths are 1/4", 3/8", 1/2", 3/4" and 1".
Recommended Uses
To level the front surfaces of letters mounted to slighly uneven wall surfaces.
To protect wall surface from possible discoloration from metal oxidation.
To restrict dirt, dust, rainwater and ice from accumulating behind the letters.
To allow for expansion of metal letters against the wall surface.
Use the same installation procedures as for flush mount, but slide the spacers onto
the threaded studs prior to mounting.
Optional Mounting Methods
Back Bar Mount (BB)
Letters are pre-mounted in the factory to an aluminum bar.
For letters 6" in cap height and greater, we recommend using
a double bar mount. Letters under 6" would normally use a
single bar mount.
The bars are generally painted to match the background of
the mounting surface.
Recommended Uses
This mount is particularly effective on an irregular wall surface, such as the
corrugated steel fascia on prefabricated metal buildings.
Mount back bars directly to the wall surface through the holes drilled into the bars.
Type of mechanical fastener depends upon the wall construction. Generally,
machine screws or sheet metal screws work effectively.
Mounting templates are included in the cost of all standard cast letters 3" and
larger and will be provided unless otherwise specified when ordering.
Templates are not included in the price of custom cast letters and must be specified
when ordering.
Letter Spacing
Generally, letter spacing is referred to as the white space between letters of a word.
The total amount of white space between letters should be relatively equal in order
for the letters to read legibly. This does not mean that the spaces between letters are
mechanically measured to equal the same amount, but rather that the entire amount
of space between letters be roughly equal to the stroke of the letter.
Good Letter Spacing
Amount of white space between letters is visually
equal and is approximately the width of the letter
Poor Letter Spacing
Amount of white space between letters has been
mechanically measured to be equal.
Letter Size
Certain letters and numerals are designed to be larger than the rest of the letters in a
font in order to look visually pleasing. The letters are C, G, J, O, Q, S and U and the
numerals 2, 3, 5, 6, 8, 9 and 0. Letters that are rounded on both the tops and
bottoms will extend slightly both above and below a straight letter. Letters that are
rounded on one end only will extend either above or below a straight letter.
Characters in most standard fonts with rounded tops
will take slightly more vertical space than straight line
Helpful Hints
Bronze and brass cast letters are provided with brass studs. Aluminum cast
letters are provided with aluminum studs. Stainless steel hardware is
optional upon request.
Smaller cast letters (1" to 3" cap height) are usually mounted using adhesive
to the mounting surface. In these installations, spacing by "eye" on site is
usually preferable to trying to use a mounting template.
Always verify the spelling and spacing of a template provided by a letter
manufacturer before actually installing the letters. Mistakes or
misunderstandings can occur when ordering. Finding out after the letters are
installed that a problem exists is too late!
To make your own templates, all you need is a roll of paper (Kraft paper
works well) and some pointed studs to mark your holes.
Spread the paper on a flat surface and draw a horizontal line to mark
the baseline of your straight letters.
Lay out the letters, being careful to follow the proper spacing
Carefully trace around all letters according to your layout.
Using short, pointed studs screwed into the backs of your letters (try
buying allen head set screws at your local building supplies store with
cone point ends - they work quite well for this purpose), punch holes
through the paper to mark the stud locations. It's sometimes useful to
lay cardboard under your paper to facilitate this punching process.
Be sure to individually number any duplicate letters in your message,
as even identical letters may be drilled differently.
When aligning your paper template on the wall mounting surface, be
absolutely certain that the horizontal reference line you draw on the wall is
parallel to the "apparent visual level" of the façade. Lining up your baseline to
fall on a mortar joint on a brick or block wall can actually be visually
distracting. It's usually better that the tops and bottoms of your letters fall
between mortar joints. Also, be careful of any chalk line you use to mark your
horizontal line. Chalk lines can be difficult to later remove, particularly from
bricks or stucco.
Blow the dust out of each drilled hole so the adhesive used to glue the studs in
place will bond well. If you don't have air pressure handy, use an 18" long
piece of plastic tubing to blow the dust out.