COMMON CORE Assessments Sample Items Student Test Form Grade 3 Reading – Volcanic Eruptions/Lessons in Lava 103188A Passage Read Selection 1, an article about questions people have about volcanic eruptions. SELECTION 1 Can We Predict Volcanic Eruptions? All reading passages consist of authentic text and are grade-level appropriate. Here, informational text is written for grade 3 students. Today, there are many active volcanoes worldwide. Is there anything we can do to predict how and when they will erupt? As the world’s population grows, more and more people are living in potentially dangerous volcanic areas. Volcanic eruptions continue—as they have throughout most of geologic time*— posing ever-greater threats to life and property. Mt. Rainier looms over the Seattle/Tacoma area, endangering a population of more than three million people. South of Mexico City, Popocatépetl has begun to come to life again, putting a million nearby residents at risk. Another million people living in the Naples area are threatened by Mt. Vesuvius’ continued unrest. The need for planning is urgent. * geologic time: a long period in Earth’s history 1 ©2012 Measured Progress. All rights reserved. Go On Sample Items COMMON CORE Assessments Grade 3 Reading – Volcanic Eruptions/Lessons in Lava The Inside of a Volcano Gases, ashes, and steam Crater Lava Older layers Upper mantle Crust Lower mantle Core Magma under pressure “Can We Predict Volcanic Eruptions?” from www.lerner.org/interactives/volcanoes. Copyright © 2012 by the Annenberg Foundation. Published by Annenberg/Lerner. “Lessons in Lava” by Michael Finkel, from magma.nationalgeographic.com/ngexplorer. Copyright © 2010 by the National Geographic Society. Published by the National Geographic Society. 2 ©2012 Measured Progress. All rights reserved. Go On COMMON CORE Assessments Sample Items Grade 3 Reading – Volcanic Eruptions/Lessons in Lava 103189A Passage Read Selection 2, an article about scientists who study volcanoes. Then answer the questions that follow. SELECTION 2 Lessons in Lava Earth’s plates float on the liquid part of the mantle. They constantly shift and move. Some bump into each other. Some slide past each other. Other plates pull apart. Goma sits on plates that are pulling apart. When these plates shift, magma can shoot out as lava. It takes a full day to climb up the side of the volcano. Dario Tedesco and Ken Sims stand on the edge of the crater. They are volcano scientists. They look down and see an amazing sight. Inside, a lake of lava crackles and pops. It is one of the largest lava lakes in the world. The lava is melted rock. It comes from deep inside the volcano. It bubbles and boils. It roars like a jet plane taking off. The lava shoots upward. It changes from orange to black as it cools. Sims points down at the lake. “There,” he says, “is where I’d really love to get a sample.” Goma in Trouble When the volcano erupted in 1977, the walls holding the lava lake broke. A river of lava raced down the volcano. It flowed through the city. It destroyed everything in its path. In 2002, the volcano erupted again. Lava set fire to thousands of homes. It buried buildings. Yet these were only small eruptions. Future eruptions could be much bigger. They could do much more damage. That’s why the scientists worry about Goma. The Volcano They call this volcano Nyiragongo. It’s one of the most active volcanoes on Earth. The city of Goma sits at the base of the volcano. When the volcano erupts, the city is in great danger. That’s why these scientists have come here. They want to protect the city. Beneath Goma is a crack in Earth’s crust. This outer layer of Earth is broken into large pieces. The pieces are called plates. When students answer items associated with these Looking passages, for Lava they are asked to show evidence that Whendemonstrates will the volcano erupt again? Sims of these learning their understanding and Tedesco want to know. To find out, they targets*: need rock and gas samples from the volcano. 1. wants I canmost identify What Sims of allthe is ameaning “zero-ageof words and phrases in a text. sample.” A zero-age sample is a chunk of freshly hardened lava. The sample will to help 2. I can answer questions explain what readers Sims predict the next eruption. There’s can learn from reading aonly text. one place to get it. It must come near the lava 3. itI can a picture a certain lake. Getting will explain be hard.how Gurgling lava represents can phrase from a text. shoot into the air. Sims will be in great danger. Moving Plates Beneath Earth’s plates lies the mantle. It is made up of mostly magma, or liquid rock. Under the mantle is Earth’s inner and outer core. 4. I can use text features to locate information in a text. 3 ©2012 Measured Progress. All rights reserved. 5. I can identify the sentence that explains a certain phrase in a text. Go On 6. I can tell the difference between the author’s point of view and other points of view. 7. I can explain how information in one text helps in understanding information in another text. *Learning targets are included with Testlets. COMMON CORE Assessments Sample Items Grade 3 Reading – Volcanic Eruptions/Lessons in Lava He can smell the bitter fumes. He can feel the terrible heat. Sims knows he needs protection. He puts on a special suit. It will protect him from the heat. Now he begins to climb up the lake’s wall. His foot slips. He smells burning rubber. One of his shoes is melting. The Journey Down Sims’ small team starts to climb into the crater. They each wear a safety harness. They move very slowly. Sims goes first. He attaches a rope to the rock. Then he clips his harness onto the rope. Slowly he steps down the volcano’s walls. His team follows in a single file. Loose rocks fall away beneath their feet. They climb down until the sun begins to set. Then the team stops. They set camp up on a ledge. The lava lake glows fiery hot below them. Beating the Odds Sims keeps going. He peeks over a ridge of freshly hardened lava. The boiling lava lake bubbles below. Steady now. Steady. He slams his fist into the hardened lava. A piece breaks off. He grabs his sample. Success! Sims risked his life, but it was worth it. What he holds could save many lives. He looks at the hot rock in his hands. It isn’t enough. Days of hard work still lie ahead. He starts to climb back up. He thinks, “Now it’s time for us to get to work.” Getting to Work In the morning, Sims and the team get to work. They put on gas masks. The masks will protect them from toxic gases that come from the volcano. Then they begin to collect samples. Sims thinks he is the best one to get the zero-age sample. He is a good climber. He can find the right sample, but it will be dangerous. Sims is worried. He thinks about his family. His children need him. Should he do this? In the end, he decides he must. Key Words lava: melted rock that comes out of a volcano crust: outermost layer of Earth mantle: a layer inside Earth inner core: hottest part of Earth outer core: liquid layer below the mantle magma: liquid rock plates: large pieces of the outer layer of Earth To the Lake Sims throws his rope over the ledge. He climbs down to the crater floor. Here, he can’t see the lake. The steep sides of the lake’s walls block his view. He can hear the hissing gases. 4 ©2012 Measured Progress. All rights reserved. Go On COMMON CORE Assessments Sample Items Grade 3 Reading – Volcanic Eruptions/Lessons in Lava STUDENT NAME: TEACHER NAME: DATE: Reading Informational Texts Can We Predict Volcanic Eruptions?/Lessons in Lava For each question, choose the correct answer. Then completely fill in the circle for the answer you chose. 105392A Multiple Choice C Common 105390A Multiple Choice A Common 1. In Selection 1, the author uses the word active to mean 3. In Selection 1, which phrase does the photograph mainly represent? large in size. A high above the ground. B full of force. C one of a kind. D A “has begun to come to life again” B “ever-greater threats to life and property” C “endangering a population of more than three million people” Students are asked D “Volcanic eruptions continue” to use written words and visuals to extract meaning. This standard addresses 105393A Multiple Choice C Common 4. In Selection 2, what is a mantle? the prevalence of media in all aspects the outer layer of Earth A of life. Focusing the hottest part of Earth B classroom instruction on how to interpret a layer inside Earth C various elements helps liquid rock inside Earth D students build realworld skills. 105389A Multiple Choice B Common 2. In Selection 1, readers can learn that the volcanoes are located in the same area. A a danger for people. B difficult to see. C far away from people. D 5 ©2012 Measured Progress. All rights reserved. Go On COMMON CORE Assessments Sample Items In this selected-response item, students are assessed on logical connections within the text: understanding comparison, cause and effect, and sequencing. Their grasp of these concepts will be evident when answering the constructed-response item, which calls for an integration of individual skills, showing evidence of learning progressions. Grade 3 Reading – Volcanic Eruptions/Lessons in Lava 105553A Multiple Choice B Common 105555A Multiple Choice C Common 5. In Selection 2, which sentence explains what Sims is looking for when the author says A piece breaks off? 6. A student in your class believes it is easy to go into a volcano. Which sentence from Selection 2 would distinguish the student’s point of view from the author’s point of view? A “Loose rocks fall away beneath their feet.” A “Sims goes first.” B “Sims throws his rope over the ledge.” B “A zero-age sample is a chunk of freshly hardened lava.” C “The steep sides of the lake’s walls block his view.” C “He can feel the terrible heat.” D “He peeks over a ridge of freshly hardened lava.” D “He smells burning rubber.” For this question, write your answer in the box provided. Be sure to support your answer with details. 105558A Constructed Response Common 7. Identify what the author in Selection 1 is trying to find out. Then explain how Selection 2 may help with what the author wants to know. Provide evidence from the selections to support your answer. This item is a DOK 2 level. This target standard (ELA -Literacy.RI.3.3) calls for students to display their understanding of relationships between a series of historical events, scientific ideas or concepts, or steps in technical procedures in a text, using language that pertains to time, sequence, and cause/effect. Competencies that can be assessed in a constructedresponse item like this one include vocabulary, writing competency, and reading comprehension. A well-crafted answer would include information on what Selection 1 is “trying to find out,” with further explanation and support from Selection 2 that helps answer the author’s question in Selection 1. The scaffolding in this item calls for students to build an argument that describes the relationship between the two passages, using concepts like time, sequence, and cause and effect. When students answer accurately and completely, it shows evidence of their mastery of the standard. 6 ©2012 Measured Progress. All rights reserved.
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