February Twilight

February Twilight
I stood beside a hill
Smooth with new-laid snow,
A single star looked out
From the cold evening glow.
There was no other creature
That saw what I could see—
I stood and watched the evening star
As long as it watched me.
Sara Teasdale
40
Cursive Letters
41
Writing Lowercase Cursive Letters
Let’s begin with lowercase letters.
As you learn to write in cursive, you’ll learn to read it, too.
You will learn to write each letter.
Then you’ll join letters and write words.
Undercurve Letters
You will learn to write these lowercase letters.
Each letter begins with an undercurve stroke.
i t u w e
MNOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOP
EFGqHGHGHGHGHGQ
HGHGHGHGHGHGHGH
l b h f k r s j p
MNOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOP
Trace and write undercurve strokes.
q q q q q q q q
mnopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopop
mnopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopop
q q
mnopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopop
mnopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopop
Q
q
Q
q
Q
q
Q
q
q
Q q
Q Q
mnopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopop
q
q
MNOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOP
Stop and Check
42
Circle your best short undercurve stroke.
Circle your best tall undercurve stroke.
Downcurve Letters
You will learn to write these lowercase letters.
Each letter begins with a downcurve stroke.
a d g o c q
MNOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOP
EFGwHGHGHGHGH
Trace and write downcurve strokes.
mnopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopop
w w w w w w w w
mnopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopop
w w
MNOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOP
Overcurve Letters
You will learn to write these lowercase letters.
Each letter begins with an overcurve stroke.
MNOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOP
n m y x v z
EFGeHGHGHGHGH
Trace and write overcurve strokes.
mnopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopop
ee ee ee ee ee ee ee e
mnopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopop
e e
MNOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOP
43
Undercurve Letters
On the next pages, you will write
lowercase letters that begin with
an undercurve stroke. Undercurves
swing up.
EFGqHGHGHGHGHGQ
HGHGHGHGHGHGHGH
Each of these letters begins with an undercurve stroke.
t mnopopop
u mnopopop
w mnopopop
e mnopopop
l mnopopop
b
mnopopop
i mnopopop
f MNOPOPOP
k MNOPOPOP
r MNOPOPOP
s MNOPOPOP
j MNOPOPOP
p
MNOPOPOP
h MNOPOPOP
Trace and write undercurve strokes.
q q q q q mnopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopop
QQQ QQ
mnopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopop
QQ
q q
MNOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOP
MNOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOP
Keys to Legibility
Make your undercu
undercurve letters easy to read. Pay a
attention
e o to
o thee four
ou Keys.
e
Shap
Undercurves
U
ndercurve swing up.
q Q
MNOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOP
ing
Spac
Swing wide to join a letter that ends
with an undercurve to a letter that
begins with an undercurve. That way
your letters will have good spacing.
44
e ‫ה‬e e
MNOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOP
Size
Undercurve
Undercurves may be short or tall.
MNOPOPOPOPOP
i p MNOPOPOPOP
lh
short letters
tall letters
t
Slan
Position you
your paper as shown
on pages 30
30–31. That way your
undercurve letters will have
good slant.
iμ
EFGi HGHi
GHGHGHGHGHGHGH
i
has an
The letter
undercurve beginning
and ending.
insect
t
Trace and write.
mnopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopop
i i
i
i i
i i
i i
i i
i i
mnopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopop
i i
MNOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOP
Join
i and i. The ending stroke of the first letter begins the second letter.
i i i i i i
mnopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopop
MNOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOP
e
Shap
Stroke description to guide letter formation at home:
1. Undercurve.
2. Slant; undercurve. Lift.
3. Dot.
EFGi
iHGHGHGHGH
Circle your
best letter that has
an undercurve
beginning.
45
tμ
EFGt HGHGt
HGHGHGHGHGHGH
t
The letter
begins with
a tall undercurve stroke.
test tubes
t s
Trace and write.
mnopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopop
t t
t
t t
t t
t t
t t
t t
mnopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopop
t t
MNOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOP
Join
t and other letters. Notice the undercurve-to-undercurve joinings.
mnopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopop
t t t t t t
mnopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopop
mnopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopop
t t t i i i
MNOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOP
Stroke description to guide letter formation at home:
1. Undercurve.
2. Slant; undercurve. Lift.
3. Slide right.
EFGt
tHGHGHGHGH
46
Stop and Check
Circle your best
t.
u HGu
uμ
EFG
HGHGHGHGHGHGHGH
u
has
The letter
three undercurve strokes.
umbrellas
аs
Trace and write.
mnopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopop
u
u u
u u
u u
u u
u u
u u
mnopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopop
u u
MNOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOP
Join
u and other letters. Notice the undercurve-to-undercurve joinings.
mnopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopop
t i !t u u
mnopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopop
mnopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopop
#$u
#$u
#$u
MNOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOP
Size
Stroke description to guide letter formation at home:
1. Undercurve.
2. Slant; undercurve.
3. Slant; undercurve.
EFG
HGHGHGHGH
u
u
Circle your
best short letter.
47
w
w Hw
w
EFG
GHGHGHGHGHGHGHGH
The letter
has an
undercurve beginning and a
checkstroke ( ) ending.
water wheel
%&'(r *‫ה‬l
Trace and write.
mnopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopop
w w
w
w w
w w
w w
w w
w w
mnopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopop
w w
MNOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOP
Join
w and other letters. The checkstroke joins two letters.
,u ,i ,t w w
mnopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopop
MNOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOP
Write the word.
,!t ,!t ,!t ,!t
mnopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopop
MNOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOP
Stroke description to guide letter formation at home:
1. Undercurve.
2. Slant; undercurve.
3. Slant; undercurve.
4. Checkstroke.
EFG
HGHGHGHGH
w
w
48
Stop and Check
Circle your best
w.
e
EFGe HGHGHe
GHGHGHGHGHGH
e
The letter
begins
and ends with an
undercurve stroke.
elephant ears
./01234t 567s
Trace and write.
mnopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopop
e e
e
e e
e e
e e
e e
e e
e e
mnopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopop
e e
MNOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOP
Join
e and other letters.
mnopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopop
8w 8u 8i 8t e 9e
MNOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOP
Write the words.
mnopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopop
:e ;e
<0t ;0t
MNOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOP
ing
Spac
Stroke description to guide letter formation at home:
1. Undercurve; loop back;
slant; undercurve.
EFGe
eHGHGHGHGH
Circle your
best joining.
49
Write the joinings and words.
Undercurve-to-Undercurve Joining
The undercurve ending swings wide to begin the following letter.
mnopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopop
=i
>!t
[email protected]
Ae
MNOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOP
Checkstroke-to-Undercurve Joining
The checkstroke ending dips deep to begin the following letter.
mnopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopop
;e
,i
BCs DEFe
MNOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOP
Overcurve-to-Undercurve Joining
The overcurve ending crosses at the baseline and turns into a wide undercurve.
mnopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopop
Gi
Gu
H0t
GCt
MNOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOP
Stop and Check
Circle three words you wrote
that have good joinings.
59
i t u w e
h f k r s
Write these rhyming words.
l b
j p
mnopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopop
I0p ‫פ‬0p H0p 0p
mnopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopop
mnopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopop
H0t
‫פ‬0t
0t
;0t
mnopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopop
mnopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopop
=Ll BLl
fiLl ,Ll
mnopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopop
mnopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopop
ANFe DEFe O0w P/0w
MNOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOP
60
Homophones
Homophones are words that sound alike but are spelled
differently. They have different meanings, too.
see
sea
Write these homophone pairs.
mnopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopop
fiQr fiRr
mnopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopop
mnopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopop
‫(פ‬r π:(r
mnopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopop
mnopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopop
ʦs ts
’
mnopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopop
mnopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopop
‫ה‬0Rr ‫(ה‬e
mnopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopop
mnopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopop
DEFe D/0w
MNOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOP
e e
opopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopop
opopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopop
P/0w PEu
opopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopop
opopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopop
*‫ה‬l ;e’U
opopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopop
opopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopop
W<0t W#!'e
opopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopop
opopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopop
O0w X‫ה‬0w!
opopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopop
OPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOP
Stop and Check
Circle your best letter.
61
Butterf ly Wings
How would it be
on a day in June
to open your eyes
in a dark cocoon,
And soften one end
and crawl outside,
and find you had wings
to open wide,
And find you could fly
to a bush or tree
or float on the air
like a boat at sea . . .
How would it be?
Aileen Fisher
150
Using What You
Have Learned
151
Writing Easily
As you write stories and essays for school papers and tests, it is important that
your handwriting flows easily. When you automatically know how to write
legibly, you don’t have to worry about your handwriting. You are free to think
about what you want your writing to say. With practice, you will learn how to
make your writing easy, quick, and legible.
Read the writing prompt below. Respond to it by writing on the
lines. Let your handwriting flow easily as you think and write.
Narrative Writing
Think about a time when you were surprised by someone
or something.
Write a story about what happened when you were
surprised. Include details to make your writing interesting.
mnopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopop
mnopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopop
mnopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopop
mnopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopop
mnopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopop
mnopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopop
mnopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopop
mnopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopop
MNOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOP
156
mnopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopop
mnopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopop
mnopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopop
mnopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopop
mnopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopop
mnopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopop
mnopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopop
mnopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopop
MNOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOPOP
Now read your writing. Circle Yes or No to respond to each statement. Then show
your writing to another reader, either a classmate or your teacher. Ask that person to
circle Yes or No beside each statement.
My Evaluation
My Classmate’s or
Teacher’s Evaluation
The writing is easy to read.
Yes
No
Yes
No
The writing has good
Shap
e
.
Yes
No
Yes
No
The writing has good
Size
.
Yes
No
Yes
No
The writing has good
Spac
.
Yes
No
Yes
No
The writing has good
Slan
t
Yes
No
Yes
No
ing
.
157
Handwriting and the Writing Process
Write a Paragraph
A paragraph is a group of sentences about one subject.
Write a paragraph about your school.
1. Prewriting
Prewriting means gathering ideas and planning before you write.
List your ideas on a piece of paper. Then plan your paragraph, telling
the subject and in what order you will write your ideas.
2. Drafting
Drafting means putting your thoughts into written sentences for the
first time. Use the ideas you listed in Prewriting to draft your paragraph.
Write your first draft.
3. Revising
Revising means changing your writing to make it say exactly what
you mean. Read your draft. Mark any changes you want to make.
Does your writing include all the information readers want to know?
Yes
No
Are all words spelled correctly?
Yes
No
Have you used uppercase letters and punctuation correctly?
Yes
No
Do your letters have good shape and size?
Yes
No
Does your writing have good spacing?
Yes
No
Does your writing have good slant?
Yes
No
Is your writing easy to read?
Yes
No
4. Editing
Editing means checking your revised writing for errors in spelling,
punctuation, capitalization, and handwriting.
158
5. Publishing
Publishing means using your best handwriting to make a good
copy of your writing. Share your writing with others.