Does education form se"al killers? TFH presented by Ivanovicova Marcela - 6PAY

Does education form
se"al killers?
TFH presented by Ivanovicova Marcela - 6PAY
Athénée Léonie de Waha
Ville de Liège
I wish to thank my guide Mrs Nolf as well as the coordinator team for their
invaluable assistance and support. I would also like to thank professor Dantinne
and professor Papart who kindly accepted to answer all of my questions.
1. Definitions!....................................................................................6
1. 1. Mass Murder!................................................................................................6
1. 2. Spree Murder!...............................................................................................6
1. 3. Serial Murder!...............................................................................................7
1. 4. Cognitive Development/Education!..............................................................7
2. Male Serial Killers !.......................................................................9
2. 1. Psychopathic Serial Killers!..........................................................................9
2. 1. 1. Definition of Psychopathy!
2. 1. 2. Causality!
2. 2. Psychotic Serial Killers (legally insane)!.....................................................18
2. 2.1. Schizophrenia!
2. 2. 2. Vampirism (Renfieldʼs Syndrome)!
2. 2. 3. Lycanthropy!
2. 3. Comparative Conclusion!...........................................................................26
3. Female Serial Killer!...................................................................28
3.1. Kelleher and Kelleher Typology!.................................................................28
3. 2. Munchausen by Proxy Syndrome!.............................................................30
3. 3. Comparative conclusion!............................................................................31
4. Other Factors !............................................................................33
4.1. Presence in the world!.................................................................................33
4.2. Media, Celebrity and their influence on serial murder!................................33
4. 3. Brain Damage!...........................................................................................35
Bibliography !..................................................................................42
I have always wondered what “creates” a serial killer. Is it his genes or does he
become a murderer during his childhood under the influence of his environment
and his education? Serial killers are nothing like any other type of killer. They
don't commit murders for simple reasons such as disputes, financial problems,
drugs or protection. No feelings, no revenge or anger. They kill for the pleasure
of killing and hurting. Why do some men find killing satisfying? How does that
make them feel better about themselves? The only thing I could think of was
education. What else could make someone want to torture and kill other people
if it wasn't because he was taught to do so and had the impression that it was
normal? But is it education that creates serial murderers? Is our society
responsible for raising these individuals? They come from both rich and poor
background. They live among us. Nevertheless, they are very unlike any other
kind of killer and that is what makes them interesting. This is one of the reasons
why I wanted to study them.
The other reason is us. How come we are so scared – yet so impressed – of the
phenomenon of serial murder? The popular media feeds us with rape and
murder detailing news. They dramatise to excite us and we deliberately pay for
it. It is as if we liked the idea that human beings such as serial killers exist. Yet,
we deny their existence by idealising the act, minimising the victims' pain and
families’ loss. We dehumanise the victim just as serial killers do. We forget that
this is for real – unless it happens to us.
Yet, we want to know more about them; we watch movies and series such as
Criminal Minds, CSI, etc.; and our fascination with serial murder keeps
growing… What creates them? Why do they do these things?
I will try to answer these questions as my work progresses. I will talk about men
and women killers. The first part of my work will be devoted to male serial
murderers, which is why I will be referring to these individuals as 'he'. In the
second part, I will concentrate on female serial murderers, and will refer to the
killer as 'she'. I will not talk about men as according to Kelleher or Holmes
typology1 but will concentrate on psychopaths and psychotics and try to find the
link between these murderers' education and acts. I will also try to show their
true nature, not the way the media does. I will analyse few serial killers
concentrating on their childhood environment and the murders. My work will
Kelleher Typology and Holmes Typology were established to identify the killer based on the
killerʼs routine like killing alone, in partnership, etc.
also contain definitions of terms important in serial murder such as
psychopathy, schizophrenia, etc., in order to avoid any misinterpretation when I
use them as these terms happen to be sometimes misunderstood. At the very
beginning of my work, I will also explain the difference between mass, spree
and serial murder. The main subjects are female serial killers as well male
psychotic and psychopathic serial killers. Nevertheless, I will include other
possible factors like society and media and explain the definition and role of
education in my work.
When referring to education I don't mean school or what our parents tell us is
right. I mean education as nurture, as an influence that affects us coming from
everywhere - school, media, home, friends, parents, environment,… Anything
that has an impact on us growing up and that forms us as individuals. By
education I mean what makes us what we are. Why are we what we are and
more specifically why are serial killers what they are? This is the question that I
will try to answer by analysing different serial killers and their childhood
1. Definitions
1. 1. Mass Murder
A mass murder refers to the killing of at least four people at once in one
specific location. Murderers’ trigger for killing can be the feeling of being
excluded from the group that they wish they belonged to, a family breakup,
or a job loss. Most of the time, these killers choose either a gun or a knife,
unlike serial killers who prefer direct contact with their victims. Most mass
murderers are mainly white, conservative males.
There are three types of mass murderers: the family annihilators, the
paramilitary and disgruntled workers. The victim is not as important as the
crime itself and the purpose of it. Once mass murderers are on a spree
they lose all of their self-control. At the end of the massacre, they either kill
themselves or the police do. They are usually declared legally insane.
Gene Simpson, for example, an American mass murderer, killed fourteen
members of his family in Arkansas, on Christmas day, 1937.
Lately, American high schools have become common places for mass
murders as well.
1. 2. Spree Murder
The definition of spree killing means at least two murders by the same
offender without a cooling-off period. The fact that there is no break
between each murder differentiates the spree murder from serial murder,
where each killing is a different event. A major shock, like a break-up or
someone’s death, usually provokes the killing. The offenders lose their
sanity and start killing at one location but keep on moving while killing. It
may take a certain amount of time until the killer is stopped. Spree killing is
ended by either the police’s intervention or the criminal’s suicide.
Here again, the victim is not as important as the act itself. Anyone who
gets close enough to the killing might as well become one of the victims.
Woo Bum-Kon, a South-Korean police officer, went on a spree after an
argument with his girlfriend. Going from one house to another, he kept
killing during eight hours on April 27, 1982.
1. 3. Serial Murder
The term serial murder was coined by an FBI agent, Robert K. Ressler, in
the 1970s. The phenomenon of serial murder has been studied since then
and although new facts have been discovered, scientists agree more
research need to be done.
Serial killers are described as individuals that murdered two or more
people with a required period of time between each murder. Unlike mass
murderers, they don't kill a lot of people at once but usually only one
person at a time. The murders must have common features in order to be
called serial. Serial killing requires one or more offenders and two or more
murdered victims in separate events. These killers usually work alone and
are mostly well-organised. Their killing routine evolves as they continue
killing and become more experimented.
There are four recognised types of serial murder:
• Anger - The individual feels anger towards a certain group of people and
takes revenge on them.
• Ideology/ Missionary - The individual eliminates certain people in order to
support the ideas of a group he belongs to, like a religious cult.
• Power-thrill/ Hedonistic - the subject feels empowered while killing. It
provides him excitement and pleasure. He enjoys seeing a person suffer.
He can as well derive sexual pleasure from killing and torturing.
• Psychosis/ Visionary - The killer is suffering from a mental disease like
schizophrenia and while killing he can't make the difference between
good and evil. It may include severe visionary or auditory delusions.
Serial killers might also turn into spree killers if they discover that the
police are after them.
1. 4. Cognitive Development/Education
Cognitive development is used to describe the acquisition of knowledge about
environment, in other words learning. The development starts at birth. By
observing its surroundings the baby learns about relationships between
elements. For example, round objects rule. Those observations become rules or
principles in children’s mind. It is what scientists call mental modelling. At the
early stage of life, all knowledge comes from the characteristics of an
environment. But how much can an environment affect individuals’ later life?
The first education children receive comes from their surroundings. What they
learn in this period of life they will remember for the rest of it, consciously or not.
It was first Sigmund Freud who proposed the existence of an unconscious
element in the mind that influences consciousness.
A child coming from a poor or violent background might develop cognitive
distortions which are inadequate thinking patterns according to our society. The
child would then have incorrect ideas regarding offending behaviours and react
differently compared to a child from a non-violent background.
Getting in contact with the outside world where the patterns the subject learned
don't apply would confuse him and might be the cause of him becoming a serial
killer in order to relieve his frustrations.
Education is transmitted from school, media, family and also environment. Any
kind of information can influence a child, the way he sees the world and his
2. Male Serial Killers
2. 1. Psychopathic Serial Killers
2. 1. 1. Definition of Psychopathy
Characteristics and assessment of Psychopathy
The terms psychopathy, sociopathy and antisocial personality were all used to
describe pretty much the same thing not so long ago. Since then, further
scientific research have revealed some new criteria that don’t fit into the
common diagnosis but determine several different terms.
While APD (antisocial personality disorder) and psychopathy share the
antisocial criteria, they’re not completely the same. Antisocial disorder is diverse
“with respect to interpersonal and affective characteristics”2 meaning that every
patient’s approach towards people is a little different but they rarely tend to get
involved with crime, whereas people suffering from psychopathic disorder are
more often associated with persistent criminality.
Sociopathy is, like psychopathy and APD, a personality disorder. Sociopaths
come from inadequate and poor environment. This personality disorder is
usually developed due to bad parenting. We recognise four types of sociopaths:
common sociopaths, alienated sociopaths, aggressive sociopaths and dyssocial
Common sociopaths develop a lack of remorse or shame like psychopaths and
they often break the law. Alienated sociopaths are incapable of love and
empathy. Aggressive sociopaths are described as sadistic and they enjoy
hurting others, whereas dyssocial sociopaths is a term used to describe any
other criminal behaviour related to sociopathy which does not fit within the
previously described types.
Psychopathy does not appear on traditional neuropsychological tests. In order
to diagnose the syndrome a 22-item Psychopathy Check-list (PCL) and 20-item
Psychopathy Check-list revision3 were developed by professor Hare in 1980.
These lists consist “of a set of clinical personality traits considered fundamental
to psychopathy”4. Each item is scored on a three-point scale established on
- Psychopathy and Crime Across the Life Span, p.285
- To see Psychopathy Check-List see Appendix p. 38
- Psychopathy and Crime Across the Life Span, p. 287
institutional files and interviews. The whole scale ranges from zero to forty (if an
individual reaches 40, he is officially considered as a psychopath). Several of
the PCL/PCL-R items are directly or indirectly related to criminal behaviours and
allow investigators to diagnose a potential criminal or serial killer.
Diagnosed psychopathy defines an individual unable to feel empathy, guilt, and
remorse. In other words, it is a personality disorder with a profound lack of any
emotion. Psychopaths show themselves as “glib, egocentric, manipulative,
impulsive, sensation-seeking, irresponsible, and without “conscience” 5 It is not
surprising that they offend against the law on regular basis, disrespecting social
conventions and obligations.
Association between psychopathy and criminal behaviour
The feeling of guilt is unknown to such individuals. Their conscience punishes
good intentions and rewards evil ones instead. The so-called ‘evil intent’ or ‘ill
will’ has become essential to the subject’s existence. Psychopaths are, indeed,
more involved in crime and violence worldwide than other offenders. The
psychopathy-violence association is apparent. Recidivism is also more common
for these subjects. We can find them among serial killers and rapists as well as
among doctors, terrorists, cult leaders and corrupt politicians.
2. 1. 2. Causality
In this chapter, I’ll try to explain the cause of serial murder. I will talk about few
serial killers and try to find out if there is a link between their childhood
education and the crimes they later committed. I will concentrate on their
childhood, their motives and their victimology.
Everything has a cause and understanding the cause helps us to understand
the consequences because they are related to each other.
Psychopathic serial killers most often target, stalk, kidnap, torture and kill
without remorse. The whole process is always prepared in advance and wellplanned. They usually choose a certain type of victims that drags their attention
or that they ‘need’ to eliminate like children, old women or prostitutes. Yet, we
have not been able to precisely explain the criminal development of serial
killers. However, understanding them could be useful in preventing their further
- Hare, R. D., Forth, A. E., & Strachan, K. E., Psychopathy and Crime Across the Life Span,
1992, p. 285
development as well as avoiding more killings. Were psychopaths born to
become serial killers or do some of them just happen to evolve into serial
Ed Kemper
Ed Kemper, for example, is an American serial killer arrested in 1973. He killed
ten people; all of them were women except his grandfather. During his
childhood, he chronologically wetted his bed and was caught fire-setting and
torturing small animals. These three factors seem to be common in most cases
of serial murder or sadism. These behaviours seem to be developed due to
parental neglect, cruelty or trauma and can evolve into criminal behaviour.
Fig. 1: Ed Kemper 6
Edmund Kemper also played with his sister’s dolls exercising odd sexual rituals
and separating the head from the body. He also liked to pretend he was dying in
a gas chamber. Because of his bizarre behaviour, his mother would often lock
him in the basement especially after his father’s departure. Kemper also
claimed that she constantly humiliated him. He was sent to live with his
grandparents in 1961 where he was bullied by his classmates. He disliked his
grandfather who apparently was a heavy drinker and a violent man. At the age
of fifteen, he killed his grandmother because in his words he “just wanted to see
what it felt like to kill grandma” 7 and shortly after he killed his grandfather
- (02/04/12)
- (14/02/12)
because he knew he would get angry at him for what he had done. Immediately
after he called the police, he was placed into a specialised institution for
teenagers, where he was diagnosed with extremely high IQ (135) and later
released at the age of 21.
After that he moved back in with his mother. When he got enough money to buy
a car he would drive around the city and pick up young female hitchhikers –
some of them he killed. He would then take their bodies home, separate the
head from the body with which he would then have sex. By doing so the police
nicknamed him Co-ed Killed at the time. He later admitted that all of his victims
were all surprisingly alike. His spree ended after he killed his mother cutting her
head off and having oral sex with it. He said it seemed appropriate to do so after
all the years she yelled and screamed at him. He then killed her friend and
drove away, although he would call the police later and get himself arrested.
Kemper said he had wanted to kill his mother since the age of seven. He often
killed after an argument with her. He also buried one of his victims’ head in his
mother’s garden as a joke because she “always wanted people to look up to
her”. He had a difficult childhood and hated his mother very much, which might
be the reason why he started killing young women.
On the other hand he showed some psychopathic traits at a very early age like
torturing animals. He also liked to play sexual games with his sister’s dolls.
In the first case, his childhood and his relationship with his mother would be the
cause of his killing. In the second one, his desire to kill would be inborn
meaning he was born to become a serial killer as if it was in his genes. During
his trial, he was examined by a psychiatrist, Donald T. Lunde, who claimed his
patient to be absolutely aware of his doings and enjoying them. He also judged
that his perversion originated from his childhood anger since he enjoyed
torturing animals. His lust to kill his mother seems to be common among sexual
sadists. The cause of his anger would be his father’s departure for which he
blamed his mother. Kemper felt a strong desire to kill women even during his
childhood but instead he killed cats and other small animals. He desperately
wanted to start a relationship with a woman but, because of his violent
impulses, he never dared to. He killed them instead. The treatment he
underwent in the institution he was placed in after he killed his grandparents
was obviously not effective. Doctor Lune said that he should have been placed
in an institution much earlier.
Albert Fish or the Gray Man, Werewolf of Wysteria
Albert Fish was an American child serial killer as well as a cannibal, rapist and
sadist at the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th. Some
described him as insane, others as deeply disturbed but sane. Fish certainly
had many issues. One of his hobbies was to insert needles in his body to
experience pain. He claimed that his family had a long history of mental
insanity. He had three siblings but was the youngest. He also said that, because
his mother was unable to take care of him, he was put into an orphanage where
he was constantly beaten, which he actually enjoyed. He later moved to New
York where he got married and started working as a house painter. Before he
indulged into murder, he would often send obscene letters to women listed in
newspapers as looking for partners. His letters were so obscene and disgusting
that they were held as evidence at court. After his wife ran away with a man,
Fish took care of his six children but he also asked them to take part in his
sexual sadist games, such as hitting him until blood with paddles or needles.
Fig. 2: Albert Fish8
As a house painter he often travelled. Some suggest he chose states populated
with Afro-Americans because he believed the police wouldn't care if he killed
- (02/04/12)
one of them. This theory was, however, never validated. We know, on the other
hand, that he was attracted by children – boys and girls. He enjoyed killing
them, raping them and eating them. Once he said: "I like children, they are
tasty." He confessed to one of his psychiatrists that after killing one of his
victims he carried his ears and nose on a train back to New York because he
found it exciting.
At the age of 58, in 1928, Albert Fish contacted the Budd family responding to
their 18-year-old son's ad for work. He seemed to be a very nice gentleman
when he showed up at their house well-dressed and very polite. He offered the
boy a job for $15 a week. The family instantly trusted him. He promised to come
back for the boy to show him the farm where he would work – and which
actually never existed. He failed to show up on the day he promised but arrived
a day later with gifts for children. Mr Howard, as he introduced himself, seemed
to be a lovely person. The same day he explained to the family he had to attend
a children's birthday party and that he wanted to bring their 10-year-old
daughter Grace with him. The parents agreed and never saw their daughter
again. It took the police six years to identify Grace’s murderer and find the place
where she was killed. In 1934, Mr Budd received an anonymous letter with
detailed description of his daughter's murder.9
By tracing the letter, the police were able to track down Albert Fish. Once
arrested Albert Fish quickly admitted killing then cutting into pieces and eating
Grace’s body. He also admitted doing the same to other several hundred
children. As he was describing the details of the tortures and murders he had
committed, the police said he was smiling.
Many psychiatrists described Albert Fish as mentally insane but the jury found
him sane and guilty. He was executed by electrocution in 1936.
About Mr Fishes' psychological state his doctor Frederic Wertham said: "His
state of mind while he described these things in minute detail was a peculiar
mixture. He spoke in a matter-of-fact way, like a housewife describing her
favorite methods of cooking....But at times his voice and facial expression
indicated a kind of satisfaction and ecstatic thrill. I said to myself: However you
define the medical and legal borders of sanity, this certainly is beyond that
- To read the letter see appendix p. 39
- (15/02/12)
I do not necessarily agree with that. Mr Fish seems to be deeply troubled but he
responds better to the profile of a psychopath than one of a mentally insane
person. Despite his sexual desires, he was capable of taking care of himself
and could control his emotions like with the Budd family. He managed to hide
Fig. 3: This is the house where many of Fish’s victims were brought. 11
his true personality from the rest of the world for over 30 years. His plan to
kidnap and kill Grace was prepared in advance, which is also more common
among psychopathic serial killers than among mentally insane killers. The term
psychopathy was however not recognised by any institution before 1980, which
would explain why Mr Fish was considered as insane by his psychiatrist at that
His childhood was not ideal but he didn’t experience any sexual abuse. He was
being beaten during his stay in an orphanage but, as he said, he was enjoying
the experience. So was it his childhood that made him a sadist? Does his desire
to kill children come from what he had experienced at the orphanage or was he
a sadist before he even got there?
- (09/04/12)
Marc Dutroux
Marc Dutroux is an unemployed electrician and father of three children but also
a Belgian serial killer who kidnapped and raped an unknown number of teenage
girls. He is told to be the most evil serial killer in his country's history.
He was born in 1956 in Brussels. Out of five children, the parents – who often
fought and yelled at each other – would choose to beat their son, Marc Dutroux.
After they got separated, Dutroux left home. He was fifteen years old. He then
lived on the street making money as a homosexual prostitute. His first marriage
did not last long but his second wife, Michelle Martin, became Dutroux's
devoted partner in life as well as in crime. Dutroux had two sons in the first
marriage, and then he had three more children with Martin.
Fig. 4: Marc Dutroux 12
They managed to live a rather wealthy life owning seven houses but also being
criminally active. In 1986, the couple was charged with the rape and killing of
five young girls and sent to prison. Three years later however, Dutroux was
prematurely released. After his release, he convinced his psychiatrist to declare
him as legally disable, which gave him the right to receive a pension and
sleeping pills. At the same time, he started the construction of a secret room in
his house to hide his future victims in. With the use of his sleeping pills he
managed to abduct two seven-year-old girls in 1995 and two other teenage girls
joined them in August the same year. The girls were repeatedly raped and used
for pornographic videos. The two teenagers were killed several weeks later.
Meanwhile, Dutroux was arrested for drug distribution and car stealing.
Because there was no one left to feed the two young girls – except Dutroux's
partner who neglected any action – they starved to death, which left Dutroux no
choice but to find new victims, Sabine Dardenne and Laetitia Delhez. However
an eye witness contacted the police and gave the description of Dutroux and his
accomplice, Lelievre. Dutroux, Martin and Lelievre were then arrested and the
house was searched. At the same time, Dutroux confessed his crimes and led
the police to the secret room, the hidden bodies of his previous victims and his
accomplice who had been drugged and buried alive.
After his arrest, the killer was examined by four psychologists who all agreed he
was an antisocial psychopath. He was not diagnosed to be a pedophile. The
age of his victims was not important to him but it was easier to manipulate them
if they were very young. He also used the girls as pornographic material and
gain money on the internet. Dutroux was involved in a Belgian pedophile
network. As a psychopath he was self-obsessed and was always looking for
personal gain. The psychiatrists also testified that Dutroux knew exactly what he
was doing during the murders and should be judged as sensible. They
described him as manipulative and narcissist. “This is the third psychopath that I
have met in my career and likely the worst case,”13 said Dutroux's psychiatrist,
Walter Denis.
As Ed Kemper and Albert Fish, Dutroux experienced bad parenting and child
abuse. After leaving his house at the age of fifteen, he worked as a male
prostitute which, we could assume, traumatized him. On the other hand, his
psychologists said he was a psychopath and his choice of victims was purely
practical14. In order to manipulate them easily, Dutroux chose young girls who
he also used as pornographic material on the internet. As a pure psychopath,
he acted in cold blood for personal profit. Whether he became a criminal
because of the child abuse he underwent or not is hard to tell as he seemed to
be choosing victims for rather practical reasons.
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- (09/04/12)
2. 2. Psychotic Serial Killers (legally insane)
There are many differences between psychopathic and psychotic serial
murderers. But the most important one is that psychotic murderers are
delusional. They are usually declared legally insane at court because they can't
tell the difference between wrong and right. Schizophrenics, for example, may
hear voices or see things that don't exist and that lead them to the murders.
These killers suffer from severe psychosis that can be induced by alcohol or
drug use. Their killings are unorganised and their victims are opportunistic as
opposed to psychopathic serial killers who tend to follow the same pattern from
beginning to end. A perfect example of a psychotic serial killer is American
David Richard Berkowitz, accused of killing six people, who believed he was
commanded by a demon dog.
2. 2.1. Schizophrenia
The term was first described by Kraepelin in 1896. It is a mental disorder that
disconnects an individual from reality. Sometimes the individual can create his
own reality. Schizophrenia is a brain illness that engenders into a mental
disorder causing auditory or visionary delusions, abnormal ideas, etc. People
with schizophrenia don't make sense; they can talk absolute nonsense or not
talk at all. They may believe someone's after them, someone wants to harm
them or that someone can read their minds, which terrifies them and can put
them into a situation where they feel obliged to hurt or even to kill someone in
order to survive.
The disorder usually manifests itself in early adulthood (20-35). Women and
men are equally affected. Single status and reduced reproduction are related to
this syndrome but are considered more often as associated consequences
rather than symptoms. Schizophrenia is often defined as an interaction of
individual’s genotypes and environment.
The symptoms may vary from one individual to another. The following ones are
the most common among schizophrenics. There are fundamental symptoms,
which are always present, and accessory symptoms, which depend on the
individual and can be seen in other psychoses as well. I decided to talk only
about the most important ones, the ones that can be related to serial murder.
Abnormal ideas
Abnormal ideas in schizophrenia are also called delusions, defined as a
judgement or a conviction that is completely false but believed to be genuine by
the patient. It is impossible to explain to the person that it is false.
• Delusion
Delusion is probably the most significant symptom of schizophrenia. A delusion
can be transitory or permanent. During this period the schizophrenic is
completely out of touch with his social or cultural background. They lack any
systematisation and logic, which psychiatrists sometimes describe as
‘delusional chaos’. Its origins may have persisted in the background for years
and it is not surprising if the same theme regularly reappears.
• Delusional mood
The subject's feeling about his environment has suddenly changed in a way he
is unable to describe but in a significant way for him. He may become
suspicious and may feel threatened.
• Delusion of reference, misinterpretation, and misidentification
Events that don’t appear to have any special significance to anyone have one to
the patient. He may see a reference to himself on the radio or TV, for example.
He can have the feeling of being recorded or followed. Neutral things or
people's way of acting can have a special meaning to him.
• Delusion of persecution
The patient believes someone or some organisation is trying to harm him or to
damage his reputation. He feels in danger and may search for a way to escape.
• Delusion of assistance
Delusion of assistance is a variant of the delusion of persecution. In this case,
the patient believes some higher power is trying to help him, like God or an
angel. This power starts directing his life in a way that the individual believes his
life will significantly improve if he listens to it.
• Grandiose delusions
The patient believes he has special powers, unusual talent or a special mission
he must accomplish. Religious delusion is the same as grandiose but has a
religious meaning – the individual believes he has a purpose that he is a saint
or maybe even a god.
Abnormal perceptions
The phenomenon of hallucinations is the most common one among other
abnormal perceptions in the case of schizophrenia. Although there are other
abnormalities that can’t be neglected, I will concentrate on hallucinations only.
“A hallucination is a perception without an object. Others authors have added
that hallucinations occur simultaneously with and alongside real perceptions,
and that they have the force and impact of real perceptions, and that they are
outside voluntary control.”15
• Auditory hallucinations
A patient suffering from hallucinations is most probably hearing voices. Auditory
hallucinations are the most common in schizophrenia. They can happen once,
sometimes at the very beginning of the disorder as patient’s first syndrome, but
it is not unusual if they persist for years. They vary from simple noises to
- Schizophrenia and Related Syndromes, P.J. McKenna, 1997, Great Britain, Guildford, Kingʼs
Lynn, Jaspers 1959, Slade 1976, Sims 1988, p. 6.
murmuring up to elaborate conversations between several people. The voices
can come from one specific place just like from everywhere or from the inside of
the body. They can show themselves as neutral, encouraging, reassuring,
observing or nice but most often they are insulting.16
• Third person and commenting hallucinations
The patient hears voices in his head talking about him, commenting on each
and every one of his thoughts, actions, in the third person. There can be one
voice or several.
• Imperative hallucinations
The voice is commanding the person to do as it wishes, but can be easily
ignored. If not, the consequences can be terrible.
• Extracampine hallucinations
These hallucinations present themselves as beyond limits - like hearing a
woman screaming in another city.
• Genes and Environment and their interaction
Genes are inherited within a family, which means that an individual is born with
a higher or lower risk of developing schizophrenia depending on his ancestors,
whereas the environment contributes on his physical and psychical
development throughout his life span. Environment’s effects include nonspecific stressors – as stress or war exposure – obstetrical complication and
illicit drug abuse. The interaction between genes and environment can increase
the probability of developing schizophrenia.
Scientists believe some chromosomes, especially 6 and 8, carry genes directly
related to schizophrenia. This theory has, however, not yet been confirmed.
Some suggest that schizophrenia can also be caused by a disruption of foetal
neural development or may be connected to child's delivery complication that
- To see an example of auditory hallucination see appendix p. 40
can damage some brain areas. Recent studies talk about a "Key" gene that
affects brain into developing schizophrenia. However, more research needs to
be done in order to understand brain chemistry and its relation to schizophrenia.
The Finnish Adoptive Study of Schizophrenia has studied the interaction
between genes and environment and claims it to be increasing the risk of
developing schizophrenia. If twins are born in a family with schizophrenic
ancestors, they both have equal chances of developing schizophrenia.
However, if they are separated shortly after birth and placed into two different
families, their chances of developing the syndrome will vary depending on the
environment they will live in.
• Brain chemistry
Other theories have shown a certain imbalance between certain chemicals
inside the brain, for example with neurotransmitters, which help the cells to
communicate. Schizophrenics' brain has also a slightly different structure. Fluidfilled cavities are larger at the centre of the brain and they also have less grey
material. Their brain also shows more or less cerebral activity in certain areas
than that is usual. The autopsy of some schizophrenics has revealed that their
brain structure was most likely formed before birth and can lead to faulty
connexions between different parts of the brain.
2. 2. 2. Vampirism (Renfieldʼs Syndrome)
Clinical vampirism is, like clinical lycanthropy, a psychosis. In this case, the
individual is fixated on blood and feels a desire to drink it, which may evolve into
a delusion of actually being a vampire. This attraction may be of erotic origin or
may be encouraging the idea of blood giving special powers to those who drink
it. This disorder might be encouraged by a childhood experience in which blood
played a major part and that the patient might have found attractive.
The individual usually begins with drinking his own blood but after a certain
period of time some feel an urge to attack animals or people to obtain more
blood. In extreme cases, nothing but murder and blood will satisfy them.
The table below shows the different types of vampirism acknowledged by
psychologists 17:
A strong psychological craving for blood
An erotic attraction to the taste, sight or smell of
A strong relationship between blood and sexuality,
including but not limited to fetishism.
A stronger, more compelling form of haematophilia
Consuming one's own blood
The consumption of blood from animals
True Vampirism
Patient requires human blood
Fig. 5: Types of vampirism
Joshua Rudiger
In 1998, Joshua Rudiger attacked several homeless people with a knife and
drank their blood. When arrested he was diagnosed with schizophrenia – he
claimed to be a ninja and a vampire – and with a bipolar disorder. Despite his
mental illness, he was sent to prison for 23 years.
He believed he was a 2000-year-old vampire and that he needed blood for
survival. At his trial, his psychiatrist claimed that he did not know right from
wrong at the time of the crime. Rudiger grew up in a family of a homeless drug
addicted prostitute and never met his father. He lived with his mother but was
later placed into four different foster houses. As a child, he would force himself
to vomit, bite his tongue and bang his head. He was deeply troubled and
mentally retarded. He once tried to kill himself with a knife like a ninja would do.
He spent some time in different institutions for mentally ill but his mental state
even worsened. After his release, the murders started. When he was arrested
by the local police and brought to the station he explained his murders by
Inspired by:, (06/03/12).
saying: "Prey is a prey."18 Nevertheless, he was found guilty and responsible for
the murders.
The Vampire of Dusseldorf
The Vampire of Dusseldorf, real name Peter Kurten, was a German psychopath
who killed and then sucked the blood of his victims in the 1920’s. He targeted
weak individuals, mostly women and young girls. Like many other psychopathic
serial killers, he admitted he became interested with killing people when his
neighbour showed him how to torture animals. Kurten strangled, raped and
stabbed to death. He also drank the blood of his victims because he found it
Fig. 6: Peter Kurten19
As many other serial killers, Kurten’s childhood was difficult. He was the third of
thirteen children living in a poor family with an abusive father who repeatedly
sexually assaulted the mother as well as Kurten’s sisters. Kurten himself
followed his father’s steps and soon started assaulting his sisters as well. All of
his murders were committed in order to provide him sexual pleasure. They were
- (10/03/12)
- (09/03/12)
also all very violent demonstrating that this satisfaction could only be obtained
through violence. Nevertheless, the Vampire of Dusseldorf didn’t only enjoy
sexual murder but was also an arsonist.
"I committed my acts of arson for the same reasons — sadistic propensity. I got
pleasure from the glow of the fire, the cries for help."20
Kurten was fully aware of what he was doing during all of his murders, which
clearly demonstrates his cruelty and cold-blooded character. He was a pure
psychopath who didn’t regret any of his acts and who put his own (sexual)
pleasure and satisfaction before everything else including other people’s
sufferance. He knew he wasn’t a vampire and knew he could live without killing
and drinking blood, whereas Joshua Rudiger was a schizophrenic with a severe
psychosis. Peter Kurten doesn’t really fit the definition of a clinical vampire, he
was called so because he drank the blood of his victims but it was more of a
choice in addition to everything else he did to them (rape, stabbing...).
Rudiger’s murders were sloppy and he didn’t target his victims. If most of his
victims were homeless people, it is because they were easy targets, the first
thing he saw and, in his delusion, attacked. Although, Kurten and Rudiger were
both called vampires, they are very different from each other. One is calmer and
prepares his murders carefully, whereas the other one suffers from a mental
disease and kills because he believes he is a vampire.
2. 2. 3. Lycanthropy
Clinical lycanthropy is a psychosis often diagnosed as paranoid schizophrenia
or pseudo-neurotic schizophrenia, where the patient believes being a wild
animal, usually a werewolf but also a snake, an elephant, a lion, etc. The
delusion presents itself in episodes of minutes or hours during which the
patients believe they metamorphosed into a wild animal and they act as one.
During this period they can be a serious threat to others. External witnesses see
these patients growl, bark, etc. Sometimes sexuality is expressed throughout
this syndrome. Sometimes alcohol can be involved and some individuals
suffering from lycanthropy suffer from epilepsy as well. These delusions of
being an animal are rare in industrialised countries but are not an exception in
- (10/03/12).
countries like China, India and continents like Africa or South America.
Lycanthropy is rare but exists. In most cases, the patients are diagnosed with
paranoid schizophrenia sometimes boosted with drugs or alcohol. But in some
cases it seems that the patient is suffering from a psychotic depression, which
is why some psychiatrists believe lycanthropy is a temporary relief/escape from
a (sexual) conflict that the patient is undergoing in life.
2. 3. Comparative Conclusion
We now know that a serial killer is a person who kills with no apparent motive at
least two times in a row. Some of them are diagnosed as mentally ill and some
as psychopathic, which doesn't mean that all psychopaths are or will become
serial murderers. It doesn’t mean either that mentally ill people are more likely
to kill than any other person.
However psychotic people can be a danger to themselves or the society itself.
Suffering from a severe delusion, they can believe they must kill a certain kind
of people in order to survive, etc. Psychotic killers most often happen to be
Psychopathic serial murderers are the complete opposite of psychotic serial
murderers. They are organised, fully aware of what they are doing. They target
their victims and tend to choose the same type. Unlike mentally ill killers who
usually kill because they feel threatened, psychopaths enjoy the whole process
of kidnapping, torturing and killing. Their motivation is power, amusement or
sexual satisfaction. Some see the murder as an opportunity to express the
desires they don't dare to show on public. Edmund Kemper admitted that he felt
very uncomfortable in front of women and only went on one date. He targeted
young women who he raped and strangled because it was the only moment
when he didn't have to hide his sexual desires. The murder usually makes
psychopaths feel better, especially those who feel frustrated in their everyday
life. The power the killer can have over his victim makes him feel better and
relieves the frustration. Once the victim is dead, the subject feels a need to
relive the experience through another victim and starts over. Psychopaths
dehumanise their victims. Unlike psychotic killers they feel no fear, no guilt.
Many psychopathic serial killers claimed having a difficult childhood. They
witnessed child abuse – sexual or physical, prostitution or violence. Some grew
up in an alcoholic family but not all of them. Their childhood is very often
somehow present in their murders. Ed Kemper had a difficult relationship with
his mother – all of his victims were women and he ended up killing his mother
as well. Gary Wayne Gacy21 had a physically abusive father and all of his
victims were men. Some psychotic serial killers had a difficult childhood as well.
On top of that, it is believed that mental illnesses like schizophrenia are
developed due to genes and environment.
Psychopathy is a mental disorder that doesn't necessarily lead to serial murder
but makes it easy to kill. Some psychopaths can become violent – depending
on their childhood background, their happiness, their quality of life.
Nevertheless, every case of serial murder is very specific and personal, which
makes it difficult to talk about serial murder in general.
What psychotic and psychopathic serial killers have in common are a difficult
childhood and a genetic prognosis to murder. In my opinion, it is the interaction
between the two that creates a killer. Their motives, on the other hand, are
completely different. Psychotic killers are motivated by some delusion that
makes them feel threatened or makes them believe they have a special mission
to accomplish, etc. Psychopaths, on the other hand, kill for their own pleasure
and enjoy every second of their murders. They are also very organised unlike
mentally ill killers who don't target their victims.
Overall, psychopaths and psychotics share some characteristics in murder but
their motivation and technique of process is completely different.
- American serial killer convicted of the murder and rape of 33 men from 1972 to 1978
3. Female Serial Killer
Female serial murder is less common and less known compared to male serial
murder. There are indeed more male serial murderers than female.
Men tend to be more violent and many of them kill for the pleasure of being in
power or for the sexual thrill. Women’s motivations are more personal and their
victims are often somehow connected to the killer by family or by friendship, for
example. Men’s motivations for a kill are most often personal pleasure, whereas
women most often kill for money. They share some motivations however:
control, enjoyment, sex, drugs and cult involvement.
3.1. Kelleher and Kelleher Typology
The phenomenon of female serial murder remains a mystery to scientists.
According to the Kelleher and Kelleher’s typology, there are nine types of
female serial killers:
• Angel of Death
The victims are in the killer’s medical care, either at hospital or at home. She
decides to relieve their pain and ‘let them go’. These killers often happen to be
• Black Widow
This is the most common type of serial murder among females. They
systematically kill their partners, close family friends or children, other family
members, etc.
• Sexual Predator
This is the rarest type of female serial kill. There has been only one case of
sexual predator so far, or at least only one the police are aware of – Aileen
Wuornos. She was a prostitute who murdered seven men in Florida. These
women kill for pleasure and personal satisfaction.
• Avenger
These killers kill for satisfaction as well. They do not seek for attention. They
target people who have somehow offended them in the past and take revenge
by killing them. Revenge murders happen only occasionally because the killer
usually kills only once. That makes it more difficult for the police to target the
• Partner in Crime
A female can become a man’s partner in crime. Usually, the male dominates the
female. She might help targeting the victim, bringing the victim home, etc.
• Profit or Crime
These killers are seen as the most intelligent and resourceful. They set up
operation to cheat their victims from their money or life.
• Question of Sanity
Sometimes female serial killers suffer from paranoia, delusions or
schizophrenia. They can hear voices or have hallucinations just like male serial
killers in which case they cannot make the difference between right and wrong
while killing.
• Unexplained
Unexplained murders are those committed by a woman randomly with no
apparent reason or chronology and logic. The motives usually remain
• Unsolved
There are some murders or crimes that are still unsolved but believed to be
done by a woman.
3. 2. Munchausen by Proxy Syndrome
The term comes from the exaggerated stories of the Baron von Munchausen
who lied about his unlikely adventures such as going onto the moon or being
kidnapped by UFOs.
This syndrome concerns female mainly, especially mothers who deliberately
induce the child‘s illness so that they can get medical but also personal
attention. The mother denies any knowledge of the illness’s origins. In some
cases, the mother kills her child to get more attention and affection from her
environment. This can happen repeatedly until the woman dies or is arrested.
This type of serial murder can also be associated with Black Widows because a
member of the family is killed in order to get more attention and sympathy.
Mary Beth Tinning
Mary Beth Tinning started killing after her first child’s natural death when she
noticed how much attention she received from her family and friends. After that,
she got into killing all of her eight children to receive more attention and
Fig. 7: Marybeth Tinning 22
As a child Tinning tried to kill herself multiple times while having an average life,
being an average student. In 1965 she met her husband and they got married.
- (09/04/12)
After six years of marriage, the couple had two children – Barbara and Joseph.
When their third child Jennifer was born, she got sick and died at the hospital
after eight days. Her death is presumed as natural – though we will never know
what really happened. Because of the attention she received after her child's
death, she killed her second daughter Barbara and two years later her son
Timothy. After seventeen years she managed to give birth and death to nine of
her children, one of them adoptive.
Doctors presumed her children had a genetic disease which is why they all
died. However, after her ninth child's death, the deaths were finally reanalysed.
As most babies were blue when they arrived at hospital and died suddenly, their
death could not have been natural but homicidal. Babies with genetic disease
die slowly. On top of that, one of her children was adopted so there was no
chance there was a genetic illness that could have killed the babies. The mother
was brought to the police station where she first denied but then confessed the
murders. She was described as a sympathy junkie with the Munchausen
syndrome by Proxy.
3. 3. Comparative conclusion
Female serial killers’ motivation is more personal compared to male murder. It is
also less violent. Females represent motherhood and love and affection in our
society. They are less violent and it is hard to imagine a woman serial killer.
Nevertheless, they do exist. Their motives are more personal. Except for sexual
predators and mentally ill females, which are both very rare, the killer always
knows her victim. Black widows and women with Munchausen by proxy
syndrome kill in order to get pity and attention from the others. Avengers, angels
of death, and those who kill for profit, kill for satisfaction like men. Women often
target weak and sick people like children, old people, etc. probably because
they are not as strong as men. For most certainly the same reason, they often
choose poison to kill – less aggressive, silent and precise. There is only one
case of a sexual female predator, Aileen Wuornos, and this woman is the only
one known to have a difficult childhood. She had an abusive father. Later she
became a prostitute and killed her clients.
Women mostly kill to get attention maybe because they didn't get enough as
children. Some women target abusive spouses or fathers and kill them in
exchange of money from their wives. The field of female serial murder is still a
mystery to scientists. They are very unusual compared to male serial murder.
They are also less common, which makes the research in this field difficult. We
don't know a lot about female serial killers yet, so it is hard to talk about them
and to compare them to men.
4. Other Factors
4.1. Presence in the world
According to the statistics, serial murder most often happens in the US – that is
about 85%. Some claim that the statistics are not reliable because the research
on serial murder in the USA is more sophisticated and developed than in other
countries and continents. Their program to catch serial killers has been working
for a longer period of time than in any other countries.
Especially in countries like Russia or Kongo, the police devices and resources
to catch criminals are very limited. On top of that, recognising a serial killer in a
country where a revolution is taking place is very difficult because of the number
of casualties. The war or terrorist attacks also make the investigation difficult.
Some killers are able to travel from one country to another and commit murders
wherever they go. The absence of any mutual program or database for this type
of killer in Europe helps the killer to go unnoticed because the police never find
out the link between the different murders that took place in different locations.
4.2. Media, Celebrity and their influence on serial murder
Popularisation of the serial murder phenomenon has not helped with its
limitation. A significant number of movies, series and books have been
published over the years where the serial murderer is seen under a different
angle. They seem to be powerful, incredibly intelligent and the police are
helpless against them. In a film called Zodiac, telling the story of this famous
serial killer who has never been caught, the killer seems to be so smart that we
wish – just for a moment – we were as smart as he is.
That is not the only movie which popularised the phenomenon of serial murder
and woke up a fascination, an obsession in us. Terrifying but fascinating though.
Although, most people are satisfied with only watching the movies, others –
most likely psychopaths with a criminal past – want to become the object of
fascination. They become intrigued. They want themselves to be part of this.
But these movies are only a work of fiction inspired by true stories. The script
writer never truly studied the subject. On top of that, as someone who’s
promoting the movie, he tries to show the killer as interesting and as serious as
he possibly can. Consequently, many people are attracted by this subject and
some might as well want to resemble – as much as possible – a certain serial
killer, by imitating him, hoping that one day they’ll become as famous as he is.
The serial killer BTK aka Dennis Rader admitted he was an active reader of
books about serial killers and that they were a source of inspiration to him.
In fact, we know that some serial killers love to be talked about. They feel like
celebrities. They contact the police or the media. They get angry if we don't talk
about them. They want to show off. They will propose to help searching for the
kidnapped victim in order to hear other people talk about them.
Psychopaths are well-known for being self-obsessed and arrogant. They like
playing with the investigators, sending them letters sometimes written with their
victims' blood – like Jack the Ripper23 – to see their reaction. They know it
would be more sensible to stay away but they just can't. They want to prove
everybody how smart they are and that no one can catch them. Power is one
thing that attracts psychopathic serial killers. It can be the power they have over
their victim or over the police who can’t catch them. This feeling of being in
power satisfies them.
Some serial killers enjoy their ‘popularity’ even more when they get arrested
and go to court because it is a perfect place for showing off. Some appeal
multiple times just to extend the time they are being talked about.
There have been studies trying to find out if there is a link between serial
murder and media but nothing has been proved yet. Of course, it wouldn’t be
the major cause of serial murder but it is a subject that is worth studying.
A copycat is one who closely mimics or tries to act as someone else. In
criminology, copycat describes a person who copies another serial killer’s
behaviour and crimes. For example, between 1990 and 1994, a Zodiac copycat
appeared in the city of NY claiming to be the Zodiac and sending letters to the
police. He killed three people and wounded four. Heriberto Seda was arrested
in 1996 for being responsible for these murders.
Impressionable individuals with antisocial personality – often with previous
criminal records – can easily get attracted to serial murder through media and
then start copying and killing. In this case, the murderer can appear as an idol
to the copycat.
- To read one of Jack the Ripperʼs letter, see appendix p. 41
4. 3. Brain Damage
Some doctors claim that some serial killers have brain injuries. Henry Lee
Lucas, who was judged of eleven murders, also had serious brain damage in
the area of the frontal lobe, probably due to childhood abuse. Whether it was a
cause of his killings or not is hard to tell. Lucas was abused as a child like many
other serial killers.
Frontal Lobe is mainly responsible for self-control and judgement. This part of
brain stops us from being violent or offensive. This lobe has evolved together
with humanity from an animal to human. People with damaged frontal lobe tend
to struggle with controlling their aggressiveness. Nevertheless, 46% of serial
killers have no brain damage.
Other studies have raised the question of maladjusted brain chemistry like in
schizophrenia. Of course, these studies on serial murderers are still on-going.
While working on my TFH, I have learned a lot about serial killers. I have tried to
include every potential influence on the emergence of serial murder in my work.
I concentrated my work on the killers’ childhood and murders to try to find a link
between the two so that I could answer my question: does education form serial
killers? Even now, I still can’t answer the question with a simple yes or no.
There is a multitude of factors that creates a serial killer.
First of all, our personality is defined by thousands of millions of genes meaning
we are all different. These genes define our personality traits, which does not
mean that some people are born to kill but they might have been born with
genes that have the predisposition of killing more easily — like psychopathy.
With no conscience and emotions, it is easy to kill. Some believe that damaged
brain or maladjusted brain chemistry is responsible for violent behaviours
including serial murder. Some serial killers had severe brain damage in the
frontal lobe but many didn’t.
Nevertheless, the influence of our culture and our education is also important in
our evolution, especially during childhood, when the child learns about emotions
and social patterns like love, how to act towards other people, how to talk to
different people, etc. If these patterns are not learned correctly, the individual
will grow up respecting values different from ours and may have problems
integrating into the social structure. Being unable to interact with people
normally, he may become frustrated and feel left-out. Frustration is a great
motive for a serial killer to start to kill. It is an opportunity to let himself go and
do whatever he wants, to act as it seems natural to him (due to his childhood
However, frustration itself is not going to create a killer. More often, an individual
with antisocial personality and lacking emotions becomes a serial killer – killing
either for financial profit or personal(sexual). In the second case, this killer has
most likely had a difficult childhood, growing up in an abusive family meaning
his education is different from ours. Our education – the culture we are
surrounded by, especially during childhood – can affect our thoughts but does
not control our actions. Unlike in the case of psychotic serial killers,
psychopaths are perfectly capable to control their actions.
Psychotic serial killers are living in a delusion that has nothing to do with our
reality. Their reactions are affected by their illness, by their DNA. Their thoughts
are not clear. We can't say that they act according to their education or the
social patterns they learned because during the murder they are in a different
reality where these rules might not apply. Their crime scenes are also very
unorganised and chaotic which proves that the murder was not prepared in
Whereas, psychopathic serial killers’ crime scenes are always neat. Most of the
times, the murder was planned and the victim chosen as it was the case with
Albert Fish. Psychopathic serial killers tend to commit the same kind of murder
all over again which leads me to the conclusion that they must enjoy it.
There is not one single factor that influences the development of violent
behaviour like serial killing but rather a multitude of biological, social and
environmental factors that forms human beings including serial killers. They
don't belong to any specific type of population according to their sex, age, race
or religion. Though many sexually motivated serial killers witnessed sexual
violence as children or had an education different from ours, it does not oblige
them to kill. The killing is always their decision. They kill because they want to
unless they are suffering from a mental illness.
Nevertheless, the serial killer phenomenon remains a mystery. Recently, some
have questioned the importance of brain damage in serial murder. Cases of
extreme violence after a frontal lobe injury have been reported many times –
not always related to serial murder. Certainly, more research needs to be done
but if the cause of serial murder is, in some cases, a brain injury, will it be
possible to heal it one day? There are still many aspects in serial murder that
need to be studied and verified. Maybe one day we will be able to understand
these individuals better and we will be capable to explain their desires.
Hare Psychopathy Checklist - Revised24
- (09/04/12)
Fish’s letter to the family25
My Dear Mrs. Budd,
In 1894 a friend of mine shipped as a deck hand on the Steamer Tacoma,
Capt. John Davis. They sailed from San Francisco for Hong Kong China. On
arriving there he and two others went ashore and got drunk. When they
returned the boat was gone. At that time there was a famine in China. Meat of
any kind was from $1-3 Dollars a pound. So great was the suffering among the
very poor that all children under 12 were sold to the Butchers to be cut up and
used for food in order to keep others from starving. A boy or girl under 14 was
not safe in the street. You could go in any shop and ask for steak-chops-or stew
meat. Part of the naked body of a boy or a girl would be brought out and just
what you wanted cut from it. A boy or girls behind which is the sweetest part of
the body and sold as veal cutlet brought the highest price. John staid there so
long he acquired a taste for human flesh. On his return to N.Y. he stole two
boys one 7 one 11. Took them to his home stripped them naked tied them in a
closet. Then burned everything they had on. Several times every day and night
he spanked them-tortured them-to make their meat good and tender. First he
killed the 11 yr old boy, because he had the fattest ass and of course the most
meat on it. Every part of his body was Cooked and eaten except head-bones
and guts. He was Roasted in the oven (all of his ass), boiled, broiled, fried,
stewed. The little boy was next, went the same way. At that time, I was living at
409 E 100 st., near-right side. He told me so often how good Human flesh was I
made up my mind to taste it. On Sunday June the 3-1928 I called on you at 406
W 15 St. Brought you pot cheese- strawberries. We had lunch. Grace sat in my
lap and kissed me. I made up my mind to eat her. On the pretense of taking her
to a party. You said Yes she could go. I took her to an empty house in
Westchester I had already picked out. When we got there,I told her to remain
outside. She picked wildflowers. I went upstairs and stripped all my clothes off. I
knew if I did not I would get her blood on them. When all was ready I went to
the window and Called her. Then I hid in a closet until she was in the room.
When she saw me all naked she began to cry and tried to run downstairs. I
grabbed her and she said she would tell her mamma. First I stripped her naked.
How she did kick-bite and scratch. I choked her to death, then cut her in small
pieces so I could take my meat to my rooms, Cook and eat it. How sweet and
- (09/04/12)
tender her little ass was roasted in the oven. It took me 9 days to eat her entire
body. I did not fuck her tho I could of had I wished. She died a virgin.
An example of auditory hallucination in schizophrenia26
- MC KENNA, P.J., Schizophrenia and related syndromes, Guildford Kingʼs Lynn, Great
Britain, 1997
One of Jack the Ripper’s letters sent to the police27
Dear Boss
I keep on hearing the police have caught me but they wont fix me just yet. I
have laughed when they look so clever and talk about being on the right track.
That joke about Leather Apron gave me real fits. I am down on whores and I
shant quit ripping them till I do get buckled. Grand work the last job was. I gave
the lady no time to squeal. How can they catch me now. I love my work and
want to start again. You will soon hear of me with my funny little games. I saved
some of the proper red stuff in a ginger beer bottle over the last job to write with
but it went thick like glue and I cant use it. Red ink is fit enough I hope ha. ha.
The next job I do I shall clip the ladys ears off and send to the police officers
just for jolly wouldn’t you. Keep this letter back till I do a bit more work, then give
it out straight. My knife’s so nice and sharp I want to get to work right away if I
get a chance. Good luck.
Yours truly Jack the Ripper
- Behavioral Analysis Unit-2, National Center for the Analysis of Violent Crime, Critical
Incident Response Group, Federal Bureau of Investigation
Editors: Robert J. Morton
In order to complete some parts of my work I have interviewed criminology
professor Dantinne and doctor Papart whose answers helped me to better
understand certain topics in serial murder.
BOURGOIN, Stéphane, Serial Killer, Grasset, Paris, 1999
DAY, Deborah, (edited by Teresa F. Parnell), Munchausen by Proxy Syndrome,
Sage Publication, USA, 1998
HARE, R. D., FORTH, A. E., & STRACHAN, K. E., Psychopathy and Crime
Across the Life Span, USA, 1992
MC KENNA, P.J., Schizophrenia and related syndromes, Guildford King’s Lynn,
Great Britain, 1997
NATHAN, Laetitia, Planète Serial Killer, la manufacture de livres, Paris, 2010
NEGRIER - DORMONT, Lygia, Tueurs en série, Flammarion, Paris, 2001
DEPARTMEN OF JUSTICE, Federal Bureau of Investigation Serial Murder,
Multi-Disciplinary Perspectives for Investigators, U.S., September, 2005
ROSTENSTOCK, Harvey, (edited: M.D. and Kenneth R. Vincent),
The American Journal of Psychiatry, Vol. 134, No. 10., U.S., October, 1977
3. INTERNET (12/02/12) (26/02/12)
(10/03/12) (03/03/12) (03/03/12) (04/03/12) (03/03/12) (05/03/12) (09/04/12) (13/04/12)