dkhui ,,rpz grc achgh ak pxj vw,ag"v kghkuh ban, rw nav gzhz c"r

zpr,, iuhkd
v"ga,wv jxp ka hghca crg
,nab hukhgk
v"g whkt r"c zhzg van wr
g"a,wv 'p"vjxt - ixhb d"f ouhc rypb
/v /c /m /b /,
*
uhjha u,jpan hbc h"g xpsb
***
,nab hukhgk
v"g kjr vnjb ,rn
xgmhhr v"g gauvh ohhj wr j"vrv ,c
z"na,wv ixhb s"f 'wc ouhc vrypb
/v /c /m /b /,
*
uhjha v,jpan hbc h"g xpsb
hhsshh--kkgg rruuttkk ttmmuuhh
777700 jjhhaann ,,hhcc -- ""ssuuss ,,hhcc hhkkhhhjj"" ''wwvvmmuucceewwvv hhsshhnnkk,,
,nab hukhgk xpsb
a jjhha
annvv llkknn rr""uunnsstt ee""ff ,,uutthha
abb ,,jj,, ''ee""vvttcc ss""ccjj hhsshhxxjj ,,ssuuddtt ,,rrddxxnncc
tt""yyhhkka
,sskkuuv
vkk v
vbba
a dc""hheeuu tt""yyhhkka
a jjhha
annvv llkknn rr""uunnsstt ee""ff ,,uutthha
abbkk vvbba
aa
annjjuu oohha
ahha
a
uu,
exhz k"z ktuh irvt hrut r"c vbuh ohrpt wr
k"z dhkz xjbp wr ,c kjr whj ,rn b"gku
v"g ejmh r"c dhkz xjbp wr b"gku v"g arhv hcm r"c rhtn wr b"gku
hs hkc sg ,ufrc gpak _ uhjha ovh,ujpan kf ,ufzku 'ofu,c ovu "rpg hbfua ubbru umhev"u
q asue sh c,f
15
2
ohbhbgv ifu, q
v"c
,ufkn rcs
c"fa,wv jxp ka iurjt ,jhan \ ?vzfa
okugk jhan tuch lht
vkutdv inz
vkutdv rutc hjfubv inzv \
///ohrrenv obahu jhan oharusa ukt ah
jhan ka ,umumhb
kgupc vagnk ,utruv \
".bty xwjhan"
rehgv tuv vagnv
vkutd hbhbgc ohrme ohgye \
rund iujycc jhanv ,thcc juyck smhf vhezjn sunkk
asue sh c,f
ohjhbnv ,ktak n"vn a"st e"f ,ubgnn ohnukhm wc \
?"thmuv ub,ut" rntb vnk gdubc
3
7
12
13
14
aseun ",ufkn rcs"v rusn
whj,a kjr whj ,c tnurp kzhhr vatv ,ufzk
uhjha ohrn ,c teaun vhj u,duzu tnurp kzhhr ic ejmh ;xuh ,"vrv ,ufzku
whj,a teaun vhj ,c kjr o,cu
uhjha kjr whj ic hcmu 'kjr whj ,c ohrn 'kjr whj ,c vbhsg 'kjr whj ,c vtk tbv ,ufzku
/
718-207-5904 :wky ^ 383 Kingston Ave. #38, Brooklyn, NY 11213 :c"vrt ;hbx
(03) 960-7219 :xep ^(03) 960-0667 :wky ^ 60840 's"cj rpf 2025 /s/, :asuev .rt ;hbx
www.moshiach.net/blind :ybrybht ^ [email protected] :hburyekt rtus
3
q ,ufkn rcs
jhan tuch lht
?vzfa okugk
okugs "rmhn"v vbak vbana ohtur ratf :ohktuau ohvn,v obah
lphv 'okugc oukav lphv r,uh rcud inzv rcuga kffu 'rsrs,n
vz hrv - lufhzv ,hkf,c vzf okug g,pk tmnhh lht 'rauhvu esmv
cubc ouhv sug" ubk ohrpxn lf-kg ^ ?kfac hrndk icun ubhta ihbg
whezj hnhc od whva oaf ^ ohnkugk whv rcfa ihbg uvz - "wud sungk
inzv 'vz ubbnzk gdubc od lf '"ruat vbjnc lhu wv ltkn tmhu"a
kg lubhjc ubh,sucg ,t vagb ubta z"hga '"hah gzdn ryuj tmhu"s
hapj oudr, ^vkgnkn osck uaghh ohbhbgv kf hzt 'asuev ,rvy
vdun h,kc - c"fa,wv jxp ka iurjt ,jhan
14
asue sh c,f q
?"thmuv ub,ut" rntb vnk gdubc
ohnukhm wc vzc ohtcun jxpv dj og raec
ohjhbnv ,uktak t"yhka jhanv lkn r"unst e"f ,ubgnn
:ohrcs wp ,kj,s h"arpc hcrv ruthc kg ohjhbnv ,kta :wt oukhm
vcua,k 'dugu iujhx auchfk gdubc sungv ,khj,ca "vkta"vn ue j,n hcrv
/sungv ;uxca vktak gdubc vynk vc,fba
gdubc tk kct 'n"hmhk gdubc er rntb "thmuv ub,ut" ihbgv ,uyapc :vbgnv ikvk
vrnca ohnv ,e,nv
cua _ z"g vsuv vcuyv kcenu vkusd hfv vcuys _ ,uyapc _ eukhjvs vrcxvvu
ouhca ,ucuyv er h"ar chaj ifku /(uhrjt ohtcv _ tks tyhapu) vcuy hupf ubht
_ vkcdv hkc) "inz rjtk"s iuhfu /kgupc uz vcuyv f"d ukce _ rvk van ,hhkg
rcsnc ohskubvk od van rnt lktah hfs (inz rjts whpv tkuk od) ,uyapcfu
/vz duxc n"hmh oda hrv 'thmuv ub,utu ubgh(au
,uhusguu,vc xpsb) u"na,wv rhht j"vcn 'hrjt p"a ,jha kg _ wc oukhm
:(186 wg ;ux d"j u"na,
"lknv hjh" ,frgn ,fhrgc - asuev iuakk hapj oudr,
runzn 'ofhkg ouka ,rhntc y"ueav unf :hcrv c,f "wuf rhgvku" uc,fa vn kg
/c"uhfu t,sugx thv ts 'susk
aehc" 2k"zj rntn p"g icu, '(4jhank
dud chrjbxu jhan uvhezj ,uagk V"cev
/5"dudnu
vrypvv ,rhnt ,be, :vae vrutfks
'vru,c utreh tka vrhzdv inzc vsxub
hrjtk cr inz whv vz hrvu '6trndc rpuxnf
uhv if-otu 'jhan ubht whezja utr rcfa
tmhu" euxpvn vrypvv ,t khj,vk ohfhrm
"ouh ouhV") jhanv hukhd ,rtv uc rhtna hpk (4
/(1298 wg s"j a"uek vtru /ixhb cf
/14 wgv 385 wg c"j j"na, a"vx vtr (5
'dfu (vbanc) t 'tf vkhdn vtru /vjbvc vWf (6
_ sWv dWp yWuhu, Qvrypv sWg _ sugu lkhtu tWgx
/oa inxbvcu 45 wg tWfj aWuek vtru /vbe,v sWg
/tWx vrypv wg ,hsunk, thspukehmbt
vkhj,n jxp ka iurjt ouh ,rypv /t
/"sungk cubc ouhv sug" 1euxpc
chrjbx ,njkn kg rcusn uz vrypvc
_ juyc whva sg 'kusd f"f ;eu,c snga
ouhv sug"af ohkaurhk ghdvk ehpxh ota
vkpn kjb f"pgtu 'v,ut aucfh tuv "cubc
/2k"zj hrcsc vfurtc rpuxnf 'whezj hbpc
jhan ihbgk vz ruphx ka u,ufhha
ryuj tmhu" _ vrypvv lanvc rcusnv
,rhntk hrehgv ogyv vza) 3"wudu hah gzdn
lhha p"ajt hf 'p"ajtc uz vrypv
/ck 'h whgah (1
/t 'vm ihrsvbx (2
/lkhtu t 'th whgah (3
13
q rehgv tuv vagnv
juyck smhf vhezjn sunkk
rund iujycc jhanv ,thcc
ovhbhca ruat vbjn kfc caj,v tku kgp,v tk 'v-h ezuj tuv unaa 'whezja oaf
vn gna whezj tkt 'ihrsvbxc ,rpxn wndva hpf curv whv okmt iftu 'ohbcr ///od utmnb
jhanv ,thcc juyck t"utf lhrm z"sg _ vanf ovk vnsb whgaha 'uk rnt thcbv whgaha
'eupep oua hkc rund iujycc
kfa ka ",ubucaj" smnaf od _ jhan tuch ann rjna "ouh kfc uk vfjt"s iputcu
/ann curec 'u,thc ,t ahjhu rvnh unmg vz iujycu 'vzk ruen oua vtur ubht [gcyu]
(vdun h,kc - v"fa,wv jxp ka iurjt ,jhan)
^
!kce,h vz _ eupep oua hkcu ,uyhapc urnthaf
,rtv rhtn t"utfka _ k"bv ihbg kcek ts khcx tjun kf utka ohbguyv obah
/wufu ukckc,h vzf ihbg ,ghna h"g 'vcrstu 'jhanv
ihbg kcek kufh "vmuj"v oda inzv tc rcfu 'cmnv vb,ab rcf hf 'if ubht ,ntc obnt
urnthafu '"vmuj"vk vz ihbg thcvk ohfhrma ukt kmt ohsjpv rhxvk ohfhrm eru 'vz
ukce,h _ onmg ovka vbuntv uezjha h"g _ (eupep oua hkc) ,uyhapc ihbgv ,t
/o,kugp ukgphu 'ohgnuav kmt ohrcsv
(275-273 wg z"j a"uekc xpsb /vdun - c"ka,wv jxp ka iurjt ,jhan)
^
!,tz kgph tuv _ ,ntc lfc .upjh tuv ratf
yuap tkt ltkwyap oua tkk ,uyapc vzk iuuf,hu ',ntc lfc .upjh tuv ratf
vduv hsuvh vhvh jhana rnut o"cnrva hpf ';udc vnab 'hsuvh _ jhan tucha :,uhnadc
ihjunk ihhsg ghdv tk ihbgva ;t vbv 'wuf vesc ezjku vc lkhk ktrah kf ;ufhu vru,c
_ "vagh uhtrh iumr" ,tz kfc 'sckc iumrc tkt 'vagnu ruchs vcajnk ifa kfu ,usnu
!,tz kgph tuv
'shn tuch tuv hzt 'tuch jhana ohmur ova uegmhu ovhbhc urcs,h ktrah hbc kf otc
o"cnrv expf tkt 'wndc ohtcunv ohbhbgv rtau vkhkc vza lf kg ycv tkk '"ihg ;rvf"
lhrma er 'ubah rcf jhana ohrpxc rtucnfu '"ihktdb iv shnu vcua, ohaug ktrah"a
/ubhnhc vrvnc vnhkav vkutdv whv, rhthaf ;fh,u 'h"js ;henv ukmt rhtvk
(vdun h,kc _ z"ya,wv jxp ka iurjt ,jhan)
4
'(ruyp
jhanv ,thcc vbuntv smn _ vzk ogyv
sg uhbhbg kfc ("igngbfrus") rusjk vfhrma
,hcW tuv kWujc ifka) u,hc _ okugc uekjk
lhrsvu" sughv ouhe ,t thch vza '(Whtrg
adruh vsh,gv vkutds hukhdva '12"ohkgbc
/ohkgbk sg
lfszh okugv vsh,gv vkutdc 'vbvs /d
tku ugrh tk"a sg lf kf ("ykgshhtgdxhut")
ohhj hkgcc whptu '13"hase rv kfc u,hjah
kfth recf whrtu wud acf og ctz rdu" ohhueh
aurhpf vz ihta 15,ushxjc rtucnfu '14"ic,
ohrcsn ukt oheuxpa rnutv 16o"cnrv
unhhueh ukt ohsugh tkt 'vmhknu kan lrsc
;ruyu xrus whrt ukhpta ',uhnadc yuap
'rac ;ruy tuva vzn thv ,gf u,uhj kfa
sg lfszh lf kf okugv tuck-sh,gk hzt
recf" tkt ';ryn whv, tk whrtv ka u,uhja
hkgcc whvha lufhzv tuv vz kf Q"ic, kfth
ihnc whvha lufhzv ifa-kfnc icunu 'ohhjv
/rcsnv
:lf kg ohktuau ohvn,v obah
"rmhn"v vbak vbana ohtur ratf
r,uh rcud inzv rcuga kffu 'rsrs,n okugs
sg 'rauhvu esmv lphv 'okugc oukav lphv
ohsjupv "vruja-vrn" hkgc uktf obaha
17///a
vnab 'jhan tuch g,pka ohrnut itfu
,uhrac ohshc uaank ukfuha ;ud ';udc
rnthu 'uhrcs ,t gunaku u,ut ,utrk ukfuhu
/oa gWuauyc fWb /(tWnrcu)
vtru /uy 'th whgah _ p"ajts vrypvvn (12
/54 wgvc oa vtru /t"hx dkr wg s"j yeukn n"vx
/y 'oa whgah (13
/z-u oa (14
/6 wgv vn wg c"j yeukn n"vxc inxbvc vtr (15
/c"hpr ohfkn wkv (16
/,uch, vnf rxja vtrb vjbvc (17
,ufkn rcs q
p"ajtc ubk rpxk gdub vnu '"hah gzdn ryuj
kjv 'whezj og chrjbx ka ruphxv kf ,t
?7"sungk cubc ouhv sug"n
tuv vz ruphxa rnuk ohjrfun tkt
,thck vbfvk gdubc ubh,sucgc vtruv
/ineksfu '8jhanv
ihntvk rapt smhf 'ohktuav obah /c
hs") vnht,nv vbuntc jhanv ,thcc uhafg
?("vbunt gehyfhr
vbuntk vbuufv iht vbuntv ihbg 'vbvs
kfc ,rsujv vbunt tkt ';hen lrsc o,x
;udv og ,hnvcv apbv oda sg 'uhbhbg
,thcc vbuntc ohrusj okugc uekju
,ndusc thv vsh,gv vkutdv hrva /jhanv
if hrjtu"s ihbgv whv zta hpfu 'ohrmn ,kutd
oda 'uhafg od lf '9"kusd aufrc utmh
lhrm 'okugc uekj ubhhv '"kusd aufr"v
,thcc vbuntc ("ignubgdfrus") rusj ,uhvk
/jhanv
'vru,v ,uhnhbps ohbhbgv kff 'vz ihbg
vzuzn cuhj ihsc :10vru,s vkdbc od tcun
'.rtk-.ujk ktrah .rt ihc eukhj ubah
'shn vzuznc chhj ktrah .rtc ,hc rfuava
er vzuznc chhj k"ujc ,hc rfuav fWtan
,hc tuv ,hcva iuhf 'ouh ohauka rjtk
ohbhbg vnfk gdubca odv) gce tku htrg
hf shn uhkg o,ut ohkhyn wufu ohxhn iudf
tuv vzuznk gdubc f"pgt '11ge,avk u,gs
ka u,kpn v,hv jxp khkca hpk ogyvu (7
whx j"ut z"vst g"ua /t 'tk vkhdn hWarp) chrjbx
chrjbx ,kpn hrvs 'vrutfk vun, _ (d"hx m",
/pWajtc tku jxpv djs wt khkc v,hv
n"sa, ,uhusguu,vcu /274 wg z"j a"uek vtr (8
/lkhtu z"x 1508 wg d"j
/sugu /lkhtu 10 wg t"fj a"uek vtru /sh 'uy lk (9
vtru /(fWbc vtru) c"fx u"prx s"uh g"uauy (10
/3046 wg v"j v"na, ,uhusguu,v
ohhbg ,ub,n wkv oWcnr (vesmk gdubc) vtr (11
vWx uWbrx oa gWua vtru /wuf gsu :cWhv yWp
q ,ufkn rcs
cubc ouhv sug" ubk ohrpxn lf-kg /s
:24ohnkugk whv rcfa ihbg uvz _ "wud sungk
sng ruat lkn chrjbx uca inz whv
tuv '(";eu, iehskRuugd R") oumg ;eu,c
uk whv vznu ',ufknnv kf ,t uchcxn ;xt
'ushmk whva .rtv tcm smn ';eu,v ,t
'"ohnav tcm"s ;eu,v ,t uk whv f"unfu
urnt ohbhbdymtva vn 2k"zj hrcsc rpuxnf
ouhv u,utc ohkaurh og ojkh ota uk
smn jmbh htsuc tuv ("sungk cubc"a)
',ukznvu ohcfufv '"ohnav tcm"s ;eu,v
wvrhfav rg,w aursc rtucnv hpk yrpcu
'vkgnk chrjbx ka arav ihbgc '25m"mvk
/lhrt sdbfa vphkev hvuza
ratfa sg 'F"f kusd whv uka ;eu,vu
-,c rv ush ;pubh" hzt ohkaurh ,t vtr
, t a u c f k u , k u f h c a c a j t u v '1 " i u h m
lf oak .chea f"g yrj,vu kebc ohkaurh
upeu, ksd lf-hsf sgu /26,ukhj vcrv f"f
lhrma caj ihrsvbxv atr tbca ukhpta
/27chrjbx og ohkavk
;eu, kg ycv tkk 'vz-kf hrjtk
iputc tku 'whezj hbpc kpb tuv 'vphkev
rpuxnf tkt 'u,ht oujkk lrmuv whezja
u , y n k g c f a k v m r w h e z j a 28 t r n d c
ojk tk kkf tuv 'ohbhbgv kfn uk ujhbhau
/chrjbx sdbf
,rnut ?,urxn,vc whezj exg vnc
iuhfa" :70 wg d"j b"a, ,uhusguu,vc vtru (24
,truv p"g thv _ v,ghnau vrypvv ,rhnta
zrzku thcvku rvnk v,kugp ,kgupa htsuc vru,v
vkutdk gdubc vrypvca ohsughv kf ann kgupc
/"vnhkavu ,h,hntv
a"uek vtr /lkhtu zxa, wg cWj lWb ,Wvutc (25
/oa inxbvcu lkhtu 40 wg t"fj
/pWvg hWarp (26
/t 'uf ihrsvbx vtr (27
arsn /uy 's"p r"fht /k r"fhts t,jh,p vtr (28
/c 'jme t"jz vtru /t 'yg ohkv,
5
'rauhu esm uc ,uhvk lhrma inzv ghdv rcfa
'18"hs-a ,ufknc okug ie,k" inzv ghdv
lhrgh okugv kfa 'kgupc ,tz ohheh tuvu
lan obnt Quh,utruvk ,hhmhu u,ut rheuhu
inz uvz lt 'vnjkn kvbk lrymh tuv rme inz
ann ,tz vagh tuv ufzh otu 'sckc rme
zt" euxpv ohhueh ifn-rjtk kct 'rvn
okuf turek vrurc vpa ohng kt lupvt
whvh vza '19"sjt ofa uscgku whuv oac
-rjtu '(vnjknv rjtk) u,ukd,v ,khj,c
og ctz rd"a sg okugv ,t sug lfzh tuv lf
'"wud acf
2
1
2
0
ihc iht" o"cnrv s"xpa gushf
sucga tkt jhanv ,unhk vzv okugv
'u,ukd,v ,khj,c er tuv 22"sckc ,uhfkn
ughdha sg r,uh ,hkgb tdrs whv, f"jt kct
wh,a tku vkhft tk uc iht"a c"vug ,drsk
'rjt okug whvha vbuufv iht zt whptu '23"wuf
xp,ba hnad okug 'okugv u,ut vz whvh tkt
odu 'ohhnadv ohrsdv kfcu auahnv aujc
'k"bf teus hnad ;udc whvh unmg jhan
lufhzv ,hkf,c whvh hnadv okugv f"pgtu
/hukhgvu
okugva ohrnut uhv ot :lapb-vnn hrv
okug f"jt whvhu (jhan ,thc osue) crjh
lfn kkf vrh,xu thaue ihta hrv 'asj
vbak vban rsrs,n okugv lht ohtura
okug whvh zta ouan 'inzv kf rcud grvu
u,ut whvh okugva ohrnut ratf kct Qrjt
kf rsrs,na vzf okug 'uhafg unf okug
vz hrv _ lufhzv ,hkf,c tmnhh g,pku inzv
?kfac hrndk icun ubhta ihbg
aWuekc inxbv vtru /vueb fWgu ,kp, wk (18
/532 wg yWfj
/y 'd whbpm (19
/oa ,urgvcu lkhtu 197 wg zWfj aWuek vtr (20
/t"v c"hp ohfkn wkv (21
/b"au /c 'sk ,ufrc (22
/t 'zh oa (23
12
jhan ka ,umumhb q
".bty xwjhan"
ohrmn .rtn l,tm hnhf" :cu,fv aurhpc r"unst j"un e"f a"n khgk runtv p"g / /
vsh,gv vkutdva 'ubhhv 'vsh,gv vkutdvk jfvu vkj,vv thv n"hmha ",utkpb ubtrt
/vkutdv ihbg ubah ',ukdv inzc 'v,g oda 'icun 'n"hmhc rcf vkhj,n
whba ogp v,gdafu 'e"nvhc crjba urnt u,rp v,gdafa _ k"zj harsnc rcsv arupnu
/ktrah ka ighaun rcf skub icrujv ,gaca 'ubhhv 'ktrah ka ighaun skub urnt
/ / una vkha hrnt vkha hcr hcs" 'jhan ka unak gdubc trndv hrcs rtck ah z"pgu
whezj ic ojbn ohrnut ahu / / una vbhbj hrnt vbhbj hcr hcs / / una iubh hrnt htbh hcr hcs
iubh vkha ojbn ,"r '"jhan"c (ucr ka) una xhbfvk aphju ks,av sjt kfa 'ubhhv '"una
/jhan ubah ,ukdv inzc oda iuhf _ vbhbj
/(".bty xwjhan") jhan ka suehr jxp ka iurjtc suerk dhvbv r"unst j"un e"f
vbfv vuvnu lhhaa suehr (t) :ohbput h,ac arpk rapt _ ".bty xwjhan" _ vz rntn
/uc ;,,an unmg jhana suehr (c) 'jhank
aurhpf _ ("zsbut ybhuk xg huu") ubk htsfa hpf arpb 'arpk lht ubc huk, rcsva iuhfu
///uka suehrv ubng sjh seuru ;,,anu rcf tmnb jhana _ wcv
iezv r"unst ka iudhbv ubdbh vkhj,u '"hmPTkf hmhruaz ghb" _ jna iudhb v,g ubdbh 'ifku
vkhj, ohbdbn ohngpk uhv r"unst j"un e"f kmta gushf] "hmPTkf hmhruaz ghb" uhrjtku
vkhj, "hmpTkf hmhruaz ghb" ohngpku '"hmpTkf hmhruaz ghb" uhrjtku iezv r"unst iudhb
/".bty xwjhan" _ "hmpTkf hmhruaz ghb" _ vz iudhb og userhu '[iezv r"unst iudhb uhrjtku
f"jtu 'iezv r"unst iudhbk vnsev ru,c "iudhb idhmrRv R" idbk vum t"yhka r"unst e"f]
[:rnt f"jtu /ohngp wj ,hghcrv tcc kupfku 'iezv r"unst iudhb
/".bty xwjhan" _ suehr lu,nu 'vcr vjnac '"hmpTkf hmhruaz ghb" ubdbh v,g
vcdu tabu ourh" uc rntba _ jhana unmgk t"utf rhhmh _ k"bv ohaurhpv wck ot,vcu
vz suehra 'odu 'ubng sjh seur _ (tyjv osue whva hpf ukhptu) r"vstn od vkgnk '"stn
/jhank ,ufhha uk ahu vnsev tuv
'unuenc suerh t"utfa wev ushc znr t"yhka r"unst e"fu '"hmpTkf hmhruaz ghb" ubdhb]
/[vnumg vjnac unuen kg ser t"yhka r"unst e"f odu
:t"yhka r"unst e"f rnt ,hcrg ,kp, hrjtk /iuznv ,frc lrc t"yhka r"unst e"f
/vkuf vbav kf kg vjnav ufhanha
(vdun h,kc _ c"ha,wv jxp ka iurjt ,jhan)
,nab hukhgk aseun
rbse v"g ksbgn hfsrn wr jWvrvc oujb van wr jWvrv
t"ga,wv 'jxp ka iurjt - ixhb c"f rypb
vnhkavu ,h,hntv vkutdc 'ofu,c tuvu "rpg hbfua ubbru umhev" sughv ohhueh shnu ;fh,a r"vh
11
q vkutdv inz
/vz ihbg unmgc ,ukdk lhrma 'tkt
haursc rtucnf _ ".rtv jrzt"s aurhpc ;hxuvk ahu
tuv ".rtv jrzt"a
,urae,vv ;eu, kg vrun ';eu,u ezuj iuakn '"i,ht"a '28"hjrztv i,ht(k khfan)" unf
uvzu" 'vnabv omg smna ("daun kfau ogy oua hkc yuap iumr") v"cev og hsuvh ka
vzv inzca 'tkt '"okugn ztn uz whjc sjtu sjt kfc aha '.rtv jrzt iuakn 'hjrztv
'ktrahn t"utfc ,ukd,vc uz hjc whv, tuck sh,gk f"tan 'okgvc ,uhvk uz whjc vkufh
/(29"jhrzvk sh,g hbta vn") sh,g iuakn tuv "jrzt"a od znurnf
,uhvk vfhrm (m"nu, hbhbg rta kfc unf) vz ihbgc ,kuzv ,t rrugk vkugpva 'icunu
vkd,ha ,kuzv kmt kgpha sg 'oht,nv ;eu,c 'vz og sjhcu 'ouka hfrscu ogub hfrsc
_ ghhxnvu rrugnv kmt od "ogruya"u ,uhj ;xu,h ztu 'if rcux unmgc tuv oda ukmt
/30"c"vgc og vaug hbgv 'hbgv og vaug ,hcv kgca vnn r,uh"
crg,vk ',kuzv ,t rrugk ohaaujv uktf obah vz ihbgca 'rhvcvku ;hxuvk ahu /v
/wuf ,hyrpv u,dvbvcu ohhyrpv uhhjc
iht _ ,"k ,umnc truxhtn haurptk ut g"n ouhe ,usut rcusnaf 'tuv iguy 'tnkac
crg,vk hkg v,uhm vru,v !caev" :uk rnuku ,kuzv kt ,adk jrfun tuv 'vrhrc uk
h"g iv '32"lunf lgrk ,cvtu" '31"l,hng ,t jhfu, jfuv" a"nf _ "ohhyrpv lhbhbgc
sug tku 34"vjus ktna" f"jtu '",cren ihnh" _ 33k"zj iuakcu) vjfu, h"g ivu vcvt
Q(vvf sh 'ktnac er thv tpud whjsva 'tkt
htsucu 'uhctn gna tk okugn tuv ///"ubh,uct utr tk"a ihbg vz hrv _ s"usbc kct
'ouh ka unumhgc b"fvhcc ohsnug ut 'cujrc ohfkuv uhv 'ubez ut uhcta 'ubezn tk
///!?"tc tk ihhsg ubesm jhana if,hv" '"h,n sg" ohegumu
h,gna tk hbt od hf ?lf ubgyha hbt gsuh ihbnu (:rntu 'lhhj t"yhka r"unst e"f)
hbht) c"vrtk htuc hbpk ,tz h,gna tk hnmg hbnn ;tu ///hbezn tk htsucu ///hctn ,tz
,utmu, thcna ihbg z"v kgupca _ rehgvu '(,uthmnv thv lf kct 'vzk ogyv gsuh
///ojurk tk thv uz vdvbva uktf obaha ,urnk ',ucuy
',uua ovh,ugs ihta ost hbc gcy uvz hrv 'ubnn ohmurna ost ah ifhv _ kkfcu
///c"uhfu crv 'ghpanv 'ubez ka uhct ka 'hbunkt ka hbukp ka u,dvbvn vmurn ubbht tuvu
ohegum ov smhf ohturu ohbyev ohskhv kg ohyhcnaf htsf vz kf _ iput kfcu
teus utku ohegum ov oda vumn-rc hrjtk ohsuvh od obahaf f"uftgu '",ukd hTkRs"
sckcu _ whvha jxub vzhtcu 'asuev iuakc 'ahshtc tkt _ ",ukd hTkRs" _ ,hxurc
/sjt ihbgk ihbuuf,na
27,ushxj
(vdun h,kc - j"na,wv ixhb y"h 'jxpv djs wu ouh ,jhan)
/zh 'yh ohause (31
/jh 'oa (32
/z"hv s"p z"vstk ,", wkv /b"au /t 'zn vyux (33
/sugu /lkhtu 73 wg z"hj a"uek vtr (34
/n"fcu /vtr p"r ,"uek (27
/jxp n"vuj hnhs ohrughavn _ t 'yp ohkv, (28
/n"fcu /s 'jp m"gna haurs ,"uek od vtr (29
/sugu /y 'v"p vcr ,ur /j 's"kp r"ehu (30
6
,ufkn rcs q
kf ,t aucfk hsuvh kf ka ujfc kct 'rpxn
_ iuatrv hsuvhvn vtruvv hvuza 'okugv
tuv '32"ovrct whv sjt"a ;t 'ubhct ovrct
,t ugrz arhu" hrv f"pgt '33shjhu sjt whv
kyunv ,t ,uagk ubhkg od lfu '34".rtv kf
/okugv kf ,t aucfk z"hgu ubhkg
ovhkg ekjhu" cu,f ovrct kmta oafu
i n s z b " v k h k " h u r e v l t k n a '35 " v k h k
hnhc od whva oafu '36urucg ojku ovrctk
lf '"ruat vbjnc lhu wv ltkn tmhu"a whezj
gzdn ryuj tmhu"s inzv 'vz ubbnzk gdubc od
lubhjc ubh,sucg ,t vagb ubta z"hga '"hah
uaghh ohbhbgv kf hzt 'asuev ,rvy kg
'"hah gzdn ryuj tmhu"a 'vkgnkn osck
okuf uscgk" ohngv kfc kgphu ';udc vnab
/"sjt ofa
/sf 'dk ktezjh (32
/46 wgv 44 wg v"kj a"uek vtr (33
,t arhu :cu,fv lanvc oa ktezjh vtr (34
,tmuv) tWha, asue ,ujhac tcunvn gWmu /.rtv
/aWhg 198 wg (yWba,
/oa h"arpcu /uy 'sh lk lk (35
/t 'um ihrsvbx (36
utmn tku gca rtc sgu isn uesca 29wndv
tku xrphybt sgu ,cdn uesc '.rtv og
uhv tka vatu aht ,eubh,u eubh, utmn
tmhu" z"hgu 'vrvyu vtnuy ,ufkvc ihthec
rpuxnfu '30"wud ruat vbjnc lhu wv ltkn
ohxhb ka iputc whv tk vza 31k"zrnc
ugna chrjbx vbjna tkt 'agru ouxrpc
/hrndk ukyc,b z"hgu ohftknv ,rha ,t
rsxv ,uhvk lhrm smhf vtruv od hvuz /v
:"wud hah gzdn ryuj tmhu"s inzc
ouhn rcd,na grv ;eu, kg ycv tkk
od 'u,ht ojkvk tk thv ubh,sucg _ ouhk
cu,fku ("igngruya") ahgrvk ohfhrm tk
,t lbjk thv ubka vsucgv tkt 'ohbu,hgc
aucfk z"hgu 'asuev ,rvy kg ktrah hskh
/okugv kf ,t
h,n ubt v,g-,gka f"g ycv tkku
rnta sg 'hrndk wvc jyc whezja _ oa r"fhtcu
rnuk tk [ukhpt]u ;usrk tku durvk tk jf hc iht hbt"
/"vaug v,tu h,yn kg iah hbt tkt vrha
/c 'sm ihrsvbx (29
/vk 'yh c"n (30
/c 'vm ihrsvbx (31
,nab hukhgk aseun
ktryx v"g arhv hcm rWc vsuvh wr
,cy wv ouhc vrypb - v"g cegh wr ,c kyhd tbray u,duz b"gku
kukt z"f ouhc rypb -
vnhkavu ,h,hntv vkutdc 'ofu,c ovu "rpg hbfua ubbru umhev" sughv ohhueh shnu ;fh,a r"vh
uhjha wpanu ktryx ktuna j"vrv - t"yjkch - obc ,csb
,nab hukhgk aseun
hukc v"g vtku ivfv uvhnrh rWrvc vsuvh van ohhj wr jWvrv dWvrv
vzuznu ihkhp, ,uumnc ohpkt vfhzu 'ohba kcuh lanc hbjur dhvbnu ,xbf ,hc cr 'ohbuatrv h",f k"un
Wohbvfv kt runtW rsxk 'dWxa,wv rhht wd rypb
d"na,wv ukxf d"h vrypb _ kjru uvhrna rhtn wr ,c vbv whj vbj ,hbcrv u,duz b"gku
vnhkavu ,h,hntv vkutdc 'ofu,c ovu "rpg hbfua ubbru umhev" sughv ohhueh shnu ;fh,a r"vh
q vkutdv inz
7
jhan oharusv ukt ah
///ohrrenv obahu
"zhrfn" unmg inzva iuhfna 'hsuvhk ohrnutu '"ub,urj inz" 'jxpv djc ohtmnbaf /t
hscg h,ft"a 'ohrups vkutdv unf tk) thv ,h,hnt ,urhju ',urhj ka cmn k"ma
vnhkavu ,h,hntv vkutdc (v,unhkaa 'jxps ,urhjv unf tkt '1"ibt auruajts
aecku '"h,n sg" ',ukdv ,ufhrt kg eugmku ahgrvk uhkg 'ifk '(,ukd whrjt ihta vkutd)
wv hsxjc !,ukdc hk cuy :igyh uvahna if,h _ 2ann shnu ;fh, whv, vkutdva aursku
vn 'f"tu 'vjubn lu,n ,uumn ohheku vru, sunkk hbkufhu "sxj ka ,ufkn"c tmnb hbbv
///!?,ukdvn vthmhv kg _ tuv iguy _ eugmku ahgrvk hk ah
sucgac uhv tk uh,ucta "rd" u,ut unf unmg ,t ahdrna igyh uvahna if,h 'rnukf
'jxpv hbhbgku _ tuv iguy _ uk vn 'tkhncu 'ohrmnc cuy ovk whva 'runtf 'ohrmn
!ohrmnc od uk cuyaf 'ohrmnn vkutdu ,urhj
ghdva uk ohrnutafu ///hbehrnt jrzt 'uyuapf '".rtv jrzt" tuva iugyk lhannu
.rtk xuyku "thna hbbg" d"g ,ukgk ibuf,vku 'wuf uhmpj ,t zurtk ',ukdvn jufak inzv
(3"trcd hkuyky") unuenn kykyvk uk vnk 'ifa ////uz "vruac" gnak jbtb _ ktrah
ohghhxnu ohrzug sugu 'hsuvhf ,uhjk uk ohjhbna '".rtv jrzt" u,uhvc 'itf uk cuyaf
!vzc
:r,uh ,uhyrpcu /c
tkt 'rehgv thv ,uhbjurva gsuh htsuc hrva '"racv rhx" ,chzg kg vbht u,dts
:ohhbjur ohbhbgk gdubc _ thv unuen ,chzg kg u,dts
,mpvk sg 'vru,v ,mpv od kkuf 'vru,v sunhkc exuga _ v,g ucmnu usngn
sunhkc kgp vz ihbg _ "vz rnutu ugcmtc vtrn" _ ,utrvk u,kfhcu 'vmuj ,ubhhgnv
hgcsf 'rushvc ,uumnv ouhek gdubc vag vz ihbg 'vkp,v ,sucgc vag vz ihbg 'vru,v
/wufu huvnk
ka ,ufknc ohtmnbaf _ ,uhbjurc vcuy vf vpue, v,hv tk okugna iugyk lhannu
'ohyrp vnfc uk ,ghhxn ,ufknva tkt sug tku ',usvh hbhbg kg ,usdb,v oua tkk 'sxj
(rehgcu od tkt 'ohhnadv uhfrmc er tk) rcs uk rxj tk 'tkhncu ',uph ohbp rcxcu
/ohhbjurv uhfrmc
asenv ,hccu '"iuhkg vbbufh tuv"a _ (83 wg ahr
/jxp icre chreb uca 'hahkav
/b"au /t 'jf ,ucu,f vtr (3
/t 'sh vkhdn (1
vtcv vbak" '"ihruj hbc vtcv vbak" er tk (2
whvb tkhnn lrscu 'ann shnu ;fh, 'ot hf '"ohkaurhc
v"a, a"vx vtr) "ohkaurhc" '"ihruj hbc vtcv vbak"
10
vkutdv inz q
!?vzf surh cmn
vausev rut ,urcd,v v,hv iuatr ,hcca iuhfn :,b,ubv thva _ vzc vrcxvvu
/17z"g ka ihbgc ',uekt ,bunt sdbf z"ugkv ,urcd,v od v,hv ',uekt hukhdu
(oukjc uhkt vtrba) whezj ic vabn ,t kta hat cra 18trndc ubhmna 'lf hsf sgu
tcuva h,hnt vbgn _ uk chavu ?"z"gk u,hjkp te tngy htn htv hkuf u,hnfjs rjtn"
vcdn ,hhv") "htr,ct ,yvru tnhkd hkuphac tbyheb ,uv o,v ,uv ht" _ ",nt-,ru,"c
///!(19"ykua whva z"g rmh hbpn 'oak .urk ke tv,a hsf lkdr ihcn leukj ,pa
sg" uegmha r,uhc gdub ',ukdv ouhx 'iurjtv inzca iuhfna _ s"usbc od icun z"sgu
/vz ihbg kg vrh,h ,usdb,v ah 'ifk 'vkutdv kg uaechu '"h,n
vagu rd of,t rudh hfu" _ vthrev ouhxn 'vtruvvu sunhkv 'vbgnv tc vz kgu /s
:".rtv jrztku rdku ofk whvh ,jt veuj vagh if uypanfu jxpv ,eujf wvk jxp
whv tka "rd" unf unmg ,t ahdrn (ohrmn) ,ukdn vthmhk gdubca iguy hsuvhaf
ihbgv ubah "rd"v kmt oda oaf :uk ohrnut _ ,ukdc uk cuya iuhfn 'ohrmn sucgac
'tkt 'ktrahk tuv lhha u,uthmn omg smna iuhfn '"rdku ofk whvh ,jt veuj" 'n"hmhs
hsuvh kmt od tuv if _ hukhdc tucha (hsf ruhdv ,kugpc) lrum ahu 'okgvc tuv vz ihbga
hukdc tkt ubht vz adra '(ohrmn sucgac whv tka "rd" unf) ,ukdc uk cuya iguya
'"ihruj ic" ,uhvku ,ukdvn ,tmk vmur u,uthmn omg smn 'kct ',uhbumhjcu
uk vfjt / / jhanv ,thcc / / ihntn hbt" '(cauj ut) rnut ktrahn t"utfa hpf _
vbhzj,u" '"jhnm, vrvn lscg sus jnm ,t" 20vshngv ,kp,c rnutu '"tucha ouh kfc
_ 21"iuhmk lcuac ubhbhg
kkuf 'h,hntv ubumr vkd,ha kugpk ohfhrmu 'okgvc tuv vz h,hnt iumr _ htn tkt
/vkutdv kg aursku aeck lrumvu '"h,n sg" vegmv ,usut "ohahgrn"a z"hg od
jrzt"f unmg ,t ahdrn '"sxj ka ,ufkn"c tmnba iuhfna iguy hsuvhaf z"sgu
:".rtv jrztku rdku ofk whvh ,jt veuj" uk ohrnut _ ".rtv
tbhs"a iuhfn vbhsnv heuj p"g dvb,na 'hbehrnt jrzt '".rtv jrzt" ru,c od
vausev ubmrtk tucku ,ukdvn ,tmk h,hntv iumrv ,t ,ukdk lhkg _ 22"tbhs t,ufkns
vz" 23cu,fv iuakf 'ohkaurhu iuhm shkh lbv rcs ka u,hntk 'hf 'asuev rhg ohkaurhu
,treba '"iuhmc ohskubv"n tuv ktrahn t"utfa 'ubhhv '"vc skuh ahtu aht" '"oa skuh
'[26vtrhv 25,unhka _ u,sucgc od tyc,n vz ihbgu] 24oka a"gu vtrh a"g "ohkaurh"
/b"au /c 's"uh ihyhd (22
/jxp n"vuj hnhs ohrughavn _ u-v 'zp ohkv, (23
/(s"uh 'u"bp r"cn) t 'zy ,hbg, _ rv v"su, vtr (24
a"va /c 'x v"r haurs /t 'yf vtr wp ,"uek vtr (25
/n"fcu /d 'u
z"v _ uh,ukugpu u,dvbvc 'uhkg rfhb vz iht otu (26
ihaurhd wkv o"cnr) "upe,a tuv urmh"a hbpn er
/(c"px
/s 's ibj,tu ,"uek vtr (17
/c"gr 'ce ihrsvbx (18
/oa h"arp (19
lhrma 'v"cev ohfknv hfkn lkn hbpk usngc (20
vbrntha 'tyhapu 'vch,u vch, kfc ehhsku rvzvk
!,ntc
ukhtu 'uhsfbu uhbck whv, vkutdva u,buuf ihtu (21
vrvn" 'tkt 'uapbk uvujhbha cyun _ uhkt gdubc
!"ubhbhg vbhzj,"a iputcu '"jhnm,
9
q vkutdv inz
/trnhnf
,usut ("ogrthk"u "ogruya" lu,n) "ohahgrn" vn _ iugyk lhann _ ifa iuhfnu
!?vkutdv
od,pfu ///!?agrv vn kct ',usdb,v iht 'if hvh uk _ "ihmhev kf ukf"a o,t ohrnut
vn f"tu wuf ,uumn ohheu vru, snk inzv kf lancu ///ohba lfu lf urcg _ gushv
///!?agrv
sjtk uyeuk, o,tu"a iuhfns _ ,ukdv in ,tmk u,ut jhrfhu v"cev tuchaf tnkac
ehbkTe ogs rRp") usdc ;bfc ut ugcufc ubxp,h v"cevu ',ukdc rtah tk htsuc '13"sjt
_ zt sg kct Qvrhrc uk whv, tk _ ,ukdv in u,ut od thmuhu ("rgbkTe ogs rRp iut
///!.ev ,t uejs, kt p"fg //!?unmg smn ,tz aeck uhkg vn oak
///ohre ohn ohfpuau ohtc iurjtv inzc teus
rcfa hpf vrue whv tk htukv _ if iugyk kufh uvahna aaj er vz iht 'ubbuctsk /d
/kgupc vre
sg" eugmk lrumv ,usut ohahgrnu ohfkuva 'iurjtv inzc teusa _ tkph r,uhcu
,rrugna 14apb kg ohre ohn ohfpuaa uktf ohtc _ vkutdv kg aursku aeck '"h,n
z"v ohsenv kfu) hrapt hfv osevc ubesm jhan ,t thcvk ks,avk ohfhrma vahgrnu
tkt '"h,n sg" vahrsu vegmc er tk) ,uahkj f"uf kmt vagb vzn vtmu,fu '(jcuan
/ubesm jhan ,thcc vbuntv omgc (od
',ukdv ouhxc 'teus iurjtv inzca iuhfn :,b,ubv thva _ vz cmnk hshjhv rcxvv
vrh,h ,usdb,v vz kg ah 'ifk 'vkutdv kg uarshu uaecha '"h,n sg" uegmha r,uhc gdub
/z"ugkv smn
lhrm uca sjuhn humr-h,kc ihhbg ah inzu inz kfk tkt 'ohuua oh,gv kf tka gushfu
/vz inzc wuf vnjknv rehg ,uhvk
vrypvc a"n _ (ktrah ka ijcac vz ihta ;t) tnuhs tbhbgn rcsk tndus thcvk ahu
:uvhath ka ubnzc vagba jxpv ,usut jxps hba ouhs
hnhn vzv jxpf vagb tk hf / / ofhekt wvk jxp uag rntk ogv kf ,t lknv umhu"
uvhath lknk vba vrag vbunac ot hf vsuvh hfknu ktrah hfkn hnh kfu / / ohypuav
vsuvh .rtc uhva vrz vsucg hbhbg kf rghca hrjtk _ 15"ohkaurhc wvk vzv jxpv vagb
wv jczn kt ,uncv hbvf ukgh tk"a ,sjuhn vrvztc ufrmuva sgu 'wv kfhvcu ohkaurhcu
/16"ohkaurhc
if,h lht _ wufu wufu ohnu,u ohrut 'iurtv uc whva 'iuatr ,hc inzc :icun ubht vrutfku
/vkutdv
/df-tf 'df c"n (15
/y 'oa (16
/d 'k ohcmb h"arp vtru /ch 'zf whgah (13
hkan) "vphhg apb kg ohre ohn"s cmnv lphv (14
ohnk tnm tku ojkk cgr tk" _ vtnmu vcgr '(vf 'vf
hsughc a"nf '(th 'j xung) "wv rcs ,t gunak ot hf
8
vkutdv inz q
:,ukdvn ,tmk lhrm vn oak 'tuv iguy 'ifku
f"jtu ',ukhcj zurtk uhkg whvh :inz kuckc uk ourd, ,ukdvn vthmhv _ atrk kfk
ohbbgv kg ,ukgk _ tjrhy uz od kct '4"thna hbbg og" obnt _ unuenn xuyku ierpk
!?unuen ,t cuzgk uk vnk f"tu ///ohkuckc sugu ',srku
gsuh ubht obnt tuv] ,caub .rt kt h"bc kf utuch ubesm jhan tuchaf :rehgu sugu
iputc "thna hbbg og" tucha ut '"ufz tk"a iuhfn '5"runj kg cfuru hbg"f tuch jhan ot
,sucgc euxgk lrymh hrv 'if otu '[,caub .rt kt utuch htsuc _ iput kfc kct '6"ufz"s
!wv ,sucgn kckc,h cuau 'vnstv
7
ogpnu 'hud tumnku ,fkk tuv lrymh _ ohrjt h"g ,hagb whv, vftknva p"gtu
ut vbenk ic, hs i,ub otv f"unfu 'hgcsf u,sucg vaug hudv otv euscku .urk ogpk
/wuf rhxjna
ah Qtkhnn whumn u,xbrpu 'rec vben uk iht ,usa uk iht _ ,ukdv inzc 'v,g ukhtu
iuhf kkf dtus ubhtu ' c"uhfu texhg r,hvc jpu,u lkuva 'r"vgkc cr iunn 'k", 'uk
jyhc ovc ohbputv rtau vkannv ,ucrg hbpn 'ubunn ,t uk grph ebcva 'uk jycuna
/vjubn lu,n rushvc ,uumn ohheku vru, sunkk kufh 'tkhncu 'upxf ,t
:tndusku 'vburjtv vpue,c uasj,ba ohaushjc od an,avk kufha yrpcu
vnvc dhavk hsf vkusd tjrhyc lrum whvu ',ursuvn ihkhp, dhavk vae whv ohbpkn
iht 'urhgc tmnb rcsv iht ot od hrv 'v,g ukhtu '8khka ka rug 'ohrushvv kf vc aha
khka vk aha vnvc ah ifhv ihhbg,nu ohk rcgn kt ipkyn tuvu iupky uk ah _ haue vzc
vza sjuhncu) rushvv ,hkf,c ohrsuvn ihkhp,c ubumr hrva 'oka ihhsg tuv otu 'aursv
/(9ihkhp,v kg vru,c utre jxp n"vuj ,threc 'v,g
tmun ubbhtu vesm ,,k ubumrc ///a lf hsf sg cuy cmnv _ vesmv ,umnk gdubc ifu
'hbg
1
0
' ".rtv cren iuhct ksjh tk hf" vru,c arupn 'ifa _ ///"vru,c vcu,f tka vfn"]
upxu,h htukvu '11"iuhct lc whvh tk hf xpt" euxpv ,t k"zj uars tuck sh,gk kg eru
////sugu sug uz ihgf ",ufn"
'ohbuhctk ,ub,n hcd 'g"uac ihs ubaha iuhf _ vru, p"g uzf ,uthmn ,nhhea 'rhgvku
ohrupv ouhc iuhctk ,ugnv ,,k kufh ubhta iuhfnu 'ohhbg vc ihta rhg ut vbufa ,usut
'[12g"uac ihsv hyrp kff 'vesm htcdk o,,k lhrm 'unmg
ruxnh _ tmnhafu 'hbg tmnha sg okugv kfc apjku iupkyc rcsk u,kfhc f"pgtu
gdrc _ p"fgu 'vagn ,gac ushk ghdh ;xfva iputc 'wufu juf-huph iupkyv h"g uk
/u"bx c"kx j"ut z"vst
/zy 'oa /y 'dh tc (9
/th 'uy vtr wp (10
/h"arpu hrpxcu s 'oa (11
/f"bcu 'smr, x"ux j"ut (12
/dh 'z kthbs (4
/y 'y whrfz (5
/t 'jm ihrsvbx (6
/c 'vk ,ufrc (7
g"ua /u"yv d"p ihkhp, wkv ,uhbunhhn ,uvdv vtr (8