Document 256991

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thie 'OAAPttll' ::aLtbe U.. nbeuen ii'•• ,te'L Ba~;_,.
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80me
record
tiWcotJe:iI:d 1II'iUuguu.
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vivid persoDal rccdl.leot!• • •et ·dOwn-.oms time 'atter the evcIit.
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bY.tWo oUiotr, who took' part iJi the ,urveys- ot··th&·c·ffect..... or .. :the bombs.,
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. fPc!. firet ,.8I1Gllee" .... liti~eOt 13l"[email protected]'r ·ceneral ,(then. .
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Colouel) R. C. Vlilson. U.S.~F •• q~ted f'rem-8:J~r~ dat!~ l~ A~,t
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followa, ... '
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.~ oompliance With ¥our reque8t.~ I ban JGtted ~ .0.... · uf -"'¥.J.
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· recollcctions of ' Japan as i t ap~reci to me jqat before and ilIimed~ateli"
a',
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~er ~"\,urre¢er ot AU~~... ~4. l~~. ~:~·.hf.veO()nti~d.•~ neitls. to ,8triC(lY:
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.:.~~-t.Ollni,!al as~e~t~ sino~,lat.te~. ~ve. been cover~~ ,el8'nher~ in
· gr.t number Or reports -: IncJfUdi~ my 1:IWn.
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a_._'_
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"I had . j~t.returned
to. the United.Statea1'romOkitiawa- when
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immedi~ely ordered back to ~the
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Paoific
with
·lnstruotioIi$
tQ . find and report i~ Brigadier General lie~n.
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. Bomb was dropped'-9f1 Hiroshima.
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I lcft ina ~at bUrry,
---~eaOme
- -...-=---=--..!.........;..~--------:-'·o:n0-'£:1l1"""'iost l -- and a1'te~"tlearch1ng Ha~ii.~~'and Tinian.
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. ~ck
in
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OIdna~ .j~t .S" Weelc:liat'ter
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having bid it what' i had'
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thought
"'is
... Tinal
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.l'are'Well.· ~here I f'o\Uld
. 'General Neviman pleading 'for',,--
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'{ukohajqa.
"Vie
:lande~.,,~t:,~t.eugl·~d ~ ~~ene ot:tre~ndoU8· act·iTity •.
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'. -airdrome wa8batt.~ tuM)' 'o~l'at~~l~ _~-~- ..,-.
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The
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. "lie obtailled ts:auportat1on. and headed for Yokohama.
TJie
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ir .·
countryside '!'as ueeJi andk'eacef'ul. mow1ng no sign of war. ' But along
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. the roads w~n tUr.ped thid.r ;b&0Jal. and demobllised soldiers trudged ~, "
liliUvidually or in·.... ll·gYoupa 'with a .studied 1fId1f1'erence.· Onlc:JIy'-·.:c..tne=--'--__
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.. ohlldTe~ -veetid us -
and theY', ~1d sb with eDtUu.la.sm.·
They ~~tI ~th" 'V'
. ·_ji·pf'ijitbOjit fin, iji4 [email protected]'iElu=c,O 1~' S0Jb8cf themdemap4ed. ~ •. ~o. it' ,
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Outni;rt8" ~Yoltohama·~~e~~ltf brido
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out.
t~ pe~le '
• ~~ =-_-'-"='-~==
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. 11ving 1n: 1tut~_ iDipr.ov:t!ed _0rJ~!l:.va,~ze~.1"r'oll she~tin~__~~,~ther salvaged
materia];.
t- .
I t was obviQi!8 thAt
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commupity life ·VlaS being oarded on und.e-F: .~
s::
exce~inglY great haz<dship.
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- - --. --- -- - -"-"··wThe -center 01'-tfie-cnf~er;-wa6' flat- greati')' d:eJDaged •. Wa: .
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appe8.r~ t~ be !a1rJ,i ~orma·l. although the absence of any
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consid~~le
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. nl,llDber of' people' ~s· iiotable.
~n Qlung toget~, f()r
Thr?ugh
t~e
streets passed mobs of demob1-
1llUtUal.-a.u.pRW'.t... __IAu§_~tlU,.co~eILwere gener-
al~Y ~~SOlutely ·SllEtIlt.
and
appeared~o
be ignored' by' the ·;eW'01V1l1&DS
onr..r
the streets.,
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"The-hotel ,'elected- for ho.Uiing ~-rank1ng-"'off'ic,ial, ~ for
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ancfl,ayonet-ed8oldierl
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''AnO' ~1t-1l8 wttJr~s'ning-·'"present-arins-.L.
'In the' ge:thElrl~gdark. 'backli~t8d by the flooding hotell1ght, this sC.ene
wa&--better than any ~ovie could ~roduCe •..
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aS~d'a·~i·.~~~~~ ':~'ot pe~p;_=-'~
of age4~ ~it .~. tOUO~d her for~~~d 1.0' tt: rioo; ~ne;--
".,-lfts
-, dyeUs
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, •. ',- she e~tei"eCl. the place·.
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....,..---,..:...-c---~ .~, ~lac~ was ~" .potlesBlf-clea~UDDing 'water and ~s .
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a vast lmprOTelll8llt over Oki_wal l'he b.ed, ,lunrever; was' a huge boxlike,
·'"tn;,t~!1t '!.o~ eO~8:~on1) wi~h
.- Ii tie;. _t' ad
eM~ f1tIll:'h
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"Tfie
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-,-_____. _ _ nuter. a aay-or~ YukolJ&!l&~g jm1:ch:t-iIiIe -we ~....-ttiflheler--'--
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headquarters develop into:9: faithf"ulreplic,!.of the Penta·~on, Colonel
· .Do·uQled~y and I ~btain.-cie.Teep an<Pvlsited tokyo.·
am
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_It are"
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[email protected] cQpmletelv.
town, .wt11ch as, yet-__ s 'otf .11mi,ts· .to
the
,;.
There were no American t roo'p8 in
.lith Airborne •. "/; saw ~~ ':.
· ~ o~,io:aal reporter. but ot.bend.se ba4t.he conquered city to ourselves, The
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people were not hostile but exceedingly curi..ous. They s_~<l,~ll over _ _
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our'jeep at each
stop. -Community life was orga~ted
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and .corltrolled ~
hordes of gendaraes .,
happier days.
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·We . die 'not see Tok[o again for ~bout a week after ourtca?ture'
of the ~ity.
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Then. 'as we approached. we we 1"19. ;;reeted by ·an'immense sii;ll' ..
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-_The initial-iDapeetl-oB partUWbi"h:.:rias
Farrell....and
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Brigad~8r
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General Newman. aDd which
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l~ by loIajor ,General-
1~1'JdeQ DIt...-¥orria~ ~
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O:theF eirillaa '.1 uri utary p,r-i.iii!l. 'deParte4 toi 'lIiroah.1iili.. t~OBl. -AtsUp
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in
a~ 1t~54
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oOllllll&rided.
b)" myself.
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f1ewover the b,urnedou1: ..
e.¥ .r1dned
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aities of Osaka' ~ Kobe, arrlv1llg 'mell- Hir:oshima in midmorning.
It was
,'a!~,nt ;~t a ~ana~ :x: ~ro;tdlIJ;·. lIi:,eFt ... ' i~"~£~~Bij.
becaUSe,
~y iength,a'nd'~ Wr.~~'-l1tI:6jedtlw-il.QS~'~:'-~-~
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of the.J.imihd
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miU,taryalr~
mana:~ed a, successful
Vie proceeded, therefore. to the
of IJakuni, "~
... out;' 20
mUes ,to ,theamath. 'Here, _
landing, .despite bomb
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.- "We oommamfeen.ra bUS a!!d"aotll1e:r'~dver from the' local C.cm-
ipcredibly bild roads ~fr'equem, bnalaiowns. :- If' my memory serves, it
th~
required'"4 to 5 hours to oover
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15,miles from l'ftltluQ. to the head~
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quarters 'of the military oommander of the Biros-lU,ma, al."8&.
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!tAt headquarters.
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gage
~utsid,e
the
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gates, whilil our
qf bag
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agitated-~ihr,-Dr.-t-Suz-uld.~.~l'Ndl'ged-t'or-
".-' .oUr'r~~~pti'~. ' Eventuall;y, ~:.e~tI' adm' tted, .&rid:.t.Qil~_the
bj,)llrOm.'
the ga:t;e- to the 'taisa.!:s' office 'in a. pl:ainly evi~ent atmoSphere of
~~~,:-~"ilciBtility.'-'_
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, It was clear' 'thht the t6.isa had not .expec~ted us,
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doubtfUl
t~ ~pose cif our.~yi8it, ana lacked lps~tha:'fF,em 'b.S.ghe~ ~antbori'Qr~ ,
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. Despite Dr. T-s'lzuk1 l s explanations (1Iih1ol'l'we could only assume were-- correot)
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he remained cold,
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hoEiti~e a~ Uttcoop"at'ive.
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It developed that he expeoted
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attendant ,,;,, --.
meiliaa
Eo ~.i.t •. Xc iong ti". ~ ~i.~1"8i . . 'Sil. fa.
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t~ 'Disaster'" as Ineviteble, but t"efused t·o provide _aooOll1lllOilation, - OJ:
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ass~ rea~lbI11ty
for oW'
satet~.
He did agree to· a:ss191·an o!;'floer
to- gu1de~and doubtles.-~t~ watob) our ~,.. ~ . -
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sIlJ'PIi&~.d. in the light ot. aU -11qis eeldMv,.;-*~- tile .--
.,!>Wi "'"
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rft!1,,!',t
taisa"
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lust Rdor ~o our ~eparture, to be
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photogaehed with
,..squared himse.lf_way in the mid<lle -of" a short settee
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whereM IiPJ'ead his - _
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knee~ ~~ aDd ~l~ped_ his sword firmly ~th both ~s. _The generals
s~t·on. elt~t:' 8148 pt hbRrut the tw-shoi t: se~~.
piotur& 9f the tali. tirmlytad .xpansively
po~ed
W. Jet a pia.!s'Q19u.
?n the settee with an
Americl'Ul general olinging tor d~ar i;te..on either-,~de.
"The ~i~ Tsuzuki. now r'ein£oroed. by :th~ Jap majoro-gut-us back-w..eur
'"1:l~ ~~_-~~ad~~"~O t~ sbri~, 01' ~ -: IIlIa;hbna ':ttY;.g~· nig;;t-. Th~
--~~- shrine. loeatea on aIr ls1and, is oentUries old an~ s.tlll a- goal for, pH·
grime.
It ,is r~achedthrou&h~h apl?ear:&--1;(r-be the. J~V~­
equivalent of Atlantio
City - or . even Cone~lsland.
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Nevertheless. When
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~ ferry . dooked.
not a- townamap wa;·to be .een on the
lead.
. ~~'5treet
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however, "",gendarme was--
stat~oned.
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·In aDII"51ute si-lenlJe-. ,except for the
-·1;l0l.8e we ourselves created.-~ aq-uggled .u{the stroet with our luggage.
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wrth the aj(;-r.l~aaing~.we.pe.iI-~edThe C~O!iedllhOPII ai!d-nousell; ·and9.ll we··
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passed, each ~}1d.arme in turn tell in silently Qehind~.
gottenbOYlfar
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walkeli; ..1',I1,1j; :"e)lad...q\!!te a pla'!;oon behind us when we
arrived at the shrifte 1
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I have for-
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..esni we
Wirelllit by the IWa4 pd8Btaud; b) 0t18 idftf appewe4
.-----to---be.~~ .keel'.". ,After ·res1..te!i~.'
a
thraUgbout
.
V~.UP .of small
l!0US8&
1:fie
al!lng
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.we
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in pairs
bank of a' nmn1~ 'etr~.
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The whol~ shrine' area was forested. gloomov aDd stran&, to Amerioaneies;-
..u pr~ent~ with' e:~no ~. sandalS aM direoted·
·.. ·-·---t~e.~~1:y .bath~ ihe~~ ~. ~.oiB1sed Wi~h the lOcal ~o~t~ ~t..
Pre8ently~.each of
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."taMing. on tl~ [email protected] of tiki" pyat i&i dous15 weR otmiFiHh itiike6iiil.
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_ 9f t.h~_!1.ot_~~8!'..,. wliie~!:~~wed in trom' o~ :~80i~~~_. ___ ~.:...'_"".'--_ _:........
aWe bad ta~ the preo~utici~ of bringtng~ariDs:t~ the bath,
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arid:after emergfiig;- wefouridthatah other equipment had vanis1Ied (to
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'. .proteot it trom "nderingdee~~it_ ~s explained).
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So. we dressed ~n our
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kimollOlS and safldals. buekted1J?D=9ur weapons and follcr!red a guide tg thi .:..
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his wife.
ID.!! 'e~el1en:t
ehie~ prie8~'s
gent~emen
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quarters for
by his
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diilner
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The priest was most cordial, as 'R8:s '.
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venison. was...sarved 'to the squnting
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wife.:~d a ~umber of. othe~ la.diea •. .!iter di~r,
he
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served Japanese 'Scotch' (cOJIlpl,ete with UK label) whioh tasted like kero,:"
~ene
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and. which, perhaps'.
"Soon atter
fEirt~tely ,.n!>"ODe ~oulci ·..Jink•
diDnerWe retirmL.k~
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I!l8.W ·...1.th an odd SEL~
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of unreality. ___
__ .___ ~IIext_morDlng. things had changed~ AlthoUgh we l1ilrt veryvarly;
_the. town was tm-onged with people who appeared c urlous
and· e~n
5ieiidly~
Our bag;;age. was carri~ to the ferry for us .. ' And on· the mai!11and. _
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_--;.-rcllmd ~"21Tr1n~ 'of' cariit~ takeus-int6 Hl~Bhilna.
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"A good deal has beAnwritteu abQ·1.!t ·liiroshima. but no-one oan .
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poi...!;. in the 0114 ~ a1:most Ctv~rpoweILl,.~n Ul~~8e.r who .
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seem. Jiot'. ~ ~. their, DauSeating ihoney ca,rts,' ~d th8'k' DOSeS bo~
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ue whi~el they ~robed :hB ruiDs •. "·And the blue-bct~~~ flles. 8?Illrmed in .
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climbing a hill in the southellst part of the e1t~ t
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I was told that it
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was 'the abode'
of Yama - God.
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"The initial
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entering
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Na~saki
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essen~ially
was composed
of
·th~roshillla :group; Dr. Warren.MlQ. his.·medicaLstaff stUl vlere absfuit.
Rear Admiral li. E • .-Byrd.' joined . tis.as.an.additional
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o~
_to .the party
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. whi.ch once ap,1nO.epad;ed fram Atauga-in a· C-54 c-o_ndec1·'bY·lIIe.
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1.ng field, Oml,tra. was covered with low clouds 'and We were. forced"
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in fri;ntftil
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sha~:
,aband~ned,'and
its hangan. were
- shot up,0":·
, _burned,
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ba"rracb..
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its.field pitted with b01n.b.. craters and littered nth burned-
.0uUr wrecked _air~l~s.' In pioking' o~~;t;lu!ough-~ -ruG:':"On.:::rBbiing•.
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.we
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blew ou-t: all
fo~
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tires on' the
a~rplane •
.--~-'~&'~'-'~~~ '~~rt~~' str~~-"~-,--b-Ut-----a-f-t-;-~r~--l)-r-oa-a":'c-a-s-t-l-n-g-a-W-·e-·B-S-ll-Y---='-
for aBs1staDce-;tlle party
requii~ed
a bus and d'ep.e.rt.e,,- 'l'or:Natasaki~'
_ . <In' ~ab~ae~e ~;-the .p&J'ty i'r~ OIIiura-an~iz;plane- with apaJ!e· tk.a .-ande-la.Io---.
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.. ~:--.int8nancL.Cl"el\' ~rived i'r0ln Oki):law!l. wI1ex:e our'dis-tresB signal had beEl,D
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"C!1~ip from 0iIiU'i'l to Nagasaki. it was observed thnt the'
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T~ce.raQdieB had been,orgarii!,d i~o~,comple~ and ,de~dly 8~8~em of
. '4..ie~ ..lp::'e·ptb. "T., a~paren~;!iat :the~'6i~ Of ,tb1~"8~'O~d
ha"ve "b;~~_ac~~li8hed only at. a stag~rinl5' cost in ~asue.ltle••
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:vath·
whe re we ~-bU8 sed and stQOd1u. t::he.treei
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.·Wl1ll$-~
. . . ~ ~lavere;;t
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whUe,:rresuma'Jl}', 1I1Lr.ere to ~it
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in ~he 8tr~t.
This occasioned an
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cltlm,1na\1nji; with an' or at 1oD.:;fY Admira..i B:trd to the effect that
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he Was the President'~ personal representative and :i~ended-t? Wait upon
the-p~easure
minorJapane~e
of no
funetionar.y.
The governorproIaptly ':',"
joined us 'in the street, where he was allowed eventually to coax uti into
, nOUr .business being
._,:'9 0n
in
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the,.-~ity., but
decrepit .bus.
.
rpund
.
at.at~~~ we ,p~epar~a· to go about
012r
i.nspec-
our trlllllJ.po.rlatfon'to
be the-now.Je.nl1l1ar "p".:..
~--- --------.,..---.~:
..
6
•
r~quested cara, b~ were informed that t here were n&ne
We
..
,
\
'
.
.
..-
in llapuaki,- t~s although we, could see American l1iD.ous1ne.s passing jus"'t
,J.
under the .v4.D!iDW•. ..Further-
... -_
-:
..
<i~8gussipn
--
_-'ls-
-
devel0l'ed-
th~
fact that .cars
1!~re
the pr?pert;( of' the Japlltlese a~ - therefore,' thair use b;i. us ~s un.. _.... ~.--- -. .-~.
----.-- ---- .':tliirikable~ he t;otoui' cars'
' - - --~.-- .
__
.
.. - -
----~~-
.
"
-',."
~""~'-~"
-* ....-...;i'.
....
u~ s ~
Ue.rines :lalld and oeouJ'J the . town.
·e~
the-'wrong'
It was
of a Mari.ne landing. "'e
very
-'."
intennrtffig to be on
nat~ce' that S~.~~h8 troo~~
,;..;;. ~;·.rraftti as !1U'pri8~d·tO· '!.e)..··
_t.·
I douet really
bQP
if
w
.. ;iiale
...
~-.-.-
'Pii'ty-. rile oharge
governor's WetcOmtiig
The second set
of rtlcol1ectl~
.'11' 'oUt
Of·bOO\iiid8.""·
....;·-+-l~....,....~
are those of Colonel Staftord .
.~
. . J• . - _. .
. t
L;.!.We.r.ren, now Dean-, Scho~i ~6t- ~~~, uDiverslty of Cali1f~'a, qU6t.ed --..
tram a'letter dated11'JuDe 1948. as £ollowa:
__
·~here·are three points
.'
'--.
..r-&r~,,~
ot interest which involved our parties
which ~ght ~ ot irit~rest to you.
Fri~dell's
·Colonel
party
,-
~n-Hiroshimi ~iseovered
.'
a small
I
amount
'Of
radiuai. pres\UIIIlbly about twenty-five Dtilli-gr,ams.
It
'WaS .
. ,picked up about 'three htiDdred teet or so oft the main street i~an area
about·one-haiJ'.~rom~the
...
•
•
•
_/.
•
-
•
."
'_~.,"
'".
. '
•
epicenter'. -'There 'W8.~
•
~~
-r-
'
,_
.
<
~.
_
~:;li~-~i 'b~ne ira-g----•
-::
('
•
'.
-
~-=~w~tJi:me Hh:-'whe~:@!_t~'-;Of ~n ~.~been,er.ema.t.ed
- ~-'
.
by the Japanese.
The
G8iger CoUnter deteoted it· and led them to t~spot.
, ... Thiy dug. the iile up with shovels and by eliminatin& one shovv,lt\1l after'
'.. another. they finaUy located' a small,container. obvioUIJly'a oervical or'
vap.na1 radium applicator. the best 'pss being 'that' it was in a patien:t
t
re~e-1rliig. treatment--lii-li-'docTo"iTiI-quarters
.
_time of the blast'.
'
or a hospital room at the
Colonel Friedel! brQu~t the radiUm ~~k to Tokyo
aild had' a discuss"ion among the &t~~P • .inc11.l1iing our ~ pa'rty and other•.
'
.-
.'----
,"
6;51: ,
..
~
"
'.
-or ~ --- '--;'~-,,-"~'=-:-'"'~
.'~
!/",
--
.
--
.. --- -'
~
.-'r~-l; ~.-~-:~ r.'£;'~.
.~_~:_ ~ /_ ~-o~:.' ~
"L...,...
pere~l. ooncel11ing what 1I8S to
t9 ?oj i.
!!e!d,4
_"
J8.panese
M-..
if
.;r.
M¥e ta i I1(
.J
•
..
.
be done ~th
=...\18
who
ho8p1t~1'- locate~ at the toqo
'-
the ~-ow.=oe.
~P681tea
We-TiDally
it With the
SoMol.--:tM&--~--~..-
"';;pede1 Jdedioal
~~s done' the. day be1'ore1l'le--lett. 'It was. r~pOrted to
Intelli~nee
om"
--
~
.-"":
__~_
: . . -.
~.
..
..
.
.t~i ~~ .!'M •. \'Ve a1400.rt1f~sa:tbat
.
~
it J;H
,
.
ti.~ Thi~)wa.Tm eViden9'~f' ~.b' 'Cri.... ar o~
\
>.
••
··Colonei Friedell l _ partyentel'ed the-
west
to
. _ot
". B1ro,eh1ma
. .
--;...tollo?l'
- the trai)' ~1'
..
It.,.
~nt1di...
"."
Be
.
~.
t'-, • i
8UbUr~
sss
-'
and
area, to
-bbi!
t~'
the fall. ~t~' Xbel" traced. it-
.to the' weiterl,l peek·ad.ai08Iltt.e.41t!' edge ot;tiie ditte!.a!' to the. top
of the hill where t~re _a"",8hr~ne •.
----:--".-,
ttiire
1I'8.S
.,". -
an. absence of r;oada and
bamboo forest which
- time they
L"
They oould go..... no1'ul'th~r
b.ea~e
_._ .. ___
-..
they- ';'er; faced'lri. th:' lin ~enetrable
_........
~s located on the "O~ sUe of the hUl. By that
were~e~U8tedand als~
•
wer& nearing the end of their stay.
-"
• --
I
'
.
The survey had to be te=ni~ted, so we dO,not'know the we~terJu*t.at..,. .
.. - . .... ---'--of.'. the d~~
-~~~~ tion. It' Was very mlnor and 110t hazardous,
~.
~
:........a-.-.. _~.
_
being
--
-
.
.
.• '
.
t
.
__
almost at the lowe.r. limit of seilsitivity0f' 'ttieiri'listr~nt8. ~--'-
~"1'he iI~c~nd' episOde of some intereet)C;ocurred.....wb.n· NolaD.Ough,terson, Ira8n~r •. -aad I were' gro)lllded tlt the----H!roshiM Airport. An
"'+
" ____;_". 1)_
,
ex-
Los Angeles Japanese. DeW8pap.rman appeared on the seene at dinner and iiiterpreted aocounts of the Japanese newspaper .. -uf'-'!Ihicll :M:-cllrrled a copy.
-'--~'
.
.'
. ".
;. ' - j .
.0- _ . . .-~---c-~~---It cOIltaineci the storm of--.mntroverU _ra1fI4~~_DY' the ,Ameriean eorre8pon- .'
dents over "'the
.......... ethioa-'-ot .lUIing. the bomb.
bl!glnn1ng to
.. ~
-~-
.Th~ Japanese. of course, -were'
o~1me in. b~t.in general. were -sitting.1: i .ght, keeping thei!'
,.-"
·f
.....
- -:--
, ..
.--------~~-.---~
...-
.-
---'
~;
--.
! .'-' .
""'.'-"-~-
-.'
#-
'.~.
•
.
.::'~~
\
.
____ -~.~~·thoUez;. ~~heJn!l~1'0. al)otlt thinDa~ter. 'I,e'4iecU8sed thigS..rar
Yin ·scheduled fOl" No:"'r' ·lst.
~h
..FhE 1.41";11 tite all •• w.4i
i-n;8-"'s
~~ii. neWs"1i9,'U8but ~'s:~~rl­
. . . ~-:./
IIf
.
~flj,a15 ~ ~_, _~~d.
fiiri'ber'-
. Was t<?_be their' fate if' they a,UJ'r~n48tm a~·the 8M (iI-~ waF, 'A
-
··second. stroni argUment which they' accepted. completely
~il 'th~
-F.~'-'
belief
that in the process of 0.ur1l88~Ult, we would have killed perhaps as
'many'as several
million
~pe.ne6e • . In the assault
.
. ......... '-..
, -
ha~
it
. "
had as
'not
-~-
~
•
-
.,!.,.
."
'-~
we
.
would probably
m8.nt"ti-te;li~ecrtri~1!!fa~ ~eri~an boys
.
kil·led.
Vias
bette~'·.to .xti~~~ ~~"O cilt.iEJtf'''hi6t~.~~~r the iiiati~'
.
.
to an abrupt 'stop by'What amounted to.a surgical operation, the net re.
.
.~ :~":"-'
-
------... >- . . "
'~8Ult~orwhiC'h aa~ed ~mepe liveir'l
..
- .
\'ie thought; .WeD we.went to bed
and until we got back to l'ckyo a~t .t~~~Y81.ater, that we would
,~ __ '.:~
8~- thi-a-, -OlL xhe-ataff"
.
and the newspaper
pepp~e
in' TQqo~ll_l{'" _._" ....:... .. __ :::.
"
.~.
arrived. To our 11ITprise. this had brokfl1l in the .JapalWse papers the
. '
. l1>&xt day after O'Y' ni gilt 'meeth\" as comi~l!; from the Japanese. not j!rQlll
•
. .
- .-.'--*'
.
,
~.
\ls.~ the Japanese' s~yiI).g that it, was ethical to uSe the bomb and they
lVere
gla~
that
11'8
~.........,=-----:--
ese lives. and
&,
had done So-bec.~~~d !savea-'- a~great~
'.
great
tft8p~&&1e6 e~esaiQPB
~
&ad
c.
..;
~ .-~.-;-'~ --::-::..--:.--~----.
---'--
Amef'ioa.nl1ves. '. '.e were greatlyamuseU-at
Q~eAts
or the
lOQa~.
correspondents
.
who
.'
fel~ t~;: ~~qhad-been sqld'doWn the riVer qy. the_:ap~.6e VIhOJtj.tiwy
aboard the banG ·wagon.
.........
~
~
We, of coUrse. kept quiet
E. -S~:~I.::·K··i-0. --+1--·.·i>t.......,....,.:·'-:00\~::)1----
. ...
6.55
.,' ". :
. ,;,;.'..
...........
. !II'- ~ ..,.~, ~':Pfl~'· -."
"
, ' "
"t:--
The matter soon quieted down
b'lStl)
ami,
.
., in'- ~pan
.
about. eur
'partt-of .'it.
'-. ....
~
St~8B ... a1thoug1i our~';;~~ 'fr.quently
the ,tlnlted
UPJ.~8.a
.
~
--
t~ sub.%o~
bring
of ~ie self-f'lagelfat1~.
sort
~
-The third in~ere8tiDb epls~e,was our. y1sit_to the Temple
-.
. -." ..
..
.
_
,
e
"
,or ,Piifi", iii . . -tif't~ b'1'VOUaC a!'ft~.tlle'~_~ the last.l morninS/_
-
.
, '~ Mstort1ial laiidlll&rk.,
-
-
..
_.-
-
lea, ..... oN,
,
.
-_.(r-..;...
..-....
'As I,
111illL
OR atUts
vim
. .
.
'.
.
. . . • . ..
.J:.
,tidI wti:ie:r~ , i't was
.
building~
01-4" style ~8e'Architecture,
. -':4
'.....
men t1n~
,"
r~er ~ , i t ~8' about ·fourteen
_ . • • . • . •, . . .
l
.
.
.
..
hUJUUoed ' , >
--
a=:iiiluttM
. •-
ruUe
.
made, of eedar planks ';fgreat'
_0,
.
"'1 e 'ad:!iiiem to tneinrler Shrine.
We ~ook o~· shoes oft ana
_llted in.Tsu~uId ·halted us in ~ li~. bowed to-the idol_.
The High ,
~,
Priest came out dres~ed in. PlWe white, and he 'and 'Tsuzuk:iwent thro'ugh
a
ce~emo.~Y' ~r;r:~h; i~Ol~-: ~ the~ ~1>a:-k :~raced us. -
Two
~n,_
supposedly spirits, dressed in white came out· and furiou~iy,~ved plumes
abou~
the-place, driving away the evil ~pirit5.
tilled with h91: sake were: giVen to
• t.o peaCe,' aild,
--
OD-
US'
and we~old this Wf.S a ,p~edge
tliat &a,sis, .we all drank it.
Colon&l-OUghtel"6~ticas
'~~~~~, a ' ~e~re~e~ta~i:'"~;~~ -t;~', ~tepped 'iorwa~d~' Paid his
resPects-to the. looal f~ct;;~: who had treated us'
80
courteously.
1.
go~', philosophical and gave a toast to the rutur~-peaco bet~en' aU
:- .
..,....~tLOns- and tht! nope there would be no more war again.
- emotfooaT ab-out
,
I got a' li-ttle.
'it .. and',this, t;ogether with the knowledge that we'd,id
~~. or p~ll~ge~ hi~eo~jY'~;l:g~ised, the~ .~N;8t
".r4:J.- ;
.
-.
"
_ ..
-
greatly; _ We "
_____ -----
, .. .:.then~~,,~out and.4;o~the boat to, shore where we
.-
_ •
weI'S
greElted very
~.
"-:",.-.
"""h-------..
, , 6.56
4-,
Then oeremonial dishes
----'--'
..
\
:
~
-
,esptilctttd
,
~
gen?-an;., ca?te.ln -than we ,~d
,
been prev:i0u81,Y.·
,
••
" . , _',.
"
..,.....
'1
reooncile this cerell101lY wi th tlul' ,knowled&e which w~ ha8rl"ece~ved '
-_.
.
~
,-~JI
---Bevera! days, before, that thi,!,' Shrine'
,
,
wa:' the' .eenter for kamikazes,
,
iiveda Hf. -ofriot~ c.lebratio~)n the hotels located just
. ..
the8~i~e:, ~ra:H!rp8rto~ '~~ii before'their tour'or
~O'~d
'"Do"te
M" "
.
"
-;;;;;;J' •.'
oratiOn-3M' deiUeati.On a~ thi~.'S1}.r1ne before they, took .ott'for'their mi.&-
I w~~ered whether there were mare ,~ie8 or rdatives of
..
kamikazes on thi!l island .where we weresingUft'zlly vulnerable. i~'·
si'w:ia.
.
,
, intet-.eHin/!:'
to
'--,
, ' - .. --.::.,
- ' ~ ----,
b,trb--nut- une%p.c~~d. ~na.t f t wpuld take ~ -s.~ime. t'tI-o
t;:'~e ~~;~;~. iiy;.; ~ssage
t'rom,:either of. tlie two cities' to Tokyo.
'.-"
, However. Tsuzuld se,tll:!~Q to have a mysterious system of telepathy beeaus,e
...----.......
.
,"
he could ma~ a~rangements thro~gh Tokyo fro~ ,those distances in a rew
Sinee we 'were afraid that ~y investi~tion of how he did it at
houre.
the time would cause
the'system
to faU .ansi leave us'
.
.
. s.tuDd.ed. we did
~ghan1sm ••.
'not inquire as to the
: ...:..._:....'_.._'_,'
'
1- shall peyer ,for'getw.lking. intI' ·the-Liedhlai Sohool-4n
'.-
, '- , '!
.
-:
.
Nagasak;i''about ,five :weeks a!'ter the ·d'etonation. and, on tpe landing of
the.second floor, stepPing. over the body of a young female .partly burned.
---
• go1ng~ the cmido~s of an Aaerioe:n de.signed ,concrete building like
these at home.'-t'htdi1lg-i~ a£teT~the 'la):lore:~, eq1rl.-pment--s-o '
-,
'---familiar at'-home. and on the flool's, two -or·three_o.r more bodies. par'tly'
,
.
,
,
.
lmrned.. entangled
~ -''=='
-
.
ill
window trawea. lIW t:vd sted jJDne F 3fletiliii-bi"..',-/:
-
-'-
"',, Tte,Y muSt have been doctors.- nurses, technicians. and studente. :The
,---,
..~..;',--
... -
6'.57
,
\
'
)"
t·
.... ~ s·
.'
-,'"
-e:.i;e ,:~rete ..
Fi:i.~ vi ::~ !'r.:m ~.:.iJ. efCated boates.
.
about: three fee~ ~a= :~: tN':·
fl
....;...'
-_...._-""-.
the .plle was
in ~ter. n
-
'~
•..
In:the ba88J!18nt. below-
-
..
-
ep1.c_er~ and ~ ~
Qsitside ...
...
---
.~:.
.M-
~
..
.
"
~.~-.-
.
..
....
.....
(
. ;=e=::.
I
•
..
- "...
•
-.-
...
L
.-_0,
..
--.,------,..- ---'-----'-.---.~.
-~
... -.
._-_.- ---~. - -
----
..S TR·, l"
::-J~
....,-------,,--.:.--"'-~--'---