Name: Date: Period: Unit 2 Migration Key Issue #1: Why Do People Migrate? pg. 81 – 85 REASONS FOR MIGRATING 1. Complete the table below with specific examples of push and pull factors. PUSH FACTORS ECONOMIC CULTURAL ENVIRONMENTAL PULL FACTORS 2. Briefly describe role of each of the following in examining intervening obstacles and migration: a. physical geography b. transportation c. political concerns/laws DISTANCE OF MIGRATION 3. Migration may be classified as either international or internal. What is the difference? 4. What types of push factors are usually responsible for each of the following categories of international migration? a. voluntary migration - b. forced migration (refugees) - 5. Briefly state what one would expect to occur, in terms of migration, in each stage of the demographic transition model, as it is applied to a migration transition. MIGRATION TRANSITION As applied to the demographic transition model Identifier: Reason for creating: STAGE 1 STAGE 2 STAGES 3 & 4 CHARACTERISTICS OF MIGRANTS 6. Complete the following table from the reading. Who? GENDER In the past… Present trends… F A M I LY STATUS In the past and still today… Recent changes… Characteristics of Migrants Where/distance? Why? Key Issue #2: Where Are Migrants Distributed? pg. 85 – 92 GLOBAL MIGRATION PATTERNS 7. Read the section and then make 5 summary statements regarding global migration patterns. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) U.S. IMMIGRATION PATTERNS 8. Finish this statement: The world’s third most populous country (the US) is inhabited overwhelmingly by? Read Recent Immigration from Less Developed Regions on pp. 88 and answer the following questions: 9. What were the THREE countries that sent the most immigrants from Asia in recent years? 10. Describe immigration to the US in terms of the following ethnicities. a. Europeans: b. Asians: c. Latin Americans: 11. Although the reasons people leave their countries to immigrate to the US have not changed over time, what has changed here in the US? IMPACT OF IMMIGRATION ON THE UNITED STATES 12. Complete the table regarding below. EUROPEAN IMMIGRATION What were some of the important effects of What were some of the causes of European European immigration to the US and other immigration to the United States? world regions? 13a. What are undocumented immigrants? 13b. Where do most undocumented immigrants to the US come from? Key Issue #3: Why Do Migrants Face Obstacles? pg. 92 – 95 14. What is the major obstacle faced by most immigrants? (hint: TODAY) IMMIGRATION POLICIES OF HOST COUNTRIES 15a. What did the Quota Act (1921) and the National Origins Act (1924) do? 15b. How did quota laws favor immigration from certain regions? 16. How did the Immigration Act of 1965 change the existing quotas laws? 17. How was immigration law further changed in 1978? 18. US immigration law gives preferences to three groups. Identify them. a. b. c. 19. For each of the following below: how did the U.S. distinguish if the people were economic migrants or refugees – explain a. Cuba b. Haiti c. Vietnam CULTURAL CHALLENGES FACED WHILE LIVING IN OTHER COUNTRIES 20. Carefully read this section, complete the outline below to compare and contrast attitudes in the US and Europe toward immigrants a. US attitude toward immigrants b. European attitudes toward guest workers Key Issue #4: Why Do People Migrate Within a Country? pg. 95 – 100 MIGRATION BETWEEN REGIONS OF A COUNTRY 21. What is the most famous example of large-scale interregional migration in the US? 22. What was the first “intervening obstacle” which hindered American settlement of the interior of the continent? 23. What developments in transportation eventually encouraged settlement to the interior? 24. What was the principal pull to California? 25. Why was settlement of the Great Plains slow to come, with settlers passing it by for California and the west coast? 26. How did the railroads encourage settlement of the Great Plains? 27. For what two reasons have people been migrating to the South in recent years? 28. Make appropriate notes in the table on five specific examples/case studies of interregional immigration. RUSSIA Why? Where? How? BRAZIL Why? Where? How? Where? INDONESIA Why? How? Where? EUROPE Why? How? Where? INDIA Why? How? MIGRATION WITHIN ONE REGION 29. Most prominent type of intraregional migration worldwide? In the U.S.? 30. Why did migration from rural to urban begin in the 1800’s? Explain. 31. What are the pull and push factors of rural to urban migration? 32. What is the major reason for large-scale migration to the suburbs? 33. What is the result of suburbanization? 34. Explain the new migration trend in MDC’s in the late 20th century 35. What does counterubanizatio represent? Explain. 36. What makes any area in an MDC non-isolated? Explain. 37. Why are future migration trends in MDC’s unpredictable?
© Copyright 2020