“ Demystifying BIM “ - ask the unaskable.... What is BIM ?

“Demystifying BIM “
- ask the unaskable.... What is BIM ?
Does it matter to me?
Simple and relevant exploration of the principles, drivers and
Open Q&A session and discussion
Discussion and debate session – Ground Rules ?
Interactivity vs Death by Power point – please participate
8.00 Refreshments
8.30 presentation starts
10.00 – Brew / comfort Break
10.15 Q&A and Discussion
11.30 finish & safe journey
Quick Acid Test / Reality Check
Never used 3D, clash detection, integration or other BIM tools
on a project
Is BIM perceived a core competency / skill in your business (
now or in future)
Not at all, or only vaguely, familiar with BIM levels
Outstanding Industry performance ?
National Audit Office Report and Analysis
UK construction spend £ 55 billion p.a.
80% influenced by Public Purse
On Budget
On Time
2011 KPI statistics – 56% of UK projects on Time and Budget
Sustainable Construction and Buildings
Buildings use 46% of all energy – up to 70% in major cities
Construction uses 53% of primary materials
Construction has second biggest environmental footprint after food
13 million tonnes of materials delivered and
90 million tonnes of waste – 3 times domestic output
21% of all hazardous waste in UK is construction waste
not used
Why accept this ?........
92% of clients said that designers’ drawings are typically not
sufficient for construction
37% of materials used in construction become waste
10% of the cost of a project is typically due to change orders
38% of carbon emissions are from buildings not cars
CMAA Owners survey 2005, CMAA Industry Report 2007, Economist Magazine 2002
Someone thought it was time for change……
“Insanity: Doing the same thing over
and over again and expecting different
Albert Einstein
The Client’s Perspective
Bedding FM into Design, Construction and
Operational phases
Design Reviews
Technical Health Checks
FM Sub Groups
Sustainability and energy
Fire & Security
Power & supply
Material and components
Maintenance and access
Risk and business continuity
FM Sub groups
Prepare to receive building
Familiarise team with environment
Up skill / train team
Procure FM Contracts
Establish FM Management Systems
(pilot web based tools)
End user readiness workshops
Mobilise FM
Contracts/SLAs hard and soft FM
Mobilise FM
web based management systems
Support DLP process
Quality and performance reviews
Fire risk assessments
Health and Safety management
Risk / Business continuity
Asbestos Management plans
Media affects our thinking
Design by experience - physical models
Back to the illustrative
Manual drafting and tracing,
highly illustrative drawings
Integrated BIM
Requirement for building
permit drawings in Finland
Manual drafting,
copying machines,
Early CAD =
drafting Modelling
2000 2010 2012
“Government as a client can derive
significant improvements in cost, value
and carbon performance through the
use of open sharable asset
Push Me, Pull me
Looking at both:
Supply chain “Push” – how to make easier for the
supply chain to make use of BIM(M)
Client “Pull” and specifying a set of data to be provided
by the supply chain to the client at specific times.
Valuable: the overall aim is to maximise client value
Understandable: the approach is to be presented in an understandable
learning package for all 44,000 government asset procurers.
General: the approach is equally applicable to buildings and infrastructure,
whether large and small.
Non Proprietary: All requirements are non-proprietary as to applications and as
to the required formats of the deliverables.
Competitive: Wherever possible there are at least two solutions or methods
available so as to minimise market influence in terms of anti competitive
Open: Wherever possible, low-cost methods are to be made available to allow
all stakeholders to participate, irrespective of size and experience, so as to
minimise barriers to involvement.
Verifiable: all contractual expectations are documented with transparent and
testable measurement of pass / fail.
Compliant: Measurement of WLC/Carbon/Sustainability/etc are to published
GB, EU and ISO standards
Implementation: the approach is self funding by the industry
Timescale: the approach is phased in over 5 years
What is BIM ?
Image by courtesy of Autodesk
“An integrated digital process providing coordinated, reliable
information about a project throughout all phases, from design through
construction and into operation”
Paul Morrell – Government Chief
Construction advisor
"We have commissioned a team...to prepare a route map that shows
how we can make a progressive move to the routine use of BIM.
I am convinced that this is the way to unlock new ways of working
that will reduce cost and add long-term value to the development and
management of built assets in the public sector, but the move needs to
be made on a basis that is secure, that works for Government clients
and those who deliver services to them...
The team will report to the Construction Clients Board ...and I hope
and believe it will mark the beginning of a commitment to a timed
programme of transformation".
Working Group
•The Working Group was set up in the spring of 2010 and is supported
jointly by Construction Sector Unit and Electronic and IT Services Unit at
•Co-Chaired by Mark Bew (Scott Wilson and BuildingSMART) and John
Lorimer (Manchester City Council)
•In September 2009 report on WG was presented to Government
Construction Clients Board
•The Board:
- Endorsed progress to date
- Agreed to adopt the working group and to receive its final report in
March 2011
Govt seeks to be greenest thing since Kermit the Frog !
Govt Construction Strategy launched 31st May
20% savings to be achieved
BIM named as essential to delivery and to be mandated
BIM strategy and report published June 2011
BIM to be adopted on Govt projects - March 2016
IGT Low Carbon Construction response June 2011
Carbon reduction from sector
BIM named as essential to delivery and to be mandated
“Is our sector fit-for-purpose for a future low carbon
BIS Innovation and Growth Team
• Paul Morrell’s report published Nov 2010
• Sector response to the UK’s low carbon
transition strategy
– “a road map for construction”
• 26% carbon reduction by 2020,
80% by 2050 (1990 baseline)
“integration [and collaborative working] is key”
Cash vs Carbon
“Government will require
fully collaborative 3D
BIM….as a minimum by 2016”
“A staged plan will be
published with mandated
“a phased process working
closely with industry
“allow time for industry to
prepare for the development
of new standards and for
Tests and Pilot Schemes
• MOJ – 4 key projects of 4 disciplines
• MOD – 2 pilots – new and refurb
• Manchester CC – adjacent projects Traditional and BIM
• TFL – station pilots
• HA – pilots identified
Leverage of Framework arrangements
Current Reality ?
or for some
Recent Past.....
Traditional document/2D-based process
Information is
exchanged as documents
- often even on paper which causes non-valueadding work, friction,
data losses and errors
Need to re-think the process ?
• process
80% human issues
• skills
• technology } 20% technology
a 3D modelling system that involves data sharing
between all the contractors on a project to create a
digital model that can be used from a project’s
early design stages through to completion and
monitoring of subsequent performance.
Integrated BIM-based process
Information is shared in
an exploitable data format directly
between different systems;
BIM - Building Information Model
Different image: What if you are
the only node?
No information to import?
With whom can you integrate?
How to develop your systems
and processes?
Maturing market...where are you
Maturing market...with standards emerging
Maturing Market....Potential Benefits
Construction Operation Building Information Exchange
COBie2 standard
3D models can be exported to FM software
Lower total cost of ownership
Prevention of unnecessary capital expenditure
More effective tracking and management of assets
Improved operational efficiency
Tool for strategic decision making
Improved information sharing across business
Increased staff productivity
Ease of reporting
Visualisation of facilities and infrastructure
3D Model
Time & Resources
Model-based cost management (5D)
3D Model
Time & Resources
6D (model-based facilities management)
3D Model
Time & Resources
BIM technologies
What BIM is not……
BIM is not Panacea to all sector ills
BIM is not 3D CAD
BIM is not a single building model
BIM is not a single software technology
BIM is……
A tool to improve collaboration
BIM needs rules and processes
BIM Execution Planning
Level of Detail
Project Phases
Quality Management
Model Naming Conventions
Library objects
Manufacturers & Intelligent components
market transition
Main stream
Market saturation
(Early adopters)
(Early majority)
(Late majority)
BIM market transition
Expected situation
in 5-10 years
Early 1990s
Current market
Main stream
Market saturation
(Early adopters)
(Early majority)
(Late majority)
Risks ?
More BUM...
Building Useless Models
And not enough
Recurring Question......
Who Owns the Model ?
Building Information Modelling
Pedestrian Simulation
Crowd simulation and analysis
Real time calculations and display of agent flow
Interoperability with BIM tools
Programming of individual personalities
Automatic validation of results
Design analysis and testing
Feedback: journey timings, flow rates, queue sizes
Highlight bottlenecks in design
Professor Andrew Thomas
Chairperson & Director
Room4 Consulting Limited
6E Capenhurst Technology Park,
Capenhurst, Chester, CH1 6EH
Tel: ++44 (0)151 339 9355
Fax: ++44 (0)151 339 9020
Mobile: ++44 (0)7748 920078
[email protected]
Web: www.room4consulting.co.uk