D. WARREN ROYER PHOTO JULY COLOR EDITION How to Be Healthy on a Vacation Read pages z and 3 PRICE TEN CENTS How to e IKE a suit of clothes, a vacation should harmonize with the individual. To A furnish agreeable, wholesome recreation and change, the type of the vacation should be suited to the taste and temper of the vacationist. What would be joy to one person might be a dismal tedium and boredom to another. Some would be happiest when enjoying the aroma of burnt gas and feasting the eyes on a confused procession of backward-flying billboards, filling stations, hot-dog shacks, and similar scenery. Others would like nothing so well as the relaxation and the thrill of a voyage to Alaska or Honolulu, or some other trip on sea, lake, or river. Others, preferring a more intimate contact with nature, would choose a hike with a light, portable outfit over the trails of a national park or national forest, or perhaps a canoe trip of discovery on some river or lake or bay. Still ealth others would get most enjoyment in a quiet camp in one of the lovely masterpieces that nature has prepared apparently for that purpose, at the seashore, beside some lake or river, or in the mountains. To be successful, the vacation should be suited to the purse and the taste of the vacationist. The suggestions. made in this article, while prepared specifically for the camping vacationist, may to some extent be applicable to all. Music? That will depend on the taste of the vacation party. A small phonograph, a portable radio, a guitar or other small instrument with singing might be almost a necessity to some vacation parties. Others would not miss the music; to leave it at home would be in the interest of simplification. Why not make this another change from the home life? In any case, with so large a part of the twenty-four hours light, it is better to spend the dark hours in bed, and be ready to welcome the morning hours with the birds. If at home you have turned night into day, you need not do it on your outing; you will get more good from your vacation not to do it. Some campers prefer to see new places every year, rather than to visit the same place more than once. This plan has an element of novelty, but there is a decided advantage in finding some camp where everything is wholesome and sanitary, where the neighbors are cordial, where there is opportunity for swimming, boating, or whatever vacation activities are preferred, and then making a yearly return to the place. It is an advantage to have a well-screened bungalow or cottage, with good water supply and sanitary arrangements; but floored tents, screened if necessary for mosquitoes and flies, with near-by water supply and sanitary arrangements, is a good second, and seems a little more like getting back to nature. In the attempt to simplify, however, one can not afford to neglect sanitary precautions. In choosing a camping place, whether for the night or for a longer stay, avoid a mosquito-ridden or fly-ridden place, not only because of the annoyance but because of the danger of disease. COMPANIONSHIP Agreeable companionship is of vital importance to anyone going on a vacation trip, unless one feels the need of a period of isolation and solitude. A disagreeable, thoughtless, selfish person, pining for home comforts, complaining of camp inconveniences, wanting to be waited on, will do much to ruin an otherwise well-devised vacation for the others of the party. In planning a vacation trip, choose for companions those who are agreeable, and "good sports." One who takes a neurasthenic on a vacation— especially a quarrelsome neurasthenic—in the hope of restoring health may be heroic; but, unless he has an excellent fund of patience and diplomacy, he will not get much vacation, and his patient will not get much help. CLOTHING, FOOD, WATER "In a quiet camp in one of the lovely masterpieces that nature has prepared." d.....L .sl iraBW-acaracznercazr Your outfit,—food, clothing, bedding, etc., —let it be as simple as possible. Its nature will depend on the kind of vacation you are to take—whether by vessel or rail or trolley or motor car or on foot or in camp—and the proposed length of the vacation. But in any case it will pay you to simplify. Many things that would have been rare luxuries to our grandparents but are now considered necessities can well be spared on a vacation trip. Forgo these for the time, and live in the simplicity of a former generation. Vacation should be a complete change from home life, and such simplification will be a change. Why go to the wilds to have what is customary at home? Be sure the water supply is free from contamination. If you can not be assured of this, it is safer to boil all drinking water. No. 25 SIGNS of the TIMES, JUNE 25, 1929 Vol. 56 Printed and published weekly by the Pacific Press Publishing Association, at Mountain View, California, U. S. A. Entered as second-class matter September 15, 1904, at the Mountain View, California, post office, under Act of Congress of March 3, 1879. Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage, provided for in section 1103, Act of October 3, 1917, and authorized September 18, 1918. Page Two SIGNS of the TIMES On a -9 tacation Do you come back from your annual vacation truly rested and ready for another year's routine, or are you all fagged out and have to come home to recover? GEORGE H. HEALD, M. D. Streams in a settled country are nearly always dangerously polluted, and often the springs are not safe. The summer and autumn victims of typhoid fever in cities are often persons returned from a vacation in the country. Sometimes a water supply in the country is contaminated because the people who live in the vicinity, or some of them, are typhoid carriers. Such a condition is not so common as formerly, but it is better to be cautious in advance than to be sorry afterwards. In some states the good water supplies are indicated so that the traveler may know what water is safe. Another source of typhoid fever danger in the country is the milk supply. Raw milk obtained at a farm is not at all safe, and if used should first be boiled. Those who contemplate traveling for vacation and getting their milk and water along the road would do well to have an antityphoid inoculation before vacation time. If hikes, swimming, and other exercise cause a demand for more substantial food, it may be supplied by increasing the bread allowance and having some "hearty" food like boiled or baked dry beans once a day. But, with milk, one should not eat too much of such food. FORTUNATE CAMPERS Fortunate are the campers who have a delivery of good dairy milk, vegetables, and fruits, or who have access to such supplies. If the camp is distant from such supplies, canned milk, canned fruits, and canned vegetables may be among the supplies brought from home. Another convenience that may add to the comfort of the campers is access to a supply of baker's bread or of good homemade bread. But for those who prefer the experience of more primitive camp life, bread may be made in a Dutch oven, in the hot ashes of a camp fire. The reader may think some suggestions in the last paragraph to be inconsistent with MAKE MEALS SIMPLE The food, while adequate, nourishing, and what was previously said in favor of simwholesome, should be simple, and the prepa- plicity. Canned goods! The idea is not to ration of meals should involve no unneces- simplify just for a change, but to avoid sary work in preparing a variety of dishes. unnecessary work and to have everything The reasons are: First, the appetites will be wholesome and germ-free to the extent that so much more keen that simple foods pre- canned goods do this, they are an advantage. pared in a simple manner will be relished and However, there should be some fresh fruit seem fit for a royal repast. Second, such and vegetables every day if simple food, if adequate and well-balanced, possible, something to eat will contribute to better health than if the uncooked. Do not attempt too much vacation is made an eating bout. Third, the on a vacation, trying to "take vacation should be a period of rest and relaxation for mother as well as for the others. A in" all the sights, and thus vacation that does not relieve mother or the expending energy faster than caretaker of burdens is not ideal,—no, not a it is accumulated. Some perfair deal. Even if there is a hired girl to do sons in a party may be able the work, she needs a vacation as well as the to do much more than others without fatigue, and the others. others should attempt less. In hot weather, one may live more comThe vacation should give fortably if the diet contains a minimum of change, relaxation, enjoyprotein, especially of animal protein, for the ment, rest, and some, but not proteins are "heating;" that is, during their digestion and assimilation they "fan the fires" of the body and produce more body heat than other foods do. So, to keep cooler in summer one should eat the smallest quantity of protein consistent with good nutrition. A glass of milk at each meal, together with the proteins in the vegetables and cereals, will be ample for an adult. A growing child is better off to have a quart of milk a day. It is well, also, to use only enough of the starchy foods (breads, cakes, pastries, etc.) to keep the body weight up to normal, and to live quite largely on the low-calorie foods (the fruits and vegetables). These foods supply the salts and vitamins to keep the body in good condition, without adding unnecessarily to the fuel. for JUNE 25, 1929 too much, physical exercise if you have not been accustomed to it at home. Too much unaccustomed exercise will do more harm than good. SUN EXPOSURE AND SUNBURN Moderate exposure of the skin to sunlight is a great benefit, the light-and-air bath being more helpful than an excess of water bathing. But there is always the danger of overexposure. A good coat of tan is healthful, and desirable, but sunburn, especially if severe, is not only painful, but injurious to the body as a whole, as well as to the skin. The fairer the skin, the more the danger of sunburn. The more pigment there is in the skin, the better the protection against the sun's rays, so that dark-skinned persons do not sunburn easily. Some persons who burn easily seem to forget previous sunburns, and every year have to go through the experience of a blistered skin and several uncomfortable days. For the first few days, the exposure of the skin to the bright sunlight should be brief, the length of exposure being gradually increased. Whether on the beach or in a boat or canoe, make judicious use of a sun umbrella or of a protecting garment, remembering that reflection from the water increases (Continued on page 10) "The vacation should give change, relaxation, enjoyment, rest." Page Three What is the ORLD'S Worst Disease? Not an article on physiology, sanitation, or medicine N THE outskirts of a midwestern city there is a large building of stone— the state penitentiary. I visited the place one day, but was not permitted to go inside because the warden was absent. All that was left for me to do was to indulge my curiosity from the outside. The office looked like a big cage for wild animals. A partition of great iron bars separated me from the man with whom I talked. The door to the office was of heavy iron bars also. A man with seemingly nothing else to do stood near by inside with a ring of great iron. 'keys with which he would open the doors as officials and employees came in and went out. When I went out of the building, I met a man with a gun on his hip, leisurely pacing back and forth. On top of the high stone walls were observation stations from which men with rifles made regular beats back and forth. The windows, I observed, were screened with heavy iron bars. 0 WHY SUCH A STRUCTURE? The whole structure impressed me as a place of confinement for wild beasts. But I could hear no lions roar; everything seemed to be in perfect quietness. What was the purpose of this peculiar construction? What was kept inside that the guards on the walls were scrutinizing so closely? Men, yes, men and women, human beings like those I had come in contact with every day, were imprisoned there ! I was informed that within those stone walls, which surrounded a space about the size of two city blocks, were over five hundred men and women,— men and women held captive by stone walls, barred windows, and men with loaded guns. As I left the place, pondering over what I had seen, my mind turned to the multitude of such institutions throughout the land. Not only are there jails and state prisons— there are reformatories, state hospitals, lunatic asylums, and poorhouses, filled to overflowing with human derelicts. As this realization of the world's grief and misery came before me, my spirit cried out, "Is this man's end? Is there Page Four RODNEY H. DAVIDSON no hope of check or change for this everwidening sea of crime and misery?" What is it that has poisoned the wellsprings of human life? What is this thing that seems to dwell in men and women, driving them to revolt and turmoil? I pick up a newspaper, and in it I read that the attorney who sent a criminal to the gallows last week is brought before the court to-day for embezzlement and bribery. WHENCE THE POISON? The world is full of penitentiaries, to-day when legislation is a specialty. Dealing with crime is a business. Poorhouses abound in our land of plenty. Insane asylums and hospitals are crowded to the limit in this age when higher mental efficiency and medical science are in the limelight. The model home is almost a question mark. The ideal church is hard to find. What is it that has poisoned the wellsprings of human life? What is it that has wrought this havoc and distortion in the souls of men? Must it forever continue? Is there no remedy for it? Before we attempt to find a remedy, let us cast about for clues to the source of this insidious malady. In Romans 5:12 we read : "Therefore, as through one man sin entered into the world, and death through sin; "Who shall deliver me out of the body of this death?" and so death passed unto all men, for that all sinned." A. R. V. Sin entered ! Sin is transgression, it is treason, it is rebellion against God. One man, Adam, sinned; sin so affected him as to become a part of his very nature. It became a part of his nature to the extent that it was passed on through him to his posterity. With it was passed its consequences, —crime, disease, insanity, and death. Adam's sin precipitated all humanity into the maelstrom. Man partakes of the nature of the archrebel Satan, in whom rebellion is personalized and personified. Man is a bondservant to sin. "Of whom a man is overcome, of the same is he also brought into bondage" (2 Peter 2 :19) ; and "know ye not, that to whom ye present yourselves as servants unto obedience, his servants ye are whom ye obey ?" Romans 6:16. THE REASON FOR IT The reason men and women are in bondage in the penitentiary is that they are first in the bondage of sin. Crime and wickedness in the world are only the natural fruits of the inherent nature that is rooted in the very heart of man. As slaves driven by their masters, men and women to-day are driven by sin. That is what the prophet Jeremiah meant when he said: "I know that the way of man is not in himself ; it is not in man that walketh to direct his steps." Jeremiah 10:23. Man, being enslaved to that nature, is led by it to commit sin. As we study this enigmatical nature, we learn more about its subtle character. The most puzzling part of this nature is that it can be religious and yet sinful. It can exist in the very center of the church. Ancient Israel was a very religious people. They brought their oblations and incense unto Jehovah. They called assemblies, and observed the Sabbath. In the externals of their religious worship they were perfect. But Jehovah, who "seeth not as man seeth" but "looketh on the heart" (1 Samuel 16: 7), passed judgment on them as being exceedingly corrupt. He declared that their religious forms were an abomSIGNS of the TIMES for JUNE 25, 1929 SINNERS BY CHOICE Young people do not become sinners because they commit some sin. They commit sin because they are sinners, sinners by choice, and aliens by birth. Sin is not something, either, that affects only youth and is outgrown in time. It may be in a more passive state in some than in others, but nevertheless it works in every man. The same day that a nineteen-year-old lad went to the gallows at San Quentin, a man of fifty years went to the electric chair at the Nebraska penitentiary. The malady of the world to-day is sin. It is the same thing working in mankind to-day that slew Abel. It is the same nature that worked in the hearts of the antediluvians and made the thoughts of their hearts only evil continually. (Genesis 6:5.) It is the same nature that gripped the apostle Paul when he said, "I am carnal, sold under sin." (Romans 7:14.) It possesses every man and woman, and they are helpless to deliver themselves from it. Every man is so sold to it that, if he wills to change, he is overcome and defeated. .b..9.1 .. .22.214.171.124.... .......111•••••••....•..1•••••••••••••••••••••••-••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• I Will Believe ERNEST LLOYD I will believe, I will believe, Doubt whoever may; Nothing shall turn my faith from Him Who loves me night and day. His ways my reason may confound, Clouds and darkness may be around; His truth and justice still abound; His word shall be my stay. I will believe, I will believe, E'en in the evil day, When truth is fallen in the streets, And godless men hold sway. Christ's hour will come; He will arise, Scattering the refuges of lies; And nations with admiring eyes Shall own Him holy, just, and wise, And humbly seek His way. • .”0. 0».....11.41"0"0"10. .0.0”0.0.0.0............... "O... .... THEY WERE HOGS STILL May I answer these questions with a crude illustration? A farmer decided one fall that he could raise better swine if he kept them in sanitary quarters. He built pens with concrete floors. He made a concrete pool for them to bathe in. He built feed troughs that they could not get their feet in. He did everything possible to give the animals a sanitary environment. He kept them in those pens all winter. They thrived, and in the spring were the pride of their keeper. One day in late spring, when the days had grown warm, the farmer turned his choice animals out into the pasture. In the morning the air was cool, the grass sweet and refreshing. The hogs cropped it in perfect contentment. But the morning wore away, and the sun began to send down its heated rays. The grass became less sweet, and the grazing less enjoyable. The farmer came in at noon from work. Passing close by the pasture, he cast a look for his prize animals. Down at the farther end of the pasture—in the old pond— were his hogs rooting and rolling in the slime and mud, the old ones and the young ones together! Why did those animals go into the mud? The old ones had been in the clean pens all winter; the young ones had been raised there, and had never seen mud before. Why did they go there?—because they were still swine! The good environment and training were fruitless as long as they were possessed of the hog nature. Hog nature is a mudhole nature; human nature is a sin nature. Good training and clean environment may keep human nature cleaned up, even looking holy on the outside. It may run right if turned into the pasture of the world while the morning is cool and the field green. But let the heat of the day begin to burn down upon it and dry up the pleasant pasture of life, and the old nature will show its true color every time. A personal worker for young people recently said : "I have less faith in my work than I used to have. I find that so many folks whom I have felt that I have helped have fallen again into the old rut. They seemed steadied for a while after I had labored with them; but, as time has passed, they have returned to the old life." Why did they do it? Because of their nature. . 11.0 .11.41.41. ination unto Him, for their "doings" were evil and their hands "full of blood." They needed to be washed, they needed to be cleansed. See Isaiah 1. Yes, a man may have on religious externals and be apparently well spiritually, yet in reality be tottering on the brink of chaos because sin's sarcoma has eaten up the vitality of his soul. The saddest part of this condition is that a man's own heart may be deceiving him as to his real condition. "The heart is deceitful above all things, and it is exceedingly corrupt: who can know it?" Jeremiah 17:9. Why did David, the anointed of Jehovah, sin? Why did he bring reproach upon his God? David, himself, made the case clear when he said, "Behold, I was brought forth in iniquity; and in sin did my mother conceive me." Psalm 51:5. Why is it that so many Christian parents are bewailing the fate of their children who have drifted out of the church into sin? Why is it that so many young people who have been reared in religious homes, who have been educated in religious schools, who have themselves in their early days taken an active part in religious things,—why is it, I ask, that they go out of the church and drift into sin? I am told that twenty-one young men reared in Christian homes and graduates of Christian colleges are serving terms in San Quentin prison. Nothing in life, nor yet in death, Not all satanic might, No present things, nor things to come, Not utmost depth or height, No creature while the ages roll, Shall separate my trusting soul From Him whose will doth all control, Whose life and love have made me whole. He only dwells in light,— The King of kings, the Lord of lords, He reigns by sovereign right. 1.? :.»..._........................1..1-1..1.. i..1..1..1..1..1..1..1..•.....1..1..: Paul continues: "I know that in me, that is, in my flesh, dwelleth no good thing: for to will is present with me, but to do that which is good is not. . . . For I delight in the law of God after the inward man: but I see a different law in my members, warring against the law of my mind, and bringing me into captivity under the law of sin which is in my members. Wretched man that I am! who shall deliver me out of the body of this death?" Romans 7:18-24. Wretched indeed is man ! The condition of the world before our eyes is a mighty witness to it. Who shall deliver? That is the question the needy world, writhing in the death throes of sin, is asking to-day. Can it be answered? Yes, it can! THE EMANCIPATION Hear the emancipation proclamation heralded to a world bound in sin: "The Spirit of the Lord is upon Me [that is, Christ], because He anointed Me to preach good tidings to the poor : He hath sent Me to proclaim release to the captives, and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised, to proclaim the acceptable year of the Lord. And He closed the book, and gave it back to the attendant, and sat down : . . . And He began to say unto them, Today hath this scripture been fulfilled in your ears." Luke 4:18-21. For seven hundred years these words of the prophet Isaiah had stood on the side of promise; but this day, to-day, they are placed on the side of accomplishment. 0 world, hear that message! Every man, captive of sin, hear your emancipation decree ! The problem of sin is dealt with. Jesus was anointed for that very work. That is His supreme mission. It was announced of Him before His birth. An angel said to Joseph, "Fear not to take unto thee Mary thy wife. . . . She shall bring forth a son; and thou shalt call His name JEsus ; for it is He that shall save His people from their sins." Matthew 1:20, 21. When the angel announced His birth to the shepherds who were watching their flocks by night, he said, "Behold, I bring you good tidings of great joy which shall be to all the people: for there is born to you this day in the city of David a Saviour, who is Christ the Lord." Luke 2 :10, 11. Behold, a new dispensation is announced ! "Blow the trumpet, trusty watchman, Blow it loud o'er land and sea ; God commissions, sound the message Every captive may be free." Jesus, the Saviour, has dealt with sin right where it was. He dealt with it among the members, in the flesh. "What the law could not do, in that it was weak through the flesh. God, sending His own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh and for sin, condemned sin in the flesh." Romans 8:3. Jesus demonstrated in the flesh the uselessness of committing sin. He through Himself rendered the committing of sin in the flesh unnecessary. HE BROKE THE BONDS Jesus not only demonstrated that a life of sinlessness could be lived in the flesh; He banished the prison walls that separated humanity from God. He snapped the chain that bound man in sin, and reconciled him to God. "It was the good pleasure of the Father that in Him should all the fullness dwell; and (Continued on page 10) Page Five EDITORIAL ASA OSCAR TAIT ALONZO L. BAKER "UNDERSTOOD NONE OF THESE THINGS" T HE Lord Jesus Christ was the Prince of teachers, and knew how to make the most skillful impressions upon minds and hearts. But toward the close of the ministry of Jesus, we read these words concerning one of His experiences with the twelve apostles who had the very best opportunities for understanding the Master, for becoming intimately acquainted with Him, and knowing His message as no others would know it in all of its depth and breadth and beauty. "And He took unto Him the twelve, and said unto them, Behold, we go up to Jerusalem, and all the things that are written through the prophets shall be accomplished unto the Son of man. For He shall be delivered up unto the Gentiles, and shall be mocked, and shamefully treated, and spit upon : and they shall scourge and kill Him: and the third day He shall rise again. And they understood none of these things; and this saying was hid from them, and they perceived not the things that were said." Luke 18:31-34. This conversation with the Master was between Him and the twelve alone. He had them apart by themselves on that last eventful journey to Jerusalem. He presented to them, as only the Master could, "the things that are written through the prophets." As only the great Master Himself could present them, these things were impressed upon the minds and hearts of His disciples, who were so intimate with Him, and who loved Him so dearly. Everything was in their favor, so that they should have received and known what He was talking to them about. But the record says so plainly, "They understood none of these things." And not only so, but, "This saying was hid from them ; " and, furthermore, "They perceived not the things that were said." We marvel that those disciples, so devoted to Jesus, and so in love with Him and His principles, should be unable to understand His clear teaching, and we inquire for the reason. And as we study into the matter, as revealed so clearly in the record of the New Testament Scriptures, we find that their whole difficulty lay in the fact that they had imbibed certain false notions that were absolutely contrary to the Scriptures; and these false notions so completely darkened their minds and hearts that the truth could not enter, no matter how clearly it was presented. Indeed, He was not able to open their minds, so that they could grasp what was written concerning Him "in the law Page Six of Moses, and the prophets, and the psalms" until He was with them in that upper room following His crucifixion and resurrection. Study the record as revealed in the closing part of the 24th chapter of Luke. Preconceived notions contrary to the word of God, false and groundless theories held tenaciously, keep us from seeing the plain truth of Scripture. This lesson so clearly and so forcefully presented in the experience of the intimate disciples of Jesus should cause men to take stock of their religious experiences and their religious ideas; for while there were a few prophecies, comparatively, that pointed to the first advent of Christ, to His suffering and death, there is a far greater mass of prophetic evidence concerning the second coming of Jesus. Daniel, in his prophecy, has foretold the great nations that would rise between his time and the second coming of Christ. The matter is presented so clearly that there is no occasion for mistake. The book of Revelation with equal clearness presents the unmistakable evidence by which we may know when the second coming of Jesus is near at hand. The Master Himself, as recorded in the 24th of Matthew, the 13th of Mark, and the 21st of Luke, gave the clearest kind of evidences by which, as He expressed it, we might "know" when the great day is Sir James Frazier, England's famous historian and investigator of antiquity, who believes that he has discovered the ruins of the Tower of Babel in the land of ancient Babylon. near. The Master has inspired prophets and apostles to fill His word with a great treasure of evidences that would be particularly clear in the last generation,— signs by which we might know that the Master is right at hand. But now, in the face of all of this evidence, if our minds are filled with false theories concerning the second coming of Christ, the great day will come upon us unawares, just as the crucifixion came upon the disciples as such a terrible shock and such an awful discouragement. They might have followed the Lord step by step, and been full of sympathy and courage as they stood beside Him in the last and trying ordeal; but they were so blinded by the false religious theories of their own time and of their own church that they were unable to understand or to sense what the Master was pressing upon their minds and hearts from the writings of the prophets of old. Many people are resting under the delusion in this time that there is to be a great millennium of peace, prosperity, and glory before the second coming of Christ. But how clearly does the Word tell us that evil men and seducers shall wax worse and worse, until the last generation that is to live upon this earth will be ranked as the very worst that has ever cursed our unfortunate planet! The Bible prophecies are unmistakably plain. They tell their story with absolute clearness; and we should study what God Himself has said, so that we may have a realizing sense of the times in which we live. Prejudice that leads us to cling without reason or sense to popular theories, like a mighty vise, holds us so that we can not see clearly. We should come to the living Word, and learn from it the clear lessons that God by His mighty Spirit will impress upon mind and heart. Concerning this great day that is so soon to break upon the world, the Master says: "Take heed to yourselves, lest haply your hearts be overcharged with surfeiting, and drunkenness, and cares of this life, and that day come on you suddenly as a snare: for so shall it come upon all them that dwell on the face of all the earth. But watch ye at every season, making supplication, that ye may prevail to escape all these things that shall come to pass, and to stand before the Son of man." Luke 21:34-36. These words are a warning to us that we may not be deceived in this time as were the apostles in that day. T. SIGNS of the TIMES IRACLES e)Possibl Evolution and Modernism say "No;" Christianity says "YES." ROBERT HERVIG He stilled storm-driven Galilee. Could He have been an impostor? HE fierce winds were lashing to fury the troubled waters of blue Galilee. Far out upon its surface, rising and falling with the billows, rode a frail little boat carrying the Master and His disciples. The vessel was rapidly filling with water, and the disciples in alarm cried out, "Master, carest Thou not that we perish?" The story, in Mark 4:35-41, is familiar to us all, how the Lord arose and commanded the surging seas to cease their wild raging, "and the wind ceased, and there was a great calm." Stupendous power ! Only a miracleworking God could do that, you say. And yet there are many to-day who scoff at the idea that Christ ever performed a miracle. Because their minds can not grasp the thought of immaterial power, unlimited and above all the laws of nature, they throw the word "miracle" entirely out of their vocabulary. BUILT ON MIRACLES The Pharisees of old lacked faith. Of them Christ asked, "Whether is easier, to say, Thy sins be forgiven thee; or to say, Arise, and walk?" The fact is, the Christian religion is built upon miracles. The whole life of Christ was filled with miracles of healing and restoring wherever He went. If this is denied, then the entire Scriptures become an allegory; and who shall mark the dividing line between fact and fancy? From cover to cover the Bible is a revelation of a Being who is all powerful, who is above all natural law, and who alone is the source of all life. Take this thought out of the inspired word, and what is left? A good code of morals, perhaps; but that is not what the world needs. God has always had His standard of right, and it will never change. "Fear God, and keep His commandments: for this is the whole duty of man." Ecclesiastes 12:13. The world to-day is not in need of a new standard, but it is sadly in need of a new life, —a regenerative power from above that will change the human heart. But that is just where modernism fails, for it is built upon the evolutionary philosophy of life, which utterly discredits the supernatural and deifies the natural laws of cause for JUNE 25, 1929 and effect. This form of theistic evolution completely contradicts and nullifies the fundamentals of the gospel. The two can not possibly be harmonized. IS THE FALL ABSURD? Let us examine this statement a little more closely. If evolution be true, and if man has evolved from lower and simpler forms of life, then it is absurd to speak of a "fall." In other words, the Biblical origin of sin must be discarded, and we must look at sin in an entirely different light. As Le Conte, a leading authority on evolution, puts it: "If evolution be true, and especially if man be indeed a product of evolution, then what we call evil is not a unique phenomenon confined to man, and the result of an accident the 'fall,' but must be a great fact pervading all nature, and a part of its very constitution." Those who tell us that evolution was God's method of creation thus lay the Creator open to one of two serious charges : either He was handicapped with the material with which He worked or else He deliberately created life with the inherent tendency to do evil. To admit the former is to limit the power of God and to make a farce out of the whole matter of creation; to accept the latter makes of the Creator a veritable tyrant, who is directly responsible for all the evil that is in the world to-day. No thinking Christian will accept either view, for both are alien to the very character of a loving and merciful Father, who "so loved the world, that He gave His onlybegotten Son." John 3 :16. One can scarcely conceive of a more pernicious theory or one better suited to make infidels. The God of theistic evolution can never be the God of Christianity. WHAT OF THE CROSS? But this brings us to another of the fundamentals of the gospel. If there has been no fall, if man has always been evolving into a higher state, then the sacrifice of the cross was a tragic mistake, for the Saviour Himself explicitly declared, "The Son of man is come to seek and to save that which was lost." Luke 19:10. Now, if the trend of life has always been upward, if man has ever been gaining instead of losing, it is evident that Christ died in vain. Thus at one daring stroke evolution would cut the very heart out of the gospel, and make of it a senseless•, useless, purposeless tragedy,—the very acme of stupidity. Still worse, it makes the very Author and Founder of Christianity the chief of impostors. Such a statement may seem a bit startling at first, but it is nevertheless true. Why, you ask, could not Christ be just a great moral leader, a mighty master of philosophy and ethics? Must He necessarily be divine in order to be so considered? WAS HE AN IMPOSTOR? Let us put the matter to a test. To be a moral man and a great teacher, Christ would of necessity have to adhere to His own standard of morality. It would be superfluous to prove here that the very foundation of His doctrine is truth. "Thy word is truth," He declares (John 17:17), in speaking to His Father; and we find Him announcing to His followers, "I and My Father are one" ( John 10:30), and when questioned by the Pharisees, He did not hesitate to declare Himself to be the Son of God. But, if Christ were only human, as you and I are, then how presumptuous and blasphemous those words become ! By His own claims He would then stand condemned as the greatest impostor this world has ever known. Is not this the only logical conclusion to be drawn from following such a philosophy to its limit? Sin is an inescapable fact, however we may account for its origin. The woe, the sorrow, the suffering, that it brings with it are everywhere visible, and we have all, at one time or another, in a greater or less degree, felt its cruel sting. The great need of humanity to-day is the Saviour,—One who can lift it above the filth and degradation into which it has fallen, and place it once more on that plane of perfection it occupied in the beginning, when "God saw everything that He had made, and, behold, it was very good." Genesis 1:31. The increase of crime and immorality, which forms so striking a feature of this present age, should teach us how utterly (Continued on page 10) Page Seven HE War-Peace PARADOX IsN'T it passing strange how the world talks so much about peace and spends so much on getting ready for war ? M. EUGEN E EVANS 0-DAY the signs of the times declare that we are standing on the threshold of great and solemn events. Everything in our world is in agitation," declares a prominent author, in writing of presentday conditions. We see diplomats expressing their desire for the maintenance of peace among the nations by signing peace treaties, and then they go and preach "peace-time preparedness" and practice what they preach by carrying out "peace-time preparations." Thus we find the world enacting the paradox of all ages. rf WORKING OF THE PARADOX Notice in the following facts the working out of this paradox. Out of the terrible experience of the Great War there arose a cry for peace that has echoed throughout the world. Men everywhere rose up and joined in an international movement to outlaw war. Scores of great idealists and leaders of many prominent organizations have fostered this movement. And, finally, as a crowning victory of all their efforts, came the BriandKellogg Peace Pact. It is a treaty that is a plain declaration and agreement. The sixty nations signing it have solemnly "declared in the names of their respective people that they condemn recourse to war for the solution of international controversies." This was a wonderful thing, and the world hailed it with great rejoicing. Immediately there went forth the proclamation that war had been renounced, and we were entering into a reign of peace. As it seemed, the very air was filled with the refrain of the victory song. As the echoes of the peace song fade away, we hear the bugle call to preparedness. Some of the very nations that were the original signers of the Briand-Kellogg Treaty are now talking about how they may have better means of self-defense in case of war. GERMANY TO THE FRONT Germany was one of the original signers to the Peace Pact. Now she has announced to the world that she has just constructed a "vest-pocket dreadnought," which is a 9,000ton cruiser, driven by internal-combustion motors of 50,000 horse power. This cruiser is constructed of special high-grade steel. It can mount six 11-inch guns, whereas 8-inch guns are now the biggest on our cruisers. It is claimed that this vessel is the greatest fighting ship ever built. The Washington Star made the comparison that "our cruisers and their British counterparts are capable of continuous voyage of 10,000 miles at thirteen knots. The German vessel is built to travel that distance without refueling at twenty knots." This journal made the final conclusion that Germany has stolen a march on the United States and Great Britain, as "well as upon the other navies of the world." Another leading journal maintains the view that "in drafting the treaty of peace with Germany, the Allies, in a mood of fear and vindictiveness, sought to make her forever impotent by limiting the size of her army and navy. By restricting the size of armored ships to 10,000 tons and light cruisers to 6,000, it was thought Germany would be rendered permanently harmless on the sea. But, in order to seem fair, the Allies in the covenant of the League of Nations agreed that they also would disarm. "That pledge has not been kept in any substantial way. Germany saw standing armies in Europe reaching the pre-war strength, she saw nations engaged in building more warships for 'self-defense' and for 'protection of trade,' and she must have concluded that the promise of the Allies to disarm was only a hypocritical pretense. Therefore she resolved to apply all her technical skill and resources to attain a measure of equality within the restrictions placed upon her. And the first important outcome of the oppression is the Ersatz Preussen," a mighty battle cruiser. WHAT HER SUCCESS MEANS Since Germany has made a success of the building of this first ship, she will continue to build more like it. And the other nations that have been taken by surprise at her actions will now endeavor to build something to surpass even this most modern warship. The United States is looking out for the future. Just after this country had ratified the Briand-Kellogg Pact, the Senate took definite action to have fifteen more cruisers built for the navy. In the discussion that preceded the passing of the cruiser bill, it was emphasized that these cruisers were necessary for self-defense and the protection of trade. It was further emphasized that with Great Britain constantly adding to her navy, the United States must have these additional cruisers in order to hold her rights of freedom on the seas. Since the Disarmament Conference held in Washington in 1922, the United States has Fourteen-inch railway mount gun, lined with West Point cadets Page Eight SIGNS of the TIMES Members of Battery C anti-aircraft machine guns, 62d Coast Artillerymen, from Fort Totten, New York done very little, comparatively speaking, in the way of adding to the navy. Now she is determined to come up to her quota and still keep within the bounds of her agreement made during this conference. She is letting no peace treaty or peace propaganda hinder her in carrying out this program. One Senator expressed the thought when discussing the cruiser bill, "We promise peace, but prepare for war." GOD FORETOLD IT And the United States is not the only nation that is making preparations. One author in a leading monthly journal, in summing up conditions in Europe under the title of "A Bad Year in Europe" (1928), wrote these words: "The hope or the illusion that permanent peace was attainable is giving way to the conviction that war is the inevitable destiny of the unhappy European continent. And nations and governments are taking positions with an eye to the future conflict. Armies are being reorganized, systems of defense are being developed, preparations are being made, all with an idea of the eventual conflict." When we behold the transpiring of such events, we can not but believe that God's word is true. These facts point out the fulfillment of Bible prophecy. The prophet Joel, in speaking of the last days, foretold that men would say, "Prepare war; stir up the mighty men; let all the men of war draw near, let them come up. Beat your plowshares into swords, and your pruning hooks into spears: let the weak say, I am strong." Joel 3 :9,10, A. R. V. And the prophet Isaiah, also speaking of what would come to pass in the last days, describes how many people from many nations will be saying, "Nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more." Isaiah 2:4. What further evidence do we need to show us that the nations are fulfilling the prophecies right now? Therefore the paramount events that are taking place to-day are the peace cry and the preparations for war. The prophet Ezekiel gives a reason for these contrasting events transpiring together: "Destruction cometh; and they shall seek peace, and there shall be none." Ezekiel 7:25. And in another scripture the apostle Paul warns us that "when they shall say, Peace and safety; then sudden destruction cometh." 1 Thessalonians 5:3. We are not left ignorant as to what this destruction is, for John the revelator describes it. In the sixteenth chapter of Revelation he pictures before us a scene of the gathering of the nations "to the battle of that great day of God Almighty." The nations are gathering to the last great battle known as that of Armageddon. WHEN THE SON OF MAN COMES is during this last great conflict that the scenes of this earth's history will close. It is then that the nations shall "see the Son of man coming in the clouds of heaven with It power and great glory." Another scripture adds: "When the Son of man shall come in His glory, and all the holy angels with Him, then shall He sit upon the throne of His glory." Matthew 24:30; 25:31. It is when this event comes that the kingdoms of this world will be dissolved. And then will come true the prophecy of Daniel, "And there was given Him dominion, and glory, and a kingdom, that all people, nations, and languages, should serve Him: His dominion is an everlasting dominion, which shall not pass away, and His kingdom that which shall not be destroyed." Daniel 7:14. What better conditions could we wish for when we are told that in that everlasting kingdom the inhabitants shall "come to Zion with songs and everlasting joy upon their heads : they shall obtain joy and gladness, and sorrow and sighing shall flee away"? And the promise is, "My people shall dwell in a peaceable habitation, and in sure dwellings, and in quiet resting places." Isaiah 35:10; 32:18. In that kingdom there will be no trouble and strife as we see it to-day among the nations. It is a kingdom that fulfills the longing of every heart now,—a longing for everlasting peace. THE PLEASURE OF THAT DAY What a pleasure it will be to be a dweller in that land! It is your privilege and mine to be there. Christ has provided a way, if we will only accept it. He came to earth and died on Calvary that we might have salvation. He has marked to-day's pathway with signs that show that His second coming is near. And now that we may have strength and courage to pass through the closing events of this earth's history He bids us: "Come unto Me, all ye that labor and are heavy-laden, and I will give you rest." Matthew 11:28. Accept this invitation to-day and find rest for your soul in Christ. GOD always has an angel of help for those who are willing to do their duty.—Theodore L. Cuyler. The submarine "Orpheus" of the British navy, said to be the deadliest yet launched. She has six torpedo tubes, three of which are shown on the port side of her bow. 11.110r17 • for JUNE 25. 1929 Page Nine The World's Worst Disease (Continued from page 5) through Him to reconcile all things unto Himself, having made peace through the blood of His cross. . . . And you, being in time past alienated and enemies in your mind in your evil works, yet now hath He reconciled in the body of His flesh through death, to present you holy and without blemish and unreprovable before Him." Colossians 1: 19-22. Dear friends, struggling with sin, do you grasp the beauty of that language? Upon Jesus the fullness of God's power was bestowed. By the blood of His cross He made peace with God for you. In the body of His flesh He overcame for you the power of that nature of the flesh. Through His perfect obedience unto death He delivered you from "the body of this death." In Him you are liberated from a nature that compels you to sin, and are made a partaker of a nature by which you will do right. Jesus will present you "unreprovable" before His Father. If you will accept Jesus, He will give you a new nature. He will make you a new creature, for "if any man is in Christ, he is a new creature: the old things are passed away; behold, they are become new." Not by any power that you may have, "but all things are of God, who reconciled us to Himself through Christ, and gave unto us the ministry of reconciliation; to wit, that God was in Christ reconciling the world unto Himself, not reckoning unto them their trespasses, and having committed unto us the word of reconciliation." 2 Corinthians 5:17-19. 0 friends, let me plead with you! Do not take chances with sin; it is too deadly to be tampered with. Do not be satisfied with following some religious form. Parents, I plead with you, do not be content with giving your children a mere knowledge of religious things; bring them into contact with Jesus. Young people, I plead with you, do not trust yourselves with your own strength to resist sin; give yourselves to Jesus, and let Him create in you clean hearts. To every one I say, let us come, and, in the light of what Jesus has accomplished for us, let us be saved from sin and be reconciled to Him. Let us have the wellsprings of our hearts purified by His grace, our evil tempers sweetened by His love, that we may live above sin and in peace with God. If we come to Jesus as we are, and accept Him as our Saviour, then, no matter how sinful our lives may have been, for His sake we are accounted righteous. Our wills and the intents of our hearts will run in harmony with His righteous will. "All true obedience comes from the heart. It was heart work with Christ. And if we consent, He will so identify Himself with our thoughts and aims, so blend our hearts and minds into conformity to His will, that when obeying Him we shall be but carrying out our own impulses." e/ire afiracles Possible? (Continued from page 7) helpless man is to stem the tide of evil and to bring himself again into harmony with the perfect law of God's universe. What, then, of modernism? Does it hold out any real hope to a perplexed and perishing world? Can it offer anything really conPage Ten structive and helpful in bringing about a solution of personal problems or difficulties? Its chief approach seems to be through an avenue of negatives. It denies the fall of man, with its consequence of sin, and assumes, instead, that he has been slowly and painfully climbing the speculative ladder of the ages, round by round, through his own efforts. It tells us that every individual is only an infinitesimal part of the great and complicated scheme of nature, and that he can never hope to better himself except as society in common advances. It denies the sinner a personal Saviour who is both willing and able to lift him out of the pit of sin and despair and to fill his heart with hope and courage. Modernism attempts to dispense entirely with the Scriptural presentation of original sin, defining it as merely the natural inheritance of a brute ancestry. As a result, people everywhere are losing their sense of the awfulness of sin. It is no longer looked upon as a rebellion against God. That which caused the Son of God to offer up His life upon the cross of Calvary is to-day treated as a very trivial thing. The average person is much more concerned with getting away \ 1 a lth C, 'srmitmcrif E G. !WHAM! Ammo IMMENik Each One a Sermon on Old Age The devil has no happy old people. As soon as you feel too old to do a thing, do it. Gray hairs may be a crown of glory or a fool's cap. There may be old fogies. But there are young fogies also. It is a pitiful thing when all the child is dead in a man. It is better to be seventy years young than forty years old. Every hobble of an aged Christian is toward the shining gates. To avoid growing old, learn new wrinkles faster than old ones appear. When Time, with iron-clad feet, steps on the face, the hoof marks remain. Gray hairs are the silver head marks in the education of the aged Christian. The white locks of wicked men are but the gathered frosts of the second death. "Crow's-feet" on the face are sometimes the marks of the black raven of sorrow. As soon as a man begins his conversation with, "When I was a boy," he is getting old. As the paper is nearly filled, we write the more closely, to get in all we want to say. A Christian's old age is like Mount Hecla, which bears snow on its crest, but fire in its heart. The grandest things in the world are old : old mountains, old rivers, old stars, and old people. In early life, the Christian reads Genesis; how the old world was made. In old age, he reads Revelation ; how the new world will be made. with sin than he is with getting away from it. Having thus abolished sin, modernism finds itself without any fixed standard of life. One man's guess is as good as his neighbor's; and there the matter rests. WHICH WILL YOU CHOOSE? But if the present is doubtful and uncertain, what of the future? Let us hear what Conklin, a leading authority on the subject, has to say: "What the distant future may hold in store for the human race we can only guess. It may be that the entire race will become extinct, and leave the dominance of the earth to other living things. . . . We can not see clearly the next scene, we can scarcely imagine the next act; and the end of the great Drama of Evolution, if there is to be an end, is a matter of faith alone." Listen now to the seer of Patmos as in vision he beholds the consummation of the Christian's hope: "I saw a new heaven and a new earth : for the first heaven and the first earth were passed away; and there was no more sea. . . . And God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes; and there shall be no more death, neither sorrow, nor crying, neither shall there be any more pain : for the former things are passed away." Revelation 21:1-4. Which picture is the brighter? Which brings hope and courage into the heart and makes life worth living? There is no need to answer; the contrast is too vivid to admit of a moment's hesitation. But which will you choose? How to Be Healthy on a Vacation (Continued from page 8) the tendency to burn. If you are lightskinned, do not think you can run the risks that your darker-skinned friend can. Sanitation is as important in a vacation camp as in the city. If the camp is in a locality where there is no garbage collection, the garbage should be buried, or, preferably, burned. A good way is to dig a hole large enough to last for several days, perhaps for the entire time, and each day throw in the day's garbage and cover with sufficient soil to protect it from the flies, and then completely fill the hole before leaving camp. Papers and all combustible waste should be burned, and cans should either be buried, or sunk into deep water. It is important that campers leave the camping place clean. Those who fail to do this make enemies, and cast reproach on all campers. Too many vacations end with the vacationist less fitted for his work than before his outing, all because of failure to observe some of the simple suggestions here given. TRUE Christians are one throughout; they reveal one spirit, obey one law, are dominated by one master passion, contemplate one end. The fountain may be turbid sometimes, there may be sour clusters on the tree, but if we are Christ's in sincere and full consecration, even in our faults and failures, the reality of our goodness will make itself felt. We shall not excuse our failures, but strive not to repeat them.— W. L. Watkinson. SIGNS of the TIMES OULS hriveled WHAT IS THE REMEDY? Lauretta Wilcox T HEIR souls are shriveling." And one educator of this country accredits this alarming condition of the American people to the lack of prayer. Why have many people ceased to pray? Some think they are too busy. Hurrying— they are always hurrying through life—hurrying, only the Lord knows where; nevertheless hurrying any place but to God. There is no time for morning worship—a business engagement is pressing; no time for evening communion with the Lord—the dance, the ball, and the theater crowd the mind. Every one and everything are considered except the Creator. In the rush of life's daily activities man has forgotten his dependence on the God of heaven. He has forgotten the Giver of his strength, health, and life; and he hurries on. GOD DOES ANSWER Others have ceased praying because they believe their prayers have not been answered. The Lord is a prayer-hearing God, for He has promised, "If ye abide in Me, and My words abide in you, ye shall ask what ye will, and it shall be done unto you" (John 15:7) ; "and all things, whatsoever ye shall ask in prayer, believing, ye shall receive" (Matthew 21 :22) ; but there are conditions necessary to the fulfillment of these promises. The texts quoted show that one must abide in Christ and have His teachings in the heart. All heaven rejoices when a sinner cries to the Lord for forgiveness; but those who pray while cherishing known sin have no assurance that they will be heard, for "if I regard iniquity in my heart, the Lord will not hear me." Psalm 66:18. Then, too, the petitioner must have faith to believe that the Lord will answer. He may have this assurance if he will keep the words of the Lord, and ask according to God's will, "Whatsoever we ask, we receive of Him, because we keep His commandments, and do those things that are pleasing in His sight." 1 John 3 :22. "And this is the confidence that we have in Him, that, if we ask anything according to His will, He heareth us." John 5:14. God, who is all-wise, knows when it is best for a petition to be granted. It may be His will to answer "No." THIS MOTHER SUBMITTED A mother sat by the bedside of her dying daughter. For five long days her mother heart had been torn with grief as she helplessly watched her little girl in the terrible struggle with death. For five long days she had constantly prayed, "Lord, heal my child if it be Thy will." But the last moment had come. She held the little hand, and, while the last signs of life were leaving the body, wept for JUNE 2 5, 1929 Many people pray, but in name only. Men and women "having a form of godliness, but denying the power thereof" (2 Timothy 3:5), utter mechanical petitions to the Lord, which have as much power as the numerous prayers of the Buddhists printed on strips of paper that uncoil hour after hour as the prayer wheels rotate, and thus supposedly ascend to heaven. Such prayers are an abomination to God. When on earth the Lord said, "When ye pray, use not vain repetitions." Matthew 6:7. A prayer should be sincere, not the mere saying of words. CHRIST'S EXAMPLE OF PRAYER -7=-7 The proud Pharisee makes a meaningless, formal prayer ; but the poor publican, with bowed head, prays in sincerity, and is heard. See Luke 18:9-14. softly as she said, "The Lord gave, and the Lord hath taken away ; blessed be the name of the Lord." Had God heard the pleadings of that heart-broken mother when she cried to Him in her trouble? Certainly. But she had so submitted her will to His that, when He saw best to take the little one away, she was able to say, "Blessed be the name of the Lord." Just so, all who pray should ask in the spirit of, "Not my will, but Thine, be done." THIS MOTHER REBELLED Another mother, when hope for her daughter's recovery was gone, prayed so earnestly to the Lord and became so desperate for the girl's life that she said to the Lord, "I cannot give her up." God granted her request, and healed her loved one. In a few years this young woman had lost all interest in religion and God, and was following the path of sin that leads to everlasting death. How often that poor mother repented of her stubborn will ! How often she wished she had submitted in that dark hour, and prayed, "Thy will be done," for she always felt that God would then have taken the girl when she was a Christian. Is it not surprising that human beings say, "The Lord does not hear my prayers," because they do not get just what they desire? Sometimes the answer is only delayed. The story of the mother whose prayers for the conversion of her wayward son were answered twenty years after her death should encourage one to persevere in prayer. Because God created man a free moral agent with the right of choice, He can not force a sinner to change his life; but He can send His Holy Spirit to plead with the hardened soul to surrender. Whether or not a man regards this voice of conscience is his own responsibility. The soul of America is shriveling for lack of prayer that nourishes it as food strengthens the physical body. Prayer is the power of religion, religion underlies the home, and the home is the backbone of civilization. Of the Founder of Christianity it is often recorded that He withdrew into the wilderness or on to a mountain to pray. His strength to resist temptation was received from communion with His Father. Never was a day so full of toil that prayer was crowded out. What a lesson for those who profess to follow Christ's example! Without daily prayer, religion dies. This can not be prevented, for the source of spiritual life itself is cut off, and the soul, being separated from this nourishment, shrivels and dies. Religion underlies the home. Many parents would not be careless of their religious lives if they could only see the effect on their children. In many professed Christian homes to-day the family altar is unknown. Children grow to manhood and womanhood without ever hearing the voice of father or mother in prayer. If, instead of attending the party and theater, parents would spend more time in prayer, many who are waking up to the startling realization that their children are gone and it is too late to reach them, would be saved this sad experience. INFLUENCES OF PRAYER Few things can be a greater incentive to right living than the memory of childhood prayers at mother's knee. It will spur one on to a purer, truer life, and give him courage to live the religion of his mother. Is it any wonder, then, that the "wild parties" with their degradation and sin are on the increase? Young people have lost the incentive that leads to higher living, for they have seen little or no religion in their homes. They lose faith in Christianity, and follow after atheism and infidelity. Thus the homes of the future generation are threatened. Atheism undermines the lives of its believers, and leads them to com(Continued on page 14) Page Eleven Has the CLOCK ISSED A TICK? hold the opinion that portions of time have been lost during the six thousand years man has been upon this planet. But if you want to learn how impossible such a thing is, by all means read this article. SOME PAUL CARDEY r1 -IHE harbor ferry churned its way from the dock out into the busy traffic in the harbor of America's largest city. There was a shrill blast of the whistle. The ferry slowed up as a vessel cleared its bow. With a slight lurch, the engines bent again to their tasks, and with increasing momentum plowed through the trough left by the receding vessel. The sea was beaten and tossed under this ship, which left in its wake a white foam that danced on the waves. As I stood in the stern of the ferry, my eye instinctively followed this path of foam down the river. Like a silver ribbon it glistened in the sunlight. Here and there it had been somewhat obscured where other vessels had crossed it. But far beyond these it made a gentle bend and pointed in toward Pier 45. Although I did not see the boat pull out from the pier, yet this tell-tale trail told me of a certainty that this was the place whence it had come. Following, then, this line from its origin to the boat and beyond, one could mentally mark out the route the ship must follow if it continued in its present course. In the same way I followed the path our ferry was making, and predicted exactly its destination. I pondered long as I peered into the turbulent waves. The water boiled and swirled, eddying here and there as it left the ponderous paddle wheels on each side of the boat. I watched the foaming eddies as they mounted the swell and then sank into the trough, finally to be lost in the distance as they became a part of the white way. The gentle lapping of the water on the sides of the boat caused this picture to fade gradually from my mind. have if it is not the weekly memorial of the day on which Christ was raised? Or if Saturday is not the true seventh-day memorial of creation, as taught in the Bible, then of what use is the present calendar? This picture of confusion crowded into my mind, and in order to quiet it I recounted the evidences of science and astronomy to show that it is impossible to lose even minutes, much less days, from our reckoning of time. How like this ferry, I reasoned, is our planet, the earth. For a brief period of time it has been cruising on eternity's uncharted sea. And just as surely as this boat left its course on the foamy deep, just so surely has every revolution of the earth and of the moon left behind its own particular wake. By this we can know that in all the ages of the past they performed their revolutions, making them in an unbroken chain the same as they do to-day. THEIR CONSTANCY MAKES IT SURE If we knew a boat was going in a certain line and at a certain speed, both of which were constant, it would be very easy to figure out just where that boat would be at any particular time in the future and just where it had been at any given moment in the past. This is precisely the problem in our simple analogy of the earth and the moon: Both are THE CLERGYMAN'S QUEER STATEMENT That was such a queer statement for a clergyman to make, I mused as the water rolled on and on. Why should he say that we had lost track of the days and that our calendar was wrong? My mind was staggered as I thought of the almost endless march of days that have come and gone since creation. I pondered again. Since we live in so few of them, is it really safe to assume that we know the past? Surely the weekly cycle has come down to us intact, binding to it all history and chronology and giving us an unbroken measure of time. To answer this negatively filled my mind with thoughts of apprehension, for this would throw our whole chronology out. What real significance does Sunday Page Twelve traveling at given rates and in given orbits. Science has stated that the variation in the rate of movement of the earth around the sun is less than one second in 103,000 years. What better timekeeper could we ask for than this? So in fancy stand in the stern of this ship of time and scan the retreating band of foam to discover there the markers as we pass them, and be convinced that time is eternal and inviolable; for who can turn the stars from their courses? Laplace, the great mathematician, says that "motion is the proper measure of time, because a body can not be in several places at the same time. If it moves regularly, it will measure the time employed." If we find some way to prove that the motion of the earth has been continuous and regular, then we have disposed of the question of the variation or loss of time. We have the monotonous unchanging march of days and of seasons and years going on century after century, with nothing particularly to distinguish this day or year from one in the last century. There are certain phenomena, however, that occur at stated intervals and serve to distinguish one year from another. They are eclipses, those impressive, beautiful demonstrations of nature. Like buoy markers in the channel, they serve to check our measurement of time. AT STATED INTERVALS "My eye followed this path of foam down the river." A close study of the motions of the moon reveals that it takes 18 years and 1073 days of solar time for the moon to make a cycle, that is, to start from any given position in relation to the earth or sun and to return again to this position. The natural starting point is when the solar and lunar years begin at the same time. This produces two very beautiful solar eclipses, one of which occurs on the first day of the 4th lunar month, and the other one on the first day of the 10th lunar month, thus putting them in the middle of the year with an equal number of months SIGNS of the TIMES on each side. This relationship will not occur again for 18 years, or till the moon has completed its cycle. Then there will be a recurrence of these eclipses, and another cycle will begin. However, the second cycle of eclipses will not occur on the same dates of the month because the cycle is 10 or 11 days over 18 years. Therefore, they move through the year in stages of 10 days. After 36 repetitions of the original eclipse cycle, they have progressed completely through the year. This makes a total of 648 years, and the one year that is gained in the progression makes in all 649 years. Then the original eclipse returns to the same date of the month. All eclipses of the 650th year fall on the same date of the month as the first year. Thus the new cycle begins; and, without a variation, these cycles run throughout all eternity. OBJECTION: The Sabbath was simply a memorial of the deliver- ance of the Israelites from Egyptian bondage, and therefore has no meaning to us Gentile Christians. FRANCIS D. NICHOL THE NATURAL STARTING PLACE The natural and scientific starting place of the year is at the autumnal equinox rather than December 31, which has no fact in nature to hold it there. So, if we take a time when the solar and lunar years start together at the autumnal equinox in September, then the eclipses will fall on the first of the 4th and 10th months as before stated, and never again will this phenomenon occur until the 649 years are ended and a new cycle begins. All time, then, is just like this, and can be measured exactly by these cycles, as they are constant. There is just one difference in these periods. The eclipses of one cycle, though falling on the same day of the month as those of the preceding cycle, will be one day in the week earlier. That is, they will be on a different day of the week even though on the same date of the month. Therefore, if half a day were lost or one day or two days or whatever time at all, when the 649 years were up our calendar would be just that much time out with all the eclipses of the next 649 years. This is not so, and never has been so, for all eclipses predicted so far have occurred as predicted on scheduled time with this eclipse cycle. This could be illustrated very well by the paddle wheels of the ferry. If one should stop for a time while the other one went on turning, it would immediately be evident both in the wake of the boat and in its changed course. The same thing would happen if one went faster than the other. Thus it is in the relationship of the planets. Any variation in one of them would be noticed immediately in two or three ways. NO LOST TIME But to return to our cycles, it must be evident that if any time whatsoever had been lost or dropped out of the calendar, then this phenomenon of the solar and lunar years beginning together at the autumnal equinox with the ensuing eclipses would never occur again. This, then, is the wake left behind by the earth and the moon as they travel through space. There are other evidences of which we can not speak here, which just as effectually determine the course we have come as did the foam on the waves after the boat had gone by. The fact that each cycle starts one day in the week earlier than the succeeding cycle anchors the whole system of time, eclipses, text upon which this statement is 1 based is found in Deuteronomy 5 :15, and reads as follows: "And remember that thou wast a servant in the land of Egypt, and that the Lord thy God brought thee out thence through a mighty hand and by a stretched-out arm: therefore the Lord thy God commanded thee to keep the Sabbath day." First of all, let us note the setting of this text. The fifth chapter of Deuteronomy consists of a summing up by Moses, with appropriate comments, of the great event at Sinai forty years before, when God spoke the Ten Commandments. That Moses was not attempting to repeat verbatim the commandments, but rather to urge the keeping of these well-known precepts, is shown by verse twelve, where he says: "Keep the Sabbath day to sanctify it, as the Lord thy God hath commanded thee." PTHE A LOOK AT THE CONTEXT Therefore the first point to note is that this recital of the commandments in Deuteronomy can not be taken as a substitute for the form of the commandments found in Exodus the twentieth chapter. In Exodus we find the record of the commands as God spoke them, and to this record Moses specifically referred Israel when he urged them, "Keep the Sabbath day to sanctify it, as the Lord thy God hath commanded thee." And whatever reasons or appeals are presented by Moses must be considered as an addition to, and not as a substitute for, the reasons given by God when He originally spoke the commandments. God declared that the seventh day is the Sabbath on which all should rest, because "in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, . . . and rested the seventh day." And He added, "Wherefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath day, and hallowed it." Exodus 20:11. Let us lbok again at the context. Moses proceeds with his paraphrase of the Sabbath command, and closes the fourteenth verse— which describes how servants as well as masters were to rest—by adding: "That thy manservant and thy maidservant may rest as well as thou." Then follows immediately the verse we quoted at the beginning of this article, which reminds the Israelites of how they were servants in Egypt, etc. What is the natural conclusion, then, to reach? Why, simply this, that Moses was giving an added reason for the keeping of the Sabbath commandment, especially that feature of it which had to do with the servants' resting. This, we say, is the natural conclusion to reach. It becomes the inevitable conclusion when certain parallel passages are quoted. PREPOSTEROUS AND UNBELIEVABLE A little further on Moses gives instruction as to the treatment of a servant and of how, after he had served six years, he should be released in the seventh and sent away with liberal provisions from the flocks and herds of the master. "And," added Moses, "thou shalt remember that thou wast a bondman in the land of Egypt, and the Lord thy God redeemed thee : therefore I command thee this thing to-day." Deuteronomy 15:15. Shall we therefore conclude that liberality and love toward servants is a command originating at the Exodus, and that all who lived before that time might deal grudgingly with their servants without incurring God's displeasure? Preposterous! Again, let us read a more detailed command: "Ye shall do no unrighteousness in judgment, in meteyard, in weight, or in measure. Just balances, just weights, a just ephah, and a just hin, shall ye have: I am the Lord your God, which brought you out of the land of Egypt. Therefore shall ye observe all My statutes, and all My judgments, and do them : I am the Lord." Leviticus 19 : 35-37. Shall we take this verse by itself and build up the argument that the command to deal justly in the various affairs of life originated with the Exodus, and that previous to that a man might "short change" his neighbor with impunity? Unbelievable! In the light of these passages, and others that might be given, how evident it is that the fact of their Egyptian bondage, when they were treated unkindly and unjustly, was cited by Moses simply as an added reason why they, now that the Lord had graciously delivered them from such conditions, should deal justly and lovingly with others! The law of just dealings with others, especially with those in unfortunate conditions, has been binding on men from the beginning of the world, but it took on added force and obligation when applied to those who had been so lately compelled to work unceasingly as slaves in Egypt. Instead of weakening the Sabbath command, the text quoted by the objector simply serves to show how exceeding broad is the command and how God intended the Sabbath to prove a source of refreshment and blessing even to servants. (Continued on page 14) for JUNE 2 5, 1 929 Page Thirteen Shriveled Souls (Continued from page 11) mit the most atrocious crimes. Mechanical Christianity is form rather than power, and its professors are too busy to pray, to teach their children to pray and to love God. Such a condition will in time threaten the nation itself, for an important unit of any country is its homes. Their duty is to educate and to train better citizens. How much more effective this will be if at the same time they teach the children the moral code of a sincere Christian—honest labor, fairness, unselfishness, and love to God and man ! In the name of religion, of the home, and of this great nation, may the people of America realize their need of communion with God, and, through earnest prayer, let Him change their shriveling souls into those of vitality and life, and make them fit subjects for citizenship in heaven. astronomer, "The heavens thunder out the existence of the week." Onward rushes our world. We are not allowed to stand in the bow so as to discern the future, but we stand in the stern viewing only what has already come to pass. It is for us, then, to understand the workings of God and our obligation to Him rather than to NOTICE TO SUBSCRIBERS .Expiration. All issues for the month named on the top line of your address label are included in your subscription. Unless renewed in advance, the paper stops at expiration date. Change of address. Please give both old and new address. No papers are sent except on paid subscriptions, SO persons receiving the "Signs of the Times' without having subscribed may feel perfectly free to accept it. (Continued from page 13) THE MOST CONSPICUOUS THING Of course the most conspicuous thing in this stream of time has been the Sabbath. For just as surely as the week has come down intact, just so surely has the Sabbath been brought down intact. For was it not the Sabbath that marked the first week? And ever since then the Sabbath has marked each succeeding week. The weeks in turn are held in place by the stars and planets. It was the Almighty who commanded mankind to remember the seventh-day Sabbath. This institution was made as the memorial of God's creative power and was one of His greatest creations. It is therefore unthinkable to believe that God would allow this institution to be lost through the ages. Let us heed His command and reverence Him on His holy day. Surely with heaven and nature and God Himself witnessing to the true seventh-day Sabbath as an unbroken institution of time, it should not be difficult for us to believe that the true Sabbath has been preserved intact through the ages. It is with awe that we look up into the heavens, and are forced to exclaim with the Page Fourteen A. 0. TAIT, A. L. BAKER, Editors J. R. FERREN, Circulation Manager SUBSCRIPTION RATES In United States: $1:50 Single copy, one year Clubs of five or more to one address, each 1.25 To Canada and other countries taking extra postage: $2.00 Single copy, one year 1.50 Clubs of five or more to one address, each Please make all checks and money orders payable to "Signs of the Times," Mountain View, California. Has the Clock Missed a Tick? and calendars. Therefore, if any government or people should drop out a day, it would immediately be evident in the discrepancy that would occur between the calendar and the eclipses as they are predicted in the almanac. Not only does this relationship between the sun, moon, and earth check our calendar, but both in turn are checked by the relationships that exist between us and all the other planets. For there are certain transits of Mercury and Venus that always occur on the same day of the week. This will forever hold the week in place. Thus it can readily be seen that to lose time the whole solar system would have to be stopped at the same time. Like the boat, the paddle wheels, the rudder, and the engines must all work together in order to keep the ship on an even course. Thus with celestial time one planet serves as a check on another. Each leaves its mark behind till these marks become like the foam on the waves, a discernible, unerring band, pointing backward to creation and forward to the new creation. Advocating a return to the simple gospel of Christ, and a preparation for His imminent second appearing Life's Song of Hope ROBERT HARE 17 Life's brightest suns may hasten down, Its sweetest hours all hurry by, Its perfumed blossoms bloom to fade. As stars that leave the morning sky; But life is sweet, and shaded hours May all be filled with Love's bright flowers. The toiling hand may find its rest, The anxious head, its pillowed stone, And wearied feet that walk the sod May know they never walk alone; The "Presence Angel" day by day Walks with the pilgrim on his way! The kindly deed, the word of cheer, The happy smile, in hope expressed, May lift some heart above its pain, And charm away the wrong confessed, For God is love, and, by His will, We walk beside the needy still! Go labor on, in sweet content. Make all life's passing moments bright. Some sorrowing spirit needs the song That you may sing, to cheer its night, Then sing in hope, and life may be The morning of eternity! —............-- — allow our vision to be obscured by the mists of doubt. Out of the haze of the past the cross of Christ stands out clearly as a lighthouse on the stream of time. And as the Creator rested on the Sabbath after completing His work, so the Redeemer as He closed His earthly life, rested in the tomb over the Sabbath day. And now to every heart, like the murmur of the lapping of the waves on the boat, comes the promise of Christ sweet and clear, "Blessed are they that do His commandments, that they may have right to the tree of life, and may enter in through the gates into the city." • Our Marching Orders THERE are some things that the passing years do not change. The Son of God, who is the Captain of our salvation, gave to His church the following marching orders: "Go ye into all the world, and preach the gospel to every creature." The gospel is the good news of God's love for a world in sin, the good news of God's sacrifice for a world in sin, and the good news of God's plan for the salvation of a world in sin. The history of Christianity has abundantly proved the efficiency of the gospel. . . . There is wonder-working power in the blood of Jesus Christ. Anywhere and everywhere it will conquer sin and break the chains that bind the sinner. The history of Christianity has abundantly proved the sufficiency of the gospel. Jesus Christ said, "I, if I be lifted up, will draw all men unto Me." Christ thus solved in advance the problem of winning men to Him. There is infinite power in the transcendent sacrifice of the world's Redeemer.—Watchman-Examiner. Sign Here for the "SIGNS" 1929 To "Signs of the Times," Mountain View, California. For the inclosed remittance, please enter my name for "Signs" subscription as checked below. Check RATES here 0 Single subscription, 1 year $1.50 0 "Creation—Not Evolution" and "Signs" 1 year 2.50 0 "Without Excuse" and "Signs" 1 yr 2.50 Name Address (If in Canada or other country requiring extra postage, add 50 cents to above prices.) SIGNS of the TIMES Xatie`54. -0GrmtY: rkirVAVAYAVPIV:1 w. 4g- frAZYWk5 ..m rt'S!YVAr`ret`grcUYP5rtYYWYASriVIYAN.415ft 691z a3 TG, [email protected] c•[email protected] [email protected] @ -trZrUTIratZgrt`.. ro ,7D g9.7, A w— Za. Z4 4- $4- The POPE KING AGAIN This new book by Alonzo L. Baker, Junior Editor of the "Signs of the Times," presents in a most vivid way the Vatican question, including an exposition of the prophecies of Daniel 7, 2 Thessalonians 2, etc. NO ISSUE MORE VITAL 10- Not in centuries has a more vital issue come before the world than that of the restoration of the temporal power of the Pope. Men and women everywhere are asking, What does it mean? Full Proof Given The Contents The book does not merely assert; it gives full proof for all its positions from accurate sources, many of the quotations being taken from Catholic books themselves, and only such works as the Church recognizes as authority. The author has brought together a wealth of information you can not get from any other source. You certainly can not afford to be without it. The book contains twelve chapters: 1. Roman Catholicism in the Spotlight 2. Mussolini and the Pope Solve the Roman Question 3. Does Roman Catholicism Believe in a Union of Church and State? 4. The Papacy and Modern Principles of Democracy and Freedom 5. In the Borderland of Education 6. In the Twilight Zone of Marriage, Property Rights, Politics, etc. 7. The Papal Apostasy as Foreseen by Paul 8. Daniel's Prophetic Picture of the Papacy 9. Rome Counterfeits Calvary 10. The "Deadly Wound" Healing 11. An Appeal to Protestants 12. An Appeal to Catholics Well illustrated, paper cover, 3 colors. Order of our representative nearest you, or of PACIFIC PRESS PUBLISHING ASSOCIATION, Mountain View, California A ZAMARNMPOWZMMA i'MeN for JUNE JUNE 25, 1 9 2 9 4=t' etw-PAPP-M-A-M-MVAVAIMM Page Fifteen The strike of the National Textile Workers Union had some very pathetic incidents connected with it in Gastonia, North Carolina. The above shows fourteen-year-old Henry Tetherow, the sole support of his three little sisters beside him. His face carries the expression of a careworn man; and no marvel, for while Henry was attending a meeting of the striking union his baby sisters were set out into the street by police deputies who had orders from the owners of the Loray Cotton Mills to evict all strikers occupying any company-owned houses. How could hearts be found so hardened as to treat children in such a cruel manner? A just God affirms in His word, "At the time that I visit them they shall be cast down, saith Jehovah." Jeremiah 6: 15. The textile industry in the South is facing critical times in the relation of employee and employer, and more trouble is brewing. Arthur Brisbane (above) is perhaps the most widely read editorial writer in the United States to-day. He is the author of the "ToDay" column on the front page of all the Hearst newspapers. It is estimated that twelve or fifteen million people read his column each day. Of recent months, in common with other Hearst writers, Brisbane has set himself to break down respect for the Eighteenth Amendment. In his railing against Prohibition the "facts" he attempts to give are most woefully distorted and colored. faMINIIImecoNS1401MMt The above shows the representatives of all the nations at Geneva, Switzerland, who were seeking a plan to curtail the war-maddened drive toward naval preparedness and supremacy. The picture of such a large group of influential men working upon that problem is a striking illustration of how the world regards the danger of being plunged into a war that beggars description. Left: Faculty and students of the college at Lahore, India, where only the scions of nobility are allowed to attend.
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