Document 229936

I
63 MARLBORO
-
j
HEALTH
NURSERY
THE
IN
ST,
AND
i
[
HOW
FEED
TO
GUIDE
AND
ON
AND
PARTURITION.
PAINLESS
FOR
COMPANION
HER
CHILD
w
WITH
OBSERVATIONS
A
CLOTHE
AND
THE
YOUNG
MATRON
NURSE.
i
E.
M.D.
HOLLAND,
ASSISTANT
PHYSICIAN
Second
TO
Lond., F.R.CS. Eng., etc
THE
HOSPITAL
K.
WOMEN,
ETC.
Edition,rewritten and enlarged.
LONDON
H.
FOR
LEWIS,
136 GOWER
:
STREET,
W.C.
1875.
iy
iLBiii!
LONDON
PRINTED
BY
H.
K.
LEWIS,
:
GOWER
STREET,
W.C.
,y
r
Preface
to
TH"
second
edition.
The firstedition*
without any pushingin the ad*
media* has sold sufficiently
vertising
extensively
and rapidly
to induce the author to regard the
of the pamphletas demonstrated
success
; and its
proved
when enlarged,
revised^and imacceptableness,
inferable ; whereupon he has
upon, fairly
hesitationin proceeding
to the addition of fresh
no
matter, and
a
and
thV^original,
careful revision of
thus,by making it a more
completeand ready
guide to the newly-married
woman^he hopes to
render itthe
i
Titchfield
more
acceptable*
Terrace,
North
Gate, Reoent*s
Park*
iy
1
iy
PREFACE
The
maiden
of
the
and
youth
loveliness
her, must,
whose
just
she
wake
fashion's
the
knits
thoughtless
the
her
curt
of
career
cloyed
fruition
rings of
characters
indeed,
would
unblushed
be
the
exemplar
passS oracles
!
"
let
code
like
of
girl
your
fairy
had
and, with
full-
in
by
its
rored
mir-
far
the
Adventurous,
No,
this
the
oured
time-hon-
matrons,
giddy
with
who,
sage,
frolic, and
be
pass
tres-
the
fungi,
question
!
joyous
Cputts's, until
exists
matroned
dared
that
and
revealed
scenes,
in
her
mission.
furtive
the
have
moon-lit
therein
forgetful
mirth, and
artifice
pixy
woman's
effrontery
and
festive
its
that
of
trait
minor
thread
enchantment,
mqck
of
mystic
has,
out,
of
upon
mamma,
Messrs.
at
bringing
tinseled
blow
airy-heartedness,
account
so-donned
with
of
borate
ela-
attributes
staid
gaily circle,
years
papa's
on
the
treads
the
full
in
more
now
from
the
all
with
dawning
her
as
fresh
period,
finishing school,
EDITION.
FIRST
THE
TO
no
prime,
lingering
girl, the
! ye
your
bile
nu-
giddy,
VI
quixotic,and
the
slayer of
belle
"
by the
ringletsand
Valentine's
of accidents
Je nesaisguots,
falls in love,and
thence
in
final
chose ;
egrettes and
perforce of
or
lage,
vil-
remorseless
if she
dozen
weird
or
desperation,she
with
wedlock, let her forth-
flightylevities that
the
suppress
the
tresses, her
but, when
day;
the belle of the
ball, and
the
at
hearts
men's
her
with
lass
innocent
adorn
alone
girl,and, in well-temperedappreciationof her
the matron's
deputed destiny,espouse
cause, with
of foreshadowed
its new
era
fosterageand exalted
the
To
charge.
pupilage and
nigh verging
and
in the
and
June
i
on
doubts
wit's end
who,
and
an
yet in
as
oft with
burthened
fears, and
in search
of
well-
oracle;
dled
sympathies are freshlykinI profferthis,the mother's
lot of life,
ma,
apt donation from personifiedmam-
maternal
whose
guide,as
matrons,
novice-like,are
plighted cares,
and
young
you,
solicit your
acceptance.
st, 1 87 1.
iy
CONTENTS
PAGE
Observations
General
Symptoms
of
I
.
"
.
.
.
Pregnancy
.
~.
2
:
4
9
Engagement
of
Monthly
Engagement
of
Medical
Mutual
a
Obligations
Monthly
Attendant
the
in
5
Engagement
of
6
Nurse
....
Preparation
Rules
The
Nurse
of
the
Infant
Trousseau
.
to
be
observed
Troubles
during
Pregnancy
of
Pregnancy
7
8
io
Heartburn
ii
Constipation
ii
Headache
12
Toothache
12
Pruritus
12
Varicose
Veins
Miscarriage
Accouchment
Room
Lying-in
Preparation
Arrival
13
"
Approaching
The
*3
of
of
the
the
IS
is
Bed
Doctor
\6
17
Vlll
PAGE
Attendants
in
the
Nourishments
The
Pains
The
Navel
The
Binder
After
Lying-in
Room
*7
18
Labour
during
18
String, Funis,
Umbilical
or
Cord
20
.
Pains
21
.
The
Nursing
Washing
Signs
21
Infant
21
Maturity
of
Twins
Apron
the
22
Triplets
and
Deformed
23
Infants
23
.
Payment
of
Doctor
the
s
Fee
23
Napkins
24
.
The
Infant's
Putting
Motions
24
Breast
to
25
Nursing
25
...
Food
for
Infant
the
till
Breast
the
Milk
appears
Treatment
The
Sunk
of
Lying-in
the
Troubles
of
Woman
Nursing
Nipples
.....
Sore
Nipples
Inflammation
.....
and
Churching
Abscess
.....
Registration
Frequency
l9
of
of
the
Feeding
Child's
or
Birth
giving
Breast
the
iy
IX
PAGE
Puking
34
Bottles
Feeding
The
Nursery
The
Sleeping
Hints
to
Suck
Rags
The
....
Children
Young
of
Nursemaid
the
Dummies
and
Feeding
Infants
of
on
Artificial
Foods
Milk
Ass's
....
Milk
Goat's
The
.
....
Condensed
Milk
Milks
Food
....
Extract
Mellin's
Food
Leibig'
Food
Moore's
and
Arrow-root,
Corn
and
Flour
Food
Hassall's
Vitm
Farina
Preparing
for
Infants
for
Savory
.
....
Sago
Food
more
for
Bread
Pap
Savory
....
Biscuit
Oatmeal
Gruel
Flour
Chapman's
Ulrich's
Food
Moore's
and
Leyman's
Baked
Infants
advanced
Entire
Powder
.
Wheat
Flour
Biscuits
.
iy
X
PAGE
1
Rusks
.
.
Ordinary
Wheat
.
Bread
Flour
.
.
.
.
.51
.
.
.
.52
.
.51
Milk
and
Gruel
.
Concluding
;
".
K
Remarks
52
Baths
The
Sea
53
Cold
Bath
54
Bathing
55
Poultices
55
Clothing
of
Young
the
Child
Dressing
of
Cutting
Washing
Hair
the
of
.56
.
.
58
Nails
the
.
.
.
.58
Child
the
58
Exercise
The
59
Cloth
Rolling
When
take
to
an
Infant
.
.
.
Out-of-Doors
"
.
.
^
.
.
.
.
/
Teething
.
.
.
.
.61
62
Pads
62
Weaning
63
,
Indication
Training
Jury
Marriage
the
of
Child's
Young
the
Intelligence
Child
Emergencies
Little
Incidental
The
60
.60
Gums
the
Teething
The
59*
*
.
Vaccination
Lancing
.
.
of
the
.
.
.
.65
Nursery
.
Subjects
of
with
67
74
Matrons
Relatives
64
74
.
.
iy
.75
PAGE
Remarks
Painless
on
Disinfectants
76
Parturition
80
Deodorants
and
81
Appendix
....
Minor
Operations
on
devolving
usually
the
Nurse
The
Preparation
The
Turpentine
Ventilation
Stupe
of
the
Dressing
Wounds
Dressing
an
of
Bandaging
the
Drawing
Treatment
Binder
.
....
Breast
the
....
Swellings
of
New-born
Room
Navel
Legs
the
....
Lying-in
Ulcerated
Application
Fomentations
Poppy
of
on
the
Head
Infants
.
Hemorrhage
....
Application
Disinfection
the
of
Administration
The
of
Evacuations
of
Enemas
Injections
Vaginal
Use
Leeches
of
the
Female
Suppositories
Catheter
.
Pessaries
Taking
the
Report
of
Analysis
Concluding
Temperature
the
of
Excretions
Urine
Remarks
,"
of
iy
HEALTH
THE
IN
NURSERY
AND
GUIDE
TO
THE
been
already
the
ordained
is the
probability,
has
ceremonies
nuptial
begin
enough
respecting- this,
"
feeling's,and
of the
indication
perchance,
may
married
relative
familiar
to
the
be
secrets
the
of
'/
after
the
to
entertain
with
to
you
whom
with
mamma
the
interesting condition"
be
every
as
you,
a
sufficiently
confide
can
to
me
furnished,
to
in
indications
ordinary
and
your
nor
are
be
of
for
you
should
turally
na-
just anxiety
a
it appears
household,
you
a
and
past,
blessing-; and,
whom
or
that
the
watchful
neither
the
it is wont,
as
become
of
novelty
all-absorbing- topic
have
parlance,
the
ance
alli-
will, in all
you
thing- of
a
have
you
matrimonial
waned
promised
confer,
desirable
very
motherly
of
the
as
children,
become
honeymoon
better
of
NURSE.
HER
fitting*
solemnity,
in
object of the
procreation
reasonable
the
altar, and
the
at
AND
Reminded
Observations."
General
that
MATRON
YOUNG
prepared
iy
to
numerous
from
incident
in
health
fact,as
which
of
that
women
and
advance
this
at
leave
no
in doubt
epoch,
to
her
be
of diseases,
much
skilled
Physician
tested
in
of
is
that
happens
requirethe
they are
a
by
the
the
so
and,
;
variety
a
of
acumen
the
unfrequentlycrucially
The
query."
they
caseff
of very
indications
mother
selves
them-
ordinary
selves
them-
usually express
careful
most
of the earliest
become
is simulated
not
are,
imagine
not
inconvenience,
trivial
nomy,
eco-
women
they are
pregnancy
large proportion of
but
and
early after marriage,
very
a
Many
so, that
deciding
of
symptoms
when
condition
so
ally,
usu-
female
the
in
condition.
pregnant
the
moreover,
condition, but
ordinary intelligence,
long
however, frequently deceived,
to
gestation,
characteristic
sufficiently
are
of
woman
as
obtain
that
changes
of
limits
their
suspecting
even
the
farther
doubt
no
conceive,
exceptional cases,
in
the
to
is
There
Pregnancy"
may,
without
maternity, and,
to
rule, inseparable therefrom.
a
Symptoms
to
are
deviations
minor
appreciate aright those
though, in
be the
may
it not
cause
unfrequently
and
intensity,
grave
medical
supervision.One
of your
is declared
and
being
in the
sudden
iy
about
to
arrest
of
those
periodical illnesses
familiar
already
varied
in
the
in
attract
and
and
firmer
this
tender
be
of
the
to
walking,
more
the
of
fulness
enlargement
for
the
obtain
is
them
time
of the
skin
and
darker,
knots
the veins
in
in the
and
soberly spoken of,
in
standing
the
progressive
increase
sity
neces-
your
arrived
at
which
sixth
or
the
As
repeating
certaintyis
and
legs show
painful.
figure,with
will
the
after
approaches,
fourth
or
little
a
slightembarrassment
a
dress-maker
the
with
say,
perhaps
of the fcetal movements,
between
picion,
sus-
by the
usually
month, and
matronly parlance,
quickening.
B
I
or
littlelater,the stomach
and,
distinctly,
until tolerable
perception
a
usually tender
are
to
prominent
touch, and
stooping, whilst
and
fuller
will
breasts
observe
darker
little
time, or
to
painful,leading
act
the,so-
and
delicatelycoloured
becomes
with
over
At
the
that
nipple
studded
glands.
if you
filled,so
plump;
more
the
around
the
by
sickness
with
will find that they gradually become
; and
veins
and
By
lowed,
fol-
be
state, to
sequency,
painful,and,
carefully,
you
may
of
are
you
attention,they will spring, throb,
your
tender
and
order
longings."
"
blue
maiden
your
morning*,headache, toothache,
called
be
in
which
with
2
as
Engagement
of
feel pretty
you
the
good
at
you
exalted
accoucheur
but
be
for
"
reasonable
to
not
to
they
have
If you
are
monthly
suppose,
that, young
bearing
.business" and
impression that
with
far
you
he
as
parties.
not, of
age,
you
will be
She
and
and
a
in making
nurses
gine,
innocentlyima-
to have
references,
from
or
ladies
to
medical
a
select
a
enquiries lead
are,
will
then
you
nurse
her
to
"up
to
made
mother;
wholesome
an
advantage
experienced
.be
a
are
have
of decided
should
can
following suggestions,
you
necessity,as
clean
sight and
as
the
so,
becomes
good
may
usual
only
stake
at
best
indulgences
nurse
much
the
not
of
as
constrained
guided by
your
middle
and,
previously nursed,
and, by
nurse,
and
nurse,
ability,
sobriety and fitness,from
yourself,be
both
husband, who
your
all sorts
there is very
plentifulas
so
their
man.
your
a
grant
and; therefore,it is
as
to
judicious selection; moreover
a
will,of
first communicate
unreasonable
and
necessity,and
you
round"
Well, then, the
afford.
are
miles
prepared
condition
as
soon
paterfamiliardignity, advise
bespeak
to
once
As
matrons,
"tidings of great joy"
will, with
Nurse."
Monthly
of your
sure
all
like
course,
a
in her
hearing good, and neither
iy
to
as
a
of active
person,
an
out-
captain to
grace,
him,
you
as
of your
of
female
the
expected
there
accoucheuse
all other
amongst
no
and
and,
of
power
sensible
them
into
the
can
exigency, and
no
doubt
endurance
be
in
be
be
excelled
and
secure
accoucheur,
equal
for
solicitude
certainly,never
land,
the
at
will, as
do,
male
to
be,
may
women
honoured
'expected
whose
physical
requisitionyou
first ladies
the
cies
emergen-
great
as
well-bred
and
the services of the time
who, alone,
do, of
equal to
the
foresee
can
one
brought
moment,
to
is
be
may
lying-in room,
force,nerve,
becoming-
very
yourself,apprizing
be
can
you
"
requirements.
occasion, but, as
can,
him
to
ordinary well-doing-cases
that the
any
or, with
him,
write
may
nearly
as
the date
In
call upon
to
welfare
your
by
every
that
of
any
woman.
Mutual
Monthly
a
specialdate
be
cause
The
Nurse."
and
the
equity, upon
any
you
she
break
to
of
Nurse
a
for
only
been
arrange
engagement,
her
fee, but
compelled
with
in
you
iy
a
for
binding in
contract,
proposing it,and
your
have
a
of
engagement
engagement
party
might
in order
the
object is
responsiblenot
expenses
in
obligations
if from
you
for
will'
any
take,
to under-
the
first
instance;
and, therefore,
for June, and
nurse
with
manage
the
for
nurse,
her
the matter
is the
with
bounden
at
a
to
her
case
of
occur
to
to
doubt,
so
the
the
make
give
of
fall before
would
all
place
agog
is
woman
expected
necessary
child, whether
the
there
it be
non-observance
was
to
in
be
equally
of her
substitute.
This
the
and
it
village
arrival
an
for
prepared
provision for her
like
children
ripe;
make
able
being
is
a
are
the
should
intimation
of
matrons
perchance
she
gaged
en-
viously
pre-
Trousseau."
they
establishment
your
and
if
the
of her
early,for
about
and
;
anything
you,
Infant
the
set
you
if
your
attend
to
it
hand,
already
to procure
you
apples often
Every
with
the earliest
enable
to
as
her
mise
compro-
attend
ill,or
promised
with
you
sending
other
to
nurse
doubtful
nurse
contract
should, always be
'
the
unless
she had
Preparation
merry
On
engagement
fulfil her
bound
without
long engagement,
a
and
March,
contract, and
her.
duty of
case
in
your
immediately apprize
the
immediately
summons
to
from
engage
miscarry
must
you
you
servants
own
your
it,release
of
should
if
every
in
fore
beit:
able
reason-
forthcoming
and
legitimateor illegitimate;
of
this
parental duty
iy
is
re-
8
garded
favour
the
by
of
law
deliberate
a
in
presumptive evidence
as
intention
conceal
to
birth,
effect homicide.
or
Kules
Ever
be
to
observed
in your
treasure
during
that the
mind
of your
child will be
mental
state
Pregnancy."
mental
largely determined
yourself observe
you
state
by the
the
during
bearing of it; and that its physicalvigour will be
materiallyinfluenced thereby. Under these cir\ cumstances
will
appreciatethe necessity of
mental training as well as your
you
attendingto
bodilyhealth
your
and
;
the two
as
are
very
intimately
each
associated,moderating and influencing
the
in the
hour
every
day, I
rules which
maintain
the
you
will
briefly
explainto
should
you
in order
observe
in their
two
other
wholesome
to
integrity.
to control the easilyruffled
Studiouslyendeavour
so
feelingswhich
frequentlyshock the system,
mar
domestic
peace,
alienate
unhinge and
Maintain,
left uncoerced.
possible,a
one
as
you
uniform
would
of your
consistent
with
and,
only
wish
to
so,
but
tively
posi-
your better
as
far
of
gentility
child, and
a
not
as
feelingsif
it is humanly
manner,
impress upon
which
alone
perfectdevelopment.
iy
such
the
can
Be
a
stitution
con-
be
ex-
ceedingly
careful
"
imaginary
that
their
only on
of tea
cup
Captain,
for
Garden
(whilstyou
happier
to
of
to
morning
whims
;
whilst
considerate
as
poor
he
be
unresenting,ah!
and
without
to
such
fatigue or
an
Co vent
onions
for
breakfast,
kitchen
into the
about
make
feast upon
to
things
in these
all the
it may
preventible
husband.
model
open
as
discomfort.
society of cheerful friends.
and
your
without
meat
being
and
Eat
as
deal,
or-
submissive,
be, very
amount
be
inevitable
you
Take
air,
every
can
enjoy
Occupy yourself,
in light enjoyable pursuits,and
habitually,
of wholesome
all the
while, will
the
under
foot, in the
regular exercise, on
the
up
misplaced violence, and
brief,a
in
rouse
as
to
will
papa,
can
dash
to
go
possible
auspicious though
day,
to
or
are
such
little as
indulge as
and
star, to
of
the servants
suppress
sured
as-
"tantalising papa"
did,"
gooseberries),it
green
for you
tolerated
stealthily
crfcep away
before
garden
be
basket
a
be
pervertedimagination;
a
Matron
the
ere
any
will have
little troubles
in the face
Royal
a
once
inattention,"and,
"
of your
that, although it may
a
interpretationof
your
slight" or
many
basis
in
your
usual
in
the
amount
vegetables,plainlycooked,
fastidious.
ordinary beverages.
Go
Drink,
to
as
bed
iy
the rule,
tolerably
10
early,so
have
to
as
zontal
long- rest in the horifairly
up moderately early, and
a
position. Get
in the
every
of
a
morning-. Sleep
in
large well-ventilated
and
rooms,
you.
sleep alone
If the
bowels
mixture.
sleeplessness
oppress
take a gentle
confined
are
Avoid,
tepid sponge
if
aperient occasionally
;
chalk
bath
luxury
persevere
if
they are
as
relaxed
exercise,
rule, horse
a
little
a
rough roads, skippingv
long carriage drives over
jumping, quick stooping, and all the frolicsome
vagaries ornative of girlhood. Be cautious about
long railway journeys, and, finally,
lay
consideration
for
"fashion"
dailyaccommodate
and
The
is
of
Pregnancy."
of
those
ordinary
the
for which
pregnancy
prepared.
dress, and
your
is easy,
that which
fortable,
com-
It is
Morning sickness
of
attendants
young
usually most
healthy
mistress
must
be
annoying
in
first
pregnancies,and during- the early months
often subsides altogetherafter the fifthmonth.
it will generally
be
it is unusuallydistressingtolerable
bowels,
avoidance
a
all
becoming.
Troubles
one
it to
in
aside
by
a
careful
strict attention
of those
to
regulationof
the dietary,and
unearthlyviands
iy
that
and
If
dered
ren-
the
the
many
II
ladies
young
however,
occasion
it
long for
persists,or
and
is
loss of flesh,no
indulge in. When,
to
severe
sufficiently
submitting the consideration
of your
is
Heartburn
should
in
principles. A
three times
a
as
equallycommon
general, be treated
compound rhubarb
week, with
of
effervescingcitrate
remedies.
to your
case
For
magnesia,
its immediate
of salt and
Constipation
the
preceding
the
on
same
pill twice
occasional
or
of the
doses
sufficient
are
relief,when
is better
distressing,
nothing
emetic
lost in
be
attendant.
medical
and
should
time
than
usually
unan
water.
is sometimes
attendant
on
blesome
extremely trou-
'an
but
pregnancy,
does
not
usuallypersistduring the whole period. It may
be moderated
by regular walking exercise, the
of brown
use
with
a
occasional
suitable
remedy
Friedrichshall
of about
1 10
of aloes and
dose
twice
simple enema
very
or
an
and
bread, figs,prunes,
or
three
in these
water, taken
ripe fruits,
blue
times
cases
at
a
pill;
week.
or
A
is the Pullna
the temperature
degrees Fah.
iy
12
ache
heavy, giddy congestivehead-
A
Headache."
is common
and
in pregnancy,
will be best
solid food, and
by avoiding too much
lieved
re-
excess
liquid,by regulatingthe bowels, and by the
of tonics containingiron,change of air is often
of
use
bev advocated
should
and
efficacious,
very
in obstinate
cases.
is
Toothache
one
and
of the commonest
most
painfulaccompaniments of ordinary pregnancy;
with one,
connected
it seems
to be
and, where
two,
decayed teeth, if they
three
or
had
stoppedthey
better
resolution
ordinarystrengthand
of
they
are
should
but
removed.
be
teeth
delicate
and
impressionable,the
not,
as
a
rule, be
the modern
the sufferer have
extracted
have
them
soothed
completefaith
in
safelyremoved
traction
ex-
well,but, when
very
of the dentist.
resources
of
tolerate the
two
temporarilystopped, or
may
Women
or
one
be
cannot
teeth
immediately,
of
by some
If,however,
chloroform, she
without
the
least
risk.
The
Pruritus."
distressing
itchingwhich
connected
best
relieved
by
with
free
the pregnant
ablutions
with
iy
is
casionally
oc-
state
is
tepid
soft
the
stage of maternity
same
miscarriageof
become
the firstpregnancy,
it will behove
pregnant,
attentive to the rules
to be
all
observed
on
to
keep
the
of
rehearsals
during
you
to be
to
devoted
doubly
to
lay
to
;
dramas,
than
rather
increase
be
sleep, to
perpetuallyon
very
careful
at
against taking cold
would
otherwise
rooms,
crowded
have
by
all
been
avoid, at what
means
keep aloof from
and
the
fever,and,
you
miscarry
for you
to
substantial
ready
arms.
your
your
culminate
these
time, it will
medical
image
safe transit
of papa,
tions
precau-
ble
desira-
be
attendant,who,
constitutional
obscure
your
to
of scarlatina, smallpox,
spiteof all
second
chairs,
careful
applying appropriate remedies,
hoped, secure
and
a
Be
exercise.
haunts
if in
consult
by discovering some
and
ing
ascend-
from
cliffs,liftingweights, jumping
horse
heated
"period,"
a
be
to
morning
your
assemblies, long walks,
quick stooping and
loll
curtail
and
fright,
should
to
period,(or perhaps
guard against surprise or
You
aside
private
your
ablution.
again
Shakespeare ;
the critical
bed) ;
your
hours
should
a
already prescribed (see rules
excitingpursuits,sensational
the sofa
you
during pregnancy)
theatricals,or
If,after
before.
as
joy
in
the
on
in
tion,
condi-
will it is
third
sion,
occa-
presenting
miniature,
to
the
your
15
On
Accouchment."
Approaching
the first indication
of
cognize
approaching labour, which, you will rein the time
appointed having arrived,
(usuallyestimated at forty weeks or 280 days
from your last reckoning,period,or annotation
in
the almanac) and
with it intermittingpains that
will be novel to you, which
will begin in the stomach,
extend
in
round
severitywith
and
should
the
a
to the
sensation
whole
summon
and
tightness
of
attended
your
apartment, make
back, graduallyincrease
with
and
nurse,
ing,
forc-
"show/'
you
retiringto
your
provisionfor
requisite
table
the inevi-
issue.
Lying-in
The
object, two
should
three
or
Whenever
Room."
rooms
be allotted to the nurse,
so
that
all unnecessary
provided against. The
an
fire
open
opens,
bottom
on
or
; it should
the
a
dants,
atten-
intrusion may
sashed
no
floor
same
should
be
have
window. that
slides,readilyat both
be of
is of
patient and
lying-inroom
place, and
rather
space
top and
good size,well ventilated,
and
overdone
not
moderately warm,
with furniture,
especially
heavy drapery or woollen superfluities,
the latterare
as
not
only attractive but
very
retentive of noisome
germs
and
aerial
iy
impu-
i6
rities. In
the cool
it may
be made
the
in
or
room,
will have
in
I
of which
essentials,
with
sized
a
and
a
sponges;
small decanter
oil ;
a
list. Hot
a
thermometer
a
sheet
of leather
feet square,
and
a
now
or
macintosh,
fresh
few
are
on
no
of the
should
been
make
usual,over
pair of scissors,
a
sheets ; towels
have
in the
condensed
some
and
house, some
milk,
a
root,
arrow
Assuming
Bed."
few
corn
that there
is
curtains,that the bed-stead
both sides and
have
beds
as
or
the least four
at
oatmeal.
Scotch
Preparation
old
or
of beef, for tea,
flour and
good smelling salts;
skein of thread,
some
good
two
or
one
of castor
brandy, a few ounces
blanket pins,
; a binder, some
plentiful
supply of
diapers. It is also well to
pounds
;
furnish you
to
propose
cold water
a
fresh eggs,
In this
prudent matron
those ordinary little
all
bottle of
of
desire
you
the
ante-room
readiness
as
aquaria.
sweet
on
the sunny
winter,on
cheerful
as
blowing-flowers,or
selected
should be
room
side of thfc house, in
side,and
with
the
summer
the
is firm,and
bed
as
this place a
sheetingor
far
that all feather
mattresses, I
cool
replaced by
as
the bottom
largepieceof
leather,then
sible
acces-
two
or
iy
sheet
tosh
mackin-
three
old
17
sheets folded
sheet
another
large squares, and, lastly,
The
all.
over
covering
upper
in
smoothed
needs
but
special description,
no
to the
feelingsof
management
be
may
movement
will be found
and
over,
Arrival
of the
the
when
you
summoned
from
feelingsof
which
a
time
every
day
and
pursue
then
be
;
he
;
of
that
no
rolling
requirement..
advise
will
nurse
and, his arrival will,probably,
emotion
well control,
cannot
you
readilywill understand, suspend
it does
pains,as
your
necessitate
every
The
Doctor."
ful
skil-
necessityarrives for the accoucheur
to be
but
equal to
a
this bed
nurse
to
as
patientbeyond
the
to
halves
in
modated
accom-
patient By
the part of the
on
made
so
the
be
may
with
a
for
others
hundred
presently,however, they will return,
their natural
prepared, as
a
*
of course,
matter
the
consolation
the
especialprovince of
and
progress
skilled assistance
and
the accoucheur
will
you
to
receive
which
to
it is
adminis*
ter.
in the
Attendants
attendants
to
the
Lying-in Room."
nurse,
motherly friend,who
and
contribute
to your
the
will
Limit
your
accoucheur,and
sympathise with
comfort
in
a
one
you,
varietyof
c
in-
18
Avoid, especially,
having"any
expressibleways.
of those
outre* professingfriends
and
weep
wail, or
looks
grave
on
wear
about
gloomy face, and
a
incident, or
every
for effect's sake, culminate
rlssort,
in
who
you,
as
their
cast
dernier
a
sympathy
or
hysterics,
something worse.
Nourishments
well-doingcases
slice of bread
a
and
butter,or
with sugar,
labours
and
taken.
Avoid
unless
however,
to
The
then
be
may
a
rule,on
be
safely
all
sions,
occa-
;
if,
jection
ob-
littlewine,
Pains
body, remain
ing
linger-
by a medical man
feel decidedlyfaint,there is no
will often prove
up
sufficient. In
bitter ale, may
stimulants,as
water, in his absence
water
and
in
up
sweetened
recommended
you
a
beaten
egg
appetiteis prepared for it,fish,
chop, with
mutton
a
substantial nourishment
more
if the
taken, and
ordinary
a
or
biscuit,
spice,and
with
suitable
are
an
In
"
of tea with
cup
milk, flavoured
new
Labour.
during
to
champagne, or brandy and
; though a draught of iced
much
more
refreshing.
usuallyset
a
at
subside,to
certain
their
acme
reassume,
in
crease
gently,gradually inpitch,extend round the
for
a
short time, and
after
a
variable
iy
inter-
!9
val, the
same
Between
the
about
from
pains
one
you
while
Always, however,
of your
your
accoucheur, and
when
warded
by having,it may
Destin'd
A
play,at
to
mighty
will
be
too
a
;
and, if
cry,
but, don't
proper,
nurse,
she
novitiate.
will
still remain
"
It not
without
born
distant
not
will hear
all's
by
to
re*
your
only
After
"
day,
of chance.
from
well, a
insinuate
child
your
startlinggood
by that, a thing so
rough
laugh
usage
in her
to
sleeve"
the
at
the birth of the child there
the after-birth"
matter, for which
The
you
I trust, be
son
be terrified
or
will
your
immediate
a
in this strange world
game
rightand
as
the
dence,
in Provi-
trust
long,
be,
some
the first thingyou
Now,
to
embryo genius!
an
"
hour.
given
your
will, ere
you
generation
one
place
the
relieve
irksome
directions
trot
or
nap,
honestly,and
out
the
ability,
a
the
decline.
and
the other, to
away
carry
best
take
may
to
room
and
monotony
of accession
manner
somewhat
a
attendant
your
portant
im-
will make
provision.
Navel
String, Funis,
or
unfrequentlyhappens
the
assistance
of
Umbilical
that
an
a
Cord.
child is born
accoucheur, and
c
2
20
where
a
the
state
female
of
has
not
the
of
bond
its mother.
that
Such
every
for its safe
able, on
a
distress.
Well, then,
tied
tightly
in two
child's
from
body,
the
through
be
and
with
a
ligatures. If
the end
attached
it
should
knotted
in
a
to
littlenearer
contain
at
each
of
it for
the
navel
an
ance
importciently
suffi-
be
only so,
neighbour in
be
string must
it two
the second
The
inches
three
one
cord
but
a
it is divided.
on
the
not
should
pair of scissors,
midway
the two
round
do
put
first; then
the
ignorance
should
places before
firstligatureshould
of
of
becomes
performance, and
pinch,to
method
tions
subjectto give direc-
the
on
in
in the sacrifice of
matron
young
all,are
between
state
a
it therefore
and
well informed
the
connection
unfrequentlyresulted
infant's life;
be
to the
helplessignorance as
separating
child and
and
one
attendants,
from
inches
be
cut
between
bleeding from
the child,put another ligature
Each
to its body.
ligature
there
nine
eightor
end, and
be
is any
threads,drawn
about
tight,
fourteen inches
length.
The
Binder
should
after the birth of the
when
it becomes
applied immediately
child,and should be tightened
be
slack
or
displaced.
iy
It is of
22
has
its
body covered
and
wash
to
nurse
great
good
a
plenty of
soft water,
warm
by the
taken
be
of this off at the first lava-
The
navel
soap,
that
taking especialcare
sponge,
gets into the eyes.
soap
stance,
viscous, suety sub-
a
should
care
the whole
tion,by using
and
with
or
string,
no
bilical
um-
cord, provided always that it is well tied,
and
that there
dressed
the
or
Take
:
"
boracic
navel
stringwill
fall off about
it will be
it,and
the fourth
a
the skin
of the
somewhat
birth,from five
much
as
cases
on
fourteen
is of
a
eleven
record
and
rosy
even
tone
to
infant
to
branny scales,
greenishtint.
infant
mature
weighs
as
pounds, occasionally,
nine
There
pounds.
where
binder.
this time
about
in small
one
shrivel,and
and
Signs of Maturity." The
at
apply the
dry
day, and
thus
quiterightfor
to assume
fold
through it,then
that is,to peel off
exfoliate,
and
or
square,
burnt linen,cut, in its centre,
partially
of the
hole just large enough to allow
stringbeing drawn
the side pieces over
The
of
thicknesses
three
lint three inches
navel
of
be
it, should
of
same
small
a
bleeding from
no
follows
as
carbolised
is
the
seventeen
of tint ;
exceptional
are
infant
has
pounds.
it moves
its
iy
weighed
The
arms
skin
and
23
leg'sbriskly,opens
loudly; it has hair
profusion of it,and
of the
sometimes
its head, and
on
its nails
are
freelyand
cries
well
a
the
over
tips
fingers.
Twins
Triplets
and
their average
than
and
its eyes,
considerablysmaller
are
dimensions, and
females
in
smaller
are
males, otherwise,the signs of maturityare
similar.
Deformed
deformed
born
the
your
the
Doctor's
Medical
no
confinement,
and
not
"
rule, and
that
if
Pee.
Attendant,
reminded
be
to
visits afterwards,
the
regards
ascertain his accustomed
scarcelyneed
the
it is of
life,and
a
more
very
When
"
you
fee,and
that
fees.
It is
you
will,
you
limited
than two
number
or
three
professionalattendance
a
of
will
the fee is for
required afterwards, the Accoucheur
additional
importance
monstrosity,
parents, unworthy of
of
Payment
course,
appear,
treme
ex-
jealouslyprotects it.
therefore
engage
occasionally
are
defective,but however
that the law
human
of
born
and
defect may
remember
to
Children
Infants."
of
as
be
will receive
universal custom
iy
to pay
24
fee before
the
of all the fees you
and,
(unlessI
am
the
to be
one
use
Let
your
been
be
delicate skin of
as
soon
ever
at
the third month,
nastier
of
The
by
well, and
in
a
very
the
are
tenacious.
bowels
not
have
but,
it has
all
napkins
or
other
any
napkins
hold out
in
a
there
a
chair
is
a
child
mode,
com-
nothing
tive
reflec-
first motions
of
the
passed
greenish-black
When
the
infant
is
disordered,the motions
lightishyellow or
them;
Never
nothing more
The
infant
consistence, and
from
them
until
off the
to
it,as
and
soft
to
irritating
Leave
with
Motions."
new-born
be
place him
a
Infant's
the
of
to
used,
begin
;
dirtychild
mismanagement.
colour,and
are
or
persevere
than
is
might
can
you
this
of
fasten
;
wetted
infant.
an
as
and
made
be
washing of
soda
that
washing powder
been
in the
no
will
you
prophet)find
false
napkins
has
that
that
house,
loops,or patent pins.
washed, and,
careful
to pay,
be thick in substance
tapes and
the
gladlypay.
most
^napkin
a
leaves
have
ever
very
you
material,and
with
a
grown
Napkins"
on
Accoucheur
the
very
currie
very
colour,uniform
little smell
often
ing
aris-
after artificial
iy
25
pale,lumpy, frothy,and
foods,-they are
sour,
or
they "may be pale, pasty, greenish,and offensive.
The
healthy motion is about the consistence of
druggist'scold cream, and, as to the frequency of
the evacuations, you
day and
two
intend
let it be
you
may,
nor
by securing a good
If you
Nursing."
breasts,no
means
sense
no
follow
and
have
the
as
it
each
at
do
the contrary,
of the womb,
after
quences.
conse-
nipple,a flow of milk,
militate,by
child.
If,as
cleft
and
it occasionally
lip or
palate,so
your
that he is
physicallyunable to suck, then he
be brought up entirelyby hand
a
all
common
happens,
of course,
not,
or
neither
can
of nature
dictates
child has
ther
whe-
ordinary health, good
circumstances
suckle your
suck
and
serious
the
defect about
accidental
child is
nursing
contraction
several
from
you
with
harm, but, on
any
the
feel pretty well, and
six,minutes,
or
as
soon
to the breasts
the child
protect
and
you
to persevere
applied
for five
As
Breast."
provided
you
one
night.
to the
Putting
washed,
at
expect about three in the
may
the first.
iy
must
from
26
Food
for
the
Infant
If there
breast
be
milk, a littlegenuine
equal quantityof
of
a
few
drops of
be administered.
are
sufficient at
hours, tillthe
The
laxative action
on
the
cleanse
the
secretions
three
teaspoonsful
this quantity
time, and
be repeated about
every
milk
or
in sufficient quantity.
appears
by the mother
secreted
the child's
bowels, and
purgative provided by
child's bowels
that have
of
sweetened,
slightly
and
Two
may
firstmilk
the formation
water, with the addition
warm
each
slowly increased,
pears."
ap-
milk, diluted with
cow's
cream,
may
Milk
Breast
delay in
any
an
two
till the
from
accumulated
has
a
it is,undoubtedly,
nature
to
the
inspissated
during embryonic
existence.
Treatment
the
of the
be
detail must
left to
and
nurse,
will incur
on
essential to the
safetyof
be desirable
have
temperature, and
the
to be
productionof draught.
promptly removed
to
the
of
the
risks unless
so
herself and
well
of
inexperienced
an
matters
room
Much
discretion
the
considerable
informed
to
Woman."
wife, with
the young
nurse,
pretty well
Lying-in
she
immediately
child.
It wil*
kept
at
ventilated
a
uniform
without
All soiled linen should
laundry.
i"
The
iy
the
be
excretions
27
should
be
away.
"Great
much
feverishness
take
this
at
present
animal
taking
juncture,it will
advise
you
for
month.
a
the
in
making
water,
be
day, and
a
gruel,
to
stimulants
after the first week
to, and
that
will
you
it.
be
Perform
have
very
is
of
your
linen
at each
It will be
so
Ever
of vital
never
of
quiteyourself
are
about
taking
with
aired,
occasion,or
the
be careful
ablutions
well
much
course,
cautious
all your
dulged
in-
time-honoured
efforts until you
and
should
afterwards, the ordinary food
;
muscular
utensils warmed
flannel.
should
infringingupon
again,
cold.
rule,I
a
take
freelyas usual. The
lying in bed nine days
rule"
of
dream
very
limited
to
as
of
"golden
as
a
rule
diet
returned
custom
is
day
which,
to
old
Until the lacteal
from
abstained
be
third
one
and
The
to
things quietly
secretion is fully
fish,once
or
may
the
and,
to
necessary
broths, lightpuddings,a littlechicken,
arrow-root,
game,
be
stimulants.
on
adhere,
to
developed
and
one,
in
cooling drinks,and
and
oil
castor
observed
be
freely flows, and, as
headache
are
frequently
and
food
safe
and
good
should
carried
milk
aperientmedicine
avoid
be
the
immediately
and
moderation
dietary until
the
of
disinfected
warm
and
covered
importance that
iy
your
with
your
28
should
sleep
restless
him
night,the
at
in another
far
sufficiently
room,
his ." inevitable"
The
Troubles
cries
to prevent
away
arousing you.
tie of
Nursing." The
of
is
charge of
take
must
nurse
child
if the
undisturbed, and
be
nursing
is,veritably
enough, something considerable,and,
with
all its associated
et cateras
quite incompatible
with the artificialexigenciesof fashionable
as
there
are
so
resultingfrom
occurrence
well
complications of
many
as
intensified
an
probabilityof
the
married
will, I
not
lightlyforego
irksomeness
If you
"
with
difficulty
the breasts
the
on
to
abscess, much
to
have
milk,
breasts.
The
is
framed
plunged
tortured
into
milk
the
an
some
will form
knotty, painful
very
treated,
skilfully
that will end
deterioration
only to
have
become
if not
health ; whilst the luckless
stomach
child you
you
of inflammation
state
a
early
unmitigated
your
congested,and,
pass
the
nurse
and
will fill,
an
as
trouble, you
woman's
not
assuredly,if
will,most
and
do
day
every
its non-observance,
repetitionof
ween,
life ; but
of
infant,with
receive
with
and, either dies prematurely from
own
its delicate
its mother's
interminable
by colic,surfeited
your
in
milk,
of sorrows,
sea
artificial foods,
infantile mala-
iy
30
inflammation
of
if any,
little,
faith in them, there
using
water,
you
alum
an
the
done
is to be
Then, having
the
as
to
and
rest
secured
the
to
rest
one
"
remedies.
Tannin, half
drachm
;
water,
a
four
breast
nately,
altershield.
a
must
part, you
As
be
well swabbed
with zinc ointment, or
:
can.
you
the other
soon
well
dried,and
tepid soft water, carefully
lotion
cracked,
same
protect the nipple with
sucked, let the part
the child has
most
preliminary of
give the
one
apply the followinglocal
of wine,
After
by increasingthe intervals of
twice in succession, but
with
salt and
of
nipples will,
part all the
be careful not
to
your
of pregnancy.
your
necessary,
give
to
and
mixture
a
excoriated, tender, and
it will be
nursing,to
if you
suckle, especiallyif the
to
thrush,
gets the
likely,become
This
hardening
objectionto
no
last month
begun
once
treatment,
is
lotion,or
during the
have
child
and
apply so-called
to
use
It is
nipplesbefore childbirth,but,
lotions to the
have
of the breast.
in the substance
washed
anointed
with
drachm
as
the
;
ounces.
lowing
fol-
spirits
If,in
spiteof the steadyuse of these remedies, cracks
touched to the bottom
form, they should be lightly
with
almost
a
pencil of
immediate
nitrate
of
relief. As
silver,which
gives
it will alauxiliaries,
iy
3i
be
ways
medicine, and
to
child
give the
to
necessary
attend to its mouth
if ithave
thrush.
Abscess
serious
cations
compli-
and
Inflammation
that may
after
are
after
soon
occur
suckling,or
ing
childbirth,dur-
The
weaning.
great heat, tenderness, and
are
breast, with
and
thirst,
followed,if
formation
of
swelling of
the
the
activelytreated,by
abscess, which will require to
an
opened, and
symptoms
throbbing pain, headache,
severe
a
littlecooling-
a
should
not
allowed
be
not
to
be
break
of
itself.
Under
damage
your health,and be difficult to heal.
recommend
you to leave the treatment
should
any
circumstances
to
entirely
this serious condition
The
have
imaginary, you
child,the
in her
If,from
Wet-Nurse."
next
decided
must
should
be
to
suckle
wet-nurse,
a
or
your
and,
between
eighteen and
blotches, and
a
tendant.
at-
maternal
skin, free from
veins, and with
of
exercise
of age,
have
senses
not
I
motive, real
not
thirty-five
years
with all her
possible,
should be plump, and
seriously
medical
your
any
best substitute is
selection,you
She
it will
too
well-formed
a
clean
be
as
cretion.
dis-
wholesome
healthy
perfect. Her
large,marbled
as
breast
with
nipple,easilyflow-
32
ing
have
with
milk.
deformityabout
no
that she should
regular exercise
her
her
regular. She should
of
eat
ance
import-
should
take
air, observe
keep her bowels
and
body,
of
face, and
squint. She
not
should
that she
foot in the open
on
dailyablution of
and
well
It will be
plainwholesome
vegetableswithout caprice,and
meat
in
drink
deration,
mo-
of
ordinary beverages" milk, ale, and
sober
in
Of course
she should be strictly
stout.
her habits, cheerful in her disposition,
formly
uniand
should always be impressed with
so, and
the importance of guarding againstfits of passion
grief. As long as
undue
or
conclude
may
but,
that her
if it lose
tint,you will have
of the
milk
the
follow the
to the wet
to make
its rosy
or
add
of
the
of
one
Nursing mothers
foods.
directions
same
tone
some
or
ass,
or
you
some;
whole-
ample and
change,
a
thrives
those
as
given
nurse.
Churching."
publiclyreturn
all
Society expects
thanks,
convenient, and
in their
before
public. A small fee
minister, and
officiating
in
is
child
flesh,and
followingartificial
should
as
milk
goat,
cow,
the
church,
fee
for
iy
early
as
they visit or
is usually paid
the
to
women,
appear
the
to
the
poor
33
is
women
anything they please.
Registration
of every
days,
of
child must
and
this
and, in their default
the
house
be
death,
or
the
the
upon
the
upon
child
that premature
parents,
keeper of
born
was
children
and,
"
also
must
registered.
of
Frequency
fed,
every
two
hours
in
have
or
hours
the
three
the
in the
'
be
in the
the
In
giving
child
the
given
day, and
increased
another
hours
of
or
breast
night.
intervals may
third month
Feeding
the first month
During
Breast."
be
devolves
in which
in mind
bear
birth
The
Birth."
registeredwithin forty two
be
duty
a
these occasions.
on
Child's
the
people
usually take
Women
friend with them
married
for well-to-do
and
shilling,
one
every
month
second
half
an
every
three
these
hour ; in the
half hour, that is,about
day, and
should
him, about
to
about
the
four hours
every
in the
night; in the fourth month every four hours in the
day, and every five in the night,maintaining it at
this with a gradual lengtheningof the night intervals.
Do
breast
not
every
When
allow
child to take
the
time, but
one
and
the
the
other
the child is brought up
same
nately.
alter-
entirely
by
iy
34
hand, let him have about
the first
the third
the
ounces
If
partlynursed
still worse
is
Poking
the afternoon.
young
taken
too
children,and
his food
much
at
the food
and
usuallydo
bad
time it
every
it to
hang
his
in
common
child
the
stomach
The
Son, and
and
well ; and
Bottles."
Feeding
constant
wholesome.
two, and
a
his
having
having
taken
contracts, and
it is not
a
condition
uneasiness.
to excite any
Maw
more
It is
allow
from
fast,or from
time.
be
together.
arises
too
ounces
wells-up into the mouth and out of it;
child is usuallyrelieved by it. Puking
the
children
a
breast
speciesof vomiting
a
night,
fort-
second
morning, after
practiceto
the breast for hours
on
in
partlyfed, let him
and
practiceto allow the child the
cries,and
time
a
month, four
in the
again in
once
half the
a
second
his artificial food
bath, and
at
ounces
then let the increase
month, and
gradual.
have
and
two
fortnight,
three
two
best
they
attention
You
not
The
use
to
ought
either
are
to
one
are
very
prepared by
quire
cheap, but re-
keep them
have, at
clean
the
and
fewest,
twice in succession
"
soaking and undergoing a thorough
disinfection whilst the other is being used.
one
should
be
35
The
Nursery ."The
studied
and
room;
if
be
must
nursery
fully
care-
a
select
mamma
the
ful
cheerbest ventilated,and
most
lightest,
largest,
in the house, she must
be unconditionally
room
excused
she
and
should
grounds of
night
a
be fitted up
devoted
nursery
as
to
should
nursery
prudence
common
have
ought,undoubtedly to
and
nursery,
the
the
on
The
nursery.
maintained
be
will not
of
temperature
be too
in either
Let there
and
There
should
in
fire-place
the fire,
which
and
be
open
should
efficiently
protectedby
and
an
outer
Gas
wall.
account
should
allow
of easy
properlyprotected with
and
not
should
can
more
than
be, for the
be the
more
a
an
inner
each
wide
cross
most
The
room,
to
the
on
no
windows
opening, and
The
apart.
and
be
secured,
part, painted, so
readilycleansed
no
spark-guard,
bars, well
six inches
be
should
one,
fires,should
nurseries.
and
ren,
child-
necessaries.
coal
be
coke
in
allowed
be
woollen
fence-guard securelyfixed
stoves, and
as
especially
nursery,
shape of carpets,
an
uniform
young
in the
be
night
degrees Fahrenheit,
the rule.
high,as
superfluousfurniture
60
the
as
possibleboth night and day, and, for
the
nursery
temperature of
The
sleeping.
day
a
"
day
and
play room,
a
two
;
floor
that
it
disinfected.
D2
36
I should
advise that the walls
ceilingwhite-washed
spring-mattresses
projectionsshould
children
should
be
that iron bedsteads
or
sharp corners
or
protected,as
All
be used.
removed
be
and
about; and the
perpetuallyfallingNo
be
fixtures.
paraffinelamps
are
should
tables
; and
the
painted,and
be
in
used
a
they
as
nursery,
not
are
but extremely dangerous when
only stinking-,
set
upThere
is no
objection to
by the children.
dles
good oil lamps if well looked after;but all can-
carefullyhoused in gauze shades.
of the day nursery should be opened
The windows
lowed
early in the morning, and the fire should be alto burn up for a, couple of hours before the
should
be
child be
young
into it from
taken
Let the windows
the
night
warm
of your
night nursery
ding
be open for a great portion of the day, the bedopened and strippedback, and the fire lighted
nursery.
for two
hours
the
from
before
heated
it is of the
If you have
day nursery.
greatestimportance there should
escape, either from
your
defects in the
being ready with
not
the cock
the infant be removed
"
a
very
common
Always do
possible,as it unduly
a
room.
the
piping, or
lightwhen
cause
of
as
little
with
heats
it
gas,
be
no
from
turn
foul smell in
a
gas-lightas
the room,
iy
you
to
and
fouls
38
moaning, and
cries,with knitting
sharp piercing-
of the brows,
about the mouth.
ing
Durtwitchings
the first few months
a
healthy infant spends a
considerable portionof its time in sleep,and up to
the third year will requirea day sleep. The child
should
be
weather
or
be
bed
to
put
regularly,and
severe
very
unless
the child very
or
the
delicate,
always in a cot or bassinette by itself;and, It is
fant
a
good plan to begin from the firstto put the into
bed
awake
and
not
to
nurse
or
sing
it to
to layingit down.
sleeppreviously
Hints
to the
to
most
a
consummate
been
lected
se-
naturally
cheerful,
patient,and
not
are
have
responsibleoffice,requiringthe
patience,and the gentlestcare;
very
and, if you
You
Nursemaid."
good tempered,
are
you
certainlyin
the
wrong
and can
fulfil your
critical duties
never
position,
with pleasure to yourself,
satisfaction to your
or
You
mistress.
neatest
and
and
if you
the
are
as
in its most
whilst your
undoubtedly be the cleanest,
merriest
for your
will it be
selected
should
the
girl
in
the
prettiestso
success.
establishment;
much
Remember
responsibleguardian
and
interesting
mind
is
ever
the
better
you
of the
are
infant
dependant days, and,
in
engaged
iy
reflecting
39
it. If you
upon
of
frailties your
its inherent
upon
a
left in the sole
are
child,never
young*
suffer irremediable
may
lose
an
mischief
Always
be
or
eye,
for which
have
wits in
your
death
to
will
you
dangerous things,as
charge
minute
a
injury to
burnt
petually
per-
it unprotectedfor
leave
minute, for, in half the space of
"
be
must
eye
child
a
limb* may
a
irretrievable
"
forgiven.
be
never
and keep
operation,,
knives,
a
all
scissors,
razors,
glassor china, liniments,
medicines, splinteredwood, and poisonous plants
needles, matches* broken
of the
bearing berries,,out
child.
See
in
a
be
that
Give
domain!
child
it
no
over
until
no-
your
and
the
should
ever
their little busy hands.
It
or
eye
pronounced
pins or brooches
dress, and
is
toy
own
that
no
are
be
Miss
to
venture
utensil to
and
it safe.
like
beetle-
flea,or
hand
on
the
have
your
young
swept
careful
Be
carelessly
hanging
that
in your
posing
petticoatsteels- are exfragments, and in fact, you
stay
broken
boiling
no
scalding
or
dared
ever
young
guarded,your
candles
safely
that
the bee, wasp,
to
woe
creeper
to
the
water
cock,
water
left accessible
should
your
shade, and
gauze
tea-kettle,hot
ever
fire is well
securely barred,
windows
housed
that your
of
reach
or
Prim, with everything in. its
iy
40
right place. Prepare all food
in its
place,and
according to the directions prescribed for
before you allow
and always taste it yourself
approach the delicate infant lip. Keep your
free from
clean, and
before
child
prepare
you
it is
habituallyat
hungry, and
Ever
remember
own,
is not
insist
measure
any
food
the
proper
not
at
when
he
with
it lies quiet,
a
water
Feed
the
when
convenience.
own
him
and
he
fingers,
screams,
or
usual
rejectit.
satiety
placidface,outstretched fingers,
a
twists
uncomfortable;
the
comfortable
to
eaten
with
dislike
to
appears
disposedto smile,coo,
fall off to sleep. When
his
with soda
child's
is
writhes
that
hours, and
your
ing
feed-
lously
scrupusee
in them.
always cramming
on
and
it"to
appetite,like your
always alike, and, therefore, do not
that
the child has
When
smell,
well cleansed
are
saucepans
your
ordinary utensils
and
bottles,spoons,
you,
and
talk in
he
has
about, and
draws
up
is
his
belches,and
its way,
and
eaten
over
he
evidentlyvery
legs, clenches
vomits.
When
lay him nearly on
with the face inclining
to the bed.
the back, never
him up gradually,and gently chat to him
Wake
that a fright
in mind
bear
the while,and, if you
you
put the young
has thrown
a
child to bed,
beautiful
child
into
fit,
epileptic
an
iy
41
and
"
made
girl,never
countenance
When
you
toss
throw
it
never
shows
the
do
it in
child
child is well
by
must
you
much
indulge in
water
the
child let your
to test
bath
down
motion,
wash
unless
of imitation
for
yourself,
child of the
of.
it is
horrid
Whenever
you
be firstput into the
hand
if a child be
unused
to
on
a
flannel
soft water,
or
towel.
when
Wash
it is to
be
napkins after the passing of a
the child,and well dry it with soft
urine ; and
you
maces,
gri-
the
cloths ; douche
to
make
it
experience by lettinghim
always with
remove
a
aware
own
your
into the water
;
be
enjoyment of
creature
a
ing
by feel-
and
child to
them
its fitness,
and
show
the child
had
may
a
do
first,and
at
his
a
difficult to break
habit than you
a
teach
the child is
as
swing
you
movement,
manifests
means,
not
more
bath
the
to
do,
nurses
rapid swings until the
high or
ease,
any
and
any
used
quite at
Never
When
it in short to-and-fros
move
indulge in
not
voice.
subdued
a
If
for it.
prepared
all orthodox
and
baby
indulgences.
ceiling,until he
to the
is
sensible
a
by step, and
it step
child,do
a
foolish
such
abruptlyup
enjoys it and
that he
sing to
you
will,as
idiot of him, you
an
then
it,and
bear
it be
in
well
mind,
dry
it after
it will be
habituallyclean
no
and
iy
ing
pass-
credit
whole-
42
Communicate
spme.
any
mistress, at
your
passing of urine,and
Never
the
disagreeablesounds
Do
take
you
very
careful
the stone
in
sympathy
them
mutual
Suck
Bags
the
to
them.
I admit
and
will
exists
together; but,
off
and
conventional
a
leads
which
nurse
infant,for
an
ployed
frequentlyem-
are
therefore
and
that their
I have
child
all young
on
keep
from
unfrequently
is not
alone with
pacify children
month.
a
down
women,
Dummies
and
least
jar the
to
critical eye
very
attendant,
hours
not
there
eases.
dis-
perambulator,be
a
sure,
they see entrusted
protection.
to
allude
a
in
all married
among
or
wheels
as
am
remember
to cast
maids
I
so
of the
approach yours
hooping-cough
for at
lettingthe
pavements,
; and
child to
child out
a
glare
of infectious
haunts
quitewell
injureits spine,as,
done
odours
any
tom.
symp-
sphere of all
as
quickly as
the
measles, scarlatina
until he has been
When
the
allow
not
has had
and
from
possible,and
from
child
the
to
or
of the child
the delicate eyes
expose
Remove
sun.
unusual
every
or
bright and strong lights,
who
once,
stoppage in the usual action of the bowels,
in the
to
to
a
seen
iy
must
relieves
use
child
a
I
quiet for
child
nearly
43
suffocated
by getting one
observed,
frequently,such
the teeth and
The
them,
subject I feel
have
to treat
beset
be
arid from
its
any
best substitute
The
one.
milk
which
the ass, goat, and
almost
to
liability
of the
cow
;
the milk
as
the
its variable
expectations, so
that
the
chemists
greatest physiologists,
some
suitable
sure
over
one
I
your
tience
pa-
all I have
infant
thing only
"
and
substitute
over
for
forthcoming,the
affords is
domestic
adulteration, it very
has been
Foods."
being, practically,
in nature
approach
universallyused
country, but, from
is not
this world
in that
ous.
danger-
of its mother, and, whenever
that
cause
nearest
is found
milk
I
,
of the young
stomach
"
that
important
sorelytried,in studying
prepared for the receptionof
from
and
most
I feel
difficulties,
that is,the breast
our
the
of
decay
Artificial
on
be
to
it. The
about
to say
is
upon,
with
must
throat, and
universal
mischievous
as
of Infants
Feeding
This
so
his
sufferingconsequent thereon,
condemn
must
into
to
bad
a
human
mammals
of the
cow
substitute
"
being
in
this
composition, and
rarely answers
ingenuity of
and
the
pists
philanthro-
exhausted
in
mother's
devising
milk, and,
iy
44
with
only partialsuccess,
that you
so
the loss of the breast
milk
mental
and
existence.
I
suckle
to
allow
to
if their
of which
up
by
exists
I wish
hand
anything to
to
remind
and
interfere with
this
course,
suckle
the gravest
but,as
there
of
cogent
all your
many
one
of
you
children, and
who
them
must
be
brought
that is
the
surviving
will, of
only
under
hand-fed
be
to
motive
sence
in the ab-
Hence,
reason,
peace,
times
ten
its chance
necessityleave
are
child
A
is afflicted with
very
crying,cross
a
trouble
is
by hand
up
of domestic
diminished.
proportionately
some
till their
of it,
you.
the
and
and illness,
suffering
of
untold
an
unimportant further
no
is ten times
duly nursed,
is
his
will allow
health
perpetualdisturber
and, herein
to
their children
duty. A child brought
child, and
always a crying, cross
a
as
influence
may
obvious
child is
child
unfrequentlydetermine his very
should, most
urgently,request all
mothers
not
gard
re-
not
firstteeth appear,
and
your
physicaldevelopement
degree,and,
young
to
that
abiding-calamity,one
an
all
must
brought
;
up
less entirely,
I shall now
or
by hand, more
ceed
proof artificial feeding
to prescribe a
course
which
experience has pronounced
be
to
the
most
appropriate. During the firstfew days after birth
iy
46
having a finelyperforatedteat,
"
becomes
at
quantities
Milk
it can
human
resembles
be
is
undiluted,in those
cases
preferableto that of the
be procured,may
be given
cow,
Milks
of great
convenient.
Some
are
their
children
disagrees,they
prepared
may
always
fresh every
with the
in
much
now
luted.
undi-
use
do
as
well
being
very
the
densed
con-
on
ordinary cow's
be tried ;
time, and
milk
but, should
in strict accordance
printeddirections.
so
Food, does frequently,
disagree,that
Milk
to
some
in
being unadulterated,
well
as
utility,
milks, and, where
keep
closely,
very
milk
Condensed
often
resort
small
in
cow's
large towns, and, from
be
milk
obtained, and in which
it can
and, when
are
readily
time.
a
Milk
Goat's
The
child
disagree.
to
seems
it
as
only be prepared
be administered
and, may
where
fast, and,
it should
sour,
Ass's
it too
suck
not
may
that the
so
artificial substitute is necessary
the child alive,and, of the
numerous
iy
a
to
artificial
47
foods that
sold in the
are
of the best ; and
shops I
firsttreat
for the child before it cuts
Mellin's
extract
shall select
of those
a
few
suitable
most
its teeth.
preparing Leibig's food for
for
Infants, is probably,the best substitute for mother's
milk
we
with full
food
new
I need
further
no
called
Farina
scribe
deis
Vitae
largelyused, and highlyrecommended.
Savory
and
and
preceding.
addition
be
Dr.
to the
given, as
HassalFs
amongst
"When
the
made
and
Corn
are
very
digestionas
produce wind
made
poor,
with
and
is ,also
should
Hour
not
a
paration,
pre-
the
valuable
foods.
only be
casionally
oc-
nutritious in themselves
with water,
is
as
a
custom
they simply starve a child.
milk they are
more
nutritious,
palatable,but
you
change, with
recentlyadvertised
more
and, when
excellent
an
a
Food
used, as they are
;
is
Pood
Moore's
may
Arrow-root,
and
easilyobtainable
it is
as
printed directions
it. The
rather
and,
possess;
might
are
suppose;
not
so
easy
of
hence, if they
colic,you had better
them.
iy
not
repeat
48
Sago added
useful
to milk
makes
food, and, will
fail.
quantitiessufficient to last all day
Put
a
table-spoonfulin
simmer
for two
and
a
add
one
and
sweeten
8th
their
cut
be
it to four of
meals
each
and,
and biscuit pap.
administered.
crumbs;
as
a
state
raw
well
may
hot,
milk,
egg
mashed
potatoe and
to the 18th
form
rusk
and
should
pap
reach
Essence
mixed
with
of
with
the
meal
one
Beef;
in the
milk and
After the
14th or
16th
well
cooked
and
or
may
be
allowed
month, always remember,
the main
milk
boiled,or
lightly
meat,
gravy
bread
beef tea thickened
given.
finelyminced
substantial
be allowed
agitatedand
month
After children
children
of Brand's
or
be
or
When
change, an
sweetened,
should
whilst
more
day of
9th month they may
day of lightbroth, or
bread
hour
an
graduallyincreased
and
or
each
"
let it
warm
Infants."
front teeth,a
commenced,
of milk
be
and
for
large,and
advanced
more
Two
now
follows
with sugar.
for
food may
pap,
if
of
table-spoonful
have
upon.
pint of water,
a
hours
as
half if small, tillquiteliquid,
and
Food
up
palatableand
very
when
occasionally,
It should be prepared
answer
all other combinations
in
a
that
bulk of the child's
iy
;
but,
milk
dietary,
49
that meat
and
and
adults live upon,
the
child ; and
ordinary vegetables,such
should
as
on
brief
a
no
descriptionof
artificialfoods suitable for advanced
be
to
both
proceed
to furnish
Bread
desirable
the
be
water
for two
alum
no
prepared by simmering
In
before.
is
pap
either
a
not
a
and
let it soak
and
add
sugar,
two
and, when
proper
spoonfuls of
one
for two
tea-
new
time.
whisk
or
it into
Or, it
crumb
of
be administered
four
ounces
lightbread
very
Take
ounce,
of the
sifted
six ounces,
water
hours, boil for five minutes,
spoonfulsof
it is*cooled
for
A
and
proceeding as
than
more
follows.
of stale bread
crumb
then
the
the food should
case
slowly, and
be given at
prepared as
should
and
hour
an
of
hours, pouring
with
beating it up finely
for half
bread
now
crumb
milk to make
fork, adding sufficient new
fluid pap and sweetening to the taste.
a
may
seems
I shall
prepared by soaking
stale bread (thatcontains
off the water,
best
one.
sour) in cold
is not
the
infants
Pap
and
good
and
necessary
allowed
be
account
as
the finest Demerara
down
to
administration,add
milk,
"
McBain's
the temperature
two
table-
bread, made
iy
MAY-
^
^
1919
SO
*"
is,probably,the
flour,
/^gif^/^^p"m
made
London
in
Savory and
for infants and
Moore's
Food
is
invalids.
excellent preparation,
an
and
resembles human
closely
preparing it is fully
given in
plan of
bread
best
milk.
the
The
printed
directions.
Leyman's
Biscuit
is a valuable food.
with
to
Powder
It is best
is largelyused, and
preparedby boiling
water, and then
adding new
it palatable.
make
and sugar
milk
tious,
and nutriwholesome
light,
it should be made
and
water
as
gruel first,
thoroughlyboiled; and, when partially
cooled,
Oatmeal
new
milk
is
Gruel
and
should be added
sugar
to
render
it
palatable.
Baked
Flour, mixed
of two
latter,forms
ounces
a
more
with
oatmeal, in the proportion
of the former
substantial
to one
of the
food, and
can
readilybe prepared for use by mixing a tablespoonfulof it with four of water, boilingwell,and
four tablethen adding,after it has cooled a little,
der
spoonfulsof new milk, and sufficientsugar to renit palatable.
Si
Chapman's
the
to
for young
to
Ulrich's
be
I do
not
the ioth
Biscuits
three
or
capitalfood
think
it desirable
times
good,
Three
nutriment.
day.
ford
af-
and
given
be
may
day. They
a
a
once
lightand
are
and
12th month;
or
but
given,at ftrst,
considerable
twice
a
printed directions,is
to it before
it should
cording
prepared ac-
Hour,
Wheat
children,but
resort
then
Entire
best
are
pared
pre-
then
by pounding and soaking in cold water, and
boilingfor six or eightminutes ; and, when
half
cooled
down, adding
milk, and sugar
food.
'
well
then
a
They
water, broken
water-rusk
without
advise
of
with
fork
a
milk and
pap
may
be
whisk,
or
is about
added
are
sugar
cold
in
administered
as
and
half
; or,
it is
milk.
Ordinary
need
usually soaked
are
boiled,and, after the pap
cooled, a littlenew
the
new
tious
nutri-
and
wholesome
very
well
up
of
bulk
the taste.
to
constitute
Rusks
equal
an
any
Bread
formal
and
Milk
is too
slop coffee and
use
tea
for young
only to
children
instead
for breakfast.
e
"
to
I have
description; and,
its habitual
well known
2
52
Wheat
wheat
Gruel, made
Flour
flour in milk, forms
food"
rather
substantial
very
casional
oc-
nutritious,and
astringent.
Concluding
be
a
is very
that
one
ordinary
by boiling-
well
All
Remarks."
foods
these
cooked, perfectlysmooth, and
lumps; prepared
in small
should
free from
quantitiesat
a
time,
and
if sour, curdled, or
immediately condemned
stinky. They should be slowlyadministered so as
and usuallyby
with the child's saliva,
to be mixed
given
to
the
should
and
infants,
be tasted before
often
if,as
re-warmed,
be
do not
change
food
your
"
it is
a
bad
is
so
lightestfood
made
child
happens, it
or
thrown
practiceto
If the child's
perpetuallytrying experiments.
stomach
it is
his flesh is firm,
If the child thrives,and
away.
irritable that it will not
retain
the
provide, try barley gruel
with water, and, if that be rejected,
give the
mach,
nothing at all for a few hours, and, the stofrom
the
you
can
having
a
remember
ever
and
food
it should
cold,
goes
be
All
bottle.
the
rest, may
that
purely farinaceous
to the
infant when
and, that given alone
right itself.
arrowroot,
foods,
are
prepared with
with
water,
as
iy
corn
ally,
Fin-
flour,
tious
only nutrigood milk,
I have
not
54
from
removed
the
bath, it must
be
apartment that is heated
an
degrees, as the
sixty-six
would, probably, more
good effect derived from
The
Cold
cold
a
in
about
atmosphere
counterbalance
than
any
the immersion.
is,to my
Bath
somewhere
to
chill of
quicklydried
of
way
most
thinking,
used.
injudiciously
Nothing, perhaps, has more
charms
than the cold
to the inexperiencedmother
bathing of her cnild,under the mistaking impression
that it is a powerful tonic,and, at the same
time, a harmless
and
infant should
young
plunged
every-day expedient. The
with
forth-
strippedand
be
never
into cold water,
unless
it has
viously
pre-
the less the
prepared for the sudden transition by
tepidbaths; and then, in cold weather,
is below sixtydegrees the safer
water
and
will it be
been
a
of
course
better
for it. I believe
the
safest
children all the
affordingyoung
advantages of.the cold bath, and of escaping its
and
of
best way
disadvantages, is
order
the
of the
colder
sea-side.
the
child
rubbed
;
day
make
in your
for the
bath
After
tepid sponging
nursery,
summer
soon
be
well
becomes
and
to
dried
warm,
the
reserve
and
season
tepidsponging,or
should
if he
to
the
cold
and
and
iy
bathing,
vigorously
is merry,
and
appears
that
it
refreshed
agreed
shiveringand
the
temperature,
his
head,
may
blue,
may
you
mischief.
only done
bath
tepid
and
cold
from
vary
In
65
to
degrees.
90
Sea
to
bath
by
have
day
beyond
and
"
from
its food
least
at
Poultices
and
than
can
be
warm,
and
is
their
Give
he
The
They
the
child
has his bath.
in most
only precaution
use'water
is to
covered
over
special
series,
nur-
suitable to the purpose
more
borne,
the heat.
have
you
should
boiling. They
sheeting, and
retain
before
middle
in the water
remain
man.
preparation
not
the
frequent demand
crushed.
their
as
in
nothing
only hot, and
hot
hour
one
are
linseed
in
medical
a
sea
gradually.
about
a-day"
minutes, unless
directions
him
inure
let him
never
great
a
for the
child
your
and
bath
one
and
allowed
indiscriminately
be
not
Prepare
few
a
splendid tonic
a
sponging,
sea
him
of the
should
child.
every
Let
is
Bathing
luxury,but
to
have
you
conclude
may
remain
disposed to hang-
safelyconclude
as
if he
but
;
by it, you
with
that with
should
a
that
be
put
is
on
littlewaterproof
a
little wadding
be removed
place supplied with
sary
neces-
a
iy
whilst
good layer
S6
of
This
wadding.
layerof wadding must not
but littleby littleevery day.
abruptly,
removed
of
Clothing
the
clothingshould
clothingshould
as
a
be
but not
abruptly. Old
months
old, and
until it tumbles
off"
firstthe
should
with
be
used
a
as
needle
a
Change
soon
stripa child,do it in
expose
much
too
be
discontinued,
who
must
fastened
cotton, and
every
with
all
day
At
tapes, or
tent
pa-
clothing,especiallynapkins,
or
wet
;
well-warmed
a
sulted
con-
pins should
no
and
room
of its
pretty quick in your
be
pointsbe protectedwith
it is soiled
as
then
stripoff
a
child
sign of good luck.
sure
and
unless their
caps.
nurses,
matters, tear
clothes
tillthe
flannel,continued
three
these
belly-band should
The
be loose.
is about
on
the skin, and, all the
next
worn
be
softest
The
Child."
Young
rule be of fine
sewn
,
body at once,
manipulations. See
when
; do
and
you
not
be
that all
clothingis well aired before you put it on, but
avoid puttingit on hot from the fire.
The
whole
of the body, except the head, should
be
kept
of the,
warm
by clothingsuitable to the season
year, but
it is well
as
to
time-honoured
the head
keep
contains
that
the excitable brain,
cool,and
flannel cap.
As
lay aside
to
the
iy
the
child grows
57
up, let its dress be such
and
arms,
hands
night-gowns;
dress
leggings,high frocks,and flannel
when
and
weather, in
that
remember
ever
it out of doors,
send
you
it according to the
and
legs,feet,
long sleeves,
its
keep
Let it have
warm.
sensible woollen
will
as
of
the
over-clothingand
the
under-clothing,
the less.
conceive
I cannot
that exhibited
by
their children.
warmth
any
mothers
many
their delicate skin and
"
two
evils,
former
is
greater follythan
in the
children
Young
ing,
cloth-
extra
clothingof
require constant
weak
circulation,
easilyinfluenced by the weather, and, yet, we
series,
nurfrequentlysee them sent out from the warm
are
half-naked,into the
too, in which
the
feel that
before
drawers,
you,
children
reckless exposure
have
and
to cold ;
that consents
when
in
a
I
overcoats.
to assure
the
are
by seriouslywarning
fashion
and
too forcibly
bring this matter
siderable
and, being able to speak from con-
the serious illnesses
majority of
young
ther,
wea-
I cannot
experience,I
in
in
hardy and vigorousworkman
and
requires trousers
air,and
open
state
it,in
common
to
of chronic
with
have
immediate
and, conclude
you
a
we
you
that the
to
treat
result
of
this article
against the absurd
child
being half nude,
chill,at the very time
other
requiresthe greatest warmth.
young
nurslings,
58
Dressing
washed
dried
the
the
Hair."
head
with
it,there
brushing
oils and
with
a
the
them,
and
cut
and
sweep,
things,
luck,
cut
Washing
bath
warm
from
satisfaction
with
a
in
account
and
lower
well-lathered
thoroughly
water
and,
may
and
age
be
should
as
to
a
if Nurse
Wiles
-or
question of
the
that
is
the
a
only lu,ck
scratch
The
parts, should
be
of
whole
well
As
the
cleansed
water
temperature
be
used.
then
child
gradually diminished, but,
quite cold
a
body,
flannel,and
dried.
the
have
should
morning.
the
!
is of the greatest
vthe well-doing
or
will
experience
child
sponge
one
by
rule, he
vigour
at
child
Cleanliness
quickly
and
a
long
are
your
that
me
the nail of
night
especiallythe
and
;
Child."
child ;
wetted
a
across
trouble
never
possible importance
young
off
is downright
nails
straight
corners
their
to
the
hair
the
gravely object on
to
attached
ever
them
will
them
demonstrate
good
a
Keep
little with
a
and
soap,
than
if the
When
Nails."
they
assure
it
of
stiff brush.
and
have
you
again.
Scrivens
Dame
needed
moderately
in at the
growing
more
a
brush
Cutting
lather
nothing
obstinate, damp
brush, and
good
is
greasy
that
Premising
creases
in-
of
the
on
no
59
The
Exercise."
exercise
good
effort of
muscular
for
sucking-is
infant,and
the young
a
the
with
littleinvoluntary
efforts made
during the washing
and dressing,
fatiguesand disposesto sleep. The
only passiveexercise adapted to the young child is
the gentleswing of the nurse's arms,
which should
for four
continued
be
child
is
about
for
muscles
and
time ;
be sent
clad
from
the
child
to
way
but
ninth
month,
Every
as
his
soon
this
nursery
as
give
the
his
baby
teach
hurry to
shows
the
inclination that
Some
children walk
some
not
till
eleven
as
they are
months
early,eighteen months
is
is
late,
the average.
Cloth."
The
relief
expedientis worth
should
the young
napkins,and
to
tone
weather, and shaded
but, whilst
years;
Rolling
by
nurse
he
indulgehim.
fifteen months
The
and
be in any
as
usuallyconsidered
and
will
kick
to
ciently
perambulator, suffireclining
a
Don't
the
two
allowed
the
limbs, and gently opposing
againstwind
sun.
early as
over
in
out
can
When
After the fifth month
walk,
you
be
you
his
by rubbing
their movements.
may
should
stripped,it
a
five months.
or
have
its
child will
let him
a
given
the
to
passing remark.
cloth, and
rollingtake to it,stripoff
kick and
roll about
iy
on
it
6o
his heart's content, and
to
The
chill from
and
will.
he
as
thick to
sufficiently
floor reaching the child,
should
rolling-cloth
prevent any
often
as
be
the
preparing one is to take
it
the rug from before the fire,and to spread over
affords a
doubled
blanket.
The
a
rolling-cloth
gratefuldiversion to the child,and a most salutary
a
exercise.
take
to
you
face
third
as
before
the
Of
Out-of-Doors."
life
in
week, for
under
if
out-of-doors,and
mild
a
the
and
ordinary vigour, it
out
move
re-
weather
short
may
the
at
time, with
its
covered.
lightly
Vaccination."
sets
its whole
carried
or
not
ache.
give the child belly-
Infant
an
possessed of
safely be
second
will
you
must
guided by the weather,
infant. A gipsy'schild,
born
hedge, lives
is
cold, you
will be
health of the
yours
is
room
napkins,as
When
a
of
way
If the
the
course
ready
very
All
children
rule, from
a
the
the irritation and
in ; and
7th to
imminent.
they should
the lofh year,
I should
9th
should
to
be
the
disturbance
ated,
vaccin-
12th week,
of
teething
all be re-vaccinated
or
from
earlier,if small-pox be
not consider
a
child
iy
efficiently
62
at
eleven,the
the third
and
seventeen
to
the
danger.
less tender
to
feverish,with
As
is
it may
the touch.
or
saliva
it ;
and
or
more
is
or
restless,
cheeks,
dripping from his mouth.
thrusting
thingspersists,
or
of
in the
che^t
the gums
When
turgid
don't
suffering,
the
surface,
or
spasmodic seizures,or fits,
Gums."
the
they should
should
child
if this state
and
result in
tense,
child
the
bowels, flushed
disordered
a
or
in the bowels.
Lancing
or
The
is
unattended
swollen, and
complicated with inflammation
head,
cut
may
process
fingeringhis mouth,
perpetually
something into
be
infants
majoritythe
hot and
hanging head, and
He
teen,
thir-
or
teeth,from
painfulone, and not
the teeth approach
become
gums
wisdom
or
Healthy
the
to
and
troublesome
twelve
scarcely any noteworthy deviation
health,but
with
molars,
twenty.
their teeth with
from
niolars about
second
inflamed,
and
hesitate
to
be well
lanced
is
sham.
operation
a
are
have
and
them
down
to
Gentle
cidedly
dethe
lanced,
the tooth,
aperients
also be administered.
Teething
children
Fads
are
a
great comfort
to
young
and, the only precaution
during teething,
iy
63
with
necessary
them
is to
and fixed with
elastic,
and
Weaning.
strongest
suckled
been
by
the firm
of
power
found
are
men
it" exhibited
"roughing
in
year,
lifewhen
sucked
child
your
then
and
child's.
one,
food, and
so
be
cease
and
had
you
may
often
so
withhold
the
meals
the
be formed
troubles' of
advised, or
any
as
If
nurse
nine months,
as
but you
well
as
must
your
breast
a
day of artificial
a
in like
month
or
gradualty completed.
trouble
with
the milk;
to
!
first
by substituting
proportion,
so, the process
There
be
no
puny
in walks
you may
sake
commence
of
into his
seen
him,
wean
own
three
trifle. If,from
are
better
course
sturdy
the^paleand
condition
two, then
that,in the
may
ple
exam-
the
by
readily enough,eight or
You
then
have
function is discarded
that natural
it graduallyfor your
do
who
his mother
with
contrast
health is of average
your
those
flesh,the vigour, the hardiness,and
of humanity
representatives
of
the
and
witness,for
;
soft
the waist.
children
be
to
they are
to
tape
their mother
littlerural athlete who
second
a
healthiest
The
"
that
see
will then
it will
the call for it
gradually
is lessened,
weaning will be reduced
to
accidental
you
compelled, to
circumstance
wean
a
abruptly the
iy
64
best
of
p^an
dually
proceeding-is the following-.Grathe
increase
thus, every
for
hours
day
six hours
day
a
to
breast
then
form.
Or
a
once
day
a
two,
or
twelve
the
as
suckling,
every eight
hours
day until the
be eased
the breast may
often
as
pump,
for
between
two, every
or
and
more,
ceases
intervals
fulness
for
a
milk
by
a
becomes
painful,and with increasingintervals. During
the period of weaning you should live cautiously
moderately as possible; and avoid
If
all rough rubbing or kneading of the breasts.
the
breasts
become
hard, knotty, and
tender,
and
wrap
drink
as
them
in
linseed
but
poppy-head liquor,
until the
meal
do not
tenderness
poulticesmade
with
them
thing
any-
rub
has
with
subsided.
If the
child die
suddenlyyou will have to proceed as in
delicate
too
to
are
Many mothers
weaning.
suckle their children,
can
or
only do so for a brief
period; and, if you suffer from pallor,giddy
and
headache, palpitation,general weakness
is
the process
conclude
sleeplessness,
you
may
severely injuringyour
well to discontinue
Indications
of
health, and
you
will do
it.
the
the first few weeks
Child's
it is
ing
Intelligence." Dur-
quiterightand
iy
natural
65
for
the
when
child to
it does
be
rouse
vacuity, notice
and
always sleeping",
almost
up,
the
nothing, and
perhaps
other
to
follow
the
bright object;
smile* when
chucked
fussed with
by
sixth
the
year
the
is
children
whilst
well-articulated
have
we
and
known
by
talking of
the
have
we
unable
stowed
be-
care
known
at
sentences
many
or
his
learn
to
littlecounting. The
;
fifth
the
able
be
when
coo
sixteen
do
to
a
so
at
thirtieth month.
the
Commonplace monosyllabic
usuallybe expected towards the end
may
first year, well-articulated
words
at fifteen''
sounds
of the
sixteen
months,
the twentieth
Training
in
a
At
nurse.
child should
them
child to utter
or
or
or
it will
week
the chin, and
considerablyinfluenced
upon
months,
under
eye
candle
a
in the fourth
and
mamma
alphabet and do
of
movements
even
may
squint. During the third week, however,
begins
in
roll about
eyes
so
to the
the
helplessa
inherent
and
sentences
from
month.
twenty-fourth
Young
state
frailties and
complete
The
Child."
of
infant is born
dependency, that
vice must
be
at
all its
first ignored.
By-and-by, however, and wonderfullysoon
too, as
dawns
intelligence
upon him, there are hasty tosses,
kicks, and
monosyllabicgrunts
"
relics of the old
F
66
Adam,
that remind
has
temper.
a
have
would
the horrified
could
be
his feet if his
at
displays,however, must be
checked
discouragement,and fitly
of their birth.
violent,but she should
and
so;
spoiledchild
a
wild
of
is
child, as
is detested
that
early as
prick,knives
cut,
undertake
Never
own
your
and
tically
systema-
in
as
soon
take
any
systematicinstruction
will,unless
you
as
create
more
to
a
with
ven-born
hea-
temper, and
read, select such
they can
as
they can
in and
defective,or
means
than
a
understand,
that contain
plainlyexpressed.
all
a
lingeringsullenness much
child's disadvantage,and your own
ance.
annoylearn their alphabet at 5 years,
Let them
and
books
be
for
possible,that fire burns, pins
scalds.
and that boiling water
children,as
bullythem,
and,
house
a
demonstrate
than the rest of us, lose your
to the
hasty
be
by everybody. It is
should
you
zon
hori-
not
if necessary,
rod
greater nuisance
a
beast, and
importance
be decided
the
use
the very
should
Mamma
form.
by prompt
met
at
and
ous
imperi-
and
fact
developed into
Such
or
baby
Yes, undoubtedly, he has,
all the world
wishes
that
mamma
let him
run
wholesome
If your
if he appear
wild
oughly
thormation
infor-
child's memory
unable
a
and
gressive
pro-
year
iy
to
learn, by
or
two, and,
67
when
the
studies ; and, it may
brightestof
the
do, they
you
be, that he
flock.
behaviour
own
let him
aptitude returns,
in
Be
to
out
watchful
of your
ever
for, whatever
word
of
brain
and
child than
a
much
and
after
far
as
life may
be
not
If your
carried
too
on
fewer
the
far,and'if
giddy headache,
insist
that
child
or
The
Little
Diarrhoea
there be
lessons and
subsequentlywith greater
during teething,and
It will
to
a
of
and
school
you
emulation
is
complaint of
must
play,and proceed
caution.
of the
in
common
it should
probably
tion
inclina-
appetite,you
more
Emergencies
is rather
go
of his
friendshipin
spiritof
failure of
own
desirable
be
to
appear
watchful
whose
one,
ones
be, of his
and
into the
child needs
your
has, suitable
can
temperament,
utilityto him.
must
as
phemous
blas-
or
wholesome
and
pure
that he
see
age, and,
a
deeply
more
readily. When
more
companions,
own
much
sinks
foul
a
a
tation;
of imi-
creatures
that
remember
ever
themselves
to
arrogate
rightto repeat, being marvellous
and
the
will turn
their presence,
seem
his
resume
Nursery.
infants,especially
always receive
subside
under
F2
iy
a
tention.
at-
more
58
carefully
regulateddietary,and the substitution of
a
lighter and more
digestiblefood. If it should
persistand
should
at
be
watery,
h^ve
medical
once
very
Bronchitis
is
contain
or
advice.
cation
dangerous compli-
frequentand
a
blood, you
teething; it is indicated by hurried
breathing,drowsiness, cough, flapping nostrils,
and refusal of food ; and should be brought under
of
the consideration
Fits
are
the
cutting of
not
rush
and
be
alarming, and, unfortunately,in
very
families, very
many
treatingfits you
In
you
will
and
castor
be
oil. or
if the child
there
right
removing
of
only,can
Cut
lint,linen
dose
harm
no
cloths to it,whilst
bath.
giving
"
chloralum
be
less you
air,the better,as
or
oil by the mouth
immersed
are
safelydirect the remedies
Finger. Wrap it up in
rag,
confined
of gruel
injection
tight clothing and
fresh
cannot
very
applying cold
in your
the feet
are
If the head
But, perhaps, the
all
an
of castor
swallow.
can
will be
a
in
harm,
you
If the bowels
to possess.
must
it often does
bath, as
warm
requires critical judgment which
supposed
A
especiallyduring
common;
the teeth.
the
to
attendant.
medical
of your
in
hot
water
a
tard
mus-
do, beyond
allowing
dance
abun-
medical
man,
a
aright.
the
wool.
iy
blood
with
70
weight
of starch
powder.
try the benzoated
enough.
the
and
suck
can
be
lips,,
If the
about, seldom
talked
"
edge of
answer
zinc ointment.
Tongue-tie.Often
If the child
If thes6 do not
thrust the
tongue
he
have
sure
tongue
be
will
seen.
the
to
tongue
reallytied, don't
at-
"
tempt
to
cut
it yourself;it is
operation,and
should
only be
dangerous little
done by a medical
a
man.
Drinkingfrom
accident ! and
ice to
a
"
best
the throat
boilingTea-kettle. A dreadful
of
treated by the application
and
tongue, till the doctor
rives.
ar-
Chilblains.
tion
Probably there is no infantile affecthe witness
to the sufferer and
distressing
"
so
of it as
take
a
the
attack of chilblains ;
severe
precautions of keeping
but, if you
children
your
ing
daytime,and of not allowtheir feet to become
severelychilled,you will
A
frequent
likely,
prevent their accession.
properly clothed
most
in the
of chilblains is discovered
cause
nursery
after
the two
nurseries
temperature.
by
proper
by
as
a
in
a
day nursery, and
warm
should be maintained
The
food and
active exercise
cold
circulation
a
as
the child
be
and
can
therefore
of uniform
should
littlewine
night
kept
water,
take.
iy
up
and
Long
7*
should
sittings
with
in children
tolerated,especially
be
not
feeble hearts and
best embrocation
of
for
is
chilblains
unbroken
equal parts of
The
cold extremities.
posed
com-
of cantharides,
tincture
of camphor, and tincture of opium. A very
spirits
capitalapplicationis iodine paint. Covering the
part with
soap
When
chilblain is broken
the
tedious
you
affair,of, probably,
attend
for
treatment
"
Keep
it
to
broken
a
the
child
warmly wrapped
resin
carbolic
Give
ointment.
food,and
in
rest
in flannel
acid
water
the child
or
twice
a
weeks, unless
many
chilblain
to the wound
cerate
it with
at
in for
are
you
principles. The
sound
on
benefit.
decided
plaister is of
following:
is the
the
bed, and
feet
apply
wadding;
a
best
day, and wash
before
apply the
some
good whole-
you
plentyof
repeated small doses of wine
and
water.
of Opium or SoothingStuff. Infants
are
extremely susceptible to the influence of
opium, and a single drop will put a life in jeopardy.
An
Overdose
When
with
lies still,
breathing
"
sufferingfrom an opiate the infant
a
pale and
slightlylivid face,
slower
than
usual, with
a
sort
noise, refusingall food, and
through
a
slightly-opened
eyelid, a
of hiccoughing
showing,
very
iy
small
72
pupil. In treatingthis dangerous condition carry
the child into the open
air, loosen its clothing,
fleck its face with
doctor
water, and
cold
Children
Terrors.
"
usual,and
wake
agitationand
up
way:
suddenlyin
The
"
child
has
waked
up,
idea
where
and
frightenedto distraction; or,
been
told
a
has
to
flutter,
be
fit unless
he
kindly,take
will
caution
again
nurse,
to
dream
yes, and
about
it may
goblins,
hob-
them,
put him
to
throw
is,
little
a
bogies and
enough
"
he
him
in
a
into
Go to him
quicklycomforted.
candle, speak to him gently and
a
him
soon
;
a
if
found
is
with
instanter,
he
got him
sure
no
tale about
and, having had
one
as
night in great
the
alone, probably has
is
bed
to
go
himself
older, has
"
often
and screaming with all their
fright,
is night terror, and arises in the following
This
might.
a
your
post haste.
Night
fancies
for
send
up
be
never
in your
himself
to
arms
and
again ;
talk about
him, especiallytowards
caress
but
you
him
must
hideous
things
evening. The
impressionsto be uppermost in the childish mind,
on
taking him to bed, are those which refer^to
sant
pleahunt,
things the flower garden, the butterfly
"
the sweets
of prayer, the
guardian angel,and
love of God.
iy
the
73
Death.
Sudden
where,
it;
died, until
it
as
by
Thrush.
medical
a
by
softness
in
the
families,and,
families, often
be
;
while
at the
generally
that
aloof
by
as
same
and
this very
in the absence
an
is
the
Thrush
often
child
the
lining
very
gouty
is
a
cult
diffimay
by using the
breast;
same
fungus,and the
it
dies
reme-
destroy vegetable growth,
time
they strengthenthe system
the
It is well
disease
common
breast
by
contagious,and
to
a
or
will
strict attention
good
of
locally.
of fresh air,and
that
child.
by sucking
growth
such
are
child
dered
engen-
and
rheumatic
it is also very
the
on
of
parts. Thrush
other
complaint,and
or
utensils,
depends
and
every
propagated from
same
delicacy of
in the
takes
troublesome
cure
is
predisposingcause
and
of the mouth
membrane
it
first examined
be
weakness
local
the
found
to
should
inherited
an
and
very
and
necessary,
corpse
seen
man.
acquiredone,
in
has
man
impaired constitutional vigour,
is
either
runs
be
and
as,
general predisposing*cause
The
"
remain
medical
some
well that the
quite as
infant
the
inquest may
an
thrush
Let
"
use
milk
to
may
to
remember
often
be
kept
abundance
cleanliness,
of wholesome
food ; and,
is the infallible cure,
and,
of that,the artificialfood should be
iy
74
nutritious
light,
on
be
most
If the
occasion.
every
should
and
changed, and
altogether; or the child
into the country for
way
milk.
The
fluid
the mouth
the
ounce.
requireto
or
I recommend
of
should
be
When
they
;
is necessary
take
upon
the advice
you,
and
and
practitioner,
to
it will
the
not
the
have
a
no
of
a
woman
merely
jury of
nant.
preg-
ful
dreadmatrons
for you
be necessary
guidance
place
on
in
strict letter
the
that
should
dicted
in-
pregnancy
but, according'tp
time, you
any
a
with
are
women
plead
can
of serving
responsibility
imposed
times
Subjects.
quick"with child,and
If,at
three
out
grainsto
law, it
"
laxative,whilst
a
of nitrate of silver,
ten
Matrons."
of execution
of the
tonics,and
morning
for murder
bar
air and
painted every second
and
;
Jury
as
a-
successfully
iron,as
sponged
Incidental
The
be sent
change of
entire
and
withheld
be
to
part of sulphurous acid mixed
one
solution
a
may
magnesia
is washed
four of water
with
have
doses of bark
Dinneford's
day, with
may
an
medicines
minute
are
prepared, fresh
carefully
the milk
disease persists
to
skilled medical
reliance
on
iy
the state-
75
of the
ments
the
all reasonable
medical
and
breasts
which
assistance at your
the 3rd and
quicken at
of
the
4th
5 th
and
the
with
If you
can
be tolerably
may
some
women
7th month, and
at the
some
ion,
opin-
an
do
to
remember
quicken" at
"
never
to
command.
must
exercise
and
coming
of the child you
but, you
sure;
between
skill in
scarcelyfail
will
you
mine
carefullyexa-
must
the abdomen,
and
care
feel the movements
some
You
prisoner.
but, that half way
all ;
is the
month,
usual
date
quickening.
with
Marriage
the
This
Relatives."
is
greatest possible importance
generations; and,
with
reference
of first cousins, I must
pertinaceous consent,
it.
You
may
advise
to
oppose
depend
upon
you
succeeding
to
the
to
marriage
all, with
and
may
be
it,that
any
make
desirable
may
in the
nervousness
ily
famhave
blood
parents
expressed by melancholia, insanity,or
epilepsyin
to
mere
one
ance
discounten-
or
infirmity
peculiarity(and all families
some) is aggravated by the marriage of
relatives; and,
of
matter
a
the children
you
from
hesitate
other
"
to
serious
sufficiently
take
the
issues
risk, however
circumstances,such
appear.
iy
alliances
76
Remarks
forth children in
the
period
and,
there
to the
is
sorrow
and
primeval curse,
to the
as
in
the
much
to
hour of travail;
who, giving a rigid adhesion
some,
of Holy Writ,
prescriptions
this
with
bring-
salient clause
a
applies,probably,as
of pregnancy,
are
To
Parturition."
Painless
on
condemn
terferen
all in-
ordinary anguish of nature,
as
prejudgment of Christian fortitude a step, at
impious and, who
once, equallypresumptive and
a
"
"
to
arrogate
back
the
themselves
is fitted to the burthen.
I have
consolation
As
a
brieflyto reply,that
hesitate to obtain
do not
chloral,under
however
trivial
even
worthy
may
the
practicalphysician,
the
necessity;
dividual
in-
same
relief from
sufferings
by taking chloroform,or
own
that
their
opium,
and
or
that,
be their precepts, their practice
scriptural
delinquent;and, that, however
trinsic
be their reasoning,they fail to show
any indifference in pain, in the abstract,but only
is
may
in
its causation
the
curse
,
sorrow
one
any
may
;
and,
have
alone, and
leave
been
that
us
atoned
the
to infer
open
by
the
that
gestative
parturientanguish is
mitigatedor controlled without
turition
Parinfringement on the divine command.
pated
or
labour, then, is so frequentlyanticiwith feelingsof dread, from the amount
of
that may
be
iy
78
take
men
well,
chloroform,
the most
even
witnessed
practice that
in
been
worth
was
comparison
known
in labour,
to
though
for many
for fourteen
Some
make
child
without
When
surd',you
be
may
your
once
under
which
medical
your
into
made
these
are
simplestway
almost
the
into
chief
the
of
the
in
"
sort
of cup
a
that
assurance
entirely
perfectsafetytoo.
up your
mind
dulge
in-
to
to your
tain
enter-
and, remember,
observe.
inhaling chloroform, and
Fold
to
world
the
essentials to
in
be
quite prepared
its results ;
universallyused
following:
a
to
it.
attendant,
luxury of chloroform, adhere
decision,place in it entire confidence,and
anxiety as
it
ble
possi-
will
in the
no
has
fluence
its in-
with the best
will be
have
death
stronglyrecommend
knowledge* and
you
viously
ob-
have, myself,given
necessary,
born
sideration
con-
advantages
kept
hours
by
you
wifery
mid-
in
its administration
few sacrifices under
some
the
I
therefore
to
I feel
and,
from
never
moment's
a
believe,a
are
consecutive
out
I
women
precautions are
pointed
I have
its use
the
with
occur
hours.
results,and
and
arise from
conferred; and,
never
rule, wonderfully
delicate;
mischief
any
the
as
The
the
one
midwifery practice,is
napkin
and stitch it ;
handkerchief
or
place twenty
iy
or
79
thirtydrops of chloroform
inhale
and
mouth
put your
and
should
round
the
often
as
of labour
It is
be
may
only
in
pains, and
to
or
not
the
on
chloroform
necessary/
and, when
charms
God's
foundest
a
the
a
gift to
to
When
or
may
most
to
may
once
but
not
enjoyed
hail
the
the
be
child,
rather
operation is
an
through
discoverer, and
and
but
bility
lia-
exercise
to
or
of
intelligence
mother,
the
increase
pain subduer, you
woman,
of the
expulsiveaction
forego them,
more
immortal
to
appear
have
you
as
termination
the
towards
otherwise.
than
protective
never
the
of the
brain
tains
cur-
tight band or belt
is to be repeated as
subsequent haemorrhage,
injuriouseffect on
any
and
the
deeper insensibility.
form
that chloroexceptionalcases
with
it does
to
no
dose
pushed
very
interferes
be
and,
necessary,
bed-clothes
the
The
body.
is proceeding,
freelyadmitted
be
there should
and
the inhalation
Whilst
air
quietly
and
into the cup
face, by turning back
;
of it
bottom
a
nose
the vapour.
the
the
then,
glass graduate,),
collectingyourselfquite at ease,
(measured carefullyin
lying down
into
be
sary,
neces-
its mysterious
will,I
ween,
it, even,
agency
well
worthy of your
enduring gratitude.
iy
as
of its
pro-
80
Disinfectants
and
Deodorants.
and
general household
frequently
employed
useless
either
are
of
Burnett's chloride
nursery
disinfectants
the
use
For
"
ous.
danger-
or
poisoned
has
zinc
most
being-colourless like water, is
less
easilydrunk by children. Condy's fluid is harminfectant
only,not a disenough, but is a deodorant
I have been long engaged in preparing
and, from
scores,
a
substance
and
as
poison.
of salts,
is
of
names
Saline"
Zinc
Iron
and
is a'
substance, which
This
be
shortlyto
patented
under
Biolytic and Deodorant
ant
"Holland's
Biolyticand Deodor-
Saline,"
is
a
very
reliable
and
cheap
of the
eminently destructive
that constitute infective matter;
germs
be
less
harm-
be
to
"Holland's
preparation,and
may
fect,
disin-
and
deodorise
both
yet be in such condition,as
a
mixture
the
that shall
used
either
and
deodorisation
as
solid
a
disinfection
of
and,
For
fluid.
or
nursery
ganic
or-
the
pans,
offensive evacuations,and
For
all
drains, sewers,
rough purposes,
diapers it is invaluable.
sinks,and water-closets,and
the iron saline should
but, for the disinfection of calico
saline should
would
can
always
iron-mould.
only be
obtained
be
For
used,
as
or
be used ;
linen,the zinc
the
iron
the present these
at my
saline
salines
privatelaboratory.
iy
'
Wr^
APPENDIX.
Minor
Operations
usually
the
on
devolving
Nurse.
The
Preparation of Poppy
Fomentations."
py
Pop-
and are
frequently
required,
best preparedby takingthe heads of half a dozen
ing
breakas bought at the druggists',
large poppies,
fomentations
are
them open so as to expose the seeds,and then
boilingthe husks and seeds gentlyfor half an hour,
The liquorshould be dark in
pintof water.
colour, and strained before use by passingit
through muslin; and should be appliedhot by
folded so as to absorb a good
of flannel,
means
and wrung, so as to prevent dripping.
quantity,
It is a good plan to wrap some
macintosh sheeting
in
a
the flannel when
over
the heat of the
it is desirable to maintain
the greatestcare
should alwaysbe taken to prevent wettingthe bed
or
application
; and
and chilling
of the patient.'
body linen,
The
Turpentine Stupe." This useful application
and
ordered by medical men
frequently
will vary accordingto
strengthand efficiency
is
iy
its
the
82
goodness of
the
For
method
delicate
of
found
be
of
the
women
following"
of flannel of the
table, sprinklethe
and
and
roll up
to
littledelay as
fomented
the
over
maintain
the
the
possible,unroll
with
the
Allow
stupe
well
bear
a
to remain
it,or
on
pentine,
tur-
as
the skin ;
to
oil silk
that
as
the part to be
it on
pieceof
outside
the
patientcan
heat; and, with
turpentinesurface
stupe place a
the
with
five
diffuse the turpentine
the stupe to
sheeting, and
flannel.
surface
upper
will
stitch
size and
same
soak the flannel in as hot water
together,
bear to wring it dry,then spread it out
can
you
a
skin
used.
amount
preparing and applying-the stupe
the most
generally suitable. Take
thicknesses
them
turpentineand the
the
or
tosh
macin-
piece of dry
on
as
until the
long as
skin be
(usuallyan affair of minutes),and
it. If the subsequentsmarting and
then remove
burning be unduly severe, the inflamed skin should
be gentlysponged with soap and -water, dried and
well reddened,
smeared
with fresh lard.
Ventilation
much
be
of
importance
admitted
this,without
to
a
the
that
the
risk
Lying-in
an
Room."
abundance
It is of
of fresh air
lying-in-room,and, to effect
of givingcold to the patient,
it
iy
83
will
the
requireprudence
time
summer
and
face covered
and
the
or
6 minutes
in
but,
at
the
with
up
thick shawl
a
window
be
winter
time,
ventilate
by
head
her
blanket,
freelyopened, for
in
or
In
nurse.
or
time, at intervals of 6
a
will be safer to
the part of the
on
patientshould have
the
and
door
*
or
8 hours
weather,
severe
the door and
5
:
it
chimney
only.
In all
Wounds."
Dressing
lying-in-woman the hands
clean,the nails short,and
It will
used.
wash
with
In
tow, lint,or
rag,
use
never
scrupulously
brush, frequently
and
prudence
fluid before
wound
them
burn
to
ling
hand-
pieces
use
afterwards,
especiallythe ordinary toilet
caution in washing and
extreme
all the
disinfecting
a
be
the nail
Condy's
washing a
a
sponges,
Use
sponges.
should
commendable
wound.
any
of
hands
your
show
manipulationswith
wound, and
utensils you
resort
only water
use
to in
that has
sing
dresbeen
previouslywell-boiled.
Dressing
very
clean
by washing
the
an
and
Ulcerated
free from
it every
part, dress
$
or.
Navel."
Keep
the
part
decomposing discharges
12 hours ; and, after drying
it with the
oxide
of zinc ointG2
84
ment
;
under
and,
\\ it should
the notice of the Medical
Application of
the
child
around
who
the
who
but
bandage
or
in its use
their
recover
for
a
may
and
those
month
are
in use,
depend
that
will it be
of
4
constitute
a
women
the
only
are
of them
some
or
convey
wash.
You
even
may
simpler your binder is,the better
for all concerned.
ft. 6
to
difficult to
calico fr^om 14
new
about
the
applied
bought in the shops ;
grounds, they are
many
object to these on
complicated,easily soiled,apt
infection,and
be
must
be
I
breed
the birth of
perfectfigure. There
of binders
which
costly,
very
After
flaccid abdomen,
varieties
many
Attendant.
Binder."
the
binder
a
persevere
ones
rapidlyheal,bring- it
not
in.
Half
dozen
a
16 inches
to
long, and
a
few
wide, and
blanket-pins,
simple,cheap, wholesome, and
for every
strips
cient
suffi-
and
during the
be changed frequently,
first few days they must
as
they become soiled or displaced. In applying
the binder you must consult your patient's
feelings
at which
as
to the degree of tightness
you pin it.
armament
Bandaging
veins, or
when
the
case;
Legs." When
the
legsare
there
are
varicose
ulcerated,bandages
iy
86
have
If you
Haemorrhage."
extensive
any
tice
prac-
have
to
assuredly,
this alarming- difficulty,
and should be
encounter
prepared to treat your patient on sound principles
as
a
nurse
will,most
you
immediately available.
When
the subject of
or
patientis flooding,
your
undue
haemorrhage, you will easily notice the
paleness of her face, her anxiety, restlessness,
as
and
doctor
no
crying out
make
If it be
as
you
patientflat
with
cold
whilst
'
her
water
to
doctor.
to
the
soon
patient a glass of
you
a
understand
piece of
should
to occupy
iced
spare
Application
observe
wait
arrives
to
and
fetch the
give
your
drink; and,
may
these
for
in
if
introduce
being done
medical
aid;
I
and
washing freelyyour
hands
of Leeches."
a
ice
water
moments
externallyit is
to
third to
a
window,
the
open
vagina :
to
you
wetted
parts, and
outer
business,you
your
face,chest
patient's
you
the
ice into the
advise
to
one
ice,and
as
going-on.
apply cloths
bellyand
this direct
is
now
bandages, lay the
all
and
back,
must
you
what
see
undo
ge^t some
As
and
eyes
suppose,
on
doing
another
I shall faint7 ; and
"
of your
use
be
may
with cold water.
When
necessary
leeches
to your
success
varietyof little details.
iy
are
plied
apfor
Firstly
87
the
leeches should
firm
when
rolled
very
active
in
be dried
with
on
The
use.
part
the
leeches
held
glass,or
and
leeched
the
tail end
fingeruntil they
internal
part,
a
tube
in
a
If
thumb
the
applied
speculum
must
a
to
any
first be
the skin of the
long pair of lightforceps.
Disinfection
chloride
clean water
applied under
introduced,and the leeches held by
back
thoroughly
between
fasten.
or
ready for
be
last with
rolled
or
should be
either be
may
by
Hkely
and
soap,
be
they should
movements,
will most
to be
cleansed,firstwith
and
fingers,and
cloth,and gently rubbed
they
feel
they should
"
the
between
all their
a
it,when
selected
be
Condy's fluid,
liquidare chiefly
Evacuations."
of the
of lime, and
Burnet's
but have
disinfecting
processes,
many
I
defects,and some
dangers attendingtheir use.
have devised an easilymanageable deodorant
and
in the form
of a dry powder, which
disinfectant,
is free from danger, and
venient.
very effectiveand con-
used
for
It is alluded
I advise
to
a
put into the commode,
little after,and
to
under
little of the
of the evacuation.
to be
into contact
of "disinfectants."
powder
previously to
the commode
bring the powder
the head
use,
to
be
and
a
so
agitated,
with
every
as
tion
por-
88
Administration
The
of
The
Enemas."
used
for
The
apparatus should be cleansed
fluids
into the bowels
should be carefully
injection
prepared,and administered at a temperature,
varying,according to the objectin view, from no
degrees "Fahr." to the temperature of iced water.
all occasions,and
before
its action understood.
In
use
on
giving
to an
infant,be careful that /the bowel
injection
smooth, and elastic;and, before
pipe is perfect,
dip it into warm
you introduce it into the bowel
and smear
itwith lard ; introduce it
water
: dry it,
and
gently,with a wriggling sort of movement,
than two or three tablespoonfuls
never
injectmore
In administering
adult
at a time.
to an
an
enema
used ; which
be
a different pipeis generally
must
warmed, larded, and carefully
introduced, in a
and
direction upwards
backwards, whilst the
side. The
amount
patientlies on one
you inject
will vary much, but, as a rule,a pintwill be quite
an
sufficient.
Vaginal Injections
and,
a
specialelastic
If used for the purpose
addition
frequently
required
pipe should always be used.
are
very
of
charges,
correctingoffensive disthey should be made disinfectant by,the
of a littleCondy's fluid. All vaginal in-
iy
8g
jectionsshould
whilst
flufd. A
of the
temperature
object,but should
of the
I
catheter
Assuming
to
supple
have
it with oil
or
prepare
the side
back, as
using
your
eyes,
the
Provide
as
you
As
turning
the
the
bladder
must
the stop and
yourselfwith
case
so
will be allowed
the
into
urine
empties draw
the
smear
a
to
and
small
on
do,
troduce
in-
wards
back-
bladder, and,
will
out
as
and, now,
"
gently upwards
stop
pare
pre-
water,
warm
suits the
most
catheter
female
elastic,
patientby laying her
your
along the urethra
on
it in
use
operation.
silver stop, you
a
lard.
its
bladder, and,
the
proper,
dry it,turn
basin, and
or
a
by washing
it ; then
the
tant
impor-
an
able to
be
distended
a
brieflydescribe
that you
use
It is
should
nurse
catheter, fitted with
it for
"
Catheter."
relieve
shall therefore
ingreturn-
be hot.
never
Female
and
the
thing and,
depend on
proper
injectionmust
that every
matter
a
is the
bidet
up, in full stream,
to catch
provisionis made
some
Use
high
be thrown
freelyflow.
the
catheter
slowly.
Suppositories
introduced
into
are
the
composing pillsor
bowel
for the
masses
relief of local
iy
go
In
pain.
preparing to introduce a suppository,
the patientshould be placed on
her side,and
an
oiled fingerfirst passed,and, as this is withdrawn
the suppositorymay
be pushed into,and
little
a
up, the
way
bowel,
Pessaries
are
allowed
and
instruments
displacementsof
to
internally
and
womb,
shape
medy
re-
they precomposition.
and
should
They
use,
used
the
the greatest varietyin
.sent
to remain.
always be thoroughly cleansed before
If they occasion
well oiled.
pain and
and
uneasiness,
bowels
or
interfere
or
with
the
bladder, they should
action
be
at
of
the
once
moved
re-
by the finger.
Taking
a
the
Temperature."
In almost
bodily heat
is essential to
of the
record
of disease
an4
though
the
as
morning
well
and
as
to
every
case
the
criminati
dis-
its treatment
evening
record
;
are
it is often necessary
to make
usually sufficient,
In taking temperatures you
hourly observations.
be exact.
be extremely careful,and you must
must
The
thermometer
and
so
should
constructed
fixed,and
the
be
a
that the
readingeasy.
which
contains
the
self-registering
one,
index
The
is
bulb
immovably
of the thermometer
should
mercury
iy
be
91
carefully
kept
very
tested for three
four minutes, and
or
special attention
You
tongue and
to press
his
you
place
may
In all
bulb
the
it in the
groin,or in
cases
faithful record
a
patient'sbody for three
Report
of the
its
12
specimen of
the medical
Analysis
expected to
it in
Urine."
to
be prepared
or
; their
tain
con-
excess
passed with
it.
You
state
"
note
a
clean
the
should
the
exact
its colour,
turbidness,and
readiness,in
attendant
of
or
with
they
blood, matter,
24 hours
or
smell, its clearness
should
the motions
whether
and
in
vagina,or
curate
requiresac-
instrument
You
patient'sknowledge, or without
the
to
measure
urine, so as
passed
the
smell ; whether
and
anything unusual, as
mucous,
the side,or
four minutes.
frequencyof
colour,consistence
slimy
or
Excretions."
the
to state
amount
the
under
tightto
arm
of the bulb of the
contact
of
false
direct the
and bring
-pit,
arm
pay
will make
you
place the
may
must
you
and
patientto close the lips,
it with his tongue.
You
place it in
may
rectum.
the
this, or
to
*
records.
with the, part to% be
in contact
have
a
glass,for
examine.
The
hospital nurse
be able to ascertain
the
is *now
specific
grav-
iy
92
ity,the reaction, and
the
absence
or
presence
of
albumen.
The
gravity
specific
urinometer,*which
the
has
only
number
be
to
at the
is
easily
has
scale
a
in the
floated
level of the
The
refers
reaction
alkaline.
coloured
called
papers
determining the
bluish
and
colour
into acid
the
deeper
changed
is
is of
paper
red
when
a
ped
drop-
greater the acidity
Turmeric
when
brown
to
the
urine, and
the redness.
is turned
and
Litmus
for
used
are
or
Two
reaction.
papers
reaction.
case.
being acid
urine
test
the
added
iooo
every
is of acid
Healthy urine
it, and
upon
liquidwith
the
to
by
urine, when,
it,gives the specific
gravity in
to
determined
thrown
paper
is
into
urine
yellow
that
is alkaline in reaction.
Take
Albumen.
tube, add
test
to
a
small
it four
then well boil the fluid
be
a
as
time
present it will be
heavy white
a
spiritlamp
men
; if albu-
and
coagulated
cloud, that will
settle in
appear
a
short
to the bottom.
Concluding
will, of
your
over
quantityof urine in a
drops of nitric acid, and
Remarks."
course,
confidential
observe
As
all
a
faithful
nurse
you
possible secrecy
to'
duties; keep strictly
iy
in
your
`