Bachelor of ACUPUNCTURE Program

Bachelor of ACUPUNCTURE Program
學士學位針灸課程
The Bachelor of Acupuncture program is a postgraduate program that will lead to a Bachelor of
Acupuncture issued by the Jiang Xi Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine and the Chinese State
Ministry of Education. This has been made possible through cooperation between the Jiang Xi Intitute
of TCM, at the university in Nanchang China and Akupunkturakademin and the Swedish TCMCollege in Sweden.
Until now Bachelor of Acupuncture has only been attained after five years of full time studies in
China and in the Chinese language. Bachelor of Acupuncture is the level of education most TCM
doctors have in China (a minor number go further for their masters- and doctor’s degrees). In some
Chinese universities the same level of education is called Bachelor of TCM. After completing the
Bachelor of Acupuncture program one can study further both for masters- and doctor’s degrees. This
program will be held in English, for two years and the major part will take place in your own home or
office, except for three weeks in Sweden at the end of the first year and ten weeks of clinical herbal
training in China, during the second year. We plan to start a new class every year, in order to make it
possible for all dedicated to TCM to attain a high level of TCM education.
The Bachelor of Acupuncture at Jiang Xi Institute consists of both acupuncture science as well as
herbal science. The acupuncture science will mainly carried out in Europe, before starting the program,
and the herbal science will be done during the two year bachelor program. The topics will mainly
cover single herbs, prescriptions and diseases treated with Chinese herbs.
The Jiang Xi Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) located in Nanchang, the capital city of
the Jing Xi province, is a higher learning institute of TCM sciences and pharmacology. The institute is
authorised to grant bachelor and masters degree and accept doctor’s degree students. It has also been
designated by the State Ministry of Education as one of the higher learning universities eligible for
accepting overseas students.
Due to conditions beyond our control, commence of the next class have to be postponed until
September 2005. As for previous knowledge in TCM and western medicine, they remain the same.
The curriculum will be changed a bit, but will mainly remain as been described in the following text.
The new and complete curriculum will be published in the autumn 2004.
APPLICATION
Admission requirements: previous TCM-acupuncture education in an acupuncture school that is
qualified by a European Acupuncture Society. You should have completed your acupuncture studies
and western medical training. See separate heading for western medical curricula and acupuncture
curricula.
Application procedures and requirements:
• Fill in the application form
• Copy of diploma in acupuncture and acupuncture curriculum.
• Copy of diploma in western medicine and western medicine curriculum.
• Curriculum Vitae (*your personal history, education, family situation etc).
• Registration fee 100 US$ to Swedish TCM-College, bank account 8166 9 739 186 931 Swift code:
SWEDSESS. Swedbank S135 Stockholm, Sweden.
The annual fee will be about 3000 US$ (we know the exact sum in the autumn 2004) which includes
everything except literature, travel and living costs. When your application has been approved we
will send you an invoice. The registration fee and annual fees are not refundable.
For more information please contact:
Akupunktureakademin
Swedish TCM-College
Mr. Jan Lindborg
Mr. Reijo Pöyhönen
Kloster 209
Hökviken 13
S-776 98 Garpenberg
S-790 25 Linghed
Sweden
Sweden
Tel/fax:46-225-23025
Tel:46-246-22135
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E-mail: [email protected] Fax: 46-246-22060
E-mail: [email protected]
Jiang Xi Intitute of TCM website:
http://www.jxtcmi.com/dwjl/en/fi.asp
SUMMARY OF BACHELOR OF ACUPUNCTURE PROGRAM
The curriculum consists of ten major topics: I. Chinese materia medica, II. Diagnostics of TCM, III.
Prescriptions of TCM, IV. Internal medicine of TCM, V. Gynaecology and obstetrics, VI. Paediatrics,
VII. Ophthalmology, VIII. Sugery of TCM, IX. Orthopedics-Traumatology of TCM and X. Otorhinolaryngology. Covering a total of 135 single herbs, 130 prescriptions and 235 diseases in all.
I. The Chinese materia medica: the characters and functions of traditional chinese drugs. The
processing of drugs. The application of drugs. Drugs for treating exterior syndromes. Heat-clearing
drugs. Expectorants, antitussives anti-asthmatic drugs. Purgative Drugs. Drugs for eliminating
dampness. Interior-warming drugs etc 135 single herbs.
II. Diagnostics of TCM: The conception of TCM diagnostics. Diagnostic methods in TCM. The
fundamentals of TCM diagnosis. The principles of TCM Diagnosis. Approaches and points of
attention in interrogation. Contents of interrogation. Inspection of vitality. Inspection of skin colour.
Inspection of the general appearance. Inspection of the tongue. Inspection of skin. Inspection of the
superficial venues of the infant’s index fingers. Inspection of the excreta. Auscultation and olfaction.
Pulse taking and palpation. Differentiating pathologic conditions in accordance with the eight
principal syndromes. Differentiating of syndromes according to the state of qi and blood.
Differentiating of syndromes according to pathologic changes of the viscera and interrelation.
Differentiating of syndromes of a febrile disease in accordance with the theory of the channels.
Differentiating of the development of an epidemic febrile disease by analyzing and studying condition
of the four syndromes (Wei- qi, ying and xue systems).
III. Prescriptions of TCM: formation of a prescription. Dosage forms of prescription. Methods of
decocting and taking drugs. Heating-clearing prescriptions. Purgative prescriptions etc 130
prescriptions.
IV. Internal Medicine of TCM: influenza, viral hepatitis, bacillary, acquired immunodeficiency
syndrome (AIDS), bronchial asthma, chronic bronchitis, pulmonary abscess, Rheumatic Fever.
Coronary Heart Disease, Essential hypertension. Sick sinus syndrome. Hyperlipoproteinemia. Chronic
gastritis. Peptic ulcer. Chronic non-specific ulcerative colitis. Hepatocirrhosis. Cholecystitis. Aplastic
anaemia, Thrombocytopenic purpura. Leucopoenia. Acute nephritis. Chronic nephritis. Nephrotic
syndrome. Diabetes Mellitus. Diabetes Insipidus. Systemic lupus Erythematosus (SLE). Cerebral
Thrombosis. Neurosis. Schizophrenia, Infection of Biliary Tract and Gall Stones. Urinary Calculus.
Chronic Prostatitis. Hyperplasia of Prostate. Thrombotic Phlebitis. Thromboangitis Obliterans.
Arteriosclerosis Obliterans of Limbs. Multiple Aorta-arteritis. Herpes Zoster. Impetigo. Tinea of
Manus and Pedes. Chilblain. Contact Dermatitis. Eczema. Urticaria. Neurodermatitis. Exfoliative
Dermatitis. Cutaneous Pruritus. Erythema Multiforme. Psoriasis. Pityriasis Rosea. Scleroderma. Acne
Vulgaris. Seborrheic Dermatitis. Rosacea. Alopecia Areata. Leukotrichia. Vitiligo. Chloasma.
Ichthyosis. Erythermalgia. Keloid. Squamous Cell Carcinoma.
V. Gynecology and obstetrics: menoxenia, dysfunctional uterine bleeding, amenorrhea,
dysmenorrhoea, polycystic ovary syndrome, premenstrual tension syndrome. Climacteric syndrome.
Vulvovaginitis. Pelvic inflammation. Endometriosis. Leukorrhagia. Sterility. Colporrhagia during
pregnancy and threatened abortion. Heterotrophic pregnancy. Pernicious vomiting. Edema during
pregnancy. Eclampsia gravidarum. Hypogalactia.
VI. Pediatrics: neonatal jaundice syndrome, scleroderma neonatorum, anorexia, acute upper
respiratory tract infection, acute bronchitis, infantile pneumonia. Infantile diarrhea. Viral Myocarditis.
Urinary Infection. Enuresis. Mixed Nutritional Anemia. Allergic purpura. Juvenile rheumatoid disease.
Epilepsy. Acute toxic encephalopathy. Infectious plyradiculitis. Chickenpox. Epidemic parotitis.
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VII. Ophthalmology: hordeolum, trachome, spring catarrhal, conjunctivtis, epidemic acute
conjunctivtis, acute dacryocystitis, and superficial punctate keratitis. Herpes simplex keratitis.
Serpiginous corneal ulcer. Inflammation of cornealstroma. Anterior scleritis. Exudative Iridocyclitis.
Behct’s Syndrome. Glaucoma.Senile Cataract. Central Choroido-retinitis.Thrombosis of Central Vein
of Retina. Embolism of Central Artery Of Retina. Paralytic Strabismus. Pigmentary Degeneration of
Retina. Acute Optic Neuritis.
VIII. Surgery of TCM: furuncle, carbuncle, erysipelas, acute phlegmon, acute lymphangitis, acute
lymphnoditis, acute parotitis, phlegmonosa, acute systemic pyogenic infection. Tuberculosis of
Cervical Lymph Noder. Thyroid Adenoma. Acute Mastadenitis. Hyperplasia of Lobular Mammary
Gland. Gynecomastia. Acute Appendicitis. Perforation of Peptic Ulcer. Intestinal Obstruction.
Infection of Biliary Tract and Gall Stones. Urinary Calculus. Chronic Prostatitis. Hyperplasia of
Prostate. Thrombotic Phlebitis. Thromboangiitis Obliterans. Arteriosclerosis Obliterans of Limbs.
Multiple Aorta-arteritis. Scleroderma. Acne Vulgaris. Seborrheic Dermatitis. Rosacea. Alopecia Areata.
Leukotrichia. Vitiligo. Chloasma. Ichthyosis. Erythermalgia. Keloid.
IX. Orthopedics-Traumatology of TCM: fracture of clavicle, fracture of surgical neck of humerus,
fracture of humeral shaft, supracondylar fracture of humerus, fracture of elbow. Ulnar and Radial
fracture. Fracture of Metacarpal-phalangeal Bone. Compression Fracture of Thoracolumbar Vertebral
Body. Fracture of Pelvis. Fracture of Neck of Femur. Fracture of Femoral Shaft. Fracture of Patella.
Fracture of Tibia and Fibula. Foot Fracture. Dislocation of Mandibular Articulation. Dislocation of
Shoulder joint. Dislocation of Elbow Joint. Dislocation of Hip Joint. Scapulohumeral Periarthritis.
Tennis Elbow. Osteochonclritis of Capitular Epiphysis of Femur. Acute Sprain of Lumber Muscle and
Fascia. Chronic Lumbar Muscle strain. Prolapse of Lumbar Intervertebral Disc. Synovial Incarceration
of Small Joints of Lumber Vertebrae. Meniscus Injury of knee. Ligamentous Injury of Knee Joint.
Suppurative Arthritis. Pyogenic Osteolnyelitis. Tuberculosis of Bone and Joint.
X. Otorhinolaryngology: eczema of external auditory meatus, acute catarrhal otitis media, chronic
catarrhal otitis media, acute suppurative otitis media, menier’s disease. Sudden Deafness. Bell’s Facial
Paralysis. Acute Rhinitis. Chronic Rhinitis. Atrophic Rhinitis. Allergic Rhinitis. Acute Nasosinusitis.
Chronic Nasosinusitis. Acute Tonsillitis. Acute Pharyngitis. Chronic Pharyngitis. Ulcerative Stomatitis.
Acute Laryngitis. Chronic Laryngitis. Cricoarytenoid Arthritis.
ACUPUNCTURE TRAINING
Acupuncture training before entering the Bachelor of Acupuncture program, should cover the
following topics and a minimum of the indicated studying hours.
I. Historical and philosophical background in TCM 15 lecturing hours
1.1. Introduction to Chinese medicine
1.2. History
1.3. Yin och yang
II. Meridian system - jingluo 30 lecturing hours
2.1. The meridian system
2.1.1. Twelve- jing mai
2.1.2. Twelve - jing bie
2.1.3. Twelve - jing jin
2.1.4. Eight extraordinary meridians
2.1.5. Fifteen luo, xu li och bao mai
III. Five elements - wu xing 10 lecturing hours
3.1. The concept of wu xing
3.2. Application of wu xing in Chinese medicine
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IV. Diagnostical methods 60 lecturing hours
4.1. Eight diagnostic rules
4.2. Four examination methods
4.3. Aetiology
V. Physiology and pathology of zang-fu, qi and blood 100 lecturing hours
5.1. Physiology and differentiation of qi, blood and body fluids
5.2. Physiology and differentiation of zang and fu
5.3 Physiology and differentiation of several zang and fu at the same time
5.4 Differentiation of pathogen qi
VI. Acupuncture points 113 lecturing hours
6.1 205 acupuncture points that should be mastered: Name and Chinese pronunciation, number,
localisation and local anatomy. Main functions, main indications. Needle technique and directions.
Contraindications. Point groups. Methods for selecting points. See complete list. NB! On these 205
points, there will be a separate examination during the first year. All of the points don’t have to be
mastered before entering the program. About 130 of the most commonly used points should be
mastered prior to entering the program.
VII. Treatments strategies
20 lecturing hours
7.1. Acupuncture treatment strategies
7.2. Introduction to treatment strategies from the shang han lun, wen bing
san jiao
VIII. Practical application of acupuncture 55 lecturing hours
8.1. Needle handling
8.2. Moxa
8.3. Cupping
8.4. Needle hammer and bleeding technique
8.5. Ear acupuncture
8.6. Scalp acupuncture
8.7. Electro acupuncture
8.7. The neurobiological basis
8.8. Introduction to Chinese herbal medicine, tuina, qi gong, tai ji quan and dietetics.
IX. Treatment of common symptoms and diseases 40 lecturing hours
9.1 Differentiation and treatment of common symptoms and diseases, with needles, moxa, and
cupping.
X. Miscellaneous, journals, laws etc.7 lecturing hours
XI. Thesis
A minor thesis should be written, covering a number of treatments or a topic made by the student
during the course.
450 lecturing hours and an additional 150 hours of clinical practice make up a total of 600 studying
hours.
ACUPUNCTURE POINTS
• There are 205 acupuncture points that should be mastered.
• Name and Chinese pronunciation
• Number
• Localisation and local anatomy
• Main functions
• Main indications
• Needle technique and directions
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• Contraindications
An audiotape with the pronunciation of the point names will be sent when application has been
accepted.
THE LUNG CHANNEL OF HAND-TAIYIN
Zhongfu (Lu. 1)
Chize (Lu. 5)
Kongzui (Lu. 6)
Lieque (Lu. 7)
Taiyuan (Lu. 9)
Yuji (Lu. 10)
Shaoshang (Lu. 11)
THE LARGE INTESTINE CHANNEL OF HAND-YANGMING
Shangyang (L.I. 1)
Sanjian (L.I. 3)
Hegu (L.I. 4)
Pianli (L.I. 6)
Shousanli (L.I. 10)
Quchi (L.I. 11)
Hand-Wuli (L.I. 13)
Binao (L.I. 14)
Jianyu (L.I. 15)
Yingxiang (L.I. 20)
THE STOMACH CHANNEL OF FOOT-YANGMING
Chengqi (St. 1)
Sibai (St. 2)
Dicang (St. 4)
Jiache (St. 6)
Xiaguan (St. 7)
Touwei (St. 8)
Renying (St. 9)
Liangmen (St. 21)
Tianshu (St. 25)
Shuidao (St. 28)
Guilai (St. 29)
Biguan (St. 31)
Femur-Futu (St. 32)
Liangqiu (St. 34)
Dubi (St. 35)
Zusanli (St. 36)
Shangjuxu (St. 37)
Tiaokou (St. 38)
Xiajuxu (St. 39)
Fenglong (St. 40)
Jiexi (St. 41)
Xiangu (St. 43)
Neiting (St. 44)
Lidui (St. 45)
THE SPLEEN CHANNEL OF FOOT-TAIYIN
Yinbai (Sp. 1)
Taibai (Sp. 3)
Gongsun (Sp. 4
Shangqiu (Sp. 5)
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Sanyinjiao (Sp. 6)
Diji (Sp. 8)
Yinlingquan (Sp. 9)
Xuehai (Sp. 10)
Daheng (Sp. 15)
THE HEART CHANNEL OF HAND-SHAOYIN
(Common abbreviations H - He -Ht)
Jiquan (Ht 1)
Shaohai (Ht 3)
Tongli (Ht 5)
Yinxi (Ht 6)
Shenmen (Ht 7)
Shaochong (Ht 9)
THE SMALL INTESTINE CHANNEL OF HAND-TAIYANG
Shaoze (S.I. 1)
Houxi (S.I. 3)
Yanglao (S.I. 6
Zhizheng (S.I. 7)
Xiaohai (S.I. 8)
Jianzhen (S.I. 9)
Naoshu (S.I. 10)
Tianzong (S.I. 11)
Bingfeng (S.I. 12)
Jianwaishu (S.I. 14)
Jianzhongshu (S.I. 15)
Quanliao (S.I. 18)
Tinggong (S.I. 19)
THE URINARY BLADDER CHANNEL OF FOOT-TAIYANG
Jingming (Bl 1)
Zanzhu (Bl 2)
Tongtian (Bl 7)
Yuzhen (Bl 9)
Tianzhu (Bl 10)
Dashu (Bl 11)
Fengmen (Bl 12)
Feishu (Bl 13)
Jueyinshu (Bl 14)
Xinshu (Bl 15)
Dushu (Bl 16)
Geshu (Bl 17)
Ganshu (Bl 18)
Danshu (Bl 19)
Pishu (Bl 20)
Weishu (Bl 21)
Sanjiaoshu (Bl 22)
Shenshu (Bl 23)
Qihaishu (Bl 24)
Dachangshu (Bl 25)
Guanyuanshu (Bl 26)
Xiaochangshu (Bl 27)
Pangguangshu (Bl 28)
Zhonglishu (Bl 29)
Baihuanshu (Bl 30)
Shangliao (Bl 31)
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Ciliao (Bl 32)
Zhongliao (Bl 33)
Xialiao (Bl 34)
Chengfu (Bl 36)
Yinmen (Bl 37)
Weiyang (Bl 39)
Weizhong (Bl 40)
Gaohuangshu (Bl 43)
Zhishi (Bl 52)
Baohuang (Bl 53)
Zhibian (Bl 54)
Chengshan (Bl 57)
Kunlun (Bl 60)
Shenmai (Bl 62)
Zhiyin (Bl 67)
THE KIDNEY CHANNEL OF FOOT-SHAOYIN
Yongquan (K. 1)
Rangu (K. 2)
Taixi (K. 3)
Zhaohai (K. 6)
Fuliu (K. 7)
Dahe (K. 12)
THE PERICARDIUM CHANNEL OF HAND-JUEYIN
(Common abbreviations P - Pc)
Quze (P. 3)
Jianshi (P. 5)
Neiguan (P. 6)
Daling (P. 7)
Laogong (P. 8)
Zhongchong (P. 9)
THE SANJIAO CHANNEL OF HAND-SHAOYANG
(Common abbreviations Te - SJ)
Guanchong (Te 1)
Yemen (Te 2)
Hand-Zhongzhu (Te 3)
Yangchi (Te 4)
Waiguan (Te 5)
Zhigou (Te 6)
Tianjing (Te 10)
Naohui (Te 13)
Jianliao (Te 14)
Tianliao (Te 15)
Tianyou (Te 16)
Yifeng (Te 17)
Ermen (Te 21)
Sizhukong (Te 23)
THE GALL BLADDER CHANNEL OF FOOT-SHAOYANG
Tongziliao (G.B. 1)
Tinghui (G.B. 2)
Shangguan (G.B. 3)
Shuaigu (G.B. 8)
Yangbai (G.B. 14)
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Head-Linqi (G.B. 15)
Fengchi (G.B. 20)
Jianjing (G.B. 21)
Riyue (G.B. 24)
Jingmen (G.B. 25)
Femur-Juliao (G.B. 29)
Huantiao (G.B. 30)
Fengshi (G.B. 31)
Yanglingquan (G.B. 34)
Xuanzhong (G.B. 39)
Qiuxu (G.B. 40)
Foot-Linqi (G.B. 41)
Xiaxi (G.B. 43)
Foot-Qiaoyin (G.B. 44)
THE LIVER CHANNEL OF FOOT-JUEYIN
(Common abbreviations Liv - Lr)
Xingjian (Lr 2)
Taichong (Lr 3)
Zhongfeng (Lr 4)
Ququan (Lr 8)
Zhangmen (Lr 13)
Qimen (Lr 14)
THE DU CHANNEL
(Common abbreviations Du - Gv)
Changqiang (Du 1)
Yaoshu (Du 2)
Yaoyangguan (Du 3)
Mingmen (Du 4)
Zhiyang (Du 9)
Taodao (Du 13)
Dazhui (Du 14)
Yamen (Du 15)
Fengfu (Du 16)
Naohu (Du 17)
Baihui (Du 20)
Shangxing (Du 23)
Shenting (Du 24)
Suliao (Du 25)
Renzhong (Du 26)
THE REN CHANNEL
(Common abbreviations Ren - Cv)
Huiyin (Ren 1)
Zhongji (Ren 3)
Guanyuan (Ren 4)
Shimen (Ren 5)
Qihai (Ren 6)
Shenque (Ren 8)
Shuifen (Ren 9)
Xiawan (Ren 10)
Jianli (Ren 11)
Zhongwan (Ren 12)
Shangwan (Ren 13)
Jiuwei (Ren 15)
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Shanzhong (Ren 17)
Tiantu (Ren 22)
Lianquan (Ren 23)
Chengjiang, (Ren 24)
APPENDIX: EXTRAORDINARY POINTS
Yintang, Taiyang, Sishencong, Dingchuan, Huatuo Jiaji, Shiqizhui, Jianqian , Sifeng, Shixuan, Baxie,
Xiyan, Lanwei, Bafeng.
WESTERN MEDICAL TRAINING
Western medical training before entering the Bachelor of Acupuncture program has to cover the
following topics with a minimum of lecturing hours indicated.
Topographic anatomy*…………………….……….......................……………40
Western examination techniques**………….……………..................…… ..40
Microbiology, cell biology and general pathology*…........................... .....35
Circulatory system*……………………………………….................................35
Nervous system*………………………………..……………………….……. 35
Locomotive system* …………………………………………………...……...35
Digestive system* ……..……………………………………………………….35
Sensory system* .........................................………...........………............ .........30
Genital system*………..………………………………………….…………….30
Respiratory system*…………………………………………..………… …….20
Blood and fluid balance*…………………………………….………… …….20
Biochemistry and nutrition……………………………………………… …..15
Urinary system* …………………………………………….....……………….10
Paediatrics* …………….……………………………….....……………………10
Endocrine system* ………………………………………....……………… ….10
Skin and female breast* ………………………………..……………………… 8
Western pharmacology……………………………….………………………. .8
Psychiatry……………………………………………….....……………………..8
Medical psychology …………………………………..………………………….6
Social medicine ………………………………………....……………………… 5
Environmental medicine……………………………….………………………...5
* Indicate that anatomy, physiology and pathology are included in the studies.
** That covers among other things, anamnesis, heart- lung, neurological and abdominal status.
We emphasize that one should have western medical training high enough to be able to make a
western medical assessment. The applicant could update him/herself during the course if some topic
is missing. Usually people are missing western medical examination techniques, which we consider
especially important when making a western medical assessment. For the Swedish students that are
missing this topic (klinisk propedeutik) we can arrange a separate course.
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APPLICATION FORM FOR
BACHELOR OF ACUPUNCTURE
JIANGXI COLLEGE OF TRADITIONAL CHINESE MEDICINE
Name.......................................................................... Foto
Address......................................................................
City.............................................................................
Sex...............................................................................
Date of birth...............................................................
Nationality.................................................................
Telephone..................................................................
Fax...............................................................................
E-mail.........................................................................
Profession, education and employment (in English)
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Health status.......................................................................................….......
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Date of application..........................................................................................................
Signature............................................................................................................................
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