Pharmacy Phacts MEN’S HEALTH MONTH “PROSTATE HEALTH”

Pharmacy Phacts
Brought to you by the Auburn University Healthy Tigers Program
Editor: Joshua Settle, PharmD
MEN’S HEALTH MONTH
“PROSTATE HEALTH”
INFORMATION
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More than 30 million men suffer from prostate complications and more than 190,000 new cases of
prostate cancer are diagnosed each year
o Prostate Complications including:
 Enlarged Prostate
 Prostatitis (Infection in the prostate)
 Prostate Cancer
 Erectile Dysfunction
 Urinary Incontinence
Approximately 30,000 men die from prostate cancer every year
RISK FACTORS FOR PROSTATE CANCER
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Age (especially after age 50)
Race
(Blacks > Whites > Asian/Hispanic)
Family history
Inflammation of the prostate
Sexually transmitted infections
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Diet
Genetics
Smoking
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DETECTION STRATEGIES FOR PROSTATE CANCER
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Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) testing in a men’s blood
Digital Rectal Exam
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
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If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, see your healthcare provider:
o Difficulty initiating urination
o Blood in semen
o Difficulty stopping urination
o Blood in urine
o Frequent urination
o Pain in the lower region of the body
o Pain upon ejaculation
(hips, thighs and lower back)
HEALTHY PROSTATE TIPS:
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Exercise regularly and maintain a healthy weight
Stop smoking
Eat foods that contain lycopene: tomatoes, watermelons, pink grapefruits
Eat foods that are high in selenium: tuna, seafood and shellfish, wheat germ, eggs, sunflower and sesame
seeds, cashews, mushrooms, garlic, and onions
Have your doctor perform an annual PSA test and a digital rectal exam starting at age 50 or at age 45 for
men at high risk of prostate cancers (i.e. African American men or men with a strong family history of
prostate cancer)
References
Casey, John. "Tips for a Healthy Prostate." Men's Fitness. American Media, Inc. Web. 2012 June 7.
http://www.mensfitness.com/training/tips-healthy-prostate.
Prostate Health Guide. Men’s Health Network; c2005. Web. 2012 June 7. http://www.prostatehealthguide.com
"WebMD Prostate Cancer Guide - Better Information for Better Health." WebMD. WebMD, LLC. Web. 2012 June 7.
http://www.webmd.com/prostate-cancer/guide/default.htm
"What Are the Risk Factors for Prostate Cancer?" American Cancer Society. American Cancer Society, Inc. Web. c2012. Last updated 2012
Feb 27, cited 2012 June 7. http://www.cancer.org/Cancer/ProstateCancer/DetailedGuide/prostate-cancer-risk-factors
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