HOW TO DODGE COLDS Why Be Tired? ARE YOU ANEMIC? THE TIONAL HEALTH JOURNAL MARCH 1 9 5 3 Your baby will thrive on 2forg'fft4 Selpine INFANT FOOD HERE'S THE PERFECT FOOD , r..,1A 1 for all babies—although yWN scientifically developed to , ,., meet infant feeding problems, Soyalac serves also as a splendid food in milk-free diets of children and adults. It is easy to prepare, 100% soluble and its sweet, milk-like flavor is most palatable. Soyalac is much like mothers' milk in composition and ease of assimilation. Moreover, Soyalac has been itt \ clinically tested and found suitable for premature feeding. Soyalac is available at your drug store. FREE BOOKLET: For complete information about Soyalac send for free booklet. Consult your physician regarding feeding instructions. To get Free Booklet address: LOMA LINDA FOOD COMPANY Arlington, California, or Mt. Vernon, Ohio , MEDICAL rt Accepted by American Medical Association's Council on Foods and Nutrition. 404 flo INFANt F000 HEALTH (,-friten1 /1/ March, 1953 Vol. 68, No. 3 J. DeWITT FOX, M.D., L.M.C.C., Editor MARY CASTOR, Assistant to the Editor D. A. DELAFIELD, Assistant Editor T. K. MARTIN, Art Editor C. E. WENIGER, Ph.D., Editorial Consultant F.A.C.P. Consulting Editors: ROBERT A. HARE, M.D., F.A.C.P.; WALTER E. MACPHERSON, HAROLD M. WALTON, M.D., F.A.C.P.; THEODORE R. FLAiz, M.D.; J. W AvNE MCFARLAND, M.D. Contributing Editors: D. Lois BURNETT, R.N. • M. WEBSTER PRINCE, D.D.S., F.A.C.D. ARLIE L. MOON, M.D. • JOHN F. BROWNSBERGER, M.D., F.A.C.S. • CARL J. LARSEN, M.D. HORACE A. HALL, M.D., F.A.C.S., F.I.C.S. LEROY E. COOLIDGE, M.D., F.A.C.S. ROGER W. BARNES, M.D., F.A.C.S. • BELLE WOOD COMSTOCK, M.D. • DANIEL H. KREss, M.D. CYRIL B. COURVILLE, M.D. • LUCILLE J. GOTHAM, B.A. • GEORGE T. HARDING, M.D., F.A.C.P. E. HAROLD SHRYOCK, M.D. e HENRY W. VOLLMER, M.D., F.A.C.S. Braille Edition, Life & Health: C. W. DEGERING, MANAGING EDITOR WIFE TOO DEAR EDITOR: I have received your magazine LIFE & HEALTH. I have read it with interest and also showed it to my wife, who enjoyed reading it very much. ARTHUR A. MORRIS, M.D. Washington, D.C. A DOCTOR'S DAUGHTER DEAR EDITOR: FEATURE ARTICLES Page JOSEPH PALMA, M.D. 8 I Am Tired of Love and Security How to Dodge Colds HAROLD SHRYOCK, M.D. 10 HAROLD J. HOXIE, M.D. 12 Chronic Fatigue Wisdom Teeth GRANT L. SUMMERS, D.M.D. 14 Are You Anemic? J DEWITT Fox, M.D. 16 Hawaii: Prescription for Happy Living I love the editorial "What Makes a Good Doctor Good?" [July, 1952.] It puts into charming words my own thoughts. A good doctor's loving, personal interest helps the medicines work their cures, it seems to me. I am a doctor's daughter. My father was a former-generation doctor, who never sent bills, so his patients forgot to pay. He devoted his life to his patients. Today I find doctors just as loving and devoted, as you point out. They have to send bills because new inventions and streamlined medical care require secre(Turn to page 4) NILS P. LARSEN, M.D. 18 OUR MARCH COVER FOR MOTHERS FOR BOYS AND GIRLS Home Treatments _ 11 Family Physician 20 Breast Feeding 21 Mother's Counselor 22 Dietitian Says 26 Homemaker Hints _ 28 Wings of Health ____ 24 MENTAL HYGIENE Philosophy of Life 15 R..1. CHRISTIAN, Circulation Manager J. R. HANNA, Advertising Manager .1. M. JACKSON, Associate Circulation Manager LIFE AND HEALTH, copyrighted 1953 by the Review and Herald Publishing Association, Washington 12, D.C., U.S.A. All rights reserved. Title registered in U.S. Patent Office. Published monthly by the Review and Herald Publishing Association, Washington 12, D.C. Entered as second-class matter June 24, 1904, at the post office at Washington, D.C., under the Act of March 3, 1879. Acceptance for mailing at special rate postage provided for in Section 538, Act of October 2, 1917, and authorized June 24, 1904. Member of A.B.C. MARCH, 1953 SUBSCRIPTION PRICES, U.S. CURRENCY U.S. and possessions, Canada, Mexico, Philippines, and Pan-American Union, 1 year, $2.75; 2 years, $5.25; 3 years, $7.50. Add 35c a year elsewhere. All subscriptions must be paid for in advance. Single copy, 25 cents, U.S. CHANGE OF ADDRESS: Send to LIFE AND HEALTH, Washington 12, D.C., at least 30 days prior to the date of the issue with which it is to take effect. Send old address with the new, enclosing if possible your address label. Color Photo by Hawaii Press Bureau This interesting scene on one of the beaches in Hawaii is typical of the tropical beauty that enhances this island group. Not only does nature appear at its best here, with tall, graceful palms, a profusion of beautiful flowers, and inviting sea bathing, but the temperature is perfect the year round I What a place! It is difficult to imagine anything more ideal. 3 Readers' Pulse LOW-SALT DIET? Nes the doctor put you on a low-sodium or salt-free diet? Fresh lemons, themselves salt-free, can make all the difference between flat, insipid dishes and tempting, appetizing ones. A few drops of tangy lemon juice work wonders for food flavors. Overweight? Many diets recommend cutting down on salt. Seasoning with lemons instead of salt not only helps you shed pounds faster, but a squeeze of tangy, fresh lemon sparks low-calorie foods. Sunkist /-e-edA (Continued from page 3) taries, nurses, equipment—all requiring money. But the doctors' hearts have not changed. God, bless them. I love also your article on "The Ship With a Heart." You have a delightful style of writing. I am amazed that you have time to be a practicing doctor, an editor, and a writer. My purpose in writing this is to tell you what pleasure, inspiration, and actual strength it gave me to read your articles. Congratulations and many thanks. Miss PAUT.INE DE BRODES Washington, D.C. CONCENTRATE DEAR EDITOR: LIFE & HEALTH September issue has just arrived. I always glance through the magazine before settling down to serious reading. I notice one subscriber thinks very little of your magazine. I am a recent subscriber, and I think it's wonderful. In six months' time it has saved me several trips to my doctor's office, so I have saved more than the cost of my subscription. Perhaps if this reader concentrated on what she was reading, she would benefit as much as I have. Lack of absorption is the only reason I can see for her criticism. Will you kindly send me the January issue containing "Why Hysterectomy?" I would like very much to read this article, since this has been prescribed for me, and I hesitate, because I am only thirty-two and, I feel, too young. Perhaps this article that I have heard so much about will help me to decide. Thanks for a grand magazine. J. K. Bridgeport, Connecticut PENCIL IN HAND Get RELIEF From Arthritic, Rheumatic Pain with 7/4ea Meat Effective help for neuritis, colds, and "flu" with THERMOPHORE "fomentations." FACTORY PRICE Money-back Guarantee Pain-soothing heat "at the snap of a switch' gives you quick relaxation and relief from soreness. The Battle Creek THERMOPHORE replaces messy old-style hot packs and wet towels with quick, convenient, moist-heat fomentations. USED BY FAMOUS SANITARIUMS... A professional appliance, yet safely, easily used at home. Satisfied users testify to the effectiveness of the THERMOPHORE when moist heat is desired. Included are a 27" x 13" electric unit (uses AC or DC current), two washable covers, a safety thermostat, a switch, and a 10' cord. Write Today for Literature THERMOPHORE Battle Creek Equipment Co. Dept. L-33, Battle Creek, Michigan 4 DEAR EDITOR: In the July LIFE & HEALTH the article "You and Your Food," by Katherine Volk, is fine! I wish we could have more by her. She tells some things I've not read in other sources. I am much interested in learning all I can about nutrition, and many other women are too. I read my LIFE & HEALTH magazine with a pencil ready to underline, and have used it freely on this article. I think foods and nutrition interest more women homemakers than any other one subject. The Dietitian Says is fine. I wish the pages might be numbered at the top instead of at the bottom. MRS. J. E. HINKLEY Rowley, Massachusetts * We thank Reader Hinkley for her suggestion of paging LIFE & HEALTH at the top, but unfortunately our magazine lends itself best to paging at the bottom. In a survey of popular national magazines they split about 50-50, with paging and running heads at top and bottom.—ED. TO KNOW EACH OTHER BETTER The road to understanding is the road to agreement. If our friends overseas could follow our way of thinking—if we could follow theirs —our disagreements just wouldn't happen. Is that harmony impossible to reach? Not at all! You yourself could help—and a million you's could help tremendously, and make a telling impression on a million friends overseas (who would tell their friends)! How can you do it? Send your copy of LIFE AND HEALTH, after you have read it, every month to someone overseas. Or if you don't know the name and address of anyone in another country, send your LrFE AND HEALTH to a United States Information Center, and it will be placed in the hands you want to have LIFE AND HEALTH can reach the heart of the world, for the whole world is sick. Simply roll up your LIFE AND HEALTH in a square of brown paper, leaving the ends open, and mark it "PRINTED MATTER." It will cost you only lihc for each 2 ounces. ADDRESS YOUR Life and Health TO THE UNITED STATES INFORMATION CENTER IN THE COUNTRY YOU'D LIKE IT TO GO TO— In care of the American Embassy ID.— Ankara, Turkey Athens, Greece Djakarta, Indonesia New Delhi, India The Hague, The Netherlands London, England Manila, The Philippines Mexico City, Mexico Montevideo, Uruguay Paris, France Rangoon, Burma Rome, Italy Buenos Aires, Argentina Cairo, Egypt Stockholm, Sweden Warsaw, Poland In care of the American Legation in— Bern, Switzerland Budapest, Hungary In care of the American Consulate General in— Batavia, Java (Indonesia) Sydney, Australia LIFE & HEALTH After 40-1 Out of 50 Glaucoma is a word that carries very little meaning to most people, "yet that word will one day sound bitter overtones to one out of every 50 Americans over 40 years of age. These men and women800,000 of them—are slowly losing sight from the eye disease glaucoma because of ignorance and neglect. Unfortunately," most of them do not realize that they face blindness." To tell people over 40 the facts about glaucoma, the National Society for the Prevention of Blindness, 1790 Broadway, New York City, has published a pamphlet on the eye disease. Copies are available without charge. The pamphlet points out that the best defense against glaucoma is a thorough eye examination at least once every two years after you reach 40. It emphasizes that the three main points to remember about glaucoma are: 1. Strikes after 40 in most cases. 2. Is difficult to detect in the early stages; as a result, many have the disease and don't know it. 3. Can usually be checked if caught early. How does glaucoma destroy sight? Explains the pamphlet: "The eyeball is shaped much like R basketball. But instead of air, a thick, jelly-like fluid fills most of the eyeball to give it shape. During the first stages of glaucoma, the pressure of the fluid . . . mysteriously increases [and] pushes against the retina." In this way the retinal nerves are damaged and sight is gradually lost, with side vision the first to go. Most cases of glaucoma blindness are needless, declares the pamphlet. "If treatment is started early, medical science can check the progress of glaucoma." In treating glaucoma, the doctor uses either an operation or drugs, and sometimes both, to reduce pressure in the eyeball. There are two types of glaucoma: the acute type, which strikes suddenly; the chronic type, which is far more common and works slowly and painlessly. The pamphlet lists some signs that suggest chronic glaucoma: Frequent changes of glasses, none of which is satisfactory. Inability to adjust the eyes to darkened rooms, such as theaters. Loss of side vision. Blurred or foggy vision. Rainbow-colored rings around lights. "Keep in mind," warns the pamphlet, "that having any of these symptoms does not necessarily mean a person has glaucoma. They may be caused by some other MARCH, 1953 less-serious eye trouble. On the other hand, these symptoms might not even be present, and yet you could have early glaucoma. "Therefore your best defense is this: a thorough eye examination at least once every two years after you reach 40." * * * Vegetable Violence Unwise If you are one of those mothers who has the perennial problem of telling Johnny, "You must eat your vegetables," then listen: Prof. Russell Smart, of Cornell, suggests tempting childish appetites instead of trying to force them. His own little daughter developed a dislike for vegetables. Rather than nag her into nibbling her broccoli or spinach, he tried a new tack. Taking his little five-year-old into the kitchen, he showed her how to wash carrots and fix them up for mother to cook ers know already that breast feeding is best, Dr. Watson explains that 8 or 9 out of every 10 mothers can nurse their infants if properly encouraged by their physician. The advantages of breast feeding are: (1) its simplicity compared with the ritual of formulas, sterilizers, and so forth; (2) greater safety for the infant against disease, and (3) the close mother-child relationship that nursing promotes. The usual arguments by mothers that breast feeding isn't socially "smart," that it disfigures the breast, and they don't want to be tied at home are arguments any physician must cope with in encouraging mothers to nurse. But, the GP article points out, the release and liberty from the baby bottle will often overcome the objections that some women raise. And every mother should realize the inevitable fact that becoming a mother means being tied down with the care of a baby, regardless of the type of feeding. Every mother should also be informed that whether she nurses her baby or not, the breasts go through the preparation for lactation. But if the breasts are properly supported during lactation, they will regress to approximately their normal contour. So for health of baby and mother, breast feeding, nature's way, is still best. * * * Mental State and Teeth for supper. She was so proud of her accomplishment that she gladly' ate her share when the vegetables were placed before her. This technic may not work in every case, but small fry should be encouraged to take part in meal planning. Let Johnny set the table and Mary even plan the menu and go with mother to the market to pick out the vegetables. The problem, if handled with restraint, says Professor Smart, will correct itself. Never make a direct issue of eating vegetables, for this may only sour the child further on eating, and create more problems. * * * Breast Feeding Breast feeding is still the best way of feeding infants, says Dr. Ernest H. Watson in a recent article in GP, official magazine bf the American Academy of General Practice. Although doctors and moth- Can a tormented mental state put holes in your teeth? The answer is Yes if the observations of Dr. Edward J. Ryan, an Evanston, Illinois, dentist, are correct. For, says Dr. Ryan, "every dentist occasionally gets a patient who suddenly develops rampant dental caries for no apparent reason." Then he adds, "There are strong suspicions that there may be an emotional basis." His explanation is simple: The normal mouth, in which the teeth are bathed with a slightly alkaline saliva, which neutralizes mouth acids and prevents decay, may be converted during a period of anxiety to a mouth that does not combat decay. The body fluids and saliva may actually undergo chemical change under the stress of an anxiety. If the saliva then does not counteract the acid, the tooth enamel coating may be eaten through, and a pocket of decay started. In a recent case Dr. Ryan noted that a young mother came to him with a mouthful of new cavities, never having had cavity trouble before. After sympathetic questioning he learned that she was worrying over her youngest child, who was not progressing as fast as she thought he should. Her case is typical of thousands reviewed by Dr. Ryan, in which the common denominator was found to be a relatively trouble-free dental history, a sudden onset of rapid tooth decay, and a recent emotional conflict. So you had better take it easy over your mother-in-law, for tension over her may cause a toothache later. 5 THE EDITOR PRESCRIBES ~s tie for Refazatioll One cool cool March day I took a drive through Washington's famed Rock Creek Park. Besides the picturesque stream that twines through the heart of the city and the ducks and kiddies enjoying the brisk spring day, I saw several middle-aged men bundled up in overcoats and scarfs sitting quietly on park benches, relaxing in the early afternoon sun. Downtown in the heart of Washington, just across from the White House, I saw well-dressed Government executives and businessmen sitting in the sun basking or quietly talking. You know, it was in this park—Lafayette Park—that Bernard Baruch, the elder statesman, would frequently sit on a bench in the quiet and relaxing rays of the midday sun and give pointed advice to leaders in government. Seeing that busy executives had time for sun-basking, I decided to join them and see for myself what the secret of park-bench warming was. I strolled through the park and took a seat near a dear old grandpa, who was obviously out warming his knees and limbering up his joints. I watched. He would turn his face toward the sun and drink in the salubrious rays as if they were dripping with sweetness. He would stretch a bit, rub his knees, and lean back for another relaxing stretch. His white head would nod a little, but only enough to remind him to rub his knees again. Then he'd doze off once more into the land of childhood and bare feet, fishing poles, and scolding teachers, who caught him playing hooky. As I sat toasting in the warm sun I began to think of the wonders the sun can bring to the human body. This boundless source of radiant energy can be tapped by each of us simply by our taking time to absorb its rays. You say, "I live in Wisconsin, and it's too cold to sit on park benches." But you can sit inside a warm house and let the sun shine through a window onto your face or feet. Or if you're lucky, a sun porch is at your disposal. Here are a few of the wonderful benefits the sun brings to your body: It's the most healthful form of heat we have for bringing blood to the 6 skin surface. Sun-bathing in summer gives a golden tan, but even in winter, through a glass window, the sunshine will bring a rosy hue to your cheek. Although it is true that the ordinary glass window filters out the beneficial ultraviolet rays, the relaxing warmth from the infrared rays penetrates the glass. It is true that not enough of us get to sun-bathe in Florida or California during the winter months, and much of the vitamin D we need must be obtained in the form of cod-liver oil, other vitamin supplements, or vitaminenriched foods such as vitamin D milk. But we still need the relaxing rays of the sun for health. Winter months are the strenuous months. Most of us push harder, enter into keener competition, and take fewer breathers in the form of vacations or week-end jaunts to the country. Consequently, we feel below par, we lack the zest to get over a cold in a hurry, to jump out of bed and into a cold shower, and to spring into a brisk walk to work. To feel zippy again we must not drive ourselves harder, until we feel that about-to-drop feeling; rather, we should take a few moments off to give our bodies the chance to catch up, to repair and rebuild resistance, to snap back. One of the finest times to do this is immediately after lunch. Even though you have but a half hour for lunch, eat your sandwich in a quiet place in the sunshine. Sit still; just think and be motionless. Drink in the sun's energy. Lean back and meditate on what a wonderful place this world is after all and how gracious the good Lord was to shower equally on rich and poor the blessings that really count. Soon you'll feel your blood rushing to the skin surface, and a ruddy, warm glow will pervade your very being. You will feel rested, relaxed. A wonderful feeling of well-being and a man-it'sgreat-to-be-alive feeling will replace your half-dead, dragging-your-feet feeling. All this is yours when you but take time to let the sun shower its radiant energy upon your body and soul: (1) New energy. (2) Vitamin D, made when the health-giving ultraviolet rays strike the oils in your skin. (3) Increased circulation to the skin, especially the face; this in turn flushes out the impurities from vital internal organs—liver, lungs, kidneys, stomach. (4) Soothing relaxation, which aids in repair of broken-down body cells. (5) That wonderful feeling of wellbeing that comes when we take time to meditate on God's goodness and enjoy His free gifts. Yours for better health, .4iLe( 74_, A. LIFE & HEALTH her B.S. and R.N. degrees, she did publichealth work for five years, but is now devoting her time to her son, Billy, three, and daughter, Betsy, six months. Her husband, Jack, is a technician on the guided missile project. They live in a remodeled "summer kitchen" in an 1850 mansion in the Spanish-moss-covered town of Eau Gallie, Florida. And as a frequent outing they spend a day at the beach surf fishing ROMS oo Our eontziLtoz.4 Nils P. Larsen, M.D. ("Prescription for Happy Living," page 18), is a specialist in internal medicine with the medical group in Honolulu. He is also medical adviser to the Hawaiian Sugar Planters' Association, and supervises the health activities of the many workers on the sugar and pineapple plantations. An authority on Hawaiian lore, Dr. Larsen enjoys giving lectures using his many kodachrome slides, taken on short jaunts around the Islands. Dr. Larsen is a native Swede, born in Stockholm, Sweden, He came to the United States in 1893, and became a U.S. citizen in 1897. Educated in Bridgeport, Connecticut, he holds a B.S. degree from the University of Massachusetts and an M.D. degree from Cornell Medical College. He served in World War I, rising from lieutenant to major. He has held many instructorships and fellowships in 'New York hospitals, and was medical director and pathologist for the Queen's Hospital, Honolulu, from 1922 to 1942. Married to the former Sara Elizabeth Lucas, Dr. Larsen has three grandchildren. The Larsens live in the Kahala section of Oahu, where their home is at the very edge of the beautiful blue Pacific, offering a perfect setting for sketching, which the doctor enjoys during his leisure hours. Dr. Larsen is quite a traveler, having been round the world twice, with two trips to Alaska and a recent four-month vacation in Europe. But after all his travels he says there's no place like Hawaii. * * * Joseph Palma, M.D. ("I Am Tired of Love and Security," page 8), is pediatrician at Straub Clinic, of Honolulu, Hawaii. Born in Lafayette, Indiana, of Italian parentage, he is a graduate of the University of Michigan, where he was a noted glee club singer and piano player. After four years of postgraduate work in pediatrics at St. Joseph's Mercy Hospital, in Ann Arbor, Michigan, and the Boston MARCH, 1953 Floating Hospital, he went to Hawaii, in 1924. Interested in child health in Hawaii, Dr. Palma has been president of the Hawaii Territorial Medical Association and medical adviser to the Kauikeolani Children's Hospital. He served in the Navy for four and a half years during the last war, and was discharged with the rank of captain, and holds a unit citation ribbon earned by the Pearl Harbor staff on December 7, 1941. Dr. Palma is married, and he and his wife, Juliette, have two teen-aged children—Joan and Richard. Besides practicing pediatrics, he enjoys his family, and is a devotee of golf. * * * Lynn Van Atta ("Breast Feeding," page 21) is an Eau Gallie, Florida, mother and nurse. Born in Milwaukee and educated at Marquette University, where she received and swimming with both children. Week ends are often spent on their farm across Florida on the Gulf of Mexico, where they can guava jelly and mango chutney from the fruit they raise, as well as cook savory pots of swamp cabbage. Mrs. Van Atta wrote this article on giving breast feeding a second try in the hope it might be an encouragement to prospective mothers who would like to try breast feeding. - Zee Near% MAY A WIFE DISAGREE? WHY MINERALS? BY HAROLD SHRYOCK, M.D. BY LYDIA M. SONNENBERG A wife may be as courteous to her husband as she is to any of their acquaintances. You will be stronger, healthier, and peppier if you get your iron today! JOHNNY'S APPETITE NOW IS YOUR DIGESTION? BY JEAN PETRIK HOAG, M.D. BY H. W. VOLLMER, M.D. You and your children will be only too happy to relax and enjoy mealtimes without distressing scenes over lack of appetite. You wouldn't think of putting sand in the gears of your car. But some of your habits may be as destructive to your digestion! ARTHRITIS BY H. GLENN STEVENS, M.D. Here are simple rules that will give you relief from pain in arthritis. REGULAR FEATURES HOMEMAKER HINTS DIETITIAN SAYS PROFILES OF CONTRIBUTORS 7 ids 4;tie/ LOVE and SECURITY A JOSEPH PALMA, M.D., F.A.A.P. A noted pediatrician—after 30 years and 6,000 babies— sounds off on the soft approach in child care. Love and kisses should be balanced with discipline and obedience. DISCUSSION of what constitutes proper child care is a touchy subject, since many people— especially doctors—have children. But I am tired of love and security, and I write this because I am impelled by strong convictions to take issue with the present philosophy of child rearing. It has been my experience in thirty years of pediatric practice and after caring for six thousand children that every action is a conditioned reflex and Eva Luoma FORTUNATE THE CHILD who is taught to meet childhood's tears as he will have to meet the uncushioned jolts of later life as a man. 8 therefore plays its part in the formation of habit. Although many of my children are becoming mothers and fathers themselves, in a survey I recently made of the local jail I found that none of my former patients were inmates. So whatever early beginnings of child psychiatry I practiced, and I must confess that I belonged to the "tough school" (I used to tie up the infants' hands when they sucked their fingers and thumbs), even though my psychology and psychiatry were faulty, none of my patients ended up in the local jail. What am I driving at? What is all this carping criticism that I am tired of love and security? I am convinced that in training to meet life, which is not all soft cushions and dessert, we must learn certain useful habits, have self-discipline, and set up for ourselves a moral code that will keep us out of trouble with others. Our habits are guided first by our parents, then by children on the playground, next by the school, and later by an adult community that formulates our laws. Eventually a child becomes an adult, and if he has not been trained into some pattern of self-discipline, he will end up a juvenile delinquent perhaps in the hands of the authorities. Gallup polls have been conducted on juvenile delinquents to find out what brought about their downfall. They revealed that broken homes, soft love and security in the household, and a lack of restraint eventually brought these children to the juvenile court. I wish that someone would conduct a survey among successful teen-agers to find out the rules they followed to achieve success. Meantime psychiatrists have branded parents as the major culprits in the picture, and breast feeding and the training of the growing child are put on a sexual basis. Mothers who are not well prepared for marriage in the first place, and then are confronted with parenthood, find that childbearing and culture must be put on a scientific basis. So they quickly use LIFE & HEALTH it \.1 When we speak of beginning education we mean in the cradle. From the first breath of life the child begins to learn. In the womb the child drew automatically from his mother, with no effort on his part. But with his rude propulsion into this noisy, bright world, he began to breathe and was on his own, specifically when the cord was Ewing Galloway tied and severed. Learning begins then, and EARLY TRAINING that makes Johnny take the responsibility for no amount of love and security will ever put his wrong acts will keep him on the right side of law and order. him back into the idyllic situation enjoyed the child as a lavish outlet for their emotional imin his mother's womb. From that moment forward he maturity. This, tied to the age-old wish of parents learns to measure time between his demands for "I that their children could have a better break in life want" and his satisfaction in "I get." A measure of than they had, soon puts the psychiatrist in the driver's the child's maturity is the manner in which he learns seat, where he says, "Of course your child needs love to handle this time interval. To that end, all learning and security." and philosophy of child culture and child rearing should Told by psychologists that she should follow a selfbe devoted. demand feeding routine and submit to every whim of If love and security are the answer, then the psythe child, the mother uses the counterfeit money of chiatrists are right. But I am sure that the red-faced, love and affection as purchase price for his silence fighting infant who attains the "I get" as soon as he and peace. But she only lives to regret it in the adodemands the "I want" has no regard for his mother lescent years, when the child becomes a dictator and or her utterings. He has become conditioned by the totalitarian, with no regard for the rights of others ever-present and watchful mother, who satisfies his and little respect for her. every whim. And he has no question but that the Infants are tyrants until mother demands some sort outside world will do his bidding. of self-discipline and self-denial from them. This kind of child develops into a teen-ager who The measure of a person's maturity is his ability is constantly eating, who knows no other enjoyment than to stuff his gullet. He is usually overweight and to adjust his feelings in the time interval that elapses does poorly in school. The parents wind up blaming the between the "I want" and "I get" periods. teacher, saying, "She doesn't understand our child," Time does not have the same value in childhood as in later years. One year to a child of ten corresponds and changing him to another school. He's the lad who finds the pencil and writes all to two years to a man of twenty. The time between over the nice new walls in my examining room, while the third and seventh years is equivalent to fifteen or his mother sits idly by smoking a cigarette in this twenty years for a grown person. During this time few moments of quiet peace in her otherwise hectic the child builds up a framework on which his future life and moral code must depend; it is highly imporlife. (Turn to page 33) tant that parents realize this fact. He is the lad in perpetual MARCH, 1953 9 HOW TO Do-dye Cobh Sane living is your answer to the challenge of the cold bug. OULD you like to add one week to each year? "Why, yes," you say, "but where would I get the extra days?" I am not speaking of calendar reform. Nor am I contemplating fifty-three weeks to the year. I am referring, simply, to the advantage that would be yours if you could save the time that you now lose because of being ill with the common cold. If you are an average person, you have about three colds a year: one in October or November, one in early January, and one in March or April. If you escape one of these popular seasons for colds, you may have one in midsummer just to make up your full quota. The common cold is responsible for more days lost from school and work than any other factor. The economic loss to our nation is estimated at one billion dollars per year. A great deal of medical research has been done in an attempt to solve the mystery of the common cold. 10 Even so, people seem to catch cold just about as commonly as always. It is recognized that a tiny virus is responsible for damaging the delicate linings of the nose and throat. A virus is much smaller than an ordinary germ—so small that it cannot be seen through the conventional microscope. After the virus has damaged the linings of the nose and throat, some ordinary germs such as are always present in the air passages, mouth, and throat penetrate the delicate tissues and set up another infection. It is this infection, that causes the sore throat, the running nose, and the feeling of lassitude and fatigue. As you know, some colds are much more severe than others. The severity of a cold depends on two factors: the availability of the virus that starts a cold and the resistance to disease that the body offers. When the natural resistance is high the illness due to a cold will be slight. When the natural resistance is low the LIFE & HEALTH cold will be severe. In fact, when your resistance against germs is high, you will not have as many colds as when, through carelessness, you allow your resistance to decline. The virus that starts a cold cannot gain a foothold in the linings of the nose and throat so long as these linings remain healthy and normal. The first step toward a cold, therefore, consists of a change in the membranes of the nose and throat that permits the mischievous virus to penetrate these membranes. This preliminary insult to the membranes of the upper air passages may consist of a direct irritation of these membranes as from dust, acid fumes, or sudden change in the temperature or moisture of the air. Some persons are allergic to certain substances that they breathe such as the pollen of flowers. When substances to which a person is allergic are inhaled, the membrane of the nose is irritated. Strange as it may seem, a person's emotions may also have the effect of damaging the membranes of his nose and throat. The emotion of anger, for example, produces a definite congestion of these membranes, making them more susceptible to the virus that starts a cold. Still another way that the delicate membranes of the air passages are insulted is by a sudden chilling of some distant part of the body. The skin of the various parts of the body has reflex nervous connections that affect the membranes lining the nose and throat. For instance, when the feet become cold, the blood vessels in the membranes of the nose and throat become smaller. So a sudden chilling of the skin of some part of the body may render the membranes of the nose and throat vulnerable to the tiny virus that starts a cold. Once the membranes are damaged and the virus penetrates these delicate tissues, things begin to happen ! First, there is interference with the blood supply to the membranes. Then the epithelial cells covering these membranes begin to break down. Next, clear fluid escapes (and the victim says, "By dose is rudding."). About this time, the damage to the epithelial cells becomes so great that ordinary germs can enter the tissues, thus causing a real infection. In trying to prevent colds it is logical for you to give serious attention to building up your resistance so that you will not be susceptible to colds. You can build it up by following these simple suggestions: I. Provide a good diet. One authority has suggested that your daily diet should include one quart of milk; one green, leafy vegetable such as spinach or beet greens; one yellow-colored vegetable such as carrots and yellow turnips; one raw green vegetable such as lettuce or cabbage; one orange, grapefruit, or tomato; and one teaspoonful of cod-liver oil. Also, if you have a tendency to anemia, it is good to eat one or two dried apricots a day and drink a glass of grape juice. 2. Take outdoor exercise. Exercise assures a good circulation of blood, and builds up the body's immunity to infection. 3. Take plenty of rest each day. 4. Wear adequate clothing. Clothing should be planned so as to prevent chilling of the skin or the extremities. 5. Avoid sitting or resting (Turn to page 29) MARCH, 1953 HEATING CHEST PACK By STELLA C. PETERSON, R.N. HE most satisfactory chest pack is cut to fit the Tpatient from a piece of flannel or part-wool blanket. The pack should fit closely around the neck and at the armholes, so that the upper part of the chest, front and back, is well protected. The inside piece of the same shape is cut a little smaller. With the dry flannel pack the inside piece may be used just to the front of the chest. This is called a partial chest pack. The dry chest pack, without the moist compress, is desirable for thin persons or aged persons who do not react well to cold applications, and for those in early stages of pneumonia. In pneumonia the skin has lost its ability to adjust to changes of outside temperature. The dry chest pack helps to keep the temperature of the skin surface equalized, and thus between other treatments is an aid in restoring skin temperature balance. Articles Necessary 1. Dry flannel cover in two pieces cut to fit patient's chest front and back. Allow for overlapping under arms and on shoulders. 2. Cotton cloth (old sheeting is excellent material) if wet compress is to be used. 3. Medication such as warm camphorated oil may be used. 4. Safety pins. 5. Oiled silk may be used to retain moisture and give greater perspiring effect. Procedure 1. Apply chest pack after preliminary heating by means of fomentations or heat lamp. (Turn to page 33) WHILE YOU HAVE THE CHEST PACK in place on the patient, and for a half hour afterward, be sure that he is covered at all times. 11 A. HAROLD J. HOHIE, M.D. Need help for that dragged-out feeling? Here it is! COULD get much more done if I weren't tired most of the time." How many times have you heard this remark or even made it yourself ? You have felt fatigued after unusually strenuous or prolonged exertion, and for this reason you relate fatigue to exertion. However, if you stop to analyze the feeling, you can make some observations that will help you realize that fatigue is not always the result of exertion. You can feel tired without having exerted yourself, especially from certain types of unpleasant social situations, or at the mere thought of doing certain types of work distasteful to you. Fatigue may disappear quickly if you become interested or enthusiastic or if an emergency arises. You may go a long time without rest if you are enjoying your activity. Among patients who consult physicians because of weakness and fatigue, only about one in five is found to have physical disease. Contrary to popular opinion, lack of vitamins, poor elimination, sluggish liver, low blood pressure, and cancer are rare causes of these complaints. The 20 per cent of fatigued patients who are found to have a physical disease may have disease of the brain or nervous system, a chronic infection, a metabolic disorder such as diabetes, low thyroid, or low adrenal gland activity, heart disease, anemia, allergy, or kidney disease. The fatigue accompanying physical disease is similar to normal fatigue in that it is increased by activity, is worse later in the day, and is banished by rest. 12 In about four out of five of the patients who seek medical help for tiredness, no physical disease can be found. This type of fatigue has been termed functional or nervous fatigue. It may follow infections or surgical operations. If the patient is allowed to be active too soon, a habit of fatigue may be induced. This is most likely to happen if factors conducive to fatigue were present before the infection or operation. Many people work long hours at responsible tasks without sufficient relaxation, exercise, or vacation. This group includes mothers, businessmen, executives, teachers, and other intellectual workers. Long-continued effort lessens the worker's energy and decreases his efficiency. If he is conscientious and ambitious, he does not easily tolerate this reduced energy and efficiency; so he works harder, and is likely to become tense and irritable. In an attempt to get along he may slip into other unhygienic practices such as skipping breakfast, eating only a snack for lunch, excessive coffee drinking or smoking, and using alcoholic beverages. It is not work that causes the greatest number of people to suffer from chronic fatigue. It is the mental attitude toward the problems of living, including work. Feelings of insecurity, inferiority, frustration, mental hurry, and being exploited make work exhausting. A sense of indecision, monotony, boredom, and conflict between the sense of obligation and the desire to do something else produces an aversion, or "tired of it" feeling. Initiative is lost and work effectiveness is di- LIFE & HEALTH much more difficult and tiring. Nervous fatigue affects both ambitious people whose work is largely intellectual and people who have no real responsibilities. It rarely affects those who work primarily with their muscles. In contrast to ordinary fatigue and the fatigue that accompanies physical disease, nervous fatigue is likely to be worse in the mornings or after a period of rest or inactivity. There are likely to be days of excellent vigor and days of exhaustion for A. Devaney no apparent good reason. There YOUR CONSTANT FATIGUE is very likely not caused by disease. Your physician can are likely to be other symptoms help you determine the cause. You may need only a fresh, new way of looking at life. of nervous origin, such as loss minished by feelings of bitterness, envy, worry, anxiof appetite and weight, lightheadedness, irritability, ety, self-pity, self-consciousness, anger, and resentimpatience, inattention, insomnia, palpitation, lump ment. in the throat, aching in the back of the neck or between The modern way of life contributes a great deal the shoulder blades, eye discomfort, perspiring or chillto the increase in chronic nervous fatigue. The hurry, ing, itching, muscle twitching, chronic catarrh, difnoise, crowding, and sedentary habits of city life are ficulty in getting a satisfying breath, puffy hands, likely to exhaust your nervous energy reserve. Other abdominal distress, constipation, and vomiting, to menfactors in modern life are competition in the social-and tion only a few. Persistence of fatigue for over a peeconomic spheres, wounded conscience, crime, instabilriod of at least three years without evidence of physical ity of currency, shortages of materials, rapid rise and disorder means that it is certainly of nervous origin. fall of nations—all brought to your attention in conIf you are chronically tired and are in doubt as to densed form by newspapers, magazines, newsreels, whether the fatigue is of nervous origin or the result radio, and television. of physical disease, you should see your physician for Nervous fatigue is likely to become chronic, bea thorough examination. You should keep a record of cause it is based on habitual mental attitudes that proyour body temperature morning and evening for at duce chronic anxiety. Anxiety produces fatigue in varileast three days before seeing the doctor, and tell him ous ways. It destroys interest and enthusiasm, without everything that is bothering you. which you have little inclination to be active. Fatigue If your physician finds no physical disease to always involves a person's evaluation of himself, and account for the fatigue, or if you are reasonably if he is anxious, he is apt to feel he should not exert sure that it is functional or nervous fatigue, you himself for fear of injury to himself. Anxiety causes should take stock of your habits and way of life so that your own common sense can help you overfearful preoccupation with one's sensations, reducing (Turn to page 25) efficiency and increasing mistakes, thus making work come chronic fatigue. MARCH, 1953 13 Ewing Galloway WISDOM TEETH may start giving you trouble at sixteen. Have them checked by your dentist while you are still young and strong. WISDOM TEETH A GRIM L. SUMMERS, D.M.D. F ALL the bugaboos attendant on the dental patient perhaps the most distorted is the wisdom tooth. In this modern era of dentistry and medicine, fears and imaginings about the wisdom tooth should be largely passé. But this does not mean that oral surgery for wisdom teeth is to be taken less seriously than ever, or that the problem of physical complication is nonexistent. Even with the so-called miracle drugs, modern advances, and new technics in oral surgery, the wisdom tooth can still be a booby trap in the oral cavity. However, many signs and warnings are given by affected wisdom teeth. If they are heeded in good time, much of the trouble can be sidetracked or to a great degree eliminated without too much discomfort to the dental patient. If they are checked faithfully, though, they will be kept under control. 14 Prevention of wisdom-tooth trouble by an early visit to your family dentist will be money in your pocket and assured physical comfort to you. Generally speaking, wisdom teeth give trouble sooner or later. But some few remain quiescent throughout life. It is a primary dogma that all wisdom teeth, impacted or not, should be X-rayed to keep a constant check as to whether they are remaining dormant or causing injury to adjacent teeth, whether there is any evidence of crypts around the crown of LIFE 6 HEALTH the teeth or any possible invasion of the mandibular canal. It is easier to remove wisdom teeth in young people than in older people. In fact, it is a general rule not to molest wisdom teeth in older people unless trouble exists. Proper study of the teeth to be extracted is of prime importance. Especially should wisdom teeth be carefully examined. The dental surgeon should make a comprehensive study of the patient before he does any heavy extractions. He should look into the general health of the patient and determine the extent of diseased tissues. Never should a patient object to a medical examination, especially in connection with contemplated oral surgery of wisdom teeth. Extractions must be delayed under certain physical conditions. Because wisdom teeth present problems from the sixteenth year onward it is important that the dentist keep a serial X-ray progress of the developing teeth. These pictures will graphically disclose any irregularities. X-rays also show the roots of the teeth. They reveal the number of roots present and their size and shape. The pictures will show the position of each tooth in reference to adjacent teeth, also as to direction of growth, whether backward, forward, sidewise, perhaps inverted, into the tongue, or into the cheek. Pictures also show whether cavities are present, the arrangement of jaw structures about the teeth, the presence of crypts and granulomas, and their relation to sinuses or the jaw structures. Troubles caused by impacted and plain wisdom teeth give warning signs. Perhaps the most common sign of trouble is inflammation of the tissues around the teeth, causing severe pain when the patient opens or closes his jaws. While inflammation is present it is unwise to extract the tooth. If teeth are extracted while infections are uncontrolled, abscesses may appear, or there may be massive swelling under the chin, which might cause difficulty in swallowing or even breathing. The infection may occasionally spread into the bone. Another warning sign of trouble from wisdom teeth is a form of lockjaw. Another sign of spreading infection, it means that the dental surgeon must take instant action. In this condition there is a fever, and the patient is usually constipated. There are swelling of the jaw tissues and the tongue, dryness of the mouth, ringing in the ears, and severe headaches and neck aches. There is earache on the same side of the head as the trouble. It may be that not all the signs or symptoms of wisdom tooth violence will be present at one time. Any one of these signs should be sufficient warning to send the patient running to his dentist for diagnosis. Neuralgia is a common symptom of wisdom tooth difficulty. It usually occurs on the same side of the face that the troublesome tooth is. Generally it is of a type not seeming to have a definite location. Instead, it feels as if it radiates to the whole side of the head. The cause is usually an impacted wisdom tooth, which is exerting pressure either on adjacent teeth or pressing on the nerves supplying the tooth. Particularly is this true in the lower jaw. Pain is frequently referred to the ear, with a subsequent (Turn to page 32) MARCH, 1953 At Home With a Book By D. A. DELAFIELD People say that television and the movies have made a big dent in our reading habits—that folks don't love books as they did before video. When dad and mother plan the evening for the family they either watch television or go out to a show. It seems that reading a book is too much trouble. Why burden the mind with picture making when the TV screen and the nearby theater do such a good job? Let's not forget that thousands of booklovers have resisted the impulse to let these visual aids take over their minds. They have resurrected the truth that books and magazines can stir the imagination and promote ideas better than Hollywood or Broadway. Good literature is still the world's purveyor of truth and knowledge, and this notwithstanding the high quality of some TV programs. The fleeting images of video are here for a moment, then gone. But good books may be read again and again. Explorations in the best literature will result in one thrilling discovery after another, not unlike the glowing triumph of Columbus sighting the beaches of the New World for the first time. Good reading begets noble ideas and clean mental pictures through the natural processes of thought, and it is a stimulant to the noblest achievement and truest progress. Choose books that will (1) inform, (2) inspire, (3) challenge, (4) lift. Avoid books that (1) excite, (2) depress, (3) stir the passions, (4) destroy faith in man or God. Tonight after supper put on your bathrobe and slippers, then sit down in an easy chair, and with the fire crackling on the hearth before you, begin reading. Here are some practical pointers: (1) Read the title and the preface of your book. Memorize the author's name. (2) Take a sentence at a time. Don't hopscotch. (3) Underline interesting facts, stories, and statements for future reference. (4) Read for at least fifteen minutes every morning before breakfast and again at night. (5) Be sure to finish the book. Then pause and reflect a moment. Now what have you learned that will help you to be a bigger and better person? Whatever books you choose, bring the Book of books into your reading every day. "When you have read the Bible, you will know that it is the Word of God, because you will have found it the key to your own heart, your own happiness, your own duty." To be at home with a good book is to enjoy the comfortable warmth of home anywhere on earth. 15 Sze 7~0~ A ANEMIC? J. DeWITT FOX, M.D. 00000000 Oda)* OPOOPCII)Q04001/413/004110.-m— Your blood stream is your "river of life." If it is running low, you are bound to feel low too. Here's what to do about it. A re you tired all the time? Do you have a hard time getting up in the morning? Are you nervous and jittery, and do your hands feel tense and tight? Do your fingers or toes feel numb or tingle? Do you have palpitation of the heart or feel short of breath at times? Do you have vague aches and pains or even acute aching in your joints? If so, you may be anemic, and it's time to see your doctor. Although these symptoms can be caused by other things, they are frequently associated with a lack of blood, or anemia. '-lORMAL ANEML: Is your hemoglobin low? 16 The way to find out whether you are anemic is to have your doctor check your hemoglobin, or red-bloodcell count. This will tell whether you have an adequate supply of red cells and whether your red cells contain sufficient coloring matter—hemoglobin—which is the vital oxygen-carrying part of the red cell. If your hemoglobin is low, it usually means you are short on iron in your blood. Causes of Anemia People can become anemic in several ways. Most common is the diet way, in which they neglect to eat sufficient green vegetables, fresh fruits, and the vital proteins as found in milk, eggs, cheese, cottage cheese, and beans. The second commonest cause of anemia is not getting enough sleep and rest. This overexertion prevents the body from manufacturing blood, for blood is made while we rest and relax, not while we are racing pell-mell here and there or when we are under the stress and strain of modern tension. Sleep is essential for blood building. Other causes of anemia are blood loss, such as heavy menstrual periods, hemorrhoids, and bleeding from the intestinal tract or the stomach. In these instances anemia is a "red-flag" symptom. It may be pointing a finger in the direction of hidden cancer somewhere in the body. Needless to say, anemia is never to be taken lightly. Your blood stream is the river of life that feeds each body cell, bringing it oxygen, the breath of life; carrying away waste products, such as carbon dioxide; and feeding each cell the fuel it needs for proper function. When the river of life runs low your vitality diminishes, your resistance against disease is broken, and illness quickly overtakes you. No other criterion of your health is so valuable to your doctor as a blood-cell count. Especially important in determining how buoyant you should feel is your red-cell and hemoglobin level. LIFE & HEALTH Tiptop blood levels should be the aim of every American. These are: For Men Red-blood-cells Hemoglobin 110% 5,500,000 17 grams For Women Red-blood-cells .... 4,500,000-5,000,000 Hemoglobin 90% 14.5 grams TIREDNESS and the blues are often due to anemia. Perk up and learn again how it feels to be peppy by building your blood up to its normal rich crimson. Now, the fact that few Americans can claim blood counts as high as this THE ANEMIA TREATMENT ideal standard is evidence that we are eating to tickle If yours is the common nutritional type of anemia, our palates and not to build our blood. Three of every your doctor's treatment will probably include: four Americans, nutritionists tell us, eat an inadequate 1. An iron-rich diet. This is the diet we are giving diet. Yet 25,000,000 Americans are overweight and you here, and water—eight to ten glasses to float the as a result carry around 1,000,000,000 pounds of red-blood cells in. excess fat. 2. Hematinies. These are capsules or tablets conHow can we be fat and anemic? you ask. Very taining iron and liver, which you take at home. easily. We eat foods that make fat—starches, sweets, 3. Injections. A short course of liver, iron, and and fats—but we must be skipping the foods that vitamin injections may be needed to bring your blood build blood—green vegetables, fresh fruits, and proup to normal levels quickly. teins. 4. Sleep and rest. With a reduced daily program of Consequently, on a recent survey conducted by activity, these are important in any body-building American Red Cross doctors, which they reported in program. the Journal of the American Medical Association, they 5. Outdoor exercise. Moderate exercise stimulates found a high percentage of women so anemic as to blood formation. be unable to give blood. They estimate there are 6,000,6. Sunshine. One of Mother Nature's helpers in 000 American women too anemic to give a pint of keeping you fit is sunshine. Weather permitting, sun blood. Chances are that more like 60,000,000 are anemic baths are very beneficial in building blood. in varying degrees. 7. A happy mental outlook. Freedom from tension and an optimistic attitude toward life make for better "Well, what can I do about my anemia?" you ask. digestion of the food you eat as well as for speedier First, you should place yourself in the hands of a circulation of your blood. When you are happy and competent physician, in whom you have utmost confree from worry, your blood factory works at a more fidence. Have a thorough physical examination, includefficient level. ing a blood count and urinalysis. Then follow his advice (Turn to page 30) With this article is a to the letter. MARCH, 1953 17 kawaii PRESCRIPTION FOR HAPPY LIVING nas P. LARDER, M.D. The traveler looking for a healthful, serene destination will find Hawaii a delightful vacationland. L.W...4....P•atege."...•••••••••1.rwo Photos, Courtesy Hawaii Visitors Bureau THIS LOVELY LITTLE CHILD is representative of the new Pacific race growing up in Hawaii. Beauty, happiness, and health are hers. UCH has been written lately about "wonder" drugs and cures. Like all medicines, they've been the subject of a good deal of debate, pro and con, and the argument will go on until the claims made for them are proved or disproved. There's one cure, however, about which there can be little controversy. In my opinion it's the best medicine you can buy for some of the world's most prevalent ailments today—nervous tension, anxiety, and general f rustrati on. It's called Hawaii. At the outset let me make it clear that buying a ticket to Hawaii isn't going to turn every brooding neurotic into a carefree, laughing soul. (Not even our tourist-promotion people claim that.) But I do say 18 I that if rest, relaxation, and agreeable living are indicated, Hawaii is your medicine. Let's take the case of the harassed executive or the frustrated housewife who has been ordered to get a change, and has the good sense to choose that bit of U.S.A. in the Pacific called Hawaii. The trip on the air liner or the ocean liner is a small foretaste of what's to come—food in the Hawaiian manner, comfort, good companionship, and that wonderful feeling of leaving your worries behind that accompanies every holiday, but especially a Hawaiian holiday. The moment the visitor steps onto Hawaiian soil he's in a new world. He finds to his amazement that the tourist posters didn't exaggerate. The palms really do sway gently in the breeze, the Pacific and the sky above are the same incredible blue the artist painted them, and there is really a smiling brown-skinned lass to place a fragrant flower lei about his neck and plant a traditional Hawaiian kiss of welcome on his cheek. I defy the most dyspeptic traveler to think of his aches and woes in the face of that sort of welcome. And now that he's there, what can he do? I believe I can best answer that by telling what he can't do. He can't drive a team of huskies, and he can't shoot elephants. Beyond that, he can do just about anything he can think of, and quite a few things he can't. If he's staying in Honolulu, he can go down to the most highly publicized strip of sand in the world, Waikiki. He can swim, he can go surfing, he can try his hand at the ancient Hawaiian art of spear fishing or paddling a replica of one of the outrigger canoes that brought the first Polynesians to Hawaii more than LIFE & HEALTH a thousand years ago, or he can just loll around on the sand, as thousands of visitors choose to do. Just to set the record straight: Despite the widespread fame of Waikiki, it is not the only beach on the Hawaiian Islands. There are hundreds of beaches on Oahu and the other four major islands of the group —Maui, Hawaii, Molokai, and Kauai, including a fabulous black sand beach on the big island (Hawaii). I said you couldn't drive a team of huskies in Hawaii, but, come to think of it, if you bring your own huskies you can. Up on Mauna Kea, the great dormant volcano on the island of Hawaii that rises three miles into the sky, there is snow six months of the year. For skiers there is one clear seven-mile run without an obstacle to impede their flight. For the hiker and explorer there are such wonders as the active volcanoes Mauna Loa and Kilauea, the former constituting the largest single mountain mass on earth; eerie lava tubes running for miles underground; almost inaccessible valleys, where strange little people are said to have once lived; Waialeale, claimed to be the earth's wettest spot (average rainfall annually 460 inches over a twenty-five-year period) ; the serene beauty of Kauai, aptly called the Garden Island. If I had the space, I could go on for many pages more simply cataloging the things to do and see in this Pacific Paradise, but I think these few ingredients constitute a pretty good antidote for "nerves." An important ingredient I haven't touched on is the weather. The geography books will tell you that Hawaii is a tropical or semitropical land, thereby conjuring up visions of steady blazing heat broken only by occasional downpours. Let's look at some figures from the U.S. Weather Bureau. The highest temperature ever recorded in Honolulu is 88°, in September, 1941. (The lowest temperature, by the way, is 56°, in February, 1909.) The average daily temperature range the year round in Honolulu is 9.3°. There is rain, of course, but it's usually so light that it is called liquid sunshine. No one bothers to take shelter in such a shower. A week-long rain, when one comes, is the chief topic of conversation for months. If this sounds like boasting—and it certainly does— I'd like to refer you to the U.S. Climate Study. According to this Weather Bureau document, which takes into account temperature, humidity, and wind velocity, Honolulu enjoys more days in what is known as the human comfort zone than any other city in the U.S. except Denver. And what is a visitor going to do about food? Captain Cook, the English explorer, called Hawaii the Sandwich Islands when he discovered them in 1778, but the name had nothing to do with the native diet. (The Earl of Sandwich was Cook's patron.) The natives enjoyed a diet largely of fruits, vegetables, and protein foods, which made them among the most superb physical specimens in the world. The •modern generation of Hawaiians has pretty much (Turn to page 27) followed their example. MARCH, 1953 MILD OUTDOOR EXERCISE or walking may be the prescription your doctor has given you. You may get both in Hawaii on the golf course. HAWAIIAN VISITORS enjoy a sail in a catamaran, a fleet craft built to the specifications of an ancient Polynesian outrigger canoe. SUNSHINE and a relaxing hour in the beautiful blue waters at Waikiki Beach—a health treat for the whole family—in old Hawaii. 19 We do not diagnose or treat disease by mail, but answer general health questions. Enclose stamped, addressed envelope. Address: Family Physician, LIFE Cr HEALTH, Washington 12, D.C. Ergosterol in Soy Milk Pylorus Aching Legs I should like to know about the activated ergosterol that is in soybean milk. What is it obtained from? Ergosterol is a natural substance taken from grain. When it is irradiated, a very fine form of vitamin D results. It has the same beneficial effects as vitamin D from fish oils. You have a substance like ergosterol found under the skin. When you sun bathe, it is changed to the valuable vitamin D. There are few who have enough outdoor air and sunshine. The dust and smoke of the city prevents much of the valuable sunshine from coming through. Adults as well as children benefit from artificial sunshine vitamin D. What is the pylorus, and what causes spasms of the pylorus? The pylorus is a constricting muscular ring at the outlet of the stomach, where it connects to the duodenum. Spasm of the pylorus is usually due to local irritation of the adjacent stomach or duodenal mucous lining, which may come from irritating foods, regurgitation from the intestines, poisons, ulcers, and other causes. Sometimes highly nervous states may bring about such spasms. Why do my legs ache when I walk, play golf, or attempt to go hunting? The discomfort you speak of in your legs may be due to a narrowing of the diameter of the arteries, which often comes with the progress of arterial hardening. The narrowed vessel does not allow as much blood as needed to flow into the muscles of the leg, with resultant aching, pain, or soreness on exercise. People with afflictions of this kind find their walking limited to short distances. After the aching subsides, walking is resumed with comfort. Carefully grading the amount of exercise taken may permit a slightly progressive amount of activity and an over-all increase in physical performance. Improvement may be slow. Muscular activity must be kept within the range of freedom from pain. :5‘ * * * Muscular Dystrophy Has anyone found the cause and cure of muscular dystrophy? Is there any help? We wish crippling diseases could all be studied or treated by some uniform method of approach. Muscular dystrophy may be due to some defect in the central nervous system. So far as we know, there is no treatment for it. There is a dystrophy association in New York, designed to advance and centralize knowledge concerning this illness. (Muscular Dystrophy Associations of America, Inc., 21 East 40th Street, New York 16, N.Y.) The course of the disease tends to be progressively toward limitation of function. Physical therapy, including massage and hydrotherapy, has been mentioned favorably as a treatment, and it gives some relief. A number of medicines have been tried without conclusive evidence of improvement in the patients. 20 Heart Asthma TOBACCO TOLL About a billion cigarettes are smoked every 24 hours in this country. This is 119 packs for every citizen, young and old, each year. This amounts to a multibillion-dollar puff of smoke, for Americans annually spend $4,500,000,000 a year on cigarettes—$30 per person. Two packs a day would set you back $156 a year—enough to buy a Cadillac in 20 years. Cigar smokers pay even heavier—up to $500 annually. My mother has heart asthma. How can she treat it? Will others in the family catch the disease? True heart asthma, or cardiac asthma, is a condition that appears when the heart is failing in strength and is too weak to maintain circulation of blood through the lungs. If it is present, your mother should see a doctor so that medication can be prescribed and adjusted when needed, for there is no fixed treatment for this condition. Sometimes it is due to chronic inflammation in the lungs, which interferes with the amount of blood that can pass through them. Or it may follow severe bronchial asthma, ultimately wearing the heart out. When short of breath, the patient must limit the amount of exercise he undertakes. LIFE & HEALTH You Need cited fl 1111] it! NOtitbig die from A TIP young man of 91 TIRED ? HUNGRY ? Mr. Bartlett is a renowned chemist and engineer who designed the world famed power plant at Niagara Falls. He is one of the first men to make $100,000 a year. The food supplement he developed to aid his GEO. M. BARTLETT own recovery from a nervous breakdown, became a business "Tim believe it that he has operated for over 50 or not man" years. Our armed forces used millions of KEVO-ETTS to combat fatigue. Mr. Bartlett works 16 to 18 hours a day, drives his own car, does not wear glasses and is usually taken to be in his early 60's. SATISFY THAT SECRET HUNGER it KEVO -Err J3‘ ccO`' c•• 5 4*, c-449 . 407. Delicious CONCENTRATED iilv Non-Fattening E FOOD el, t• •' 100% PURE Deep sea kelp a package also larger sizes AT HEALTH MOO STORES Wheat Germ Brewers yeast Soy milk Iron Phosphorous Carrots Spinach Dandelion Egg calcium, Ott. KEVO CO & LL-7, 900 Foothill Blvd., Azusa, Calif. Enclosed find: ) 10c for 4 Kevo-Etts and mailing ( I $1.35 for 112 Kevo-Etts, postpaid / $2.59 for 224 Kevo-Etts, postpaid NAME ADDRESS CITY L MARCH, 1953 BREAST FEEDING Is Worth a Second Try IT'S LIKE HAVING NEW ARS! By LYNN VAN ATTA RE you expecting a baby? Have you thought about trying to breast feed? Let me tell you about my two experiences. When I found that I was expecting a little brother or sister for our twoyear-old son, I was determined to breast feed this new baby even though I had failed to do so the first time. I had been a public-health nurse, and had encouraged expectant mothers to breast feed their babies. Now I wanted more than ever to practice what I had preached. Knowing that mother's milk is the best and most complete food a baby can get, I knew that I would try again. Also breastfeeding causes the uterus to contract more rapidly, and who after nine months of pregnancy isn't eager to become slim again, and in a hurry! The fact that the baby would be born in the middle of the summer and that my husband expected a transfer about that time encouraged me to do anything to get away from the daily hot-bottle routine. Billy, our first child, was a husky seven pounds and eleven ounces. He was born at a large hospital in a big city. When asked whether I wanted to nurse him I replied, "Of course I do!" Because it takes two to three days and even longer for the breasts to become filled with milk, he was given a formula a short time after his birth. He was brought to me for each daily feeding with his bottle, but I was instructed to let him nurse at my breasts for a few minutes before giving it to him. I'll never forget the first time he clamped his little mouth on my nipples. It was so painful that I knew something was wrong. During my pregnancy I hadn't known that I should prepare to breast feed, and had not toughened my nipples by pulling them up. (This should be done especially during the last few months, and in a manner as your doctor instructs you.) However, a nipple ointment helped relieve this soreness to some extent. On the big day that we brought our precious bundle home from the hospital we brought him complete with a quart jar of formula, even though I still expected to nurse him. My breasts had filled to overflowing, but still the baby did not settle down to (Turn to page 23) A tc Miracle 1 111* A61* Clearly, • • • So The wonder of A Nit it! Now I hear So ECO even whispers so distinctly it's like having a brand new pair of ears! No effort—no straining; I just relax and HEAR with a clarity and ease I never dreamed possible. You can read all about it in an authoritative FREE BOOK that's good news for every hard of hearing person. Mail the coupon today for your valuable FREE copy. No obligation whatsoever. • 00::;/2 f ..0:11(11 PHYSICAL MEDICINE „3 1,0- QUALITY HEARING AIDS Individually Fitted—Personally Serviced Beltone Hearing Aid Co., Dept. 2613 1450 W. 19th St., Chicago, 8, III. MAIL COUPON FOR FREE BOOKLET Aid Co.; Dept. 2613 1450 W. 19th St., Chicago 8, III. Without cost or obligation, send me your valuable FREE book of new facts about deafness and how to overcome it. Belton° Hearing Name Address Town State FEETACH0 GET FOOT COMFORT WITH BURNr Oid Make walking a pleasure! Try these famous feather-lite, California-made Foot Balancers. They give amazing foot comfort! Worn in shoes. Recommended by doctors and nurses. Sold in shoe stores and shoe departments. For men, women, children. Demand BURNS CUBOIDS! For Name of Your Dealer Write A fa. Amnon Ali RICAN Mona Assoasnce ; Pot BURNS CUBOID CO., SANTA ANA, CALIF. 21 Questions for this department should be addressed: Mother's Counselor, LIFE & HEALTH, Washington 12, D.C. Enclose stamped, addressed envelope for reply. Skin Cancer My mother is afflicted with cancer of the skin, which is at times an open sore. When she visits us she uses her own towels and washcloths, but it has concerned me as to just how contagious skin cancer is and whether it is dangerous to my little ones. Of course we don't know all there is to know about cancer, but I don't believe you have to worry especially, since your mother is careful. Even if it were contagious, which it probably isn't, there would have to be direct contact to pass it from one person to another. * * * Poor Appetite? My eighteen-month-old girl does not eat well. I give her crackers and cottage cheese and things between meals to help, but I can't get her to eat well at mealtime. I am giving her baby vitamins, but she just doesn't seem to have much of an appetite. It is always unwise to make an issue with the child over the question of eating. The more one tries to get a child to eat a certain food, the more persistently he refuses. An argument at mealtime is always bad for a child's digestion and nervous system. The only way to get children to eat the things they should is to give them a chance to get hungry. No matter how little a child eats at mealtime, he should have nothing between meals. I often suggest for children who are problem eaters that the cream be removed from the milk they drink. This less rich diet gives them a chance to get hungry. If at some particular meal they don't eat very much, there is no harm done. After a few such meals they acquire a bigger appetite. 22 A small amount of a particular food that you might want the children to eat could be placed before them together with other food, and they probably would eat it ; that is, if nothing is said about it. Talking about food at mealtime always does more harm than good. It is better to let some things go without correction and have a happy atmosphere at mealtime than to spoil the meal with futile arguments. and relaxed. Never discuss this restlessness with the little girl. It would be tragic to spank or punish her for it. Some vitamin B complex with her meals might help her to have a more relaxed nervous system. If she is happy and not fretful in the daytime, her restlessness at night is probably doing no harm. * * * Retarded? BY. Remorse By HARRIET DAY She said she had no wish for offspring, Thought childlessness was thrifty; But now she knows what loneliness Can mean to one of fifty. Restless Nights My three-year-old granddaughter eats well, has good food and care, and seldom eats between meals. However, she is unusually restless in her sleep. We were advised to spank her, but because she is asleep I can't feel that it would help. If we awaken her, she cries. What would you advise? Your little grandchild has an active nervous system, and I don't think her apparent restlessness at night is anything. to worry about. Certainly she should not be aroused; for, as you say in your letter, she quiets down herself after a few minutes. You must be very sure that there is no tension or anxiety in the family atmosphere. Let everyone be happy My five-year-old boy is retarded. He does not talk yet, but he understands, yet is slow in thinking. What can I do to help him? I have known children who haven't talked till after they were five who finally talked all right. Sometimes if too much attention is paid to his not talking, the child is made self-conscious, and it is harder than ever to get him to talk. Simply treat him as if he were entirely normal, and he will be more likely to develop normally. Love him, be affectionate and happy with him. That will help him a great deal. Fungus Our seven-year-old son has a fungus around his ankles. Will he have to keep out of water altogether except for baths? Can it be completely cured? These fungus infections are rather common, but usually can be taken care of by the use of a simple ointment of about one-third strength Whitfield's ointment. I see no reason why he should be kept out of water. The only precaution would be that he not pass it on to other children. LIFE & HEALTH Breast Feeding (Continued from page 21) FOR LOW-SALT DIETS LOW-SODIUM CHEESE—Tangy flavor, sodium content less than milk. 1/2 lb. and 1 lb. loaves. CELLU RICE WAFERS—Tasty with soups and salads. Sodium only 0.018%. 4 oz. pkgs. Many other tasty foods—Send for catalog PURPOSEFULLY PREPARED oods g CHICAGO DIETETIC SUPPLY HOUSE Inc. CELLUDiekley 1750 West Von Bur•n Street Choccgo 12,111.nots #te,a4 TEXAS MACHINED Shelled Pecans Packed in 1#, 5#, 30# & 60# boxes. Write for prices. D. McCREA & SON YANCEY, TEXAS Phone 2261 Owe a friend a favor? Send him a subscription to kI '11 $2.75 a Year-25c Single Copy Washington 12, D.C. 74 ?leo MARVEL JUICER NOW IT'S FUN MAKING JUICES ! Makes juice and discharges pulp in one operation. Also grinds nuts into creamy spreads and shreds vegetables for salads and soups. New exclusive revolutionary feature—Made of cast nylon, tough as steel, which reduces to a minimum any contact of food with metal. Write today for free descriptive literature. THE MARVEL JUICER COMPANY 1229 So. Central Ave., Lodi, California MARCH, 1953 eating normally. After a week of his crying and vomiting and sleepless nights for the whole family, I was ready to give up breast feeding. Two weeks before the expected date of our second "blessed event" I told myself, "This time it is going to be different !" Being an optimist or perhaps expecting a miracle, I bought a nursing brassiere. Our seven-pound girl was born in a small town, but in a modern twentyfive-bed hospital. It was routine to feed the new borns only sterile water for the first three days and to take them to their mothers to nurse every three hours day and night. My nipple manipulations were successful, and though feeding at first was slightly uncomfortable, it was absolutely painless soon. I drank pitcher after pitcher of water and asked whether I might have milk in addition to the regular beverage at each meal. I also asked my doctor whether I might continue calcium, which I had taken during pregnancy. He of course approved. The nursing mother's calcium need is large, and she should continue taking it. Three days after the baby's arrival my milk appeared. This time I had my nursing brassiere. My daughter gained weight, and soon made up the early loss while on sterile water. This time I went home minus the quart jar of formula. I don't have to worry about making a daily batch of formula and sterilizing bottles. Little sister is doing very well. She sleeps all night, has had no diarrhea and no pitiful sore buttocks such as plagued our little boy. She smells nice and sweet, never having the objectionable sour odor that comes from the use of cow's milk. We are able to go out and take her with us, with no fear of warm weather and spoiled bottles. At feeding time the supply is at hand and just the correct temperature. In case I want to go out without the baby it is very little trouble to mix up one bottle of formula. We have taken several week-end trips, and baby fared very well. My menstrual periods have not returned, and may not for four or five months, and I certainly do not miss them. Breast feeding is a very economical way of feeding, for the extra milk I drink does not cost as much as supplying milk for an entire formula. Most important of all, I know that my little daughter is getting the very best I can give her toward lifetime healthfulness. Here's a quick and easy way to get your needed Vitamin A! Drink EVEREADY Carrot Juice This solid-laden juice of California-grown carrots is rich in all three forms of Vitamin A (Carotene) —Alpha, Beta and Gamma . . . and the Beta type of Carotene yields twice as much Vitamin A in the body as either of the other two! EVEREADY Carrot Juice is made from specially selected carrots, allowed to mature until midwinter to insure greater Carotene content. * For free pamphlet of recipes and vitamin facts, write Dole Sales Co., 215 Market Street, Sdn Francisco 6, Calif. Get EVEREADY Carrot Juice at your health food store and grocer's. In making Man YOGURT at home it's CULTURE `! that counts Don't be misled...no Yogurt is better than the Culture from which it is made. And International Yogurt Culture didn't achieve its reputation overnight. Backed by years of worldwide use, it enables you to produce professional Yogurt right in your own home. A delicious milk-food... straight or sweetened with sugar, honey, fruits! Ask for International Yogurt Culture at health food stores. If your dealer is not supplied, send $1.80 (plus 20c for airmail) and we'll send you enough Culture for a month's family-supply of Yogurt. INTERNATIONAL YOGURT CO., Dept. L3 8478 Melrose Place, Los Angeles 46 23 Wings of Health inBy MADGE HAINES MORRILL. M.A. A CLUB FOR BOYS AND GIRLS I WON'T DO IT AGAIN ! L morning George sat at his desk that are either far away or close by. with his head bent over on his The part of your eye that does this arms. Even when it was recess and work is known as the lens." the other children went outdoors to Teddy asked, "Is it anything like play, he still sat with his head on his the lens of this magnifying glass I arms. Several times during recess he have?" He took a small glass from his raised up and looked out the window pocket and carried it up to Miss White. at the other children, who were having She held the small lens so that evfun on the school grounds. eryone could see it. "Yes, in a way the Miss White stepped inside the room lens in your eye is similar. See, the during the recess, and she noticed magnifying glass is thicker in the George still at his desk. She walked middle than it is at the edge. That is over near him and said kindly, "What what makes the lens magnify so that is the trouble, George? Are you sick?" objects look bigger when you use the George looked up and tried to smile, glass." Teddy was ready with a question. but the smile was only a weak one. "I don't know," he answered; "I have a headache." Miss White put her hand on his forehead. "You don't feel as if you have a fever. But your eyes look somewhat inflamed." "They hurt when I try to read," George admitted. "Have you done anything to strain your eyes?" Miss White asked. George had a guilty smile. "I think "Do you mean that I have a thing I lool4d at television too long last like that in my eye ?" night. I did not realize how long I Miss White smiled and answered, had been watching it until mother "Yes, and no. You have a lens in your came and told me it was much past eye—it is right behind the colored bedtime." part of your eye. The lens is clear Miss White nodded. "That is prob- like glass, but it is not hard like ably what has done it. glass; it is soft and can change its "Let's all close our books for a shape. Muscles attached to the lens while," she suggested later in the day. make it become thin or thick depend"I want you to do some exercises. Now, ing on where you wish to focus your hold a pencil about six inches in front vision. When you looked at the pencil of your nose." your eyes had to be adjusted to see As the students did as their teacher the close object, and when you looked directed she asked, "Can you see the at the mountain your eyes had to be pencil ?" adjusted to see the faraway object." "Of course we can." The children "It must not take long to do that," were puzzled at the queer exercise. Teddy spoke up. "Now look out the window and "No, the eye can make these adacross the roofs of the houses and up justments quickly, showing one of its to the top of that mountain in .the dis- wonderful abilities. We should all tance. Can you see the mountain?" guard and take proper care of the deli"Of course," the children answered, cate muscles of our eyes." still wondering what Miss White was George raised his hand. "I watched trying to do. television too long last night, and now "That shows the wonderful ability my eyes hurt." your eyes have of focusing on objects "You understand," Miss White be- A 24 gan to explain, "those muscles that control the lens of the eyes become tired if they have to look at close objects for a long time. That is why doctors recommend that a person rest his eyes frequently when he is doing close work such as reading, sewing, or any other type of eye-straining work." "How may one rest his eyes?" asked George. Miss White picked up a heavy book and held it out at arm's length on the palm of her hand. "Do you think my arm will get tired if I hold this book out here for a long time?" "Of course it will!" the children answered. "What could I do to rest my arm? I put the book down and then bend my arm back and forth like this, changing the position and relieving the strain of my arm muscles. That gives them a rest," Miss White said. "Arm muscles and eye muscles are something alike—they need a change. If you are reading or doing close work with your eyes, give them a change. Stop reading and look out the window at some faraway object. Or close your eyes for a few moments. You give your muscles a rest by taking the strain away." George was thinking of last evening's experience. He said, "I did not give my eyes a chance to rest last night. I kept looking at television for a long, long time. But I won't do that again. Next time I will go outside and look up at the stars or the moon in between pictures so that my eyes can have a rest. And I'm not going to spend such a long time watching." "You are very wise, George, in your decision," his teacher commended him. "You have only one pair of eyes, and if they should be mistreated and become harmed, you could not buy another pair." "Couldn't he buy glasses?" Teddy asked with a grin, and the older children smiled. Miss White replied, "That is a splendid idea, Teddy. Glasses can be a great aid in correcting vision. George should go to a doctor and have his eyes tested, for it is possible that he does need glasses. But only a doctor can tell him. Remember, Teddy," Miss White turned to her young pupil, "sometimes a person's eyes are so injured that no glasses or doctor can help. If a person is wise, he will have his eyes tested before they are injured." George said firmly, "I hope nobody tells the nurse about my looking at television so long last night; I promise I won't do it again. Besides, I want to ask my folks if I may go to a doctor to have my eyes examined." LIFE & HEALTH Chronic Fatigue (Continued from page 13) In order to rid yourself of chronic and recurrent fatigue, you must bring about and keep a balance between work and the recreational, social, and spiritual aspects of your life. There are hardly any of us who cannot increase the efficiency of our working habits. You can plan your work so as to avoid unnecessary steps and needless motions. You can arrange tools, utensils, and working surfaces in convenient locations. Suitable lighting to avoid eyestrain and glare will lessen fatigue. You can sometimes do your work just as well sitting as standing. After you learn what your own individual constitution can tolerate, you should live within your resources of energy. This means that you should fit your ambitions to your abilities and adapt yourself to such adverse conditions as physical handicaps, unpleasant climatic or geographic situations, and unfriendly attitudes and actions of others. In short, you might as well "cooperate with the inevitable." If you are by habit tense and worried, and if you work with a sense of mental hurry, you should practice to work fast and yet relaxed. To work this way is difficult, but it can be done if the mind is kept on the performance of the task at hand, off the work yet to be done, and off possible failure or other undesirable results of the work. If the work is monotonous, it will be less tiresome if you keep its useful purpose in mind. A confident, cheerful, thankful attitude makes work easier and dispels fatigue. When fatigue is severe, you should begin with small exertion and increase the difficulty and duration of work until you reach normal activity. It is well also to plan work so as to utilize to best effect your natural ups and downs of energy. Recreation denotes all those activities of life that replenish your store of vitality. You should keep a wide margin of reserve energy by balancing bodily accounts hourly, daily, weekly, and yearly by appropriate periods of relaxation from work. A change of pace in work by alternating periods of physical exertion with periods of mental exertion will lessen fatigue. If your work is mental or if you suffer from nervous fatigue, physical activity may be more restful than inactivity. The activity will be most helpful if it is out of doors, useful, not competitive. Gardening, nature study, hiking, and painting are examples of such hobbies. MARCH, 1953 The wings of the Humming Bird beat more than 80 times per second, a physical impossibility without adequate nutrition. It is estimated that over 75 per cent of Americans suffer nutritional deficiencies. Yet these same people must face the terrific demands of modern living. More than 1,400 Americans enter a hospital as patients every 24 hours of the day. Can faulty nutrition be a contributing factor? THE EMEND. CO. Loma Linda, Calif. To make sure of adequate amounts of essential vitamins and minerals, ask your health food store or write for SUPER- CERAPLEX The COMPLETE FOOD SUPPLEMENT Sleep is a recreational factor that must be carefully guarded in these times of twenty-four-hour production schedules and increase in night amusements. Proper food and eating habits are necessary for maintaining your vitality. You will need these admonitions if you are a victim of chronic fatigue: Be sure to eat a wholesome breakfast. The body's store of readily available energy is exhausted twelve hours after a meal. Take some protein food at each meal. Avoid eating sweets. Don't smoke at all. Don't use coffee, tea, or alcoholic beverages to overcome fatigue. They will only leave you feeling worse than you did before. No life can have abundant energy unless refreshed and sustained by the springs of spiritual strength. Faith in the mercy and justice of God and consciousness of having conformed your thoughts, words, and actions to the divine will can do more to rest your mind than all the technics or philosophies of men. Your Lord invites you, "Come unto me, all ye that labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest." 25 If you have a question or problem regarding food or diet, address: The Dietitian, LIFE ty HEALTH, Washington 12, D.C. Enclose stamped, addressed envelope for reply. How to Eat a Garden Before you can eat a garden, there are of course the planning, purchasing of seed and fertilizer and pest powders, the planting, thinning, weeding, and cultivating. It is a great joy to see plants grow, and there is health in a garden in both the cultivation and the eating. In late winter make a list of all the vegetables and fruits you would like to grow. (It is interesting that some of the so-called vegetables are botanically fruits.) You may want to read a book or two from your public library on gardening. One excellent book is Science in the Garden, by H. Britton Logan and Putnam. [William Collins Sons and Company, Ltd., Toronto, Canada.] One successful garden included the following plants: Buttercup (hard, winter type) Zucchini (green summer) Pepper (Table Queen) General Potatoes Corn (yellow hybrid) Tiny yellow tomatoes (pear) Tiny red tomatoes (cherry) Marglobe tomatoes (like hot house) Ponderosa tomatoes (beefsteak) Brussels sprouts Cabbage (red and green) Sweet green peppers Okra Eggplant Onions Cucumbers Watermelons Cantaloupe Green Leafy Vegetables Lettuce (rusty edged) Spinach Kale Collards Mustard Turnips Swiss chard (poor man's asparagus) Parsley (curly) Endive Root Vegetables Radishes (red and white icicle) Rutabagas Turnips Beets Carrots Salsify Parsnips Legumes Yellow bush beans Kentucky Wonder green beans Lima beans Flowers Cauliflower Broccoli Squash Patty pan (white scalloped) Yellow summer 26 EVV ZIP IN IVWHIPPED CREAM! A sprinkling of cinnamon whipped into the cream works wonders. It is wise to make a drawing of your garden. You should plan it so that the tall vegetables will make shade for tender greens and cucumbers. A chart will help in thinning as things come up, for several of the vegetables look alike, such as collards and broccoli. You would want to thin broccoli but not collards for greens. A garden that can be comfortably worked by one or two is about 25 by 75 feet. Ten-cent packages of seeds will plant rows twenty-five feet or longer. With favorable weather conditions you can plant seed for all these plants except potatoes. You can buy potato eyes or whole potatoes and cut them up for planting. Cobblers are good, and the whole family should enjoy them. If you are so situated that you can plant two gardens, one on high ground and one on low ground, you are more sure of success in some localities. Professional gardeners plant on two levels. For an early yield you may want to buy a few plants of tomatoes, eggplant, cauliflower, peppers, and cabbage, or grow them yourself inside and transplant. Usually fertilizer is most profitably applied to corn and tomatoes, but the condition of the soil will determine the need. It is surprising what can be grown on poor land without the cost of fertilizing, if rain and weather are generally favorable for growing plants. For pest control Bordeaux powder (which is a copper salt) is perhaps as harmless as any. A little extra copper may make for rich, red blood. A rotenone powder is recommended by many agricultural agents. Soon after the squash is well up you must surround each root with a handful or two of powdered tobacco. Cover the tobacco lightly with earth to make its effectiveness more sure. You will have to watch everything for bugs, flies, and worms. The birds, ladybugs, toads, and spiders will help you. Many kinds must be picked off. (Concluded next month) LIFE & HEALTH Hawaii (Continued from page 19) In addition to the great commercial crops of sugar cane and pineapple there is an almost endless variety of health-giving foods—papayas, avocados, Macadamia nuts (now becoming an important commercial crop), lilikoys (Passion fruit), Chinese peas, Chinese cabbage, and poi (the great staple of the old Hawaiians, which doctors are now recommending as baby and convalescent food). What is not grown on the islands is obtained from the mainland, both fresh and frozen. These are a few of what might be called the physical attractions of Hawaii. There's another attraction that I feel is quite as important, although perhaps less tangible. I'm referring to what might be called the spirit of aloha. Aloha means many things: "greeting," "love," "affection," and in general "happy and joyous living." What I'm speaking about encompasses all these things and more. Let's take the last first. The people of modern Hawaii are industrious and progressive. Their great sugar and pineapple industries, held up as models of scientific efficiency the world over, attest to this. But when the whistle blows and the office doors close, everyone from the office boy to the corporation president sets out with one purpose in mind : to relax serenely. To facilitate this purpose, most businesses in Hawaii begin early and quit early, sometimes as early as 3 P.M. This same spirit is carried over into dress. The comfortable and sensible holokus and MUUMUUS worn by Hawaiian women are adaptations of the Mother Hubbards introduced to the islands by New England missionary women. It is comfort rather than tradition that prompted modern Hawaii to retain them. The Hawaiian men also have managed to break away from the style tyranny that demands coats, collars, and ties regardless of comfort. Gaily colored aloha shirts open at the neck are the rule among Hawaiian men, from toddlers to totterers. Look in on a staid board of directors meeting of one of the territory's big concerns, and your chances of finding a tie are about as good as finding a grass shack in downtown Honolulu. In most other parts of the civilized world when women feel the urge to stretch their toes they slip off their shoes surreptitiously, as if there were something indecent about being without foot covering. In Hawaii going barefoot is the rule MARCH. 1953 You can be "STARVED" for the right kind of sleep... if you aren't getting the "sleep food" you need! RECENT MEDICAL STUDIES indicate that I a vital substance in your bloodstream may have a lot to do with how well you sleep. This substance, known medically as blood sugar, is an important source of nourishment for the brain. At bedtime, and especially during the long nighttime hours without food, your supply of blood sugar may become seriously lowered. Thus, your brain and nervous system may suffer from insufficient "sleep food." You may feel too nervous to go to sleep ... too restless to sleep well. How you can help your body get needed "sleep food" Drugs or sleeping pills can't supply "sleep food." And sweet, sugary.foods and drinks provide only a quick jet of sugar that is too quickly burned up. But here is a way —a delicious, drugless way—to help your body get needed "sleep food." This sleepaid is a POSTUM "NIGHTCAP"—a delicious drink made with Instant Postum and hot milk, taken shortly before retiring. Your Postum "Nightcap" is good-tasting and safe—contains no drugs to harm you. Moreover, your Postum milk drink gives you easily digested nourishment that is slowly converted into blood sugar. Thus, it helps assure the slow, steady flow of vital "sleep food" to your brain. That's why a Postum "Nightcap" helps you get refreshing sleep—the kind that leaves you rested, looking and feeling like new! So safe, so easy—try it! Every night before you retire, fix yourself a Postum "Nightcap." It's easy—add a rounded teaspoon of Instant Postum to a cup of hot milk, and stir. Try this for just 10 days—then see if you aren't sleeping better—feeling fresher—looking like a new person! Get Instant Postum now. Postum is an ideal mealtime beverage, too. No caffein—no drugs —no chance for "coffee nerves." The "SLEEP-F006 Nightcap -for sleepless Millions! for women and children except on formal occasions. Honolulu is a sophisticated city, but it is nothing unusual to see women going about their household duties and even walking along the street or shopping in the supermarket in their bare feet. Children who are required to wear shoes in school frequently carry them to the schoolroom door and put them on before entering the building. I don't think there can be any doubt that this sensible attitude has contributed to Hawaii's high health standards. Of course Hawaii has gone to great lengths to guard the health of A Product of General Foods its people. The health record of the employees in Hawaii's largest industry, sugar, has been the subject of worldwide comment, thanks to the vigilance of the plantation medical services. For example, the mortality rate for new mothers in plantation communities is less than one in one thousand. Beriberi, once a dread disease, has disappeared. The incidence of tuberculosis has dropped faster than in any State, and venereal disease is close to the vanishing point. There's one final aspect of this spirit of aloha that I think can be the most (Turn to page 29) 27 When writing, please enclose stamped, addressed envelope for reply. Address: Home Editor, LIFE & HEALTH, Washington 12, D.C. Capricious March. March is a capricious month, having stormy days and days so full of sunshine that you think surely spring is here to stay. These tempestuous days make me think of the Sabbath school lesson Patsy had last summer, of the storm on Galilee, when Jesus stilled the winds and waves by saying, "Peace, be still." Little tempests come up in our lives. Just as we feel overwhelmed by the waves of adversity, some kind friend or neighbor comes to our aid. Tempests of anger rise within us at times, when we should have the Saviour speak, "Peace, be still." Some folks are March folks, some April folks. "Blessed are the peacemakers" today is just as true as when Jesus spoke these words on the mount. A peaceful heart, a peaceful home, a peaceful church, a peaceful community—all take a little subduing of passion and pride—and someday, a peaceful world. The spring rains come, and we are thankful. We remember the drought of last summer, when water was difficult to get. The wild geese flap over in V formation, some lone lake in the far northland their destination. It is always a thrill to see the flocks go over. We can hear their honking, and we watch until they disappear over the hills. At this time of year we look at our packets of seeds, little parcels of miracles. I like to try at least one new garden product each year. Last year we had eggplant, which we bought from our local florist. It was really fun to watch them grow, and when at last the glossy purple fruits appeared we were amply rewarded. This year I want to try a few Lazy Wife beans and some of those horticultural beans (or something like that) if I can find them. We had some once at a place in Virginia, and they were delicious. Selecting Pots and Pans. To select the right kitchen utensil, keep in mind the use to which you will put it. The different kinds of pots and pans have 28 their advantages and disadvantages. Ironware heats slowly but evenly. It holds the heat well, but the handles may become hot. It is durable, and the utensil gets even better as it gets older. Ironware is inexpensive. Changing heat will not buckle ironware. On the other hand, ironware is heavy, it can break, and it will rust if not dried and oiled properly. I like heavy aluminum ware. If a good grade, aluminum ware will last -.1,11111. -.••••-• ale Oeal Can Wear By MARJORIE HUNT PETTIT The waves roar noiselessly Along the crescent sand; The trees bow silent heads Before the wind's command. The rain drums without sound Upon the sturdy slate, And my heart sings in tune As senses correlate. For in this voiceless void That circles me around, Sheer beauty speaks to me In motion without sound. a lifetime. The lightweight aluminum utensils warp, bend, and dent more easily than .the heavy. For casseroles I enjoy using a good grade of glassware. You can see the food as it cooks, and glass holds heat well. You can use glassware for cooking and serving as well. Of course, sudden temperature changes sometimes crack or break glassware. I also like enamelware, but wish it wouldn't chip so easily. I have a favorite enamelware mixing bowl. It is lightweight, and easy to wash and handle. Spanish Corn. Try Spanish corn sometime. We enjoy it occasionally. You may use canned whole-kernel corn, frozen corn, or, cooked corn cut off the cob. We fry a little chopped onion and green pepper in margarine, add sliced tomato or canned tomato, if not too juicy, and the corn. If you want to add some protein, put a scrambled egg or two into the mixture. A favorite with us. Laundering Madeira Linens. The natives of the island of Madeira, Portugal, produce a special kind of embroidered table linens for which their island is famous. After the Madeira cloth is laundered in rich soapsuds, rinsed, and dried, their method is to dampen it, place it right side up over a wellpadded board, cover it with a damp cloth, and iron it all over. Then they reverse the cloth, placing it right side down over the padding. Again they cover it with a damp cloth and press it. This two-step ironing does away with puckering around the embroidered design. Curing 'Cooking Utensils. Do you remember any of the dishes and cooking utensils your mother used when you were a child? I recall a little squatty iron kettle in which my mother fried doughnuts and made vegetable soup. One of these days I want to get a cast-iron skillet. Cast iron, satisfactory for skillets and Dutch ovens, must be dried carefully after each washing to prevent rusting. Unless cured by the manufacturer, iron, tin, or cast aluminum utensils must be cured before using. To cure a pot or pan, wash it in soapy water, rinse, and dry thoroughly. Then go over the entire utensil—inside and outside—with unsalted grease, and let the pan remain in a warm oven for several hours. Wash again in the soapy water, rinse, and dry thoroughly. LIFE & HEALTH Hawaii Something (Continued from page 27) refreshing and stimulating of all to those who come to us to find surcease from the worries of this tense world. It's the way the people get along together, in work and in play. The islands are peopled by half a million Americans, whose parents and grandparents came from practically every corner of the globe—Japanese, Chinese, Anglo-Saxons, Koreans, Portuguese, Puerto Ricans, Scots, Germans, and countless others. Each nationality brought its own beliefs, customs, and ways of living. Some were what the history books call traditional enemies. The people of Hawaii have only one traditional enemy, and that is intolerance. Add all these ingredients together, and I think you will agree that we in Hawaii have found a pretty effective prescription for happy, serene living. We invite the world to share it with us. How to Dodge Colds (Continued from page 11) where there is a draft of cold air. 6. Breathe through the nose. Nature has arranged the tissues inside the nose in such a way that the air, as it passes through, is warmed before entering the lungs. 7. Drink at least six glasses of water a day. 8. Maintain a calm, cheerful attitude. It is too much to hope that you will never have another cold. If by following the suggestions mentioned above, you can reduce the number of colds you have per year and you can improve your body's resistance so that the colds you do have are less severe, you will have accomplished a great deal in promoting your personal efficiency and general health. This will be the same as adding several days to each year, for you will save the time you otherwise lose with colds. MARCH, 1953 EXTRA ADDS ZEST TO FRIED FOODS RAKED GOO°5 MEAT LOAVES many, other II"' IT'S WONDERFUL—the way Worthington Breading Meal enhances the fine flavor of your favorite foods . . . covers choice morsels with a crusty coat of nutritious extra goodness. Worthington Breading Meal is a wholesome mixture of toasted bread crumbs, potato meal, soya meal, and vegetable seasonings. It's a perfect breading mix for tender, lean, protein-rich CHOPLETS . . . for VEELETS, the succulent, bite-size chunks of wheat protein ... or for deliciously different SOYLOIN STEAKS. Just dip these popular Worthington Foods in the Breading Meal and pop them into a skillet. Worthington Breading Meal is ideal for loaves and patties, too—and for many other uses. For extra taste appeal and extra food value, be sure to get convenient, economical, ready-to-use Worthington BREADING MEAL. THE ANSWER TO: WHAT SHALL WE EAT TODAY? THERE'S WORTH IN ogy tk i r oft FOODS Worthington Foods, Inc. Worthington, Ohio 29 Are You Anemic? (Continued from page 17) blood-building diet, which is the sheet anchor of any anti-anemia program. All the pills in the drugstore and all the shots in the doctor's office cannot make blood without good food. You are what you eat. So let's eat the best food to build the strongest of bodies. The nice part about this blood-building diet is that it will not put weight on you. In fact, a person who is a bit overweight can actually reduce on it, since it includes only about 1,700 calories. The diet can safely be lowered still more by the use of skim milk in place of whole milk, with butter omitted, and eggs and toast omitted on the mornings you have cereal for few starches except in potatoes and 100 per cent whole-wheat bread. Abbreakfast. The diet is nutritionally sound, and sent altogether are sweets—pie, cake, will promote good sleep. You will note ice cream, sodas, malts, cookies, and the .rather abbreviated supper, de- pastries; fats—fried foods, French signed to give you a big appetite for fried potatoes, potato chips, fatty the farmer-style breakfast we have meats, and gravies; and highly refined allotted you. I know this is out of step starches—spaghetti, macaroni, crackwith the American way of eating the ers, white bread, and the like. These all make fat but not blood. "big meal in the evening." All we ask is that you try it for a month, reli- The reason is that they have few mingiously. At the end of that time we erals and vitamins, those essential litfeel certain you'll feel better, look tle items in building blood. They have better, and have a richer blood stream calories but no color. And remember, to show for it. You may like it so well pale foods make pale people. So fill up that you will not want to return to your plate with colorful foods—fresh green vegetables, red beets, golden your present eating habits. Note the absence of the so-called carrots, brown baked potatoes—and fluff foods from this diet. You find few you'll put roses in your cheeks and desserts except fresh fruit. You find nature's red rouge in your lips. You --------------------------------------------------------- THE NEW PEP DIET This diet, which provides double your daily requirement of iron, rejuvenates tired. wornout blood cells and gives you a new lease on life. Start your day with a wet whistle—drink 2 glasses of water before breakfast. Breakfast Iron Milligrams Calories 2 eggs, poached or as you like them —soft or hard boiled 2.8 150 1 slice 100% whole-wheat bread .8 50 1 pat butter .0 35 2 tablespoons raisins 3.0 60 1 cup oatmeal 2.4 150 1 tablespoon wheat germ sprinkled on cereal .8 35 1 8-ounce glass milk .1 150 1 medium orange, peeled .6 70 Supper Iron Milligrams Calories serving (4 halves) apricots or peaches (2 halves) canned with 2.0 30 no syrup, water packed 1 thin slice 100 per cent whole-wheat 50 .8 bread 35 .0 1 pat butter .1 150 1 8-ounce glass milk .2 100 1/2 cup cottage cheese 1.0 0 Vegetable soup or broth 4.1 365 Blackstrap molasses-1 tablespoon —in hot milk 2.3 40 Total for day 25.7 1,640 *Alternate fruits for supper, or have a mixed fruit salad for variety. Night Cap 10.5 700 Luncheon Small baked potato (eat jacket) 1.2 1/2 cup cooked greens 2.5 1 thin slice 100 per cent wholewheat bread .8 1 pat butter .0 Tossed vegetable salad—large bowl .6 1 8-ounce glass milk .1 2 tablespoons raisins 3.0 100 20 8.2 435 .6 100 50 35 20 150 60 Midafternoon 1 8-ounce glass unsweetened grape juice Blackstrap molasses makes up into a soothing drink to induce sleep and at the same time increases your iron intake. In hot milk it makes a palatable drink— tastes like Postum. 6 apricots, dried, give 1.5 milligrams iron and only 80 calories. 2 figs, dried, give .9 milligrams iron and only 80 calories. Dried dates, figs, prunes, apricots, and raisins are a "must" for any blood-building diet. Nutritionists say that apricots and mustard greens are tops as blood builders, since the iron they contain is utilized almost 100% in making hemoglobin for the blood. Clip this diet and paste it to your kitchen cupboard as a suggestive guide to meal planning. 30 LIFE & HEALTH can throw away rouge and lipstick when you start using Mother Nature's facial colorings in the form of luscious juicy fruits. Some special blood-building foods are these : Grape juice—unsweetened-1 or 2 glasses daily Eggs Apricots—comparable to liver in blood-building ability Other dried fruits—prunes, figs, dates, peaches Blackstrap molasses-31/2 tablespoons give you half of your daily requirement of iron 100% whole-wheat bread According to the Food and Nutrition Board of the National Research Council, you need twelve milligrams of iron in your diet daily. And listed below are the iron values of some common foods: Milligrams 1/2 cup cooked dry Lima beans 2. 1/2 cup cooked dry navy beans 2.8 6 slices white bread enriched 3. 6 slices whole-wheat bread 4.5 1 egg 1.4 1.2 1.3 1 baked potato, medium size 1.2 5 prunes 1.8 1 tablespoon raisins 1.5 1/2 cup cooked beet greens 2.7 1/2 cup collards 1.6 3. 1/2 cup dandelion greens 1/2 cup kale 2.5 1/2 cup turnip greens 2.5 1 ounce whole-wheat cereal 1.3 There are many advantages to correcting anemia, for it has been our experience in medical practice to find anemia associated with many ailments, ranging from arthritis to allergy; infections to headaches; nervousness to fatigue. And, happily, when we encourage the patient to eat correctly and give him a good anemia treat1/2 cup oatmeal 1/2 cup cooked green peas body tissues, and suffer first when these are not supplied. Vitamin deficiencies, especially of the B-complex factor, we now know affect nerve function. When we are anemic, our blood does not properly supply the nerves with oxygen and fuel; consequently, they become irritable, painful, or irregular in function. Give your blood a boost, and you help your nerves as well. It's that simple. There are many reasons for staying healthy, happy, and for maintaining a rich red blood stream—these are only a few. Now let's stop dragging around half-dead, with old worn-out blood. We should never be anemic, bloodless creatures. Let's be peppy and feel buoyantly alive by getting on a real heman blood-building program today and sticking with it from now on. If you do, you'll look younger, live longer, and stay happier. Keep Up on Health with Vegetable Protein Food Distributor Battle Creek Foods—Madison Foods Miller's—Worthington Foods Loma Linda—Nes-Pak Nuspred Soy Margarine Pickles in Lemon Juice Sunnydale Chicketts Lange Chops Order Now I Factory Prices! Write for our free price list and further information. J. C. DIMOCK P.O. Box 4364, TAKOMA PARK 12, D.C. Phone: HArrison 2-7844 RENEW YOUR llediAl Enjoy carefree relaxation under the Florida sun . . . Cool lake breezes . . . Peace of mind—away from clamoring resort crowds. Walker Memorial Sanitarium offers you the modern facilities of its departments of Dietetics, Surgery, Maternity, Laboratory, X-ray. Write for illustrated booklet "L" II ALHER MEMORIAL SAIIITARIUM & HOSPITAL MARCH, 1953 TO GIVE YOU 20% MORE JUICE ment, the symptoms of his illness mysteriously disappear. Now, we would not be one to say that anemia treatment alone will cure these myriad maladies. But it is only reasonable to assume that when a patient improves his blood, his body will be better able to cope with these illnesses and eliminate them. Perhaps no other illness responds so well to this anemia treatment as the modern all-American disease—nervousness. Nervous tension is so common in the "hurry-worry" world in which we live that we seldom take time to consider our bodies. Consequently, we neglect our diet, our rest, and our recreation, ending up anemic. Once our blood is improved, we somehow can take the tensions in stride. Some of our most grateful patients have been the "cases of nerves" who had anemia to blame for their irritability. This outcome is only reasonable, because nerves are the most delicate tissues in the body. They require oxygen and food to a higher degree than most AND BETTER FOOD SHREDDING Be sure that your body gets the right amounts of minerals and other elements needed for your daily activities. The easiest way to get these requirements is with fresh, concentrated juice and better food shredding with the K&K Juicer-Shredder Combination. The K&K Juicer is hydraulic and guaranteed to give you 20% more pulp-free juice than any other juicer! And the K&K Shredder works more efficiently and faster to give you better food shredding for tastier, easier-todigest soups, salads and desserts. Quick, efficient and easily operated. • hydraulic juicer unit delivers 3000 lbs. pressure shredder uses 1/4 hp guaranteed 110 volt motor • stainless steel shredder • life time service warranty!' • priced lowl • FREE... Send for free folder giving complete details! No obligation LH-3 Send to Knuth Engineering Company 2617 North St. Louis Chicago 47, Illinois jwproduelv Nam e Address _ City 16 lone State 31 Wisdom Teeth (Continued from page 15) ache, ringing, or dull headache. If the tooth is pressing on the nerve, a numbness will sometimes occur, usually in the lower lip. This numbness almost always goes away when the tooth is removed. Upper wisdom teeth sometimes cause more trouble than lower, because when infected they may in turn infect the sinuses of the face, causing much pain and discomfort. They too will cause dull headaches and earaches when pinching nerves. Occasionally wisdom teeth grow together with other teeth, and of course they have to be removed together. On these rare occasions a seemingly good HELP YOURSELF TO BETTER NEALT/II Protect yourself and your family against colds, fatigue, irritable rundown feeling, lack of "pep," digestive troubles, anemia, skin troubles, eye strain, nervousness when due to vitamin-mineral deficiencies. AMAZINGLY COMPLETE • BALANCED FORMULA • SUPER POTENT NUTRIFAX kritivil Minerals Provides I0 Vitamins Plus in One Small Tablet including B-12 the Blood Building Factor and Folic Acid 3 TO 20 TIMES ESTABLISHED, MINIMUM DAILY VITAMIN NEEDS! No two people are alike in their individual vitamin needs. That is why super-potent NUTRIFAX actually supplies as much as from 3 to 20 times the established minimum daily vitamin requirements. It helps make up for deficiencies and emergency requirements resulting from illnesses or unusual mental, nervous or physical activities. NUTRIFAX also helps compensate for vitamin loss caused by low calorie, weight control programs. This small tasty NUTRIFAX Tablet helps make vitamin deficient people feel 10 years younger! Your Daily Ration of Nutrifax Provides: 25,000 U.S.P. Units Vitamin A , Vitamin D (Irradiated Ergosterol) 1,500 U.S.P. Units Vitamin B-1 (Thiamin Chloride) 20 Milligrams 20 Milligrams Vitamin B-2 (Riboflavin) 5 Milligrams Vitamin B-6 (Pyridoxin) Vitamin B-12 10 Micrograms (germ. Active Conc.) 100 Milligrams Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid) Vitamin E (Alpha-Tocopheryl Acetate) 10 Int'l. Units Vitamin K, Active (Menadione) .1 Milligram 50 Milligrams Niacinamide 10 Milligrams Calcium Pantothenate 50 Milligrams Inositol Choline (Choline Bitartrate) 20 Milligrams 1 Milligram Folic Acid 10 Milligrams Para-Aminobenzoic Acid 20 Micrograms Biotin 0.1 Milligram Rutin Lemon Peel Infusion (Vitamin P Concentrate) 30 Milligrams 5 Milligrams Chlorophyll (Water Soluble) MINERALS UNDUPLICATED FOR PRICE AND PROTECTION Calcium NUTRIFAX, product of Wm. T. Thompson Co., one of America's great vitamin laboratories, is the result of years of scientific research. No other vitamin-mineral tablet duplicates the protection of NUTRIFAX at its low price. You might pay three times as much and get no more. Guard yourself against known Phosphorus (Calcium Pyrophosphate) 450 Milligrams 10 Milligrams Iron (Ferrous Gluconate) Iodine (Potassium Iodide) 0.4 Milligram Manganese 7.5 Milligrams (Manganese Sulfate) 0.2 Milligram Cobalt (Cobalt Sulfate) Molybdenum (Sodium Molybdate) 0.4 Milligram 0.2 Milligram Copper (Copper Sulfate) 0.5 Milligram Zinc (Zinc Sulfate) Potassium (Potassium Sulfate) 4.0 Milligrams Fluorine (Calcium Fluoride). 0.2 Milligram vitamin-mineral deficiencies. 180 Tablets only $7 Thompson manufactures "Every Vitamin For Every Need." When you buy vitamins, look for the Thompson name on the label! Compare the potency—compare the price and you, too, will realize that when you select Thompson, you get a better buy. AT ALL HEALTH FOOD COUNTERS (If not available, order direct.) WM. T. THOMPSON CO. ST. LOUIS 3, MO. 32 DEPT. C LOS ANGELES 27, CALIF. tooth must be removed to get an offending wisdom tooth. Many complications occur from impacted wisdom teeth, some rare and some quite common. One of the most common is the much-discussed separated, or dry, socket. It occurs more frequently than is admitted. Usually in the wisdom tooth areas it is due to infection. Once in a while a lowerjaw nerve will pass through a thirdmolar root. The nerve will be squeezed and became numb, definitely complicating extraction. Other rare deviations from the normal connection with these wisdom teeth include a tumor or cyst. Sometimes even teeth or hair may form inside the tumor, which, growing continually, must be wholly removed because of its very destructive nature and possible grave danger to health. Another deviation is a cyst that grows at the end of the roots. It destroys surrounding bone and pushes aside other structures. This cyst must be removed, and the sac extracted completely. Still another deviation is a very destructive growth called the ameloblastoma. If left unattended, it grows rapidly and may even necessitate removal of part of the jaw structure. This growth returns once in a while even after removal. Again it must be stressed that these conditions are not common by any means. Many bodily ailments can stem from the infection of wisdom teeth and surrounding areas. Sore throats often do so. Wisdom teeth do decay, and it is well established that the germs found in a type of heart-lining inflammation are also found in decayed teeth. Any heart specialist will advise minute attention to and rapid removal of any mouth infections in heart disease patients. Pain in the back of the neck or in the joints of the body should lead a patient to suspect perhaps some dental infection, other causes being eliminated. Another common signpost to wisdom tooth delinquency is crowded front teeth. The pressure of growing wisdom teeth may crowd the front teeth out of line and into some peculiar formations. After one has considered the problems wisdom teeth can present, it would seem wise to keep ahead of these booby traps in the mouth by taking preventive steps by attacking first instead of fighting a defensive battle later. Have your X-ray pictures taken regularly, and follow the advice of your dentist so that he may keep your teeth in good health. LIFE & HEALTH I Am Tired of Love and Security (Continued from page 9) motion, who goes from here to there and there to here, and back and forth and forth and back, until one is reminded of a hummingbird. He is the lad who has no sense of property values. He "didn't mean to steal the lovely gold watch that belonged to his neighbor, but just thought it was mislaid." It looked so pretty that he wanted it, so he took it. There again is the "I want" and the "I get" philosophy. He is the child (and there are so many like him!) who winds up as a statistic in a social study. He's a case history in the child guidance clinic. He is the darling of the child psychiatrist, who recently came to town to practice after several years in the cloistered halls of institutional learning. The psychiatrist offers nothing but love and security. This caricature of a man (the infant is not a little adult, you know) "What you don't know will hurt you." Parents must show disapproval of antisocial actions. Reproof and rebuke must be as freely given as love and kisses. There are useful fears and useful inhibitions. And the rights of others must be respected; otherwise all is bedlam. We just don't throw things because we feel like it; someone else might get hurt. Education is teaching the future adult, who is now a baby, to adjust to the time lag between "I want" and "I get," and begins by the establishment of conditioned reflexes. If a switch is needed to help institute a bit of obedience and self-discipline, it will also help in preparing your child for a better life. And it has nothing to do with love and security. Solomon was right when he said, "Withhold not correction from the child." Then he added assurance to parents that "if thou beatest him with the rod, he shall not die." This means that discipline even to the point of the stick has Biblical sanction. I am tired of all this talk of love and security, and it's about time that American mothers and fathers went back to the old-fashioned stick and a bit of reproof and rebuke. America would be a safer, happier, and healthier place should we see the light, and stop mollycoddling our children with love and kisses, love and security. has no more regard for the honeyed words of his mother as he protests loudly at her fond embraces and reassurances that she loves him than he Heating Chest Pack would have if she would use the words hate and detest. He has no regard for (Continued from page 11) coaxing language; he is merely mani2. Wring *moist compress thorfesting his total frustration in not oughly from tap water and apply. being able to get what he wants when 3. Cover quickly with dry flannel he wants it, and right now. He is deand pin securely. bauched by his emotions, because he has not learned any definite response. Precautions It is the learning process beginning 1. The wet compress should be well the very first day of life that develops covered to avoid chilling and to useful habits of living in the child aid in a prompt reaction. and finally makes him a successful 2. Take care that the chest pack man. His ability to adjust, meet his is not so tight as to restrict needs, and live in peace and comfort circulation or interfere with with his fellow man is to be taught breathing. from the first day of life. Indications It is the responsibility of parents to see that useful habits of living are 1. Colds that hang on. developed in their child. The Chris2. Influenza of respiratory type. tian doctrine is the epitome of what I 3. During convalescence from pneumean. monia. (Only a dry chest pack Parents must be aware of the may be used during the acute rhythm of living and habit formation. condition.) Night follows day, food satisfies hun4. Whooping cough, croup, and ger, rest eliminates the fatigue of exsimilar illnesses. ertion. Since the time element is so 5. Pleurisy. For robust patients the moist pack may be used immedidifferent in early childhood, constant ately after application of heat, repetition is needed. Mealtime must not be neglected. It but for those with low vitality the dry chest pack should be is indeed of more importance in child used. A hot-water bottle should training than the menu and the'numbe applied outside the pack. ber of vitamins it contains. MARCH, 1953 The products advertised in LIFE AND HEALTH are: Beautifully Located in a Suburb of Our Nation's Capital T HIS modern general hospital maintains therapeutic standards aimed at bringing new strength and vigor to body, mind, and spirit of each medical, surgical, and obstetrical case admitted. EUGENE LELAND MEMORIAL HOSPITAL Riverdale, Maryland Niblack WHEAT GERM, is chockfull of the kind of food energy that makes you feel better—enjoy life morel Use as ready-toeat cereal, or In making candies and baked goods. Remarkably rich in vitamins, minerals and protein. r--- SPECIAL INTRODUCTORY OFFER ❑ FREE Folder with 26 Recipes for Wheat Germ 0 2 packages (16 oz. each) of Niblack's Wheat Germ. $1.00 Name Address Town NIBLACK FOODS State 2 Magnolia Street Rochester, New York 33 a,k9ifless FOR HUSBADDS NOD WIUES By Harold Shryock, M.D. In this excellent treatise of personal relationships in the home, both the physiological and the psychological factors that disturb conjugal harmony are discussed with professional skill. Courtship, honeymoon, merging of personalities, intellectual and emotional adjustments, sane attitudes toward sex, and many other vital aspects of wholesome Christian living are presented with keen insight. Price, $2.75 tit:ALTO aod 1100E NVOSING and A. manual that lias been painstakingly prepared by competent medical authorities for the guidance of the home. nurse Maproved technignes are outlined- in treating both CO' acute ailments, and incure cooperating, withboth the family physicianand in of diseases, noncontagious communicable. 311a Also contains devotional stitches on health. the prevention 'Price, $5.00 ART.. 0 1,3 R RE tyle C. Shepard, M.D. BY AlVorl anti Care practical treatise -written in nontechnical language for the it S care for heart layman. Doubtless it is the most comprehensive explanation of heart disease symptoms and Ileart,care that has been printed reof invaluable aid.Cloth, cently. Sufferers with heart book ailments or those 0.00 patients will ftna this 'Paper, $1.50 PRICES HIGHER IN CANADA ADD SALES TAX WHERE NECESSARY REVIEW AND HERALD PUBLISHING ASSOCIATION Washington 12, D.C. 34 LIFE & HEALTH The LAZAR House of the past is Not Tolerated any more. The hospital housekeeping service of today ensures an atmosphere that is healthful—SPIC and SPAN—trained personnel, electrical power machines, chemical disinfectants and deodorants, ventilation, air-conditioning— united for one purpose. SANITARIUM AND HOSPITAL Takoma Park, Washington 12, D.C. •••1/4 OW gee AO,,••••..... S.• ...... je .. ...... ... ',II, Mk % GREAT VOLUMES, TO MEET THE BASIC NEEDS OF YOUR HOME A Joy to Behold— e A Pleasure to Read— I le A Pride to Own!/ 1" HOMEMAKERS' HOME. J"-i) HEALTH COOK BOOK WHY be sick when you may be well? Health makes life worth living. Profusely illustrated in black and white, also many full-color illustrations. These indispensable volumes will more than pay for themselves in a short time., momon MEDICAL counsnon eornu NOME IV HIIS YfALIM COOK BOOK MODERN MEDICAL COUNSELOR Your health—how to preserve it. Illness—how to recognize and prevent it. Accumulated knowledge of thousands of physicians and surgeons. TELLS WHAT TO DO IN SUDDEN EMERGENCIES— • • • • • • When the children come home SICK! When a BONE IS BROKEN! When somebody GETS BURNED! When someone is BADLY CUT! When POISON has been swallowed! When HEART FAILURE, HEMORRHAGE, and other emergencies occur! Not designed to do away with all need for the doctor but provides the most reliable health guidance ever offered for family use. May save your life or the life of someone dear to you. Tells you what to do while waiting for the doctor, or when troubled by minor everyday sicknesses. In an emergency one quick reference may make all the difference between life and death. YOUR HOME AND HEALTH Also available in beautiful de luxe, morocco-grained artcraft binding at slight extra cost. Lai HOMEMAKERS' COOKBOOK No one has a fair chance in life who does not have a proper diet. Here is a guide to basic problems of correct nutrition. Over 1,000 proved recipes, together with simplified charts and tables, make it easy to evaluate and select foods for a balanced diet. Careful instruction on how to plan tasty, healthful meals for the entire family at a minimum cost. THIS VOLUME BRINGS YOU THE KEY TO ALL THESE: • • • • • • • Secret of happy marriage. Problems of the mother. Understanding the child. Health begins at home. Feeding the family. Clothes for the family. Home nursing. THE STRENGTH OF A NATION IS IN ITS HOMES. Don't risk another day without these volumes. Mail us a card and we will send you full particulars concerning any one or all three—without obligation. REVIEW AND HERALD PUBLISHING ASSN. Washington 12. D.C.
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