AU 2012 Deciding how to BIM in CLOUDS

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AU 2012 Deciding how to BIM in CLOUDS
• AU 2012 – Mandalay Hotel, Las Vegas
Deciding how to BIM in a Cloud
Class BO1861 – Thursday,
Nov 29, 2012, 8-9:30am – 90 minutes
Class Description
Over a hundred owners, architects, engineers, contractors, and software developers engaged in
a more than 2-year academic study to identify and prioritize Building Information Modeling
(BIM) approaches to cloud-based computing. At DIT – 2008 to 2009; Eco-Build 2010
This knowledge was then applied to support a BIM project, oriented to Autodesk® Revit®, for a
large organization that budgeted for a 3-month project. At Eco-Build 2011
Our BIM cloud approach was completed under budget in just 3 days!
The lessons learned from BIM and Revit modeling in a rapid-fire environment are specified and
compared as a decision process map
to traditional and non-cloud processes and results
Using practice guidelines from the National Building Information Modeling Standards
Example templates are available to attendees along with this “how to” guide. See the
Additional Class Materials for the Visio file.
• Learning Objectives: Deciding to BIM in a Cloud (Slide 3)
1. Appreciating the world wide BIM community – a short personal history of Alan’s research,
Kimon, Alan, Bob and others work on a bimXML standard for a National BIM Standard 2.0;
2. Locating Key tools and perspectives (NBIMS Standards) you can actually apply to leverage smart
solutions to big problems: Package the NBIMS 2.0 sandwich between two slices of “common
sense” maps;
3. Pilot testing a project using a BIMStorm Cloud strategy – using Revit and other applications to
evaluate the costs and impacts of renovating a specific building and thus test Alan’s working
research hypothesis;
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4. Knowing how to apply Autodesk’s vast network into your strategy;
5. Pulling it all together for a specific future project: Designing a working Process Map for doing
BIM in a CLOUD; Caveats and Look ahead at a few metatrends.
Introduction – Who we are (Slide 4)
Bob Smith, Ph.D.
Professor Emeritus, CSU (25 years – decision support systems; strategic planning at Fed, State,
and Local levels);
Currently Chair of Green Energy Committee, City of Huntington Beach, CA, Environmental
Director of Resiliency Engineering at Tall Tree Labs; SG Consortium
Lead on the NIBS’s NBIMS 2.0 Implementation Committee – LoD and Information Architecture;
C-FIRE Council.
[email protected]
Alan Redmond, MRICS, MCIOB
RICS – Royal Institute of Chartered Surveyors; Chartered Institute of Building
Council on Finance, Insurance, Real Estate (C-FIRE), National Institute of Building Sciences
MARS City – NASA and NIBS;
STEM Integration and Resilience Engineering demonstrations;
[email protected] .
Towards Full Disclosure (Slide 5)
1. Focus on BIM Cloud Diagrams, Maps & Layers for geospatial context and professional conflict
resolution early in the process:
1. Using an explicit Information Architecture in 3D for a project; AND
2. Professional and standards development organizations;
3. Geo-spatial topics around Floor Plans for 1st Responders, Energy Auditors,
Commissioning Agents; Insurance Rate Policy Designers;
4. Bob is NOT a Revit user- has read James Vandezande’s Revit Architecture 2013
Essentials and is a frequent So Calif. Revit User Group attendee.
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2. What we are NOT addressing: (See other AU Classes)
1. technical security topics;
2. Legal litigation topics;
3. Community goal alignments and mediation;
4. Ideal standards development for CLOUD BIM;
perceptual details of design graphics and the evolution of BIM ideas over the past
Learning Objective 1: The world wide BIM Community (Slide 6)
1. A short personal history and context
You and your team want to pilot test doing BIM on a Cloud for a real or hypothetical
2. Alan’s surveys in Ireland indicated several years ago that a market exists for a collaborative
BIM Server on a cloud. His subsequent search led him to the US and the National Institute of
Building Science. Deke Smith, Executive Director. Building SMART Alliance (bSa)
recommended BIMStorm 2010 and the NBIMS 1.0. See next slide
3. Plans were also underway to publish a NBIMS 2.0 with 3 major topics (Bob heavily involved
with Best Practices guidelines and working towards International Standards Organization
Best Practice Guidance
Information Exchange Standards
Reference Standards
4. Use these Best Practice Guidance to help your team SCOPE the problems, define your roles
and relationships, and formalize a process. Perhaps your firm has already done this? If not,
the web version makes It easy to custom design your own BIM Guides and Project Execution
Guides. Just need to add Cloud Decision front end
5. BUT the NBIMS 2.0 Guidance largely ignores Cloud topics and related key project
boundaries and hurdles;
• How Bob and Alan got “here” with BIM* Templates (Slide 7)
from ~1988 thinking about extending CAD files to knowledge bases for 2014-2016 city
sustainability design (Post Sandy….)
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2008-2010 Dublin Institute of Technology’s Grant from CITA….and the goal of Irish Superiority in
Construction Productivity; 2009: 100+ surveyed or interviewed about viability of cloud
computing with BIM using a population (sample) mixture of randomly selected respondents in
Ireland (50 consumers – contractors – architects etc.) and non-random 40 vendors from
countries, such as USA, UK, Ireland and Australia.
Dec. - 2010 Eco-Build: Alan connects with Deke Smith, Kimon Onuma- and the California
Community College FUSION database;
March, 2011: Alan’s Delphi work at the interfaces of FUSION, GIS, and ONUMA SYSTEMS, plus
significant further integration by others, results in opening up the full system;
Dec.- 2011 Eco-Build: Apply research to a specific building during BIMStorm to validate working
Hypothesis on bimXML and SlimBIM data architecture;
Jan. -2012 NBIMS 2.0 Ballot Submittal for a bim XML – Cloud & XML issues confound the formal
Jun.- 2012 Framing the Implementation issues and framing the Lessons Learned for the new
NBIMS 3.0 Team;
Aug. - 2012 Adapting Owners Performance Requirements Tools to Calif. Office of Planning and
Research Strategic Growth Framework;
Ongoing- 2012 Co-Designing a Smart City Building Management system for California
Ongoing- 2013 MARS CITY explorations around NASA and NIBS;
Oct.- 2012 – Summer of 2013 AIA 2030 and Smart Building Management Certification – AIA
2013, Denver, Colorado.
* BIM and BIMStorm Templates
What Alan’s survey of over 100 experts showed: (Slide 8)
A Cloud BIM Server is feasible, but:
1. Design and Operational topics
1. Need SlimBIM (as Software As A Service - SaaS)
2. Supply Chain mobilization and marketing
3. Earlier design decisions leverages the W Curve
4. Legal contracts around Intellectual Property Rights and data ownership
2. Major Drivers to understand
1. Needs for unlimited access to extensive Big Data
2. Significantly improved efficiency and reduced costs
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3. Interoperability within and between the major vendors and the increasingly
large number of 3rd party specialized software vendors (See the Software
Ecosystem on Slide # 29)
3. Technology Shift
1. Only innovators will use Cloud BIM in the near future
2. Cloud security solutions will lead to rapid adoption
3. Cloud BIM clauses must be inserted into legal contracts; Federal and State
trends in this direction in the US and UK, Singapore appear positive
4. Anticipate both a Business Pull and a Technology Push
4. Standard Business Practices and Processes
1. Only companies with a need to collaborate with different companies will be
interested; Companies using one vendor (i.e. Intergraph) will not likely be
2. Basic information exchange must be assured
3. Different Professions and Disciplines will require different kinds of data
4. Storage and Documentation issues must be resolved after Proof of Concept
What Alan developed – a Cloud BIM Architecture (Slide 9)
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See Slide 9
Objective 2: Locating Key tools & perspectives in advance of your project launch (Slide 10)
Locating Key tools and Perspectives – a perspective on where Cloud collaboration fits in is
mostly likely needed by BIM Managers. In our discussions at professional meetings the
awareness of available standards, guidance, and tools is minimal. Here are a few
1. NBIMS Standards you can actually apply to leverage smart solutions to big
problems; bSa/ NIBS membership for individual is $75 a year and too low, IMHO.
Additional funds for specific projects may be proposed and accepted by the bSa and
NIBS Board.
1. The National Institute of Building Sciences -
1. Their Whole Building Design Guide -
2. Building Smart Alliance (bSa)
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3. The National BIM Standard
4. International Building Smart Alliance
5. Construction Operations Building Information Exchange (COBie)
2. Need to re-package the NBIMS 2.0 sandwich between two slices of “common sense”
process maps which include Finance and Real Estate sectors, plus better COBie
integration with early planning and later performance and maintenance topics;
1. Committee on Finance, Insurance and Real Estate (C-FIRE)
3. BIM Forum - Contractor – Engineering orientation on Applied
BIM – see the BIM Level of Detail topics especially; ~ $125 year to join.
4. Fiatech - Owner – Public Private Partnership group with a
coherent Road Map to achieving increased performance in the Construction Sector;
very active committee structure. Pay to Play:
5. BIM Score – an advisory company with powerful metrics worth paying for if you are
a sufficiently large and complex construction firm or a very savvy owner
2. Ask your company’s CIO and Operations Manager about customizing a company-specific
BIM Manual like AECOM, HOK, DRM, the VA, GSA, major universities, and many other
organizations. Remember that the National BIM Standard 2.0 is web enabled and designed
for an organization to easily customize the sections of text that fit their needs. See the
Introduction chapter at – use the Guest sign in OR simply
join bSa. It will eventually take you to
where you register for the Project Execution Plan templates and collateral materials. We
recommend considering these guides as general purpose and deserve careful reading and
study sessions. Ask questions about their assumptions of linearity and engineering
orientation. Check with your Information Technology department after scanning Kristine
Fallon’s chapter in the Practice section of the National BIM Standard 2.0.
Key STEPS (Skude 11)
1. and their meaning for taking action in positive steps with and without a formal
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2. The Penn State Templates from John Messner, Ph.D., (available by following the
NBIMS 2.0 links to ) assume a
linear progression. Their assumptions may work after the initial designs have been
hammered out and evaluated in a BIMStorm post action assessment.
3. Deciding on a course of action Map -Strategic, Tactical, Operational distinction; Types of
Decisions; Describing a prescriptive vs. descriptive decision; No slides or the Templates
4. Using Revit BIM and Building Information Modeling Information Exchange Standards; Show URL
to and sign in as a GUEST (or better yet, become a member);
5. Cloud computing and Collaborative Building Modeling using the “Ecosystem” approach; Kimon’s
Ecosystem slide #23 illustrates some of the many kinds of tools available).
6. Physical Buildings and Digital Building Modeling Distinctions and current practices, future
“catalogs”; See Jeff’s 1 or 2 slides
Roles of adaptive tracking and fast learning of errors, Early Train Wrecks in a BIMStorm;
1. Conscious design of a “BIG Little Design Room” for Cloud BIM production;
NIBS Now (Dropped from the PPT) We expect a new organizational chart to be developed
shortly. Note the three major groupings – Security and Disaster; Facility Performance; and
Information Resources & Technology. Our primary focus is on the yellow section – bSa and its
international umbrella organization – bSi (Building Smart International). The NIBS was
established by US Congress in the 1970s as a Public Private Partnership dedicated to
industrializing the fragmented and poorly organized Architectural – Engineering – Construction
– Owners and Operators sectors using information technologies to eliminate the nearly $1.6
billion a day of wasted time and effort entering and reentering data at each and every stage of
the life cycle of a building. By taking a life cycle – cradle to cradle – view of the processes, and
achieving early integration of a design as a Building Information Model, and being able to use
and re-use that digital model, very significant improvement in quality and reduced costs will be
expected. Since the 1970’s, commercial and industrial buildings have become significantly more
complicated and require sophisticated building automation control systems that can link into
the emerging Smart Grid technologies while balancing risks of cyber warfare.
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NIBS Now (See X for Next Version)
National Institute of
Building Sciences
Security & Disaster
Building Seismic
Safety Council (BSSC)
Mitigation Council
Facility Performance and
Information Resources &
High Performance
Buildings Council
Whole Building
Design Guide (WBDG)
Building Enclosure
Technology and
Environment Council
Multihazard Risk
Assessment / HAZUS
National Mechanical
Insulation Committee
Total Building
Courtesy of Deke Smith, buildingSMART alliance
Facility Maintenance
and Operations
Committee (FMOC)
Clearinghouse for
Educational Facilities
Slide dropped from the PPT
National BIM Standard version 2.0 and Table of Contents (Slide 12)
NBIMS 2.0 – How to BIM according to the
NBIMS Standard 2.0
Slide 12
This document was released after considerable debate during the late Summer of 2012. Both Alan and
Bob with a dozen + others, worked on the unsuccessful ballot in late 2011 for bimXML without having
met. The major bimXML contention was the opinion of some IFC experts that XML and bimXML in
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particular were not ready for the market. The bimXML ballot was removed and resubmitted as a “Blue
Sky Proposal” for the following cycle. Meanwhile the approved ballots were integrated to the extent
possible. The sections that received attention are the Project Execution Planning (PxP) chapters that
should have integrated cleanly with the Strategy and Minimum BIM chapters.
BIM Best Practice Guidelines – your team should read carefully Chapters 5.6 then Chapters 5.3 & 5.4
for the purpose of customizing your company specific BIM Strategy and Practice Manual in a way that
enables Cloud BIM and rapid modification of strategies and tactics that prove cumbersome and
unworkable. As you can see, the depth of some topics is excellent, but others may be less effective for
your team’s use.
DRAFT -the AECom team (Slide 14) introduced PxP V 2.0 – Managers of the AECom made a very
comprehensive two hour presentation last September at USC’s Practical BIM workshop. They explained,
section by section, how their management team had worked thru John Messner’s PxP guidelines and
adopted what worked into their corporate manual.
Are you using the most current NBIMS Practice Guides? However, AECom did not select the most
recent version. It should not be difficult to so organize a topic map with Oxygen XML or other XML topic
editing tool to merge versions and adapt improvements as reported from field testing this “living policy
and guideline document”.
Big Picture Slide 15
Big Picture (IFC Pathway)
Slide 15
Remember that this Project Execution Plan needs to be customized to your corporate requirements and
aligned with the unique requirements of a BIMStorm and Cloud Computing for early collaboration among
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the entire set of disciplines (Owners, Commissioning Agents, Architects, Building Maintenance staff, MEP
engineers, financial consultants, etc.). Pay particular attention to the 4 graphics in the 3 rd column – the Gantt
chart, the Swim Lane Chart, the Spreadsheets, and the summary Infrastructure for CLOUD BIM
implementation (if desired).
This Project Execution Plan includes over 2 dozen common BIM use cases. They are listed in Slide 20, below.
However, we urge adopters to carefully think about these use cases in BIM Cloud contexts. They provide a
great starting agenda for a comprehensive but not necessarily creative project.
Are you locating & applying the available Use Case TEMPLATES coherently? Part 1 of 2 from
NBIMS 2.0 – discussed above.
NBIMS 2.0 Templates for Cloud BIM’s 8 Strategic Issues (Slide 17) – Alan has talked with John
Messinger while developing the template to address his PhD dissertation requirements and to
evaluate the efficacy of both the BIMStorm’s data access and bimXML size/speed factors
Locating tools and perspectives:
BIM Forum .ORG – “Levels of Detail” is an important effort to clarify boundaries between disciplines. As
more firms move to Cloud computing, cross discipline teams that are problem focused will get design
conflicts identified and removed early into the DIGITAL or VIRTUAL model, and then focus upon
execution at the PHYSICAL level.
Locating tools & perspectives – committees working within the Road Map framework will have a strong competitive
advantage. Membership should be sought. Is this in your firm’s budget yet?
Fiatech’s 2010 Standards Landscape – This provides a good overview of how a BIM Manager of a
BIMStorm project might want to organize an agenda.
• Objective 3: Piloting a Project in a BIMStorm Cloud – an easy way to
test if Cloud BIM is for you and your organization! (Slide 20)
What is a BIMStorm?: Essentially, a 1-3 day Charrette in a Cloud with 5 to 500 participants working with
a BIM Server from anywhere on the globe to design and develop a virtual facility or campus of facilities
in 2D, 3D, 4D, and 5D by massive collaboration around a central theme. An entire ecosystem of 3 rd party
and mainstream IFC and XML based applications makes exchange of team information using BIM Mail
almost effortless. These events are usually free, have extensive pre-Charrette training, and persist after
the exercise is completed, making BIMs and reports available to study and share.
2. How long have BIMStorms been available? Over 5 years.
3. What are the advantages and disadvantages of a BIMStorm Pilot? –
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1. Advantages: Huge opportunity for individuals unfamiliar with architecture, engineering,
construction to quickly learn how to develop a BIM from a spreadsheet; convert that into a floor
plan in 2D; then convert that into a 3D model in Google Earth; to shape and reshape the size and
location of a Campus site, a building, a floor, a space on that floor, equipment and sensors in
that space; to use standard defaults to quickly estimate costs; LEED ratings; energy efficiency;
etc. The cost to participate is zero: just add time and attention.
2. Disadvantages: Will require paying close attention to getting a design right; learning how to
communicate and share with others; to realize you have made some bad mistakes and need to
start all over again will try some people’s patience; getting the needed gestalt for working in a
cloud context may be too frustrating for those with low tolerance for ambiguity.
Additional Decision Options: (Slide 21)We did not officially do a Rational
Multi-Attribute Decision Analysis; you could attend Greg Hale’s class and work
thru his 7 choices;
Onuma Systems + Fusion + GIS (we use this)
CSG Revit Model Hosting
Advance 2000
Autodesk 360 (Buzzsaw rebranded)
Why we selected OS to work with our Revit BIM – Slide 22
Cloud BIM pioneer;
Cost (Free for Alan; $45 a month for Bob);
Pilot worked;
Training and Video;
Revit 12 Plug-in consultant (Amber H.);
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BIMStorms are an excellent opportunity to test ideas and get feedback from a wide range of
professionals from different disciplines and interests.
Slide 23 – BIM Server of Splendid Types of Software: Note the bimXML, IFC, Web Services Distinctions?
Your Revit workstation can exchange information with many other software applications
because of - Autodesk’s long time commitment to industry wide “interoperability” as
developed in the bSa’s National BIM Standard 1.0 as Industry Foundation Class (IFC – the
basic data structure model), Information Delivery Manual (IDM for “flowcharts” and swim
lanes showing the logical sequence of operations and logical decisions), the Data
Definitions for clear and unambiguous terms, and MVD to pull all the content into format.
A bSa sub-committee has been working on improving the IFC by using a modified
structure called bimXML or SlimBIM. In addition, this diagram highlights (look at the
bottom of the slide – Web Services – which makes it easy to Mash Up data from many
other applications and data sources in real time. Slide 23
Revit & BIMStorm Cloud Workflow Basics in Six Steps: 1-team members 3 and 15 initiate
some basic elements; 2 – using Excel, GE, Revit to set up Step 3- a list of buildings, floors,
rooms, space layouts so that 4 – a 2D visualization of structures and performance
concerns can be key topics of conversations between members 3,4,5,9 and 15 using
Onuma to process and route data about cost, energy, size, configuration changes
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(Scenarios) to reach 5 – a 4D or 5D visualization suitable for even more considerations of
changes and consequences. Slide 24
In the beginning there was a Demographic data estimate from some Market Intelligence
Investment service. – possibly based on Calif. Gov. Brown’s OPR & SGC: and translated into Space
Needs which runs from Space Planning to Concept Resolution to Detailed Design. The Office of
Planning and Research (OPR) and the State’s Strategic Growth Council – have commissioned
Calthorpe Associates to develop an open source Land Use-Transportation- Population – Resource
Requirement scenarios that can be operated to test various scenarios at a multi county, single
county, or a city level consistent with State law and City General Plans. It is expected that these
planning scenarios will soon be integrated with BIMStorms and CityGML as indicated in the prior
slide 23.
Strategic Roadmaps from NBIMS 2.0 (Slide 25) is the TEMPLATE in MS Visio available for download from the
Class BO1861 Site to customize for your team or organization. This is the top level view, with each block having
its own drill down set of detailed steps and check points. We strongly recommend considering the collaboration
tasks needed prior to and in parallel with Block 1, below. See Slides 54 and 55, below.
Determine if NBIMS 2.0 Templates for Cloud BIM’s 8 Strategic Issues works as anticipated
in Research Methods Chapter. Slide 30 shows the high level modified Template available from Penn
State via the National BIM website. Currently the templates are available as a MS VISIO
2010 file. Allan used these MS VISIO files to select and program his steps to test the PhD dissertation
assumptions about the feasibility of developing and sharing small and accurate bimXML (SlimBIM)
files in the Cloud. (again, slide 25)
The Client – CCC’s Site at Miracosta College Oceanside (MCO) Slide 26
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Campus is on FUSION – ONUMA BIM Server: Slide 31 shows FACILITY BUILDING 4200 in
the context of the California Community College’s Facility Utilization Space Inventory
Option Net (FUSION) System. There are several different FUSION websites - The most
relevant website is . However,
internal contacts are available from
71 million square feet of community colleges statewide – 2.75 million students – 112
California locations;
One of 5,200 buildings in the California Community College (CCC) Facility Condition
Assessment program;
Survey in November 2010 indicated graphically on a facility condition map that the MCO
Facility Building 4200 had a Facility Condition Index (FCI) of greater than 10% and thus
should be demolished.
Demolish Building 4002? (Slide 27)
Creating a BIM of “Facility 4200” Retrofit and 3D – 4D – 5D models (Slide 28)
Revit 2012 model developed at a low level of detail
Project created in OS + FUSION + GIS Cloud
Problem to solve: use this Cloud platform to report retrofit costs vs. demolition costs to
Client (Fred Harris, VP, CCC);
Use appropriate 3rd party tools to develop 3D to 5D models with cost and
performance data: Google Earth, DDS, Vasari EA, Synchro, Costos, Palisades Risk
Step 1 – Access FUSION+GIS+ONUMA System view of campus (Slide 29) – Give user name and
password to the system; Select a Studio (FUSION Studio) and note the Campus; add a new project;
Duplicate the selected building to your new project; Activate Google Earth to observe the site.
Step 2 – Understand the buildings Facility Condition Index (FCI) of greater than 10%. (Slide 30) Reports
indicate that this building should be considered for demolition. Alan believes it can be renovated at
lower costs than previously estimated. He builds the case.
Step 3 – Correct FUSION errors -Configuring the Excel square dimensions into existing
Facilities building footprint (FUSION+GIS+ONUMA) (Slide 31) – Not all FUSION buildings are
accurately represented; some buildings are missing room locations and length-width
dimensions in square feet.
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Step 4 – Keep working on getting the missing files -Download Floor Plan JPEG from FUSION to
Project (Slide 32) After some effort, Alan is able to locate the floor plan jpeg file and can now
move forward to developing improved 3D visualization of Building 4002.
Step 5 – Access DDS for improved 3D modelling and views of Developed Building (Slide 33)
Alan accesses and loads a DDS view
Step 6 – Bring in Vasari Energy Analysis per Roadmap (Slide 34) Alan decides to use Vasari
Energy Analysis application and obtains the needed data as estimates; Alan extends the data
Step 7 – Bring in Synchro 4D Program (Slide 35) From Synchro 4D program Alan is able to
obtain and analyse required data needed to now perform detailed Cost Analysis.
Step 8 – Bring in COSTOS for 5D BIM analysis and modelling (Slide 36) As shown in the next
two slides, Alan synthesizes much data from having carefully structured the Building Settings
Form in the OS.
Step 9 – Scrutenize the Cost Data and Simulate Options-Figure 9.18 Facility Building cost
estimate produced by CostOS 4 (Slide 37) Almost finished, Alan applies his extensive costing
framework experience with CostOS to construct the Report shown here.
Step 10 - Run Palisade Risk Analysis and record results – Monte Carlo Simulation (Slide 38) To
further refine his work, Alan performs Risk Analysis simulations and reports results as
Step 11 - Verify File Size Differences (127 x) (Slide 39) – a primary concern in CLOUD
computing is the size of files needing to be accessed. With slow applications working with huge
multi-MB files, hours are wasted while different simulations are attempted. This 127 x factor
was believed to be significant. Further comparative work needs to be done in other contexts
and on other Cloud applications. Do you know your Revit file size profile and your expected
wait times?
STEP 12 -Wrap Up the BIMStorm in a Cloud Experiment – synthesize findings of what bimXML
and IFC allows – Ideal interoperability flows between Cloud Apps and BIM Server (Slide 40) –
This slide is the “Poster Child” Slide for BIM marketing slides, but is seldom questioned. Alan
has questioned and applied the identified 3rd party applications using IFC and bimXML to import
and export data needed to reach a cost feasibility decision in 3 days. This was NOT a strict time
accounting by the minute effort but rather a start-to-finish count of days. Alan had been
informed that this was a 3 month effort, so 3 days rather than 90 days is appreciated.
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Behind the scenes described above are a number of potentially frustrating decisions
when you are exchanging information between Revit and OS.
This section goes into more depth explaining what you as a Revit user should be aware
of when considering a BIMStorm pilot. See Greg’s presentation for advice using other
Cloud strategies.
• Revit Guides to BIMStorm Cloud Projects
Revit Export & Round Trip Options for typical building (Slide 41) See the OS
Help screens for connectivity between OS and Revit.
Onuma Revit 2011/2012 (Setup Slide 42) you first need to install the Plug Ins. I
asked Amber this week about Revit Architecture 2013 but she has been very busy with
double BIMStorm projects. Hopefully her answer will arrive before the AU event. If not,
simply check the FAQ and Comments section on the Connectivity page
Follow the Red Path (Slide 43) the red lines show the sequence of tasks you
need to take.
Import bimXML into Revit 2012 (Slide 43) provides additional information.
Collaboration Options between Revit Software Developers, BSA committees
(Slide 44) – there exist a number of opportunities within bSa and outside of bSa
for Revit developers and Cloud BIM service providers to lift the entire industry’s
productivity. This slide shows one approach. Many Blogs exist to help your
productivity efforts.
Again, if you have insights on how to improve the industry by adding a new standard or
two, do not be shy in putting your ideas into a Ballot form. The Project Committee
structure for NBIMS 3.0 is starting, and the January meeting in Washington DC should
produce specifics. Stay tuned by signing up for NBIMS 3.0 information
Objective 4: Where Autodesk’s vast network can fit (Slide 46)
Disclaimer by Bob and Alan goes about here…
Where Autodesk’s vast network fits into your strategy:
Autodesk on the Cloud;
Autodesk REVIT user groups (i.e. SCRUG);
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Autodesk University;
BIM and CLOUD search yields
Part of this will be anticipating other content at the AU 2012 Sessions
BIM – CLOUD Issues for Revit BIM Managers and Teams Slide 52
Brian Mackey (The Revit Geek) on AEC Magazine article by Carl Bass, Autodesk CEO (Slide 48)
In a recent post from AEC Magazine covering a speech from Autodesk CEO Carl Bass, they
mention all sorts of things including
Autodesk 360 (formerly cloud services),
Autodesk 123D capturing service, and the new suites.
But what I found interesting is the fact that Autodesk might get away from the yearly
release model and replace it with updates throughout the year.
“Death of releases?
It seems that Autodesk’s yearly product dump may also be up for review. Mr. Bass sees
decreasing reasons for a major ‘R’ release when updates can be easily streamed
throughout the year.
So there may not be a 2014 release, which raises all sorts of questions about the
traditional ‘obit’ and staying on the upgrade cycle — the moving target that is a yearly
release becomes a wave of in-year updates.
The company’s decision to concentrate more on its breadth of applications and
increased reach with mobile products also puts an end to the traditional list of new
features and enhancements.
The push is now on omnipresence of data, workflow and the computational and
optimization benefits of cloud. I hope Autodesk’s new found popularity on mobile
devices is not going to make it take its eyes off the core professional business; mobile
revenue pales into insignificance to that of any one of Autodesk’s design products
• Objective 5:Pulling it all together – for a future Revit- Cloud Project (Slide 49)
1. Question early assumptions- our focus on BIM Standards specifics:
2. Role of Standards in BIM & CLOUD performance: Don’t reinvent square wheels
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3. Standards and templates can be used to leverage smart solutions to big problems: NBIMS 2.0
4. Examples of how to leverage specific standards to specific problems: BIM Cloud Templates
Our Focus – Standards that Support Your Thinking =NIBS 3.0 Hopes Explained (Slide 50)
– The Terms and Definitions chapter was not published as developed…
– Integration between high level strategy and operational IT departments can be
improved by consideration of CLOUD platforms, Web Services – XML – IFC
– Greater outreach at events such as AU 2012 and local Revit User Groups is needed;
– Sloppy and incomplete categories (Level of Detail – LoD) can be improved with
conversations with liaisons to standards groups such as OMG, OGC, OASIS, BIM Forum,
and Fiatech.
NEEDED: Simultaneous Planning for Sequential Analysis for Decision Making: Towards a
“Linear” Process Map (Slide 51)
Describe your project and your Work Station loaded with software (GE, etc., and
Chrome or Firefox Browser)
Smith & Redmond
Your Revit *.dwg files at a Low LEVEL of DETAIL
Navigate to NIBS 2.0 and get access to Project Execution Planning documentation and
templates (MS Visio- for now)
Navigate to OS, Log In, Open FUSION Studio
Select MiraCosta Campus, Building 4200
Create a New Project using your name-CloudBIM
Navigate to relevant building (Facility 4200)
Review Building Settings and related data
Install Revit 2012 Plug-in and related 3rd party applications
Google Earth and geo positioning and geo referencing
Energy Analysis –Vasari
Three D Views – DDS
Schedule – Timing- Synchro
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FM – Cost – COSTOS
Risk Assessments = Palisade Risk Analysis
Use OS Reporting system
Suggested “Rules of BIM Cloud Project Success” (Slide 52)
The Object Management Group (OMG) has a group working on Business Rules
and Semantic Vocabulary that can be used to improve the standards and the way
that lawyers frame construction projects
Does your team know what “BIM” means?
We provide process map Templates that you can customize that we modified
from the NBIMS 2.0 standard. You need to consider what testing your client
Have you worked thru the most problematic strategic issues?
A Cloud environment as envisioned by Autodesk and as available from a few
vendors, allows intense conversations and the capture of collaborative decisions
by anyone anywhere if they hold valid subscriptions. The example we use is
Do you have “standardized” process maps & quality tests?
A BIM is a digital representation of physical and functional characteristics of a
facility. It provides services & knowledge required in subsequent steps in the
Cradle to Cradle life cycle; A BIM “PxP Manual” typically reflects your firm’s
interpretation of NBIMS 2.0 Best Practice & Exchange Standards.
Can you use “the Cloud” to align BIM Execution Plans & Models with knowable realities
and wicked problems?
In your first BIMStorm project, just getting started is the main problem.
Are your process maps designed to be easy to re-use next time? Why do you believe it?
Cloud strategic thinking and rapid collaboration is more UNSTRUCTURED (Slide 53)
Process Maps of formalized linear processes will not likely fit;
Creative designs and counter-designs will create useful fictions or frictions, depending;
Ad hoc processes need to be modeled, and as tasks become clear, then formalized;
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Overly bureaucratic early design stages will be brittle and likely dysfunctional;
Next: Examples of two kinds of Process Maps:
Workflow Modeling Types: Linear – Sequential OR Non-Linear Communication (Bureaucratic or
Professional) (Slide 54)
Ad Hoc workflow (or a loose BIMStorm) Slide 65
– NO Sequence, just flows of Information (Look at the Arrow Heads)
Help add content to NBIMS 3.0 – Start with issues in 2.0 Watch the Video (Slide 56)
ISO Standards and VIRTUAL models Vs. PHYSICAL buildings – (Slide 57)
– This is an important slide because it frames the two modes (Digital or Physical) in terms
of Process, Product, and Results. Why is a Virtual Building important to many different
disciplines? How does a virtual building facilitate the execution of a Physical building
– with a process (template) and a product (catalog) room; where tested software modules
can be used and reused and reused yet again – with perhaps slight modificationcombine to form a REUSABLE BIM Virtual Building of Components that all work together
as an integrated (and testable) form. AutoCodes and Automatic Code Check apps are
being tested now at Fiatech and certain cities in the US and abroad. The Lawrence
Berkley National Lab’s FLEXLAB is open for business…
An attempt to define a High Performance Building and Frame an Owner Performance
Requirements BIM at NIBS has been funded by the Department of Homeland Security Office of
Policy. The Beta version is complete, and work has started on the next phase. Bob is on the Beta
test team and is interested in how many reusable BIM elements are possible.
At some point in the near future it is conceivable that Fiatech’s AutoCodes project and
Replicable Building project will merge and California’s Title 24 – Energy Efficiency and Green
Building codes will map onto ResNet and ComNet HERS ratings. Any lease or sale of a
commercial or residential building over _xxx sq foot in size will need an energy
score/sustainability score. Eventually, Owners Project Requirements and Owners Performance
Requirements will be fully aligned. The Insurance Commissioners (with ceres) and Real Estate
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Industry sectors might find that buyers and sellers will demand such utility cost knowledge in
advance of purchasing.
GSA and Federal BIM Mandates Slide 71 For federal projects, the General Services
Administration has published and supported research on building performance with BIM 3D –
4D. International construction firms are noting how the UK and Singapore, among other
nations, are mandating BIM standards.
The GSA, however, has mandated the use of BIM for spatial program validation to be
submitted prior to final concept presentation on all its projects starting from 2007.
This allows the GSA design teams to validate spatial program requirements such
as required spaces, areas, efficiency ratios, and so on more accurately and
quickly than traditional 2D approaches.
As it owns over 300 million square feet of space, this concept design stage
validation helps the GSA to better manage it over the long term.
The GSA has provided more details about how to create this Spatial Program Validation
BIM for its projects in a special Guide that is available on its website.
This is one of a series of guides that the GSA has made available for different
aspects of its 3D-4D-BIM program such as laser scanning, energy performance,
circulation, facility management, and so on.
Thinking ahead about needed BIM Retrofit Markets (Slide 59)
Performance metrics- be clear about building performance, NOT process or hardware – Ontolog
BSP Wiki and Toby Considine’s points about oBIX;
General – owners performance requirements now much easier to capture with 3D visualizations
once we are on a Cloud;
OPR Tool for initial assessment of owner – investor values ( and regulatory dynamics)
NIBS’s Council on Finance – Insurance – Real Estate (C-FIRE) Risk of Climate Change’s Sea Level
and Hurricane Sandy (Oct. 2012 – NYC’s Mayor Bloomberg)
Reality Check on Learning Objectives (Slide 60)
Session Feedback Slide 74 – Please remember to provide feedback on this session.
END of PRESENTATION Thank you for participating
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Bob – [email protected]
Alan - [email protected]
The Long View of Sustainability – Resilience – Bryn Davidson developed this log – log
chart to demonstrate how time can be represented in BIM reports. The life cycle of a
building can be compared to the life time of the owner or tenant of a building, a sewer
system, or a transportation system. Check out his website .
The Long View of Sustainability - Resiliency
AU 2012 - Deciding to BIM in a CLOUD
Smith & Redmond
AU – 2012 – Deciding how to BIM in a CLOUD
November 11, 2012