Patient Diagnosis Resource for NORMAL PROSTATE BIOPSY Your Diagnosis After completing a thorough lab analysis of your recent prostate biopsy, a specialized doctor called a pathologist reported finding a normal prostate biopsy. This means that there is no evidence of cancer in your prostate gland. Monitoring for Prostate Cancer To monitor your urologic health on an ongoing basis, your doctor may recommend annual cancer screenings that include a manual prostate check and blood test. The American Cancer Society endorses such screenings for men age 50 and older who have no serious medical problems, those age 45 and older who are at high risk for developing prostate cancer, and even younger men who have very high risk factors. Men considered at high risk for prostate cancer include African-Americans and those with a family history of the condition, especially in a father or brother. If a man has several close relatives who developed the condition at an early age, he is considered at very high risk. However, no one truly knows why some men develop prostate cancer and others do not. Prostate cancer screenings check the health of the prostate gland, which is typically the size of a walnut and located below the bladder and in front of the rectum in men. The prostate surrounds a portion of the urethra, or tube that carries urine from the bladder out of the body. Its main purpose is to produce fluid for semen, which transports sperm. Cancer occurs when cells in the prostate do not develop and die in their normal manner. The extra cells that result form a growth, or tumor, which can be benign or malignant. Benign tumors are not cancer and do not spread throughout the body. Malignant tumors are cancer. Their cells may invade and damage surrounding areas or spread to other locations in the body (metastasize). Prostate cancer is the second most common cancer in men after skin cancer. Other Prostate Conditions Your doctor likely performed your biopsy because you are having symptoms similar to those of prostate cancer. Since you had a normal biopsy result, it is possible that you may have a condition that shares some of the same symptoms as prostate cancer, such as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) or prostatitis. These conditions are not cancer and do not increase your risk of getting cancer. Talk with your doctor about the possibility that you may have BPH or prostatitis. BPH is a normal enlargement of the prostate gland that occurs in men as they get older. Some men with BPH suffer from troublesome urinary symptoms that can arise from the condition, such as increased frequency and urgency. Treatments for BPH include muscle relaxants and other medications, surgery, and additional choices such as thermal therapy and laser surgery. Prostatitis is an infection or inflammation of the prostate gland that affects men of all ages. About half of all men will experience the condition at some point in their lives. Treatments for prostatitis include antibiotics, muscle relaxants, anti-inflammatory medications, surgery and additional choices such as prostate massage and heat therapy. What You Can Do Because dietary factors have been associated with the development of prostate cancer, you should keep your diet high in fruits, vegetables and fiber and low in fat, especially animal fat. You may also want to boost your consumption of tomato products such as salsa, ketchup and tomato paste or sauce. Studies have shown that men who eat these foods are less likely to develop prostate cancer because tomatoes contain lycopene, a powerful antioxidant that helps prevent cell damage. Further steps to help prevent prostate or other types of cancer include: ♦ Burning up all of the calories you take in each day through healthy eating and regular exercise ♦ Minimizing stress by getting enough sleep every night and using relaxation techniques ♦ Cutting out the use of tobacco and limiting your alcohol consumption ♦ Visiting your doctor regularly and promptly reporting any new symptoms that develop Additional Resources American Cancer Society, 800.227.2345, www.cancer.org American Foundation for Urologic Disease, 800.828.7866, www.afud.org Urology Channel, www.urologychannel.com This patient resource sheet is provided to you as a service of CBLPath® and is intended for information purposes only. It is not meant to serve as medical advice or a substitute for professional medical care. Treatment options may vary, and only you and your physician can determine your best treatment plan. © 2005 CBLPath, Inc.
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