HOW TO ADDRESS A DBQ •AP means Address the Prompt! •You are a lawyer, creating a stand and then proving it using the evidence from the Exhibits A-G •Don’t tell me what a documents says, tell me WHAT IT MEANS! (how does it prove your point) •Do not use extensive quotes….I know the Docs, don’t waste valuable time •Always check the context, and, if you can, take a sentence or two to explain that context. •Remember, there can be more than one “right” answer…you are being graded on how well you prove your point •Thesis, not Topic •Analyze, Analyze and Analyze….Why Something Happened •Remember, the Prompt is a key for you to talk about the ongoing Dynamics and Themes (Conflicts!)we stress in class….cite those themes, define and explain them! PART I: LETS GET STARTED…THE PROMPT Many Times the Prompt consists of two parts. A statement (which may or may not be accurate…a trick to get you to address COMPLEXITY), followed by the actual question. The issue of territorial expansion sparked considerable debate in the period 1800–1855. (The statement) Analyze this debate and evaluate the influence of both supporters and opponents of territorial expansion in shaping federal government policy. Use the documents and your knowledge of the years 1800–1855 in your answer. OR "From 1781 to 1789 the Articles of Confederation provided the United States with an effective government." Using the documents and your knowledge of the period, evaluate this statement. It was the strength of the opposition forces, both liberal and conservative, rather than the ineptitude and stubbornness of President Wilson that led to the Senate defeat of the Treaty of Versailles. Using the documents and your knowledge of the period 1917-1921, assess the validity of this statement. Or sometimes it is a single sentence question. Analyze the changes that occurred during the 1960's in the goals, strategies, and support of the movement for African American civil rights. Use the documents and your knowledge of the history of the 1960's to construct your response. Although New England and the Chesapeake region were both settled largely by people of English origin, by 1700 the regions had evolved into two distinct societies. Why did this difference in development occur? Use the documents AND your knowledge of the colonial period up to 1700 to develop your answer. Using this last prompt, lets begin to look at how to construct a response….Let’s build an answer, then prove why it is a good answer… First, let’s take a second and quickly brainstorm in preparation for the question Write down all the key words that you remember about colonial Virginia. Jamestown, John Smith, Dying Times, gold and tobacco, rich landowners, indentured servants, rivers, Governor Berkeley, Indians, hierarchy, enfranchisement, Bacon’s Rebellion Write down all the key words that you remember about New England Puritans, Pilgrims, The Great Migration, John Winthrope and a City on a Hill, ordered society, community=unity, Charter of Massachusetts, the General Council, New England Town Platte, Congregationalism, Half-way Covenant, God is a God of Order, Education, Ministers, Boston First, you may have noticed that I have already highlighted some words in red. Let’s talk about why we need to be real careful in reading the prompt. Remember, the prompt Although New England and the Chesapeake region were both settled largely by people of English origin, by 1700 the regions had evolved into two distinct societies. Why did this difference in development occur? Use the documents AND your knowledge of the colonial period up to 1700 to develop your answer. America, or in this case, the World, can be a better place is a key to open a door that lets you talk about a particular conflict or dynamic in American History. What is the thing that the writer is implying doesn’t make sense, or seems odd? Right!…these two regions were settled for two different reasons…what were they? What two themes then come into play? Freedom of Economic Opportunity Although New England and the Chesapeake region were both settled largely by people of English origin, by 1700 the regions had evolved into two distinct societies. Why did this difference in development occur? Use the documents AND your knowledge of the colonial period up to 1700 to develop your answer. Now, we have identified that that it seems strange that people from the same country and culture can make two, so different, subcultures. We are thinking that it may have something to do with the reason behind the settlement of the two regions. Know this….the AP Assessor will spend less than 3 minutes reading your essay…..I know, NOT FAIR…you spend a year learning to construct them and then an hour of stress writing……but….guess what…they know what they are doing. Here is why…… They spent a great deal of time at a table with other history people going over all the possible answers, primed themselves and know exactly what to look for… It is your job, from the opening line of your first paragraph to convince them you know what you are doing! Although New England and the Chesapeake region were both settled largely by people of English origin, by 1700 the regions had evolved into two distinct societies. Why did this difference in development occur? Use the documents AND your knowledge of the colonial period up to 1700 to develop your answer. 1st sentence: The “Grabber” •Simple, ho-hum…., snoozing Assessor Answer: By 1700 two distinct cultures developed in the American Colonies. One in the New England region and the other in the South, first settled around Chesapeake Bay in Virginia and Maryland. •More involved, showing you understand the importance of the questions…Makes the Assessor pay attention! •Answer: To this day, Virginia is famous for its hospitality, genteel manners, important families and well-preserved farming mansions, called Plantations. New England on the other hand, is famous for its little villages, neatly laid out and small picturesque farming communities filled with highly opinionated, independent minded New Englanders Although New England and the Chesapeake region were both settled largely by people of English origin, by 1700 the regions had evolved into two distinct societies. Why did this difference in development occur? Use the documents AND your knowledge of the colonial period up to 1700 to develop your answer. Most engaging, shows you understand how important this dynamic is in American History….makes the assessor smile! When we think of Virginia, we visualize a small elite group of American “nobles”, planters, overseeing huge landed manors worked by white serfs, called indentured servants, and later, black slaves. A society dominated by men of privilege, who know they are the born, rightful leaders of their white and black underlings. Contrast this with Massachusetts and Connecticut, the heart of New England. Small, intimate villages, centered around the all important church. A people of strong beliefs, hard working families and a morally surety. How can two so contrasting societies claim to have come from the same family, the same mother? Although New England and the Chesapeake region were both settled largely by people of English origin, by 1700 the regions had evolved into two distinct societies. Why did this difference in development occur? Use the documents AND your knowledge of the colonial period up to 1700 to develop your answer. Now, lets get the next TWO ideas in….we need to give the opening some context…just enough to set the stage for the thesis, or answer you are going to propose of the Question: WHY THE DIFFERENCE. Remember this? Right!…these two regions were settled for two different reasons…what were they? What two themes then come into play? So, write the next two Sentences…one about the motives for the Settling of New England and one about the settling of Virginia and Maryland. Key Terms: Great Migration, Gold, Tobacco, Land Grants and Charters, Puritans, Indentured Servants, Gentlemen Farmers, City on a Hill, etc. SO, THIS IS WHAT THE OPENING LOOKS LIKE Opening sentence….the grabber that lets the assessor know why this prompt address something really important in American History…why are we who we are Context sentence(s) ……New England was settled…. Context sentence(s)….. The Chesapeake region, centered in Virginia was settled…. Now we are ready for your Thesis….why you think New England and the Chesapeake region ended up so different from each other, even though they were both settled by English people. Although New England and the Chesapeake region were both settled largely by people of English origin, by 1700 the regions had evolved into two distinct societies. Now, write your own Thesis Why did this difference in development occur? Use the documents AND your knowledge of the colonial period up to 1700 to develop your answer. So, it could look like this……… To this day, Virginia is famous for its hospitality, genteel manners, important families and well-preserved farming mansions, called Plantations. New England on the other hand, is famous for its little villages, neatly laid out and small picturesque farming communities filled with highly opinionated, independent minded New Englanders. It is important to understand that people came to these two regions for very different purposes. The people who shaped New England were Puritans, religious immigrants from England looking to establish an ordered, unified community, dedicated to living the vision of building a Godly society. The Chesapeake, dominated by Virginia, with its capital at Jamestown, from the very beginning was an economic venture…..people came to get ahead. Some of Virginia’s first families were Gentry class, looking to live like the nobility of England, with huge tracts of land. Others, sold away their rights and their freedoms to just get to Virginia, in hopes that one day, they could own their own land and build their own futures. Later, other came who were owned, with no futures, by the planter class. It is this difference in motivation that led the growth of two new cultures in these regions. One population was drawn from families seeking to create a better world for all, while the other was built by individuals seeking their own private economic dreams. Please identify the three parts of the opening paragraph Now…how do we use the documents and prior knowledge to prove this? LOOKING FOR EVIDENCE TO SUPPORT THE THESIS: DIFFERENCES IN THE REGIONS ARE THE RESULT OF DIFFERENT PURPOSES FOR COMING What will this evidence look like As each group works to accomplish its purposes, the face problems and create solutions that reflect this difference in purpose Either: We are Marching to Zion: Building the Godly, ordered Society v. I How can get more money, even at the expense of others. We will highlight and notate each document when we find this evidence to support our thesis It is this difference in motivation that led the growth of two new cultures in these regions. One population was drawn from families seeking to create a better world for all, while the other was built by individuals seeking their own private economic dreams. Document A Source: John Winthrop, A Model of Christian Charity (Written on board the Arbella on the Atlantic Ocean, 1630) God Almighty in his most holy and wise providence hath so disposed of the condition of mankind, [that] in all times some must be rich, some poor, some high and eminent in power and dignity, other mean and in subjection.... [Yet] we must be knit together in this work as one man. We must entertain each other in brotherly affection, we must be willing to abridge ourselves of our superfluities, for the supply of others' necessities. We must uphold a familiar commerce together in all meekness, gentleness, patience, and liberality. We must delight in each other, make others' conditions our own, rejoice together, mourn together, labor and suffer together, always having before our eyes our commission and community in the work, our community as members of the same body. So shall we keep the unity of the spirit in the bond of peace.... We must consider that we shall be as a city upon a hill. The eyes of all people are upon us, so that if we shall deal falsely with our God in this work we have undertaken, and so cause him to withdraw his present help from us, we shall be made a story and a by-word through the world. We shall open the mouths of enemies to speak evil of the ways of God.... shall shame the faces of many of God's worthy servants, and cause their prayers to be turned into curses upon us. Context: Winthrop, Puritan governor Occasion…starting the new colony, the Landing and establishing •God’s ordered, righteous city will be a place where men work together to help each other •God’s, ordered and righteous city will be a place where the concern for others is as important as our own welfare •This is will be a new place, and experiment in righteous living that the whole world will look to and judge if God is right This unity, sense of cooperative community is different than England, and much different than the purposes for the Virginia colony It is this difference in motivation that led the growth of two new cultures in these regions. One population was drawn from families seeking to create a better world for all, while the other was built by individuals seeking their own private economic dreams. Document B Source: Ship's List of Emigrants Bound for New England John Porter, Deputy Clerk to Edward Thoroughgood Weymouth the 20th of March, 1635 1. Joseph Hull, of Somerset, a minister, aged 40 years Context: New England Manifest, height of the Great Migration 2. Agnes Hull, his wife, aged 25 years 3. Joan Hull, his daughter, aged 15 years 4. Joseph Hull, his son, aged 13 years What seems to be the connection between these passengers? 5. Tristram, his son, aged 11 years 6. Elizabeth Hull, his daughter, aged 7 years 7. Temperance, his daughter, aged 9 years 8. Grissel Hull, his daughter, aged 5 years 9. Dorothy Hull, daughter, 3 years 10. Judith French, his servant, aged 20 years 11. John Wood, his servant, aged 20 years 12. Robert Dabyn, his servant, aged 28 years 13. Musachiell Bernard, of Batcombe, clothier in the county of Somerset, 24 years 14. Mary Bernard, his wife, aged 28 years 15. John Bernard, his son, aged 3 years 16. Nathaniel, his son, aged 1 year 21. Timothy Tabor, in Somerset of Batcombe, tailor, aged 35 years 22. Jane Tabor, his wife, aged 35 years 23. Jane Tabor, his daughter, aged 10 years 24. Anne Tabor, his daughter, aged 8 years What prior knowledge can be applied 25. Sarah Tabor, his daughter, aged 5 years 26. William Fever, his servant, aged 20 years •Entire congregations came 27. John Whitmarke, aged 39 years •91% of New England immigrants came as families 28. Alice Whitmarke, his wife, aged 35 years 29. James Whitmarke, his son, aged 5 years •The little Commonwealth 30. Jane, his daughter, aged 7 years •Would be easy to organize towns and villages along family lines 31. Onseph Whitmarke, his son, aged 5 years 32. Rich. Whitmarke, his son, aged 2 years •Families seek order, stability and help each other 74. Robert Lovell, husbandman, aged 40 years •These are all going to create this new society, the City on the Hill 75. Elizabeth Lovell, his wife, aged 35 years 76. Zacheus Lovell, his son, aged 15 years 77. Anne Lovell, his daughter, aged 16 years 78. John Lovell, his son, aged 8 years 79. Ellyn, his daughter, aged 1 year 80. James, his son, aged 1 year 81. Joseph Chickin, his servant, 16 years 82. Alice Kinham, aged 22 years 83. Angell Hollard, aged 21 years 84. Katheryn, his wife, 22 years 85. George Land, his servant, 22 years 86. Sarah Land, his kinswoman, 18 years 103. John Hoble, husbandman, 13 years 104. Robert Huste, husbandman, 40 . . . We can see the unity, stability and order, purpose of Puritan society, is built on large, unified families, that will create a stable and mutually support culture It is this difference in motivation that led the growth of two new cultures in these regions. One population was drawn from families seeking to create a better world for all, while the other was built by individuals seeking their own private economic dreams. Document C Source: Ship's List of Emigrants Bound for Virginia Ultimo July, 1635 These underwritten names are to be transported to Virginia, embarked in the Merchant's Hope, Hugh Weston, Master, per examination by the minister of Gravesend touching' their conformity to the Church discipline of England, and have taken the oaths of allegiance and supremacy: Edward Towers 26 Allin King 19 Henry Woodman 22 Rowland Sadler 19 Context: Immigrants for Virginia Richard Seems 26 Jo. Phimps 28 Same year as the ship that landed in New England Vyncent Whatter 17 Daniel Endick 16 James Whithedd 14 Jo. Chalk 25 Jonas Watts 21 Jo. Vynall 20 Peter Loe 22 Edward Smith 20 What do these people have in common? Geo. Brocker 17 Jo. Rowlidge 19 Henry Eeles 26 Wm. Westlie 40 Jo. Dennis 22 Jo. Smith 18 Prior Knowledge: Tho. Swayne 23 Jo. Saunders 22 •Mostly male Charles Rinsden 27 Tho. Bartcherd 16 Jo. Exston 17 Tho. Dodderidge 19 •Mostly single Wm. Luck 14 Richard Williams 18 •Mostly young Jo. Thomas 19 Jo. Ballance 19 Jo. Archer 21 Wm. Baldin 21 •The ideal indentured servant Richard Williams 25 Wm. Pen 26 •Headrights given up, 5-7 years of labor Francis Hutton 20 Jo. Gene 24 Savill Gascoyne 29 Henry Baylie 18 •High demand for cheap labor Rich. Bulfell 29 Rich. Anderson 50 •Uneducated and poor Rich. Jones 26 Robert Kelum 51 Tho. Wynes 30 Richard Fanshaw 22 •They live and hope for the chance to get their own land Humphrey Williams 22 Tho. Bradford 40 •They will only get the cheapest land, land on the frontier Edward Roberts 20 Wm. Spencer 16 Martin Atkinson 32 Marmaduke Ella 22 •The will always be remembered as former indentured servants Edward Atkinson 28 Wm. Edwards 30 Women Nathan Braddock 31 Jeffrey Gurrish 23 Henry Carrell 16 Tho. Tyle 24 Gamaliel White 24 Richard Marks 19 Tho. Clever 16 Jo. Kitchin 16 Edmond Edwards 20 Lewes Miles 19 Jo. Kennedy 20 Sam Jackson 24 •Occupy much lower status than the elite planter/landowning class Ann Swayne 22 Eliz. Cote 22 Ann Rice 23 Kat. Wilson 23 Maudlin Lloyd 24 Mabell Busher 14 Annis Hopkins 24 Ann Mason 24 Bridget Crompe 18 Mary Hawkes 19 Ellin Hawkes 18 Here, we see the strong desire for economic freedom, but there is no inherent social structure, very little opportunity for the stability of families…..their social status and age will make a competitive and sometimes violent society. Most dangerous animal on the planet is the young, single male human. It is this difference in motivation that led the growth of two new cultures in these regions. One population was drawn from families seeking to create a better world for all, while the other was built by individuals seeking their own private economic dreams. Document D Source: Articles of Agreement, Springfield, Massachusetts, 1636 We whose names are underwritten, being by God's providence engaged together to make a plantation...do mutually agree to certain articles and orders to be observed and kept by us and by our successors .... 1. We intend by God's grace, as soon as we can, with all convenient speed, to procure some Godly and faithful minister with whom we purpose to join in church covenant to walk in all the ways of Christ. 2. We intend that our town shall be composed of forty families.... rich and poor. 3. That every inhabitant shall have a convenient proportion for a house lot, as we shall see [fit] for everyone's quality and estate .... 5. That everyone shall have a share of the meadow or planting ground .... Context: Height of Great Migration, City on the Hill is a vivid desire. Articles of Agreement implies what idea? You can tie in the idea of the elect voting on ministers and town policies at Town Meetings of all citizens..pure democracy flourishes in NE…unheard of in Chesapeake. •What is first on the list and how does this relate to purpose •The Little Commonwealth is the basis for a stable, communal society, God is the God of order. •We are a community….Puritan view of Gods society..we share the work, the wealth and the suffering together We still see the divinely inspired purpose is strong in the minds of Puritans….God, order, family and community united in one purpose…a truly unique society…. It is this difference in motivation that led the growth of two new cultures in these regions. One population was drawn from families seeking to create a better world for all, while the other was built by individuals seeking their own private economic dreams. Document E Source: Wage and Price Regulations in Connecticut, 1676 Whereas a great cry of oppression is heard among us, and that principally pointed at workmen and traders, which is hard to regulate without a standard for pay, it is therefore ordered that . . . [prices and wages] be duly set at each of our General Courts annually, . . . [A]II breaches of this order to be punished proportionable to the value of the oppression. . . . This court . . . in the interim recommends [that] all tradesmen and laborers consider the religious end of their callings, which is that receiving such moderate profit as may enable them to serve God and their neighbors with their arts and trades comfortably, they do not enrich themselves suddenly and inordinately (by oppressing prices and wages to the impoverishing [of] their neighbors . . . live in the practice of that crying sin of oppression, but avoid it. Context: how many years after the Great Migration and why is this important to think about? Does the need for such a law show a weakening of the City on a Hill Purpose. This is a good place to also talk about the Halfway Covenant as a sign of the weakening purpose What is the great Sin…how does relate to the Puritan purpose of settling NE? What does the new law do and how does the law reflect that purpose? What is meant by referring to the “religious end” of their calling….how does this relate to the Puritan Purpose and how is this different than everywhere else What is the “sin of oppression” We are now 40 years after the enthusiasm of the City on the Hill, and New Englanders are finding they have to make a living, and profits are nice. But, the Puritan dream of an ordered, stable and cooperative society is still the goal of the government. While weakening, this unique purpose is still defining New England economics, political and social life. It is this difference in motivation that led the growth of two new cultures in these regions. One population was drawn from families seeking to create a better world for all, while the other was built by individuals seeking their own private economic dreams. Document F Context: Written several years after the first years of Jamestown (1607). Source: Captain John Smith, John Smith, a military man, eventual had to take the colony over and force History of Virginia, 1624 rules that allowed everyone to survive better/facts you may want to tie in: When the [large ship] departed, . . . those of Smith is writing this to enlarge his role. Half the new colonist died every us that had money, spare clothes, credit to year. Jamestown was located in unhealthy bottomlands. The colony went give bills of payment, gold rings, fur, or broke and the King eventually had to take over…why? any such commodities, were ever welcome to [purchase supplies. The rest of us patiently obeyed our] vile commanders and [bought] our provisions at fifteen times the value yet did not repine but fasted, lest we should incur the censure of [being] factious and seditious persons Our ordinary [food] was but meal and water so that this little relieved our wants, whereby with the extremity of the bitter cold frost more than half of us died. The worst [among us were the gold seekers who] with their golden promises made all men their slaves in hope of recompenses. There was no talk . . . . but dig gold, wash gold, refine gold, load gold. . . . Smith, perceiving [we lived] from hand to mouth, caused the pinnace [small ship] to be provided with things fitting to get provision for the year following. [Two councillors] Wingfield and Kendall, . . . strengthened themselves with the sailors and other confederates [and planned to go] aboard the pinnace to alter her course and to go for England. Smith had the plot discovered to him. Much trouble he had to prevent it, till with store of saker and musket shot he forced them to stay or sink in the river; which action cost the life of Captain Kendall. These brawls are so disgustful, as some will say, they were better forgotten. Whom did everyone seem to be looking out for…cite evidence for your answer. If you had no money, how could you buy things at 15 times their value? Why were the gold seekers hurting the colony? Mutiny…what does this say about the order, stability and cooperation in the colony What was causing the “brawls” The settlers of Jamestown show every evidence of being out for themselves, and only themselves. These folks are showing the worst of the pursuit of economic dreams…at the cost of your neighbor. Much is made of how badly they treated the Native Americans, but they treated each other just as bad. Price gouging, lying, forced or manipulated servitude, mutiny, and worse, watching your neighbor die when you had the means to help created a competitive, survival-of –the fittest atmosphere that is a perfect breeding ground for a competitive, dangerous, violent society…just waiting for an authority to come and “force” order on them. It is this difference in motivation that led the growth of two new cultures in these regions. One population was drawn from families seeking to create a better world for all, while the other was built by individuals seeking their own private economic dreams. Document G Source: Governor Berkeley and His Council on Their Inability to Defend Virginia Against a Dutch Attack, December 1673 We thought it our duty . . . to set forth in this our Declaration, the true state and condition of this countryin general and our particular . . . disabilit[y] to . . . [engage in] war at the time of this invasion [by the Dutch]. . . . [We] therefore do most humbly beseech your majesty and your most honorable council to consider that Virginia is intersected by so many vast rivers as makes more miles to defend than we have men of trust to defend them. For by our nearest computation we leave at our backs as many servants (besides Negroes) as there are freemen to defend the shores and all our frontiers [against] the Indians. . . . [This] gives men fearful apprehensions of the danger they leave their estates and families in, while they are drawn from their houses to defend the borders. Also at least one third [of the freemen available for defense] are single freemen (whose labor will hardly maintain them) or men much in debt, . . . [whom] we may reasonably expect upon any small advantage the enemy may gain upon us, . . . [to defect] to them in hopes of bettering their condition by sharing the plunder of the country with them. Context: this is very important because it allows you to demonstrate prior knowledge to show what kind of society Virginia had become in the 50 years since Smith wrote. •A royal colony, run directly by the King’s nobleman •Berkeley, a former Cavalier (supporter of the monarchy) encourage noble friends to migrate…these become the planters and were his Council. •Berkeley was a firm believer in the English hierarchy, so this system of landed nobles dominating a much larger population of poorer whites and black slaves was his ideal. Stable and ordered, yes…cooperative…hmmm…what evidence of “cooperation” between social classes does the document show? •What is Berkeley’s greatest fears as he tries to organize his colonist to resist a threatened Dutch invasion? •What does this show us about Virginia class structure? •American theme…everyone deserves respect….idealized in NE, how does this ideal play out in Virginia •What do you think the planters get out of this whole system The self-destructive chaos of 50 years before, seemed to have been resolved with the imposing of King’s rule in Virginia. However, Governor Berkeley’s concerns are more directed at betrayal by his own people than fear of a Dutch attack. This veneer of order lays on top of a strict class system that seems to have bred distrust and fear of each other…a fear Berkeley expresses when he talks of his own poorer people robbing and deserting to the Dutch to achieve their economic dreams. It is this difference in motivation that led the growth of two new cultures in these regions. One population was drawn from families seeking to create a better world for all, while the other was built by individuals seeking their own private economic dreams. Document H Context: It is so important that you have already introduced Source: Bacon's "Manifesto: 'justifying Berkeley’s role in creating an English hierarchy in Virginia…a few his rebellion against Virginia privileged favorites sit on the council, make all the rules and get all Governor Berkeley in 1676'" the financial benefits…this is the English nobility’s view of a stable, We cannot in our hearts find one single ordered society. Next, you need to provide the context of Bacon’s spot of rebellion or treason or that we rebellion….the frontiersmen, sons of indentured servants pushed to have in any manner aimed the poor and dangerous lands to the west while the nobility (planters) at subverting the settled government. . control the rich bottom lands with easy access to sea and trade. . . All people in all places where we These men had been given permission to defend themselves against have yet been can attest our civil, quiet, peaceable behavior far Indian attacks that their new settlements provoke. When the different from that of rebellion. . . . Let viciousness of Bacon’s militia threaten to provoke a wider Indian war, truth be bold and all the world Berkeley called them back. Bacon’s poor frontiersmen so this as yet know the real foundations of another oppression by the governor, they turned around and marched pretended guilt. . . . Let us trace . . . to Jamestown to the force concessions on the governor (King John [the] men in authority and favor to and Magna Carta). Bacon died of disease and the “rebellion” fizzled. whose hands the dispensation of the This document is Bacon’s explanation as to why they are marching countr[y's] wealth has been committed. on Jamestown Let us observe the sudden rise of their estates ... [compared] with the quality in which they first entered this country. Let us consider their sudden advancement. And let us also consider whether any public work for our safety and defense or for the advancement and propagation of trade, liberal arts or sciences is in any [way] adequate to our vast charge. Now let us compare these things together and see what sponges have sucked up the public treasure and whether it has not been privately contrived away by unworthy favorites and juggling parasites whose tottering fortunes have been repaired and supported at the public charge. •What did Bacon say about being labeled as “rebels” •Who does Bacon say the real criminals are? •What evidence does he present? •What does this show about the feelings of the lower class whites towards the upper class whites? •Compare this with the previous document which show feelings of upper towards lower class. The class tensions we saw in Berkeley’s letter to the King comes to a head with the poor whites marching on Berkeley’s capital in Bacon’s “rebellion”. The denial of economic freedom to a majority of the poor whites by the elites of Virginia erupt in violence…first toward Native Americans, then a Civil War of poor against the planter elites. Stability is a fragile thing is this society PART III: FINALLY, THE WRITING! As we practice, all the prep work we have just modelled should take you 15-20 minutes Now you have to put it together You need to use the documents to support, or “prove” the thesis you presented at the end of the first paragraph. At the end of each point, or document treatment, include language to tie back to the thesis This ………..shows clearly that the purpose of the NE colonies is leading them down a very different road than what was evolving in Virginia. THINGS TO THINK OF AS YOU BEGIN TO WRITE Did we see change over time…a big thing for AP DBQ’s Did New England move away from their original purpose God’s ideal society….if so why Did Virginia develop away from the economic free-for-all we see in the Jamestown doc…..if so, why Be sure to include a conclusion, something more than simply restating the Thesis The distinct British subcultures that developed in New England and the Chesapeake regions were the results of original purpose, and the particular people those purposes attracted to the colonies. These original settlers met differing economic and environmental conditions and adapted to these conditions. It is hard to believe these unique cultures developed in such close proximity. Even harder to believe, the grandsons of these original settlers would unite to make a new nation a century later. Now…write it…..Good luck! Address the Prompt and Prove your Point!
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