Hardee County Extension News May 2013 May is National Teen Pregnancy Prevention Month – So What? Have you ever found yourself asking this question? Why is so much emphasis at times placed on this issue when you don’t even have children, your children are grown, or you have never even known a teen parent? Is this whole issue of teen pregnancy over-dramatized and blown out of proportion? Since the month of May is National Teen Pregnancy Prevention Month, I thought we should take a look at this issue and you can draw your own conclusions. First, let’s look at the children born to teen mothers: •The children of teen mothers are more likely to be born prematurely and at low birth weight, raising the probability of infant death, blindness, deafness, chronic respiratory problems, mental retardation, mental illness, cerebral palsy, dyslexia, and hyperactivity. •Children of teen mothers do worse in school than those born to older parents. They are 50 percent more likely to repeat a grade, are less likely to complete high school than the children of older mothers, and have lower performance on standardized tests. •The children of teen parents also suffer higher rates of abuse and neglect than would occur if their mothers had delayed childbearing. •The sons of teen mothers are 13 percent more likely to end up in prison. •The daughters of teen parents are 22 percent more likely to become teen mothers themselves. Secondly, let’s look at the teen mothers of these children: •Teen mothers are less likely to complete the education necessary to qualify for a well-paying job—only 41 percent of mothers who have In this Issue 2 3 What’s in Season... 3 Is Steak the New Lobster? 4 Herbs for the kitchen garden 5 Clean Idea: Gardening and Clean Hands 5 Factors of Adolescent Suicide 6 6 Deal with Picky Eaters 7 8 Ag careers are growing 10 ABCs of Spring Cleaning Aging in Place Is a New Life Stage The Extraordinary Science of Addictive Junk Food Calendar of Events UF/IFAS Extension Hardee County 507 Civic Center Drive Wauchula, FL 33873 (863) 773-2164 Web site: hardee.ifas.ufl.edu Like us on Facebook Hardee County 4-H Hardee County Extension NEWS – May 2013 children before age 18 ever complete high school, compared with 61 percent of similarly situated young women who delay child bearing until age 20 or 21. •Compared to women of similar socio-economic status who postpone childbearing, teen mothers are more likely to end up on welfare. •Almost one-half of all teen mothers and over three-quarters of unmarried teen mothers began receiving welfare within five years of the birth of their first child. •Some 52 percent of all mothers on welfare had their first child as a teenager. •Two-thirds of families begun by a young unmarried mother are poor. •Teen mothers are likely to have a second birth relatively soon—about one-fourth of teenage mothers have a second child within 24 months of the first birth—which can further impede their ability to finish school or keep a job, and to escape poverty. Thirdly, let’s look at the fathers of the children born to teen mothers: •Eight of ten teen fathers do not marry the mothers of their children. •Absent fathers of teen mothers pay less than $900 annually for child support, often because they are quite poor themselves. •Some research suggests teen fathers have lower levels of education and suffer earning losses of 10-15 percent annually than teens who do not father children. Finally, let’s look at some economic issues surrounding teen pregnancy: •Teen childbearing costs taxpayers over $7 billion each year in direct costs associated with health care, foster care, criminal justice, and public assistance, as well as lost tax revenues. •A study estimating the cost-effectiveness and cost-benefit of one particular curriculum found that for every dollar invested in the program, $2.75 in total medical and social Costs were saved. The savings were produced by preventing pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases (STD’s). I hope after reading this far you have been able to understand the importance of being concerned about the issue of teen pregnancy. Not only does teen childbearing have serious consequences for teen parents, their children, and society; it also has important economic consequences. Helping young women avoid too-early pregnancy and childbearing—and young men avoid premature fatherhood—is easier and much more cost effective than dealing with all of the problems that occur after the babies are born. When children have children, their opportunities are diminished right from the start, and the future is often one of poverty. That’s not good for business. The business community has a vested interest in preventing teen pregnancy and childbearing because of the associated financial, social, and workforce-related consequences. If teens can delay parenthood, they will have the time and resources they need for their education and training, which are crucial to a productive workforce in an increasingly high-tech world. For more information go to www. teenpregnancy.org. Carolyn Hendry Wyatt Family & Consumer Science/4-H Agent Interim County Extension director [email protected] What’s in Season... Source: FSHS Newsletter Florida State Horticultural Society Spring 2013 Vol. 22 Issue 3 http://fshs.org/Newsletters/2013/March_2013.pdf – (Page 7) With the beautiful weather we enjoy in Florida we also get to enjoy an abundance of fresh fruits and vegetables grown locally... Avacado Eggplant Potato Bell Pepper Grapefruit Radish Broccoli Guava Snap Bean Cabbage Lettuce Spinach Cantaloupe Lime Squash Carambola Mushroom Strawberry Carrot Onion Sweet Corn Cauliflower Orange Tangerine Celery Papaya Cucumber Passion Tomato Fruit Hardee County Extension NEWS – May 2013 ABCs of Spring Cleaning However long it takes you, ACI has a few suggestions for addressing the ABCs of spring cleaning. A is for Asthma and Allergy Triggers During this challenging winter, many of us were snowed in with our pets whose dander is one of the most common triggers. Compound that with a few months of everyday dust and the tiniest unwelcome guests who seek shelter in our homes during cold weather, and it’s time to do away with the “A.” Have an allergen control plan. Clean one room at a time, starting with where an asthma or allergy sufferer sleeps. Wash their bedding and curtains. Dust surfaces and vacuum the carpet clean the window sills and frames. Wet mop floors. ACI also has extensive online information on removing asthma and allergy triggers. B is for Bacteria From the front door knob to kitchen counters, the telephone and remote control, ACI recommends giving every surface in your home the thorough cleaning it needs with the goal of reducing the likelihood that bacteria stick around for spring. Prevent mold and mildew from accumulating in the bathroom by using a daily shower cleaner. Mold and mildew remover products are effective if you have to use them. Use a disinfectant to kill the mold and mildew. If you’re in the kitchen, give the surfaces a good cleaning and disinfecting. Make sure you allow enough time for the germ kill, per the product label instructions. C is for Clutter Sort it out: Take everything out of the closet, dressers, shelves, under the bed and off the furniture. Put stuff in separate piles. Separate out what you don’t need anymore and donate if you can. Keep similar items together so that children know where to find things. Put items inside drawers, closets, covered boxes or plastic containers so dust can’t collect on them. While the furniture surface is clear, use an electrostatic dust sheet or furniture polish or wipes to take care of a winter’s worth of dust. Source: •http://www.cleaninginstitute.org/clean_living/abcs_of_spring_cleaning. aspx Is Steak the New Lobster? When you think of lobster, chances are you think of a special occasion. At $24/ lb., most folks are certainly not going to eat lobster on a regular basis. Likewise, many are becoming increasingly concerned that the rising price of beef -- particularly the higher-value cuts like the ribeye and tenderloin -- is making our product too expensive for consumers. Is beef becoming the new lobster? Say it ain’t so! Bigger Cattle; Smaller Steaks This question was the headline of an article that appeared in my local newspaper last week. The article quoted Cory Eich, South Dakota Cattlemen’s Association president and cattle producer from Canova, SD, who said, “We don’t want to turn steak into lobster.” On average, beef prices are about $1/lb. higher today than in 2007, which can be attributed to fewer cattle in the U.S., a situation brought on by higher input costs and the worst drought we’ve seen in 50 years. The article stated rising fuel prices, the 2% increase in payroll taxes, and the storms on the East Coast as being possible factors in why consumer enthusiasm about beef has cooled recently. What we’re seeing is consumers trading down, resulting in a “hamburger economy.” They are also trading out Hardee County Extension NEWS – May 2013 -- opting for cheaper protein sources like chicken and pork, which many view as easier to prepare. The good news is that beef is versatile and affordable. Sure, a ribeye can cost just as much as lobster in a highend restaurant, but choosing budget-friendly beef cuts to prepare at home can be just as tasty and satisfying as the most elegant dining experience. To help educate consumers about the versatility of beef on a budget, the American Meat Institute (AMI) and the American Meat Science Association recently launched the latest installment of their Meat MythCrusher video series. The series seeks to bust some of the most common myths surrounding meat. “The new video explores the facts about meat affordability in the face of recent rising meat costs. Severe drought and competition for corn from the ethanol industry have caused corn prices to hit records levels, causing meat and poultry prices to rise as well since corn is a critical part of animal feed. This is led some to conclude that meat is getting more expensive, says AMI. Enjoy what you are reading? Click here to Subscribe to BEEF Daily and receive Amanda’s blog in your inbox every Monday-Thursday. But Iowa State University Professor Steve Lonergan, PhD, says when you consider historic data, meat prices have actually decreased. “If we use 1980 as reference, we spent 31% of our grocery budget on meat,” he explains. “Today, that number is about 21%. In that same time period, pork is down about 38%, steak is down 25%, and ground beef is down 20%. Lonergan further confronts the myth by comparing the percent of disposable income spent on food in other countries. He says the U.S. only spends roughly 6%, whereas Europe spends 10%, and other developing countries spend up to 45%. Additionally, he challenges the assumption that affordable food is causing America’s obesity problem saying, “blaming cheap food prices for the obesity problem oversimplifies a complex and difficult matter. The Meat Mythcrusher series includes more than 20 videos, which have logged more than 28,000 views on YouTube since its 2011 launch. All of the videos and more are available at www.meatmythcrushers.com. Beef doesn’t have to become the next lobster. As producers, high beef prices are a good problem to have, but we certainly don’t want our prices to become a factor that eliminates this protein option from the center of the dinner plate. From ground beef to sirloin steaks, there are certainly great beef options at affordable price points. Our task is to educate our consumers on those different options. Source: •http://www.mitchellrepublic.com/event/article/id/77373/group/homepage/ Jonathan Knutson Forum News Service Herbs for the kitchen garden Several years ago, I had a chance to visit Arlington National Cemetery. One cannot help but be moved by the solemn nature of this place so steeped in history. Overlooking the bustle of Washington, D.C., the cemetery itself is a quiet place, seemingly unaffected by time or the policy decisions that are made across the river. Ascending to the top of the hill the visitor arrives at Arlington House, the one-time home of Robert E. Lee. During a tour of the house and grounds, one observes the well-manicured kitchen garden, located just outside the kitchen building. As a precaution against fire, kitchens in 19th century manor houses often were located in a separate building. For convenience, a few commonly used vegetables were in supply adjacent to the kitchen, and prominently featured among these were a variety of herbs. Most of the common herbs can be grown seasonally in Florida. Herbs also adapt well to container culture because they are generally small and only a portion of the plant is needed at any one time. Click here for the remainder of the story Published: Saturday, March 30, 2013 at 6:30 a.m. Last Modified: Wednesday, March 27, 2013 at 5:55 p.m. David Holmes Columnist Hardee County Extension NEWS – May 2013 Clean Idea: Gardening and Clean Hands Many families are trying their hand at planting a garden as another way to live more sustainably. Whether you are planting vegetables or flowers, Nancy Bock, Senior Vice President, Education for the American Cleaning Institute offers this advice for cleaning your hands after your spring planting. •A little prevention can help you manage dirt under your nails – just scrape your nails on a bar of soap before you dig in the dirt! •When it’s time to clean up, squirt some hand soap on your nail brush or rub the brush on your bar of soap and scrub your nails. For stubborn dirt and stains, you may need to use an exfoliating scrub. •Be sure to dry your hands thoroughly with a paper towel or clean hand towel to prevent them from chapping and apply a moisturizer. Handwashing Steps 1. Wet hands with clean, running water (warm or cold) and apply soap, either in bar or liquid form. 2.Rub hands together to make a lather and scrub them well; be sure to scrub the backs of your hands, between your fingers, and under your nails. Do this away from running water, so the lather isn’t washed away. 3. Continue rubbing your hands for at least 20 seconds. Need a timer? Hum the “Happy Birthday” song from beginning to end twice. 4.Rinse your hands well under running water. 5. Dry your hands using a clean towel or air dry them. Factors of Adolescent Suicide Mar 12, 2013 07:02 am The loss of a child to suicide can be particularly devastating to parents, friends, and others in the child’s life. When my daughter came home one day telling me of a classmate who was contemplating suicide, the flood of fear for her friend and for the fact that my daughter was so closely exposed to such pain was one of those life-stopping moments. As parents, relatives, friends, and professionals who deal with teenagers, we can be aware of certain risks and protective factors that can predict whether or not a teen may attempt suicide. A study using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health identified a number of such factors for adolescent suicide attempts. The researchers found that among all adolescents, those most at risk of attempting suicide were those who had previously attempted suicide and would likely try again, were victims of violence or perpetrated violence on others, used alcohol and marijuana, and had problems in school. There were some differences between girls and boys. For girls, having a friend attempt or complete suicide, drug use, and a history of mental health treatment predicted suicide attempts. For boys, the more powerful predictors were carrying a weapon at school and same-sex romantic attractions. While risk factors varied for genders and ethnic groups, protective factors also varied. However, for all adolescents, the most important deterrent in suicide attempts was a perceived parent and family connectedness. Read more Source: Donna Davis, Senior Producer, Family Album Radio, Department of Family, Youth and Community Sciences, UF/IFAS Extension Diana Converse, Family Life Educator UF/IFAS Extension Hillsborough County [email protected] Hardee County Extension NEWS – May 2013 Deal with Picky Eaters Apr 11, 2013 07:37 am “No dessert unless you eat your vegetables!” “You’ve got to join the Clean Plate Club!” These were motivations to eat that many baby boomers heard as they were growing up. Families across America were learning how to eat by the rules. But, according to current research, those rules may have done more harm than good. These days, developmental psychologists and nutritionists are teaching a new approach, one based on research. For example, research has shown that offering children dessert as a reward for eating their vegetables teaches them that vegetables are less desirable than dessert and makes them less likely to want to eat their string beans or broccoli. Some old habits, like eating everything on the plate and getting dessert only when the plate is clean, have contributed to eating disorders and obesity in many baby boomers. So what are the options when teaching kids, especially those picky eaters, how to eat properly? University of Florida faculty offer several suggestions. First, establish a comfortable meal environment without television or other distractions. Next, be aware of child-size portions. As a general rule, serve one tablespoon of each food per year of life. Let children ask for more if they are still hungry. If you are having dessert, include a small serving on the plate along with the meal, and let your child decide when to eat it. Third, respect food preferences. Allow your child to politely decline food he doesn’t like. Always have something at each meal that your child enjoys. Finally, allow children to stop eating when they are full, and leave the Clean Plate Club in the past as an old relic. Source: Suzanna Smith for Family Album Radio, Family Youth and Community Sciences Department, UF/IFAS Extension Read more Diana Converse, Family Life Educator UF/IFAS Extension Hillsborough County [email protected] Aging in Place Is a New Life Stage Apr 02, 2013 07:24 am Many families today face tough decisions about how to assist elderly relatives when they need some extra help with daily living. Unsurprisingly, many such adults want to remain in their own homes where they feel most comfortable. Fortunately, more and more older adults can “age in place,” continuing to live in their homes “safely, independently, and comfortably”. However, when the older person is frail or disabled, professional care providers may become necessary. This transition to receiving care can be an “upheaval” in the older person’s life. In fact, researchers writing in the journal Aging and Society suggest that aging in place with professional care is actually a “new life stage” that merits careful consideration. Hardee County Extension NEWS – May 2013 Beginning to receive care at home is a three-step process. First is separation from independent living, when the older person is assessed to determine if they are eligible for in-home care. The second step is a threshold, where modifications are made to the home and the older person begins to adapt to using a care provider. Personal relationships may suffer during this time due to health and mobility restrictions. engineers, seed producers, restoration foresters, climate change analysts and ecotourism specialists are just some of the jobs that are showing strength in the U.S. job market. Ideally, the third step is re-connective home care, where the care worker forms a personal, caring relationship that includes the elderly in care decisions, and empowers the elder to manage their home and personal life as much as possible. Paying close attention to and valuing this crucial relationship between older adult and the caregiver are crucial to supporting continued independence at home. “You can do almost anything through a CALS major,” said Cathy Carr, director of alumni and career services for CALS. Read more Source: Carol Church, Department of Family, Youth and Community Sciences, UF/IFAS Extension, Gainesville, FL Diana Converse, Family Life Educator UF/IFAS Extension Hillsborough County [email protected] Ag careers are growing By Ann M. O’phelan – Published: April 10, 2013 According to College Board, “The average published price of tuition and fees at a four-year public college is $8,660.” Times that by four years and the cost for an education can be daunting. It’s no wonder that students are cautiously making their career choices. For those who are interested in agriculture careers, the news is good. According to the USDA (2010-2015), “The agricultural, food, and renewable natural resources sectors of the U.S. economy will generate an estimated 54,400 annual openings for individuals with baccalaureate or higher degrees in food, renewable energy and environmental specialties between 2010 and 2015. Seventy-four percent of the jobs will be in business and science occupations; 15 percent in agriculture and forestry production; and 11 percent in education, communication, and governmental services.” Jobs like land-use planners, environmental compliance managers, food scientists, animal pathologists, biological The University of Florida College of Agricultural and Life Sciences (CALS) offers a variety of majors designed to fit the demands of today’s ag careers. CALS offers more than 20 undergraduate majors and 22 graduate majors. “Our majors range from food and resource economics and family, youth and community sciences to wildlife ecology and conservation and plant science,” added Carr. One example is an undergraduate degree in organic agriculture. Fifty years ago, organic agriculture may not have been on anyone’s radar; however, nowadays, organic food sales are climbing by nearly 20 percent each year. Covering more than 70 percent of the planet, and one of the last great frontiers for scientific discovery, is the ocean. “Our newest major is marine sciences,” said Carr. This bachelor of science degree prepares students for careers in conservation and management of aquatic environments (ecology), aquatic animal health, sustainable fisheries, and aquaculture. Some ag careers, such as crop consulting, or soil and water conservation, expect or even require, master’s degrees or higher. Those two jobs would be a perfect fit for UF’s Agroecology Master of Science program. This online degree, the first degree of its kind offered in the U.S., offers a diverse interdisciplinary focus that emphasizes sustainability, resource management, valuation of ecosystem services, ecosystem productivity and crop profitability. A recent addition to CALS’ offerings is a course in bio-energy crops. The course focuses primarily on ethanol production, from sources such as corn, sugarcane, switchgrass, sweet sorghum and pine trees. Hardee County Extension NEWS – May 2013 “Maintaining a professional image online is of upmost importance,” explained Carr who also emphasized that most companies promote job openings online and through social media sites. AgCareers.com experienced a significant 18 percent increase in the number of jobs posted in 2011, while unemployment rates hovered around 9 percent. Since agriculture is the second leading industry in Florida, outside of tourism, choosing a career in agriculture may well mean you reap a promising future. Find out more about the majors offered at UF: www.cals. ufl.edu. For salary information: http://www.cals.ufl.edu/ current_students/outcomes.shtml. In the past, many jobs in agriculture did not require a formal education; however, that is fast changing. In 2011, 66 percent of the jobs posted on AgCareers.com, the leading online job board for agriculture, food, biotechnology, and natural resources, required a bachelor’s degree or higher. The leading career type in 2011 was sales/marketing. Source: •http://www2.highlandstoday.com/list/highlands-agri-leader-news/ ag-careers-are-growing-b82473721z1 According to AgCareers.com, some of the leading up and coming ag jobs, particularly those for Florida, include: agricultural sales, grain merchandiser, human resource specialist, biological engineer, biostatistician, welder, climate change analyst, food safety information specialist, custom applicator, soil scientist, entomologist, hydraulics technician, logistics & supply chain management, environmental scientist, plant geneticist and breeder, crop management consultant, food animal veterinarian, land use manager, precision agriculture specialist, regulatory scientist, seed producer and facilities manager. By Michael Moss – Published: February 20, 2013 AgCareers.com is the place to turn to for recent graduates, or for those with established work histories. “At any given time a user has free access to over 4,000 active jobs and internships posted on the site from a wide variety of companies in agriculture,” explained Ashley Collins, the site’s education and marketing specialist, who explained that users can also upload resumes onto the site’s database, and subscribe to the weekly e-newsletter and/or social media updates in order to receive helpful job search tips, information about upcoming events and much more. The Extraordinary Science of Addictive Junk Food On the evening of April 8, 1999, a long line of Town Cars and taxis pulled up to the Minneapolis headquarters of Pillsbury and discharged 11 men who controlled America’s largest food companies. Nestlé was in attendance, as were Kraft and Nabisco, General Mills and Procter & Gamble, Coca-Cola and Mars. Rivals any other day, the C.E.O.’s and company presidents had come together for a rare, private meeting. On the agenda was one item: the emerging obesity epidemic and how to deal with it. While the atmosphere was cordial, the men assembled were hardly friends. Their stature was defined by their skill in fighting one another for what they called “stomach share” — the amount of digestive space that any one company’s brand can grab from the competition. James Behnke, a 55-year-old executive at Pillsbury, greeted the men as they arrived. He was anxious but also hopeful about the plan that he and a few other food-company executives had devised to engage the C.E.O.’s on America’s growing weight problem. “We were very concerned, and rightfully so, that obesity was becoming a major issue,” Behnke recalled. “People were starting to talk about sugar taxes, and there was a lot of pressure on food companies.” Getting the company chiefs in the same room to talk Hardee County Extension NEWS – May 2013 about anything, much less a sensitive issue like this, was a tricky business, so Behnke and his fellow organizers had scripted the meeting carefully, honing the message to its barest essentials. “C.E.O.’s in the food industry are typically not technical guys, and they’re uncomfortable going to meetings where technical people talk in technical terms about technical things,” Behnke said. “They don’t want to be embarrassed. They don’t want to make commitments. They want to maintain their aloofness and autonomy.” A chemist by training with a doctoral degree in food science, Behnke became Pillsbury’s chief technical officer in 1979 and was instrumental in creating a long line of hit products, including microwaveable popcorn. He deeply admired Pillsbury but in recent years had grown troubled by pictures of obese children suffering from diabetes and the earliest signs of hypertension and heart disease. In the months leading up to the C.E.O. meeting, he was engaged in conversation with a group of food-science experts who were painting an increasingly grim picture of the public’s ability to cope with the industry’s formulations — from the body’s fragile controls on overeating to the hidden power of some processed foods to make people feel hungrier still. It was time, he and a handful of others felt, to warn the C.E.O.’s that their companies may have gone too far in creating and marketing products that posed the greatest health concerns. The discussion took place in Pillsbury’s auditorium. The first speaker was a vice president of Kraft named Michael Mudd. “I very much appreciate this opportunity to talk to you about childhood obesity and the growing challenge it presents for us all,” Mudd began. “Let me say right at the start, this is not an easy subject. There are no easy answers — for what the public health community must do to bring this problem under control or for what the industry should do as others seek to hold it accountable for what has happened. But this much is clear: For those of us who’ve looked hard at this issue, whether they’re public health professionals or staff specialists in your own companies, we feel sure that the one thing we shouldn’t do is nothing.” As he spoke, Mudd clicked through a deck of slides — 114 in all — projected on a large screen behind him. The figures were staggering. More than half of American adults were now considered overweight, with nearly one-quarter of the adult population — 40 million people — clinically defined as obese. Among children, the rates had more than doubled since 1980, and the number of kids considered obese had shot past 12 million. (This was still only 1999; the nation’s obesity rates would climb much higher.) Food manufacturers were now being blamed for the problem from all sides — academia, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the American Heart Association and the American Cancer Society. The secretary of agriculture, over whom the industry had long held sway, had recently called obesity a “national epidemic.” Source: •http://www.nytimes.com/2013/02/24/magazine/ the-extraordinary-science-of-junk-food.html?_r=0 This article is adapted from “Salt Sugar Fat: How the Food Giants Hooked Us,” which will be published by Random House this month. Michael Moss is an investigative reporter for The Times. He won a Pulitzer Prize in 2010 for his reporting on the meat industry. Editor: Joel Lovell Hardee County Extension NEWS – May 2013 Calendar of Events Small Farms & Alternative Enterprises Conference 2013 “The 5th Annual Florida Small Farms and Alternative Enterprises Conference promises to inform and inspire agricultural innovators. Join us August 2-4 in Kissimmee, Florida for farm tours, a trade show, networking opportunities, live animal exhibits, hands-on workshops, and delicious locally-grown food! Don’t miss this chance to learn more about farming as well as alternative enterprises such as beekeeping, hydroponics, grass-fed beef and more. You will have the opportunity to interact with other farmers and industry professionals and get all of your questions answered. Join our mailing list on our website to receive updates. http://www.conference.ifas.ufl.edu/smallfarms/ index.html 6th Annual Youth Field Day, June 28, 2013 Range Cattle Research & Education Center, Ona Join us for this year’s Youth Field Day/Expo! Our goal is to excite students about agriculture and science, reveal future opportunities in those fields, and foster a love of learning which will promote agriculture and good stewardship in this future generation. This event is for students, parents, and other adults. Click here for additional information and to register for the event. Lynn Max Specialty Crops Program Coordinator University of Florida Department of Horticultural Sciences PO Box 110690 Gainesville, FL 32611-0690 Do you think someone else would enjoy this newsletter? Click here to sign them up! Do you wish to be removed from this newsletters’ mailing list? Click here to unsubscribe! An Equal Opportunity Institution. Extension Service, University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, Nick T. Place, Dean. Single copies of Extension publications (excluding 4-H and youth publications) are available free to Florida residents from county Extension offices.
© Copyright 2020