WAYS TO REAL FITNESS Interview with Senator William Proxmire of Wisconsin Bonnie L. Floyd WE HAD both come to Hollywood that spring of '61, two young girls so alike—starry-eyed, ambitious, full of dreams. We met on a movie lot, both of us having walk-on parts. Despite our competitiveness we became close friends. Her name was LaTrisha, a name that blended perfectly with the air of elegance, beauty, and pride that surrounded her. But despite her physical attributes she had an openness, a friendliness, about her that was magnetic. It was she who started the conversation that first day. We had been sitting for what seemed an eternity waiting our call to the set. She smiled and then asked softly, "Your first part too?" "No," I replied, glancing up from the magazine I was reading, trying to sound professional and experienced. "Oh," she continued, "then you know all about this. I guess you're not nervous." 2 / LISTEN, July, 1974 "Nothing to be nervous about, for movie people are just like everybody else," I said, pleased with the reassuring sound of my voice. "You're lucky to feel like that," she said, a little shakily. "To tell you the truth, I'm as nervous as a cat." At that I smiled, noticing the brightness of her eyes. "How long have you been in town?" Her eyes widened. "How did you know I'm new in Hollywood?" She hesitated, glancing around to see if anyone else had heard, then whispered, "Does it still show, you know, the way I dress and everything?' "Well, not really, but that accent is definitely not Californian," I replied. "Where're you from, the South?" "No, silly!" She giggled. "Don't you know a Texan when you see one? Anyway, I've been here a whole month already and I thought I'd lost the accent." She paused and then asked excitedly, "Say, do you know any entertainers personally?" "Oh, sure, a few," I said offhandedly. "I grew up in the )usiness; my dad was a musician." At that moment I could ee no reason to go into lengthy details, such as the fact that ny dad had been a country-western entertainer in the Midvest and that the few entertainers I did know were definitely lot Hollywood superstars. "No kidding?" she gasped. "I should have been so lucky." ;he lowered her voice to almost a whisper. "Would you beieve, I'm a preacher's kid?" "You don't say," I replied, amused by her wide-eyed ex)ression. "Cross my heart." She grinned and then lowered her head. 'Boy, my dad was none too pleased when I dropped college find came here." She glanced up, looking directly into my 'yes. "You know something? This is the first time I've ever )een in a city. Living in one room does get lonely sometimes, ioesn't it?" Then she added quickly, "But I guess you wouldn't mow about that." A wave of sympathy swept over me as I gazed into her luge brown eyes. I knew all too well what she was going :hrough. I smiled. "Don't you believe it; I have my moments :coo. I think everyone does at times." "Well, maybe." She shook her head doubtfully. "But I—" ;he began but was promptly interrupted by our call to the pound stage. We walked down the long corridor in silence. As we approached the door, I stopped and said quickly, "What say, we grab a quick supper in the studio commissary when we're inished and then go bowling or something? And, by the way, -ny name is Anita, Anita Brady." A glow came to her face. "It's sure nice to meet you, Anita Brady, and your idea sounds terrific. Oh, yes, I'm LaTrisha Reynolds, but you can call me Tish. Anyhow," she said with a giggle, "LaTrisha is my stage name." We laughed as we walked through the gigantic double loors and into the noisy, brightly lighted stage. Our friendship developed quickly, and within the month we were sharing a garden apartment on a tree-lined street in :he heart of Hollywood. We had rented the apartment on impulse, which accounted for the fact that it was far too elaborate and expensive for our salaries. But young dreams nave a way of ignoring the reality of finances. It was May when we were finally settled in. The winter rains had stopped, the air was clear, and the city lay against a backdrop of emerald green. Flowers burst forth, greeting one at every turn, making it easy to forget the noisy congestion surrounding us. Hollywood was different then. The movie and television industry were working at top production, making jobs much more abundant for young hopefuls. Don't get me wrong, jobs were still not easy to come by. Being one of the less ambitious ones, I soon settled into a more secure job as studio secretary. It was here that I met Gary, a rising young executive, who later became my husband. The statistics did not frighten Tish though, and she plunged into an acting career with all the drive and stamina her 5 feet 4 inches, 110-pound frame could muster. Her determination paid off, and the jobs came. It was slow at first, but by the end of fall she had secured a studio contract and was placed in their acting school. The contract had come just five days after her twentieth birthday. It had been a hot, smoggy, November day, quite unnerving for a Midwesterner like me who was used to cold, snowy winters. The coolness of the air-conditioned room welcomed me as I closed the door, dropping into the nearest chair. Slipping off my shoes and resting my head against the vinyl upholstery, I aimlessly thumbed through the day's mail. Within minutes Tish burst through the door, bubbling with excitement, followed close behind by Jim, her current boyfriend. "Anita, it's finally happened," she shouted, waving a piece of paper under my nose. I sat up startled, glancing at the paper. "What's this?" I asked, scanning the page with all its legal gibberish. "It's what I've been working for, waiting for; it's a studio contract. Don't you see, I'm finally on my way." "You wouldn't put me on, would you?" I asked, knowing she wasn't kidding. She grinned, shaking her head. I jumped up and gave her a quick hug. "This is great, really great." Now I was excited too. "Say, this calls for a celebration," I continued. "And I have just the thing," Jim broke in, pulling a bottle from the sack he carried. "A little bubbly to fit the happy occasion." Jim uncorked the champagne as Tish set the glasses out. "If it's all the same with you, Jim, I'll have just a soft drink," I said. "Don't tell me you're on the wagon," he said, amused. "Now you're putting me on." "No, I'm not," I replied. "I've just never cared for alcohol and its aftereffects." "Well, well, I do believe we have a Puritan among us," he said sarcastically, sipping his drink. "Tish, do you want one of these too?" I asked, ignoring Jim's remark. "Not tonight, Anita. This calls for something extra special. You're sure you won't join us?" I looked up, surprised. To my knowledge Tish had never taken a drink in her life. "No thanks, this will be just fine." I settled back in my chair, as Tish and Jim talked excitedly about their futures. Jim was in the same actors' workshop. They continued to refill their glasses. Much to my relief, Jim left within the hour. It wasn't that I disliked him, but his arrogant, egotistical manner had turned me off from the beginning. "I didn't know you liked champagne," I remarked casually to Tish later. "I don't really—" She laughed, brushing her long black hair. "But Jim enjoys his drinks, so why be prudish about it? A little alcohol never hurt anybody, anyway." I sat down on the edge of my bed. "Don't be too sure about that, Tish. You've never grown up with it like I have." She sprawled across her bed and reached for the nail polish. "Well, you're right about that," she grinned. "I never did catch Daddy hiding a bottle in the pulpit." LISTEN, July, 1974 / 3 "Oh, you know what I mean," I continued. "Your world and mine were completely different when we were growing up. I saw firsthand in the people I knew, even in some who were very close to me, the heartaches and tragedies alcohol can bring. I'll be willing to bet that the closest you ever came to it was watching in amusement as the town drunk staggered down the street." Her face was serious now. "You're right about that too, but don't be such a worrywart. I'm a big girl now, and I can certainly handle an occasional drink or two." She paused, her face breaking into a smile. "I really have no immediate plans to turn into a lush." "OK, OK, sermon ended; but just remember, take it slow." The following months passed quickly. My world consisted of Gary and planning our June wedding. Tish was completely dedicated to her slow, yet steadily rising career. Our friendship remained firm, and we were happy for each other. Our dreams were becoming reality. It was the last week in April, a Saturday night to be exact, and Tish had talked me into going to one of her parties. She had babbled excitedly about this one for a month; and, to be truthful, I was excited and a little curious. Gary was out of town, so this had to be better than an evening alone. "Just wait until you see Mr. Nelson's apartment; it's really something else, one of those huge third-floor terrace jobs," she said enthusiastically, combing the last hair into place. "And Mr. Nelson, he's a doll." She hesitated, giggling, "Well, as much of a doll as a director can be. And Jim says there will be champagne flowing from fountains." "Well, just remember, I don't intend to carry a drunk home tonight," I teased. "By the way, where's Jim?" "Yes, big sister, I'll remember. And Jim, he's taking someone else tonight; but I don't mind, he can get awfully overbearing at times." "Yes, I've noticed." The party was in full swing when we arrived, and Tish was right, the elegance of the apartment was overwhelming. Chandeliers twinkled in every room, and champagne flowed from tall, carved fountains. The hilltop setting gave a breathtaking view of the city as it lay below like a piece of black velvet, dotted with colored jewels. We maneuvered our way through the crowded room, talking with people we knew and some we did not know. But parties like these were really not my thing, so after while I found the chatter unbearable, the ginger ale stale, the music much too loud, and the smoke-filled room suffocating. I looked for Tish, in hopes she was ready to leave, but she was nowhere to be found, so I slipped quietly out to the terrace. The crisp night air rushed to greet me. The huge glass doors slid open and out staggered Tish. "Hi there, Anita, my friend, I hear you're looking for me." I turned, seeing the flushed face, the glassy eyes. "Tish, you're drunk," I said disgustedly. "Come on, let's go home, you've had enough party for one night." "I'm not drunk—just having fun," she slurred, "and we can't go yet. The party's just begun, and I'm having a marvelous time, aren't you?" she asked, pulling away from me. "Isn't it great to be young, to be on top of the world?" She spread out her arms, whirling around the terrace unsteadily. In a split second she had lost her balance and fallen against the outside railing—and was toppling over! "Tish! Tish! Look out!" I screamed, but it was too late. My screams brought the party to a halt as people rushed to the street below. I pushed through the crowd, kneeling beside the crumpled body. Her face had the look of death, but her pulse was still faint and her breathing shallow. The crowd stood in hushed silence. Someone handed me a coat to cover her and two men started to lift her up. "No," I shook my head, "don't move her until the ambulance gets here." At that moment the sirens split the air. We raced through the darkness of night as I sat beside the still body, holding her limp, cold hand. We arrived at the hospital in record time. The following week her life hung in the balance, as Gary and I, with her parents, spent sleepless nights walking the hospital corridors. Finally the doctor said with a relieved smile, "She's on the road to recovery, but she's still a mighty sick girl." He frowned sadly, "She'll be with us for quite a while— she has a spinal injury." He paused, clearing his throat, then saying, "Her legs will undoubtedly be paralyzed for life." A choked cry escaped her mother's lips, as I stood in numbed silence. Finally her father spoke, "Does she know?" "Yes, and she took it well," the doctor replied. I waited until her parents had visited, then slowly I pushed open the door, forcing a smile to my face. "Hi, how're you feeling?" I asked cheerfully. "You're looking great." "Oh, sure I do," she replied, smiling faintly and running a hand through her tousled hair. "My hair hasn't been washed for weeks, I have no make-up on, my face is a mass of bruises, and you're telling me I look good enough to run for Miss America." "Well, at least you look a hundred percent better than when I brought you in here," I said, feeling a little uncomfortable. "I told you that would be one great party, didn't I," she said, biting her lip. "And I really gave a great performance." Her voice cracked. "Now get some rest, youll be well again, and this will all be behind you," I said softly, touching her shoulder. "Behind me, how can this ever be behind me?" She sobbed bitterly. "Just look at me—I'm a cripple and not even twentyone. Just how many studios need a crippled actress!" She wiped her eyes. "I threw it all away, all by myself." "Oh, Tish, don't blame yourself so. It could have happened to anyone," I said firmly, trying to reassure her. "No, you're wrong this time, Anita, not just anyone." She paused, staring blankly out the window, then continued softly. "Remember last spring when we first moved in together, all those midnight rap sessions, how we talked. All the plans, the schemes, the hopes." She lowered her voice, causing it to sound like a small child's. "And the miracle was, they were all coming true. I could have had it all, if only—" Her voice trailed off as the tears came again. I reached over, squeezing her hand. What does one say at the end of a dream? 00 LISTEN is published monthly by Pacific Press Publishing Association, 1350 Villa Street, Mountain View, California 94042. Second-class postage paid at Mountain View, California. Subscription price $6.00 a year. July, 1974. JA\ET REEVES /Ass American Teen-Ager good date is "just being with someone "BE yourself, not a phony." Speaking is Janet Reeves, this year's who is friendly and has a good personalMiss American Teen-Ager, talking about ity. Going out with someone who has no her suggestions to teens today. "As you life in him isn't my idea of having a good get older, you realize it doesn't matter so time." She .puts her own restrictions on her much if you don't do what everybody else dates too—one of these being the matter is doing." Seventeen-year-old Janet of Columbus, of smoking. "I won't date a boy twice if Georgia, won her title in the fourteenth I learn he smokes," she says. Neither does annual Miss American Teen-Ager Pag- she like to see a girl smoke. "It detracts eant in New York City. "I couldn't believe from her beauty and intelligence." Janet calls smoking "a kind of private it," she says. "My family life is pretty much the pollution." It "makes your body a mess. same, but a bit more hectic," she observes. When I look around at all the smokers, I "I try not to do things that would make wonder if they realize how they are hurtone of my sisters say, 'You think you are ing their one-and-only bodies." something just because you are Miss Miss American Teen-Ager says she has American Teen-Ager.' " seen her friends try to learn to smoke. "It's Some people may think that winners a habit that's not easy to learn, and it cerof these "Miss" titles are naturally effer- tainly doesn't look like fun." vescent and bubbling. It's not always that Would she ever take up the habit herway, says Janet. "Sometimes I wonder self? "It's hard to say No when your what people think of me—if I'm snob- friends smoke. I know that only too well. bish or if I feel that I'm better than oth- But it's not impossible. I choose not to ers. That's why I try to be more friendly smoke and am not embarrassed or afraid to everybody. It's not always easy, since to say so." I'm not an extrovert." Janet's ambition is high—to become a But Janet has her fun. Her idea of a pediatrician, wife, and mother. Each of these is a career in itself, she says. In the meantime, she is convinced that Runners-up Lucy Demkiw of New York the most important thing in life is "being and Katherine Kassing of Virginia conhappy with what you are doing." And it gratulate Miss American Teen-Ager seems that Janet has put this into pracJanet Reeves as she wins her award. tice in her studies—she has just graduated from Hardaway High School in Columbus; in her chief interests, one of which is music—she plays the piano in her church (Seventh-day Adventist); and in her hobbies—she enjoys sewing, swimming, modeling, and horseback riding. When asked how youth can best make a contribution to their society today, Janet had no hesitation. "By taking responsibilities," she said, "and carrying them out in a mature manner or doing the best you can." 00 LISTEN, July, 1974 / 5 Ways to Rea Fitness "Listen" talks with William Proxmire, U.S. Senator from Wisconsin WE UNDERSTAND, Senator, that you are active along the line of conservation, of both natural resources and human resources. Have you always been interested in this? I like the way you put that—"natural resources and human resources." You know, we talk about ecology, and I like to think of physical fitness as a kind of human ecology. And human ecology is something every person has within his control. If people take care of themselves, if they exercise and learn to relax and eat properly, they can greatly influence their own health. I've been interested in that since I was a small boy. My father was a doctor, and he made quite an impression on me. Have you been jogging for a long time? For quite a while, but not since childhood. I started my regular running when I was 50 years old. And I did it after I had been here in the Senate for about seven or eight years. I started running because I was so frustrated waiting for buses. I'd walk a mile, catch a bus, and the bus would take me the rest of the way to the Capitol. And after waiting for buses for two or three consecutive days I decided to try running the whole way to see how long it would take. I found that I could run the five miles in 35 minutes, and it would take me 50 minutes if I took the bus. Does your family share your interest in jogging and physical fitness? Well, they have their own ideas. My wife is a great tennis enthusiast. She was 40 before she started to play very much, but she plays in tournaments around Washington and does an excellent job. Then my little boy, 12, is a great sports enthusiast. He likes to run, and almost all the sports. My daughter is a swimmer, and she enjoys that very much. My older son is kind of a maverick. He doesn't indulge in physical fitness activities quite that much. He likes to play basketball with the other fellows, but he doesn't have any regular exercise schedule. Do you feel any different physically since you started regular jogging? Oh, yes, I feel much better. I always have felt pretty good, but now I have more vitality; I sleep better, feel more re6 / LISTEN, July, 1974 axed, more composed. I don't feel as tired as I used to at end of the day. One of the most remarkable physical revelations has been :he effect of a long walk at the end of the day. I run to work Ind then I'll walk home. Often at the end of the day I'll feel Frustrated and weary, and the last thing I want to do is walk Five miles. But it has an amazing effect. The first quarter to half mile is a drag, but then it gets better and easier. By the time I get home I feel refreshed, relaxed, and ready to go again. .he How long does it take you to walk the five miles? About 1 hour and 15 minutes. I cheat sometimes and run part of the way. Do you continue this procedure when you are back in your home state? Yes, I try to. I'm not as faithful as I used to be. For a long time I would run every single morning wherever I was. Now when I go back to my state, I sometimes don't run early in the morning, but I often do. There are several places I run in Milwaukee. And when I am out in San Francisco, I run in a certain area. I run in almost all the major cities of the country, including New York and Boston. You've seen quite a bit of the country on foot then? That's right. One of the nicest runs is in Chicago, along the lakeshore. And there is a very beautiful run in Boston where you run around the Boston Gardens and the Boston Commons—they're not far from each other. When you run around the Commons five or six times you get a fine workout. When you changed your life-style and began running, did you also change your diet as well? No, I've never changed my diet greatly. I don't have any favorite diet. I just think it's best to have a balance so that you include the four basic kinds of food, including dairy products, of course, which I like to plug as a Senator from Wisconsin; but I think you should have that along with meat and cereals, fruits and vegetables. I think if you have a balance in those categories, it's better than if you specialize in a highprotein, high-fat, or high-carbohydrate diet. Senator Proxmire has been in public service since 1950, when he was elected to the Wisconsin State Assembly. He was elected to the United States Senate in 1957 to fill the seat left vacant by the death of Senator Joseph McCarthy. He was reelected the following year to a full six-year term and again reelected for a six-year term in 1964 and 1970. Senator William Proxmire on December 19, 1973, became the first person in U.S. Senate history to cast 3,000 straight roll call votes without missing one. Not since April, 1966, has Proxmire missed a roll call vote. Proxmire cast his 1,000th consecutive vote in December, 1970, and his 2,000th consecutive vote in March, 1972. Senator Proxmire is vice-chairman of the HouseSenate Joint Economic Committee. He was chairman in the 92nd Congress and is on four subcommittees of that committee. A ranking member on the Senate Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs Committee, he is similarly on five subcommittees under it. He is a member of the Senate Appropriations Committee, the House-Senate Joint Committee on Defense Production, and the Senate Democratic Steering Committee. You feel, then, that the use of such drugs is an artificial use of the mind? Senator, when you think these days about preventing drug problems, do you feel that there would be less problem along this line if more people took up your physical fitness program? Yes, it's a crutch. Like any other crutch, you get so you rely on it more and more, and you need more of it. And the side effects, as we all know, can be most destructive. I think so, for a number of reasons. Many people get into drug habits because of their ill health. Many people will have headaches or tension, and they want to relieve those, so they'll take drugs. Others will have trouble sleeping, so they'll take drugs to help them sleep better. These, after all, may be mild drugs, and they might be necessary if their doctor prescribes them. But I think that, as Dr. Paul Dudley White used to say, "a continuous moderate exercise, like a long walk, is probably the best and healthiest kind of sleeping potion that you can take." I think also that exercise eases the tension so that you are much less likely to have to take pain-killers of various kinds. In addition, I think many people take drugs because they want to remove their consciousness from the here and now. I find that by disciplining yourself so you learn to relax you can do that at will without relying on some external stimulant and without any of the adverse side effects. What about the relationship between the mind and the body? You said that your physical fitness program and your jogging have a relaxing effect on your mind. Well, I'm sure that the condition of the body has a great effect on your alertness, your capacity to concentrate, your ability to keep working on an intellectual problem, however complex it may be. Sometimes, of course, in the Senate, as in business operations or other occupations, these problems can become very exacting and demanding and require a great deal of concentration over a period of time. Good physical condition is enormously helpful in being able to deal with these. At the same time I think that an awareness of the benefits of physical fitness, the great feeling that you have being healthy and alive, and the enjoyment of so many good things in life—food, people's company, the ability to laugh, enjoying the physical reaction to swimming, et cetera, knowing in your mind that all this depends on your physical condition—enable you to use LISTEN, July, 1974 / 7 your mind to discipline your body. There certainly is an interplay. Today there seem to be pressures toward the artificial in contrast to the more natural. What specific suggestions might you have for kids today? Because most young people are blessed with good health, they take it for granted. As George Bernard Shaw used to say, "It's a shame that youth is wasted on the young." If you can persuade them to reflect on the great benefits, even when they're young, of concentrating on healthful habits—and because our young people today are better educated, and because they can be persuaded to recognize the facts of life (and this is a fact) I think we can make more progress than ever before. We have a lot of people in the Senate who are interestec in physical fitness. Strom Thurmond is an outstanding example He's in great shape. He's a man in his seventies now, and he'; very conscious of exercise and diet. There are a number of others, such as Claiborne Pell who runs regularly. Chuck Percy is in great physical condition. A number of Senators have stopped smoking. In fact, I've noticed in committee after committee that a majority of the Senator, with your awareness of physical fitness and your jogging, I assume that you are a nonsmoker? Yes, I'm lucky. I've never smoked. Do you feel that smoking is inconsistent with a physical fitness program? I feel frankly that smoking is about the stupidest thing that people can do. I've never really been able to understand it. Maybe if I smoked I would. Most people I talk to agree that it's something that really doesn't give them any great satisfaction. And the price that one pays for tobacco addiction can be so extreme, not only in lung cancer, which is becoming increasingly common, but also in heart disease and in loss of fitness and vitality. I just can't understand why people engage in that unattractive habit. Do you feel that this message is getting through to people today? I think so. It is true that there has been a current continuation mathematically of the tobacco habit, but I think that when you trace this you find several interesting things. One is that many people have quit, so that without this we would have had a far greater acceleration of smoking. Also there is a remarkable coincidence of nonsmoking with performance in school. For example, I understand that in the freshman class at Princeton last year only 7 percent were smokers. That's very indicative, because a much larger percentage of the general population of that age smoke. I think this says a lot about the fact that those who are the more intelligent and the more successful are the less likely to smoke. As more people develop an understanding of this—some of us are slow learners—I think there will be less smoking. How do you think we can solve the conflict between the health dangers of smoking and the economic benefits of tobacco sales in many large tobacco-producing states? Well, my own state is a tobacco-producing state. It's not a principal industry, but it's an important cash crop for our farmers. In most tobacco areas the farmer does have an option —he can move to something else, and I would certainly favor some kind of Government assistance to enable the farmer to do this. We have an enormous need for food now, and that land now being used to produce tobacco can be used to produce food at a time when food prices are going out of sight. And with the increased world demand for our exported food, I think it could be very constructive. What has been the reaction of your colleagues in the Senate to your physical fitness program? 8 / LISTEN, July, 1974 Senator Proxmire was last year's honorary chairman of the National AAU Physical Fitness Program. To mark the occasion the Senator did 72 pushups in 59 seconds. Senators, especially the younger ones, don't smoke. And many who did smoke have stopped. I think this is another indication of their awareness of physical fitness. We have a Senate doctor who is proud of keeping Senators alive—we beat the expectation of longevity apparently. Every day we have low-cholesterol choices on our menu, and that's something that is helpful in avoiding heart attacks. Speaking of these Senators who are particularly interested in physical fitness, have you noticed any reduction in the drinking problem? I have. The night I came here in 1957, the Senate was about to adjourn. They were just passing the first civil rights bill that had been enacted in 80 years, so it was an occasion for rejoicing and celebration. But there was nothing of the kind that I expected. A number of Senators had been drinking heavily that night, and it was obvious that they had been. Sub- ;equently I have noticed that some Senators have been to some !xtent under the influence. But that has diminished almost every year I've been here. Now, Senators drink—let's face it. ?erhaps a majority do. But it's rare that they drink so much hat it's evident in their behavior, either in committee, on the ioor, or under other circumstances. So I think that this situa:ion has improved. So you think there's a general trend away from both smoking and drinking on the part of the Senators? I think probably this is true as far as drinking is concerned, on smoking I feel much more confident. I know a number 3f Senators who have stopped both drinking and smoking. Jne Senator who is a friend of mine used to have a serious irinking problem. He stopped completely, and he's been on :he wagon now for two or three years. There are several other senators who have stopped drinking, but I think maybe 20 senators have stopped smoking. Dut I suppose this would be part of the general aspect of Physical fitness? Yes, I think the doctors have persuaded them, certainly on the smoking. There has been less medical evidence of the serious effect of moderate drinking. But there's no question about it—smoking can cause cancer, it can cause heart disease, it can be very serious. With moderate drinking, I think, the case isn't quite as clear. It's bad for a number of reasons physically, but I think the case hasn't been as emphatically established. So I think that Senators have reduced their tobacco habit because of the health aspect. The reason they have reduced their drinking is probably because they are aware that in this age of television and a more alert and vigilant press, and perhaps vigorous competition for office, that they have to be careful about how they appear to their constituents. How do you look into the future as far as smoking and drinking are concerned? Do you feel that the health consciousness of individuals will make them more aware of .these and continue to reduce these problems? I think so; I certainly hope so. There is every evidence that we are moving effectively in tobacco action. There are fewer .corporation executives, fewer Senators and Congressmen, and -other governmental leaders, top people in the academic area —almost all successful people in our country are smoking less. This is setting a pattern by example, by knowledge and experience. The medical profession has helped greatly, and the media have helped to some extent. The drinking area is still our most serious drug problem. It undoubtedly causes far more human misery than any other drug because it's so common. I'm concerned whether some of the new drugs like marijuana, and perhaps other drugs, may catch on and to some extent replace alcohol, so there may not be an overall improvement. It takes years to determine how damaging these things are. For instance, we're still working on marijuana, but it will take a long time. Meanwhile many people can perhaps destroy their lives and certainly their health. Do you think that there is a potential that someday, as you mentioned, tobacco crops will be changed to food crops, and there won't be large tobacco concerns? I hope so. Of course we had one experience with prohibition that has turned off a lot of people. However, I'm not so sure that that experience was as adverse as many people are convinced it was. From a realistic standpoint it's unlikely that Students at Bloomingdale Elementary School in Wisconsin welcome Senator Proxmire to their classroom. there is going to be prohibition against either tobacco or alcohol, and there may be greater permissiveness toward some of the other drugs. I would hope that knowledge, understanding, education, and awareness of the great blessings of good health and the great problems of bad health would persuade people to abandon tobacco. Do you feel that the media encourage people into these habits? I think the progress we've made in persuading the media to publicize the adverse effects of tobacco has been salutary. I'd love to see that stepped up in any way we can. People are so sensitive to the media; they have such enormous power. And I hope we can persuade the media to recognize the seriously adverse effects when you have attractive people drinking a great deal in a TV show. This absolutely has to have an adverse effect. It has to persuade many young people to say, Let's try it; it's a desirable thing to do. If this attractive movie actor does it, why shouldn't I? The media seem to be a little more careful about smoking, but they still do a lot of that too. I think the movies were largely the reason smoking caught on. It seemed the mature, sophisticated, and "in" thing to do. What suggestions might you have to young people today taking an active part in improving the whole situation, helping to solve some of these problems and pointing in a better direction? While the influence of somebody they might see on TV might be substantial, the most profound influence with many young people, particularly in the years when they develop the habits of smoking and drinking, is their peers. If the others who are young, with whom they associate, have a realistic and sensible attitude against these things, I think they are much less likely to smoke and drink. This undoubtedly is where we can have the most effect—if we can persuade the young people in high schools and colleges to take some leadership in this area and to use their own ingenuity to persuade their colleagues to do the same. 00 LISTEN, July, 1974 / 9 th011111121/itiro ouirG1 nig to lin Joseph n. farley IN 1965 Jim Lefebvre hustled his way onto the Los Angeles Dodgers lineup, batted .284, made the Rookie of the Year award, and helped the Dodgers win the World Series in baseball. During the next seven years the fiery switch-hitter played aggressive ball, excelling on defense and compiling an overall batting average of .272. But Jim has been repeatedly honored for accomplishments other than his efforts on the playing field. He got involved in an antidrug program directed initially against impressions created by a very popular book, Ball Four, by Jim Bouton, then a big-league pitcher. "Five years ago Bouton's book hit the stands and made a big splash. A disproportionate part of the book dealt with the relatively small number of ballplayers who use certain stimulants or pain-killers to enhance their efforts on the ball field," Jim says. "It was sensationally overdone, and in a matter of weeks thousands of people, many of them youngsters, believed that most, if not all, ballplayers were constantly on bennies, uppers, downers, greenies, or reds. "Of course that isn't so, but there wasn't any way to prove it," Jim says, "so during the off-season banquet tour, instead of talking about 'My Greatest Thrill of the Past Season,' I tried to set the picture straight. And that's when I found out that most people, especially our supposedly sophisticated young teens, really didn't know very much about drugs and their effects." Wes Parker, Los Angeles first baseman at that time, shared Jim's concern, and the two of them decided to bone up on drugs and to offer to talk to school groups in the Los Angeles area. Their first offer, made by Dave Hull, a local disc jockey, brought over 200 requests for Jim and Wes to speak. "Things got awfully busy then," Jim recalls. "You can't talk intelligently about any subject if you don't know it thoroughly, so Wes and I had to go back to school." They visited the UCLA Medical School, the USC School of Pharmacy, Synanon, methadone maintenance centers, and the drug rehabilitation wards of several private hospitals. They talked to addicts, ex-addicts, private doctors, police officials, lawyers, and educators. They spent their evenings learning the horror of the drug subculture. During the days they visited school groups, sometimes making five or six talks a day, five days a week. Within two months Jim and Wes found that they needed help from other players. A nonprofit organization, Athletes for Youth (AFY), was formed, and Jim and Wes became committed to a cause that quickly became an obsession. AFY now has at least 18 major league baseball and football players. Working singly or in pairs, AFY members reach about 3,500 youngsters a week during the school year. Their schedules at times border on frantic. When Jim stands up on a makeshift platform in a junior10 / LISTEN, July, 1974 high gym or cafeteria, he goes right to the point, speaking wit} a magnetic conviction. His theme is simple: "Drugs can ruir your life because they rob you of your potential. Not because you're going to go crazy or blind, although that does happer sometimes, but because drugs rob you of initiative, of ambi tion, of strength. Even if you don't get physiologically hooked there's a real chance that the dropout, turn-on syndrome wit become a way of life. It's much easier to give up and grab quick high than it is to dig in and fight. Even if you eventually break away from drug use, you've learned to settle for mediocre and unproductive lives, because you've developed a "so what?' defeatist attitude. You've learned not to expect too much frorr yourself, and that's what you get. "Look," he tells his young hearers, "I wasn't born knowini how to field and to hit, but I wanted to be a ballplayer eves since I was younger than most of you. I practiced day and night. I read, ate, slept, and lived baseball 365 days a year. didn't know if I was good enough, but I knew that I had tc try. I had to give it my best, and that's what life is all about. "You don't all have to be ballplayers," Jim continues. "Tit( point is, whatever your interests, whatever your talent, whatever your potential in any area, you'll never realize what you might have been once you get hung up on drugs. "And don't give me any of that junk about drugs releasing your mind and body, because it just isn't true. I have seen ballplayers who use drugs in one form or another, and in spite of what they might have thought, it didn't make them play ball one bit better. It made them moody and uncoordinated, Jim addresses a Kiwanis Club banquet at which he was presented a special award for his fight against drug abuse. Pei fhon bu 1162111 MUNI Pau UGH nd none of these players lasted more than a few seasons." She could laugh, and run, and think, and cry, and love. But On the legal side of drug abuse, Jim is just as outspoken. when I saw her, she was a nothing!" Jim's voice rises in "Get busted for a drug abuse offense, and, besides your anger at the memory. nmediate punishment, you lose your right to hold public "She was a cold, stiff, wet, stinking, bloated nothing! Dead ffice, work for city, state, or Federal government, get a private at 14 on a slab in the Los Angeles County morgue because ,ilot's license, get a medical license, or become a lawyer. As of an overdose! What a waste! Is it worth the chance, the ,ell, many firms just won't hire you because of proven 'in- insane gamble, the ultimate risk?" " The room is quiet. Jim Lefebvre has driven home a point. Jim points out that drugs aren't cheap and that most drug Then he says, "I love you, my young friends. I come to your sers become unreliable so that they can't hold jobs. To sup- schools, and I hear you laugh and shout in the yard. I see your on their habit they often turn to theft. "They may break into faces, eager, alive, curious. I talk to you in the halls, in the Lomes, strip cars, snatch purses, mug people. A bust for purse parking lots, in your classrooms, and I love you all. I see you, natching, shoplifting, or breaking and entering might put young, innocent, happy. And I wonder who among you will ou in jail, but even if you luck out with only probation, the be the mothers and fathers, the teachers, the secretaries, the rrest may close thousands of jobs to you. It locks you in a clerks, the salesmen, the technicians, and, yes, even the ballplayers who will make this world work. I wonder if there's hadowy world of unreality, of not belonging." Going a step further, Jim talks about the health hazards, a Rookie of the Year in this room, or maybe the doctor who he possibility of hepatitis from dirty needles. He tells about will cure cancer. "But mostly, I wonder who among you will be happy and isers who have jumped out of windows while on trips. He elates the story of a teen group in Connecticut who drank who instead will be foolish enough to let drugs rob him of any )unch spiked with LSD, and how six of these teens, three and chance to be happy and to find out what he might have been." half years later are still in mental institutions. He tells how In the car on the way to another school, Jim Lefebvre sighs. hree youth in Los Angeles extracted THC from marijuana "If I can reach just one kid, keep just one from taking that .nd smoked it in concentrated form. Two died horrible deaths. first step— Jim Lefebvre's effort may not have a big impact on the Che third is a mental vegetable. "Perhaps the saddest thing I have ever seen," Jim tells his world, no matter how many talks he gives. But he has to try. udience, in a voice so soft that they lean forward to hear, He has seen the need, and he must give it his best effort. For was a 14-year-old girl. She had dreams and hopes and fears. Jim Lefebvre, that's what life is all about. 00 ;peaking to a high school group, Jim gets right to the Joint. His theme is simple: "Drugs can ruin your life be- At the end of his school program, Jim is mobbed by young fans asking for autographs. :ause they rob you of your potential." LISTEN, July, 1974 / 11 "THE circle. Symbol of perfect harmony in the workings of the universe. For centuries, one of the holiest symbols of many religions and cultures. A symbol of the day-to-day dependence of all things in nature on each other." The narrator continues: "Human beings are children of the universe. We are all part of a large pattern, and we depend on each other for strength and emotional well-being. People need people." That's how it begins, a new movie, "Circle of Love." A young girl on the way back from dope addiction, an "CIRCLE The "Circle of Love" their own experiences Lillian tells the group about her life with drugs— how she was hooked by a push and forced to steal to support hl habit. There was nothing si wouldn't do to get a fix. Final she was busted. "Hold on, man," Lillian tells the young rebel. "The problem with a lot of you young dudes, you never want to listen." Bamba says that love for his family and athletics has helped to keep him out of trouble. "I was once a drug pusher," Tyrone tells the others. "I was cashing in on my people's suffering. Then I turned from a hustler to a junkie." It was during an afternoon game with the other guys thz Bamba spotted Ray Mays, defensive back for the Denve Broncos football team. Ray tells him, "If you're going to b an athlete, certain things are out, and at the top of the lis are cigarettes, drinking, and drugs." When Tyrone found his own brother dead from an overdose, he finally realized what was happening to himself. 12 / LISTEN, July, 1974 LOVE" :e a week. They share to others. aged ex-drunk, a young rebel, a former heroin addict—they're all part of the circle. They come to talk to each other, to listen, and to draw strength from each other's experiences. This 30-minute film, produced by Audio-Visual Specialties, shows how addiction to any substance is just a symptom of deeper problems within a person. Groups like "Circle of Love" can help restore self-confidence, self-worth, and the basic need felt by everyone. At the women's -louse of Detention Lillian earned quickly what cold urkey was all about. It was ifter her release that she oined the "Circle of Love." Bamba Boy's life is not at all like Lillian's. He's never been an addict or had to serve time in jail. Jow it's the old drunk's turn. "I was young like you guys. I hought I was just as tough, standing on the corner smoking and lrinking wine." He tells them that "life can be hard, very hard, )ut wasting it away on drugs and other types of poisons is just mother way of committing suicide." The young rebel listens with disbelief. Then he turns to Tyrone, leader of the group. "What's your story, man? How come you're so wrapped up in this group thing?" IMAM fter walking for hours, with his body •aving for dope, Tyrone found himself the quiet sanctuary of a church. It was 'ere that he decided to form the "Circle of we." LISTEN, July, 1974 / 13 Like the "Circle of Love" we all need to find ourselves. This circle of people will break up, each person going his own way. They will live out their lives in a world that each day helps them get a little more faith in their brothers and sisters. Robert G. Hoehn HE'S small. Six legs carry him wherever he wants to go. He may or may not fly. Sometimes he hides his three distinct body parts under rocks, logs, or leaves. He may feed during the day or venture out at night. Who is he? He's the bug. Class Insecta. Order Hemiptera. He's been stepped on, cursed at, and persecuted for damaging crops. And some think he may even be a rung in the ladder toward drug abuse. Wait a minute! A bug? Drug abuse? Explanation, please. 14 / LISTEN, July, 1974 OK. Meet Tommy Smith, an average four-year-old lad. He, like his neighborhood pals, simulate the Indianapolis 500 by racing Big Wheels up and down the block. Tommy enjoys playing with his friends. When the race ends, Tommy looks for a new adventure. He decides to go on a nature hunt. He carefully scans the front yard, checking every leaf, twig, and branch. He's not sure what he's looking for. But if it hops, jumps, or crawls, he'll cover it with his glass jar, run into the house, and alert Mother. However, Mother's in the middle of preparing dinner. She can't be bothered with trivia, especially the six-legged kind. Dad arrives moments later following a hard day's work. He settles in his favorite chair with the evening paper. Tommy approaches with the news of his captured discovery. Dad, like Mother, finds little satisfaction discussing a creature he's known all his life. Who will share Tommy's discovery? Maybe Jack or Paul or Lewis or Ronnie. Surely his friends will find the bug worth investigating. This bug anecdote brings up an important question: How can a bug (or, for that matter, a snake or a frog) determine Tommy's future behavior? Well, let's dissect a bit further. The bug, per se, isn't that overwhelming. The main attraction comes when Tommy brings his discovery to the attention of both parents. Their reaction will show Tommy how they feel toward the whole adventure. Translation is simple. No reaction spells unconcern. A "who cares?" response might well mean, "Don't bother me. Can't you see I'm busy?" If Tommy's discoveries go unnoticed, he'll simply stop making them. He'll likely seek satisfaction through peer group activities. As Tommy grows older, new encounters may take the shape of drug use. Haim G. Ginott, author of Between Parent & Child, feels a parent may not be aware that his remarks are attacks that invite counterattacks, that his comments block communication by stirring children to preoccupation with revenge fantasies. If Tommy grows up seeking revenge or escape, he'll have friends to guide him. He won't seek Mom's or Dad's advice. Tommy may interpret no recognition as no love. When a child receives no love from either parent, he has little reason to fear its loss. He sees little value in identifying with his parents who reject him. Their rules are not his rules. Tommy's parents received an excellent opportunity to share a valuable experience with him. For example, suppose Dad went outside and spent only two minutes watching the bug. The conversation might have gone like this: "What's the bug doing, Dad?" "Looking for a way out, I guess." "What kind of bug is he, Dad?" "I suppose some kind of yard bug." Tommy's dad lifts the jar off the ground and asks, "How many legs does he have, Tommy?" Tommy looks closely, wiggling his fingers back and forth. "Six legs. He has six legs." Point: Tom and Dad are communicating. They're working together. Dad may add kindling to the fire by explaining how organisms, no matter how small, are vital to life and that every plant or animal has a right to live freely. Tommy learns kindness and respect through example. Many factors lead to drug addiction—broken homes, poverty, emotional disturbance, insecurity, and perhaps something as insignificant as a bug. 00 Exercise programs must be suited to each individuals rieed, as this woman found out when she went /N SEARCH ODYBEAUTIFUL! Annette Richards Parent I'M just a plain ordinary female, nothing special. Other than that, I want to be healthy and not get old and stiff and crotchety before my time. In this noble resolve I receive much encouragement. A few years ago the big rage was the Royal Canadian Air Force exercise regimen. The attractive booklet was available on most magazine stands. So I bought one. It reassured me that there were exercises geared to women and that their build-up was gradual. "Nothing to fear," it purred soothingly. "Just start in slowly, and soon you will find renewed vigor and vitality." So what had I to lose? I followed the directions to the letter and built up my momentum to a most satisfying level. I began to feel hale and hearty. Who knows whether all those bumps and bulges were smoothing out? But, boy, I felt good! So what happened? My back started to protest, at first only to a minor degree, then increasingly annoyingly, finally to where without warning I would let out a loud yelp as a muscle spasm tore loose on my unsuspecting nervous system. Should I continue my exercises? Were they the culprit? I didn't know. All I know is that I ultimately delivered my ailing anatomy to an orthopedic doctor who promptly slapped me into some rigid pink armor, made me swear off the cure-all, and take hot baths. "Don't even take a deep breath for six weeks," he prescribed. "Then come back and see me." I did as ordered, and within a few days of the six-week appointment, my spasming back miraculously relaxed and was normal again. "Don't do those exercises," he advised. "I have had physically superior colonels and majors from the air force come in for my help from those exercises. If they throw those men into a snarl, why should you escape?" I felt I had—but just barely. Then someone told me that the American equivalent of the RCAF pioneer exercise booklet was a bit better graduated, more moderate, but leading to the selfsame goal of top physical condition. I'll admit I tried to find the booklet, but it was nowhere I could see. So I did not get started on that program. Next, some well-intentioned friend gave me a pep talk on rope jumping. "A hundred times without stopping will do more for your circulation, lungs, and general conditioning than anything else in a similar amount of time," she said enthusiastically. So I invested in a jump rope and started to work up to the 100 nonstop level. I achieved it after some time and with a considerable sense of complacency. But something began to happen to my feet. They began to get stabbing pains; they hurt when I walked; I could barely limp. While they were not the best specimens in the world, they had done well for me since birth, and I was a bit upset at their current acting up. So again I hied me off to my favorite doctor. The trouble? The rope jumping on concrete. The solution? Arch supports and no rope jumping. So I was foiled again in my noble aspirations. After a cooling-off period, I joined a group of housewives in a morning exercise session to a record. It was a workout, and none of us actually did every exercise every time indicated. But we did build up to a feeling of wellbeing. We even tackled a second more difficult record. But Christmas came along, and after Christmas we never quite got back into the harness again. I tried to resume some morning setting-up exercises solo in my living room. But have you ever tried this with a family milling around? You're in the way. You feel embarrassed still undressed with everyone else all attired for the day. And then there is all that housework staring you in the face, especially the dust pussies which never bothered you under the couch until you lay down at eye level and could no longer ignore them. And then someone always comes to the door or telephones when you are unfinished, en deshabille, and the hour is late. But at least I tried. Later on I settled for daily walks at a brisk pace. One doctor in all seriousness had told me that I should walk at least seven miles at almost a lope daily just to keep apace of the deterioration of age. But how do you do this while watching dawdling preschoolers? Or trying to keep a home functioning? I did end up putting in about two miles a day and felt wonderful! LISTEN, July, 1974 / 15 My next attempt at achieving feminine pulchritude minus girdle as camouflage came about because a kindred spirit—or aging female—moved nearby and started jogging. She saw me walking—not ambling, but honest walking—and we exchanged notes. "I'll walk with you if you'll jog with me," was the challenge. Thought I naively, "Sure, why not?" And predictably I did. Again at first, it was hard. I got winded. I had to work into it. But I really felt on top of the world. "This is great;" I decided jubilantly. For less time spent, I got more of a workout and felt infinitely better than with walking alone. Are you ready? Well, here it comes. Yes, something new kicked up in my otherwise serviceable anatomy—my left knee. It started insidiously, just a sneaking jab of pain that could not be nailed down, barely noticed, but nevertheless there. And each day, it demanded more attention, until finally my long-suffering body refused to be overlooked in the glow of my enthusiasm of my newfound sport. Mind would no longer win over matter. I admitted that this increasingly bad knee had never bothered me until I started jogging. With just walking, it behaved itself admirably, but the pain had begun along with the jogging. They had started together and built up together in true team spirit. I quit jogging but continued walking. But my knee was so irritated by this time that it did not calm down. While it did not get worse, the pain was certainly not going away either! It would waken me out of a sound sleep at night. So, you guessed it. Off I went to a different specialist, my favorite neighborhood one was 500 miles away. And, said the man in the white coat, "No jogging." He did not recommend X rays, heat treatments, ace bandage, or surgery. "Just lay off the jogging, hon," he said wearily. "I get enough cases of people with complaints they can't help." So here I am, still seeking the fountain of eternal youth, an eager fan of the Presidential physical fitness kick, an avid observer of the periodic stick figures of slim, limber, strong, and energetic exercisers demonstrating the latest angle on how to spot reduce, cure that dowager's hump, get rid of the excess fatty tissue in the upper arms, flatten the tummy, trim and firm the derriere, and become once more the magnificent physical specimen I never was even in my youth. I read about doctors who jog, about corporation executives who take brisk daily walks and climb 15 stories to their offices in skyscrapers in preference to the elevator, of health clubs and tennis clubs, of yoga classes, and of TV exercise experts—and again I feel my tummy protruding, my double chins multiplying, my bust sagging, my breath coming in short gasps. I gobble up the reassurance that at any age you can keep fit and slender, that you can start at whatever stage of physical decay in which you find yourself. And I wonder, Should I try again? "OK," I decide, "I'll quit." That is, incurable dreamer that I am—and beggar for punishment—until I hear of the newest way to be healthy, full of beans, and well-stacked. And, you're right, I'm off again—and it won't be the easy way, that's for sure! Some people never learn. Now, I wonder about that bicycling regimen—hmnn. You know, Dr. Paul Dudley White recommended it. 00 16 / LISTEN, July, 1974 HE S Amphetamines-What Are the Facts? Where found: Benzedrine, Methedrine, Dexedrine, et cetera. Slang names: Wake-ups, Bennies, Pep pills, Cartwheels, Crystal, Dexies, Speed, et cetera. Usual single adult dose: 2. 5-5.0 mg. Duration of action: 4 hours. Method of taking: Swallowing pills, capsules, or injecting in veins. Legitimate medical uses ( present and projected) : Treatment of obesity, narcolepsy ( involuntary sleep ), fatigue and depression. Potential for psychological dependence: High. Tolerance ( leading to increased dosage) : Yes. Potential for physical dependence: No. Potential for overall abuse and toxicity: High. Reasons drug is sought ( drug effects and social factors ): For stimulation and relief of fatigue. To get "high" ( euphoria). A general climate of encouraging the taking of pills for everything. Short-term effects ( psychological, pharmacological, and social) : Central nervous system stimulants. Increased alertness, reduction of fatigue, loss of appetite, insomnia, often euphoria. Long-term effects (psychological, pharmacological, social) : Restlessness, irritability, weight loss. toxic psychosis ( mainly paranoid ). Diversion of energy and money. Habituation. Extreme irritability, toxic psychosis. Form of legal regulation and control: Available in large amounts by ordinary medical prescription which can be repeatedly refilled or can be obtained from more than one physician. Widely advertised and "detailed" to physicians and pharmacists. Other manufacture, sale, or possession prohibited under Federal drug abuse and similar state drug laws. Moderate penalties. Widespread illicit traffic. Source: Joel Fort, M.D. The National Center for Solving Special Social and Health Problems. MY FRIEND and I were talking when she unexpectedly said, "Shirley, how did you get to know yourself so well?" It surprised me for a moment. "I really don't know how well I know myself," I confessed, "but I am aware of working at it. One of the things that fascinates me in life is trying to figure out how human beings tick. If I don't learn to know me, I won't be able really to know anyone else, will I?" The art of awareness, among other things, embodies knowing yourself. In fact, this seems to be the starting point. It's advantageous in life to know yourself, and other people, on a fairly deep level. Artists, musicians, and writers seem to be blessed with an innate awareness, an acute sensitivity to life and people. They need this awareness to depict life as it is being lived in a picture, a musical composition, or a story. But everyone can improve on this technique of awareness. Today's new generation is working at awareness as no generation before. And it's a good thing. It isn't good to be content to settle for superficial human relationships. What a bore it is to go to parties where most of the chatter centers around the weather, new recipes, homemaking, or some specific line of work. It's more interesting to discuss your real feelings with others, to try to find out what they are really thinking about. The young people in our community love to ride to the top of our Mount Constitution to watch a beautiful sunrise. or the full moon on a clear autumn night. In his provocative book, The Greening of America, Charles A. Reich reminds his readers that "people are 'together' when they experience the same thing in the same way." One simple way to do this is to observe God's handiwork in nature with another human being you are in tune with. Another way is through music. A young friend of mine and I spent an entire evening last spring listening to some new records. She especially likes the styles of two contemporary singers, so we listened to their albums. Mary would not let me comment until the music stopped playing. "You have to really concentrate, sense their mood, and listen to get the full effect," she explained. At first I missed our usual in-depth talks, but at the end of a couple of hours I knew we had communicated silently in the sharing of our mutual love—music. For the first time we were speaking to each other with just our eyes, and perhaps a smile. Once you get onto nonverbal communication there's nothing quite like it. The shirley m. dever the art of awareness friendship between Mary and me took on a new dimension, and we can never forget it. I think we now know what Mr. Reich describes as "having your heads in the same place at the same time" is all about! This author makes the point that really to be aware you have to feel like "an outsider." This is easy to understand when you realize that the kind of awareness he's talking about involves the simple life, a return to nature. The best things in life are free —the moon, soft rain, tall trees, rushing rivers, glorious sunsets, wonders of nature that we seldom take time to appreciate. But to do this we often have to turn our backs on more popular "delights" —cars, clothes, gourmet food, fancy furniture—in short, the artificial side of life. This side of our lives must be almost abandoned from time to time if we are to learn the art of awareness. People today are looking for more open relationships. They realize the value of warmth, closeness, realism, sensitivity, and sharing when with other people. They want to be real and share this reality with other real people. They want to live below the mere surface and enjoy simple pleasures. Yet there are still many people who cannot buy this concept of living. Awareness is related to one's set of values. If the emphasis is on material things, this deadness of the soul is going to be a reality. True love cannot embrace things! An overemphasis on money also makes a person dead and dull inside. These things are needed; no one can deny that! But the trick is to keep them in balance, and not overemphasize them. The people I know who radiate aliveness are not hooked on the physical, materialistic side of life. They continue to grow mentally and spiritually as life goes on. This makes for a dynamic individual—one who is alive, awake, and aware most of the time. The art of awareness is more attainable if you retain a childlike wonder of the world around you. As I type this article, I peer out at Eastsound through the sweeping branches of forest firs. I never tire of my marine view. On a clear day I can catch the snow-capped peaks of the Mount Baker range in the distance. A giant fir tree atop our rocky point serves as a sentinel to warn of impending storms at sea. Emerald green islands are in the distance. One of my secrets for staying aware is to go for short walks throughout the day. Outside, the view of life is wider, and one knows that God's in His heaven and all's right with the world —at least the world outside my door where fir, pine, and cedars greet me and the sea stretches out in front of me. No wonder I utter this prayer: God, always let me stay aware! 00 LISTEN, July, 1974 / 17 Editorial / Editorial / Editorial July, 1974 / Vol. 27, No. 7 "Do It Today" This is a sign on the desk of the mayor of Dearborn Heights, Michigan. For everyone this would be a good slogan, whether student, office man, farmer, executive, or whatever. But for Mayor John Canfield it has unusual significance, because the mayor is a dying man. Though his mind and muscle are still active, he knows that each day brings him closer to death. He has lung cancer. "As long as there's life, there's hope," he says. With each official act, he is living out that determination to stay on the job to the end. Physicians have told Mayor Canfield that unless there is a major medical breakthrough, he will be dead within six to eight months. He is constantly reminded of his precarious condition, suffering some pain and discomfort. He undergoes chemotherapy treatments in Detroit's Henry Ford Hospital. In addition he takes a dozen pills a day and spends time on a breathing machine. On his home telephone is a special button to summon the fire department in case of emergency. "I will resign," says the mayor, "only when and if my health condition gets to the point that I cannot, either physically or mentally, carry on the duties of the office of mayor." John Canfield has been mayor of his city since it was incorporated in 1963. He is the father of two children. An operation is impossible on his right lung, which is now involved with cancer, since several years ago his cancerous left lung was removed. He learned of his condition after filing for his fourth term as mayor. However, doctors told him that radiation treatment might prolong his life. With that hope extended to him he conducted a successful campaign for reelection. Later, after assuming office, he was stricken with pneumonia and bronchitis. It was then that the prognosis was revised and the forecast made that death would result from one of these two conditions. "There's not much hope," admits the mayor, "but as long as there's life, there's hope." And again he looks at his desk to see once more the reminder, "Do it today." Of course not everyone is facing the same specter as is Mayor Canfield, though no one knows when accident or sudden death may strike. Yet the mayor's motto is an excellent one to put into practice. If, for example, you've been wishing to discard that cigarette, do it today. If you've been planning to get help to quit that cocktail habit, do it today. If you have put off that which you know can bring better health of body or mind, begin it today. Life is short at best, so why not put the best into it —today. Journal of Better Living Executive Director / Ernest H. J. Steed Editor / Francis A. Soper Associate Editor / Twyla Schlotthauer Assistant Editor / Tim Garrison Editorial Secretary / June Franklin Office Editor / T. R. Torkelson Art Director / Howard Larkin Layout Artist / Ichiro Nakashima Circulation Manager / A. R. Mazat Sales and Promotion / L. R. Hixson, Milo Sawvel A. V. Pinkney, C. D. Watson End of a Dream / Bonnie L. Floyd / 2 Janet Reeves—Miss American Teen-Ager / 5 Ways to Real Fitness / LISTEN Interview with Senator William Proxmire / 6 Ballplayers Do More Than Play Ball / Joseph N. Farley / 10 "Circle of Love" / Picture Feature / 12 Tommy's Bug / Robert G. Hoehn / 14 In Search of the Body Beautiful! / Annette Richards Parent / 15 What Are the Facts? / 16 The Art of Awareness / Shirley M. Dever / 17 "Do It Today" / 18 LISTEN News / 19 Toward Creativity (poem) / Alice Mackenzie Swaim / 24 Photo and Illustration Credits Cover, Duane Tank; pages 2, 3, 4, 5, 15, Ichiro Nakashima; pages 2, 17, Alan Cliburn; pages 5, 6, 8, 20, 22, United Press International; pages 14, 19, A. Devaney, Inc.; page 14, Eric Kreye; page 19, Hedgecoth Photographers; pages 20, 24, H. Armstrong Roberts; page 21, Bob Johnson. Editorial Office 6840 Eastern Ave., N.W., Washington, D.C. 20012 Publication Office Pacific Press Publishing Association, 1350 Villa Street Mountain View, California 94042 Subscription Rates For the U.S.A. and Canada: One-year subscription $6.00 For countries requiring extra postage: One-year subscription $6.25 Change of Address Send change of address to LISTEN, 1350 Villa Street, Mountain View, California 94042. Zip code must be included. Allow 30 days for change to become effective. Give both the old and the new address. LISTEN, monthly journal of better living (twelve issues a year), provides a vigorous, positive educational approach to the problems arising out of the use of tobacco, alcohol, and narcotics. It is utilized nationally by Narcotics Education, Inc., also by many organizations in the field of rehabilitation. Second-class mail privileges authorized at Mountain View, California. Form 3579 requested. Litho in the United States of America. CotaVriaht Cc) 1974, by Narcotics Education, Inc. LISTEN COLOR SPECIAL Cigarette Smoke Affects Blood Platelet Activity Many Antibiotic Drugs May Be Prescribed Incorrectly More than half of the antibiotic drugs given to patients in hospitals either are not needed or are prescribed incorrectly, says a report to the Senate Health subcommittee. The cost of these unnecessary prescriptions could total as much as $200 million a year for the nation, estimates Dr. James A. Visconti of Ohio State University's College of Pharmacy. In addition, he says, 14 percent of the patients suffer adverse drug reactions from the unneeded antibiotics that force them to stay in the hospital longer than they would have if they had not been given the drug. This irrational prescribing of antibiotics has resulted in needless adverse reactions, unnecessary expense, and, in the long run, a shift in the ecology of hospital infections toward infections more dangerous and harder to treat than the ones more common in the past, says Dr. Charles C. Edwards, assistant secre- tary of Health, Education, and Welfare. Dr. Sidney Wolfe, director of Ralph Nader's health-research group, blames the pharmaceutical industry for the unnecessary prescription of drugs. "A well-trained actor could probably prescribe drugs as rationally as the thousands of American doctors whose prescribing practices reflect drug company indoctrination in lieu of scientific evaluation," says Wolfe. "It is now known," he continues, "that billions of wasted dollars, hundreds of thousands of unnecessary hospitalizations, and thousands of lives needlessly lost are the price society pays for the promotional excesses of the drug industry." But as Dr. Edwards, one of the nation's top Federal health officials, says, "As long as treatment of disease is as unspecific as it is, I think that we are going to continue to overuse antibiotics." Researchers have reported that nicotine may cause heart attacks, and even nonsmokers in the presence of smokers absorb enough nicotine to affect certain blood components. Dr. Ted P. McDonald, associate professor at the University of Tennessee Memorial Research Center, has been studying the effects of nicotine on blood platelets for the past three years. Platelets are primarily responsible for blood clotting. "In three years of research we have found that very, very low levels of nicotine increase blood platelet activity," McDonald said. "As platelets become more active, they begin to clump. If they become overactive, thrombosis or blood clots can develop." "Based on the data from our stu- Parents' Habits Influence Babies Even when only the father is a heavy smoker and the mother is a nonsmoker, perinatal mortality increases, says Dr. G. Mau, of the Kiel University Pediatric Clinic, in West Germany. He found that heavy coffee or alcohol use by pregnant women increases prematurity rates and that women who smoke have babies weighing an average of 200-300 gm. less than other neonates. Coffee, but not tea or cola drinks, correlated with increased prematurity, which in turn increased perinatal mortality. Regular use of alcohol shortened the length of pregnancy somewhat compared with nonusers and occasional users. Perinatal mortality dropped when mothers were heavy milk drinkers. dies, nicotine could well be the causative agent of some heart attacks, especially in smokers," he said. In studies on laboratory rats McDonald and his associate, Marshall E. Reese, Jr., have found that platelet activity increases from 10 to 15 percent in animals exposed to the smoke of eight cigarettes per day for 10 days. Animals exposed to 16 cigarettes per day over the same period showed even higher platelet activity. "If blood platelet activity increases by about the same percentage in man as it does in rats, and we believe that it does, this percentage increase could be critical to a person with a thrombotic condition," McDonald said. "Unfortunately, the human body is very efficient in absorbing nicotine, and this applies to both smokers and nonsmokers." He said that while a 10 to 15 percent increase may appear small, it is significant when one considers that the animals were exposed to the smoke much in the manner of a nonsmoker in a small, smokefilled room. "One of our primary objectives is to determine the least amount of smoke the body can tolerate without affecting the blood coagulation mechanism," McDonald said. "While we have been experimenting with very, very low levels of smoke and nicotine, the amounts we are using still have noticeable effects on platelet functions." McDonald said that when the studies began three years ago, he had hoped to use both laboratory animals and blood samples from humans. But he said it soon was apparent that since an extremely small amount of nicotine affects platelets, no humans without exposure to nicotine could be found. Pipe or Cigar No Better Than Cigarettes Want to protect your health by switching from cigarettes to cigars or a pipe? Better give up smoking altogether, advises the American Lung Association. It's been widely believed that cigars and pipes are safer than cigarettes, but an article in the association's monthly "Bulletin" says, "People who smoke pipes and cigars instead of cigarettes reduce some hazards to their health, but increase others." Because most regular pipe and cigar smokers don't inhale, the article points out, their chances of developing coronary heart disease or severe lung diseases such as chronic bronchitis, emphysema, and lung cancer are smaller than those of cigarette smokers. The association warns, however, of a special danger for cigarette smokers who switch. Since they have usually established patterns of inhaling, some studies show they are more likely to inhale cigar and pipe smoke than smokers who have used these other forms of tobacco right along. "Even tobacco smoke that, is not inhaled still affects the sites it touches," says the Lung Association. "Hot smoke lingers inside the mouth and can travel into the throat and windpipe, even into the upper breathing passages. Smoke, which may be dissolved in the saliva and absorbed by the mucous membranes of the mouth, can be swallowed and enter the digestive tract. Inhaling is not necessary to expose all of these sites to the harmful effects of hot smoke." Because of such exposure, it is noted, "the incidence of cancer of the mouth, throat, larynx (voice box), and stomach are as high for cigar and pipe smokers as for cigarette smokers — in some studies even higher. And pipe smoking, either alone or in combination with other forms of smoking, seems to be a direct cause of lip cancer." 19 July, 1974 LISTEN NEWS Drinking Hits Indians Hard Young Alcoholics Need More Treatment Programs For 19-year-old John it was a tough day at school with a morning full of exams and an afternoon highlighted by a visit to the dean. As the clock moved toward the dismissal bell, John found himself thinking more and more of the gallon of wine he and his friends would share to kill the evening. He knew that well before midnight, the troubles of his school day would be little more than a blur. Joanne, meanwhile, wasn't looking forward to returning home. She knew her mother would be well into a quart of Scotch. Her dad, if he came home at all, would likely stagger to bed. Dinner would be dubious. John and Joanne are fictional. But their stories are real enough for thousands of American young people who either drink for the wrong reasons or are trapped in alcoholic environments in which normal family life is the exception. Often their situations are further complicated by drugs. In New York City alcohol-treatment specialists estimate conservatively that there are at least 66,000 teen-agers thus affected. Treatment centers report an increasing number of queries from youth concerning their own drinking or that of those around them. Yet, until now, there has been no formal outlet to guide them. "I think it's shocking that we had no programs for the young. We've had blinders on our eyes in looking at this problem," says Joel Bennett, president of the New York Council on Alcoholism. Bennett announced recently that ACCEPT, an alcohol treatment program he heads for New York's Columbus Hospital, would soon begin providing counsel and treatment for young persons. It is the first such program in New York City and believed to be among the first in the nation. "We're not doing what we need to be doing in terms of primary prevention," Bennett says, observing that at least 6 percent of all persons who drink inevitably end up with a drinking problem. "Our schools, for instance, ought to have real primary prevention programs just like driver-education programs," he says. "But I'm not saying that we should have a scare program. You can't go and tell a group of kids that they are going to become alcoholics and this is the way they'll end up. "Yet statistically, 6 percent of them are going to end up there. So we've got to address the question. . . . Young people must understand that there is the possibility that many of them will develop problems." American Indians are dying 'on the highways at least four times as frequently as the population in general. Indians living on or near reservations number 535,000. Of these, an estimated 1,000 die annually in traffic accidents. In the U.S. as a whole, 57,000 persons—out of a population of 210 million—died last year in traffic accidents. Federal officials say that many Indians drive home drunk—sometimes over considerable distances— on bad roads, because drinking is forbidden on reservations, where 40 percent are unemployed. One area particularly hard hit by the double curse of drinking and bad roads is Gallup, New Mexico, where there is a total of 54 bars in an area of 50,000 population, largely Indian. "Obviously alcoholism has been a problem for our county," says McKinley County Sheriff Bob Bass. Bass is quick to add that the old two-lane state highways that lead from the Navajo reservations to Gallup need replacing, or at least widening, because they carry "so much traffic." He says that on weekends, Gallup's population is three times its normal size. Drugs Affecting Army's Readiness The drug-abuse problem has become so serious among American troops stationed in Europe that it could be affecting the military readiness of the combat forces. This is what Army Chief of Staff Gen. Creighton W. Abrams told Sen. Harold Hughes. Hughes said that Abrams acknowledged in a closed session of the Senate Armed Services Committee that "any force with that size of a drug problem has to have some effect on its readiness." Abrams also told him that the problem in Europe now is comparable in seriousness to the one in Vietnam when U.S. forces were fighting there. cy Medical Reports It's the Fizz A whiskey and soda makes a man drunker quicker than straight whiskey, a London physician reports. It's the fizz that does it. Dr. Gaston Pawan of Middlesex hospital in London says he evolved this sobering theory by using a team of medical students who volunteered to get drunk. "The bubbles in a fizzy drink make the substance go to the duodenum more quickly," he says. He says intoxication also comes faster from lukewarm drinks and from ones containing between 10 and 20 percent alcohol. This concentration works faster than stronger drinks or heavily watered ones. "Above 20 percent, alcohol is an irritant and so will not pass as quickly to the duodenum from where it is absorbed into the bloodstream," Pawan says. As for the morning after, the only real aid was a large dose of ascorbic acid (vitamin C) and honey, according to Dr. Pawan. Tar Levels The latest Federal Trade Commission test for tar and nicotine levels of the 128 varieties of domestic cigarettes reveals some interesting facts. Compared with the results of its previous test in August it showed that • 25 varieties showed increases in tar content, while 46 showed decreases, and 51 remained the same. • 9 varieties had increases in nicotine, while 57 revealed decreases, and 56 varieties remained the same. Comparisons were not possible in 35 instances either because varieties weren't available during the sampling period or were new varieties. Annoying Pot Smokers Prompt Fellow Students' Complaints Police have sharply increased the number of marijuana arrests they are making on college campuses. The arrests are coming after a period during which law enforcement and university officials appeared willing to ignore the clouds of marijuana smoke—at least until the clouds could be classified as air-pollution hazards. Locally, police don't keep separate statistics on campus arrests, though they indicate they believe the trend is upward. More surprising is the reason they and campus officials give: Many students are complaining about other students who are using drugs. "Before, I would receive off-thecuff remarks — not formal complaints — about drugs from colleagues [on the faculty]," says Robert Lenker, Temple University (Pennsylvania) vice-president. "Now students even make formal complaints about excess cigarette smoking." Dr. William Biddle, secretary for Temple University's discipline committee, gives this example: "If someone is trying to study in the school cafeteria and is annoyed by someone else, by rowdiness from getting high on pot, or by the stringent odor coming from someone else's pot, he just won't tolerate it." At Temple there are also other theories for the upsurge in arrests. Andrew D. Kutney, director of security, suggests that students are getting just a bit too open about the use of marijuana. "Why, we've seen students smoking reefers on the lawns here. We just don't turn our heads and ignore it." 011 $4$4 Dr. Jacques P. Vandevoorde (left) and Dr. Hans J. Hansen check a sample of goat antiserum at Hoffman-LaRoche, Inc. The Food and Drug Administration has granted the drug firm a license to sell a blood test kit which may help doctors detect certain types of cancer. LISTEN NEWS July, 1974 Parents Influence Drug Use by Kids "Don't I hear anyone say, 'Nice try'?" Alcohol and Cigarettes Are Serious Canadian Problems Alcohol and tobacco are the most serious drug-abuse problems affecting the health and welfare of Canadians, according to the LeDain Report. The report also makes these recommendations: • Police should be empowered to round up suspected hard-drug addicts for semicompulsory treatment. • Methadone treatment should be expanded and be available to all heroin addicts. • Heroin should be administered as last-resort therapy to addicts who do not respond to methadone treatment. • Possession offenses for marijuana and hashish should be removed from the criminal law and treated with more leniency. • Tighter advertising controls are needed on tobacco, alcohol, and patent drugs. • Nonmedical drugs should be divided into classes according to the relative seriousness of trafficking in them. While the report, as one Canadian newspaper put it, "leans toward liberalization but has something for everyone," it concludes that the outlook for treatment of drug abusers of all kinds is "essentially discouraging. . . . We must persist in our efforts to develop a more effective social response to nonmedical drug use and its effects. What we have to avoid are unreal expectations of success.. . . We have to learn to live with a discouraging rate of apparent failure." The statement on alcohol and tobacco differed little from the commission's view in its first report published in 1970. "Alcohol is, and is likely to re- main, Canada's most serious nonmedical drug-use problem. From almost any point of view, the effects of the excessive use of alcohol are more harmful than those of any other form of nonmedical drug." The report described tobacco as a serious public health problem and a leading contributor to disease and premature death. "Tobacco use itself does not generally lead to injury to third persons, as in the case of alcohol, nor does it cause psychological damage. But it creates a serious risk of physical harm and substantially increased mortality rates in heavy users." The National Commission on Marijuana and Drug Abuse suggests that parents can discourage drug use by their children. Among the guiding principles of parent conduct, the first should be recognition that their patterns of drug use or nonuse serve as a model for their children. Repeated scientific studies have indicated that there is a strong correlation between the degree of responsibility exercised by the parents in using drugs and that exercised by the children. The second principle is that curiosity and the search for experience is a normal aspect of the adolescent growth process. Experimentation with drugs is properly disapproved, but parents should understand that youthful curiosity is generally a desirable motivation, which the parents should fashion and encourage. Third, parents must concentrate on discouraging initial drug use; too often parental concern is generated only after use has begun. Moreover, the family's preventive function should not be limited to forestalling drug use. It should also include attempts to deal with the entire spectrum of adolescent needs. Finally, parents must assume primary responsibility for the detection of and response to drug use by their child. Too often parents have abdicated their responsibility to institutions, such as schools. These institutions, in turn, tend to act in place of parents and try to remedy the child's difficulties, including drug use and drug-related behavior, without involving the family. When this happens, any problems in family structure are only aggravated. Parents must serve as the treatment agency of first resort. If they decide that referral to professional services is necessary, they must participate actively with the program or person which provides these services. WHAT WHERE WHY WHO WHO HOW WHEN WHAT • Twenty-four percent of the fatally injured drivers tested were found to be using drugs, based on a study of 191 cases of car crashes. The study was done by the U.S. Department of Transportation. Of the drivers whose tests indicated drugs, 13 percent showed evidence of drugs with alcohol while 11 percent showed drugs only. The most frequent drugs found: barbiturates and amphetamines. (UPI) • A prohibition against smoking would do more to cut down the levels of carbon monoxide in urban air than a reduction in automobile exhaust, according to a study made by the Center for Urban and Environmental Research and Services at Southern Illinois University. Associate Professor Alfred Kahn says that higher levels of carboxyhemoglobin are associated more with smoking and with industrial work than with automobile exhaust. (Medical Tribune) • Nebraska's legislature has outlawed smoking in such public places as elevators, theaters, libraries, art museums, concert halls, or public buses, unless smoking areas are designated. (AP) • Marijuana took a first place blue ribbon at the Central Kansas Free Fair in Abilene. The marijuana stems were used as greenery in a predominantly red floral arrangement submitted by Mrs. Faye Harp. "I thought it looked pretty nice because of the long, fernlike leaves," Mrs. Harp said, adding that the marijuana grows wild in her backyard. "I've tried killing it out, but the more I chopped it down, the more it came up." (AP) • Norway's parliament has passed legislation to ban all advertising for cigarettes and other tobacco products. (AP) 24 Joints Apiece in U.S. Last Year The Senate Internal Security subcommittee estimates that makings for more than 5 billion marijuana and hashish cigarettes entered the United States last year. This was enough to provide nearly 24 "joints" for every man, woman, and child in the country and indicates that "consumption far exceeds any previous estimates," says a Senate report. Chairman James 0. Eastland says scientific research warns that widespread use of the drugs "can do serious genetic damage to future generations." "It is almost like playing genetic Russian roulette," he says. The subcommittee's estimate of imports was based on Drug Enforcement Administration figures on seizures of marijuana and hashish, both products of the cannabis plant, for the first nine months of 1973. Using these figures and projecting them for the final three months of the year, the estimate assumes that roughly 10 times as much marijuana and hashish gets into the country as is seized by authorities and customs officials. Eastland calls this estimate fairly conservative, a rule of thumb, and says it indicates that total consumption of marijuana in 1973 was roughly 17 million pounds and of hashish somewhere about 500,000 pounds. The subcommittee began an investigation of the world drug situation and its impact on internal security in 1972. "We have been concentrating on the heroin epidemic for the past two years, and there seems to be some solid evidence of progress in dealing with this affliction," Eastland says. "But it is impossible to escape the conclusion that, while our attention was focused on heroin, there has been a runaway escalation of the use of other drugs, primarily marijuana and hashish," he comments. Eastland says that "the pandemic use of marijuana and hashish has been brought about, in part, by a militant promarijuana propaganda campaign conducted by many New Left organizations and by the entire underground press. . . . "And it has been stimulated, perhaps in major degree, by a number of highly publicized reports, some official, some unofficial, which have taken a rather benign attitude toward marijuana." Eastland says that, in partial defense of the drafters of these reports, "it should be noted that they did not have available to them at the time . . . most of the highly significant scientific research conducted over the past few years that puts a danger sign on cannabis use." '31 July, 1974 LISTEN NEWS like YOU l'OZZLE1)? POP'S PUZZLE Healthy Experience Is Best Deterrent to Use of Drugs Lorraine J. Carbary What can you do to stem the tide paigns that drugs—including pep pills and tranquilizers—can solve of drug abuse in the U.S.? How many "pops" do you know that aren't Dads? Here are some solutions offered human problems. Sociologist Lewis Yablonsky at a unique conference on "SoIndian maize that pops 1. POP points out that there are more ciety: the Friendly Pusher": when heated. • Form a citizens' lobby, similar to than 2.25 million prescriptions for Common Cause, to combat drug such drugs written annually in the Fast-growing tree with light abuse. 2. POP U.S. "And many of them are for housewives," he says. wood. • Face up to the situation that • Be consistent as parents. Do not drug use is too frequent in society Total number of inhabitants. 3. POP —and not limited to criminals and use alcohol indiscriminately and at the same time denounce youngsters those with mental problems. Plant with showy red 4. POP ____ for smoking marijuana. Too often housewives take pills flowers. to keep them going during the day. • Focus first on prevention—and Truck drivers take drugs to stay then on treatment and rehabilitaPuffy muffin cake or hot 5. POP _ awake during all-night hauls. And tion. bread. students use them to stay up for • Promote better family underexaminations. Device for popping corn. standing about drugs and their ef6. POP • Don't rely on the courts to stamp fects. Do not leave orientation exHigh fly in baseball. 7. POP- ____ out widespread use of hard drugs, clusively to schools and outside marijuana, and LSD. Stem the tide groups. Nonsense; trash. 8. POP first in your community. Professor Yablonsky, a specialist The common people. • Structure broad recreational and in delinquency and family prob9. POP cultural programs as alternatives lems, stresses that the real base of Toy air-compression gun. 10. POP power in combating drug abuse is to drug use. "If we provide something better, in the home and the community, Frozen confection. 11. kids won't turn on," says Allan Y. rather than in Federal programs. Cohen, executive director of the "We've got to reject the concept Strong fabric with fine ribs. 12. John F. Kennedy University Insti- that relief is just a swallow away," The state of being liked by tute for drug-abuse education and he adds. 13. POP research. Roger 0. Egeberg, administrator many. Dr. Cohen adds that "healthy hu- of the U.S. alcohol, drug-abuse, Thickly peopled. man experience" is the best deter- and mental health programs, calls 14. POP rent to drug abuse. He points to a on parents to "give their children The way fathers should have high school study where the large more time, more direction, and 15. POP felt on June 16. majority of nonusers said they re- more responsibility . . . and don't jected drugs because "there was scare the kids" in coping with drug no need." problems. The psychologist explains, "It Dr. Egeberg further criticizes wasn't fear of aftereffects or con- physicians who "give too many cern about getting arrested or even prescriptions" and those parents respect for their parents, but a 'life who set a poor example for youngis fine—I have good relationships sters by stocking their medicine University of Chicago researchers normal dose of heroin to overcome with people' attitude." cabinets with sedatives, stimulants, say they have developed a vaccine the immunizing effect of the vac- • Reject slick advertising cam- and mood changers. that has successfully immunized a cine. monkey against heroin. The vaccine was made by chemiANSWERS Their findings may make it pos- cally altering the heroin molecule ..1°InclOd-SL •s'I°Ind0d-6 Al!JalnclOd-E u!IdOcl-Ll 012!sd0c1-1. sible to develop vaccines that to attach a protein to it. With its iill6d0d-01. 10)0111/410d-6 fro,Adaoes !cm-clod-1 !..eddod-9 would immunize people against protein partner, the heroin was :Janodod-S lAddOeti tle!.10IndOd-E .113 1d0c1-Z !uicod0d-L narcotics. viewed by the monkey's immunoThe monkey was able to kick the logical defense system as a foreign heroin habit after it was injected intruder. with antiserum to opium derivaJust as the defense system builds tives, including the heroin mole- immunity to viruses and other cule, says Dr. Bruce Wainer, who germs, it also developed a resistheaded the two-and-a-half-year re- ance against the tandem heroin search effort. molecule. The monkey had become addicted Immunity consists of antibodies— to heroin, but after the injection it chemical fighters that are specifiabruptly refused to take any more cally designed to fight and neutralheroin. It required 16 times the ize a particular invader. Vaccine Is Developed to Immunize Against Heroin Governments Warn of Smoking Risks Governments around the world are increasing their warnings about the hazards of cigarette smoking, but many are continuing their economic exploitation of the habit. That pattern is true in East and West, developed and developing nations, and Communist and nonCommunist governments, according to a report on "Smoking and Health Programs Around the World" published by the National Clearinghouse for Smoking and Health. China, which puts high priority on public health, has become the world's second largest tobacco producer, behind only the United States, and is now a buyer of fluecured Virginia tobaccos. 22 In some countries there is a trend toward less hazardous cigarettes, the report said. Some countries publicize the tar and nicotine content of cigarettes and encourage smokers to use filter-tipped cigarettes. These countries include Australia, Canada, Japan, the United States, and the United Kingdom. Germany and Austria in 1973 joined a growing list of countries which have banned cigarette advertising from radio and television. Others are Afghanistan, Canada, the United States, the United Kingdom, Finland, Italy, Ireland, Japan, Netherlands, Singapore, Swizterland, and Zambia. A friendly St. Bernard gets an affectionate hug from Mary Beth Good before he trots off to aid a stranded gasless snowmobiler at the Bear Mountain Recreation Area in Grayling, Michigan. The change from brandy to gasoline is just one idea to bolster Grayling's "Help the Traveler" program. I THE ANSWER TO ALCOHOLISM by Ernest H. J. Steed The author presents the greatest avenue for alcoholism prevention by learning the secret of its cause. Paper, $1.95 THE CREEPING MADNESS Today's hottest issue— BRUGQ bill $2.50 Paper, WHY NOT SMOKE? by J. DeWitt Fox, M.D. Face the facts! Do you smoke? You can stop! $ .50 Paper, rh Price subject to change without notice. Please add, for mailing, 25c for the first book and 10c for each additional book to the same address. State sales tax where necessary. Order from ABC Mailing Service P.O. Box 31776 Omaha, NE 68131 TOWARd CREATIVITY Living should stretch beyond a mere apprenticeship, to freedom of original design. Alice Mackenzie Swaim.
© Copyright 2018