Document 170960

— Introduction —
Thanks for downloading this mnemonic tool. You
will be surprised to see how easy it makes learning
liquid measurement.
The brain remembers things using pictures and
associations. This is why The Kingdom of Gallon,
with it's story and pictures, works so well helping
children to remember liquid measurement.
Donnalyn Yates, M.Ed.
Founder of Memory Joggers
It's important to teach not only "how many quarts in a gallon", but to
demonstrate using familiar items, like a quart and a gallon container for milk.
There are teaching suggestions at the bottom of each page.
Keep student’s learning styles in mind, too. Let your kinesthetic learners get
involved with the actual measuring. Your audio learners can retell the story
aloud to the class and the visual learners need plenty of time while drawing
each step.
As you teach the story, observe students, to make sure they are drawing the
gallon large enough to fit all the other symbols on the paper. Use a different
color for the G, Q, P and C.
When it comes time for testing, instruct students to draw the mnemonic
device on their scrap paper, if needed, and answer the capacity conversion
questions correctly.
Enjoy this memory device and look over my other memory products at
Happy Learning!
Teacher Instructions
This is a very easy mnemonic to use. The following steps will clarify the lesson.
1. The curly blue type: the actual story you will read to your students.
2. The black bulleted type: questions to ask your students, in order to check
for understanding and review.
3. The blue italic type: instructions to the teacher about the best methods
to use for student understanding.
The Kingdom of Gallon
Once upon a time, long
long ago, there was a
kingdom called The
Kingdom of Gallon.
• Draw a big ‘G’ just like the one you see (on the next page).
• Make sure it takes up nearly the entire page, because this was a very
big kingdom.
• What does the ‘G’ stand for?
• What does a gallon look like?
(Show a gallon container).
The Kingdom of Gallon
The Kingdom of Gallon
In the Kingdom of Gallon
there lived four Queens.
They were sisters and all
looked exactly alike.
• Draw four big ‘Q’s just like the ones you see.
• What does the ‘Q’ stand for?
• Yes, it stands for Queens, but what other word starts with a ‘Q’,
when we think of liquid measurement?
• Quart is correct.
• How many quarts are in a gallon?
• Now we have learned that there are four quarts in a gallon, because
we remember the story about the four queens.
(Show a quart container, comparing it to the gallon).
The Kingdom of Gallon
The Kingdom of Gallon
I hate to tell you this, but soon the
four queens got into a huge fight
and couldn’t agree on how to rule
over the Kingdom of Gallon. Finally
they decided to split the Kingdom
in half. Two queens ruled a Half
Gallon in the north, and the other
two queens ruled the Half Gallon
Kingdom in the south.
• Who sees the dividing line for each kingdom?
• How many quarts (or queens) are in the Half Gallon of the north?
• How many quarts (or queens) are in the Half Gallon of the south?
(Show students a half gallon container and review how many quarts in a
gallon and half gallon).
The Kingdom of Gallon
Now that there was peace
in the kingdoms, the
queens got married and
each one had a Prince and
a Princess.
• With what letter does the word Prince and Princess begin?
• Does anyone know of a liquid measurement container that begins
with a ‘P’?
• Yes, the ‘P’ that stands for Prince and Princess, also stands for ‘Pint’.
• Now draw two ‘P’s inside each ‘Q’ or quart.
• How many pints in a quart?
• How many pints in a half gallon?
• How many pints in a gallon?
(Show students a pint container and compare with the other containers).
The Kingdom of Gallon
The Kingdom of Gallon
There is something I
forgot to tell you. Each
Prince and each Princess
had two cats. One was
black and one was white.
Draw two ‘C’s inside each ‘P’.
What do you think the ‘C’ stands for, besides ‘Cat’?
You probably see these every day.
Yes, the ‘C’ also stands for ‘Cups’.
How many cups in a pint?
How many cups in a quart?
How many cups in a half gallon?
How many cups in a gallon?
(Show students a cup container and compare with the other containers).
The Kingdom of Gallon
— Review —
Ask random questions during the drawing/story time to familiarize students
with the purpose of the story.
How many quarts in a gallon?
How many pints in a quart?
How many cups in a pint?
How many quarts in a half gallon?
How many pints in a half gallon?
How many cups in a half gallon?
Make up word problems to see if students can transfer the information in
order to solve the problem.
Give students another piece of paper and instruct them to draw the story
symbols by memory. Tell them to write four or more questions to ask another
student about liquid capacity.
They must know the answer.
Memory stories need to be repeated within 24 hours to be stored in long term
memory. Review the story and drawings for several days.
To test for comprehension, give the test on the following page.
Memory Joggers
— Test —
Use your drawing to find the answer.
1. Half Gallon = __________ Quarts
2. How many cups in a Gallon? __________
3. How many pints in a Quart? __________
4. Two Pints = __________ Cups
5. Gallon = __________ Quarts
6. Three Quarts = __________ Pints
7. How many pints in a Gallon? __________
8. How many cups in a Half Gallon? __________
9. Matt and Amy used this recipe to make fruit punch:
6 cups orange juice
6 cups pineapple juice
1 cup lemon juice
3 cups grape juice
• How many cups of punch does it make? __________
• How many quarts does it make? __________
• How many pints does it make? __________
• How many half gallons does it make? __________
10.Amy wants to have enough punch for everyone at the party.
If there were 20 people and each person drank one cup, would
there be enough punch? __________
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