Spring 2015 Raintree Nursery The finest fruit cultivars in the world. Spring Clearance Sale See pages 2-5. Asian Plum Trees Beautiful and flavorful. See page 49. Fruit Trees • Berries • Vines • Unusuals • Citrus Subtropicals • Rootstocks • Ornamentals Grow Food in Pots on Your Deck or Patio! BRAZELBERRIES® RASPBERRY SHORTCAKE™ For those of you with limited space, this dwarf raspberry plant is ideal for container growing. It grows only 2-3’ tall with a compact growth habit. It is thornless and produces an abundance of full-size sweet, flavorful red raspberries each summer. Your family will love harvesting healthful fruit right from your patio and no trellising or staking is needed. It will spread to fill any pot no matter the shape. Like other floricane summer raspberries, once fruiting is finished, prune out canes at the base that have fruited leaving new canes to fruit the next season. USDA Zones 5-9. One-quart pot. E 360: Was $19.95 NOW ON SALE AT 2 for $20 BRAZELBERRIES® JELLY BEAN™BLUEBERRY This small plant, only 1-2 ft tall and wide, produces an abundance of large mid-season blueberries, each with the super sweet flavor of homemade blueberry jelly. Bright green foliage gives way to darker greens and reds throughout the summer and fall. Try accenting a pathway with a minihedge of Jelly Bean™ or use it to set off larger shrub plantings in the landscape or in patio pots. USDA USDA Zones 4-8. Onequart pot. E 235: Was $19.95 SALE: $13.50 each ROSANNA NEW! The sweet, superb flavor of this raspberry from Italy has been compared to candy and has generated tremendous excitement. Expect an abundant harvest of big, bright red berries ripens on 5’ tall canes in July. In warm climates, prune plants as everbearers, cutting canes a few inches above ground in late fall and primocanes set a fall crop. USDA Zones 5-9. 4”pots. E3614: $8.50 each; 6 for $36 Seaberries Delicious, nutritious and incredibly winter hardy! USDA Zones 3-9 RADIANT FEMALE™ Radiant™ forms a compact shrub growing to 8 feet tall. The fruit is comparatively large, juicy, and very high in vitamins C, E and A. It was bred in Siberia. Need male pollenizer. D747: Was $22.50 NOW ON SALE: $17.50 See more varieties on page 22. Save on Seedless, Dessert and Wine Grapes! We specialize in cultivars and grape rootstocks proven to succeed in maritime climates. We have great selections for areas with hot summers too! Many grapes on sale! See page 5. See pages 65-68 for variety information. Belgian Fence Offer! Buy 5 trees that will make 15 feet of Belgian fence for only $125 — a savings of $75! For the first time Raintree is offering trees that are branched into a Y shape about 8 inches above the ground so you can make your own beautiful and bountiful fruiting wall. The information on page 30 explains how and each tree comes with instructions. In a few years, your diamond shaped fruiting fence will be providing lots of fruit. USDA Zones 5-9. Save on Espaliers too! See page 30. Each is $39.95, however: Belgian Fence Apple Package A0101DB $200.00 $125.00 One each Belmac, Dayton, Pristine, Williams Pride and Greensleeves. Five flavorful disease-resistant cultivars. Three great espaliers are on sale now! The 3-tiered Pristine Espalier (A570E) on M26 rootstock is marked down from $69.95 to $49.95! Enjoy large crops of disease-resistant yellow apples in late August. Come to Raintree Nursery and save on large bearing fruit trees and blueberries too big to ship! See page 91. A show stopper, our 3-tiered Rescue European Pear (B200E) matures in Cover images: Asian plums’ beautiful flowers and delicious fruit. and Ubileen varieties (B8402E). Was $49.95, now available for $35. 2 September and keeps until December. Now $39.95, a savings of $30! Enjoy two of the best pears with our 2-tier European Pear Espalier with Rescue Order online at www.RaintreeNursery.com or call 1-800-391-8892. Inventory Clearance Sale Through May We can’t guess exactly how many plants will sell of each variety, so each year, we have an overstock of some items and we run out of others. We make these overstocked items available to you at considerable clearance price savings! availability. See page 93 for sold out items. Come to our garden center for more sale items. Subject to stock on hand. Call 1-800-391-8892 or check RaintreeNursery.com for current In June through December 2014, you can still order items from this catalog at regular catalog Variety All of our bareroot plants are dormant in cold storage in ideal condition to dig in and grow for you. ItemPg# WasSale APPLES/PEARS/QUINCE (Select two different apple or pear varieties for pollination) USDA Zones 5-9. Belgian Fence Apple Package A0101DB 30 $200.00 $125.00 One each Belmac, Dayton, Pristine, Wms Pride and Greensleeves. 5 flavorful disease resistant cultivars. Bardsey Apple/M26 A105D 25 $34.95 $28.50 A unique apple from Wales. Scab resistant and flavorful. Newly available to America. Ripe in September. Red Boskoop Apple/M26 A161D 23 $24.50 $21.50 Most popular keeper apple in Europe. Huge size, great flavor. Ripens late October. Evereste Crabapple/M26 A280D 32 $24.50 $21.50 A mass of white flowers. Bumper crops of small apples great for cider and jelly. Beautiful, disease resistant. Newtown Pippen Apple/M7 A475S 25 $24.50 $21.50 Most important apple in colonial America. Very productive with excellent flavor. King Edward VII Apple/M26 A485D 26 $26.50 $21.50 Prized disease resistant cooking apple from England. 3 Tiered Pristine Espalier Apple/M26 A570E 30 $69.95 $49.95 Enjoy large crops of disease resistant yellow apples in late August. Spartan Apple/M26 A660D 26 $24.50 $21.50 Scab resistant, very flavorful, disease resistant MacIntosh type apple. Ripe in October. 3x1 Apple (LIB/BM/ASH/PRI)/M7 A8503SANEW $38.50 $35.00 You will receive three of the following four: Liberty/Belmac/Ashmead’s Kernel/ Pristine on one beautiful disease-resistant tree. Araganche European Pear/OHxF333 B030 35 $24.50 $21.50 This round yellow pear from Yugoslavia is flavorful, productive and ripens in July. Blake’s Pride European Pear/OHxF333 B042 35 $26.50 $21.50 Golden skinned with light russeting. Fireblight resistant. Excellent flavor. Ripens in September. Conference European Pear/OHxF333 B090 36 $24.50 $21.50 Leading French commercial cultivar. Juicy sweet and buttery. Incredibly productive. Ripens in October. Duchess d’ Angouleme Euro. Pear/OHxF333 B100 34 $24.50 $18.50 Prized russetted heritage French cultivar with large fruit and a rich juicy flavor. 3 Tiered Rescue European Pear/OHxF333 B200E 30 $69.95 $39.95 This beautiful, 3-tiered espalier is a show stopper! Fruit matures in September and keeps until December. Scab resistant. Red Clapps Favorite Euro. Pear/OHxF333 B205 35 $24.50 $18.50 The tree is loaded with large beautiful and flavorful bright red fruit. A Northwest favorite. Suij European Pear/OHxF333 B231A 36 $24.50 $21.50 This unique keeper pear is picked in November and stored until spring. Makes a delicious pink pear sauce. Stuttgarter Geishirtle Euro. Pear/OHxF333 B232 36 $24.50 $18.50 Trees are loaded with small but delicious pears. Ripe in August. Vermont Beauty European Pear/OHxF333 B270 34 $24.50 $18.50 Very winter hardy. Bears tender juicy medium size yellow fruit with a pink blush. Ripe in late October. Zones 4-8. Hamese Asian Pear/OHxF97 B545 37 $24.50 $21.50 A flavorful, easy to grow yellow pear with excellent flavor. Ripe in August. Seuri Asian Pear/OHxF97 B650 37 $24.50 $18.50 Large fruit bright orange in color. Ripens in early October. Fireblight resistant. Variety prices. Go to RaintreeNursery.com to see which items are available for fall shipment to USDA Zones 6-10. Call us or go to the website from June through December to order for shipments in 2016. ItemPg# Was Sale Yongi Asian Pear/OHxF97 B770 37 $24.50 $18.50 Large russetted Asian Pear with round carmel colored fruit of excellent flavor. Ripe midseason. 2-tier Euro. Pear Espalier Rescue & UbileenB8402E 30 $49.95 $35.00 Two of the best pears for the Pacific Northwest. Orange Quince D082 NEW $26.50 $21.50 Produces big crops of large flavorful quinces. Self fertile. Van Deman Quince D090 33 $26.50 $21.50 A very large oblong quince bred by Luther Burbank. Heavy bearing, great for cooking and jelly. Self fertile. PLUMS & PLUM CROSSES (Select two different varieties for pollination unless listed as self fertile.) USDA Zones 5-9 unless noted. Reine Claude Doree Euro. Plum/Mar2624 C015 46 $28.50 $24.50 Best of gage plums. Small yellow/green plum ripe in August. Needs another gage plum for pollination. France’s favorite gage plum. Blau de Belgique European Plum/Mar2624 C023 48 $24.50 $23.50 A culinary favorite. Medium size round purple plum with sweet, firm, tasty, golden flesh. Gumi European Plum/Mar2624 C051 48 $24.50 $18.50 A delicious pink skin plum with tasty orange flesh. Coe’s Golden Drop Euro. Plum/Myro 29C C060A 47 $28.50 $24.50 Late ripening elongated yellow plum with a pocket of delicious apricot flavor. Hollywood Asian Plum/Mar2624 C130A 49 $24.50 $18.50 The ideal edible ornamental. Pink flowers, red leaves, delicious fruit. Self-fertile. Monsieur Hatif European Plum/Mar2624 C175A 48 $26.50 $18.50 Flavorful freestone self fertile old time french culinary plum. Methley Asian Plum/Mar2624 C180A 49 $24.50 $21.50 The most reliable fruit tree Raintree offers. Self fertile. Flavorful, and very productive. Pozegaca European Plum/Myro 29C C185B 48 $26.50 $21.50 Super productive Eastern European blue plum for preserves and brandy. Self fertile. Gras Ameliorat European Plum/Mar2624 C213 48 $24.50 $18.50 Delicious sweet small red/yellow plum from Romania. Rare and very tasty. Ripe September. Shiro Asian Plum/Marianna 2624 C240A 49 $24.50 $21.50 Incredible productive sweet big round yellow plum. So juicy you need to wear a bib. Jersey Beach Plum/Mar2624 C305A 51 $26.50 $22.50 Grafted cultivar producing tasty red plums. Use Beach Plum seedling for pollination. Beach Plum Seedling C315 51 $5.00 $3.00 Native to the coast of the NE United States. Prized for making jelly. Select two or a Jersey for pollination. Bella Gold Peacotum/Citation C352 46 $28.50 $21.50 A cross of a peach, plum and apricot. Yellow skin and flesh. Needs a hot summer. Use a pluot for a pollinizer. Burbank Plumcot C354 45 $24.50 $21.50 Burbank’s original plum and apricot cross. Still delicious today. USDA Zones 6-10. Select an Asian Plum pollinizer. Leah-Cot Aprium/Citation C563 45 $26.50 $21.50 A new Zaiger plum, apricot cross. Self fertile. Very flavorful. Needs hot summers. 3 Variety ItemPg# Was Sale APRICOTS/PEACHES/NECTARINES/CHERRIES (All Self fertile and USDA Zones 5-9, unless otherwise noted.) 2x1 Fruit Cocktail Combo C3982 43 $28.50 $18.50 You will receive 2 of the following 4: Shiro Plum, Italian Plum, Frost Peach, or Harglow Apricot Hunza Apricot/Citation C475 44 $28.50 $23.50 Sweet apricot with an edible kernel. From the mountains of Pakistan. 3x1 Peach Combo C5003 43 $34.50 $28.50 Enjoy three of the following four leaf-curl resistant peaches: Frost/Salish Summer/MaryJane/Avalon Pride Kit Donnell Peach™/Lovell C507 42 $24.50 $21.50 Freestone peach introduced for its outstanding flavor! Maria’s Gold Nectarine ™/Lovell C573 42 $24.50 $19.50 A golden skinned nectarine with a rich flavor brought to us from Uzbekistan. Bing Cherry/Gisela 3 C710G3 39 $28.50 $24.50 The ultimate in crisp juicy flavor. Not best in a maritime climate. Needs a pollinizer. On a very dwarfing rootstock. Danube ™ Cherry/Gisela 3 C720G3 40 $28.50 $24.50 This Hungarian cherry combines the best sweet and tart flavors! Early Burlat Cherry/Gisela 5 C721G 39 $28.50 $24.50 Sweet dark red quality dwarf cherry. Resistant to bacterial canker and cracking. First to ripen. Needs a pollinizer. Emporer Francis Cherry/Gisela 5 C740G 39 $28.50 $24.50 Extremely productive yellow cherry, proven to thrive in the Pacific Northwest. Needs a pollinizer. Hudson Cherry/Gisela 5 C765G 39 $28.50 $24.50 Extend your cherry season by two weeks with this old time favorite. Needs a pollinizer. Surefire Pie Cherry/Gisela 5 C880 40 $28.50 $24.50 The most productive and easiest to grow of the tart cherries. Vandalay Cherry/Gisela 3 C890G3 40 $29.95 $26.50 Large black, crack and bacterial canker resistant cherry. Ripens July. UNUSUAL EDIBLES Luma apiculata D177 61 $17.95 $13.50 Evergreen bush grows 6-8’ tall. From Chille. Produces small tasty blue fruit. USDA Zones 8-10. Plant two for pollination. Prickly Pear Cactus D180 58 $24.50 $21.50 A cactus that grows to 6’ tall and has 3” long purple fruit used for jelly. USDA Zones 6-10. Nikita’s Gift ™ Persimmon/D. virginiana D224 54 $39.95 $34.50 A unique cross of American and Asian persimmons. Self fertile. Very hardy to USDA Zone 6. Early Golden Persimmon/D. virginiana D225 NEW $39.95 $29.50 Very productive, flavorful American persimmon. Needs a male pollinizer. USDA Zones 5-9 Male American Persimmon/D. virginiana D230 54 $36.50 $29.50 Male pollinizer for all American persimmons. USDA Zones 5-9. Meader Persimmon/D. virginiana D255 54 $38.50 $29.50 A self fertile American persimmon. Produces lots of tasty fruit without a male. USDA Zones 5-9 Saijo Persimmon/Lotus D260 54 $39.95 $32.50 The earliest ripening Asian persimmon. Very flavorful. Best Asian for Western Washington. USDA Zones 6-10 Hardy Chicago Fig D320 57 $22.50 $18.50 From Chicago, hardy purple flavorful fig. Can freeze to the ground and regrow. Top hardy to 10F. Figs don’t need a pollenizer. Petite Negri Fig D345 57 $22.50 $18.50 A dwarf fig ideally suited for container growing. Has large crops of sweet purple fruit. Top hardy to 10F. Figs don’t need a pollenizer. Pennsylvania Golden Paw Paw D391 56 $27.50 $23.50 First to ripen. Best choice for cooler Pacific Northwest. Needs another paw paw for pollination. USDA Zones 5-9 Shenandoah Paw Paw D394 56 $27.50 $23.50 A new paw paw variety. One of the largest and most flavorful. Select two varieties for pollination. Zones 5-9. 4 Variety ItemPg# Was Sale Shangrila Mulberry D432 55 $29.95 $22.50 Thrives in the South and areas with mild winters. Tree is a semi dwarf. Fruit is large, black, tasty. USDA Zones 6-9. Mulberries are self-fruitful. Kokusa Korean Mulberry D421 55 $28.50 $22.50 Fast growing variety with two inch long sweet black fruit. Zones 7-9. Does very well in the Pacific NW. Silk Hope Mulberry D426 55 $28.50 $22.50 Used in the American silk industry in the early 1800’s. Sweet black fruit ripens in early summer. USDA Zones 7-10 Redstone Cornus Mas Seedling D568 56 $9.85 $5.00 Enjoy an abundance of red fruit used in sauces, preserves and syrups. Need two for pollination. USDA Zones 4-9. Radiant Female Sea Berry D747 22 $22.50 $17.50 Compact shrub growing to 8’ tall. Fruit is juicy and ver high in vitamins C, E and A. Needs a male. USDA Zones 3-9. Russian Orange Female Sea Berry D750 NEW $22.50 $18.50 Very attractive compact bush with loads of very large dark orange berries. Needs a male USDA Zones 3-9. Arbequina Olive-Gal Pot D805 60 $22.50 $19.50 A self fertile olive great for the table and for oil. The hardiest variety to about 14F. Leccino Olive-Gal Pot D801G 60 $22.50 $18.50 Among the hardiest. From Tuscany. Widely planted for oil and table olive production. Arebequina will pollinize. ELDERBERRIES/BLUEBERRIES/LINGONBERRY (Select two different varieties for better production.) S. nigra Samdal Elderberry E020 $18.50 3+$14.50 ea Productive, flavorful, large fruit. Pollinize with another S. nigra. USDA Zones 4-9. Blue Elderberry (S. caerulea ) E015 16 $13.50 $11.00 Pacific Northwest native. Bush grows to 15’ tall. Loaded with clusters of blue elderberries. USDA Zones 5-9. Self-fertile. Aurora Blueberry E201 8 $16.50 $11.50 Selected for its late ripening, Aurora extends the blueberry harvest into early autumn. USDA Zones 4-8. Chandler Blueberry E209 8 $18.50 $15.00 Huge berries, the size of a quarter. Vigorous and upright bush. Consistant producer. USDA Zones 6-9. BrazelBerry® Jelly Bean™ Blueberry E235 6 $19.95 $13.50 Perfect for a pot. Grows only 1-2’ tall but has an abundance of large super sweet berries. USDA Zones 4-8. Pink Lemonade Blueberry E272 8 $18.50 $13.50 This new blueberry isn’t blue when ripe but instead a beautiful reddish pink. USDA Zones 5-9. Rubel Blueberry 2-3’ large plants E282M 6 $26.50 $22.50 Twice as high in anti oxidants as other blueberries. Mid season. A heavy producer. USDA Zones 5-9. Red Pearl Lingonberry-4 inch pot G130 9 $10.50 6/$36 Productive and easy to grow! Grows to 16 inches tall. USDA Zones 3-8. RASPBERRIES/STRAWBERRIES/BLACKBERRIES BrazelBerry® Raspberry Shortcake™ E360 6 $19.95 2 for $20 A dwarf red raspberry perfect for a pot. Grows 2-3’ tall with many full-size sweet summer raspberries. USDA Zones 5-9 Rosanna Raspberry-4 Inch Pot E3614 12 $8.50 6 for $36 Unique from Italy. Everbearing. Fruit tastes like raspberry candy. USDA Zones 5-9. Nantahala Raspberry E370 12 $5.50 Pkg/5 $20 New fall bearing, very flavorful red raspberry, ideally suited for warm summer climates. USDA Zones 6-9. Male Musk Strawberry-4 Inch Pot E432 10 $5.50 $4.00 Male strawberry needed to pollinate Capron or Profumata musk strawberries. USDA Zones 5-10 Capron Musk Strawberry-4 inch Pot E435 10 $5.50 6/$24.00 Flavorful and unique musk strawberry. Select a male musk for a pollinizer. USDA Zones 5-10. Order online at www.RaintreeNursery.com or call 1-800-391-8892. Variety ItemPg# Was Sale Apache Thornless Blackberry-4” pot E505 14 $8.50 $4.50 Freestanding thornless blackberry. Delicious and productive. Needs no trellis. USDA Zones 6-9. Cascade Trailing Blackberry-4” pot E520 15 $8.50 $4.50 A selection with bigger size but the great flavor. Needs a wild male, Tay, Wild Treasure or Cascade to pollinize. USDA Zones 7-9. Newberry Blackberry-4” pot E542 15 $8.50 $4.50 A new blackberry/raspberry cross with very large fruit and an excellent unique flavor. Proven in OR WA and CA. USDA Zones 6-9 Triple Crown Thornless Blackberry-4” pot E588 14 $8.50 $6.50 Excellent flavor, heaviest producer. Enjoy blackberries for months. Among the hardiest USDA Zones 5-9. GOOSEBERRIES/CURRANTS (Prohibited to DE, ME, MA, MI, NC, NJ, OH, RI and WV) Gooseberries and Currants hardy in USDA Zones 3-8. Canada 0273 Gooseberry E607 17 $13.50 $9.50 Mildew resistant. Medium red pear shaped berries. Less thorny than others Hinnomaki Yellow Gooseberry E640 17 $16.50 $14.50 An aromatic flavorful gooseberry with an apricot after taste. Very productive, mildew resistant. Leepared Gooseberry E660 17 $13.50 $9.50 A heavy bearing easy to grow Finnish cultivar. Very mildew resistant. Favored for pies and jams. Blackdown Black Currant E710 19 $13.50 $10.00 Large spreading mildew resistant bush with large firm berries. Ben More Black Currant E715 19 $13.50 $11.50 From Scotland. Large crops, excellent flavor, late flowering, mildew resistant. Minaj Black Currant E725 19 $16.50 $13.50 Easy to grow rust resistant with loads of large fruit. Titania Black Currant E735 19 $13.50 $11.50 Highly productive, mildew and white pine blister rust resistant. Bountiful clusters of large black currants. Pulsborough Scarlet Flowering Currant E753 71 $13.50 $11.50 A beautiful red flowering currant that heralds the start of the spring with its beauty. Rosetta Red Currant E765 18 $13.50 $10.50 Jhonkeer is a parent of this extremely productive Dutch variety. Huge clusters of large fruit on a sturdy bush. Rolam Red Currant E769 18 $13.50 $9.50 Very heavy yielding. Large berries with excellent flavor. Jostabery E770 20 $13.50 3+:$9.50 A cross between a black currant and a gooseberry. High in vitamin C. GRAPES/VINES Self fertile USDA Zones 5-9 unless noted. Agria Grape/3309 (Proh. CA, OR, ID & NY) H503 67 $14.50 $11.50 Productive blue grape with a boysenberry flavored juice & red/purple fall foliage. Concord Seedless Grape H535 65 $12.50 $8.50 A seedless Concord wonderful for making juice, jam or wine. A great choice for hot summer climates. Muscat of Norway Grape/3309 H594 66 $14.50 $11.50 Big red grape for fresh eating and fruity wines. (Prohibited to CA, OR, ID & NY) Glenora Grape H560 65 $12.50 $8.50 A seedless blue grape with a spicy blueberry like flavor and intense fall colors. Lakemont Grape H575 66 $11.50 $8.50 A large green seedless grape with delicious flavor. Crisp, juicy and sweet. Lynden Blue Grape H576 66 $11.50 $9.50 A great choice for cool summer areas. Large clusters of big sweet blue seeded grapes for fresh eating or juice. Niagara Grape H592 66 $9.50 $7.50 The best known and most widely adapted white table grape. For juice or jelly. Ortega Grape/3309 (Proh. CA, OR, ID & NY) H593 67 $16.50 $11.50 A great white wine grape for maritime climates that lack summer heat. On 3309 rootstock. Regent Grape/3309 (Proh. CA, OR, ID & NY)H604 67 $14.50 3+:$12.50 Bred for the German organic wine industry. Disease resistant. Makes a full bodied high quality red wine. Variety ItemPg# Was Sale Saturn Seedless Grape H607 65 $13.50 3+:$11.50 A widely adapted large red seedless grape. Sweet, flavorful and productive. Thompson Seedless Grape H611 66 $9.50 $7.50 The most widely grown seedless grape. Makes excellent raisins. A fresh eating favorite. Needs hot summers. Venus Seedless Grape H620 65 $13.50 $11.50 A large blue seedless grape that thrives in maritime climates. Marquis Seedless Grape H635 65 $14.50 $12.50 New, exquisitely rich and fruity white seedless. Large clusters. Very winter hardy, USDA Zones 4-9. Faith, Hope, Joy & Gratitude Seedless Grapes New seedless grapes. Go to RaintreeNursery.com for more information. Ho Shou Wu Vine H347 64 $19.95 $15.00 A medicinal vine from China. Heart shaped leaves and pinkish fall flowers. Treats pain and fatigue. Zones 7-10. NUTS/UNUSUALS/ORNAMENTALS/BAMBOO Titan Almond/Lovell K170 79 $28.50 $23.50 Very hardy late blooming thin shelled almond. Not for maritime climates. USDA Zones 5-9. Butternut Seedling USDA Zone 4-9 K260 77 $11.50 $9.50 Hardiest tree in the Walnut family. Enjoy the rich buttery nuts. Tree grows very large. Plant two for pollination. Prohibited to TX, KS, AZ, MO, OK, NE, MI, IN & CA. Russian Tea L503 60 $22.50 $19.50 Tea plants are beautiful Camellia bushes whose leaves are picked for tea. White flowers. USDA Zones 7-10 Tea Breeze L501 60 $22.50 $16.50 Beautiful bush with white flowers used to make tea. USDA Zones 7-10. Blushing Maiden Tea L502 60 $22.50 $16.50 Beautiful bush with pink flowers used to make tea. USDA Zones 7-10. Crimson Cherry Rhubarb L508 62 $6.95 $5.00 Tends to be red all the way through. Heavy and reliable producer. USDA Zones 5-9. Fred Boutin Lavender-4 inch pot L515 63 $8.50 $6.00 Beautiful in all seasons. Fragrant. Grows to 3’ tall. Used for oil, flower wands and in cookies. USDA Zones 7-10 Woolly Thyme-4 inch pot L520 63 $5.00 6/$24 A fragrant beautiful evergreen groundcover. USDA Zones 5-9. Wasabi-4 inch pot L557 61 $16.50 3+:$12.50 Grows great in western WA and OR. In the shade. Native to Japan. USDA Zones 8-10 Sensation Lilac M042 71 $17.50 $15.00 Fragrant wine red flowers are edged in white. Can grow 12’ tall. Outstanding flower power. Zones 3-9. Madame Lemoine Lilac M046 71 $17.50 $15.00 Creamy buds open to pure white double flowers with a very sweet fragrance. To 12’. Zones 3-9 Charles Joly Lilac M048 71 $17.50 $15.00 Old fashioned fully double, long lasting burgundy flowers. Very fragrant. Under 10’. USDA Zones 3-9 New Zealand Flax M056 79 $15.00 $6.00 Grows in clumps to 8’ tall. Very attractive and useful for weaving, ropes clothing, baskets. USDA Zones 7-10 Vine Maple M300 73 $11.50 $7.50 Northwest native. A low grower with beautiful early fall color. Forest Pansy Redbud M333 74 $22.50 $16.50 Grows to 20’ tall. A stunning yard tree, beautiful in all seasons. Red leaves, gorgeous red flowers. USDA Zones 5-9. Mountain Gum Eucalyptus M545 NEW $19.50 E. dalrympleana. Hardy Mountain Gum. USDA Zones 8-10. Has beautiful salmon pink bark peeling to white. P. aureosulcata Bamboo N020 79 $26.50 $19.95 Most hardy and beautiful of the large bamboos. New shoots are tasty too. USDA Zones 5-10. P. nigra Bamboo N340 80 $28.50 $22.50 The black culms make this 20 to 30’ tall bamboo among the world’s most beautiful plants. USDA Zones 6-10 5 Brazelberries® Huckleberries NEW! These new cultivars have been selected for their delicious fruit and year round ornamental beauty. While all of our blueberries grow well in containers, these plants stay small and are particularly suited for container growing in small spaces. Delicious and rarely available in nurseries, each is a great edible landscape plant. Huckleberries and blueberries are closely related “Vaccinium” species. Generally the wild Pacific NW species are called “Huckleberries” and the eastern species are called “Blueberries.” BRAZELBERRIES® RASPBERRY SHORTCAKE™ For those of you with limited space, this dwarf raspberry plant is ideal for container growing. It grows only 2-3’ tall with a compact growth habit. It is thornless and produces an abundance of full-size sweet, flavorful red raspberries each summer. Your family will love harvesting healthful fruit right from your patio and no trellising or staking is needed. It will spread to fill any pot no matter the shape. Like other floricane summer raspberries, once fruiting is finished, prune out canes at the base that have fruited leaving new canes to fruit the next season. USDA Zones 5-9. One-quart pot. E 360: Was $19.95 SALE: 2 for $20 EVERGREEN HUCKLEBERRY(Vaccinium ovatum) The cultivar is “Northern Star.” The best fruiting plant for the shade. A native of the Pacific Northwest. This evergreen bush is beautiful throughout the year. In the spring and fall, the foliage turns from green to a striking bronze color. The late summerripening berries are dark blue, tart and flavorful and a little smaller than a blueberry. The shrub grows best in the shade where it can reach 6-8’ without pruning. In the sun, it only grows to 3’ tall. It has a compact, full growth habit, and spaced about 3’ apart makes a beautiful evergreen hedge. USDA Zones 7-10. Large 1 gallon size. E180: $17.50 each, 3+: $15 each BRAZELBERRIES® JELLY BEAN™BLUEBERRY This small plant, only 1-2 ft tall and wide, produces an abundance of large mid-season blueberries, each with the super sweet flavor of homemade blueberry jelly. Bright green foliage gives way to darker greens and reds throughout the summer and fall. Try accenting a pathway with a mini-hedge of Jelly Bean™ or use it to set off larger shrub plantings in the landscape or in patio pots. USDA USDA Zones 4-8. One-quart pot. E235: Was $19.95 SALE: $13.50 each RED HUCKLEBERRY ( Vaccinium parvifolium) A deciduous huckleberry native to the Pacific Northwest. The bush is attractive throughout the year. It grows 3-5’ tall and produces pea size pinkish red berries that seem to light up the bush. The fruit is tangy and great for making a pie or jelly. USDA Zones 6-9. Large 1 gallon size. E190: $17.50 each, 3+: $15 each BRAZELBERRIES® PEACH SORBET™ BLUEBERRY Yearround color makes this a perfect landscape or patio container plant. A four-season showstopper, this compact blueberry grows only 2 ft tall and wide with gorgeous spring leaves ranging in color from peach to pink or orange and emerald green. Enjoy an abundant mid summer crop of sweet flavorful blueberries. In most climates, Peach Sorbet™ keeps her leaves through the winter when the foliage transitions to a rich eggplant purple. Consider planting Peach Sorbet™ as a small hedge or plant en masse for dramatic color all year. In decorative patio containers, Peach Sorbet™ is beautiful all by itself or mixed in as an accent with other ornamental plants. USDA Zones 5-10 One-quart pot. PP 23,325. E273: $19.95 each, 3+: $17.50 each BRAZELBERRIES® BLUEBERRY GLAZE™ This plant grows to 2-3’ tall as a bushy mound, perfect on the patio in decorative containers. With its small stature and glossy, dark green leaves, Blueberry Glaze™ is reminiscent of a boxwood and can easily be sheared. Enjoy the white with pink spring flowers followed by lots of small dark blue berries with intense wild blueberry flavor, which are rich in antioxidants. USDA Zones 5-8. One-quart pot. E202: $19.95 each, 3+: $17.50 each 6 TALL MT. HUCKLEBERRY (V. ovalifolium) This rarely offered Pacific NW native sub alpine bush grows 4-6’ tall with oval leaves and an abundance of tasty black fruit. USDA Zones 4-8. 4” pot. S OLD OUT SPRING 2015 THINLEAF HUCKLEBERRY ( V. membranaceum) Its fruit is amongst the largest and best flavored of all the wild blueberries. Plants can grow to 5’ tall and produce pink flowers and dark purple berries up to ½ inch in diameter. Declared the state fruit of Idaho, these plants grow throughout the Northwestern states at elevations above 2,000 feet. They are adapted to cool, short seasons. They are grown from seed, so plant at least two for pollination. Plants require a well-drained soil, preferably one that is rich in peat. Plants are best grown in pots until being planted out carefully with the soil around the roots. We guarantee these plants to arrive in good condition, but because of their unique habitat requirements, cannot guarantee them to grow. USDA Zones 6-8. Large 1 gallon size.SOLD OUT SPRING 2015 Choose early through late ripeners and harvest for up to 90 days! Early Ripeners Mid Season Late Ripeners Earliblue Chippewa Pink Lemonade Bluecrop EmeraldDarrow Bluegold OlympiaJersey BrunswickRubel Legacy Top Hat Elizabeth Sunshine Blue Sharpblue BluerayLiberty Spartan ToroAurora Patriot ChandlerElliott MistyHardiblue Polaris Jelly Bean Reka Peach Sorbet Blueberry Glaze Order online at www.RaintreeNursery.com or call 1-800-391-8892. Blueberries (Vaccinium species) Blueberry bushes are easy to grow and provide home gardeners with delicious fruit and year-round beauty. We offer 2-to-3-year-old, well-rooted, bushy plants 18 to 30 inches tall. ost mail order nurseries ship small, M younger blueberry plants. Raintree provides you with 18-30” gallon-size plants unless otherwise noted. These larger, better shaped plants will provide a usable blueberry crop a year or more sooner. They are ready to dig in and thrive for you. Increase your chances of success even more by following the planting preparation directions that come with each order. Also we have the Bluecrop, Jersey, Rubel and Olympia varieties in an even larger 2’-3’ plus size. At our garden center we offer mature bearing plants too big to Olde Time Favorites BLUECROP The berries are light blue, very large and flavorful. The plant is extremely productive with an upright habit to 4-6’ tall. Wood color is red as is the fall foliage. Ripens mid-July and bears for a month. Bluecrop is widely adaptable and a success in the Midwest and much of the nation. USDA Zones 4-8. E200 (18-30” size): $16.50 each, 3+: $13.50 each; E200M (3’+ size): $26.50 each JERSEYA consistent and heavy producer of spicy berries with a distinctive old-time blueberry flavor. The fruit ripens from mid-August until the first frost. Bright yellow fall leaf color and yellow winter wood on this vigorous upright, 5-6’ tall bush, makes it a unique landscape and hedge plant. USDA Zones 4-8. E 240 (18-30” size): $16.50 each, 3+: $13.50 each; E240M (3’+ size): $26.50 each ELIZABETHDeveloped in New Jersey in the 1960s, Elizabeth has superior flavor. The bush is upright to 6’ tall and vigorous, and the fruit is very large. Clusters are loose and easy to harvest. Fruit ripens from mid- through late season. USDA Zones 5-9. E222 (12-24” size): $16.50 each, 3+: $13.50 eachPROHIBITED TO MI, CA & GA HARDIBLUE Select Hardiblue for its sweet, excellent flavor. Heavy crops of medium size dark blue fruit ripen in mid season. This old New Jersey cultivar is a vigorous upright bush, adaptable to heavier clay soils. The dark red wood is striking in a winter landscape. It is also a favorite in the Pacific Northwest. USDA Zones 4-8. E226 (18-30” size): $16.50 each, 3+: $13.50 each Cultivar for the South & Pacific Northwest EMERALD™ Emerald™ is an excellent choice for warmer areas, because the Southern Highbush plants require only 250 chilling hours to produce record-setting quantities of very large blueberries. Attractive bushes need little pruning to maintain good form and moderate size (4-5’ tall and wide). Berries with excellent flavor ripen early (May or June) in the South and California, later (mid-July to early September) in the Northwest. USDA Zones 8-10.SOLD OUT SPRING 2015 Some blueberries have proven themselves in the Midwest and East. Bluecrop leads the way and Bluegold, Blueray, Chandler, Jersey, Patriot, Hardiblue, Elliott, Draper, Aurora and Liberty have also shown versatility. Unique Evergreen Edibles SUNSHINE BLUEA unique evergreen selection with attractive year round foliage and hot pink spring flowers! The bush grows 4’ tall and produces up to 10 pounds of delicious, light blue, medium-sized berries. They ripen over a very long season from early August through early September. Hardiness to 0°F, a very low chilling requirement of only 150 hours and a tolerance for higher pH soils makes this a perfect choice for the Pacific NW, the South or California. USDA Zones 7-10.E285 (1830” size): $16.50 each, 3+: $13.50 each MISTY A perfect compliment to “Sunshine Blue,” this southern highbush variety thrives as a beautiful evergreen bush, about 5’ tall, not only in the South but along the west coast to the Canadian border. The bright blue-green foliage provides a perfect contrast to the hot pink spring flowers and the sky blue, very flavorful fruit. It yields best when planted with another variety. Hardiness to 0°F, a very low chilling requirement of only 150 hours and a tolerance for higher pH soils makes this a perfect. Zone 7-10 choice. E250 (18-30” size): $16.50 each, 3+: $13.50 each Start Your Blueberry Season Early EARLIBLUE E arliblue is ripe a couple of weeks before any other varieties. Enjoy the sweet juicy large berries. It has an upright habit and grows to 4-6’ with bright red fall color. USDA Zones 5-8. E220: $16.50 each, 3+: $13.50 each REKA E njoy bountiful crops of early season, medium-size, flavorpacked blueberries on this vigorous, fast growing variety. Developed in New Zealand, it adapts well to a wide range of northern climates and soil types. This plant has spectacular burgundy color in the fall. USDA Zones 4-8. E275 (18-30” size): $16.50 each, 3+: $13.50 each BLUEGOLD T his blueberry produces very heavy crops of sweet, flavorful fruit from early to mid-season. The beautiful, compact, rounded bush grows only 4’ tall but bears large clusters of easy-to-pick berries. Unusual yellow fall foliage and yellow winter wood followed by bright white spring flowers make Bluegold a yearround beauty. It is among the more winter hardy varieties. USDA Zones 4-8. E203 (18-30” size): $16.50 each, 3+: $13.50 each Put Your Yard in Mid-Season Form BLUERAY Select Blueray for its very large blueberries of superior flavor. Blueray performs well in many climates. It works in cold winters as well as areas with hot summers. This upright open bush grows to 4-6’ tall with bright red and yellow fall color. USDA Zones 3-8. E211: $16.50 each, 3+: $13.50 each OLYMPIA One of the West’s worst kept secrets! This berry does well where others are less successful. The fruit is large with a superb flavor. It ripens in late July. The vigorous and highly productive bush is spreading, 4-6’ tall and has light red wood and red leaves in fall. Developed in Olympia, WA. USDA Zones 6-8. SOLD OUT SPRING 2015 Blueberries are beautiful in all seasons! Our most popular landscape plant. 7 Extend Your Harvest by at Least a Month AURORASelected for its late ripening, Aurora extends the blueberry harvest into early autumn. Three to four pickings produce an extremely high yield of flavorful fruit. Aurora grows to 6’ tall and develops deep red fall color. USDA Zones 4-8. E 201 (18-30” size): Was $16.50 SALE: $11.50 each LIBERTY Heavy production of big berries with a nicely balanced, robust-juicy flavor make Liberty the most popular new blueberry. Fruit ripens late season, and the upright bushes, to 8’ tall, make a stunning hedge in fall when the foliage goes bright red/orange. USDA Zones 4-8. E246 (18-30” size): $16.50 each, 3+: $13.50 each ELLIOTT Elliott can extend your blueberry picking season into September. Pick it for five weeks. The berries are medium size and flavorful and particularly healthful. Elliott is very productive and is rated among the highest of all varieties in antioxidants. The 4-6’ bush has burgundy colored leaves and wood. USDA Zones 4-8. E221 (18-30” size): $16.50 each, 3+: $13.50 each World’s Largest Blueberries & Tasty, Too! CHANDLER Introducing one of the world’s largest blueberries. Chandler has a very long ripening season providing more than a month of sweet, firm, delicious, quarter-size fruit. These vigorous, upright bushes grow 5-6’ tall and provide consistently high yields. A high chill (700 hours) variety from the New Jersey testing program, named for Jim Chandler, a Corvallis, Ore., grower. USDA Zones 6-9. E209 (18-30” size): Was $18.50 SALE: $13.50 each DARROW Produces huge berries, the size of a quarter. The bush grows 5-6’ tall, vigorous and upright. A consistent heavy producer of firm, light blue, tart flavorful berries. A good choice in the Pacific NW. Ripens throughout the month of August. USDA Zones 5-8. E210 (18-30” size): $16.50 each, 3+: $13.50 each Great for Northern Gardens PATRIOTIf you require a cold hardy variety that bears consistent crops of large fruit, you will want this University of Maine selection. The dark blue berries are highly flavored and the 4-5’ tall bush spreads to 4’. It performs well in many soil types including wet soils. Its showy white spring blossoms, dark green summer and fiery orange fall colors make it a winner in the northern landscape. USDA Zones 3-8. E278S (12-18” size): $13.50 each, 3+: $11.50 each Hardy Dwarf Blueberries POLARIS This early season, light blue berry, from Minnesota sets an abundance of aromatic fruit with great flavor. The upright bush grows to 4’ tall and wide. It sets the heaviest crops with another variety for pollination. USDA Zones 3-8. SOLD OUT SPRING 2015 In the Pink PINK LEMONADE This new blueberry isn’t blue when ripe but instead a beautiful reddish pink. The berries are medium size, sweet and productive. The 4-5’ tall bushes ripen fruit in mid to late season followed by leaves turning a pretty yellow/ orange in fall. Spring blooms are pinkish and winter twig color is red, providing color in your edible landscape in all seasons. Zones 5-9. E272 (18-30” size): Was $18.50 SALE: $13.50 each Try a Blueberry Hedge! Liberty grows to eight feet tall and makes a beautiful edible hedge. For a hedge, space the plants three to four feet apart. Our other varieties can make a shorter hedge. Wild Blueberries RUBELTwice as high in antioxidants as other blueberries, and a great selection for the health conscious. It was the first ever selected from the wild as a commercial variety. It was found in the Pinelands of New Jersey in 1912. While it has long since been surpassed for size and ease of machine picking by new varieties, its flavor and health qualities are unequalled. It produces thousands of small-size dark fruit of intense flavor, ideal for baking. It is a strong upright grower to 6 feet tall and is a consistent mid to late season producer and easy to hand pick. E282M (2-3’ size): Was $26.50 SALE: $22.50 each Wild Blueberries from Maine (Vaccinium angustifolium) The deciduous bushes have waxy foliage that turns fiery orange each fall. But it is the copious amounts of delicious wild-flavored blueberries that make this the lobster of the wild plant world. They thrive in USDA Zones 3-8 in both maritime and colder climates and do well in sandy or clayey soils. Plants spread out via underground runners to become an edible mat. Each is self fertile with delicious tart, light blue fruit. BRUNSWICK MAINEFrom Nova Scotia, it grows only 1’ tall and has glossy green foliage and delicious pea size blueberries.E205 (4” pot): $11.50 each, 6+: $8.50 each Blueberry Supplies BLUEBERRY RAKES T hese blueberry rakes are handmade in Maine and designed for the most efficient harvesting of a specific size of berry. Each is extremely strong, made of sturdy lightweight aluminum with spring steel teeth. See page 90. ORGANIC BLUEBERRY FERTILIZER B lueberries, huckleberries, lingonberries, tea, wintergreen and other acid loving plants will love this natural fertilizer. Instructions included. 5 lb. bag. T 143: $15 each; Any 4 bags of fertilizer $11.50 each. TOP HAT The most dwarfing blueberry plant, it grows up to 18” wide and high with many branches. The berries A GARDENER’S GUIDE TO BLUEBERRIES P ocket size, 32 are medium size with excellent flavor. It is great as a pages. A great blueberry growers guide. Includes soil prep, planting, border, rock garden or container plant for those with pollination, mulching, watering, pruning, fertilizing, pests, varieties limited space. Its small leaves, gnarly trunk and slow growth make it the and growing in containers. All the know how you need to be successful. S103: $4.99 best edible bonsai plant. It needs sun to ripen the fruit. USDA Zones 3-8. In 1 gallon pot.E290: $16.50 each Order online at www.RaintreeNursery.com or call 1-800-391-8892. 8 Using Blueberries & Huckleberries IN THE LANDSCAPE: Plants are particularly well suited to edible landscaping because of their varied and beautiful appearance. Bronze new growth in spring is followed by pink-white bell shaped flowers. In summer, the green leaves contrast with the blue berries. The leaves turn bright red or yellow in the fall. When the leaves drop, bright colored yellow or red branches appear. Bushes can be used for hedges, screens, foundation plantings, accent shrubs, and espaliers. Any blueberries will thrive in a container. Try an 80% bark, 10% pumice, 10% peat mix. Note: We are offering dwarf selections Top Hat, Polaris, Chippawa, Blueberry Glaze, Jelly Bean and Peach Sorbet for gardeners with limited space or a special landscape niche. Useful Facts ORIGIN: Blueberries have been part of the American culinary tradition long before the white man came to these shores. POLLINATION: Two varieties are best, however blueberry farmers get large crops in a single variety block. HARDINESS: Depends on variety, USDA Zones 3-10. SUN OR SHADE: Full sun. LIFE EXPECTANCY: 80+ years PLANT SPACING: Spacing, same distance as the height of the plant. METHOD OF PROPAGATION: Softwood cuttings (hard to root) YIELD: 5 to 15 pounds per plant depending on variety. How To Grow SOIL REQUIREMENTS: Acid soil, pH of 4 to 5.5, well drained, but can tolerate wet feet in winter. If pH is high, water with 2 tbls. vinegar to 1 gallon of water. CULTURAL REQUIREMENTS: Blueberries are shallow rooted. Do not cultivate deeply around the plants. Peat is an excellent addition to the soil. They need to be well watered the first summer and thereafter will need some moisture in arid summers. A light surface application of organic fertilizer or ammonium sulfate in the spring is beneficial. If you live in areas with alkaline or neutral soils; besides adding peat in the hole when you plant try adding a foot deep of pine shavings about three feet across and planting your blueberries higher. If you keep them well watered, the blueberries fiberous roots will grow in your amended area. Mulch of more than 2-4” thick can suffocate the roots. PRUNING: Renew older branches to new shoots. See owner’s manual that comes with your order or find it at RaintreeNursery.com. For Your Health There is evidence that eating lots of blueberries can reduce memory loss and possibly reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease. Cooked blueberries have even greater levels of antioxidants than fresh berries. Among varieties testing very high in antioxidants are Bluegold, Chandler, Darrow, Rubel, Elliott and Maine Wild Blueberries. Cranberries STEVENS CRANBERRY A productive self-fertile cultivar, selected for its large deep red berries, and light green foliage. Cranberries are very high in antioxidents. It is a great edible ornamental groundcover. Plant it in the ground; or in hanging baskets or planters for a delicate cascading effect. 4” pot. G040: $7.50 each, 6+: $6.00 each Cranberries Lingonberries (Vaccinium vitis-idaea) Scandinavians love these fantastic edible evergreen ground covers that produce delicious cranberry-like berries great for sauces, jellies and cooking. They are attractive, easy-to-grow plants with bright red fruits the size of a small blueberry. RED PEARL H eavily productive and the easiest to grow! Selected from the wild in Holland for its tasty fruit, vigorous growth and brilliant green foliage. Grows to 16” tall. 4” pots.G130: $10.50 each, 6+: $9.00 each, 18+ $8.00 each IDA Ida sports large flavorful berries and produces two crops a year, one in mid summer and again in late fall. It is a vigorous growing compact bush that grows to only 8” tall. 4” pot.G136: $12.50 each, 6+: $10.00 each BALSGARDThis heavy bearing commercial variety from the Swedish University of Agriculture has large fruit which is very flavorful and easy 135: $12.50 each, 6+: $10.00 each to grow! Grows to 8” tall. 4” pot. G DWARF LINGONBERRY ( V. vitis-idaea minus) It grows only about 6” tall but densely covers the ground with lush foliage, a small crop of pea size fruit and bright pink blooms. 4” pot.G1404: $11.50 each Lingonberry Supplies SWEDISH LINGONBERRY RAKE A very well made red plastic rake that makes picking lingonberries, huckleberries, currants and other small fruit easy. Rake it over the branch and the berries fall into the container. It will save you hours of picking. Imported from Sweden. T 300: $22.50 each CHILDREN’S BERRY PICKER RAKEJust like the Swedish Lingonberry rake but about half size. It will enable a half pint to pick a half pint or more. T 307: $13.50 each LEAF & STEM SHAKING TRAY Place lingon, blue or other berries in this sturdy plastic 13” round, 2” high red sieve with slotted bottom. Then shake. Most of the leaves and stems shake out the bottom. Imported from Sweden. T305: $8.50 each Lingonberry Facts (Vaccinium macrocarpon) You don’t need a bog to grow American cranberries. Just make a well drained bed. If you don’t have good drainage you can add peat or sand. Cranberries need a very acidic soil and need to be well watered, like their relatives the blueberries. If temperatures dip below 10° F., plants need a heavy mulch to protect next years fruiting wood. Plant one foot apart in rows two feet apart. The evergreen foliage has a reddish cast. The small profuse flowers are reddish pink. A beautiful, self-fertile ground cover. Zones 3-9. POLLINATION: Self-fertile. Two varieties improve pollination. SIZE & PLANT SPACING: Average one foot height and spacing. HARDINESS: Lingonberries can withstand arctic temperatures. In very severe climates they can be covered with peat or sawdust in the winter. Zones 3-8. HARVEST TIME: Late fall. SUN OR SHADE: Semi-shade, full sun in cool summer areas. FIRST FRUIT: 2 years. YIELD: 1/2 to 1 pound per plant. How To Grow SOIL REQUIREMENTS: pH below 5.8. Needs good drainage. CULTURAL REQUIREMENTS: Plant in soil well mixed with peat. Mulch with 3 to 4 inches of sawdust. Don’t over water. Don’t cultivate as the roots are just below the surface. Order six or more 4” pots and save! 9 Strawberries (Fragaria species) Raintree offers the most flavorful strawberries that are also easy to grow and disease resistant. Don’t expect to find the flavorless commercial varieties here. Instead, choose among luscious June-bearing types and incredibly productive “day neutral” varieties that begin bearing in June and bear heavily from July until fall frosts. We also offer Musk, Lipstick and Alpine strawberries that make great ground covers. All the varieties we offer are proven in the Pacific Northwest and most of the nation. The Best Day Neutrals Everbearing Strawberries are also called “day neutral” varieties because they do not depend on day length to initiate flowering. They produce fruit nonstop from June, through summer and fall, all the way up until frost. These incredible producers will reward you with high yields of beautiful, scrumptious strawberries longer than any other types. TRI STAR T his delicious, heavily productive berry is favored as the top variety through much of the nation both for fresh eating and for freezing. A day-neutral variety, it bears fruit the first season and produces excellent crops from June until frost. It is so popular that we sell more TriStars than any other berry plants in the catalog. Zones 4-10. E 420: Each bundle of 25: $12.50; 3+ bundles: $10.00 each EVERSWEET Outstanding flavor and adaptability. This new cultivar is unique in its ability to produce prolific crops of large, intensely delicious berries, even when others fail because of high humidity and scorching temperatures. An ideal selection for the South or for growing in a greenhouse. Drawing rave reviews, Eversweet will defy expectations with non-stop crops of sweet, luscious berries from spring through fall. Perfect choice for the All Season Strawberry Planter listed on page 10. Zone 6-10.E417: Bundle of 25: $12.50; 3+ bundles: $10.00 each ach cluster of this highly SEASCAPE E productive, day neutral variety produces an impressive center berry that is ideal for dipping in chocolate. All up and down the West Coast, backyard strawberry aficionados are raving about its excellent flavor, large size and disease resistance. Plants don’t need much chill to set fruit, so berries ripen early and continue to appear non-stop over a long season, from June to October. Proven successful in California and the Pacific Northwest, it is sure to entice gardeners in other parts of the nation too. Zone 7-10. E415: Bundle of 25: $12.50; 3+ bundles: $10.00 each ALBION Albion has large, firm conical fruit with a sweet delicious flavor. Enjoy large harvests of these delectible strawberries for many months in the summer and fall. Albion also resists verticillium wilt, phytophthora crown rot and has some resistance to anthracnose crown rot. It is versatile, doing well in dry and hot or cooler summer areas. USDA Zones 4-9. E401: Bundle of 25: $12.50; 3+ bundles: $10.00 each DAY NEUTRAL REQUIREMENTS Plant by April 15 to get a good crop the first year. Keep mulched with compost or manure. Plant one foot apart. One method is by poking plants through black plastic. Remove the first blossoms from the day neutrals. Remove the runners during the first season. Pruning off runners will give you larger berries. Keep plants well watered if the summer is dry. Add soil amendments before planting. If the foliage turns light green in late July and August, this probably means your day neutral plants need a small addition of nitrogen to support their continuous-bearing habit. The June crop from the day neutrals will be light with small fruit. Expect heavy production from July through the summer and early fall. 10 The Best Backyard June Bearers SHUKSAN T ops for both freezing and fresh eating, this flavorful variety performs consistently in the Northwest, and its winter hardiness makes it a good choice for most of the nation. Plants bear large crops of medium to large, firm, dark red berries in late June every year. A delicious choice for award-winning strawberry shortcake. Zones 6-10. E410: Each bundle of 25: $12.50; 3+ bundles: $10.00 each BENTON Super easy to grow, this variety tolerates wetter conditions and scoffs at disease problems. In late June, large, flavorful, bright red strawberries offer both wonderful fresh eating and good results for freezing. Zones 6-10. E400: Each bundle of 25: $12.50; 3+ bundles: $10.00 each PUGET SUMMER This superior late season strawberry is a great choice for NW backyard growers and market gardeners. Vigorous plants produce good yields of very sweet, full-flavored, large, firm berries with deep red color. Zone 6-10. E405: Each bundle of 25: $12.50; 3+ bundles: $10.00 each PUGET CRIMSON Introduced in 2010 by WSU, this late season cultivar has outstanding flavor similar to Puget Summer but is more productive and maintains larger berries. Zone 6-10. E406: Each bundle of 25: $12.50; 3+ bundles: $10.00 each Best for East and Midwest EARLIGLO Enjoy success with this highly flavorful, disease resistant, early season strawberry that is particularly useful in the Northeast and upper Midwest where red stele root rot can be a problem. Deep red berries are medium size and very sweet, either eaten fresh or frozen. Zones 5-9.E402: Each bundle of 25: $12.50; 3+ bundles: $10 each JEWEL Follow up an early season harvest from Earliglo with this highly productive, mid-late season strawberry that succeeds reliably in the Northeast and upper Midwest. Plants are both hardy and drought tolerant, and large, glossy, bright red berries boast both fine flavor and firmness. From Geneva N.Y. PP5897. Zones 5-9. E404: Each bundle of 25: $12.50; 3+ bundles: $10 each Musk Strawberries Astonishingly delicious and highly fragrant, these heirloom strawberries from Italy have fantastic flavor with hints of raspberry and pineapple. The sweet, soft fruits are almost round and smaller than more familiar strawberries, but they send out runners and make a very effective groundcover. Plants produce lightly for the first two or three years, and then become very productive, cropping heavily, though briefly, in June. Raintree now offers American gardeners male musk strawberries, which should increase production of the fruiting cultivars, Profumata and Capron, which generate mostly female flowers. Plant 18” apart. Zones 5-10. 4” pots. PROFUMATA DI TORTONA Berries are slightly larger than those of Capron. 4” pots. E 430: $5.50 each, 6+: $4.75 each CAPRON Plants are slightly more productive than Profumata plants, and they also produce a small fall crop. 4” pots. E435: $5.50 each, 6+: $4.75 each MALE MUSK Planting one male plant for up to five females will increase fruit harvest substantially. 4”pot. E 432: $5.50 each RUSSIAN MALE MUSK 4” pot. E433: $5.50 each MUSK STRAWBERRY PACKAGETwo each Profumata Di Tortona and Capron and one each of the Male Musk and Russian Male Musk. EMUSK: $30.00 Order online at www.RaintreeNursery.com or call 1-800-391-8892. WHITE ALPINE (Fragaria vesca var. albocarpa) Unlike other Alpines, this variety produces runners and makes an excellent groundcover or container plant in sun or dappled shade. The 8” tall plants bear a light crop of small, sweet, creamy-white berries from spring till frost. Native to mountainous regions, it is not the best choice for areas with hot, humid summers. USDA Zones 5-10. 4” pots.E444: $5.50 each, 6+: $4.75 each ALPINE STRAWBERRY PACKAGETwo Rugen, two Yellow, one Mignonette and one White.EALPINE: $27.00 Strawberries for Your Landscape LIPSTICK T his outstanding ground cover has lovely bright pink flowers from spring through fall. This beautiful edible ornamental, easily covers a hillside or bed with flowers, beautiful foliage and a small crop of small but tasty strawberries. Hardy to Zones 4-10, they thrive in sun or shade, spreading rapidly by runners. Space 1-1/2’ apart. 4” pots. E463: $5.00 each, 6+: $4.50 each Alpine Strawberries (Fragaria vesca) Exceptionally winter hardy plants bear heavily from June through October. Although they produce no runners, plants will reseed to form a dense, edible groundcover. USDA Zones 3-9 unless otherwise noted. RUGEN ALPINEBeautiful, upright plants, about 8” tall, are exceptional additions to the edible landscape, in rockeries, border plantings and other sites where they will fill in and cover an area quickly. The everbearing plants produce ¾”, elongated, red berries with sweet flavor. First cultivated 250 years ago in France, these Alpine natives thrive in either sun or shade. Space one foot apart. 4” pots. E 440: $5.50 each, 6+: $4.75 each ALPINE YELLOW The fruity fragrance and sweet flavor of these delicious berries is a scrumptious mixture of strawberry and pineapple. Similar in size and growth habit to red Alpine varieties, these beauties are yellow with brownish seeds when ripe. 4” pots. E 450: $5.50 each, 6+: $4.75 each MIGNONETTE These exceptionally productive plants bear intensely sweet fruit that is large for an alpine type, up to an inch long. You will get plenty for fresh eating, for making delicious pastries as they do in France, or for dropping into glasses of champagne. 4”pots.E445: $5.50 each, 6+: $4.75 each How To Use Strawberries IN THE LANDSCAPE: Use in planters, hanging baskets, borders, ground covers, raised beds. Easy to grow for the beginner. Useful Facts POLLINATION: Self-fertile unless noted. HARDINESS: Our June bearers are hardy to -15°F. Tri Star, Lipstick and Alpine strawberries are hardy to at least -30°F. SUN OR SHADE: Full sun unless noted. SPACING: 12” apart; in rows 18” apart. RIPENING: “June” bearers in June through July; day neutrals from June though early fall. PROPAGATION: Seeds or runners. FRUITING LIFE OF THE PLANT: 2-3 years (Best to replant day neutrals after 2 years.) Alpines, musks and Lipstick last many years. YIELD: ½-1lb. per plant. How To Grow SOIL REQUIREMENTS: Rich, well drained, high in organic matter, pH of 5-6. If drainage is poor, plant on mounds. WILD STRAWBERRY (Fragaria chiloensis) Our Northwest native groundcover makes a lush compact mat with white flowers but not many berries. Foliage is green, tinged with red in the fall. Full sun or partial shade. Zones 5-9. 4” pots. E443: $5.00 each, 6+: $4.50 each Strawberry Supplies ALL SEASON STRAWBERRY PLANTER G row lots of the best tasting strawberries in a small space. The late Tom Wood designed each planter with a full length drip tube inside. Fill a planter with potting soil. Then hook one, or a series of planters to each other and to a garden hose. Instructions included. T295 (3’ planter, holds up to 50 plants): $39.95, 4 for $120; T297 (5’ planter, holds up to 100 plants): $65, 4 for $170 GROW THE BEST STRAWBERRIES By Louise Riotte, 31 pages. Learn when, how and where to plant and care for your strawberry plants from this Garden Way booklet. S 200: $3.95 ORGANIC CANEBERRY & STRAWBERRY FERTILIZERHelp your raspberries, blackberries and strawberries to thrive. Apply 1/2 pound per ten feet of row or ten square feet of bed. Instructions included. 5 lb. Bag. T140: $15 each; Any 4 bags of fertilizer $11.50 each. PLANT A BIG STRAWBERRY PATCH & SAVE Tri-Star, Seascape, Eversweet, Jewel, Earliglo, Shuksan, P. Crimson, P. Summer, Albion or Benton. Mix & match 5 or more bundles of 25: $9.50 each; 10 or more bundles of 25: $8.00 each; 25 or more bundles: $6.50 each. I was a little apprehensive because of slightly higher price and shipping costs but it was well worth it! The trees were big and healthy and are now blooming after just a short time in the ground. I can’t tell you how refreshing it is to get my money’s worth from a mail order nursery, so many of the others just aren’t worth dealing with-poor or dead plants, no customer service, etc. You have a customer for life! Thanks again for the great products! I’ll be ordering more in the near future! -- M.C. Albion, IN The most delicious strawberries from around the world. 11 Raspberries (Rubus idaeus) The best way to have an abundance of raspberries is to grow them yourself. Raspberries are easy to grow, and the rewards of growing them at home range from enormous cost savings to improved health. Freshly picked, ripe raspberries are among the most delicious culinary treats available. USDA Zones 5-9 unless noted. We offer stocky, well-rooted, virusfree plants. Grow Raspberries in a Pot BRAZELBERRIES® RASPBERRY SHORTCAKE™ For those of you with limited space, this dwarf raspberry plant is ideal for container growing. It grows only 2-3’ tall with a compact growth habit. It is thornless and produces an abundance of full-size sweet, flavorful red raspberries each summer. Your family will love harvesting healthful fruit right from your patio and no trellising or staking is needed. It will spread to fill any pot no matter the shape. It fruits on the abundant new canes each spring that have gone through a winter dormancy period. Like other floricane summer raspberries, once fruiting is finished, prune out canes at the base that have fruited leaving new canes to fruit the next season. USDA Zones 5-9. One-quart pot. E360: $19.95 each, 3+: $17.50 each July Bearers With Great Flavor TULAMEEN T his extraordinary introduction from British Columbia produces enormous, light red, aromatic fruit with a wonderful flavor. Besides berries that are 25% bigger than Meeker, Tulameen uniquely extends the summer raspberry season through July and August, producing for up to 50 days. It is a great find for backyard growers who can provide well drained soil. USDA Zones 6-9. E391: $5.50 each; Pkg of 5: $20; 3+ pkgs of 5: $16.50 each pkg MEEKERFor many years, this very productive, easy-to-grow, late season variety has set the standard in our region for raspberry flavor that is equally good for fresh eating, freezing and juice. Plants produce manageable canes and a bountiful harvest each July. Eat plenty for high quantities of cancer-fighting Ellagitannin. Botrytis resistant. USDA Zones 6-9. E381: $5.50 each; Pkg of 5: $20; 3+ pkgs of 5: $16.50 each pkg CASCADE DELIGHTBecause Cascade Delight shows outstanding resistance to root rot, it will thrive in wetter gardens where other varieties have failed. Similar in season and productivity to Tulameen, this variety boasts big, firm, delicious berries. Expect a heavy yield of berries with an intense, traditional raspberry flavor, beginning in July and continuing for a month or more. US Patent applied for. USDA Zones 6-9. E325: $5.50 each; Pkg of 5: $20; 3+ pkgs of 5: $16.50 each pkg Golden Raspberries CASCADE GOLDThe fruit of this very large and firm yellow raspberry ripens in late July. Introduced by Washington State University, it has proven to thrive in the Pacific Northwest and is a great choice for a golden main season raspberry. E356:$5.50 each; Pkg of 5: $20; 3+ pkgs of 5: $16.50 each pkg W e bought Caroline raspberry canes and didn’t expect raspberries until next year. This year we’re still having fresh tasty berries. I’ve gardened for 50 years in Western Washington and never had December raspberries. -- P.S. Olympia, WA 12 Everbearing Raspberries Need No Trellis Everbearing raspberries, also called primocanes, produce fruit on one and two year old canes, so instead of trellising, cut canes a few inches above the ground each winter. Starting the following August and continuing until frost, plants will produce crops of delicious fruit each year, even the first season. AUTUMN BRITTEN A very flavorful and particularly early everbearing red raspberry, Autumn Britten thrives in the Pacific Northwest and is rated as the best raspberry for the upper Midwest. Plants bear large crops of big, exceptionally flavorful, firm, red berries that start ripening before Caroline and a month before Heritage and continue through fall. It is both Northern cold hardy and tolerant 335: $5.50 April Doolittle smiles at the of heat in the South. E each; Pkg of 5: $20; 3+ pkgs of perfectly aligned everbearing 5: $16.50 each pkg raspberries (she got plants from Raintree) on her son Peter’s igorous and CAROLINE V full of healthful nutrients and wedding cake. antioxidants, this heavy yielding, red raspberry produces loads of delicious fruit on primocanes from late August until fall. Proven successful from coast to coast, Caroline responds well to warm summer temperatures by ripening earlier. The delicious fruit is large, red and firm. (PP# 10412) E 320: $5.50 each; Pkg of 5: $20; 3+ pkgs of 5: $16.50 each pkg NANTAHALANEW! Nantahala ripens in September through the fall, extending the raspberry season in areas with hot summers. High yielding, the red fruit is large and very flavorful. One of its parents is Rosanna. New from North Carolina State University, its late season ripening makes it a poor choice for maritime climates with cooler summers. USDA Zones 6-10. E370: $5.50 each, Pkg of 5: $20, 3+:pkgs of 5 $16.50 each pkg. ROSANNA N EW! The sweet, superb flavor of this raspberry from Italy has been compared to candy and has generated tremendous excitement. Expect an abundant harvest of big, bright red berries ripens on 5’ tall canes in July. In warm climates, prune plants as everbearers, cutting canes a few inches above ground in late fall and primocanes set a fall crop. USDA Zones 5-9. 4”pots. E3614: $8.50 each Native Berry Bushes THIMBLEBERRY (Rubus parviflorus) This Northwest native, related to the raspberry, produces small, bright red fruit shaped like the top of a thimble. In spring, white, 1” fragrant flowers appear on the erect, thornless 4-6’ bush, and in summer the harvest of rich, tangy fruit arrives. Plants thrive in full or partial shade. USDA Zones 4-9. E 305: $13.50 each, 3+: $10.50 each SALMONBERRY(Rubus spectabilis) Loads of beautiful pink flowers ripen into golden fruit earlier than any other berries in Pacific Northwest forests. The fruit, which resembles raspberries, is very mild, but passing hikers and birds enjoy it. Grow the 6’ tall and wide bushes (not canes) in partial shade or full sun. Watch out for prickly stems. Hardy to USDA Zones 4-9. E310: $13.50 each, 3+: $10.50 each Order online at www.RaintreeNursery.com or call 1-800-391-8892. Rooting for the Purple and Black JEWEL BLACK L arge, glossy black raspberries boast a flavor that is richer than that of the red and yellow types, so they are delicious eaten out of hand and they make outstanding preserves and pies. Bushes are larger than other types too, as well as vigorous and highly productive. Each will grow to 7’ tall and will bend over and root at the tips. To prevent this, pinch or prune the tips each summer when they reach 5’ tall. Although many blacks are considered more disease prone than reds, Jewel is quite disease resistant. Space plants about 3’ apart. USDA Zones 4-8. E364R: $7.50 each; Pkg of 5: $30 PROHIBITED TO CA. ROYALTY PURPLE The large fruit of this highly vigorous, productive purple raspberry from New York state offers a unique, delicious, sweet flavor and aroma. When ripe, berries turn from red to purple. USDA Zones 4-8. E397: $5.50 each; Pkg of 5: $20 PROHIBITED TO OR & CA. Black Raspberries are rated 11% higher in antioxidants than blueberries. They rate very high in anthocyanin and vitamins A, C, E and folic acid. Groundcover Raspberries for Northern Growers ALL FIELD BERRY (Rubus articus x stellarticus) Rarely seen in the United States, these super hardy groundcover raspberries were developed in Sweden. Thick raspberry foliage grows only one foot tall each spring and dies completely back to the ground each winter, only to resprout vigorously from the roots the next spring. Therefore, the potted plants which we offer may be without top foliage if purchased in winter. The pink fragrant flowers and juicy, delicious bright aromatic berries add to its landscape attraction. The fruit ripens over about 6 weeks starting in July and looks ripe before it is ready to pick! Wait until it separates easily from the plant to harvest. The plants are fully hardy since they are a hybrid of Alaskan and Swedish arctic raspberries. They appreciate a well drained soil and full sun. Plant at 1-2’ spacing and weed and water well to get the plants established. It will take 3 years to start fruiting. Plant at least two varieties for pollination. All varieties are very similar. 4” pots. G220S Sophia: $7.50 each; G220V Valentina $7.50 each; G220A Anna: $7.50 each; G220B Beta: $7.50 each; G220KAll Field Berry Six Pack (includes all four varieties): $36.00 NAGOON BERRY Because of their excellent flavor, Nagoon berries are a favorite for eating fresh, making jelly or wine. They are closely related to R. articus and considered to be a form of that species. The spineless groundcover grows to six inches tall. The plant has attractive pink flowers and produces small, very flavorful, red, raspberry like fruit ripe in August. The flowers are either male or female with both sexes eventually present in the same plant. Grow in a good well-drained loamy soil in sun or semishade. This plant is smaller than R. articus and has smaller fruits. These plants were collected near Juneau, Alaska. 4” pots. G223: $9.50 each, 6+: $8.00 each How To Use Raspberries IN THE LANDSCAPE: Use for hedges or fence rows. The colorful berries beautify your landscape and fruit salads. Try three everbearing plants in a large pot on your deck or plant a pot with the dwarf Brazelberry® Strawberry Shortcake™ variety. Useful Facts POLLINATION: Self-pollinating. SIZE AT MATURITY: 4-6 ft. Brazelberry® Strawberry Shortcake™ 2-3 ft. HARDINESS: Hardy to at least -20°F, depending on variety. Everbearers are hardy in most of the nation if cut to the ground each fall and mulched. Zones 5-9 unless otherwise noted. SUN: Full sun. SPACING: 20” between plants in rows 5 feet apart. PROPAGATION: Cutting or digging up plants that come up from the roots outside of the established rows. FRUITFUL LIFE: Replace every 10-15 years as they decline in productivity. YIELD: Up to 2 lbs. per foot of row. BEARING AGE: 1-2 years. How To Grow SOIL REQUIREMENTS: Lots of organic matter and good drainage. They cannot take wet feet. If you have wet ground, plant them on a mound, 18” above the water table. Cascade Delight, Anne and Autumn Britten do better than the others on wetter sites. CULTURAL REQUIREMENTS: Plant with well rotted manure and fertilize the following spring with more manure. Provide adequate moisture during the growing season. PRUNING JULY BEARERS: Prune out second year canes in the fall after they are through fruiting. Don’t prune out new shoots since they will produce fruit the following year. Raspberries make excellent hedges or fence rows and benefit from trellising (see page 88 for instructions). PRUNING EVERBEARERS: Caroline, Autumn Britten, Nantahala and Rosanna bear on one and two year old wood. Prune or mow the canes each winter to get a free standing fall crop without using a trellis. Or prune like a July bearer and get a July and a fall crop. Caneberry Supplies BERRY WIREWe offer 14 gauge soft galvanized wire to trellis your kiwis, grapes, espaliers or berries. Minimum order 200 feet. T 070: 15 cents a foot.T070R (2,900’ roll): $160 BERRIES, RASP & BLACK 3 1 pages. Learn how to grow and prune them. S040: $3.95 Caroline, Meeker Raspberries Rated Highest for Health Raspberries (as well as blueberries and black currants) contain especially high levels of antioxidants, which are known cancerfighting agents. Caroline contains about 50% more antioxidants than other raspberry varieties, Caroline was also found to be 20-44% higher in beta-carotene, 27-43% higher in vitamin A, 1677% higher in vitamin E and 25-48% higher in vitamin C according to Ohio State University studies. Recent clinical tests conducted at Medical University of South Carolina and dozens of other prestigious research centers, have shown that Ellagitannin, a phytochemical found naturally in high quantities in raspberries, can help prevent cancer and inhibit the growth of cancer cells. Meeker was found to be the best source of this health-promoting element. Mix or Match an 18 pack of 4-Inch Pots and Save an Additional $10. Use Code Z18 online or on order form page 95. 13 Blackberries (Rubus species) Why grow blackberries when they grow wild along roadways and paths? The cultivated varieties we offer are easy to grow, they produce reliably huge loads of fruit and they have delicious differences in flavor. Not only that, but we have many varieties without thorns! Raintree offers one-year, well-rooted vines that will grow rapidly. Unless stated, they may be bare root or potted plants. BLACKBERRIES ARE PROHIBITED TO HI. Support Needed to Eat Them All TRIPLE CROWN THORNLESS T his cultivar can produce 30 lbs. of large, very sweet, shiny blackberries per plant, making it, with Chester, by far the most productive. Fruit has superb flavor both eaten fresh and used to make jelly, toppings or juice. Vigorous canes, up to 2” in diameter and 15’ long, thrive in areas of the country too cold for other blackberries and produce huge crops in July and early August. Grow it as a vining blackberry at 8’ cut new canes the first summer at 6’ tall and snip the laterals back to 2’ long in winter. With this method, use a 3’ spacing and a top wire to tie the upright canes. USDA Zones 5-9. 4” pot. E588: $8.50 each, 6+: $6.50 each CHESTER THORNLESS T o extend the harvest, plant Chester, which starts its huge production right when Triple Crown leaves off. Very large, flavorful berries start ripening in August and an extremely heavy production continues all the way until frost. Very similar to Triple Crown, fruit is borne on vigorous, thornless canes that resist cane blight. Plants fruit well in warm weather but don’t fully ripen in cold maritime autumns. USDA Zones 5-9. 4” pot. E525: $8.50 each, 6+: $6.50 each Freestanding! No Support Needed Now grow loads of delicious, thornless blackberries easily either with or without a trellis. These large, round berries are scrumptious, juicy and abundant. Plant them 2-3’ apart for an edible hedge. To grow them as freestanding plants, allow the erect thornless cane to reach 4’ tall in the summer, then tip it back to encourage fruiting laterals. The following spring, tip the laterals back at 2’ lengths and watch the luscious fruit form. In winter, simply cut out canes that have finished fruiting, and get ready for your next crop. Fruit grows on canes that grew the previous season. USDA Zones 6-9. All are patented from the University of Arkansas. NATCHEZ THORNLESS O ne of the first thornless blackberries of the season. The fruit is sweet and large and stores well. The vine is disease resistant. 4” pot. E509: $8.50 each, 6+: $6.50 each APACHE THORNLESSThis newest upright, thornless selection produces a heavy load of large, flavorful fruit that ripens in late June. 4” pot. E505: $8.50 each, 6+: $6.50 each OUACHITA Enjoy delicious crops of sweet, flavorful, medium sized fruit for five weeks beginning in late June from this high yielding cultivar. 4” pot.E555: $8.50 each, 6+: $6.50 each Early Ripeners Mid Season Late Ripeners Obsidian Boysenberry Loch Ness Loganberry Marionberry Prime Ark 45 Apache OuachitaChester Wild Treasure Black Diamond WineberryTayberry Columbia Star Cascade Trailing Cascade Triple Crown Newberry 14 How To Use Blackberries IN THE KITCHEN: Make cobblers, pancakes, pies, mousses, sauces and of course, jams, jellies and wine. IN THE LANDSCAPE: Use as a barrier hedge; trellised on a fence. Grow the freestanding cultivars in a pot. Useful Facts POLLINATION: Self-pollinating, except for Cascade Trailing. Note: It has been discovered that ORUS 1843, offered two seasons ago and thought to be self fertile, needs another cultivar as a pollinizer. HARDINESS: (See varietal descriptions) A way to make all varieties much hardier is to lay the canes on the ground and cover them in late fall with soil, snow or a thick mulch. Uncover them in the early spring. HARVEST TIME: August through September, Chester through October. PROPAGATION: Cuttings, tip layering. LIFE EXPECTANCY: 6 to 25 years BEARING AGE: 2 years; Prime Ark 1 year. PLANT SPACING: Each variety differs in vigor. Plant 6-8’ apart unless otherwise noted. Boysen 5’; Tayberry 4’. All vines can be tied to a trellis. All except Tay can also be wrapped around a wire. EXPOSURE: Sun or partial shade. YIELD: 10-30 pounds per plant. SOIL REQUIREMENTS: Wide range of soils. Will tolerate some poor drainage. PESTS AND DISEASES: Few. CULTURAL REQUIREMENTS: Prune out all canes in the autumn after they bear fruit. Blackberries, except Prime Ark bears only on last year’s growth. Train on wires or fences, except the free standing cultivars. TRAINING: Keep the canes off the ground to make care easier. Keep the new vines and the two year old bearing vines separate so you can prune off and remove them after they bear. See owner’s manual that comes with each order. For Your Health Many varieties of blackberries have more anthocyanins than blueberries. They are also high in fiber. Wild Treasure, Chester, Logan, Boysen and Marionberries are among those rated highest in nutritive values. Harvest the First Year! Unlike other blackberries, this unique upright, free standing “primocane” blackberry bears ON FIRST YEAR CANES, like everbearing raspberries do. Allow the blackberries to grow for a season. Then each winter, cut the canes just above the ground and allow them to grow back. In September through the fall, simply harvest the fruit or, if you wish, like with raspberries, you can allow the canes to grow for a second year and they will also produce a crop in July. Prime Ark thrives in the Pacific NW and as far north as central Minnesota and New York. It is a low chill selection, however it doesn’t produce well in places like the deep South, where summer temperatures are consistently above 90°F. Plants are hardy in the winter to 10°F or below zero if cut back to the ground and heavily mulched. It is patented by University of Arkansas breeder Dr. James Moore. The large, very sweet berries ripen in June or July and again in September. Plant in a row 2-3 feet apart. PRIME ARK® 45This is a self fertile second generation cultivar, larger, more flavorful and productive than Prime Jan or Prime Jim. USDA Zones 6-9. Self fertile.4” pot. E570: $8.50 each, 6+: $6.50 each Order online at www.RaintreeNursery.com or call 1-800-391-8892. Enjoy Delicious Marion Flavor BLACK DIAMOND THORNLESS (NZ9128-R) This thornless selection was bred in New Zealand and introduced by Oregon State University in 2005. It is disease resistant, easy to grow, very productive and firm and is prized for making jams. It has Marionberry-like flavor but with larger, firmer and of course thornless berries. Harvest for up to a month each July. USDA Zones 6-9. 4”pot. E573: $8.50 each, 6+: $6.50 each MARIONBERRY Although thorny, Marionberry has such an incredible, rich flavor that many people prefer it to any other berry for eating out of hand and for making superb pies, jellies or juices. Plants consistently produce heavy crops of high quality fruit starting in July and continuing for several weeks. USDA Zones 7-9. 4” pot. E 572: $8.50 each, 6+: $6.50 each Start Your Blackberry Season Early OBSIDIANPacific Northwest berry breeders developed this bright black, early season wonder. The heavy yielding cultivar has delicious Marionberry flavor but is hardier than Marion. Start picking very large, ripe fruit from thorny plants as early as mid-July. Also an excellent choice for machine harvesting. USDA Zones 7-9. 4” pot. E 556: $8.50 each, 6+: $6.50 each COLUMBIA STAR THORNLESS N EW! A new star for flavor. New from Oregon State University, it has large firm berries and is very productive. The flavor is rated as good or better than Marionberry. This vigorous growing thornless trailer ripens early mid season, in mid July in Oregon’s Willamette Valley. It is hardy to below 10 F. and highly recommended for home gardens as well as for machine picking by commercial growers. Patent pending. 4” pots. E530: $8.50 each, 6+: $6.50 each Wild Berries Tamed WILD TREASURE THORNLESS An incredible find from Oregon State University researchers: the wild meets the thornless. This first generation cross between the wild Cascade trailing blackberry and the thornless Waldo blackberry combines the best qualities of both. Berries, which are smaller than Waldos but bigger than Cascades, are so sweet, delicious and numerous that they have amazed and won every tasting panel. The self-fertile, early ripening plants are vigorous, disease tolerant and thornless. Wild Treasure will make a winning addition to the garden, its fruit prized for fresh eating and baking. Wild Treasure retains excellent flavor of the wild berry and has the highest nutritional content of all the blackberries we offer. USDA Zones 7-9. 4” pot. E545: $9.50 each, 6+: $7.50 each CASCADE TRAILING (Rubus ursinus) Every summer from Alaska to Northern California, fruit lovers in the know pick and trip over these sweet, especially tasty, native trailing blackberries. We offer a selection found by Mike Maki that is among the biggest and sweetest ever found, although still small. Grow them on a trellis, so they won’t be underfoot and so you can pick lots of fruit which is otherwise only available in the wild and fetches a very high price! We offer female plants that need to be pollinized. Unless you have a wild trailing male in the neighborhood, also plant Tayberry or Cascade. USDA Zones 7-9. 4” pot. E520: $8.50 each, 6+: $6.50 each CASCADE Thought to be a cross between Loganberry and wild Cascade trailing blackberry (which it will pollinate), this berry was a very popular backyard crop 40 years ago, but it has long since been unavailable. Many still ask for it, because of an unmatched wild trailing blackberry flavor, higher productivity. and much larger size. Fruit ripens in July. USDA Zones 7-9. 4” pot. E515: $8.50 each, 6+: $6.50 each JAPANESE WINEBERRY (Rubus phoenicolasius) A very attractive, fast growing, thorny bright red arching vine that produces a nice crop of small, orange red, raspberry shaped fruit in early summer with a pleasing tart flavor great in fruit salads. Fruit is born on the tips of the former years side branches. Put it on a trellis or wire for ease of fruit harvest and to control its vigorous and thorny vines. E589: $8.50 each PROHIBITED TO MA & CT Delicious Raspberry/Blackberry Crosses BOYSENBERRY A distinctly tart, juicy cross between blackberry and red raspberry, these large, red-black berries mature at up to 2” long. The harvest of delicious, aromatic fruit continues to ripen for up to two months. Try eating them fresh with cream or baking into a spectacular pie—exceptional. Trellis the trailing, vigorous canes. USDA Zones 6-10. 4” pot.E510: $8.50 each, 6+: $6.50 each; E510R (1-2’ bareroot plant): $8.50 each NEWBERRYA vigorous and highly productive semi-erect purple blackberry producing especially large fruit with a unique and highly rated flavor. It is a cross of Blackberries and Red Raspberries and resembles Boysen in appearance but with its own flavor. Tested from Northwestern Washington to California, it is among the most winter hardy cultivars. It is yet to be extensively tested elsewhere in the country. 4” pot. E542: $8.50 each, 6+: $6.50 each THORNLESS LOGANBERRY The thornless Logan is thought to be a wild cross between a blackberry and a red raspberry. Plants are only about half as productive as either Marionberry or Tayberry. The large, flavorful fruit has a unique quality that is highly prized. Many people prefer the flavor to all others. USDA Zones 6-10. 4” pot. E560: $8.50 each, 6+: $6.50 each Great Scots! Some of the most productive and delicious blackberries were developed in the cool climate of the Scottish Crops Research Institute in Invergowrie. They have proven widely adaptable in the U.S. TAYBERRY This heavy-bearing backyard winner, a cross between blackberry and raspberry, was developed in Scotland. Vigorous, arching, thorny canes produce large, flavorful berries that are very long, narrow and reddish black when ripe. Tayberry can be grown in a sprawling clump, like a black raspberry. USDA Zones 5-9. 4” pot. E585: $8.50 each, 6+: $6.50 each LOCH NESS T ry this new, richly tart, thornless Scottish blackberry for its monstrously large, shiny black fruit. Semi-erect canes are highly productive and can be grown like raspberries, with little support. Space canes 6’ apart. Expect a big crop of fruit that ripens late for a blackberry, in August and September complementing the earlier varieties. USDA Zones 5-9. 4” pots E 550: $8.50 each, 6+: $6.50 each 15 Elderberries (Sambucus species) Elderberries are the easiest to grow and care for of all the fruits and probably the most consistently productive. GOLDBEERE(S. nigra) This unique German selection grows very upright and bears abundant clusters of striking, large, edible golden berries, accented by attractive light green foliage. E031: $18.50 each, 3+: $15 each Edible European Elders Lace-leafed Beauty (Sambucus nigra) Each S. Nigra variety listed will pollinate and must be pollinated by another S. nigra cultivar to produce fruit. These sprawling bushes have been used in Europe, western Asia, and North Africa for millenia. They can grow to 15’ or more but are easily pruned and kept at about 8’ tall. They are beautiful in all seasons. Creamy, usually white, scented flowers grow in large flat topped clusters in June and are used in cooking and cosmetics. Each is in a 1 gallon pot. Cultivars for Fruit Production SUTHERLAND ( Sambucus racemosa) Lovely yellow foliage and a graceful habit set this elderberry apart. Each golden leaf is finely incised, which makes the plant seem like a giant, to 12’, glowing fern, especially when grown in bright shade or partial sun. New spring growth is a beautiful coppery-red turning bright yellow. As the season progresses, leaves take on shades of limey green. Its dynamic presence brightens a shady corner. Not a 054: pollinizer. It produces red berries which should not be eaten raw. E $18.50 each, 3+: $15 each HASCHBERG(Sambucus nigra) We found this heavy bearing Austrian variety in Switzerland. The black berries form in very large clusters on long stems. The bush is vigorous and spreading, growing to about 10’ tall. It combines the flavor and medicinal qualities of the wild European black elder with heavy production and larger fruit.E053: $18.50 each, 3+ $15 each Eastern Elders Bred for Fruit Quality KORSOR NEW!(Sambucus nigra) Top rated commercial variety in Europe prized for its nutraceutical (medicinal) qualities. Very similar to Haschberg and Allesso. Korsor will grow to about 8’ tall and produces masses of dark blue berries. Will pollinize with other Sambucas Nigras we offer.E033: $18.50 each, 3+: $15.00 each PROHIBITED TO CA. SAMPO NEW!(Sambucus nigra) This lush new Danish variety is being planted commercially in Sweden and Germany. It bears large crops of flavorful, healthful fruit among the dark green foliage. Grows to about 10’ in sun or partial shade. E023: $18.50 each, 3+: $15.00 each SAMDAL (Sambucas nigra) This Danish cultivar produces large clusters of flavorful, black elderberries that ripen in August and make luscious jam or wine. Each year, long shoots sprout from the ground; the following season, they bear fruit high in antioxidants that benefit health. USDA Zones 5-8. E020: $18.50 each, 3+: $15 each ALLESSO (Sambucus nigra) This lush new Danish variety is being planted commercially in Sweden and Germany. It bears large crops of flavorful, healthful fruit among the dark green foliage. Grows to about 10’ in sun or partial shade. Zones 5-9. E052: $18.50 each, 3+: $15 each Beautiful Edible Ornamentals BLACK LACE(S. nigra) Black Lace has beautiful dark red/purple foliage that is finely cut like a Japanese maple. Enjoy the pink blooms and edible black fruit. Plant it as a dramatic accent.E067: $22.50 each VARIEGATED (Sambucus nigra) This bush grows to 8’ tall with an equal spread. Leaf variegation is a cream color against a dark green background. Enjoy black fruit in September.E051: $18.50 each, 3+: $15 each (Sambucus canadensis) These similar varieties are hybrids of the eastern North American Elderberry selected for sweeter, larger, tastier berries. These ornamental compact shrubs grow 6-10’ tall and need 8’ spacing. The large clusters of fruit ripen in August and make great pies, wine and jam. We offer well rooted plants. Zones 4-9. Select two varieties for pollination. ADAMS Produces the largest fruit. Sweet, purple and productive. E030: $11.50 each, 3+: $9.00 each, 10+: $6.50 each JOHNS Very productive. Large sweet berries. E 035: $11.50 each, 3+: $9.00 each, 10+: $6.50 each NOVA A vigorous grower with huge clusters of large sweet purple berries. E032: $11.50 each, 3+: $9.00 each, 10+: $6.50 each BLUE ELDER(Sambucus caerulea) This NW native is beautiful in all seasons. In the spring enjoy the many white flower clusters. In the fall the 15-20’ tall bush is covered with large clusters of small powder-blue berries that are prized for cooking, jelly and wine. Self fertile. Zones 5-9. E015: $13.50 each, 3+: $10 each, 10+: $8.50 each Using Elderberries HOW TO GROW: Shrubs prefer full sun or partial shade and soil with good organic content and drainage. They are prolific, heavy bearing and easy to grow. IN THE LANDSCAPE: They make great hedges or accent plants. The hollow stems have many uses including making flutes, popguns and fences. The berries are used in dyes. Birds love them. Two plants provide lots of fruit for a family. IN THE KITCHEN: The fruit is higher in vitamin C than oranges. Do not eat raw, but it is prized for pies, jellies, tea, soft drinks, champagne and of course wine. Leaves are used in ointments to ease swelling. Elderberry pulp is a natural food coloring. The fruit is an anti-oxidant and anti-carcinogen because of its high content of polyphenols and flavonoids. HARDINESS: Zones 4-9 unless otherwise noted. BLACK BEAUTY (Sambucus nigra) A spectacular ornamental bush for your yard, Black Beauty grows about 10’ tall with deep, purple-black foliage. LemonFor Your Health scented, pink flowers cover the bush in June and July, Used for centuries in folk medicines, Elderberries both the most contrasting perfectly with the foliage. Black Beauty tested S. nigra and the S. canadensis are high in anthrocyanins bears clusters of edible black berries in fall when and Vitamin A and C. pollinated by another S. nigra variety. From the East Elderberry syrup is used to treat colds and flu and to boost the Malling Research Station in England. P.P. 12,305. immune system. E065: $22.50 each Order online at www.RaintreeNursery.com or call 1-800-391-8892. 16 Gooseberries (Ribes hirtellum) Gooseberries, highly prized in Europe as an important part of a well-rounded garden, have been sadly neglected in America, perhaps because people remember gooseberries as tart and mouth puckering. But sweet varieties are wonderful for fresh eating, and Raintree offers outstanding Canadian and European cultivars not usually available in the U.S. Gooseberries generally ripen in July. They grow slowly at the nursery. We offer well-rooted, one-year bushes. USDA Zones 3-8. JEANNE J eanne is a sweet full flavored, very productive new dark red dessert gooseberry with multiple disease resistance. It is the most resistant to powdery mildew of any cultivar and is also very resistant to White Pine Blister Rust. It shows less defoliation from sawflies than do other gooseberry cultivars. Jeanne ripens and blooms late, a week or two after Invicta. The bush is upright and grows to about 3’ tall. It is a cross of American and European gooseberries and expected to be excellent for both home and commercial plantings. It was introduced in 2006 by the USDA Germplasm Repository in Corvallis, Oregon. USDA Zones 3-8. E646: $17.50 each COLOSSAL The egg shaped fruit up to 1 and one half inches in diameter with translucent green skin. The flesh is sweet and mild. It ripens in mid July and is a reliable bearer. Originated in Mankato Minn. by Frank Schwab and introduced in 1974, it is very vigorous and hardy. USDA Zones 3-8. E620: $13.50 eachLIMIT ONE New From England INVICTAA new mildew resistant selection from the Malling Research Station. An easy to grow winner for the organic garden. It produces heavy yields early in its life, of flavorful large green fruit that hang in heavy clusters down the length of the branch. A well-shaped bush. Excellent for pies, jam or freezing.E650: $13.50 each, 3+: $11.50 each, 10+: $8.50 each BLACK VELVET This new gooseberry cultivar produces large crops of sweet dark red fruit with an interesting hint of blueberry flavor. The hardy, disease resistant bushes are very easy to grow and tremendously productive in even the coldest parts of the nation. E605: $13.50 each, 3+: $11.50 each, 10+: $8.50 each First Place Finnish HINNOMAKI YELLOWOutstanding aromatic flavor distinguishes this variety. The medium size, sweet yellow-green berry has a luscious aftertaste reminiscent of apricot. The bush is low growing with a spreading habit. Fruit ripens in mid-July. It is somewhat mildew resistant. E640: $16.50 each, 3+: $13.50 each HINNOMAKI RED Of Finnish origin, it has outstanding flavor. The skin is tangy while the flesh is very sweet. Plants are productive with dark red medium sized fruit on an upright plant. It begins fruiting in the planting year and has good mildew resistance. A favorite with home gardeners.E639: $14.50 each, 3+: $11.50 each LEEPARED NEW! This very heavy bearing Finnish variety is very mildew resistant and therefore makes an easy to grow, carefree attractive plant. The medium size berries have a rich tart flavor. It is favored for pies and jams.E660: $13.50 each, 3+: $11.50 each How to Use Gooseberries IN THE LANDSCAPE: Use in foundation plantings, under spreading trees, borders or short barrier hedges. (Gooseberries have thorns!) Useful Facts POLLINATION: Self-pollinating. SIZE & SPACING: 3-4 ft. HARDINESS: Zones 3-8. SUN: Full sun, but can tolerate semi-shade. PROPAGATION: Cuttings taken in the fall. LIFE EXPECTANCY: 15-30 years YEARS TO FIRST FRUIT: 2 years YIELD: Up to 8 to 10 pounds per bush. How To Grow SOIL REQUIREMENTS: Good loam, can tolerate sandy or heavy soils, but must be well drained. CULTURAL REQUIREMENTS: Plant with peat, mulch well and water during arid summers. Mildew can be a problem on susceptible varieties. Sulfur can defoliate the plants. Baking soda mixed with spray oil sprayed every two weeks can work. Currant worms can defoliate bushes. Use BT or Safer soap. Gooseberries grow best in cool summer areas. PRUNING: Prune annually to maintain large berry size. Cut out wood more than 3 years old; leave 6-8 canes. You can also train any currants or gooseberries to an attractive fan shape or cordon. Top Americans POORMAN T his is a highly flavored, sweet table variety which can be eaten out of hand. The berries are green but turn red when ripe. One of the best American gooseberries. E 670: $13.50 each, 3+: $10.50 each, 10+: $8.50 each AMISH RED A vigorous growing large sweet red gooseberry with delicious flavor. From an Amish farmer in Pennsylvania! E600: $13.50 each Mildew-Resistant Cultivars JAHN’S PRARIE A n easy to grow, mildew resistant, highly productive bush with large red berries. Tasty sweet/tart flavor. Selected in Canada from the wild. USDA Zones 3-8.E665: $13.50 each, 3+: $10 each CAPTIVATOR Large teardrop shaped fruit, that is pink and sweet when ripe. Foliage turns yellow in the fall. Mildew resistant and very hardy. A cross of European and American species that is nearly thornless and easy to pick and grow. Bred in Ottawa in 1935. E610: $13.50 each, 3+: $10 each CANADA 0273 This medium size red skinned pear shaped gooseberry has very good flavor. The bush is less thorny than others and mildew resistant. It is from Ottawa, Canada. E607: $13.50 each, 3+: $10 each PIXWELL Unlike most gooseberries, Pixwell has very few thorns, making the harvest of its tart, abundant pink berries less of an adventure and more of a pleasure. It is mildew resistant and has purple fall leaf color. The tart berries are great for pies and jams! USDA Zones 3-8. E 675: $10.50 each, 3+: $8.00 each, 10+: $6.50 each Old-Time English Cultivars WHITESMITH N EW! Introduced in England about 1824, this is a vigorous, tremendously productive upright bush. The green oval fruit ripens mid-July and is sweet with a hint of grape flavor. It is delicious eaten fresh or cooked. E634: $13.50, 3+: $11.50 each LEVELLERNEW! A large oval, yellow dessert quality berry that ripens mid season. Developed in England in 1851 and still a favorite for delicious flavor and heavy production. The bush has a drooping habit and needs good soil for high production. E667: $13.50, 3+: $11.50 each Sweet gooseberries are no longer just for Europeans. 17 ROVADA T his Dutch red currant bears loads of large, attractive dark fruit that is excellent quality and ripens 3 to 4 weeks later than Jonkheer. Resistance to mildew and leaf spot make this and other red currant selections favorites for the edible landscape. E764: $13.50 each, 3+: $11.50 each TATRAN A very productive late season red currant from the former Czechoslovakia. Fruit grows in large clusters and is excellent for cooking. E761: $13.50 each, 3+: $11.50 each PULSBOROUGH SCARLET FLOWERING RED CURRANT See page 71.E753: $13.50 each Currants (Ribes species) Although not well known to American gardeners, the pleasant, sweet-tart taste of currants has been cherished for many years in Europe, often used for jam, strudel and syrup. Deciduous currant bushes add upright structure (4-5’ tall) with fine texture to naturalistic plantings or mixed hedges, and they blend nicely with evergreen shrubs. The dense plants attract nesting birds, the flowers are favored by hummingbirds, and the fruit draws robins and thrushes. We offer well-rooted bushes. USDA Zones 3-8. State laws prohibit our shipping red and white Currants or Gooseberries to DE, ME, NC, NH, NJ, RI, WV and MA., except by permit in certain towns. Black Currants may not be sent to the states mentioned above, as well as Rhode Island. Only-rust resistant varieties may go to OH &, MI. If you live in one of these states and believe your area may be exempt, please send us documentation from your state Dept. of Agriculture with your order. How To Use Currants RED CURRANTS Red currants are among the most beautiful of edible ornamentals. Attractive fruit and foliage and resistance to mildew and leaf spot make our red currant selections favorites for the edible landscape. Bright, shiny, red clusters of fruit are striking in the garden and they enhance any dish to which they are added. High quality fruit is excellent for jams, jellies and sauces, and it has considerable health benefits, including high quantities of vitamin C and potassium. HEROS N EW! A heavy yielding cultivar from the Netherlands that ripens in mid season. E757: $13.50, 3+: $11.50 each ROLAM N EW! Enjoy large red berries on long trusses. Rolam’s excellent fruit quality is highly prized by home garden and commercial growers. It is very heavy yielding and mildew and leaf spot resistant. It ripens in midseason, beginning in the middle of July. A cross of Jhonkeer Van Tets and Rosetta from the Netherlands. E769: $13.50, 3+: $11.50 each JONKHEER VAN TETS This red currant selection from Holland is a heavy producer of large dark red, fine flavored fruit. It is mildew and aphid resistant. Considered by many to be the best flavored red currant variety in the world, it is not at its best in a cool maritime climate.E760: $16.50 each REDSTARTNEW! New from the England East Malling Station. Redstart produces heavy consistent yields on long strings of medium size bright red fruit of excellent flavor. This sturdy upright bush extends the season, ripening in August. E 756: $13.50 each, 3+: $11.50 each ROSETTAJhonkeer is a parent of this extremely productive new Dutch variety. Fruit is excellent for cooking. The large fruit covers the bush, hanging in huge, glowing red clusters.E765: $13.50 each, 3+: $11.50 each CASCADE A consistent, easy to grow, proven winner in the Northwest. Because of its bumper crops of large sweet, beautiful red fruit, it may need to be staked. Like our other currants, it is very winter hardy. E 785: $15 each 18 CURRANT & GOOSEBERRY RESTRICTIONS IN THE LANDSCAPE: Use as a foundation planting, in containers, espaliers, in the perennial borders or in hedges. IN THE KITCHEN: Red and white currants are prized in jams, jellies and streudels. Black currants, in juices, syrups, jellies and liqueurs. Currants are not usually eaten fresh! Useful Facts POLLINATION: Red and white currants are self-fertile, black currants partially self-fertile. PLANT SPACING: 4 feet apart. SIZE AT MATURITY: 3-5 feet tall. HARDINESS: USDA Zones 3-8 EXPOSURE: Sun or partial shade. ORIGIN: Europe. YEARS TO FIRST FRUIT: Two. RIPENING: Late June, early July. LIFE EXPECTANCY: 15 to 30 years. How To Grow SOIL REQUIREMENTS: pH of 5 to 7, prefers good garden loam but will tolerate heavy or sandy soils. CULTURAL REQUIREMENTS: Mulch with manure or compost, apply nitrogen sparingly. Requires annual pruning of old canes. Fruit is born on new wood. Currants grow best in cool summer areas. PRUNING: When planting black currants, cut each shoot back to three buds. Each winter, prune out old shoots. See the “Plant Owners Manual” that comes with your order. Prune red and white currants like gooseberries. Save Shipping on Smaller Plants If your entire order consists of berries and other small plants, call us at 1-800-391-8892 for a shipping quote. Order online at www.RaintreeNursery.com or call 1-800-391-8892. BLACK CURRANTS Raintree offers many outstanding cultivars. Black currants have outstanding health benefits, including high Vitamin C content, up to 5 times that of oranges by weight. They have twice the potassium of bananas and twice the antioxidants of blueberries. The antioxidants, essential fatty acids and potassium in black currants have anti-inflammatory impact, reducing the effects of arthritis. It’s anti-oxidant action, has been shown to help prevent cancer. The strong flavor of Black Currants is highly prized in Europe, even fresh, but most Americans prefer them made into jam, syrup or dried as raisins. Partially self fertile plants produce best with another variety for cross-pollinization. Bushes will grow to 4-5’ tall. We offer well rooted 1-year bushes. Zones 3-8. BEN LOMONDThe most popular commercial variety in Scotland. It is a very heavy producer with the traditional strong pungent flavor. The “Ben” series, named after the mountains of Scotland are among the easiest to grow and highest quality black currants in the world. This bush is compact, upright to 5’ tall and easy to grow and prune. Rated very high in both vitamin C and anthocyanins. Ripens mid July. E714: $13.50 each, 3+: $11.50 each, 10+: $9.50 each English Winners from Across the Pond Rust-Resistant Favorites MINAJ SMYRIOUA very cold hardy highly productive early season mildew and white pine blister rust resistant cultivar. It grows quickly to 5’ tall and produces bountiful clusters of large black currants good dried or for cooking. E725: $16.50 each, 3+: $13.50 each HILLTOP BALDWIN R ated the best variety for making jelly from 70 varieties tested at the WSU experiment station in Puyallup, WA, Hilltop Baldwin is a legendary English favorite. It bears a heavy crop of fruit with a sweet, black currant flavor and the highest vitamin C content. E750: $16.50 each TITANIA A highly productive, mildew and white pine blister rust resistant cultivar. It grows quickly to 6’ tall and produces bountiful clusters of large black currants. PP11439 (unauthorized propagation prohibited). E735: $13.50 each, 3+: $11.50 each CHAMPION A vigorous upright, mildew resistant, very productive bush with late season ripening, very good quality fruit. Brought from England to the U.S. in 1897. E703: $13.50 each, 3+: $11.50 each PRINCE CONSORT NEW! Space these easy-to-grow rust resistant plants 3’ apart to create a bushy, 5’ tall hedge, and be ready to harvest loads of large fruit. Consort has a very strong flavor. It was developed in Ottawa, Canada about 1950. E730: $11.50 each, 3+: $9.50 each GREEN’S BLACKThis productive English cultivar fruits on long clusters that ripen mid-season. It’s balance of sweet/tart flavors rank it at the top. E712: $13.50 each, 3+: $11.50 each RISAGER N EW! A very promising new high yielding rust, mildew and leaf spot resistant cultivar from the Netherlands. E736: $13.50 each BLACKDOWN (Baldwin x Broadtorp) A taste British favorite and easy to pick. It is a large spreading mildew resistant bush with large firm berries.E710: $13.50 each, 3+: $11.50 each KIROVCHANKA A compact moderately productive rust resistant bush from Russia, noted for its excellent rich flavor. We got it from noted horticulturist and author Lee Reich who loves its flavor. E721: $13.50 each, 3+: $11.50 each WELLINGTON XXX Enjoy large hanging clusters of black currants. Upright, vigorous bushes grow 3 to 4 feet tall. A strong producer and very hardy. E719: $13.50 each, 3+: $11.50 each Outstanding Cultivars From Eastern Europe HILL’S KIEV SELECT N EW! A seedling selection of the Ukrainian cultivar “cheryeshnava”. A heavily productive bush with large berries of excellent flavor. It is a cross of several currant species and produces the best tasting juice and jelly. Raintree brought seeds from Kiev. We sent seedlings to the late famed horticulturist and garden writer Lewis Hill in Vermont who selected this plant as his favorite. E 717: $16.50 each, 3+: $13.50 each BELARUSKAJA An exciting cultivar from Belarus recommended by horticulturist Lee Reich from New York. It’s a cross of R. nigrum X ridikuscha. It’s productive and easy to grow, with sweet flavorful fruit. E720: $16.50 each, 3+: $13.50 each MENDIP CROSS A British 1920 hybrid, Baldwin X Boskoop. Vigorous bushes bear large sweet fruit prolifically for many weeks starting in early season. E723: $13.50 each WESTWICK Enjoy large sweet firm fruit on a vigorous, compact bush, from this late ripening superior English cultivar. E 751: $11.50 each Dutch Horticulturists Fancy These BOSKOOP GIANTOriginating in Holland before 1885, the very large, sweet fruits are first to ripen. Vigorous bushes are moderate croppers, resist mildew but aren’t frost resistant in some areas. E705: $13.50 each, 3+ $11.50 each OTELO From Slovakia. A leading European cultivar that is a heavy midseason bearer with a rich flavor.E727: $13.50 each, 3+: $11.50 each BLACK REWARD From the Netherlands and among the best flavored, Large bushes produce heavy crops of large berries. It flowers late and is a consistent producer. E711: $13.50 each, 3+: $11.50 each Grower Friendly Scottish Varieties More European Favorites BEN SAREK T he Scottish Crop Research Institute has created this compact, frost resistant cultivar for the backyard grower. The highly mildew and somewhat rust resistant bush is easily maintained at 3’ tall with 3’ spacing. It is consistently so loaded with large, flavorful shiny fruit that branches may need support and can be shaken to harvest the crop. Self fertile. E716: $13.50 each, 3+: $11.50 each, 10+: $9.50 each BEN MORE Strong upright branches support the very large crops. Large fruit of excellent flavor, ripens evenly. It’s late flowering often avoids spring frosts. Mildew resistant. E715: $13.50 each, 3+: $11.50 each SWEDISH BLACK A fruitful mildew resistant, hardy cultivar with a vigorous, spreading habit and flavorful medium size fruit. E 734: $13.50 each MOPSYA large productive black currant with good flavor that ripens early in the season and is grown commercially in Oregon. E 726: $13.50 each, 3+: $11.50 each INVIGO A high yielding vigorous bush from Germany that produces medium size, easy to pick, flavorful berries. E728: $13.50 each STRATA A mildew resistant, early season variety from Germany. E722: $13.50 each, 3+: $11.50 each Enjoy Europe’s best currant cultivars. 19 Yellow Flowered Clove Currant CRANDALL ( Ribes odoratum) The most ornamental and the sweetest in flavor of all the black currants. It has deliciously clove scented yellow flowers early in Spring on a spreading 3-4’ bush. It makes a beautiful edible hedge. The gooseberry shaped leaves turn brilliant red and yellow in the late summer and fall. The fruit is large for a currant and round. It has a nice sweet flavor without the black currant aftertaste. It makes a milder jam, syrup or raisin than other black currants. The plant is rust resistant and easy to grow. E700: $13.50 each, 3+ $11.50 each, 10+: $9.50 each Currants Cross Gooseberries JOSTABERRY A thornless cross between a black currant and a gooseberry. Jostaberries have the vigorous growth habit, the high vitamin C content and the disease resistance of the black currant. The leaves are gooseberry-like and the fruit, until it is ripe, looks like a gooseberry. As it ripens in late June, the elongated berries turn almost black. The flavor is sweet like a ripe gooseberry with just a pleasing hint of the stronger currant flavor. Jostaberries are ornamental, thornless and easy to grow. They are resistant to both powdery mildew and white pine blister rust. Bushes should be pruned like a gooseberry. Jostaberries make a great tasting jam. E770: $13.50 each, 3+: $11.50 each, 10+: $9.50 each ORUS 8 Another cross between a black currant and a gooseberry. Mildew and aphid resistant bushes are very productive, upright with some thorns. Fruit is round, medium size, dark pruple and very flavorful. Great eaten fresh, or used to make jelly or wine.E775: $11.50 each, 3+: $9.50 each WHITE AND PINK CURRANTS White and pink currants are rarely available. Their hardiness and growth habit is like their red cousins. They are very productive and high in Vitamin C. Bushes grow to 5’ tall. USDA Zones 3-8. PRIMUS WHITE This cultivar from Slovakia is grown for its sweeter flavor, frost and mildew resistance. This compact bush produces large strings of fruit in midseason, used for cooking, wine and juice.E795: $13.50 each, 3+: $11.50 each BLANCA WHITE Blanca is very productive and is used for winemaking, juice, and for fresh eating. It has a vigorous, spreading growth habit and produces fruit at midseason.E792: $13.50 each, 3+: $11.50 each PINK CHAMPAGNE Long clusters of pink fruit adorn this beautiful bush. A productive, white pine rust resistant, upright grower. Use like a red currant. E787: $15.00 each, 3+: $13.50 each GLOIRE DE SABLONSNEW! Long clusters of pink fruit adorn this beautiful bush. A productive, disease resistant, upright, vigorous grower. Use like a red currant. E788: $15.00 each, 3+: $13.50 each Autumn Olive PORTUGUESE SUPERHERO ( Elaeagnus umbellata) An Autumn Olive from British Columbia selected for it’s abundant production of flavorful fruit. Autumn Olives are vigorous nitrogen fixing bushes to 15’ tall that are loaded in the spring with sweetly fragrant yellow/white flowers. Super Hero produces lots of tasty fruit very high in lycopene. 1 quart pot. USDA Zones 3-8. D 566: $19.50 each PROHIBITED TO MA, LIMIT ONE 20 Goumis (Eleagnus multiflora) A Goumi bush grows to only about 6’ tall and is an ideal edible shrub for a backyard edible landscape. Goumi’s have attractive leaves with silvery undersides. Each August they bear thousands of pretty red, juicy, pleasingly tart fruits, each with a small pit. Good for eating out of hand, they are more typically made into sauces, pies, and jellies. Goumi’s tolerate a wide range of soils, fix nitrogen and begin producing fruit in a year or two. They are self fertile but may produce more with a pollinizer. Plant in full sun, 7’ apart or 4’ for a hedge. USDA Zones 6-9. SWEET SCARLET GOUMITMThis outstanding Ukrainian Goumi variety was selected for sweetness and fruit production by the Kiev Botanic Garden.D561: $24.50 each GOUMI SEEDLING A producer of tasty goumis and a pollinizer for the Sweet Scarlet 562: $19.95 each GoumiTM. One gallon pot. D Honeyberries (Lonicera caerulea edulis) This attractive, arching bush grows quickly to about 4’ tall. Small, white, funnel shaped flowers appear in February or March and develop into delicious, teardrop-shaped, light blue fruit that ripens in May with high amounts of ascorbic acid and bioactive flavonoides. New to America, but widely grown in Russia, China and Northern Japan, the blueberry-like fruit may become a valuable new fruit for Northern growers. Raintree offers late blooming cultivars that perform well in both cold climates and in the moderate Pacific NW. Plants prefer sun and well drained soil. Little pruning is required: just remove overlapping and weak branches. Space about 6’ apart or 3-4’ for a hedge. Select two varieties for pollination. USDA Zones 2-8. For Maritime and Cold Climates BLUE PACIFIC™ A late blooming cultivar from the east coast of Russia with a compact spreading form, that produces flavorful light blue fruit. D 730: $19.95 each BLUE VELVET™ A late blooming cultivar that grows to 4’ tall and 6’ wide. It has unusual greyish green, velvety leaves. The fruit is flavorful and comparatively large. D729: $19.95 each BLUE MOON™A very attractive spreading shrub, Blue Moon has soft, velvety, bright-green foliage. It bears abundant crops of large, light-blue, tasty fruit. D 727: $19.95 each For Cold Climates BERRY BLUE™ A productive tasty variety with an abundance of light blue fruit. It blooms early and is best suited to cold climates with late springs. 1 gallon pot. D726: $19.95 each BLUE BELLE™Blue Belle™ bears good crops of large, round deep blue and tasty berries on a 5’ bush with a spreading habit. Pollinize with Berry Blue. One gallon pot. D 724: $19.95 each Order online at www.RaintreeNursery.com or call 1-800-391-8892. Aronia Move Over Cranberry ... Here Comes Aronia (Aronia melanocarpa) Beautiful, very productive and easy to grow, this shrub is bound to become a staple in American backyards, as it has in Eastern Europe, where it is widely used in delicious juices, soft drinks, jams and wine. The handsome, disease resistant bushes have dark green, oval foliage and grow about 5’-6’ tall with an equal spread. Charming white spring flowers develop into clusters of glossy, round, violet-black berries with a strong, tart flavor that comes from high flavonoid/anti-oxidant content. Fruit is naturally high in vital vitamins and minerals, and in fall, the foliage changes to striking red. Although Aronia is native to the eastern U.S, the best varieties were bred in Europe. Plants are selffertile and can be spaced 4-6’ apart, or 3’ for a hedge. It’s not an “aronia’s conclusion” that this, Goumi and Sea Buckthorn are the most productive fruiting bushes available. USDA Zones 3-8. VIKING B red in Scandinavia. Very flavorful, incredibly productive. 1 gallon. D703: $19.95 each, 3+: $17.50 each NERO Bred in the Soviet Union. Almost identical to Viking. Both are loaded with flavorful fruit each year. 1 gallon pot. D705: $19.95 each, 3+: $17.50 each RAINTREE SELECT We started about 25 seeds from productive Russian Aronia plants and all of them produced huge amounts of fruit. We selected this one as a winner among the resulting plants for its slightly more compact, bushy habit and good flavor. 1 gallon pot. D 706: $19.95 each MCKENZIE ARONIA A recent release from North Dakota. These seedlings are each very productive with heavy clusters of easy to pick berries used to make tasty juices and jellies very high in anti-oxidants. This plant grows taller than many aronia bushes, sometimes reaching ten feet tall. They are used as a wildbreak or wildlife habitat. 1-2’ size. D702: $8.50 each, 3+: $7.50 each, 10+: $6 each Highbush Cranberry Beautiful in All Seasons HIGH BUSH CRANBERRY ( Viburnum trilobum) A beautiful 10’ tall, shade tolerant ornamental with showy white spring blossoms. The bitter red fruit is attractive to birds and can be processed to make pre serves, syrup or wine. The fruit is so abundant and brightly colored that it looks almost like the lights on a Christmas tree. The fall foliage turns a brilliant red. Self-fertile. Full sun or partial shade. A great hedge plant. Space 8’, 4-5’ for a hedge. Zones 3-9. We offer 18-24” plants. D760: $7.50 each; 5+ $5 each UKRAINE (Viburnum opulus) We selected this seedling because it has a similar beautiful habit, fall color and massive red berry production as the usual high bush cranberry but with better, less astringent fruit quality. 1 gallon pot. D762: $19.95 each LIMIT ONE T he blue honeysuckles we bought from Raintree are loaded with huge fat sweet juicy berries that taste like a cross between wild blueberry & red currant. -- A.P. Palmer, AK Edible Groundcovers WINTERGREEN (Gaultheria procumbens) Wintergreen berries ripen from late August until winter and are bright red. They can be made into tea, eaten raw, or mixed into fruit salad. Both leaves and fruit taste like wintergreen lifesavers. They are a native of the eastern United States and hardy to Zones 3-9. This plant is a creeper and will spread outward 12 inches or more. Plant 12 inches apart, in partial or full shade. Wintergreen grows about 6 inches tall and makes a great edible red and evergreen ground-cover. 4” pots. G360: $6.00 each, 6+: $5.00 each SALAL (Gaultheria shallon) Salal was used widely by all of the Pacific NW coastal Indians as a staple in their diet. It was eaten both dried in cakes and fresh from the bush. Fully ripe salal berries from robust healthy bushes are flavorful and juicy. If planted in the sun, the beautiful, upright, leathery leaved bush will grow only about 2’ tall. In the shade it can reach 5-10’. Berries are the size of blueberries and are blue-black in color. Space plants 2’ apart in full sun, 4’ apart in shade. Zones 6-9. 4” pot. G340: $6.00 each, 6+: $5.00 each EMERALD CARPET (Rubus pentalobus) This beautiful evergreen groundcover Raspberry from Taiwan has clover shaped leathery green foliage turning coppery in autumn. It grows only a few inches tall and occasionally has yellow berries in July. Sun or shade. Zones 6-10. 4” pot. G300: $6.00 each, 6+: $5.00 each Tibetan Chocolate Berry GOLDEN LANTERNS HONEYSUCKLE ( Leycestria formosa) This amazing edible ornamental shrub, native to lower altitudes in Tibet, is also called Chocolate berry. Golden Lanterns® is an outstanding selection with bright golden, heartshaped leaves, reddish new growth and pendulous white and burgundy flowers that attract butterflies and bees. In late summer and early fall, the plant produces lots of small, round, green berries that turn dark purple when ripe and have a flavor akin to bitter chocolate. In the South, the 6’, upright shrub stays beautiful year round, but in the North, it dies back to the ground each winter and resprouts the following spring. Hardy to Zone 6 if mulched, it likes well-drained soil. Zones 6-10. 1 quart pot. D604: $22.50 each HIMALAYAN HONEYSUCKLE (Leycestria formosa) The same as the Golden Lanterns listed above but with green instead of golden leaves. 1-quart pot. D605: $22.50 each Seaberry, Blue Honeysuckle, Aronia & Goumi are incredibly productive! 21 Seaberries (Hippophae rhamnoides) Always loaded with fruit, seaberries are widely used for healing in Asia and Europe, where they are valued as a potent anti-oxidant, a source for vitamins C and E and a healing oil. The attractive small tree or shrub -also called Sea Buckthorn -- is likely the most widely grown, northern hardy, fruiting plant in the world, but most Americans have never heard of it! In Europe, the sour, flavorful fruit is sweetened and its orangepassion-fruit-like flavor makes fine sauces, jellies and a base for liqueurs. Blended with other fruits, it makes a delicious juice. The plants, native to the Russian Far East, are incredibly productive and a great choice for backyard fruit production! Narrow silver leaves and plentiful round, yellow-orange fruit cover the 6-10’ tall, narrow, upright female forms. Give plants full sun and good drainage, and space them about 7’ apart or 3-5’ for a hedge. They are extremely hardy, to -50° F., disease resistant and easy to grow. Branches are used in floral displays, and commercial crops are harvested by cutting off entire fruit-laden branches. Female plants need a male pollinizer, with one male for up to 8 females. USDA Zones 3-9. GOLDEN SWEET FEMALE™(Byantes cv.) One of the sweetest cultivars, it produces yellow-orange berries. The 12’ tall shrub is tolerant of most soils, even maritime conditions. Fruit has a unique sweet-acid taste, sometimes made into the after-dinner drink, Schnapps.D745: $24.50 each LEIKORA FEMALE Bright, tart orange berries cover the branches. This German variety grows to 10’ tall. Fruit ripens in September and remains on the plant until heavy frosts. The gorgeous fruit laden branches are used for juice and in floral arrangements. D 742: $21.50 each, 3+: $19.50 each ASKOLA FEMALE Selected in the former East Germany for an exceptionally high content of Vitamin C and E, Askola fruit ripens in late August and makes delicious and very nutritious juice.D738: $24.50 eachLIMIT ONE TITAN FEMALE™ Named for its large, bright orange berries, which are tart, flavorful and aromatic and make excellent juice or preserves. This productive bush, from Belarus, grows to 10’ with darker green foliage. D743: $22.50 each RADIANT FEMALE™ Radiant™ forms a compact shrub growing to 8 feet tall. The fruit is comparatively large, juicy, and very high in vitamins C, E and A. It was bred in Siberia. D747: $22.50 each MALE The male does not produce fruit. It is an attractive ornamental. One male will pollinate up to eight females. D 746: $21.50 each M y seaberries are a center piece of my garden and attracts the attention of all of my guests. Thank you for the quality of your products. -- D. L. Blaine, WA 22 Goji Berries (Lycium barbarum) Also known as Wolfberry, these sweet and nutritious berries are eaten fresh, juiced or dried like raisins. The berries are a popular medicinal herb. Among the highest in protein and anti-oxidants, they have more carotene than carrots and contain all the essential amino acids and many minerals. Grow this attractive Chinese native on a trellis to more than 10’ tall or trim it as a bush and keep at 4-6’ tall. Light purple, bell-shaped flowers bloom in May and continue throughout the summer. The third year and thereafter, flowers are followed by orange-red berries. The plant is self-fertile, drought resistant, and likes a half to full day of sun and well-drained soil. It prefers warm summer days and cool nights, and as a native prefers neutral or somewhat alkaline soil. Our plants are grown from cuttings from superior cultivars. USDA Zones 5-9. PHOENIX TEARS A superior hardy variety selected for its fruit production and nutritive value. Enjoy its flavorful red berries. 4” pot H2024: $16.50 each, 6+: $13.50 each CRIMSON STAR This productive Northern Chinese cultivar has large, tasty bright red berries. 4” pot. H2034: $16.50 each, 6+: $13.50 each Serviceberries These very winter hardy plants, also known as Saskatoons, make attractive ornamental shrubs or hedges and produce delicious edible fruit. Developed in Alberta and grown commercially in Canada, this tasty blueberry-size fruit is high in Vitamin C and great for eating fresh or making pies. Plants are pretty in all seasons, with attractive white flowers in spring and bright yellow foliage in fall. Train them as single-stemmed trees or let them sucker and become multi-stemmed bushes or edible hedges. Plants tolerate a variety of soils, but prefer a neutral or slightly acid pH. They are self fertile and long-lived. USDA Zones 3-9 unless otherwise noted. We offer healthy, well-rooted bushes. THIESSEN(Amelanchier alnifolia) The largest fruiting cultivar available, with excellent flavor and productivity. It’s a consistent producer and great commercial choice. Grows to 10 to 12’ tall. D 474: $11.50 each, 3+: $8.50 each NORTHLINE (Amelanchier alnifolia) This variety grows only 5-7’ tall and suckers profusely making a great winter hardy fruiting hedge. It produces loads of large, flavorful fruit at an early age. It was selected in 1960 at Beaverlodge, Alberta. D 472: $11.50 each, 3+: $8.50 each SMOKEY (Amelanchier alnifolia) The 3/4 inch blue black fruit is sweet and considered the most highly flavored serviceberry. The very productive plant can be trained as a multi-stemmed bush or small 12’ tree. Plant it 10’ apart, or 4’ apart in a hedge. D 470: $11.50 each, 3+: $8.50 each APPLE SERVICEBERRY (Amelanchier X Grandiflora) Grow this all season’s beauty as a single or multi stemmed 15-30’ tree. In spring pink buds open to a mass of large white flowers. Young purple spring leaves turn to green as they produce an abundance of small edible round fruit favored by birds and people. In the autumn the leaves turn a bright array of yellow-orange and red. USDA Zones 4-8. 1-2’ size. D455: $5 each; 5:+$3.50 each Order online at www.RaintreeNursery.com or call 1-800-391-8892. Apples (Malus pumila) Raintree Nursery specializes in offering superior, diseaseresistant apples for the backyard grower. We select varieties from around the world for their exceptional flavor and ease of growing, each with unique qualities to recommend it. Gardeners can have apples off their trees from August through November, and they can enjoy the harvest until March or April, since many apple varieties keep for long periods without refrigeration. Ever since early American settlers took their favorite varieties of apples to their new homesteads, apples have been important in family meals. The harvest from apple trees provides fresh and hard cider, classic American apple pies, stores of sauces, butters and other delicacies. We indicate, with this apple carrying a shield symbol, those varieties that are disease resistant and easiest to grow organically. Even if varieties are not completely scab resistant, many are still acceptable for the organic grower who doesn’t demand picture perfect fruit for cider or other uses. Also, even though some great selections might require more care, the result is worth the effort. We offer sturdy, well-rooted, 3-5’ grafted trees on the best dwarfing root stocks. Responding to requests, we also offer mini-dwarfs (2-3’ trees) and full size apple trees. USDA Zones 4-9 unless noted. Our Russets Have Incredible Flavor Russetting develops naturally on the skin of some apple varieties. Many of the russets possess incredible combinations of flavors that make them among the finest flavored apples in the world. Try these classic apple trees in your yard. HUDSON’S GOLDEN GEM Discovered as a fence row seedling in Tangent, OR, about 1931, this tasty, russetted apple was originally marketed as a pear because of its brownish hue and elongated shape. The delicious flesh is crisp and sweet; the flavor is nutty and refreshing. It is productive, bears annually and resists scab and mildew quite well. The large fruit ripens in late October and will hang on the tree well into winter. It’s a good keeper. A400D (EMLA 26 rootstock): $26.50 each; A400S (Semi-Dwarf EMLA 7): $26.50 each; A400T (EMLA 27 mini-dwarf): $28.50 each RED BELLE DE BOSKOOP This heirloom keeper apple originated in Boskoop, Holland, in 1856, and is still prized in Europe where it is a popular commercial variety. Trees produce heavy crops of very large apples that are superior for cooking and baking into pies, with a rich combination of sweet and tart flavors. The apples, russetted over a red base, ripen in late October and store well all winter with flavors improving in storage. Trees have some resistance to scab. Boskoop is rated among the highest in phytonutrients. A161D (EMLA dwarf 26): $24.50 each; A161T (EMLA 27): $26.50 each; A161FA (Antanovka): $26.50 each; A161S (semi-dwarf EMLA 7): $24.50 each EGREMONT RUSSET The deep green disease resistant foliage makes an enchanting sight in English gardens speckled with thousands of round golden brown orbs. The delicious fruit ripens in early October with a delicious nutty flavor. Eat it with a chunk of cheddar cheese. On EMLA 26 dwarf. A250D: $26.50 each BROWN RUSSET This heritage variety is scab and mildew resistant and a great choice for the organic grower. The fruit, which ripens in October, is a pleasing brown color and has an excellent, sweet flavor. Enjoy it fresh, made into a wonderful cider, or kept in a box until spring. A110D: $26.50 each; A110S (Semi-Dwarf EMLA 7): $26.50 each Disease Resistant Yellow Cultivars CHEHALIS A n excellent choice for organic growers who like a very large, sweet yellow apple. This old favorite was discovered north of Chehalis, WA, in 1937. Fruit resembles Golden Delicious in looks and flavor, but it is larger and crisper. Reliable, highly productive trees are very resistant to scab and partly resistant to mildew. Fruit ripens late in September. A 200D (EMLA 26 dwarf): $24.50 each; A200T (EMLA 27 mini-dwarf): $26.50 each GREENSLEEVES Organic growers in England rave about this large, beautiful, yellow apple. Bred at East Malling for its scab and mildew resistance, the cross between Golden Delicious and James Grieve produces heavy crops of crisp, juicy, delicious apples in September after a long, mid-season bloom. A 385D (ELMA 26 compact spur habit adds to its winning nature. A dwarf rootstock): $24.50 each; A385T (EMLA 27 mini-dwarf rootstock): $26.50 each; A385DB (Belgian Fence): $39.95 each Rezista® Apples Enjoy these outstanding resistant cultivars from Eastern Europe. GOLD STARTMDr. Jaroslav Tupy of the Botany Institute in Stricovice, Czech Republic developed this outstanding scab, mildew and fireblight resistant cultivar. Large, juicy, yellow apples have a smooth finish, fine texture and spicy flavor. Trees bloom mid-season; fruit ripens late October; and keeps very well in storage. On EMLA 26 dwarf. A265D: $24.50 each BELLATM This crisp large, elongated bright red apple has a pleasing combination of sweet and tart flavors. It ripens in late September ASHMEAD’S KERNEL T he incredible sweet-tart flavor of and is resistant to scab, mildew, fireblight, cedar apple rust, and red this superb heirloom apple has made it a connoisseur’s favorite. mite. It was developed by the German Dresden-Pillnitz program that Discovered in Gloucester about 1750, scab resistant trees are easy to grow has combined disease resistance with the flavor of Cox’s Orange and and are grown commercially in England today. The medium size fruit with other highly flavored apples. It has a medium sized growth habit and brown russetting keeps extremely well. A090D (EMLA 26) $24.50 blooms early to mid season. (PPAF) On EMLA 26 rootstock. A605D: each; A090T (On EMLA 27 mini-dwarf ) $26.50 each; A090F $26.50 each (Antanovka): $26.50; A090DB (Belgian Fence): $39.95 each Raintree offers the world’s most flavorful apples. 23 Resistant Cultivars Presented with [PRI]de Cox’s Corner For years, researchers at the Purdue, Rutgers and Illinois fruit breeding program (PRI) have been developing delicious tasting disease resistant apples. Notice that they put the letters “pri” in many of their patented selections. Try these wonderful new disease-resistant selections in your yard. They have been proven to thrive in backyards throughout the nation. Some of the world’s finest tasting apples have the English legend Cox’s Orange Pippin as a parent. Best Early Ripeners WILLIAM’S PRIDE Highly rated for its sweet, rich, spicy flavor, the large, red fruit ripens in early August and is the best of the early apples. Trees are very productive with strong, well-angled branches. An early season bloomer with unusually long lasting blossoms, the tree is immune to scab and resistant to cedar rust and fireblight. A 700D (EMLA 26 dwarf): $24.50 each; A700F (domestic full-size): $26.50 each; A700T (EMLA 27 mini dwarf): $26.50 each; A700E (3-tiered): $69.95; A700DB (Belgian Fence): $39.95 each PRISTINE® T his new PRI selection produces large crops of beautiful yellow apples that are crisp and tasty. Fruit ripens in August. Mildly tart, they are excellent for eating fresh, for baking and for cooking into applesauce. Trees are highly resistant to scab and cedar apple rust and partly resistant to powdery mildew and fireblight. A570D (EMLA 26 dwarf): $24.50 each; A570F (Antanovka): $26.50 each; A570T (EMLA 27 mini dwarf): $24.50 each; A570E (3-tiered espalier): $24.50 each; A570DB (Belgian Fence): $39.95 each In Mid-Season Form DAYTON T he large, beautiful, brilliant red fruit is crisp and juicy with a great sweet-tart flavor. Very productive trees have an upright form and strong branch angles, and they are immune to scab and resistant to both mildew and cedar rust. Fruit on this superior PRI selection ripens in late September. On MM106 rootstock. A240S: $24.50 each; A240DB (Belgian Fence): $39.95 each Disease Resistant Keeper ENTERPRISE G lossy red apples with an excellent sprightly flavor ripen in late October and keep well, with flavor improving in storage. The productive, vigorous, spreading tree is immune to scab and resistant to fire blight, cedar apple rust and mildew. Proven in much of the nation. A300D (EMLA 26 dwarf): $24.50 each; A300T (EMLA 27 mini-dwarf): $26.50 each I have been bragging to all my neighbors about these Karmijn de Sonnaville apples! This year I got a wonderful crop. I made a pie to take to the neighborhood Sunday coffee get together. Everyone raved! -- M.B. Orcas Island, WA 24 KARMIJN DE SONNAVILLE This intensely flavored, red russetted apple from Holland claims both high sugar and high acid content, making it a fresh-picked favorite. A triploid cross between Cox’s Orange Pippen and Jonathan, it inherited great qualities from both parents, but good looks is not one of them. You will only be able to benefit from the impressive flavor and aroma by growing your own. Some people prefer the flavor a month or so after harvest, when the complexity has mellowed. When apples ripen in mid-October, store them in a box in anticipation of even finer flavors all winter. This vigorous tree, with some resistance to scab, thrives in the Pacific Northwest. A420D (On EMLA 26 dwarf): $26.50 each; A420T (EMLA 27 mini dwarf rootstock): $28.50 each QUEEN COX (SELF-FERTILE) T his patented self fertile clone has the flavor, mellow aftertaste and aroma of the famed Cox’s Orange Pippin. Queen Cox sets bumper crops of delicious fruit each year, without a pollinizer, even when fruit set is poor on other apples, including other Cox type apples. The fruit of Queen Cox is larger and the tree more disease resistant than Cox’s Orange Pippin. The tree is 15% less vigorous than other Cox varieties. Fruit ripens in early September. The only reliably self-fertile apple. A581D (EMLA26 dwarf): $24.50; A581T (EMLA 27 mini dwarf $26.50 each; A581F (Antanovka): $26.50 each ELLISON’S ORANGEA favorite of English organic growers since 1904, this Cox’s Orange x Calville Blanc cross, bred in Lincolnshire, England, combines an outstanding aromatic flavor with heavy cropping and resistance to scab. The complex flavor is at once sweet and tart with a hint of anise, and the flesh is crisp and juicy. A wonderful choice for the organic orchard, but these apples do not keep well. Ripens mid-September. USDA Zones 4-9. EMLA 26 dwarf. A252D: $24.50 each ubinette is loved RUBINETTE R for its delicious sweet/tart flavor. Loads of incredibly delicious, small-medium, attractive orange colored apples ripen in early October. It is Golden Delicious X Cox’s Orange Pippin from Switzerland and a favorite of European growers. EMLA 26 rootstock. A625D: $24.50 each HOLSTEIN Noted for its delicious mixture of sweet and tart flavors, Holstein is suspected of being a seedling of Cox’s Orange Pippin released in Germany in 1918. It is a mid season bloomer but a triploid that won’t pollinize other apples. Holstein has a vigorous spreading habit. The medium size mottled orange fruit ripens in early October. It is scab resistant and prized for fresh eating and for its flavorful juice. On EMLA 26 rootstock. A390D: $24.50 each Order online at www.RaintreeNursery.com or call 1-800-391-8892. Apples for the South 3x1 LOW CHILL COMBO APPLE I n Southern California, Arizona, Hawaii, Florida and other warm winter areas where winters provide little chill, (100 to 200 hours is sufficient) this combination grafted apple on Anna M111 rootstock will produce sweet, crisp apples. You will receive a tree with 3 of the following 4 cultivars: Gordon, Fuji, Anna and Dorset Golden. Anna is a red blushed apple from Israel, good fresh or cooked, early in the season. Dorsett Golden, from the Bahamas ripens in mid season. It is much like Golden Delicious, firm and flavorful. Gordon is a flavorful red apple good for cooking or fresh eating that ripens later in the season. This very productive tree will grow to about 15-20’, but can be kept shorter with pruning. Self-fertile. Blooms early season. On EMLA 111 rootstock. A803LC: $46.50 each Historic Apple Trees FLOWER OF KENTAs the story goes, Sir Isaac Newton’s laws of gravity were inspired by an apple that fell from the Flower of Kent tree at Woolsthorpe Manor in Lincolnshire, England. The original tree, now long gone, lives on from grafts taken in the 1800’s. The tree produces green, oval, mealy, sub acid apples used for cooking. They flower and ripen late. On EMLA semidwarf rootstock. A249S: $26.50 each Raintree Owner Sam Benowitz gets bonked on the head by a Flower of Kent apple at Woolthorpe in England. He discovered it hurt! JOHNNY APPLESEED In the 1830’s, thousands of apple trees were planted in Ohio by one John Chapman, who earned the nickname Johnny Appleseed for his work. Nearly two centuries later, it is extremely rare to find a tree documented to be a graft from one of Johnny’s trees, but Raintree acquired one. It was tracked down by Scott Scogerboe, who found an old newspaper article that told of an Ohio homestead where Johnny Appleseed had planted a tree. Early in the 20th century, a student who visited the homestead took a cutting, grafted a new tree and planted it in his family’s yard. The child who planted the grafted tree, now elderly, retired from the same school where Scott found the ancient tree.This tree is productive with medium to large red apples over yellow background. The flesh is sweet and the texture is a little mealy. However, it is surprisingly good for a seedling and was probably kept all these years for its flavor and ease of growing . A465S (EMLA 7 semi dwarf rootstock): $28.50 each BARDSEY This amazing unique apple comes from the windswept Bardsey Island off the coast of Wales and is available for the first time to American gardeners. The fruit is pink striped over a yellow base and is picked in Wales in late September and stores until November. The tree flowers early in the season. The fruit also appears to be scab free while growing in a very scabby orchard in Northern Wales. These characteristics make it a candidate to do well in maritime climates in the U.S. Bardsey Island has long been associated with religious activity. Pre Roman Celts visited the Island to pray and often to die on this most western isle. During early Christian times Bardsey was a place of pilgrimage. Three trips to Bardsey Island were said to equal a pilgrimage to Rome. Anybody buried on Bardsey was said to be guaranteed eternal salvation. Raintree is working with Permacultural landscaper Bruce Weiskotten to introduce this apple to American gardeners. A royalty on each apple sold will be returned to the apple’s developers on Bardsey Island.A105D (EMLA 26 dwarf): $34.95 each; A105T (EMLA 27 mini-dwarf): $34.95 each: A105F (Antanovka) $34.95 Flavor-Packed Heritage Apples For hundreds of years, Americans have enjoyed these great old cultivars! TOMPKINS KING K nown as King, the large yellow-green apples with red stripes are excellent for eating fresh, for cooking and for cider making. They also keep well. This highly prized apple is a tip bearer. (Tip bearer pruning note: Wait to prune until two inches of new growth has begun in spring. Then prune back to 6-8” of last years growth!) A 480D (EMLA 26 dwarf): $24.50 each NEWTOWN PIPPIN Newtown Pippin was the workhorse of Washington, Jefferson and other colonial American’s orchards. Also known as Albemarle Pippin and Yellow Newtown, it is a large yellow green deliciously sweet/tart aromatic apple with white dots on the skin. A large crop of fruit ripens in mid October but keeps for many months and tastes best after a month or more of storage. It blooms mid season with Rubinette and Spartan. It originated in Newtown 475S (EMLA 7 semi dwarf on Long Island New York in 1759. A rootstock): $24.50 each NORTHERN SPY Among the best keepers, Northern Spy has thin skin and very crisp, delicious flesh with a sweet/tart flavor that is prized for cooking and eating fresh. Although very hardy, trees bloom late in spring and fruit ripens in November, making full ripening in cooler parts of the Pacific Northwest a challenge. The outstanding fruit convinces many people throughout the U.S. to grow it, even though it is biennial and takes a few years to come into production. Rated very high in phytonutrients.A277D (EMLA 26 dwarf): $24.50 each WOLF RIVER This beautiful, red apple from Wisconsin, with a mild pleasant flavor, gets bigger than any others we offer. Just one is enough to make almost a whole pie. Wear a hard hat while picking or it may make a big impression on you! Trees are resistant to scab and mildew and very winter hardy. EMLA 7 rootstock.A720S: $24.50 each ARKANSAS BLACK Named for its purple-red fruit, this popular heritage apple turns almost black when fully ripe. It is a favorite in the mid west and upper South, an excellent keeping apple with firm, crisp flesh and a tart, aromatic flavor that mellows in storage. Apples ripen late in the season on trees that are somewhat resistant to cedar-apple rust and fireblight. A 088S (M111 semi-dwarf rootstock): $24.50 each; A088SA (EMLA 7 semi dwarf): $24.50 FAMEUSE Called the snow apple for its bright white flesh that is sometimes streaked red, this small orange-red apple has been an American favorite for more than 250 years. Tender, juicy apples that ripen in September have a great sweet/tart flavor that is prized for fresh eating, cooking and making an aromatic bitter/ sweet cider. EMLA 7 semi dwarf. A658S: $24.50 each T Flavor-packed heritage apples he two fruit trees arrived in perfect condition and look very healthy. — J.M. Marcola, OR 25 Gravenstein Strains The McIntosh Clan The old-fashioned Gravenstein, known for its wonderful, tangy flavor, is the ideal sauce, pie and cider apple. Allow the vigorous tree some extra room. Fruit ripens in early September, but is biennial, bearing a heavy crop every other year. There are many old time “strains”. Each tastes the same but looks different. Some have skin that is solid red, some are mainly green and others striped. Northeastern growers have long loved the unique sweet/tart flavors of the MacIntosh apple. Now most of the nation can enjoy that flavor. We offer a number of delicious disease resistant off-spring of MacIntosh. STRIPED GRAVENSTEIN T he striped “Sheets” strain. A381T (EMLA 27 mini dwarf): $26.50 each RED GRAVENSTEINWe offer the “Worthen Strain.” A 380D (EMLA 26 dwarf) $24.50 each; A380S (EMLA 7 semi dwarf): $24.50 each; A380FA (Antanovka): $26.50 each World’s Best Cooking Apples BRAMLEY The English are particular about their cooking apples, and this large, round, green-yellow apple with red stripes is the most widely used. Apples are firm and juicy and they cook to perfection. When ripe, they are good for fresh eating, too. Spreading trees bear heavily and regularly and resist scab and mildew. Enjoy ripe fruit in early October Bramley is rated among the highest in phytonutrients. MM106 semi-dwarf stock. A140S: $24.50 each KING EDWARD VIIThis large, yellow-green apple, named in 1902, has been popular in English gardens as an outstanding fresh eating and cooking apple. The scab resistant tree flowers very late and misses early frosts. Fruit ripens in early October and cooks to a firm, flavorful, translucent puree. EMLA 26 dwarf rootstock. A485D: $26.50 each; A485S (EMLA 7): $26.50 each Bramley Apple Pie Recipe This is the best we’ve tasted! Enjoy Raintree horticulturist Theresa Knutsen’s recipe: The Filling: 6 cups Bramley apples, peeled and sliced. ½ cup sugar, 1 tbsp corn starch, 1 tsp cinnamon, 2/3 tsp allspice. Mix dry ingredients, blend with apples, let stand 10 minutes and then put in pie crust. Dot with 1 tbsp butter or margarine. Top with lattice pie crust. Bake at 450F for 10 minutes, then 350F for 45 minutes. The Crust: 2 cups flour, ½ tsp salt, 3/4 cup shortening, 5 tbsp water: Sift flour and salt. Cut shortening into flour until thoroughly blended, gently cut in water until dough clumps together. Makes one 8- to 10-inch pie with top and bottom crust. 26 BELMACTM A new, productive, all-purpose Canadian cultivar that combines flavor and keeping ability with cold and disease resistance. The sweet, medium to large, deep red apples ripen in late September or early October and keep three months or more. A delicious, sweet/ tart MacIntosh flavor suggests parent Spartan. Belmac resists scab, mildew, and cedar apple rust, thrives in eastern Canada, and has proven a winner in western Washington. It was bred by Dr. Shahrokh Khanizadeh in Quebec and introduced in 1996. Offered under agreement with Ag. Canada, Quebec. Includes $1.20 royalty per tree. (Ask us for a quote. We can custom grow commercial quantities!) A100D (EMLA 26 rootstock): $24.50 each; A100T (EMLA 27 mini dwarf rootstock): $26.50 each; A100F (Antanovka): $26.50 each; A100DB (Belgian Fence): $39.95 each LIBERTYDark, polished red skin and intense, sprightly flavor make this medium size, elongated apple a long-standing favorite. Trees that were bred in New York for high scab, cedar apple rust, fireblight and mildew resistance thrive in the Pacific NW and throughout most of the nation. Among the highest cultivars in antioxidants. Every year, a large crop ripens on this spreading tree in early October. A 520D (EMLA 26 dwarf rootstock): $24.50 each; A520T (EMLA 27 mini dwarf rootstock): $26.50 each; A520E (3-tiered espalier): $69.95 each; A520DB (Belgian Fence): $39.95 each SPARTAN A beautiful dark red medium size McIntosh type dessert quality apple. Spartan is scab and mildew resistant and is rated among the highest in antioxidents. Trees bear early and regularly Fruit ripens in mid-October and is excellent for keeping. A 660D (EMLA 26 dwarf): $24.50each; A660T (EMLA 27 mini-dwarf): $26.50 each` Surprise your Friends with Red-Fleshed Apples Apples with red flesh are very high in phytonutrients. MOTT PINK T his crisp, juicy variety makes a delicious pink applesauce from loads of mediumsize, yellow fruit with pink flesh. Fruit ripens on the productive tree in early to mid-September. EMLA 26 dwarf rootstock. A553D: $24.50 each PINK PEARL Surprise your family and friends with this flavorful, aromatic yellow apple. Take one bite to discover that the flesh inside is BRIGHT PINK. Use it to make a beautiful pink applesauce or to add color to fruit salads. Although the tree is susceptible to scab, we have found that it is worth growing anyway. Developed in California by noted horticulturist Albert Etter, it ripens in late September. EMLA 26 rootstock. A575D: $24.50 each ALMATA For beautiful apple sauce and jelly, few compare with this flavorful, large red apple with bright pink flesh. Red leaves and bright pink spring blossoms make it a great edible ornamental. It is very winter hardy, with fruit ripening in October. On EMLA 7 semi dwarf rootstock. A085S: $24.50 each Order online at www.RaintreeNursery.com or call 1-800-391-8892. Enjoy the Best Japan Has to Offer The Japanese, in general, love their apples large, sweet and juicy! BENI SHOGUN FUJI M any fruit connoisseurs love the crisp, juicy, very sweet flavor of the Japanese apple Fuji, however the regular Fuji requires a long ripening season, making it hard to grow in the Pacific Northwest and other areas with relatively cool summers. After testing many types of Fuji apples in the Pacific Northwest, researchers recommend Beni Shogun, which has excellent flavor and ripens almost a month earlier than the standard Fuji. This selection blooms in mid-season and will thrive in much of USDA Zones 5-9. Patent 7997. A120D (EMLA 26 dwarf): $26.50 each; A120T (EMLA 27 minidwarf): $26.50 each; A120S (EMLA 7 semi-dwarf): $26.50 each SHIZUKA N EW! From Japan comes this Golden Delicious x Indo cross, leaving smiles in its wake. The beautiful, very large, firm, yellow with pink blush fruit is very sweet with low acidity, and will ripen about mid October. It is also an excellent keeper. A 655D (EMLA 26 dwarf rootstock): $24.50 each SANSAExtra early, ripening in late August, this juicy, crisp, sweet fruit from Japan has the best qualities of both parents, Akane and Gala. A pretty red blush covers the yellow, medium-large, conical fruit. Sansa has resistance to both fireblight and scab and also keeps well for an early apple. EMLA 26 dwarf. A635D: $24.50 each AKANE Pronounced “ah-kah-nay,” this firm, crisp and fully flavored red eating apple produces good crops every year, no matter how bad the spring pollinating weather. The scab and mildew resistant apple from Japan is an excellent variety for the organic grower. It ripens in early September. A 020S (MM106 semi dwarf): $24.50 each; A020T (EMLA 27): $26.50 each; A020DB (Belgian Fence): $39.95 each SILKEN A most beautiful, large, firm, yellow with pink blush fruit from Japan. Not only a good looker, is very sweet with low acidity. Silken will ripen about mid October and is an excellent keeper. Golden Delicious x Indo. EMLA 26 rootstock. A656D: $24.50 each A Wonder from Down Under PINK LADY®This beautiful new apple from Western Australia has a pink blush on its yellow skin. The medium-size, conical fruit has fine-grained flesh that is at once tangy and sweet, crisp and crunchy. Apples are great for eating out of hand and are prized for fruit salads, since they do not brown easily after being cut. Pink Lady (G. Delicious x Lady Williams) ripens in September and develops best flavor in hot summer climates. A580D (EMLA 26 dwarf): $24.50 each; A580T (EMLA 27 mini-dwarf): $26.50 each Resistant Combo Apple Enjoy apples for months on one amazing self-fertile semi-dwarf tree. Pick apples from August through October. On MM106 rootstock, it will grow to 15’ tall. 4x1 Combo A8504S: $44.50 each Four or five of the following: Akane, Chehalis, Honeycrisp, Beni Shogun and Jonagold. Sorry! Because of difficulty tracking the possible combinations, we cannot tell you ahead which variety is missing on the combos. They are labeled from bottom to top, and you will know when the labeled tree arrives. Minnesota Marvels Very Versatile ZESTARThis patented, superior winter hardy, early season apple thrives in the Northern half of the nation! Zestar ripens in late August and has a delicious crunchy flavor. It will keep nicely for a month and a half. The tree is a reliable producer of large red apples. USDA Zones 3-8. A740s (EMLA 7 semi-dwarf): $24.50 each HONEYCRISP(Macoun x Honeygold) Pick this superior red apple with a crunchy crisp texture and juicy sweet-tart flavors in September or let it develop its full aromatic flavor by leaving it on the tree until mid-October. From the U of Minnesota, it is among the most winter hardy of apple trees, showing little damage at -40°F. It resists scab and has shown no problems with fireblight. Enjoy it great fresh or in pies, crisps and apple sauce. Honeycrisp is among the most nutrient-rich of supermarket-available varieties. USDA Zones 3-8. A410D (EMLA 26 dwarf rootstock): $24.50 each; A410T (EMLA 27 mini-dwarf): $28.50 each; A410F (Antonovka): $26.50 each; A410DB (Belgian Fence): $39.95 each Top Rated in Most of the Nation MELROSE T his flavorful red apple is top rated for reliability & keeping. Properly stored in the garage, it can keep until May. A heavy crop of tart apples, great for cooking or eating fresh, ripens in late October. Melrose is the official Ohio state apple. A540D (EMLA 26): $24.50 each; A540T (EMLA 27 mini dwarf): $26.50 JONAGOLDFirm, crisp, and highly flavored, this sweet, large, red and yellow apple scores on top in taste tests. A generous load of apples ripen early to mid-October and keep well. Many new orchards in the Northwest are now growing Jonagold commercially. A460T (EMLA 27 mini-dwarf) $26.50 each; A460D (EMLA 26): $24.50 each Hints on Growing Your Combo Tree To keep the varieties in balance grow your “combo” tree as an “open center” taking out secondary branches that grow into the middle. If one variety starts overgrowing the others it can be slowed down by spreading the branch or tying it down. Through proper pruning your varieties will stay balanced. The tree owners manual that comes with each order tells you how! Spreading the branches is important when growing a On the label, the varieties are iden- “Combo” fruit tree. tified from the bottom of the tree up. Apple Varieties Scab CAR Fireblight P Mildew Dayton VR MRR M Enterprise VRR R M Liberty VR VRR R VRR M R Pristine William’s Pride VR R R M Belmac VRR R R Akane VR UKR R Centennial R RR R VR = Very Resistant; M = Moderate Resistance; UK = unknown. CAR is Cedar Apple Rust: Other CAR-resistant apples include Rebella, Arkansas Black. Fireblight resistant are Akane, Centennial, Rebella, Empire. Cultivars selected for flavor, nutritive value and easy of growing. 27 Cider Apples Columnar Trees Look mom, no branches! Perfect for patios, decks or other small areas, these trees grow in a columnar form to 7-9’ tall. They are loaded with fruit which all forms along the main trunk or on short, spur-like branches. Trees can be planted in a whiskey barrel or planted two feet apart in the ground. Each will cross pollinate with midseason pollinizers. On EMLA 7 rootstock. Patents pending. The cider apple and perry pear varieties we offer are prized for making hard, alcoholic cider. These varieties, when blended with both sweet and tart varieties, also brighten the flavor of sweet cider or apple juice. In addition to the varieties listed here, we have several other high quality cider varieties that we can custom graft in commercial quantities upon request. See apple pollination chart on page 29. Due to the increase in demand of cider apples, have limited supplies this season. Call to reserve for next year. European Cider Apples NORTH POLE This crisp, juicy, red McIntosh-type apple ripens in late September. A275: $28.50 each TM GOLDEN SENTINELTM A large flavorful yellow fruit that ripens in early October. A 272: $28.50 each SCARLET SENTINELTM For excellent production and disease resistance on a narrow tree, try Scarlet Sentinel. Large, greenish yellow apples blushed with red follow a rich display of white spring flowers. A273: $28.50 each A750D Blushing Delight™ A755D Tangy Green™ A760D Tasty Red™ Urban Apples® Urban Apples® are NEW columnar trees that produce their fruit on spurs along the main stem. Each combines disease resistance, flavor and ease of growing in small spaces. Each has a narrow upright habit, ideally suited to grow in a container on a patio or as a small tree in the ground. Trees grow about 8’ tall. Like other apples you need two cultivars for pollination and each blooms mid season and is a good pollinizer for the others and for other mid season blooming apples.. They are each highly scab and mildew resistant selections from Dr. Jaroslav Tupy of the Czech Republic. USDA Zones 4-9. We offer them on ELMA 26 dwarf rootstock. As with other apples, two varieties are needed for pollination. BLUSHING DELIGHT™ N EW! Blushing Delight ™ has sweet flavor and a pretty red blush over a green background. It ripens midSeptember. A750D: $29.95 each TANGY GREEN™ NEW! Tangy Green ™ has a crisp texture, lime green color and a sweet/tart flavor. It ripens mid-September. A 755D: $29.95 each TASTY RED™ NEW! Tasty Red ™ is a bright red, firm sweet juicy apple that ripens in mid-September. A760D: $29.95 each GOLDEN TREAT™ NEW! Golden Treat ™ is a beautiful golden apple with a sweet delicious flavor. It ripens in mid-September. A 765D: $29.95 each M y Bardsey apple tree arrived in great condition, very well packed! Thank you so much for it. If you have other Welsh varieties now or ever, I’ll be very pleased to have them. Thanks for conserving this heritage tree. -- B.J. Lincoln, NE 28 KINGSTON BLACK T he flavor of Kingston Black is such a fine, complex combination of sweet, sharp and bitter qualities that it makes a wonderful hard cider even without blending with other varieties. Classified a “bittersharp” apple, the English consider it to be the standard cultivar for making a high quality, single variety cider. A very large harvest of medium-size, red apples ripens mid-October. Don’t eat it; cider it! Trees will grow 15’ tall. EMLA 7 semi dwarf.A430S: $34.50 each FREQUIN ROUGE A bittersweet cider apple from Normandy. The tree is precocious and productive and moderately vigorous. Fruit matures in mid season. It is favored for making a high quality cider despite being scab and fire blight susceptible. MM106 semi dwarf. A325S: $34.50 each FOXWHELP Although the original Foxwhelp is described as a small yellow apple with red stripes, ours from the Mt. Vernon, WA, Station is a larger red apple. Classified as a “bittersharp” it makes a full bodied, aromatic, prized cider. It stores well for holiday cider making parties! It blooms mid season and ripens in mid October. Tree habit is upright. MM106 rootstock. A 320S: $34.50 each LIMIT ONE Old American Cultivars CAMPFIELD A medium size cider apple, greenish yellow with a red blush. The flesh is white, firm, sweet and rich. Makes a great cider mixed with the variety Harrison. The tree is vigorous and productive. Origin: New Jersey 1817. On MM106 semi-dwarf A 165S: $28.50 each LIMIT ONE GRANNIWINKLE A n old American sharp cider apple high in sugar and acids and low in tannin. Named for the grower who first cultivated it in New Jersey in the early 1800’s it is green/yellow with red stripes. It is a vigorous upright tree and a prolific cropper that ripens in September. It’s often mixed with Harrison. Prized for fresh eating or cider. MM106 semi dwarf. A379S: $28.50 each HARRISON Originated in Essex County New Jersey before the American revolution and highly prized. The apple is yellow and elongated with rich yellow flesh. It produces a superior sweet cider. Fruits are often picked when they fall in November. Trees are strong and vigorous. MM106 semi dwarf. A 387S: $28.50 each Order online at www.RaintreeNursery.com or call 1-800-391-8892. Cider-Making Books THE NEW CIDER MAKERS HANDBOOK b y Claude Jolicoeur; Hardcover, 337 pages. Subtitled a “Comprehensive Guide for Craft Producers, this book has what you need to know. Learn how to plant and grow a cider orchard including cultural practices and varietal selection by U.S. region. The book includes the equipment and techniques you need to make ciders successfully. S 342: $44.95 CIDER BOOK by Proulx & Nichols, 188 pages. It covers all aspects of making cider. Ciders are as diverse as wines and this book explains how to make many of the different types. These include ‘English farmhouse ciders’, ‘French sparkling ciders’ and ‘American style ciders’. The instructions and charts are clear and easy to use. For inspiration, there are interviews with master cider makers the world over. A good book or a neighbor with a full cellar are key to learning the hobby. S 340: $14.95 each HARD CIDER IN THE PACIFIC NW by Moulton, King, Miles & Zimmerman, 48 pages. WSU. For commercial or home growers. Learn about best varieities, blends and all growing & processing techniques. Most info is useful nationwide. S343: $11 each Correll Cider Presses • Can be picked up or shipped directly from Correll including UPS • Several sizes and models • Handmade since 1973, no assembly line • The best, pure and simple Write or call for price list, info: Cider Press LLC; Correll Cider Presses PO Box 400; Elmira OR 97437 Shop address: 25865 Hwy 126 #A109; Veneta OR 97487 Phone: (541) 935 3500 Website: correllciderpresses.com GUIDE TO APPLES BY FLAVOR It is difficult to describe “flavor” in a catalog description. We try here to rate many of the apples we offer by the level of their acidity or tartness. Note: Apples called “tart” or “tangy” can have as much sugar content as sweet apples. They have added acids which compliment their flavor. Sweet mostly (low in acids and moderate to high in sugars): Sansa, Beni Shogun Fuji, Chehalis, Greensleeves, Centennial. Sweet/tart balanced (moderate in acid, moderate to high sugars): Akane, Honeycrisp, Jonagold, Melrose, Shizuka, Pristine, Dayton, William’s Pride, Ashmeads, Hudson’s. Among the sweet/ tart apples are also those in the Cox’s family. These include Ellison’s Orange, Rubinette and the McIntosh clan including Liberty, Spartan, Shay and Belmac. Sweet with extra tartness (moderate to high in acid & moderate to high in sugars): Karmijn, Bramley, Red Boskoop, Gravenstein. Join NAFEX at www.nafex.org North American Fruit Explorers is the national organization for amateur fruit growers. If you are a fruit nut, you will meet the others who share your addiction. Members put out a quarterly newsletter. One year membership is $19. Join or get information at their website! MINI-DWARFS We offer ‘mini-dwarf’ apple trees grown on special EMLA 27 rootstock. They are easily maintained at only four to six feet tall. These highly productive, compact trees are perfect to grow in a small backyard. You can space them as close as 4’ apart. Or place the tree in a fifteen gallon pot on the patio. You can train them to branch low (at 1’-2’) to maximize fruit production. Remove fruit for a year or two because once the tree starts bearing heavily, it stops growing. They begin bearing in the second year and each tree can produce a half box of fruit a season. The tree is not a gimmick. It is used extensively in Europe in commercial apple orchards and the per acre yields exceed American yields. Caring for the mini-dwarfs is a great project for kids. We offer 2’-4’ grafted mini-dwarf trees. See each variety for price. PERFECT FOR A SMALL YARD Ashmead’s Akane Beni Shogun Belmac Boskoop Chehalis Evereste Greensleeves Enterprise Hudson’s Gravenstein Honeycrisp Karmijn Liberty Melrose Jonagold Pink Lady William’s Pride Pristine How To Use Apples IN THE LANDSCAPE: Apple trees come in all sizes, depending on the variety and the rootstock they are grafted upon. On dwarf rootstock, they are wonderful grown on a trellis or in one of a number of fan, cordon or espalier patterns. Crabapple trees provide an attractive shape and color. Trees on very dwarfing EMLA 27, or the columnar trees, produce fruit in a pot on the patio! Useful Facts WHEN TO HARVEST: Consult catalog ripening order. Sample fruit; cut in half to check if seeds are brown. HARDINESS: USDA Zones 4-9, or as noted. SUN OR SHADE: Full sun. LIFE EXPECTANCY: 60-140 years. YEARS TO FIRST FRUIT: 2-3 yrs. FOR THE BEGINNER: Choose disease resistant varieties. YIELD: Dwarfs 30-60 pounds a season! How To Grow SOIL REQUIREMENTS: A well drained soil in an area with good air drainage. Likes a slightly acidic soil. CULTURAL REQUIREMENTS: The mini-dwarf fruit trees should be staked. Balanced fertilizer, compost or manure can be used in the spring for the first years. PRUNING: See “Tree Owners Manual” online. For Your Health Many of the apples we offer have tested among the highest in polyphenols. An unpeeled apple can give you 50% more phyto nutrients than one that is peeled. Among our old time varieties Belle de Boskoop, Northen Spy, Bramley Seedling and the Golden Russet and the newer Liberty and Spartan have topped the charts for phytonutrients. 29 Espaliers “Espalier” refers to special practices for training trees onto trellises. There are many ways to make your trees into works of art, and the trees we offer have already been trained along the same plane in a 3-tier, T-shape, horizontal cordon. As you continue the training, you can shape trees into any of the designs seen in the drawings below. They are beautiful when grown against a wall, a building or on existing fence or wires. Trees should be spaced an average of 8-10’ apart. Branches are at about 1-1/2’, 2-1/2’ and 3-1/2’. Trees are shipped in special protective boxes.Apples are on EMLA 26 rootstock. The 3-TIERED espalier combos have a different variety on each tier. Some varieties are available in limited quantities. Call us at 1-800-3918892 for current availability. See page 87 for espalier fence instructions. Note: Shipped espalier branches may each be cut back to 8-10 inches. Come to the nursery and get full-length branches. Because of the expense of shipping espaliers, our at-nursery prices are $15 per tree less plus you save shipping. Because of their size, we can not ship espaliers to AK, HI, or PR. Espalier Choices Apple Espaliers • A8403E — 3x1 3-tier — Liberty, Ashmead’s Kernel, Pristine — $69.95 each • A8402E — 2x1 2-tier — Two of the following three: Liberty, Ashmead’s Kernel, Pristine — $49.95 each • A520E — 3-tier — Liberty — $69.95 each • A570E — 3-tier — Pristine — $69.95 each • A700E — 3-tier — William’s Pride — $69.95 each Pear Espaliers • B8403E — 3x1 3-tier Euro — Rescue, Orcas, Ubileen — $69.95 each • B903E — 3x1 3-tier Asian — Yongi, Chojuro, Shinseiki — $69.95 each • B180E — 3-tier — Orcas — $69.95 each • B1802E — 2-tier — Orcas — $49.95 each • B200E — 3-tier — Rescue — $69.95 each • B2002E — 2-tier — Rescue — $49.95 each THREE TRADITIONAL ESPALIER PATTERNS Our T-shaped Cordon (3 tiers) Your espalier may not look as good, but you’ll be in a lot less trouble than Napoleon’s gardener if you mess up! This beautiful apple tree was espaliered on a fence 100 years ago. The fence is long gone. Turn your apple trees into works of art for people to appreciate 100 years from now. 30 Belgian Fences Grow a beautiful diamond shaped fruiting wall. We offer apple trees on EMLA 26 rootstock that are already shaped in a Y. Each tree has two branches. Each branch comes off at an angle only about eight inches above the roots. with the trees. Here is an easy way to get started: Build a fence with wires starting at about 18 inches high and going up one foot apart until you get to between six and eight feet tall. Then get bamboo or other stakes and tie them diagonally to the wires. The To make a Belgian fence, allow the stakes will make a diamond pattern branches to continue to grow at and show you where to tie your about 45 degree angles until they reach the desired height. If you plant branches as you build your Belgian Fence. Where the stakes cross at the the trees about 2 feet apart they will bottom will show you where to plant grow up into a beautiful diamond each tree. shape. Instructions are included Following are the cultivars we are offering as Belgian fence starts. Also find them listed with the apple cultivars. Price each: $39.95 • A090DB — Ashmead’s Kernel • A100DB — Belmac • A240DB — Dayton • A385DB — Greensleeves • A410DB — Honeycrisp • A520DB — Liberty • A570DB — Pristine • A700DB — William’s Pride • A020DB — Akane Apple Accessories APPLE MAGGOT CONTROL BAGSProtect your Apples and Pears from Apple Maggot infestations. While thinning to one per cluster, usually in May or early June, slip the opening of the nylon bag, with your two index fingers, just enough to completely cover the new, ideally nickel size fruitlet. The bag will fill with the growing fruit and protect it. This product has been used succesfully here at Raintree and by many fruit hobbyists. They are quick and easy to use! Includes Instructions! These new heavier weave bags provide extra codling moth protection. (Money from the sale of each box goes to support the fruit garden at the WSU Mt. Vernon station.) Contains 144 bags. T 167: $12.50 each FRUIT PICKING BAG T he Deluxe Smith Bag holds a bushel of fruit. The handsome bag is 30” long and is made of Rip-Stop polyester material which has a water resistant coating on the inside. It is Ultra Violet and mildew resistant, lightweight, durable, and easy to clean. The bottom conveniently folds up and releases to gently drop the picked fruit into a box. This leaves both hands free to pick. It will last a lifetime. The bag has a steel hoop and is completely leather bound to protect all the areas of heaviest wear, and the shoulder straps are a heavy 1-3/4 inch webbing. T 025: $45 each Order online at www.RaintreeNursery.com or call 1-800-391-8892. To Grow Apples You Need Proper Pollination • For pollination you need to have two different apple varieties! Apples with the exception of the Queen Cox self fertile don’t pollinize themselves. Apples also don’t pollinize other fruits! • Please note that there are some cultivars that are new to us and we don’t know their relative bloom time. To be safe choose a mid season pollinizer for those varieties. • All the apples listed in red are triploids. These will not pollinate other varieties or themselves. However they are pollinized by other apple varieties. So Gravenstein which is a triploid won’t pollinize any other variety. However it can be pollinized by another non-triploid variety that blooms near the same time. • How to read the lists! We have listed the apple varieties we offer from the earliest bloomer which is Gravenstein, to the latest bloomer which is Bramley. • The EARLY SEASON bloomers and the LATE SEASON bloomers won’t cross pollinate because their bloom time is too far apart and the early varieties will be done blooming before the late ones start. • It is best to pick a pollinizer in the same half of the total list. The closer the two varieties are in bloom time, the more their bloom will overlap and the more likely you will get pollination and therefore fruit set. • What is important is to choose a pollinizer that is not too far in bloom time from your variety. For instance Liberty and Dayton are close enough to count on for pollination whereas Liberty and Melrose are far enough away to often work but not always. Zestar and Bramley would rarely if ever overlap in bloom.While the bloom order stays generally similiar in different parts of the nation and in different years, the actual bloom dates change year to year depending on the weather. EARLY SEASON Gravenstein Zestar Brown Russet William’s Pride Pink Pearl EARLY-MID SEASON Granniwinkle Pink Cloud Chehalis Mott Pink Pristine Scarlet Sentinel Egremont Russet Bardsey Dolgo Holstein Liberty Silken Centennial Sansa Akane Puget Spice MID SEASON Enterprise Jonagold Almata Golden Sentinel Belmac North Pole Blushing Delight Tangy Green Tasty Red Golden Treat Bella Spartan Red Boskoop Shizuka Greensleeves Fameuse Beni Shogun Dayton Ashmead’s Hudson’s Newtown Pippin Evereste Rubinette Karmijn Red Flesh Campfield MID-LATE SEASON Honeycrisp Shay Pink Lady Foxwhelp Melrose Harrison Frequin Rouge Queen Cox Goldstar Wolf River Ellison’s King Edward VII Michelin Kingston Black Arkansas Black LATE SEASON Northern Spy Flower of Kent King Bramley Not a pollinizer Self fertile APPLE RIPENING ORDER AUGUST Dolgo Crab Centennial Williams Pride Zestar Pristine Sansa EARLY SEPT. Akane Silken Ellison’s Orange Gravenstein Queen Cox Mott Pink MID-LATE SEPTEMBER Chehalis Dayton North Pole Wolf River Beni Shogun Pink Pearl Bardsey Bella Greensleeves Puget Spice Scarlet Sentinel Pink Lady J. Appleseed Fameuse EARLY-MID OCTOBER Bramley Red Flesh Belmac G. Sentinel Honeycrisp King Edward Liberty King Egremont Rubinette Spartan Jonagold Karmijn Ashmead’s Shizuka Almata MID-LATE OCTOBER Kingston Goldstar Foxwelp Flower of Kent Arkansas B Evereste Holstein Melrose Newtown Pippin Enterprise Boskoop Hudson’s B & G Russett N. Spy Campfield ABOUT ROOTSTOCK & TREE SPACING early fruit production and make a well anchored tree. Chart includes varieties for which data is available. The www.homeorchardsociety.org website Most of our apple trees are grafted on the dwarfing EMLA 26 rootstock. (Check the rootstock available after each varietal description.) It is a superior lists 3,990 varieties vigor! choice for backyard growers and produces a tree that will grow to 8’-14’ tall. As you can see from the chart below, some varieties on the same rootstock grow bigger than others and need greater spacing. Our rootstocks are winter hardy to USDA Zone 4 and tolerate a wide variety of soils. They induce heavy Gold Star Melrose APPLE TREE APPROXIMATE HEIGHT & SPACING CHART Pristine Wms Pride Greensleeves Evereste F. of Kent Beni ShogunHoney Crisp E. Russett Dayton Dolgo Crab Mott Pink Queen Cox Puget Spice Red Flesh Kingston Sansa Black Fameuse Centennial Akane Bramley Resi Red Flesh EMLA 27 Bud 9 EMLA 26 EMLA 7, MM 106 Antanovka Full Size 4 feet 6 feet 8 feet 11 feet 18 feet 5 feet 7 feet 10 feet 14 feet 24 feet Belmac Rubinette Bella King Karmijn Liberty Ark. Black Ashmead’s Wolf River Pink Lady Ellison’s Shizuka Silken Hudson’s Pink Pearl Zestar Chehalis Boskoop Gravenstein Enterprise 6 feet 9 feet 12 feet 16 feet 27 feet Foxwhelp Jonagold N. Spy Harrison 8 feet 11 feet 14 feet 18 feet 32 feet 31 Crabapples The crabapple is a wonderful multi-purpose tree. Lovely in the landscape, most of our varieties provide tasty tart apples that are prized for making jelly. Dolgo and Evereste will enhance cider with their bittersharp qualities. Commercial orchardists often use crabapple trees for pollinizers because of their compact size and their profuse blossoming. Researchers have found that white flowered varieties are most attractive to bees. Dolgo is used as a great early season pollinizer. Evereste is an excellent mid season pollinizer. We offer 3-5’ crab apple trees, unless noted. What makes an apple a crab is not its personality but its smaller size. The Best Edible Crabs WSU PUGET SPICE™ T his cross between Prima and Alkmene is scab immune, has a beautiful upright shape and is covered with fragrant white flowers. In the fall it is loaded with tart small fruit great for making jelly, pickled fruit or blending in cider. It is a great mid season pollinizer. EMLA 26 rootstock. A725D: $24.50 each DOLGO One of the best all purpose crab apples. Its large 1-1/2 inch tart crimson fruit make a rich, ruby red jelly. The leaves are green and scab and mildew resistant. The profuse flowers are white. The name means ‘long’ in Russian, and refers to the shape of the fruit. The fruit is so bright in color and abundant that the tree looks like a decorated Christmas tree when viewed from a distance. The fruit ripens in early September. The tree will grow to about 15’ tall. USDA Zones 3-9. A260S (MM106 semi dwarf): $24.50 each; A260F (Antonovka): $24.50 each CENTENNIAL Be prepared for heavy crops of 1-1/2 inch oval fruit with a sweet flavor. Use the crisp, juicy white fleshed fruit for canning, making jelly or just popping in your mouth. The fruit is a bright orange-red. It ripens in mid-August. Compact and great as a child’s tree, it produces an abundance of red flower buds that open to a showy white. The tree is highly scab resistant. Its midseason bloom makes it an excellent pollinizer. A natural dwarf, it grows to only 8’ tall on semi dwarf and 15’ on standard rootstock. USDA Zones 3-9. MM106 semi dwarf. A180S: $24.50 each Gorgeous Ornamentals PINK CLOUD H aving Pink Cloud is like having a tree covered with roses. Discovered by Ed Lewis of Bellevue WA, Pink Cloud’s buds are very large, rounded, magenta pink, on long stems. Fragrant, profuse fully double flowers open to light pink, like miniature roses. Pink Cloud has a vase like shape and bronze-green leaves and is loaded with one inch red crab apples that persist into winter. They can be used to make a tart jelly, if you get them before the birds. EMLA 26. A532D: $24.50 each PRAIRIE FIRE A scab resistant upright tree to 20’ tall with reddish bronze leaves and pink flowers and small bright red fruit, loved by birds. Beautiful in all seasons and a vivid accent in your landscape. On full size Antonovka rootstock. M906: $24.50 each 32 Beautiful in All Seasons & Edible EVERESTE™ Enjoy this fantastic new edible ornamental throughout the year. Each spring, this highly disease resistant tree from France is covered from base to summit with fragrant, beautiful long lasting white flowers. Every summer the tree is a spectacle in red, covered with thousands of round tart 1” diameter fruit. Use the fruit to make jelly, pickled apples, cider or gorgeous branch wreaths. The tree grows to 10’ tall with branches arched out from the weight of the fruit. The fruit hangs until mid winter, so birds can eat what you don’t. Of dozens of varieties in the disease resistant crab apple trials, Evereste was the most resistant, easiest to care for and most beautiful. A280D (EMLA 26 dwarf): $24.50 each; A280T (mini-dwarf): $26.50 each JOHN DOWNIE The best fruiting crabapple we found in England. It produces large crops of flavorful conical red-orange at an early age. Eat fruit fresh or use for jelly. The tree is disease resistant and loaded with a profusion of white flowers each spring. On EMLA 7 semi-dwarf rootstock. A247S $24.50 each MALUS FUSCA SEEDLING T his crabapple is native from coastal southern Alaska to northern California. It is most found on moist soils where it grows as a tall shrub. It can be used as a rootstock for apples on very wet sites. The disease resistant tree produces white flowers and small green/yellow tinged red fruit very high in phytonutrients. 2-3’ size. M909: $5 each; 5+: $4.50; 10+: $4 each Apple Books THE APPLE GROWER b y Michael Phillips, 242 pages. Subtitled “A guide for the Organic Orchardist,” Phillips speaks to the larger backyard grower and commercial orchardist with years of knowledge and a reverence for nature. From planning the orchard and choosing cultivars and rootstocks to siting, planting, soils, mulches, pollination, pest control, harvesting and marketing, this book is full of valuable information. S005: $39.95 CONTROL OF APPLE ANTHRACNOSE DVDfeaturing plant pathologist Ralph Byther. This instructive video shows how to control cankers by cutting, torching, pruning and fungicides. Proceeds to the Western Washington Fruit Research Foundation. S522: $14.50 each Order online at www.RaintreeNursery.com or call 1-800-391-8892. Quinces SMYRNAThis reliably productive, self-fertile tree was brought from Turkey over a century ago. Its large, yellow, pear-shaped fruit is great for cooking, with a delicious mild flavor that is favored for desserts, preserves and jellies. D080: $26.50 each Fruiting Quinces (Cydonia oblonga) At the turn of the 20th century almost every rural family had a fruiting quince tree. The varieties we offer have delightful pineapple like flavors. They are prized for cooking, jelly making, and adding to apple cider. Quince trees are self fertile, have big white blossoms in late spring and very large bright yellow fruit that ripens in October and hangs like lanterns in the autumn. USDA Zones 5-9 unless otherwise noted. We offer 3-5’ grafted trees. American Gardener’s Best Quince Collection AROMATNAYANorth American gardeners can now enjoy a quince with a pineapple-like flavor that is sweet enough to eat fresh. The medium size “aromatic” fruit is among the best of thousands of varieties from the Black Sea region of Russia and Turkey. The disease resistant tree produces round, yellow fruit, which ripens in October and needs to be stored on the window until it starts to soften. Like other quinces, the uncooked texture is dense, but it’s nice when thinly sliced and it is excellent for cooking.D085: $28.50 each HAVRAN NEW! A traditional Turkish variety from Izmir research station. It has very large, pear shaped fruit. The white flesh is sweeter than American cultivars. Fruit ripens late September. Introduced to the U.S. by Dr. Elwood Fisher.D087: $26.50 each SEKER GEVREK A sweet quince from Turkey which in Turkish means sweet and crispy. The large bright yellow fruit matures in early October and keeps until February. The flesh is lemon colored and sweeter than most quinces. A great new quince for the American fruit grower from the USDA germplasm repository in Corvallis, Ore. D081: $28.50 each PORTUGAL A large pear shaped old European variety that is largest in the middle and tapers at both ends. It stews well and becomes a deep crimson when cooked. Mix one Portugal with a dozen apples and you can make a pink sauce with a delicious pineapple like quince flavor. D 070: $26.50 each KARP’S SWEETFinally available to American gardeners, this Quince is uniquely sweet, juicy and non-astringent, especially when grown in warm climates. Obtained via fruit connoisseur and writer David Karp, it comes to us through Edgar Valdivia whose family grew it at lower elevations in Peru. We tasted uncooked fruit Valdivia had grown in California, and it was sweeter and less woody than other quinces. Grown in the Pacific NW, though, it was less sweet and soft. It is unique and worth trying in your climate. USDA Zones 6-10.D084: $28.50 each VAN DEMAN V ery large, oblong fruit with bright yellow skin. Its spicy flavor is great for cooking and jelly. A heavy bearing Burbank selection which does well in cool summers. D090: $26.50 each PINEAPPLE NEW! Heavy crops of large, tart fruit are used in baking and jellies. Enjoy the profuse, ornamental bloom. It is cold hardy, yet has a low chilling requirement of 300 hours. A Luther Burbank selection. D086: $26.50 each LIMON A lemon-shaped cultivar with lemon fragrance prized in the markets of Turkey. Also from the germplasm repository in Corvallis. The medium size tart fruit ripens early for a quince, in late September and keeps until December. D057: $26.50 each EKMEKA great choice for culinary uses, medium-size Ekmek is the most popular quince in Western Turkey and new to American gardeners. It has regularly produced large crops of juicy, yellow, pear-shaped fruit with creamy, yellow flesh at Raintree. It ripens in September. D 088: $26.50 each Flowering Quinces (Chaenomeles speciosa) Flowering quinces are a group of very winter hardy, disease resistant, deciduous shrubs covered with an abundance of beautiful flowers early each spring. The varieties we offer each follow up with a crop of nutritious fruit with a pineapple and citrus flavor that can be used to make jellies or syrups. This is a great group of edible ornamentals. For fruit, plant two varieties. They make great hedge plants spaced about 4’ apart. USDA Zones 5-9. CRIMSON & GOLD NEW! Cut the flowering stems of this dynamite quince, loaded with masses of crimson flowers with gold centers to make gorgeous bouquets from March to May. Then later, harvest the aromatic, green fruit that ripens to yellow and make wonderful preserves. The compact variety stays only 4’ tall and wide. One quart pot. D045: $19.95 each TOYO NISHIKI Grow this beautiful Japanese quince both for the lovely early spring flowers of white, pink and red (often all on the same branch) and for the deliciously fragrant fruits that ripen in late summer. The flowering branches make great cut flowers and the large sometimes apple-sized fruits may be used for jelly or just enjoyed for their aroma. Easy to grow in sun or partial shade, it can reach 7’ in height and width. D050: $19.95 each VICTORY V ictory produces large aromatic yellow fruit each fall that is used to make jelly or syrup. It is a great edible ornamental, with scarlet flowers in March. It often blooms again in summer. Grows to 8 ft. as a vigorous bush. One gallon size.D065: $19.95 each CONTORTED Gorgeous pink flowers cover this unusually contorted shrub in the very early spring. Cut branches can be brought indoors in January to bloom. The twisted form is striking in the winter. D091: $19.95 each The world’s sweetest quinces! 33 European Pears (Pyrus communis) We chose this interesting collection of pears for their wonderful fruit quality and because they are among the easiest for backyard gardeners to grow. We use the superior winter hardy, semi-dwarf Old Home x Farmingdale (OHxF) 333 rootstock unless otherwise noted. USDA Zones 5-9 unless otherwise noted. We offer sturdy, well-rooted, 3-5’ pear trees. RESCUE A show stopper. Everyone who sees and tastes this huge beautiful fruit insists on buying a tree. The fruit is yellow with a bright red-orange blush and the flesh is sweet, smooth and juicy. The scab resistant tree is upright and vigorous and each year loaded with fruit. The fruit matures in September and keeps until December. A small core makes it easy to can. B200: $24.50 each ORCASTM Horticulturist Joe Long discovered this tree growing on his property on Orcas Island, Washington and it has become a regional favorite. The fruit is large, flavorful and loaded each year with yellow fruit with a carmine blush. The tree has a vigorous, spreading habit. The pears are great for canning, drying or eating fresh. The fruit matures in early September. B180: $24.50 each Organic Growers Go Onward ONWARD Organic English gardeners love Onward for its ease of growing and reliability of production even in years with untimely spring frosts. The medium size fruit is yellow when ripe in early September and sometimes russetted. It’s a heavy, precocious cropper with a rich sweet juicy flavor. It blooms mid season with Comice, but it will not pollinize or be pollinized by Comice. B175: $24.50 each Heritage Pears: Flavors for the Ages WHITE DOYENNE T his very old French cultivar is highly prized for its melt-in-yourmouth texture and superb flavor, both fresh and cooked. The taste has evoked poetic descriptions: “like a buttery chardonnay, sweet yet tart, with musky undertones and a strong perfume.” The favorite pear of famous chef Alice Waters, it blooms early and ripens in late September. It is susceptible to scab and not at its best in maritime climates. B130: $26.50 each DUCHESS D’ ANGOULEME Dating to 1808, this russetted French heritage pear is prized for large fruit and rich, juicy flavor. The upright, vigorous, hardy tree blooms with Conference and ripens in early October. B100: $24.50 each ATLANTIC QUEEN This old time pear cultivar earns its royal appellation for the huge, up to 1-1/2 lb. each, yellow-green fruit it produces in abundance. Enjoy the melting, juicy, aromatic flesh even when grown under adverse conditions. Shows resistance to fireblight. Ripens in September. B035: $26.50 each 34 PACKHAM’S TRIUMPH Bred before the turn of the 20th century in Australia, this large dessert pear came from work by orchardist Charles Packham to create a pear with better commercial value. The fruit is very large with light yellow skin, sweet, juicy, white flesh and a buttery texture. Cross pollinate by growing another cultivar nearby. B190: $24.50 each ABBE FETEL Named for the French Abbot who developed the cultivar in 1866, it is today the leading pear variety in Italy. Italians and tourists rave about its wonderful flavor. It ripens mid season and is large and elongated with yellow skin and a red blush. The flesh is white, melting, juicy, sugary and aromatic and it is fabulous eaten with a low salt cheese. It can be fireblight and scab susceptible. B025: $28.50 each BARTLETT The most popular pear in the U.S. and also in Europe where it is called Williams. Fruit ripens in early September. The large pears turn yellow with a pink blush as they ripen. A favorite for eating fresh and canning. B038: $24.50 each BARONE LEROY A small, juicy buttery desert quality yellow pear similiar to Seckel that keeps until January. The tree is productive. It originated in France prior to 1859 and is considered a cultivar for the connoisseur. OHxF97 rootstock. B039: $26.50 each VERMONT BEAUTY N EW! From the Lake Champlain area, introduced in 1885, Vermont Beauty bears tender juicy medium size yellow fruit with a pink blush. It ripens in late October. USDA Zones 4-8. B 270: $24.50 each COMICE A large yellow pear with sweet juicy melting flesh. It provides the flavor standard by which to measure all others. Harvest early October. Tastes best after storing a month and then ripening at room temperature. B080: $24.50 each Brown Pears RUSSET COMICE E njoy the sweet buttery flavor of Comice in a pear with a beautiful brown russetted skin. Russet Comice has proven to thrive in the maritime Pacific Northwest and does well where Comice thrives. It will not fully russet in hot summer climates and it is not as vigorous a grower as Comice. It blooms late season with Comice and ripens mid season.B084: $26.50 each BOSC A firm fleshed flavorful pear with a beautiful brownish russetted skin and a crunchy texture. Some prefer it to the smooth texture of Comice. Very sweet and juicy. Outstanding in the Pacific Northwest. Tastes best after storing a month or two. On OHxF97. B060: $24.50 each Combination European Pears COMBO EUROPEAN PEAR Multiple pear cultivars on one beautiful tree. You will have the greatest pear varieties ripening for months! Trees can be easily maintained at 12’ tall. Self pollinizing. On OHXF 333 rootstock. B4004A: 4x1 Combo (Rescue, Highland, Bosc, Ubileen, Orcas): $44.50 each Order online at www.RaintreeNursery.com or call 1-800-391-8892. Start Pear Season Two Months Early UBILEEN A large, sweet, aromatic, pear from Bulgaria. The skin is yellow with a pretty red blush. The flavorful flesh is fine textured and buttery. It is harvested in early August and top rated among thousands of pears from around the world at the Germplasm Repository. B 260: $24.50 each DOYENNE DE JUILLET Be among the few Americans privileged to enjoy this rarely seen, sweet, early highly productive summer pear from Belgium. Small, round fruit, about 2” in diameter, boasts a rich, juicy, buttery flavor and ripens in mid-July. B132: $24.50 each ARGANCHE NEW! Among the most flavorful early ripening pears at the national Pear repository in Corvallis OR. This round yellow pear from Yugoslavia ripens in mid July. B 030: $24.50 each BELLA DI GUIGNO W hile others wait until August for a ripe pear, you can enjoy this rich, buttery Italian delight in late June or July. Red blushed three inch long fruit cover this sturdy, easy to care for tree. B 045: $24.50 each RED CLAPPS FAVORITE Also called “Red Kalle”. This large pear from Michigan is beautiful with amazing reddish purple fruit hanging like jewels from the tree. The fruit is sweet and flavorful. It thrives in the Pacific Northwest and in much of the nation. It ripens in early September. B205: $24.50 each BUTIRRA PRECOCE MORETTINI A n amazing find, this sweet, spicy pear is large in size, yellow-green with a beautiful red blush. It ripens and sets large crops in early August. The flavor is unmatched; rich and buttery. The vigorous tree is a heavy and regular cropper. B 160: $24.50 each Using European Pears IN THE KITCHEN: Great for fresh eating. Dried, they taste like candy. Use for canning, jams or preserves. As desserts, they can be poached and served with flavorful sauces. Great sliced with cheeses. In France it is the king of fruits, prized by chefs. IN THE LANDSCAPE: The shape of a pear tree is strongly vertical. They can be trained as espaliers. Useful Facts HARDINESS: On our OHxF rootstocks USDA Zones 4-9. SUN OR SHADE: Full sun. PLANT SPACING: 15’ on OHxF. HARVEST TIME: July-October. ORIGIN: Caucasus mountains. LIFE EXPECTANCY: 60 to 150 years. YEARS TO FIRST FRUIT: 3 YIELD: 50 to 100 pounds per tree. SOIL REQUIREMENTS: A well drained, slightly acidic loam soil but tolerates a wide range of soils. PRUNING: See Tree Owners Manual that comes with each order. POLLINATION: Each variety needs a pollinizer unless otherwise noted. Because pear blossoms are relatively unattractive to bees, plant pears next to each other and keep weeds down at blossom time. European pears start blooming in late March. Oriental pears start blooming before Europeans; but late blooming Asians overlap with and will cross pollinate early blooming Europeans. See pollination chart on page 36. CULTURAL REQUIREMENTS: Pear branches grow upright and need spreading. Most Pears should be picked before they are fully ripe and ripened off the tree. Using the maturity dates offered with each variety as an estimate, cup your hand under the pear and lift up. If the pear stem breaks, the pear is ready to pick. The earlier pears only need a few days on the counter to ripen. The later pears need to be stored in a dark cool place for a month or more then put on the counter to fully ripen. Fireblight Resistant Pears BLAKE’S PRIDE A reliable harvest of aromatic, juicy fruit that melts in your mouth and excellent resistance to fireblight give this recent selection plenty to be proud of. The fruit is yellowto-golden skinned with some light russetting, The pears are ready to harvest in September. B042: $26.50 each WARREN Adapted throughout the nation and among the best backyard choices. The fruit is juicy and sweet with buttery texture and very good keeping abilities. Warren is resistant to fireblight, and quite cold hardy (to -20°F). It was discovered in Hattiesburg, MS, by noted horticulturist T. O. Warren. The fruits are medium to large and have a teardrop shape and green skin. B240: $26.50 each HARROW DELIGHT A heavy setting, medium size pear with very good flavor and smooth texture. It is from Ontario, Canada, and resistant to fireblight and scab. Fruit ripens in early September. A proven winner at the WSU Mt. Vernon station. B110: $24.50 each AYER’S This old variety is favored in the South as the “sugar” pear because the pulp tastes like candy. The tree is fire blight resistant and the medium size fruit is yellow with a red blush. It blooms early and ripens in September. It has a high chill requirement and has proven to do well in many areas including the Pacific Northwest. Zones 5-8. B075: $24.50 each SPALDING If you like the crunchy, juicy, sweetness of an Asian pear and the mellow complex flavor of a European pear, you’ll love Spalding. A healthy, vigorous tree produces loads of medium size, round, light green fruit in early September. Originally from the South, it thrives in the Pacific Northwest. This European pear is partially self fertile and fireblight resistant. B 230: $24.50 each DAVE’S DELIGHT A very attractive, high quality early to mid season ripening dessert pear bred in Nova Scotia Canada. It has also proven a winner widely including in the Pacific Northwest. The aromatic fruit is yellow with a red blush and is fine textured and buttery like its parent Bartlett. Released in 1986 from the Kentville Ag Canada station, it’s parents are Beierschmidt x Bartlett. B 105: $24.50 each European Pear Ripening Order JULY Bella de Guigno Doyenne de Juillet Araganche AUGUST Ubileen Morettini Stuttgarter Dave’s Delight Rescue Orcas Ayers Onward Blake’s Pride Seckel Atlantic Queen W. Doyenne Bartlett SEPTEMBER Red Clapps H. Delight Spalding OCTOBER Angouleme Yellow Huffcap Hendre Huffcap For French chefs, pears are the king of fruits. Warren Honeysweet Packham’s Comice Conference Highland Abbe Fetel Bosc Butt Barnet Suij Baron Leroy Vermont Beauty Pound 35 Outstanding Keeper Pears Pick these pears while they are rock hard in late October and November and store them cool but unfrozen. Place them on your counter at room temperature when it says in the descriptions below and they will soften and be ready to eat or cook with. CONFERENCENamed for the British national pear conference in 1885, Europeans still gather to praise it. This leading French commercial variety is very juicy, sweet and buttery. It is the most productive pear, hanging from the branch in huge banana like clusters. Attractive, large yellow fruit matures in October with Highland. It keeps through January. B090: $24.50 each HIGHLANDHighland thrives throughout the nation. This large attractive dessert pear is yellow with some russetting. The flesh is very smooth in texture and rich in flavor. Trees are very hardy, of moderate vigor and very productive. The fruit matures in early October and develops its best quality if stored about a month. Ripen the fruit on your counter through Christmas. It was developed at the Geneva station in New York.B120: $24.50 each SUIJPronounced “sigh,” this is a pear you pick while it’s rock hard in October or November and store it in a root cellar to eat fresh in March. Suij is one of the best keeper pears. It makes a delicious and beautiful pink pear sauce. This type of pear was popular for hundreds of years in Europe where people used it as a staple food through the winter but has gone out of fashion in the last 70 years. It is a cross of Comice and the winter keeper St. Remi. We got it from the Bullock family who got it from Ed Suij. B231A: $24.50 each POUND One of the largest winter pears, weighing a pound or two and it is a heavy bearer. Like Suij, pick while it’s rock hard in October or November and store it in a root cellar to eat fresh in January and thereafter. Pound was a favorite for hundreds of years in America, England and France. It is also called Belle Angevine or Uvedale’s St. Germain. Pound possibly dates back to Roman times. We got our start from a National Park orchard Raintree helped to restore on San Juan Island, WA, that was planted in 1870. The green pear has firm flesh that turns yellow and is delicious when stored and cooked in the winter. Historically it was sometimes baked whole, wrapped in pastry crust. It is a triploid and will be pollinized by other varieties, but Pound will not pollinize them.B187: $26.50 each Small Pears with Big Flavor SECKELThis famous small, but very sweet, heavy setting variety is known as the sugar pear. It has yellow russetted skin and extraordinary flavor. It ripens in late September and is fire-blight resistant. B220: $24.50 each HONEY SWEET Y ou will love the rich, firm and sweet flesh of Honey Sweet. A smooth, buttery pear, similar to the well-known Seckel pear but larger, it ripens to a golden russet late in the season. Trees will set fruit without a pollinizer, but fruit will be bigger if pollinated. Honey Sweet is resistant to fireblight and to leaf spotting diseases. It’s great for home gardens and local markets. B125: $26.50 each Perry Pears We offer these traditional pear cider making cultivars. Most are from Gloucestershire England. They make delicious “perry” which is the word for pear cider, or you can mix them with apples or other fruits to make a variety of delicious brews. Grated on OHxF 97 semi-dwarf rootstock. They are mid- to late-season bloomers and good pollinizers. BARNET A small, mid-season russetted scab-resistant pear with low acids and tannins. Trees have an upright habit with compact growth. Mix with others in ‘perry’. Biennial bearing; precocious and late flowering. B037: $28.50 each THEILERSBIRNE A great cider making pear very high in tannic acid. The small fruit is green and the flesh is brown with a sweet musty flavor. It originated in Switzerland in 1848 and is a European hard cider favorite. B265: $28.50 each BUTTAn October ripening pear with moderate acids and tannins that produces a fruity, slightly astringent vintage of good quality. Fruit is small, yellow, slightly russetted with excellent keeping quality prior to milling. A vigorous tree with narrow-angled crotches. Biennial bearing and a heavy producer. B065: $28.50 each HENDRE HUFFCAPPIt has a balance of tannin and acidity that makes it an ideal pear from which to make a single-varietal “perry” pear cider. Tree habit is extremely upright. It ripens in October. B115: $28.50 each YELLOW HUFFCAPP Yellow Huffcap is a traditional old English “Perry” pear used to make an excellent pear cider. It ripens in mid season and is high in acids and low in tannins. The fruit is small and yellow/ green and ripens in mid to late September. The fruit should be shaken from the tree just before it is ripe or it could rot on the tree. Trees are vigorous with a spreading habit and very productive but biennial and slow to come into bearing. Fruit is high in Vitamin C. B116: $28.50 each Delicious Mt. Ash & Pear Hybrid SHIPOVA (Pyrus x Sorbus) A rare and unique Pear and Mountain Ash cross from Yugoslavia. It will grow to be a 15-20’ tree and produces a crop of apricot size (sometimes much larger) yellow, round very delicious “pears”. The leaves are silver grey and resemble a pear leaf in shape. The hardy and scab resistant tree, on OHxF pear rootstock, blooms in mid-April and ripens fruit in August. Trees are slow to come into production. They are partially self-fertile but choose a Mt. Ash on page 55 or very late blooming European Pear for pollination. USDA Zones 3-9. D 170: $26.50 each STUTTGARTER GEISHIRTLE Recommended by a Raintree customer who loved it in her hometown in Germany. This sweet two-inch diameter russeted pear will hang on the tree, ready to eat during August. It’s a very heavy annual bearer of delicious lunch size fruit. The name means “little goat herder.” B232: $24.50 each Order online at www.RaintreeNursery.com or call 1-800-391-8892. 36 Asian Pears (Pyrus serotina) Asian pears are very sweet and so juicy that the juice will run down your chin when you crunch into one. Here is an exotic fruit that thrives in our maritime climate and throughout most of the nation. Each variety has a different mixture of subtle flavors and its effect on the palate is unique and quite special. Unlike most European pears, the fruit ripens on the tree. Our trees are on semi dwarf Old Home x Farmingdale 97 rootstock unless otherwise noted. We offer well rooted 3-5’ trees. See pear pollination chart on page 38. For how to use Asian pears, see page 38. Cultivars With Yellow Fruit HAMESE T his very sweet, crisp pear is the first to ripen each summer in mid-August. Productive trees give large crops of medium sized, yellow skinned fruits of superior flavor. B545: $24.50 each SHINSEIKI Shinseiki has yellow skin with sweet white flesh. The fine quality and medium to large size fruit is similar to, though we think better than Nijiseiki, (the variety commonly found in grocery stores). It is a heavy, regular bearer. Fruit ripens in late August.B720: $24.50 each KIKISUI Even when trees are young, Kikisui reliably bears an ample harvest of large, crisp, delicious fruit at Raintree starting in early September. The round, yellow pears are sweet and juicy, and the trees resist fireblight. B530: $24.50 each Chinese Pears TSU LI T he fruit is very large and elongated like a European pear. The flavor is sweet and aromatic, among the best tasting of the Asian pears. The tree is upright and vigorous. Tsu Li thrives in the Willamette Valley of Oregon and in other areas with long hot summers, but may not ripen consistently in areas with short or cool summers. It is fireblight resistant. 300 chill hours. B740: $24.50 each SEURI The delicious round large fruit has a beautiful bright orange color. The very attractive tree originates in China. It is very vigorous and productive. The aromatic fruit ripens in early October. It is fireblight resistant. B650: $24.50 each Cultivars With Russeted Fruit YOINASHI T his round brown skinned fruit is crisp and juicy with an outstanding butterscotch flavor. It sets a heavy crop of medium to large size crisp sweet fruit on a vigorous, pseudomonas resistant tree. B780: $26.50 each ATAGO Unlike some Asian pears that like it hot, Atago develops sweet, juicy flavor even in cooler summer weather. A substantial crop of high quality, delicious fruit ripens in late September. Atago has been a star in the Mt. Vernon trials. B510: $24.50 each MOUNT VERNON Raintree has selected this pear as the best among many open pollinated Asian Pear seedlings at the WSU Mt. Vernon station. The large, round cream-colored fruit ripens in mid season and has excellent flavor. B580: $24.50 each SHINSUIAmong the sweetest of the Asian pears and the first to ripen. The upright vigorous tree is a heavy producer of medium sized orange russetted fruit. One of the best at Raintree. B663: $24.50 each KOREAN GIANT (Dan Bae or Olympic) The vigorous winter hardy tree produces at a young age and bears a heavy crop of large, round olive green fruit that can weigh up to a pound each. The fruit can be kept in unrefrigerated storage until March. This highly touted pear blooms early season and ripens in mid-October. It is crisp and juicy with high sugar content. It does well in most of the nation but can ripen too late in maritime summer climates. B540: $26.50 each MISHIRASU Enjoy big crops of huge brown skinned oval shaped fruit with beautiful orange dots. This unique fruit is very crisp and crunchy, with excellent flavor. It ripens in late September. B570: $28.50 each CHOJURO We love the rich distinctive aromatic flavor of this prolific traditional Japanese favorite. Sometimes called “Old World”, the fruit is of good size and has brown russetted skin. Fruit ripens in mid 520: September and keeps until March. B $24.50 each ICHIBAN An attractive brown skinned large fruit with a mellow butterscotch flavor and fine texture. The tree is productive and fruit ripens early, just before Shinseiki. Somewhat resistant to pseudomonas infection It’s name means number one in Japanese and for good reason. B560: $24.50 each YONGI The flesh of this large apple shaped fruit is perfumy, juicy and refreshing. The skin is a beautiful caramel color. Yongi is best peeled to enjoy the crisp, sweet flesh. The tree is productive and an excellent backyard growers choice. B770: $24.50 each COMBO ASIAN PEAR Among our most popular trees are these combinations with both yellow and brown russetted Asian pears. The hardy trees are self-pollinating and produce delicious fruit all season. It is on OHxF 333 rootstock. It can easily be maintained at 12’ tall. B9004: 4x1 Asian — Four of five of the following: Yongi, Shinseiki, Chojuro, Kusui, Ninjiseki — OHxF333: $42.50 each Asian Pear Approximate Ripening Order Shinsui Hamese Ichiban Shinseiki Kikisui Kosui Chojuro Yongi Mt. Vernon Yoinashi Mishirasu Atago Seuri Korean Giant Tsu Li Notice: We do not know the bloom times or ripening times of some of the new cultivars we are offering. If you don’t find a variety on the charts it is wise to have several other pears to insure coverage of its pollination requirements. I got the order today. It’s some very nice looking stock. Thank you very much! I will be ordering more in the future. Thank you for the excellent customer service and healthy stock! -- T.K. Elma, WA Asian pears are juicy, delicious and very productive. 37 European Pears Seckel Orcas Comice Bosc Shipova Yongi Kikisui Chojuro Kosui Harrow Delight Onward Highland Red Clapp’s Blake’s Pride Ayers Rescue Yellow Huffcap Henry Huffcap Atlantic Queen Honeysweet Pound Abbe Fetel Warren Angouleme Stuttgarter Ubileen Bartlett W Doyenne Packham’s D. Juliett Conference Morettini B. de Guigno Pollen Source Late Bloom Mid-Season Bloom Mt. Vernon Potential pollen parents are listed across the top of the charts. Variety Pollinated Spalding Select the variety to produce fruit from the left side of the charts. Early Bloom Vermont Beauty Pear Pollinizer Charts Spalding B. de Guigno Morettini Conference Partially self-fertile. D. Juliett Packham’s W Doyenne Should not be relied upon as a pollinizer. Bartlett Ubileen Stuttgarter Angouleme Vermont Beauty Warren Acceptable pollinizer Abbe Fetel Pound Honeysweet Fireblight Resistant Pears •Resistant: Spaulding, Morritini, Blake’s Pride, Potomac, Ayers, Spaulding, Warren, Tsu Li, Seuri • Somewhat Resistant: Comice, Dabney, Seckel, Atlantic Queen, Conference, Harrow Delight, Honeysweet, Chojuro, Kikisui, Kosui. Atlantic Queen Henry Huffcap Yellow Huffcap Rescue Ayers Blake’s Pride Red Clapp’s Highland Onward Harrow Delight Seckel Orcas Comice Bosc Shipova Useful Facts Tsu Li Yoinashi Shinseiki Shinsui Mishirasu Ichiban Hamese Mt. Vernon Yongi Kikisui Chojuro Kosui Order online at www.RaintreeNursery.com or call 1-800-391-8892. Hamese Ichiban Mishirasu Shinsui Shinseiki Yoinashi Korean Giant Seuri Korean Giant HARDINESS: On our OHxF rootstocks, Zones 5-9. EXPOSURE: Full sun. TREE SIZE & SPACING: 15 feet HARVEST TIME: August-October. Pick ripe from the tree. ORIGIN: China, Korea and Japan. LIFE: 50+ years. YEARS TO FIRST FRUIT: 2-3 YIELD: 40-60 pounds SOIL REQUIREMENTS: Loam is preferred. Trees can tolerate wet soils. PRUNING: Train like a European pear or an apple, with modifications. See “Tree Owners Manual” that comes with order. Thinning the fruit to one for every 6 inches is essential to avoid having huge numbers of golf ball-sized fruit. PESTS: In the NW where the disease “Pseudomonas” is a problem, prune only from May-September to avoid infections. 38 Variety Pollinated Tsu Li IN THE KITCHEN: Fresh eating, salads, superior for drying or pickling. IN THE LANDSCAPE: It is an excellent ornamental, espalier or shade tree. The tree is covered with early white blossoms and the glossy attractive leaves are tinged with purple in the spring, late summer and autumn. Seuri Using Asian Pears Pollen Source Asian Pears An Old Favorite BING T he delicious large, firm black cherry Eastern Washington made famous. It grows in dry climates but the fruit may crack west of the Cascades. It’s crispness and flavor are unmatched. It is one of the most nutritious, rich in anthocynins. C710G (Gisela 5): $28.50 each; C710G3 (Gisela 3): $29.95 each Emperor Francis Cherries Fresh cherries are so expensive to buy. Yet, with our new, fast-bearing dwarf Gisela 5 rootstocks, they are easy to grow and pick! Many people have told us, “Full size, sweet cherry trees that grow to 40 feet tall are for the birds.” We agree! Now it is no longer necessary to risk life or limb to pick a bowl of cherries. We offer dwarf cherry trees of many varieties that thrive in our maritime climate and in most of the nation. All our cherries, unless noted, are on the very dwarfing Gisela® rootstock and the price includes the expensive rootstock royalty. We offer sturdy 4’ to 5’ grafted trees that will dig in and grow for you. They are often unbranched “whips” that will branch well upon planting! Sweet cherries USDA Zones 5-9, tart cherries USDA Zones 4-9 unless noted. Sweet cherries need a pollinizer unless otherwise noted. Sweet Light Red and Yellow Cherries NUGENT B irds eat cherries when they start to turn red and even the “so called yellow cherries” like Rainier have at least a blush of red. However this variety is all yellow. It ripens in mid to late season, is productive and has an excellent flavor. This all yellow cherry from New York is producing well in Western Washington. Plant it and the birds will cry fowl! Needs a pollinizer. (Recently known as NY 518.) C755G (Gisela 3): $32.50 each; C755G3 5(Gisela 3): $32.50 each RAINIERPrized for its outstanding, zesty flavor, Rainier is a highly productive yellow sweet cherry with a red blush. The fruit is firm and large and the tree is vigorous. It does well in drier climates but often cracks in Western WA. C 850G (Gisela 5): $28.50 each; C850G3 (Gisela 3): $29.95 each EMPEROR FRANCIS T he most reliable and productive cherry in our region. A regular bearer of medium size, light colored sweet cherries of excellent flavor. It is loaded with fruit each year. C740G: $28.50 each Extend Your Season EARLY BURLATWhy wait for the cherry season to start? Why not eat large, sweet, dark red flavorful cherries from the tree a week or two before everyone else? Early Burlat is very productive and bears every year. It is resistant to bacterial canker and to cracking. The tree is moderately vigorous and spreading. It is fast becoming a backyard favorite. On Gisela 5 rootstock. Needs a pollinizer.C721G: $28.50 each HUDSON T his very firm, sweet dark red, crack and rot resistant cherry lengthens the cherry harvest for two weeks or more. Introduced in 1935 by the NY Experiment Station, we have reintroduced it for its outstanding flavor, productivity and late season. On Gisela 5 rootstock. Needs a pollinizer. C765G: $28.50 each Unique Low Chill Cherries Are Headed South Now growers in Southern lower chill areas can successfully grow cherries. These delicious sweet cherries are newly introduced by Floyd Zaiger and require only 400 hours of chilling. USDA Zones 7-10. ROYAL LEE R oyal Lee is a very productive, medium-large red cherry; heart shaped, very firm with excellent flavor. It ripens 11-14 days ahead of Bing. On the new highly touted dwarf New Root 1 stock. Pollinized by Minnie Royal. C826C: $29.95 each MINNIE ROYALMinnie Royal is a productive medium-sized red cherry; firm with good flavor, mainly used as a pollinizer for Royal Lee. It ripens 11-14 days ahead of Bing. On dwarf New Root 1 stock. C 825C: $29.95 each Self-Fertile Dwarf CRAIG’S CRIMSON O ur most dwarfed cherry tree is perfect for the small garden. This naturally semi-dwarf cultivar is self-fertile and grown on the New Root 1 Zaiger dwarf cherry rootstock, so it can be maintained easily at 6-8’. The dark red to nearly black fruit has a wonderful spicy flavor, firm texture and medium-to-large size. Needs 800 chill hours. (Zaiger). Patent #7320. USDA Zones 4-8. C725: $29.95 each Hardy Wonders KRISTIN T he world’s hardiest sweet cherry, Kristin has survived winters from windswept Norway to Montana. These big, dark red cherries are crack and bacterial canker resistant and proven in much of the nation. Ripens mid-July.C780G3 (Gisela® 3): $29.95 each HARTLANDTM A large, heavy bearing attractive dark red cherry. Rated among the most flavorful, it is also resistant to cracking and rot. It ripens and blooms in mid season. It’s from the NY Experiment Station. A proven winner also at the WSU Mt. Vernon station. Hartland™ is rated highest in antioxidents of the sweet cherries in a recent survey. Patent #11034. C762G (Gisela® 5): $28.50 each; C762G3 (On Gisela® 3): $29.95 each Combo Cherries DWARF CHERRY COMBINATION These unique trees are grafted on dwarfing Gisela 5 rootstock. This amazing tree can be maintained at 10 feet tall. Enjoy loads of delicious cherries on this self fertile tree. You get 3 or 4 of the following 5: Glacier, Montmorency, Emperor Francis, Lapins and Early Burlat. C9004: 4x1 Combo: $49.95 each; C9003: 3x1 Combo: $42.50 each I purchased a Black Gold cherry tree from you six years ago and I am very impressed with the tree’s health, growing habits and productivity. —A.P., Poulsbo, WA Unique cherry crosses on page 43. Our dwarf cherry trees are the easiest to pick and fastest to bear! 39 Self-Fertile Sweet Cherries Tart Cherries All the self-fertile varieties are also good pollinizers for the other sweet cherries! All of our tart cherry trees are self fertile. The trees are easily maintained at 8-10’ in height. They have proven anti-inflammatory properties. LAPINSA self-fertile variety of sweet cherry with large dark red fruit of excellent flavor. Lapins trees are bacterial canker and crack resistant. This tree is a very consistent and heavy bearer. It has wide adaptability through the nation. Lapins needs only 500 chill hours! C821G (Gisela 5): $29.95 each; C821G3 (Gisela 3): $29.95 each SUREFIRETM A surefire, easy picking choice for the backyard grower and U-pick marketer. Because it is very late flowering, Surefire evades and tolerates frosts and annually produces large, crack resistant crops. Both skin and flesh are fire engine red. Its high sugar content makes it excellent for eating fresh. It ripens a week after Montmorency. So highly regarded, it is the first sour cherry introduced by the N.Y. Geneva Station in 107 years. Gisela 5. C880: $28.50 each STELLA Ideal for a backyard grower without space for two sweet cherry trees, this self-fertile selection is from Canada. Juicy, heart-shaped, black cherries boast firm texture and excellent quality. The productive tree has moderate resistance to bacterial canker. Needs 800 chill hours. USDA Zones 4-8.C871G (Gisela 5): $29.95 each; C871G3 (Gisela 3): $29.95 each WHITE GOLDTM(PPAF Cultivar New Fane) An outstanding new red and yellow, mid-season cherry with good size, great flavor and consistent heavy cropping. White Gold is somewhat resistant to cherry leaf spot and bacterial canker. An Emperor Francis X Stella, recently released from NY experiment station. Self-fertile. NY13688. C845G (Gisela 5): $29.95 each; C845G3 (Gisela 3): $29.95 each BLACK GOLDTM(PPAF Cultivar Ridgewood) We love the flavor and productivity of this large, firm, deep red (almost black) disease resistant sweet cherry. It is late blooming and self-fertile so it sets a big crop where others fail. From New York Fruit Testing.C840G (Gisela 5): $29.95 each; C840G3 (Gisela 3): $29.95 each SWEETHEARTA large bright red self-fertile cherry with excellent flavor. It shows a low incidence of cracking. The tree is upright and vigorous. It is so heavy bearing and precocious that when grown optimally, it benefits from thinning. From British Columbia, it performs well in much of the U.S. and has done well at the WSU Mt. Vernon WA station. It ripens late, a week after Lapins. C883G (Gisela 5): $28.50 each; C883G3 (Gisela 3): $29.95 each TEHRANIVEE A new mahogany colored self-fertile sweet cherry with blackred juice. Tehranivee has excellent flavor as well as size, sweetness and firmness. It ripens at the end of July in Western Washington so it avoids cracking. Bred by famed Canadian researcher Gus Tehrani, it was released in 1996, from the Vineland Ontario Station and is a cross of Van and Stella. This beauty will be a winner for American home orchardists. C895G (Gisela 5): $29.95 each; C895G3 (Gisela 3): $29.95 each DANUBETMA new selection from Hungary, where delicious cherries have been grown for centuries. It is also called Erdi Botermo. The dark red fruit has a flavor that is a cross of the sweet and tart cherry. It is delicious eaten fresh or used in baked goods. It is productive and ripens in early July. C720G (Gisela 5): $28.50 each; C720G3 (Gisela 3): $29.95 each ENGLISH MORELLO M orello cherries have a deep crimson flesh and rich wine red juice. English Morello is an old variety, grown for centuries, with tart aromatic flesh. The juice is abundant and unparalleled for cooking and pie making. The large heart shaped dark red fruit is freestone and ripens in August, at the end of the cherry season. The tree habit is small, easily maintained at 8’ or less. Gisela 5. C 835G: $29.95 each ALMADEN DUKEThe delicious combination of sweet and tart flavors makes this new cherry unique. Thought to be a seedling of a Mazzard cherry, it is easy to grow and very productive. It was provided to Raintree by Andy Mariani and discovered in the Almaden Valley near San Jose CA. The tree can be maintained at 10’ tall. C715G (Gisela 5): $28.50 each; C715G3 (Gisela 3): $29.95 each MONTMORENCY The classic pie cherry tree. The beautiful upright tree thrives in our area. It produces an abundance of bright red cherries. C830G: $28.50 each Super Hardy Canadian EVAN’S CHERRY T his Morello-type, tart cherry with crimson flesh and rich red juice was found near Edmonton, Alberta, which explains its exceptional cold tolerance. Naturally dwarf, rounded trees grow to 10’ and annually produce heavy flower and fruit crops. An exceptional choice for commercial & home orchard use, especially in the north. USDA Zones 3-8. Gisela 5. C886G: $28.50 each Cherry Accessories BIRD SCARE TAPEThis tough 7/16” wide shining metallic tape is red on one side and silver on the other and its shimmering scares the birds. 290’ roll. T080: $4.95 each CHERRY STONER/SUCTION BASE The Victorio Cherry Stoner handles up to 30 pounds of cherries per hour. Feeds and separates pits from fruits with little loss of juices. Also has a one year warranty. T383: $27.95 each COMMERCIAL BIRD NETTING BY THE FOOT VANDALAY A delicious, large black cherry that resists cracking and We have long rolls of bird netting. Use it over grapes bacterial canker. It is an excellent pollinizer for other varieties. Raintree or build a structure over blueberries or dwarf cherry trees. Secure with offers Vandalay to American gardeners after it has proven to be among clothespins at the bottom. (Cut to order at 5’ intervals, 25’ minimum the most flavorful and reliable in the midwest, northeast, and at the length per piece. WSU Mt. Vernon WA research station. It ripens with Bing and blooms with Sweetheart. From the Vineland Research Station in Ontario, HEAVY DUTYThis is 22 feet wide. This white netting is top rated Canada. Plant patent applied for. Self-fertile. C890G (Gisela 5): $29.95 commercially and is rated for 10 years if taken in for the winter. T 431: each; C890G3 (Gisela 3): $29.95 each $1.50 per foot Order online at www.RaintreeNursery.com or call 1-800-391-8892. 40 The Gisela Dwarf Rootstock: Incredibly Productive We offer virus-free cherry trees on the dwarfing Gisela® 3 and 5 rootstocks. Developed over 30 years, at the University of Giessen in Germany, these rootstocks have proven their value throughout the U.S. in the NC 140 rootstock trials. The large royalties we have to pay on the rootstocks account for the higher price. However, the years you gain in early production and easy picking make it well worth it. Patents make it illegal for gardeners to propagate Giessen rootstocks without an expensive license. However, we offer for sale the VSL 2 (Krymsk 5TM) dwarfing cherry rootstock on page 51. Gisela 5® induces early and heavy fruit production, is very winter hardy and thrives on a wide variety of soils. This rootstock is not only very dwarfing but also disease resistant, making a tree that can be main- CHERRY RIPENING ORDER Kristen Angela White Gold Rainier Bing Sam Vandalay Tehranivee Craig’s Crimson Bing Early Burlat Royal Lee Minnie Royal Stella E. Francis Lapins Hartland Black Gold Danube Bing tained at 10-12’ tall. For the first time in years, we are also offering the Gisela® 3 rootstock which is the most dwarfing of the Gisela® rootstocks, making a tree that grows to only 8-10 feet tall. It tends to make a broad tree excellent for a small area. Its small size and early heavy bearing are great attributes but because of this, the tree needs good growing conditions to thrive. It is very precocious prompting the tree to bear heavily at an early age. It may require fruit thinning to maintain fruit size and avoid overbearing and having the tree stop growing. Regular irrigation is needed. It is not recommended for the heaviest bearing cultivars like Sweetheart. It is recommended that dormant pruning on all dwarf cherry trees be done in late winter before bloom time which reduces the chance of bacterial canker infestations. Nugent Sweetheart Lambert Almaden Hudson Montmorency K. Sweet Surefire Morello How To Use Cherries IN THE LANDSCAPE: Sweet cherry trees make attractive yard trees with their rich green, large, serrated leaves and lovely fragrant white spring blossoms. Pie cherry trees have darker leaves and make good smaller yard trees. Useful Facts HARDINESS: Our Gisela 3 dwarf rootstock is hardy to at least -25° F. Sweet cherries are USDA Zones 5-9; tart cherries are USDA Zones 4-9 unless noted. SUN OR SHADE: Full sun. ORIGIN: Eastern Europe. LIFE EXPECTANCY: 35 years. YEARS TO FRUIT: 2-3 MATURE TREE YIELD: 25-50 pounds. HEIGHT & SPACING: 12 feet. How To Grow SOILS: Avoid heavy clay and wet soils for sweet cherries. PRUNING: See Tree Owners Manual that comes with each order. PESTS: Birds like cherries and eat many just before we humans do. Yellow fruited varieties don’t attract birds! Selecting varieties on dwarf rootstocks and using netting and scare tape will help you get the fruit. POLLINATION: Some sweet cherries need another sweet cherry as a pollinizer. Some don’t pollinate each other. Tart cherries are self-fertile but won’t pollinate sweet cherries. See the pollination chart. For Your Health Tart cherry juice can reduce inflammation and is used to treat gout. Eat your cherries soon after harvest because the antioxidants begin being depleted soon after picking. Among the sweet cherries, Hartland tested highest in antioxidants. Using Peaches & Nectarines IN THE LANDSCAPE: Trees are fast growing and have attractive leaves and fragrant pink blossoms. Genetic dwarfs are perfect in a pot on a patio. Useful Facts HARDINESS: USDA Zones 5-9 SUN OR SHADE: Full sun. HEIGHT & SPACING: Genetic dwarfs 5’ . Other peaches 12-15’ on Lovell and St. Julian A rootstock. On Citation and Krymsk 1 rootstocks they may be somewhat smaller. POLLINATION: Self-fertile unless noted! LIFE EXPECTANCY: 15-20 years. YEARS TO FIRST FRUIT: 2-3 YIELD OF MATURE TREE: 30-50 pounds How To Grow SOIL REQUIREMENTS: Adaptable to many soils as long as they are well drained. CULTURAL REQUIREMENTS: Unlike apples, standard peach trees require heavy pruning to produce well. Prune off old wood, always renewing branches, because peaches bear on new wood only. Prune to an open center vase shape or in a fan shape on a trellis fence or wall. LEAF CURL CONTROL: Please note that the leaf curl resistant peaches will get some leaf curl for the first few years. To control leaf curl, spray lime sulfur when the buds first crack open in late December or early January and then three weeks later. Or if spraying by the calendar, spray once in late December and twice more at two week intervals. For Your Health White fleshed peaches are higher in phytonutrients than yellow fleshed varieties. The skin is the most nutritious part. The variety Indian Free with its redstreaked flesh is particularly high in anthocyanins and antioxidants. We have large specimen bearing fruit trees that are way to big too ship at our garden center in Morton, Washington. Call us at 1-800-391-8892 or visit www.raintreenursery.com for availability. Our Gisela cherry rootstocks help you succeed. 41 Peaches / Nectarines (Prunus persica) Nothing beats the flavor of a fresh peach or nectarine ripened in your own backyard. Our disease resistant varieties now make it easy for you to succeed. Now you can grow great peaches and nectarines in the Northwest as well as in most of the nation. We offer self fertile varieties, unless noted, which are of excellent quality. Many are resistant to leaf curl. A Nectarine is a Peach without fuzz. We offer sturdy well rooted 3’-5’ tall trees. On Lovell rootstock unless noted. USDA Zones 5-9 unless noted. For how to use peaches, see page 39. BABY CRAWFORD PEACH This heritage peach cultivar has an intensely rich, flavor. The medium size freestone peaches are yellow with golden-orange flesh and a slight blush. Fruit connoisseurs rate it at the top for flavor eaten fresh, preserved, dried or canned. C504 (Lovell): $26.50 each CONTENDER PEACH T his hardy, late blooming peach escapes spring frosts and sets fruit in much of the nation: it thrives in the East, in Colorado and in the Northwest. It has a high chilling requirement (1050 chill hours), and isn’t good for the Deep South. The beautiful, large fruit is bright red over yellow, is firm, sweet and delicious. Since it resists browning and is freestone, it is great for fresh eating, freezing or canning. Introduced from the North Carolina Experiment station in 1988. It ripens in August. USDA Zones 4-9. C505A: $28.50 each HARKEN PEACH This is the best flavored peach in our climate. From Canada, hardy and widely adapted, it is very sweet and bears a regular crop of large freestone peaches. For canning, pick fruit before it is table ripe. Ripens early August. C510D: $24.50 each WHITE LADY PEACH T his low acid/high sugar white fleshed peach has a flavor that will melt in your mouth. The medium large, red skinned fruits are freestone and have very firm flesh. White Lady is widely adapted throughout the nation wherever peaches will thrive. 800 chill hours. C553: $24.50 each BETTYA sweet flavorful leaf curl and split pit resistant peach. It ripens late in the season, at the end of August. It has a deeper color than the variety Frost and is as or more productive. It was a seedling found near Ferndale in Western Washington and is the newest curl resistant peach successfully tested at the WSU Mt. Vernon Station. C503: $26.50 each FROSTTM The longest tested, curl resistant tree, Frost is still unsurpassed. In mid-August, it produces reliable crops of semi-freestone, yellow-fleshed peaches that have a rich, sweet flavor. Wonderful for both canning and fresh eating. C 500: $24.50 each SALISH SUMMERTM Previously known as Q1-8, this semi-freestone, white-fleshed peach has a wonderful sweet flavor that is great for fresh eating. Showy blossoms in spring predict ripe fruit in early August. Selected by Dr. Robert Norton for its flavor and reliability. C 530: $26.50 each MARY JANETM Reliable, colorful and delicious, this tree produces showy pink flowers and sets fruit even in frosty springs. In mid-August, a crop of flavorful, red skinned, yellow-fleshed peaches are ready for fresh eating, drying, canning or freezing. A chance seedling selected by Louie Strahl in Steilacoom, WA. C552: $24.50 each INDIAN FREEPrized it for its rich color, flavor and size. Naturally resistant to peach leaf curl, the tree produces heavy crops of large, aromatic freestone peaches that have red skin and white flesh marbled with crimson stripes. When fully ripe in mid to late season, the sweet, distinctive flavor is excellent both eaten fresh and in preserves and chutneys. Plant another peach or nectarine as a pollinizer. C 524: $26.50 each BLACK BOY NEW! A rare hardy heritage peach cultivar that is leaf curl resistant and has a wonderful rich flavor. Dark reddish purple skin and flesh have resulted in its name. It ripens in late season and is self fertile. Known mainly now in New Zealand, it is related to the Peche de Vigne, the black peach of France. It fragrant juicy flesh is highly prized eaten fresh and for preserves. USDA Zones 5-9. C 501: $32.50 each Special New Cultivars Selected for Flavor These peaches and nectarines are a recent creation of the California Rare Fruit Growers’ Hybridizer Group, a group dedicated to reviving the classic fruit flavors of the past. $1 from each sale goes to the group, which is dedicated to developing superior stone fruit varieties for home gardeners. Curl Resistant Peaches KIT DONNELL PEACHTM It is named after the late Kit Donnell, former chairperson for the Santa Clara Valley, CA chapter of the CRFG. Although new, this peach has many old-fashioned peach characteristics: A yellow freestone with little red coloration, delectable flavor and juicy texture. It’s also very productive and the fruits are often of great size. It is an ideal peach for eating fresh, canning, pies and preserves. C507: $24.50 each Enjoy delicious peaches from your own tree. Peach leaf curl has always been a major problem for backyard peach growers. Raintree is the leader in introducing good tasting, resistant varieties. On Lovell rootstock unless noted. MARIA’S GOLD NECTARINETM The pure golden skin and flesh of this juicy, richly flavored nectarine has a delicious balance of sweetness and acidity typical of the exotic fabled “Golden Peaches of Samarkand.” Named after Russian horticulturist Dr. Maria Plekhanova, it is a hybrid derived from seeds brought back from Uzbekistan by Andy Mariani. C573: $24.50 each AVALON PRIDETM(Patented RASPBERRY RED NECTARINETMDeveloped by the California Cultivar Croft) Discovered as Rare Fruit Growers’ Hybridizer Group. A rare nectarine with rich a chance seedling in 1981 in red flesh reminiscent of the old “Indian Red” peaches. It is the result Issaquah, WA. by Margaret Proud of crossing red-fleshed peaches with white nectarines and reand named in honor of her father crossing the subsequent seedlings. Small to medium sized fruit has Donald Croft. The highly flavored, dark burgundy skin with flesh streaked in red and a juicy, melting yellow fleshed, semi-freestone texture. The flavor is unique: rich and complex, very sweet but with a fruit is good for canning, pies or eaten fresh. Fruit ripens in mid July. pleasant tartness similar to raspberry. C576: $24.50 each C525A: $24.50 each Order online at www.RaintreeNursery.com or call 1-800-391-8892. 42 Genetic Dwarfs Nectarines Selected for Flavor Genetic Dwarf peaches and nectarines grow 4-5’ tall and are great in a pot on the patio, deck or in the ground. Each is grafted about 18” high to make a beautiful dwarf bush like the one pictured. All ripen in June in central California to early August in the Pacific Northwest. All genetic dwarfs are very susceptible, but avoid leaf curl when they are grown in a special, easy to accomplish way. Cover the tree so it stays dry from mid Dec. to Feb. and it won’t get leaf curl. Each is on Lovell rootstock. Each is self-fertile. These aren’t genetic dwarfs. The trees will grow to 10-12 feet in height and width. Nectarines are peaches without the fuzz. ELDORADO PEACH A richly flavored genetic dwarf with a pretty red blushed skin. It is early ripening, freestone and self-fruitful and makes a beautiful fruiting bush. Needs 500 chill hours. USDA Zones 6-9 C 540: $26.50each EMPRESS PEACH E njoy the delicious juicy sweet flavor. This productive dwarf tree is the hardiest of the genetic dwarf peaches to Zones 5-9. The fruit is a beautiful glowing pink color and the flesh is yellow. It needs 850 Chill Hours. C518: $26.50each 2x1 NECTARINE - PEACH COMBOEnjoy two great varieties on a small tree. The Nectar Babe nectarine has large sweet yellow freestone fruit and the Pix Zee peach has sweet flavorful orangered clingstone fruit with yellow flesh. Zones 6-9. C5802: $32.50 each njoy the NECTAZEE NECTARINE E flavorful yellow fleshed, red skinned fruits on this beautiful, freestone dwarf tree. C585: $26.50each Chinese Flat Peaches & Nectarines Flat Peaches and Nectarines are new to American gardeners. They grow like other peach trees. The fruit is flat and very sweet. They need a hot summer climate and 500 chill hours to thrive. On Lovell rootstock. Self fertile. SAUZEE KING WHITE NECTARINENew from Zaiger Hybrids — the first donut-style nectarine! This outstanding early season variety has white flesh that is sweet and juicy. The compact tree sets fruit at a young age and produces heavily. Thinning is required for large fruit size. The fruit has red skin over a blush of yellow. On Citation rootstock. C563: $26.50each SATURN PEACHTMSaturn is a “Peento” peach and is shaped like a doughnut without the hole. They have large, showy double pink flowers. The very sweet, medium-size fruit has melting white flesh. Patent #5123. C547: $24.50 each SWEET BAGEL PEACHTMLook! It’s a bagel. No, it’s a doughnut. What? It’s a peach? The look of new Sweet Bagel may surprise you at first, but when you bite into the juicy, yellow fruit, you’ll recognize the superb peach flavor. The productive trees like hot summers. Fruit is large compared to other flat peaches.C545: $24.50 each50 HARDIRED NECTARINE T op rated for west of the Cascades, this Harrow Ontario selection will excel throughout Zones 5-9. It bears large quantities of red sweet tasty, yellow fleshed fruit in early August. The tree is attractive and spreading in habit, tolerant of bacterial spot and brown rot and covered each spring with large showy pink flowers. On Lovell rootstock. C 565: $24.50 each Gorgeous & Tasty Too ATOMIC RED FLOWERING NECTARINE Perhaps inadvisably named for its beautiful, deep-red double flowers that shine like a beacon. Talk about a stunning edible ornamental, it also provides a good mid-season crop of medium to large white fleshed flavorful nectarines. USDA Zones 6-9. Needs 500 chill hours. (Not recommended in wet maritime climates.) C508: $26.50 each Disease-Resistant Peach Combo RESISTANT PEACH COMBOEnjoy the following peaches: Frost, Salish Summer™, Mary Jane and Avalon Pride disease resistant peaches on one beautiful, self-fertile tree. On Lovell roostock. C 5004: 4x1 Combo $42.50; C5003 3x1 Combo $34.50; C5002 2x1 Combo $26.50 each FRUIT COCKTAIL COMBO Gardeners love to talk about the soul soothing value of fruit growing. However, the value of shocking your friends and neighbors with your hobby is too often overlooked in literature. Imagine one tree that grows Shiro Plums, Italian Plums, Frost Peaches and Harglow Apricots. It is self-fertile too! The tree is on Lovell rootstock and can be maintained at 15 feet in height. On Lovell rootstock.C3984: 4x1 Combo Each $48.50; C3983: 3x1 Combo Each $42.50; C3982: 2x1 Combo $28.50 each (Sorry! Because there are so many possible combinations, we cannot choose which variety will be missing from any of our 3x1 or 2x1 combo trees.) N o other nursery comes close to your impressive selection of unusual and interesting varieties at very reasonable prices. I was reluctant to order from you because I am on the other side of the country. But your shipping fees were surprisingly reasonable, and my trees arrived in absolutely perfect condition. -- L.G., Polk, PA 43 Apricots (Prunus armeniaca) We offer a collection of unusual Apricots and Apricot crosses from around the world! Apricots come from cold climates where they must bloom very quickly after their chilling requirements are met. In more moderate climates they bloom very early and must be planted in areas where they aren’t subject to early spring frosts! We offer sturdy well rooted 3-5’ trees. On Lovell rootstock unless otherwise noted. These Produce in the Pacific Northwest Where Others Fail Puget Gold and Harglow both bloom later and tolerate more frost while still setting fruit. They are more likely to fruit in a maritime climate where numerous other varieties have failed. They also appear to be somewhat less susceptible to disease. If you live in a maritime climate and are not in a late frost pocket, try them. Harglow is on page 42. PUGET GOLDTM This prolific bearing tree produces large elongated fruit of very good flavor. The tree blooms in early March and the fruit ripens in early August. A natural semi-dwarf, the tree can easily be maintained at 15’ height and spacing. It’s self-fertile. C460: $24.50 each HARGLOW A late blooming, early ripening, selffertile apricot that has proven itself in our maritime Pacific Northwest and in most of the nation. It is an introduction from the Harrow Research Station in Ontario, Canada and shows some resistance to brown rot and other diseases. The firm, sweet, flavorful fruit is medium to large and a deep orange color with a red blush. C470: $24.50 each Versatile Favorites TOMCOT T hese luscious huge orange orbs are the first apricots to ripen each season. The firm orange flesh is delicious eaten fresh or dried. Select another apricot as a pollinizer. Developed by WSU fruit breeder Tom Toyama from a cross made in 1970. It will do well in much of the nation but not west of the Cascades. C385D: $24.50 each Miniature Size, Big Flavor Cold Climate Black Apricot TLOR-TSIRAN BLACK APRICOT (Prunus dasycarpa) As far as we know, only Raintree is offering Black Apricots to American gardeners. This is a selection of an unusual, naturally occurring hybrid of apricot (P. armeniaca) and myrobalan plum (P. cerasifera) from central Asia. We tasted it in Russia at the Krymsk Station near the Caucasus mountain range and enjoyed the flavor. The skin of the tasty oval fruit is fuzzy like an apricot but is a dark purple. The trees showy white blossoms appear slightly later than other apricots. The flesh is marbled red and yellow. While it has fruited well in cold climates, we have not successfully fruited it here at Raintree in our maritime climate. USDA Zones 4-8. On Lovell rootstock. C380: $32.50 each “Sweet Pit” Apricots They are called “sweet pits” because you can eat the kernel like you would an almond, as well as enjoying the flavorful fruit. HUNZA F rom the land of the Hunza in northern Pakistan, where people routinely live to well over the age of one hundred. The kernel of this small, sweet fruit is the primary source of oil for the Hunza, and many claims are made concerning its healthful properties. Kernels must be roasted or otherwise cooked before eating. The Hunza leave the fruit on the tree to dry before harvesting, but we can’t recommend this method for those in wetter climates! The flesh of the fruit, when cooked, has a deep toffee flavor. Self fertile. It is not likely to produce well in cool maritime summers. On Citation rootstock. C 475: $28.50 each CHINESE SWEET PIT A lso known as the Chinese Golden, Mormon or Large Early Montgamet Apricot. It is late blooming, making it an excellent choice for higher elevations or late frost areas. The tree is medium size, precocious and a heavy bearer. Its golden orange medium size fruit is sweet, firm and juicy. It ripens over a long period of time. It is winter hardy and self fertile. Zones 4-9. On Marianna 2624 rootstock. C476: $24.50 each How To Use Apricots IN THE KITCHEN: Eat fresh, stew or can. They are wonderful dried, in jams, nectars and as leather. IN THE LANDSCAPE: Apricots have the most beautiful foliage of the fruit trees. Leaves are first a bronze color, turning to green as they mature. Useful Facts HARDINESS: Zones 5-9 unless noted. SUN OR SHADE: Sun. HEIGHT & SPACING: 15 feet. YEARS TO FIRST FRUIT: 2-3 YIELD: 30-120 pounds per tree. How To Grow SOIL: Well drained soil. Prefers a neutral pH POLLINATION: Self fertile unless noted. CULTURAL REQUIREMENTS: Prune to an open center shape. Fruit spurs bear several years. Water trees in the summer. PIXIE COT MINIATURE APRICOT A new and exciting breakthrough for the backyard grower. This new Zaiger introduction has a delicious flavor. It is a miniature, easily maintained at only eight feet tall. The abundant fruit is medium size with a bright orange skin. For Your Health It has yet to be tested around the nation but is expected to be very cold Apricots have 3 to 8 times the phytonutrients of peaches or nectarhardy and should do well where apricots thrive. On Citation rootstock, ines. Fully ripened fruit from your tree is far more nutritious than the the tree needs a well drained soil. Patent pending. 600 chill hours. fruit picked semi ripe from a store. C480: $28.50 each Order Some onlinenurseries at www.RaintreeNursery.com orrest callon 1-800-391-8892. rest on their laurels; we our cots! 44 Plum Crosses We offer many new fabulous plum crosses. Plum is crossed with cherry, peach, nectarine and apricot. Pluots and Apriums are incredibly sweet crosses of plum and apricot with a wonderful variety of complex flavors and colors. Pluots are mostly plum while Apriums are predominately apricot. Both will thrive where Apricots do well. All the cultivars listed thrive in the California central valley where they were bred but are still being tested in other climates! These patented Floyd Zaiger introductions all need hot summers to bring out their sugars and incredible flavors. We’ve chosen several cultivars that have proven the most cold hardy! However they don’t do well in high humidity. They are easily maintained at 10-15’ tall. We offer 3-5’ trees. The First True Cherry X Plum Crosses SWEET TREAT PLUERRY T he Pluerry™: is a new fruit type from the genius of Floyd Zaiger, the first time we know of that a plum and cherry have been crossed. Prior to this, so called Cherry Plums have just been small plums . This new dark red fruit with yellow flesh is a complex interspecific hybrid, predominantly of plum and cherry with a hint of peach and apricot thrown in for good measure. It looks a lot like a small round plum but the taste is like a tasty plum infused with cherry flavor. It’s new and unique and will be very popular. It blooms with late mid season Asian plums and needs a pollinizer. Flavor King Pluot, Burgundy and Santa Rosa plums have proven good pollenizers and gardeners will need to experiment to find the best pollinizers in their region. (See chart on page 48). USDA Zones 6-9. Needs 450 chill hours. C 356: $28.50 each NADIA™ CHERRY PLUM NEW! This new rare cherry and plum cross from Australia has a delicious combination of cherry and plum flavor. Larger than a cherry and smaller than a plum, it is a cross of the Black Amber Asian Plum and the Supreme Cherry, an Australian dark cherry cultivar. The skin is dark red as is the flesh. The fruit is firm, sweet and juicy. Further evaluation will be needed as to its hardiness and range of adaptability though judging by its parents it could be hardy in USDA Zones 5-9. The tree grows to about 15 feet tall and is grafted on St. Julian A plum rootstock. PP19842. C358: $28.50 each Most Widely Adapted Pluots DAPPLE DANDY T his large freestone fruit is also called “Dinosaur Egg” . When the incredibly sweet and delicious red and white flesh is ripe, the yellow/green skin turns a dappled maroon and yellow. A frequent taste test winner for its distinct PlumApricot flavor. Dandy is a good pollinator for other pluot varieties and among the most widely adaptable to colder climates. Thin the fruit so it doesn’t overset and become biennial. On Citation rootstock. Chill hours 500. USDA Zones 6-9. C376: $24.50 each FLAVOR GRENADE Enjoy explosive, sweet-as-honey flavor. This green fruit with a red blush, hangs on the tree and can be eaten for four to six weeks as it keeps getting sweeter. It extends the stone fruit season and can be harvested in October. The fruit will still have a distinctive crunch. Good reports have come in from Zone 5 and 6 areas that have good late-summer heat. Those who can grow Flavor Grenade successfully are in for a late-season treat. Pollinized by Japanese plums or pluots. On Myro 29C. Chill hours 600. USDA Zones 5-9. C377: $24.50 each FLAVOR SUPREME Flavor Supreme is the sweetest and most flavorful of all the pluots and that’s saying a lot. The rich, sweet red flesh is covered by maroon and green mottled skin. It needs a Japanese plum or other pluot for pollination and requires 700 chill hours. On Myro 29C rootstock. USDA Zones 7-10. C 455: $24.50 each BURBANK PLUMCOTLong before the name pluot was concocted, famed California plant breeder Luther Burbank selected this first known cross of a plum and apricot in the early 1900’s from thousands of seedlings. The fruit is the size of an apricot and as you bite into it you first get the apricot flavor followed by the rich flavor of a Japanese plum. The skin is yellow with red blush. Use an early blooming Japanese plum as a pollinizer. Like Japanese plums, it blooms very early in the spring and rain and frost can affect fruit set. The flavorful fruit ripens over several weeks. USDA Zones 6-10.C354: $24.50 each Apriums Rest on Cots FLAVOR DELIGHT APRIUMThe flesh is yellow and firm like an apricot but it has a combination of apricot and plum flavor. The fruit is two inches long and incredibly sweet. It needs hot summers to bring out its full flavor. It ripens in mid-July on a vigorous upright tree that can be maintained at about ten feet tall. On Marianna 2624. Self-fertile. Patented. USDA Zones 6-9.C360: $26.50 each LEAH COT APRIUM A new Zaiger Apricot cross with attractive orange skin and flesh and a rich apricot flavor. Enjoy heavy crops of very large flavorful fruit early in the season. Self Fertile. It needs 500 chill hours. Like other apricots it blooms early in the season and is not suited for late frost areas including the maritime Northwest. USDA Zones 7-10. C363: $26.50 each Rare Peach x Plum Crosses Zaiger’s Peaches and Nectarines crossed with Plums don’t require as much summer heat as Plum, Apricot crosses. They ripen early in the season and they do better in maritime areas though like most peaches they are not resistant to leaf curl. TRI LITE PEACHPLUM A rare cross of Peach and Japanese Plum. The delicious white flesh has a classic peach flavor with a wonderful plum aftertaste that is truly unique. It is a clingstone, very productive, early season ripener with great flavor canned or eaten fresh. Self-fertile. Enjoy the showy pink spring flowers. Patent 8393. A Floyd Zaiger selection. 600 chill hours. It does well in hot summers and is a good one to try in maritime climates. USDA Zones 7-9. On Lovell rootstock. C351: $28.50 each Plum Crosses Nectarine SPICE ZEE NECTAPLUM This is a new and unique introduction that truly tastes like a delicious cross of a plum and a nectarine. The first NectaplumTM from Zaiger Hybrids. Spice Zee is a great choice for the home gardener. It is slightly acidic and loaded with sugar, giving it a spicy sweet flavor. Along with great flavor, Spice Zee is a beautiful ornamental tree with a tremendous spring bloom followed by dark red leaves in the spring that mature to a rich green-red in late summer. This variety is self-fruitful and very productive. USDA Zones 6-10. Patent pending. On Lovell rootstock. C357: $28.50 each 45 Peach x Apricot x Plum BELLA GOLD PEACOTUM T his small tree (8 to 10’ tall) is big on the uniqueness scale. A cross with the fine attributes of three fruits, peach, apricot, and plum, the fruit has yellow skin blushed almost completely red with a slightly fuzzy texture much like an apricot. It is partially freestone and has yellow flesh and a wonderfully complex flavor. Expect ripe fruit in early June in California. A Pluot makes the best pollinizer. Needs at least 500 chill hours. Patent pending. On Citation rootstock. C352: $28.50 each Combination Crosses 4 x1 ZEE SWEET PLUOT COMBO A combo with great colors and flavors. These are Zaiger introductions. Geo Pride Splash has red skin and is very Geo Pride productive and flavorful. Emerald Drop is golden and sweet as honey. Splash is golden and tops in flavor and Flavor Grenade is green with red flesh. 500 to 600 chill hours. Patented. Pluots need hot summers to bring out the sweet flavors. As yet untested in colder climates. Self-fertile. USDA Zones 6-9. On dwarf Citation rootstock. Varieties include Geo Pride, Splash, Emerald Drop and Flavor Grenade. C3654: $49.95 each 4 x 1 COMBO PLUOT T hese are the most popular and proven Pluot varieties. They vary in fruit skin color, from yellow to red, making this a beautiful combination. The fruit is of excellent quality, incredibly sweet, plum-like, with an apricot aftertaste. It ripens in July and August. The four varieties are Dapple Dandy, Flavor Queen, Flavor King and Flavor Supreme. The dwarf tree on Citation rootstock is self-fertile and will pollinize early ripening Japanese plums. USDA Zones 6-9. C3604: $49.95 each Plums Raintree offers a wonderful collection of the most flavorful plums from around the world. (Prunus species) Plums provide an abundance of delicious fruit with relatively little care. Plums are unique among the fruits in that they are a very diverse group belonging to fifteen different species and are native to areas throughout the world. No fruits we can think of come in such a variety of colors, shapes, sizes and flavors. Our plums are on semi dwarfing Marianna 2624, St. Julian A or Lovell rootstocks unless otherwise noted. They are easily maintained at an average of from 10-13’ tall and need that spacing. USDA Zones 5-9 unless otherwise noted. Each needs a pollinizer unless noted! We offer sturdy, well rooted 3-5’ trees. European Plums ROSY GAGE Y ou will love the dense, rich flavor. This rosy skinned, yellow fleshed, productive plum newly introduced by Cornell, has a very high sugar content. Several pickings, beginning in late August, are needed for a complete harvest. Formerly known as NY 101. On Mariana 2624. Includes $1 royalty. C054: $26.50 each GOLDEN TRANSPARENT GAGE We think this is the best late season gage plum. The well formed tree produces yellow fruit with red dots and a rich, aromatic, sweet yellow flesh. The fruit ripens in late September. On Marianna 2624 rootstock. Self-fertile. C050: $26.50 each PURPLE GAGE W e love its sweet, dense, rich flavor and beautiful purple color and large crops in late August. A freestone with a small pit, the tree is upright and productive. A great dessert plum. Partially 211: self fertile. Also called Reine Claude Violette. On Marianna 2624. C $26.50 each CAMBRIDGE GAGE Enjoy these uniquely-flavored, satisfying, rich Gage plums. Sweet, dense flesh is green and firm, and the skin is greenish yellow with a red blush.This partially self fertile, compact tree blooms with Rosy Gage and 055: bears a heavy crop that ripens in late August. On Marianna 2624. C $26.50 each BAVAY GAGE R eputed in England to be the best late Gage plum, this self-fertile selection claims rich flavor, sweet, juicy, deep yellow flesh and yellow-green skin dotted with white. It ripens in late September and hangs on the tree for several weeks. A favorite since 1843, it is large for a Gage and produces a reliable crop. The compact tree suits small gardens. On dwarf Citation rootstock. C010: $24.50 each OPALOpal ripens in late July, one of the first European plums to ripen. Enjoy heavy crops of small to medium size reddish purple roundish plums with a delicious gage like flavor. Opal is self fertile and blooms with Seneca and Victoria. Opal is very popular in England. On Marianna 2624. C214: $26.50 each European plums come in many types, colors and flavors. English Favorites Gage Plums Try our plums from England. They each have fantastic flavor and are the finest connoisseur fruit in the realm. Gage plums came from Italy to France in about 1520 where they were named “Reine Claude”. Brought to England in 1720 by Sir William Gage, he soon lost the labels. These delicious fruits, ideal for dessert or jams, have thereafter been named after him. Raintree recommends you purchase a permanent label for each fruit tree, thereby assuring no plums will be named for you. Other Gages, Coe’s Golden, Stanley and Prune d’ Ente are great Gage pollinizers. EARLY LAXTON This beautiful pink-orange oblong freestone plum with delicious yellow meaty flesh is the season’s first European plum to ripen. Each year the tree overflows with fruit. In 1916 it received the British Award of Merit. The fruit is high in Vitamin C and is rated tops for cooking. The tree is upright, care-free and needs a pollinizer. On Marianna 2624 rootstock.C100A: $26.50 each REINE CLAUDE DOREE T his is the original Gage plum, the famous Reine Claude Doree from France. Connoisseurs prize the small, yellow/green plums that ripen in August or September for their incredible sweet juicy flavor. From Andy Mariani’s orchard. Plant another Gage plum for pollination. On Marianna 2624. USDA Zones 6-9. C015: $28.50 each Order online at www.RaintreeNursery.com or call 1-800-391-8892. 46 COE’S GOLDEN DROP A legendary oblong, golden plum introduced in 1800 at Bury St. Edmunds, England. The medium to large fruits have straw-yellow skin and golden flesh. The plums are incredibly sweet and juicy and have a pocket of intense apricot-like flavor. The freestone fruit ripens in October on vigorous, healthy trees, extending the plum season. It needs a pollinizer. C060 (Marianna 2624): $28.50 each; C060A (Myro 29C): $28.50 each KIRKE’S BLUE Introduced by Joseph Kirke of London in 1830, this large, round, dark blue plum is still the finest flavored of all. Each August, trees at the Wisley Royal Horticultural gardens produce incomparable freestone fruit with yellow, drippingly juicy flesh and a fantastic flavor. A challenge to grow successfully, it needs a pollinizer. C 160A: $32.50 each Victoria Would Like to Introduce Her Swedish Cousin! VICTORIA I n late August of each year, trees in English gardens overflow with these incredibly productive, colorful large oval pink plums. The flesh is a golden yellow and sweet. It is self fertile, freestone and prized for canning and jam. A seedling found in Sussex in 1840, it is England’s most widely planted plum. Now Americans can enjoy it too. On Marianna 2624 rootstock. C290: $24.50 each JUBILEUM Enjoy loads of flavorful large pink/purple plums on this sturdy self fertile tree. Jubileum was bred in Sweden. It is similiar to Victoria but ripens a week earlier in August and has larger fruit. Great for eating or processing. C053A: (Marianna 2624): $26.50 each Try Our Selection of Prune Plums! What makes a plum a prune is that it can be dried. Our prune plums are also great for fresh eating and cooking! ITALIAN PRUNE ( Sehome strain) The Italian prune is famous for reliability and heavy setting. It’s a large purple freestone plum with yellow-green flesh. It is great for drying and canning. Self-fertile. Fruit ripens in late August. C120 (Myro 29C): $23.50 each; C120B (Marianna 2624): $23.50 each SCHOOLHOUSETMA large oval, bright yellow plum with excellent flavor. It appears to be a prune type plum. Its bright yellow color makes it unique. It ripens in mid September and is extremely productive and reliable. It is named for the schoolhouse where it was found in Pt. Townsend, WA. It was brought to us by James Fritz. On Marianna 2624 rootstock. C115: $26.50 each LONG JOHNThis unusual looking, large elongated prune plum is pointed on both ends and a beautiful blue-purple color. The vigorous tree is loaded with delicious, sweet aromatic, firm freestone fruit. The flesh is amber colored. Somewhat self fertile, it benefits by being pollinized by another prune plum. From the New York State fruit testing program and hardy in USDA Zones 5-9. Tested to be one of the highest in antioxidents. C170: $26.50 each STANLEYA flavorful, very large purple prune plum. Excellent for eating fresh, drying or jam. A heavy bearer, self fertile and freestone. C250 (St. Julian A): $24.50 each; C250A (Marianna 2624): $24.50 each MOUNT ROYALEvery August, a huge crop of delicious plums ripen in abundant clusters on this hardy, European plum tree. The mediumsize, round, blue plums with yellow flesh are excellent for fresh eating, canning, drying or freezing. The self-fertile tree, developed in Quebec prior to 1903, is the hardiest and most widely adapted of the tested European plums and is a heavy annual producer. USDA Zones 4-8. C181 (Marianna 2624): $24.50 each; C181A (St. Julian A): $24.50 each PRUNE D’ENTE 707 This self fertile French prune plum is most highly prized in its home country for large, very sweet fruit with violetred skin and yellow flesh. In the tradition of the renowned “Agen” prunes, this clone has a high sugar and low water content, making it superior for drying. Newly available to American gardeners, the fruit is delicious eaten fresh or dried, stewed or made into jams. In France, it blooms in mid season and matures in early September. This cultivar is from Andy Mariani’s orchard. On Marianna 2624 rootstock. C 111: $28.50 each RUTH GERSTETTER Prized for cooking, drying and fresh eating, this high quality, medium-size, blue plum has yellow/green flesh. Bred in Germany about 1920, it is partially self fertile, blooms with Early Laxton and Bavay Gage and bears early season. On Marianna 2624 rootstock. C125A: $24.50 each SANCTUS HUBERTUS NEW! An early ripening purple dessert plum from Belgium. Its medium size fruit ripens in August. It needs a pollinizer and it blooms with Victoria. C 212: $26.50 each SENECA This very large plum is sweet, delicious and freestone. It has beautiful red skin and yellow flesh. It is a regular bearer on an upright vigorous tree. Enjoy the fruit fresh, dried or canned. It needs a pollinizer and ripens in early September. An introduction from the N.Y. Experiment Station, it has proven one of the best European plums in the WSU Mount Vernon tests. On Marianna 2624. C220A: $26.50 each Approximate Plum Ripening Order Purple Gage Mr. Hatif Persian Green Kirke’s Blue Geneva Mirabelle Methley Gumi Jubileum Beauty Italian St. Catherine E. Golden Gras Romanesc Sanctus Hubertus K. Comet Seneca Mt. Royal K. Delight Longjohn Rosy Gage Shiro Victory R. Claude Doree W.Santa Rosa Reine de Mir. Golden Nectar Obilnaja Gros Ameleriot Emerald Beaut E. Laxton G. Trans. Gage Franklin Ersinger Longjohn Victoria R. Gerstetter Stanley Prune d Ente 707 Sprite/Delight Parfume d’ Sept. Schoolhouse Hollywood Blues Jam M de Nancy Superior Bavay Gage M. de Metz Opal Coe’s Golden Jam Session Cambridge Gage Raintree Nursery offers the world’s most flavorful plums! 47 The Olde and the New ST. CATHERINEOriginating in France about 1700, this small oval late season heirloom plum has a juicy sweet and flavorful golden flesh. The ripe skin has a grey bloom. Enjoy them fresh or dried. On Marianna 2624. C117A: $24.50 each Five Incredible Mirabelles Mirabelles are a type of plum, not a variety. Our customers have shown great interest in these flavorful small jewels. Plant two different varieties for best pollinization. All the Mirabelles are on Marianna 2624 rootstock. USDA Zones 5-9. MIRABELLE DE NANCY T his variety is a hit in farmers’ markets throughout France, eaten fresh or made into Brandy. As good today as it was in 1790. It ripens in August. Nancy and Metz are cities in Northeastern France. The fruit is more oval in shape and the tree a more upright grower than the Geneva cultivar. C 207: $32.50 each GENEVA MIRABELLE This small yellow plum with yellow flesh and red dots on the skin is interesting to look at and delicious. It is incredibly productive and full of flavor. Great for tarts, compotes, canning or making jams. Eat this freestone plum in late August. Formerly known as Mirabelle 858, it is a selection from Cornell in Geneva N.Y. The tree habit is spreading. Includes $1 royalty. C205: $28.50 each TM REINE DE MIRABELLE True to its name which translates as “Queen of the Mirabelles,” this regal yellow plum exceeds others in size and claims yellow skin and superb flavor. It ripens later than other Mirabelles and is prized in Europe as a culinary plum, for fresh eating and for luscious preserves. It may be a Mirabelle x Gage plum cross. On Marianna 2624. C 200: $32.50 each PARFUMEE DE SEPTEMBRE True to its name this sweet Mirabelle plum from France is highly flavored and aromatic. It ripens two weeks later than other Mirabelles, holds well on the tree and can be picked for three weeks, so it extends the season. The self-fertile tree produces loads of small, yellow-orange fruit. Both fruit and leaves are sometimes streaked with white, a naturally occurring trait specific to this cultivar. A wonderful fruit, finally available to American gardeners C 202: $32.50 each MIRABELLE DE METZThese soft, sweet, exquisitely flavored plums are small-stoned and yellow dotted with red. This very old, French cultivar ripens in late summer and produces heavily. On Marianna 2624. C208: $32.50 each Three Delicious Europeans Via Orcas Island GUMI A delicious oblong European plum with pink/purple skin and orange flesh. Selected from a thousand seedlings by the father of Ed Suij a fruit breeder from Holland. Suij grows it on Orcas Island in Washington state. It is named for a drop of “gum” that forms on its tip. A favorite at the innovative Bullock Brother’s Permaculture Homestead on Orcas Island. On Marianna 2624. C051: $24.50 each MONSIEUR HATIF M onsieur Hatif de Montmorency is an excellent culinary European plum. It is a roundish medium size freestone purple plum with golden yellow flesh that ripens in August. It is also known as Early Orleans. It is an old variety brought from France to England and on to the U.S. Reportedly self fertile. On Myro 29C.C175: $26.50 each; C175A (Marianna 2624): $26.50 each You Won’t Mind Getting Caught in This Jam BLUES JAMTMThis amazing tree produces so many fruits, they look from a distance like thick dark blue ropes covering the branches. These small “Damson” type plums have a sweet/tart dense flesh and make great preserves. The tree is partially self fertile, upright, disease resistant and easy to grow, setting huge crops in late September. From Cornell. On Marianna rootstock.C215: $26.50 each JAM’S SESSIONTMA blues jam session. Cornell has released this beautiful, heavily productive small freestone plum for the making of a rich flavored Damson plum jam or sauce. Its parentage is open pollinated X Late Muscatel. Its skin is bright blue and flesh yellow. The tree looks beautiful in mid September, loaded with thousands of ripe blue fruit. Also called NY 111. C182: $26.50 each Eastern European Gems GRAS AMELIORATThis small round plum from Romania has a delicious and very sweet flavor. The fruit is red/purple over a yellow ground color with yellow flesh that clings to the pit. It ripens in September and needs a pollinizer. On Marianna rootstock. C213: $24.50 each POZEGACA A unique introduction to American gardeners! Also known as Hauszwetsche. In Eastern Europe, Pozegaca is famous for many processing purposes including preserves and brandy. An old, high quality type of plum, it has many clones, which have been developed over centuries. Our’s comes from the Cornell Geneva Station. The fruit is small to medium sized with blue skin and a waxy bloom. The flesh is firm, greenish or amber with high sugar and a good acid balance. The pit separates easily. It is self fruitful with an upright tree form. The prolific small fruit forms in thick blue ropes and hangs well on the tree for several weeks after maturity. C185 (Marianna 2624): $26.50 each; C185B (Myro 29C): $26.50 each Exciting New Plums From Russia A great find for Northern gardeners. These Russian plums succeed in cold climates where others fail. They consistently produce large crops with little or no care. These cultivars were bred by Gennady Eremin. A $1 per tree royalty is included to support his further research! KUBAN COMET T his unique, dwarf plum tree from Krymsk, Russia, is very productive and easy to grow. The self-fertile tree bears 2-inch long, teardrop-shaped, fruits that turn purple/red when fully ripe in late-July. The bright yellow, clingstone flesh is very sweet and the tart skin resists cracking. Spreading trees reach 10’ tall and thrive in cold climates and in the Pacific Northwest. On Marianna 2624 rootstock. USDA Zones 4-9. C 062: $28.50 each KUBAN DELIGHT When this plum ripens in early August, it wins taste tests for its juicy combination of tart skin and sweet flesh. The small, round fruits have reddish-purple skin and yellow-orange flesh. A very productive, disease resistant selection. On Marianna 2624 rootstock. USDA Zones 4-9.C064: $28.50 eachLIMIT ONE BLAU DE BELGIQUE Noted as a culinary favorite, this medium size roundish purple plum with sweet, firm golden flesh is nearly freestone. It is heavily productive and ripens in mid season. It needs a pollinizer and bloom between Bavay, Coe’s and Victoria. A favorite of the Bullock brothers in western Washington. Also called Belgian Purple is developed in Belgium about 1850. On Marianna 2624 rootstock. C023: $24.50 each Order online at www.RaintreeNursery.com or call 1-800-391-8892. 48 Japanese Plums Japanese plums are a great choice for the beginner. They are easy to grow and so precocious that they often fruit in the nursery row. Of all the fruits we offer, the Japanese Plums are the most productive and easiest to successfully grow! They are great for fresh eating, cooking and preserves. USDA Zones 5-9 unless otherwise noted. LUISA A n impressive new Asian plum from New Zealand. The fruit is large and yellow with a red blush as it ripens and the flesh is yellow. It is a heavy cropper ripening in August. It is partially self fertile. The tree is vigorous and spreading. On Myro 29C rootstock. C173: $28.50 each BEAUTY Beauty is the richest flavored Japanese plum. It has a wonderful blend of flavors that melt in your mouth. The tree is fast growing and extremely productive. It starts fruiting in the nursery rows. The bright red, medium size fruit has amber streaked red flesh. The fruit is reminiscent of Santa Rosa, and it is self-fruitful. Fruit ripens early August, but like all Japanese plums, it does not keep. On Marianna 2624. C020A: $24.50 each METHLEY Methley is the most reliable and easiest to grow fruit tree we offer. Every year in July, before any other tree fruit is ripe, our tree is loaded with hundreds of sweet, medium size, reddish purple plums. They ripen over ten days and don’t keep but, oh are they good for fresh eating, cooking and preserves. The tree is an early, regular bearer and self-fertile. It’s a Japanese plum hybrid. On Marianna 2624. C180A: $24.50 each Flavor Packed Red Leaf Plums HOLLYWOOD T his versatile plum tree is beautiful in all seasons. It’s loaded with showy pink blossoms early each spring. The leaves of this 12 foot tall ornamental are purple and disease resistant. In August it produces an abundance of large round dark red plums with deep red flesh. They are delicious when eaten fresh and make a beautiful jelly. Self-fertile. On Marianna 2624. C130A: $24.50 each COCHECO A red leafed plum that is both beautiful and productive. It is an upright, vigorous tree with attractive, flavorful round pinkish orange fruit with yellow flesh. Developed by Elwyn Meader of New Hampshire, it is disease resistant, very winter hardy and easy to grow. Ripens in late July. It needs a Japanese plum as a pollinizer. C057: $26.50 each More Beauties WEEPING SANTA ROSA Use as a focal point in your edible landscape. It has a beautiful weeping habit and grows to 8’ tall. Enjoy attractive white blossoms in early spring. The fruit is identical in flavor and size but not as productive as the regular Santa Rosa. Patented by Zaiger. On Myro 29C. Self-fertile. C300: $26.50 each GOLDEN NECTAR Famous for its complex melon and honey-like flavor with hint-of-gardenia aroma, this large, yellow, oblong dessert plum deserves a place in the garden. The firm amber flesh, which separates easily from a small freestone pit, is superb either dried or fresh. A seedling of Mariposa, the productive, self-fertile tree needs only 500 hours of chilling. It ripens in August in California but needs more summer heat to ripen than regularly occurs in the Pacific Northwest. On Citation rootstock. C052: $26.50 each SHIRO A large, round yellow plum with an excellent, sweet flavor and sunshine yellow translucent flesh. The tree is incredibly prolific. It ripens midAugust and is partially self-fertile. The fruit is ridiculously juicy. Wear a bib! On Marianna 2624. C240A: $24.50 each EMERALD BEAUT A delicious and unusual late season plum. Ripe fruit holds on the tree longer than any other stone fruit - two months or more. It continues to sweeten, becoming exceptionally sweet, but it remains crisp and crunchy! The Beaut has green skin, which gets yellower as it fully ripens and yellow/orange freestone flesh. It needs 6-700 chill hours. Beauty Plum or a pluot are good pollinizers. Zaiger ®. Pat. 9162. On Citation rootstock. C047: $24.50 each EARLY GOLDENA medium sized round yellow plum with a red blush and golden flesh. It ripens a heavy crop of delicious fruit with an apricot like flavor in July, two weeks before Shiro. It is the best Asian plum for making jams and liquors. It is a vigorous tree and a consistent and heavy bearer at Raintree. It needs a pollinizer. USDA Zones 5-10. On Marianna 2624. C045: $26.50 each A Hardy Japanese American Hybrid OBILNAJA This worldly Russian-bred plum, a hardy cross between Japanese and Myrobalan plums, comes from Yalta on the Black Sea. The partially self-fertile tree produces a heavy crop of mediumsize, firm, red plums with excellent flavor, yellow/pink flesh and very small pits. Fruit ripens early season, about August 5. For best fruit set, choose another Japanese plum as a pollinizer. On Marianna 2624 rootstock. C210: $26.50 each SUPERIOR P roving its name since 1933, this very hardy Asian-American hybrid from Minnesota remains a favorite. The very large fruit has dark red skin and delicious meaty yellow flesh. It blooms with and is pollinized by late blooming Japanese plums like Shiro, Emerald Beaut or a wild American plum. The tree bears a heavy crop of pointed, clingstone fruit at an early age. Plums ripen in August, and keep well on the tree. USDA Zones 4-9. On Marianna 2624. C275A: $24.50 each Japanese plums are incredibly productive! 49 Sprite Delight Superior Shiro W. Santa Pluerry/Nadia Obilnaja Plumcot Methley K. Burgundy Beauty COMBO EUROPEAN PLUM This self-fertile, hardy tree on peach rootstock will grow 12-15’ tall and provide loads of red and purple fruit for canning, drying and fresh eating. Victoria, Seneca, Italian and Early Laxton are the varieties. On Lovell rootstock.C3204: 4x1 Combo $42.50; C3203: 3x1 Combo $36.50; C3202: 2x1 Combo $28.50 each E. Golden 2x1 COMBO PLUM — SPRITE/DELIGHT I t produces tons of delicious fruit each year at Raintree. The plums are round, sweet medium size, freestone, with a purple black skin and tasty yellow flesh. Eat them off the tree in August for almost a month. They thrive in most of the nation in USDA Zones 4-9. They pollinize with each other and with our other Japanese Plums. Patented. A Myrobalan Japanese plum cross. It will grow to 8-10’ tall. On Citation rootstock.C2702: $29.95 each Hollywood Early Plums Including Asians Combo Plums E. Golden Hollywood Beauty K. Burgundy Methley Plumcot Obilnaja COMBO ASIAN PLUM A sian plum trees have a wide pleasing form. Add the lantern looking yellow, red and purple fruit of this self-fertile tree and you’ll have a beautiful, unusual edible ornamental. Enjoy Hollywood, Shiro, Methley and Beauty. Asian Plums are the easiest to grow and most productive of the fruit trees! C3454: 4x1 Combo $42.50; C3453: 3x1 Combo $36.50 each Pluerry/Nadia W. Santa Shiro Superior Delight Sprite (Sorry! Because there are so many possible combinations, we cannot choose which varieties will be missing from any of our 3x1 or 2x1 combo trees!) Useful Facts SUN: Full sun. HEIGHT, SPACING & ROOTSTOCK: Our plum trees are mostly on semi dwarf rootstocks. While ulimate size will vary with pruning, cultivar, climate and soil type, Marianna 2624, St. Julian A and Lovell can be usually maintained at 10-12’ height and spacing. Citation and Krymsk 1 at 8 to 10’ and Krymsk 86 and Myro 29C at about 15’. Marianna 2624 is the most tolerant of very wet soils. HARVEST: July-October. HARDINESS: USDA Zones 5-9 unless otherwise noted. ORIGIN: Europe, Japan and North America. How To Grow SOIL REQUIREMENTS: The European plums grow well on heavy soils. Japanese plums prefer lighter loamy soils. Like the other fruits, 50 For Your Health Plums are rich in vitamins and minerals. Dark red and blue skinned plums are high in antioxidants. Mirabelles are high in beta carotene and Vitamin A. Bloom Order Charts Not a pollinizer Partially self fertile Acceptable pollinizer Select the variety to produce fruit from the left side of the charts. Potential pollen parents are listed across the top of the charts. Opal Cambridge Pozegaca S. Hubertus Jubileum Kirke’s Blue G. Trans. Gage Seneca Victory Stanley Mir. de Nancy Geneva Mir. Mir. Metz Reine de. Mir P. de Sept. Order online at www.RaintreeNursery.com or call 1-800-391-8892. Reine de. Mir P. de Sept. Mir. Metz Geneva Mir. Mir. de Nancy Stanley Seneca Victory G. Trans. Gage Kirke’s Blue Jubileum S. Hubertus Pozegaca Cambridge Opal Doree Blues Jam Ersinger Schoolhouse Victoria Mt. Royal Purple Gage R. Gerstetter Italian Jam Session Prune d’Ente Rosy Gage European Plums Coes Golden Bavay Gage IN THE KITCHEN: Plums can be eaten fresh, canned or made into leathers or used for jams and jellies. The varieties which are best suited for drying are referred to as prunes. Prunes can be stewed or made into pastry filling. IN THE LANDSCAPE: European plum trees tend to be 10-15 feet tall and upright with attractive deep green foliage. Japanese plums tend to be more spreading. They have a lighter colored foliage. All are adorned with beautiful white to slightly pink flowers in the spring. Japanese plums are amongst the first to flower and mark the beginning of spring. they prefer a slightly acidic soil. Our plum rootstocks are tolerant of a wide variety of soils. CULTURAL REQUIREMENTS: The European types can be grown as a central leader tree and don’t require much thinning or pruning when mature. Fruit is born on spurs and also on new wood. Japanese plums are best grown with open centers and are very bushy, requiring thinning of branches. POLLINATION: E. Laxton Some plums Bavay Gage are reliably Coes Golden self fertile. However many Rosy Gage plums need Prune d’Ente a pollenizer. Italian Jam Session Also plums Purple Gage are a diverse R. Gerstetter group and Victoria Mt. Royal some varietSchoolhouse ies’ pollen is Doree not fully compatible with Blues Jam all others. Ersinger E. Laxton How To Use Plums Grow a Hedge of Cherry-Like Plums Plant a group of these seedlings to make a great edible hedge. They thrive in the north where many other cherries and plums fail. You need two for pollination. USDA Zones 3-8. Mume Japanese Flowering Apricot NANKING CHERRY PLUM (Prunus tomentosa) Harvest flavorful, tart cherry-like plums in early summer, from beautiful dwarf trees. They will grow into wide, bushy 10-12’ tall trees or can be planted 4-5’ apart to make an edible hedge. The 1/2” fruit can be eaten fresh or used in pies or jelly. This plum and cherry relative is native to central Asia and is a popular fruiting plant in Russia. It is tolerant of drought and needs a well drained soil. It doesn’t do well in the Pacific NW or other areas where brown rot is a problem. 2-3’ seedling bushes.D520: $6.50 each; 5+: $4.50 each; 10+: $3.50 each (Prunus armeniaca mume) These are the legendary Japanese flowering Apricot trees with unusually beautiful bright “green” branches and loads of delicate pink almond scented flowers.They flower very early in the spring and can be frosted and lose the crop but not their beauty. The cut flowers are unequaled in early spring. In Japan and other parts of the Orient, the ripe fruit is made into apricot brandy or jam. Green fruit is used to scent tea, candied, boiled, made into a vinegar, preserved in sugar or often pickled in salt to make “Umeboshi”. Each is partially self-fertile but select two varieties for better pollination. These gorgeous trees grow to 15’ or more. Zones 5-9. Beach Plums PEGGY CLARKE Selected for its fully double rose pink fragrant flowers. It also produces edible fruit. C447: $26.50 each KANKO BAI A superior ornamental variety, this beauty is prized for its gorgeous, fuchsia-red blooms, red tinted foliage, and orange red fruit. The small (to 15’), self-fertile tree blooms in late winter and produces tart, apricot-like fruit. C446: $26.50 each BUNGO A cross of regular apricot and “mume”. Enjoy single pink very late season flowers and the largest of “mume” fruit up to 2” in diameter. C445 (Myro 29C): $26.50 each Schoolhouse (Prunus maritima) The Beach Plum is a fruiting shrub native to coastal dunes of the Northeastern U.S. Since colonial times, people have collected wild fruit to make preserves and jelly. Today, native stands still support a cottage beach plum product industry in the Northeast. They usually grow as bushes less than 10’ tall at maturity and produce small round plums that can vary in color. Select two seedlings or one and a grafted variety for pollination. They don’t produce well in the Pacific Northwest. BEACH PLUM SEEDLING C 315 (2-3’ seedling bushes): $5 each; 5+: $3.50 each JERSEYGrafted cultivar producing tasty red plums. On Marianna 2624. C305A: $26.50 each Plum Pollination Notice: We do not always know the relative bloom times or ripening times of every cultivar we are offering. If a variety isn’t listed, choose a mid-season pollinizer. Also, European plums have some pollination incompatibilities even when bloom time overlaps. Since most test plantings are of many varieties it is impossible and also not necessary to know which cultivar is pollinizing which other cultivar. We offer many of the world’s best tasting plums, and we suggest unless the cultivar you select is self fertile that you choose several different cultivars to maximize pollination and fruit set. Cutbacks in funding for fruit variety trials have also made reliable bloom time information harder to obtain. Medlars (Mespilus germanica) Although little known in the U.S., medlars have been grown in Europe for thousands of years. They are attractive small, self-fertile trees that grow to 10’ with healthy foliage, white flowers and unusual 1 inch diameter round fruits that are collected in the fall, after the first frosts. When picked, the fruits are much too hard to eat immediately. If allowed to ripen for a few weeks in a cool lighted place they undergo a process called ‘bletting’ and become soft, spicy and very rich. Enjoy the cinnamonapple sauce flavor scooped out with a spoon or made into a delicious jam. On OHxF 97 rootstock. 3-5’ trees. Zone 5-9. MACROCARPA A mong the largest of the Medlars, with fruit to two inches in diameter. The fruit is flavorful. The tree habit is compact. D006: $28.50 each MONSTRUEUSE DE EVREINOFF The name refers to the large 2 1/2” yellow/brown, fruit with pinkish brown flesh. The taste is described as “pleasant, well balanced between sweet and almost syrupy with the edge of acidity that delights connoisseurs.” Developed near Montauban France by M. Evreinoff.D007: $28.50 each MARRONHighly productive, with large fruit that has flavorful pulp. 009: $26.50 each D A s a ‘Brit’ I was thrilled to find so many fruit varieties I grew up with in your catalog. I spent many happy hours under a Victoria plum tree gorging and giggling over boys. Your trees are a tasty way of sharing a special part of my culture with my kids. Thanks again. -- B. T. Lebanon, OR SULTAN A desirable lemon-shaped cultivar with lemon fragrance found in the markets of Turkey. We obtained it from the germplasm repository in Corvallis Oregon. The medium size tart fruit ripens early for a quince, in late September and keeps until December. D 011: $28.50 each What do medlars and fast food french fries have in common? They were both cooked in ancient Greece. 51 Rootstocks A Word About Rootstocks MM 111 - R110 Produces a semi-standard heavy bearing, precocious, well anchored tree about 20 feet tall. This rootstock has fiberous roots and does well in a wide variety of soils. It is hardy to -35° F. Or, graft an 8” piece of Bud 9 to it and make a well rooted, dwarf interstem. We make virus free rootstock available to the backyard grower who wishes to start his or her own trees. The choice of rootstock has much to do with tree performance. The rootstock is the major factor in determining the size of the tree, its cold hardiness and tolerance of wet or dry conditions. It helps determine how soon the tree will bear and some of the diseases to which it will be resistant. Raintree offers fruit trees grown on superior dwarfing rootstocks. The following rootstock information will also help you understand more about successfully caring for your Raintree fruit trees. Remember that with any rootstock, the ultimate height of the tree depends not only on the rootstock but on the variety grafted, the type of soil and the methods of pruning and care. You may graft on to patented rootstocks but may not reproduce the rootstock itself. ANTONOVKA - R055 Rootstocks Are Sent in February This plum rootstock is also known as VVA 1. Plums and apricots grown on this dwarfing rootstock have proven precocious. An excellent choice for home orchardists, the rootstock produces a tree about half the size of standard and it has shown excellent results when grown in heavy soils. (PPAF) Includes $1 per rootstock royalty. Despite our best efforts to have them ready earlier, it is always February, sometimes early March, before we can send you the rootstocks. They may therefore be sent separately from the rest of your order. Rootstock prices are listed on the next page. A Russian suckerless rootstock that produces a full-size, 25’ to 35’ tree. Hardy to -50°F. Wide soil adaptability. Produces large yellow, flavorful apples if allowed to fruit. MALUS FUSCA - M909 Native NW crab for very wet sites. Natural semi-dwarf. Grape Rootstock 101-14 - R230 This understock imparts phylloxera resistance. It also increases the winter hardiness of the variety. The rootstock allows the grape variety to ripen one to two weeks earlier, making it possible to ripen varieties which otherwise would not mature. USDA Zones 5-10. Plum, Apricot, Almond & Peach Rootstock Grafting works well with plums, almonds and apricots. Peaches and peach rootstock, won’t usually take with winter grafting and need to be budded in summer. USDA Zones 4-9. MARIANNA 2624 - R401 This plum rootstock will produce a semi dwarf tree maintained from 10 to 15 feet tall. It does very well on wet soils and tolerates a variety of soils. It is compatible as an understock for plums and some almonds and apricots. KRYMSK 1TM - R116 APRICOT SEEDLING - R250 (Prunus armeniaca) It is compatible with all apricot varieties and some other stone fruits, it makes a vigorous tree. Works best on lighter soils. Apple Rootstock EMLA 27 - R020 Can be maintained at only four to six feet in height. It is well suited for growing in a container or a small yard. Trees grafted on EMLA 27 bear early and heavily. It needs staking. It is hardy to -25° F. This rootstock is patented and it may not be reproduced without permission of the patent holder. USDA Zones 4-9 Pear & Quince Rootstock OHxF stock is compatible with all European pear varieties, it can also be used as a dwarfing understock for Asian pears or medlar but not for quince. It induces early production and is winter hardy at least to -20° F. It does well on a variety of soils. BUDAGOVSKY 9 - R280 OHxF 333 PEAR - R225 EMLA 26 - R060 OHxF 97 - R119 A very dwarfing apple rootstock similiar to EMLA 9 but more hardy. Trees can be maintained at 6 to 10’ in height. Requires staking. USDA Zones 3-9. It will produce a dwarf tree that can be maintained from 8-14 feet tall. Does well in most soils. It is hardy to -40° F. Produces fruit in 2-3 years. Can be grown free standing but needs staking on windy sites. It doesn’t sucker much in the orchard. USDA Zones 4-9. EMLA 7 - R100 Produces a semi dwarf tree maintained from 11-16 feet tall. Trees can begin bearing in 3-4 years. It is hardy to -35° F. and does well on wet soils. Suckers need to be removed each year. USDA Zones 4-9. GENEVA 30 - R010 Good resistance to crown rot and fire blight, this rootstock produces trees about 11-16’ tall. It is similar to EMLA 7, but has better anchorage, higher production and fewer burr knots. Stake for the first few years. USDA Zones 4-9. Survival improves after grafting if you don’t cut rootstock’s new lower side limbs until new growth is established. MM 106 - R105 Semi-dwarf rootstock slightly bigger than M7 that does well on a variety of soils. USDA Zones 4-9. 52 This Old Home x Farmingdale cross, Brooks selection, (abbreviated OHxF) grows 75% of standard produces a tree that can be maintained at 15 feet tall. Produces a full-size pear tree. It is precocious, winter hardy, resistant to fireblight and pear decline. OHxF 87 - R118 Grows 75% of standard. Induces early, heavy bearing. Works well for Asian and European pears and is very winter hardy. QUINCE BA 29c - R227 Makes a 10-15’ semi -dwarf tree. Compatible with Cydonia Quince and some European pears. It is tolerant of wet soils. USDA Zones 6-9. I have not ordered from Raintree before. After unpacking my plants I can report that the person that packed my plants had excellent packing skills and exhibited respect for the plants and the recipient. -- W.P. Tulsa, OK Order online at www.RaintreeNursery.com or call 1-800-391-8892. ROOTSTOCK PRICES Cherry Rootstock KRYMSK 5 TM Order rootstocks on the regular order form. - R117 (PPAF) A hybrid of P. fruticosa x lannesiana. Larger in size than Gisela 5®, trees can be maintained at 15’. Non suckering, precocious and compatible with all cherries. Developed by Russian breeder Gennady Eremin at the Krymsk Vavilov Institute. Royalties go to support his program. This rootstock is patented and may not be reproduced without permission of the patent holder. Also called VSL 2. USDA Zones 4-9. Includes $1 per rootstock royalty. COLT - R115 Colt produces a 3/4 size tree that can be maintained at 20 to 30 feet in height. It tolerates a wide variety of soils, but produces a smaller tree in wetter soils. USDA Zones 4-9. • EMLA 26, EMLA 7, EMLA 27, Bud 9, Geneva 30, MM106, MM 111 & Antonovka Apple; Marianna 2624, Apricot Seedling & OHxF 333, 87 & 97 Pear; Colt Cherry & Quince BA29C: • Each one $3.50; 5+: $3.00 each; 10+; $2.50 each; 25+ $1.85 each • Krymsk 1 Plum & Krymsk 5 Cherry: $4 each; 5+: $3.50 each; 10+: $3 each; 25+: $2.50 each • 101-14 Grape, Malus Fusca: $5 each; 5+: $4.50 each; 10+: $4each Note: Different rootstocks can’t be combined for quantity discounts. We offer 1/4” caliper rootstocks, the size used by commercial nurseries. Pear and plum rootstocks are grown from cuttings, so they may have a bend at the bottom of the new growth. Rootstocks will not be available for shipping until mid-February. Orders including rootstocks will begin being shipped at that time. More Grafting Supplies See page 87 for descriptions. T240 10/$1.50 Grafting bands T090 20/$1.50 Budding bands Chip budding tape T150 $3.50 T153$5.00 Parafilm T485 10/$2.50 Permanent labels 100/$15 Box of permanent labels T485B $19.95 1 quart Farwell Tree Heal T180 S050 $2.95 Grafting leaflet Starting Your Own (Stooling or mound layering for apples, plums and cherries) 1. Plant the rootstock in your garden one foot apart. Let it grow through the season. TINA GRAFTING KNIFE T 755: $39.50 each VICTORINOX BUDDING/ GRAFTING KNIFE Excellent quality Swiss folding knife with a stainless steel blade. This high quality, economical right-handed knife will make your propagating much easier. T750: $19.95 each A 2.Cut it off at ground level the following spring. 3. During the next (and each following) spring and early summer it will send up shoots. Every couple of weeks, hill up sawdust or dirt around the new shoots, always leaving the terminal bud exposed to continue its growth. Sawdust is preferred. 4. The following winter, use your hands to pull the sawdust away. Cut off the now rooted shoots at the base of the mother plant. OMEGA GRAFTING TOOL T245: $75 each 5. Use the rootstocks for bench grafting, or if they are slightly too small, plant them for summer budding. Those which are smaller can be planted in a bed and grown another year. Rootstock Propagation Tips on Grafting Rootstocks Plums, cherries and pears are often done by hardwood cuttings in the fall or early winter. Stoolbeds are often used for apples. For cuttings, use pencil size new wood and cut about 10 inches long. Using bottom heat will increase success but plums often root if just stuck in the field. Lovell peach is grown from seeds. How to collect scionwood: Cut vigorous, pencil-size (1/4” diameter) wood when the tree is dormant (Dec-Feb.). Select only last year’s new healthy growth. It’s at the end of branches and has flat vegetative buds not plump fruit buds. Storing the scionwood: You need pieces only 4-6” long for grafting. However, you can store pieces a foot long or more. Label each variety. A piece of masking tape and magic marker works well. Dip the scionwood in a solution of one tablespoon Clorox to one gallon of water and dry off. Place the scionwood in a plastic bag. Wet a paper towel and wring it out. Put it in the bag with the scionwood and seal. Keep refrigerated until you graft. Grafting: The booklet (S050: $2.95) shows you how. Determine how high to graft on rootstock by matching the size of rootstock and scionwood. Use a grafting band. (T240: Bundle of 10 $1.50) Also consider purchasing a grafting knife or an Omega grafting tool, which can make grafts easier for beginners or people uncomfortable with a sharp knife. After care: Keep the roots moist. “Callus” the graft by keeping it at room temperature for about ten days before planting it in a nursery or garden area where it’s easy to care for. After one or two years, plant it in your orchard. For more complete grafting instructions, buy our grafting leaflet. (S050: $2.95 each) Planting Your Grafted Rootstock Graft at the rootstock height where the size of scion and rootstock most closely match. It is often best to plant the grafted rootstock in a garden or easy to care for area, spaced about 18 inches apart for one or two years before planting the tree into your orchard. Use your fingers or pruners to keep any buds from growing below the graft union. Choose only one vigorous branch to tie up to start your new trunk and prune off any other branches that start to grow. Custom Grafting by Appointment Only How to Rescue Heirloom Varieties: You may want to save an old variety by collecting scionwood from that tree and grafting the wood on to a new rootstock. Or we can do the grafting for you if you bring the dormant scionwood to the nursery. Call us first for details and an appointment. We charge $5 per graft plus the cost of the rootstock. (Less for quantities of 10 or more of a variety! Ask our horticultrist for a price quote.) We can do grafting for you or teach you to do it at our annual Raintree classes. We offer grafting classes! See page 92 for more info. Make your own fruit trees ... Here are the materials you need to suceed! 53 Persimmons (Diospyros species) Both Asian and American persimmons are very beautiful trees that produce delicious, sweet orange fruit. All the trees we offer are grafted and will have superior quality fruit on an early bearing tree. We can ship only Izu, Coffee Cake, Chocolate, Hachiya and Jiro to CA. We offer 3-5’ trees. Our Asians are on D. Lotus rootstock and unless otherwise noted are hardy to about 10°F. Chocolate, Hachiya, Jiro, Izu,Coffee Cake and Saijo thrive in and can be sent to CA. Best Asians For Warm Summers JIROJiro is round and flat with an orange skin and sweet mild flesh. It is a non-astringent type, great eaten while firm. Also known in the U.S. as Fuyu. D215: $39.95 each Unique Asian, American Cross NIKITA’S GIFT Almost as hardy as the American persimmon and almost as large as the Asian, Nikita’s large crops of 2-1/2”, flattish, red-orange fruit are certainly gifts. When fully ripe and soft, this hybrid persimmon is sweet and flavorful. Fall foliage is a gorgeous orange color. From Nikita Botanic Garden in Yalta. It is selffertile. On D. virginiana rootstock. D 224: $39.95 each American Persimmons MEADER T he only available American that is reliably self-fertile. From fruit breeder Elwyn Meader of New Hampshire. These grafted trees are upright growing, very cold hardy, and among the first to ripen, even in areas with cool summers. D 255: $38.50 each GARRETSON One of the best American Persimmon varieties, Garretson bears heavy crops of sweet, high quality fruit. Garretson ripens early and is very hardy and easy to grow. Needs a male persimmon pollenizer (D230). On D. virginiana rootstock.D219: $39.95 each CHOCOLATE Choice of connoisseurs. The medium size red, conical, astringent type fruit develops sweet, spicy brown flesh when ripe if pollinized. It is astringent until ripened off the tree. It’s the best pollinizer for the Coffee Cake variety. D217: $39.95 each MALE AMERICAN The male is a beautiful tree but doesn’t produce fruit. It will pollinate all American females including Meader. On D. virginiana rootstock.D230: $36.50 each COFFEE CAKE(Nishimura Wase) A richly flavored variety that ripens a month before Jiro. It ripens in climates with summers too cool to consistently ripen Jiro or Fuyu. The fruit is large and roundish. The tree is vigorous and easy to grow. It is called Coffee Cake for its rich flavor and brown flesh color when ripe. It is a pollination variant non astringent which means it develops its rich sweet flavor and cinnamon color when pollinized. Saijo and Chocolate are the best pollinizers.D216: $39.95 each Northerners Can Grow American Persimmons HACHIYA This is the variety most often found in stores. The 4” long acorn shaped fruit is deep orange when ripe and very sweet and flavorful. It is great dried. It is astringent until ripened off the tree and eaten when soft. D218: $39.95 each Earliest Ripening Asians IZUA very early ripening, fine quality Asian persimmon. This is a nonastringent selection. It sets medium sized fruit on a dwarf tree. Hardy to 0°F. D250: $39.95 each SAIJO Saijo is the only Asian persimmon we can ripen in our cool summers at Raintree in western Washington. This self fertile cultivar is hardy to -10 degrees F. It produces consistently sweet acorn shaped fruit on a small tree. D260: $39.95 Note on Delayed Leafing Don’t worry! Because persimmons, unlike most plants, break dormancy based on heat units, not chilling hours, many newly planted persimmon trees don’t come out of dormancy the first season, in a cool spring and summer climate like the Pacific NW, until summer or even fall. A bare root tree could be simply planted in the ground or could be potted to provide more heat for the roots and then unpotted and planted just after it started to leaf. Planting instructions are included with each tree. 54 Meader grafted American Persimmon trees grow much larger than Asian varieties and the fruit is smaller. However the Americans usually ripen earlier and the trees are much more winter hardy. The fruit is astringent until fully ripe. Zones 5-9. All Americans are on D. virginiana rootstock. We cannot ship American persimmons to California. Using Persimmons IN THE LANDSCAPE: A beautiful ornamental, the large glossy leaves turn bright red each autumn. After the leaves fall, the orange fruit hangs like many lanterns on the tree. SUN OR SHADE: Persimmons can tolerate some shade but Asian varieties, in particular, require a sunny location to ripen the fruit. PLANT HEIGHT & SPACING: 15’ for Asians, 35’ for Americans though they are easily maintained at 15’. HARVEST TIME: Oct.-Nov. Fuyu and Hachiya, because of longer ripening time, often don’t ripen in Western WA. but thrive in the Willamette Valley and other areas with warmer summers. Americans ripen in October. PICKING & STORAGE: Pick astringent varieties after they color up and allow the fruit to soften and become “mushy’ inside before you can enjoy the sweet flavor. The American cultivars are all astringent. Non-astringent selections are delicious even when eaten while the fruit is ripe but firm. Non astringent firm “apple type persimmons” are the most popular in Japan. They do need thinning to increase fruit size. POLLINATION: Asian persimmons produce seedless fruit without pollination. Americans, except Meader, usually need a male for pollination. YEARS TO FIRST FRUIT: 2-3 years for grafted trees. SOIL REQUIREMENTS: Persimmons are adapted to a wide variety of soil types. They are tolerant of wet soils and also do well on light sandy soils. Once established, they can withstand some drought. CULTURAL REQUIREMENTS: They have almost no pest or disease problems. The tree can be kept small with judicious pruning. Use a modified central leader. Pruning should be confined to light thinning and heading back excessively vigorous growth. Persimmons flower and bear fruit on the current season’s growth. Order online at www.RaintreeNursery.com or call 1-800-391-8892. Mulberries Berries on a tree? Yes! The fabulous, abundant fruit of the Mulberry (Morus) looks like plump blackberries and are wonderful eaten fresh, in fruit salads or made into an outrageous pie. Great as an ornamental, the self-fertile trees grow quickly and bear fruit while still small and young. All three species (black, white and red) are attractive trees that can become quite large or be pruned to stay much smaller. Since all but the white mulberries stain, avoid planting a tree where the fruit will land on a patio or sidewalk. They are self fertile unless noted. Zones vary by variety. We offer 3-5’ trees unless noted. Productive Favorites ILLINOIS EVERBEARING(Morus alba x rubra) A natural cross between white and red mulberry trees, this vigorous, grafted tree is extremely hardy (to -30°F) and very productive. It can start bearing its sweet, deliciously distinctive fruit the first year after planting. Berries ripen continuously throughout July, August, and September and look like big, elongated blackberries when ripe. The black, almost seedless fruit is very sweet and considered the best by many. The tree will grow to 35’ tall, but is easily pruned and kept much smaller. USDA Zone 4-9. D420: $26.50 each PAKISTAN (Morus alba) The huge 3” long berries of this selection from Islamabad are not only sweet with a complex balance of flavors, but they are good in the red stage as well as the purple/black ripe stage. A productive, spreading tree with large, heart-shaped leaves, it excels in areas with long, hot summers. USDA Zones 6-10. D424: $32.50 each OSCAR (Morus Alba) Considered among the the most flavorful, this selection when fully ripe produces loads of medium size black fruit. The fruit can also be eaten at the red stage and has a “raspberry” flavor. It is a fast growing, easy to care for tree. USDA Zones 6-9. D430: $28.50 each SILK HOPE (Morus alba x rubra) Since mulberry leaves are the sole food source of the silkworm, some American trees date to the early 1800’s, when North Carolina was part of a thriving silk industry. Although the industry was soon eclipsed by foreign competition, this tree, which was discovered by A. J. Bullard, boasts this historic distinction and thrives better than most in the South. It bears 1-½ inch long, sweet, black fruit that ripens for about two months in early summer. USDA Zones 7-10. D426: $28.50 each YIELD: 20 lbs. or more LIFE EXPECTANCY: Rubra and Alba up to 75 years, Nigra up to 300 years. SIZE AND SPACING: Trees grow to 20 or more. Varies by variety and species. PRUNING: Maintain pyramid shape. Not much pruning needed. Trees With White Fruit Because their fruit is white, the fruit does not stain, therefore the tree can be planted near the house or patio. White mulberries look interesting against their pretty green leaves. SWEET LAVENDER N EW! (Morus Alba) This cultivar produces quantities of sweet and flavorful white fruit which won’t stain and will look attractive on the tree. Fruit is enjoyed fresh or dried. USDA Zones 5-9. D433: $26.50 each WHITE FRUITING NEW! Selected for its pure white fruit and sweet flavor. The tree is of medium size, spreading and productive. It is excellent eaten fresh or dried. USDA Zones 4-9. D435: $28.50 each SARAHANPUR NEW! (Morus macroura) This mulberry species comes from Northern India and Nepal. The fruit is yellowish white and 2-3 inches long with a sweet melon like flavor and aroma. The fruit ripens in the early summer. Trees grow 20-30’ tall. Hardy USDA Zones 8-10. Possibly Zone 7. D434: $28.50 each BEAUTIFUL DAY ( Morus alba) The sweet white fruit will not stain like the darker mulberries! Eat it fresh, or dry it for snacking later. The tree grows to about 30’. USDA Zones 6-9. D400: $28.50 each Morus Nigra WELLINGTON (M. alba x rubra) Considered the best mulberry grown at the New York State Fruit Testing center in Geneva. The tree is a heavy cropper. The sweet black cylindrical fruit ripens over several weeks. Hardy to USDA Zones 5-9. D425: $26.50 each Using Mulberries SHANGRILA (Morus alba) From Florida, it thrives in the South and can be grown in other areas with moderate winters. This small tree, up to 20 feet, is productive and has tasty large black fruit and very large, heart-shaped leaves. USDA Zones 6-9. D432: $29.95 each KING JAMES II T he large, richly flavored fruit is dark red when ripe. Enjoy it fresh, in pies, preserves or wine. This majestic tree which grows 30’ tall and wide was originally planted in the famed Chelsea Physic Garden in London England by King James II in the 17th century. Destroyed in the bombing during World War Two, cuttings of the tree were rescued. Bring the flavor of history to your yard. The tree is hardy in central England. USDA Zones 8-10. 1 gallon pot.D427: $36.50 each KOKUSA KOREAN V igorous and fast growing, this mulberry variety from Korea produces seedless two-inch sweet black mulberries soon after planting. Possibly a sub species of Morus Nigra. USDA Zones 7-9. D421: $28.50 each Unique Choices for a Small Garden CONTORTED ( Morus Alba Unryu) The contorted Mulberry is an incredibly beautiful landscape focal point. This Japanese tree features a gnarled trunk and branches. It has small tasty purple fruit and attractive yellow fall foliage. A great edible landscaping plant, it can be maintained at 8’ tall. USDA Zones 5-9. D410: $26.50 each WEEPING FRUITING This is an amazing ornamental tree that can grow in a wide arc that sweeps to the ground. Stake it up to the desired height and then let it weep. The tree is loaded with tasty small fruit, which can only be seen from inside the canopy, The fruit turn reddish black when ripe. Pull back a lower branch and there is room inside for a secret hiding place for children. USDA Zone 5-9.D440: $28.50 each Our disease-resistant cultivars make growing easier. 55 HARVEST: During summer depends on variety. POLLINATION: Self Fertile HARDINESS: Varies by variety. Most Alba and Rubra Zones 5-8; Nigra Zones 8-10 CULTURAL REQUIREMENTS: Generally easy to grow with few pests. Paw Paws (Asimina triloba) The paw paw is the largest edible fruit native to America. Well known in much of the eastern United States, the tree has long, tropical looking leaves and produces dark green, oblong fruit (3” to 6” long) with a pulp that tastes like vanilla custard. You can just take out your spoon and eat the delicious treat. While the paw paw tree grows well in much of the nation, it needs a long hot summer to ripen its fruit and only the earliest ripening cultivars stand a chance of maturing in the cooler parts of the Pacific Northwest. The pulp has big seeds that are easy to spoon out and discard or plant to grow additional trees. Paw paws are slow growing and small upon arrival. Earliest Ripening These are most likely to ripen in areas with cool summers like the Pacific Northwest. PENNSYLVANIA GOLDEN Very sweet and flavorful, medium to large fruit. Reportedly the earliest of all our varieties to ripen. A great variety to try in cooler regions.D391: $27.50 each NC-1 NC-1 is an early ripening variety from Canada. It bears great crops of large and flavorful fruit. D373: $27.50 each Outstanding Cultivars From Kentucky SHENANDOAHTM This patented new variety is one of the largest and most flavorful Pawpaws, each weighing up to a pound. The fruit ripens in mid season and is sweet and flavorful with creamy-yellow, custardlike flesh. D 394: $27.50 each SUSQUEHANNATMThe largest of all the Peterson Paw Paw selections. Susquehanna fruit is very sweet and richly flavorful with very few seeds. Individual fruits can weigh a pound! It ripens in mid season. D395: $27.50 each MANGO M ango is the most vigorous of the usually slow-growing paw paw varieties, and it produces a good crop of tasty fruit with yelloworange flesh. D393: $27.50 each PAW PAW SEEDLINGS Not as consistently productive as the grafted varieties but a great value and just as likely to grow well. Choose two for pollination or one and a grafted variety. 1 gallon pot. D 370: $14.50 each Using Paw Paws INTHELANDSCAPE:Enjoy its bright yellow fall foliage. SUNORSHADE:Though they need sun to ripen, paw paws are a natural hardwood forest understory plant that likes high humidity. HEIGHT&SPACING:Trees slowly grow to 25’ or more but can be maintained at 10-15 feet height and spacing. HARVESTING:In fall when fruit color turns from green to yellow. HARDINESS:Zones 5-9 YEARSTOFRUITING:Outside their native habitat, Paw Paws often grow very slowly and can take many years to start producing. POLLINATION:Each variety has inconspicuous brown flowers in May and is insect, or more reliably, hand pollinated from the male flowers of one variety to the female flowers of another variety. TRANSPLANTING:The tree has a tap root and grows very slowly at first. That is why we offer them in pots. Transplant with as much soil as possible, trying not to disturb the roots. 56 Edible Dogwoods Our dogwoods are small ornamental trees with beautiful spring flowers and attractive summer foliage and fall color. Dogwoods are planted for their ornamental beauty, but in Russia and elsewhere they are prized for heavy production of delicious fruit. Cannot ship to Florida. We offer 3-5’ trees. Cornus Mas Has Flavorful Fruit Cornus Mas, also called “Cornelian Cherry” is a fantastic small ornamental tree that bears flavorful fruit. Trees are beautiful in all seasons. They are covered with yellow flowers in the spring before the leaves appear. This is followed by flavorful summer fruit and red and yellow fall foliage. Cornus Mas thrives in soil with high organic content. Trees like partial shade in hot summer areas and full sun where summers are cooler. USDA Zones 4-9. 3-5 foot trees unless noted. RAINTREE SELECTThe most flavorful and productive of many seedlings grown from productive trees from Russia. This tree ripens elongated red fruit late in the season. D567: $26.50 each KAZENLAKThis cultivar from Bulgaria produces an abundance of 1-1/2” long, deep red fruit prized for its jumbo size and excellent flavor. D581: $28.50 each LIMIT ONE YELLOW FRUITED T his beautiful edible ornamental produces beautiful yellow flowers each spring and is loaded with unique yellow fruit 1 inch long each fall. Use another Cornus Mas variety as a pollinizer for fruit. D578: $26.50 each REDSTONE SEEDLING Redstone was selected in Europe for abundant red fruit used in sauces, preserves and syrups. Clouds of early spring golden blossoms cover this 15-20’-tall tree or multi-stemmed shrub. 1-2’ foot trees. D568: $9.85 each; 3+: $7.50 each Kousas Loaded With Fruit! (Cornus Kousa) These beautiful ornamentals grow to 12-15’ tall with attractive, disease resistant, ovate leaves that turn scarlet in fall. Enjoy large showy white flowers in June. Pick round bright edible red fruit in October. Space 12’ apart or 4’ apart to make a stunning 6-8’ hedge. Best in good garden soil with afternoon shade. USDA Zones 5-8. 2-3’ size. BIG APPLE KOUSATM Selected for its cascades of large red, tasty fruit. Self fertile. D585: $22.50 each Ornamental Dogwood WOLF EYES(Cornus kousa) This incredibly beautiful, small dogwood tree has exquisite leaves. They are variegated, green bordered by white, with an unusual texture that adds a sensation of movement. Starshaped, white spring flowers are followed by orange-red fruit that will attract birds; in fall, the foliage takes on pink and red shades. Place the 12-15’ tall specimen tree in full sun to partial shade in a 183: loamy, well-drained soil. M $19.95 each Order online at www.RaintreeNursery.com or call 1-800-391-8892. Figs (Ficus carica) If you are among the many people who associate a fig tree with only a hot dry climate, you are in for a delicious surprise. Fig trees thrive in the Pacific Northwest and much of the nation. Most of the varieties we offer have been selected for cold hardiness and early ripening. A warm location with a southern exposure Desert King is important for ripening fruit in a maritime climate. Mature plants are all hardy to about 10° F. Fig plants can be grown in colder climates if they are pruned as a bush and covered in winter or grown in a pot and brought inside in winter. How to Use Figs, see page 58. We offer vigorous, well rooted plants. Widely Adaptable EXCEL E njoy the sweet, rich flavor of this. medium size, yellow fruit with amber pulp. Excel is resistant to splitting even under adverse conditions. It is a superb, all purpose fig. Introduced in 1975. It’s considered very hardy. D311: $22.50 each VIOLETTE DE BORDEAUX Also known as Bordeaux and as Negronne. The very productive tree produces two crops of purple black figs with strawberry colored flesh. Very good in quality with a rich flavor.D360: $22.50 each HARDY CHICAGO From a garden near Chicago comes this hardy excellent fig which, once established, can freeze to the ground and come back to produce a crop the same year! The fruit is medium size, with purple skin and a sweet, rich flavor. D320: $22.50 each LATTARULA This high quality fig is among the most popular and widely adapted varieties. The ripe fruit, with amber colored flesh and yellow-green skin, is so tasty for fresh eating, canning, and drying that it has earned the nickname “Italian Honey Fig.” D330: $19.95 each PETITE NEGRI A dwarf tree or bush that thrives in a pot and produces large crops of sweet purple/black fruit with red flesh. It has two crops a year and sets more fruit for its size than most other varieties. It produces well in hot summer areas. When grown in a pot, in a cool summer climate, it can be brought inside to finish ripening. D345: $22.50 each PETER’S HONEY Brought from Sicily, this fig is one of the best. The skin is a beautiful shiny yellow green when ripe, and the flesh is superb for fresh eating, drying and canning. D340: $19.95 each MARY LANE A medium size almost seedless yellow green, fig with amber flesh. Also called ‘Jelly Fig’ it is excellent for fresh eating canning and drying. It produces two crops a year Well adapted to California, the Northwest and the Southeast and should be tried elsewhere. D 336: $19.95 each STRAWBERRY This variety produces small to medium sized fruit, with green skin and strawberry colored flesh. It is a good all purpose fig. D361: $19.95 each Best Choices for Cool Summer Climates DESERT KING T op rated in the Pacific NW for its reliability and delicious flavor, this fig tree produces large, very sweet and tasty fruit with dark green skin and pink flesh. Each year, the overwintering “breba” crop will ripen in August. It is a San Pedro type fig, which physiologically cannot ripen a fall crop. Grow it for its unrivaled overwintering crop. D310: $19.95 each; 3+: $17.50 each OLYMPIAN Along with Desert King the best bet for cool summer areas. This newly available fig was found in Olympia, Washington, and regularly ripens a delicious breba crop in August and often a fall crop in cool summer areas where others fail. Brought to us by Denny McGaughy, this red/purple skinned, red fleshed fig has been long awaited.D343: $28.50 each LIMIT ONE BROWN TURKEY This hardy tree bears heavily and can produce two crops of large delicious fruit each year. The figs have mahogany colored skin and light amber flesh that is very sweet. Highly reliable in much of the Pacific NW.D355: $19.95 each; 3+: $17.50 each PASTILLIERE A beautiful bright purple fig with flavorful strawberry colored flesh. It often ripens an October crop in the Pacific Northwest where most others fail. It is a good companion to varieties like Desert King which ripen only a summer crop. It is thought to be a Japanese variety called Hirta that was introduced into Europe in the 19th century. One gallon pot. D342: $22.50 each Figs for Hotter Summers PANACHEE TIGER STRIPE This light yellow, small to medium, pear-shaped fruit is adorned with unique dark green stripes. The flesh has strawberry color and good, sweet flavor. It needs a long, warm growing season and ripens late. D359: $22.50 each FLANDERS The richly-flavored amber flesh of Flanders is among the most flavorful of all figs, and the beautiful fruit with violet stripes and white flecks resists splitting. The highly productive tree requires a hot summer or a greenhouse for the fruit to ripen and develop its outstanding flavor. D312: $22.50 each BLACK MISSION The most popular fig, heavy-bearing and long-lived, Mission produces large, teardrop shaped fruit with purpleblack skin and richly flavorful, strawberry-red flesh. Trees grow well in California, on the coast or inland, and they set both an overwintering “breba” crop in early summer and a later crop in fall. Hardy to 15°F.D305: $24.50 each LIMIT ONE TEXAS BLUE GIANTA huge fig with attractive purple skin and a delicious melting amber flesh. A winner in the south, it thrives in Texas and other hot desert areas. Grow it inside in the North. Zones 7-11. D365: $22.50 each 57 Mt. Ash Hybrids These are beautiful, unusual upright hardy trees with large glossy compound leaves. Bred by famed Russian plant breeder Ivan Michurin. Each is self-fertile. USDA Zones 3-8. 3-5’ trees. IVAN’S BEAUTYTM (Sorbus aucuparia x Aronia) Sweet-tart, small, wine-red fruit, prized for making wine, jelly and sauces, cover this small beautiful 12-15’-tall yard tree. D710: $24.50 each IVANS BELLETM (Sorbus aucuparia x Craetagus) An attractive tree from the Ukraine. The 15’ tree has large, glossy compound leaves and produces loads of tart, ½”, wine red fruit that is prized for making wine, jelly or sauces. D711: $24.50 each NAVEZHENSKAYA (Sorbus acuparia edulis) We obtained this variety from St. Petersburg, Russia. It is a beautiful colorful tree that can grow to about 25’ tall. The tree produces a profusion of small red fruit lasting from summer to fall, that are used to make jelly and sauces.D718: $24.50 each Edible Hawthorn RED SUN CHINESE HAW(Crataegus pinnatifida) An attractive species of small 12’ tall trees from northern China with 1” diameter fruit which turn red when ripe. This fruit is tasty when eaten fresh, dried, or used to make syrups, preserves or candies. USDA Zones 4-9. Self-fertile. D163: $24.50 each BIG BALL (Crataegus pinnatifida) This variety is grown for its one inch diameter flavorful red fruit. The tree is very productive.D166: $24.50 each BIG GOLDEN STAR (Crataegus pinnatifida) Unlike the common hawthorn, this tree has no thorns. It is a striking small tree with very large, lobed leaves. Good autumn color and edible fruits 1 1/2 inch in diameter. D168: $24.50 each Jujubes (Zizyphus jujuba) Jujubes are pretty trees with glossy green leaves that turn yellow in the autumn. Called “Chinese Date”, the fruit is very sweet, reddish brown when ripe, 1-1/2” long with a single seed. These grafted trees will grow to 20’ or more but can be maintained much smaller. They are very productive and early bearing. The fruit needs hot summers to ripen well. In cooler summers pick it half brown and half green and bring it inside to finish ripening. The myth of Zizyphus is that they are all tender sub-tropicals, but jujubes are hardy in Zones 6-10. These partially self fertile cultivars produce better with another cultivar for pollination. We ship 3-5’ trees. LANG L ang has large, pear-shaped, flavorful fruit which must be fully colored for best eating. Let the summer ripening fruit dry on the tree. The tree is upright and almost spineless. Needs a pollinizer. D 204: $39.95 each SUGAR CANE (Zizyphus jujuba) As the name suggests, the small to medium-size fruit of this jujube is extremely sweet. It ripens mid-season on a very spiny plant. Despite the spines, the fruit is worth the effort. Needs a pollinizer. D206:$39.95 each SHERWOOD JUJUBE Enjoy the excellent tasting, firm large shiny reddish- brown date-like fruit that has a sweet apple-like flavor. When candied and dried, it resembles a date. Sherwood is good in hot desert areas. It is an attractive upright grower with shiny leaves and far fewer thorns than other selections. Not recommended for areas where climate cools before fruit ripens. D 207: $39.95 each CONTORTED JUJUBE A very ornamental version of jujube which also bears a small amount of delicious fruit. Use another variety as a pollinizer.D205: $39.95 each Edible Cactus PRICKLY PEAR ( Opuntia cycloides) This cactus is great for growing in a pot or in the ground. It is hardy and easy to grow. Use about 6” of pea gravel and little or no soil for drainage. It grows 5-7’ tall, tallest in mild winter areas and has beautiful yellow flowers and long sweet purple 3” fruit. The fruit is used to make jelly. Surprisingly, it thrives in the Pacific NW. Zones 6-10. 1 gallon pot. D180: $24.50 each LARGE FRUITED OPUNTIA ( Opuntia engelmanii) Like the cycloides cactus, but with red/purple, flavorful fruit that is twice as large. Enjoy the pretty yellow flowers. It grows to 4’ tall and has blond colored spines. Zones 7-10. 1 gallon. D185: $24.50 each How to Use Figs IN THE KITCHEN: Fresh figs are a wonderful treat. They are delicious dried or eaten fresh or cooked into sauces and jam. IN THE LANDSCAPE: With its large dark green leaves and spreading habit, the fig tree has a tropical appearance. Trees can slowly grow very large but can easily be kept small with pruning. It is beautiful planted on the patio or near walkways. Grow as a potted plant on a porch, deck or other sunny area and bring inside during severe winter weather. Useful Facts HARDINESS: Mature trees can stand 10° F. Lower temperatures cause freezing to the ground, but new growth resprouts from the roots. Zones 7-11. Chilling needed is only 100 hours. SUN: Trees tolerate shade; maximum sun is required for fruit. SPACING: 15-20’. With pruning they can be placed closer. POLLINATION: Varieties we offer do not need pollination. LIFETIME: 100+ years. PROPAGATION: By rooted cuttings. HARVESTTIME: The first (over wintering “breba”) crop ripens in summer, the second crop ripens in fall. In cool summer areas only the breba crop may ripen. Fruit is ripe and ready for harvest when it droops on the stem from its own weight. YEARS TO FRUIT: 3-4 PESTS: None of importance. How To Grow SOIL REQUIREMENTS: Figs are adaptable to varied soils. A well-drained fertile loam, close to neutral pH is best. CULTURALREQUIREMENTS:Plant on the south side of a building or wall and protect from cold winds. Figs do not need much fertilizer. While water requirements are low, regular irrigation during dry spring and summer spells will result in consistent growth and good crops. Prune to a vase shape allowing air and light to penetrate the center of the tree. LIEnjoy large, round early season fruit, up to 3 oz. in mid-August. Li may be picked at the yellow-green stage. It is best eaten fresh. Partially self-fruitful. D202: $39.95 each Order online at www.RaintreeNursery.com or call 1-800-391-8892. 58 WONDERFUL The variety usually found in markets. Hot summers are needed to fully ripen the large, tart fruit. D 490: $22.50 each KASHMIR BLEND Named for its delicious blend of complex flavors. Kashmir Blend produces a tart, rich flavor beloved by pomegranate aficionados. The exquisite balance between acid and sugar results in great juice. D478: $24.50 each AMBROSIA E njoy very large sized fruits, up to three times the size of Wonderful. Ambrosia has pale pink skin and purple sweet-tart juice, similar to Wonderful. D 477: $24.50 each Pomegranates (Punica granatum) We offer a wide selection of pomegranates, each with its own complex and unique flavor. The pomegranate can be grown as a small tree or in a bush form. Their bright foliage and beautiful orange flowers make them a beautiful landscape plant. Pomegranates require only 150 chilling hours & need welldrained soil. Pomegranates ripen well in the South and in California. They grow well in the Pacific Northwest but don’t get the intense summer heat they need to ripen. Growing them as a multi-stemmed bush in a pot and bringing them in in the fall can extend their productive range. EVERSWEET Since it is the first pomegranate to ripen (a month or more before Wonderful), Eversweet bears in shorter season areas. Its large, dark red, virtually seedless fruit is sweet, even when immature, an added ripening advantage over other cultivars. Delicious, sweet-tangy fruit has clear, non-staining juice. D485: $24.50 each PINK SATIN This attractive pomegranate has unique, edible seeds and a sweetly refreshing flavor. Soft, edible sweet seeded cultivars are sought after by cultures familiar with pomegranates. The soft seeds make it seem almost seedless. Its original name is Pink Ice. D479: $24.50 each RED SILK This dwarf UC Davis introduction grows to about 6’, making it perfect for a large patio pot! It produces an abundant crop of large fruit with red juice and a delicious grenadine flavor 491: $24.50 that has a pleasing balance of acid and sweetness. D each SWEETSweeter fruit than Wonderful, with better quality in cool-summer climates. It is a compact plant, suitable to espalier and container growing. Harvest in late summer. Unsplit ripe fruit stores in a cool, dry place for two months or more. D480: $24.50 each PARFIANKA This naturally dwarf pomegranate sets profuse amounts of fruit even when young. The medium size, yellow fruit has a bright red blush, soft seeds and a sweet-tart taste that is rated among the best in taste tests. Parfianka makes an excellent juice. D486: $26.50 each POMEGRANATE ROADSBy Gregory Levin 183 pages. Floreant Press, Subtitled “A Soviet Botanists’s Exile from Eden.” A beguiling blend of memoir and pomegranate horticulture. Dr. Levin tells of his life’s work in a remote Soviet research station in the mountains near Iran. S329: $18 each J ust a note about the Pakistan Mulberry I ordered. I have to admit I was a bit shocked when I opened the box and saw the size -- much larger than I expected! It arrived in good shape and the buds are just swelling. Thank you. I will definitely order from you in the future. -- B.R. Tulsa, OK About Pomegranates IN THE LANDSCAPE: Enjoy the spring display of showy orange-red flowers on these glossy leafed arching shrubs. IN THE KITCHEN:Try several varieties to experience the range of delicious pomegranate flavors. Use them in a wide variety of delicious Middle Eastern recipes. Useful Facts SOIL: Most need well drained soils. EXPOSURE: Full Sun. POLLINATION: Self fertile. HARDINESS: Zones 8-10.They are hardy to about 10° F. Even if frozen to the ground, plants will re-sprout from the roots like a fig. If grown in a pot, they can be brought in to ripen. SIZE & SPACING: Prune them as a 8-10’ tall shrub or allow them to become a beautiful 15-20’ tree or espalier. RIPENING: Late Fall. YIELD: 15 plus pounds per plant. Pomegranates and Your Health Pomegranates are rated among the most healthful of fruits. Studies show pomegranate juice has much more polyphenol antioxidants than any other drink, including red wine and blueberry juice. It is rich in flavonoids which researchers find protects against heart disease. 59 Olives A great holiday gift! Since the beginning of civilization, a branch of the olive tree has been an emblem of peace and its oil, a symbol of abundance. A mature olive tree of these hardiest cultivars is hardy outdoors to 14° F. Olive trees ripen best in relatively dry climates with hot summers and moderate winters. However, an olive tree also grows easily indoors in a pot, maintained at 6’ in height or less. Full sun, well-drained soil, and a warm spot in the garden will increase the chances of ripening a crop in marginal areas. Enjoy the creamy white flowers in May and the long graceful evergreen leaves. The elliptical leaves are green on top and grey below. An Olive tree is slow growing and can live for a thousand years. 1 gallon pot. Zones 8-10. ARBEQUINA OLIVE A rbequina is a self fertile small round olive from the Catalan area in Northeast Spain. It produces a world renowned high quality, aromatic fruity oil. Its oil content is high, 20-22%. Arbequina is also an excellent greenish brown table olive bursting with a nutty, buttery flavor. It thrives in areas where winter temperatures don’t fall much below freezing and tolerates a variety of soils. The tree can be maintained at 10’ tall, is of medium vigor with a weeping shape. It often starts bearing the year after planting. D805: $22.50 each LECCINO L eccino is from Tuscany in Northern Italy and widely planted throughout the world. The tree is widely planted for oil production. The fruit is ripe in early season and purple green at picking time. It makes a mildly fruity oil. The oil content varies from 16 to 21%. It is also used for making table olives, semi-ripe or black. It is somewhat resistant to winds and fog. It needs the another olive variety as a pollinizer. One gallon pot. D801G: $22.50 each Tea (Camellia sinensis) Plant an authentic tea plant in your yard! These pretty evergreen Camellia bushes grow about 4’ tall (taller in mild regions) and can make an attractive evergreen hedge.They have pretty fragrant autumn flowers. The leaves are elliptical, 2-4” long and contain the stimulant caffeine. Leaves will produce green or black tea. Research suggests that green tea has special beneficial health properties. These plants also grow well indoors in a pot. Plants prefer sun or partial shade. A Chinese way to make green tea is to “pick only the new growing tips (the top three leaves on a branch). Spread and dry in the shade for six hours. Then on low heat in an open pot, heat the leaves for a couple of hours, frequently stirring. You can use your hand to stir. Then put the leaves in a cup and pour boiling water over the leaves. You can drink it with the leaves still in the cup.” For black tea, ferment the leaves. Plants are hardy in the Pacific Northwest. Zone 7-10. RUSSIAN TEA G rown from seed gathered in Tea plantations in Sochi, Russia along the Black Sea. This is the northern most area where tea is grown commercially. Flowers are white and fragrant. 1 gallon pot.L503: $22.50 each TEA BREEZE A beautiful white-flowered ornamental variety that is also used to make delicious tea. 1 gallon pot. L 501: $22.50 each Bananas Offered in 1 gallon pots. Prohibited to HI. Hardy Gorgeous Ornamentals BASJOO HARDY BANANA T his Japanese native is hardy to zero when mulched. It will grow to 15’ tall (less than 10’ in a large pot) and grace your northern yard with giant tropical looking banana stems and leaves. Though its fruit is not palatable the flowers are showy. It needs sun, lots of summer water and lots of nitrogen for rapid growth. After the first fall frost, prune the stems to a foot high. In May, new growth is spectacular. J320: $24.50 each MEKONG GIANT (Musa itinerans var. xishuangbannaensis) A newly discovered hardy species from Yunnan China. This vigorous grower can reach 15 feet in temperate climates and much larger in warmer climates. It produces very large red and yellow flowers that are used in cooking in China and large clumps of ornamental fruit. The trunk becomes pinkish purple with age. It is hardy to USDA Zones 6-10 with mulching.J338: $24.50 each Delicious Indoor Favorites DOUBLE BANANA T his sport of the Dwarf Cavendish banana is also known as ‘Mahoi’. It will grow to about 7’ tall in a large pot. Happy indoors with high light levels and temperatures 65°F or higher, it usually produces two large heads of sweet little bananas, sometimes three, beginning the second year. Try it outdoors in USDA Zones 9-10 and inside elsewhere.J336: $24.50 each DWARF RED(Musa ‘Dwarf Red’) Growing only 6’ to 8’ tall, this beautiful, red skinned banana can bring the tropics to your home while the snow falls out-doors. It needs high light levels and temperatures 65°F or higher to do well, but will reward the grower who provides these conditions with delicious fruit that is almost black when ripe. USDA Zones 9-10. J335: $24.50 each Banana Book BANANAS YOU CAN GROWby Stokes & Waddick, 128 pages. For Northern and Southern home gardeners. Includes 66 cultivars. Sections are on cultivation, propagation, best cultivars for each site and growing in greenhouses and containers. Well written with many color illustrations. S009: $19.95 each R aintree Nursery has wonderful plants, and I’ve been impressed by the large and diverse selection. -- J.C. Huntington Station, NY BLUSHING MAIDEN Similiar to Tea Breeze except the flowers are a pretty pink color. 1 gallon pot. L501: $22.50 each Order online at www.RaintreeNursery.com or call 1-800-391-8892. 60 Papaya BABACO PAPAYA An ideal edible and ornamental houseplant, hardy to 28°F. It has a beautiful trunk and tropical leaves and is easily grown in a 15 gallon container. The plant grows to 6’ tall and produces several amazing ten inch long, bright yellow delicious papayas each year. 1 gallon pot.J310: $34.50 each Unusual Edible Plants from Chile Chile has similiar climates to the west coast of the U.S. CHILEAN GUAVA ( Myrtus ugni molinae) The attractive Chilean Guava bears red, one inch oval fruit with a tart flavor and aroma reminiscent of strawberries. The self-fertile bush loves warm climates and can grow to 15-feet, but will stay smaller, 6-to-8-feet, in cooler climates. Trim the bush to a size you like and consider planting several to make an unusual hedge. Chilean Guavas, favored long ago by Queen Victoria, can even thrive outdoors in southwest England. Plant in well-drained soil in a sunny location or grow as a greenhouse plant.The leaves are a tea substitute. Zones 8-10. 1 gallon pot.J370: $19.95 each LUMA APICULATA This beautiful evergreen shrub or small tree from Chile and Argentina can grow to 15’ or more. Each fall, loads of small, round, blue-black fruit with translucent flesh cover the plant. The aromatic, sweet fruit can be eaten fresh or made into a blueberry like topping for cheesecake. Its dark green leaves resemble huckleberry and its small, creamy white, starry flowers appear in mid-summer and continue into fall. Mature plants develop smooth, cinnamon color bark, much like that of madrone that peels back to reveal white to pink under bark. We offer seedlings. Plant two to assure pollination and more to prune into an excellent hedge. Grow in sun to part shade in a well-drained, acidic site with lots of organic matter. Zones 8-11. Quart pot. D177: $17.95 each CHILEAN GUNNERA (Gunnera tinctoria) Each leaf on these awe inspiring plants from southern Chile and Argentina is up to six feet across. The leaves are lobed with cut edges. The young stalks are edible if peeled and taste like rhubarb. It needs a sunny spot and rich soil high in nitrogen. It loves moisture in the air and thrives in the Pacific NW. Zones 7-10. 1 gallon pot.L505: $22.50 each Lost Crops of the Incas “Lost Crops of the Incas” is the title of a book published in 1989 and is free online. Of the over 30 food crops discussed in the book, we picked three tuber crops that are nutritious, easy to cultivate, can be grown in much of the country and offer a new taste experience. OCA (Oxalis tuberosa) A nother tasty tuber from the Andes. One of the lost crops of the Inca’s, Oca is the second most popular tuber in Peru after potatoes. The small, bright pink tubers are similar in flavor to a tangy potato. The attractive clover- like foliage is also edible. The tubers mature late in the season and are usually harvested after the first light frost. In northern areas where frost comes before November, protection is needed to get good sized tubers. L559: 5 tubers for $14.50 YACON(Smallanthus sonchifolius) Yacon is a perennial plant grown in the mid-elevation Andes for its crisp, sweet-tasting tuberous root, delicious eaten fresh. The texture and flavor is a cross between a fresh apple, watermelon and celery. In Northern areas, plant after the last frost and harvest after the first few frosts have caused the tops to die back. While usable-sized tubers develop fairly early, they taste much sweeter after some frost. Yacon has two types of tubers, the edible storage tubers and the much smaller edible propagation tubers which grow just under the soil surface. Zones 5-9. 4-inch pot. L558: $16.50 each MASHUA(Tropaeolum tuberosum) Among Andean tubers, Mashua, a relative of the garden nasturtium is one of the highest yielding, easiest to grow, and most resistant to cold, to USDA Zone 7 or maybe colder. It also repels many insects, nematodes, and other pathogens, thus making it a valuable plant to intercrop with other species. The tubers about the size of small potatoes have shapes ranging from conical to carrot like. Mashua is high yielding, even under conditions of almost no management. You will receive 2 tubers.L553: $18.50 each Roots, Shoots and Leaves WASABI ( Wasabia japonica) Chances are you’ve never had real wasabi but rather a combination of mustard, horseradish, and food coloring. Native to Japan, it is grown for its unique, enlarged stem or rhizome. Wasabi prefers shade and cool temperatures, so is well suited to the Pacific NW. The highest grade of wasabi is grown in moving water but it does just fine in soil and in containers. Wasabi grows best in summer shade on soils high in organic matter, well watered with good drainage. When planting wasabi, the crown should remain above the soil surface. Temperatures below 27° F. will kill the top growth and perhaps the whole plant so winter protection is advisable. Its ideal range is between 40 and 70 degrees. Slugs love it, so slug control may be necessary. Instructions are included with each plant! 4” pot.L557: $16.50 each HORSERADISH (Amoracia rusticana) Plant this vigorous root 3 inches deep in a rich soil with full sun, spaced two feet from other plants. Harvest roots after a frost, beginning the second year. It grows 2-3’ tall and can be aggressive. Use by grating the roots. Zones 5-9. Large root. L540: $5.50 each 61 CRIMSON CHERRY RHUBARB Rhubarb is easy to grow in most soils. Eat the stalks, not the leaves, because leaves can be toxic. Cherry is an extremely heavy and reliable producer. This is the reddest variety, tending to be red all the way through. Stalks are up to two feet long and are tender with no stringiness and a full rich flavor. We offer jumbo sized crowns. USDAZones 5-9. Plant 4’ apart.L508: $6.95 each SAFFRON CROCUS (Crocus sativus) From this beautiful, fall-blooming crocus comes true Saffron, a highly prized and highly priced spice that has been used for flavoring since ancient times. The spice is found on showy, thread-like stigmas in each delicate lilac bloom. Easy to grow in the Pacific NW and other areas with similar climates, Saffron Crocus prefers good spring rains, mostly dry summers and temperatures that stay above minus 10° F. Plants grow from corms, which can be dug, divided 007: and replanted to encourage more plants. 2¼” pot. Zones 6-9. M $9.50 each Natural Sweetener Plant SUGAR LEAF ( Stevia rebaudiana) This terrific perennial herb is the source of the world’s only all-natural sweetener with zero calories, zero carbohydrates and a zero glycemic index. Many times sweeter than sugar, the leaves, which have a pleasing anise-like taste, can be used fresh as a flavoring and sweetener or can be dried and powdered for use in baked goods or other processed foods. Sugar Leaf is not hardy below freezing. It can be grown in pots and brought into a sunny window for winter. It’s susceptible to house plant pests. 4” pot. L510: $11.50 each Thai Cooking Favorites LEMON GRASS(Cymbopogon citratus) An easily grown perennial herb, essential to Thai and Southeast Asian cuisine. It is also used to add lemon flavor to herbal teas or chopped finely in sauces and deserts. It will grow to 2-3’ tall and spreads by numerous shoots sprouting from the base of the clump. It loves heat and summer sun and can tolerate drought but can be killed by freezing temperatures. Since it does well in a pot, Northerners can grow it outside spring through fall and just cut the top growth back and bring the pot in for the winter. 4” pot. L5804: $9.50 each SICHUAN PEPPER Use the highly fragrant seeds and leaves in your spicy Chinese cooking. This shrub grows to 10’ tall and is hardy to -10°F. While production is said to benefit from having a male and a female plant, almost all plants produce both fruit and seeds. One gallon size. USDA Zones 6-9. L565: $19.95 each KIEFFER LIME (THAI)Distinctively shaped leaves are used in Thai cooking. Fragrant leaves, thinly sliced provide flavoring for curries, soups, and main dishes. The flesh is not eaten but the bumpy rind is used as zest. USDA Zones 10-11. 2-year potted tree. J210Q: $49.95 each I was a little apprehensive because of slightly higher price and shipping costs but it was well worth it! The trees were big and healthy and are now blooming after just a short time in the ground. I can’t tell you how refreshing it is to get my money’s worth from a mail order nursery, so many of the others just aren’t worth dealing with-poor or dead plants, no customer service, etc. You have a customer for life! Thanks again for the great products! I’ll be ordering more in the near future! -- M.C. Albion, IN 62 Asparagus Fresh picked Asparagus has four times the natural sugar as spears stored just one day which gives it a better flavor without boosting your blood sugar. Jersey Knight is among the most nutritious varieties however the purple asparagus has three times the antioxidants. When asparagus is harvested at six inches tall it is much sweeter than the taller spears. Cooking Asparagus adds to its antioxidant value. SWEET PURPLE F or the asparagus connoisseur. The purple spears have a 20% higher sugar content and are often eaten raw. Very tender when cooked, the sweetness gives the spears a mild, nutty flavor. Heavy grade. R 530 (10 crowns): $14.50; R535 (25 crowns): $28.50 JERSEY KNIGHT A new very flavorful “all male” variety. Since it doesn’t produce flowers or seeds, all the energy goes into making delicious, tender spears. It is much more productive than traditional varieties. Expect loads of new tender spears each spring. We offer heavy grade crowns. R520 (10 crowns): $13.50; R525 (25 crowns): $26.50 GROW THE BEST ASPARAGUS Storey Books, 12 pages. S205: $3.95 each Using Asparagus IN THE KITCHEN: Eat fresh, frozen or canned. IN THE LANDSCAPE: Fern like foliage makes a perennial border. Grow in full sun. A patch can last 15 years. Harvest after three years. Zones 2-9. SOIL REQUIREMENTS: pH 6.5 to 7.5 Deep organic soil, good drainage. CULTURAL REQUIREMENTS: At planting, add rotted manure and compost. Dig trenches 8 to 10 inches deep and plant the crowns 12 to 18 inches apart. Some new methods call for shallower planting. Spread out the roots. Cover with 3-4 inches of soil. As the shoots emerge, continue to fill with soil. Water, if weather is dry. Do not cut spears until the third season after planting. Then be sure to stop harvesting after June so fern growth can take place. This builds up the food reserves for the following year’s crop. Cut foliage when it yellows in the fall. Groundcovers and Herbs Cover the ground with a beautiful carpet of foliage, thereby reducing erosion and providing a mat that inhibits weeds. Good ground covers spread easily and quickly and will grow underneath other edible plants. They need weeding and or mulching and watering to get established. Since it is often not affordable to plant groundcovers so close together that they cover the ground immediately, people often plant 1-2 feet apart. Plants fill in and cover the ground in a year or two. Chunks of most established ground covers can be removed to extend a planting. Lingonberries, strawberries, Maine blueberries, wintergreen and many other berries make great edible groundcovers. See them on pages 5-20. Northwest Native Groundcover KINNICKINNICK ( Arctostaphylos uvaursi) This native evergreen ground cover thrives in most soils, even in sand. It needs little care. Prostrate trailing branches thickly covered with small dark green leaves yield white or pink blossoms in late spring. Bright red berries follow, lasting well into winter. Native Americans valued the berries as food and the leaves in smoking mixtures, though now the fruit is most often eaten by birds. It is a beautiful way to cover a lot of ground in a hurry. It is great for sunny slopes and cascading down walls. USDA Zones 5-10. 4” pot. G665: $4.50 each Order online at www.RaintreeNursery.com or call 1-800-391-8892. Fragrant Culinary Herbs CHICKEN OF THE WOODS DOWELS(Laetiporus sulphureus) Easy to recognize, the combination of bright orange and sulfur yellow make it a real show stopper. As tasty as it is colorful, it could make a great landscape addition. It grows on hardwood logs and stumps through the United States. P304C: 100 plugs: $18; 3+ packages of 100: $15 each WOOLLY THYME(Thymus praecox Languinousus) Fragrant and beautiful, this wonderful evergreen ground cover has small, soft, grey-green leaves and tiny red flowers. Throughout the year, the mat of foliage looks like Ireland seen from an airplane. Great in a rock garden, between stepping stones and on slopes, it thrives in our trials at Raintree. Provide good drainage and full sun for best results. USDA Zones 5-9. 4” pot. L520: $5 each Grow Mushrooms in Your Garden ARP ROSEMARY H ardy and easy to grow, this beautiful plant grows to 2-3’ tall. It has grey-green foliage and pale blue flowers with a strong Rosemary and lemon fragrance. USDA Zones 7-10. 4-inch pot.L575: $5 each Lavender: So Beautiful & So Useful FRED BOUTIN (Lavandula x intermedia) Beautiful in all seasons, this fragrant cultivar grows to 3’ tall. This multi use cultivar is used for flower wands, oil and also for baking in cookies. A great edible landscape plant. USDA Zones 7-10. 4” pot.L515: $8.50 each HERB PICKING RAKEThese rakes are handmade in Maine. Each is extremely strong, made of sturdy lightweight aluminum with spring steel teeth. Designed specifically to harvest herbs and flowers. It is 7 1/2” wide and weighs 2 lbs. Tine spacing is 7 mm.T315: $65 each Mushrooms Hardwood Varieties SHIITAKE DOWELS (Lentinus edodes) Shiitake mushrooms are delicious with a rich flavor and firm texture. They are also very nutritious, containing lots of B vitamins and other substances that appear to lower cholesterol and boost the immune system. While they are an expensive delicacy, relatively new to the Western world, people in China and Japan have been enjoying Shiitakes for millenia. P302C: Package of 100 dowel plugs: $18 each; 3+ packages of 100: $15 each OYSTER DOWELS(Pleurotus ostreatus) Among the easiest mushrooms to grow. Chefs are raving about its strong delicious flavor when breaded or fried. While relatively rare in nature, it is easy to grow on a wide variety of hardwoods and is suited for home culture. The mushrooms are white to pale gray or brown, flattened or funnel-shaped and borne in large shelf-like clusters. P252C: Package of 100 dowel plugs: $18 each; 3+ packages of 100: $15 each MAITAKE DOWELS(Grifola frondosa) Maitake, also know as “Hen of the Woods”, can be reliably grown in its native range in Eastern North America. It is prized by mushroom hunters for its delicious flavor, beauty and large size (the record is over 100 lbs). Maitake contains healthful and medicinal compounds. It is best grown on fresh cut stumps or logs that are partially buried after inoculation. Oak and elm are recommended but other hardwoods can be tried.P265C: Package of 100 dowel plugs: $18 each; 3+ packages of 100: $15 each LION’S MANE DOWELS(Hericium erinaceus) A tasty, large, showy mushroom. Found in late summer and fall on hardwood stumps throughout much of the U.S. Oak, walnut and beech are favorites but it grows on many hardwoods. A medicinal, said to improve cognitive abilities. P305C: Pkg. of 100 dowel plugs: $18 each; 3+ pkgs of 100: $15 each KING STROPHARIA GARDEN GIANT SPAWN (Stropharia rugosa-annulata) Also know as the “Garden Giant”. As the name implies this mushroom can get large, but these beautiful wine red mushrooms are far tastier when picked at the button stage. It is a very easy mushroom for the home cultivator and can be readily grown in your berry, vegetable, and flower beds. Just mix fresh hardwood chips or sawdust with our King Stropharia Spawn, mulch around your garden with the spawned chips and keep moist. In 6 to 12 months the mushrooms will begin to appear and in many parts of the country will continue fruiting from spring through fall. Once introduced to your garden, this species will often become truly perennial, appearing year after year. King Stropharia is very heat and cold tolerant and can be grown in most of the country. If hardwood chips or sawdust are not available, un-composted straw will also work. In Germany they grow them on straw bales. One 4-lbs. bag of spawn should inoculate a wheelbarrow full of chips. Instructions are provided with each spawn order. P275D: $32.50 each PORTABELLO ALMOND SPAWN(Agaricus subrufesens) is favored as a culinary and as a medicinal mushroom. It grows best when mixed in with your compost or a bagged compost and manure product and then used as a mulch around your plants. It also grows well on pasteurized straw. (A way to pasteurize your own straw is to soak it completely underwater in cold water for a week.) It is a warm season mushroom. Keep the bag of spawn refrigerated until late spring when you can plant it out and it will fruit during the summer and fall. It also grows well in a tote and will produce more quickly than in the garden. 4lb bag of spawn. P 280D: $32.50 each Grow Oyster Kits in Your Kitchen on Coffee Grounds Grow the Oyster mushrooms described below on a 4-pound block in your kitchen. These easy-to-grow kits can give two or three flushes of mushrooms. Here’s a great tip for the Oyster kit to keep it growing for a long time: Once they have fruited, pack the remaining spawn into a block with used coffee grounds. Instructions included show you how. OYSTER SPAWN KIT(Pleurotus ostreatus) Oysters are the easiest to grow, and you can keep them going for many months using the instructions included with your order. P252K: $26.50 each 63 Edible Vines How to Grow Mushrooms on Logs or Stumps For those of you with patience and access to fresh cut logs from conifer or hardwood trees or stumps such as alder, oak, birch or cottonwood, you can grow lots of mushrooms at home. Mushrooms grown from dowels are very winter hardy and can be grown throughout most of the nation. Using our “dowel plug spawn” you can inoculate logs or stumps with mushroom cultures. It is important that the logs are freshly cut, and the bark in good condition. It is best to cut the logs in late winter or early spring before the buds break and leaves appear. A 4-6” diameter and 4 foot length is convenient, but not essential, stumps and odd sized pieces can also work. Using a 5/16 drill bit, drill holes about 1.5” deep and space them 5 or 6” apart. A 4’ log will need about 30 or more dowels. More will result in faster colonization and perhaps quicker production. Hammer a plug in each hole and seal with paraffin or a compound like Doc Farwell’s Tree Heal. The logs are then stacked in a shady location where moisture can be maintained. Mushrooms should begin to appear in from 6 months to 2 years and will continue to appear on the logs for several years. Softer woods like alder or cottonwood will produce fewer mushrooms than denser woods like oak, but may start sooner. Or use dowels in stumps. Full directions are provided! Get rid of your stumps the slow way, turn them into mushrooms. Fresh cut stumps inoculated with dowel spawn will supply tasty mushrooms for many years. Just inoculate the top near the bark and also the sides and let nature take its course. A one foot diameter, one foot tall stump would use 150 or more dowels. Grow more than one variety on large stumps. Use Hardwood stumps like alder or oak that don’t regrow. (It is critical that you correctly identify the mushrooms you eat. Carefully follow the instructions included in your order.) Ornamental Vines A Fragrant Hummingbird Favorite GOLD FLAME HONEYSUCKLE (Lonicera x heckrotti ‘Gold Flame’) The buds on this shrubby, non-edible twining vine begin as pink, opening to a heavily fragrant creamy yellow. Enjoy the blooms and the hummingbirds from spring through summer. It grows in sun or partial shade. 1 gallon pot. Zones 6-9. H212: $22.50 each Exquisitely Fragrant Hardy Jasmine JASMINE STEPHANENSE (Jasmine beesianum x officinale) In mid-summer this beautiful evergreen vine is covered with clusters of soft pink, fragrant flowers that waft the scent of a tropical paradise. Yet this cousin of the tropics is hardy to 0° F. and will thrive on a fence or trellis. It will climb to 15-20’. In colder locations it is deciduous and benefits from winter mulch. Jasmine are not edible. 1 quart pot. H 270: $16.50 each Hops (Humulus lupulus) These fast growing herbaceous vines quickly cover wires or a trellis to make an attractive screen, decorate an arch, or provide shade against a sunny wall. They can grow over 20’ in a season, dying back to the ground each year in most climates. The bitter flavor of the highly aromatic cone-like flowers is used to flavor beer. Young shoots may be used in salads or as an asparagus substitute. Zones 5-9. Can’t be shipped to OR or ID. GOLDEN HOPS (Humulus lupulus aureus) This variety features beautiful yellow foliage and is a stunning ornamental. 4” pot. H1004: $14.50 each CASCADE The aroma of Cascade is fragrant and powerful. It is used to give flavor and aroma to American light lagers. Cascade is a “Fuggle” hybrid developed at Oregon Sate University. 4” pot. H1034: $14.50 each CENTENNIAL The floral and citrus flavor and aroma of this variety is evident in many commercial beers. Used for its aroma and bittering. It works well in Pale Ales. 4” pot. H1074: $14.50 each TETTNANG Originating in the Tettnang district of Germany, this variety of hops has an exceptionally mild aroma that seems to enhance grain flavors. Excellent for finishing off lagers or loggers. Matures midseason. 4’ pot. H 1024: $14.50 each SUMMER SHANDY Find a spot in your yard for this beautiful golden leafed hop. It is dwarfed for a hop only growing to 8 or 10’ tall. It produces an abundance of aromatic hop cones that can be used to make beer. USDA Zones 5-9. 1 gallon pot. H109: $19.95 each More Edible Vines CINNAMON VINE ( Dioscorea batatas) Cinnamon scented flowers and heart shaped leaves adorn this vigorous deciduous vine. In the mountains of northern China it produces very large, highly prized, white fleshed tubers with a nutty potato flavor. While the top dies back each November, the tubers can be left in the ground for several years to keep growing. 1 gallon pot. H204: $19.95 each VARIEGATED PORCELAINBERRY ( Ampelopsis brevipedunculata Elegans) Add a splash of color. Enjoy a vine with pretty variegated foliage and abundant production of bland but edible pea size berries in a rainbow of colors. Robin’s egg blue, pink, white, lime green and purple berries all adorn this fast growing vine at the same time. Zones 5-9. 4” pot.H2754: $11.50 each Medicinal Vines HO SHOU WU VINE (Polygonum multiflorum) or Fleeceflower Vine A fast growing medicinal vine from China with pretty green heart shaped leaves, red stems and white to pink fall blooming flowers. It thrives in full and fertile, well drained soil. In about four years the medicinal roots can be harvested for many uses including pain or fatigue. It is also used to restore color to grey hair. USDA Zones 7-10. H347: $19.95 each ROSE JASMINE(Jasminum polyanthum) Famous for exquisite fragrance, this vine produces large clusters of rose-colored buds that open to richly fragrant, white flowers over many weeks, spring to midautumn. It is hardy to between 10°-15° F., but also thrives indoors. 1 quart pot.H272: $16.50 each Order online at www.RaintreeNursery.com or call 1-800-391-8892. 64 Red Seedless Grapes HUNGARIANThis flavorful, red, seedless cultivar from horticulturist Bill Schultz of Olympia, WA, ripens in cool maritime summers. One gallon pot. H566 $14.50 each VANESSA A red, seedless grape, Vanessa bears attractive, compact clusters of medium size, well-filled fruit with a mild, fruity flavor. Among the hardiest of seedless grapes, the selection from Ontario, Canada ripens in early October and boasts a crisp texture. H630: $13.50 each; 3+: $11.50 each Seedless Grapes (Vitis vinifera; Vitis labrusca) A grapevine can be both a highly productive source of fruit and a focal point of considerable beauty. Think carefully about where to plant one to provide shade, cover a wall or accentuate an arch. We offer a selection of high quality seedless, and seeded wine and dessert grapes, most of which will ripen even in areas with cool summers. The ripening dates listed are for the cooler parts of Western WA, but most ripen sooner and thrive where summers are warmer. All Raintree grapes are for USDA Zones 5-9 unless otherwise noted. We offer well-rooted plants. ALL GRAPES ARE PROHIBITED TO ID Blue Seedless Grapes CONCORD “SEEDLESS” F rom the NY Fruit Testing Cooperative, this seedless variety has the hardiness, vigor, disease resistance and flavor of the classic Concord grape. Prized for making juice, jams and wine, it ripens a week before Concord, but requires too much summer heat to ripen well in Western WA. It is a great choice in most of the nation. H535: $12.50 each; 3+: $10.50 each GLENORAA unique, spicy, blueberry-like flavor and unusual foliage distinguish this blue seedless grape. Developed by NY Fruit Testing, vines are very vigorous, winter hardy and mildew resistant, and they display intense fall colors. Fruit ripens early in the season, but not early enough for the cooler parts of western WA. H560: $12.50 each; 3+: $10.50 each VENUSAn “out of this world” flavor, very large size, good production and early ripening make this attractive blue grape a real winner. From the U. of Arkansas breeding program, fruit ripens early and well in a cool maritime summer, with or before Canadice. H620: $13.50 each; 3+: $11.50 each Venus JUPITERJupiter produces large, seedless, dark blue table grapes with a sweet, floral Muscat-like flavor. From the U. of Arkansas, the grapes ripen early and well in cool maritime summers. Vines are moderately vigorous and highly productive. Like Venus, grapes sometimes have soft vestigial seeds.H567: $12.50 each; 3+: $10.50 each PROHIBITED TO NY, OR & CA MARS Another extra-terrestrial selection from the U. of Arkansas, this blue seedless grape has an excellent Concord-like flavor that makes it great for fresh eating. Vigorous vines bear consistently and heavily, and they resist disease. Fruit ripens in midSeptember. H582: $13.50 each; 3+: $11.50 each PROHIBITED TO NY, OR & CA CANADICECompact clusters of small, pink, seedless grapes ripen in early October even in cool maritime summers. Vines are more winter hardy than most seedless varieties and very productive. The fruit has a delicious, spicy flavor suggestive of Concord. H530: $12.50 each; 3+: $10.50 each EINSET This bright red, seedless grape from the NY Fruit Testing Cooperative ripens early, a week before Canadice. The medium size fruit has fine flavor with a hint of strawberries, and it stores well. Vines resist botrytis. USDA Zones 4-9. H550: $12.50 each; 3+: $10.50 each SATURN From the University of Arkansas, these large, red, seedless grapes are widely adaptable. They ripen in early October. Fruit is sweet and flavorful and the vines are very productive. Zones 6-9. H 607: $13.50 each; 3+: $11.50 each PROHIBITED TO NY, OR & CA Green & Golden Seedless Grapes HIMRODHimrod has excellent flavor for eating fresh. It makes great raisins. The green to golden berries ripen in mid-September. The vines are extremely productive with large clusters of small fruit. It is among the earliest and the most reliable seedless grape. Zones 4-9.H565: $11.50 each; 3+: $9.50 each INTERLAKEN A sister to Himrod, almost identical, ripening a few days earlier. Zones 4-9. H570: $11.50 each; 3+: $9.50 each MARQUISMarquis is a new, large, very productive, mid season white seedless grape from Cornell that is ideally suited for home gardeners and u-pick operations. Juicy, round grapes with excellent flavor ripen in large clusters, and the vines are very hardy. Plant Patent 11012. It has excellent flavor. exquisitely rich and fruity and gets richer and juicier if left to ripen an extra 5 to 10 days. It ripens in mid September in Geneva, NY. USDA Zones 4-9. H635: $14.50 each; 3+: $12.50 each 65 NEPTUNE E njoy large clusters of yellow seedless grapes with a delicious sweet fruity flavor. Neptune thrives in most of the nation including the Pacific NW. It has a moderate growth habit, resists cracking and shows some resistance to rot, mildew and anthracnose. From the U. of Arkansas. H591: $12.50 each; 3+: $10.50 each PROHIBITED TO NY, OR & CA More Seedless Grapes AURORE(Seibel 5279) A heavy producer of large loose clusters of golden to pink colored fruity grapes. Aurore makes a delicate white wine and is great for fresh eating. It is very early ripening, maturing even 502: in the Pacific NW and the cooler humid areas of the Northeast. H $11.50 each; 3+: $9.50 each NIAGARAThe best known and most widely planted white table grape in America, first sold commercially in 1882. A vigorous grower, it produces many clusters of large very sweet berries that are great eaten fresh or for juice or jelly. It has a “foxy” flavor that is excellent in juice, but does not make for a great wine. Winter hardy it does well in most of the nation but ripens too late in the Pacific Northwest. H592: $9.50 each THOMPSON SEEDLESSThe most widely planted seedless grape, Thompson Seedless makes excellent raisins as well as being a favorite for fresh eating. It needs long, hot summers to develop full flavor, and will not ripen well in cool summer areas. The pale green fruit dries to familiar brown raisins in the sun.H611: $9.50 each; 3+: $7.50 each Seeded Muscat Grapes LAKEMONT L akemont ripens a couple of weeks after its sister Interlaken but has larger fruit and a delicious flavor. The green seedless grapes are crisp, juicy and very sweet. H575: $11.50 each; 3+: $9.50 each MUSCAT OF NORWAY L arge clusters of big, red grapes with small seeds ripen very early and are wonderful eaten fresh or made into a fruity white or red wine. Plants perform well in Pacific Northwest, since they require very little summer heat to ripen. Grafted on 3309 rootstock. H594: $14.50 each; 3+: $11 each PROHIBITED TO NY, OR & CA SWEET SEDUCTION Ripens with Interlaken producing large quantities of golden yellow seedless, sweet muscat flavored grapes. Our friend Bill Schultz selected and named this vigorous, attractive vine. H600Q: $16.50 each; 3+: $14.50 each P ROHIBITED TO NY, WA & CA Seeded Dessert Grapes Dessert grapes are seeded grapes that are usually eaten fresh. Most will make an excellent grape juice or jelly and some can be made into wine. CONCORD P rized for making juice, jams and wine. Concord has the hardiness, vigor, disease resistance and classic flavor that has made it the nation’s most popular dessert grape. It requires too much summer heat to ripen well in maritime areas but is a great choice in the east and mid west. Zones 4-9. H 532: $9.50 each; 3+: $7.50 each Concord Flavor and Early Ripening CAMPBELL’S EARLYAn early ripening seeded Concord type grape. It has been grown for many years in much of the Pacific Northwest where Concord doesn’t get the heat to ripen. Originated in Ohio in 1892, it is a large grape with purple skin. Enjoy the Concord flavor and production. It ripens over a long period. Vines are vigorous.H528: $12.50 each; 3+: $10.50 each LYNDEN BLUEA great choice for cool summer areas. This compact vine produces large clusters of big sweet dark blue seeded grapes that are excellent eaten fresh or for juice. Developed in British Columbia, it ripens in early October. H576: $11.50 eachPROHIBITED TO NY, OR & CA Backyard Favorites in Most of the Nation EARLY MUSCAT P rized for its unique aromatic character, Early Muscat has big clusters of seeded grapes, produced early in the season. The flavor is excellent, and the white fruit is good for wine, juice, fresh eating, and raisins. Zones 6-9. H 537: $12.50 each; 3+: $10.50 each NEW YORK MUSCAT N ew York Muscat bears oval, reddish blue grapes with the sweet, perfumed flavor appreciated both for eating fresh and for making a sweet wine. Grapes have few seeds. Vines prefer fertile soil. Fruit ripens a week after Interlaken. H595Q: $16.50 each; 3+:$14.50 eachPROHIBITED TO NY, WA & CA Grapes Hardy for the Far North While most grapes are not hardy in the most Northerly states, these are bred for their hardiness. They also will do well in more moderate climates. Zones 3-8. VALIANT T hese small, blue, Concordtype grapes are so productive and easy to grow that they should be thinned the first few years to prevent overbearing. Best for juice and good for fresh eating, they ripen early in the season and are hardy to an incredible -50°F. H615Q: $16.50 each; 3+: $12 each PROHIBITED TO NY, WA & CA EDELWEISS From famed grape breeder Elmer Swenson, this selection is widely adaptable, disease resistant, and hardy to -30°F without protection. Long clusters of white, juicy, seeded grapes with a delicious, fruity flavor ripen very early in the season and are excellent for table use, juice or wine. H540Q: $16.50 each; 3+: $14.50 each PROHIBITED TO NY, WA & CA SWENSON REDNamed for renowned grape breeder Elmer Swenson, these firm, flavorful grapes are prized for eating fresh and for making white wine. Fruit with a flavor reminiscent of strawberries ripens early, a month before Concord. The vines, developed in Wisconsin, are hardy to -30°F and thrive in the Northwest and throughout the nation. Depending on conditions, grape color will vary 605Q: $16.50 each; 3+: from blue to red. H $14.50 each PROHIBITED TO NY, WA & CA BUFFALO B uffalo, a productive, Concord-type grape, is a great choice for making juice and for eating fresh from the vine. Large clusters of reddish black grapes with wonderful flavor are ready at least a week before Concord. This vigorous American hybrid is easy to grow in much of the nation. H505: $11.50 each; 3+: $9.50 each Order online at www.RaintreeNursery.com or call 1-800-391-8892. 66 Wine Grapes We offer a great selection of seeded grapes used for making wine. Note as you read the descriptions that some are also great for making a delicious juice and some are also very good eaten fresh. The wine grapes not noted as being grafted, are grown from cuttings. Our grafted wine grapes are grafted on 3309 and 101-14 rootstocks. Most well known wine grapes require alot of summer heat to ripen. While we offer some of those, we all offer many high quality new wine grapes that produce a top quality wine and consistently ripen even in cooler summer areas including the Pacific Northwest! Red Wine Grapes That Ripen Even in Cooler Summers! SIEGERREBE A very early ripening pink wine grape that is also great for eating fresh. A recent cross from Germany, it has a Muscat bouquet and low acid at maturity. It makes a good quality white wine, even in cool summers. Zones 7-9. Grafted on 3309 rootstock. H599: $14.50 each; 3+: $12.50 each; 10+: $11 each PROHIBITED TO NY, OR & CA AGRIA This very early, blue grape from Hungary has bright red juice that makes both an excellent wine and a delicious boysenberry-like juice. It thrives in the Pacific NW and other areas with cool summers and develops beautiful red-to-purple fall foliage. Grafted on 3309 early bearing rootstock. H503: $14.50 each; 3+: $11.50 each; 10+: $10 each PROHIBITED TO NY, OR & CA REGENT A perfect choice for the organic grower. (Sylvaner x MullerThurgau) x Chambourcin) Bred for the German organic wine industry, Regent has proven to be very disease resistant and easy to grow. The full-bodied fruit has an intense flavor that makes a high quality red wine for the organic grower. On 3309 rootstock, it ripens even in cooler summer climates, a week or more ahead of Pinot Noir. H604: $14.50 each; 3+: $12.50 each; 10+: $11 each PROHIBITED TO NY, OR & CA Early Ripening Pinot Noirs PINOT NOIR 777 ( Clone French 777) One of the most promising red wine grapes for cool climates, this clone from Pinot Noir trials at the WSU Mt. Vernon, WA, ripens before the Wadenswill and Dijon clones and ripens even earlier grafted on the 3309 rootstock. H602: $14.50 each; 3+: $12.50 each; 10+: $11 eachPROHIBITED TO NY, OR & CA PINOT PRECOCE Our earliest ripening sport of Pinot Noir, this selection ripens up to 3 weeks earlier than standard Pinot Noir grapes, which allows winemakers throughout western WA and other cool summer areas to produce a high quality Pinot Noir. Vines are grafted on 3309 rootstock, which also promotes early ripening. H603: $14.50 each; 3+: $12.50 each; 10+: $11 each PROHIBITED TO NY, OR & CA Versatile Red Wine Grapes CABERNET SAUVIGNON T hese round purple-black grapes make a distinctive and famous red wine. Requires the relatively long hot summer ripening season, available in much of the nation. Not grafted. Zones 7-9. H 525: $11.50 each; 3+: $9.50 each CABERNET FRANC Grafted Clone #1. Cab Franc makes a delicious, medium bodied red wine. It is winter hardy and needs less heat to ripen than its father, Cabernet Sauvignon. Cab Franc is a leading high quality wine grown in the upper midwest and in eastern U.S. from New York to Virginia. It is grafted on 101-14 rootstock which makes it ripen earlier and imparts winter hardiness and phylloxera resistance. H 520: $16.50 each; 3+: $14.50 each P ROHIBITED TO OR White Winers That Ripen Even in Cooler Summers BURMUNK O ne of the earliest grapes, this winter hardy, yellow grape from Armenia will ripen at almost all sites. It has a distinctive aroma and a very fruity flavor, somewhat like freshly sliced peaches, that makes a fabulous white wine. On 3309 rootstock. H506: $13.50 each; 3+: $11.50 each P ROHIBITED TO NY, OR & CA ORTEGA(MullerThurgau x Siegerrebe) Grown on Vancouver Island for many years, this very productive variety makes a light, pleasant, fruity white wine with high sugar levels and low acidity. Fruit ripens early and, grafted on 3309 rootstock, it is a great choice for sites that lack summer heat. H 593: $16.50 each; 3+: $14.50 each; 10+: $12 each P ROHIBITED TO NY, OR & CA MULLER THURGAU A heavily productive early ripening, spicy, green grape that makes a fine white Riesling type wine with a fine balance of acidity, flavor and aroma. A great choice for cool summer 585: areas. Not grafted. H $11.50 each; 3+: $9.50 each PINOT GRIS C lone 152. This earlier ripening clone of Pinot Gris makes a white wine with delicious complex fruit flavors of peach and melon. Also known as Pinot Grigio, it is a cousin to Pinot Noir. It produces clusters of grapes that vary in color from copper yellow to pinkish grey depending on where they are grown. A favorite in Oregon it is also grown in the east. Not grafted. Zones 6-9. H610: $11.50 each; 3+: $9.50 each MADELEINE ANGEVINE This golden yellow grape consistently ripens in the Pacific Northwest. The vine is a heavy producing vinifera type. It makes an excellent white Riesling type wine. It ripens early October. Grafted on 3309 rootstock. H580: $13.50 each; 3+: $11.50 each To err is human, but forgive the vine ... Avoid mistakes! Plant our proven varieties. 67 Rootstock Available to Graft Your Own Grapes 101-14 GRAPE ROOTSTOCK T his virus-free certified rootstock makes grape cultivars grafted on it ripen earlier and imparts winter hardiness and phylloxera resistance. Now available to people who want to graft their own grapes.R230: $5 each; 10+: $4 each Grape Accessories COMMERCIAL BIRD NETTING BY THE FOOT We have long rolls of bird netting. Use it over grapes or build a structure over blueberries or dwarf cherry trees. Secure with clothespins at the bottom. Cut to order at 5’ intervals, 25’ minimum length per piece. HEAVY DUTYThis is 22 feet wide. This white netting has ½” nylon mesh and is top rated commercially for 10 years if taken in for the winter.T431: $1.50 per foot BERRY WIRE We offer 14 gauge soft galvanized wire to trellis your kiwis, grapes, espaliers or berries. Minimum order 200 feet. T 070: 15 cents a foot, Min. 200 feet. T070R: 2900-foot roll: $160 each. Grape Growing Guides GREAT GRAPES b y Anne Proulx, 32 pages. Learn how to plant, trellis, care for and harvest grapes in your backyard. A Garden Way booklet. S180: $3.95 each NATURAL WINEMAKING AT HOMEby Anine Grumbles, 147 pages. For years the author has advised home winemakers about making wines without sulfites. She has recipes for wines from many fruits and she outlines all the ingredients and equipment a home winemaker will need. S149: $19.95 each THE GRAPE GROWER by Lon Rombough, 304 pages. “A Guide to Organic Viticulture,” Everything you need to know; planting, training, propagating, pest control, folklore and choosing the best varieties for each climate, from a long time expert! S185: $35 each THE ORGANIC BACKYARD VINEYARD by Tom Powers, 186 pages. Subtitled, “A step by step guide to growing your own grapes.” Powers states a 100 foot row of grapes can yield up to 175 bottles of wine and he walks the small grower through the entire process of growing wine grapes. Learn how to design and build and maintain your vineyard using organic techniques and how to harvest and store your grapes for winemaking. This NEW book includes a month by month maintenance guide and regional varietal recommendations. S183: $19.95 How To Use Grapes IN THE KITCHEN: Fresh eating, jam, juice, wine, raisins. Vinifera type wine grape leaves (like Pinot Noir and Cabernet) are used as an edible wrapper in several Greek dishes. IN THE LANDSCAPE: Vines make a very fast growing summer screen. An arbor with grapes planted at six foot intervals on either side will create lovely summer shade space. (We offer trellising materials on pages 87.) Vines planted on the south side of a house will generally ripen a week earlier and will cool a building in summertime. Grapevines can be used to arch a walkway, form a leafy wall, or shade a deck. Each variety has its own distinct, bold textured leaf pattern. Useful Facts POLLINATION: Self-pollinating HARDINESS: Zones 5-9. unless otherwise noted. SUN OR SHADE: Full sun is generally required to mature fruit. PLANT SPACING: 6-8’intervals, depending upon varietal vigor, site 68 Kiwis (Actinidia species) These are a family of fast growing vines that produce edible fruit and are beautiful ornamental plants. Each type of kiwi we list has different ornamental foliage. The fruit of each type is different in size and appearance, but all have the bright green flesh and the wonderful kiwi flavor. All are hardy in the Pacific NW. If you live in a colder climate you can still grow the Kolomikta and the Arguta Kiwis. We offer sturdy vines. Arguta Hardy Kiwis (Actinidia arguta) These fast growing beautiful vines produce clusters of oblong kiwis the size of large grapes. Lacking the rough kiwi skin, these fruits can be eaten whole, like bunches of kiwi flavored seedless grapes. Originally brought to this country as an ornamental, the green fruit is similar to the fuzzy kiwi in flavor though sweeter and easier to eat. USDA Zones 5-9. The vines are very vigorous and productive and need a strong support. MALE ARGUTA The pollinizer for all the female Arguta kiwis and the A. cordifolia. One male will pollinate up to eight females. The male doesn’t produce fruit. It will also pollinate the Saanichton, Hayward or other fuzzy female kiwis, but not kolomitkas. H 440: $19.95 each ANANASNAJA FEMALE “Anna” is easy to grow, and loaded with fruit. Developed in Russia by renowned plant breeder I.V. Michurin, this beautiful vigorous vine produces thousands of sweet delicious kiwi flavored fruit at Raintree every autumn. The name means pineapplelike in Russian, for its fabulously fruity flavor. The easiest to grow and most productive of all hardy kiwis. H420: $19.95 each JUMBO FEMALE A selection that produces lots of very large, elongated, very sweet fruit. H 430: $19.95 each fertility, pruning regimen. Left to grow, a vine can cover a very large area. HARVEST TIME: September-October. LIFE EXPECTANCY: Eighty years or more. BEARING AGE: Two or three years after planting. YIELD: Depends on how much room it has; 30 pounds to much more. How To Grow SOIL REQUIREMENTS: Grapes are widely adaptable. They prefer deep, well drained, slightly acid soils. Once established, the plants are tolerant of droughty sites, with their long, deep striking roots. Too rich of a soil promotes vegetative growth at the expense of fruit production. CULTURAL REQUIREMENTS: When planting, prune the plant back to two buds. Place a 5 ft. stake next to the young vine for support for the first year. Select one cane to grow up the stake and remove other shoots. By the second year a permanent trellis should be erected. Our “Owner’s Manual” and grape growing books will explain how to build a trellis and how to prune. Net fruit to protect from birds! Order online at www.RaintreeNursery.com or call 1-800-391-8892. KEN’S RED FEMALE ( A. arguta x melanandra) A hardy kiwi producing massive crops of cherry sized fruits with red flesh which is sweet and delicious. A very popular, uniquely colored cultivar. H425: $19.95 each HAYWARD FEMALE T he California standard you often find in stores. They are large and juicy. Best with 800 or more hours of winter chill. 1 gallon pot. H376: $19.95 each DUMBARTON OAKS FEMALEWhat makes this sweet, heavy producer unique is that it ripens in September a full month before Ananasnaja. The fruit is medium sized and somewhat ribbed, like a little green pumpkin.H422: $19.95 each CORDIFOLIA ARGUTA FEMALE Our Cordifolia is female variety of arguta hardy kiwi that is prized for its especially sweet fruit. The fruit is similar to other argutas but sweeter. The fruit is roundish and the plant is very productive. It needs an Arguta male as a pollinizer.H423: $19.95 each FUZZY MALEIt blooms over a long period and is a good pollinizer for fuzzy and arguta females, but not for kolomiktas. One male can pollinize up to eight females.H380: $19.95 each Kiwi Accessories GROWING KIWIFRUIT 2 0 pages, Oregon State University. Covers all aspects of kiwi growing, pruning, trellising, harvest and storage. The booklet covers all types of kiwis. It is a great home or commerical growers guide. S240: $4.50 each How To Use Kiwis ISSAI SELF FERTILENEW! Issai is a kiwi for people who don’t have the space for the other vigorous hardy kiwis. Spacing is about 8’. Issai produces fruit without a male, though its production is a lot more with a male. It has excellent flavor. It can be maintained in a pot or small space. It’s down side is that it can’t tolerate wet soil and is harder to successfully establish than the other hardy kiwis. H373: $19.95 each IN THE KITCHEN: Kiwis have ten times the Vitamin C of lemons. A tasty addition to salads and desserts. Use for ice cream, pie, jam and wine. IN THE LANDSCAPE: Kiwis are beautiful vines. Their vigorous spring growth is a spectacular sight. Excellent for a privacy screen, they will rapidly cover a fence and with support will cover a wall or steep slope. Kolomiktas have pretty tri colored foliage. Kolomikta Kiwis Useful Facts (Actinidia kolomikta) Also called Arctic Beauty, they are native to Russia. USDA Zones 3-9. Select a male and a female for pollination and fruit set. The vines are much less vigorous than the Arguta making them a good choice for confined spaces. They grow best in partial shade. POLLINATION: All need a male and female to set fruit. One male can pollinize up to 8 females. The fuzzy kiwi male is the best pollinator and can pollinate the fuzzy or arguta female. The arguta male can pollinate the arguta or fuzzy female because bloom times partially overlap. Kolomiktas bloom later. Male Flower HARDINESS: See species descriptions. SUN OR SHADE: Most kiwis need a sunny location with wind protection. Arctic Beauty likes some shade. SPACING: 15 to 20 ft. for Fuzzy and Female Flower Arguta. 8 ft. for Kolomikta. HARVEST & STORAGE: Kolomiktas ripen in August. Most kiwis ripen in October and are picked after the first frost. Picked while still hard, they can be stored for months in a refrigerator or cool dry area and put on the counter to soften. LIFE EXPECTANCY: 50 years or more. YEARS TO FIRST FRUIT: 2-5 PESTS: No significant problems. Cats find the foliage addictive, like catnip. YIELD: Mature fuzzy & arguta female vines produce 25 pounds or more. SEPTEMBER SUN FEMALE G rowers in moderate or very cold climates can enjoy fruit with the same delectable kiwi flavor. This attractive kolomitka vine produces delicious fruit you can pop from the vine into your mouth. The fruit is about the length of an Arguta but has a narrower oblong shape. H480: $19.95 each; 3+: $17.50 each MALE KOLOMIKTA T he male arctic beauty vine is noted for its ornamental pink, white and green variegated leaves, though the female also has some variegation. It takes a few years before the colors begin so don’t visit the optometrist yet. It rates among the best backyard ornamentals from Vladivostok to Kalamazoo. The male doesn’t produce fruit but pollinizes up to eight productive female Kolomiktas, but not arguta or fuzzy. H 500: $19.95 each; 3+: $17.50 each Fuzzy Kiwis How To Grow (Actinidia deliciosa) This is the type of kiwi that you find in the supermarket. It has a fuzzy brown skin. Inside, the flesh is a lime green. The taste is wonderful, a tropical combination of flavors. Native to China, but first commercially grown in New Zealand. USDA Zones 7-9. We offer hardy and early ripening varieties. SAANICHTON FEMALE Similar to the fuzzy kiwi you usually buy in the store. However it is more winter hardy (to about 5° F.) and it is successfully grown from California to as far north as Vancouver, Canada. It ripens a couple of weeks before the variety Hayward. It’s a large sweet fruit and heavily productive. It is easy to peel. H375: $19.95 each; 3+: $17.50 each SOIL: Need well drained soil. CULTURAL REQUIREMENTS: Kiwis (except Kolomitkas) are vigorous vines. They cannot support their own weight and will spread up to 30 feet. They require strong support such as a trellis, arbor, or fence. Wrapping the trunk from ground level, up about four feet, or planting it on the shaded side of its support, will protect the trunk from splitting after spring or fall cold snaps. PRUNING: When planted, the vines should be pruned back to 4 or 5 buds. From these a main stem should be selected and staked to grow to the top of the arbor or trellis, usually about 7’ high. The “Tree Owner’s Manual” that comes with each order has more pruning info. R aintree Nursery has wonderful plants, and I’ve been impressed by the large and diverse selection. — J.C. Huntington Station, NY Northern gardeners can grow hardy kiwis. 69 Passifloras Passiflora vines have large, round, incredibly showy flowers. Butterflies love them. The vigorous vines are easy to grow in well drained soil, either in the ground or in a five gallon pot and will grace your house or greenhouse. Use a stake and twine to tie the vines indoors. Vines are self fertile. Passifloras cannot be shipped to Hawaii. We Offer the Hardiest of the Passifloras MAYPOP(Passiflora incarnata) An attractive, hardy, perennial vine native to the Eastern U.S. Maypop freezes to the ground in the winter and re-sprouts, flowers and bears a two inch long fruit the next season. Hand pollinate for best fruit production. Enjoy the showy, sweet scented lilac and white colored passion flowers. Maypop can be grown where temperatures don’t fall below -20° F. In a very cold region, mulching will help protect the root system. It needs a well drained soil. Zones 5-9. 4” pot. H7154: $13.50 each BLUE CROWN PASSION FLOWER(Passiflora caerulea) A hardy perennial vine to Zone 7-11. Temperatures below 20° F will kill the top of the plant, but mulched around the base, it will regrow in the spring and flower and fruit each year. The amazingly ornamental flowers have white petals and white and purple crowns. The orange 701: $19.95 colored oval fruit is used to flavor beverages. 1 quart pot. H each; 3+: $16.50 each Beautiful Edible Houseplants for the North FREDERICK ( Passiflora edulis) ‘Frederick’ is the premier fruit producing passiflora. If you don’t live in Zones 10-11, grow it in a sunny window or greenhouse. It thrives and produces, often the first year, in a pot. The flowers are fragrant and large. The fruit has a purple skin and delicious pulp when ripe. The fruit should never be picked, it must fall from the vine naturally. If it is allowed to wrinkle a bit after collecting, it becomes sweet ambrosia. The plant is very productive in warm areas. This outstanding Patrick Pons-Worley hybrid is vigorous and blooms from late spring until fall. In Zones 10-11, this plant is excellent for a sunny location and makes a good, rapidly growing screen for a fence or outbuilding. 1 gallon pot.H706: $24.50 each Akebias (Akebia quinata) A beautiful, fast growing vine that thrives with little care, and you’ll love the weird looking fruit. It is a beautiful evergreen in the Pacific Northwest and warmer areas and deciduous in colder climates. The abundant May flowers are very fragrant. The vine occasionally produces bizarre looking five inch (occasionally much larger) long pink, or blue skinned fruit. Inside is a tasty roll of white seedy pulp that makes a tropical tasting clear jelly or flavorful drink. To get pollination and fruit, plant two of the varieties we offer. Native to Northern Japan, the durable vines are prized for basket making and admired for the intricate silhouetted patterns the foliage casts on walls. The soft young shoots are used in salads or for salt pickling. Given something to climb on, the twining vine can grow 20 feet a year. It may be pruned severely each year if you wish to control its rapid growth. Or it can run along the ground, rooting where branches touch and become an attractive ground cover. If neglected, it can naturalize and become a weed. USDA Zones 4-10. Plants are in a quart size pot. SHIROBANA™An abundance of fragrant white flowers in May adorn this beautiful vine.H335: $16.50 each SILVER BELLS A vigorous vine with both light pink and reddishpurple flowers. It has the largest leaves of the five leafed akebia varieties. H340: $16.50 each PURPLE ROSEThis variety produces an abundance of fragrant vibrant red-purple flowers each May. H325: $16.50 each Ornamental Shrubs These shrubs are among the most beautiful, winter hardy and easiest to successfully grow. Each comes to you as a multi-stemmed shrub ready to dig in and quickly provide your yard with beauty. We offer well rooted shrubs, either bare root or in 1 gallon pots. Incredibly Fragrant & Hardy Too MINNESOTA SNOWFLAKE MOCK ORANGE (Philadelphus virginalis) This is an old fashioned shrub that is still very popular because it is easy to grow and brings the outrageously sweet scent of orange blossoms to deprived Northern gardeners. Enjoy a profusion of double white flowers in May and June. USDA Zones 4-8. Prune this graceful 6-8’ foot shrub after flowering. 12-18” shrub. M080: $16.50 each; 3+: $13.50 each Butterfly Bush INSPIRED VIOLET BUDDLEIANEW! Enjoy fragrant dark purple repeated blooms born on long beautiful racemes. Bushes grow 6 to 8’ tall and if spent blooms are pruned new flowers will come on side shoots. This new proven winner butterfly bush has sterile blooms so it will not reseed and become a noxious weed. Inspired Violet is easy to successfully grow and is very attractive to birds and butterflies. M054: $19.95 each BLACK KNIGHT ( Passiflora edulis) A great indoor edible, producing regularly even in a small pot. Enjoy fragrant, dark purple-black fruit, the size of a large egg with excellent flavor. The vine is vigorous and compact with fragrant white and purple flowers. Foliage is glossy. 1 gallon size. Zones 10-11. H712: $24.50 each Order online at www.RaintreeNursery.com or call 1-800-391-8892. 70 Flowering Currant PULSBOROUGH SCARLET (Ribes san guineum) These beautiful bushes and the hummingbirds they attract are one way many gardeners measure the start of spring. The drooping flower clusters lend an elegant beauty to the early springtime, growing on a bush that reaches 8’ in height. Dark blue berries are small and will be eaten by the birds. USDA Zones 7-9. Prohibitions are the same as black currants. This ornamental red flowering currant is an upright grower with long clusters of beautiful red flowers.E753: $13.50 each; 3+: $11.50 each Lilacs Lilac bushes are a classic in American gardens, and the heart of spring bouquets. The pioneers carried starts of this sturdy shrub across the continent, and it heralds spring from Washington D.C. to Washington State. Use it as an accent, foundation shrub, or plant it 3’ apart as a hedge. It does best in full sun, and is relatively pest and disease free. It can develop mildew in damp climates, and should be pruned to encourage good air circulation. The lavishly fragrant blooms may take several years to reach their full potential on newly planted shrubs. Zones 3-9.We offer sturdy 12-18” shrubs. CHARLES JOLY ( Syringa vulgaris) This old fashioned, classic lilac is favored by those who appreciate deep, rich colors. Its fully double, long lasting, burgundy flowers open from purple/maroon buds in spring, about mid-season. Fantastically fragrant and moderately sized at under 10’ tall, it grows best in areas with cold winters. M048: $17.50 each SENSATION (Syringa vulgaris) Fragrant and beautiful, ‘Sensation’ is an aptly named lilac. Its beautiful, wine red flowers are edged in white and wonderfully fragrant. ‘Sensation’ can reach 12-to-15feet tall and almost as wide. Grow in full sun, and expect outstanding flower power if you live in a region with cold winters. Once established, it is quite drought tolerant. Remove twiggy growth and spent flower heads after bloom. M042: $17.50 each MADAME LEMOINE This lilac has been a favorite since it came out in the 1890s. Its developer, Victor Lemoine, named it for someone dear to his heart. The creamy buds open to pure white double flowers with the sweetest fragrance in the spring. An old-fashioned, romantic addition to the garden. Grows to about 12’ tall and 10’ wide. Best in areas with pronounced winters. Give it full sun for best bloom. M046: $17.50 each MISS KIM(Syringa patula Miss Kim) This 4 foot dwarf lilac extends the season of fragrance for weeks, blooming in June, after most lilacs are done. Its compact growth becomes covered with pinkish blue buds, which open to lavender. Zones 4-9. M040: $17.50 each Tree Peonies Since tree peonies can live for over 200 years, you can consider them a gardening legacy! These are called “tree” peonies because they produce long lived woody rather than herbaceous growth. They prefer rich, moist, well drained soils in partial or dappled sun. The flowers are more plentiful in full sun, but last longer with some shade. All our tree peonies are gallon size plants. DELAVAYI (Paeonia delavayi) T his upright, open tree peony, grows to about 7’ tall and 4’ wide. It has deep red 3” flowers and prefers cooler summers. Zones 6-9. M084: $19.95 each These Bushes Light Up the Winter BERRY POPPINS WINTERBERRY(Ilex verticillata) A new dwarf deciduous holly that is covered with persistent bright orange red berries in the fall and winter. This 4’ tall shrub fits beautifully into a yard providing gorgeous winter color and food for wildlife and great cut stems for winter arrangements. It is hardy in USDA Zones 3-9 and tolerates most soils even damp ones. 1 gallon Pot. M313: $22.50 each MR. POPPINS WINTERBERRYA dwarf winter holly also only growing to 4’ tall and wide with attractive green foliage. It’s purpose is to pollinate Berry Poppins and let her produce her gorgeous berries. One male can service up to ten females. 1 gallon Pot. M314: $19.95 each RED OSIER DOGWOOD(Cornus stolonifera) An ideal hedge plant, the “red osier” grows from 6-10’ tall. It’s a suckering, spreading shrub. Plant 3-4’ apart to make a thick hedge. It has white flowers and blue berries favored by the birds. The foliage turns bright red in the autumn. The branches are a striking red in winter after the foliage drops. Zones 3-9. It is not fussy but likes damp locations best. 2’-3’ plant. M 120: $7 each; 5+: $5 eachPROHIBITED TO FL Hydrangeas Hydrangea bushes will be a focal point in your garden with their spectacular flowers! Flowers of each variety are quite different and can be panicle, mophead or lacecap in shape. (See photos) Flower colors vary from a bright pink to blue, or white, depending on soil pH and variety. 1 gallon size unless otherwise noted. PEE GEE ( Hydrangea paniculata Grandiflora”) Enjoy large panicles of white flowers fading to pink beginning in mid-summer and persisting into fall. Let this robust, disease resistant classic grow as a shrub or train it as a small tree (as shown). It grows to 15’ or half that size with pruning. Prune in early spring. Spaced 4 feet apart, it makes a gorgeous hedge, blooming throughout summer and fall. Zones 4-9. 6-12” shrub. M071M (2’-3’): $19.95 each GENERAL VICOMTESSE DE VIBRAYE (Hydrangea macrophylla) Since this hydrangea produces flowers on side shoots as well as terminal buds, the entire rounded shrub is covered with large, round mophead flowers that vary from light blue in acid soils to pink in alkaline ones. ‘Generale’ has been a standard for hydrangea lovers for about 100 years. Flowers are beautiful fresh and dried. Grows 4-6’ tall and wide. Plant in partial shade in rich soil. Zones 6-9. 1 gallon pot. M076: $19.50 each 71 Roses You don’t have to live in England to enjoy the beauty of the English cottage garden! Plant some of Raintree’s landscape roses and you will be speaking with an accent and gardening in woolens in no time. All are hardy with attractive carefree foliage. It’s easy to make a dense hedge or a gorgeous bed or border. They are so easy to care for, they can be pruned with hedge shears or loppers. We offer well rooted bushes. Fragrant, Everblooming Climbers Cover fences, pillars, a trellis or side of the house with these fragrant, disease resistant, repeat blooming climbers. They often flower the first season. These climbers are incredibly beautiful, disease resistant and easy to grow. We offer well rooted plants. 2 liter pots. WESTERLAND A magnificent climbing shrub, with large flowers that are a delightful mix of apricot to coppery-orange. Repeating throughout the summer. Healthy, shiny foliage on strong upright growth. 6’ x 6’. Zones 5-8 L654: $14.50 each; 3+: $12.50 each QUADRAA new hardy climbing explorer rose with highly attractive clusters of fully double dark red flowers. Enjoy its repeat flowering throughout the summer. Quadra is exceptionally disease resistant with shiny medium green foliage. 7’ x 4’. Zones 3-8. L655: $14.50 each; 3+: $12.50 each ROSARIUM UETERSEN Y ou will be delighted by the enormous number of deep rose pink flowers, some borne singly and some in great clusters. The growth is more vigorous than the other climbers, and the leaves are large, glossy and plentiful. Flowers have a sweet fragrance. 15’ x 10’. Zone 4-8.L656: $14.50 each; Roses With Big Hips FRAU DAGMAR HASTRUP We don’t know if this holds true of the namesake but this Danish rose is famous for having extremely large hips. Loads of large round flavorful crimson hips decorate the 4-5’ tall, disease resistant bush. Grow it on a small trellis or use its sprawling habit to make a great mass planting. Starting in June and through the Autumn it is covered with pretty pale pink single flowers with soft yellow stamens. Each fall it sports flowers and large tasty red hips at the same time. L620S: $12.50 each; 3+: $10 each BIG HIPS ARE BACK IN STYLE We are offering beautiful rugosa roses which are the best varieties in the world for producing flavorful large hips. If you aren’t hip enough to know; they can be dried or frozen as a vitamin C source. They are also used in soups, jellies, wines, rose honey, vinegar, rose sugar, rose water and oil for aromatic and cosmetic uses. Zones 3-9. More Beautiful Flowers and Edible Hips SCABROSA This English rugosa makes an excellent 5’ tall, spreading hedge or an outstanding specimen plant. The large 5” purple/ pink flowers with bold anthers, keep blooming for months. The carefree shrub is loaded in the fall with large flavorful, fleshy hips that look like cherry tomatoes. L 680S: $14.50 each; 3+: $11.50 each BLANC DOUBLE DE COUBERTThis old time rugosa hybrid has pure white, semidouble blooms with an intense fragrance. The leathery, wrinkled, dark green foliage is disease resistant. Large orangered hips follow blooms. 5’ x 4’. Plant 3’ apart to make a great hedge. Zones 2-8 L637: $12.50 each; 3+: $10 each SKY’S THE LIMIT We’ve selected this exceptional climbing rose for its disease resistant, glossy green foliage and its beautiful, double, buttery-yellow flowers. With repeating bloom, the plant’s large, ruffled roses with a fruity fragrance cover the robust canes over a long period. 14’ x 4’ Zone 5-9. L685: $14.50 each ; 3+: $12.50 each Order online at www.RaintreeNursery.com or call 1-800-391-8892. 72 ROSERAIE DE L’HAY One of the best old time Rugosa roses. It has highly fragrant very large, semi-double, crimson-purple blooms on a large well-rounded shrub with shiny, green foliage. Spacing 6’ x 5’. Plant 3’ apart to make a great hedge. Zones 2-8 L650: $12.50; 3+: $10 each A Hedge of Red, White and Green These rugosas are beautiful edible landscaping roses at a price you can afford. Display them at their best, in a mass planting. They bloom constantly, summer through fall, delighting you with masses of color every time you walk by. Make a glorious hedge or garden bed. Zones 2-9. ROSA RUGOSA ALBA This special seedling rose not only produces an abundance of large, very fragrant single white flowers from summer through autumn, it is loaded with large tasty red hips. The foliage is deep green and disease resistant making these bushes, month after month, a collage of white, red and green. Grow as a thick spreading 6’ tall hedge. L640: $6.50 each; 5+: $4.50 each; 10+: $3.50 each ROSA RUGOSA RUBRA These seedlings have the same growth habit as the “Alba” except with red flowers. L646: $4.95 each; 5+: $3.75 each; 10+: $3 each Edible Flowers STELLA D’ ORO DAYLILY Enjoy an abundance of large beautiful golden edible flowers for months each spring and again throughout the summer. The flowers are followed by edible pods resem bling green beans. Both are excellent additions to salads. The plant grows to 18-24” tall in sun or partial shade. To make a bed, plant clumps about two feet apart. The plants are drought tolerant. USDA Zones 4-11. They thrive throughout the nation. 4” pot.L700: $5.50 each PRAIRIE BELLA DAYLILY This deep pink daylily blooms in late spring, and repeats throughout the summer. It reaches about 20” in height, and is an excellent companion to Stella D’Oro. 4” pot. L 701: $5.50 each SAFFRON CROCUSSee page 62.2.5” pot. M007: $9.50 each Maples Plant A Maple, Leave A Legacy LEGACY SUGAR MAPLE™ (Acer saccharum) This grafted tree was bred for its very fast growth and its gorgeous red, yellow and orange fall foliage. It forms a symmetrical oval crown and grows to 50 feet. It can be tapped for sugar. Plant patent #4979. Zones 4-9. 4’-5’ tree. M320: $19.95 each; 3+: $18.50 each VINE MAPLE (Acer circinatum) This Pacific Northwest native signals the start of Autumn in August. (Which everyone resents it for.) The foliage turns a fiery red, orange and yellow. It grows as a semi-vining bush, often growing sideways rather than upright. It roots where the branches touch the ground. The very hard wood is used for handles. It is a beautiful, low growing ornamental tree. 2’-3’, two year tree. Zones 5-9. M300: $11.50 each; 5+: $7.50 each RED SUNSET MAPLE (Acer rubrum ‘Franksred’) Among the most popular yard trees. Enjoy brilliant orange and red foliage that starts very early in the fall and disease resistant dark glossy green foliage in the summer. It grows quickly to 30 x 40’ and likes full sun. It is drought tolerant once established. Zones 4-9. 4-6’ tree. M331: $19.95 each; 3+: $18.50 each Barking Up the Right Tree! PAPER BARK MAPLE(Acer griseum) Most people grow this maple for its amazing reddish bark that peels away in paper thin sheets exposing in endless combinations, a beautiful multicolored main trunk. In the autumn, also enjoy the brilliant red foliage. The Paper Bark Maple is from China and grows to only 20-25 feet tall. Its three sharply toothed dark green leaflets make it an attractive tree in the summer too. Zones 5-9. 2-3’ trees. M325: $16.50 each How To Use Roses IN THE LANDSCAPE: Use as a low maintenance barrier hedge due to the thorny branches, or as an everblooming, easy care groundcover. A mass planting is of stunning beauty from spring through fall, showing off hips, flowers and deep green foliage. POLLINATION: None needed, but better fruit may be produced from more than one variety or seedling. HARDINESS: See descriptions. Tolerant of wind, salt and drought. SUN: Full sun or light shade and good air circulation. HARVEST TIME: Repeat flowering. Harvest hips in September and October. SOIL REQUIREMENTS: Good drainage is essential. SPACING: The same as the ultimate height of the plant. Hedge space at 2/3 ultimate height. Climbers can be tucked in with other plants. CULTURAL REQUIREMENTS: Rugosas need little or no fertilizing. They are drought tolerant once established and need little or no pruning. They are easy to grow. Shearing helps hedges. 73 Beautiful Trees for Your Yard FOREST PANSY REDBUD (Cercis canadensis) A small tree, growing to 20-25’ tall that is beautiful in all seasons. Start the early spring with beautiful red flowers, prized in flower arrangements, as they emerge from the bare branches. Flowers are especially dramatic in cold winter areas. Spring foliage is purple and heart shaped, aging to a bronzy green in the summer before again turning purple in the autumn. Give it full sun except in the hottest summer areas. Zones 5-9. We offer large 4-5’ trees. M 333: $22.50 each Dwarf Flowering Cherries THUNDERCLOUD PLUM (Prunus cerasifera) Because this tree is disease resistant and thrives with little care, it is among the most popular yard and street trees. For a spectacular effect plant an entire row about 15’ apart. Enjoy the red foliage from spring through fall. Herald the beginning of spring with the profusion of pale pink fragrant flowers that cover the trees for weeks. Thundercloud prefers full sun. It will grow to 20-25’ tall and wide. It also produces a few, very tasty purple plums. Zones 5-9. We offer large 4-5’ trees.M908: $19.95 each; 5+: $18.50 each. MT FUJIEarly pink buds open to very fragrant semi- double white blooms that later fade to pink. Horizontal branches. M916: $29.95 each Crabapple Trees Are Beautiful Yard Trees We offer dwarfing crabapple cultivars selected for disease resistance and beautiful foliage and flowers. Most produce fruit for people but all offer fruit for birds. Bees prefer white flowered crabs which are excellent pollinizers. See these outstanding landscaping trees on page 32! Honey Locust FRISIA GOLD LOCUST ( Robinia pseudoacacia ‘Frisia’) The bright yellow foliage throughout the growing season makes this tree stand out like a shimmering beacon. The fast growing oval shaped tree grows to 40’ tall and is widely adapted to heat or cold. It is a Black Locust with pretty compound leaves, white flowers and thorns on the smaller wood. 4-5’ tree. Zones 4-9. K630: $24.50 each 74 For a thousand years, the Japanese have had a reverence for the beauty and fragrance of flowering cherries. Enjoy these amazing trees on the dwarf “Gisela 5” rootstock. Trees will grow to only about 10’ tall. Each needs sun and well drained soil and little pruning after permanent branches are chosen. Flowering cherries are site specific so check to see if they thrive in your area. We offer large 4-6’ trees. Zones 6-9. KWANZAN D ouble pink flowers cover this tree. Foliage turns reddish in spring and fall.M901: $29.95 each Instant Shade Tree EMPRESS TREE(Paulownia tomentosa) It is a very fast growing dense shade tree for the Pacific Northwest and other areas with mild winters. It is hardy in Zones 7-10. The wood is extremely valuable and has many uses. In colder parts of its range, for the first few years, the new growth dies back each winter but tremendous summer growth more than compensates. In Japan, the wood is traditionally used to make dowry chests and other furniture. Each spring, the tree is covered with clusters of trumpet shaped two inch long fragrant flowers that are lilac blue; a display of spectacular beauty. They provide good bee forage in the spring. Young trees grow best if given a lot of water in summer. Even young trees have two foot diameter heart shaped leaves. M581 (large crowns): $9.75 each; 3+: $7.50 each; M580 (1 gallon): $19.95 each Birch Plant a Clump of Birch in Your Yard! JACQUEMONTI BIRCH (Betula) With the whitest bark of all the birches, this beautiful tree grows to 40 feet and has lovely yellow fall foliage. Plant a single tree or plant a clump of three or more in the same hole. A native of Northern India, it is hardy to Zone 5-9. 2-3’ trees. M 705: $9.85 each; 3+: $7.50 each Order online at www.RaintreeNursery.com or call 1-800-391-8892. Willows HAKURO NISHIKI ( Salix integra variegata) A graceful compact tree easily maintained at 6’ tall, with striking pink stems and buds and white, pink and green tricolored leaves. Make it the focal point of your yard! Catkins grace bare stems in early spring before the leaves appear. 1 gallon pot. Zones 6-9.M363: $19.50 each JAPANESE PUSSY WILLOW (Salix chaenomeloides) Colorful silver, purple to pink buds open to large silvery 2 1/2” catkins. The new leaf growth is red maturing to a deep blue green. It makes a large rounded shrub to 15’ tall. Zones 6-9. M359 (1 qt. pot): $14.50 each FRENCH PUSSY WILLOW (Salix caprea) Before leafing out in spring, this variety produces an abundance of plump, woolly, pinkish gray catkins about 1” long that are prized in early spring bouquets. It can be kept shrub size by cutting it to ground every few years and letting it re-sprout. Zones 4-9. M360: $6.50 each; 3+: $4.50 each CORKSCREW WILLOW (Salix matsudana ‘Tortuosa’) Beloved by florists and flower arrangers the Corkscrew Willow is also a great landscape choice for soggy spots with full sun. It can grow rapidly to 30 tall’ x 15’ wide. Roots can be invasive. Don’t put willows near a septic system! Zones 4-9. M 335 (1 qt. pot): $14.50 each Broadleafed Evergreens STRAWBERRY TREE(Arbutus unedo) A broad leafed evergreen relative of the madrone. It grows slowly to 15’ or 6-8’ if grown as a bush. Its trunk becomes twisted and gnarled with age. (As do we all!) It is named for the round, mealy yet edible strawberry colored fruit that ripen in the fall and winter. Self fertile. 1 gallon pot. Zones 7-11. D600: $17.50 each BAY LAUREL (Umbellaria californica) Cooks flavor pots of soup with the pungent bay leaves from this beautiful, broad-leafed western native evergreen that is also known as Oregon Myrtle. Fortunately for gardeners, Oregon Myrtle grows very slowly in gardens, only 20-to-25-feet tall and wide, substantially less than the 75-feet it may reach in its native range. It adapts well to pruning, so it can be maintained as a striking, aromatic 6-8’ shrub. It grows well in a pot. It likes deep moist soils, but can withstand drought when established. Zones 7-11. 1 gallon pot. M 520: $22.50 each SICILIAN SUNSHINE SWEET BAY (Laurus Nobilis) This edible sweet bay has beautiful golden leaves sprouting from red stems. Ideal for growing in a pot, it grows only to 8-12’ tall. 1 gallon Pot. USDA Zones 8-10. M 525: $22.50 each SWEET BAY (Laurus nobilis) Also called Grecian or true Bay. When you make a pot of soup, why not reach out your window and pick a bay leaf from this beautiful broadleafed evergreen. The tree can grow 10 to 20 feet tall but is easily kept smaller. It is also well suited for container 523: $24.50 growing. It likes full sun and is hardy to 10°F. 1 gallon pot. M each Eucalyptus Silver Dollar Tree Makes Big Change In Your Yard CIDER GUM ( E. gunnii) Hardy, fragrant, fast growing and drought tolerant, this bush or tree from the mountains of Tasmania is the source for the pungent, blue, silver-dollar-shaped leaves often dried for flower arrangements. Among the hardiest of the Eucalypts, it takes 10F or below and thrives even in the Pacific Northwest. For a continuous harvest of decorative leaves, prune in winter to stimulate new growth or let it become an upright tree of 30’ or more with leaves that become lanceshaped and green. 1 gallon pot. M550: $19.50 each Unusual Nut Trees Ginkgo (Ginkgo biloba) The only surviving member of an ancient order of conifer-like trees that covered the earth during the Jurassic period, 150 million years ago. Ginkgo grows slowly to more than 50 feet tall. Its leaf is shaped like a duck’s foot, and is unlike any other leaf in the world. Ginkgo trees are either male or female. The females won’t fruit without pollination from a male. The ripening fruit has no aroma, but if left to rot it has an unpleasant rancid smell. Planting any single tree will mean you have no pollination and therefore, no nuts. The edible nuts are green with a white shell and are the size of a small almond. And we almost forgot to tell you that ginkgo is used to stimulate memory. Ginkgo grows in a wide variety of soils and is a pollution tolerant tree. In the fall, the leaves of both the male and female turn a glorious golden yellow. Zones 4-9. Grafted trees are one gallon size. Seedlings 6-12”. SALEM LADY FEMALEA heavy producing grafted female ginkgo. K451: $22.50 each MALE A grafted male pollinizer for the female. Plant a male and a female if you want to harvest the nuts. K452: $22.50 each SEEDLINGS These are unsexed, but can still be a lot of fun to plant and will be very attractive yard trees. K450: $8.50 each Coniferous Nut Trees MONKEY PUZZLE(Araucaria araucana) The branching pattern of this Chilean evergreen seedling tree is unique. The branches are symetrical and horizontal, each turning up at its end. The Monkey Puzzle also produces 8” diameter oblong cones with up to 300 nuts per cone. The nuts are small and triangular shaped. They can be eaten raw or roasted and have a rich sweet flavor. Trees grow slowly to 25-45’ tall. We offer unsexed seedlings and only the females produce nuts while the males are pollinizers. The small one gallon size trees we offer have been growing for several years. Zones 6-9. K440: $26.50 eachPROHIBITED TO AZ. 75 Chestnuts Chestnuts are majestic trees that live hundreds of years and can produce hundreds of pounds of nuts each year. Trees with European and American parentage may not be resistant to chestnut blight and should not be planted east of the Rocky Mountains. Only the Chinese Chestnuts are reliably resistant east of the Rockies. Seedlings will be variable in nut production. Our grafted selections are all heavy producers. Zones 5-9 unless noted. Prohibited to AZ. Seedling Chestnuts AMERICAN CHESTNUT SEEDLINGS (Castanea dentata) While most chestnut trees found in the Northwest are of European origin, there are some American chestnuts and these represent the largest specimens left of this species in the nation. The American chestnut was virtually obliterated back East in its native range by the chestnut blight. These seedlings were grown from pure stands in Washington known to be blight free. The nuts are small, early ripening, light brown and very sweet. They have a fine flavor and peel quite easily. These make majestic timber trees, the largest of all chestnuts. They are not blight resistant. Zones 3-8. We offer 18-24” seedlings. K 350: $12.50each; 3+: $10 each CHINESE CHESTNUT SEEDLINGS (C. mollissima) We have selected seedlings from highly productive trees. They are resistant to Chestnut blight and can be planted in the east in areas with blight. Spreading trees grow to 35’ tall and produce sweet nuts. K342 (1-1/2’ to 3’ trees): $6.50 each, 5+: $4.50 each; K343 (large 4-6’ tree): $22.50 each COLOSSAL SEEDLING They have large, flavorful nuts and tend to be the most productive of the seedlings. Of European parentage. Plant two for pollination or use one as a pollinizer for a grafted tree. 1-3’ trees. K345 (1-3’ tree): $8.50 each; 3+: $6.00 each; K346 (4-6’): $22.50 Chestnut Cookbook CHESTNUT COOKBOOKby Annie Bhagwandin, 128 pages. The author has been growing, harvesting and preparing chestnuts for 25 years. The book includes recipes from around the world and interesting folklore. The book has been revised and reprinted. S027: $12.95 each How to Use Chestnuts IN THE KITCHEN: Chestnuts contain approximately 5% oil and 7% protein, along with a rich supply of carbohydrates, giving them a food value roughly equivalent to potatoes. In some parts of the world chestnuts are dried and ground into a flour for use in baking. They are among the sweetest of nuts and roasted chestnuts are a wonderful snack. Chestnuts complement vegetables, and are prized in turkey stuffing. IN THE LANDSCAPE: A beautiful spreading tree for the landscape. Chinese chestnuts compare in size to a very large apple tree, whereas European and American chestnuts eventually get quite massive. Chest nuts are a great dual purpose food and timber tree. Chestnut wood is extremely durable and rot resistant and possesses this quality as a young tree, unlike cedar. Chestnut resprouts quite vigorously after cutting, suiting it quite well to coppice management for rot resistant pole pro duction. Coppicing means to cut down an established tree thus allowing the suckers to regrow. The sucker sprouts will regrow again and again allowing for a continuous harvest of both nuts and wood. Useful Facts POLLINATION: Two varieties, two seedlings or one of each must be planted to insure pollination. Different chestnut species will readily cross with one another. If you lack room you can plant two in the same hole and have a multi-trunk tree. HARDINESS: USDA Zones 5-9. SUN OR SHADE: Full sun for nut production. PLANT SPACING: 40 ft. or more for maximum long term nut production. Interplanting at 20 foot spacing will greatly increase nut production over the first 20 years. Interplants will eventually need to be removed. HARVEST TIME: October-November. LIFE EXPECTANCY: A tree on the slopes of Mt. Etna in Sicily had a branch spread over 200 feet wide and was in excess of 2500 years old. BEARING AGE: Grafted trees will bear in 2-3 years, seedlings in 5-7. YIELD: A mature tree can produce 100 pounds or much more. How To Grow SOIL REQUIREMENTS: Chestnuts will grow in most soils, but they don’t like wet feet. Chestnut trees will tolerate acid soils, and are fairly drought resistant once established. PESTS AND DISEASES: Borers can be a problem for grafted trees. The Northwest has escaped chestnut blight due to climate and isolation. A row of coppiced Chestnut trees in France! 76 Order online at www.RaintreeNursery.com or call 1-800-391-8892. Black Walnuts BLACK WALNUT SEEDLINGS Very fast growing trees. An excellent choice for a dual purpose nut production and timber planting. 1-2’ seedlings. K240: $4.75; 10+: $3.75 each GRAFTED THOMAS BLACK If you want to harvest a great crop of flavorful black walnuts there’s no doubting Thomas is the tree for you. Thomas starts bearing at an early age, while seedling black walnuts can take many years to come into production. The nut meats are large for a black walnut and crack into halves or quarters. The tree grows rapidly to 50 feet or more and needs a rich moist but well drained soil. Plant it with a seedling black walnut for pollination. USDA Zones 5-9. K 246: $36.50 each Walnut Accessories KENKEL NUTCRACKER C rack black walnuts and other hard shelled nuts with this heavy duty tool. T360: $49.50 Plant A Black Walnut, Leave A Legacy Walnuts (Juglans species) These stately trees have large compound leaves and a handsome branching pattern that makes them attractive, even in wintertime. Walnuts prefer slightly acid to neutral deep soils with good drainage. Walnuts require full sun to crop effectively. USDA regulation prohibits shipping Juglans species to TX, KS, AZ, MO, OK, NE, MI, IN & CA. Our grafted walnuts are 3-6’ tall unless otherwise noted. Grafted Walnuts AMBASSADORA winter hardy self-fertile Carpathian hybrid from Idaho that sets heavy crops of delicious 1 1/4” nuts in thin shells. A patented variety, it needs about 600 chill hours. PP4132; USDA Zones 4-8. K190: $34.50 each Seedlings Butternuts are walnut relatives. They make beautiful, large trees and are good producers. BUTTERNUT SEEDLING(Juglans cinerea) The butternut is the hardiest tree in the walnut family. It is also known as the white walnut, for its lighter, attractive wood used for paneling and furniture. It is a medium to large tree with a lofty, spreading form, not quite as large or demanding of water as black walnuts. Nuts come enclosed in a rough, thick shell that terminates in a sharp point. Butternuts have a rich buttery taste preferred by some people over the other walnuts. Plant two for pollination. 1-2’ seedling tree. USDA Zones 4-9.K260: $11.50 each; 3+: $8.50 each Black Walnut’s Best Friend BLACK LOCUST ( Robinia pseudoacacia) This very fast growing tree has many uses. It is a nitrogen fixer and a good choice to plant with Black Walnut or Chestnut in a woodlot. In a woodlot or as a windbreak, plant the trees 10’ apart. Left to grow, the trees will get very tall. Trees can begin to be thinned and harvested for firewood and rot resistant posts in 8 to 12 years. Flowers are excellent bee forage. The thorny trees will send up root suckers which also grow into trees, even after a mature tree is cut. This way they replant themselves. 1-1/2’ to 3’ seedlings. USDA Zones 4-8. K620: $3.75 each; 10+: $2 each (Juglans nigra) Black walnut is a rapid grower in fertile sites, and produces an excellent wood. Since it has been largely logged out in the wild, there is considerable interest in black walnut as a high value timber crop. It produces a thick shelled rich flavored nut that retains flavor very well in cooking, and has nearly twice the protein of English Walnuts. It makes a much larger tree than other walnuts, spreading high and wide in great majesty. Timber plantings are close spaced at 10 to 18 ft. intervals, thinned for veneer in 20 years followed by timber harvest at 40’ spacing, 20-30 years later. Black walnuts like lots of water when they are in active growth. They are more tolerant of wetter ground than are English, but won’t grow in year-round swampy sites. Eating foliage is reportedly toxic to horses. Plant two or more black walnut seedlings for pollination. Many plants don’t grow well under walnut trees. USDA Zones 4-9. How to Use Walnuts IN THE KITCHEN: Walnuts are a highly concentrated protein source. They add nutrition to baked goods, salads or breads. Ground in a blender or chopped, they are great in casseroles or in a meatless nutloaf. IN THE LANDSCAPE: Walnuts are a great yard, shade or street tree. They should be sited at least 20’ from buildings to protect foundations. Useful Facts POLLINATION: English, Carpathian and Manregian walnuts are self fertile but benefit from a second variety for pollination. Plant two or more black walnut seedlings. HARDINESS: USDA Zones 5-9 unless otherwise noted. SUN OR SHADE: Full sun for effective cropping. SPACING: 40’ permanent spacing. Interplanting will work for up to 20 years. HARVEST TIME: Walnuts drop in September and October. BEARING AGE: Grafted trees 2 to 3 years, seedlings in 6 years or more. YIELD: A mature tree can produce 100 pounds of nuts or much more. How To Grow SOIL REQUIREMENTS: For production and long life, walnuts should be located in deep soils slightly acid to neutral, with good drainage. CULTURAL REQUIREMENTS: After the first growing season, apply a nitrogenous fertilizer mulch in early spring. Walnuts like a steady supply of moisture in the growing season. 77 Filberts (Corylus species) Filberts are easy to grow and very productive! Filberts can be grown in USDA Zones 5-9. They are by far the most important nut crop grown commercially in the Pacific Northwest. This small tree prefers a cool, wet climate. Filberts flower in mid-winter. The abundant male catkins make a showy display. Humid, windy weather is ideal for distribut ing pollen to the tiny red female flowers. By the end of August nuts are ripe. They drop in September. PROHIBITED TO AZ. New Blight Immune Cultivars We are happy to finally make these filbert blight resistant and blight immune cultivars available to home gardeners. Each is newly released by Oregon State University after two decades of breeding for blight immunity. It is now possible to grow filberts again in places that suffer from Eastern Filbert blight, including western Washington and Oregon. Filberts are also called Hazels or Hazelnut trees. We offer 2-3’ trees unless otherwise noted. DORRIS T his new highly blight resistant cultivar from OSU is perfect for the home gardener. It produces heavy crops of delicious filberts on a dwarf tree that is only half the size of other filbert varieties. Santiam and Yamhill are good pollinizers.K016: $19.95 each YORK A new mid season highly blight resistant pollinizer. It also produces a good quantity of tasty round medium size nuts. It will pollinize Dorris, and Yamhill and would help with early pollen for Jefferson when combined with Theta. Named after York from the Lewis and Clark expedition.K068: $19.95 each YAMHILLAnother recent OSU release. This high quality, small tree produces an ample crop of very tasty, early ripening nuts. It will pollinate Santiam, Dorris and Jefferson. K067: $22.50 each JEFFERSON This winning new variety joins the ranks of Eastern Filbert Blight immune filberts from Oregon State University. A smaller, compact tree, it is expected to replace Barcelona as the leading commercial variety since it yields bigger crops of large tasty nuts that fill their shells and produce so few blanks. A late bloomer, it is best pollinated by Theta, Yamhill and Dorris. K043: $22.50 each THETA This blight-immune late pollinator will increase yields for Jefferson, which has a long bloom period. It is especially effective when used with other Jefferson pollinizers such as Yamhill. Theta also pollinizes Contorted Red Dragon. It also produces tasty nuts. K 066: $19.95 each Eat Your Filbert Hedge BLIGHT IMMUNE FILBERT HEDGE We are offering a cross pollinating mixture of productive filbert blight immune varieties (Dorris and York) for those interested in planting productive nut bearing hedgerows, at an affordable price. These are on their own roots. Trees planted at 4 foot intervals should be allowed to sucker freely, which they will vigorously do, and an effective barrier 10 to 15 feet tall will be formed in several years. Filbert hedgerows have formed fence-like boundaries around fields in northern Europe for hundreds of years; giving shade, browse and forage for stock, shelter for a diversity of wildlife and protection from cold winds. The homeowner will also benefit from the privacy which a dense hedgerow affords throughout the growing season and the attractive winter bloom of male flowers.These are the same trees we offer individually, however you save $25 by buying the group of five which will makes a 20’ long hedge. K060: $79.95 each An Amazing Ornamental! CONTORTED RED DRAGON ( Corylus avellana cv. ‘Red Dragon’) Dramatic and completely resistant to Eastern Filbert Blight, this new, highly prized and previously unavailable, contorted hazelnut brings color and form to your yard. It has twisted stems, richly colored, darkburgundy-purple leaves as well as burgundy catkins, husks and nuts. Trees have moderate vigor and a spreading habit, which allows the contorted growth to be visible in summer. Stake and train the trunk to the height you desire, then allow it to contort outwards. Contorted Red Dragon will pollinize Theta. Zones 5-9. K031 (2 gallon): $49.95 each How To Use Filberts BEARING AGE: 2 to 3 years YIELD: 20 pounds or more per tree. IN THE KITCHEN: Bake with squash, casseroles, in vegetable pie; mince and add to cookies or candies. Crushed filberts make a great pie crust without any other ingredients. Filberts store for over a year. IN THE LANDSCAPE: Its tendency to sucker profusely makes it an excellent candidate for a fast growing hedge or screen plant. How To Grow Useful Facts POLLINATION: Filberts are wind pollinated in winter. Varieties have specific pollination requirements. See varietal descriptions. HARDINESS: Zones 5-9 unless otherwise noted. European Filbert flowers winterkill at -15° F. SUN: Prefers full sun in the maritime for maximum nut production. Prefers partial shade in very sunny, hot climates. PLANT SPACING: Single trees 15-20 feet; hedge plantings 4 to 5 ft. 78 SOIL REQUIREMENTS: Prefers slightly acid soil around 6.5 pH; does best in fertile soil with good drainage, but is widely adaptable. CULTURAL REQUIREMENTS: Plant in late winter or early spring. Late spring plantings grow less initially and require more watering. The ripeness of a filbert can be determined by pushing on the nut in the husk. If it turns in the husk then nut and husk have separated, and though it may be still a little green, it’s as ripe as it will get and can be picked before birds or squirrels get it. PESTS AND DISEASES: European Filberts are susceptible to Eastern Filbert Blight, a fungal bark disease spreading in commercial filbert growing areas. Our plants come from inspected stock grown far from infested areas. Control by spraying copper and dormant oil together at bud break, in late March, mid April and early May. Or select new blight immune cultivars! Order online at www.RaintreeNursery.com or call 1-800-391-8892. Almonds (Prunus amygdalus) Almonds are beautiful ornamentals with their attractive foliage and early spring pink fragrant flowers. They are of the Prunus genus and resemble a peach tree. Except, you discard the fruit, crack open the pit and eat the nut inside. The spreading trees can be maintained at 12’ to 20’ tall depending on the variety. We offer 3-5’ grafted trees. HALLS HARDY A beautiful ornamental that is also edible. This hardy, self-fertile tree produces a profusion of delicate, fragrant early spring pink blossoms. This is followed by attractive, disease resistant, peach-like foliage. Halls is thought to be a peach-almond cross. The tree grows rapidly to 20 feet and is self-fertile. The thick shelled, strong flavored almonds are good for cooking and eating. It blooms comparatively late for an almond and does very well in the maritime Northwest. It’s beauty, ease of care, spreading habit and reliable production make it a great tree for your yard. USDA Zones 6-9. On Lovell rootstock. K160: $23.50 each RELIABLE™Each season this beautiful tree produces a large crop of tasty almonds. It is self-fertile and the most reliable variety tested at the Mt. Vernon station. Reliable is a seedling hybrid of peach and almond. The nuts are harder shelled and stronger in flavor than a true almond, but its beautiful pink fragrant blossoms, disease-resistant foliage, spreading habit and reliable production make it a home garden winner. Easily maintained at about 15’ tall. It does very well in the maritime Northwest. USDA Zones 5-9. On Lovell rootstock. K165A: $24.50 each ALL IN ONE A self-fertile, soft shelled, sweet almond. All in One is hardy in the Pacific Northwest and in warmer climates. It is late blooming for an almond. It is a genetic semi dwarf and will only grow to 12 to 15 feet tall. USDA Zones 7-9. Developed by Floyd Zaiger. On Marianna 2624 rootstock. K150: $24.50 each TITAN T his unique almond tree boasts extreme winter hardiness, so it can grow and fruit successfully far North of where other commercial varieties have frozen out. It is a true almond with a thin, well-sealed shell and a sweet kernel. Unfortunately, in our region and other areas with wet springs, it may fall victim to brown rot and other fungal problems, even with spring and fall copper sprays. Titan blooms very late for an almond and can be pollinized by any late blooming almond or by any peach. On Lovell rootstock. K170: $28.50 each Flax NEW ZEALAND FLAX(Phormium tenax) New Zealand Flax (aka Harekeki) grows as a clump with elongated grey green leaves to about 8’ tall. This evergreen plant is very tolerant of salt spray seaside locations and quite happy in wet (swamp) conditions yet it grows in most soils with little watering and likes full sun. First harvest after 3 years. Not edible...but VERY useful and attractive. It was a main reason the English first went to New Zealand. It is valued for its long strong fibers, that were used it for rope for their sailing fleet. The Maori used it for clothing, weaving, baskets, packs and rope of all sorts. USDA Zones 7-10 though it may need winter mulch in Zones 7 and 8 and may die back in the winter. M056: $15 each Bamboo A grove of bamboo provides a wonderful habitat in your yard. Bamboo, when you know how to grow it, is very manageable. Bamboos are evergreen woody stemmed perennial grasses. Of great economic value; they serve more uses for more people than any other group of plants in the world. We offer the hardy types of bamboo. The larger hardy bamboos are of the genus Phyllostachys (abbreviated with the letter P). We also offer hardy “clumping” bamboo! We offer 1 gallon plants with good roots and viable tops that are guaranteed to grow. We also have beautiful large unshippable clumps of some varieties for sale at the nursery. Bring a covered pickup or van to take these home. PROHIBITED TO HAWAII. Timber Bamboo (30’ tall & more) P. N. HENON ( P. Nigra Henon) It is a special feeling being in a tall graceful stand of Henon. The long sturdy culms are free of branches about half way up to the olive green swaying canopy. It grows to 40’ or more and 3” or more in diameter. Its late spring shoot growth helps make it cold hardy to -10°F. It thrives and is beautiful at Raintree. N100: $32.50 each P. VIVAX A timber bamboo very similar to P. Bambusoides. The new shoots are very flavorful. It can grow 50’ tall and 4” diameter. New shoots grow up to one foot a day. Hardy to 5°F. USDA Zones 7-11. N640: $32.50 each P. N. MEGUROCHIKU (P. Nigra Henon Megurochiku) Similiar to Henon except that it has a beautiful black stripe on each culm. It grows to 30’ or more and 3” or more in diameter and is hardy to 0°F.N345: $32.50 each Large Bamboo (Up to 30’ Tall) They make beautiful accent plants or several will make a beautiful, thick evergreen impenetrable screen. Space plants about 6-8’ apart for a hedge. Follow the planting directions on page 80. P. NUDA Hardy to -20°F.Understandably our most popular large bamboo, this variety is the easiest to grow and the best choice for making a thick screen that looks good year round. It is among the hardiest species of the genus, surviving -20°F. with less winter foliage dieback than any other variety. Mature 2” diameter culms grow to 20-35’ tall, but harvest some of the edible young shoots, which are of excellent quality. N300: $26.50 each; 3+: $24.50 each P. AUREOSULCATA Among the most hardy and beautiful of the large bamboos, this variety boasts a yellow stripe on each young, green culm and about 20% of them develop a distinctive zigzag at the base. This vigorous selection grows very fast and becomes an almost impenetrable hedge of 20-25’ tall, 1 ½” culms. Very hardy, to -20°F, it survives untended in Southern Michigan. The new shoots are tasty too. N020: $26.50 each 79 P. DULCIS C ommonly called Sweetshoot Bamboo, this fast growing, beautiful bamboo is renowned for its tasty shoots early in the season. It is among the most beautiful with masses of large drooping leaves, thick culms and a white ring at each node. Very fast growing and thick for their height, the 30’ tall culms get up to 3 inches in diameter. Hardy to -10°F. N120: $28.50 each P. NIGRA(Black bamboo) New stems are green, turning black the second growing season. The black culms contrasted with the green foliage make this among the most favored and beautiful landscape plants in the world. The thin walled canes are very hard and used for cabinetry in Asia. They make beautiful fences and gates. The two inch diameter canes will grow to 25’ tall and are hardy to 0°F. N340: $28.50 each P. Nigra Medium Bamboo (Under 20’ Tall) PSEUDOSASA JAPONICA C alled arrow bamboo. Widely cultivated in the US, this tough, versatile bamboo produces a dense hedge of slender tan culms growing close together with large, dark green leaves that give it a tropical appearance. It prefers moist conditions and tolerates salt spray, making it an excellent choice for coastal gardens. It grows to 8’-16’ feet tall and makes a beautiful barrier or performs well in a container. N560: $24.50 each his exceptionally cold hardy bamboo is one of the P. BISETTII T smallest of its genus and can grow to about 20’. Spreading vigorously once established, its low thick dark green culms and low branches and leaves make for an excellent screen. Bissetii is a great farmstead building bamboo. After a few years when your bamboo stand is more mature, harvest 3 to 6 year old canes which will have strong thick walls but be very bendable and only about an inch in diameter, ideal for tying together and bending into many things including greenhouse arches and other structures. Newly emerged shoots can be used in stir fry or your choice of cuisine! 1 gallon pot. To -20°F. N 150: $24.50 each Clumping Bamboo (10-15’ Tall) Big, beautiful and no barrier needed! Enjoy the benefits of bamboo without worrying about underground rhizomes popping up where you don’t want them. Clumping bamboo will stay where you put it and slowly, gradually get bigger as the clump ages. These bamboos are hardy to -20°F, and the strong canes are about ½” in diameter. How To Use Bamboo IN THE KITCHEN: All Phyllostachys varieties produce edible shoots. IN THE LANDSCAPE: Bamboos are among the most graceful and beautiful of all plants. A bamboo grove is an excellent year round screen because of its profuse evergreen foliage and dense cane growth. The Phyllostachys make a great tall screen or windbreak but they should be allowed to grow at least several feet thick since the outer leaves can become discolored by the wind in the winter. The ground covers add spectacular color and texture. Useful Facts POLLINATION: None required. HARDINESS: See varietal descriptions. SUN OR SHADE: Most Phyllostachys prefer full sun. P. Nigra likes partial shade. In dry sunny climates however, all bamboo can usually benefit from partial shade. Varieties we offer that prefer shade include Fargesia Nitida and Muriale. Here in the Pacific Northwest we have not had any trouble growing any of the varieties in full sun. What they all seem to benefit from is protection from 80 Hardy Clumpers FARGESIA NITIDA T he most upright growing of the Fargesia selections, this clumping bamboo makes a beautiful 12’ hedge where there isn’t a lot of space or a lot of sun. Hardy to -20°F, the dense foliage looks best when shaded from hot, midday summer sun. The strong canes make excellent garden stakes. N220: $26.50 each FARGESIA MURIALEMany small, narrow leaves cover the slim, upright shoots of this hardy, non-running bamboo. Individual clumps gradually develop a cascading, fountain-like shape and produce a beautiful 12’ tall hedge. Hardy to -20°F, it grows at high elevations in China where it is a staple food for the Panda. Like other Fargesias, it prefers part shade or dappled, not hot, sunlight. N360: $26.50 each FARGESIA DRACOCEPHALAThe best clumping bamboo for sunny locations, this variety, also called Hardy Dragon bamboo, takes both heat and cold (to-10°F) without leaves curling as they do on other Fargesias. Culms, about ½” in diameter, grow in a range of colors, some almost black and others in shades of red, yellow or green. Darker green, dense foliage fills in and creates an ideal hedge that grows 15’ tall. N 233: $26.50 each CHUSQUEA CULEOThis unique clumping bamboo comes from the mountains of Chile and Argentina. Unlike most other bamboos, Chusquea culeo has solid culms. Each culm grows to about 1” in diameter and 15-20’ tall. Fine, narrow, 4” long leaves and abundant side branches give clumps of this bamboo a fluffy, airy feel. Hardy to 0°F, it thrives in either full sun or partial shade. N680: $24.50 each Groundcover Bamboo DWARF VARIEGATED ( Pleioblastus variegatus) Called dwarf white stripe, it grows only about 2 1/2 feet tall with bold green and white variegated leaves. Better than Jesse James at holding up a bank, nothing beats groundcover bamboo for stabilizing soil, even though the mat of rhizomes only goes about one foot down. Plant 1-2’ apart. Keep ground cultivated and loose. Plants spread well and are easily transplanted. 4-inch pot. N6004: $8.50 each drying winter winds. PLANT SPACING: A single culm will eventually become a grove, though it may take ten years. A more immediate effect can be created by planting Phyllostachys clumps at 6-8’ intervals and smaller bamboo as close as 3’ apart. HARVEST TIME: Young shoots for eating are harvested in spring, ideally just as or after they pop above the ground. Canes take several years to achieve maximum hardness and durability of the wood, so no canes should be harvested before the 3rd year where strength is desired. LIFE EXPECTANCY: All vegetation propagated from any single bamboo seedling, wherever grown in the world, will flower at the same time. Some flower only once every 100 years, die and grow back from the seeds. How To Grow SOIL REQUIREMENTS: Bamboos are tolerant of a wide variety of soil types, preferring slightly moist, well drained sites, not swampy sites. HOW TO PLANT: Make a trench between 1-1/2 and two feet deep for the Phyl- lostachys varieties; slightly shallower for shorter varieties. Tamp down the dirt at the bottom of the trench. Bamboo will always grow better in loose rather than compacted soil. Fill in the trench with loose, rich soil, high in organic matter and nitrogen. Don’t tamp it down after planting as you would with a tree but do water well. Make the trench as wide as you would like the bamboo to spread. 3-6’ is a nice width for a backyard screen. The bamboo will fill in whatever shape you make the trench. Be creative. Bamboo loves to be watered regularly and deeply. Eventually the falling leaves are self-mulching. PESTS AND DISEASES: Mites might be a problem. Pandas are not! HOW TO CONTROL: Unchecked, it can grow out of control, however, with good initial planning, it is easy to control. Bamboo will fill and mostly stay within your cultivated and watered area. In a field or lawn, the sod or a roadway will help control the bamboo. Mowing or digging up the new shoots each spring will also provide control. However, if the bamboo is planted in an area where mowing or digging is not practical; use an underground barrier. Order online at www.RaintreeNursery.com or call 1-800-391-8892. Citrus We are offering large 2-3 year old, well branched bareroot citrus trees. They CAN BE SHIPPED TO CALIFORNIA and all other states except Florida, Texas, Arizona and Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. We have chosen a great selection of varieties for growing indoors. The best way to grow citrus in the North is to keep the pot outside in the summer and bring it in when the temperature goes below 50° F. Please place Citrus as a separate order since it will be sent apart from other items! Citrus is shipped via Priority Mail so please include your mailing address. Regardless of your location, use the East of the Rockies, (Non Zone Skipping) chart on page 95! They are hardy outdoors in USDA Zones 9-11 unless noted. Lemons IMPROVED MEYER LEMON Our best selling citrus. Enjoy medium size juicy lemons almost year round. Since lemons are acidic they don’t need much heat to bring the fruit to full ripeness. Enjoy the fragrant waxy white blossoms throughout the year. It is an early and regular bearer, hardy for a short time to 18°F. 2-year potted tree. J180Q: $49.95 each VARIEGATED PINK LEMON This wonderful ornamental rewards growers with both beauty and fruit. Mature foliage is creamy white and green, and the new foliage glows pink. Abundant lemons with excellent flavor grow year round. 1-year 4x9” pot. J195Q: $44.50 each Easiest to Grow Indoors! CALAMONDIN I t is the easiest citrus to care for and the easiest to grow in a container. While most citrus go dormant below 50° F, the Calamondin will thrive at lower temperatures and is therefore easier to grow successfully outside the South. Still, in the Northwest and colder regions, bring the pot in for the winter. The Calamondin has broad oval green leaves, is almost thornless and has a shapely upright habit. Throughout most of the year it produces an abundance of round bright orange 1-1/2” fruit. The fruit is easy to peel and has few seeds. The orange colored pulp is juicy and sour. It can be used as a flavoring or as a juice like a lemon or a lime. When sweetened with sugar it makes a delicious marmalade. Hardy to 10° to 15° F, 2-year potted tree. J 120Q: $49.95 each These Plants Will Fit on Your Table! NAGAMI KUMQUAT A bite-sized orange colored fruit with thick, sweet skin and a tangy flesh. The whole fruit, skin and all, is edible and delicious. The fruit ripens in the winter and holds well on the tree. The dark evergreen leaves and the many bright fruit make it a beautiful ornamental. A natural dwarf, it grows to only 2-3’ tall and makes a beautiful potted tree small enough to fit on your dining table. It is hardy to 18°F. 2- year potted tree. J160Q: $49.95 each INDIO MANDARINQUAT A kumquat-mandarin hybrid. The fruit is bigger than a kumquat, and differs from a mandarin in that you can eat the whole thing. The sweet peel, eaten with the tart flesh, gives a unique combination of flavors. Slice the bell-shaped fruit or eat them from the tree. 2-year potted tree. J165Q: $49.95 each CENTENNIAL VARIEGATED KUMQUAT This variegated sport of a Nagami Kumquat has pale yellow and cream leaves complemented by yellow and green striped fruit which become quite large and turn orange at maturity. Ripeness occurs in late winter and fruit holds well on the tree into the summer. 2 year potted tree. J168Q $49.95 each FUKUSHU KUMQUAT Like other kumquats, the Fukushu is a naturally small tree, well-suited for growing as an ornamental. Tree growth is characterized by its spreading form, and leaves that are typically larger and broader than those of other kumquats. Fukushu fruits ripen to orange and are fully edible, with thinner rinds and fewer seeds than Meiwa or Nagami types. 2- year potted tree. J163Q: $49.95 Limes BEARSS LIME B earss bears a heavy crop of an almost seedless fruit the size of a small lemon. Lemons and limes need comparatively less heat to ripen than most citrus. The skin is pale yellow and the flesh a yellow-green with a delicious lime flavor. It is hardy to 28°F. 2- year potted tree. J200Q: $49.95 each KIEFFER LIME (THAI) Distinctively shaped leaves are used in Thai cooking. Fragrant leaves, thinly sliced provide flavoring for curries, soups, and main dishes. The flesh is not eaten but the bumpy rind is used as zest. USDA Zones 10-11. 2- year potted tree. J210Q: $49.95 each Australian Finger Lime AUSTRALIAN FINGER LIME (Microcitrus australasica) The most unusual of citrus, the finger lime is long and narrow with rough skin. Chefs the world over are finding creative uses for Australian Finger Limes, which add unique texture and a special “zing” to dishes. The fruit is sometimes referred to as “citrus caviar” because the small round interior vesicles pop in your mouth with tart lime flavor. More cold tolerant than other limes and great in containers, the flavor is distinctly lime with a wonderful lingering after taste. Add to drinks or salads or include in your favorite recipe. 1YR. 4x9 inch pot.J215Q: $44.50 each Oranges/Mandarins WASHINGTON NAVEL T he navel is the hardiest of the oranges. The fruit is medium to large in size. It is very sweet, juicy and seedless. It is an attractive and heavily bearing tree. The fruit ripens in the winter. The tree is hardy to about 24° F. 2-year potted tree. J260Q: $49.95 each TROVITA ORANGE A delicious fresh eating and juice orange. It ripens in the spring. It is very productive, very sweet and nearly seedless. It produces outdoors in the San Francisco Bay area as well as in hotter summer areas. 2-year potted tree. J240Q: $49.95 each Start out right with our large, beautifully branched citrus trees! 81 CLEMENTINE MANDARIN (Algerian) - From North Africa. Ripens about a month after Satsuma. Clementine is a most popular variety with a classic sweet/tart mandarin flavor. J117Q: $49.95 each OWARI SATSUMA MANDARIN The easy to grow tree has a spreading habit and fragrant flowers. The fruit is flavorful, seedless and easy to peel. It is the hardiest of all the mandarins to 20° F. The fragrant oranges ripen in the winter. 2-year potted tree. J115Q: $49.95 each CARA CARA PINK NAVEL ORANGEThis early-ripening orange is a sport of the Washington Navel orange and is easy to grow, but its flesh is a bright pink/medium red. The sweet flavor will please your palate, just as the unusual color will surprise you and your friends. Try pink orange juice. 2-year potted tree. J265Q: $49.95 each PAGE MANDARIN A juicy, sweet cross between Minneola tangelo and Clementine mandarin. The round fruit has deep orange rind, which is thin but can be peeled. It is a good choice to complete a citrus collection. It is more productive with nearby pollinator trees: mandarins or the Valencia orange. 2 year potted tree. J 118Q $49.95 each KISHU SEEDLESS MANDARIN This early ripening mandarin, popular in Japan, produces very sweet, seedless, easy to peel fruit that is becoming a gardener’s favorite. 2-year potted tree. J 119Q $49.95 each Delicious Berry Flavor MORO BLOOD ORANGE T he blood oranges are called the ‘connoisseur’s citrus’. They are sweet and highly flavored with a hint of strawberry and raspberry aftertaste. The name ‘blood’ derives from its red blotches on the skin and its reddish flesh and juice coloring. Because of its coloration, the fruit does not fit into U.S. mass marketing schemes. The blood orange is popular along the Mediterranean. The fruit is medium size and very productive. It ripens in late winter and early spring. Hardy to about 27°F. 2-year potted tree. J100Q: $49.95 each Grapefruit ORO BLANCO GRAPEFRUIT This beautiful, dwarf tree produces large, juicy, seedless grapefruit with wonderfully sweet flesh. A grapefruitpummelo cross, it bears huge, fragrant flowers and elegant fruits with nearly white, bitter-free flesh. Fruit ripens in late winter, even in areas of low summer heat. Zones 1011. 2-year potted tree. J 150Q: $49.95 each Bizarre Yet Useful Citrus Accessories ORGANIC CITRUS & TREE FOODA blend of select natural organic ingredients for use with citrus and other home orchard fruit trees. It is formulated to encourage new growth, lush green foliage and to support bountiful crops. Contains: Blood Meal, Dried Chicken Manure, Bat Guano, Alfalfa Meal, Kelp Meal, Potassium Sulfate, Humic Acid, and soil microbes including mychorrhizal fungi. 4 lb box. T147: $14.50 each ALL NATURAL CITRUS MIX C itrus Mix 6-3-3 Fertilizer. Designed to nourish citrus trees in home orchards and containers, our Citrus Mix is formulated from all natural ingredients with primary and secondary plant nutrients plus selected micronutrients that promote lush new growth and bountiful fruit. It can be used to feed other fruit trees, vines and ornamentals. For people with only a couple potted citrus plants this 1 lb box will last several years. 1lb box. T148: $9.99 each CITRUS: SELECTING & GROWING By Martin Page, 192 pages hardcover. From England, this book focuses on growing all types of citrus including indoor and container culture. Learn about soils, watering, fertilization and pest control. Enjoy the many color photos. S064: $34.95 each C itrus arrived today and looked great. They are much more mature than I was expecting. More than happy with my purchase.. -- K.P., Roseburg, OR How To Use Citrus IN THE KITCHEN: The sweet citrus is wonderful eaten from the tree and is nice in fruit salad. Both sweet and sour citrus make great juice or marmalade. Kieffer Lime leaves are used in Thai cooking to impart distinctive citrus flavor. IN THE LANDSCAPE: A beautiful, fragrant small evergreen plant. A great plant for the deck or courtyard, house or greenhouse. Citrus do have thorns. Useful Facts ORIGIN: China. Brought to India and then the Middle East and Europe before the time of Christ. Brought by Columbus to the Americas. POLLINATION: Our varieties are self-fertile. If indoors when they flower, bees can’t pollinate them. Use a watercolor brush or cotton swab to rub pollen within the flower. Often they produce fruit without doing this. HARDINESS: Most survive brief exposure from 26°F to 28°F, depending on variety. Though plants are evergreen they do go into dormancy and stop growing below 54°F. Growing indoors, at least 65-70°F during the day and 55°F at night is best. While they may survive below freezing, they are happier kept above freezing. SUN OR SHADE: Full sun or a sunny window. The trees need a lot of light. They benefit from supplementary lighting. Using a fluorescent to extend their light period to 12 hours a day in the winter will help. A full spectrum grow light works the best. SIZE AT MATURITY: Grown in a pot, all can be easily maintained at 3-5’. YIELD: Grown in a pot, several dozen fruit a year. How To Grow SOIL REQUIREMENTS: Grows best in a pot with a sandy, well drained potting mix. Trees don’t do well in clay or heavy soils. Fertilization is important and should include trace minerals found in the Organic Citrus Food listed above. CULTURAL REQUIREMENTS: Citrus will arrive bareroot. Be prepared to plant them in a 10-12” container with a light weight garden grade potting mix. Avoid dense mixes with peat or lighten with wood shavings. Water it deeply but only when the soil is getting dry rather than giving too many frequent surface waterings. The tree will need root pruning and repotting every two years or so. Plants benefit indoors from higher humidity so mist the tree occasionally. Place a pan of rocks under the pot. Pour water in the pan. This provides extra humidity for your plant. BUDDHA’S HAND CITRON This bizarre, tender fruit looks like a cross between a giant lemon and a squid or like long, thin, gnarled human fingers. It has virtually no pulp and is only eaten candied as a dessert or used in Chinese medicine. We ship 2-3 year old Buddha’s Hand citron trees that are well formed. No tolerance for frost. Zones 10-11. J170Q: $49.95 each Order online at www.RaintreeNursery.com or call 1-800-391-8892. 82 Books How to Order Books If books are ordered with plants, use the shipping cost chart on the order form or on our website. We suggest you order books separately from plants and supplies because shipping is charged based on your order total and plants and supplies are often bulky and more expensive to ship. Call in your book order and we can save you money on shipping! For complete book descriptions see our web site. On this page we feature practical books about edible landscaping and fruit growing by America’s most knowledgable and most readable garden writers. Each is a long time friend of and collaborator with Raintree Nursery. THE PRUNING BOOKby Lee Reich, 234 pages. The noted edible plant horticulturist and garden writer has taken the mystery out of pruning. Through clear color pictures and text, the beginning gardener will learn how to choose the right tools and make the right cuts. It covers fruits, nuts, berries, conifers, broadleafs and all the fun techniques like bonsai, pleaching and many types of espalier. S327: $21.95 Edible Landscaping EDIBLE LANDSCAPING WITH A PERMACULTURE TWIST by Michael Judd, 144pgs. 200 color photos and drawings. Edible Landscaping with a Permaculture Twist is a how-to manual for the budding gardener and experienced green thumb alike, full of creative and easy-to-follow designs that guide you to having your yard and eating it, too. With the help of more than 200 beautiful color photos and drawings, permaculture designer and avid grower Michael Judd takes the reader on a step-by-step process to transform a sea of grass into a flourishing edible landscape that pleases the eye as well as the taste buds. With personality and humor, he translates the complexities of permaculture design into simple self-build projects, providing full details on the evolving design process, material identification, and costs. S500: $24.95 GROW FRUIT NATURALLY By Lee Reich, 234 pages.A hands on guide to growing most of the fruits in the Raintree catalog. Text and color charts and photos explain what you need to know to be successful including, soils, pollination, planting, pruning, watering, pest control, harvest and storage. S138: $24.95 FREE RANGE CHICKEN GARDENSby Jessi Bloom, 234 pages. Subtitled “How to Create A Beautiful, Chicken-Friendly Yard.” Landscape designer and Raintree collaborator Bloom explains how to 174: care for chickens and how to integrate poultry into your garden. S $19.95 LANDSCAPING WITH FRUIT by Lee Reich, 192 pages. Using beautiful color photos and understandable diagrams, Reich clearly explains what to grow, how to grow it and how to make your landscape both beautiful and bountiful. S326: $19.95 YOUR EDIBLE LANDSCAPE NATURALLY by Robert Kourik, 370 pages. (Reprinted after being out of print) Robert has brought together the best information on backyard fruit and vegetable growing from throughout the world. This is a step by step guide to selecting, planting, pruning, grafting and caring for hundreds of the best edible landscaping plants. The book includes more useful information than we, in our research, had seen in one place. We borrowed much from his book in writing our catalog and there are ten times that number of gems we didn’t have room for. If you find the charts and information in our catalog useful then you will love Robert’s book. This is the most useful and fascinating book on fruit and vegetable growing. We suggest you read the tree planting section before you put your trees in the ground. S490: $49.95 Visit RaintreeNursery.com for more great books to help your garden grow! More Fruit Growing Books FRUIT GARDENER’S BIBLE b y Lewis Hill & Leonard Perry, 320 pages. A complete reference on every aspect of planting, growing, caring for, and harvesting the fruits in the Raintree catalog from the late Lewis Hill, a Raintree customer for years and one of America’s great horticulturists. Hill focuses on the best organic, no-spray methods. S139: $24.95 Lee Reich tastes unusual fruits at Raintree with horticulturist UNCOMMON FRUITS FOR EVERY Theresa Knutsen. GARDEN by Lee Reich, 292 pages. Lee Reich’s prized book has been revised and expanded. The book includes information, photos, drawings and detailed information on most of the unusual fruits offered in the Raintree catalog. A great gift for the serious fruit grower. S 346: $16.95 ROOTS DEMYSTIFIEDby Robert Kourik, 165 pages. Robert explains through extensive illustrations, how the roots of plants including fruit trees, berry bushes, vegetables and ornamentals grow. He offers a wealth of practical planting and plant care instructions the home gardener can understand and use. It’s fun reading, “After the first years growth an apple tree can produce 17 million root hairs with a length of over a mile.” S225: $25 A HISTORY OF FRUIT VARIETIES196 pages by David Ferree. A fun read and great gift for the historical fruit enthusiast. Commemorating the 150th Anniversary of the American Pomological Society, the nation’s leading horticulturists reach back in many cases hundreds of years and take turns describing the fascinating history of 015: $12.50 many of the most well known American fruit cultivars. S More than Cookbooks SIMPLY QUINCE by Barbara Ghazarian, 216 pages. A great holiday gift book for the fruit lover. Read about the culture and history of the Quince. The recipes allow readers to become Quince culinary masters. S 105: $21.95 GOJI RECIPESby Donald Daugs, 72 pages. The author includes harvesting information, nutrient values and a wide variety of Goji Berry recipes. S036: $8.95 How-To Guides From England These books are originally from England. They are the best “How To” guides we have seen. PLANT PROPAGATION b y Alan Toogood, 256 pages. A step-by-step illustrated guide. Learn from the experts how to graft, bud, make hardwood or softwood cuttings, stool beds and other techniques. Learn to start your own plants from seed or understand nursery propagation. Included is a list of thousands of plants, including those in our catalog and instructions for propagating each one. S080: $34.95 PRUNING & TRAINING REVISED EDITION by Christopher Brickell and David Joyce, 336 pages. A definitive guide covering all trees, shrubs and vines with great illustrated sections on pruning and care of the fruit trees and it presents all the techniques you need in easy to follow, step by step explanations. S 325: $22.95 83 Orchard Care TRAINING & PRUNING YOUR HOME ORCHARD b y Pacific Northwest Extension, 14 pages. Dr. Robert Stebbins uses clear diagrams to show you how to prune your backyard fruit trees. S 335: $3 THE HOME ORCHARDby C. Ingels, 202 pages. A new comprehensive book for the home fruit and nut orchardist with special emphasis on organic and non toxic pest management and fertilization methods. Learn about irrigation, pruning, grafting, thinning, harvesting and all you need to succeed. Includes many instructive diagrams and photos. Written for California but widely applicable. S 141: $25 THE HOLISTIC ORCHARD by Michael Phillips, 432 pages. Phillips, an organic orchardist in New Hampshire, adds to the information in his book the Apple Grower (See page 29.). The Holistic Orchard explains the complex web of life that surrounds your orchard. It covers all the major tree fruits and also many types of berries. Topics include choosing the right varieties for your climate, skills such as grafting, planting and pruning, companion planting, encouraging beneficial insects and pest control. S145: $39.95; S145D (DVD, 300 mins.):$49.95 THE APPLE GROWER by Michael Phillips, 242 pages. Subtitled “A guide for the Organic Orchardist,” Phillips speaks to the larger backyard grower and commercial orchardist with years of knowledge and a reverence for nature. From planning the orchard and choosing cultivars and rootstocks to siting, planting, soils, mulches, pollination, pest control, harvesting and marketing, this book is full of valuable information.S005: $39.95 Grape Growing Guides GREAT GRAPES b y Anne Proulx, 32 pages. Learn how to plant, trellis, care for and harvest grapes in your backyard. A Garden Way booklet. S180: $3.95 NATURAL WINEMAKING AT HOME by Anine Grumbles, 147 pages. For years the author has advised home winemakers about making wines without sulfites. She has recipes for wines from many fruits and she outlines all the ingredients and equipment a home winemaker will need. S149: $19.95 THE ORGANIC BACKYARD VINEYARD by Tom Powers, 186 pages. Subtitled, “A step by step guide to growing your own grapes.” Powers states a 100 foot row of grapes can yield up to 175 bottles of wine and he walks the small grower through the entire process of growing wine grapes. Learn how to design and build and maintain your vineyard using organic techniques and how to harvest and store your grapes for winemaking. This book includes a month by month maintenance guide and regional varietal recommendations. S183: $19.95 Complimentary With Each Order REVISED RAINTREE PLANT OWNER’S MANUAL b y Raintree staff, Shipped free with each order. Available to download free from www.raintreenursery.com. Information to successfully grow the plants in the catalog! Food Health and Nutrition EATING ON THE WILD SIDEby Jo Robinson, Hardcover, 407 pages. Ever since man invented agriculture 10,000 years ago, we have been selecting fruits and vegetables that are high in starch and sugar and low in vitamins, minerals, fiber and anti oxidants.. Raintree instead offers many lesser known fruit varieties for their complex flavors and superior nutritional value. Robinson, a long time Raintree customer, explains which varieties of fruits and vegetables are most nutritious and how to grow, harvest and prepare each to maximize its nutritive value. A very important and fascinating book for those who want to grow and eat the healthiest food. It will totally change the way you select your food. S147: $27 TEAMING WITH MICROBES by Lowenfels & Lewis, forward by Elaine Ingham, 220 pages. Revised. Subtitled “A Gardener’s Guide to the Soil Food Web,” 88 color images, are used to take readers on a “Fantastic Voyage,” exploring the microscopic world of the soil. The authors explain how to apply this knowledge to have healthy living soil in your own garden. Put compost teas and predatory nematodes to work for you. S221: $24.95 TEAMING WITH NUTRIENTS by Jeff Lowenfels, Hardcover 250 pages. From the author of “Teaming With Microbes”. In this “Organic Gardener’s Guide to Optimizing Plant Nutrition”, Lowenfels explains how gardeners can play their part to grow the healthiest food. Jeff makes this important science useful and fascinating. S223: $17.99 Berries THE BACKYARD BERRY BOOKby Stella Otto, 284 pages. Using easy to understand language and illustrations, Otto explains the basics of growing strawberries, raspberries, blackberries, blueberries, grapes, kiwis, currants and gooseberries, lingonberries and rhubarb. Included is the needed information on pest control, propagation, pruning and other cultural practices. S 041: $17.95 FRUITS & BERRIES FOR THE HOME GARDEN by Lewis Hill, 288 pages. Master gardener and Raintree customer Lewis Hill shares his knowledge of backyard fruit growing accumulated over 45 years. In addition to new varietal recommendations, Hill shows home gardeners how to select, plant, prune, trellis and care for each type of fruit tree and berry bush. He includes up-to-date pest control and fertilization information including a lot on organic methods. S140: $19.95 THE GRAPE GROWER by Lon Rombough, 304 pages. “A Guide to Organic Viticulture,” Everything you need to know; planting, training, propagating, pest control, folklore and choosing the best varieties for each climate, from a long time expert! S185: $35 Drip Irrigation Book DRIP IRRIGATION b y Robert Kourik, 181 pages. New and revised. Successful growing of fruit depends on a good drip irrigation system. Kouriks’ concise words and illustrations show you how to succeed. His humorous style reads like a good novel. S111: $24.95 Order online at www.RaintreeNursery.com or call 1-800-391-8892. 84 A GARDENER’S GUIDE TO BLUEBERRIES Pocket Sized, 40 pages. A great pocket guide to carry as you care for your blueberry plants. It includes info on soil prep, planting, pollination, mulching, watering, pruning, fertilizing, pests, varieties and also growing in containers. Everything you need to know to be successful. S103: $4.99 Container & Greenhouse Fruit Growing BOUNTIFUL CONTAINERSby Rose Marie Nichols McGee & Maggie Stucky, 432 pages. Subtitled “Create container gardens of vegetables, herbs, fruits and edible flowers”. The authors explain choosing the proper pot, planting, fertilizing, disease control, pollination and appropriate cultivars. S 186: $21.95 DVDs EASY STEPS TO FRUIT TREE PRUNING by Jacky King and Gary Moulton, DVD. To learn how to prune, you need to see it done ... and then see it again. Gary Moulton from the Washington State University Research and Experiment Unit at Mt. Vernon shows you how. He starts with how to use the right tools properly. He demonstrates how to prune the tree from the day you get it from Raintree. Learn how to prune and shape it for maximum fruit production. Learn how to bring old trees back into production and how to work with espaliers. Gary covers both central leader and open center systems and explains the differences in pruning different types of fruit trees. Fruit tree pruning will no longer be a mystery. DVD.S520D: $34.50 GROWING GREENS FOR LOVE AND MONEY by Susan Moser, DVD. A delightfully updated instructional DVD and booklet explaining commercial, organic salad greens gardening using an unheated 30x72’ greenhouse. The set details a successful, part time, one-person gardening operation requiring relatively little capital investment, low maintenance, while providing a speedy return. You can have a clean, safe, quiet workspace using minimal equipment, help provide low fat, high nutrition food, contribute to local food security, and lower our collective carbon foot print -- and get paid well for doing it. And, you can eat what you grow! Marketing ideas offered, including the popular, expanding national farm-to-cafeteria program. The purchaser is invited to call Susan for encouragement. S530D: $54 CONTROL OF APPLE ANTHRACNOSE DVD featuring plant pathologist Ralph Byther. This instructive video shows how to control cankers by cutting, torching, pruning and fungicides. Proceeds to the Western Washington Fruit Research Foundation.S522: $14.50 each THE HOLISTIC ORCHARD, DVD.5 hours. Michael Phillips walks you through his organic orchard management system. S145D: $49.95 Books Listed in Other Sections of the Catalog • Grow the Best Berries, Story books, 32 pages each. A great series of how-to books listed throughout the catalog. Subjects include, Strawberries (S200, see page 11) Rasp & Blackberries (S040 see page 13), Grapes (S180 see page 68), & Asparagus (S205 see page 62): $3.95 each • Cider Makers Handbook (Page 29) – S342 - $44.95 • Cider (Page 29) – S340 - $14.95 • Hard Cider in the Pacific NW (Page 29) – S343 - $11 • Grafting Leaflet (Page 53) – S050 - $2.95 • Pomegranate Roads (Page 59) – S329 - $18 • Bananas You Can Grow (Page 60) – S009 - $19.95 • Growing Kiwifruit (Page 69) – S240 - $4.50 • Chestnut Cookbook (Page 76) – S027 - $12.95 • Citrus (Page 82) – S064 - $34.95 Supplies CHERRY & SMALL FRUIT HARNESS Attach the sturdy clips of this comfortable professional pickers cotton harness to holes drilled in your 1 to 3 gallon bucket and ergonomically pick cherries and small fruits with both hands free. T030: $14.50 FRUIT PICKING BAG Have your hands free to pick a bushel of fruit and gently open the bottom and dump it in a box like a professional. See page 29 for full description. T025: $45 each THE ROO APRON The Roo is perfect for harvesting your fruits and vegetables or for other hands free collecting. No more using your shirt trying to get fruits and vegetables in from the garden, simply put on the Roo, fill the pouch and the cylinder chute allows you to deposit your collection without messy fallout. Adjustable cotton straps fit any size in comfort and are designed to fit over the shoulders rather than the neck to provide all day comfort. T036: $29.95 each TWISTER FRUIT PICKER® The Twister Fruit Picker ® is designed for the home fruit grower to easily pick hard to reach fruits of many types. This ingenious tool is made in America from very durable lightweight parts. It gently grabs any kind of fruit larger than one inch diameter. Purchase a common pole, available at a hardware store, including mop poles to screw into the bottom of the picker. You adjust the tension so you pick the fruit without crushing it. It is much superior to a basket picker. (Call us to order it separately and we can ship it for $7.50.) It would make a great gift for a fruit nut. T037: $39.95 each 85 FELCO LEATHER HOLSTER Prune partner! If you want to be the fastest, best looking and most accurate pruner in the west (or east) you need a holster for your pruners. Attach through your belt. T275: $14.50 BIRD NETTING Birds love to eat the fruit from blueberry bushes, cherry trees and grape vines. Get your share by putting netting over your plants. 14’ x 25’ piece of netting, enough to cover two dwarf cherry trees or lots of bushes. Black netting with 2” mesh. T 430: $14.50 each FELCO PRUNERS These are the pruners used by profes sionals throughout the world. Each person at our nursery packs a pair in a holster on their hip. They are of unsurpassed quality and Swiss made precision workmanship. Solid forged metal alloy handles are complemented by a hardened cutting blade. A hardened bolt and nut assure exact adjustment of both the cutting and anvil blades. A rubber cushion and shock absorber provide smooth working and soft closing. All major parts are replaceable and the blade is easily sharpened. They make a smooth cut every time and are easy on the trees and shrubs and on you. FELCO 8, righthanded, T190: $54; FELCO 9, left-handed T200: $54 COMMERCIAL BIRD NETTING BY THE FOOT We have long rolls of bird netting. Use it over grapes or build a structure over blueberries or dwarf cherry trees. Secure with clothespins at the bottom. (Cut to order at 5’ intervals, 25’ minimum length per piece. KNIFE & PRUNER SHARPENER Corona AC8300 blade sharpener. This five inch super carbide file with no slip handle fits easily in your pocket. It works great on your grafting knife or on your pruners insuring clean orchard cuts. T767: $8.95 TREE SUPPORT Tree Mate provides flexible support for trees in the ground up to 2” caliper or in up to 25 gallon pots. It clips on a standard metal fence post. Many fruit growers use one when first planting new trees. T363: $8.50 each; 5+: $6.50 each. Biodegradable Mulch These biodegradable sheets are made from corn stalks and not petroleum based plastics. Use as a mulch around your plants. Sheets are black and help heat the soil. They do not let water through, so put your drip irrigation under the mulch. BIODEGRADABLE FRUIT TREE GROUNDCOVER MULCHAfter planting your tree, cut a slice in this 2 ½ mil material to slide it around the base of your fruit tree. Its thick enough to stop weeds from coming through. The material will biodegrade in two or three years. If its not totally degraded and you want to remove it just put it in your compost pile or cover it with soil and it will totally degrade. Manufactured in Mt. Vernon Washington. • 4’ x 4’ sheets: Cut a slit two feet in and slide it around the base of your tree. T440: $4 each; 5+: $3.50 each • 50’ long by 4’ wide roll: Cut it to the lengths you need. T445: $29.95 BIODEGRADABLE BERRY AND VEGETABLE GROUNDCOVER This thinner 1 mil thick material has been proven in tests at the WSU Mt. Vernon Experiment station. It comes in a 4’ wide by 100 foot long roll. It retards weeds in Strawberry, Tomato and other crops and heats the soil. Poke holes in the mulch for the plants. It will degrade in a year or less. T 435: $29.95 each • HEAVY DUTY This is 22 feet wide. This white nylon netting with a ½” mesh is top rated commercially and is rated for 10 years if taken in for the winter. T431: $1.50 per foot ORCHARD LADDERThe perfect ladder for picking fruit or pruning your dwarf fruit trees or for other jobs around the yard. Even a shorter person can reach 10-12 feet, safely and comfortably, standing 4 feet off the ground on this 5 1/2’ tall sturdy, lightweight aluminum tripod style, orchard ladder. The 26 inch base width and tripod leg provides stability on the uneven ground of your orchard. This commercial orchard ladder was made less than 6’ tall, for Raintree customers, so it is UPS shippable. Please order this item separately. Allow 6 weeks for delivery. T 122Q: $149 Quality Pruning Saws & Loppers Made in Switzerland and designed and tested in the vineyards and orchards of Europe. These tools are extra heavy duty and the choice of horticultural professionals and discerning gardeners throughout the world. Make a lifetime investment and buy a top quality set of loppers and a saw. You will save time and your orchard will thrive when you make clean pruning cuts. FELCO SAW WITH SHEATH This saw has a 12 1/2 inch long steel blade and a curved non-fatiguing plastic grip handle. It comes with a sturdy plastic sheath and belt loop and is easy to carry into a tree. Cuts branches, on the pull stroke, up to several inches in size. T519: $49.95 FELCO FOLDING SAW The folding, locking 6” long quality steel blade folds into its sturdy ergonomic plastic handle. Easy to carry! T518: $29.95 FELCO ORCHARD LOPPERS The world’s best loppers used by professionals everywhere. Swiss made. A life long investment. A 32-inch lopper that can cut up to 1 1/2 inch branches. The light, super strong aluminum handles allow for a long reach and overhead cutting. It has a curved, forged alloy steel cutting head and counterblade. Make quick smooth cuts. For larger branches use the saw. T 513: $139 BIRD SCARE TAPE This tough shining metallic tape is red on one side and silver on the other. Each roll is 250’ long and 7/16 inch wide. Tie several strands to the top of a tree and it shimmers in the wind and looks like fire to the birds. Each roll will do 8 semi-dwarf fruit trees or a row of berry bushes. (The birdies get repelled and go elsewhere, hopefully to neighbors who have purchased our bird attracting items.) T080: $4.95 per roll Order online at www.RaintreeNursery.com or call 1-800-391-8892. 86 Grafting & Training Supplies GRAFTING BANDSFor people purchasing rootstocks, we offer photodegradable 8 inch by 3/8 inch by .020 inch grafting bands. With these you can quickly wrap grafts without wax. T240: 10 for $1.50 BUDDING BANDS 5 by 1/4 by .016 inch bands for T budding. T 090 (Bundle of 20): $1.50 CHIP BUDDING TAPE U se this clear stretchy plastic tape for chip budding or grafting. One roll is enough for hundreds of grafts. T150: $4.50 each roll PARAFILM BUD GRAFTING TAPE NEW! Excellent for wrapping buds to retain the moisture and hold the union secure. Parafilm breaks down over several months. Victorinox Folding Fast growing buds push through the parafilm. It’s 90’x1/2”x .002mil roll. T153: $5.00 each roll VICTORINOX BUDDING/GRAFTING KNIFE E xcellent quality Swiss folding knife with a stainless steel blade. This high quality, economical right-handed knife makes propag ating easier. T750: $19.95 TINA PROFESSIONAL GRAFTING KNIVES Professional right handed walnut handle grafting knives from Germany. They hold the best edge. We have used one knife at Raintree for 25 years! Tina Folding Blade Tina Stationary Blade Stationary blade. We’ve used them for decades at Raintree. T755: $39.50 Folding blade.Handle perfectly shaped to fit your hand. T760: $79 Left-handed folding grafting knife. T763: $79 GRAFTING TOOL A high quality plier-like tool from Italy. Tested by area amateur fruit growing groups. You can achieve over a 90% grafting success rate. Safely and easily operated by one strong hand, it makes either a key hole type notch or a V cut on both the rootstock and the scion wood, making it possible to successfully graft without using a knife. It only works well if you select wood that is approximately 1/4” in diameter and approximately matched in size. T245: $75; Replacement blade (T245R): $17.50 FARWELL’S TREE HEAL This green tree healing paint is used by orchardists and nurserymen. Brush it on and it dries in 30 minutes to form a flexible long lasting, rot resistant coating impervious to water and air. Store it so it doesn’t freeze. Some people use it for very large pruning cuts. Also, we dilute it to coat scionwood that we don’t want to break dormancy. It is recommended as a sealant over mushroom spawn dowel plugs. T180 (1 quart size): $19.95 TREE SEALERTanglefoot asphalt tree pruner sealer seals pruning and grafting cuts with a waterproof seal. It is an asphalt based black paint and comes in a small 8 oz can with a cap brush applicator which makes it easy to use. T 183: $9.50 BRANCH SPREADERS Commercial orchardists routinely spread the limbs of fruit trees to maximize their strength and productivity. Now you can do the same. (All spreaders come in bundles of 25 only.) After a few months the branches will adjust and the wooden spreaders can be removed and reused. T610 4-inch pointed: 25/$9.95; T640 1 foot notched: 25/$16.50 LIMB TRAINING BANDS Loop these UV degradable large heavy duty rubber bands around the trunk of your young fruit tree and the Build a Trellis The brace pictured can be used to anchor many types of trellises including “T” bar. See the “Tree Owners Manual” and varietal catalog listings for the number and spacing of the wires. We offer 14 gauge soft berry wire. When possible, twist and tie wire to itself. If you are expecting very cold temperatures, it pays to loosen the wires. Put the end posts three feet in the ground and set in concrete or use the “fence anchor.” Use concrete, recycled plastic or pressure treated 4” or larger wooden posts for trellises 50’ or more in length. All posts are not the same envi ronmentally. Ask your supplier. BERRY WIRE W e offer 14 gauge commercial zinc galvanized soft berry wire to trellis your kiwis, grapes, espaliers or berries. We cut it to your specifications. T070: 15 cents a foot (Minimum 200 ft.); T070R (2,900 ft roll): $160 GRAPE & BERRY CROSS ARMA two foot long, two inch wide piece of steel with slots and holes designed for berry wire. Attach them, with the included U bolt and nuts, to standard metal fence posts. Braced at the row ends, they make a quick effective grape or berry trellis. They rust and blend in. T214: $6 FENCE TENSIONER Not tense enough? Use with each strand of berry wire. This round sprocket takes up the slack in the line. Adjust the tension using a crescent wrench. T205: $6 each; 5+:$4.25 each FENCE ANCHOR Screw this steel auger into the ground 18 inches past your last post and diagonally connect with wire. Eliminates the need for brace posts.T210: $25 each 1. Treated end & brace posts 8’ or 10’. 2. 8’-10’ long 4x4 or round top rail brace. 3. Diagonal wire loop tightened with a fence tensioner. 4. Posts set 3’ in ground. 5. Wire with tensioner. branch you wish to pull down. You don’t need to untie them, they will photo-degrade in several months after they have spread the limbs. Package of 50 to 60 bands. T497: $4.50 Home Orchard Ecological Products MYCO PAKSPlace a teabag-like mycorrhizae pack at the bottom of your planting hole or pot, next to the roots. Use one pack for each (existing) foot in height of your plant. Mycorrhizal fungi enable the root system to increase in size and capacity to absorb the nutrients already in your soil. Building up your soil with organic matter allows mycorrhizae to thrive. It works on all fruiting plants we offer except for Blueberries, Huckleberries, Lingonberries, Cranberries, Filberts and Oaks. T185: 75 cents each; Package of 10: $3.50; Pkg of 30: $7.50; Pkg of 100: $20 CODLING MOTH TRAPS Contains two sticky traps with lures which draw codling moths to their doom. Hang these 6” long non-toxic tents in your apple trees when they begin to bloom. Use two traps per mature tree. T161: $9.95 APPLE MAGGOT TRAPSEach kit is designed to protect one mature fruit tree. Kit includes three red spheres and hangers, three pheromone lures, instructions and a large tube of glue. Set traps out in mid-April. Non toxic. T 163: $17.95 87 TANGLE TRAPOne quart of brushable Tangle Trap for the home orchardist. Use it on apple maggot or codling moth traps, red spheres or purchased small red apples to hang in your trees, or anywhere else you need a non-toxic sticky surface! Cleans up with mineral spirits. Use it on paper bands around tree trunks to create a barrier to climbing ants. Quart size. T166:$17.50 New Organic Apple Maggot Control APPLE MAGGOT CONTROL BAGS Protect your Apples and Pears from Apple Maggot infestations. While thinning to one per cluster, usually in May or early June, slip the opening of the nylon bag, with your two index fingers, just enough to completely cover the new, ideally nickel size fruitlet. The bag will fill with the growing fruit and protect it. This product has been used succesfully here at Raintree and by many fruit hobbyists. They are quick and easy to use! Includes Instructions! These new heavier weave bags provide extra codling moth protection. Contains 144 bags. T167: $12.50 Biological Pest Control SPINOSAD S pinosad is a mixture of metabolites derived from a common soil bacterium. When contacted, caterpillars (including codling moth, apple maggot, plum curculio, and currant worm) and thrips are quickly paralyzed and controlled. Apply spray 2-4 weeks after bloom, repeat at 10-14 day intervals up to 6 times per year. This is a broad spectrum quick acting insecticide, most useful when there is a high level of infestation. Properly timed applications will not be harmful to bees and other beneficial insects. One pint makes 8 gallons of spray. T 177 (One pint concentrate): $19.95 SAFER BIONEEM BOTANICAL INSECTICIDE D erived from the seed of the Neem tree and effective against currant worm, codling moth, aphid, and other soft-bodied sucking insects. This water-based extracted form of Neem is gentle on plants and beneficial insects. For best results apply 2-3 times at 7 day intervals. Covers up to 6,000 sq. ft. T 172 (16 oz. concentrate): $19.95 Mason Bee and Bee Houses POLLINATION means MORE and BETTER FRUIT! You have invested time, money, and love in your fruit trees and berries. Now help them do their best for you! Mason Bees, also called Blue Orchard Bees and Green Berry Bees, are safe, easy-to-use native pollinators that you can manage. Mason bees don’t produce honey and they don’t sting but they are superior pollinators for any orchard. Blue Orchard Bees fly in cool spring weather that would ground a honey bee. Green Berry Bees fly in late spring and early summer. Both types of bees nest in small holes and lay eggs that hatch out to pollinate your trees the next spring. They do this year after year! Get started with a powerful permanent pollination force that can become the equivalent of a whole hive of honey bees. You don’t have to be a beekeeper to get the best fruit you’ve ever seen. Just let the the bees do the job! Mason Bee Houses The Blue Orchard bees and the Green Berry Bees each have their own custom designed house. These attractive wooden shelters provide space for females to lay offspring. The houses will be functional for about ten years. The space above the nesting trays can be used as a safe release point to place the bees. If you’re just starting out, we recommend the Calm Bee Nation which has everything you need, including the bee house. GREEN BERRY CALM BEE NATION I ncludes the Green Berry Bee House and corrugated cardboard with 100 nesting holes along with 40 bees in straws. Ships only March and April. T 351: $72.50 BLUE ORCHARD BEE HOUSEContains interlocking trays with 30 nesting holes made of biodegradable CORN material providing space for females to lay up to 144 offspring. (without bees)T332: $35 GREEN BERRY BEE HOUSE T he same as the Blue Orchard Bee House. Inside it contains corrugated cardboard with 100 nesting holes providing space for females to lay up to 200 offspring. (without bees) T352: $39.95 CORN ECO STACKED TRAYS For Blue Orchard Bees only. New biodegradable stackable trays with 30 nesting holes. This system allows you to see what is in each hole in the fall and is easily cleaned and reused each year. The Blue Orchard Bee House comes with a set of trays. Place the trays inside an open ended weatherproof container under an overhang on the east side of a building, out of direct rain and wind. T331: $17.50 STARTER COTTAGE WITH STRAWS For Blue Orchard Bees only. The wooden Cottage comes with 20, 6” long straws. A removable front piece provides safe entrance and exit for the bees. It has room for the 6” straws with bees we also sell. Affix the Cottage to a wall with the bracket provided. Each season you will need new 6” straws. T333: $15 Just the Bees, Please BLUE ORCHARD BEES (10 BEE COCOONS) (Osmia lignaria) You will receive 10 Bee cocoons in a cardboard release box. Blue orchard bee cocoons are shipped with coolpacks to maintain healthy bees. The cardboard box that the bees arrive in serves as a release box for our Blue Orchard Bee houses. Ships December through February. T343D: $15.00; 3+:$12.00 GREEN BERRY BEE (40 BEES IN STRAWS) (Osmia aglaia) Pollination of late spring and summer berries, kiwis and garden veggies is a cinch with the Green Berry Bee. These bees will continue to pollinate after the Blue Orchard bees have finished their season. This beautiful little hard-working shiny green bee is native to the Pacific coast and suited for and only available to ship to OR, WA and CA. Ships in March and April. T343F: $36 (We recommend the Green Berry Bee House T352: $39.95) NESTING CARDBOARD FOR GREENBERRY BEESummer green berry bees are tiny and are often less than 1/4 of the size of our spring mason bees. It provides 99+ nesting tunnels. This is a one time use product, then the cardboard wrap can be recycled.. This product fits inside the Green Berry Bee House. It will take the green berry bees 2-3 years to use all the nesting tunnels. T343G: $9.95 each POLLINATION WITH MASON BEES 134 pages; By Margriet Dogterom; 2nd Edition. A great book on understanding mason bees and managing them for pollination and fruit production. S427: $15 BEE MOVIE: ‘‘HOW TO” MASON BEE DVDA 30 minute BLUE ORCHARD CALM BEE NATION Includes the Blue Orchard fascinating step by step instructive video from Dr. Margriet Dogterom on Bee House and eco trays along with 30 bees in cocoons. Ships only attracting and caring for mason bees. Watch close ups of the bees laying December through February. T349: $69 eggs and building their nests. S 422: $19.95 Order online at www.RaintreeNursery.com or call 1-800-391-8892. 88 CUSTOM BEE SCOOPS T his custom made tool quickly, gently and efficiently removes your cocoons from the nesting grooves. Each handle is unique and made from locally grown trees. Perfect compliment to the Corn Eco Trays. T335 $14.50 Replacement Parts These items are replacement parts for the wooden bee boxes sold in previous years. REPLACEMENT STRAWS One set of 6” replacement straws (100 Straws) without bees.T348: $13.50; One set of 3 1/2” straws (40 Straws) without bees. T345: $6.50 All Natural Citrus Fertilizer ORGANIC CITRUS FOOD Citrus & Fruit Tree Food is a blend of select natural organic ingredients for use with citrus and other home orchard fruit trees. It is formulated to encourage new growth, lush green foliage and to support bountiful crops. It includes mychorrhizal fungi. 4 lb box. T147: $14.50 each ALL NATURAL CITRUS MIXCitrus Mix 6-3-3 Fertilizer. Designed to nourish citrus trees in home orchards and containers, our Citrus Mix is formulated from all natural ingredients with primary and secondary plant nutrients plus selected micronutrients that promote lush new growth and bountiful fruit. It can be used to feed other fruit trees, vines and ornamentals. For people with only a couple potted citrus plants this 1 lb box will last several years. 1lb box. T148: $9.99 each Organic Optimum Blends Prepared in Olympia, Wash., these complete, high-quality organic mixes include all the ingredients you need to be successful. ORGANIC BLUEBERRY FERTILIZER F or blueberries, lingonberries, tea and other acid loving plants. 5 lb bag. (3-2-4) T143: $15; Pkg of 4: $11.50 each bag ORGANIC TREE & SHRUB MIX F or flower and fruit development. Contains mycorrhizae. 5 pound bag. (3-4-4)T109: $15; Pkg of 4: $11.50 each bag ORGANIC CANE & STRAWBERRY MIX Mix & match any Mineral augmentation for strong flowering and fruiting. Contains mycorrhizae. 5 pound four 5-lb bags for bag. (4-4-2) T140: $15; Pkg of 4: $11.50 each $11.50 per bag. bag ORGANIC ALL VEGETABLES MIX Aids in growing nutritious, tasty vegetables. No lime. Contains mycorrhizae. 5 pound bag. (4-5-3) T 139: $15; Pkg of 4: $11.50 each bag Groundcover Seed COMPANION A great orchard groundcover. A mixture of dwarf perennial ryegrass and creeping red fescue. Inherently low growing and extremely dense, it recovers quickly from heavy traffic and needs mowing only 2 or 3 times a year. Apply 2-5 lbs seed per 1000 square feet. T135: $6.50 per lb. Prohibited to CA I know why you all do a lot of business though. Excellent customer service, great products, and appealing prices! -- M. K. Solon, IA Grow More in Less Space These innovative complete systems enable you to grow lots of food organically in a small space. Each tube has hose-connected drip irrigation. Hook up one or a series. Instructions are included. STRAWBERRY GROWING SYSTEMS Grow lots of the best tasting strawberries. Tom Wood designed this system where each planter has a full length drip tube inside it. You plant by filling up to the first set of holes with potting soil. Then you put the roots of each plant through a hole while adding more potting soil, fertilizer and myco paks from the top until all the holes are filled with plants. Using this system, Woods grew higdensity fruits and vegetables in an unheated greenhouse, which ripen very early and extend the growing season. (Use one myco pak for each layer of plants.) Strawberries and soil not included. We have 6’ tubes with holes available at nursery only. They are too big to ship. Available at wholesale prices. Call us to inquire about them. • T295 (3’ planter with 50 holes): $49.95, 2 for $70, 4 for $120 • T297 (5’ planter with 100 holes): $70, 4 for $170 • E417 (Bundle of 25 of the recommended Eversweet plants) (See page 10): $12:50 Labels, Guards and Pots PERMANENT LABELS Flexible plastic labels are readable for less than a year. We offer sturdy aluminum labels with malleable wire. These labels will be readable and stay on the tree for years. Use a pencil or ballpoint pen to inscribe variety name, rootstock etc. They are useable on both sides. Order one for each of the plants you purchase. Tie each loosely around a side branch so it won’t girdle the branch as it grows. T485: 10 for $2.50 T485B (Box of 100): $15 PLANT MARKERS E ach stands 10” high and is easily read as a permanent row or tree marker. The nice looking copper writing surface measures 1” high by 2 1/2” wide. Use a pen to write and at the same time emboss the plant name on the label. T448 (Bundle of 10): $9.50 TREE GUARDS P rotects young trees and vines! These guards protect the trunk of newly planted trees or vines from sun scald and cracking. Simply wind the tree guard around the lower two feet of the trunk. Get one for each new tree. T364: $2.50 each; 5+: $2.00 each; 10+: $1.50 each; 25+: $1.00 each 3 GALLON POT 3 gallon basic black plastic pot. When you receive a plant from Raintree in a one gallon size, if you are going to continue to grow it in a pot, it needs to move up to a 3 gallon pot for a year or two and then on to a larger pot. That pot is pictured with our small fruit harness on page 86. We are working on providing biodegradable cellulose based pots in the future. T 400: $4 each; 5+: $2.50 each ROOT CONTROL BAGS Perfect if you want to plant a tree but will be moving in 2-4 years. Plant the tree in or above the ground in this 20” diameter sturdy white mesh bag with handles. It will contain the growing roots and is ideal for growing an 8-10’ tall tree up to 2 1/2” in caliper. Two people can lift and transplant it, by cutting the bag, without disturbing the roots. Or, cut slits and plant strawberry plants in each slot. It becomes a patio everbearing strawberry planter.The 14” diameter is great for blueberry and other small to medium plants. T290 (20” diameter): $8.95; 5+: $6 each ; T291 (14” diameter): $4.95; 5+ $3.50 each 89 HOME SOIL TEST KIT Help your plants by testing the soil. The kit provides four pH tests and two each for Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potash. Most plants we offer prefer a pH of 6.0 to 7.0. T496: $4.75 Lightweight Berry Rakes These rakes are handmade in Maine and specially designed for the most efficient harvesting of a specific size of berry. Each is extremely strong, made of sturdy lightweight aluminum with spring steel teeth. HIGHBUSH BLUEBERRY RAKE For highbush blueberries. 1 1/2 lbs., 6” wide x 5” deep x 3” high with 4 1/2” long, 6.1 mm spaced spring steel teeth. A great holiday gift! T310: $54. HUCKLEBERRY RAKE Designed for efficient harvesting of huckleberries. With spring steel 6.1 mm spaced teeth. 6” wide. Has a well for collecting berries. T 320: $65 LOWBUSH BLUEBERRY RAKE This 20 tooth rake is designed to pick Maine wild blueberries. Its tooth spacing has also proven itself on cranberries and lingonberries. The curved steel teeth work great on berries close to the ground. It is aluminum, 6” wide with teeth spaced at 4.5 mm. T 325: $54 HIKER’S MINI BERRY RAKE H and made tough like the other rakes but only 4.5” wide and one pound with a reversible handle and 4.5 mm steel tooth spacing. Fits perfectly in a backpack. The ideal holiday gift. T330: $44 LINGONBERRY RAKE A very well made red plastic rake with wire tines that makes picking lingonberries, currants, huckleberries, and other small fruit easy. Rake it over the branch and the berries fall into the container. It will save many hours of picking. 8 1/2” x 5 1/2” wide and 5” deep. Rakes are imported from Sweden. T 300: $22.50 CHILDREN’S BERRY RAKE Exactly like the rake described above except with tough plastic tines and in a smaller children’s size. 6” high x 4” wide x 3 1/2” deep. T 307: $13.50 LEAF & STEM SHAKING TRAYPlace lingon, blue or other berries in this sturdy plastic 13” round, two inch high red sieve with slotted bottom. Then shake. Most of the leaves and stems shake out the bottom. Imported from Sweden. T305: $8.50 Worms RED WORMS N ature’s composters, “Eisenia fetida” or red wiggle worms eat and digest organic wastes and excrete worm castings which are a highly valued soil conditioner. One pound of worms are the ideal amount of venture capital to start your “Worm Factory”. You can also mix the worms in your compost pile. They will more finely digest your compost giving you a finer product. (Please order the worms and/or the Worm Factory separately from the rest of your order.) T 490Q (1 lb. red worms): $19.95 WORM FACTORY® 360 COMPOST BIN Turn your kitchen wastes into beautiful worm casting compost. The worms compost up to two pounds of kitchen scraps a day, more than the amount generated by most families and turn the vegetable matter into compost. All without offensive odor or mess. Keep the worms outside the house but in a covered area that doesn’t freeze. A garage, carport or shed works well. Made of recycled Black, Green or Terra Cotta colored plastic including a flat lid and handle. It is made in the USA with high quality recycled materials and includes a 10 year warranty. A great project for kids! Each Worm Factory Compost Bin includes: • • • • • 4 stacking trays to contain the worms. Moisture collecting tray and exit spout. Starter bedding of coconut fiber, shredded paper and vermiculite. Complete 16 page book and instructional DVD makes it easy to succeed. Worms not included. (It’s recommended you start with one pound of worms.) (Please order the worms and/or the Worm Factory separately from the rest of your order.) Black color. T491Q: $110 Terra Cotta color. T491TQ: $110 Green color. T491GQ: $110 VICTORIO APPLE PEELER/ CORER SUCTION BASE T he high quality Victorio Apple Peeler will speed your work and limit waste. The suction base can be set up on any smooth counter top or table. Use the adjustable peeling blade to just peel, the coring and slicing blade to just core and slice, or both blades together to peel, core and slice. T 393 $27 CHERRY STONER/SUCTION BASE T he Victorio Cherry Stoner handles up to 30 pounds of cherries per hour. Feeds and separates pits from fruits with little loss of juices. Also has a one year warranty.T383: $27.95 REFRACTOMETER This scientific instrument measures the soluble solids percentage in fruit, also called the Brix level. It allows you to pick your fruit at the proper sweetness and maturity. It measures from 0 to 32%. This ATC model automatically compensates for temperature. You simply put a drop of juice from the fruit on the glass and hold the meter up to the light to read the brix levels. This tool is invaluable to wine and f you have Prince Albert in a can, can you please cider makers but is also used by growers of all fruits. For example each let him out. fruit varies by variety but apples are generally picked at a brix of 12-17%. --M.B., Centralia, WA Blueberries about 12% and grapes and plums at 20-25% or even higher. A general chart of Supplies Listed in Other Sections of the Catalog expected brix levels for various ripe fruits is included. T 215: Kenkel Nutcracker (Page 77) - T360 - $49.50 $109 Order online at www.RaintreeNursery.com or call 1-800-391-8892. 90 I Visit The Raintree Nursery Garden Center GARDEN CENTER HOURS January 21-June 7: Open Wednesday-Sunday, 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. June 8-November: Closed Friday & Sunday, open other days 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. December through January 20: Open Monday-Thursday 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. Bareroot plants not yet available. Phone: (800) 391-8892 See back cover for our seasonal phone hours! Please come visit us near Morton! January through April is the optimum time to plant bare root fruit trees and berries. We dig our trees in December, after they lose their leaves and go dormant. We keep bare root plants dormant in cold storage through June 8. Amazingly, the bareroot trees listed throughout the catalog can be wrapped to fit in a compact car. If you elect to bring a pickup truck without a canopy, please bring a tarp, or we have tarps for sale. We have many plants that are not listed in the catalog; be sure to ask about them when you visit the nursery. It is not necessary to order ahead, just come down! If you want a specific plant, please call for availability! Come early in the season for the best selection. Popular items often sell out! If ordering ahead, you must pay when placing your order and tell us when you plan to pick it up. If you don’t contact us and reschedule or pick it up within 10 days of when you say you will, we will cancel your existing order. We hire fruit hobbyists who live within commuting distance. Call if you’re interested. GARDEN CENTER WELCOME Shop our beautiful indoor Garden Center/Greenhouse complex for a wide variety of potted plants and supplies. Many are not in the catalog. GARDEN CENTER CLASSES Each Saturday, upon request, from Feb-May, our horticulturist will demonstrate how to prune, plant and care for your new Raintree plants and then answer your questions. For in depth information, attend our classes. See page 92 for the schedule. INFORMATION CENTER We have an Information Center where you can sit down and look at useful fruit growing information. The books and supplies in the catalog as well as reference books, videos and reprints are on display. Map is NOT to scale. Mileage to Nursery Olympia 60 miles Portland 100 miles Seattle 100 miles Morton 10 miles Too Large to Ship Plants Can’t be Ordered Ahead You must come to the nursery to select and purchase these extra large specimen plants. Call ahead to check availability. You can’t order ahead because each is different and you need to pick the ones you like best. BLUEBERRIES & ORNAMENTAL PLANTS — SPRING SALE! We have too large to ship bearing blueberry bushes, as well as ornamentals at the nursery! Bring a van, SUV or a pickup truck with a tarp to take these beautiful specimens home. INSTANT ORCHARD; BEARING FRUIT TREES — SPRING SALE! We have apples, plums, pears, peaches, cherries, mulberries and other large fruit trees in large, ready to plant, tree bags. Call for cultivar availability. Bring a large van or pickup with tarp or cover. We also have a selection of fruit trees in fiber pots, ideal for transplanting in the fall. See our selections on the web at www.raintreenursery.com SUPPLIES We have pots, potting soil, & other supplies too big to ship. FOOD & DRINK We are 10 miles from the nearest restaurant, which is located in Morton. We do have free coffee and tea and snacks. CITRUS & SUBTROPICALS We have subtropicals in our warm room at the nursery. We do not have Citrus. Order Citrus and they will be shipped to you. CUSTOM GRAFTING You must call our horticulturist ahead to reserve time and learn the correct type of scionwood to bring. See page 53! BARE ROOT PLANTS ARE IN COLD STORAGE In January until June, the Garden Center bare root trees and berry plants, instead of being outside in sawdust, are being kept fully dormant in optimal condition in cold storage as we already do for our mail order customers. Sit in our comfortable Information Center and fill out your order for bareroot plants. We will gather your plants while you browse our Garden Center greenhouse filled with interesting potted plants or wander among our large bearing tree bag fruit trees. SECONDS ARE A GREAT VALUE We have a lot of healthy fruit trees, especially apples, available only at the nursery, February-June, that don’t quite meet our #1 grade. They are a great value at $5 or less each. They are not guaranteed. THE PLANTS LOVE RAINY DAYS People prefer to shop on sunny days but remember that the plants are less stressed when moved and transplanted during overcast or rainy spells. “AT NURSERY ONLY” SPECIALS We offer overstock items at reduced prices and also unusual varieties not listed in the catalog. COLD STORAGE CLEARANCE SALE On June 6 and 7, bare root plants are half price as we clean out cold storage and every plant finds a home. At that time we also donate to non-profit groups. Call us for details. 91 Spring Classes For more complete class descriptions, go to www.raintreenursery.com. Classes are at Raintree unless noted. Bring a lunch to the classes. Coffee and snacks are available at Raintree. RAISING FRUITS & BERRIES IN CONTAINERS Saturday, April 18, 9 am to noon. (At Raintree) We discuss Tom Woods’ unique growing systems to grow huge quantities of delicious fruit in pots in unheated greenhouses that are ripe long before they would be outdoors. Raintree horticulturist Theresa Knutsen will discuss all aspects including best cultivars, potting techniques, pollination, fertilization and pruning. Z418 Cost: $5 GROWING MUSHROOMS & WASABI Sat. May 16, 12:30-3:30 p.m. A mushroom expert provides hands on instruction. Learn to grow shiitake and other mushrooms on logs, stumps and wood chips. Logs, spawn and dowels are for sale. Also learn to grow Wasabi plants. Z516 $10 WINE MAKING Saturday, May 2, 9-1 Expert wine maker Anine Grumbles (See her book on page 84) will show you how. Class will cover fruit and grape wines, grape growing and cider making. Z502 $10 Summer/Fall at Raintree Fruit Tasting and Nursery Tour Saturdays AUGUST 15: Guided tour, taste plums and other ripe fruit in the orchard. Noon to 2 p.m. SEPTEMBER 26: Guided tour, taste apples, pears, unusuals and other ripe fruit in the orchard. Noon to 2 p.m. October 24 Cider Making Fruit tasting, food preserving! 11 a.m. to 2 p.m. Guided tour at 2:30 p.m. It’s great fun! Help us make and blend cider from lots of different varieties. Bring some cider home! Don’t bring fruit. We supply apples. Taste unusual cultivars and learn how to preserve many Raintree catalog fruits. Taste Raintree dried fruit and jelly. End of Season Cold Storage Sale June 6 and 7, 2015 Enjoy huge savings as we clean out cold storage and every plant finds a home. Call us for availability and details. Most remaining bare root items will be half price or less! Classes at WSU Mt. Vernon June 13, 2015 — Hands-on thinning and footies workshop. 10 a.m.-3 p.m.. October 10, 2015 — Apple and pear sampling day. For more information, go to www.wwfrf.org. 10:30 a.m. Check our website for the most up-to-date offerings! www.raintreenursery.com Visit our garden center for more sale items. 92 Read Our Blog! Full of tips, tricks, advice and more! Have you visited our blog at www.raintreenursery.com/plantcare/ yet? If not, you’re missing out! We have everything from what to do with your garden this month to upcoming events at the garden center. Find us on Facebook! Visit www.facebook.com/NurseryRaintree where you’ll find photos, event information and more! Have a Garden Designer Visit You A service for Western Washington gardeners: (There are excellent Permaculture and garden designers in many parts of the nation. To find them try googling “permaculture” or “edible landscape” and your state.) A great home garden and landscape starts with a well thought out design. Visit www.raintreenursery.com/Designers.html for more information. We work with a great group of experienced and affordable professional landscape and garden designers. Each of them is a well trained professional, with in-the-dirt experience and a deep special interest in using organic methods. They are friendly and easy to talk with. They realize that each homesite is unique. They can help you to clarify the values, needs and wants of your household so your unique landscape supports your family’s way of living. Not limited to fruit trees, they can help you with all aspects of your garden and landscape. Each is self-employed and does not work for Raintree. Each is busy, so call one now to discuss your project and their affordable rates and make an appointment. Please note that there may be a mileage charge to your site. If you don’t live in the Pacific NW, you can still call or email a garden designer and have them help you with plans and ideas via the phone and/or internet. FOLLOW-UP SERVICES: They do ongoing design consultation and can provide a rough design or a detailed design and blueprints. They can develop a long range plan and implement it over time or assist you as you implement the design yourself. Most do cost estimates for installa tions and continuing care. Customer Satisfaction Guarantee We supply quality plants. Our plants are guaranteed to arrive alive and well and be true to name as labeled. When given proper care, they will leaf out and grow. We are proud of our 99% success rate. Claims for unsatisfatory plants or shortages must be made within seven days of receipt of the order to get a full refund. Call us immediately, and we will work with you to correct any problem. If any plant fails to leaf out and grow, and you believe the plant was defective, notify us during the first year, and we will place a credit for the cost of the item in our system towards future purchases. Or we will replace your plant — one time free — provided you pay the shipping. Sale items are guaranteed at the sale price. Bonus items are not guaranteed. Order online at www.RaintreeNursery.com or call 1-800-391-8892. Plants Sold Out for Spring 2015 The plants listed below, as of our catalog reprinting at the start of April 2015, are SOLD OUT for the season ending on June 5, 2015. The crop for next year is now growing and can be ordered at anytime for shipment this fall or next spring. Potted items can be shipped to you in the fall and bare root plants next spring. You can NOW Reserve for next season. The sold out items listed below or any other items in our catalog by phoning us at 1-800-391-8892. For current availability at any time check our website www.raintreenursery.com. Call us and we can help you select appropriate substitutes. BERRIES pages 6-22 | Blueberries, Huckleberries & Cranberry (p. 6-9): Olympia Blueberry, Emerald Blueberry, Polaris Blueberry, Rubel (18”-24”) Blueberry, Thinleaf Huckleberry, Tall Mt. Huckleberry, Stevens Cranberry; Strawberries (p. 10-11): Puget Summer, Wild Strawberry; Blackberries (p. 15): Boysenberry 4 inch, Chester, Lochness, Ouachita, Obsidian, Thornless Loganberry, Marionberry, Tayberry Elderberries (p. 16): Korsor Gooseberries (p. 17): Jeanne, Poorman, Pixwell, Colossal Black Currants (p. 19): Champion, Boskoop Giant, Hill’s Kiev Select, Mendip Cross, Hilltop Baldwin, Red Currants (p. 18): Rovada Ukraine Highbush Cranberry (p. 20): Autumn Olive (p.20): Goumi (p. 20): Sweet Scarlet, Goumi Seedling Sea Berry (p.22): Titan, Golden Sweet APPLES − pages 23-32 | A020BD Akane Belgian Fence (p.27&30), Akane MM106 (p.27), Akane M27 (p.27&29), Arkansas Black MM111 & M7 (p.25), Ashmead’s Kernel/M26, Standard & M27 (p.23), A100T Belmac/M27 (p.26), Bardsey/M27 & Standard (p.25), Brown Russet M26 & M7, Beni Shogun M26 & M27 (p.27), Red Belle Boskoop M7 & Standard (p.23), A180S Centennial (p.32), A247S John Downie (p.32), A260F Dolgo/Ant. (p.32), A280T Evereste/ M27 (p.32), A320S Foxwhelp/MM106 (p.28), A379S Granniwinkle/MM106 (p.28), A380FA Red Gravenstein/Ant. (p.26), A387S Harrison/ MM106 (p.28), A401F Honeycrisp/Ant. (p.27), A420T Karmijn de Sonnaville/M27 (p.24), A430S Kingston Black/M7 (p.28), A465S Johnny Appleseed/M7 (p.25), A520T Liberty/M27 (p.26), A532D Pink Cloud/M26 (p.32), A553D Mott Pink/M26 (p.26), Pink Lady M26 & M27 (p.27), A581F Queen Cox/Ant. (p.24), A605D Bella™/M26 (p.23), A635D Sansa/M26 (p.27), A660T Spartan/M27 (p.26), A700D William’s Pride M26&M27 (p.24), A740S Zestar/ M7 (p.27), A750D Blushing Delight Urban/M26 A760D Tasty Red Urban/M26, A765D Golden Treat Uban/M26 (p.28), A8403E 3x1 3 Tier Espalier Apple/M26 (p.30), A8504S 4x1 Apple/ MM106 (p.27) QUINCES/PEARS/CHERRIES/PEACHES & NECTARINES − pages 33-43 | Quinces (p.33) D081 Secker Gevrek, D085 Aromatnaya, D087 Havran, E. Pears (p. 34-38): B025 Abbe Fetel (p. 34), B039 Barone Leroy (p.34), B065 Butt Perry (p.36), B105 Dave’s Delight (p.35), B132 Doyenne de Juillet (p.35), B160 Buttira Precoce Moretinni (p.35), B180E 3 Tiered Orcas Espalier (p.30), B230 Spalding (p.35), B265 Theilersbirne (p.36) B8403E 3x1 3 Tier Espalier (p.30) A. Pears (p.37-38) B510 Atago (p.37), B530 Kikisui (p.37), B663 Shinsui (p.37), B9004 4x1 Asian pear (p.37), Cherries (p. 39-41) C755G Nugent/ G5 (p.39), C762G Hartland/G5 (p.39), C825C Minnie Royal (p.39), C840G Black Gold/G5 (p.40), C850G Rainier/G5 (p.39), C871G Stella/ G5 (p.40), C883G Sweetheart/G5 (p.40), C886G Evans/G5 (p.40) Peaches/Nectarines (p. 42-43) C5004 4x1 Peach (p.43), C501 Black Boy (p.42), C504 Baby Crawford (p.42), C505A Contender (p.42), C518 Empress (p.43), C524 Indian Free (p.42), C525A Avalon Pride (p.42), C547 Saturn (p.43), C552 MaryJane (p.42), C553 White Lady (p.42), C565 Hardired (p.43), C576 Raspberry Red (p.42), NectaZee (p.43) PLUMS/PLUM CROSSES − pages 45-50 Plums (p. 46-50) C010 Bavay Gage (p.46), C045 Early Golden (p.49), C050 Golden Transparent (p.46), C053A Jubileum (p.47), C054 Rosy Gage (p.46), C057 Cocheco (p.49), C060 Coe’s Golden Drop/Mar2624 (p.47), C062 Kuban Comet (p.48), C064 Kuban Delight (p.48), C100A Early Laxton (p.46), C181 Mount Royal/Mar2624 (p.47), C202 Parfumee de Septembre (p.48), C205 Geneva Mirabelle (p.48), C207 Mirabelle de Nancy (p.48), C208 Mirabelle de Metz (p.48), C210 Obilnaja (p.49), C211 Purple Gage (p.46), C212 Sanctus Hubertus (p.47), C214 Opal (p.46), C275A Superior (p,49), C3204 Combo E. Plum (p.50) Plum Crosses (p. 45-46) C3604 4x1 Pluot (p.46), C3654 4x1 Zee Sweet Pluot (p.46), C376 Dapple Dandy (p.45). UNUSUALS − pages 49-58 | Medlars (p. 51) D006 Macrocarpa, D007 M. de Evreinoff, D008 Pucia Super Mol, D011 Sultan Rootstocks (p. 52-53) R055 Antanovka Apple, R100 EMLA 7 Apple, R105 MM106 Apple, R110 MM 111 Apple, R280 Budagovsky 9 Apple, R118 OHxF87 Pear Persimmons (p. 54) D219 Garretson Mulberries (p. 55): King James II, Oscar, White Fruiting Hawthorn (p. 58) D166 Big Ball, D168 Big Golden Star Figs (p. 57) D343 Olympian Mt. Ash (p. 58), D718 Navezhenskaya, all Jujubes (p. 58) VINES − pages 64-70 | H212 Gold Flame Honeysuckle, H270 Pink Jasmine, Hops (p.64) Summer Shandy, Tettnang, Centennial Grapes (p. 65-68) H537 Early Muscat (p.66), H566 Hungarian (p.65), H567 Jupiter (p.65), H582 Mars (p.65), H599 Siegerrebbe (p.67) Kiwis (p. 68-69) H430 Jumbo female Arguta, September Sun Kolomikta Female ORNAMENTALS/NUTS/BAMBOO − pages 70-80 | M076 General Vicomtesse (p.71), Roses (p.72-73) L654 Westerland, L656 Rosarium Uetersen, L685 Sky is the Limit, L680S Scabrosa, L650 Roseraie de l’Hey, L701 Prairie Bella Daylily (p.73), Maples (p.73) M320 Legacy Sugar, M325 Paperbark, K630 Frisia Gold Locust (p.71), Willows (p.75) M363 Hakuro Nishiki, Japanese & French Pussywilow, M550 Cider Gum Eucalyptus (p.75), Male & Female Ginkgos (p.75)Nuts K343 4-6’ Chinese Chestnut seedling (p. 76), K620 Black Locust (p.77), K246 Thomas grafted Walnut (p.77), K060 Filbert Hedge, K068 York Filbert (p.78) There are three EASY ways to shop at Raintree! 1. 2. 3. Order online at www.raintreenursery.com. When we have too small a quantity of a plant to list in the catalog or when we have a surplus of an item and want to put it ON SALE we do so on our website. Because the Raintree catalog is limited in space, our website is the place to go for a lot of additional information on successful home fruit growing. You will find our blog and monthly “how to” growing tips very helpful. Call us, and we will help you! 1-800-391-8892. Call us if you need any help with your order. Raintree has knowledgable people including our horticulturist ready to help you. Our phone hours are listed on the back cover. Come shop at the Raintree Garden Center. We have lots of large bearing specimen plants that are too big to ship available at our Raintree Garden Center located in Southwest Washington. Come and pick up large bearing blueberry plants, bearing fruit trees in large tree bags as well as beautiful large ornamental trees and shrubs. Or come to our classes where we teach how to succeed with your home fruit growing. Read about our Garden Center and our classes on pages 91 and 92. 93 We Ship at the Best Time for Your Area! Simply place your order! We will select the best shipping time for your area. Call us if you have any questions! We ship potted plants and also bare root plants kept fully dormant, in cold storage, from January through early June. We ship potted plants also in the fall and books and supplies year around. ZONE SKIPPING EAST OF THE ROCKIES Every other week from March through May we send a climate controlled truck to a UPS or Fed Ex eastern hub where your order is then delivered to you in a couple of days. This is quicker and less expensive than regular ground shipping. On page 95, choose among the zone skipping days and save! ALASKA, HAWAII & PUERTO RICO We use priority mail for most of your orders. Most Alaska orders can be shipped for the amount listed, however if shipping is much more than indicated, we reserve the right to call you and ask for your approval to charge the actual shipping charges. HAWAII: Your Agricultural Inspectors prohibit potted plants. We can only ship you bare root plants. Please call in your order! WASHINGTON STATE SALES TAX Washington residents only: The new law states that the tax rate is determined by where the package ships to, not the the rate at the nursery! MAIL ORDERS Enclose a check or money order for the full amount, or include your credit card information. We do not bill. If ordering with a credit card be sure to put the number and expiration date in the place provided on the order form. If we are sold out of that item, you have the option of specifying a second choice in the appropriate box at the bottom of the order form. Raintree Nursery, 391 Butts Rd, Morton, WA 98356 PHONE ORDERS 1-800-391-8892 January through June 9: Monday-Friday 8 am-5 pm.; Saturday 8 am-4 pm; Sunday 10 am-4 pm. June 10 through December: Monday through Thursday 9 am- 4 pm. Please have your order ready. Organize it first on the order form so we can enter it quickly. Please give us your customer number and key code located on the back cover of this catalog. We will assign you an order number, which is your confirmation.You may charge the phone order to your Visa, MasterCard, American Express or Discover. Sorry, no C.O.D. FAX ORDERS Toll-Free: 1-800-391-8892 You can place your order 24 hours a day, 7 days a week! Include your Visa, MasterCard, American Express or Discover number and expiration date. Include your fax number and we will fax a confirmation. Please include your Key Code and Customer # from the back cover of this catalog! ONLINE ORDERS www.raintreenursery.com • Place your order online using our web-site. • Visa, MasterCard, American Express and Discover accepted. • McAfee secure website. • Lots more useful growers information online. • Check our website for online-only discounts. GIFT OPTIONS Gift Certificates, edible plants, books and garden tools make wonderful gifts for Christmas or other occasions. Call 1-800-391-8892, go online or see back cover for details! Mix or Match an 18 pack of 4-Inch Pots and Save an Additional $10 We can pack a flat of 18 4-inch pots easily and save on the prepping and shipping costs and so can pass the savings on to you. You will notice that we already have a discount on most 4-inch pots if you buy 6 or more. You will save even more if your 4-inch pot total is 18 or more. Choose any of our 4-inch pots. Use the code Z18 on the website or when you call us, and an additional $10 will be deducted from your total — The packing and shipping crew will appreciate it too! Adding these items to your order will help you This is the new Arbor Day Foundation map. It uses the information used to compile the USDA hardiness zones map. Listed are the average minimum yearly low temperatures, not the the coldest temperatures ever recorded. A plant not fully dormant can be damaged at much warmer temperatures. Other factors, including chilling requirements and heat units, are critical to plant performance within a climate zone. These are the zones listed for each variety throughout the catalog! Our website also has useful Northwest Zone Maps. I M USDA Zones purchased a Black Gold cherry tree from you six years ago and I am very impressed with the tree’s health, growing habits and productivity. -- A.P. Poulsbo, WA y Italian Prune plum, my two Apricots, Mirabelles, Bavay Gage and Apples are fantastic! Thanks! --C. G. Newport, RI 94 Succeed With Your Fruit Orchard! • Myco packs (page 87) — You will need four per tree or two per berry bush. T185: 75 cents each; Package of 10: $3.50; Pkg of 30: $7.50; Pkg of 100: $20 • Permanent labels (page 89) — These labels will be readable and stay on the tree for years. T485: 10 for $2.50 T485B (Box of 100): $15 • Biodegradable mulch (page 86) — Control weeds organically. Use a 4’ x 4’ sheet for each tree you plant. T440: $4 each; 5+: $3.50 each; 50’ long by 4’ wide roll: Cut it to the lengths you need. T445: $29.95 • Tree guards (page 89) — Protect your young trees and vines! T364: $2.50 each; 5+: $2.00 each; 10+: $1.50 each; 25+: $1.00 each Order online at www.RaintreeNursery.com or call 1-800-391-8892. Raintree Nursery 391 Butts Rd. Morton, WA 98356-9700 Phone Orders 1-800-391-8892 (All times are Pacific Time) January-June 9: Weekdays 8 am-5 pm; Sat. 8-4; Sun. 10-4 June 10 through December: Monday-Thursday 9-4 Fax Orders Toll Free 1-800-391-8892 24 hours a day, 7 days a week Order Online www.raintreenursery.com 24 hours a day, 7 days a week Send a Catalog to a friend Name Most customers will only need one column to total their order. Drop-shipped items such as bees, citrus, ladders, worms and worm bins require separate shipment. Place these items in the 2nd Choice Item # Column. Purchased by: COMPANY NAME ADDRESS SUITE/APT.# CITY STATE ZIP DAYTIME PHONE ALTERNATE PHONE E-MAIL ADDRESS (FAX ORDERS ONLY) KEY CODE Ship to: Zone skipping is not available for ADDRESS summer, fall, or drop COMPANY shipments. CUST. # q Same as “Purchased by” Address NAME CityState ZIP ADDRESS SUITE/APT.# CITY ZIP STATE Item # Qty. Description 2nd Choice Item # 2nd Order 1st Order If Applicable Total Price Each GIFT CERTIFICATES (See gift card message line below) Bundle of 10 Permanent Labels #T485 $2.50 Total of Items Payment Method (Free Plant Owners Manual with each order.) Mix & match any 18 4” pots and qCheckq Money Order qAmerican Express qVisa qMasterCard qDiscover take an extra $10 off. Use code Z18. Subtotal Card Number Exp. Date Shipping & Handling CVV Code The CVV Verification code is found on the back of your card. We need the last 3 digits. For American Express we need 4 digits on the front! Order Subtotal WA Residents Insert your local tax rate: Order Totals Signature Total Enclosed for your order(s) Gift Card Message SHIPPING INFORMATION If you live West of the Rockies, our standard ground shipping will work best for you. Because our fruit and nut trees are oversized, they are expensive to ship. If you live East of the Rockies, we recommend Zone Skipping for your Spring Order. East of the Rockies customers: Choose a date below. If the suggested date will not work for you, choose a later date. Zone Skipping Ship Date Recommended for Your State (Spring Shipments Only): 3/13: AL, AR, FL, GA, LA, SC, TX, MS 3/20: DE, DC, MD, MO, KY, NC, OK, TN, KS, VA, WV 4/3: IL, IN, IA, NE, OH, PA, NJ 4/17: CT, MA, RI, NY (100-119) 5/1: ME, MI, MN, NH,ND, VT, WI, SD, NY (120-149) 5/8: If you missed one of the above dates. (Please circle a date in green above.) Zone Skipping for 2015 Spring Orders ONLY. SHIPPING CHARGES ( ) Raintree: pick the best date for my area. ( ) Yes, I choose zone skipping. I have circled the date best for my area. Call us at (800) 391 8892 if you have any questions. Customers not using Zone Skipping: ( ) Zone skipping dates don’t work for me, or I live West of the Rockies, Alaska, Hawaii, or Puerto Rico. If you do not check a box below, we will ship your order at the best time for your region. Please ship my order: q At the best time for my area. qASAP q Early Feb qLate Feb qEarly March qLate March qEarly April qLate April qEarly May Ordering only berries or small plants? We can save you money on shipping. Call us at (800) 391 8892. If your order totals: WEST OF THE ROCKIES Ground EAST EAST OF THE ROCKIES Zone Skip OF THE ROCKIES Zone Skip NO Zone Skip Spring Only ALASKA HAWAII PUERTO RICO 13.95 19.95 Up to 15.00 10.95 35 17.95 26.95 15.01 - 30.00 14.95 40 21.95 29.95 30.01 - 60.00 18.95 45 24.95 33.95 60.01 - 90.00 21.95 50 26.95 35.95 90.01 - 130.00 23.95 55 15% 20% 25% 40% 130.01 - 400.00 10% 15% 20% 35% Over - 400.00 If your first choice of any item is sold out, please choose an option: q Send comparable substitutes q Send substitutes only to ensure pollination q Please call or e-mail me q Send a refund 95 Raintree Nursery REQUESTED MATERIAL OR OCCUPANT 517200 PRSRT STD U.S. Postage PAID Permit #188 Albany, OR 391 Butts Road Morton, WA 98356 (800) 391 8892 - www.raintreenursery.com KEY CODE CUSTOMER # Plant Index BERRIES......................................................................................................... 6-22 FRUIT TREES................................................................................................23-51 ROOTSTOCKS............................................................................................. 52-53 UNUSUAL FRUITS...................................................................................... 54-61 HERBS........................................................................................................... 61-63 VINES............................................................................................................ 64-70 ORNAMENTALS.......................................................................................... 70-75 NUT TREES....................................................................................................75-79 BAMBOO, CITRUS, etc����������������������������������������������������������������������������� 79-82 Akebias................... 70 Almonds .................. 79 Apples ................ 23-32 Apricots ................... 44 Aronia ......................21 Asparagus ................ 62 All Field Berry ......... 13 Autumn Olive ..........20 Bamboos .............79-80 Banana ....................60 Bay .......................... 75 Beach Plums .............51 Birch ....................... 74 Blackberries .........14-15 Blueberries .............6-9 Butternut ................. 77 Butterfly Bush ......... 70 Brazelberries ...... 6 & 12 Cactus ...................... 58 Cherries .............. 39-41 Cherries, Flowering.. 74 Chilean Guava ......... 61 Cider Apples ............ 28 Chestnuts ................ 76 Cinnamon Vine ........ 64 Citrus ................. 81-82 Crab Apples ............. 32 Cranberries ................ 9 Currants .............18-20 Daylily ..................... 73 Dogwoods ......... 56 &71 Elderberries ............. 16 Espaliers & Belgian Fence .......................30 Empress Tree ........... 74 Eucalyptus ............... 75 Figs .................... 57-58 Filberts .................... 78 Goumi .....................20 Grapes ................65-68 Ginkgo .................... 75 Gooseberries .............17 Goji Berry ................ 22 Gunnera .................. 61 Hawthorn ................ 58 Herbs .................. 61-63 Highbush Cranberry.21 Ho Shou Wu Vine ..... 64 Honeyberries ...........20 Honeysuckle ... 21 & 64 Hops ........................ 64 Huckleberry ........ 6 & 9 Hydrangea............... 71 Horseradish ............. 61 Jasmine ................... 64 Jujubes ..................... 58 Jostaberry ................20 Kiwis ..................68-69 Kinnickinick ........... 62 Lemongrass ............. 62 Lingonberry .............. 9 Lavendar ................. 63 Lilac......................... 71 Locust .............. 74 & 77 Luma ....................... 61 Maples ..................... 73 Mashua ................... 61 Medlar ......................51 Mock Orange ........... 70 Monkey Puzzle......... 75 Mt. Ash Hybrids....... 58 Mulberries............... 55 Mushrooms ........63-64 Nanking Cherry ........51 Nectarines ..........42-43 Olives ......................60 Oca........................... 61 Non-Plant Index Passifloras ............... 70 Papaya...................... 61 Paw Paws................. 56 Peaches ..............42-43 Pears (European) .34-38 Pears (Asian) .......37-38 Perry Pears .............. 36 Peony....................... 71 Persimmons............. 54 Plums .................46-50 Plums, Flowering ..... 74 Porcelain Berry ........ 64 Pomegranates .......... 59 Plum Crosses ......45-46 Prunus Mume ...........51 Quinces ................... 33 Raspberries .......6,12-13 Rhubarb .................. 62 Rootstocks .......... 52-53 Roses .................. 72-73 Rosemary ................ 63 Saffron Crocus ......... 62 Salal......................... 21 Salmonberry............ 12 Seaberries................ 22 Serviceberry............. 22 Sichuan Pepper........ 62 Strawberries........ 10-11 Strawberry Tree ....... 75 Sugar Leaf ............... 62 Tea ..........................60 Thimbleberry........... 12 Walnuts................... 77 Wasabi..................... 61 Willows.................... 75 Wintergreen............. 21 Winterberry............. 71 Yacon....................... 61 Order Form�������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 95 Books�������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������83-85 Gardeners Supplies�������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������85-90 USDA Zone Map������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 94 Visit Raintree & Classes������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������91-92 Landscape Designers�����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������On website Landscape Guide/Regional Info�����������������������������������������������������������������������������������On Website 96 Easy Ways to Order 1. Order online at www.RaintreeNursery.com. See our website for special discounted items. 2. Call us at 1-800-391-8892. PHONE HOURS (PST) January-June 9: Weekdays 8 am - 5 pm, Saturday 8-4, Sunday 10-4 June 10-Dec.: Mon.-Thurs.: 9 am-4 pm 3. Mail your order. 4. Fax your order to 1-800-391-8892. 5. Visit us at our garden center in Morton, WA. See page 91 for a map and our seasonal hours. Our bareroot trees are dormant and in cold storage ready for shipment through June 8. Leave a Legacy We will send a Raintree Gift Certificate gift wrapped with our full color catalog and a personalized gift card for your gardener. Perfect for the holidays! Also a great way to commemorate the birth of a child or mark moving into a new house. $100 ift! ect G f r e eP Th q $25 q $50 q $75 q $100 q Other Amount $______ Recipient’s Name_______________________________________ Address_______________________________________________ City ____________________________ State ____ Zip__________ qReturn gift certificate and catalog to me. q Send to recipient. Send to arrive by:_______________________________________ Write your greeting here_________________________________ _______________________ OTHER GIFT OPTIONS • You may choose plants for a gift and have them sent at the appropriate time for planting. We can send a gift card for the holidays (or any time) announcing the upcoming gift, with your chosen message. • Or select books or supplies and we will ship them in time for the holidays. Call us at (800) 391 8892 and we will expedite your gift! Order online at www.RaintreeNursery.com or call 1-800-391-8892.
© Copyright 2018