16 HAIR REMOVAL Date: ____________ Rating: ___________ Text pages: 344–379 TOPIC 1: ELECTROLYSIS AND OTHER METHODS OF REMOVING UNWANTED HAIR 1. The removal of superfluous hair is a service offered by most salons. a) What is the difference between temporary and permanent methods of hair removal? (Temporary methods require repeated treatments as hair grows back. Permanent methods destroy hair papilla and reduce or prevent regrowth.) b) Two methods most frequently used for permanent hair reduction are (electrolysis) and (laser photo light hair removal) . c) What are five popular methods for temporary removal of superfluous hair? 1. (wax method) 2. (shaving) 3. (tweezing) 4. (sugaring) 5. (chemical depilatories) d) The temporary method commonly used to shape eyebrows is (tweezing) . e) The three stages of hair growth are (anagen) and (telogen) , . , (catagen) 2. Match the definitions with the terminology from the list below. barbae folliculitis electrologist epilation hirsutism hypertrichosis laser hair removal temporary hair removal trichology a) (Temporary hair removal) removes hair for a short period of time. b) (An electrologist) is a person trained, licensed, or certified to perform permanent hair reduction. c) (Epilation) is the removal of hair by the roots. d) (Barbae folliculitis) is the same as ingrown hairs. 119 120 FUNDAMENTALS FOR ESTHETICIANS COURSE MANAGEMENT GUIDE e) (Hypertrichosis) is increased growth of hair in areas where it is not normal. f ) (Laser hair removal) uses light/heat influences in the destruction of the hair papilla. g) (Hirsutism) is a condition influenced by an imbalance of hormones in which density and amount of hair increases beyond normal. h) (Trichology) is the scientific study of hair and its diseases. 3. It is important for the esthetician to understand the structure of the hair. a) What is the purpose of hair? (protects the body from environmental elements) b) Where do the cells necessary for hair growth originate? (dermal papilla) c) The main structures of the hair root below the surface are (bulb) , and (sebaceous glands) (arrector pilli) , (papilla) d) Disulfide bonds are broken by (alkaline depilitories) , . . e) Where are supercilia hairs found? (eyebrows) f) The soft, fine hair covering the body is referred to as (lanugo) or (vellus) . 4. Curly, wavy, and straight hair are determined by the angle of the hair follicle. Why is it important for electrologists to analyze the hair characteristics? (to determine the safest method of hair removal) 5. a) (Telogen) b) During the (anagen) is the stage when the hair bulb is not active, resting. stage, hair grows at a normal rate, with activity in the hair bulb. 6. A person who wants to practice electrolysis must be thoroughly trained in the most up-to-date methods. The areas of the face and body that should never receive electrolysis are (eyelids) , , (nostrils) , and (moles on the body) . (ears) When tweezing, firmly pull the hair at a (slight angle matching the direction of hair growth) . 7. Wax hair removal treatments are popular salon services. a) The two types of waxes are (hard) and (soft) b) What do both waxes have in common? (require heat to liquify them) . CHAPTER 16 8. a) A (patch test) HAIR REMOVAL 121 is required prior to waxing service. b) What conditions of the skin would prohibit waxing? List eight. 1. (rosacea) 5. (recent chemical peels) 2. (sunburn) 6. (recent botox) 3. (fever blister history) 7. (cosmetic reconstructive surgery) 4. (presence of papules or pustules) 8. (very sensitive skin) c) When the wax method is used to remove hair from the upper lip, in which direction is the fiber strip pulled? (Remove the strip in the opposite direction of hair growth.) 9. Wax should not be used when clients are on certain medications. Name five medications that may cause concern. a) (antidepressants) d) (high blood pressure medication) b) (hormones) e) (insulin for diabetes) c) (cortisone) 10. a) Damage to the hair follicle during a hair removal procedure can result in (bleeding) and (fluid release) b) What is the purpose of wearing gloves during services? (to avoid contact with blood borne pathogens) c) Why is “double dipping”into the wax prohibited? (Double dipping contaminates the whole wax pot with bacteria from contact.) 11. If hair is too long, what should you do before applying the wax? (trim with scissors to 1⁄2 inch) 12. List the three most important procedures during the wax removal. a) (Hold skin tight.) b) (Remove it quickly.) c) (Do not lift up during the pull.) 13. a) What direction is the wax applied? (with the growth pattern of the hair) b) What direction is the wax removed (both hard and soft)? (in the opposite direction of the hair growth) . 122 FUNDAMENTALS FOR ESTHETICIANS COURSE MANAGEMENT GUIDE WORD REVIEW adhere bonding diabetic diathermy dormant hair electrologist electrolysis epilation fabric strip galvanic growth angle hair growth direction hair growth rate hair texture heredity high-frequency hirsuties hirsutism hormone hypertrichosis lanugo (fine) hair tweezing muslin papilla permanent hair removal regrowth shaving skin test soft wax stubble superfluous talcum powder tea tree temporary thermolysis wax method wax pot RAPID REVIEW TEST Date: _____________ Rating: ____________ Insert the proper term in the space provided. depilatories electrolysis epilation galvanic hirsutism hypertrichosis permanent superfluous temporary thermolysis 1. Unwanted and extra hair is called (superfluous) 2. (Permanent) hair. methods of hair removal destroy or damage the hair papilla. 3. The method of permanent hair reduction by electricity is called (electrolysis) 4. With (temporary) . methods of hair removal, repeated treatments are necessary. 5. The method of removing hair by the roots is called (epilation) . 6. Excessive growth of hair beyond what is normal is called (hirsutism) . 7. The presence of excess hair on areas where it is not normally grown is called (hypertrichosis) . 8. The (galvanic) method destroys the hair by decomposing the papilla. CHAPTER 16 9. The (thermolysis) HAIR REMOVAL 123 method destroys the hair by coagulating the papilla. 10. A popular group of temporary hair removers are called (depilatories) ACTIVITY Make procedure cards following the procedure sequence taught by your instructor. Use these to practice the proper steps until you are familiar with the sequences of treatments. This activity will instill the proper steps for successful hair removal. .
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