NEWS OCV ΓΡΑΦΕΙ ΤΗΝ ΙΣΤΟΡΙΑ ΤΟΥ ΕΛΛΗΝΙΣΜΟΥ ΑΠΟ ΤΟ 1915 The National Herald www.thenationalherald.com May 2-8, 2015 1 TNH Staff HALC & AJC Panel about Cooperation TNH/THEODORE KALMOUKOS The Greek-American community of New England celebrated Greek Independence with passion and messages of solidarity with Greece, but without their Metropolitan. Parade weekend was also the occasion for a number of honors bestowed upon TNH for its 100th anniversary. ATHENS – Hopes for a deal on Greece’s bailout rose after Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras said he expected an agreement could be reached within two weeks and the European Union reported a pick-up in the negotiations. Greek stocks rose and its sovereign borrowing rates dropped, a sign that international investors are less worried about the country defaulting on its debts in coming weeks. The European Union said that Greece’s talks with its creditors were “being made more EU Commission spokeswoman Annika Breidthardt said the pace of talks has “intensified” since a weekend meeting of Eurozone finance ministers, where Greek Finance Minister Yanis Varoufakis came under intense pressure from his colleagues. That led to Varoufakis effectively being sidelined after Tsipras shook up the negotiating team ad brought in Euclid Tsakalotos, Minister of International Financial Relations and a close ally to Tsipras, to lead the talks. By Theodore Kalmoukos TNH Staff Writer BOSTON, MA – Beneath partlycloudy skies in Boston, the 21st annual New England Greek Parade was held on April 26 with ethnic passion and joy. Just like the start of the New York Parade in New York on March 29, a not-widely-reported incident occupied the attention of the police department. The police cordoned off the area in front of the landmark Boston Public in Copley Square, along the Parade’s route. TNH inquired and learned that while there was no bomb threat, someone in the area was behaving strangely. Present at the parade was former Massachusetts Governor Michael Dukakis, Petros Galatoulas, the president of the Federation of Hellenic Societies of Greater New York, which organizes the Parade on Fifth Avenue, and Karyn Polito, LieuGovernor of tenant Massachusetts. “This is a great day for New England," and added she was pleased to be able to represent Massachusetts’ Governor Charlie Baker and the state government and “to celebrate Greek culture and the contributions of Greek-Americans to Massachusetts. They work hard and are good family people.” Polito noted that she is Greek “by marriage” and said “I have a fantastic Greek husband. Our children are Greek and I appreciate what my family does to celebrate their heritage.” Dukakis said that "this parade makes me remember my childhood and celebrating March 25th." When he was asked about the situation in Greece, Dukakis replied “as I have said in other interviews, austerity will not solve the problem…President Obama is trying to say to the Europeans that their policies are not helping Greece.” He said the new Greek government is doing exactly what it needs to do, but that it must also fight tax evasion and corruption. The Parade commenced with the roar of police motorcycles and Chief of Police William B. Evans told TNH he was thrilled to be there “to celebrate Greek Independence Day. It is always a good day for the city and I am happy to see so many people… celebrating their Greek heritage..” Mayor Martin J. Walsh, who was a Grand Marshal, arrived Continued on page 4 Continued on page 11 Six Years in Prison for Fr. Adam Metropoulos Fr. Adam Metropoulos in court in Bangor, ME where he was sentenced to 6 ½ years in prison for sex crimes. He was found guilty on four counts of sexual abuse of young boys. Kotzias Meets US, UN Officials, and Community Amb. Tsilas By Constantine S. Sirigos and Demetris Tsakas NEW YORK – Nikos Kotzias, the Foreign Minister of Greece, met with U.S. and UN officials as well as leaders and members of the Greek-American community during a four-day visit to New York and Washington last week. Kotzias said the visit was creative and constructive and exceeded expectations based on his past experiences, despite feeling that the atmosphere was somewhat “strange” when he first arrived. On the afternoon of April 24 Kotzias visited the Archdiocese of America and that evening he was the guest of honor at a re- ception at the nearby Greek Consulate. He also met with UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon, with whom he discussed hopes for progress in the upcoming new round of Cyprus talks, and with Matthew Nimetz, UN Special Representative for the dispute between Greece and FYROM. The foreign minister also met with Stanley Bergman, president of the American Jewish Committee (AJC) and David Harris, its executive director, with whom he discussed progress in relations between Greece, Cyprus and Israel. Present with Kotzias at the meeting with Archbishop Demetrios of America were Michalis Kokkinos, the General Secretary for Greeks Abroad, Ambassadors Michel Spinelis and Katerina Boura of Greece, and Amb. George Iliopoulos, Consul General of Greece. Archbishop Demetrios said “we had a very nice exchange of ideas. The foreign minister touched on the fundamental concepts of Hellenism and Orthodoxy in a proper and beautiful way, especially the notion of spirituality as a central element in the lives of people and communities, and in the life of our nation.” Kotzias said the gathering was characterized by pragmatism, spiritual joy and intellectual vigor, and he thanked Demetrios for a discussion “filled with love and respect.” “SLEEP ON” HIS MESSAGES During the reception at the Consulate, Kotzias presented an overview of his visit, saying he presented Greece’s perspectives to the Americans and that he is confident that after sleeping on the issues they will have a better grasp on matters. Amb. Iliopoulos expressed the honor and joy he felt in welcoming Kotzias and Kokkinos and told them he and his staff have been encouraged by their presence to continue their efforts to engender unity and generosity among Greek-Americans NEW YORK – The Hellenic American Leadership Council (HALC) in cooperation with the American Jewish Committee (AJC) presented a panel discussion on Greek-Cypriot-Israeli cooperation and the deepening of relationships on both sides of the Atlantic at Cyprus House in Manhattan on April 22. The panel, which was moderated by Nikolas Katsimpras, HALC Senior Fellow, featured David Harris, Executive Director, AJC, Dr. Aristotle Tziampiris, the author of the newly released book, The Emergence of Israeli-Greek Cooperation, and Cyprus’ UN Ambassador Nicholas Emiliou. Endy Zemenides, HALC’s Ex- BILL PETROS AHEPA National Banquet Returns to Washington, SNF Honored The Stavros Niarchos Foundation (SNF) was presented with the Archbishop Iakovos Humanitarian Award at AHEPA’s 41st Biennial National Banquet in Washington, DC on April 29. (L-R): Vasilis Tsamis, SNF’s CEO, Amb. Vasilios Kaskarelis, Sr. Advisor to the SNF Board, AHEPA Supreme President Phillip Frangos, and Stelios Vasilakis, SNF Dir. of Programs and Strategic Initiatives. TNH Staff Writer Continued on page 7 Continued on page 3 TNH Staff Writer For subscription: By Constantine S. Sirigos CHICAGO- Of all the many cultural institutions Greeks brought with them to North America none will prove more lasting than their efforts at permanently establishing in this nation the Eastern Orthodox Church. To be sure, Greek immigrants did not accomplish this goal alone, nor were they even the first among the various branches of the Eastern Orthodox faithful to do so. Yet it is also clear, to any who attend church even on an irregular basis that we are now every much in a period of transformation. Two issues occupy the conversations Greeks have among themselves concerning church the ever growing presence of converts and the current total Continued on page 6 By Steve Frangos Continued on page 9 Reminisces and Inspires NEW YORK – The delicious dinner served at the inaugural “Trailblazers Dinner Series” of the Association of Greek American Professional Women (AGAPW) honoring Ambassador Loucas Tsilas for his 50 years of public service was a mere intellectual appetizer for those who cannot wait for the distinguished public servant to write his memoir – an end toward which he was presented the symbolic gift of a pen. The informative and entertaining talk over dinner and dessert proved a delightful experience in the private dining room of the new Limani restaurant at Rockefeller Center. Dr. Elena Frangakis-Syrett moderated the discussion and Dr. Aphrodite Navab was the event’s Emcee. Retiring after his successful 15-year tenure as the Executive Director of the Onassis Foundation (USA) following a distinguished career as a Greek diplomat, Amb. Tsilas is now a professor at Queens College. The ambassador offered fascinating observations about the lives of diplomats – the consensus of a brief discussion about the origin of the word was that it is related to “diploma” and pertains to the documents ambassadors present when they arrive at their posts. He said a diplomat’s function can be summed up in one word: understanding, and one activity: “the effort to understand and be understood.” When a diplomat arrives in a country, his job is to observe and understand what is going on there and to explain and give The Possible Future(s) of Orthodoxy TNH Staff Writer 718.784.5255 Tsipras said in a television interview that he expected a deal would be reached by May 9, in time for the next Eurozone meeting. Greece has to repay the International Monetary Fund a total of almost 1 billion euros by May 12. It is expected to have enough money to make that, if it manages to raise as much as it hopes from a move to grab cash reserves from local entities like hospitals and schools. But it faces bigger repayments in June it will struggle to honor without more bailout cash. Breidthardt refused to elaborate on reports of the sidelining of Varoufakis as the prime contact in the bailout talks beyond saying ministers were happy to talk to any Greek representative, “as long as they have a mandate to negotiate.” Varoufakis has been blamed by several officials as the main cause for the lack of progress in the bailout talks. At a Eurozone Boston’s Greeks Hail Independence By Constantine S. Sirigos [email protected] $1.50 Greece Feels the Heat, Moves toward Reforms To Unblock Loan Flow Mayor of Athens Spoke on Gov’t At Columbia Univ. Continued on page 10 anniversary cv Kaminis’ Lightning Quick NY City Trip NEW YORK – Even during a crisis, Greece – and even some of its politicians – can rise to the occasion and present the world with examples of good governance. Athens’ Mayor Giorgos Kaminis was invited by Columbia University to speak last week about transparency and corruption in government at a conference titled “Global Cities: Joining Forces Against Corruption.” “I was honored to be invited and what I heard was very interesting – I hope others found what I said to be interesting,” he told TNH, about the trip that followed his 2014 visit when he received an award and more than 1 million euro for his city from Bloomberg Philanthropies as the winner of its 2014 Mayors Challenge. The Bloomberg award and funding was for the initiative known as “Synathina, a Public Platform for Engaged Citizens.” Mayor Kaminis met with Archbishop Demetrios on April 24 and he also had the opportunity to speak with some of the many people he came to know while he lived in New York, where he was born, but not as many as he would have liked during what he called a “lightning-like” trip. He told TNH he planned to rectify that during his next visit. Kaminis also said that he briefed the archbishop “about what we are doing, including cooperation with the Church. Even though it is something we should always be doing, in these times it is absolutely necessary.” He also highlighted his meeting with Panos Adamopoulos, the president of the Athenians’ Society, which he thanks for its moral support and material contributions to the needy of Athens. “Any time we have asked for something, the Society has helped us,” he said. Kaminis, encouraged by Demetrios, who stood nearby, said he very much wants to meet with the community’s thriving professional and young professional groups during his next visit. Regarding initiatives to help businesspersons – and especially young entrepreneurs – to start and grow their firms, the mayor said there is a disposition to move forward in Athens, and more generally in Greece. th 1915-2015 A wEEKLy GREEK-AMERIcAN PUBLIcATION VOL. 18, ISSUE 916 100 COMMUNITY 2 GOINGS ON... HELLENIC HAPPENINGS FROM COAST TO COAST TNH Staff BAKERSFIELD, CA Here on the East Coast, Greek Festival season usually doesn’t kick in until around midMay, but in Sunny California the St. George Greek Orthodox Church in Bakersfield got things underway this past weekend with its feast of food, drink, and dance, apropos of the timing as the Feast Day of St. George was on April 23. The enthusiastic parishioners told the local ABC News affiliate that their community is quite diverse, as it includes not only Greek Orthodox, but worshippers of that denomination whose roots are in Russia and the Middle East. Chris Schoell remarked that the Greek dancing – of which there was plenty – is not just for fun. She explained how in Ancient times, Hellenic soldiers would dance in order to prepare themselves for war. GROSSE POINTE, MI Anna Clark, has written Michigan Literary Luminaries, a book about the state’s great writers, and she begins by mentioning Grosse Pointe native Jeffrey Eugenides the author of Middlesex, a 2002 winner of the Pulitzer Prize for fiction. As Clark describes in the Preface, Eugenides “follows Cal, an intersex narrator of Greek descent who grows up in Detroit in the 1960s and ’70s. Middlesex is a sprawling and exuberant multigenerational saga that explores gender identity alongside explosive race and ethnic dynamics. A busy novel that draws from Greek mythology, Middlesex also finds Cal’s grandmother working for the Nation of Islam, which was founded in Detroit, and Cal in a relationship with someone called Obscure Object, which references the film That Obscure Object of Desire. Like Cal, this is a novel that refuses to be pigeonholed. It is neither this nor that.” Eugenides is in esteemed company, as two distinguished authors included in Clark’s compendium are Ernest Hemingway and Joyce Carol Oates. CANTON, OH On “a breathtaking Saturday evening at St. Haralambos Cultural Center” in Canton, OH, as the Akron Beacon Jounral reported, nine Greek-American “lovely young ladies dressed in sparkling white gowns” graced the 47th Annual Daughters of Penelope Debutante Ball. The Journal further reported: “Mary Griveas and Maria Dr. Maria Asteriadou on the piano while her husband, Kurt Nikkanen, plays violin. Jeffrey Eugenides is featured in Anna Clark's book about Michigan's "literary luminaries." As Ernest Hemingway and Joyce Carol Oates are also on the list, Eugenides is in great company. Bourlas co-chaired the event, where the young women debuted in front of 250 attendees. “Flora Anderson and her son, John, of Anderson Florists designed the beautiful flower-filled stage for the presentation, while Anita Rossi and Anastasta Grammendis added lighted tall vases of flowers as centerpieces at each table. “Linda Natale, president of the Daughters of Penelope, wel- comed everyone and noted their chapter is the only one in the country presenting a debutante ball.” The nine debutantes, the journal reported, are: • Anastasia Mariana Bourlas, daughter of George Bourlas and Effrosene Bourlas, Lake High School • Stephanie Marina Bourlas, daughter of George Bourlas and Effrosene Bourlas, Hoover High School • Elizabeth Anne Fladung, daughter of Patrick and Christine Fladung, Hoover High School • Anna Milica Grunder, daughter of Michael and Dina Grunder, GlenOak High School • Kaitlin Angelina Kaye, daughter of Frank and Olga Kaye, Hoover High School • Elaina Michele Koutras, daughter of John and Gina Koutras, Perry High School • Alexandra O’Connor, daughter of Michael and Barbara O’Connor, Hoover High School • Emily Rae Quinn, daughter of Louis and Jennifer Giavasis, GlenOak High School • Nicole Irene Tank, daughter of Brad and Alexandra Tank, Jackson High School. (L-R): Violinist Kurt Nikkanen, Pianist Maria Asteriadou, and Committee co-Chairs Ann Kraras, Sharon Whitman, and Despina Denne. St. Nicholas Benefit Concert at RACC is a Success By Constantinos E. Scaros READING, PA – The St. Xenia Philoptochos Society of Sts. Constantine & Helen Greek Orthodox Church in Reading, PA had a goal: to raise $100 per member – approximately $11,500 – for the rebuilding of the St. Nicholas Greek Orthodox Church at Ground Zero. Chapter President Despina Denne happily announced to TNH that thanks to a Benefit Concert held on April 26, over $20,000 has been raised – and the fundraising effort will continue throughout the rest of the year. The event, titled the St. Nicholas National Shrine Benefit Concert, took place at the Miller Center for the Arts of Reading Area Community College (RACC), organized by a committee of 20 led by co-chairs Denne, Ann Kraras, and Sharon Whitman. The concert featured internationally-acclaimed artists Maria Asteriadou (pianist) and her husband, Kurt Nikkanen (violinist), who both graduated from the prestigious Juilliard School. The Greek-born Dr. Asteriadou teaches at both the Manhattan School of Music and Kutztown University, Denne told TNH. She has received numerous awards, including first prize at the Maria Callas International Piano Competition. Nikkanen is the Concertmaster with the New York City Ballet Orchestra and maintains a private teaching studio in New York City, Denne added. He began playing violin at age 3 and made his Carnegie Hall debut at 12. The duo performed an extraordinary musical “journey through time,” which included compositions by Johann Sebastian Bach, Franz Schubert, Yannis Constantinidis, and George THE NATIONAL HERALD, MAY 2-8, 2015 Gershwin. The event ended with a catered “Meet the Artists” reception. The rebuilt church will be known as the Saint Nicholas National Shrine at Ground Zero, and will be visited by the millions every year who come to see the September 11 memorial. Additional donations may be made payable to “Philoptochos Society” and sent to: Sts. Constantine & Helen Church Attn: St. Nicholas Shrine 1001 E. Wyomissing Blvd. Reading, PA 19611 Welcome Spring with The National Herald n MAY 2 PORTLAND, OR – The HellenicAmerican Cultural Center & Museum, 3131 N.E. Glisan Street in Portland, is proud to announce the exhibition of Katherine Pappas-Parks, "Treasures of Age: Carriers of Memories Past and Present." Opening reception Saturday, May 2 6-8PM. Katherine Pappas-Parks is an accomplished artist whose Greek culture has shaped her artistic vision. The other-worldliness, surrealism and intensity in her landscapes have their roots in her experience of being raised in a Greek immigrant home. Her artwork is influenced by the art and traditions of ancient Greece and Byzantium and by folklore and superstitions of a culture connected to the land in a way that has remained virtually unchanged for over 3000 years. Her paintings have been exhibited throughout the United States. She currently displays at the Walter Wickiser Gallery in New York City. n MAY 15-17 ANAHEIM, CA – Join us for Orange County's premiere Greek Festival, the OC Greek Fest! Experience the flavors, sights and sounds of Greece and enjoy the very best of Greek food, music, dancing and culture right here in Orange County at St. John the Baptist Greek Orthodox Church, 405 N. Dale Street in Anaheim. Friday, May 15 through Sunday, May 17: Fri 310PM; Sat and Sun, Noon10PM. Free parking behind WalMart at the Buena Park Mall; free shuttle service to and from the Buena Park Mall to the festival grounds. Live music; Traditional Greek dance performances scheduled each day; Authentic Greek foods, appetizers and homemade pastries; Greek wines, beer, spirits, and coffee. Great shopping at our outdoor marketplace; dozens of unique vendors; Carnival rides and games for all ages; Complimentary guided tours of our Greek Orthodox church scheduled each day. LITTLE ROCK, AR – Join us this year at the Annunciation Greek Orthodox Church, 1100 Napa Valley Drive, in Little Rock from Friday, May 15 through Sunday, May 17 for our annual Greek Festival! Fri and Sat: 11AM9PM, Sun: 11AM-3PM. The Annunciation's International Greek Food Festival is the largest ethnic Food Festival in the state of Arkansas! Every year our Festival sponsors a number of AR charities and celebrates the diverse cultures of our Little Rock community. It features a scrumptious medley of Greek and Mediterranean menu favorites, including gyros, calamari, pastitso, sourouta, Greek pizza, and much more. All of this mouthwatering cuisine can be enjoyed at the Festival or picked up at our Drive Thru. The Festival will again feature our popular Old World Market, offering specialty foods such as falafel, Greek olive oil, hummus, dolmathes (stuffed grape leaves), cheeses and the popular Pete’s Famous Salad Dressing that is handmade and bottled at the parish. Frozen dinners to go, pastries, Russian collectibles, fine jewelry and an array of imported gift items from around the Mediterranean will also be available in the Market. In addition to great activities for children to enjoy throughout the grounds, our huge stage highlights our famous Greek dancers along with performances from a wide array of other international entertainment. Our Festival also features our very popular Old World Market, that includes our famous handmade Baklava along with a wide array of other pastries together with a unique shopping experience that highlights imported gift items from around the world. Free admission, free parking and free trolleys to and from the Church grounds! As in years past, one of the most wonderful parts of the International Greek Food Festival is YOU, our friends! When you visit the Festival with your family and friends, a good time is guaranteed. In addition, you can make new friends at the Festival by enjoying a wide array of international entertainment while reveling in all of the food & shopping available. You can even learn more about your neighbors by taking a tour of the Annunciation Church and discover the rich history and tradition of the Orthodox Christian faith as well as enjoy the largest collection of Byzantine iconography in Arkansas! MAY 16 MANHATTAN – The Orpheus Foundation and Kyrenia Opera present the 90th Birthday Celebration of Mikis Theodorakis on Saturday, May 16 at 8:30PM at the Merkin Concert Hall at Kaufman Music Center, 129 W. 67th Street in Manhattan, featuring Betty Harlafti, acclaimed interpreter of Theodorakis’ songs and a permanent member of his ensemble. The Opera Orchestra and Chorus is directed by Constantinos Yiannoudes. For tickets and other information, contact the Center at http://www.kaufmanmusiccenter.org. n MAY 22-24 NEW ORLEANS, LA – Opa, opa, opa! The annual New Orleans Greek Festival is Memorial Day weekend. This event is filled Greek food, music, culture and fun for kids and adults alike. New Orleans's connection with Greece dates back to the mid1800s when large numbers of Greeks immigrated here, bringing along their storied culture and traditional heritage. The Greek Festival celebrates that culture and heritage every year on Memorial Day Weekend at the Holy Trinity Greek Orthodox Cathedral (1200 Robert E. Lee Blvd, New Orleans, LA 70117), which is on the banks of Bayou St. John. Free off-site parking and shuttle service is also available. FOOD: Kali Orexi! This popular phrase means "Bon Apetit" or "good appetite". In other words - you better come hungry. Trying a gyro sandwich is a must. The Goatburgers, which is a hamburger the Greek way, are also delicious. For dessert, try a Loukoumades, which is like a beignet topped with honey and cinnamon. For a caffeine fix, pick up a Frappe (no relation to Starbucks), which is basically an iced coffee. MUSIC: Every year, people come together to perform and dance to traditional, live Greek music. Kostas Kastanis will be playing this year, and guests will have the chance to learn the Zorba and other traditional dances out on the Bayou. SPECIAL EVENTS: For all the runners out there, the annual Greek Festival Walk/Run will take place that Friday! Participants can either choose to walk/run one mile or 5k. Cash prizes will be given to the winners. Registration is open until the day of the race. The 1 mile participants start at 7 PM and the 5k starts at 7:20PM. Back this year by popular demand is Toga Sunday! Anyone wearing a toga gets free admission. There will also be a Best Toga contest with some great prizes. Fun For The Whole Family! Kids will love the Athenian Playground, which includes a number of fun things to do. Families can rent a canoe and tour Bayou St. John, or climb Mount Olympus. There’s also a bounce house for the younger ones. Once you tire out the little ones, check out the Agora, the outdoor marketplace with Greek paintings, jewelry and other souvenirs. n NOTE TO OUR READERS This calendar of events section is a complimentary service to the Greek American community. All parishes, organizations and institutions are encouraged to e-mail their information regarding the event 3-4 weeks ahead of time, and no later than Monday of the week before the event, to [email protected] QUESTION OF THE WEEK Does it bother you that many of Greece’s current leaders, including the Prime Minister, do not wear neckties? Please email your response to [email protected] We may publish some responses as Letters to the Editor in a future issue. E LD TH NA TI O E N AL H RA 100 th anniversary 1915-2015 1 For advertising opportunites contact: [email protected] or call at: 718-784-5255, ext. 101 book · worm. - noun 1. One who spends much time reading or studying. 2. Any of various insects, especially booklice and silverfish, that infest books and feed on the paste in the bindings. Source: The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition The National Herald Bookstore (718) 784-5255 [email protected] COMMUNITY THE NATIONAL HERALD, MAY 2-8, 2015 3 Amb. Kounalakis’ Memoirs Published this Week TNH Staff Eleni Tsakopoulos Kounalakis was the U.S. Ambassador to Hungary from January 7, 2010 to July 20, 2013. From the date of her appointment, she was the highest-ranking GreekAmerican in the Obama Administration, until April 24, 2013, when Sylvia Mathews-Burwell was appointed Director of the Office of Management and Budget (and the following year, appointed Secretary of Health and Human Services). Her memoir, to be released May 5, is titled Madam Ambassador: Three Years of Diplomacy, Dinner Parties, and Democracy in Budapest. From the Publisher’s notes: “Have you ever wondered what it takes to be a US Ambassador? In Madam Ambassador (May 5, 2015) we follow Eleni Kounalakis— mother of two, first-generation American, and first-time diplomat—as she finds herself posted in Budapest. “A charming and entertaining tour guide, Kounalakis sees the world of international relations through fresh eyes. With Eleni Tsakopoulos Kounalakis no background in diplomacy (Kounalakis had previously worked as a property developer), she endures a grueling vetting process in which she’s asked if she’d ever cheated on her husband or sent an embarrassing email, and attends ambassador ‘charm school,’ a two-week intensive training session with other prospective diplomats. But when she finds herself at the helm of a medium-sized US Embassy in a former Soviet satellite nation, she realizes that nothing could have prepared her for the realities of this new life in Hungary. “With startling candor, Kounalakis recounts the triumphs and gaffes of her newlypublic life. Along with glamorous dinners and meetings comes the strain of fitting in. Her husband, a respected journalist, finds that he’s discouraged from attending gatherings organized by the diplomats’ spouses club, traditionally seen as women’s events. “Kounalakis’ children, accustomed to American-style discipline, are surprised at the realities of their new school. But Kounalakis meets all challenges head-on, and is soon welcoming a parade of visits by high-ranking U.S. government officials including Condoleezza Rice, Nancy Pelosi and Hillary Clinton. “Part foreign policy memoir and part all-American story, Madam Ambassador is a thoroughly entertaining and inspiring example of leadership.” Kounalakis has a long and distinguished career in politics and academia. She and her husband, Markos Kounalakis, founded two university chairs in Hellenic studies: the Markos and Eleni Tsakopoulos Kounalakis Chair at Georgetown University, and the Tsakopoulos Kounalakis Chair in honor of former Greek Prime Minister Constantine Mitsotakis at Stanford University. The couple also established the Tsakopoulos Kounalakis lecture series at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars. For her near-decade of service as Trustee of the World Council of Religions for Peace (WCRP), Kounalakis was awarded the medal of St. Paul by the Greek Orthodox Church, the highest honor the Church bestows on a layperson. A staunch Democrat who was a delegate to the National Convention four times, Kounalakis has been a strong supporter of Hillary Clinton and has already begun helping – by having a fundraiser in her home – for Clinton’s 2016 presidential bid. Ambassador Loucas Tsilas Reminisces and Inspires at AGAPW Dinner Continued from page 1 a profile of his own country and its interests. While a nation’s strength rests on its armed forces and economy, Amb. Tsilas said its cultural resources should not be underestimated. Among his regrets is that Greece never committed – even in good times – sufficient funds to promoting its rich cultural profile. “In Washington, DC you need a strong budget, and we never had one.” On the other hand, he was thrilled to have been able to promote Hellenism at the Onassis Foundation though generously funded events and academic programs of high quality throughout the Western Hemisphere, thanks to the generous support from its Board under official as he was about to board a plane to Athens to brief the new Greek leader about the status of Greece-U.S. relations. Shocked that Tsilas was leaving, the American said, “Don’t you know you are on the verge of war with Turkey?” Washington knew what Athens apparently did not, that Turkey was preparing to attack Greece, and Amb. Tsilas felt he had to personally convey what he knew to Simitis. Greece had not realized that Ankara interpreted Athens’s actions not as a defense of Greek sovereignty, but as an attempt to extend its territorial waters from six to 12 miles, an act Turkey had declared to be a casus belli that would trigger an attack. “Developments were so rapid Amb. Loucas Tsilas, who recently retired as Exec. Director of the Onassis Foundation (USA), chats with AGAPW founder and president Olga Alexakos at Limani restaurant in Manhattan. the leadership of Antonis Papademetriou. While diplomats revel in sumptuous dinners and receptions, he said the substance of diplomacy is to “make or preserve peace, create conditions for the promotion of your country’s interests, and to create the basis for mutual understanding and benefit.” The consequences of failure can be immediate and catastrophic: War. Sometimes, even presidents and prime ministers don’t realize they are on the brink of destruction. A horrific war almost broke out between Greece and Turkey over the tiny islet of Imia in 1996. Although some observers believe Turkey’s then-premier Tansu Tsiller tried to take advantage of the transition to a new government in Greece (Costas Simitis had just become prime minister) to squeeze concessions from Greece, Tsilas sees it as an example of potentially deadly misunderstandings. A series of incidents culminated in Greeks and Turks alternately raising their own flags on the uninhabited islands. In the midst of the crisis, whose danger was apparently not fully grasped by Greece, Tsilas was stopped by an American that…despite hotlines between the two capitals… only America, with its satellite reconnaissance technology observing Turkish forces, grasped what was going on,” and was feverishly working to prevent a clash he said One of his saddest experiences was having to attend the funeral at Arlington National Cemetery of Richard Welch, the CIA employee who was murdered by November 17, but among the many positive elements of his career was seeing how much Greece and Greek culture was appreciated around the world. “Hellenic principles are part and parcel of Western Civilization and are universal,” he said. He spoke of charismatic people who he met – especially Nelson Mandela and a young Fidel Castro in 1970, and President Bill Clinton – and those who were disappointing, like Mikhail Gorbachev. There were also moments of personal insight. Tsilas said that while a career in foreign service is rich with glittering events and political action, diplomats also struggle with the mundane – as parents they are especially concerned with the lives and education of their children as they adjust to frequent moves to very different places. Ambassador and Mrs. Tsilas have a son and a daughter. The bittersweet reality includes opportunities to make countless many friendships, only to lose most of them and maintain the rest only by great effort across the miles and time zones. Amb. Tsilas concluded by expressing his appreciation for AGAPW’s acknowledgement of his wife, Penelope (Penny) Tsilas. Ambassadors’ wives play important roles and Tsilas smiled as he said “In Washington I was known as Penny’s husband.” He said they are both proud to have been a supporter of the organization from the beginning. Nikos Papaconstantinou, who just retired from the Greek diplomatic service, spoke warmly of his work with Amb. Tsilas. “I call him my ambassador; he will always be my ambassador.” Alexakos invited guests representing the Onassis Foundation to speak about Amb. Tsilas’ leadership. Dr. Maria Sereti, who was his Director of Educational Affairs for 10 years, called him an inspiration and said “this is his essence: he is an amazing combination of idealism and pragmatism.” Amb. Ioannis Vrailas, Deputy Head of the EU delegation to the UN, said Amb. Tsilas “was not just a legend or a role model but a constant source of inspiration, ahead of the times, an outside the box thinker.” Amb. Tsilas holds degrees in law and economics from the University of Athens, and a Master’s in Political Science from the State University of Louisiana, New Orleans. He began his career as an attorney in Athens, Greece in 1963 – Mrs. Tsilas is also an attorney – and entered the Foreign Ministry in 1965. He served as Greece’s Ambassador to America during a critical period when relations improved and his numerous high level positions in Greece included membership on the committee which organized the successful bid for the 2004 Athens Olympics. Among the dignitaries – speakers regretted the list was too long to mention all of them – were Amb. Vassilios Philippou, Consul General of the Republic of Cyprus in New York and his wife, Anthi Philippou; Nikos Papaconstantinou, Director of the Greek Press Office and his wife Marina, Nancy Papaioannou, President of Atlantic Bank and the Hellenic American Chamber of Commerce; Dr. Kathryn Yatrakis, Dean of Academic Affairs, Columbia University; Dr. Thomas Papathomas, Dean Rutgers University; and Dr. John Xethalis. One of the highlights was a performance of a Mikis Theodorakis song by Soprano Flora Kyrou. Alexakos invited Mrs. Tsilas (L-R) Dr. Maria Sereti, Penelope Tsilas, Aspa Bitis, and Marianthe Rouhotas. The Ambassador’s wife paused for a photo with past and current Onassis Foundation (USA) staffers. PHOTOS: MARIA TOLIOS Ambassador Loucas Tsilas (4th from R) holds court as the featured speaker at AGAPW’s “Trailblazers Dinner Series” on Apr. 23. AGAPW founder Dr. Olga Alexakos is 3rd from R. to close the event and she chose to praise AGAPW for promoting networking among Greek women. She also urged the community to teach the younger generation to be sensitive to what is going on in Greece. “In these hard times we must stick together,” she said, quoting the ancient aphorism “I ishis en ti enosi – there is strength in unity.” COMMUNITY 4 THE NATIONAL HERALD, MAY 2-8, 2015 Greek Independence Ceremonialized at the Massachusetts State House By Theodore Kalmoukos TNH Staff Writer BOSTON, MA – Vasilios (Bill) Kafkas, the president of the Federation of Hellenic American Societies of New England set the tone for the annual celebration on Greek Independence Day at the Massachusetts State House when he said "today the GreekAmerican community in New England begins a series of celebrations to honor Greece, the Heroes and Heroines of 1821, and all who fought for freedom.” He thanked the leaders of Massachusetts for hosting the event that was originated by former Governor Michael Dukakis and added that the Federation, in cooperation with the Commonwealth of Massachusetts must continue the tradition “because such celebrations bring us into closer cooperation with institutions, with friends, and their philhellenes. Greece and Hellenism need friends and philhellenes and every day we try to do more and we must do more,” to support Hellenism. Kafkas also declared how proud and honored members of the community feel to have Greek-American public servants like State Senator Bruce Tarr, and state representatives Theodore C. Speliotis and Diana Diana DiZoglio. After speaking about the challenges and threats faced Greece and Hellenism today, he emphasized how important it is to convey “to our children and our grandchildren the values of the Greek nation with works, not mere words." Kafkas also praised Ethnikos Kyrix-National Herald – he noted the Governor of Massachusetts would soon do the same at a special event – for “the services provided for 100 consecutive ABOVE: The Federation presents a plaque to the National Herald. (L-R) Dimitrios Mattheos, Iphigenia Kanara, Antonis. H Diamataris, Bill Kafkas, and Miltiadis Athanasopoulos. LEFT: At the Gala dinner of the Federation of the Hellenic American Societies of New England are Antonis H. Diamataris and Litsa Diamataris, Andrew Gitchel, Eleni Kalmoukos, and Angeliki Kalmoukos. years to Hellenism.” He congratulated Publisher-Editor Antonis H. Diamataris and thanked his family and the newspaper’s staff for their contributions. “Of course we here in New England have Theodore Kalmoukos, who informs us daily and sometimes hurls fire at us in order to keep us on the path of Hellenism and our Orthodox Faith.” An 8th grade student, Lily Faulkner of the day school of Holy Trinity of Lowell, who won a competition related to the celebration of the Greek Revolution of 1921, read from the floor of the State Senate her essay titled "Ioannis Kapodistrias and the creation of the Modern Greek State.” Fr. Theodore Barbas, chancellor of the Metropolis of New England, offered the benediction. He represented Metropolitan Methodios, who chose to travel to Constantinople to attend a Divine Liturgy at the Monastery Zoodochos Pigi in Baloukli and participate in the work of the Holy Synod at the Ecumenical Patriarchate. The Choir of Holy Cross School of Theology chanted hymns apropos of the Easter season and sang the Greek and American national anthems. A reception was held in the social hall of the Senate, during which dozens of Greek-Americans expressed congratulations and best wishes for TNH’s 100th anniversary. On the same day Kafkas and the board of the Federation and several Greek-Americans participated in an event marking the 100th anniversary of the Armenian Genocide, and laid a wreath at a monument dedicated to its victims. Later that afternoon Ifigenia Kanara, the Greek Consul General in Boston, hosted a well-attended reception at the Greek Consulate sponsored by GreekAmerican businessman Harry Katis. In attendance were numerous consuls general from European countries and greetings were offered by Kanara, Fr. Constantine Manetas, pastor of the Assumption of Somerville, and Kafkas. 1 2 PHOTOS: TNH/THEODORE KALMOUKOS 3 1: Boston Police on motorcycles at the starting point of the 21st annual Greek Independence Day Parade of Boston. 2: Thousands of Greek-Americans applaud the Evzones dancing at the cultural event that followed the parade in Boston Common. 3: Students of Hellenic College and Holy Cross Greek Orthodox School of Theology carry the icon of the Mother of God while chanting Christ is risen. 4: Greek-Americans are watching the parade to pass by. 5: The youngest GreekAmerican Evzone marching on Boylston Street in Boston grabs the spotlight. 6: (L-R) Antonis H. Diamataris, Publisher-Editor of the National Herald, Litsa Diamataris, and Kitty and Michael Dukakis flanking their grandson Peter. 4 5 6 In Boston, the Greeks of New England Joyously Hail Hellenism and Liberty Continued from page 1 late due to other commitments and offered greetings. He said “it is a great day for Boston as is every day that we celebrate Greek culture…the Greek-American community is vibrant and I am happy to see so many people participate in the parade.” For the first time in the New England Parade’s history representatives of the large and dynamic community of Boston’s Armenians marched, apropos of the commemorations of the 100th anniversary of the Armenian genocide that were taking place across the country that weekend. Ifigenia Kanara, the Greek Consul General in Boston, told TNH “Our history must be taught and our traditions passed on the younger generations… the parade and the related events have that purpose.” Vasilios (Bill) Kafkas, the president of the Federation of Hellenic American Societies of New England, which organizes the parade, told TNH it went very well. “People came from all over New England and I am grateful for the assistance of all the members of the Board and past presidents who contributed to having a good parade.” Past presidents Gabriel Vidalis, Theophilos Kamberides, and George Chacalis were pleased with the parade and its message of support for Greece. Vasilios Gournelos, the chairman of the 2015 New York Parade, who accompanied Galatoulas, said “I was very impressed. I did not expect such big crowds and so many marchers.” THE NATIONAL HERALD, MAY 2-8, 2015 COMMUNITY 5 ABOVE:Bill Kafkas, president of Federation of the Hellenic American Societies of New England, praising the National Herald in the Massachusetts Senate Chamber. RIGHT: Governor Charlie Baker and the Massachusetts State Senate honored Ethnikos Kyrix-National Herald. Shown are Publisher-Editor Antonis H. Diamataris with legislators Bruce Tarr, Michael Brady, Diana DiZoglio, Consul General of Greece Ifigenia Kanara, and Rev. Theodore Barbas. Governor Charles Baker and the Mass. State Senate Honor National Herald By Theodore Kalmoukos TNH Staff Writer Antonis H. Diamataris with politicians and officials and representatives of the Greek-American Community of New England these honors as we also celebrate the glorious Greek Revolution of 1821. As you know, the National Herald has deep roots in this great state of Massachusetts from Lowell to Boston, the Athens of America, where thou- sands of Greek-Americans live who read it daily.” Senator Tarr praised the Herald, saying, among other things, that the newspaper “binds us together…tells the stories of our lives, connects us with our Greek heritage and informs us about the events that occur not only in Greece but also here in the United States. It strengthens the Greek-American community across the United States." He added that "it is a special honor for all of us to honor the National Herald and its publisher, Antonis Diamataris for their hard work gathering and disseminating news widely, and providing commentary so that we can all be informed about things that are important for us in our lives." When she offered her greet- ABOVE LEFT: The Federation’s banner that reminds that Greece is the birthplace of the Olympics is curried by Dr. Mary Delichachios and Elefteria Papaslis. ABOVE RIGHT: Muses grace the elegant float of the Greek Evangelical church of Newton, MA. LEFT: Ioannis Photis carries the American flag at the parade, a reminder that America and Greece are longstanding allies. BOTTOM RIGHT: Greek-Americans from throughout New England view the parade and proclaim “Long Live Greece.” POCKET-LESS PITA BREAD Kontos Foods www.GreekKitchennyc.com The Leading Company in Flat Breads Well known for the Pocket-Less Pita Manufacturers of Authentic Ethnic Hand Stretched Flat bread. Kontos the first family in fillo dough and fillo products. FILLO KATAIFI, BAKLAVA, SPANAKOPITA, TyROPITA NUT ROLL, MELOMAKARONA and the TRADITIONAL MEDITERRANEAN DESSERTS. Excellent quality and service. We distribute in USA and Canada. Special prices for communities, schools, churches festivals and other events Follow us on Facebook: Eθνικός Κήρυξ / The National Herald ab BOSTON, MA – Governor Charles Baker and the Massachusetts State Senate honored Ethnikos Kyrix - National Herald on the afternoon of April 24th for the 100th anniversary of founding and its contributions to the Greek-American community and Hellenism. The award was presented during the annual celebration of Greek Independence in the Senate Chamber of the Massachusetts State House that was hosted by Greek-American State Senator Bruce Tarr in the presence numerous state legislators. Rhode Island State Senator Leonidas Raptakis and New Hampshire representative Efstathia Booras, along with members of the community from throughout New England, were also present. Both the governor and the Senate presented proclamations to the Herald, which were received by its publisher-editor Antonis H. Diamataris, who in his speech from the floor of the Senate said that "it is indeed a great privilege and joy for me to be here among you to receive ings to Governor Baker, Ifigenia Kanara, the Greek Consul General in Boston, said that "in these difficult times, our country needs a single national front, harmony and cooperation, and the solidarity of friends and allies.” “We owe honor and gratitude to philhellenes everywhere and certainly to Diaspora Greeks who participated unselfishly in the struggle for freedom in 1821, and who today provide invaluable support to our efforts to exit the crisis…Only cooperation, solidarity, common goals and vision will enable our country to be reborn again. Working together – Greeks, philhellenes, and the Diaspora – we will succeed." Kanara also referred to the Herald’s 100th anniversary, saying “I congratulate the publisher of the second oldest Greek newspaper in the world, Antonis H. Diamataris, for being worthy of the honors he has received from the governor and Senate of Massachusetts," and added "it is a recognition not only of the long tradition of binding together Greeks abroad, but of keeping alive their cultural identity and the Greek language." Kontos Foods, Inc Box 628, Paterson, NJ 07544 Tel.: (973) 278-2800 Fax: (973) 278-7943 Kontos.com COMMUNITY 6 THE NATIONAL HERALD, MAY 2-8, 2015 GREEKS AROUND THE US Fertile Minds Blossom in the Desert Southwest: a Teaching Philosophy By Dr. Constantina Michalos My older daughter, Nicole Kessler-Snook, teaches high school science at WILD (Western Institute Leadership Development) in Tucson, AZ. She recently presented a paper entitled “Promoting Youth Voice and Social Change in Science Through Participatory Research: Challenges and Opportunities of an Emerging University-school Partnership.” The conference organizers asked for a statement of her teaching philosophy. Here it is: My first day on the job, I walked into my classroom armed with lesson plans, rosters, bathroom passes, and school supplies. The day before, I had spent time hanging motivational and procedural posters, making copies, and arranging 35 desks. I was ready to put into practice what I had learned in theory in my preceptorship. I had no student-teaching experience. I was being thrown to the wolves, per se, by a principal who was willing to forgo that deficiency in exchange for two years at her school. I was motivated. I felt ready. Melinda was the first student to walk through my door. About seventeen and ready to pop, she was pregnant with her second child; she was the first of many young mothers I would encounter during my tenure at the school. The room started to fill with bodies and voices and energy. I finished my lesson plans for the entire week on that first day! I had to wing it since what I had planned took less time than I expected. By the end of the day, I was in tears. What was I going to do tomorrow? I had nothing! I learned very quickly that there is no such thing as over-planning and that the best laid schemes of mice and science teachers. . . I also learned: • If a tia (aunt) or a nana (grandmother) or any “family” member is sick, it is okay to miss school to hold a bedside vigil • If there is a death in the family, expect a student to be out at least a week • The drug of choice is rochas, not roofies • Cargo pants pockets may contain large amounts of marijuana • “A la verga” is a bad word • The sudden sound of the metal legs of the students’ chairs scooting along the linoleum floor is a warning sign that someone is going to throw down • The threat of pregnancy or STDs is nothing compared to getting shot across the street from school • Or by the police This was just my first year. I had no textbooks or boxed curriculum to follow. I had state standards that needed to be met. The rest was totally up to me. I felt empowered to impart the wonder and excitement of science to my students in whatever way I could get them hooked. If it meant having students write down every euphemism they had ever heard for “penis” and “vagina” before a lesson on human reproduction so that they could get it out of their systems, I had them write. If it meant indicating that there were no public libraries, gyms, book stores, community gardens, businesses that offered green services/products or with In March, University of Arizona professor Dr. Sara Tolbert (back row, 2nd from left, Nicole Snook (front row, right) and her 9th and 10th grade students presented their collaborative research project, Community Engagement and Youth Leadership through Science Education (CEYLSE), at the New York Collective for Radical Educators (NYCoRE) conference in New York City, a conference for teachers, students, researchers, and community members. green infrastructure, or stores that sold organic foods within a square mile of their school, I pointed it out. They mapped all of the smoke shops, liquor stores, tagged buildings, littered alleyways, check-cashing places and police presence. Very few worksheets. Lots of hands-on. The dollar store was (is) my best friend! These activities revealed much to these students. Girls were having babies without knowing what a uterus is. They thought their baby was in their stomach. Even more, these same girls would bring their newborn baby to school within hours of being discharged from the hospital for all to see, hold, touch, kiss, and spread their germs. Students on food stamps had cupboards stocked with over-processed, sugary, salty, fattening foods and drinks. “Maruchan” (a type of ramen soup) was a staple in all of their diets. How was I supposed to teach standards to kids who were undernourished and bombarded with ads for alcohol (the closest liquor store was across the street), sugar, salt and fat. So I fed my students. I purchased loaves of bread, jars of peanut butter and jelly, gallons of milk and juice and had them serve themselves. More important, I decided to use their lives, their experiences to drive my curriculum. There was rarely a week that I could plan ahead. I felt empowered by being able to bring unique opportuni- ties to my students. Instead of dissecting a worm or a frog, we went straight to cats. Some of these kids wouldn’t make it to their 18th birthday, let alone go to college to do this type of dissection. I realized that an opportunity to dissect a cat is a privilege reserved for certain students. My students deserved this opportunity, too. I enlisted the support of experts in the community who came to my class or hosted my students in order for them to learn from authorities in the field. I went to endless professional developments to find new ideas. And I tried them. . .the next day. I read books to them. I shared collections with them. I opened my life to them, sharing personal experiences of my learning successes and failures so that they could see me as a person. With that came respect, responsibility, and a love for science many never thought they were capable of. My trajectory as a science teacher is simple. Years from now, my students will remember their learning. They may lose pieces along the way. We all do. But I guarantee that my students can share a learning experience that was good, that was empowering, that made them feel successful, that opened their eyes, that made them question and not be afraid to be wrong, that made them want to do something. They will remember that I never asked them to do anything I was not willing to do myself because I was willing to learn right alongside them. I have counseled students to go in one direction and watched as they chose another. I have given countless opportunities to right wrongs but to no avail. I have spent innumerable hours away from my own children trying to save someone else’s from failure, abuse, discrimination, police brutality, starvation, addiction and abandonment. I have attended five funerals. It is enough to make anyone in her right mind want to walk away from the profession. But I don’t because my good days in the classroom have far outweighed my bad. Always. And if it takes me opening their eyes to their potential, their opportunities, their strengths, and holding their hands along the way…it’s what I do. What did you do today? Conference in New York Offers Tips on Greek Genealogical Research By Constantine S. Sirigos TNH Staff Writer NEW YORK – While GreekAmericans do not forget where they came from, many do not know they details of their ancestry and the details of their family’s journey to America. Through their well-presented and informative titled “The First National American Genealogy Conference,” the Education and Culture Committee of the Hellenic American Chamber of Commerce (HACC) and HellenicGenealogyGeek.com helped open door to the past for many community members. The guests who filled the Ballroom of Holy Trinity Cathedral in Manhattan on April 25 were welcomed by Lou Katsos, Executive Vice President of HACC and Chairman of the Committee. The Conference is an example of how the community’s more dynamic and nimble organizations can take a grass roots impulse and turn it into something substantial. “You created this event: the audience. This all happened on HellenicGenealogyGeek.com… .the people who post there are a fantastic crowd…experts on history, sociology and other fields,” Katsos said during his introduction. He added “I proffered the idea of having a conference where we can get together and there was a series of posts back and forth where everyone thought it was a great idea.” The conference began with a background presentation of the Greek-American experience by Available from the General State Archives of Greece and other sources," focusing on how to “Discover online and textual resources held at the Greek Archives and other sources.” Peter Dickson then spoke about “Using DNA in Greek Family History Research,” and Debbie Petrides presented “A Case Study from Chios” to illustrate “how to use records from Greece to discover the history of your family.” Historian and Genealogist Gregory Kontos spoke about the research he did for the Greek- Robert Stephanopoulos, who attended the conference. The fascinating topic of Hellenic Genealogy Tourism was the closing topic. Carol Kostakos Petranek spoke about preparing for and “Planning a Research Trip,” followed by a Hellenic Genealogy Tourism Panel Discussion with Kalavritinos, Keilman, Petranek, and Petrides moderated by Katsos Katsos was very impressed with the people who travelled from as far away as Washington state and Oregon, Florida and even Canada. He also found it American segment of the PBS program “Finding your Roots,” of Henry Louis Gates Jr. George Stephanopoulos was one of the people featured in the show and Katsos was pleased to be able to introduce him to Rev. Dr. interesting that so many third and fourth generation GreekAmericans attended. “The need of people to people to find their roots,” is great he said, but the fascination with Greek roots is very strong. ABOVE: People came from the west coast, Florida and Canada to learn about how to research their Greek roots at a conference presented by HACC and HellenicGenealogyGeek.com. RIGHT: Lou Katsos, Executive VP of HACC and chairman of its Education and Culture Committee introduced The First National American Genealogy Conference at the Cathedral Ballroom. Dr. Peter C. Moskos titled “The Greek experience in America, as documented in the Third Edition of the book ‘Greek Americans: Struggle and Success,’" his re-writing and expansion of his father Dr. Charles Moskos’ classic book. Georgia Stryker Keilman, the founder of HellenicGenealogyGeek.com, spoke about “How U.S. Records Can Help You Prepare for Research in Greece. ” The guests learned “which documents provide pertinent information for Greek research, including Passenger Lists, Social Security Applications, Death Certificates, Obituaries and others including resources available online.” George D. Tselos, Supervisory Archivist and Head of Reference Services at the Statue of Liberty National Monument and Ellis Island since 1999, presented “Passenger Ship and Ellis Island Records,” focusing on how people can “Learn the resources available at the Ellis Island Immigration Museum to decipher the information found in Passenger Ship Records.” Before the lunch break, which included musical entertainment by Fantasia, Katsos put Greek immigration to America in the context of Greek history with a “Brief History of Hellenic Lands.” He spoke about “The impact of Hellenic history, geography, boundary and village changes in genealogy research” using maps to show the dramatic changes undergone by the Greek world after the Fourth Crusade. Dr. Marietta Minotos, Michael Kalavritinos, Keilman, and Katsos presented "Records Greek FM Kotzias Meets US Officials, and with Kokkinos, Greek Community Continued from page 1 regarding the struggles of the homeland. Kotzias then expressed his apprecation for the community. “As people who hold high what which we refer to as our country’s spirituality, the concept of Greece and its values…I want to thank you for every thought and act of support for our country through the years,” and he cited a scholar who declared that the greatest nations are those with strong states and strong Diasporas. “Despite the damage the nation has suffered in recent years, half our minds can be calm because of the strength of our Diaspora,” he said. Turning to the Greek crisis, he said “I have often been asked by students ‘what is freedom?’ and I quote a thinker that I have revered since childhood that “freedom is the right to begin personal or communal life from the start.” He said “the new government in Athens is an expression (L-R) Panos Adamopoulos, President of the Athenians’ Society, journalist Manos Galanis, Haralambos Mellos, Foreign Minister Nikos Kotzias, and Amb. George Iliopoulos. of the right of the Greek people to make a new beginning and effort, but to succeed, we need your help: your presence in Greece, your work here in support of Greek culture and spirituality.” Kotzias smiled as he noted that in the Diaspora, as in Greece, there are elements of the good and the bad in Greek life, “but here I think there is more of the good…we appreciate your ideas and opinions, and your professionalism which help us to transcend the stereotypes that burden us. We are proud of you and we hope to soon make you proud of us again.” Timoleon Kokkinos, Principal of the Afternoon Greek School of St. Demetrios Cathedral in Astoria, was among the guests. He is also Michalis Kokkinos’ un- cle. “I am proud of him because he has an important post, and because he is sensitive to the needs of Greeks abroad. He is very well informed and has often discussed community matters with me. He is energetic and sincere and seeks dialogue, and I am certain he will serve his country well.” The National Herald Bookstore (718) 784-5255 [email protected] THE NATIONAL HERALD, MAY 2-8, 2015 COMMUNITY 7 ALL HISTORY The Possible Future(s) of Greek (and Other) Orthodoxy in North America Continued from page 1 management of church business by the clergy. Since the end of World War II most cultural problems within the Greek Orthodox Churches, at least, were managed in the large metropolitan areas in any event, by individual parishes coming to be dominated by distinct groups. So, one parish would be composed of Greeks who had arrived after World War II, another parish in the same city would be largely composed of the children of the 1880 to 1920 generation of Greek immigrants, another church by those who were of mixed marriages, parishes of different economic classes were established in the early 1890s and many have remained so until the present, yet other parishes were made up of those who wished a more ardent religious focus for all services within the parish, and other parishes drawing upon their origins in the eastern Mediterranean have never been a part of the Archdiocese in New York City but are affiliated and administered by the Patriarchates of Jerusalem or Alexandria. These divisions based on personal preferences are not simply limited to large cities. One has only to look at the parishes surrounding Tarpon Springs, FL to see a large cluster of such churches established and maintained largely by Northern Greek and GreekAmerican retirees. But wherever one goes in the United States everyone is very much aware it’s not yiayia’s and pappou’s church anymore. In the troubled conversations about what will become of the church, among Greek-Americans with whom I have spoken, the future of their individual parish is primary. They wish to pass on what they had received from their parents. As with all things Greeks this hope is also mixed with the wish that they have improved on what they were given. There is no question that the huge cathedrals and beautifully appointed individual parishes are a gift to all future generations that was difficult to initially build in an American society openly hostile to Orthodoxy, maintain in the hard times of the Great Depression and more so to improve upon since the end of World War II. With the Greek clergy now legally in charge of individual parishes all church owned properties can be sold without consultation with the congregation. Annual fees of individual perhaps the most dynamic moment in our faith’s presence on American shores. Dozens of new books, a virtual flood of essays, the issuance of a seemingly endless stream of locally produced parish histories, websites, conferences across the country and the formation of ever new organizations aimed at documenting our history are all available to any who will but seek them out. Something is underway that no one is investigating; why are so many people undertaking such studies? I would venture to say that it is because these researchers do not see their own experiences or their own culture in the general American histories now being written. In the past I have written about the New Preservation Movement among Greeks in the United States. Greek-Americans are writing and publishing a wide array of individual parish histories, autobiographies, documen- But are Greek-Americans the only ones undertaking such historical studies? What of the Arab-American Orthodox, Antiochian Orthodox, Armenian Orthodox, Bulgarian Orthodox, Rumanian/Serbian orthodox and all the rest? It may well be my focus was too confined? What if all these forgotten ethnics in North America are all— each in their own fashion---involved in such a self-examination focusing on what could be called a historical re-discover project? As can be seen in the explosion of historical studies on the presence of Eastern Orthodoxy in the new world clearly all these fellow Orthodox faithful are fully engaged with recovering and documenting our church’s actions since, at least, the 1700s. According to the late Fr Alexander Doumouras, by the 1830s clusters of Orthodox faithful were worshiping together in seaports around the have amassed a wide array of historical photographs, documents, and artifacts. Beyond the hard task of preservation, many of these groups have also issued books, documentary films, and catalogues based on their collections, exhibitions, lecture series, and ongoing research. Clearly this is one of those moments in history where a spontaneous social movement is emanating from deep within the Greek community. Once again, Greek-Americans are collectively seeking to solve a community-based problem. All of these organizations have essentially the very same goal: To collect, preserve and share with Greeks and non-Greek alike the Greek-American historical experience – as understood and interpreted on a community level. But I may have been shortsighted in the true nature of this movement. But more may be underway. According to the United Greek Orthodox Churches in America are found coast to coast, and not only in large metropolitan areas. Here is Sts. Constantine and Helen, in Cheyenne, WY. parishes to the various Metropolitans can be changed and have been. These new rates are set without consultation with the individual parish boards, with no explanations for their increase given even in the face of drastically changing general economic conditions. A further level of grievance by the individual parishes is that no public accounting of Metropolitan or Archdiocesan funds is offered. All in all the Archdiocese and the various Metropolitans can legally close individual churches and recall priest as they elect. I came to hear of these persistence concerns by various parishes around the nation as I have been contacted about individual church histories. Many parishes are closely reviewing their historical documents not so much for learning about their collective past but to determine their legal relationship with the Archdiocese. A commonly expressed rumor by those persons of Greeks descent I have spoken with is that the Archdiocese has already determined that many of the smaller parishes are filled with converts. As this urban legend goes given that the Archdioce- san clergy is largely Greek-born the determination has been made to simply let go of these parishes and only retain the Greek dominated parishes of the major cities. This tale actually includes demographics such that of the over 350 Greek Orthodox parishes now in the United States only some 200 will be retained by the Archdiocese and those kept in the fold will have to become more and more Greek-oriented or they too will be dropped. This scenario is clearly a merger of two separate topics: a resentment of the new converts and the current legal status of the clergy over the parishioners. While I do not hold with this rumored tale of dark conspiracy, I can see that uncertainty about our collective future as an individual church in North America is clearly on everyone’s mind. A Given my own view of the world, I would look to the past to see the possible futures available to Eastern Orthodoxy in the Western Hemisphere. I am not alone in this point of view. This sees no better proof than in terms of historical investigation and publication. Eastern Orthodox Christians are experiencing The Holy Eparchial Synod of the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America (L to R) Bishop Sevastianos of Zela, Metropolitan Gerasimos of San Francisco, Metropolitan Nicholas of Detroit, Metropolitan Isaiah of Denver, Metropolitan Iakovos of Chicago, Archbishop Demetrios of America , Metropolitan Methodios of Boston, Metropolitan Alexios of Atlanta, Metropolitan Savas of Pittsburgh and Metropolitan Evangelos of New Jersey. tary films and even works of fiction all aimed at documenting our collective past. Without consent from any outside authority figures GreekAmericans around the nation are making every attempt to systematically preserve their history and cultural heritage in North America. As never before, Greek-Americans are establishing museums, historical societies, archives, and libraries. Already, various organizations States Bureau of the Census Greeks among the most educated and economically prosperous in the nation. Logically, then, this group of well-educated, socially successful, moneyed individuals would, one would think, issue finely-researched, readable, filled with historic photographs and related church documents all produced in physically handsome volumes of history. And in point of fact they have. nation. A few Greek-American researchers are among those undertaking these new studies. I believe becoming more aware of our collective past will offer us new directions in which to chart our collective futures. Thinking through problems has always been a Greek-American practice. Are we to do less to preserve the future of our faith in the Americas? Vasili had changed radically. Looking down at the corpse, he said, “No! It’s not the same man. This man is William Carter.” He started to leave. Sending one last look at the lifeless body he went back and picked up the quilt, telling the group, “I’ll just take this. It belonged to a man named Vasilis Karteris.” [email protected] GREEK AMERICAN STORIES The Quilt By Phylis (Kiki) Sembos Special to The National Herald Poverty, wars, and the many disappointments had aged Yiayia Katina beyond her years. Now, her grandson, Vasili was leaving the village, perhaps, forever. Carefully, she folded a quilt she had created from rags over the years. Each square held a memory; a piece from an apron her mother had given her as a bride, another came from a christening coat of her son, Markos, who was killed in W.W.II. Another was from Vasili’s first long pants. So many memories were sewn into the quilt. “It’s not a grand gift, Vasili, but it will keep you warm,” she told her grandson who, nervously, looked at the clock that said it was time to leave. He took the humble article from his yiayia’s hands, kissed her and left, hurriedly, for the harbor. He looked around at the debris of barren fields and broken wagons where once, before the war, life had been more stable. He detested the island now and the humiliations that came afterwards; the English soldier who demanded a “thank you” in English for the tin of beef he handed the hungry ten year old, Vasili. He boarded a freighter that took him to Piraeus, turning his back against the land that gave and took away. No more, he promised himself. He will be somebody. He will be rich and never be beholden to anyone, ever again. On the ship the quilt warmed him in the heatless cabin room. Landing in New York he suffered his last humiliation – Ellis Island. Then he went in search of his cousin, Antonis, in Manhattan, who promised him a job and a place to stay. Antonis kept his word, giving Vasili comfort and safety. The quilt lay in the bottom of his shabby suitcase, almost forgotten. The years brought many changes. After many successful investments and becoming wealthy, he moved to a Fifth Avenue apartment, owned a BMW and changed his name from Vasili Karteris to William Carter. He hardly saw Antonis in the coming years. From Antonis he learned that Yiayia Katina had died. He married twice; both were beautiful, blond, ambitious socialites who hit him hard with alimonies, afterwards. It didn’t make a dent in his fortunes. Nor, did it dampen his enthusiasm for romancing clever “chicks” and still managing to remain fairly detached. He frequented the stock market with the seriousness of a surgeon. He played golf, belonged to a country club and vacationed in the Hamptons. Life was more than good. Slowly, he forgot his relatives – Antonis. His friends included businessmen or were from the club, neglecting to invite Antonis and his wife to his sumptuous apartment – at least, not while the others were there. He, laughingly, claimed he’d forgotten his Greek through the years, admitting, “I never had to use it, so...I forgot it!” Antonis nodded, saying he understood. But, he didn’t! Antonis had been in America longer and he didn’t forget his language nor his religion or the relatives on the island to whom he sent money and goods, now and again. And, his life seemed as fulfilling as Vasili’s –even without the frills. He wrote to Yiayia Katina, who yearned for news of her grandson. But the high life and the rich diet had a price that resulted in various ailments. News that his cousin had died of a massive heart attack hit Antonis hard as he traveled to the luxurious apartment where police and other personnel were gathered. They had searched the entire apartment for information on the man that had lain on a rare oriental rug for days. “Know this man?” asked the coroner. A policewoman came out of a back bedroom holding out a limp quilt. Antonis took it from her and covered the body. “I thought I knew him, once.” Flipping open a worn passport that read, Vasili Karteris, the policeman asked, “Is this the same man?” Antonis studied the tattered passport, the youngish face, the anxious eyes, recalling the Vasili he once knew, the warmth Antonis offered in those early days, giving him the chance to be with family and now realizing that, eventually, THE NATIONAL HERALD BOOKSTORE Exercise your mind with the latest books from The National Herald Collection FLAVOURS & DELIGHTS Tastes and pleasures of Ancient & Byzantine Cuisine FLAVOURS & DELIGHTS $46.99 The flavours of classical Greece Makedonisi(on). Parsley, the Macedonian herb. Byzantine diet and cuisine. In between ancient and modern gastronomy. All in the cooking pot. Advances in the study of Byzantine diet. Eating flowers Byzantine aphrodisiacs & delicacies. Liutprand of cremona. A critical guest at the Byzantine emperor's table. Timarion Hens, cockerels and other choice fowl. Everyday food and gastronomic pretensions in Byzantium Pallikaria of lentils. The "brave boys" of beans. Everyday food in the Middle Byzantine period Dining with foreigners Food for Saints The emperor's salad "The Raw and the cooked" way of cooking and serving food in Byzantium O R D E R F O R M Please return this form with your check or money order payable to: The National Herald, 37-10 30th street, Long Island City, NY 11101-2614 Or charge your credit card: o American Express o Master card o Visa o Discover αCCOUNT: εxPIRATION DATE: ναμε: αDDRESS: CITY: PHONE # / CELL: BOOKS: SIGNATURE STATE: zIP CODE: FAx: E-MAIL: OBITUARIES CLASSIFIEDS 8 THE NATIONAL HERALD, MAY 2-8, 2015 DEATH NOTICES n COMAS, EFFIE PORTLAND, ME (From the Portland Press Herald, published on Apr. 2) – PORTLAND - Effie Alexion Comas, 92, died on Sunday, March 29, 2015, at home with her family. Born on Sept. 9, 1922, in Biddeford, to Peter Alexion and Eugenia Zotis, Effie was the eldest of four siblings, Helen, James, and Catherine, and half brother, Chris Alexion, in Albania. In 1929, when Effie was seven, her mother died. Three years later her father remarried Helen Pappas. Helen was one of ten, and Effie greatly enjoyed her time spent with that family in Ipswich, Mass. Peter Alexion was a Greek immigrant and barber in Portland, and it is through his diligence and proud determination that the family navigated the poverty and hardship of the Great Depression. An early memory of Effie's is being evicted from a Portland apartment during a snowstorm. In spite of these hurdles, Effie maintained excellent grades and graduated from Portland High School in 1940. During that time, her social life revolved around the Holy Trinity Greek Orthodox Church and community, and her sharp intelligence attracted the attention of her teachers, who suggested she pursue a college education. As finances and family obligations did not allow this luxury, Effie instead took business classes so that she could immediately go to work to help support her family. At the start of the World War II, Effie volunteered as a nurse's aid at the local hospital. In 1945, she married her best friend's older brother, Sampson Comas, who was the love of her life. When Sam returned from Europe, where he served in World War II, the couple settled in the Portland area, and welcomed their son Peter Anthony in 1946. In 1948, their daughter Diane was born. Sam worked as a counter manager at the Puritan Restaurant, and later at the U.S. Post Office in Portland until his retirement in 1978. For several years in the '50s, Effie was very active as a singer and dancer at Lyric Theater, which resulted in many new friends and happy times. As a devoted wife and mother, Effie prioritized raising her children until the late '50s, when she went back to work as an overqualified and underpaid executive assistant. As a classical music lover she especially enjoyed her years as an administrative assistant for the Portland Symphony Orchestra. Regardless of the task at hand, Effie performed her duties with dedication and thoroughness. Effie read, wrote, and spoke Greek fluently. Among the most joyous experiences of her life were three trips to ancestral Greece with her husband in the '60s and '70s. On these extended sojourns, the two enjoyed Greek culture, food, language, music, and the company of relatives who lived there. Other joys in Effie's life were her grandsons, James and Daniel, who were born in 1979 and 1981, respectively, to Diane and her husband Ronald Cole. Effie, who was not usually a morning person, recalled being so excited to spend the day with the boys that she arrived in her daughter's driveway before sunrise. When Sam retired, the couple enjoyed several winters in Safety Harbor, Fla., with Sam's sister (and Effie's lifelong best friend) Emilie Cherry. Sam passed away in 1988, a loss that Effie felt deeply. In the later decades of her life, in which she enjoyed good health, Effie pursued a life of the mind. She was an avid reader, studying Greek music, language and culture, medicine and current events, and became a skilled researcher on her beloved iPad. Because of her impoverished childhood, Effie felt a great kinship with, and compassion for, Portland's disadvantaged and homeless; through the years, she knit hundreds of scarves to donate to the Preble Street Resource Center. Effie will be especially remembered for her empathy, quick wit, kindness, and impeccable sense of style. Even in her ninth decade, she attended the Portland Symphony Orchestra, rarely seen without a colorful scarf, a beautiful dress, with makeup and hair done just so. Her family - and anyone who encountered her - found her lovable and memorable. She will be deeply missed. Effie is survived by her sister Catherine Peirce of Portland; her son Peter of Portland, her daughter Diane (Ronald Cole) of Windham; and her grandsons James of Portland, and Daniel of Los Angeles; as well as a large extended family. A private memorial service is planned for a later date. n COMPOGIANNIS, STEVE SANTA BARBARA, CA (From the Days and dates of funerals, memorials, and other events directly correspond to the original publication date, which appears at the beginning of each notice. Santa Barbara News-Press, published on Apr. 16) – Was born November 8, 1923 in Sacramento, California to Thomas and Eugenia Compogiannis who emigrated from Greece in 1910. In 1924 the family moved to Santa Barbara, where Steve attended La Cumbre Junior High School and Santa Barbara High School where he was active in student affairs. Steve graduated from Stanford University and did graduate work at the University of Southern California in order to prepare and qualify to become a Certified Public Account. During World War II Steve served in the U.S. Navy being stationed in Europe. As an active Naval Reserve Officer, Steve was called up during the Korean War, and served as a Cost Inspection Officer for Procurement in Japan. Upon completion of his active duty, Steve resumed his career as a CPA, opening his own office on Anapamu Street, where he wistfully remembered the rent being a whopping $25.00 per month. In 1960 Steve married Anne Pomeroy Jordan and became a stepfather to her two children, Julie and Jim. Steve and Anne had a son, Thomas in 1964. Steve was very proud of his Greek Heritage and was an active and lifetime member of the Greek Fraternal Organization, The Order of AHEPA, whose organization he served as a local and a district officer. Despite his preoccupation with his accounting practice, Steve enjoyed playing bridge, bike riding, and walking. Son Jim taught him to windsurf, with which he persevered despite the many "dips." Tennis was also a favorite family sport at the La Cumbre Country Club. Steve and Anne enjoyed traveling and were able to do so extensively. Steve was dedicated and loved his profession, meeting clients and crunching the numbers. Steve, to the frustration of the Internal Revenue Service, continued to prepare and calculating tax returns by hand contending the computers were not reliable. On April 3, 2015 when Steve passed he had been at this office doing what he loved to do for over 60 years, his old heart so full of generosity, joy and compassion finally gave out. Steve is survived by his loving family, wife Anne, children Julie Hamlin (Howard), Jim Jordan (Bonita), Tom (Robyn), sister Helen and brother Chris, Grandchildren Lauren, Nick, Camryn and Chase Compogiannis. A memorial service will take place on Saturday, April 18 at 11:00 AM at Welch-Ryce-Haider Funeral Chapel, 15 East Sola St. n DIMOU, GEORGE CENTER VALLEY, PA (From the Morning Call, published on Apr. 8) – George Dimou, 87 of Center Valley formerly of Yonkers, NY died on April 6, 2015 at Lehigh Valley Hospital-Muhlenberg, surrounded by his family. The husband of Stamatia (Kastrinakis) Dimou, they were married 56 years on March 8th. George was born in Mikri Yotista, Ioannina, Greece on February 21, 1928, son of the late Ioannis and Sophia (Baltouma) Dimou. He was a member of St. Nicholas Greek Orthodox Cathedral in Bethlehem. Survivors: Wife Stamatia; sons Christos Dimou of Emmaus and John Dimou, husband of Anna of Center Valley; four granddaughters Tia Dimou, Eleni Dimou, Lea Dimou and Maria Dimou; brother Anastasios Dimou, husband of Ioanna of Yonkers, NY; sister Maria Dimou, wife of Gregory of Thailand. Predeceased by a sister Ellie Kourahanis. Services: Funeral Service on Tuesday April 14, 2015 at 1 PM in St. Nicholas Greek Orthodox Cathedral 1607 W. Union Blvd. Bethlehem. There will be a viewing on Monday from 7 to 9 PM, Trisagion Service at 8:30 PM in the John F. Herron Funeral Home 458 Center At Market Street in Bethlehem and on Tuesday from 12noon to 1 PM in the Cathedral. Contributions: In lieu of flowers donations may be made to St. Nicholas Greek Orthodox Cathedral 1607 W. Union Blvd., Bethlehem, PA 18018, Annunciation Greek Orthodox Church 20th and Hay Terrace Easton, PA 18042 or Prophet Elias Greek Orthodox Church 15 Leroy Avenue Yonkers, NY 10705. n KRIKORIS, ANASTASIA LOWELL, MA (From the Lowell Sun, published on Mar. 28) – Mrs. Anastasia (Halamoutis) Krikoris, 83, passed away peacefully at her home with her family by her side. Anastasia was born September 23, 1931 in Siatista, Greece, a daughter of the late Nicholas and Soultana (Papakosta) Halamoutis. Beloved wife of 34 years to the late Vasilios Krikoris. Anastasia came to the United States from Greece in 1967 with her husband, Vasilios, and son Gregory settling in Lowell. She has been a resident since that time. She worked for many years in the local mills as a stitcher in the shoe industry. She was a devoted wife, mother, and grandmother who enjoyed cooking for her family, gardening and attending church. Anastasia was a member of the Holy Trinity Greek Orthodox Church in Lowell. The Krikoris family would like to thank Commonwealth Nursing Services Aides for providing exceptional care and kindness to our mother and in particular Michelle Almeida who took care of mom daily. Anastasia is survived by her son, Gregory Krikoris and his wife, Antoof Dracut; two nia grandchildren, Vasilios and Katherine Krikoris; a brother, George Karafilides and his wife, Roula of Lowell; two very special friends, Tasoula Kanavas and Chrysanthe Dikos; and many nieces, nephews, grandnieces and grandnephews. She was predeceased by her brother, Naoum Halamoutis, and her sister-inlaw, Electra Halamoutis, and many loved ones in Greece. Relatives and friends will be received at the M.R.Laurin Funeral Home, 295 Pawtucket St., Lowell on Sunday, March 29th from 4:00 pm to 7:00 pm. Her funeral will take place on Monday at 9:00 am at the Funeral Home to be followed by a service at the Holy Trinity Greek Orthodox Church in Lowell at 10:00 am. Interment will follow in Westlawn Cemetery. IN LIEU OF FLOWERS, donations may be made in her memory to the Holy Trinity Greek Orthodox Church, Lewis St., Lowell, MA 01854. Funeral arrangements under the direction of directors, Louis M. Fazio III, M. Richard Laurin, and Scott Laurin. For condolences or directions, please go to www.laurinfuneralhome.com. n MANGANAS, TOM PITTSBURGH, PA (From the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, published on Mar. 25) – Tom Manganas of Monroeville, age 86, on Thursday, March 19, 2015. Tom was born September 2, 1928, in Pittsburgh, son of the late John and Chryssanthi (Kalafatis) Manganas and brother of the late Angela (Manganas) Papaloizos. He moved to Aignoussa, Greece at a very young age with his family, resided there and moved back to Pittsburgh shortly after World War II. Beloved husband of Eugenia (Lithriotis) Manganas for 57 years; loving father of Chrissy (John) Pateras, Betty (Demetri) Zervoudis, Angela (the late John) Vergos; adored grandfather of Andonia (Michael) Aber, Lenna (Ronald) Ducouer, Chris Vergos, Nicholas Zervoudis; also survived by his much-loved brother, Nick Manganas; and many cherished nieces and nephews. Tom will be dearly missed by his wife, children, grandchildren, and all of his family and friends. n OUzOUNITIS, EFTHIMIA SUMTER, SC (From the State, published on Mar. 22) – Efthimia "Yiayia Effie" Ouzounidis died peacefully on Thursday, March 19, 2015 in Sumter, SC at the age of 82. She was born on August 20, 1932 in Pella, Greece. Yiayia Effie immigrated to the United States in 1977 selflessly leaving behind her homeland to encourage her children's endeavors. She had a passion for cooking and gardening which she instilled and passed down to her family. Above all, Yiayia Effie was devoted to her Orthodox faith where she enjoyed volunteering and supporting the church. Yiayia Effie is survived by: her sister, Elpida Tellianidou and children Georgia Dimitriadis and her husband Christos, Haralambos Ouzounidis and his wife Theodosia, Athanasios Ouzounidis and his wife Helen, Antonios Ouzounidis; ten grandchildren and seven great-grandchildren. She was preceded in death by her husband, Ioannis and her brother Socrates Papadopoulos. In lieu of flowers, donations may be made to the Holy Trinity Greek Orthodox Church, 1931 Sumter Street, Columbia, SC 29201. n PALIOS, STAMATIOS SEATTLE, WA (From the Seattle Times, published on Mar. 22) – Stamatios ("Hioti") Michael Palios, age 77, was born on August 28, 1937 in Chios, Greece to Maria and Michalis Palios and left peacefully surrounded by his family on March 20, 2015. On August 22, 1964, he married the love of his life, Stella Limantzakis and together they owned and operated restaurants in New York and Seattle, including Stamos Cafe; in Bellevue, WA. Stamatios' greatest prides were in his cooking, his garden and most importantly his family, especially his grandchildren who were the light of his life. He is preceded in death by his parents and siblings. Stamatios is survived by his wife, of 50 years, Stella Limantzakis Palios; daughters, Maria Palios Leland, Eleni (Justin) Yancey and Ireni Palios and his son, Christopher Palios of Arizona; his grandchildren, Michael and Stella Leland; Vaughn and Jaylynne Yancey, Stamatios Palios, Riley, Colin, Shannon and Sam (Nanako) Palios and Nicole (Tyler) Carrol; great grand daughter, Rebecca; as well as many beloved brother- CLASSIFIEDS in-laws and sister-in-laws and nieces and nephews. Trisagion and Funeral Services will be held on Wednesday, March 25th at St. Demetrios Greek Orthodox Church, 2100 Boyer Avenue East Seattle, WA, at 12:30pm. Internment to follow at Evergreen Washelli. In lieu of flowers, remembrances may be made to Camp Agape NW. n RALLY, DEMETRIUS DALY CITY, CA (From the San Francisco Chronicle, published on Apr. 16) – Demetrius (Jim) George Rally. A resident of Daly City for 55 years, Jim passed peacefully on April 13, 2015 at the age of 85, surrounded by his loving family. Born March 10, 1930 in Kansas City, MO, to Greek immigrants, George and Anna Rally, Jim is survived by his loving and devoted wife of 57 years, Helen, his 3 children George (Melinda), Dean (Tami), and Nick (Patty), his 8 grandchildren, Tess and James, Jimmy, Lauren and Chris, Eleni, Dimitri, and Katerina, his brother and best friend John and his wife Mary. The family moved to Greece when Jim was one, returning to the United States in 1945, settling in San Francisco. Jim attended Mission High School and earned his Bachelor's Degree in Mathematics along with his teaching credential at the University of California, Berkeley. He taught Mathematics at Oakland High School for 33 years, retiring as the Department Head. After retiring from teaching, Jim worked for over 20 years at the American Etc Royal Laundry with his brother, John. Jim was an avid soccer fan, and together with his brother founded the Greek American Athletic Club in 1949, one of the most successful and prolific soccer teams in the United States, winning numerous local, State and National championships. Jim also served as the Treasurer of the San Francisco Soccer Football League, and was inducted into the California Soccer Association – North, Hall of Fame on August 22, 1976. We are eternally grateful for the love and support of the Greek community and his friends, with whom he maintained relationships for over 60 years. Jim was truly blessed with so much love and friendship. He was a wonderful and devoted Husband, Father, Grandfather, Brother, Uncle, Godfather, Educator and friend. Rest in Peace, PapouMan. May you soar to new heights in the Kingdom of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. Friends may visit on Thursday, April 16th from 3PM to 7PM at Duggan's Serra Mortuary, 500 Westlake Avenue, Daly City, where a Trisagion Service will be held at 7:00PM. The funeral service will be held at noon on Friday, April 17th, at the Annunciation Cathedral, 245 Valencia St., San Francisco, CA 94103. Interment will be at the Greek Orthodox Memorial Park, 1148 El Camino Real, Colma. In lieu of flowers, the family requests donations to the Annunciation Cathedral Building Fund, at the address above. n RAMBIAS, MARY NORTH BERGEN, NJ (From the Record, published on Apr. 5) – Mary, nee (Petrakis) on April 4, 2015, of North Bergen, NJ, age 88. Marigoula was born on June 11, 1926 on the island of Kimolos in the Kiklades of Greece. In 1948, she set sail for the land of skyscrapers with her newlywed husband Manoli. They lived in Jersey City, NJ with two plates, two cups, and two forks from the Five and Dime and they began their life. From their meager beginnings, they built a lovely world for themselves filled with faith, love, and compassion for others. Even though Marigoula did not have a family here, she created a new family who now mourns her death but rejoices in the love and wisdom she imparted. She will be sorely missed but will live in the hearts of those she touched. Marigoula was a Parishioner, Choir Member, and member of the Philoptochos Society of the Ascension Greek Orthodox Church, Fairview, NJ. Beloved wife to the late Emanuel (1973). Devoted mother to Katherine DeKranis and Niki Rambias. Loving sister to Chrisostomos Petrakis and Zambeta Marketos. Adored grandmother to Mariel and Dean Peter DeKranis. Funeral from the A.K. Macagna Funeral Home 495 Anderson Ave., Cliffside Park, NJ on April 7, 2015 at 10:45 AM thence to Ascension Greek Orthodox Church, Fairview, NJ where a Funeral Service will be held at 11:30 AM. I n SCOURAS, CHARLES COLUMBUS, OH (From the Columbus Dispatch, published on Apr. 12) – Scouras Charles Nicholas Scouras, 90, passed away peacefully on April 2, 2015 at First Community Village in Columbus, Ohio, where he had joined his daughter, Danielle Marx-Scouras, in August 2013. He leaves Danielle; his grandson, Kyle Khellaf of New Haven, CT; LEGAL NOTICE LEGAL NOTICE Notice of formation of Montur Family Pizzeria LLC. Articles of Organization filed with Secretary of State of New York (SSNY) on 03/18/2015. Office located at Nassau County. SSNY has been designated as agent of the LLC upon whom process against it may be served. The post office address to which the SSNY shall mail a copy of any process served against the LLC at 658 Sunrise Highway, Baldwin, NY 11510. Purpose/character of LLC: Any lawful purpose. 274390/19493 LEGAL NOTICE Notice of Formation of BLACKJADEDWOLF LLC. (DOM. LLC). Articles of Organization filed with the Secretary of State of New York (SSNY) on 08/22/14. Office location: Kings County. SSNY is designated as agent of the LLC upon whom process against it may be served. SSNY shall mail copy of process to: Shevon Collins, 49 Erasmus Street, 2D, Brooklyn, NY 11226. Purpose: Any lawful purpose. 274384/19491 LEGAL NOTICE Notice Of Formation, ROBINSONGAL43 LLC. (DOM. LLC). Articles of Organization Filed with Secretary of State of New York (SSNY) on 12/19/2014. Office location: Nassau County. SSNY designated for service of process. SSNY shall mail copies of any process served against the LLC to: c/o: United States Corporation Agents, Inc. 7014 13th Avenue, Suite 202, Brooklyn, NY 11228. Purpose: any lawful Purpose or activity. 274380/19477 LEGAL NOTICE NOTICE OF FORMATION, P&P estates, LLC. Articles of Organization Filed with Secretary of State of New York (SSNY) on 03/04/2015. Office location: Nassau County. SSNY designated for service of process. SSNY shall mail copies of any process served against the LLC to c/o: THE LLC, 87 Georgia Dr., Syosset NY, 11791. Purpose: any lawful Purpose or activity. 274370/19467 LEGAL NOTICE Notice of formation of JONNY HIRSCH MUSIC LLC a (DOM. LLC). Articles of Organization filed with the Secretary of State of New York (SSNY) on 03/31/2015. Office location: Kings County. SSNY is designated as agent upon whom process against the LLC may be served. SSNY shall mail process to: Jonny Hirsch Music LLC, 80 Meserole Street, Apt. 4C, Brooklyn, NY 11206. Any Lawful Purpose. 274363/19466 LEGAL NOTICE Notice of Formation of Y&F FAMILY LLC Arts. of Org. filed with Secy. of State of NY (SSNY) on 03/31/15. Office location: Kings County. Princ. office of LLC: Joel Frankel, 74 Ross St., Apt. 5-F, Brooklyn, NY 11249. SSNY designated as agent of LLC upon whom process against it may be served. SSNY shall mail process to the LLC at the addr. of its princ. office. Purpose: Any lawful activity. 274355/17976 LEGAL NOTICE Notice of Formation of B & B Money Management, LLC Arts of Org filed with Secy. of State of NY (SSNY) on 3/16/2015. Office location: BX County, SSNY designated agent upon whom process may be served and shall mail copy of process against LLC to principal business address: 3000 Park Avenue, #4D, Bronx, NY 10451. Purpose: any lawful act. 274356/19459 LEGAL NOTICE IRAM LLC. Art. of Org. filed w/ SSNY 1/12/15. Office in NY Co. SSNY designated for service of process and shall mail to Reg. Agent: Corporation Service Co, 80 State St. Albany, NY 12207. Purpose: Any lawful activity. 274350/18796 LEGAL NOTICE Notice of Formation of KIT & TOD LLC. Articles of Organization filed with Secre- tary of State of New York (SSNY) on 03/23/15. Office location: Kings County. SSNY designated as agent for service of process. SSNY shall mail process to: KIT & TOD LLC, 3062 Harding Avenue PH, Bronx, NY 10465. Purpose: any lawful act. 274339/19447 LEGAL NOTICE Notice of Formation of DC’s DELIGHT, LLC. Articles of Organization filed with Secretary of State of New York (SSNY) on 03/03/15. Office location: Nassau County. SSNY designated as agent for service of process. SSNY shall mail process to: c/o United States Corporation Agents, Inc., 7014 13th Avenue, Suite 202, Brooklyn NY 11228. Purpose: any lawful act. 274337/19445 GAB PROPERTIES LLC. Art. of Org. filed with the SSNY on 02/04/15. Latest date to dissolve: 12/31/2050. Office: Kings County. SSNY designated as agent of the LLC upon whom process against it may be served. SSNY shall mail copy of process to the LLC, 238 91st Street, Brooklyn, NY 11209. Purpose: Any lawful purpose. 274335/17973 LEGAL NOTICE ABSTRAKT PICTURES LLC. Art. of Org. filed with the SSNY on 02/24/15. Office: Kings County. SSNY designated as agent of the LLC upon whom process against it may be served. SSNY shall mail copy of process to the LLC, 57 Thames Street, Apartment 4B, Brooklyn, NY 11237. Purpose: Any lawful purpose. 274334/17973 LEGAL NOTICE Notice of Formation of PHRENE CONSULTING LLC. Articles of Organization filed with Secre- tary of State of New York (SSNY) on Office location: NEWY County. 02/24/15. SSNY designated as agent for service of process. SSNY shall mail process to: THE LLC, 630 West 246th Street, Riverdale, NY 10471. Purpose: any lawful act. 274338/19446 LEGAL NOTICE "Notice of Formation of Mega Club Fashion, LLC. Art. of Org. filed w/ Secy. of State of NY (SSNY) on 07/07/11. Purpose: any lawful act. Office location: Kings county. SSNY designated as agent for service of process. SSNY shall mail process to: 2204 Ave. U, Brooklyn, NY 11229." 274331/19442 LEGAL NOTICE Notice of Formation of 719 PINE LLC. Articles of Organization filed with Secretary of State of New York (SSNY) on 11/25/14. Office location: Kings county. SSNY is designated as agent for service of process. SSNY shall mail process to: Ramin Gold, 139 -43 86 Ave, Brairwood,NY 11435." Purpose: any lawful act. 274330/19441 LEGAL NOTICE Notice of Formation of MREG RSG-SHEF 298 WEIRFIELD MEMBER LLC Arts. of Org. filed with Secy. of State of NY (SSNY) on 03/23/15. Office location: Kings County. Princ. office of LLC: 360 Lexington Ave., 2nd Fl., NY, NY 10017. SSNY designated as agent of LLC upon whom process against it may be served. SSNY shall mail process to c/o Mack Real Estate Group, 60 Columbus Circle, 20th Fl., NY, NY 10023. Purpose: Any lawful activity. 274329/17976 LEGAL NOTICE 525 MYRTLE AVENUE CONDOS REALTY LLC. Art. of Org. filed with the SSNY ON 02/10/14. Office: Kings County. SSNY designated as agent of the LLC upon whom process against it may be served. SSNY shall mail copy of process to the LLC, 37-36 75th Street, Jackson Heights, NY 11372. Purpose: Any lawful purpose. 274323/17973 FUNERAL HOMES APOSTOLOPOULOS Apostle Family Gregory, Nicholas, Andrew Funeral Directors of RIVERDALE FUNERAL HOME Inc. 5044 Broadway New York, NY 10034 (212) 942-4000 Toll Free 1-888-GAPOSTLE CONSTANTINIDES FUNERAL PARLOR Co. (718) 745-1010 Services in all localities Low cost shipping to Greece ANTONOPOULOS FUNERAL HOME, INC. Konstantinos Antonopoulos Funeral Director 38-08 Ditmars Blvd., Astoria, New York 11105 (718) 728-8500 Not affiliated with any other funeral home. LEGAL NOTICE Notice Of Formation, ANTLIA CAPITAL LLC. (DOM. LLC). Articles of Organization Filed with Secretary of State of New York (SSNY) on 03/17/2015. Office location: Kings County. SSNY designated for service of process. SSNY shall mail copies of any process served against the LLC to: Murat Omur, 863 45 Street, Floor 1, Brooklyn, NY 11220. Purpose: any lawful Purpose or activity. TO PLAcE yOUR cLASSIFIED AD, cALL: (718) 784-5255, ExT. 106, E-MAIL: [email protected] thenationalherald.com 274372/19470 his former son-in-law, Salah (Chris) Khellaf of Reston, VA, with whom he remained in close contact; his brother and sisterin-law, Robert and June Scouras of Northborough, MA; his sisters, Diana Nelson, Electra Scouras, and Ginger Camacho all of Framingham, MA; as well as 13 nieces and nephews and their children. He is predeceased by his wife Marie-Th ©r ¨se Marx-Scouras, his daughter Ga ©tane Scouras, and his brother John Scouras. Charles's parents Sophia and Nicholas Scouras emigrated from Greece to Marlborough, MA, where Charles was born. He graduated from Marlboro High School in 1941. Voted most brilliant male student by his fellow classmates, the yearbook prophesized that he would be "a second Demosthenes." Charles subsequently attended the College of Business Administration at Boston University, where he was on the Dean's list for two years. He served in the United States Army as first lieutenant during WWII. He was stationed in the Ardennes in Belgium. Charles was awarded the Purple Heart, the American Campaign Medal, The European African Middle This is a service to the community. Announcements of deaths may be telephoned to the classified Department of The National Herald at (718) 784-5255, Monday through Friday, 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. EST or e-mailed to: [email protected] Eastern Campaign Medal, and the WWII Victory Medal. At the close of WWII, he met his Belgian wife-to-be, Marie-, whom he married in Brussels in 1947. Charles was co-owner of Stuart's Diner and restaurant in Worcester, MA, for many decades. He subsequently managed food service operations at such institutions as Holy Cross College and the University of Massachusetts Medical Center. He loved being in the hospitality business. He enjoyed traveling, over the years, to Belgium and Germany where he remained in close touch with his wife's relatives. He spoke beautiful French and never forgot the Greek he had learned as a child. He cherished the music and classic cinema of his youth. Most importantly, he passed on the virtues of higher education to his two daughters and grandson, and was extremely proud of their academic and professional accomplishments. Although he initially complained that The Columbus Dispatch was no match for The Boston Globe and that he could not get PBS channel two in Columbus, he soon began to appreciate the intellectual and cultural impact that the Ohio State University had on the Columbus community. He very much enjoyed his two years at First Community Village, especially the kindness of all the residents and staff there. He was particularly fond of Marilyn Gordon, Rev. Gerald Murphy, and his neighbor, Betty. Charles even made the staff learn some French. In the end, this Massachusetts Yankee became somewhat of a Buckeye. THE NATIONAL HERALD, MAY 2-8, 2015 COMMUNITY 9 Rebetiko to Perpetuity Concert Perpetuates Hellenism at Stony Brook By Constantine S. Sirigos TNH Staff Writer NEW YORK – Rebetiko to Perpetuity was the theme of the fundraising concert for the Greek studies programs at Stony Brook University supported by the American Foundation for Greek Language and Culture (AFGLC) on April19. The best fundraising campaigns – from the standpoint of both the spirit and the bottom line – are the ones that engage the grass roots of a community, and its most affluent, as AFGLC’s efforts demonstrate Dr. Stella Tsirka, AFGLC’s president, told TNH “people enjoyed the concert very much.” As is typical at Greek affairs that are not designed as dances but where the music is infectious, “many of us got up to dance,” she said. The concert’s subtitle was “Spanning the History of Classical Rebetika from Smyrna to Pireaus to the Blues of New Orleans” and it featured the Mikrokosmos Ensemble of Grigoris Maninakis, joined by Stavroula Manolopoulou, who traveled from Greece, and blues singer Priscilla Owens. Rebetika has been called the Greek blues. Guests said the event was fantastic and Tsirka told TNH “they did a great job blending rebetika and the blues. Grigoris and the guest singers were amazing. As usual it was very professional and well done.” Christos Vidiniotis, bouzouki soloist, also came from Greece and joined the ensemble’s stalwarts Glafkos Kontemeniotis, Grigoris Maninakis (L) led the Mikrokosmos Ensemble for the AFGLC concert. They were joined from Greece by singer Stavroula Manolopoulou and Christos Vidiniotis on bouzouki (R). keyboardist and arranger, Kostas Psarros on bouzouki and guitar, percussionist Spiros Arnakis, and Sylvester Scott on Jazz saxophone. The AFGLC was launched with an inaugural event on October 11, 2009 and support from philanthropists like Peter Tsantes, Jim Simons, and George Tsunis. Tsantes, whom Tsirka called “the heart and soul of the endeavor” kick started it with $100,000 and has pledged or donated more than $600,000. Tsunis has pledged or donated more than $1.5 million and Simons has agreed to match most of those donations. The sum of $1.5 million is needed to establish the chair and the same amount is required for the Hellenic Studies Center. A professorship, a post that has been filled by Nikos Panou, Asst. Professor of Comparative Literature in the Department of Cultural Analysis and Theory, has already been funded by Tsunis and a matching donation by Simons. Tsirka, who is a professor on of pharmacology and neurodegenerative disease and Vice Provost for faculty affairs at Stoney Brook, said that in addition to their fundraising functions, events like the concert are important for engaging the rest of community – and inspiring other projects. She said the Port Jefferson parish was very generous, providing the venue and refresh- ments and meze for free, and helping organizers in many ways “they were partners.” The concert was the occasion for AFGLC award presentations. The Tsantes Family Scholarship endows travel scholarships for the university’s summer abroad program and the first were awarded to Paul Falcone. Upcoming AFGLC events included a lecture on Cyprus on April 29 by Prof. Ioannis Stefanides at Stony Brook’s poetry center, where the group will also award prizes for their 2nd annual poetry competition for high school students. Dr. Tsirka acknowledged other AFGLC leaders like Vassilis Danginis, Peter Tsantes, Betty Turner, Anna Grekusis, Popi Gemela, Van Stamatiadis, Mikis Nicodemou, Kalliope Valentine, and Jane Macarthur. She also could not thank enough the Port Jefferson community, which provided the space for free, “and the people who were amazing with their organization, help and support like Manolis Lilimbakis, Dora Gasparis, and Yianna Tassiopoulos. HELLENISM THROUGH MUSIC Maninakis is among the community leaders who strikes a musical note when he promotes Greek culture. A few years ago he enlisted the support, which he deeply appreciates, of the Nisyrian Society of New York for a series of concerts in Greece and America featuring Vidinitis and Manolopoulou. There was a concert in Nisyros in 2013 and a tribute con- cert for poet Manos Eleftheriou in New York last year. Manolopoulou, whose father hails from Lamia and her mother from Volos is, thrilled to share her love of music with the diaspora. She studied nursing but was pulled towards music from childhood, goaded by admiring teachers – there were no musicians in her family but the house was always filled with music. Vidiniotis is an Athenian with roots in Corfu. He, too, had no family music background but began in earnest at 14 and was performing professionally by 15. Both have performed with Greece’s top musicians. On April 18 Mikrokosmos and friends performed at the Pascha Glendi of the Nisyrian Society. On April 24 and 25 at the Archdiocesan Hellenic Cultural Center they will present tributes to composers Giorgos Mitsakis and Giorgos Zambetas and on April 26 at Pines Manor in New Jersey they will perform at the 40th anniversary gala of the Hellenic Cultural Society of Rutgers University. At the upcoming events the ensemble will be joined by young Greek-American singers, Nikitas Tambakis, Elena Toumaras, Stavroula Traitsis, and Vasilis Sitaras, with narration by the popular Stelios Taketzis. “Music has a lot to teach us and especially in the diaspora, it can be a catalyst for conveying Greek culture to the younger generations,” Maninakis said. HALC & AJC Host Panel of Cooperation on Greece-Cyprus-Israel Relations Continued from page 1 ecutive Director, addressed the guests and Michael Schmidt highlighted the AJC’s mission and joined the others in speaking of the shared values and interests between Greece, Cyprus and Israel. Emiliou congratulated Tziampiris on his book, which was published by Springer, and said it was about the first chapter of a new period of relations among the three East Mediterranean democracies, of which more, including ties between their diasporas, remains to be written. He said that the prospects are bright because the strengthened ties are rooted not just in the will of the elites but are based on values and cultural elements shared throughout their societies. The challenges each of the nations face from a nuclear Iran, ISIS, and other threats underscore the importance of the enhanced relationships. The ambassador also emphasized the importance of relations’ energy dimension, which has significance for Europe’s energy independence and “which could be a catalyst for enhanced regional cooperation,” in a neighborhood that is both dangerous and full of potential. David Harris greeted the guests with one of the best Greek accents heard from nonGreeks. Touching on the decades-long work on Greek and Jewish-American relations by the AJC and individuals like Zemenides, Harris said the former’s words sounded like he was channeling the AJC and he hopes Greeks feel the AJC’s words are just as heartening to them. Dr. Tziampris’ book touched on the rocky start to the GreeceIsrael relationship since 1948 and the limited cooperation between their diasporas despite their commonalities and personal friendships. Harris noted “I can remember a time in the 1980s when you would not have seen a panel like this…but what you see tonight is an example of a vision that some had in each off the three diaspora communities and countries and the determination to fulfil that vision.” “Today we speak of a strategic partnership in this triangle which is widening and deepening even as we speak and the true test of a relationship is whether it can survive transitions in government,” Harris said, echoing some of the main theoretical and practical points in Tziampiris’ book. Having had unprecedented access to the highest levels of Greek officials, Tziampiris predicted in the book that the initiatives would survive the rise of SYRIZA – which was highly critical of many elements of them as an opposition party – and Harris provided evidence of that. Harris had participated in an AJC meeting with Greek Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras and we were assured that it is all systems go.” Tziampiris, professor of the International Relations and the Director of the Center for International and European Affairs of the University of Piraeus, first thanked everyone for the support he received for the book he wrote while he was a Fellow at NYU’s Remarque Institute, including the AJC, which he called “a big part of the story” of the remarkable developments that were discussed. The multifaceted relationship has quickly become crucial the national security of Greece, Cyprus and Israel even though, it cannot be characterized as a formal alliance with definite wartime implications. It is nevertheless a great achievement Tziampiris says. TURKEY, WHAT TURKEY? Quoting the principle attributed to Bismarck, among others “never believe anything in politics until it has been officially denied,” Tziampiris ignores the protest of officials who say the developments have nothing to do with Turkey. The frightening gaps that that were emerging in measures of power between Greece and Turkey and the steady deterioration of relations between the latter and Israel are crucial factors. Adm Stavridis Makes Presidential Wish List TNH Staff WASHINGTON, DC – James Glassman was Undersecretary of State for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs under President George W. Bush. He has had a long and distinguished career in politics before and since holding that office. Recently, he wrote an article for Politico about why America deserves a wider choice of presidential candidates and named a handful of prospects he thinks would make fine choices but are unlikely to enter the race. Among them, James Stavridis, a Greek-American who as a four-star admiral served as Supreme Allied Commander Europe, a position held during World War II by General Dwight D. Eisenhower. In response to the 2016 contest having been deemed an election of “dynasties,” as it is reasonably likely to feature former First Lady Hillary Clinton as the Democratic nominee versus Republican Jeb Bush, the son of a former president and brother of another, Glassman writes that it Among those former Undersecretary Glassman thinks would make a better president than the conventional prospects is retired Admiral James. Stavridis. reminds him of the 1969 Peggy Lee song “Is That All There Is?” He does not criticize Clinton or Bush personally per se, but insists that “across this vast and varied land, there are dozens of men and women who would make good – or even great – presidents.” To end a choice by a “rigged [major party] duopoly,” Glassman lists 15 men and women – none a political establishment insider and likely to run – in alphabetical order, which therefore begins with former NYC Mayor Mike Bloomberg and concludes with Stavridis. Glassman writes of Stavridis and the others that they possess “the qualities of leadership that nearly all the conventional presidential candidates lack.” Glassman’s other choices are Secretary of Defense Ash Carter, American Express CEO Kenneth Chenault, former Indiana Governor Mitch Daniels, U.S. Senator from Maine Angus King, DuPont CEO Ellen Kullman, Retired Admiral William McRaven, former Xerox CEO Anne Mulcahy, Former Boeing and Ford CEO Alan Mullaly, Former Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice, Carter White House Aide David Rubenstein, Chief of Staff to ex-Treasury Secretary Larry Summers Sheryl Sandberg, Google Executive Chairman Eric Schmidt, and Starbucks CEO Howard Schultz. Stavridis has retired from military life and is now Dean of the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University. (L-R) Endy Zemenides, Executive Director of HALC, Nikolas Katsimpras, Cyprus UN Ambassador Nicholas Emiliou, David Harris, AJC President, and author Dr. Aristotle Tziampiris. The Mavi Marmara incident was significant as some of the most important moves followed it. Of course, the new partnerships have bases in mutual interest independent of Turkey, but Tziampiris noted, “Just because something makes sense doesn’t mean it will happen.” Many people worked hard to make the changes in the relationships happen – and the they survived the actions speak louder than words tests. Large military exercises are continuing between Greece and Israel and continuing, and the “March of Memory” on March 15, 2015 in Thessaloniki. Greek forces are credited with helping Israel fight their devastating 2010 wildfires, Greece helped stop Gaza Flotilla II – earning Athens praise from the EU, U.S., UN and the Palestinian Authority and 400500,000 Israeli tourists per year are now visiting Greece. The latter is important because as relations between governments progress is it important for peoples to get to know each other,” Tziampiris said, but he added, “Energy, however, is the big elephant in the room.” He said he cannot predict which of the oil and gas industry options that come up in discussions will become realities, but there is little doubt that without the new diplomatic climate those discussions would not have taken place. Another test of such new states of affairs is tolerance for disagreements. Greece has made it clear that its relationships with Arab States will not be sacrificed and that support for Palestinian Statehood remains a priority. Israel has shown respect for Greece’s positions, and the latter has been scrupulous about keeping Israel informed about its initiatives, such as voting for the Palestinian Authority to join UNESCO and to gain General Assembly observer status. “For more than a century, AJC has been the leading global Jewish advocacy organization,” according to its website and HALC’s website, hellenicleaders.com, notes is “a national network of advocates and community leaders who advance issues important to the Greek Diaspora community.” Law Firm G. Dimitriadis & Associates Our company aims to provide high quality services, adapted to the specific needs of our clients. The main areas of our activities include: • Legal services • Financial managerial services • Real Estate Our wide network of contacts in Greece guarantees the immediate and unified handling of our clients’ matters. Phone: 01130 210 3390080 • cell.: 01130 6977 469888 Fax: 01130 210 3390044 e-mail: [email protected] www.dimitriadislawfirm.gr COMMUNITY 10 THE NATIONAL HERALD, MAY 2-8, 2015 Times Square is Filled for 100th Anniversary Honoring of Armenian Genocide TNH Staff NEW YORK – Times Square was packed on April 24 with people commemorating the deaths of up to 1.5 million Armenians by various Turkish governments early in the 20th century and demanding the recognition of the horrific happenings before, during, and after WWI as a genocide. “Never forget” is a powerful phrase, but confronted by elements of human nature like indifference to the suffering of others, and the weapons of lobbyists and propaganda machines, Armenians around the world take action every year on April 24 to call for the recognition of the genocide by the nations of the world, not only Turkey, which perpetrated it, but even the United States, whose leaders continually break promises to call an increasingly unreliable NATO ally to account. Aram Hamparian, the Executive Director of the Armenian National Committee based in Washington, DC, was pleased with the attention the commemorations drew to the issues and thanked and congratulated all to helped make them happen, but he was disappointed that efforts to obtain President Barack Obama’s support for recognition – which he had strongly promised as a candidate – did not work out. “What we saw was a failure of leadership on the part of the president, who sought to appease Turkey but only ended up isolating himself on the U.S. on the issue.” Pope Francis, Germany, Austria and the European Parliament all recently recognized the genocide. The issue is moving forward nevertheless, and Hamparian also thanked senators Charles AP PHOTO/MARK LENNIHAN The Cyprus Federation of America also participated in Times Square. Not only are Cypriots the most recent victims of Turkish ethnic cleansing, many Armenians live in Cyprus. U.S. SenatorBob Menendez speaks at the rally in Times Square that honored the memory of 1.5 million Armenians and demanded the United States recognize the killings as genocide. Schumer and Robert Menendez for attending the Times Square rally. "It's humanity's issue, it's not just about Armenian people; history continues to repeat itself," Nancy Guetssoyan, 28, of Weehawken, New Jersey told the New York Daily News. "The U.S. government has not declared it a genocide because they're allies with Turkey." “Pope Francis recently called the killings genocide, a view widely shared by scholars. Turkey, however, denies that the deaths constituted genocide, saying the toll has been inflated and that those killed were victims of civil war and unrest,” cide. Sen. Charles Schumer, addressed the huge Sunday crowd in Times Square and said, "I stand with you in making sure the deniers are not given any place under the sun." Jewish leaders also spoke, as the News noted. Friday marked one of the darkest moments in Armenian history, the 1915 executions of hundreds of intellectuals and community leaders in Constantinople. The killings aslo were effected through forced labor and death marches that included the deportation of women, children, and the elderly. Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan continues to insist the Turks did not commit genocide and condemned the Pope. Armenian-Americans seek to pass a Congressional resolution classifying the killings as geno- THE HERALD SQUARE TNH's Crossword Challenge 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 25 29 22 23 26 31 35 36 40 41 45 46 50 43 47 51 57 58 34 52 60 61 Continued from page 1 “We want to streamline procedures and have greater transparency, and to ensure that if there are legal issues for courts to resolve them in reasonable amounts of time. If we do these basic things, new investments will also follow,” he said. Demetrios told TNH “that it was a special joy and honor” be visited by the Mayor of Athens, the great city that was the incubator of classical Hellenism – the birthplace of theater, science, philosophy among them, and which continued to make contribution to civilization through the ages down to the present time. 44 From our website’s Wine & Spirits section 49 53 Beer on the Rocks – So Very…Greek! 55 59 Kaminis in “Lightning-Like” Trip to New York Giorgos Kaminis, the New York-born Mayor of Athens, and Archbishop Demetrios of America, who was born in Thessaloniki but has a home in the Greek capital, met at the Archdiocese 39 48 54 56 33 38 42 13 28 32 37 12 24 27 30 11 62 63 64 65 66 By Constantinos E. Scaros 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 ACROSS 1 Famous TV maker of old (abbrev.) 4 __ Arabia 9 Romanian compound 14 Avg. Octane Number (abbrev.) 15 Pimpled 16 Barack 17 Not (refix) 18 ____ and the Man 19 Famous fabler 20 Slick 22 Slanted font 24 Stretch to make do 25 Bard's before 27 Twenty-second Greek letter 29 Geneve 32 Sewing need 35 Marino of the Dolphins 36 Headquarters of British India 38 Elite naval force 40 Alack's partner 42 Open areas 44 Greek soccer team 45 Health Ins. Couns. and Advocacy Prog. (abbrev.) 47 Foot parts 49 Rare 50 Layer 52 Gives back all of the money 54 Consumed 55 Canadian Auto. Assn. (abbrev.) 56 Golden Girls actress Arthur, for short 59 Former German Chancellor Kohl 63 Alphabet's first four 67 Permit 69 Fertile desert area 71 Europ. Assn. of Archaeologists (abbrev.) 72 Jeweled headdress 73 Fruit 74 "To ___ is human..." 75 Sold Oliver Douglas his farm in Hooterville 76 Greased 77 Greek prefix meaning all DOWN 1 Called 2 Warmer than cold 3 Years, to Bruno 4 South Atlantic Conf. (abbrev.) 5 Attains 6 Dimension 7 Factor of ten 8 Graven image 9 Boils 10 Mr. Lincoln, informally 11 Jar 12 Run ____ (out of control) 13 Video 21 A Cartwright 23 Frozen water 26 Celtics' Auerbach, informally 28 Notion 29 Legendary Greek hoopster Nick 30 Establish 31 First Greek letter 32 More friendly 33 Seinfeld creator David 34 Saint honored on July 20 35 Morse code dash 37 Heaven and Erth. (abbrev.) 39 South southwest 41 ____ Lee (baked goods company) 43 Optional course 46 Trail 48 Hotel 51 Golf ball stand 53 Motorists' org. (init.) 56 Wash 57 Director Kazan 58 Actor Alda 60 Company symbol 61 A Hawaiian island 62 United States Aviary Lge. (abbrev.) 64 Honk 65 Famous Irene? 66 Doggone it 68 Rock containing metal 70 Unhappy Solution to last week’s puzzle A R E S A E R O L C I A L L A C O M A R B O N O did Taner Akcam, a Turkishborn scholar and professor at Clark University, in Worcester, MA, who supports the Armenians. He said, "It is very troubling to see that the United States has still not recognized the Armen- ian genocide," but he blames it on the support for Turkey in the United States’ national security strategy community. Washington hopes that Ankara would ultimately decide to me more helpful in the fight against ISIS. “Rabbi Steven Burg, the Eastern Director of the Simon Wiesenthal Center, said Rafael Lemkin, a Polish-born Jew, coined the term genocide after World War II – convincing the world to view the Holocaust as a crime against humanity,” the News reported. "He started his quest because of the Armenian genocide," the rabbi said. “Lemkin recognized that the Armenian genocide was the first in the 20th century, Burg said. And his definition served as the basis for the U.N. Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, adopted in 1948,” according to the News. The rally in New York and others across America including another large rally in Los Angeles, where many ArmenianAmericans live, was sponsored by the Armenian Genocide Centennial Committee of America. The photos of long-dead relatives were carried by many and 21 year-old Alex Petrosyan, as student from Pennsylvania, wore a black T-shirt that read: "Our wounds are still open." E S A U P A A U R O E M D A G E I N E G L A M A C H O C H A M E E R I C A T E K R E N T R A C S T A T R A N E Y A R S E R E T A C O T O S E N O P E N A D B O E F F O O G L D N E O R L O O L B E D P O S T P E A N S A A I Z E X X O N E I O N A S L U T O N A P E S H I S S U T E A M S I G Y R O M O B C A A A R K A few years ago, my wife and I visited Rhodes and our cousin, who lives there yearround, took us out for dinner and drinks at a choice psarotaverna in the Old Town. The conversation flowed – jumping from topic to topic and country to country – and I recall my cousin relaying a story about a non-Greek European (either on Rhodes or in a country he was visiting) who admonished him for putting ice cubes in his beer. “You can’t put ice in beer,” said the fellow. “Why not?” My cousin replied. “Because, you just can’t do it. You shouldn’t do it.” Ending the conversation, my cousin answered: “And who are you to tell me what I can put in my beer?” And that’s the point. When it comes to eating or drinking, to each his own. When I do drink beer – which is not very often – I do like it cold. But ice cubes in a beer glass is not for me. It’s a texture thing. But for my cousin, my wife, and countless others who plop ice cubes by the handful into their beer mugs, as if they were glasses of straight ouzo, why not? “It makes the beer colder,” most Greeks will say. “It doesn’t stay cold enough otherwise.” Unlike Americans, Greeks have not invented 750 different types of gadgets that help keep their beer cold. But so what? Ice works just fine. “It waters down the beer,” some might counter. As if it’s not already watered down? As if ice cubes do not water down the vodka, the Scotch, or the bourbon? “Yeah, but those should be watered down.” Says you. “It dilutes the full flavor of the beer,” others might say. What “full flavor?” Let’s face it – the Amstel Light, Heineken, or Mythos that you drink in Greece is made to quench your thirst, not to be swirled around in your mouth and judged on a scorecard. Sam Adams Double Bock, they’re not. So the next time you order a tall, cool one in the middle of the Grecian blazing heat, and 20 minutes later what’s left in your glass is beginning to taste like warm soap suds, don’t hesitate to reach over to the ice bucket and help yourself to a couple of cubes – you’ll be glad you did. Just don’t hog up all the ice – the ouzo drinkers are going to need some, too! This Week in Greek History: OPLA Kills Christos Ladas This week, on May 1, 1948, the strongarm group OPLA, the “security wing” of the Greek communist party KKE, murdered Minister of Justice Christos Ladas. He was killed by a hand grenade, after leaving the Church of St. George in Athens – it was Holy Saturday. The street on which he was killed now bears his name. Ladas’ assailant was Efstratios Moutsogiannis, who was sentenced to life imprisonment rather than executed by firing squad – as were most of his accomplices – because he cooperated with the government subsequently. OPLA had been instrumental during the Axis Occupation of Greece in World War II, particularly in killing Nazi collaborators. During the “Dekemvriana” of 1944, they assassinated actress Eleni Papadaki. OPLA also assassinated highranking members of the Greek Gendarmerie, and targeted Ladas because he, in turn, had During the Greek Civil War (1946-1949), Minister of Justice Christos Ladas was murdered, this week in 1948, by the strongarm group OPLA. signed hundreds of executions of communists. The ensuing Greek Civil War, from 1946 to 1949, pitted the Greek government, backed by the U.S. and Great Britain against the Democratic Army of Greece, which was the KKE’s military wing. The Communist insurgents were defeated. THE NATIONAL HERALD, MAY 2-8, 2015 GREECE CYPRUS 11 Tsipras Shakes up Troika Negotiations Team, Varoufakis is Marginalized ATHENS – Greece reshuffled its bailout negotiating team following fierce criticism of its Finance Minister, meeting with market applause as investors hoped it will facilitate a deal to save the country from bankruptcy. A Greek official insisted Yanis Varoufakis, who has come under fire from his European peers for dragging his feet in the bailout talks, continued to enjoy the government's support. He will continue to lead the negotiations, which have been delayed for three months. But Euclid Tsakalotos, who is Minister of International Financial Relations and part of the Foreign Ministry, will handle the coordination within Varoufakis' negotiating team. Tsakalotos is close to Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras and has often accompanied Varoufakis on trips to European capitals during the negotiations. A separate team will be created to support technical talks in Athens, while the Finance Ministry's General Secretary for Fiscal Planning was tasked with designing a plan for economic growth. The official spoke on condition of anonymity in line with government regulations It is unclear how far the reshuffling will curb Varoufakis' influence in the negotiations, and if so, whether that will change the tenor of the talks. Varoufakis was rebuked by Greece's creditors most recently at a finance ministers' meeting in Riga, Latvia, where he failed to come up with a list of economic reforms creditors want in AP PHOTO/yORGOS KARAHALIS Jacques de Watteville, right, Switzerland's Secretary of State for International Financial Matters in the Federal Department of Finance, and Greek Finance Minister, Yanis Varoufakis, take their seats for a meeting in Athens, on Tuesday, April 28, 2015. Jacques de Watteville visited the Greek ministry to take part in a meeting with Finance Minister, Yanis Varoufakis. exchange for new loans. In Athens, government officials say Varoufakis has been unnecessarily vilified and has been subject to a smear campaign by the international media. Varoufakis took to Twitter with a Franklin D. Roosevelt quote. "FDR, 1936: 'They are unanimous in their hate for me; and I welcome their hatred.' A quotation close to my heart (& reality) these days," he tweeted. Under a four-month bailout extension, Greece had until April 30 to come up with acceptable reforms so creditors can unlock the final 7.2 billion euro ($7.8 billion) loan installment. But a deal still seems far off. Beyond the criticism of Varoufakis, European officials deplore the new government's intransigence and lack of progress in proposing acceptable reforms to unlock bailout funds that Greece desperately needs to avoid default and a potential exit from the euro. Tsipras won Jan. 25 elections on promises to repeal deeply resented austerity measures, including pension cuts and tax increases, which came as a condition for Greece's two international bailouts worth a total of 240 billion euros from other Eurozone countries and the International Monetary Fund. "Our intention is to keep Greece in the Eurozone," German Finance Ministry spokesman Martin Jaeger said in Berlin. "But I would like to point out again that the ball is definitely in the Greeks' court. We are waiting for proposals. We have been waiting for weeks. That is somewhat frustrating, but we are patient." RUNNING ON EMPTY Greece is running out of cash fast and closing in on a default unless it can get more aid, including a 7.2-billion euro installment that has been held up because reforms haven't been imposed The appointment suggested Tsakalatos, an Oxford-educated economist and professor who is soft-spoken and well-liked by officials representing creditors, would have a more active role in face-to-face talks from now on, Reuters said. Varoufakis, a brash and outspoken economist/bloggers, is widely disliked by other Eurozone finance chiefs and failed to get any offers of help in Latvia just when Greece most needed it. He was later criticized by media for failing to appear at a state dinner after the meeting. He responded by tweeting a quotation by American statesman Franklin Roosevelt which read, "They are unanimous in their hate for me; and I welcome their hatred." New Democracy Conservative lawmaker Dora Bakoyannis wanted him fired outright. She told SKAI TV that Varoufakis was a "drag," and that, "the best thing he can do is to resign." "Support for Finance Minister Yanis Varoufakis, who has been targeted by international media reports, was confirmed during the meeting," the government official said, referring to a meeting of Tsipras with top aides without explaining what if that was so that Tsakalotos is getting a key role. "The Finance Minister always acts in line with collective decisions and the government's leadership," the statement added. Varoufakis was ripped at a meeting of fellow Eurozone finance chiefs as a time-wasting gambler and amateur who doesn't know what he's doing. The unusually harsh assessment came as he was assailed verbally for dragging his feet for two months and failing to come up with a credible list of reforms needed to unblock a 7.2-billion euro installment as the country is running out of cash. Varoufakis, a blogger who claims to be a game theory expert, has taken a position of being combative, defiant and deliberate "constructive ambiguity," with the troika Varoufakis' role is also being undercut with the emergence of Finance Ministry General Secretary Nikos Theocharakis, who had been leading technical-level talks with the so-called Brussels Group of lenders, now drawing up the reforms list instead. George Chouliarakis, considered close to the powerful deputy Prime Minister Yannis Dragasakis, will take over responsibility for talks with the Brussels group. In an effort to show that Athens is serious about giving lenders access to data, a new team was also set up to support EU and IMF officials gathering information in the Greek capital. (Material from the Associated Press was used in this report) Greece Scrapes to Patch together Funds to Pay Salaries and Pensions Anxious Greek pensioners line up outside a National Bank of Greece office in Athens to get their money amid fears the country was going broke rumors going round because of the government’s problems and what happened two days ago.” Fears of a default have also led bank depositors to take out more than 28 billion euros in the last six months and banks have seen their assets shrink 20 percent to 134 billion euros. “I went to the ATM in the morning before going to the supermarket but the money wasn’t there . . . I went back at eight in the evening feeling quite anxious but it had arrived,” Socrates Kambitoglou, a retired civil engineer, told The Guardian. Another official said inflows of €500m on April 29 had provided enough money to pay the pensions and another 300 million euros came in on April 30. to make the May payments at the end of the month. Elderly Athenians waited at branches of the National Bank of Greece, the state-controlled lender handling the bulk of pension payments, which are staggered over “Normally I only withdraw half the money at the end of the month but today I’m taking it all,” Sotiria Zlatini, a 75-year-old former civil servant told The Guardian. “There are so many are usually deposited the day before. When they saw their accounts weren't credited it set off anxiety the government would withhold pensions and salaries and was broke. Without referring to any technical issues, the Hellenic Bank Association issued a statement late on April 28 saying that the crediting of pensions to the recipients’ accounts would be completed by 11PM but they weren't done so until the next day. Stratoulis was also in contact with the President of National Bank and the HBA, Louka Katseli, who assured the minister that the problem had been resolved. The system does not allow for any withdrawals unless all pensions have been deposited and the banks have conducted their inspections and the government had to look under rocks to come up with the money, and without getting more aid may not be able AP PHOTO/GIORGOS MIcHAEL ATHENS – Greece's Finance Ministry almost didn't have enough money to pay pensions and salaries this month, scraping together spare cash at the last moment but not before setting off a mild panic among beneficiaries who had to wait some hours to see if they would get the money. Locked in stalled talks with international lenders, Greece is fast running out of cash and had to order cities and towns and state enterprises to hand over all their money so the coalition government can meet its obligations. The Troika of the European Union-International Monetary Fund-European Central Bank (EU-IMF-ECB) is holding back a 7.2-billion euro installment until Prime Minister and Radical Left SYRIZA leader Alexis Tsipras imposes more of the tough reforms he vowed to reject, a platform that got him elected in Jan. 25 snap elections. He has said he would pay pensions and salaries first, even if it meant default, a prospect which has rattled the Eurozone and set off fears of a default. The newspaper Kathimerini said that the pensions of the state funds and the Social Security Foundation (IKA) were paid out at the very last minute this week. While Alternate Social Security Minister Dimitris Stratoulis attributed the delay to a technical problem, saying the interbank system had been unable to immediately update the pensioners’ bank accounts, the newspaper said the real reason was that the government couldn't find enough money to pay them. Although pay day for state and IKA pensions was officially April 29 but many recipients had rushed to ATMs the evening before as for many their pensions Cyprus, Egypt, Greece to Boost ties on Combatting Terrorism Greek Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras, left, Egyptian President Abdel-Fattah elSissi, center, and Cyprus' President Nicos Anastasiades, right, speak as they leave a meeting at the presidential palace in capital Nicosia, Cyprus, Wednesday April, 29, 2015. The leaders for Cyprus, Greece and Egypt met in Nicosia on Wednesday to discuss economic relations, tourism and energy issues. They also agreed to step up cooperation on combatting terrorism amid fears that worsening security conditions in neighboring countries such as Libya could threaten the region. Feeling Heat, Greece Scrambling to Establish Reforms, Unblock Loans Continued from page 1 meeting last week in Riga, Latvia, he again failed to come up with a list of economic reforms creditors are demanding in exchange for the loans. After long delays and with Greece expected to run out of cash within weeks, hopes rose this week that progress was finally being made. The European Commission said that talks were now “being made more productive and efficient” and that the pace of negotiations had “intensified” since last weekend’s meeting of Eurozone finance ministers, where Varoufakis came under intense pressure from his colleagues. Time is running out. Greece faces nearly 1 billion euros in debt repayments to the IMF by May 12. It is expected to be able to meet the repayment as well as this month’s pensions and salaries if it raises as much as it expects from a plan move to use cash reserves from state enterprises. But beyond that repayment date, Greece will have trouble finding the money to keep the country running and pay off debts. The government is locked out of the international borrow- AP PHOTO/GIANNIS PAPANIKOS A woman checks products inside a shop at the northern port city of Thessaloniki. ing market by sky-high interest rates that reflect investor fears it will default. The government is running out of cash fast and had to order state entities and cities and towns to turn over all their spare cash to bring in 2.5 billion euros to pay its obligations, including salaries and pensions, a one-time operation that will leave the country with nowhere to turn in a month. The troika is withholding a 7.2-billion installment that Tsipras said he would never take but now needs desperately. The money won’t be released until the government submits an acceptable list of reforms, but that cash will be used mostly to repay loans from the same insti- tutions and not on social spending. Tsipras and his Radical Left SYRIZA party won the Jan. 25 snap elections over the then-ruling New Democracy Conservatives and its partner and former political rival the PASOK Socialists, by promising to reverse austerity measures. It hasn’t done that and among the new reforms said to be on the table is forgoing a raise in the minimum wage SYRIZA had promised, as well as using money from privatizations it also said it would stop to pay back banks and creditors. After reneging on a number of his campaign pledges, Tsipras finally dug in his heels and other government officials said if push came to shove that any available monies would go toward paying salaries and pensions and that Greece could default. That could take the country out of the Eurozone and jeopardize the entire financial bloc of 19 countries, which the troika and EU officials are anxiously trying to avoid as they want Tsipras to bend and make reforms he resisted. TAKE IT TO THE PEOPLE Struggling to get a deal with international lenders, Tsipras said he may let Greeks vote on it. Tsipras also hinted any possible deal with the troika of the European Union-International Monetary Fund-European Central Bank (EU-IMF-ECB) would likely contain provisions he opposed in his campaign promises to reverse austerity. In 2011, former Premier and then-PASOK Socialist leader George Papandreou was hounded out of office when he proposed a similar referendum, drawing vehement criticism from the creditors. In a late-night interview on Star TV on April 27, Tsipras said his mandate is to negotiate a deal “that won’t repeat the vicious circle of austerity, misery and pillage; a solution with prospects and within the European framework.” If the deal “exceeds that mandate,” then “Greek people will have to decide, obviously not through elections,” he said when asked about the possibility of a snap poll or a referendum. He lashed out at Eurozone chief Jeroen Dijsselbloem and the ECB, accusing them of treating Greece unfairly and breaking promises, as the Radical Left SYRIZA leader continued being combative with those he’s seeking money from. He said he was willing to compromise but insisted that it was the troika which had made life worse for Greeks even as he indicated he might be forced to take a deal he doesn’t like because the country has almost no money left. (Material from the Associated Press was used in this report) EDITORIALS LETTERS 12 LETTERS TO THE EDITOR The National Herald A weekly publication of the NATIONAL HERALD, INC. (ΕΘΝΙΚΟΣ ΚΗΡΥΞ), reporting the news and addressing the issues of paramount interest to the Greek-American community of the United States of America. Greek Parade: the Warmer, The Bigger, the Better To the Editor: Publisher-Editor Antonis H. Diamataris Assistant to the Publisher, Advertising Veta H. Diamataris Papadopoulos Executive Editor Constantinos E. Scaros Religion Editor Theodore Kalmoukos Senior Writer Constantine S. Sirigos Online Managing Editor Andy Dabilis Production Manager Chrysoula Karametros Marketing & Design Director Anna Angelidakis The National Herald (USPS 016864) is published weekly by The National Herald Inc. at 37-10 30th Street, LIC, NY 11101-2614 Tel: (718)784-5255, Fax: (718)472-0510, e-mail: [email protected] Democritou 1 and Academias Sts, Athens, 10671, Greece Tel: 011.30.210.3614.598, Fax: 011.30.210.3643.776, e-mail: [email protected] Subscriptions by mail: 1 year $66.00, 6 months $33.00, 3 months $22.00, 1 month $11.00 Home delivery NY, NJ, CT: 1 year $88.00, 6 months $48.00, 3 months $33.00, 1 month $14.00 Home delivery New England States: 1 year $109.00, 6 months $57.00, 3 months $41.00, 1 month $18.00 On line subscription: Subscribers to the print edition: 1 year $57.60, 6 months $39.50, 3 months $25.00; Non subscribers: 1 year $90.00, 6 months $45.50, 3 months $22.50 Periodical postage paid at L.I.C., N.Y. and additional mailing offices. Postmaster send change of address to: THE NATIONAL HERALD, 37-10 30th Street, LIC, NY 11101-2614 THE NATIONAL HERALD, MAY 2-8, 2015 I was delighted to see photos of the Greek parades across the country in the pages of your newspaper and on the websites. TO OUR READERS The National Herald welcomes letters from its readers intended for publication. They should include the writer’s name, address, and telephone number and be addressed to: The Editor, The National Herald, 37-10 30th Street, Long Island city, Ny 11101. Letters can also be faxed to (718) 4720510 or e-mailed to [email protected] we reserve the right to edit letters for publication and regret that we are unable to acknowledge or return those left unpublished. The mass participation of Hellenes – especially the children – is heartening and gives me hope for the future of Hellenism in America, but I cannot help but wonder how much more powerful a message we could be sending to our fellow GreekAmericans and our non-Greek friends – most of all to our elected officials, if we held the parade a little later in the Spring. When I spoke to a staffer at the Herald I was informed that in the past in New York, the parade was successfully held in late April and May – he believes the formula was one or two Sundays after Easter. I believe that is an excellent idea. The sacred day of March 25 could be properly honored by cultural, educational, and social events, but the even more sacred memories of the heroes of 1821 would be best honored by generating the largest possible turnout. Remember that March 25, like that of December 25, is an approximation, with symbolic significance. Greek freedom fighters in other parts of Hellas commenced their fighting on other dates. Yes, my fellow Chicagoans and nearby Toronto citizens are brave and patriotic indeed as they confront a winter that ignores the calendar, but let’s give more people, especially young children, the opportunity to march for Hellenism. Zito I Ellas! Aspasia Nikolopoulos Chicago, IL GEORGE SARAFOGLOU / SPEcIAL TO THE NATIONAL HERALD AGORA – THE ORIGINAL MARKETPLACE OF IDEAS Tsipras’ Conflicting Directives The disarmament of Greek Finance Minister Yanis Varoufakis was inevitable. We would even argue it was long overdue, its delay unnecessarily burdening the country's interests. That is what happens with precise certainty when a minister himself becomes the news, taking the focus away from the real issues. In any event, Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras in two days made two serious but contradictory moves: first, he satisfied those who were calling for Varoufakis’ head on a platter, Germany’s Angela Merkel most of all, and significantly improved – at least for the moment – the climate. It was revealing that the Athens Stock Exchange rose significantly and that there was an impressive drop in bond yields. Second, however, he announced that he considers it necessary to resort to a referendum, but not to an election. The difference between the two – referendum versus elections – is important and reveals Tsipras’ general intentions. The prevailing view until now has been that in order for Tsipras to pass the reforms through Parliament that Brussels is insisting upon, he had to call for elections to be released from grip of Panagiotis Lazafanis and his far-left comrades. That cannot be accomplished by a referendum, but only with elections, which would probably serve as leverage against Belgium more so than any other purpose. So, we observe two conflicting decisions rather than the much-needed clarification of policy. Under these circumstances, the successful negotiation of a new agreement with the lenders will very likely result in the Lafazani group voting against it in Parliament. And there is another issue whose seriousness Athens may not fully appreciate: moving the terrorist Savvas Xiros from prison to house arrest. Tsipras’ statements during a TV show indicate that he does not seem to understand the importance the U.S. attaches to this issue, as he claimed that relations with the U.S. have not been spoiled as a result. That conclusion seems to ignore U.S. Amb. to Greece David Pearce, who called Xiros’ release a “profoundly unfriendly act,” and Secretary of State John Kerry, who implored that Xiros must remain in prison. Someone needs to explain all of this to Tsipras. And soon. Kotzias in Washington An important visit to Washington by Greek Foreign Minister Nikos Kotzias – he stayed four days – went almost unnoticed. His meetings included discussions with National Security Advisor, Susan Rice, although they were not publicized by the White House. First, it is important to note that the National Security Advisor does not often see foreign ministers, unless there is a particularly good reason. Second, it is interesting that such a significant meeting barely merited even a footnote. What is going on? Let us remember that almost immediately after his appointment as Foreign Minister, Kotzias surprised many by raising questions about the economic sanctions Europe and the United States imposed on Russian President Vladimir Putin in response to his actions in Ukraine. Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras made a similar move prior to his visit to Moscow. He told a Russian news agency: "We do not agree with the sanctions. I think it is a road that leads nowhere. I support the view that there is a need for dialogue and diplomacy, you need to sit down at the negotiating table and find solutions to big problems." These statements caused part of Greek population – and Putin – to rejoice, but it caused more concern in Washington than could be seen at first glance. That is because in Washington, and in Berlin, people are basically worried that Putin is trying to exploit the weaknesses of an EU country to break the common Western front. At the same time, this behavior raises questions regarding Greek obligations in the context of participation in the Eurozone and NATO. Taking these elements into account, one can better understand the logic of the meeting and the press release the White House issued, which among other things says the following: National Security Advisor Susan E. Rice met today with Foreign Minister Nikolaos Kotzias of Greece. Ambassador Rice and the Foreign Minister discussed a range of security issues in Europe and the Middle East, including Russia’s actions in Ukraine. They agreed that full implementation of the three Minsk agreements is essential to resolving the crisis in eastern Ukraine.” What may amount, then, to a change of heart by Kotzias and a public commitment by Rice might be the reason this meeting was kept under the radar. By Dan Georgakas and Constantinos E. Scaros From time to time, an issue emerges and inspires various minds to converge, often at odds with one another, to discuss it. Hopefully, collective enlightenment will result from such conversations. The Ancient Greeks did that in Rest assured, anything we write here are our sincere, heartfelt thoughts. We will share them with you every two weeks. We hope you enjoy them, and we look forward to your taking part in the discussion as well – by contributing letters to the editor in response, and/or commenting on our website: www.thenationalherald.com Democrats are Putting All Their Eggs in Hillary’s Basket SCAROS PRESENTS HIS POINT OF VIEW Dan, it is no secret that I do not want Hillary Clinton to become president. And, unlike in 2008, when it became clear to me early on that Barack Obama would out-campaign her and win the Democratic nomination, and then coast in the general election, there is no such Obama” among “Barack Hillary’s potential 2016 Democratic rivals. Let’s not kid ourselves: Bernie Sanders and Elizabeth Warren might run principled campaigns that might raise the level of the overall political discourse, but they have about as much chance in prevailing as would Rick Perry or Rick Santorum, if they threw their hats back in on the Republican side. All that said, it sure sounds that my clamoring for more Democrats to enter the race is so that one of them might topple Hillary and then become “George McGoverned” in the general election by the Republican. But that is not the case. I am looking at it objectively. In fact, if other Democrats were to enter the race, that would strengthen Hillary as a campaigner. After all, even the most talented fighter on the comeback trail needs a couple of tune-up bouts before vying for the title. That the Democrats have all but anointed Hillary as the Democratic nominee, whereas over the next few months there will be more Republicans in the race than Yankee fans in the Bronx, speaks volumes about the two parties. Republicans are the party of the small business owner – the person who says: “why should I work for someone else when I can do it myself?” Democrats, though, generally are more comfortable with structure. They are more likely, say, to live in an apartment building in a big city, than to own a singlefamily home in the country. I make these generalizations not to praise one party and criticize the other, but rather to point out that it makes sense that Republicans would be the ones acting like sea gulls fighting over one piece of bread, whereas Democrats quietly know their place in the hierar- chy. Why is it that Democrats are so gunshy about running for president this time around? Do they have that much respect for Hillary that they do not dare challenge her? Or do they know that she is not a particularly strong candidate and worry that direct competition would expose the chink in her armor? Have the Democrats agreed to present a united front and prop up Hillary only for the main event? Usually such coro- Hillary. Many regret being stampeded into the Obama frenzy last time out. Hillary is not a particularly congenial personality, but she has many electoral strengths. She is obviously going to attract women voters who want to see the first female American president. If the Republicans cannot control their anti-feminist lunatic fringe, the number of women who opt for Hillary could be decisive. Hillary has strong ties to Hillary Clinton: Shouldn't the Democrats have a Plan B? nations – devoid of primary challenges – are reserved for incumbent presidents seeking reelection. In this case, it is quite peculiar. Regardless of their motives, what the Republicans are doing is good for their party. They will field a country-club Republican, a values Republican, a national security Republican, and a libertarian Republican, among others. Beyond Hillary, what type of Democrat will the Democrats field? Besides, the Democrats are running a big risk by having a formidable starter but no bench. What if, for whatever reason, Hillary would not be the nominee? In that case, I think a Republican victory would be inevitable. Shouldn’t the Democrats have a backup plan? GEORGAKAS RESPONDS Dino, the Hillary phenomenon is not so rare in American history. Quite often, there is a consensus that the time has come for a partly stalwart to run as was the case with Bush I. The vast majority of Democrats believe that time has come for blacks, Hispanics, and gays, three constituencies Republicans regularly alienate. Almost all legislation that gays see as discriminatory and legislation Hispanics see as racial profiling are sponsored by Republican governors and legislatures. Republicans are also cool to the Dream Act advocated by Democrats. The latest Republican slap at blacks and women was the shameful multi-month delay in confirming Loretta Lynch as the first African-American woman to serve as Attorney General. When Hillary ran for Senator, commentators were sure she was far too liberal to carry upstate New York and not popular enough to build a crushing lead in NYC. She dealt with this perception by going to numerous cities upstate on a “listening tour.” In the general election, she carried NYC handily and won much of the upstate vote that often eludes liberal Democrats. Bill Clinton enjoys great popularity among white workingclass men who generally are not enthusiastic about Hillary. He will campaign in earnest for her among workers, and she has an electoral get-out-the-vote machine to activate her core voters. The Clintons are unforgiving of those within the party who oppose them. Such candidates would feel their wrath longterm as well as immediately. Possible viable contenders such as NY Governor Andrew Cuomo have decided to hold off a serious bid until some future election. Walter O’Malley, former governor of Maryland and a likely candidate, is viewed by the Clintons as a friendly debating partner far more interested in a future nomination or federal appointment than defeating Hillary. Bernie Sanders, who would make a great president, will likely not run. He knows he cannot win and the campaign would be costly and exhausting. Elizabeth Warren lacks foreign policy experience and is still learning how to influence fellow senators. Both see that their views are already influencing Hillary’s positions without creating rancor. The Republicans have many candidates because no one person stands out as obviously presidential. In early campaigning, the Republicans seem to be in a race to determine who is the most extreme. A number of them are capable of winning a state or two. This likely will result in a long campaign during which they will assail one another, causing candidates who are not of the looney right to be pulled into positions that will harm them in a general election if they are eventually nominated. At the present moment, Hillary is a sure bet for the Democratic nomination and the favorite in the general election. Much can change before the election to be sure, but her pathway seems quite smooth and that of the Republican candidates is full of potholes. This may be one those years when more Americans will consider voting for a third party. As we get closer to the election and have actual candidates with specific platforms, I think we should take a closer look at the pros and cons of voting for a third party. WHAT’S YOUR OPINION? Observations By Antonis H. Diamataris Weakness on Display Memorable Days in Boston For better or for worse, when Richard Nixon was president, a great deal of his domestic decisions had to do with how he believed they would be perceived by Leonid Brezhnev and Mao Zedong, then-leaders of the Soviet Union and China, respectively. Given all the coverage of the rioting in Baltimore, in the aftermath of the death of Freddie Gray, a 25 year-old African-American who fell into a coma while in police custody, and subsequently died from a spinal injury, the usual catalysts: racism, police brutality, civil unrest, are in the forefront. But another way to look at it, as Nixon might have, is from abroad. As the United States tries to regain its footing on the world stage, to regain command of the wheel on the ship it so capably steered during the last century, what is the world – our allies and enemies alike – going to think when random and rampant chaos erupts a mere hour’s drive away from the White House, the Capitol, the Pentagon, and the Supreme Court? Rioting and looting following a controversial phenomenon is nothing new. Why, then, can’t our government manage to prevent it, rather than to contain it once a great deal of damage has already been done? Damage not only to the specific victims – individuals and businesses – but also to our national psyche, and to our international standing. the Agora, the original marketplace of ideas, and we, their modern-day descendants, aspire to continue that tradition. We respect one another’s opinion very much, but often times we will disagree on particular issues. We would never fabricate a difference of opinion for the sake of writing an interesting column. The Greeks of New England and the National Herald have had a long and close relationship ever since the newspaper’s establishment a century ago. There, in the shoe factories and textile mills of Lowell and other cities, thousands of new immigrants found work and then brought over their relatives and friends. It was in Boston that they founded the first Greek newspaper in America, Neos Kosmos – New World published in 1892 by Constantine Fasoularides of Nisyros. The National Herald developed close ties to the Greek communities there, put down roots and became part of their life. After the closing of Atlantis in 1973, the number of our subscribers increased significantly. Of course, the presence of our tireless reporter Theodore Kalmoukos in the region over the decades has strengthened those ties more than ever. I found myself there this past weekend, among the Greeks of Boston. Of course, it was not my first visit, but it was a trip I will never forget. Not only because I received, on behalf of the newspaper, several important honors related to our 100th anniversary. But because of the love and appreciation from our many subscribers for our work, which has exceeded all expectations. This is not the usual type of relationship a newspaper has with its readers. It is more like a family relationship, a relationship of friends who communicate daily through our paper’s pages. I thank our friends in New England, each one individually. They can be sure that their love and kind words accompanied me back to New York and strengthen my resolve to make them ever prouder of their newspaper. I congratulate Vasilios Kafkas, president of the Federation of Hellenic American Societies of New England, and all of its members, for the work they do with such enthusiasm and above all, with purpose. I was overjoyed to find that Boston ’s Greek com- munity has not lowered the bar of Greek principles and matters of national concern. Moreover, the Boston community is fortunate to have a good and tireless Consul General, Ifigenia Kanara, who works with enthusiasm and love for the Greek community. Finally, the absence of the local metropolitan from both the events celebrating March 25 and from the Boston Greek Parade itself was noticed – and rather with relief. His representative said that he was absent because he had to go to the Patriarchate. I am sure, though, that had Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew known about the events that were taking place in Boston, surely he would have relieved him of his obligations in Constantinople. How else are we to interpret this behavior of a local metropolitan, other than as an act of denigrating the celebration of Greece’s most important national holiday, and as an unprecedented demonstration of indifference to his flock? THE NATIONAL HERALD, MAY 2-8, 2015 VIEWPOINTS 13 The Wishful-Thinking Folly Europe Balance May Hang on the Greek Question Again Of Greco-Russian Alliance ity – even if it mean There is a myth tolerating the Otamong Greek lefttoman Sultan. ists that Russia, Later in the 19th whether as the Socentury, the Rusviet Union, as sians, although still Tsarist Russia, or committed to takpresent day Russia ing Constantinople, is the answer to the abandoned the polcountry’s problems. icy of Pan-OrthoThe visit of Alexis doxy and embraced Tsipras to Moscow the concept of Panand his meeting Slavism. Britain with Vladimir Putin by DR. ANDRE and the Royal Navy, pays homage to GEROLYMATOS meanwhile, deterthat notion. The mined Greece’s comments coming Special to The National Herald fate. The Russians from Nikos Kotzias, lost interest in the Minister of Foreign Affairs, underscore the Greece and, if anything, became Greek left’s wishful thinking that an obstacle to Greek interests in if only Greece came under Rus- the Balkans and Asia Minor. Unsia’s protection, then it could til the Bolshevik Revolution, the abandon the harsh German- government in Saint Petersburg believed that they had to stymie dominated EU. There are historical ties that Greek ambitions in the Ottoman connect Hellenism and Ortho- Empire in order to secure Condoxy, but not necessarily the stantinople for themselves. After the Bolshevik RevoluGreek state to Russia. Zoe Palaiologina, aka Sophia tion in 1917 and the Russian Palaiologina, a Byzantine Civil War (1917-1922), Russia’s princess married Ivan III, Grand new revolutionary government Duke of Moscow on November, did little to alter the country’s 12 1472 and through that union policies with respect to Greece. Russian Tsars laid claim to Con- The Soviets in 1921 betrayed stantinople and dubbed Moscow Greek interests by supplying the as the Third Rome. Zoe was the forces of Mustapha Kemal with daughter of Thomas Palaiolo- gold, which made it possible for gos, Despot of Morea, and the the Turks to defeat the Greeks brother of Constantine XI, the in 1922. Indeed, the USSR was the second state to recognize Kelast Byzantine emperor. This dynastic marriage en- mal’s revolutionary government. During the Second World gendered the notion that the Russian Tsars were the succes- War, the Greek communists sors of the Byzantine emperors tried in vain to achieve contact and destined to one-day rule with Moscow. When the Greek over a resurrected Eastern Or- communists finally did in 1944, thodox Roman Empire from Moscow informed them that their seat in Constantinople. As they had to join the Greek Gov- Greece and its fellow EU members all understand that the current “bailout” program (described recently as a “reverse Ponzi scheme”) will end badly with a Greek default with unforeseeable consequences. Austerity has depressed Greece’s economy and productivity while loans to pay off interest increase the debt-to-GDP ratio. Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras understands the problem and his Finance Minister, Yanis Varoufakis, has articulated it clearly. However, both clearly underestimated the survival instincts of governments in the “suffering South” of Europe. The Spanish, Italians, Portuguese, etc., may all agree that Germany’s formula for ever-increasing austerity dooms their own economies in the long term. However, in the short term, if Tsipras bluffs German Chancellor Angela Merkel into a change of policy, they will face electoral disaster. Consequently, Greece faces a united front of Eurozone governments aligned with Germany determined to make Tsipras fail so they can stay in power. Sadly, the Greek decision to play hardball came five years too late. Had the Papandreou Government (or even Samaras) called Europe’s bluff in 2010 or even 2012, it would have been a vastly different game. Unfortunately, the EU has created a firewall that it proclaims will insulate it from a Greek default and exit from the Eurozone. I believe that Merkel and the rest are whistling past the graveyard and believe that if they act like they don’t care, Tsipras will knuckle under because he too wants to be reelected. They believe that in the end Tsipras is just another politician obsessed with his own reelection. The test is coming soon. Tsipras came to power at the head of a very shaky political entity. He cobbled together SYRIZA out of thirteen political parties, each of which could not get past the 3% threshold to get into Parliament. To make matters worse, he still needed another coalition partner to get a majority and form a government. He apparently could only find Panos Kammenos’ “Independent Greeks” Party, whose politics are to the right of the most moderate of the SYRIZA sub-groups and shares only its Alexis Tsipras (L) and Vladimir Putin. There is a longstanding myth that Russia is the answer to Greece’s problems. Russia expanded in the West and East, the appeal of taking Constantinople from the Ottomans, followed by a restoration of Byzantium, became ingrained in every tsar’s policy. The Russians, beyond the goal of recreating the Byzantine Empire, wanted control of the Straits to end the bottleneck of their fleet in the Black Sea. When the Greeks showed signs of restlessness, and began taking the first steps toward rebelling from the Ottoman Empire, Catherine the Great of Russia made a feeble attempt to intervene in Greece. In 1770, Catherine sent four ships, containing a contingent of several hundred troops, to the Mediterranean in order to stimulate an uprising in the Peloponnese. The Russian forces were just enough to encourage the Greeks to rebel but woefully insufficient to affect the rebellion’s success. Shortly thereafter, the Ottomans defeated the Greek and Russian forces and exacted brutal reprisals against the population. In the early 19th century, Greek trade links to Russia were extensive and it was the Philiki Etairia in Odessa that served as the financial headquarters of the Greek revolutionaries and, in time, provided some of its leaders. The court of Alexander I was also a haven for Greeks who had sought their future in Russia. John Capodistrias was an Ioanian Greek who served as the Tsars joint secretary of state and Alexander Ypsilantis, the Tsar’s adjutant, led the first attempt to liberate the Greeks from the Ottomans but failed. Ypsilantis, as well as many in the Philiki Etairia had assumed that Tsar Alexander I, would intervene on behalf of the Greeks, but the Russian monarch was opposed to revolution and committed to a conservative European solidar- ernment of National Unity as junior partners and permit the landing of British troops. In October 1944, Stalin and Churchill concluded the Percentages Agreement in which the Soviets agreed that Greece would come under Britain’s sphere of influence. The Soviets had little compunction in abandoning the Greek left during the December Uprising in 1944, and even ordered the Bulgarians not to accept any Greek communist refugees. Stalin begrudgingly supported the Greek communists during the Greek Civil War, refusing to recognize their provisional government or offer any direct assistance. After the defeat of the communist forces in 1949 he provided shelter for the survivors, but only as stateless persons in the USSR. The lesson for Mr. Tsipras and Syriza is that Stalin had only marginal interest in Greece. The Soviet dictator believed that the British and later the American fleets represented too strong an influence in the Mediterranean, and that the Soviets lacked the means to intervene. Putin is in a similar dilemma. He wants to change the Montreaux Convention to allow Russian Warships out of the Black Sea in peace and in war. In addition, a naval base in Greece would extend Russian power to the Mediterranean and the Middle East, but like Stalin Putin lacks the resources to intervene. Even if the Russians could support Greece in exchange for naval rights, would the Greeks accept to leave NATO and the EU? André Gerolymatos is Director of the Stavros Niarchos Foundation Centre for Hellenic Studies at Simon Fraser University in Vancouver. least, have found a anti-austerity platsingle unifying form. This puts message: they Tsipras at the mercy stoke a truly psyof every loony-tune chotic hatred of in SYRIZA who can President Obama hold government as a substitute for unity to ransom. hard choices. That His partners should work until have already come the first Tuesday in up with two initiaNovember 2016, tives that could when it dawns on lead to disaster. their rank-and-file One SYRIZA faction by AMB. PATRICK N. that Obama is not demands SYRIZA THEROS on the ticket. pass laws disestabI now underlishing the Church, Special to The National Herald stand my normally eliminating its role sensible cousins in in public life, and seizing its wealth. Another fac- Greece who told me that they tion has called for legislation would vote for SYRIZA precisely that would release from jail a because it would fall apart after terrorist who killed several a few months in office and crash Americans and is serving five se- the whole Greek political strucquential life sentences. Neither ture. They had lost all faith in would help Greece in this mo- the conventional politicians ment of national crisis. The first who, they believed, would not would rip the country apart. The reform the political or economic second would pit it against the system because their personal only major power that lobbied fortunes depended on the status Europe on its behalf. Failing to quo, regardless of the harm to accede to these demands runs their country or to their fellow the risk of the SYRIZA govern- citizens. Nor does Europe offer any ment collapsing should either of the marginal groupings with- examples to the contrary. Greece draw. Their leaders do fit the and Italy, two of the EU’s weakpattern of politicians willing to est economies, bear the human sacrifice their country for a few and financial costs of dealing with the largest refugee crisis in votes. Tsipras should at least take post World War II Europe. The heart that he is not alone. The Northern Europeans, Germany leadership of the American Re- first and foremost, cannot publican Party is in the same scrape up even ten million euros boat: they must satisfy their a month to secure the Mediterown coalition of one-issue par- ranean. Greece and Italy spend tisans. The GOP leadership, at far more than that defending a European border that their northern neighbors could care less about. Nor do the richer EU states seem to care much about defending Europe to the East. The richer EU members stirred up the Russians in the Ukraine without taking into consideration that, having disarmed, they cannot cope with the secondpowerful military in world. Russia may not hold the moral high ground, but it owns most of the tanks. Rather than go back to their voters and tell them that they must dramatically raise their own defense budgets, Northern European politicians spend their time figuring out how to get the Americans to fight this war for them. Many observers believe the policies of the richer EU members will lead to the unraveling of this Grand Experiment. So long as politicians put their own immediate electoral interests ahead of national interests, this will become a self-fulfilling prophecy. The Greek Question, as in 1821, may once again wreck the Concert of Europe. The Hon. Ambassador Theros is president of the U.S.-Qatar Business Council. He served in the U.S. Foreign Service for 36 years, mostly in the Middle East, and was American Ambassador to Qatar from 1995 to 1998. He also directed the State Department’s CounterTerrorism Office, and holds numerous U.S. Government decorations. Until his recent marginalization, Greek FM Yanis Varoufakis was the face of Greece’s new Troika strategy. Aka, dysfunctional politics in Greece and, by extension, in Europe. LETTER FROM ATHENS Just in Time for Tourist Season, SYRIZA’s Bringing on Terror On June 28, 1988, while driving in an armor-plated sedan through Athens, U.S. Navy Capt. William Nordeen, the American Defense Attache, was killed when a remote-controlled bomb went off, throwing him from his car. On March 12, 1991, US Air Force Sgt. Ronald O. Stewart was killed by a remote-controlled bomb outside his Athens apartment. The packages were special delivery from the notorious November 17 terrorist group, at the hands of Savvas Xiros, who has been jailed since 2003, only because a year before he was caught when another bomb he was building to attack a tourist ferry boat exploded. Nordeen and Stewart were two of the 23 people killed by the terrorists, whose other victims included a Greek-American, U.S. Navy Capt. George Tsantes, shot seven times in his car on Nov. 15, 1983 while on his way to work at the U.S. Embassy. The first to be killed by the cowards was CIA Athens Station Chief Richard Welch on Dec. 23, 1975, beginning a long run of terror and murder and bombings conducted by November 17, and Savvas Xiros, who was partially blinded by a failed bombing. And now, because Greece is run by a bunch of fellow cowardly incompetents, the Looney Left SYRIZA extremists led by Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras, Xiros looks like he’s going to get away with it. Citing “humanitarian reasons,” (blinded by a bomb he many of the freewas building to kill doms of life deother people and nied to Welch, because he has mulTsantes, Nordeen, tiple sclerosis, a disStewart and the ease not worse others killed by enough for him) November 17. SYRIZA’s stooges in That’s because, Parliament have folKotzias said, lowed Tsipras’ orGreece doesn’t ders to pass a bill to have the technollet him out and be ogy to put an anunder house arrest. kle bracelet on That set off a by ANDY him. Christodoulos predictable howl DABILIS Xiros walked away from United States from a Christmas Ambassador Donald Special to The National Herald vacation he was Pearce, who, in degiven despite servcidedly undiplomatic language designed to de- ing six life sentences for assasliver a message to SYRIZA, of a sination, and was caught after “profoundly unfriendly act,” by being a fugitive, which shows you the history of the Xiros the government. That’s barely disguised code Brothers when it comes to wantto show the outrage is so great ing to be out of prison. If he gets out, you can expect that, as Foreign Minister Nikos Kotzias also heard when he vis- to next hear from Savvas Xiros ited Washington, DC and got an through a missive on the Interearful from Secretary of State net from some other country John Kerry, means the U.S. is se- where he’ll be hiding out after riously infuriated, enough so to escaping and causing yet anblacklist two other jailed Greek other world class embarrassterrorists, Xiros’ brother ment to Greece, which can’t afChristodoulos Xiros, and Revo- ford any more at the hands of lutionary Struggle leader Nikos the Amateur House SYRIZA that has brought the country to the Maziotis. Kotzias, a terrorist apologist, edge of economic default, too. Kotzias said the new law was told Kerry, who must have had to control himself from scream- a response to a European court ing, that house arrest was the of human rights decision critisame as being in prison. It’s not cizing conditions in Greek prisas bad, however, as being in the ons, but families and friends of grave, which is where Xiros November 17’s many Greek vicshould be if Greece had the tims also are outraged, includdeath penalty, although there’d ing New Democracy lawmaker be a waiting list to spit on his Dora Bakoyianni, whose thenhusband, politician and antigrave. broadcaster Pavlos It might be tough to monitor junta Xiros at his home, where he Bakoyiannis, was shot dead outcould order pizza and have side his office on Sept. 26, 1989. Greece should now worry that the United States could issue a travel advisory warning Americans not to visit Greece, just when the country is on the verge of a third straight record tourist season that it needs to have any hope of climbing out of a black hole of economic failure caused by political parties on wild spending binges for decades. After Nordeen’s murder, in a blast so violent it sent his whole car hurdling through the air and his body into a yard, then White House spokesman Marlin Fitzwater said that the United States would work with Greece to “bring the murderers to justice.” It took 15 years, and only because the 2004 Olympics were then looming, forcing Greece to finally act, but the man who killed him, Savvas Xiros, and fellow bacteria posing as humans, were brought to justice, an act that Tsipras and the anarchists and terrorists hiding within the party now to want to reverse because the truth is that many of them are just like Xiros and want to force Greece out of NATO and bring down the country they don’t love as much as they do the philosophy of terror. In the café philosopher world of Syrizites, which rhymes with parasites, all terrorists are really just Che Guevara freedom fighters whose victims deserve to die. So does Xiros, so here’s a way he could finally be free of prison: at his exhumation after execution with people waiting to spit on him. There’s a line. [email protected] VIEWPOINTS 14 THE NATIONAL HERALD, MAY 2-8, 2015 Historical Revision by Omission: The Water Diviner’s Noticeably Missing Genocide By Angela Dawson The new feature film The Water Diviner purports to be based on true events. Set approximately a century ago, it tells the story of a simple, water-divining Australian farmer who, four years after the bloody Battle of Gallipoli, travels to Turkey to find his three sons, who went off to war but never returned. (Water divining is the practice of searching for water underground by the reaction of an apparatus – such as a forked stick – while walking over the land under which it sits.) The film marks Academy Award-winning actor Russell Crowe’s feature film directing debut. He also stars in it as intrepid, devoted father Joshua Connor. The character is mostly fictional, inspired by one line in an old piece of correspondence about an “old man” who went to Turkey looking for his son. That tiny shred of truth is all writers Andrew Knight and Andrew Anastasios had to go on to craft their screenplay. There was no actual water-divining farmer. That aspect was borrowed from Anastasios’ own grandfather’s uncanny ability to find water using metal sticks. (He found water for Mel Gibson once, according to Crowe, whose own father also supposedly has that ability.) The Water Diviner, which already opened to critical acclaim in Australia (it won three movie awards there), Turkey, and other countries, is a visually-arresting, emotional and well-directed epic. There’s just one problem: it is historically inaccurate. Like other film epics that purport to be based on true events, The Water Diviner stretches the truth to the point of inaccuracy, one-sidedness, and oversimplification of a tragic period of history. Crowe, who has worked with outstanding filmmakers/storytellers like Ridley Scott and Ron Howard, unfortunately, is mostly guilty of committing the sin of omission in telling his war story. Because while he goes into great detail to show on screen the bloody 1915 Battle of Gallipoli, where the Turkish army fought the invading Australian and New Zealand forces (Anzac) along the Turkish coast, nowhere in his film is there any mention or depiction of another aspect of that country’s activities that were happening at the same time: the systematic extermination of more than a million Armenians, Assyrians, Greeks, and other indigenous members of the Christian population at the hands of the Turks. The film also has the audacity to depict Greek forces as marauding aggressors, who burn down villages and gun down anyone in their path when, in fact, hundreds of thousands of Greek families were either murdered or driven from their homes in which their ancestors had lived for more than 1,000 years. At one point in Crowe’s film a character refers to the Greek fighters as “Satan’s army” and a Greek leader tells his troops (in Greek) to “kill them all” referring to Turkish troops arriving in a small village by train. Indeed, Crowe’s character must convince his sole surviving son (SPOILER ALERT) to jump in a drainpipe to escape oncoming Greek forces that are poised to destroy the village. In reality, surviving Anzac prisoners reported that the Greeks not only assisted in their survival but in some instances, their escape. Illustrating Crowe’s whitewash of the actual historical events is when a character in the film directs the farmer to where his son is painting inside a church. There is no mention that the converted young man is not painting the icons to fix them, but actually painting over them, as so many Christian churches were converted to mosques dur- ing that time period and later. In another scene, Connor has an epiphany in the famous Blue Mosque in Constantinople in all its colorful glory, yet there is no mention that for 1,000 years, this was the Hagia Sophia, a most holy Christian church before the Ottomans removed all the iconography and turned it into a mosque in the 15th century. I recently had a chance to ask Crowe about not mentioning the genocide in his film, to which he tersely responded: “how do you possibly connect the two things? There could be another thousand feature films made about things that were happening roughly around this broader geography and in this broader time period that has nothing to do with what you’re talking about.” That may be so, but I wonder if Mr. Crowe made a film set in Nazi Germany and failed to mention the concentration camps if that would fly with the filmgoing public. Sadly, a lot of Westerners are unaware of this dark chapter in history. As the philosopher George Santayana wrote, “Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it.” Coincidentally, Pope Francis recently risked Turkish anger by using the world “genocide” to refer to the mass killings of Armenians a century ago. Finally, in what may be an example of extremely insensitive timing, Warner Bros, which is distributing the film in the U.S., where millions of Armenian expatriates live, released the film on April 24, the official commemoration date of the Armenian Genocide. While too late now to change the release date, an apology may be in order. authority. Fundamentally, there is nothing wrong with this belief. In order to progress as a community, as a society, there must be leaders voted in. This is our heritage, this is what we are trying to protect. That being said, in every community, societies are being gridlocked and filibustered at meetings entirely made up of past presidents, and thus at a standstill. Our elders would like us to join, but for what? There is little progressive action. Despite all of that, we are different. We have been raised with a different perspective. The accessibility at our fingertips are unparalleled; any question we have, any thought we write is simply light speed away. We are the most powerful generation to have ever walked the face of the Earth, and that is no exaggeration. We have questioned, publicly, the validity of politicians, exposed corruption internationally and domestically, toppled governments and liberated peo- ple under the boot of the most ruthless dictators in the world. We have more influence than any PhD or think-tank and there isn't one name to recognize. The reason is, we have done all of this as a generation, as a whole. We are unlimited with the resources at our disposal. So as Greeks, there is no reason why we should let our history, culture, and country continue to be at risk. United we stand. Angela Dawson is the co-owner and editor of the entertainment news website frontrowfeatures.com. A Letter to the Youth By Nykolah Chatzis This is not an article. It is not an analysis of topical crises or the clever and deceptive push of a political bias. It is, instead, an open letter. A letter to my brothers and sisters, a kin only by the passion for our culture and heritage that runs so rich through our veins. A passion so deep in our gut that it's reflected in every bite we take, every drink we sip, and every person we love. So I write to you, because for the past two years I have had the opportunity to see what it takes to protect such pride; the immense drive it requires to protect everything we hold dear. In these troubling times our homeland, the nucleus holding the defining elements of who we are as a people, is at risk. And to defend something so pure and significant requires strength and leadership. Yet, the strength and leadership does not come from ambassadors, news moguls, sena- tors, Congressmen, or prime ministers, it comes from much more than that. That strength is rooted deep in our communities and sprouts through the blood, sweat, and tears of contractors, restauranteurs, journalists, poets, writers; people who aren't paid to speak up for their country, these are people that, by the strength of their backs, fight to have a voice. These people have the fire and stamina to labor until late at night, lay to rest in the early morning, and rise at the crack of dawn to travel to the farthest reaches necessary to have a chance to connect, meet, and debate one another, all for the well-being of their communities, their families, and their heritage. That is what it means to be Greek. It is the vigor at the heart of every Greek to preserve their history and culture. We do it for our families, so the struggle and the fight of our forefathers echo through time, so the history we gathered as freethinking beings will guide us in the decisions we Ambassador Patrick Theros Expounds on Middle East TNH Staff NEW YORK – Patrick Theros, a former U.S. Ambassador to Qatar who as a regular TNH columnist typically shares his extensive expertise about the Middle East in his writings, on April 19 appeared on the Cats Roundtable, the national radio show based in New York City, hosted by self-made billionaire and 2013 NYC Mayoral candidate John Catsimatidis. The host noted Theros’ extensive experience in the middle East besides in Qatar, noting his service in Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates. Catsimatidis began half-jokingly, saying “what a mess the Middle East is since you left,” and Theros responded that he is “a little bit jealous of my colleagues in the service who are still there, because now (as compared to when he was there) a lot is happening.” He explained that nowadays the United States is so risk averse that “we pull people out of embassies way too early, and then we wonder why we don’t know what’s going on in those countries.” Regarding Yemen, Amb. Theros is concerned that “the Saudis have concentrated all of their firepower against the Houthi rebels – who are basically a tribal group – plus the troops of the former president,” and have not focused on alQaeda, because they are terrified instead of a Shia takeover in Yemen. He explains that the Saudis have long feared Shias and Iran the most, and notes that while he deems that fear, at times, to be irrational, it is nonetheless a very real fear to the Saudis. Accordingly, even though al-Qaeda and the Islamic State (IS, also called ISIS or ISIL) are threats as well, the Saudis see the Shia and Iran as a far bigger threat, he notes. Although the Saudis do not support terrorists, Theros says, because the Saudis, IS, and alQaeda have similar religious philosophies, the Saudis are less uncomfortable with those two groups, whereas they see the Shia as an existential threat. Having to choose where to concentrate its firepower, then, Theros says the Saudis “will go after the Shia in a heartbeat, and let the Islamic State slide until next time.” So are the Saudis just looking the other way when it comes to the IS, which could lead to an- TNH Columnist Patrick Theros, former U.S. Ambassador to Qatar, shared his Middle East expertise on Cats Roundtable, a national radio show hosted by John Catsimatidis. other 9/11, Castimatidis asked? “I don’t think it’s as bad as that,” says Theros. Shifting to Iraq, Theros calls the U.S. invasion of that country the single biggest mistake in American history. He blames it mostly on the Bush Administration, but also holds the Obama Administration responsible for reacting to the unpleasantness of it all by focusing on “heading for the door.” Nonetheless, Theros doesn’t know – and doesn’t think anyone can know with certainty – how successful the U.S. would have been in thwarting the current violence and instability in Iraq even if we had stayed, because of how “corrupt and sectarian” Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki was. Theros also points out that “IS” includes the old Iraqi army, which stepped aside when the U.S. invaded that country in 2003, because they didn’t like Saddam Hussein any more than we did and they were not about to die defending him. When Maliki sent them home with no jobs, but with their guns, they felt further alienated, Theros says, and thus joined forces with IS. The combined force “creamed” the new Iraqi army, which was weakened by Maliki, who replaced the experienced soldiers with his own less effective cronies. Catsimatidis summed up the ambassador’s analysis: “that’s a horrible way our country handled that whole situation.” make, and most importantly, so that we will continue to live as free people. This is what I learned from the men and women whom I have met in my travels. To my elders, who have shared with me their wisdom and experience, I have nothing but respect for you. However, there is a fault instilled to us by the preceding generation. It is simply this: to make a difference you must have a title. You must have the authority to make the decisions and never to let the masses forget that you once possessed this Nykolah Chatzis is PA to the President of the PanMacedonian Association USA. I Believe in Greece By Alexandros Gaffney I have recently heard friends and relatives debate whether Greece will be able to survive as an independent country because of its financial troubles. So, I asked myself, could you erase Greece from the map and from history? I am half Greek. My mother came to the United States as an immigrant. I have grown up feeling that I have two countries, two languages and two homes. I started learning about Greek history through some rare illustrated children’s classic books that are not in circulation anymore. Those books were very popular in Greece in the 1940s and 1950s. Although they were children’s books, they followed the historical sources closely, while making the stories come alive. I first read about the Persian Wars in those books. I was amazed by the strategic minds and hearts of the Greeks. I could not believe how the Greeks managed to crush the Persians, even though the Greeks were hundreds of thousands and sometimes a million fewer than the Persians. I also read about the Greek War of Independence against the Turks in 1821. Greece had been under Turkish occupation for 400 years. Everyone at the time had written Greece off. Yet, just like their ancestors, the Greek heroes of 1821 promised to God that they would free their country or die for their country. As I was reading, I thought of the Ancient Spartan saying, “Come back with this [shield] or on it.” As I grew older, I read stories from World War II in old Greek school books from the 1940s. I was proud of the Greeks, who were as usual very much fewer than the enemy. The Greeks were fighting against the Italians in the mountains of Albania in snow with regular uniforms, because they were too poor to have winter gear. Thousands of Greek soldiers got so cold up there that they got really bad frostbites on their legs, so they had to have their legs cut off. Greek soldiers were also too poor to have top-of-the-line guns, while the Italians and Germans had the latest technology in guns, fighter planes and tanks. In one book, I had read that, at the end of one battle which the Greeks had lost to the Germans, the German captain made his German soldiers circle around the handful of Greeks that remained alive and salute them for their heroism. After the war, Winston Churchill said, “Hence, we will not say that Greeks fight like heroes, but that heroes fight like Greeks.” I feel that being Greek is an honor, because everyone wants to be a hero. Being a hero means being a Greek. I am inspired by the Greek heroes. In my hockey games, I always try to be a game changer and give it my all until the last second of the game. My dream is to represent the United States in the Olympic Games as a hockey player and win the gold medal for my country. The Greek heroes have also inspired me to be humble and honest. I try not to celebrate when I score and not to brag when I get a good grade at school. Are the best players the flashiest? Most of the best players are, but the best of the best are not. I loved Kevin Durant’s MVP speech last year. It was the speech of the ages. He thanked God for his blessings, and he also thanked his teammates one-by-one for making him better in different ways. He talked about his humble beginnings. He invited all his teammates to the MVP podium. Kevin Durant meant that he did not win the MVP award, but the team did. I admire athletes who give back to society. I have read that one hockey player, who won the Stanley Cup, took it to a children’s hospital for a whole day (the only time he had to keep the Stanley Cup), so children at the hospital could see it and touch it. He said that he had done that, because winning the Stanley Cup or even seeing it may have been a dream the children had, but unfortunately an illness had got in their way and their dream was gone. These are the athletes that I look up to, because they remind me of the Greek heroes. I am working hard to be like them. So, what if Greece were erased from the map and world history? Europe would have been occupied by the Persians, Turks and maybe Germans. We, Americans, would have had very different ancestors, we would not have had democracy, nor the freedoms that come with it. I would not have known of any of the Greek heroes, and my life would have been a lot different. I say, you cannot erase Greece from the map and from history. I believe in Greece. Alexandros Gaffney is a sixthgrade student at the Montclair Kimberley Academy in Montclair, NJ. More than Armenian: the Unfulfilled Justice of Anatolia By Dean J. Argiris Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. once said “law and order exist for the purpose of establishing justice and when they fail in this purpose they become the dangerously structured dams that block the flow of social progress.” Granted, when he spoke those words, Dr. King was talking about the institution of segregation and racism that plagued America, yet this quote is applicable to the Anatolian Genocide 100 years ago. “Anatolian Genocide” is an all-encompassing term that not only includes the Armenians but the other victims of the Ottoman Turks’ reign of terror: the Greeks, Assyrians, and Kurds. The murder of 1.5 million Armenians is tragic enough, but the term Armenian Genocide leads the world to believe it was only one group that suffered. That is not to say we should detract from the plight of the Armenian people, but there is more weight, in my opinion, by demonstrating the Turks’ indiscriminate killing of the ethnic and religious minorities of Anatolia. Today, there was much disappointment over President Obama’s failure to use the word genocide but the reality is this was to be expected. The Turkish lobby runs deep in the United Armenian genocide monument in Larnaca, Cyprus. Cyprus was among the first countries to recognize the genocide. States. A 2009 ProPublic report reveals that Turkish lobbying groups spent over $3 million and made 2,268 contacts with members of Congress in an effort to defeat a resolution that would call for recognition of the Armenian Genocide. Then there’s geopolitics; the access to Bosporus, Turkey’s recent engagement in the fight against ISIS. These are used as leverage by Turkey to mold the will of the United States. In the end, justice is denied and the second genocide is committed. There are always two genocides. The first is the physical act and the second is the denial. It diminishes those lives to nothing more than casualties of war. However, the truth is the victims of the Anatolian Genocide where no more casualties of war than are the victims of ISIS. Those who understand the history look at ISIS and see a carbon copy of the events that took place a century ago; which conversely makes it harder for Turkey to make the “casualty of war” argument. There is no denying that this occurred and there is no denying it was genocide. The events were chronicled in detail by U.S. Ambassador Henry Morgenthau, Sr., who witnessed them. His desk was flooded with cables from Americans living throughout Turkey. He noted how Germany, which has now officially recognized the genocide, walked the Ottomans through how to carry out the genocide. They laid out how to use the trains to move Turkey’s victims from the cities to death camps. The blueprint for the Jewish holocaust was drawn out by Berlin and Ankara in 1915. Were it not for his book, the attempt to eliminate Turkey’s ancient populations would have more than likely died with Morgenthau in 1946. We say “Never Again” when it comes to the Holocaust. It serves as a reminder that if we turn our backs on genocide whenever and wherever it occurs, we increase the likelihood that it will indeed happen it again. Recognizing the Anatolian Genocide helps us insure that never again really means never again. Dean Argiris is a former political consultant and current Aldermanic staffer with the Chicago City Council, and a member of the Hellenic American Leadership Council.
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