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PM Narendra Modi Visits Myanmar Australia and Fiji:–On the second leg of his visit to several countries in
November 2014, Prime Minister arrived in Australia on November 14, 2014. Earlier he was in Myanmarese capital on
November 11-13, 2014 where he had bilateral meetings with several leaders of the ASEAN and East Asia Summit. He
attended the 12th India-ASEAN Summit which he addressed and expressed India’s desire to deepen engagements with
countries of the ASEAN.
G-20 Summity at Brisbane
On November 14, 2014 he arrived in Brisbane wher he was accorded warm welcome. G-20 Summit was held in
Brisbane on November 15-16, 2014. In his speech. Mr. Modi talked reforms and sought blacek money cooperation at G20. He also called for common strategy to fight terrorism. Here the global leaders vowed very aggrissive crackdown on
tax avoidance. Mr. Modi in his speech said that economic reforms are bound to face resistance and, hence, must be
insulated from political pressure. Modi said that repatriation of black money form abroad was a priority for his
government and sought close global coordination to that success against global coordination to achieve this objective. On
international security he said that success against global terrorism could be within reach if countries adopt a common
strategy.
Allphones Arena Speech in Sydney
Modi mania hit India Diaspora in Australia. Mr. Modi promised visa on arrival to Australian tourists, announced tow
months’ deadline for the pending merger of Overseas Citizen of India and Persons of Indian Origin status.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi invited overseas Indians to help fulfil the dream of a clean and strong India during his
public address at the Allphones Arena on November 17, 2014 reprising an appeal made in the US where he sold out Now
York’s Madison Square Garden in September. Scores of supporters arrived on a chartered train from Melbourne decked
out in colours of the Indian flag and dubbed the ‘Modi Express’.
Modi invited the diaspora to join his Swachch Bharat or Clean India campaign and build at least one toilet in the
village of their origin in India. Emphasizing his pledge to ‘give Mahatma Gandhi a clean India’ on his 150th birth
anniversary in 2019.
He also referred to his government’s efforts to weed out obsolete laws. “Let’s open the windows, let fresh air come
in,” Modi said. He said he felt fortunate to be the first Prime Minister born in independent India and hence, felt a greater
responsibility. “We did not get the opportunity to die for the nation or spend our youth in jail. But can surely live for the
nation.”
India, Australia Sign Five Agreements
On November 17, 2014 during Mr. Modi’s stay in Australia India and Australia signed five agreements on bilateral
cooperation in several fields, including culture, energy, terrorism investment, defence, maritime security, nonproliferation and cyber security. The joint maritime exercises will be kicked off in early 2015. Modi extracted a promise
from Australia to sell uranium to India as well as inject new momentum to a pending free trade agreement between the
two countries.
Modi Addresses Parliament
Later Mr. Modi addressed a joint session of Australian Parliament––the first Indian Prime Minister to do so––and
sought closer economic and security ties between the two countries.
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Visit to Fiji
On the last leg of his itinerary Modi visited Fiji where he arrived from Australia on November 18. He was accorded
warm reception by the Fiji government. Modi addressed the Fiji National University. He also addressed the Fijian
Parliament.
Three MoUs
India and Fiji signed three MoUs during Modi’s visit. The first MoU was for training programmes for diplomats,
signed between the Foreign Service Institute of India and the ministry of foreign affairs of Fiji.
This will foster closer exchanges between India and Fiji, as well as the Pacific region, an official statement said. The
second MoU was on earmarking land in New Delhi and Suva for the construction of their diplomatic missions. This will
provide a permanent location for the conduct of our relations and will be an iconic presence in Suva, it said. The third
MoU was for exending a $ 70 m line of credit for establishing a co-generation plant at Barawai Sugar Mill in Fiji.
18th SAARC Summit at Kathmandu, Nepal:–The eighteenth SAARC Summit was held at Kathmandu in Nepal on
November 26-27, 2014. The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) is a multiple organization that
comprises 8 countries located in South Asia. It is an economic organization of which Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan,
India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka are members. Previously there were seven members. Afghanistan joined
in April 2007.
UN Gives Stark Warning on Climate Change Effect:–Climate Change is taking place. It is almost entirely man’s fault.
Limiting the impact of climate change may require reducing greenhouse gas emissions to zero this century, the UN’s
panel on Climate Science said on November 2, 2014. Emissions, mainly from the burning of fossil fuels, may need to
drop to zero by the end of this century for the world to have a decent chance of keeping the temperature rise below a level
that many consider dangerous. Failure to do so, which could require deployment of technologies that suck greenhouse
gases out of the atmosphere , could lock the world on a trajectory with ‘irreversible’ impact on people and the
environment, the report said.
Will to Change
“IPCC Chairman Rajendra Pachauri said.” The solutions are many and allow for continued economic and human
development. All we need is the will to change. The IPCC was set up in 1988 to assess global warming and its impacts.
The report released on November 2, 2014 caps its latest assessment, a mega-review of 30,000 climate change studies.
Ukrainian Imbroglio: Separatist Zakharchenko Wins Ukraine Rebel Vote:–Pro-Russian separatist Alexander
Zakharchenko easily won an election for leadership of a breakaway republic in eastern Ukraine, it was reported on
November 3, 2014 in Donetsk. Ukraine’s pro-Western President, Petro Poroshenko, denounced the vote as A “farce
(conducted) under barrels of tanks and machine guns.” He said it violated a Sept. 5 agreement reached in Belarussian
capital Minsk, which had also been signed by Russia. The US and European Union also denounced the vote.
25th ASEAN Summit Concludes in Myanmar:–The 25th ASEAN Summit and meetings between the bloc and partner
countries concluded in the afternoon of November 13 in Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar. At the closing ceremony, Myanmar,
ASEAN Chair for 2014, transferred the chairmanship for 2015 to Malaysia, whose Prime Minister Najib Razak said his
country will continue working with other ASEAN members to speed up the realization of the bloc’s targets, particularly
preparing for the formation of an ASEAN Community in December 2015. The ASEAN Chairman’s statement of the
25the ASEAN Summit.
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SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY
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