# 1 materials Objective Teaching the Lesson

```Objective
1
To introduce multiplication with mixed numbers.
materials
Teaching the Lesson
Key Activities
Students review conversions from mixed numbers to fractions and from fractions to mixed
numbers. Then they multiply mixed numbers by applying the conversions and by using the
partial-products method.
Key Concepts and Skills
• Convert between fractions and mixed numbers. [Number and Numeration Goal 5]
• Multiply mixed numbers. [Operations and Computation Goal 5]
• Use the partial-products algorithm to multiply whole numbers, fractions, and mixed numbers.
Math Journal 2, pp. 272–274
Teaching Aid Master (Math Masters,
414; optional)
slates
[Operations and Computation Goal 5]
Ongoing Assessment: Informing Instruction See page 661.
Ongoing Assessment: Recognizing Student Achievement Use journal page 273.
[Operations and Computation Goal 5]
2
Ongoing Learning & Practice
Students practice using unit fractions to find a fraction of a number.
Students practice and maintain skills through Math Boxes and Study Link activities.
3
materials
Math Journal 2, pp. 275 and 276
p. 237)
materials
Differentiation Options
EXTRA PRACTICE
Students compare and order
improper fractions.
Students practice converting between
fractions, decimals, and percents by playing
Frac-Tac-Toe.
Advance Preparation For Part 1, draw several blank “What’s My Rule?” rule boxes and
tables on the board to use with the Study Link 8 7 Follow-up.
Student Reference Book,
pp. 309–311
Game Masters (Math Masters,
pp. 472–484)
number cards 0–10 (4 of each from
the Everything Math Deck, if
available); counters; slates
calculator (optional)
Technology
Assessment Management System
Journal page 273
See the iTLG.
Lesson 8 8
659
Getting Started
Mental Math and Reflexes
Math Message
Have students write each mixed number
as a fraction. Suggestions:
Complete journal
page 272.
2 5
13 3
7 34
39 9
4 46
67 7
7 87
810 10
4 29
55 5
5 29
38 8
Follow-Up
write the incomplete version of their
“What’s My Rule?” table for the class
to solve.
1 Teaching the Lesson
Math Message Follow-Up
WHOLE-CLASS
DISCUSSION
(Math Journal 2, p. 272)
Ask students why the hexagons in the last row of the example on
the 3 in 3 56, you need a common denominator. A simple way is
to think of each whole as 66. Ask volunteers to share their solution
strategies for Problems 1–8.
Multiplying with
WHOLE-CLASS
ACTIVITY
Mixed Numbers
Ask students how they would use the partial-products method to
calculate 6 435. Discuss student responses as you summarize the
following strategy:
Student Page
Date
Time
LESSON
Review Converting Fractions to Mixed Numbers
8 8
1. Think of 435 as 4 35.
Math Message
You know that fractions larger than 1 can be written in several ways.
Whole
Rule
Example:
hexagon
If a
is worth 1,
what is
worth?
5
5
5
The mixed-number name is 3 6 (3 6 means 3 6).
23
The fraction name is 6. Think sixths:
5
5
23
3 6, 3 6, and 6 are different names for the same number.
Write the following mixed numbers as fractions.
13
5
5
3
3
1. 2 5 2
3. 1 3 3
9
8
7
2. 4 8 6
4. 3 4 18
4
, or
9
2
Write the following fractions as mixed or whole numbers.
1
2 3
7
5. 3 18
7. 4
6
6. 1 2
4
4 , or 4
1
2
9
8. 3
6
3
7
7
9. 2 8 3
11. 3 5 2 8
3
3
5
3
3
10. 1 4 1
12. 6 2 3 14
1
8 3
272
Math Journal 2, p. 272
660
Calculate the partial products and add.
Unit 8 Fractions and Ratios
6 435 6 (4 35)
2. Write the problem as the sum of
partial products.
(6 4) (6 35)
3. Calculate the partial products.
24 158
4. Convert 158 to a mixed number.
24 335
2735
Ongoing Assessment: Informing Instruction
Watch for students who have difficulty organizing partial products when
multiplying two mixed numbers. Show them the diagram below, and have them
write the partial products in a column.
3
4
3
23 6 6
2∗3
2
2∗
2
3
3
4
2 34 2
3
2
3
2
3
2
3
∗3
∗
3 43 6
3
6
4
6
12
2
112
3
4
1
2
922,
or 10
Ask students how they might use improper fractions to solve the
problem. Again, discuss student responses as you summarize the
following strategy:
Convert whole numbers and mixed numbers to improper
fractions.
1. Think of 6 as 61 and 435 as 253.
6 435
2. Rewrite the problem as fraction
multiplication.
61 253
623
3. Use a fraction multiplication
algorithm.
15
4. Multiply.
138
5
5. Simplify the answer by converting
138
to a mixed number.
5
2735
method. Expect a variety of responses. Sample answers: The
partial-products method lets you work with smaller numbers but
has more calculations. The improper-fraction method lets you
multiply fractions where one of the denominators will be one, but
you have a larger number to divide to simplify the answer.
using either of the above strategies or others of their own
choosing. After each problem, ask volunteers to share their
solution strategies. Suggestions:
●
4 35 225
●
214 23 112
●
223 3 8
Student Page
Date
Time
LESSON
Multiplying Fractions and Mixed Numbers
8 8
Using Partial Products
Example 2:
Example 1:
1
1
1
1
2 3 2 2 (2 3) (2 2)
1
2
1
2
3 4 5 .(3 4) 5
2
6
22
4
3 5 .5 2 2 1
1
1
4
1
3
2
2
3
1
3
1
2
1
1 5
2
1
2
5 .20 1
0
3
1 10
1
6
5
5 6
Converting Mixed Numbers to Fractions
Example 3:
1
1
Example 4:
7
5
2 3 2 2 3 2
1
2
13
2
3 4 5 4 5
35
5
6 5 6
6
3
26
20 1 20 1 10
Solve the following fraction and mixed-number multiplication problems.
7
77
43
, or 7 , or
1
1
3
1
10
10
8
1. 3 2 2 5 2. 10 4 2 3. The back face of a
calculator has an
11
16 64
in2.
4. The area of this
sheet of notebook
5
ACMECALC INC.
Model# JETSciCalc
Serial# 143
58 "
84
1
10 2 "
in2.
7
28 "
8"
5. The area of this
computer disk
5
13 12
in2.
3
58
6. The area of this
5
36 "
1
32 "
8165, or 825 yd2.
7. Is the flag’s area greater or less than that of your desk?
1
2 3 yd
3
3 5 yd
273
Math Journal 2, p. 273
Lesson 8 8
661
Student Page
Date
Time
LESSON
Track Records on the Moon and the Planets
8 8
Multiplying Fractions and
PARTNER
ACTIVITY
Mixed Numbers
Every moon and planet in our solar system pulls objects toward it with a force
called gravity.
2
In a recent Olympic games, the winning high jump was 7 feet 8 inches, or 73 feet. The
winning pole vault was 19 feet. Suppose that the Olympics were held on Earth’s Moon,
or on Jupiter, Mars, or Venus. What height might we expect for a winning high jump
or a winning pole vault?
(Math Journal 2, pp. 273 and 274)
Assign both journal pages. Encourage students to consider the
numbers in each problem and then to use the method that is most
efficient for that problem. Circulate and assist.
1. On the Moon, one could jump about 6 times as high as on Earth.
What would be the height of the winning …
46
feet
114
feet
3
2. On Jupiter, one could jump about 8 as high as on Earth.
What would be the height of the winning …
69
7
high jump? About 24 , or 2 8 feet
3. On Mars, one could jump about
57
,
8
or 718
feet
2
2 3
times as high as on Earth.
What would be the height of the winning …
152
184
4
,
, or 20 9 feet
or 50 23 feet
Ongoing Assessment:
Recognizing Student Achievement
1
4. On Venus, one could jump about 1 7 times as high as on Earth.
What would be the height of the winning …
152
184
16
,
, or 8 21 feet
or 21 57 feet
Journal
Page 273
Problem 5
Use journal page 273, Problem 5 to assess students’ understanding
of multiplication with mixed numbers. Have students complete an Exit Slip (Math
Masters, 414) for the following: Explain how you solved Problem 5 on journal
page 273. Students are making adequate progress if they correctly reference
using partial products, improper fractions, or a method of their own.
5. Is Jupiter’s pull of gravity stronger or weaker than Earth’s? Explain your reasoning.
Sample answer: Because you can’t jump as high on
Jupiter as you can on Earth, the gravity pulling you
back on Jupiter must be stronger.
Try This
6. The winning pole-vault height given above was rounded to the nearest whole
1
number. The actual winning height was 19 feet 4 inch. If you used this actual
[Operations and Computation Goal 5]
measurement, about how many feet high would the winning jump be …
17
11418
7
128
on the Moon?
on Jupiter?
50 1138
213412
on Mars?
on Venus?
274
Math Journal 2, p. 274
2 Ongoing Learning & Practice
Using Unit Fractions to Find
INDEPENDENT
ACTIVITY
a Fraction of a Number
(Math Journal 2, p. 275)
Students practice using unit fractions to find the fraction
of a number.
Math Boxes 8 8
Student Page
Date
Time
LESSON
(Math Journal 2, p. 276)
Finding Fractions of a Number
8 8
One way to find a fraction of a number is to use a unit fraction. A unit fraction is a fraction
with 1 in the numerator. You can also use a diagram to help you understand the problem.
7
1
8
of 32 is 4. So
Mixed Practice Math Boxes in this lesson are paired
with Math Boxes in Lesson 8-6. The skill in Problem 5
previews Unit 9 content.
32
Example: What is 8 of 32?
7
8
of 32 is 7 4 28.
?
Solve.
1
1. 5 of 75 1
4. 8 of 120 15
15
2
2. 5 of 75 3
5. 8 of 120 30
45
4
3. 5 of 75 5
6. 8 of 120 60
75
Solve Problems 7–18. They come from a math book that was published in 1904.
1
2
First think of 3 of each of these numbers, and then state 3 of each.
7. 9
10. 3
6
2
8. 6
11. 21
4
14
9. 12
12. 30
8
20
1
3
First think of 4 of each of these numbers, and then state 4 of each.
13. 32
16. 24
24
18
14. 40
17. 20
30
15
15.
12
18.
28
9
21
19. Lydia has 7 pages of a 12-page song memorized. Has she memorized more
2
than 3 of the song?
No
1
20. A CD that normally sells for \$15 is on sale for 3 off. What is the sale price?
\$10
1
21. Christine bought a coat for 4 off the regular price. She saved \$20. What did she
pay for the coat?
\$60
22. Seri bought 12 avocados on sale for \$8.28. What is the unit price, the cost for 1 avocado?
\$0.69
275
Math Journal 2, p. 275
662
INDEPENDENT
ACTIVITY
Unit 8 Fractions and Ratios
Writing/Reasoning Have students write a response to the
following: Explain how to use the division rule for finding
equivalent fractions to solve Problem 4b. Sample answer:
The division rule states that you can rename a fraction by dividing
the numerator and the denominator by the same number. I
divided the numerator and the denominator by 2 to rename the
4 4 2
2
fraction 50; 502 25
Student Page
INDEPENDENT
ACTIVITY
(Math Masters, p. 237)
Date
Time
LESSON
Math Boxes
8 8
1. a. Write a 7-digit numeral that has
5 in the ten-thousands place,
6 in the tens place,
9 in the ones place,
7 in the hundreds place,
3 in the hundredths place, and
2 in all the other places.
b. Write this numeral in expanded notation.
Home Connection Students practice multiplying
fractions and mixed numbers. They find the areas of
rectangles, triangles, and parallelograms.
52,769.23
50,000 2,000 700 60 9 0.2 0.03
4
1
3. Ellen played her guitar 2 hours on
3
Saturday and 11 hours on Sunday. How
4
2. Write 3 equivalent fractions for
each number. Sample
4
6
8
14 21 28
6
9
12
3
b. 10 15 20
5
10 15 20
5
c. 16 24 32
8
2 4 6
20
d. 3 6 9
30
5
1
10
25
e. 2 10 20
50
,
,
,
,
,
2
a. 7
3 Differentiation Options
much longer did she play on Saturday?
2 13 114 h
1
hours
h
1
12
,
,
,
,
,
Number model:
59
Ordering Improper Fractions
SMALL-GROUP
ACTIVITY
5
2
4
b. 50
6
c. 20
scalene triangle.
2
8
a. 20
15–30 Min
To review converting between fractions and mixed numbers and
finding common denominators, have students order a set of
improper fractions. Write the following fractions on the board:
7 4 7
11
, , , and . Ask students to suggest how to order the fractions
2 1 3
6
from least to greatest. Expect that students will suggest the same
strategies they used with proper fractions, such as putting the
numbers in order and then comparing them to a reference. Use
their responses to discuss and demonstrate the following methods:
71
5. Use your Geometry Template to draw a
4. Complete.
25
3
How does the scalene triangle differ
from other triangles on the
Geometry Template?
10
1
2
d. 18
9
None of the sides are
the same length.
108 109
134
276
Math Journal 2, p. 276
Rename each improper fraction as an equivalent fraction with a
common denominator. Ask students what common denominator
to use. Sample answer: Use 6 because the other denominators
are all factors of 6. Have volunteers rename the fractions and
write the equivalent fractions on the board underneath the first
list of fractions. 261, 264, 164, 161
Write each fraction as a mixed number. Ask volunteers to write
the mixed numbers on the board underneath the second list.
312, 4, 213, 156
Ask students to order the 3 lists on their slates. 161, 73, 72, 41;
5
11 14 21 24
1
1
, , , ; and 1, 2, 3, 4 Discuss any difficulties or curiosities
6 6 6 6
3
2
6
that students encountered.
Name
Date
88
1.
Multiply.
46
,
5 3 º 2 24
or 11121
85
,
5
1
c. 4 º 24
31234
a.
4
6
or
6
4
296
,
1
3
e. 3 º 1 60
12
EXTRA PRACTICE
Playing Frac-Tac-Toe
PARTNER
ACTIVITY
2.
Students play a favorite version of Frac-Tac-Toe to practice
converting between fractions, decimals, and percents.
or
5
5
b. 8
º 2 5
10
,
40
1
4
or
76–78
7
7 24
175
,
1
1
d. 2 º 3 24
or
364
,
4
2
f. 2 º 3 40
or 9110
3
41145
8
5
8
Find the area of each figure below.
Area of a Rectangle
Area of a Triangle
Abºh
A 2 º b º h
15–30 Min
Area of a Parallelogram
1
a.
(Student Reference Book, pp. 309–311;
Math Masters, pp. 472–484)
Time
Multiplying Fractions and Mixed Numbers
b.
Abºh
c.
5
6
1
2 3 yd
ft
3
2 4 ft
1
2 2 ft
2
3 3 yd
Area 3.
859
4 ft
yd2
Area 512
ft2
2112
Area ft2
The dimensions of a large doghouse
are 2 1 times the dimensions of
2
a small doghouse.
a.
If the width of the small doghouse
is 2 feet, what is the width of the
large doghouse?
5
b.
feet
If the length of the small doghouse
is 2 1 feet, what is the length of the
4
large doghouse?
5
8
feet
5
2 ft
1
2 4 ft
Math Masters, p. 237
Lesson 8 8
663
```