NIVASA FOUNDATION P.O. Box 95, Merrimac, MA 01860 617-996-9050; [email protected] www.nivasafoundation.org MODERN DAY SLAVERY FACTS What is the difference between human trafficking and modern day slavery? Human trafficking is the transport of a person from one place to another for the purpose of exploitation. Modern day slavery refers to forced labor without pay under the threat of violence. Today, these terms are used almost interchangeably. How many slaves are there in the world today? Experts estimate between 12 and 30 million men, women, and children are trapped in slavery today. 80% of this figure is comprised of women and girls. Where does slavery still exist? Everywhere. From forced agricultural work in the United States to domestic slaves from Sri Lanka, from child camel jockeys in Saudi Arabia to sex slaves in Belarus, there are more estimated slaves today than at any other point in recorded history. What kinds of slavery exist today? Slavery exists in basically every industry. Some types include: Chattel slavery: a person is bought, sold, and traded as a piece of property Debt bondage: a person is held as collateral against a debt they or a family member owes Sex slavery: a person is forced to perform sexual acts for their slaveholder’s profit Forced labor: other forms of slavery which may overlap with the above categories, including forced domestic, agricultural, factory, construction, and other work. Why would a trafficker assist in the buying and selling of human beings? Profit. Human trafficking is the second most profitable international crime, second only to drug trafficking. Buying, selling, and keeping slaves as a work force demands very little investment and yields exponential returns. SRI LANKA 600,000 Sri Lankans currently work as housemaids outside of the country, primarily in the Middle East. 20% of them are estimated to be held as slaves. In 2005, the bodies of 203 women laboring as migrant workers were returned to Sri Lanka for burial under suspicious circumstances. Beyond the prolific and lucrative trafficking of Sri Lankan women for domestic labor, other forms of slavery exist inside the country, including child labor in the agricultural and sex industries. The Nivasa Foundation stops the cycle of slavery by providing aid to the children of victims of human trafficking, keeping the women safe and ensuring their children have more opportunities to lead healthy and happy lives.
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