TO YOUR HEALTH: How To Boost Your Metabolism,

How To Boost Your Metabolism, by Sean Kennedy
Unless We Perform Regular Strength Exercises, We Lose 5-7 Pounds of Muscle Every
Decade After the Age of 25. That Corresponds With a Reduction of up to 20% in
Metabolic Rate Each Decade. The Result: You Get Weaker and Fatter.
Metabolism is the process by which your body makes and uses energy, or calories, for
everything from the cellular absorption of nutrients to running a marathon.
Each of us has what is called a basal metabolic rate (BMR), or one’s base metabolism. A
good technical definition of BMR is "the energy expended when an individual is lying at
complete rest, in the morning, after sleep, in the post-digestive state."
For most men, BMR accounts for 60 to 70 percent of total calories expended each day, and
that’s a good thing, as you’re about to see. Your BMR consumes all those calories through
such functions as breathing, digestion, blood circulation, immune response and tissue repair.
For comparison's sake, activity of any sort generally makes up just 15 to 30 percent of the
average man's metabolism.
Muscle is the single most important predictor of how well you metabolize your food, and how
well you burn calories and body fat. Regular exercise boosts your metabolic rate by
producing larger mitochondria in each muscle cell, which results in more calories burned.
Whereas fat is inactive and burns very few calories, skeletal muscle burns at least 10 times
more calories than fat, even when we're at rest.
But unfortunately, unless we perform regular strength exercises, we lose more than a half a
pound of muscle every year after the age of 25. Without an appropriate training stimulus, our
muscles gradually atrophy, and decrease in size and strength. This loss of muscle results in a
significant reduction in metabolic rate in every decade of adulthood -- as much as two percent
a year. And the corresponding decrease in metabolism generally results in an increased ratio
of fat mass, which usually escalates as we get older.
The average male and female between the ages of 20 and 50 loses 5 to 7 pounds of muscle
per decade and adds three times as much fat during that period. Since metabolism usually
slows with age, your eating habits need to change accordingly or else fat can accumulate and
your weight can increase.
So, if you're in your 30s or 40s, have been eating exactly the same way for 20 years, and
can't understand why you're gaining weight, it's because your energy demands have
The key to staving off the decline in your BMR is weight training. Strength training, at least
twice a week, is essential to boosting your metabolism. The effects of a good, consistent
strength training program allow you to continue burning calories 24 hours a day -- long after
you've left the gym.
Tissue repair and maintenance are critical to caloric expenditure since about three-quarters
of variability in BMR is predicted by lean body mass. Simply put, the more muscle mass you
Wk 3: How to Boost your Metabolism
have the higher your BMR will be.
Untrained men and women can gain about 2 to 4 pounds of muscle, and 40 to 60 percent
more strength, after just two months of regular strength training exercise.
But what you eat can also have a dramatic affect on your body composition. Some of the
calories you consume are less likely store on your waistline. It’s all about the choices you
Plenty of metabolic energy is required to convert the food we eat into usable forms of energy.
The process of digesting, using, and storing food energy is inefficient, and by itself can
consume from 10 to 15 percent of total daily metabolism. Animal proteins increase
thermogenesis more than vegetable proteins, so the best calorie-burning foods are lean
During the digestive process, foods are broken down into usable forms; complex
carbohydrates are reduced to simple sugars, fats to fatty acids, and proteins to amino acids.
Eating protein with each meal is important. Protein contains nitrogen, which is broken down
and eliminated as urea by the liver. As a result of this additional metabolic step, protein's
thermic effect is roughly double that of fat and carbohydrates.
Assuming that you are exercising regularly, eating every 2 to 3 hours and including at least
some protein with each of those meals can boost digestive metabolism all day long. And after
you reach a healthy, stable weight you need to make sure you’re eating as many calories as
you're burning in order to maintain that weight.
If you have a job in which you sit all day, the following may be disheartening but also quite
revealing; the difference in calorie burn between sitting and standing is nearly 1 calorie in
added expenditure per minute. That may not seem like much, but it adds up quickly. At the
end of an hour it amounts to 60 calories and at the end of an eight-hour workday nearly 500.
Burning 500 extra calories a day for a week would result in the loss of one pound. That's over
fifty pounds in one year. You get the picture.
The idea is to get up and get active. Committing yourself to a regular strength training
program at least 2 to 3 times per week will make a big difference, and not just to your
metabolism. The positive affects are numerous, including: increased bone mass and
strength, decreased blood pressure, injury prevention, improved appearance and body
composition, improved mood, confidence and self-esteem, as well as reduced stress.
And if you’re doing all that work to strengthen and improve your body and your psyche, make
good food choices that will leave you guilt free. Include plenty of protein at each meal to allow
your body to rebuild what’s being broken down in the gym and remain more metabolically
active all day long. Remember to include lots of fruits and veggies because they’re full of
water and nutrients, and are low in calories.
Take care of yourself. You only have one body, and replacement parts are hard to come by.
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Rev Up Your Metabolism
Why food isn’t the enemy
The key to weight loss is simple: eat less calories than you burn. However, many people take this to
the extreme and start to think of food as the enemy. It makes a perverse kind of sense that skipping
meals would help create the calorie deficit you need to lose weight. Well, get ready to change your
thinking because the truth is, you need to eat calories to burn calories.
How your body works
When you don’t eat enough calories to sustain your body’s daily functions, your body panics, thinking
that there isn’t any food available. It reacts by slowing down your metabolism and absorbing more of
the foods you eat instead of using that food for energy. When you eat regularly, your metabolism
speeds up and uses those calories instead of saving them for later.
How to Rev Up Your Metabolism
Eat Breakfast. When you wake up in the morning, you haven’t eaten in a long time. Skipping
this meal means your metabolism slows down…not a great way to start off your day!
Eat according to your activities. If you do most of your physical activity during the day,
make breakfast and lunch your larger meals so you have enough energy to get everything
Snack frequently. (aka, eat when you are hungry!) Eating fruits and veggies between meals
will keep you from becoming too hungry. The hungrier you are, the less control you have over
what and how much you eat.
Exercise aerobically. Even if your mind resists, your body loves physical activity. Plus,
cardio exercise speeds up your metabolism for several hours after your work out.
Lift Weights. Muscle burns up to five times more calories than fat.
Don’t forget Cardio. You need to get that heart rate up and breathe a little heavier. Twenty
to thirty minutes of cardiovascular activity 5 days a week is recommended. Brisk walking or
swimming are good. Or utilize exercise equipment (exercise bike, treadmill, or elliptical
Keep a food diary. This will help you stay honest about what you’re really eating.
Drink Water. Your metabolism needs it to function properly and being hydrated will keep you
Drink Green Tea before meals. Drinking green tea before you eat helps to speed up your
digestive metabolism. Some green teas burn up to 80 calories per serving alone.
Plan on losing 1-2 pounds a week. You can’t undo a lifetime of inactivity and poor nutrition
overnight. If you lose weight at a rate of 1-2 lbs. per week you will be more likely to keep it off
The truth is, there’s no short cut to weight loss. It takes effort and discipline and, of course,
patience. However, it doesn’t have to be a miserable experience and you don’t have to starve
yourself to do it. Eat up!!!
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10 Ways to Positively Assist Your Metabolism
30 – 45 minutes of Cardio first thing in the morning
Eat within 45 minutes of waking up
Eat every 4 – 6 hours
Eat Protein with Every Meal (Egg Whites, Cheese, Soy Milk, Lean Meat,
Turkey, Chicken, Fish, Pork, Kidney Beans, Peas)
Build your muscle tone – Resistance Training --3 months to see results
Avoid alcohol, sugar, and fasting
Drink ½ your Body Weight in Ounces of Water
Eat foods with high nutrition values – 7 – 9 Servings of Fruits and Veggies
Eat Negative Calorie foods (Apples, Asparagus, Berries, Broccoli,
Cabbage, Celery, Cauliflower, Celery, Chili, Garlic, Grapefruit, Lemon,
Mango, Onion, Orange, Papaya, Pineapple, Spinach, Zucchini…just to
name a few)
8 hours of Deep Sleep (All Lights Out – Total Darkness)
Wk 3: 10 Ways to Boost Metabolism