The Automated Terminal Equipment Market

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Paul Avery, Editorial Director WorldCargo News
CONNECT.
COLLABORATE.
INNOVATE.
The Automated Terminal Equipment
Market
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Overview
Automated equipment market
• History ‐ at first a false start, with implications.
• CTA and beyond ‐ huge growth in the number of automated terminals
• Cranes by the numbers
• Automation has changed the equipment market
• Preparing for the future ‐
automation and the market today
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A slow start
The 1990s
• Four terminals ‐ Pasir Panjang, ECT, Thamesport, Kawasaki • Cost and productivity issues
• No real competitive market for automated equipment
• Difficult investment environment for manufacturers
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A decade of testing
RMGs, OHBCs?
Racking systems and concepts
Remote control STS
Separate cabs
Automated AGV
AGV prototypes
Key terminals changed their mind
• PSA Singapore
• Kwangyang
• Thamesport
Little interest in semi-automation
Very little process automation
All or nothing approach
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Second wave of pioneers
More terminals
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HHLA - CTA
Patrick Stevedores
APMT Virginia
CTB Hamburg
TCB Nagoya
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Take off
HIT T6/&, Evergreen Kaoshiung, Pusan Newport, TTIA Algeciras
Two more terminals in Busan
Australia - 5 terminals ASCs
One with autostrads
The USA - Global, TraPac, LBCT
BEST (Spain)
London Gateway
Indonesia - Automated RTGs
Lazero Cardenas
MIT Panama and Tuxpan
PSA Singapore
Xiamen Ocean Gate
Port Botany - Autostraddles
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Quayside automation
APMT MVII & RWG
Lift AGVs
Remote controlled STS cranes
T3 Jebel Ali, Damman
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RMG/RTG terminals
Existing terminals applying
automation
Further automated RTG
terminals
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Future demand - scaling up
 Tuas Megaport - up to 65M TEU
 PSA Software with competitive interchangeable equipment
 AGVs, over a thousand?
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A changing port equipment market
Huge increase in rail mounted
cranes
In 2003 just 37 RMGs produced,
compared to 421 RTGs.
In 2006 RTG production peaked
when 15 suppliers produced over
950 RTGs
Crane production was a
bottleneck
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In 2014 and beyond
RTGs still dominate - around
550 deliveries in 2014.
ASCs - 430 machines
delivered in 2014 - 2015 to 19
different terminals
Over 100 on order for 2016
and beyond
Mature straddle carrier market
- shift to low height machines
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Crane suppliers
Consolidation and scale
ASCs - Crane plus drives
Automation has created a new
bottleneck
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AGV market
Initially only Gottwald (TPS)
10 years between first and
generation machines
Now six terminals: ECT 350,
RWG 59, MVII 62, CTA 84,
LBCT 72, Euromax 96
Toyota 33 machines
VDL 87 machines
ZPMC 18 + ?
Gaussin AIV
One terminal so far with a mixed
fleet
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A changed market
Semi-automation with manned
equipment
Cameras
Load control and positioning
Safety, and practicality
Collision avoidance
Integrated process automation
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A path to automation
A 25 year investment should be
“automation ready”
Infrastructure
RTGs - remote control retrofit?
STS cranes - retrofits.
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CONNECT.
COLLABORATE.
INNOVATE.
Thank you!
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