2 Gram (2,000 mg) Sodium No Added Sugar Nutrition Plan

2 Gram (2,000 mg) Sodium
No Added Sugar Nutrition Plan
Choosing low-sodium foods will help reduce swelling caused by
fluid retention.
Sodium is found naturally in many foods. Often you cannot see
or taste it. Salt is about one-half sodium. Salt is used to preserve
foods and to add flavor. You need a small amount of sodium
each day. However, a normal diet will provide enough sodium
for your body even if you avoid salt and salty foods.
Reading a Food Label
 Check serving size. All the information on the label is based on
this portion. In this example, a serving size is ½ cup and there
are 4 servings in this container.
 Choose foods that contain less than 250 mg of sodium per
serving. In this example, ½ cup of this food contains 300 mg
of sodium.
 The mg of sodium per serving provides more helpful
information than the Percent Daily Value.
 If a food contains 250–500 mg sodium per serving, consider
eating ½ of a serving size.
Food Label Information
For foods without food labels, avoid foods that list salt as one of the first 5 ingredients.
“Sodium-free” or “salt-free” means less than 5 mg of sodium per serving.
“Very-low-sodium” means 35 mg or less of sodium per serving.
“Low-sodium” means 140 mg or less of sodium per serving.
“Reduced sodium” means that foods are altered to reduce the usual level of sodium by at least 25
percent. These foods may still contain too much sodium. Choose foods that contain less than 250
mg of sodium per serving.
 “Without added salt”, “unsalted”, and “no added salt” are terms used for foods once processed with
salt but now processed without it. Products labeled with these terms must list the amount of sodium
per serving.
2011 Baylor Health Care System – Simmons Transplant Institute
Food Group
Foods to Choose
Foods to Avoid
Milk & milk
Whole, 2%, 1%, and skim milk
Sugar-free chocolate milk or drink
Evaporated milk
Dry milk powder
Cream or “No-Added Sugar” ice
Plain or sugar-free flavored yogurt
Homemade sugar-free pudding
Low-sodium cheese or 1 oz./day of
cheddar, swiss, or mozzarella
Cream cheese
 Fresh (unprocessed) including
beef, chicken, turkey, fish,
shellfish, pork, veal, lamb
 Organ meats
 Low-sodium canned tuna or
 Eggs or egg substitute
 Dried beans, peas, and lentils
 Unsalted nuts and seeds
 Regular or low-sodium peanut
 Tofu
 Frozen meals containing less than
500 mg sodium
 All fresh, canned, frozen, and dried
 All 100% fruit juices without added
Fresh vegetables
Frozen vegetables without a sauce
“No Salt Added” canned vegetables
“No Salt Added” canned tomato
paste, puree, and sauce
 Low-sodium vegetable juices
 Low-sodium pickles
 Unsalted potato chips
2011 Baylor Health Care System – Simmons Transplant Institute
Dutch processed hot chocolate
Instant pudding
Processed cheese or cheese slices
(such as American cheese,
 Cheese spreads or dips (such as
Cheez Whiz, queso)
 Cottage cheese
 Canned, cured, smoked, processed
or dried meats
 Corned beef or beef jerky
 Kosher meats
 Sausage, bacon, ham
 Regular canned tuna or salmon
 Hot dogs
 Luncheon meats (such as bologna,
 Canned beans, peas, and lentils
(such as pork and beans)
 Salted nuts and seeds
 Frozen meals containing more than
500 mg sodium
 Regular canned vegetables
 Vegetables in a cream or butter
 Pickles (including dill, bread and
butter, and sweet pickles; pickle
 Vegetable juices (such as tomato or
 Any vegetable in a brine (such as
sauerkraut, pickled beets, jarred
 Packaged potato products (such as
au gratin potatoes, scalloped
potatoes, instant potatoes)
 Potato chips, tater tots
Food Group
Foods to Choose
Breads & Grains  Bread (including regular, whole
wheat, rye, and low-sodium bread)
Rolls, English muffins, and bagels
Hamburger or hotdog buns
Corn and flour tortillas and
unsalted tortilla chips
Low-sodium crackers
Graham crackers and rice cakes
Dry cereals containing less than
250 mg sodium per serving and
without added sugar
Old-fashioned and quick-cooking
hot cereals without added sugar
Rice (white and brown) and pasta
Unsalted popcorn and pretzels
Foods to Avoid
 Bread or rolls with salted tops
 Cheese breads
 Products made with regular baking
powder or soda (such as biscuits,
cornbread, quick breads)
 Salted corn chips
 Salted crackers
 Instant hot cereals
 Packaged rice, pasta, or stuffing
 Salted popcorn and pretzels
 Pancakes and waffles
 Regular or low-sodium margarine
and butter
 Regular, reduced-calorie, or lowsodium mayonnaise
 Low-sodium salad dressing or oil
and vinegar; regular salad dressing
containing less than 200 mg per
serving (2 tablespoons)
 Vegetable cooking oil or shortening
 Sour cream; non-dairy creamer
 Homemade gravy prepared with
allowed ingredients
 Regular salad dressing containing
more than 200 mg per serving (2
 Fat back
 Salt pork
 All types of olives
 Dips
Desserts &
 “No Added Sugar” desserts
 Sugar-free gelatin, popsicles, fruit
ices, frozen yogurt, and ice cream
 Sugar-free jelly
 Sugar substitute, low-sugar syrup
 Homemade sugar-free custard and
 All other desserts
 Water (including tap, flavored,
bottled, and sparkling water)
 Sugar-free carbonated beverages
 Sugar-free fruit-flavored drinks
 Tea and coffee
 Vegetable juices (such as tomato or
 Sports drinks (such as Gatorade
or POWERade)
2011 Baylor Health Care System – Simmons Transplant Institute
Food Group
Foods to Choose
Foods to Avoid
 Homemade soup made with
allowed ingredients
 Canned or packaged low-sodium
soup, stock, broth, or bouillon
 Baking ingredients (such as flour,
corn meal, corn starch, low-sodium
baking powder, cream of tartar,
cocoa powder, baking chocolate,
 Baking powder and baking soda
when used in small amounts for
 Lemon, lime, and other natural
 Vanilla and extracts
 Vinegar
 Fresh or dried chili peppers
 Spices and cooking herbs (such as
pepper, garlic, onion, oregano,
thyme, rosemary, parsley)
 Dry mustard
 Hot sauce
 Low-sodium condiments (such as
low-sodium catsup, mustard,
barbeque sauce, steak sauce)
 Homemade salsa made with
allowed ingredients
 Regular canned or packaged soup
 Regular stock, broth, or bouillon
 Seasonings containing sodium
(such as salt, lite salt, celery salt,
garlic salt, onion salt, seasoned
salt, lemon pepper)
 Meat tenderizers
 Monosodium glutamate (MSG)
 Regular condiments (such as
catsup, mustard, barbecue sauce,
soy sauce, steak sauce, taco sauce,
teriyaki sauce, tartar sauce,
worchestershire sauce)
 Prepared salsa
 Salt substitutes (such as NoSalt,
NuSalt, Lite Salt)
Avoid salt-softened water and over-the-counter medications that contain sodium.
Many low sodium foods are available in grocery stores. Look in your grocery store for
low-sodium seasonings, sauces, canned foods, crackers, cheese, and more.
2011 Baylor Health Care System – Simmons Transplant Institute