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2011-January Lesson
Guide
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2011-January Lesson Guide
Contents
January 1, 2011 LESSON 45: At the Airport .................................................................................................. 3
January 2, 2011 Suresh – Lesson 46 – Health ............................................................................................... 8
January 3, 2011 Suresh–Lesson 47: COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT IN INDIA ............................................. 12
January 4, 2011 Learning the Hindi Letters – Lesson 10 – ग, घ, and ङ .............................................. 18
January 5, 2011 Suresh – Lesson 48: COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT IN INDIA ........................................... 20
January 6, 2011 Learning the Hindi Letters – Lesson 11–Consonants च and छ .............................. 26
January 7, 2011 Suresh – Lesson 49: COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT IN INDIA ........................................... 27
January 8, 2011 Learning the Hindi Letters – Lesson 12–Consonants ज and झ ............................. 33
January 9, 2011 Suresh – Lesson 50: My autobiography ............................................................................ 35
January 11, 2011 Learning the Hindi Letters – Lesson 13–Consonants ट and ठ ............................. 40
January 12, 2011 Suresh – Lesson 51 दक्षऺण बायत क्मों प्रससद्द है ? (Dakshin Bharat kyon prasiddh hai ?)WHY IS SOUTH INDIA FAMOUS ? ................................................................................................................ 41
January 14, 2011 Learning the Hindi Letters – Lesson 14–Consonants ड, ढ and ण ................................... 45
January 14, 2011 - Suresh – Lesson 52 वामम
ु ान / वामअ
ु ड्डे सम्फॊधधत शब्द एवॊ कुछ वाक्म =
Vayuyaan/vayuaddey sambandhi shabd evam kuchh vaaky . Airport related words and a few sentences
.................................................................................................................................................................... 47
January 14, 2011 - Learning the Hindi Letters – Lesson 14–Consonants ड, ढ and ण ...................... 51
January 15, 2011 Learning the Hindi Letters – Lesson 15–Consonants त and थ ............................ 53
January 16, 2011 Suresh – Lesson 53 हहॊदी भें छोटे वाक्मों को फनाना सीखें | (Hindi mein chhotey
vaakyon ko banana seekhen . Learn to make small sentences in Hindi ......................................... 54
January 18, 2011 Learning the Hindi Letters – Lesson 16–Consonants द, ध and न ........................ 57
January 19, 2011 Suresh – Lesson 54 हहॊदी भें अततरयक्त छोटे वाक्मों को फनाना सीखें | (Hindi mein atirikt
chotey vaakyon ko banana seekhen . Learn to make small additional sentences in Hindi ........................ 59
January 20, 2011 Learning the Hindi Letters – Lesson 17–Consonants ऩ and प ............................ 61
January 21, 2011 Suresh – Lesson 55 हहॊदी ऩाठ सॊख्मा ५५ कववता (Kavita)Poem ............................................. 62
January 22, 2011 Learning the Hindi Letters – Lesson 18–Consonants फ, ब and भ................................... 64
January 23, 2011 Suresh – Lesson 56 बायत भें रड़कों के नाभ = (Bharat Mey ladkon ke naam ) The boys
names in India ............................................................................................................................................. 66
January 25, 2011 Learning the Hindi Letters – Lesson 19–Consonants म and य ........................................ 70
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2011-January Lesson Guide
January 26, 2011 Suresh – Lesson 57 बायत भें रड़ककमों के नाभ = (Bharat mein ladkiyon ke naam) girl’s
names in India ............................................................................................................................................. 71
January 27, 2011 Learning the Hindi Letters – Lesson 20–Consonants र and व ....................................... 76
January 28, 2011 Suresh – Lesson 58 ऩॊडडत जवाहयरार नेहरू PANDIT JAWAHARLAL NEHRU ..................... 77
January 29, 2011 Learning the Hindi Letters – Lesson 21–Consonants श and ष ....................................... 82
January 30, 2011 Suresh – Lesson 59 जानवयों, ऩशुओॊ, ऩक्षऺमों, जर-जन्तुओॊ एवॊ कीड़ों -भकौडों, के नाभ हहॊदी भें
(Janwarons, pashuon, pakshiyon, jal-jantuon, keedon-makaudon ke naam Hindi mein. Name of animals,
cattle, birds, water and living animals & insects in Hindi ........................................................................... 83
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January 1, 2011 LESSON 45: At the Airport
हवाई – अड्डे ऩय
(Havai addey par)
At the airport
1. हवाई- अड्डों भें मात्रिमों की सवु वधाओॊ के सरए कापी दक
ु ाने होती हैं|
(hawaiaddon mein yatriyon ki suvidhaon ke liye kaafee dukanein hotee hain.)
The airports have several shops for the convenience of passengers.
2. हवाई -अड्डों भें सयु ऺा
कभमचायीगण तनगयानी यखते हैं|
(Hawai -addon mein suraksha karmchareegan nigrani rakhtey hain.)
The security staff keep vigil at the airport.
3. दतु नमा भें सफसे फड़ा हवाई – अड्डा कहाॉ स्थथत है ?
(Duniya mein sabsey bada hawai-adda kahan sthit hai?)
Where is the biggest airport located in the world ?
4. हवाई- अड्डे भें दतु नमा के कोने कोने से रोग आते एवॊ जाते हैं|
(Hawai- addey mein duniya ke koney koney se loag aatey evam jaatey hain.)
The people from different corners of the world come and go at airports.
5. हवाई – अड्डे भें , थवच्छता ऩय कापी ध्मान हदमा जाता है |
(Hawai- addey mein swatchtaa par kaafee dhyaan diya jaata hai.)
In Airport, much attention is provided to hygiene/cleanliness.
6. हवाई अड्डे भें धुम्रऩान कयना तनवषद्ध है |
(Hawai addey mein dhumrapaan karna nishidh hai.)
Smoking is prohibited at the airports.
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7. हवाई – अड्डा अन्तयाष्ट्रीम एकता का प्रतीक है |
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(Hawai- adda antarashtriya ekta ka prateek hai.)
The airport is a symbol of international unity.
8. कसाईखाना हवाई – अड्डे से दयू होना चाहहए|
(Kasaikhaana Hawai- addey sey door hona chahiey.)
The slaughterhouse should be located far(away) from the airport.
9. वामुमान के सभम ऩय हवाई – अड्डे न आने से रोगों को असुववधा होती है |
(Vayuyaan key samay par Hawai- addey na aaney se logon ko asuvidha hoti hai.)
The non arrival of flights on time at the airport puts the people into inconvenience.
10. अभेरयका से बायत हवाई जहाज द्वाया आने भें रगबग १८ घॊटे रगते हैं|
(America sey Bharar hawai jahaaj dwara aaney mein lagbhag 18 ghantey lagtey hain.)
It takes approximately 18 hours to arrive by airplane from America to India.
11. हवाई अड्डे ऩय तराशी की अनुभतत है |
(Hawai addey par talaashee kee anumati hai.)
The frisking is permissible at the airport.
12. मात्रिमों की आकस्थभक भत्ृ मु मा अॊगों के नुकसान के सरए एमयराइन कॊऩतनमों द्वाया फीभा ककमा गमा है |
(Yaatriyon kee aaksmik mrityu ya angon ke nuksaan ke liye airline companiyon dwara bema kiya gaya
hai.)
The travellers are insured by the airline companies for accidental death or loss of limbs.
13. वामुमान भें ववशेष कय सशशुओॊ, फच्चे, योधगमों, वद्ध
ृ ों आहद के खाने,ऩीने,कम्फर, तककमे एवॊ अन्म सम्फॊधधत
आवश्मकताओॊ ऩय कापी ध्मान हदमा जाता है |
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(Vayuyaan mein vishesh kar shishuon, bacchey, rogiyon, vridhon aadi ke khanay, peenay , kambal,
takiye, evam anya sambandhit aavashyaktaaon par kaafee dhyaan diya jaata hai.)
In aircraft much attention is given to especially infants, children, patients, aged etc. regarding their food,
drink, blankets, cushions and other related requirements.
14. भजफरू यमों के भाभरे भें ,प्राथसभकता के आधाय ऩय , ववभान तनमॊिण कऺ से अनभ
ु तत ऩय, तनकटतभ हवाई ऩट्टी ऩय उताया जा सकता है |
(Majbooriyon ke maamley mein, praathmikta ke aadhaar par, vimaan niyantran kaksh sey anumati par,
nikattam hawai- patti par ootaara jaa sakta hai.)
In case of exigencies, on priority basis, the plane can be landed to the nearest air-strip on permission
from the control room.
15. ववभान भें मािा के दौयान दयू दशमन(टे रीववज़न) औय इॊटयनेट की व्मवथथा यहती है |
(vimaan mein TV aur internet ke byavastha yaatra key dauraan rahti hai.)
The arrangements for the Television(V )and Internet are there in aircraft during the course of travel.
16. ववभान भें मािा के दौयान भोफाइर फोन का उऩमोग कयना वस्जमत है |
(Vimaan mein yaatra ke dauraan mobile phone ka upyog karna varjit hai.)
The use of mobile phone is prohibited during the travel in flight.
17. अॊतयामष्ट्रीम मािा के दौयान वैध ऩासऩोटम , वीसा, वामु मान से आने एवॊ जाने का हटककट, कथटम्स
का अनभ
ु ोहदत प्रऩि एवॊ व्मम (खचम) के सरए आवश्मक डोरअसम एवॊ थथानीम भद्र
ु ाएॉ आऩके ऩास अवश्म होनी
चाहहए|
(antarrashtriya yaatra kay dauraan vaidh paasport, visa , vayuyaan sey aaney evam jaanay ka ticket,
customs ka anumodit prapatr, vyay(kharch) ke liye aavashyak dollars evam sthaniya mudrayen aapkay
pass avashya honee chahiey.)
The valid passport and visa, to/fro airticket, customs approved form and required dollars and local
currencies to meet the expenses, should be available with you during the international travel.
18. छािों को हटककट भें छूट सभरती है |
(Chhatron ko ticket mein chhoot milati hai.)
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2011-January Lesson Guide
The students get discounts in ticket.
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19. हटककट का दय भौसभ , दयू ी एवॊ श्रेणी के आधाय ऩय तम ककमा जाता है |
(Tikit ka dar dar mausam, doori evam shreni key aadhaar par tay kiya jaata hai.)
The ticket rate is fixed based on the season, distance and class.
20. कबी कबी रम्फी मािा के दौयान, वामम
ु ान फदरना ऩड़ता है ।
(kabhii kabhee lambi yaatra key dauraan, vayuyaan badalana padta hai.)
Sometimes during the long travel, plane needs to be changed.
21. उड़ान की जानकायी के सरए सभम सभम ऩय ध्मान दे ना आवश्मक है |
(Udaan kee jaankaree ke liye samay samay par dhyaan dena aavashyak hai.)
It is necessary to pay attention to the flight information time to time.
22. खयाफ भौसभ, ऩक्षऺमों से ववभान के टक्कय, वामु मान भें तकनीकी दोष, टामय तछद्र, एवॊ सुयऺा सम्फन्धी
सभथमाएॊ इत्माहद ववभान को सभम भें उडने नहीॊ दे तीॊ हैं |
(kharaab mausam, pakshiyon se vimaan ke takkar, vayu yaan mein takniki dosh, tyre chhidr evam and
suraksha sambandhi samasyayon ityadi viman ko smay mein oodnay nahin deten hain.)
The bad weather, the birds hitting the aircraft, tyre puncture, the aircraft technical defects and securityrelated problems etc. , do not allow the plane to take off in time.
23. मात्रिमों को अऩने साभानों ऩय ववशेष ध्मान घय छोडने से घय ऩहुॉचने तक यखनी चाहहए|
(Yaatriyon ko apnay saamaanon par vishesh dhyaan ghar chhodnay sey ghar pahuchney tak rakhnee
chahiye.)
Passengers should keep special attention to their goods from the time they leave the house until reach
home.
24. मािा के दौयान ककसी बी गॊबीय थवाथ्म सभथमा की स्थथतत भें एमयराइन के कभमचारयमों द्वाया आऩका
सवमश्रेष्ट्ट ध्मान यखा जाता है |
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(Yaatraa ke dauraan kisee bhee gambheer swasthya samasya key sthti mein airlines ke karcharioyon
dwara aapka sarshtresht dhyaan rakhaa jaata hai.)
The airline staff do their best to take care of you in the event of any serious health problem during travel.
25. केवर वैध हवाई जहाज के हटकट धायक हवाई अड्डे भें प्रवेश कय सकते हैं |
(Kewal vaidh Hawai jahaaj ke tikat dharak hawai addey mein pravesh kar saktey hain.)
Only valid plane ticket holder can enter into the airport.
26. एमय इॊडडमा मात्रिमों के सरए एक सुखद मािा की घोषणा कयता है |
(Air India yatriyon ke liye ek sukhad yaatra kee ghoshna karta hai.)
The Air India announces a pleasant journey for travelers.
Homework:
1. Answer the following questions in Hindi
a. ववभान एवॊ वामु मान भें क्मा अॊतय है ?
b. क्मा वामुमान एवॊ जहाज एक ही चीज है ?
c. क्मा वामु अड्डा औय हवाई अड्डे भें कोई पकम है ?
d. वामु अड्डे के सम्फन्ध भें अन्म ऩाॊच वाक्म हहॊदी भें अथम सहहत सरखें |
2. Write the meaning of these additional words often used at airports (Please take the help of
www.shabdkosh.com)
शौचारम
ऩेशाफघय
ऺतत
आगभन
प्रथथान
सशकामत
जरऩान गह
ृ
ववदे शी भुद्रा ववतनभम
Come by the website http://www.ISpeakHindi.com and leave the answers to these questions as a
comment to this lesson.
Thank you.
Dhanyawad
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2011-January Lesson Guide
January 2, 2011 Suresh – Lesson 46 – Health
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HINDI LESSON 46 थवाथ्म: Swasthya = Health
(See all the lesson from Suresh; See the First Lesson from Suresh; Build Your Vocabulary By Mastering
4 Words a Day)
(Looking for something else? Check out our Lesson Finder, Newbie Lessons, and Beginner
Lessons)
DEVANAGARI (TRANSLITERATION) - TRANSLATION
रुग्णता (rugrntaa) / योग (roge) / फीभायी (beemaaree) – sickness/illness
धचककत्सक (chikitsak) / वैध (vaidh) – doctor
कृसभ (krimi) – worms
ऩाखाना (paakhaana) – stool/motion
साफुन (sabun) – soap
दवा (dawa) / गोरी (goli) – medicine/pill
जुकाभ (jukaam) – cold
कै (kai) / वभन (vaman) / उरटी (oolti) - vomit
ऩेधचश (pechish) – dyesentery
डाईरयमा – diarrhea
दॊ तभॊजन (dantmanjan) – toothpaste
सदी से फुखाय (sardi se bukhar) – flu
धड़कन (dhadkan) – beat
फूॊद (boond) – drop
यक्त (rakt) / खून (khoon) – blood
हहचकी (hichki) – hiccup
नुसखा (nuskha) – prescription
डकाय (dakaar) – belch
छ ॊक (cheenk) – sneezing
कोसशकाएॊ (koshikaayen) – cells
फेहोश (behosh) – unconscious
औषध (aushadh) – medicine
फाॉझ (baanjh) – barren (cannot conceive baby)
छूत (chhoot) / सॊक्रभण (sankraman) – infection/contagious
नब्ज (nabj) – pulse
तौसरमा (tauliya) – towel
ऩारना (paalna) – cradle
यजाई (razai) – quilt
तककमा (takiya) – pillow
भूि (mutr) / ऩेशाफ (peshaab) – urine
खाॊसी (khaansi) – cough
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भधुभेह (madhumeh) – diabetes
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श्वास (shwas) / साॊस (saans) – breath
राश (lash) / शव (shav) – deadbody/corpse
चीयपाड़ (cheerfaad) – operation
नाड (naadi) – vein
भौत (maut) / भत्ृ मु (mrityu) – death
थनान (snan) / नहाना (nahaana) – bath
पब्फाया (fabbara) – shower
उथतया (ustara) – razor
दाढ़ी फनाना (dadhee banana) - to shave
चाकू (chaku) / चुयी (churee) – knife
फरवान (balwaan) / शस्क्तशारी (shaktishaali) – strong
दॊ त-धचककत्सक (dant chikitsak) – dentist
जनन-ऺभता (janan-kshamta) – fertility
सई
ु (sui) – needle
फुखाय (bukhaar) – fever
ठण्ड (thand) – cold
अॊत् ऺेऩण (antah kshepan) – injection
शल्म- कक्रमा
(shalya- kriya) – surgery
जम्हाई रेना (jamhai lena) – yawn
थवाथ्मकय (swasthkar) – hygienic
औषधारम (aushadhaalay) – pharmacy
धोना (dhona) – wash
कैंची (kanchee) – scissor
सदभा (sadma) – shock
उऩचाय कयना (upchaar karna) – to treat
अॊडे सेना (andey sena) – to incubate
आयोग्म (aarogy) / तनयोग (nirog) – healthy
भानससक (maansik) – mental
मोतन (yoni) – vagina
तनयोऩ (nirop) – implants
उदय (oodar) – abdomen
तीव्र (teevr) – acute
उदय सॊऩीडन (udar sampeedan) – decompression
कम्ऩन (kampann) – tremble
जीवाणु (jeevanu) – bacteria
ऩेसशमाॉ (peshiyan) – muscles
धभनी (dhamni)- artery
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घषमण (gharshan) / खयोंच (kharonch)- abrasion
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चमाऩचमी (chayapachayee)- metabolic
व्मसनी (byasni)- addict
भुहासा (acne)- Muhaasaa
वद्ध
ू ा (boodhaa)- aged
ृ (vriddh) / फढ
जननेंहद्रम (jananendriya) / जननाॊग (jananaang)- genital
गबमऩात (garbhpaat)- MTP
अॊडकोष (andkosh)- testicles
त्रफम्फाणु (bimbanu)- platelet
खज
ु री (khujli)- itching
अवसाद (avsaad)- depression
योग पैरानेवारे जीव-जॊतु (rog failaaney waley jeev-jantu)- vectors
थतन (stan)- breast
थिाव (straav)- bleed
भाहवायी (maahvaaree) / भहहना (mahina)- period
आयॊ सबक जाॉच (aarambhik jaanch) / ऩयीऺण (pareekshan)- screening
हड्डडमों का ववशेषऻ (haddiyon ka visheshyagy)- orthopedist
भनोववऻानी (manovigyaani)- psychologist
भनस्श्चककत्सक (manashichikitsam)- psychiatrist
वक्
ृ क योग ववशेषऻ (Vrikk Rog Visheshgya)- nephrologist
त्वचा ववशेषऻ (twatcha visheshagya)- dermatologist (skin specialist)
दाई (dayee)- Nanny or mid-wife
गबमवती (garbhvati)- pregnant
प्रसूतत (prasuti) / धािी (dhaatri)- lactating
अथऩतार (aspataal)- hospital
धचककत्सारम (chikitsaalay)- dispensary
प्रसव (prasav)- delivery
फहता नाक (bahata naak)- running nose
थवथथ (swasth) / तॊदरुथत (tandurust)- healthy
याजमक्ष्भा (rajyakshma)- tuberculosis(TB)
दफ
म (durbal) / कभजोय (kamjor)- weak
ु र
सशशु (shishu)- infant
भत्ृ मु दय (mrityu dar)- death rate
सुई (sui)- needle
थक
ू (thook)- sputum
ऩट्टी (patti)- bandage
ह्रदम योग (hriday roag)- heart disease
ऩागर (paagal)- mad/insane
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भानससक (maansik)- mental
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सभगी (mirgi)- epilepsy or fit
ताऩभान (taapmaan)- temperature
आॊत (aant)- intestine
स्जगय (jigar)- liver
उदय (udar)- abdomen
ददम (dard)- pain
चा़ू (chaaku) / छुयी (chhooree)- knife
कैंची (kainchee)- scissors
जीब (jeebh)- tongue
दाॊत (daant)- teeth
नेि (netra) / आॉख (aankh) / चऺु (chakshu)- eye
तत्त्व (tatva)- elements
आहाय (aahaar)- food
ऩौस्ष्ट्टक (paushtik)- nutrition
भच्छय दानी (macchar dani)- mosquito net
नासब (naabhi)- navel
ऩेट (pet)- stomach
पेपड़ा (fefda)- lungs
ऩथयी (pathri)- stone
ब्रीडडॊग (khoon bahna)- bleeding
हवा (hawa) / वामु (vayu)- gas/wind/air
आवाज (aawaj) / ध्वतन (dhwani)- sound
श्रवण शस्क्त (shravan shakti)- listening power
फहया (bahra)- deaf
गूॊगा (goonga)- dumb
काना (kaana)- one eyed
अॉधा (andha)- blind
उत्तेजना (uttejna)- excited
कयाहना (karahna)- to moan
काॊऩना (tremble)- uttejna
फैसाखी (baisaakhee)- crutch
काॊऩना (tremble)- uttejna
ऩाचन कक्रमा (paachan kriya)- digestive system
दभ घट
ु ना (dum ghutna)- choke
Thank you.
Dhanyawad
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2011-January Lesson Guide
January 3, 2011 Suresh–Lesson 47: COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT IN
INDIA
Lesson 47: COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT IN INDIA – बायत भें साभुदातमक ववकास
(See all the lesson from Suresh; See the First Lesson from Suresh; Build Your Vocabulary By Mastering
4 Words a Day)
(Looking for something else? Check out our Lesson Finder, Newbie Lessons, and Beginner
Lessons)
बायत भें भानसन
ू अक्सय ववपर यहता है जफकक कृवष आजीववका का प्राथसभक स्रोत है |
(Bharat mein monsoon aksar vifal rahta hai, krishi aajeevika ka prathmik strot hai.)
In India the monsoon often fails while agriculture is the primary source of livelihood.
दे श के कई हहथसों भें ऩानी की कभी के कायण बायत को रगाताय पसर की ववपरताओॊ का साभना कयना ऩड़ा है |
(Desh key kayee hisson mein paanee kee kamee ke karan , Bharat ko lagaatar fasal kee vifaltaaon ka
saamna karna pada hai. )
Due to lack of water in many parts of the country, India has faced crop failures, constantly.
ऩशुओॊ के सरए चाये की कभी है |
(Pashuon ke liye charey kee kami hai. )
There is the lack/dearth of fodder for the cattle.
ग्राभीणों के सरए आजीववका के अगरे उऩरब्ध स्रोत जानवय है |
(garmeenon ke liye aajeevika ke agley uplabdh strot jaanvar hain. )
The next available source of livelihood for the villagers is the animals.
मह ऩरयवाय को एक व्मवसाम औय दग्ु धशारा (डेमयी) उत्ऩादों से वॊधचत यखती है |
(Yah pariwaar ko ek vayvsaay aur dairy utpadon se vanchit rakhtee hai. )
This deprives family of an occupation and the dairy products .
वे बूसभ को फेचने मा फॊधक यखने ऩय वववश हो जाते है |
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(Ve bhumi ko bechney ya bandhak rakhney par vivash ho jaatey hain. )
13
They are constrained to sell the land or mortgage them.
वन उत्ऩाद तीसया थिोत है जो उनके जीने के सरए कुछ आम राता है |
(Van utpaad teesra strot hai jo unkey jeeney ke liye kuch aay laata hai. )
The forest product is third source which brings some income for their survival .
नमा कानून उन्हें वन उत्ऩादों के इकट्ठा कयने ऩय प्रततफॊध रगाता है |
(naya kanoon unhey var utpaadon ke ekattha karney par pratiband lagaata hai. )
The new laws prohibits them from collecting forest products.
अफ ऩरयवाय थथानीम साहूकाय से सॊऩकम कयता है |
(Ab pariwaar sthaneey sahukaar se sampark karta hai. )
Now family contacts the local money lender .
ऋण के दष्ट्ु चक्र, पसर ववपरताएॊ, बूख औय चुकौती के सरए जरूयत इनका ऩरयणाभ है |
(Rin key dushchakr, fasal vifaltaayen, bhookh aur chukauti key liey jarurat inka parinaam hain. )
This results in a vicious cycle of loans, crop failures, hunger, and the need for repayment.
फच्चों औय भहहराओॊ के साथ ऩास के नगय /शहय के सरए प्रवास शुरू होता है |
(Bacchon evam mahilaon ke saath pass ke nagar/shahar ke liye pravaas shuru hota hai. )
The migration with children and women to nearby town/city starts.
अत् फच्चों की जरूयतों को ऩयू ा कयने एवॊ उनके ऩरयवायों औय सभद
ु ामों के ववकास की प्रकक्रमा भें बागीदायी होनी
चाहहए |
(Atah bacchon ke jaruraton ko pura karney evam unkay pariwaron aur samudaayon ke vikas kee prakriya
mein bhaagidaaree hone chahiye. )
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Therefore, the participation in the development process in meeting the needs of children , their families
and communities is must.
मह उन्हें आभ भद्द
ु ों ऩय एक साथ कामम कयने भें सऺभ फनाता है |
(Yah unhein aam muddon par ek saath kaary kareny mein saksham banaata hai. )
It enables them to work together on common issues.
साभुदातमक बागीदायी अधधकाय, हहत औय फच्चों के आत्भ-सम्भान को फढ़ावा दे ता है |
(Saamudayik bhagidaaree adhikaar, hit aur bacchon ke aatm-samman ko baddhaava deta hai. )
The community participation promotes rights, interests and dignity of children.
मह उन्हें सभुदाम के बीतय, सयकाय औय अन्म गैय सयकायी सॊगठनों से सॊसाधन जुटाने के सरए प्रेरयत कयता है |
(Yah unhein samudaay ke bheetar, sarkaar aur anya gaiyr sarkaree sangathanon se sansaadhan jutaney
ke liye prerit karta hai. |)
It encourages them to mobilize resources within the community, the government and other NGOs.
गयीफ अगय अधधक साऺय हों तो उनकी उत्ऩादकता एवॊ आभदनी (आम) फढ़े गी |
(Gareeb agar adheek saakshar hon to oonki utpaadakta evam aamdani(aay) baddhegee.)
If the poor become more literate , then their productivity and income would enhance.
उनके थवाथ्म की स्थथतत भें सुधाय औय जनसॊख्मा ववृ द्ध की दय धीभी होगी |
(Unkay swaasthy kee sthiti mein sudhaar aur jansankhya vridhi kee dar dheemee hogee. )
Their health conditions would improve and the population growth rate would slow down.
इसी प्रकाय, महद भहहराओॊ की साऺयता भें ववृ द्ध होती है , तो मह अऩने फच्चों के जीवन भें भहत्वऩूणम सुधाय , अथामत
फेहतय ऩोषण , ववद्मारम के उच्च उऩस्थथतत औय फेहतय थवच्छता राएगी |
(Isee prakaar, yadi mahilaon kee sakshartaa mein vridhi hotee hai, to yah aney bacchon ke jeevan mein
mahatvapurn sudhaar arthat behtar poshan, vidhalay mein adhik upasthiti aur behtar swatchta layegi. )
Similarly ,if women’s literacy is increased it would to result in significant improvements in the lives of their
children i.e. better nutrition, higher school attendance and improved hygiene/cleanliness at home.
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एक फच्चे के शायीरयक, साभास्जक, भनोवैऻातनक, आधथमक एवॊ भानससक ववकास ऩय ध्मान यखा जाना चाहहए |
(Ek bacchey ke shareerik, saamaajik, manovaigyanik, aarthik, evam maanasik vikaas par dhyaan rakha
jaana chahieye. )
A child’s physical, social, psychological, economical, and mental developments should be taken care of.
एक फच्चे के जीवन के ऩहरे छह वषम भस्थतष्ट्क के ववकास के सरए अत्मॊत भहत्वऩूणम हैं जो फच्चे के ऩोषण औय
थवाथ्म की स्थथतत ऩय तनबमय कयता है |
(Ek bacchey key jeevan ke pahley chhe varsh mastishk ke vikaas ke liye atyant mahatvapurn hain . )
The first six years of a child’s life are crucial/critical for the brain development which depends upon the
child’s nutritional and health status
सबी गाॊव के फच्चों को खेर, अध्माऩन साभधग्रमाॊ , कऩडे ,भेज, कुससममाॊ , उऩकयण, ऩौस्ष्ट्टक आहाय एवॊ खाने के
फतमन प्रदान की जानी चाहहए |
(Abhee gaanv ke bacchon ko khel, addhyapan samagriyan, kapadey ,mej, kursiyan, upkaran ,paushtik
aahar aur khaaney key bartak pradaan kee jaanee chahey.)
All village children must be provided with play materials, teaching aids, clothes, table,chairs equipment,
nutritious food and eating vessels.
VOCABULARY: शब्दावरी(SHABDAWALI)
DEVANAGARI TRANSLITERATION TRANSLATION
ऩशुओॊ (pashuon) – cattle
चाये (chaarey) – fodder
आजीववका (aajeevika) – livelihood
उऩरब्ध (uplabdh) – available
जानवय (jaanvar) – animal.
वॊधचत (vanchit) – deprive
बसू भ (bhumi) – land
फेचने (bechney) – sell
फॊधक (bandhak) – mortgage
वववश (vivash) – constrain
थिोत (strot) – source
आभदनी (aamdani) / आम (aay) – income
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2011-January Lesson Guide
कानून (kanoon) – laws
16
थथानीम (sthaneey) – local
साहूकाय (sahukaar) – money lender
सॊऩकम (sampark) – contact
ऋण (rin) – loan
दष्ट्ु चक्र (dushchakr) – vicious cycle
ववपरताएॊ (vifaltaayen) – failures
बूख (bhookh) – hunger
चुकौती (chukauti) – repayment
ऩरयणाभ (parinaam) – result
प्रवास (pravaas) – migration
सऺभ (saksham) – enable
साभुदातमक (saamudayik) – community
बागीदायी (bhagidaaree) – participation
हहत (hit) – interest
आत्भ-सम्भान (aatm-samman) – dignity
फढ़ावा (baddhaava) – promote
सयकाय (sarkaar) – Government
अन्म गैय सयकायी सॊगठनों (gaiyr sarkaree sangathanon) – NGO
सॊसाधन (sansaadhan) – resource
जुटाने (jutaney) – mobilize
प्रेरयत (prerit) – encourage
गयीफ (gareeb) – poor
उत्ऩादकता (utpaadakta) – productivity
जनसॊख्मा (jansankhya) – population
साऺयता (sakshartaa) – literacy
उऩस्थथतत (upasthiti) – attendance
शायीरयक (shareerik) – physical
साभास्जक (saamaajik) – social
भनोवैऻातनक (manovaigyanik) – psychological
आधथमक (aarthik) – economical
भानससक (maanasik) – mental
भस्थतष्ट्क (mastishk) – brain
ववकास (vikas) – development
भहत्वऩूणम (mahatvapurn) – crucial/critical /most important
साभधग्रमाॊ (samagriyan) – materials/items
उऩकयण (upkaran) – equipment
ऩौस्ष्ट्टक आहाय (paushtik aahar) – nutritious food
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खाने के फतमन (khaaney key bartan) – eating utensils/vessels.
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प्रदान (pradaan) / दे ना (dena) – provide/give
PS: This lesson continues on to Lesson No.48
Question: Please write in Hindi 10 additional own sentences on Community Development .
Thank you.
S.Suresh Kumar,Hindi tutor and translator
[email protected] 91 9840643690
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2011-January Lesson Guide
January 4, 2011 Learning the Hindi Letters – Lesson 10 – ग, घ, and ङ
This is the tenth lesson in a series of basic episodes to teach Hindi from the beginning. If you are already
studying Hindi, it can provide a good review. If you are looking for something more advanced then master
4 words each day in the vocabulary master. Also, these basic lessons will be mixed in with more
advance lessons. Tomorrow’s lesson will be more challenging.
Previous Lessons in this series:

Lesson 1 – अ and आ

Lesson 2 – इ and ई

Lesson 3 – उ and ऊ

Lesson 4 – ऋ

Lesson 5 – ए and ऐ

Lesson 6 – ओ and औ

Lesson 7 – अॊ and अ्


Lesson 8 – Review of Vowels
Lesson 9 – क and ख
ग ga
Gamla
(गभरा ) – Garden
pot/Flower pot
Garam (गयभ) –
Hot
gha
घ
Ghar (घय)
- House
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2011-January Lesson Guide
Ghada (घडा) – Pitcher
19
nga
ङ
no words
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2011-January Lesson Guide
January 5, 2011 Suresh – Lesson 48: COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT IN
INDIA
Hindi Lesson 48: COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT IN INDIA
- बायत भें साभुदातमक ववकास (Bharat mein saamudayik Vikas)
Vol.II
(See all the lesson from Suresh; See the First Lesson from Suresh; Build Your Vocabulary By Mastering
4 Words a Day)
(Looking for something else? Check out our Lesson Finder, Newbie Lessons, and Beginner Lessons)
CONTINUED FROM LESSON 47
हय सॊबव ऩव
ू म थकूर(ववद्मारम )सशऺक एवॊ सहामक को सभद
ु ाम से चन
ु े जाने चाहहए औय प्रसशक्षऺत ककमा जाना
चाहहए |
(Har sambhav purv school skhikshak evam sahayak ko samudaay ke bheetar se chuney jaanay
chahiye aur is udhyesh key liye prashikshit kya jaana chahiey. )
The pre-School teachers and assistants should preferably be selected from the community and should
be trained .
फच्चों को अऩनी उम्र के अनुसाय सभूहों भें ववबास्जत कयें |
(bacchon ko apnee umra ke anusaar samoohon mein vibhjit karein. )
Split/divide the children into groups according to their age.
उनके गाने ,खेर औय ऩढाई ऩय ध्मान दें |
(Unkay gaaney, khel aur padhayee par dhyaan dein. )
Focus on their songs, play and studies .
इस प्रकाय फच्चों के थनेह, ऩायथऩरयक सॊऩकम, सुयऺा औय प्रोत्साहन सम्फन्धी अधधकायों को सुतनस्श्चत ककमा जाता है
|
(Is prakaar, bacchon key sneh, paarasparik sampark, suraksha aur protsaahan sambandhi adhikaron ko
sunishchit kiya jaata hai. )
Thus children’s rights related to affection, interaction, security and encouragement are ensured.
गाॊवों भें कई मुवा रड़के औय रड़ककमाॉ हैं जो मा तो कबी थकूर नहीॊ गए हैं मा ऩढाई फॊद ककमे हैं |
(Ganvon mein kai yuva ladkey aur ladkiyan hain jo ya to kabhee school nahin gaye hain ya adhuri padhai
kiye hain. )
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There are many young boys and girls in the villages who have either never been to school or who have
discontinued studies.
वे फेकाय औय अनत्ु ऩादक हैं मा जीवन बय अधधक सभम ऩशुओॊ को चयाने भें मा जॊगर से रकड़ी एकि कयने भें
ब्मतीत कयते हैं |
(Ve bekaar aur anutpaadak hain ya jeevan bhar adheek samay pashuon ko charaaney mein ya jangal se
lakdi ekatr karney mein byateet kartey hain. )
They are idle and unproductive or spend most of the time in grazing cattle or collecting firewood from the
forest.
उन्हें व्मावसातमक प्रसशऺण केन्द्रों भें ,काय के चारक, सभथिी, नरसाज, झराईगय, ववद्मुद्वेत्ता, फढ़ई, कुम्हाय औय ईंट
आहद फनाने भें प्रसशक्षऺत कयने की आवश्मकता है |
(Unhey byavsayik prashikshan kentron mein, car ke chaalak, mistry, nalsaaj, jhaaligar,vidhweta, bhadai,
kumhaar aur eent aadi bananey mein prashikchit karney kee aavashyakta hain. )
They need to be trained in the Vocational Training Centers as drivers, fitters, plumbers, welders,
electricians, carpentry, pottery and brick making etc.
रड़ककमाॊ उनके अऩने छोटे व्मवसाम थथावऩत कयने के सरए उऩमुक्त कौशर सीख सकते हैं, जैसे ससराई, टोकयी
फुनना, कशीदाकायी, आहद |
(Ladkiyan unkay apney chotey byavsaay sthapit krney ke liye upyukt kaushal seek saktey hain, jaise silai,
tokree bunan, kasheedakaaree, aadi. )
The girls can learn appropriate skills to establish their own petty business i.e.as stitching, basket
weaving, embroidery , etc.
ग्राभीण ऺेिों भें थवाथ्म सेवा ववतयण प्रणारी ऩय प्राथसभकता दी जानी चाहहए |
(Gramin kshetron mein swaasthy seva vitaran pranali par praathmikta dee jaanee chahiye. )
The Health Care delivery system in the rural areas needs to be accorded priority.
उऩचायात्भक से अधधक तनवायक उऩामों ऩय जोय होना चाहहए |
(Upachaartmak se adheek nivarak upayon par jore hona chahiey. )
The emphasis should be given more on preventive than curative measures.
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ग्राभीण ऺेिों भें आभ तौय ऩय फच्चे ऩोसरमो ,नवजात टे टनस, खसया, दथत की घटनाएॊ, तीव्र श्वसन सॊक्रभण, टीफी,
भरेरयमा आहद से प्रबाववत हैं |
(Grameen kshetron mein aam taur par bacchey Polio, navjaat tetanus, khasra, dast kee ghatnaanyen,
teev shwasan sankraman, TB, Malaria aadi se prabhavit hain. )
Normally children in rural areas are affected by polio, neo-natal tetanus, measles, incidents of diahorrea,
acute respiratory infections, tuberculosis, malaria etc.
कभ से कभ एक वषम भें एक धचककत्सा जाॊच ककमा जाना चाहहए |
(Kam se kam ek varsh mein ek chikitsa jaanch kiya jaana chahiey. )
At least one medical check-up in a year should be done.
कुछ भहहराओॊ को सभद
ु ाम से चमन ककमा जाना चाहहए औय थवाथ्म सेवा भें प्रसशक्षऺत ककमा जाना चाहहए |
(Kuch mahilaon ko samudaay se chayan kiya jaana chahiye aur swaasthya seva mein prashikshit kiya
jaana chahiye. )
Some women should be selected from the community and trained in health care.
फदरे भें, वे सभुदाम के भाभूरी थवाथ्म सभथमाओॊ (ववशेष रूऩ से भहहराओॊ औय फच्चों के) का सभाधान कय
सकते हैं |
(badley mein ,ve samudaay ke mamooli swasthya samasyaon(vishsh rup se mahilaon aur bacchon
key)ka samaadhaan kar sakte hain. )
In turn ,they can solve minor health problems of the community. (particularly for women and children).
सुयक्षऺत (ऩेम) जर (ऩानी) का प्रावधान ककमा जाना चाहहए|
(Surakshit (peya) jal (paanee) key peenay kee byavashta kee jaanee chahiye. )
The provision of safe (potable) water should be done.
सभुदाम को घयों के ऩीछे फेहतय थवच्छता हे तु कभ रागत के शौचारमों के तनभामण के सरए प्रसशक्षऺत ककमा जा
सकता है |
(Samudaay ko gharon ke peachhay behtar swatchta hetu kam laagat ke shauchalayon key nirmaan ke
liye prashikshit kiya jaa sakta hia.)
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2011-January Lesson Guide
The community can be trained to build low cost toilets behind the houses for better sanitation.
सभद
ु ाम को उधचत जर तनकासी प्रणारी का तनभामण औय ऊऩयी सभटटी के कटाव को योकने के ववसबन्न
उऩामों(तयीकों )को ससखामा जाना चाहहए |
(Samudaay ko uchit jal nikasi pranali byavastha ka nirmaan aur upree mitti key kataav ko rokney ke
vibinn upayon ko sikhaya jaana chahiye. )
The community needs to be taught to build proper drainage systems and various methods to prevent top
soil erosions.
ववशेष रूऩ से प्रजनन औय मौन थवाथ्म के ऺेिों भें एक फड़ी बूसभका तनबानी चाहहए |
(Vishesh roop se prajnan aur yon swasthy ke kshetron mein ek badee bhumika nibhaanee chahiye. )
There is need to play a greater role particularly in the areas of reproductive and sexual health.
VOCABULARY: शब्दावरी(SHABDAWALI)
DEVANAGARI TRANSLITERATION TRANSLATION
अनस
ु ाय (anusaar) – according
सभूहों (samoohon) – group
ववबास्जत (vibhajit) – divide
थनेह (sneh) – affection
ऩायथऩरयक सॊऩकम (paarasparik sampark) – interaction
सयु ऺा (suraksha) – security
प्रोत्साहन (protsaahan) – encouragement
सम्फन्धी (sambandhi) – related
अधधकायों (adhikaron) – rights
सुतनस्श्चत (sunishchit) – ensure
मव
ु ा (yuva) – young
फेकाय (bekaar) – idle
अनुत्ऩादक (anutpaadak) – unproductive
ऩशुओॊ (pashuon) – cattle
चयाने (charaaney) – grazing
रकड़ी (lakdi) – wood
एकि (ekatr) – collect
ब्मतीत (byateet) – spend
प्रसशऺण (prashikshan) – training
केन्द्रों (kendron) – center
चारक (chaalak) – driver
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2011-January Lesson Guide
नरसाज (nalsaaj) – plumber
24
फढ़ई (badhai) – carpenter
कुम्हाय (kumhaar) – potter
रड़ककमाॊ (ladkiyan) – girls
छोटे (chottey) – small
उऩमुक्त (upyukt) – proper
कौशर (kaushal) – skills
ससराई (silai) – stitching
टोकयी फुनना (tokri banana) – basket making
कशीदाकायी (kasheedakaaree) – embroidery
ववतयण (vitaran) – distribution
प्राथसभकता (praathmikta) – priority
उऩचायात्भक (Upachaartmak) – curative
तनवायक (nivarak) – preventive
जोय (jore) – emphasis
नवजात (navjaat) – new born
खसया (khasra) – measles
दथत (dast) – diahorrea
घटनाएॊ (ghatnaayen) – incidence
तीव्र (teevr) – acute
श्वसन (shwasan) – respiratory
सॊक्रभण (sankraman) – infection
धचककत्सा (chikitsa) – medical
जाॊच (jaanch) – check-up
चमन (chayan) – selecte
सेवा (seva) – care/service
फदरे भें (badley mein) – in turn
भाभूरी (mamooli) – minor/ordinary
सभथमाओॊ (samasyaon) – problems
सयु क्षऺत (surakshit) – safe
व्मवथथा (byavastha) – provision
फेहतय (behatar) – better
थवच्छता (swatchta) – sanitation/cleanliness
रागत (laagat) – cost
शौचारमों (shauchalayon) – toilets
प्रसशक्षऺत (prashikshit) – trained
उधचत (uchit) – proper
तनकासी (nikasi) – drainage
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2011-January Lesson Guide
प्रणारी (pranali) – systems
25
तनभामण (nirmaan) – build
ऊऩयी (upree) – top
सभटटी (mitti) – soil
कटाव (kataav) – erosions
योकने (rokney) – prevent/stop
उऩामों (upayon) – methods
ववशेष (vishesh) – particularly
प्रजनन (prajnan) – reproductive
मौन (yon) – sexual
ऺेिों (kshetron) – area
बूसभका (bhumika) – role
तनबानी (nibhaaneee) – played
Task:
1. What is the translation of soil erosion in Hindi.? Please write.
2. What do you understand by PARASPAR IN HINDI?
3. Please make sentence with sneh(hindi word) and provide meaning with alternate Hindi words,
synonyms.
4. What is the difference between samasya and samadhaan? Please make a sentence using both the
words in Hindi and write the meaning please.
5. What do you call NGO in Hindi? Please write and explain the meaning in Hindi.
PS; CONTINUED ONTO LESSON 49, AND THEN THE TOPIC COMPLETES.
Thanks
S.Suresh Kumar
Hindi tutor and translator
[email protected]
91 09840643690
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2011-January Lesson Guide
January 6, 2011 Learning the Hindi Letters – Lesson 11–Consonants च
and छ
This is a continuation of the series covering the very basics of Hindi. At the bottom of this lesson are links
to the previous lessons.
If you are already studying Hindi, it can provide a good review. If you are looking for something more
advanced thenmaster 4 words each day in the vocabulary master.
च cha
Charkha (चयखा ) –
Spinning wheel
Chana (चना) –
Gram
cha
छ
Chatari (छतयी) –
Umbrella
Chat (छत) – Roof
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2011-January Lesson Guide
January 7, 2011 Suresh – Lesson 49: COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT IN
INDIA
Lesson 49: COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT IN INDIA ववकास
Vol.III(final)
– बायत भें साभुदातमक
(See all the lesson from Suresh; See the First Lesson from Suresh; Build Your Vocabulary By Mastering
4 Words a Day)
(Looking for something else? Check out our Lesson Finder, Newbie Lessons, and Beginner Lessons)
CONTINUED FROM LESSON 48
ककसानों को कृवष के आधुतनक तयीकों को अऩनाने के सरए औय उच्च उऩज ककथभों एवॊ कई पसरों को प्राप्त कयने
का तयीका ससखामा जाना चाहहए |
(Kison ko krishi ke aadhunik tareekon ko apnaney aur ucch upaj kismon eam kayee fasalon ko praapt
karney ka tareeka seekhaaya jaana chahiye. )
The farmers should be taught to adopt modern methods of agriculture and to obtain high-yield varieties
and several crops.
ककसानों के सभूहों मा थवमॊ सहामता सभूहों द्वाया सॊकय फीज पसरों के सरए फीज फैंक की थथाऩना की जानी
चाहहए |
(Kisaanon ke samuhon ya swayam sahayata samuhon dwara sankar beej fasalon key liye beej bank kee
sthapna kee jaanee chahiye. )
The farmers’ groups or self-help groups should establish seed banks for hybrid crops
उवमयक भहॊ गे औय हातनकायक है औय कई फाय ऩरयवाय के ऩास खयीदने के सरए ऩमामप्त ऩैसे नहीॊ होते हैं |
(Urvarak mahange aur hanikaarak hain aur kai baar pariwaar ke pass khareedney ke liye paryaapt paise
nahin hotey hain. )
The fertilizers are expensive and harmful and many a times families do not have enough money to buy.
भछुआयों को भछसरमाॉ ऩकड़ने के सरए अच्छा जार प्राप्त कयने हे तु औय अऩने भछसरमों के सरए फाजाय खोजने भें
सहामता प्रदान की जानी चाहहए |
(Machuaaron ko machiliyan pakadaney ke liey accha jaal Praapt karney hetu aur apney machliyon ke
liey baajaar khojney mein sahayta pradaan kee jaanee chahiey. )
The fishermen should be assisted to acquire good fishing nets and find markets for their fish.
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2011-January Lesson Guide
उन्हें प्राकृततक कीटनाशकों का प्रमोग कयने के सरए ससखामा जाना चाहहए (उदाहयण के सरए नीभ के ऩत्ते का
उऩमोग) |
(Unhein praakritik keetnaashakon ka prayog karney ke liye seekhaaya jaana chahiye(Udaaharn ke liye
Neem key pattey ka upyog))
They are to be taught to use natural pesticides (for instance use of neem leaves)
भहहरा सभूहों को गाॊवों भें छोडे ताराफों के ऩुनरुद्धाय(सुधाय )के सरए सभथमन ककमा जाना चाहहए |
(Mahila samoohon ko gaanvon mein chhodey taalaabon key punaruddhar(sudhaar) ke liye samarthan
kiya jaana chahiye. )
The women’s groups should be supported to renovate the ponds abandoned in the villages.
ग्राभीणों को एक अच्छ नथर के दध
ु ारू बैंसों के सरए भदद की जानी चाहहए ताकक वे कपय दध
ू डेमयी (दग्ु धशारा)
भें फेच सकते हैं |
(Grameenon ko ek acchhee nasl ke dudharoo bhainson ke liye madad kee jaanee chahiye taaki ve phir
doodh dairy (दग्ु धशारा-dugdhshaala) )mein bech saktey hain. )
The villagers should be helped with milch buffaloes of a good breed so that they can then sell milk dairy.
भहहरा सभूहों को प्रत्मेक गाॊव भें थवमॊ प्रफॊधधत चावर फैंक को थथावऩत कयने के सरए धनयासश की सहामता दी
जानी चाहहए |
(Mahila samuhon ko pratyek gaanv mein swaying prabandhit chaawal bank ko sthapit karney ke liey
dhanrashi kee sahayta pradaan kee jaane chahiye. )
The women’s groups should be assisted with funds to establish self -managed Rice Banks in each
village .
भाताएॊ इन फैंकों से अनाज उधाय रे सकते हैं औय अनाज के रूऩ भें प्रततदे म ब्माज के साथ वाऩस कय सकते हैं |
(Maatayen in bankon se anaaj oodhaar le saktey hain aur anaaj ke roop mein pratideya(pratiphal) byaaj
ke saath wapas kar saktey hain. )
The mothers can borrow grains from these banks and return with repayable interest in the form of grain.
उनकी आधथमक स्थथतत भें तनस्श्चत रूऩ से धीये धीये सुधाय होगा |
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2011-January Lesson Guide
(Unki aarthik sthti mein nishcit roop se dheerey dheerey sudhaar hoga. )
29
Their financial position will certainly improve gradually.
गाॊव की भहहराओॊ को ववसबन्न भुद्दों ऩय चचाम कयने के सरए एक साथ आने की जरूयत है स्जनका उनऩय, उनके
ऩरयवायों औय सभुदाम ऩय प्रबाव ऩड़ेगा |
(Gaanv ke mahilaon ko vibhinn muddon par charcha karney ke liye ek ssath aaney kee jarurat hain jo
unhein, unkey pariwaron aur samudaay par prabhav padega. )
The village women need come together to discuss various issues which will have effect on them, their
families and on the community.
उनको अऩनी आवाज शयाफ के ववरुद्ध (खखराप), साहूकायों द्वाया शोषण , भहहराओॊ के खखराप हहॊसा, फार वववाह
आहद, सम्फॊधधत भाभरों ऩय उठाना जायी यखना चाहहए |
(Unko apnee aawaaj sharaab keyviruddh( khilaaf), sahukaron dwara shoshan, mahilaon ke khilaaf hinsa,
baal vivah aadi, uthana chahiye. )
They should continue to raise their voice against liquor, exploitation by the moneylenders, violence
against women, child marriage etc. related matters.
ऩरु
ु ष साभहू हक खेती कय सकते हैं|
(Purush saamoohik kheti(krishi) kar saktey hain. )
Men can do group farming.
प्रत्मेक व्मस्क्त को बोजन, ऩानी, थवाथ्म दे खबार, सशऺा औय आश्रम का अधधकाय है |
(Pratyek byakti ko bhojan, paanee, swasthya dekhbhaal, shiksha aur aashray ka adhikaar hain. )
Each person has right for food, water, health care, education and shelter.
हभें सॊसाय से गयीफी ऩयू ी तयह से उन्भर
ू न कयने की आवश्मकता है |
(Humein sansaar se gareebee pooree tarah se unmoolan karney kee aavashyakta hain. )
We need to eradicate the poverty completely from the world .
ऩूयी तयह से गयीफी उन्भूरन औय भहहराओॊ को सशक्त फनाने के सरए हभें कहठन प्रमास जायी यखना चाहहए |
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2011-January Lesson Guide
(Poori tarah se gareebi unmoolan aur bahilaon ko sashakt bannaney ke liey hamein kathin prayas jaaree
rakhan chahiey.)
We should continue to strive hard to eradicate poverty completely and empower the women .
VOCABULARY- SHABDAVALI शब्दावरी
DEVANAGARI TRANSLITERATION TRANSLATION
आधुतनक (aadhunik) – modern
तयीकों (tareekon) – methods
उच्च (ucch) – high
उऩज (upaj) – yield/produce
ककथभों (kismon) – varieties
कई (kai) – several
सॊकय (sankar) – hybrid
फीज (beej) – seed
पसरों (fasalon) – crops
उवमयक (urvarak) – fertilizer
भहॊ गे (mahange) – expensive
हातनकायक (hanikaarak) – harmful
ऩरयवाय (pariwaar) – family
खयीद (khareed) / क्रम (kray) – buy/purchase
ऩमामप्त (paryaapt) – enough/sufficiemt
भछुआयों (machuaaron) – fishermen
भछसरमाॉ (machiliyan) – fishes
ऩकड़ने (pakadaney) – to catch
जार (jaal) – net
प्राप्त कयने (praapt karney) – to acquire
हे तु (hetu) – for
खोजने (khojney) – find/search
प्रसशक्षऺत (prashikshit) – trained
प्राकृततक (prakritik) – natural
कीटनाशकों (keetnaashakon) – pesticides
प्रमोग (prayog) / उऩमोग (upyog) – use
ससखामा (seekhaya) – taught
उदाहयण (udaharan example
छोडे (chhodey) – left
ताराफों (taalabon) – ponds
ऩुनरुद्धाय (punaruddhar) / सुधाय (sudhaar) – renovate/improvement
सभथमन (samarthan) – support
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2011-January Lesson Guide
नथर (nasl) – breed
31
दध
ु ारू (dudharoo) – milch (milk giving)
बैंसों (bhainson) – buffaloes
भदद (madad) – assistance or sahayata in Hindi
थवमॊ (swayan) – self
प्रफॊधधत (prabandhit) – managed
चावर (chawal) – rice
थथावऩत (sthapit) – establish
धनयासश (dhanrashi) – sum/amount
सहामता (sahayata) – assistance
प्रदान (pradaan) – give
भाताएॊ (maatayen) – mothers
अनाज (anaaj) – grain
उधाय (oodhaar) – loan
प्रततदे म (pratideya) – repayable
ब्माज (byaaj) / सूद (sood) – interest
वाऩस (wapas) – return
आधथमक (aarthik) – financial
तनस्श्चत (nishcit) – certain
सध
ु ाय (sudhaar) – improve
गाॊव (gaanv) – village
ववसबन्न (vibhinn) – various
भुद्दों (muddon) – issues
चचाम (charcha) – to discuss
ऩरयवायों (pariwaron) – families
सभुदाम (samudaay) – community
प्रबाववत (prabhavit) – influence
आवाज (aawaaz) – voice
शयाफ (sharaab) / दारू (daroo) – liquor
ववरुद्ध (viruddh) / खखराप (khilaaf) – against
साहूकायों (sahukaaron) – moneylenders
शोषण (shoshan) – exploitation
भहहराओॊ (mahilaon) – women
हहॊसा (hinsa) – violence
फार वववाह (baal-vivaah) – child marriage
आहद (aadi) – etc.
उठाना (oothaana) – raise
ऩुरुषों (purushon) – men
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2011-January Lesson Guide
सभूह (samooh) – group
32
कृवष (krishi) / खेती (kheti) – agriculture
सॊसाय (sansaar) – world
ऩूयी तयह (poori tarah) – completely
आवश्मकता (aavashyakta) – need
प्रत्मेक (prayek) – each
व्मस्क्त (byakti) – person
बोजन (bhojan) – food
ऩानी (panee) / जर (jal) – water
थवाथ्म (swasthya) – health
दे खबार (dekhbhaal) – care
सशऺा (shiksha) – education
आश्रम (aashray) – shelter
अधधकाय (adhikaar) – right
प्राप्त (praapt) – to realize /to receive
सशक्त (shashakt) – empower
गयीफी (gareebi) – poverty
उन्भूरन (unmoolan) – eradicate
कहठन (kathin) – hard
प्रमास (prayaas) – strive
1.Write the Hindi words for drinking water and make a sentence.
2. Write two words and sentences for English word Method. in Hindi.
3. What do you call - to sell and purchase in Hindi? Two words each are required alongwith sentences
in Hindi and explain the meaning.
4. Please write salient words in Hindi which are part of community participation and mention the meaning
as well.
S.Suresh Kumar
Hindi tutor and translator
[email protected]
91 9840643690
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2011-January Lesson Guide
January 8, 2011 Learning the Hindi Letters – Lesson 12–Consonants ज
and झ
This is a continuation of the series covering the very basics of Hindi. At the bottom of this lesson are links
to the previous lessons.
If you are already studying Hindi, it can provide a good review. If you are looking for something more
advanced thenmaster 4 words each day in the vocabulary master.
ज ja
Jahaj (जहाज़ ) – Plane
Jal (जर) – Water
झ jha
Jhanda (झॊडा)
- Flag
Jhaaduu (झाडू) –
Broom
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2011-January Lesson Guide
nia
ञ
34
no words
Previous Lessons in this series:

Lesson 1 – अ and आ

Lesson 2 – इ and ई

Lesson 3 – उ and ऊ

Lesson 4 – ऋ

Lesson 5 – ए and ऐ

Lesson 6 – ओ and औ

Lesson 7 – अॊ and अ्


Lesson 8 – Review of Vowels
Lesson 9 – क and ख

Lesson 10 – ग, घ, and ङ

Lesson 11 – च and छ
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2011-January Lesson Guide
January 9, 2011 Suresh – Lesson 50: My autobiography
35
(See all the lesson from Suresh; See the First Lesson from Suresh; Build Your Vocabulary By Mastering
4 Words a Day)
(Looking for something else? Check out our Lesson Finder, Newbie Lessons, and Intermediate Lessons)
Hindi (Transliteration) – Translation
1. शुब प्रात् Shubh Praatah Good Morning
2. भैं सन १९५५ भें बायत के केयर याज्म भें स्थथत त्रिचयु स्जल्रे भें ऩैदा हुआ था | main san 1955 mein , Bharat
key Keral raajymein sthit Trichur zilley mein paida hua tha. In the year1955 ,I was born in Trichur district
located in Kerala state of India.
3. भेये वऩताजी ,उस सभम,त्रफहाय याज्म के हजायीफाा स्जल्रे के याभगढ़ थथान ऩय काममयत थे | Mere pitajee Oos
sama yBihar key Hazaribagh zilley ke Ramgarh sthaan par kaaryrat tthey. At that time, my father was
posted in Ramgarh in Hazaribagh district of Bihar state
4. सन १९५९ भें ,एक फाय झूरे से धगयने ऩय भेये दाहहने हाथ की हड्डी टूट गई | San 1959 mein ek baar jhooley
se girney par mere dahiney haath kee haddi toot gayee. In the year 1959, once I fractured my right hand
on fall from a swing.
5. भैं फाएॊ हाथ से सरखने रगा | Main baayen haath se likhney laga. I started writing with the left hand.
6. भझ
ु े दामें हाथ से सरखने-write (के उऩमोग- to use ) को कहा गमा, स्जसका प्रमोग शुब कामम के सरए होता है |
Mujhey daayen haath likhney( kay upyog) ko kaha gaya, jiska prayog shubh kaarya ke liye hota hai. I was
asked to use the right hand for writing which is used for good/auspicious work.
7. भेयी हाथ की सरखावट खयाफ हो गमी | Meri haath kee likhavat kharaab ho gayee. My hand-writing
became bad(deteriorated).
8. भझ
ु े प्रवाही सरखावट ऩसॊद न था | Mujhe pravaahee likhaavat pasand na tha. I did not like cursive writing.
9. सन १९६० भें भेये वऩताजी सऩरयवाय याॊची आ गए | San 1960 mein merey pitajee sapariwaar Ranchi aa
gaye. My father came to Ranchi with family in the year 1960 .
10. ग्मायह वषम की अवथथा भें एक फाय भेया फामाॉ ऩाॉव घामर हो गमा, भैने पूटफार खेरना छोड़ हदमा | Gyaarah
varsh kee avastha mein ek baar mera baayan paanv ghaayal ho gaya,mainey football khelna chhod diya.
At the age of 11 years once my left foot got hurt/injured, I left playing football (soccer) .
11. सन १९७५ भें भैंने वाखणज्म भें थनातक ऩूया ककमा | San 1975 mein mainey vaanijya mein snaatak poor
kiya. I completed graduation in commerce in the year 1975.
12 भैंने अऩने थनातक थतय तक हहॊदी भाध्मभ भें अध्ममन ककमा | Mainey apney snatak star tak Hindi
madhyam mein addhyan kiya . I studied in Hindi medium till my graduation.
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13. भुझे हहन्दी फहुत ऩसॊद है | Mujhe Hindi फहुत pasand hai. I adore Hindi.
36
14. भेयी भातब
ृ ाषा तसभर है | meri maatrbhaasha Tamil hai. My mothertongue is Tamil.
15. भुझे कुछ हद तक अन्म बाषाएॊ बी भारूभ है | Mujhe kuch had tak anya bhaashayen bhee maloom hain.
I also know other languages to some extent.
16. भैने १९६६ से १९७६ तक कापी कक्रकेट खेरा | Mainey 1966 se 1976 tak kaafee cricket khela. I played
enough cricket from 1966 to 1976.
17. गें दफाजी भेया ऩसॊदीदा था I The bowling was my favourite. The bowling was my favourite.
18. भैने टे तनस गें द का उऩमोग कयते हुए कक्रकेट सीखा| | Maintey tennis gend ka upyog kartey huay Cricket
seekha. I learned cricket using tennis ball.
19. कई फाय घामर हो गमा गमा था, नाक के चीय पाड़ के फावजद
ू खेर नहीॊ छोड़ा | Kai baar ghaayal ho gaya
tha, naak ka cheer faad key baavjood khel nahin chhoda. Several times got hurt, had nose surgery , but
did not leave the sport.
20. भझ
ु े शतयॊ ज औय ताश खेरने का फहुत शौकीन था | Mujhe shatranj evam taash khelney ka bahut
shaukeen tha. I was very fond of playing chess and cards.
21. भैं अच्छे शाकाहायी बोजन, गीत औय सॊगीत ऩसॊद कयता हूॉ | Main acchhey shaakahaaree bhojan, geet aur
sangeet pasand karta hun . I like good vegetarian food ,songs and music
22. भुझे १९७६ भें एक अभेरयकी ,गैय सयकायी सॊगठन (एनजीओ) भें एक नौकयी सभर गई | Mujhe 1976 mein ek
Americki gaiyr sarkaaree sangathan mein ek naukri mil gayee. I got a job in an American non
Government Organization(NGO) in 1976.
23. भझ
ु े फम्फई ऩसॊद है जहाॉ भैने कुर आठ वषम गज
ु ाये | Mujhe Bumbai pasand hai jahan mainey kul aath
varsh gujaarey I like Bombay, where I spent eight years in total .
24. भैने १९८४ भें शादी कय री. Mainey 1984 mein shaddee kar lee. I got married in 1984.
25. भैं १९९२ भें रूस भें 4 भहीने के सरए रुका था| Main 1992 mein Roos mein chaar maheeney key liye ruka
tha . I had stayed in Russia in 1992 for 4 months.
26. ववदे श से रौटने ऩय, भधुभेह से सॊफॊधधत सभथमाएॊ शुरू हो गमी | Videsh sey lautney par madhmeh sey
sambandhit samasyayen shuru ho gayeen. On return from abroad, diabetes related problems started .
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27. १९९६ – २००० के दौयान भुझे दो फाय गदम न औय ऩीठ ऩय गॊबीय ददम के सरए अथऩतार भें बती ककमा गमा था |
1996-2000 ke dauraan mujhey do baar garden aur peeth par gambheer dard key liye aspatal mein
bhartee kiya gaya tha . During 1996-2000 I was hospitalized(or admitted in hospital) twice for severe pain
on neck and back
28 भैने बायत औय ववदे श भें २९ वषों के सरए सॊथथान भें सेवा की | Mainey Bharat evam videsh mein 29
varshon key liye sansthaan mein seva kee. I served the Organization for 29 years in India and abroad.
29. भैने दक्षऺण अफ्रीका भें २००३ -२००५ के दौयान खुशी से कामम ककमा. mainey dakshin Africa mein 2003-2005
key dauraan khushi se kaarya kiya. I worked happily in South Africa during 2003- 2005.
30. भैने ऩौस्ष्ट्टक आहाय एवॊ आऩत्कारीन काममक्रभों भें सेवा की | Mainey paustik aahaar evam aapatkaaleen
kaarykramon mein seva kee . I served in nutritive food and emergency programs..
31. भैने ववथतत
ृ रूऩ से जीवन भें भ्रभण ककमा है | mainey vistrit roop se jeevan mein bhraman kiya hai. I
have travelled extensively in my life .
32. भैंने तम ककमा कक भझ
ु े हहॊदी ऩढ़ाने एवॊ अनव
ु ाद का कामम कयना चाहहए | Mainey tay kiya kie mujhe hindi
padhaaney evam anuwaad ka kaarya karna chahiey. I decided that I should do the job of Hindi tutor and
the translator.
VOCABULARY: शब्दावरी (Shabdawali)
Hindi Transliteration Translation (English)
1. शुब प्रात्
Shubh Praatah
2. याज्म (प्राॊत )
3. थथान
4. काममयत
Raajya(Praant)
state(province)
7. दामाॉ
place or जगह jagah
sthaan
karyrat
5. झूरे
6. धगयने
Goood Morning
posted
jhooley
swing
girney
to fall
daayan
8. हाथ
9. हड्डी टूटना
10. फाएॊ
11. उऩमोग(इथतेभार )/
12.सरखावट
right
haath
Haddi tootna
fracture
baayen
left
Upyog/ Prayog
Use or (istemaal)
lihavat
writing
13.सऩरयवाय
sapriwaar
14. गॊबीय
ghambeer
15. घामर
ghaayal
16. वाखणज्म
hand
Vanijya
with family
serious
injury
commerce
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2011-January Lesson Guide
17.थनातक
snatak
n
18. भाध्मभ
graduatio
madhyam
19. फहुत प्माय कयना
medium
bahut pyaar karna
20. भातब
ृ ाषा
adore
maatrubhaasha
21. अभ्मास
mother tongue
abhyaas
22.
जायी
practise
jaaree
23. चीय पाड़
cheer-faad
24. शतयॊ ज
25. ताश
continued
operation/surgery
shatranj
taash cards also know as Patta.
Please note Patta also means leaf.
26. शौक
shauk
or
Pasand in Hindi
27.गुजाये
favourite
gujarey
28. सॊथथा
31. रूस
32.भधुभेह
33 गदम न
34. ऩीठ
35. ददम
36.अथऩतार
spent
sanstha
or
Sansthaan or sangathan
29. थथानाॊतयण
sthaanaantaran
word)
30. शादी
chess
Organization/Institution
transfer or tabadala(I believe Urdu
shaddee
marriage or byaah in Hindi
Roos
Russia
maduhmeh
diabetes
a or ग्रीवा greeva in Hindi
gardan
Peeth
back
dard
pain
aaspataal
hospital
37. बती
bhartee
admit
38. ऩौस्ष्ट्टक आहाय
paustic aahaar
nutritious food
39.आऩात्कारीन
40.काममक्रभ
41. सेवा
42 ववथतत
ृ
43. भ्रभण
44.
तनश्चम
45.
अनव
ु ाद
46 प्रमत्न
aapaatkaaleen
kaaryakram
seva
vistrit
bhraman
nischay
anuwaad
praytn
emergency
progamme
service
extensive
travel
decide
translation
effort or प्रमास
prayas or चेष्ट्टा chesta
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2011-January Lesson Guide
TASK: Please write 10 small sentences in Hindi in YOUR AUTO (SELF) BIO-GRAPHY and explain the
meaning in English.
Thank you.
Submitted by: S. Suresh Kumar
Hindi tutor and translator
[email protected]
Cell: 91 9840643690
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39
2011-January Lesson Guide
January 11, 2011 Learning the Hindi Letters – Lesson 13–Consonants ट
and ठ
This is a continuation of the series covering the very basics of Hindi. At the bottom of this lesson are links
to the previous lessons.
If you are already studying Hindi, it can provide a good review. If you are looking for something more
advanced thenmaster 4 words each day in the vocabulary master.
ta
ट
Tamatar
(टभाटय ) – Tomato
Tata (टाटा) – Bye
tha
ठ
Thathera (ठठे या) –
Blacksmith
Thag (ठग) – Cheat
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2011-January Lesson Guide
January 12, 2011 Suresh – Lesson 51 दक्षऺण बायत क्मों प्रससद्द है ? (Dakshin 41
Bharat kyon prasiddh hai ?)- WHY IS SOUTH INDIA FAMOUS ?
(See all the lesson from Suresh; See the First Lesson from Suresh; Build Your Vocabulary By Mastering
4 Words a Day)
(Looking for something else? Check out our Lesson Finder, Newbie Lessons, and Beginner Lessons)
Hindi
Transliteration
Translation
1.
दक्षऺण बायत भें चाय याज्मों का नाभ आता है – केयर , तसभरनाडु , कणामटक एवॊ आॊध्र
प्रदे श | Keral Dakshin Bharat mein chaar rajyon ka naam aata hai-
Andhra Pradesh, Tamilnadu, Karnatak evam Keral . The four states
name come in South India – Kerala, tamilnadu, Karnataka and
Andhra Pradesh.
2. केयर, तसभरनाडु , कणामटक एवॊ आॊध्र प्रदे श याज्म की याजधातनमाॊ क्रभश त्रिवें द्रभ , चेन्नई , फॊगरौय एवॊ
है दयाफाद हैं | Kerala ,Tamilnadu, Karnataka evam Andhra Pradesh raajyon kee rajdhaniyan
kramash Trivandrum, Chennai, Banglore evam Hyderabad hain. The capitals of Kerala Tamilnadu,
Karnataka, and Andhra Pradesh states are Trivandrum, Chennai, Banglore and Hyderabad respectively.
3. केयर, तसभरनाडु , कणामटक एवॊ आॊध्र प्रदे श की बाषा भरमारभ, तसभर ,कन्नडा, एवॊ तेरुगु है | Kerala
,Tamilnadu, Karnataka evam Andhra Pradesh kee bhaasha Malyalam, Tamil, Kannada evam Telugu
hai. The language of Kerala, Tamilnadu, Karnatak and Andhra Pradesh is Malyalam, Tamil, Kannada
and Telugu.
केयर के त्रिचयु स्जल्रे का ऩयू भ त्मौहाय, ओणभ का नौका दौड़ प्रभुख है | Keral ke Trihure Jilley ka Pooram
tyohaar pramukh hai evam onam ka nauka daud pramukh hai. The pooram festival of Trichur and Onam
boat race is of importance in Kerala.
4.
5.
केयर भें आईप्ऩा बगवान ् एवॊ गुरुवामुय के श्री कृष्ट्ण के भॊहदय दशमन कयने दतु नमा के कोने कोने से रोग आते
हैं | Keral mei Ayappa bhagwaan evam Guruvayur key Sri Krishna key mandir darshan karney duniya ke
koney koney se log aatey hain. The people from different corners of the world come to visit the temple
of Lord Iyappa and Lord Sri Krishna of Guruvayoor in Kerala.
है दयाफाद भें गोरकॊु डा ककरा एवॊ साराय जॊग अजामफ घय(सॊग्रहारम-sangrahalay) ववख्मात है | Hyderabad
mein Golkunda kila evam saalaarjang ajayabghar vikhyaat hai. The Golkunda fort and Saalaarjung
museum is famous in Hyderabad.
6.
7.
है दयाफाद की त्रफयमानी राजवाफ कहराती है | Hyderabad kee biryani laajawaab kahlaati hai. The biryani
of Hyderabad is reported to be unbeatable.
8.आॊध्र प्रदे श का ततरुऩतत भॊहदय दतु नमा के अभीय भॊहदयों भें एक है | Andhra Pradesh ka
Triupathi Mandior duniya ke ameer mandiron mein ek hai. The
Tirupathi temple of Andhra Pradesh is one of the richest temples in the world.
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2011-January Lesson Guide
9.कणामटक के भैसूय स्जरे का
वॊद
ृ ावन फगान रोकवप्रम है | Karnatak ke mysore
zilley ka brindavan bagaan lokpriya hai. The Brindavan garden of
Mysore district in Karnatak is favourite of people.
10.तसभरनाडु भें तॊजोय ,त्रिचना ऩल्री , काॊचीऩुयभ , याभेश्वयभ एवॊ चेन्नई आहद जगहों भें अनेकों
प्राचीन भॊहदय हैं | Tamilnadu mein Tanore, Trichnapalli, Kancheepuram,
Rameshwaram evam Chennai aadi jaghon mein anekon pracheen
mandir hain. There are several ancient temples in places like Tanjore,
Tiruchanapalli, Kancheepuram, Rameshwaram and Chennai in Tamilnadu.
11.दक्षऺण बायत उच्च सशऺा एवॊ सूचना प्रौद्मोधगकी के सरए बी प्रससद्द है | Dakshin bharat ucch
shiksha evam soochna Prauddhyogiki ke liye bhee prasiddh hai. The South
India is also famous for higher education and the IT industry.
12.आॊध्र प्रदे श का कुचऩुडी, तसभरनाडु का बायत नाट्मभ एवॊ केयर का कथकरी नत्ृ म दतु नमा
बय भें प्रख्मात है | Andhra Pradesh ka kuchpudi, Tamilnadu ka Bharatnatyam
evam Kerala ka kathakali nrity duniya bhar mein prakhyaat hai. The
kuchupudi of Andhra Pradesh, Bharatnatyam of Tamilnadu and Kathakali
dances of Kerala are of world fame.
13.दक्षऺण बायत के कुछ खाध्म एवॊ अन्म ऩदाथम – जैसे इडरी, डोसा, उत्तऩभ, उऩभा, वडा ,
भैसूय ऩाक ,ऩऩडाभ / अप्ऩराभ,औय अचाय इत्माहद दतु नमा बय भें भशहूय हैं Dakishin
bharat ke kush khady evam anya padarth – jaise idli, dosa, uttapam,
Upma, vada, mysore paak, pappadam/appalaam aur achaar ityadi
duniya bhar mein mashhoor hain .Some of the the south Indian food
and other items are relished all over world i.e Idli, Dosa, Ootapaam,
Upma, Vada, mysore paak ,pappadam/applaam and pickles etc.
14.दक्षऺण बायत की द्राववड बाषा फहुत ऩुयानी है | Dakshin Bharat kee draavid
bhaasha bahut puranee hain. The south Indian languae draavid
is very old.
15.दक्षऺण बायत ने अनेकों भहान ऩैदा ककमे हैं | डॉ. सी, वी , यभण, श्री., एभ ् जी आय,
एभ ् एस सुब्फरक्ष्भी , श्री.सशवाजी गणेशन, श्री.शॊकयाचामम , डॉ. याधाकृष्ट्णन ,
याजाजी ,श्री.भूततम (इनफोससस), डॉ. ये ड्डी(अऩोरो अथऩतार ) श्री श्री यववशॊकय, एवॊ डॉ.
फदयीनाथ( शॊकय नेिारम )आहद | Dakshin Bharat ne anekon mahaan paida kiye
hain. Dr. C.V. Raman, MGR, . Ms. Subbalakshmi, Sri. Shivaji Ganeshan,
Shankaracharya, Dr. Radhkrishnan, Rajajee, Sri Murthy(Infosys),
Dr. Reddy(Appolo Hospitals) , Sri Sri Ravishankar, evam Dr.
Badrinaath(Shankar Netralaya) etc.
South India has produced several stalwarts i.e .Dr. CV Raman, MGR,
Mrs. MS Subbalakshmi, Mr.Shivaji Ganeshan, Shankaraachary, Dr. Radhkrishnan,
Rajajee, Murthy(inforsys), Dr. Reddy(Applo Hospitals), Sri Sri
Ravishankar(art of living fame) and Dr. Badrinaath(Shankar Netralaya ) etc.
16. दक्षऺण बायत के असबमॊता, धचककत्सक, वैऻातनक , अनुसॊधानकताम, खखराड़ी,
आशुसरवऩक, नसम , बववष्ट्मवक्ता एवॊ गामक ववश्व भें प्रससद्द हैं |
. Dakshin bharat key abhiyanta, chikitsam vaigyanik,
anusandhaankarta,Khiladee, aashulipik, nurse, bhavishyavakta evam
gaayak vishwa mein prasddh hain. The engineers, doctors, scientists,
South India’s engineers, doctors, scientists, researchers,players,
stenographers, nurses, astrologers and singers are world famous.
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2011-January Lesson Guide
17. यॊ गोरी के सुॊदय औय जहटर आकाय दक्षऺण बायतीम घयों के पशों की शोबा फढाते हैं |
43
Rangoli ke sundar aur jatil aakar dakshin bharteey gharon ke farshon
ki shobha badhaatey hain. The lovely and intricate designs of colours (rangoli )
grace the floors of South Indian homes.
18. दक्षऺण बायत भें चॊदन,ऩीरे हल्दी औय रार कुभकुभ की ऩवविता की फहुत भहत्ता है |
Dakshin Bharat mein chandan, peeley haldi aur lal kumkum kee
pavitratq ki bahut mahatta hai. In South India,the sanctity of
Sandalwood, yellow turmeric and red kumkum(vermillion) is of
much importance.
VOCABULARY(शब्दावरी- Shabadavali)
DEVANAGARI
1. दक्षऺण
TRANSLITERATION
Dakshin
South
2.
याज्म
Rajya
state
3.
याजधातनमाॊ
rajdhaniyan
capitals
4.
क्रभश
kramashah
5.
स्जल्रे
zilley
6.
त्मौहाय
tyohaar
festival
7.
नौका
nauka
boat
8.
दौड़
daud
race
9.
प्रभख
ु
pramukh
respectively
district
main
10. भॊहदय
mandir
11. दशमन
darshan
12. दतु नमा
duniya
world
13. कोने
koney
corners
14. रोग
loag
people
15. ककरा
TRANSLATION
temple
visit
kila
fort
16. अजामफ घय ajayab ghar
museum
17. प्रससद्द /ववख्मात/ रोकवप्रम prasiddh/vikhyat/PRAKHYAAT/lokpriy
famous/popular
18. राजवाफ
lajawaab
unanswerable
19. जगहों
jagahon
20. अनेकों
anekon
21. प्राचीन
pracheen
places
several
22. उच्च सशऺा ucch shiksha
ancient
higher education
23. सच
ू ना प्रौद्मोधगकी soochna Prodhyogiki – Information Technology
24. नत्ृ म
nritya
dance or naach in Hindi
25. खाध्म ऩदाथम – khadya padaarth
26. बाषा
27. भहान
28. ऩैदा ककमे
bhaasha
mahaan
paida kiye
eatables
langugae
great/stalwarts
produced
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2011-January Lesson Guide
29. . यॊ गोरी
Rangoli
30. जहटर
jatil
31. पशों
farshon
known as Kolam(Tamil) or Alpna(Bengali)
44
intricate
floors
32. शोबा फढ़ाना shobha badhaana beautifies/graceS
33. चॊदन
34.ऩीरे हल्दी
35. रार कुभकुभ
36. ऩवविता
37. भहत्ता
chandan
sandlewood
peelay haldi yellow turmeric
lal kumkum
pavitrata
mahatta
red vermillion
sacredness
importance
TASK: PLEASE WRITE SIMILARLY ABOUT A PLACE YOU KNOW WELL IN HINDI AND EXPLAIN THE
MEANING- 10 SENTENCES.
Prepared and submitted by S.Suresh Kumar
Hindi tutor and translator
[email protected]
Cell: 91 9840643690
ISpeakHindi.com
2011-January Lesson Guide
January 14, 2011 Learning the Hindi Letters – Lesson 14–Consonants ड, ढ
and ण
This is a continuation of the series covering the very basics of Hindi. At the bottom of this lesson are links
to the previous lessons.
If you are already studying Hindi, it can provide a good review. If you are looking for something more
advanced thenmaster 4 words each day in the vocabulary master.
ड da
Damaru (डभरू ) –
Pellet Drum
Dar (डय) – Fear
ढ dha
Dhakkan (ढक्कन)
- Lid
Dhapali (ढऩरी) –
Tambourine
ISpeakHindi.com
45
2011-January Lesson Guide
nna
ण
Baann (फाण) –
46
Arrow
Previous Lessons in this series:

Lesson 1 – अ and आ

Lesson 2 – इ and ई

Lesson 3 – उ and ऊ

Lesson 4 – ऋ

Lesson 5 – ए and ऐ

Lesson 6 – ओ and औ

Lesson 7 – अॊ and अ्


Lesson 8 – Review of Vowels
Lesson 9 – क and ख

Lesson 10 – ग, घ, and ङ

Lesson 11 – च and छ

Lesson 12 – ज and झ

Lesson 13 – ट and ठ
ISpeakHindi.com
2011-January Lesson Guide
January 14, 2011 - Suresh – Lesson 52 वामम
ु ान / वामअ
ु ड्डे सम्फंधधत शब्द एवं 47
कुछ वाक्म = Vayuyaan/vayuaddey sambandhi shabd evam kuchh vaaky .
Airport related words and a few sentences
(See all the lesson from Suresh; See the First Lesson from Suresh; Build Your Vocabulary By Mastering
4 Words a Day)
(Looking for something else? Check out our Lesson Finder, Newbie Lessons, and Beginner Lessons)
Devanagari
Transliteration
Translation
1.ऩायऩि,
Paarpatr
passport (ऩासऩोटम )
2. वामुमान
हटकट
vayuyaan ticket
3. चरती सीढी
chalati seeddhi
4. सरफ्ट
6. ववभान ऩरयचायक
10. आयऺण
aarakshan
11. सुयऺा जाॊच
suraksha jaanch
airline
seat belt
reservation
pushtikaran
security check
confirmation
shulk
भफ्
ु त
15. आप्रवासन
mukt /muft
Aaapravaasan
16. अॊतयामष्ट्रीम
antaraashtriy
17. घये रू
18. सेवा
19. ऩाक शैरी
Seva
21. तनफामधन
nirbaadhan
22. यात्रि(यात -night) का बोजन
26. भुद्रा ववतनभम
international
domestic
cuisine
clearance
raatri(raat) ka bhojan dinner
bhojan
bahut or adhik
mudra vinimay
27. अल्ऩाहाय
alpahaar
28. अधधकायी
adhikaaree
29. साभान सीभा
immigration
customs
23. दोऩहय का खाना dophar ka khaana
25. फहुत or अधधक
free
service
Paak shailee
Seema
24. बोजन
duty
gharelu
20. सीभा
30. दयू बाष
air hostess
hawai company
suraksha paytee
12. ऩुस्ष्ट्टकयण
pilot
Vimaan parichaarak flight attendant/steward
8. हवाई कॊऩनी
9. सयु ऺा ऩेटी
elevator
vimaan chaalak
7. ववभान ऩरयचारयका Vimaan parichaarika
14. भक्
ु त /
escalator
lift
5. ववभान चारक
13. शुल्क
aircraft ticket
lunch
food/meal
excess
money exchange
snacks
officer
saamaan seema
baggage limit
doorbhaash
telephone
ISpeakHindi.com
2011-January Lesson Guide
31. धचककत्सक
chikitsak
doctor
48
32. भयीज /फीभाय
mareez/beemar
33. ववकराॊग
vikalaang
handicapped
34. असभथम
asamarth
not capable
patient/sick
35. फैंक दय
bank dar
36.दक
ु ान
dukaan
bank rate
shop
37. आखखयी थथान
aakhree sthan
terminal
38. आसन क्रभाॊक
aasan kramaank
seat number
39.कोठयी
kothree
40. बत्ता
bhatta
41. ठे रा
shauchaalay
44. भूिारम
Mutralay
45. आऩत्कारीन
emergency
udna
take off
utarna
landing
durghatna
49. घटना
accident
ghatna
50. हड़तार
54. ऩूवम बुगतान
toilet
aapaatkaleen
47. उतयना
53. हभार
luggage
urinal
46. उड़ना
52 बाय/ वजन
trolley
saamaan
43. शौचारम
51. भाॊगे
allowance
tthela
42. साभान
48. दघ
म ना
ु ट
cabin
incidence
hadtaal
strike
maangey
demands
bhaar /vajan
weight
porter/coolie(कूरी)
hamaal
purv bhugtaan
55. ज़ब्ती
pre-paid
jabtee
confiscation
56. वस्जमत
varjit
57. तथकयी
taskaree
58. कैद/ धगयफ्ताय
kaid/giraftaar
59. आचयण
aacharan
60. हवाई -ऩट्टी
hawai patti
61. थवागत
swaagat
welcome
62. ऩरयचम
parichay
introduction
63. भौसभ
mausam
weather
64. अयाजकता
araajakta
chaos
65. खरफरी
khalbalee
66. खखड़की
khidki
67. द्वाय / दयवाजा
dwaar/darwaaja
68. ववरॊफ / दे यी
vilamb
contraband
smuggle
arrest
conduct
air-strip
commotion
window
gate/door
delay
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2011-January Lesson Guide
69. खेद
70. यद्द कयना
71. ऩुन: ऩुस्ष्ट्ट
khed
regret
raddh karna
punah-pushti
72. आऻाऩि/वीसा
aagya part/visa
73. घोषणा
ghoshna
74. अनुभोदन
anumodan
re-confirmation
Visa
declaration/announcement
approval
75. अथवीकाय
asweekaar
reject
76. आगॊतुक
aagantuk
visitor
77. फयाभदा/फैठक
baramada/baithak
78. श्रेणी
79. बॊडाय
lounge
shreni
class
bhandaar
pantry
80. ऩदत्माग
padtyaag
81. साभान
saamaan
resignation
luggage
82. ववभान सभम सारयणी vimaan samay sarinee
83. मािी सच
ू ी
84. सह- मािी
flight time table
yatri soochi
passenger list
sah –yatri
85. भुखौटा
co-traveller
mukhauta
86. वामु/हवा /ऩवन Vayu/hawa/Pawan
87. उॊ चाई
oonchai
88 तनमॊिण कऺ
niyantran kaksh
89. यडाय
mask
wind/air
height / altitude
control room
radar
radar
90. हदशा
disha
direction
91. चारक दर
chaalak dal
crew
92. जीवन फचामा
49
cancel
jeevan bachaya
saved life
93. जीवन यऺक दवा jeevan rakshak dava life saving drug
94. कभ दफाव
kam dabaav
95. नुकसान के सरए दावा nuksaan ke liye daawa
96. ऽतया/सॊकट/जोखखभ khatra/sankat/jokhim
low pressure
claim for loss
danger
Sentences
1. भेयी सयु ऺा जाॊच ऩण
ू म हो चक
ु ी है | meri suraksha jaanch purn ho chuki hai. My security check has been
completed.
2. शौचारम कहाॉ है ? Shauchalay kahan hai? Where is the toilet?
आज वामुमान दो घॊटे दे यी से आएगी | Aaaj vayuyaan do ghantey deree se aayegee. The aircraft would
arrive two hours late today.
4. कृऩमा भेया साभन वाहन भें यख दें | Kripya mera saaman vaahan mein rakh dein. Please put/keep my
3.
luggage in the van/vehicle.
5. भैने अऩने ऩासऩोटम औय वीजा दथतावेजों को खो हदमा है | Mainey apney passport aur visa dastavejon ko
kho diya hai. I have lost my passport and visa documents.
Task: Please make another five sentences in Hindi from the above vocabulary/list provided
and transliteration & translate.
ISpeakHindi.com
2011-January Lesson Guide
PS: If you come across some other English words related to airport/flight and wish to know
Devangari/Hindi words, please indicate your questions to me or www.ispeakhindi.com. I shall do my best
to answer them.
Prepared and submitted by S.Suresh Kumar
Hindi tutor and translator
[email protected]
Cell: 91 9840643690
ISpeakHindi.com
50
2011-January Lesson Guide
January 14, 2011 - Learning the Hindi Letters – Lesson 14–Consonants ड, ढ
and ण
This is a continuation of the series covering the very basics of Hindi. At the bottom of this lesson are links
to the previous lessons.
If you are already studying Hindi, it can provide a good review. If you are looking for something more
advanced thenmaster 4 words each day in the vocabulary master.
da
ड
Damaru (डभरू ) –
Pellet Drum
Dar (डय) – Fear
ढ dha
Dhakkan (ढक्कन)
- Lid
Dhapali (ढऩरी) –
Tambourine
nna
ण
Baann (फाण) –
Arrow
ISpeakHindi.com
51
2011-January Lesson Guide
52
Previous Lessons in this series:

Lesson 1 – अ and आ

Lesson 2 – इ and ई

Lesson 3 – उ and ऊ

Lesson 4 – ऋ

Lesson 5 – ए and ऐ

Lesson 6 – ओ and औ

Lesson 7 – अॊ and अ्


Lesson 8 – Review of Vowels
Lesson 9 – क and ख

Lesson 10 – ग, घ, and ङ

Lesson 11 – च and छ

Lesson 12 – ज and झ

Lesson 13 – ट and ठ
ISpeakHindi.com
2011-January Lesson Guide
January 15, 2011 Learning the Hindi Letters – Lesson 15–Consonants त
and थ
This is a continuation of the series covering the very basics of Hindi. At the bottom of this lesson are links
to the previous lessons.
If you are already studying Hindi, it can provide a good review. If you are looking for something more
advanced thenmaster 4 words each day in the vocabulary master.
त ta
Taraajoo
(तयाज़ू ) – weighing
scale
Tarbooj (तयफज
ू )–
Water Melon
tha
थ
Tharmas (थयभस) –
Vaccum Flask
Thaali (थारी) – Plate
ISpeakHindi.com
53
2011-January Lesson Guide
January 16, 2011 Suresh – Lesson 53 हहंदी
भें छोटे वाक्मों को फनाना सं ें | (Hindi mein
chhotey vaakyon ko banana seekhen . Learn to make small sentences in Hindi
(See all the lesson from Suresh; See the First Lesson from Suresh; Build Your Vocabulary By Mastering
4 Words a Day)
(Looking for something else? Check out our Lesson Finder, Newbie Lessons, and Beginner Lessons)
Hindi
Transliteration
Translation
1. क्मा वह कर आमी ? Kya vah kal aayee? Did she come yesterday?
feminine
2. कर हभ सफ दक
ू ान गए थे | Kal hum sab dukaan gaye tthey. Yesterday we all had gone to the shop.
3. कृऩमा खखड़की खोर दें | Kirapya khidkee khol dein. Please open the window.
4. आबूषण फक्से भें उऩरब्ध नहीॊ है | Aaabhushan baksey mein uplabdh nahin hai. The ornament is not
available in the box.
5. उसने दे श के सरए अऩने जीवन का फसरदान कय हदमा | Usney desh ke liey apnay jeevan ka balidaan
kar diya. He sacrificed his own life for the country. त्माग also means sacrifice
6. आऩ ककससे सभरना चाहते हैं | Aap kis sey milna chahtey hain. Whom do you want to meet?
7. भैं अभेरयका जाना चाहता हूॉ | Main America jaana chahta hun. I want to go to America. please
note:चाहती हूॉ( for feminine)
8. भुझे उस- से एक प्माया सा ऩि प्राप्त हुआ है | Mujhey us -sey ek pyaara saa patr praapt hua hai. I
have received a lovely letter from him.
9. जीवन औय भौत का चक्र जायी है | Jeevan aur maut ka chakra jaaree hai. The cycle of Life
and death continues.
10. कृऩमा ऩोशाक अरभायी भें ठ क से यखें | Kripaya poshaak almaree mein theek se rakhein. Please
keep the dress properly in the cupboard( almirah).
11. कऩड़ा गन्दा है स्जसे आज ही धोना ऩड़ेगा | Kapda ganda hai jisey aaj hee dhona padeyga.The cloth
is dirty which will have to be washed today.
12. रक्ष्भण के ऩत्नी का नाभ उसभमरा था | Lakshman ke patnee ka naam Urmila ttha. The name of
Lakshman’s wife was Urmila.
13. तुम्हायी छुट्टी भॊजूय की जा यही है | Tumharee chutti manjoor kee jaa rahee hai. Your leave is being
sanctioned.
14. रडके को भेये द्वाया हहॊदी ससखामा जा यहा है | Ladkey ko mere dwara Hindi seekhaaya jaa raha hai.
The boy is being taught Hindi by me .
15. भैं अॊग्रेज़ी से हहॊदी अनुवाद भें ववशेषऻ ( visheshagy) or भाहहय हूॉ| Main agreji se Hindi anuwaad
karney mein maahir hun. I am expert in English to Hindi translation.
or you may
use, तनऩुण(skillful) in lieu of maahir.
16. भेया कऩडा पटा है औय इसे तयु ॊ त ससरा जा यहा है | Mera kapada phata hai aur isey turant sila jaa
raha hai. My cloth is torn and it is being stitched immediately .
17. हभने आज उससे फात की | Humney aaj us sey baat kee. We spoke to him today.
18. भैं याथता बटक गमा हूॉ | Main raasta bhatak gaya huin. I have lost the way.
19. उसने थवाथ्म ऩय एक व्माख्मान हदमा | Usney swasthy par ek byaakhyaan diya. He gave a lecture
on health.
20. उसकी हहचकी नहीॊ रुक यही है | Uskee hitchkee nahin ruk rahee hai. His hiccup is not stopping.
21. भौसभ भें ऩरयवतमन भेये रगाताय छ ॊकने का भूर कायण है | Mausam mein parivartan mere lagaatar
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54
2011-January Lesson Guide
chhenkney ka mool kaaran hai. The change in weather is the root cause of my continuous sneezing.
22. खाॉसी फहुत ददम नाक है | khaansi bahut dardnaak hai. Cough is very painful.
23. भैने अफ तक थनान नहीॊ ककमा
है | Mainey ab tak snan nahin kiya hai. I have not taken bath so far.
24. याथते भें थूकना फुयी आदत है | Raastey mein thukna buree aadat hai. Spitting on the way is a bad
habit.
25. वह जल्दी जल्दी खाने रगा | Vah jaldee jaldee khaaney laga. He began eating quickly.
26. भैने काभ सभाप्त नहीॊ ककमा I Mainey kaam samaapt nahin kiya. I did not finish the assignment..
27. उसने एक सुॊदय कहानी सरखी है | Usney ek sundar kahaanee likhee hai. He has written a
beautiful story.
28. इसका भतरफ क्मा
है ? Iska matlab kya hai ? What does this mean ?
29. वह एक रॊफी अवधध से फीभाय है | Vah ek lambi avdhi se beemaar hai. He is ill for a long period.
30. बायत भें भहहराओॊ के कक्रकेट को प्रोत्साहहत कयने की आवश्मकता है | Bharat mein mahilaon ke cricket
ko protsahit karney kee aavashyakta hai. There is need to encourage women’s cricket in India.
31. उसको सभझना फहुत कहठन है | Usko samajhna bahut kathin hai. It’s very difficult to understand him.
VOCABULARY- SHABDAWALI: शब्दावरी
Hindi
Transliteration Translation
1. दक
dukaan shop.
ू ान
2. कृऩमा
3.खखड़की
KrIpaya Please
khidkee window
4.खोर
khol open
5.आबूषण
Aaabhushan ornament
6. उऩरब्ध
uplabdh available
7. जीवन
jeevan life
8.फसरदान
balidaan sacrifice or त्माग(tyaag)
9. ककससे
kissey Whom
10. सभरना
milna to meet
11. प्माया
pyaara lovely
12. ऩि
patr letter
13. भौत
maut death
14. चक्र
chakra cycle
15.जायी
jaree continue
16.ऩोशाक
poshaak dress
17. अरभायी almaree Almirah
18.कऩड़ा
kapda cloth
19.गन्दा
ganda dirty
20. धोना
dhona wash
22. छुट्टी
chutti leave
23. भॊजूय
24. ववशेषऻ
manjoor sanction
visheshagy expert
ISpeakHindi.com
55
2011-January Lesson Guide
25. पटा
fata torn
26. तुयॊत
56
turant immediately
27. ससरा
sila stitch
28. फात
baat spoke
29.याथता
raasta way/route
30.बटक
bhatak lost
31. व्माख्मान byaakhyaan lecture
32.हहचकी
hitchkee hiccup
33. भौसभ
mausam weather
34.ऩरयवतमन
parivartan change
35. रगाताय
lagaatar continuously
36. छ ॊकने chhenkney sneezing
37. भूर
mool root
38. कायण kaaran reason
39. खाॉसी
khaansee cough
40.ददम नाक dardnaak painful.
41. थनान
42 थूकना
43. फुयी
44. आदत
snan bath
or नहाना(nahaana) in Hindi
thookana spitting
buree bad
aadat habit.
45. जल्दी जल्दी jaldi jaldi quickly
46. काभ kaam assignment
47. सभाप्त samaapt finish
48. सुॊदय sundar beautiful
49.कहानी kahaanee story
50 .भतरफ matlab mean ? or Manney or arth in Hindi
51 रॊफी
52.अवधध
lambi long
avdhi period
53.फीभाय beemaar ill/sick
54.प्रोत्साहहत protsahit encourage
55.सभझना samajhna understand
TASK; PLEASE WRITE FIVE SENTENCES ON” AT THE STATION,” HINDI WITH TRANSLATION AND
TRANSLITERATION, AS EXPLAINED ABOVE.
Prepared and submitted by S.Suresh Kumar ,
ISpeakHindi.com
2011-January Lesson Guide
January 18, 2011 Learning the Hindi Letters – Lesson 16–Consonants द, ध
and न
This is a continuation of the series covering the very basics of Hindi. At the bottom of this lesson are links
to the previous lessons.
If you are already studying Hindi, it can provide a good review. If you are looking for something more
advanced thenmaster 4 words each day in the vocabulary master.
da
द
Davaat (दवात ) - Ink
pot
Darwaaja (दयवाजा) –
Door
ध dha
Dhanush (धनष
ु )
- Bow
Dhan (धन) – Wealth
न na
Nal (नर ) - Tap
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2011-January Lesson Guide
58
Previous Lessons in this series:

Lesson 1 – अ and आ

Lesson 2 – इ and ई

Lesson 3 – उ and ऊ

Lesson 4 – ऋ

Lesson 5 – ए and ऐ

Lesson 6 – ओ and औ

Lesson 7 – अॊ and अ्


Lesson 8 – Review of Vowels
Lesson 9 – क and ख

Lesson 10 – ग, घ, and ङ

Lesson 11 – च and छ

Lesson 12 – ज and झ

Lesson 13 – ट and ठ

Lesson 14 – ड, ढ and ण

Lesson 15 – त and थ
ISpeakHindi.com
2011-January Lesson Guide
January 19, 2011 Suresh – Lesson 54 हहंदी भें अततरयक्त छोटे वाक्मों को
फनाना सं ें | (Hindi mein atirikt chotey vaakyon ko banana seekhen .
Learn to make small additional sentences in Hindi
(See all the lesson from Suresh; See the First Lesson from Suresh; Build Your Vocabulary By Mastering
4 Words a Day)
(Looking for something else? Check out our Lesson Finder, Newbie Lessons, and Beginner Lessons)
Hindi /Devanagari
Transliteration Translation
1. उसने ककताफ फेची?
Usney kitab bechee? She sold the book?
2. भैने अऩनी दीदी को एक ऩि सरखा है | Maine apnee deedi ko ek patr likha hai. I have written a letter to
my elder sister.
3. वह गई |
Vah gai.
She went.
4. कभर यो यहा था |
Kamal row raha tha. Kamal was crying/weeping.
5. भैं उससे डय गमा था |
Main ussey dar gaya tha. I was scared of him.
6. इसे फाहय पेंक दो |
Isey baahar phenk do. Throw this out.
7. जीतेन्द्र खाॊसता यहा | Jitendra khansta raha. Jitendra kept on coughing.
8. भुझे ऩेट भें ददम हो यहा है | Mujhey payt mein dard ho raha hai. I am having pain in my stomach.
9. कौन जाने कफ क्मा होगा | Kaun jaaney kab, kya hoga. Who knows what will happen, when?.
10. भैं अबी कामामरम से फाहय आमा हूॉ | Main abhee kaaryalay se baahar aaya huin. I have just come
out of the office.
11. भुझे से सदा सच फोरो | Mujhsey sada sach bolo. Always tell me the truth.
12. भैं आऩसे शीघ्र कभया छोड़ दे ने की ववनती कयता हूॉ | Main aapsey sheeghra karma chod deney kee
vinati karta huin. I request you to leave the room immediately.
13. भैं यवववाय को घय भें यहूॉगा l Main raviwaar ko ghar mein rahunga. I will be at home on Sunday. or
ऩय(at) or घय भें (in house)
14 उसे अन्दय आने को कहो | Usey andar aaney ko kaho . Ask him to come inside .
15. झूट फोरना ऩाऩ है | Jhoot bolna paap hai. it is sin to tel a lie.
16. मह ऩयु ाना सभाचाय है | Yah puraana samachaar hai. This is an old news.
17. भैने एक सप्ताह से कऩडे नहीॊ धोमे हैं | Mainey ek saptaah se kapadeynahin dhoye hain. I have not
washed the clothes for a week
18. कृऩमा नायाज भत होमें | kripaya naaraaj (Krodhit)mat hoyen. Please do not get angry.
19. कबी ककसी से घण
ृ ा भत कयो | Kabhee kisi se ghrina mat karo. Never hate anyone in life.
20. शीशा नाज़क
ु है | Sheesha nazuk hai. The glass is fragile.
21 फच्चे बोरे होते हैं | Bacchey bholay hotay hain. The children are innocent.
22. क्रोध भें इन्सान अॉधा हो जाता है | The person becomes blind in anger. Krodh mein insaan andha ho
jaata hai.
23. ऩड़ोससमों के साथ दोथती(सभिता )को फनाए यखा जाना चाहहए | Padosiyon ke saath dosti(mitrata) ko
banaye rakha jaana chahiye. Friendship should be maintained with the neighbours.
24. ये र शाभ को आमेगी | Rail sham ko aayegee. The train will come in the evening.
25. भैं कहीॊ बी जा सकता हूॉ | Main kaheen bhee jaa sakta huin . I can go anywhere.
or सकती हूॉ(saktee
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2011-January Lesson Guide
huun means feminine)
26. भैं कर सुफह छ फजे उठूॉगा | I will get up tommorrw at 6 O’clock in the morning. Main kal subah
cchh bajey subah oothunga.
27. इस दतु नमा से गयीफी उन्भूरन आवश्मक है or गयीफं त्भ ककमा जाना चाहहए (gareebee khatm kiya jaana
chhiye) | Is duniya se gareebee unmoolan aavashyak hai. The poverty must be eradicated from this
world
28. भेये भाभरे भें हथतऺेऩ भत कयो | Merey mamley mein hastkshep mat karo. Do not interfere (or
intervene )in my matter
29. गयीफों का उऩहास भत कयो | Gareebon ka uphaas mat karo. Do not taunt at the poor.
30. कुम्हाय सभटटी के फतमन फनाता है | Kumhaar mitti ke bartan banaata hai. The potter makes the pot with
clay.
31. कृऩमा भेये घय शतनवाय को आमें |
Kripya mere ghar shaniwaar ko aayen. Please come to my house
on Saturday.
32. भैं घय दे य से आमा | Main ghar der se aaya. I came home late.
33. रगाताय फारयश हो यही है | Lagaataar barish ho rahee hai. It is raining incessantly.
34. भेये सभि के वऩता अफ जीववत नहीॊ है | Mere mitr key pita ab jeevit nahin hai.My friend’s father is not
alive now.
35. अऩने हदभाग का उऩमोग कयो | Apney dmaag ka upyog karo. Use own brain.
36. सबी बायतवासी प्राम् हाथ से खाना खाते हैं | Sabhee Bharatwasi prayah haath se khana khatey hain.
All the Indians often eat with hand.
अक्सय aksar also means often
37. भेयी ऩोती ववद्मारम भें ऩढ़ती हैं | ( or studies अध्ममन कयती है |) Meri poti vidhyalay mein
padhtee(adhyyan kartee) hai. My grand-daughter reads(studies) in school.
38. वह दौडते हूए आमा | Vah daudtey huey aaya . He came running.
39 हभ फड़ी कहठनाई (भुस्श्कर –mushkil) से हवाई अड्डे सभम ऩय ऩहुॊचे | Hum bade kathinaayee se hawai
addey samay par pahunchey. We reached at the airport on time with great difficulty .
40 घोड़ी सयऩट दौड़ यही है | Ghodee sarpat daud rahee hai. The mare is galloping.
41. अॊगूय खट्टे हैं | Angoor khatey hain. The grapes are sour.
42. भुझे धोखा भत दो | Mujhey dhokha mat do. Do not deceive (cheat )me.
43. गयीफों ऩय दमा कयो |Garebon par daya karo. Have mercy on the poor.
44. ऩथ
ु तक भेज ऩय है | Pustak mej par hai. The book is on the able.
45. भझ
ु े शुद्ध जर चाहहए | Mujhey shuddh jal chahdiye. I need pure water.
46. वह घय के ऊऩय से अचानक धगय गमा | Vah ghar key oopar se achanak gir gaya. He suddenly fell
down from top of the house.
47. उसकी ऩेट भें ददम है | Uskey payt mein dard hai. He has pain in the stomach.
Prepared and submitted by S.Suresh Kumar
Hindi tutor and translator
[email protected]
Cell: 91 9840643690
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60
2011-January Lesson Guide
61
January 20, 2011 Learning the Hindi Letters – Lesson 17–Consonants ऩ
and प
This is a continuation of the series covering the very basics of Hindi. At the bottom of this lesson are links
to the previous lessons.
If you are already studying Hindi, it can provide a good review. If you are looking for something more
advanced thenmaster 4 words each day in the vocabulary master.
pa
ऩ
Patang (ऩतॊग) – Kite
Papita (ऩऩीता) –
Papaya
प pha
Phal (पर) –
Fruit
Fasal (फसर) – Crop
ISpeakHindi.com
2011-January Lesson Guide
January 21, 2011 Suresh – Lesson 55 हहॊदी ऩाठ सॊख्मा ५५ कववता (Kavita)Poem
Poem No.1
भोटू सेठ = MOTU SETH( FATTY OWNER)
(See all the lesson from Suresh; See the First Lesson from Suresh; Build Your Vocabulary By Mastering
4 Words a Day)
(Looking for something else? Check out our Lesson Finder, Newbie Lessons, and Beginner Lessons)
PLEASE NOTE: कववतामें kavitaayen means poems
Hindi
Transliteration
Translation
भोटू सेठ सड़क ऩय रेट | Motu seth sadak par layt .
Fatty owner lay on the road.
गाडी आमी पट गमा ऩेट | gaadee aaee phat gaya payt. Vehicle came bursting stomach.
गाडी का नॊफय २८ |
gaadee ka number twenty eight(28) vehicle’s number 28.
गाडी ऩहुॉची इॊडडमा गेट | Gaadee pahunchee India gate. The vehicle reached the India gate.
इॊडडमा गेट भें सभरा ससऩाही | India gate mein mila sipahee. Cop(policeman) met in India Gate.
भोटू की हुई फहुत वऩटाई | Motu kee hui bahut pitaayee. The fatty person was beaten a lot.
शब्दावरी
=
Shabdavali =
Vocabulary
Devanagari
Transliteration =
Translation
सड़क
sadak road.
गाडी
gaadee Vehicle
आमी
aayee came
पट
fut burst(tore)
ऩेट
payt stomach
ऩहुॉची
सभरा
pahunchee reached/arrived
mila met
ससऩाही
sipahee Cop/police
वऩटाई
pitayee beaten
कववता संख्मा २
प्मासा कौवा
= Kavita sankhya 2
=
Poem No.2
Pyasa Kauwa ( Thirsty crow)
एक कौवा प्मासा था I Ek kauwa pyasathaa ttha .
A crow was thirsy .
जग भें थोडा ऩानी था | Jug may thhoda paanee ttha. There was a little water in the jug.
रामा कौवा ऩत्थय,
Kauwa laayaa pathar, crow brought pebbles,
ऩानी आमा ऊऩय,
Paani aayaa oopar , Up came the water,
कौवा ऩीमा ऩानी | Kauwa peeya apaani . crow drank the water .
खत्भ होती है
Hindi
कौवा
प्मासा
कहानी | Khatm hoti hai kahani .
Transliteration Translation
kauwa crow
Ends story
pyasa thirsy
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2011-January Lesson Guide
जग |
Jug jug
भें
may in
था
ttha was
63
थोडा
thhoda little
ऩानी
paanee water(also called jal in Hindi)
रामा
laya brought
ऩत्थय
patthar pebble
ऊऩय आमा
ऩीमा
खत्भ
कहानी
Uppdar aaya came up
peeya drank
khatm end(also called सभाप्त
samaapt or अॊत ant in Hindi)
kahani story or tale called Katha in Hindi
Poem No.3 एक दो , तंन चाय …(ek do, teen, chaar..) – One,two,three four,…
Hindi
Transliteration Translation
एक दो , कबी न यो | Ek do, kabhi na ro. One two, never cry.
तीन चाय यखना प्माय | Teen chaar rakhna pyar. Three four, have love
ऩाॊच छे , सभर कय यह| Paanch chhe, mil kar rah . Five six, live together
सात आठ ऩढ़ रे ऩाठ | Saat aaht padh le paath. Seven eight, read the lessons.
नौ दस जोय से हस | Nau das joar say hans. Nine ten, laugh loudly.
Hindi
Transliteration Translation
कबी न यो
kabhi n ro Never cry
यखना
rakhana have/maintain/keep
प्माय
pyaar Love- sneh, vaatsalya
सभर कय
mil kar together(also called एक साथ ek saath )
यह
rah live
ऩढ़
padh read
ऩाठ
paath lessons
जोय
joar loudly
हस
hus
laugh
Task: I request all participants to make an effort to write at least a new 4 line
Hindi poem together with transliteration and English translation, as stated above.
Submitted by: S. Suresh Kumar
Hindi tutor and translator
[email protected]
Cell: 91 9840643690
ISpeakHindi.com
2011-January Lesson Guide
January 22, 2011 Learning the Hindi Letters – Lesson 18–Consonants फ, ब
and भ
This is a continuation of the series covering the very basics of Hindi. At the bottom of this lesson are links
to the previous lessons.
If you are already studying Hindi, it can provide a good review. If you are looking for something more
advanced thenmaster 4 words each day in the vocabulary master.
ba
फ
Batakh (फतख ) - Duck
Button (फटन) –
Button
bha
ब
Bhaloo (बार)ू – Bear
Bhavan (बवन) –
House
ISpeakHindi.com
64
2011-January Lesson Guide
ma
भ
Machali (भछरी ) -
65
Fish
Matar (भटय) –Peas
Previous Lessons in this series:

Lesson 1 – अ and आ

Lesson 2 – इ and ई

Lesson 3 – उ and ऊ

Lesson 4 – ऋ

Lesson 5 – ए and ऐ

Lesson 6 – ओ and औ

Lesson 7 – अॊ and अ्


Lesson 8 – Review of Vowels
Lesson 9 – क and ख

Lesson 10 – ग, घ, and ङ

Lesson 11 – च and छ

Lesson 12 – ज and झ

Lesson 13 – ट and ठ

Lesson 14 – ड, ढ and ण

Lesson 15 – त and थ

Lesson 16 – द, ध and न

Lesson 17 – ऩ and प
ISpeakHindi.com
2011-January Lesson Guide
January 23, 2011 Suresh – Lesson 56 बायत भें रड़कों के नाभ = (Bharat Mey
ladkon ke naam ) The boys names in India
(See all the lesson from Suresh; See the First Lesson from Suresh; Build Your Vocabulary By Mastering
4 Words a Day)
(Looking for something else? Check out our Lesson Finder, Newbie Lessons, and Beginner Lessons)
Sl. Devanagari
transliteration translation
1. आकाश
Aakash sky
2.
अवधेश
3.
आशीष
Aashish blessing
4.
अबम
Abhay fearless
5.
असबराष
Abhilash wish/ desire
6.
असबषेक
Abhishek ritual
7.
आदशम
Adarsh ideal
8.
अजम
Ajay
9.
अस्जत
Ajit victorious
10.
अखखरेश
Avadesh King Dashratha
unconquered
Akhilesh lord & master
11.
अऺम
12.
अभन
Aman peace
13.
अभय
Amar immortal
14.
अभोर
Amol priceless
15.
अभत
ृ
Amrit nectar
Akshay immortal
16.
आनॊद
Anand joy/ bliss
17.
अनज
ु
Anuj younger brother
18.
अनुऩभ
Anupam unique/ incomparable
19.
अरुण
20.
अयववन्द
21.
अशोक
22.
फसॊत
Basant spring
23.
बाथकय
Bhaskar sun
24.
बूऩेंद्र
25.
बूषण
Arun sun
Arvind lotus
Ashok without sorrow
Bhupendra emperor
Bhushan adornment
26.
फीयफर
27.
फजयॊ गी
bajrangi lord hanuman name
28.
फाराजी
Baalaajee lord Vishnu name
29.
फरफीय
Balbeer strong
30.
फरदे व
31.
फरयाज
32.
फारी
Birbal brave heart
Baldev strong
balraaj strong
Bali Brave
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2011-January Lesson Guide
33.
फद्री
34.
भुकॊु द
Badri Lord Vishnu
35.
गोववन्द
Govind Lord Krishna
36.
फॊशीधय
Banshidhar Lord Krishna
37.
फाॊके
38.
फनवायी/त्रिज
39.
िज ककशोय
40.
िजनॊदन
Brajnandan Lord Krishna
41.
िजभोहन
Brajmohan Lord Krishna
42.
फॊककभ चन्द्र
Bankim Chandra Crescent moon
43.
बोरानाथ
Bhola nath Lord Shiva
44.
त्रफये न्द्र
45.
चेतन
46.
धचयाग
47.
धचयॊ जीव
48.
दीऩक
49.
धीयज
50.
ध्रुव
51.
हदनेश
52.
गौयव
banshee(flute) dhar(holder)
Baankey Lord Krishna
Banwaree Lord Krishna
Brajkishore Lord Krishna
Birendra king of warriors
Chetan perceptive
Chirag lamp
Chiranjeev immortal
Deepak lamp
Dhiraj patience
Dhruv firm
Dinesh sun
Gaurav prestige
53.
हषम
54.
हे भॊत
Hemant winter
55.
जीतेन्द्र
Jitendra one who can conquer lord Indra
56.
कवऩर
Kapil sage/ sun
57.
कऩयू
Kapoor saffron
58.
ककयण
59.
कुभाय
Harsh joy
Kiran sun rays
Kumar son
60.
भानव
Manav man/human
61.
भखण
Mani gem
62.
भनीष
Manish lord of the mind
63.
सभरन
Milan meeting or joining
64.
नये न्द्र
Narendra king of man
65.
नवीन
Naveen new
66.
तनभमर
Nirmal clean
67.
ओभप्रकाश
Omprakash sacred light
68.
प्रबाकय
Prabhakar sun
69.
प्रबु
Prabhu god
70.
प्रफोध
67
Mukund lord Krishna
Prabodh consciousness
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2011-January Lesson Guide
71.
प्रकाश
Prakash light
72.
प्रभोद
Pramod joy
73.
प्राण
74.
प्रसाद
75.
प्रवीण
76.
प्रेभ
77.
ऩ्
ृ वी
78.
ऩुनीत
Pran life / force
Prasad devotional offering
Pravin expert/ skilled
Prem love
Prithvi earth
Puneet pure
80.
याहुर
याजीव
81.
याजेश
Rajesh king
82.
याकेश
Rakesh moon
83.
सॊजम
79.
84.यवव
Rahul capable
Rajeev lotus
Sanjay victorious
Ravi sun
85.सॊजीव
Sanjeev vital
86.सॊतोष
Santosh satisfaction
87.शेखय
Shekhar ultimate/ peak
88.ससद्धाथम
Siddharth accomplished
89.सुबाष
90.सफ
ु ोध
91.सुधीय
92.सुभॊत
Subhash who speaks good words
Subodh good lesson
Sudheer wise
Sumant friendly
93.सुशाॊत
Sushant quiet
94.थवाभी
Swami lord
95.तष
ु ाय
Tushar winter
96.वसॊत
97.ववद्मुत
Vasant season( spring )
Vidyut brilliant/ lightening / electricity
98.ववजम
Vijay victory
99.ववक्राॊत
Vikrant brave
100.ववनम
Vinay humility
101.ववशार
Vishal huge
102.मश
Yash kudos/fame/glory
103.मोगी
68
Yogi devotee
104. चक्रधय
Chakradhar Lord Vishnu
105. चारुहास
Charuhaas beautiful smile
106. चॊद्रशेखय
Chandrashekhar Lord Shiva
107. दाभोदय
Damodar Lord Krishna name
108. गदाधय
Gadadhar Lord Vishnu name
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109. गजेन्द्र
110. घनश्माभ
111. गौतभ
Gajendra Elephant King
69
Ghanshyam Lord Krishna
Gautam Lord Buddha
112. हरय
Hari Lord Vishnu
113. जगन
Jagan World
114. भाधव
Madhav Lord Krishna
115. नयससम्हा Narsimha a form of Lord Vishnu
116 नायामण
117. ॐ
Narayan Lord Vishnu
Om sacred syllable used in Hindu prayer
118. याजीवरोचन Rajeevlochan Who has blue lotus eye
119. सागय
120. सुशीर
Saagar Ocean
Susheel Good character man
Submitted by: S. Suresh Kumar
Hindi tutor and translator
[email protected]
Cell: 91 9840643690
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2011-January Lesson Guide
January 25, 2011 Learning the Hindi Letters – Lesson 19–Consonants म
and य
This is a continuation of the series covering the very basics of Hindi. At the bottom of this lesson are links
to the previous lessons.
If you are already studying Hindi, it can provide a good review. If you are looking for something more
advanced thenmaster 4 words each day in the vocabulary master.
ya
म
Yeti
(मतत ) – Himalayan
Snowman
Yah (मह) – This
ra
य
Rath (यथ) – Chariot
Rassi (यथसी) – Rope
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2011-January Lesson Guide
January 26, 2011 Suresh – Lesson 57 बायत भें रड़ककमों के नाभ = (Bharat
mein ladkiyon ke naam) girl’s names in India
(See all the lesson from Suresh; See the First Lesson from Suresh; Build Your Vocabulary By Mastering
4 Words a Day)
(Looking for something else? Check out our Lesson Finder, Newbie Lessons, and Beginner Lessons)
Sl. Devanagari
transliteration translation
1. असबराषा
Abihilasha wish/ desire
2.
ऐश्वमाम
3.
आकाॊऺा
Akanksha wish
4.
अखखरा
Akhila complete
5.
अऺया
Akshara letter
6.
अल्ऩना
Alpana beautiful
7.
अभत
ृ ा
8.
अनघा
9.
अनीता
10.
11.
अॊजसर
अनऩ
ु भा
Aishwarya prosperous
Amrita full of nectar
Angha beauty
Anita full of grace
Anjali tribute
Anupama beautiful
12.
अऩयास्जता
13.
आयाधना
14.
अचमना
15.
अऩमणा
Arpana offering
16.
अवऩमता
Arpita a dedication
17.
आशा
18.
अस्थभता
Asmita pride
19.
अववनाशी
Avinashee indestructible
20.
आमुषी
Aayushee long life
Aparajita undefeated
Aaradhana prayer
Archana worship
Aasha expectation
21.
आबा
22.
आनॊदी
Aanandee always happy woman
23.
अहदतत
Aditi mother of Gods
24.
फयखा
Barkha rain
25.
फसॊती
Basanti spring
26.
बद्रा
27.
बाग्मश्री/बाग्मवती Bhagyashri/ Bhagyawati lucky
28.
बानु
29.
30.
बानुभती
बानुवप्रमा
Aabha glow
Bhadra good
Bhanu sun/ fame
Bhanumati famous
Bhanupriya the sun’s beloved
31.
बावना
Bhavna good feelings/ emotions
32.
बसू भका
Bhumika earth
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2011-January Lesson Guide
33.
त्रफॊद ु
Bindu point
34.
छामा
35.
चैतारी
Chaitalee a season( born in the Chaitra month)
36.
चाॊदनी
Chaandanee moonlight
37.
चॊद्रा
Chandra moon
38.
चारू
Chaaru beautiful
39.
धचिा
Chitra drawing
40.
दभमॊती
41.
दीऩा
42.
दीस्प्त
43.
दे वमानी
44.
हदव्मा
Divya divine power
45.
पाल्गुनी
Falgunee beautiful
Damyantee beautiful
Deepa light
Deepti full of light
Devyanee like a goddess
46.
गीताॊजरी
Gitanjalee melodious tribute
47.
हॊ ससनी
Hamsini one who rides a swan/ Saraswathi
48.
हरयणी
49.
मशोधया
50.
हे भरता
51.
इॊहदया
52.
जमा
Harini a deer
Yashodhara glory
Hemlata golden flower
Indira bestower of wealth
Jaya salutation/ victory/ goddess Parvati
53.
जमश्री
54.
ज्मोतत
55.
कल्ऩना
Kalpana imagination
56.
कल्माणी
Kalyanee fortunate
57.
कभर/ कभसरनी Kamal/ Kamalinee lotus
58.
कासभनी
59.
कास्न्त
Jayashree victorious woman
Jyoti light
Kaminee beautiful woman
Kanti light
60.
करयश्भा
Karishma miracle
61.
काव्मा
Kavya poem
62.
कीतमना
Keertana song
63.
खुशफू
Khushboo fragrance
64.
रारी
65.
रसरता
63.
रावण्मा
64. रीरा
65. रीना
72
Chaaya shadow
Laalee blushing
Lalita beautiful woman
Laavanya beautiful girl
Leela divine drama
Leena a devoted one/ tender
66. भाधवी/ भधु Madhavee/ Madhu honey
67. भहहभा
Mahima glorious
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68. भसरका
Malika flower
69. भासरनी
Malinee fragrant
70. भॊहदया
Mandira melody
71.भनीषा
Manisha desire/ wish
72.भॊजयी
Manjaree bud of a mango tree
73.भॊजू
Manju pleasant
74.भॊजुरा
Manjula lovely/ soft/ charming
75.भामा
Maya illusion
76.भमूयी
Mayuri peahen
77.भेधा
78.सभतारी
79.भोतनषा
Medha goddess Saraswati/ wisdom/ intellect
Mitalee friendly
Monisha intellectual
80.भद
ु ा
ृ र
81.भन्ृ भमी
82.नसरनी
Mridula an ideal woman
Mrinmayee deer’s eye
Nalini lotus/ sweet nectar
83.नसभता
Namita humble
84.नॊहदता
Nandita cheerful
85.नेहा
Neha loving
86.तनधध
87.नीराम्फयी
88.नीसरभा
Nidhi wealth
Neelambaree clothed in blue
Neelima blue
89.नीना
Neena beautiful eyes
90.तनभमरा
Nirmala
clean
91.तनरुऩभा
Nirupama
matchless
92.तनशा
Nisha
93.तनत्मा
Nitya
94.नुऩूय
night
eternal
Nupoor
anklet
95.ऩल्रवी
Pallavee
bud
96.ऩूनभ
Poonam
97.प्रबा
Prabha
light
Priyanka
favourite
98.वप्रमॊका
99.यचना
100.याधगनी
101.यजनी
102,यम्मा
103.यानी
104.यस्श्भ
105.यीना
73
full moon
Rachna
Raginee
creation
melody
Rajnee
Ramya
Ranee
Rashmi
Reena
night
delightful
queen
sun rays
gem
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106.ये शभा
Reshma
107.ये वती
Revatee
silky
108.रयमा
Rhea/ Ria
singer
109.रयवद्ध
Riddhi
fortunate
110.यीता
eeita
way of life
111.योहहणी
Rohinee
moon
112.रूऩा
Roopa
blessed with beauty
113.योशनी
Roshnee
114.सयोस्जनी
Sarojinee
115.सववता
Savita
light
in the lotus
sun
116.सावविी
Saavitree
mother
117.शासरनी
Shalinee
modest
118.शाॊतत
Shanti
peace
119.शभीरा
Sharmeela
shy
120.शीरा
Sheela
character
121.शीतर
Sheetal
122.शेपारी
Shefalee
fragrant
123.श्रेमा
Shreya
beautiful
124.सुषभा
sushma
125.सोनर/सोनारी
126.सुभेधा
127.सुनैना
128.सुनॊदा
129.सुनीता
130.सवु प्रमा
131.सुयसब
132.सुशीरा
cool
fragrant
Sonal/Sonalee
Sumedha
golden
intelligent
Sunayna
beautiful eyes
Sunanda
sweet character
Sunita
well-behaved
Supriya
well-loved
Surabhi
Susheela
beauty
good character woman
133.तभन्ना
Tamanna
134.तनुश्री/तन्वी
Tanushree/ Tanvee beautiful
wish
135.तष
ृ ा
Trisha
136.उऩासना
Upaasna
worship
137.उऩभा
Upma
the best
138.उसभमरा
Urmeela
139.उषा
Usha
dawn
140.वतनता
Vanita
graceful lady
wish / desire
enchantress
141.वसुॊधया
vasundhara
earth
142.मासभनी
Yaminee
nocturnal
143.मभुना
74
prosperity
Yamuna
holy river
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144. ज्मोत्सना
Jyotsana
moon light
145 काजर
Kajal
Muscara(Surma)
146. कादॊ फयी
Kadambaree saraswati
147. काॊचना
kaanchana celestial beauty(apsara)
148. काॊता
kaanta
75
Beauty
Submitted by: S. Suresh Kumar
Hindi tutor and translator
[email protected]
Cell: 91 9840643690
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2011-January Lesson Guide
January 27, 2011 Learning the Hindi Letters – Lesson 20–Consonants र
and व
This is a continuation of the series covering the very basics of Hindi. At the bottom of this lesson are links
to the previous lessons.
If you are already studying Hindi, it can provide a good review. If you are looking for something more
advanced thenmaster 4 words each day in the vocabulary master.
र la
Ladka (रड़का ) - Boy
Lattu (रट्टू) –
Top (spinning top)
va
व
Van (वन) – Forest
Vatan (वतन) –
Country
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2011-January Lesson Guide
January 28, 2011 Suresh – Lesson 58 ऩंडडत जवाहयरार नेहरू PANDIT
JAWAHARLAL NEHRU
(See all the lesson from Suresh; See the First Lesson from Suresh; Build Your Vocabulary By Mastering
4 Words a Day)
(Looking for something else? Check out our Lesson Finder, Newbie Lessons, and Beginner Lessons)
DEVANAGARI
TRANSLIERATION TRANSLATION
1. ऩॊडडत जवाहयरार नेहरू का जन्भ १४ नवम्फय १८८९ को हुआ था | Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru ka janm 14
November 1889 ko hua ttha. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was born on 14th Nov.1889.
2. उनके भाता का नाभ श्रीभती थवरूऩ यानी था |. Unkay maata kaa naam Srimati Swaroop Rani ttha. His
mother’s name was Mrs. Swaroop Rani.
3. उनके वऩता का नाभ श्री भोतीरार नेहरु था | Unkay pitaa kaa naam Motilal Nehru ttha. His father’s
name was Motilal Nehru .
4. उनके वऩता एक वकीर थे | Unkey pita ek vakeel tthey. His father was a lawyer.
5. वे कश्भीयी िाह्भण थे | Ve kashmiree Brahmin tthey. They were Kashmiri Brahmin .
6. वे इराहाफाद(उत्तय प्रदे श याज्म) भें फसे थे | Ve Allahabad (Uttar Pradesh state)mein basey
tthey. They were settled in Allahabad(Uttar Pradesh state) .
7. प्रमाग भें ,त्रिवेणी सॊगभ (गॊगा, मभुना औय सयथवती ) है | Prayag mein Triveni sangam(Ganges, Yamuna
and Saraswati, ) hai. In Prayag, the confluence of rivers(Ganges, Yamuna and Saraswati )Triveni
sangam is there.
8.सयथवती नदी को दे खा नहीॊ जा सकता क्मोंकक वह नीचे फहती है | Saraswati nadi ko dekha nahin jaa
sakta kyonki vah neechey bahti hai. The Saraswati river cannot be seen as she flows underneath.
9.आनॊद बवन उनका तनवास थथान था जो अफ एक सॊग्रहारम है | Aaandh Bhavan unka niwas sthan tha jo
ab ek sangrahlay hai. Anand Bhawan was their Residence which is now a museum.
10.उनके दो फहनों का नाभ कृष्ट्णा एवॊ ववजम रक्ष्भी ऩॊडडत था | Unkay do bahanon ka naam Krishna evam
Vijaylakakshmi Pandit ttha. His two sisters name was Krishna and Vijaylakshmi Pandit.
11.उन सबी ने हहॊदी, सॊथकृत औय अॊग्रेजी सीखा | Un sabhee ney Hindi, Sanskrit aur Angreji
seekha. They all learned Hindi, Sanskrit and English.
12.उन्होने अऩनी थनातक इॊग्रॎ ण्ड भें ऩयू ी की औय सन १९१२ भें एक वकीर फन गए | Unhoney apni snatak
England mein poori kee aur san 1912 mein ek vakeel ban gaye. He completed his graduation in
England and in 1912 became a lawyer.
13.सन १९१९ भें जसरमाॊवारा फाा नयसॊहाय होने के कायण ऩॊडडतजी फहुत नायाज हो गए | San 1919 mein
Jaliawalabagh narsanhaar honey ke kaaran panditjee bahut naaraaj ho gaye. Due to
Jaliawalabagh Massacre in 1919 by British, he was annoyed/angry.
14.गाॊधीजी औय अन्म हदग्गजों सहहत बायत के थवतॊिता सॊग्राभ आॊदोरन भें शासभर हुए | Gandhiee aur
unya diggajon sahit Bharat ke sawatantra sangraam andolan mein shamil huay. He joined the
India’s freedom struggle movement alongwith Mr. Gandhi and other stalwarts.
15.ऩॊडडतजी भहात्भा गाॊधी के अनुमामी थे | Panditjee Mahatma Gandhi key anuyayee tthey. Panditjee
was the follower of Mahatma Gandhi.
16.ऩॊडडतजी ने कभरा से १९१६ भें शादी की | Panditjee ney Kamla se 1916 mein shaadee kee. Panditjee
married Kamla in 1916.
17.कभराजी ने इॊहदया को जन्भ हदमा | Kamlajee ney Indira ko janm diya. Kamlajee gave birth to Indira.
18.जफ ऩॊडडतजी को अॊग्रेजों द्वाया धगयफ्ताय ककमा गमा था, कभरा नेहरू ने एक उत्कृष्ट्ट नैततक सभथमन
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हदमा | Jab Pandijee ko Angrejon dwara giraftaar kiya gaya tha, Kamala Nehru ney ek utkrisht naitik
samarthan diya. When Panditjee was arrested by British, Kamla Nehru lent an excellent moral support.
19.उन्होने जेर से उनकी फेटी इॊहदया वप्रमदसशमनी के सरए कई ऩि सरखा था | Unhoney Jail se unki beti Indira
Priyadarshiniey ke naam kayee ptr likha ttha. He had written several letters in the name his daughter
Indira Priyadarshini from the prison.
20.सन १९४६ भें सरखी गमी उनकी ऩुथतक “बायत की खोज “ प्रख्मात हैं |San 1946 mein likhee gayee
unkee pustak “Bhaarat kee khoj “prakyaat hai. His book the “Discovery of India” written in 1946 is
famous.
21.सन 1936 भें टीफी के कायण कभरा नेहरू की भत्ृ मु हो गई | San 1936 mein Kamla Nehru kee mrityu T
.B. ke kaaran ho gayee. In the year 1936, Kamala Nehru died , due to TB.
22.फच्चों को नेहरूजी फहुत प्माय कयते थे| Bacchon ko Nehrujee bahut pyaar karte tthey. Nehrujee used
to love the children very much.
23.इससरए फार हदवस उनके जन्भहदन के उऩरक्ष्म भें हय सार भनामा जाता है | Isliye Baal Diwas unkey
janmdin ke uplaksh mein har saal mannaya jaata hai. Therefore, the Children’s Day is celebrated on
account of his birthday every year.
24. अत् उन्हें चाचा नेहरु के नाभ से जाना जाता है | Atah unhein chacha Nehru ke naam se jaana jaata
hai. Thus he is known as Chacha (Uncle)Nehru.
25.श्री नेहरू जी को गुराफ पूर का शौक था | Shri. Nehru jee ko Gulaab phool ka shauk tha. Mr. Nehru
was fond of Rose flower.
26.ऩॊडडतजी. एक भहान थवतॊिता सेनानी एवॊ बायत यत्न थे | Panditjee ek mahaan swatantra senani
evam Bharat ratna tthey. Panditjee was a great freedom-fighter and was a jewel of India.
27.वह थवतॊि बायत के तनभामता थे | Vah swatantra Bharat ke nirmaata tthey. He was the creator of
independent India.
28.वह बायत के प्रथभ प्रधान भॊिी थे | Vah Bharat key prathan Pradhaan mantree tthey. He was the First
Prime Minister of India.
29.बायत १५ अगथत १९४७ को थवतॊि हुआ | Bharat 15 August 1947 ko swatantra hua. India became
independent on 15th Aug. 1947.
30.थवतॊि बायत का प्रथभ ध्वजायोहण हुआ | Swatantra Bharat ka pratham dhwajarohan hua . The first
flag hoisting of Independent India took place.
31.दब
ु ामग्म से, गाॊधी जी की 1948 भें गोरी भायकय हत्मा की गई(or कय दी गई kar dee gayee) | Durbhagya
se, Gandhijee kee 1948 mein golee marker hatya kee gayee. Unfortunately,.Gandhiji was shot dead in
1948.
32.सन १९५१ भें मोजना आमोग बायत भें थथावऩत ककमा गमा | San 1959 mein yojana aayog Bharat mein
sthapit kiya gaya. In 1951 the planning commission was set up in India.
33.ऩहरे ऩाॊच सार की मोजना की घोषणा की गई | Pahely paanch saal kee yojna kee ghoshana kee
gai. First five year plan was announced.
34.बायत भें प्रससद्ध सशऺण सॊथथान आईआईटी, एम्स, आईआईएभ, आहद उनके दे न हैं | Bharat mein prasiddh
shikshan sansthaan, IIT, AIIMS.IIM aadi unkey dein hain. The famous educational institutions in
India IIT, AIIMS, IIM, etc. are his contributions.
35.चीन ने बायत ऩय १९६१ भें हभरा ककमा | Cheen ney bharat par 1961 mein hamla kiya. The Chinese
attacked India in 1961.
36. उन्हें एक धक्का रगा | Unhein dhakka laga. He got a shock.
37.उनका थवाथ्म धगयने रगा | Unka swasthya girney laga. His heath started deteriorating.
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38.हदर के दौये से उनकी भत्ृ मु 1964 भें हो गई | Dil key daure sey unkee mrityu 1964 mein ho gai. He
died of heart attack in 1964.
39.नेहरू के ऩरयवाय को चाय ऩीहढ़मों से सवोच्च(शीषम) याष्ट्रीम नेतत्ृ व धायण कयने का गौयव प्राप्त है | Nehru ke
pariwaar ko chaar peedhiyon se sarvocch(sheersh) rashtriya netritv dhaaran karney ka gaurav
praapt hai. Nehru family holds a distinction of providing top national leadership for four successive
generations.
40.हय बायतीम इस भहान व्मस्क्तत्व का ऋणी है | Har Bharateey is mahaan byaktitv ka rini hai. Every
Indian is indebted to this great personality.
41.जम हहन्द. Jai Hind. Victory India.
VOCABULARY: शब्दावरी (shabdawali)
जन्भ
Janm birth
भाता
maata mother
नाभ
naam name
वकीर
vakeel lawyer
िाह्भण
Brahmin Brahmin( one of the 4 castes in India)
फसे
basey settled
त्रिवेणी सॊगभ Triveni sangam Confluence of 3 rivers(गॊगा, मभुना औय सयथवती –Ganga,Yamuna and
Saraswati) है
फहती
तनवास
थथान
सॊग्रहारम
bahtee flow
niwas residence
sthan place
sangraahlay museum.
फहन
bahan sister
सीखा
seekha learned
थनातक
snaatak graduation
वकीर
vakeel lawyer.
नयसॊहाय
narsanhaar Massacre
नायाज
naaraaj annoyed/angry.
हदग्गजों
सहहत
diggajon stalwarts
sahit including or
alongwith
थवतॊिता
sawatantra freedom
सॊग्राभ
sangraam struggle
आॊदोरन
aandloan movement
शासभर
shaamil joined
अनम
ु ामी
Anuyayee follower
शादी
जन्भ
धगयफ्ताय
उत्कृष्ट्ट
shade e marriage (also Byaah or vivaah in Hindi
janm
birth
giraftaar arrested or kaid in Hindi
utkrisht exceptional/excellent
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2011-January Lesson Guide
नैततक
naitik moral
सभथमन
samarthan support
ऩि
ptr letter ( Chitthi or Khat in Hindi
प्रख्मात
prakhyaat famous Vikhyaat or Prasiddh in Hindi
भत्ृ मु
mrityu death or maut in Hindi
फार हदवस
Bal Diwas Children’s day
जन्भ -हदन
Janm-din birth -day
उऩरक्ष्म
uplakshya on account of
हय सार
har saal every year
भनामा
manaaya celebrate
गुराफ
gulaab rose
पूर
phool flower or Pushp, ior Suman or kusum in Hindi
ऩसॊद
चाचा
80
pasand fond of
chaacha Uncle
भहान
mahaan great
थवतॊिता swatantrata freedom
सेनानी
senanee fighter
यत्न
ratn jewel/gem
तनभामता
nirmaata creator
प्रथभ
pratham first
प्रधान भॊिी Pradhaan Mantri Prime Minister
थवतॊि
swantra free
ध्वजायोहण dhwajarohan flag hoisting
गोरी भाय goli maarna to shoot
हत्मा
hatya kill/aassisinate
मोजना आमोग yojna aayog planning commission
थथावऩत
sthapit establish
घोषणा
ghoshana announce
प्रससद्ध
prasiddh famous
सशऺण
shikshan educational
सॊथथान
sansthaan institution
दे न
हभरा
धक्का रगा
थवाथ्म
contribution gift
hamla attack
dhakka laga shocked.
swasthya health
धगयने रगा girney laga. started deteriorating.
हदर के दौये
dil key daure heart attack.
ऩीहढ़मों
peedhiyon generations
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2011-January Lesson Guide
याष्ट्रीम
Raashtriya national
नेतत्ृ व
धायण
dhaaran hold
गौयव
gaurav distinction
प्राप्त
praapt receive
भहान
व्मस्क्तत्व
81
netritv leadership
mahaan great
Vyaktitv personality
ऋणी
rini indebted
Submitted by: S. Suresh Kumar,
Hindi tutor and translator
[email protected]
Cell: 91 9840643690
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2011-January Lesson Guide
January 29, 2011 Learning the Hindi Letters – Lesson 21–Consonants श
and ष
This is a continuation of the series covering the very basics of Hindi. At the bottom of this lesson are links
to the previous lessons.
If you are already studying Hindi, it can provide a good review. If you are looking for something more
advanced thenmaster 4 words each day in the vocabulary master.
श sha
Sharbat
(शयफत ) Syrup/Squash
Shareefa
(शयीफा) –
Custard Apple
ष shha
Shhatkon
(षट्कोण) – hexagon
Dhanushh (धनष
ु )–
Bow
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82
2011-January Lesson Guide
January 30, 2011 Suresh – Lesson 59 जानवयों, ऩशुओं, ऩक्षऺमों, जर-जन्तओ
ु ं एवं
कीड़ों -भकौडों, के नाभ हहंदी भें (Janwarons, pashuon, pakshiyon, jal-jantuon,
keedon-makaudon ke naam Hindi mein. Name of animals, cattle, birds,
water and living animals & insects in Hindi
(See all the lesson from Suresh; See the First Lesson from Suresh; Build Your Vocabulary By Mastering
4 Words a Day)
(Looking for something else? Check out our Lesson Finder, Newbie Lessons, and Beginner Lessons)
Sl. DEVANAGARI TRANSLATION TRANSLITERATION
1.ऩऺी
Pakshi Bird
2.पाख्ता
Phaakta Dove
3.गौयै मा
Goreya Sparrow
4.फाज
5.भुगी
Baaz Hawk
Murgee Hen
6.कौवा
Kauwa Crow
7.चीर
Cheel Kite
8.कठपोडवा
Kathfodwa Woodpecker
9. फतऽ/ करहॊ स
Batakh/kalhans Duck
10. अफाफीर / चकता
11.भुगाम
12.जॊगरी भुगाम
13.भैना
Ababeel / Chakta Skylark
Murga Rooster
Jangli Murga Fowl
Mynah Maina
14.फुरफुर
Bulbul Nightingale
15.सायस
Saras Crane
16.खॊजन
Khanjan wagtail
17.फगुरा
18.शुतयभग
ु म
Bagula Stork
Shutar Murg Ostrich
19.कफूतय
kabootar Pigeon
20.उल्रु
Oollu Owl
21. तततरी
Titlee Butterfly
22.कोमर
Koel Cuckoo
23.गरुड़
Garud Eagle
24.याज हॊ स
25.तोता
Raj hans Flamingo
Tota Parrot
26.तीतय
Teetar Partridge
27.फटे य
Bateyr Quail
28.फमा
Baya Weaver Bird
29.हॊ स
Hans Swan
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2011-January Lesson Guide
30.भोय
More/mayoor peacock
31.याभ धचयै मा
Ram Chiraya Kingfisher
32.भोयनी
Mornee/Mayuree Peahen
33. धगद्ध
Giddh Vulture
34.सभद्र
ु ी फगर
ु ा
35.डॉस्ल्पन
36. कूॉज
37. गाने वारा ऩऺी
38. ऩीतचटकी
39. नीरकण्ठ ऩऺी
Samudri bagula penguin
Samudri machlee Dolphin
Kunj Bower Bird
Gaaney wala pakshi Humming Bird
Peetchataki canary
Naeelkanth pakshi Magpie
40. हाथी
Hathi Elephant(Hathini for she- elephant)
41.घोडा
Ghoda Horse(Ghodi=Mare)
42.कुत्ता
Kutta Dog
43.गधा
44.फकयी
Gadha Donkey
Bakree she- goat (Bakra for male goat )
45.गाम
Gaay Cow
46.बैंस
Bhains Buffalo
47.फैर
48. बारू / यीछ
49. हहयन
50. त्रफल्री
51 रॊगूय
52..शेय / ससॊह
Baiyl
Ox
Bhaalu/Reecchh Bear
Hiran Deer
Billie Cat
Langoor Baboon
Sher /Sinh Lion
53. फाघ
Baagh Tiger
54. तें दआ
/चीता
ु
Tendua / Cheeta Panther/leopard
55.घडड़मार
Ghadiyal Allegator
56. अजगय
Ajgar Python
57.ससमाय
Siyaar Jackal
58. रोभड़ी
Lomadee Fox
59.दरयमाई घोडा
Dariyayee ghoda Hippopotamus
60. फायह ससॊघा
Barah singha reindeer or Stag
61. ऊॊट
Oonth Camel
62.चूहा
84
Chuha rat /mice
63. नेवरा
Nevla Mongoose
64. चीॊटी
Cheentee Ant
65. जॉू
Juoon Lice
also, चुहहमा – chuhiya (mouse)
or also called नकुर(nakul)
66. भगयभच्छ
Magarmacch Crocodile
67.धगरहयी
Gilhari Squirrel
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2011-January Lesson Guide
68. भें ढक
Mendhak Frog
69.त्रफच्छु
Bicchu Scorpion
70. केकड़ा
Kekada Crab/ lobster
71. साॊऩ
Saanp Snake (wiper,cobra etc.) also called sarp in Hindi
72. जॊगरी बैस
Jangli Bhains (arany Bhains)
73. गें डा
Giraffe Giraffe
75. कॊगेरू
Kangaroo Kangaroo
76. भधुभक्खी
Madhumakkhi Bee
77. हटड्डी
Tiddee Locust
78. नय भधुभक्खी
79. झीॊगुय
Nar Madhumakkhe Drone
Chamgadad Bat
Jhingur Grasshopper/Cricket
80. भकड़ी
Spider Makadi
81. फॊदय
Bandar Monkey
82. भच्छय
Jonk Leech/blood sucker
84. बेड़
Bend Sheep
85. घोंघा
Ghogha Snail
86. झीॊगा
Jheenga prawn/shrimp
88. खच्चय
89. सुअय
90. वयाह
91. ह्वेर
92. धगयधगट
93. तछऩकरी
94. वनभानुष
95. रकड़फग्घा
96.
शाकम
also called कवऩ -kpi or वानय -vaanar\ apes
machhar Mosquito
83. जोंक
87. खयगोश
Bison
Geynda Rhinoceros
74. स्जयाप
79. चभगादड़
85
Khargosh rabbit/hare
Khacchar Mule
Suar Pig/Hog
Varah Boar
Hwale Whale
Girgit chameleon
Chipkali Lizard
Vanmaanush Gorilla/chimpanzee
Lakadbaggha Hyena
Shark Shark
97. ततरचट्टा
Tilchatta cockroach
98. भक्खी
makkhee fly
99. खटभर
khatmal Bed-bug
100. कछुआ
Kachua turtle
101. सीर
seal Seal
102. ऩाॊडा
Panda Panda
103. ऊदत्रफराव Udbilaav Beaver
104. वारयस
Walrus Walrus/Sea horse/sea-cow
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