2015 Federal Caucus Updates

FEMA Region III
Maryland Geospatial Initiatives
TUgis Maryland Geospatial Conference
Cynthia McCoy, Risk Analyst
Risk Analysis Branch - Mitigation Division
FEMA Region III, Philadelphia PA
Program Product Comparisons
Traditional Regulatory Products
Flood Risk Products
DFIRM Database
Traditional products are
regulatory and subject to statutory
due-process requirements
Risk MAP products are nonregulatory and are not subject to
statutory due-process requirements
2
Risk MAP Flood Risk Products
Flood Risk Products
• Flood Risk Report – Summary of local flood risk
• Flood Risk Map – Utilizes Flood Risk Assessment to visually depict flood risk
• Flood Risk Database – Raw data and results from flood risk assessment
Flood Risk Datasets
• Flood Risk Assessment – HAZUS loss estimation, identifies location
• Enhanced Coastal Depth Grids – Illustrate depth and velocity of flooding
Flood Risk Database =
Flood Depth and Analysis Grid
+ Risk Assessment +
Changes Since Last FIRM +
Areas of Mitigation Interest
3
Flood Risk Assessment =
Local Inventory Data +
HAZUS Loss Estimation
Using Changes Since Last FIRM
for Identifying Actions
Changes Since Last FIRM
 Communities and homeowners
can use this to identify the
impacts of new maps on the
regulatory Special Flood Hazard
Area (SFHA)
 Also reveals new areas that may
need mitigation actions – either
for existing assets or for future
planning
4
Using Depth and Analysis Grids for
Identifying Mitigation Actions
Baltimore Harbor
Under 2ft - 3ft
of water
 Better information on depth and velocity of
flooding
 More information on higher probability (10 &
25 year) flood events
 These provide enhanced data to develop a
more accurate Benefit Cost Analysis (BCA)
for mitigation projects, a big step towards
implementation
5
Using Flood Risk Assessment
for Identifying Mitigation Actions
Total Economic Loss – in $1000
$0 - $45,000
Baltimore Harbor
$45,000 – $220,000
$220,000 – $540,000
$540,000 - $4,100,000
 Identifies areas of higher flood risk
 Quantifies potential future flood losses to
existing structures
 Identify areas requiring higher building code
requirements
 Supports mitigation plan updates and
disaster recovery planning
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Maryland Risk MAP Initiatives
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Maryland Risk MAP - Riverine
Watershed Based Riverine Projects
Watershed
Brandywine-Christina
MD Counties
Cecil
Conococheague-Opequon Frederick
Washington
Gunpowder-Patapsco
Middle Potomac-Catoctin
Monocacy
Upcoming LFD
December 2017
April 2015
December 2015
Carroll
April 2015
Cecil
December 2017
Frederick
April 2015
Harford
September 2015
Prince George's
October 2015
Frederick
October 2015
Washington
December 2015
Carroll
April 2015
Dorchester
September 2014
Frederick
April 2015
Washington
December 2015
Flood Risk Assessment:
Level of effort, varies among projects
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Maryland Risk MAP - Coastal
Coastal Projects – Includes only Coastal Communities
County
Effective Date
Anne Arundel
February 2015
Coastal
Resilience
Meeting
June
Baltimore City
April 2014
June
Baltimore
May 2014
June
Calvert
November 2014
May
Caroline
January 2015
December
Cecil
May 2015
November
Charles
May 2015
November
Dorchester
March 2015
October
Harford
Kent
Proposed Effective
Date
September 2015
11/18/14
June 2014
Prince George’s
November
February 2016
November
Queen Anne’s
November 2014
December
Somerset
February 2015
October
St. Mary’s
November 2014
May
Talbot
May 2016
December
Wicomico
August 2015
October
Worchester
July 2015
October
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Flood Risk Assessment:
ALL Coastal Communities will
receive an enhanced HAZUS
Risk Assessment
Where is the data?
 FEMA Map Service Center –
http://msc.fema.gov/portal
• The official public source for flood hazard information produced in support of the
National Flood Insurance Program ( NFIP).
• Includes DFIRM Database + Risk MAP Flood Risk Products
 Maryland Flood Map Status –
https://www.rampp-team.com/md.htm
• Includes upcoming meeting dates + milestone dates
• Access to training, LOMR status + fact sheets
 Maryland DFIRM Outreach
http://www.mdfloodmaps.net/
• Designed to guide homeowners/renters as well as communities through the
process of determining their current flood risk as well as future flood risk based on
the preliminary Digital Flood Insurance Rate Maps (DFIRMs).
10
New Approach - Total Exposure in
Floodplain (TEIF) version 1.0
 FEMA Region IV released 2010 Census
and ACS data integrated into HAZUS
• Updated to census tracts, applying 2012 RS
Means valuations.
• Includes update to the 2010 nationwide total
exposure data.
CLEAR Risk!
 Development of Total Exposure in
Floodplain (TEIF) • Create a dataset using Arc GIS and MS
Excel.
• Determine an approximate value of Total
Exposure in the SFHAs. (Effective &
Preliminary Maps – from May 2013)
TEIF - Value in $
0 - 3,000
• Use in lieu of the AAL study.
3,000 - 10,000
• Utilized for relative comparison for
10,000 - 30,000
community engagement and action
potential ranking.
30,000 - 70,000
70,000 - 140,000
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GIS Solution – A Three Step
Process
 Step 1
• Transfer 2000 Census Tract Total Exposure Dollar Values (Updated by
Region IV) to 2010 Census Blocks.
• 2010 Census Building Counts were used to distribute the 2000 Census Tract Dollar
amount to the 2010 Census Block units through binomial areal interpolation.
 Step 2
• Assemble a statewide SFHA layer.
• Effective DFIRMs in the NFHL, Current Draft Preliminary DFIRMs, Preliminary
DFIRMs, DFIRMs at LFD, or newly effective DFIRMs
 Step 3
• Intersect the 2010 Census Block Geography with Total Exposure Dollar
values and the statewide SFHA
• Areal Interpolation of 2010 Census Block in SFHA resulted in the ultimate TEIF value
12
GIS Solution – Step 3
+
B
A
= TEIF =
C
13
Updated Approach - Total Exposure in
Floodplain (TEIF) version 2.0
 FEMA Region IV released 2010 Census
and ACS data integrated into HAZUS
• Updated to census tracts, applying 2012 RS
Means valuations.
• Includes update to the 2010 nationwide total
exposure data.
 Development of Total Exposure in
Floodplain (TEIF) version 2.0 • Create a dataset using Arc GIS.
• Determine an approximate value of Total
Exposure in Special Flood Hazard Areas
(SFHAs).
• Use Building Counts from LiDAR extracted
buildings footprints.
• Apply Dasymetric approach to eliminate loss
estimates being applied to undeveloped
areas within Census Blocks.
14
Extracting Building Footprints from
LiDAR Data planar surface recognition
Source: PAMAP
Aerial Photography (2 – D)
provides a visual
interpretation of on the
ground features.
Source: Google StreetView
Source: PAMAP
LiDAR Data ( 3 – D) provides
the ability to automate feature
extraction of planar surfaces.
15
Automated and Manual Process using
TerraScan Software and ArcGIS
 Automated – Part 1
 Manual – Part 2
• TerraScan Software (runs on MicroStation)
 Building Classification Tool
 Input needed: Point rich LiDAR file (.las) file
with ground classified.
• Automated process is not fool proof.
It’s incredibly cost efficient, but not
100 % accurate.
• There will be omission (missing
footprints) and commission (footprints
where no building exists) errors.
• Manual clean up involves spending
time with an aerial photo and intensity
imagery derived from the LiDAR data.
• Produces rough polygon shapes through
export to ArcGIS. Automated process can
clean up rough outlines.
Rough
Realistic
16
Dasymetric Approach to eliminate loss
estimates in undeveloped areas
 Follow Dasymetric Methodology for Hazus Functional Enhancements
for General Building Stock exposure distribution
• Dasymetric Methodology = Intersect National Land Cover Dataset (NLCD 2011) -
TIGER polygons to filter out non-built-up areas
• Only difference was to
use a 2010 10 M
Resolution Maryland
Land Use – Land
Cover Dataset.
• Matched Maryland
Land Use Codes with
the NLCD codes for
consistency.
17
TEIF in Maryland
 TEIF 1.0 is available for all counties in MD
• Enhanced HAZUS Delivered in Coastal footprint
 TEIF 2.0 is available in Risk MAP Riverine Projects
• Implementation priorities
 Counties with high resolution topo
data – Preferably LiDAR, OR
 Counties with a building shapefile
• Priority given to areas with..
 High risk to flooding
 Increasing population in the SFHA
 Deficient geospatial data
 Building replacement value, Age, Total built area, FFE,
Occupancy type (land use)
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TEIF Demo - http://bit.ly/1r1vRBg
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HAZUS Data Management Course
FEMA Region III E317 Comprehensive Data Management for HAZUS
3rd Course in Series
Focus on the State’s specific needs related to data management and geospatial governance
4 day Course – Onsite session
Day 1-3: Official E317 Comprehensive Data Management for HAZUS training course
Day 4 : Interactive session highlighting the State’s specific needs related to data development, geospatial
governance and the development of tools to streamline workflows.
Training Sites - SEATS AVAILABLE AT EACH LOCATION!!!
Delaware – April 28 – May 1: Dover, DE
Pennsylvania – May 18-21, 2015: Lancaster, PA
West Virginia – May 26-29, 2015: Morgantown, WV
Trainers: Kevin Mickey and David Coats from the POLIS Center at Indiana University – Purdue University
Desired Outcomes:

Improved coordination among State and Local

Increased awareness of geospatial data availability and barriers to access

Develop strategic plan for geospatial governance

Discuss the value of tools and workflows to streamline use of HAZUS-MH
20
Contact:
Cynthia McCoy
Risk Analyst
FEMA Region III
[email protected]
21
+
Maryland Lidar Acquisition &
High-Resolution Land Cover Mapping
Roger Barlow
USGS Northeast Region
USGS Data Acquisition &
+
Coordination Maryland March ‘15
National Geospatial Program

ELEVATION DATA

HYDROGRAPHIC DATA (NHD)

WATERSHED BOUNDARY DATASET

SUPPORT DERIVATIVE PRODUCTS (statewide seamless DEM,
lidar V-Datum derived shoreline)
23
+
24
Current Status of Maryland Lidar
2 QL2 Counties to be delivered soon, 7 in fall 2015
Garrett to follow in early 2016
+
25
Broad Agency Announcement (BAA)
GOAL - Make the process for partnering with
3DEP transparent and accessible
Previous Process
Broad Agency Agreement
Primary source of
information on
Liaisons
process and timing
Information publicly
available to all online
Proposes project
for USGS funding
Liaisons
Partners
Negotiates terms
with USGS
Liaisons
Partners
How USGS
coordinates
Common interests identified
Liaisons bring partners
through open reporting of
and projects together
annual and multi-year plans
+
Broad Agency Announcement
Timing
26
+
27
Broad Agency Announcement
Status and Plans

First year was an opportunity to “learn by doing” and we
have adopted proposer feedback into what is needed to
improve BAA process.

Major areas for planned development


Coordination – current thinking is to hold open 3DEP
coordination meetings 1-2 times each year in each state or region

Annual and multi-year plans – make Federal, state and other
plans and areas of interest available online, as the “planned”
companion to the “available” status of the inventory
Current BAA – never closes, major activity for FY 15
complete. FY 16 BAA announcement scheduled for July
Maryland National Hydrography
+
Dataset Current Status
MDE Stewardship

No unified state approach, agency applications

1:24,000-scale

USGS performing regional data inspection/improvement

Move to 2400-scale hydrography statewide using available
high-resolution data in order to bring hydro features in scale
with elevation and orthoimagery.

Based on success with existing New Jersey statewide 2400scale NHD/WBD
28
+
29
Planned NHD Activity
MDE to Run pilots, then contract data acquisition

NHD Training at DC Dept. of Environment

1:2,400-scale pilot by MDE-Washington County using 2014
orthoimagery, 2012 lidar, modified New Jersey collection
parameters

Second pilot with DDOE for Anacostia also at 1:2400 using
QL2 lidar to be delivered November-ish and 2014
orthoimagery. DC has similar data, and is also planning 2400scale hydrography

Suitable for lidar derived storm-water catchments, BMPs, 14digit HUCs(maybe 16-digit HUCs?)
+
30
Planned NHD Activity (2)
USGS

Planned early fall ‘15 release of NHD Plus at 1:24,000-scale
(Currently only available at 100,000-scale)

Proposal to upgrade Streamstats to 2400-scale

Flood Inundation Mapping segments in Washington County
through Silver Jackets (USACE) Committee
+
31
Ground Truth – Ocean City
High Resolution
NOAA Office for Coastal Management
Activities in Maryland
and select other NOAA activities
Megan Treml
NOAA Office for Coastal Management
NOAA Office for Coastal Management
• Coral Reef Conservation
Program
• National Coastal Zone
Management Program
• National Estuarine
Research Reserve System
• Digital Coast
Digital Coast
• Approach: Bring the
geospatial and coastal
management
communities together
• Outcome: An enabling
platform supporting
coastal management
http://coast.noaa.gov/digitalcoast
1:45 – 3:15PM today
Session II - Workshop 1 - Highlighting Coastal Resilience (LA 4101)
Data
Digital Coast: A Sampling of Our Contributors
Federal
Nongovernmental
• NOAA
• U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
• U.S. Geological Survey
•
•
State
• Mississippi State Coordinating Council
for Remote Sensing and GIS
• Maryland Department of
Natural Resources
Academic
•
•
University of South Carolina
University of Hawaii
Resources for the Future
Management Association for
Private Photogrammetric
Surveyors
Private
•
•
•
•
•
Dewberry
Fugro EarthData
PhotoScience
Sanborn
Woolpert
Example Data
• High-Resolution Elevation Data
• Land Cover
• National Ocean Watch (ENOW)
Training
• Classroom,
Instructor-Led
• Online,
Instructor-led
• Online, Selfguided
Tools
• An inventory of over
50 decision-support
and information
visualization tools
• Many provide
visualization and
analysis capabilities
without need for GIS
software
CONNECT WITH THE DIGITAL COAST
http://coast.noaa.gov/DigitalCoast
[email protected]
http://www.facebook.com/NOAADigitalCoast
@NOAADigCoast
Other NOAA Activities of Interest
• Coastal Environmental Sensitivity Index maps
updates in progress
• Mapping and Modeling Mid-Atlantic Seabirds to
Support Spatial Planning of Offshore Renewable
Energy
• Deep Coral Predictive Habitat Modeling in the U.S.
Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico
Other NOAA Activities of Interest
• Mid-Atlantic Regional Association Coastal Ocean
Observing System (MARACOOS) has real time ocean
observations and forecasts
• Integrated Ocean and Coastal Mapping coordinating
acquisition of data between state and federal agencies
• Acoustic seafloor mapping projects in the Chesapeake
Bay
• Choptank River Watershed Project
Questions?
[email protected]
Dan Dorfman, David “Moe” Nelson, Laurie Bauer,
Chris Clement, Ayman Mabrouk
NOAA National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science
National Ocean Service
National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science
Example Integrated
Biogeographic Analyses*
Imagery
Patterns of
Human Use
Bottom Type
Bathymetry
Oceanography
Species
Distributions
(many layers)
Combine Biogeographic Layers for Analysis
Biogeographic Data Layers
* Specific analyses targeted to management needs
Species
Richness
Analytical Products to Meet Management Objectives
Biogeographic Assessment Framework
Products to Aid
Management
Scenario I
Scenario II
Selection of Optimal Mgmt
Decision
Climate
Resiliency
Wetlands/Living
Shorelines
Ecosystem
Services
Oyster Reefs
Fish Passage
Water Column
Habitat
Ecological
Assessment
Climate
Resiliency
Community
Services
Communication/
Outreach
K-12
Education
National Ocean Service
National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science
Collective
Impact
Harris Creek:
Oyster
Restoration
Blueprint
Restoration Site Boundaries
Based on :
General Criteria
2) Survey information (seabed &
oyster)
3) Final fine scale ground
truthing
1)
Landscape Development Index & Watershed Impact
Zones
Distribution of Sensitive Species
National Ocean Service
National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science
Ecological Assessment Framework
Digital Atlas
Analyses
Products
Community Analyses
Report
2.0
Remote
Sensing
Imagery
SPECIES DIVERSITY
1.5
1.0
0.5
0.0
HABITAT
Contaminants
Predictive Modeling
1.20
Geodatabase
1.00
Bottom Type
0.80
0.60
0.40
Bathymetry
0.20
0.00
0
-1
-2
-3
-4
Geo-spatial Mapping
Oceanography
Species
Distribution
& Abundance
Geo-spatial Analyses
Please Contact Us if You Have Data You Can
Provide for the Choptank Watershed:
Dan Dorfman
[email protected]
(301)713-3028 x112
Thank You!!!
The U.S. Census Bureau
Federal Agency Geospatial Activity in
Maryland
Overview
 Data Release News
 Geography News
₋ Geographic Support System Initiative (GSS-I)
progress in Maryland
₋ 2020 Local Update of Census Addresses (LUCA)
 Geographic Products
Census Data News
 2009-2013 American Community Survey (ACS) 5-year
Estimates Released 12/04/2015
 ~11,000,000,000 individual estimates
 670,000 distinct geographies
 Annual 1, 3, & 5 year estimate releases
 American Community Survey 3-Year estimates
*for FY2016, Census Bureau proposes elimination
Census Geography News
 Geographic Support System Initiative (GSS-I)
 Integrated program utilizing partnerships for:
 Improved address coverage
 Continual spatial feature updates
 Enhanced quality assessment & measurement
 May allow for a targeted address canvassing operation in
2019
 Better quality throughout the decade to support
intercensal surveys (ACS)
GSS-I Partner Status as of 2/20/2015
GSS-I Status in Maryland
2020 Local Update of Census Addresses (LUCA)
LUCA
A partnership program that provides an opportunity for designated
representatives of local, state, and tribal governments to review addresses
contained in the Census Bureau's MAF/TIGER database prior to the 2020 Census
Assumptions
 2020 LUCA process will be simplified and compatible with GSS-I.
 Address Canvassing will be used to validate 2020 LUCA submissions
 Administrative Records, and possibly third party data sources such as imagery,
will be available for validation of LUCA submissions
 The Geographic Update Partnership Software (GUPS) will be available for LUCA
participants
Geographic Products
www.census.gov
Geographic Products
TIGER .shps, .gdbs
 TIGER/Line Shapefiles and
Geodatabases
 National, State, County
 No Demographic Data
(GEOIDs)
http://www.census.gv/geo/maps-data/data/tiger-line.html
Geographic Products
TIGER .shps, .gdbs
TIGER/Line Shapefiles and Geodatabases
Pre-Joined with Demographic Data
NEW!




County Business Patterns - 2012
Decennial
ACS 5-year
Multi-level
http://www.ensus.gov/geo/maps-data/data/tiger-data.html
Geographic Products
TIGER WMS & REST Services
http://tigerweb.geo.census.gov/tigerwebmain/TIGERweb_wms.html
Census Geocoder
www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/geocoder.html
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Census Geocoder
BATCH OUTPUT FOR “FIND GEOGRAPHIES”
Thank You
[email protected]
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