America and World War II 1941 – 1945

Name ______________________________
Class/Pd. ______________________________
Date ______________________________
The American Republic Chapter 20
America and World War II 1941 – 1945
Section 1 “Mobilizing for War”
1. The 99th Pursuit Squadron, an African American unit of fighter pilots who played an important role
during the Battle of Anzio, became known as the
a. Flying Tigers
b. Tuscaloosa Flyboys
c. Royal Flying Corps
d. Tuskegee Airmen
Section 2 “The Early Battles”
2. With the words “I shall return,” General Douglas MacArthur promised to come back to
a. the Philippines.
b. France.
c. Pearl Harbor.
d. the Soviet Union.
3. The Bataan Death March occurred in
a. the Philippines.
b. North Africa.
c. Corregidor.
d. the Soviet Union.
4. On April 18, 1942, American bombs fell on Japan for the first time when the carriers’ usual short-ranged
bombers were replaced with long-range
a. paratroopers.
b. code breakers.
c. radar.
d. B-25 bombers.
5. In what part of the world were the battles of the Coral Sea, Midway, and Guadalcanal fought?
a. the Atlantic
b. the Asian mainland
c. the Pacific
d. the Italian peninsula
6. In June 1942, decoded Japanese messages alerted the United States to the Japanese attack on
a. Hawaii.
b. Midway.
c. New Guinea.
d. Manchuria.
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7. If British and American troops opened a second front by attacking Germany from the west, it would take
pressure off the
a. Pacific war.
b. Soviet Union.
c. Italians.
d. French.
8. On November 8, 1942, the American invasion of North Africa began under the command of General
a. Dwight D. Eisenhower.
b. George Patton.
c. Douglas MacArthur.
d. Ernest King.
9. The Battle of the Atlantic slowly turned in favor of the Allies, in part due to new technology, including
depth charges, sonar, and
a. B-25 bombers.
b. mass production.
c. convoy systems.
d. radar.
____ 10. The Germans were finally halted in their advance into the Soviet Union at
a. the Battle of the Bulge.
b. the Kasserine Pass.
c. the Battle of Stalingrad.
d. Normandy.
Section 3 “Life on the Home Front”
____ 11. Which of the following best describes “code talkers”?
a. aides to Roosevelt and Churchill who relayed messages between the leaders
b. German-Americans who served as translators for the Allies
c. women who worked as airfield control tower operators
d. Navajo radio operators who helped secure communications in the Pacific
Section 4 “Pushing the Axis Back”
____ 12. The Allies placed inflated rubber tanks, empty tents, and dummy landing craft along the coast of Britain
to convince the Germans that
a. the Allies had more troops than they really had.
b. an invasion of Britain would be futile.
c. the Allies planned to invade the coast of Germany rather than France.
d. the Allies planned to land their invasion forces in Pas-de-Calais.
____ 13. On June 6, 1944, nearly 7,000 ships carrying more than 100,000 soldiers set sail for the coast of
a. Northern Africa.
b. the Philippines.
c. Japan.
d. Normandy.
____ 14. One part of the American plan for the defeat of Japan called for General MacArthur’s troops to advance
through the Solomon Islands, capture the north coast of New Guinea, and then retake
a. the Philippines.
b. Manchuria.
c. Indonesia.
d. Australia.
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____ 15. General MacArthur’s campaign in the southwest Pacific began with the invasion of
a. Australia.
b. Vietnam.
c. Guadalcanal.
d. Normandy.
____ 16. Which of the following best describes Japanese kamikazes?
a. one-man submarines that attacked American ships at Pearl Harbor
b. guerrilla fighters who hid in caves on the Pacific islands
c. bomb-loaded planes whose pilots deliberately crashed into targets
d. guards at the prisoner-of-war camps operated by the Japanese
Section 5 “The War Ends”
____ 17. The German’s goal for the Battle of the Bulge was to cut off Allied supplies coming through the port of
a. Antwerp, Belgium.
b. Odense, Denmark.
c. Helsinki, Finland.
d. Nice, France.
____ 18. The Battle of the Bulge was
a. the battle in which the least number of American troops fought.
b. the largest battle fought in Western Europe during World War II.
c. the largest battle ever fought in the Soviet Union.
d. a minor World War II battle compared to many others.
____ 19. V-E Day, May 8, 1945, marked
a. the start of the largest landing by sea in history.
b. the Allied attack on North Africa.
c. the end of the war in Europe.
d. the end of the war in the Pacific.
____ 20. Which of the following choices best completes the diagram?
V-G Day
Double-V Day
V-E Day
____ 21. Where did American military planners decide to invade so B-29s could be refueled?
a. Iwo Jima
b. Okinawa
c. Tokyo
d. the Mariana Islands
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____ 22. Where did American military planners choose to invade in order to stockpile supplies and build up
troops for an invasion of Japan?
a. Hiroshima
c. Iwo Jima
b. Nagasaki
d. Okinawa
____ 23. The goal of the Manhattan Project was to
a. develop an atomic bomb.
b. devise a strategy for invading Japan.
c. build eight new aircraft carriers.
d. defend New York City from submarine attacks.
____ 24. General Leslie R. Groves organized a team of engineers and scientists to build an atomic bomb at a
secret laboratory in ____________________, New Mexico.
a. Las Vegas
c. Los Alamos
b. Las Angeles
d. San Diego
____ 25. Code-name for the atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima.
a. Little Boy
c. Pocahontas
b. Big Girl
d. Little Tramp
____ 26. What was the code-name for the atomic bomb the United States dropped on the city of Nagasaki.
a. Fat Man
c. Fat Woman
b. Thin Man
d. Geronimo
____ 27. After the United States dropped atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki,
a. the Soviet Union allied itself with Japan.
b. the League of Nations was created to end global war.
c. the Allied powers divided Japan into peace-keeping zones.
d. Japan accepted American terms for surrender.
____ 28. Faced with the massive destruction caused by atomic bombs and the shock of the Soviets joining the
war, the Japanese emperor ordered his government to surrender on August 15, 1945—
a. Armistice Day.
b. V-E Day.
c. V-J Day.
d. Veterans Day.
____ 29. In 1944, at the Dumbarton Oaks Estate in Washington, D.C., delegates from 39 countries met to discuss
a new international organization, which was to be called the
a. League of Nations.
b. United Nations.
c. Allies.
d. International Military Tribunal.
____ 30. On April 24, 1945, representatives from 50 countries came to San Francisco to officially organize
a. the United Nations
b. the Organization of American States
c. the League of Nations
d. One Nation Earth
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