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EDUCATION REMAINS THE KEY TO SUCCESS, FOR WE BELIEVE THAT WHEN BOOKS ARE
OPENED PEOPLE WILL DISCOVER THAT THEY HAVE WINGS TO FLY HIGH.
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NEW SUDAN
WOMEN FEDERATTION
contents
wake of a new dawn
•Defying odds to make it big in education.....................5
cases of early and forced marriages
•Married to curb the poverty pandemic
in her family.........................................................................7
•Married to the dead.......................................................11
•Denied only a year to clear her education................13
A world in which everybody can build an
independent livelihood, that is our ideal. And that
is why support people in developing countries
working on their own future. A matter of justice.
•Not yet time but am already booked...........................14
•Its finally pay back time................................................16
•Back to my land of origin with excitement,
Only to please my people more......................................18
•Without wasting time for education............................19
•All hope is not lost.........................................................20
•Centre check up: Mundri county........................22
Our strategy
Nobody chooses where he or she is born. But we all
have the same rights, wherever around the world.
We’re convinced of this, and it is the basis of our
strategy and policy.
•Raped, manipulated and abandoned to die..............23
•Girl child education campaign....................................24
•Don't beat a women, rather beat the drum!...............27
•Shun the rape prevalence.............................................29
WOMEN TODAY quarterly
magazine is compiled, edited and published for the New
Sudan Women Federation.
writers- Akur Thon and Deng
Editor- Simon N. Mwaura
contacts
P. O. Box 12109,
00100-Nairobi, Kenya
Tel: +249911413099
+ 249 955120066
+256477126854
Email: [email protected]
Photographs used in this publications are those possessed by New Sudan Women
Federation, all rights are reserved for the purpose of publication by the organization.
NEW SUDAN
WOMEN FEDERATTION
NEW SUDAN
WOMEN FEDERATTION
T
his is yet
a n o t h er
exiting,
exploring
a
n
d
enormous
lay
out
of your favourite reader
friendly
publication
by New Sudan Women
Federation. Amidst the
long and agonizing period
of war that locked our
nation over generations
past, our people at last
can comfortably seat back
to reflect their supreme
struggle and victory to have
overpowered the enemy.
This however has come
with challenges along that
require urgent intervention
in streamlining the joy
of being an independent
nation.
In
our
quest
to reconcile the South
Sudan’s citizens NSWF
undertakes the pride of
educating, counselling and
encouraging the people
to lead a morally upright
life, in a civilized manner
bonded with love, humility
and peaceful coexistence
steered by respect to
humanity irrespective of
race, age and gender.
The theme of this edition
advocates against Sexual
and Gender Based Violence. This pandemic has
ruined the reputation of
our tribesmen, upon whose
archaic cultural practise
has remained dominant
to degrade particular gender. Amicable as the battle
fields has now turned to be
recreation sites, we would
essentially define the war
on SGBV to be complicated
4
EDITORIAL
and compressed for it to be
extinct. Our overall vision
to change the mind set has
been received with mixed
reactions, for the vice hindering its extinct progress
has been as a result of an
enemy from within, who
happen to be our very own
perpetrators of GBV. The
healing process has attracted a tremendous success as I feel very pleased
to acknowledge the support
from our donor bodies and
partners, whom I commend
without their support we
couldn’t have made it this
far.
The NSWF operates in 13
counties within 3 regions
in South Sudan. Among
the activities that the organization involves to better the lives of women and
children include, Legal Aid
clinics that and envisaged
to create the awareness of
women rights through legal education in line with
the international Human
Rights Convention and the
Movement Laws and oppose to any other laws discriminatory against women
rights. The Adult literacy
programme seeks to provide women with adult
education that would not
only make them literate
and numerate, but will also
help them acquire skills for
self-reliance. Sexual and
Gender Based Violence
campaign is among our latest programme to initialize, the impact generated
THE WAKE OF
A NEW DAWN
determined by the short
period since its inception
proves the dire urge from
community members to access information.
Driven by purpose to attain
the organization objectives
as laid in the strategic plan,
our team comprising of paralegal officers, field coordinators, and teachers has
contributed massively to
help transform and quench
the desire of our determined community members
of the regions they operate
from. Service delivery has
been positive, recording
numerous impacts at society level in appreciating and
understanding the women
and children rights, which
will attribute to a peaceful coexistence and understanding of gender equality
across the cycle of service
delivery in social, economic and religious spheres.
Our doors have remained
open during and after the
war era, our dream is to
spread the gospel in advocating against violation of
human rights, across our
territorial boarders and
beyond international territories. The urge to narrate painful tales of victims
close to us has remained
our overall focal point, as
well as offering counselling
and mentorship to victims
and even at times taking
charge to incorporate those
lucky in our activities.
D
e f y i n g
odds
to
make
it
big in Education.
What
is
never far
from the mind of any young
and ambitious teenager
raised in the 21st century
is the worry of his/her education. One Susan Andrew
from Rokon county, irrespective of the twist and
turns in the quest of pursuing her dream to become
an administrator, she still
keeps the hope of making it
through with her education
path one day.
I was born in early 90s as
the first born in a family
of 6 among them 2 sisters
and a brother. My mother
had a fairly good academic
background, she was employed as a health worker
in a local hospital within
our area, my father was a
farmer, thus it was upon
mum’s responsibility to
care for the family’s expenses. Those were the better days that we got to free-
ly enjoy and experience the
outmost laxity one could
possibly practice knowing
there was enough food for
everyone and school fees
was paid on time. A couple
of years down the line as I
was about to clear my high
Those were the better days that we
got to freely enjoy
and
experience
the out most laxity
one could possibly
practice knowing
there was enough
food for everyone
and school fees was
paid on time.
school education, my mum
was dismissed from service
as a civil servant, the news
broke to us, as though the
world would end the next
morning, since my father
had already retired from
spending the whole day
cultivating at the farm as
his age could not allow him.
This meant that we would
no longer get hand outs for
our meagre expenses as
pocket money. Life changed
abundantly as we now
started walking to school,
spending the whole day
surviving on porridge the
only meal served in learning institution as tea break
only to return home tired in
the evening to stare at the
empty cooking pots with
both my parents grieved
with hunger all day without
means to get food.
By the grace of God, I cleared my
0 level, my younger siblings got
it rough pushing on with faith
that something would just be
unleashed. Luckily my result over
whelmed everyone in my family
as I had performed superbly. This
boosted my morale to soldier on
optimistic that I would essentially
make it to the university as the
only one in our lineage, which
I surely did get an opportunity
to enrol in year 2010 to pursue
public administration at the
University of Juba. Before joining,
I earlier on had gotten an employment opportunity as an office
cleaner, the proceeds I generated
were enough to cater for my first
5
NEW SUDAN
WOMEN FEDERATTION
school fees. Life continued abundantly while still working part
time and learning in the course
of the day. As I joined 2nd year,
the fees hiked this meant I had to
as well advance in earning more
to clear my bills on time to avoid
being sent away, I strived hard to
engage in casual labouring multi
tasking as an office cleaner, house
wife, and doing laundry. This
became my life style, As the wise
people quoted, that sometimes the
adventures of a life time become
life itself, I adopted to perfect my
style for the better as there weren’t
any other options left for me to
try out.
Early this year, having
saved enough in December,
for my 3rd year first semester, the University of Juba
was closed following demonstration by students raising their concerns about
adopting to the new module in English. The institution was shut down and
all students sent home, it
has been now 4 months and
counting, and we are yet
to report back, my greatest worry as of now, is how
I will pay my school fees,
there shows no chances of
me ever reporting back because I have been jobless.
6
D
Cases
of early
and
forced
marriages
in
Bor,
Jonglei State.
uring
our
visit to
Bor,
w e
found out that cases
of early and forced
marriages continue
to rise. While interviewing parents, community leaders and
girls who had been
married young, the
argument was that
girls are considered a
source of wealth and
they should therefore be ready for marriage at any time.
One elder shared his
sentiments
referring to early marriage as ‘God given’
and that only God can
intervene to solve or
condemn the issues
hindering its progression. For clarity
and mutual understanding He advised
the gathered members to appreciate
everything the way it
is, hopefully without
loosing faith for the
Almighty to change
the current state of
affairs. We cited a
few cases during our
visit to Bor as will be
discussed below.
NEW SUDAN
WOMEN FEDERATTION
Married to cub the poverty
pandemic in her family
D
e c e m ber, 2010
Clear y
stimulates
a
faint
memory
stack to a
16 year old Alek Biar from
Bor who was then forced to
marry a 54 year old man. To
the Best of her knowledge
and diligently playing her
role to assist her mother in
domestic chores, One evening, a man visited their
home to secretly meet her
uncles and elder cousins
and as soon as he was gone,
Alek was called in. The uncle informed her that the
man who just left was actually her proposed better half, who according to
them was the right suitor to
marry her, recommending
that henceforth, she should
ice break to know him.
Essentially as any other
young girl of her age would
do, she raised an eyebrow
to express her concern to
complain the indomitable
action from her superiors, this was received with
mixed reactions by her
cousins who felt their respect was being neglected
by Alek, what followed next
was a thorough beating that
lastly ended with her being detained inside a room
with strict orders to stay
there until she could make
up her mind to marry the
old man. This was howev-
er a white elephant as she
was still not for the idea
of getting married, more
so to an old man. The following morning, Alek was
summoned by one of her
uncle who expressed his
concerns following the ultimate poverty struggle that
Alek’s mother and siblings
were experiencing since
their father died. Based
on her relative’s opinion,
this agonizing situation of
Alek’s family could only be
solved by her accepting the
old man’s hand in marriage,
so that he could take care
of the family as the bread
winner.
Alek opposed their remarks
and begged to be given an
opportunity to go back to
school, which according to
her understanding would
permanently solve her family agony, only if the chance
would be granted. Hell
broke loose on the mention
of school to her cousins,
who rained blows on her, to
save this intimidation she
gave in and agreed to accept the old man’s hand in
marriage. Immediately as
she accepted this, an invitation was called for the suitor to pay dowry, so he could
take his future wife home.
Ironically, out of the 70
heads of cattle that he presented to Alek’s relatives as
dowry, only 5 were given to
her mother and siblings for
7
NEW SUDAN
WOMEN FEDERATTION
NEW SUDAN
WOMEN FEDERATTION
their upkeep, the rest were
shared amongst the uncles.
Preparations commenced
for Alek to go to her marital
home and after three days,
she was taken in as a duly
married wife, only at the
age of 16 years.
The newly found genesis
in Alek’s marriage life kick
started her outmost struggle to dutifully play her
role as a second wife. Conflict evolved between the
first wife and Alek, who did
not admire her presence,
this was in relations to the
frequent provocation and
subsequent fights Alek received from the 1st wife.
Alek’s husband did not for
any reason support her as
much as she tried to convince him that she was being mistreated by the first
wife. With the frequent provokes and harassment, the
old man essentially contravened to punish Alek
through beating her thoroughly and considering
her a housebreaker who
couldn’t leave in peace with
her extended family. The
other tagline that restricted
the man to support her was
the fact that she was yet
to bear him children. This
proved it definite that the
suffering would continue.
Distressed, she consoled to
seek help from her friends,
but no signs of hope showed
from the people around,
Alek sought the only immunity from her jeopardizing
state by escaping back to
her people.
Eventually only the mother
8
ing home close to her family,
her life has changed though
not amicable as she would
have wished, since she is
put to custody, without being allowed go anywhere
else apart from the church
on condition that someone
has to accompany her. Alek
has however not despaired
in life and continues to soldier on with high hopes that
one day things will change
for the best .Her dream is
to go back to school to attain education that would
give her a chance for an
employment opportunity so
that she can possibly support her mother and even
her uncle’s.
Out of the 70 heads
of cattle that were
presented to Alek’s
relatives as dowry, only 5 were
given to her mother and siblings for
their upkeep.
who understands the pain
of her children, Alek was
warmly welcomed back
home by her mum, but upon
the news reaching the ears
of her relatives, an immediate gathering was called
to evaluate the inhuman
act of Alek, to have eloped
from her marital home, to
relocate back to her mother. Such an act in itself
definition was against their
culture, dire consequences
would therefore be faced
by victims with such conduct. The prudent question
that bothered her relative
most and still unimaginable, was the embarrasment
they would feel paying back
dowry, which was not an option they ought to consider.
To save themselves the hu-
miliation, as a matter of
course they disciplined
Alek before escorting her
back to her customary husband, and indicted a warning should she leave again,
her mother would in turn
bear the burden.
Nevertheless,
nothing
changed much at her marital home, mistreat from the
first wife, and subsequent
beatings by the husband
loomed alive since she still
could not bear him a child.
Months later, Alek decided
to escape again, she went
back to her home. Besides
her mother and younger
brothers, no one else was
excited to see her home.
Early marriages
are ‘God given’
and that only God
can intervene to
solve or condemn
the issues hindering its progression.
She is determined to
change the outlook of her
community on girl child
education as well as the
place of women in society
which would determine
their social, economic and
religious contribution for
the wellbeing of the Newest
Republic in Africa, South
Sudan. Alek calls on her
community to stop valuing
cows more than their girl
child. She challenges everyone by saying that “if the
late Doctor John Garang
and all the leaders, led this
country with cows and not
brains then we would still
be in the bush”. She therefore urges the entire South
Sudan community to support change and for the
government to support girl
child education across the
country.
As much as she is happy be-
9
NEW SUDAN
WOMEN FEDERATTION
NEW SUDAN
WOMEN FEDERATTION
Left at the mercy of herfather,
upon the separation of her
biological mother
A
17 year old
Nuer girl,
got
married to a
man three
times her
age at thirteen years. She was the only
child in the family, her dad
had divorced the wife. The
father took care of her until
she reached 13 years, when
he decided that she was of
the right age and should
therefore get married. One
afternoon, a man older
than her father approached
her home and informed her
of his plans to marry her.
The girl did not believe
what she heard and pleaded with the man to let her
alone since she was only a
child. Falling on deaf ears,
the man did not respond to
her concerns, rather he assured her to calm down for
he was going to settle his
case with her elders. That
was it, as far as her plea
was to be considered, the
man never came back to negotiate with her again. He
progressed to seek the consent of marriage from her
father together with the elders, and the matter was a
light issue that only needed
a memorandum of understanding.
In a pinch of time, dowry was paid and she was
peacefully sent to her hus-
10
band. The girl prolonged
her period to conceive than
her husband expected. This
was the cause of her despair. It drew everyone’s attention. In response to the
much concern from their
society’s reputation, the
husband often punished
her daily. It happened one
The girl
prolonged her
period to
conceive than her
husband
expected.
evening as her husband was
fighting with her, he angrily
slapped her on the ear, she
fell down and that caused
her to develop a hearing
problem. In fact, we would
not have communicated
well with her at the time of
the interview was it not for
her friend who was conversant with her sign language.
Feeling feed up with the
beating, she escaped back
to her home, only to be
forced back as the father
was not by any chance willing to pay back the dowry.
Rejected by her own biological father and the only
family member she knew,
all her hopes of survival got
crashed, thus she had to return to her husband.
For awhile life offered her
peace of mind when she
conceived a baby boy, but
this was to be short lived
as the husband continued
to beat her even after her
fulfilling his privilege to be
a father. Left without any
other choice as the brutal
beatings prolonged, The
girl gave up her marriage
and went back to her father.
On seeing her, he knew
there was nothing much he
could do to save her agony,
other than accepting her
back. She now lives peacefully with her dad even
though more confused with
her life.
Cases
of early
and
forced
marriages
in
Rumbek,
Lake State
Married to the dead
L
ike any other pastoral
community
in
South
Sudan, the
greed for a
large dowry
has been the major cause of
early and forced marriages in Rumbek Lake State.
Yar Makuer who is now 17
years old had a different
taste to her marriage path.
Two of her women neighbours used to compliment
with her how beautiful she
was, sharing that their wish
would be for her to get married to their brother in the
near future. Yar was only
ten by then. A year later, the
same two women accompanied by others, visited Yar’s
home to have a seating with
her relatives. They brought
alongside with them jew-
elleries and a herd of cattle as dowry for Yar, they
further pleaded for her
uncle’s consent to allow
their brother to marry Yar.
It was ironically strange
that the marriage proposal was made by women in
the absence of the groom.
Yar later on learnt that the
women actually wanted to
marry her off to their late
brother, which according
to their culture was of the
norm. It is culturally right
amongst the Dinka, for family members of a deceased
to marry a wife for him, pay
dowry and get another man
to bear him children who
are then named after the
dead man. Yar was quick
to inquire who was going to
be responsible for her. The
women vowed to be with
her in whichever situation,
11
NEW SUDAN
WOMEN FEDERATTION
NEW SUDAN
WOMEN FEDERATTION
adding that she would never lack anything as long as
they were still alive. Later
that evening, Yar pleaded
with her uncle, trying to
persuade him to cancel the
marriage plans.
He did not respond, instead
called the other uncles for
a meeting and revealed
to them what Yar had told
him. They were not happy
with her proposal, for they
expected nothing less other
than the promised dowry
from the suitors close relatives. By all means Yar’s
contribution here was very
linear, her only obligation
was to follow the decision
made by her superiors
without questioning. As
if sounding an alarm, orders were mounted on her,
should she reject the marriage, they would essentially kill her. To confirm
the seriousness of the matter, the uncle’s purchased
spears and showed her to
bond their words. Left without choice, Yar accepted to
get married.
Her family confident with
her acceptance had to wait
the onset of her menstrual
flow. At the age of 11, Yar
received her first menstruation. Her uncles on
12
learning this were quick to
inform her in-laws that it
was now time for them to
collect their duly rightful
bride. Procedural marriage
plans were conducted and
exchange of wife with dowry was done before Yar was
sent to her new home. Funny though, the man who was
to inherit her was actually
the diceased’s uncle who
already had three wives.
sounding
an
alarm,
orders
were mounted on
her, should she reject the marriage,
they would essentially kill her. To
confirm the seriousness of the
matter the uncles
purchased spears
and showed her to
bond their words.
In the verge of trying hard
to fulfil her womanhood,
three years past and still
Yar could not conceive,
her in-laws got fed up with
her as they could not tolerate a barren wife. Even the
women who had vowed to
stay put on her side withdrew their support, leaving
her to toil and moil so as to
cater for her needs. feeling
feed up with the jeopardizing standards in her life,
Yar decided to go back to
her parents.
She got Lucky as none of
her relatives forced her
back. A year later, she got
married to a man of her
choice. Her relatives perceived not to claim dowry
until she could bear a child
in her new marriage. Even
though her husband from
the very beginning was not
bothered with her childless
state, her in-laws have always been striking hard by
insulting her and inciting
the husband to divorce her.
Yar believes all hope is not
lost for her creator would
fulfil her wish when the
right time avails.
Denied
only
a year
to clear
her Education
1
7 year old Sarah
Yar Mading was
married off in
October last year.
This came to be
after a young
man of about 20
years, approached her one
evening at her home to outlay his intentions to marry
her. According to Yar, the
man was less concerned
with her plea as she was
determined to clear her
education. Without wasting time, he progressed to
her relatives to seek permission. Once the deal was
struck, Yar was called to be
Good and beautiful
girls like her should
never be given away
to schools to attain
education, instead
they should marry
as soon as they are
of age.
acknowledged of her superior’s decision. Yar innocently tried to express her
concerns to be allowed only
for a while till she could
finish her education, all
in vain, her cry landed on
hard surface. Her uncles
were so firm with their decision that they freely shared
sentiments that good and
beautiful girls like her
should never be given away
to schools to attain education, instead they should
marry as soon as they are of
age.
In response to the mar-
13
NEW SUDAN
WOMEN FEDERATTION
NEW SUDAN
WOMEN FEDERATTION
riage
preparation,
Yar
was restricted from going
to school again. Since she
was already a legally engaged wife to be, according to their tradition. This
meant that her education
was no longer important as
she was to assume her new
roles as a house wife taking
care of her family. Yar opted to become stubborn, to
sneak out for school, hoping her relatives would feel
compelled to allow her immunity till she could clear
her 0 levels, in little speck
every time she was found
out for school, received
thorough beatings. Days after the dowry was paid, Yar
was taken to her marital
home. Their Life as a married family was welcomed
with a myriad of challenges
for the house head was jobless. She resorted to brewing local brew so as to lead
a sustainable life.
Though forced to engage
with an illegal activity to
make ends meet, Yar maintains that those of her age
lucky to school should utilize the opportunity positively so that they don’t
end up wasting their life’s
to immoral deeds for the
same would only pull down
the country’s economy. She
calls on her community to
shun forced and early marriages to offer young boys
and girls equal chances for
the development of Lakes
state and that of the entire
Republic of South Sudan.
14
S
Not yet time,
but am already
booked
ome of the stories we experienced
got so emotional to our team members, among them was a 9 year old
Elizabeth Nyantoch who was drown
out of school by her father following
a man of 28 years working in Rumbek town, paid 30 heads of cows to
book her as his future wife, with a
promised herd of 80 more when she
receives her menstruation to confirm her womanhood. Funny though her father maintains should there avail a higher bidder willing to
offer more than the first bidder the suitor with more
would take her away. Elizabeth is now at the mercy of
her father’s greediness, her mother’s foul cry has been
received with mixed reactions at times leading to be
beaten, the relatives more than happy, always remind
her that she is engaged and should therefore adopt the
roles of a wife. Only at the age of 9 years Elizabeth can
only wait for her life pages to unfold, with a clear mind
that she can only do nothing to help the situation other
than investing more patience for fate to intervene.
Should there avail a
higher bidder willing to
offer more than the first
bidder, the suitor with
more cows would take
her away.
15
NEW SUDAN
WOMEN FEDERATTION
NEW SUDAN
WOMEN FEDERATTION
evening recited to Aruaai
how her mother was being
mistreated back home. Believing blood to be thicker
than water, she felt compelled and agreed to give in
to save her mother from the
agony.
On her very arrival, the relatives released the mother
and without further ado,
called for a meeting with
the suitors, who a week later showed up to pay dowry
before taking their newly
found bride home.
It’s finally
payback time
S
arah Aruaai
Muorchol received
her
first menstrual flow last
year in July
at the age of
12. Soon after her people
learnt about the news, they
become so excited. As such,
the relatives insinuated to
approach her with happy
endurance that she was now
ready to bring wealth back
to her people like the other ‘good girls’ in the area.
Suddenly, her school life
was cut short by her people
who claimed that they were
in the process of preparing
her to adopt her future life
with her husband. In their
own understanding, allowing Aruaai to attend school
would fuel the loop holes
in giving up chances of ac-
16
quiring a 100 plus cows.
This would as well provide
opportunities to young and
un wealthy boys to take advantage to mess her up.
Only a few months passed,
and a young man from a
wealthy family showed up
to request Aruaai’s hand
in marriage. Besides her
mother and her paternal
uncle eveybody else was for
the idea, thus they could not
stop the grieve to save their
daughter. Without wasting
time, arrangements were
planned for the suitors to
pay the bride price. The
suitor was a high school pupil, his elders were ready
to pay the a hundred heads
for the bride. Back at Aruaai’s place she was matching up in arm trying to persuade her elders to give her
only a few months to clear
her education. However
her efforts did not add up,
the deal had been sealed.
In the quest to save her
from this marriage, Aruaai’s mother one evening
sent her away from the
village to go stay with a
friend up country. This kick
started the verge of her uncles search for her where
abouts. Their quest was
however not forth coming,
no one had the answers they
were expecting, her close
friends were molested by
being beaten thoroughly after being perceived to have
hidden her, but they knew
non of Aruaai’s whereabouts. Stuck at the extreme
end in solving their puzzle, the uncle’s resorted to
summon Aruaai’s mother,
who was already prepared
to sacrifice her life to save
her daughter from being
married off. They demanded she reveal any news that
regarded her daughter‘s
escape or else she would
be beaten to death or be
disowned from the family.
Aruaai’s mother was ready
for anything, she remained
mime. To punish her for not
taking her dutiful responsibility as a parent, she
was beaten and detained
for four days without food.
Women from around tried
to convince her to outlay
her daughters where about,
but she was not ready to do
so.
The old woman whose
house Aruaai was hiding
in, had been hearing of her
friends suffering, she one
Though married Aruaai
kept her hope of schooling
alive. This prolonged her
period in settling in marriage, during the few lucky
chances she managed to
meet her mother, she got inspired to boost her faith, her
mother strongly believes
that a day would come for
Aruaai to be rescued by the
grace of God. This certainly came to be fulfilled when
Aruaai opted to escape
from her marriage to return
to her parents. Her father
was so disappointed with
the daughter’s move, just
Allowing Aruaai
to attend school
would fuel the loop
holes in giving
up chances of acquiring a 100 plus
cows.
as he was about to punish
her for acting against their
tradition, one of her uncle
arrived, heaven sent the
uncle defended her niece,
commanding his brother
to spare his anger, as it
may lead to a more complicated case, he pleaded
with the father, should he
take course to punish her
daughter if she succumbed
the loss would much be
felt in their homestead not
to the grooms side, for the
husband would marry yet
another wife, while else
they would be left to bear
the burden of burying their
dead. These words compelled Aruaai’s father to
consider her quest. This
marked the end of Aruaai’s
grieve as she was finally offered a platform to explore
her knowledge desire in
attaining education, when
she got to be enrolled back
at the Rumbek Adult Education. She is now so determined to finish her studies.
Aruaai’s interview with our
team was a unique kind
on its own, she freely expressed her mind, without
fearing to be victimized by
those to read her story as
she strongly commend “I
will never abandon the girl
child problems in our society because they are indeed
our very own issues, that
only requires our attention
to help resolving, my deeds
are particularly not for my
wellbeing rather for my 4
year old sister who falls to
be vulnerable when she becomes of age.”
17
NEW SUDAN
WOMEN FEDERATTION
NEW SUDAN
WOMEN FEDERATTION
A
luel Mayen
who
is now 13
years old
was born
in Khartoum and
lived there with her mother. They returned to reunite
with their family living in
South Sudan when the country seceded from the North.
Their father had separated
with her mother back while
she was pregnant with Aluel. The happy reunion of
this family was cerebrated
with much anticipated joy
as the existence of Aluel as
young as she was, was in itself enough reason to celebrate, with preparation put
underway to marry her off.
While in Khartoum, Aluel
was in class four.Neither
could she imagine her coming back to her origin would
jeopardize her education.
Of course, they were happy
to be home and close to be
with their people, but all
hope was lost when a 28
year old man visited the
father to request for Aluel’s hand in marriage. The
news was broken by her
father one evening, Aluel
could not believe her ears,
she innocently tried to defend her position as a young
kid, but her father was not
ready to receive her query,
he instead progressed to
punish her for disrespecting his wish, her mother
intervened in trying to rescue her daughter from the
mighty hands of her father,
but he was too strong and
instead went ahead beating them simultaneously,
18
Without wasting time for education!
W
Back to my land of
origin with excitement,
only to please my
people more!
he insisted that his wife
should be on the forefront
in assisting her daughter to
know the young man.
As the mother developed
hesitance in implementing the command, Aluel’s
father took up the task to
try out means of icebreaking her daughter’s relationship, he made it an obligation and resorted to invite
his daughter’s supposed
husband daily and insisted
that she spoke to him. Even
though Aluel still holds
back to avoid her proposed
suitor, the mother has
threatened to elope with all
her children should their
father press on to marry off
their 13 year old daughter.
Aluel has already lost hope
of finishing her studies here
in South Sudan on time,
with high hopes that she
may get a chance to be en-
rolled for Adult Education
in their county, only if the
father withdraws his ambitions of marrying her off, or
when the mother manages
to escape and divorces her
husband. ”For the short period that I have been here,
I have witnessed and heard
a variety of painful tales of
young girls being forced to
marry for their relatives to
accumulate wealth paid as
dowry. I only wish for a miracle to happen and finish
the herds of cattle present
in our society for they are
the root course for the agony experienced by young
girls in our state”.
e took
time
to re-
search and hear the stories
from learning institution,
this journey took us to Rumbek girls primary school,
where we sought to inquire
details of the prevalence
of school drop outs. As we
got to the schools office,
we found the head teacher
already in a class session,
so we had to wait till he
finishes so that he could
address us. As we waited
in the office it compelled
us to learn that the school
had experienced a total
of 69 cases of drop outs in
the academic year 2011 in
a span of 3 months. Among
the drop outs included: 1
lady drop out in grade 3,
8 pupils in grade 4, 10 pupils in grade 5, 14 students
in grade 6, while 16 and 20
had dropped out of
grades 7&8 respectively. With such
recorded findings
it was most likely
that the girl child
education was not
progressing in the
county of Rumbek, Lake state.
The findings were
later confirmed by
the school’s principle Mr. Moses
Kaman, who explained that these
was as a result of lack to
proper sensitization to the
community and lack of concrete laws to address the
violation of girl child rights
in attaining education. He
shared a firsthand experience of a young girl by the
name Tabitha Nyankuer,
among the best performing
student in her class who
was forced to drop out of
school to get married to an
old man who had paid dowry to her relatives without
seeking her consent. The
case drew attention from
community members who
flocked to the school compound to witness as Tabitha
tried to convince her relatives to allow her more time
so that she could finish her
eighth grade next year. All
in vain, she was denied consent and forced to follow
orders from her superiors.
When she begged whether
there was a way that the
school principle could help
either by adopting her till
she clears her schooling,
Mr. Kaman responded by
commenting that the matter was beyond his capability, and thus wasn’t entitled
to such authority as a civil
servant to take and resolve
cultural ethics without
consulting or following appropriate procedures. Left
without choice Mr. Kaman
could only stand besides
and watch her student being
forcefully drowned out of
school by her own relatives.
This painful experience
compelled him to initiate
an advocacy methodology
to be holding dialogue sessions with the members of
his society, which has now
upgraded to an annual forum that is held each year
and involves parents and
politicians to concede at
the school compound to
evaluate and deliberate issues affecting the girl child
education with a resolution
on means to solving them.
19
NEW SUDAN
WOMEN FEDERATTION
C
hristina Ajok
was
never
forced into
marriage.
Thus,
she
married her
boyfriend
after courting for 3 years
at the age of 17. With newly
confirming their wedding
vows and settling happily
as a married couple, Ajok
realised that she could not
conceive, this sounded an
alarm to her husband who
resorted to decreasing his
time at home, in spending
more time drinking with
his buddies. This was followed with frequent complaints and quarrelling,
and even at times engaging
in fights, all owed to her inability to bear her husband
a child. Ajok defended her
Men are never satisfied!
position in trying to convince that children were a
blessing and a gift from the
most high God who delivers
at his own convenient time.
A year later Ajok conceived
a son, in retrospect of fully
sinking to enjoy the fruits of
their marriage, the husband
continued with his old behaviours, quarrelling and
beating her up for simple
mistakes and still spending
more time drinking only to
go home late at night. Ajok
gathered her conscious and
opted to walk out of this
marriage that wasn’t promising, to live with her par-
ents. Without even caring to
know her whereabout, ‘’the
husband hasn’t bothered to
inquire about the wellbeing of our son, my life has
transformed as am now a
grade 3 pupil at Rumbek
girls primary school”. Am
determined to finish my education to become a better
citizen of our republic so
as to raise my son and train
him to become a responsible young man with dignity
not like his father.’’
.........................................................................................................................................................................................................................
ALL
HOPE
IS NOT
LOST.
T
by Simon N. Mwaura
20
he early and forced marriage pandemic has been
partially decreasing in the New Sudan Women Federation operating zones where paralegal officers
have pinched camp to interact and counsel victims
of Sexual and gender based violence. It is however an
alarming tone to note that the mystery behind such
conduct is engraved to a complicated custom one
with deep rooted cultural practise. Nevertheless, based on the feedback and interview conducted, some of the tales are steered by greed
to accumulate more wealth paid in dowry, while else other courses
are as a result of the ever looming prevalence of illiteracy among the
adult population. It is with utmost concern that the cases reported
could have been avoided only if the community was empowered adequately in accessing information and training on GBV. The paralegal scouts have essentially played a major role in responding adequately to service delivery in initializing and offering a supportive
arm to victims of S&GBV and as well as following up cases for perpetrators to be persecuted under the governing rules as set out in the
human rights charter. Driven by passion our country’s battle fields
are no more, the bullets have gone silent but the war on violation of
human rights has steered grieve and desire to change the whole life
style of women and children of our sovereign state.
Background
New Sudan Women Federation (NSWF) is an
indigenous non-profit-making, non-governmental organisation working for the improvement of women’s social,
political, legal and economic
status in the South Sudan.
Vision
A dignified, knowledgeable and respected Sudanese
woman.
Mission
To improve women’s socio-economic and political
status, and the recognition of their human rights,
towards granting them full participation in the
development of the New Sudan and full benefit in
the
development outputs of the New Sudan.
NEW SUDAN
WOMEN FEDERATTION
NEW SUDAN
WOMEN FEDERATTION
CENTRE REALITY
CHECK UP
decreased
with time
as our campaign has
generated
moral and
impacted
the
comm u n i t y
members
to adapt to
change. As
an exit orplacement
strategy to
some of the
reported
cases, we at
times seize
Mrs Susan Peremona Field Officer,
to engage our
Chairlady NSWF in Mundri County
beneficiaries
with mentorhe Mundri ship programmes, as well
county cen- as to endorse them in betre, a branch coming registered memof NSWF has bers of the organization
partially ac- therefore directly contribcomplished uting the centre to impleits goal. We ment and achieve its goals.
are lucky and proud to have Among the activities that
vibrant and active activities the centre runs include;
in service delivery to our Adult literacy program, this
members of society. The is steered through cambranch engages with legal paigns conducted in comaid Clinic, offering mentor- munity mobilization to eduship and counselling ser- cate young members of our
vices to vulnerable victims society to rejoin School so
of early and forced mar- as to attain education. Most
riages. This is monitored of this advocacy campaign
and addressed by Paralegal has received support from
officers on the ground that the Government that promake and receive visits vides stationery materials
to and from victims in our to the pupils who agree to
centre. Ideally our centre go back to school.
receives 15 cases of new reports of early marriages on We feel privileged to maina monthly basis. This has tain a good relationship
with the members of our
T
22
society, reason being, the
centre in its endeavours of
prospering and contributing towards boosting our
republic’s economy, do provide soft loans on friendly
interest to the persons willing to exploit their business ventures. This is normally prioritized to women
groups who are members
of the NSWF, the least lend
amount ranges from 600
SSPound -2000 SSPounds.
This has greatly boosted
and motivated our society
to utilize funds adequately
and improve their living
standards as entrepreneur.
This initiative has been
made possible in joint collaboration with the Ministry of Gender child welfare
who are our main donors.
The centre boasts of adversity to the highest. Since
its establishment we have
been engaging in verse income generating activities
and only last year the centre steered the irrigation of
maize among other crops
and essentially towards November this year, the same
would be steered for a vegetable cultivation project
to be irrigated besides the
river Yei.
We have had numerous
awareness campaigns, on
behaviour change, educating our society to live
healthy. The government
has also been of great assistance to our centre, whereby during their functions
they invite us, and as well
when the centre organizes
any event the government
response towards attendance is very immediate.
We are grateful to own a
land that was donated by
the government which has
been infrastructured to
have an office that hosts
the three managerial officers and a social hall that facilitates the centre’s training sessions and is oftenly
hired out also as an income
generating activity.
Raped, manipulated and
abandoned to die.
A
m a n a
Jemila
is a 17
year old
girl who
initially
was born
in Uganda and moved to
South Sudan in April in
pursuit of greener pastures. Her relocation to
the newest state in Africa
marked the insurgence
of painful memories that
will remain permanent
in her brain. As she was
fast asleep in her room
one evening, a gang of six
approached her house,
and forcefully made their
way in. Caught unaware
Amana was shocked with
the faces starring at her
that evening. The gang
took course with four positioning themselves well
inside while two were
manning outside to warn
their colleagues in case
an intruder avails. Their
next take of action was
to manipulate the only
innocent girl in front of
them, which they did so
by raping her simultaneously while taking turns,
perceived with no human
feelings, before vacating,
they progressed to insert
a paper bag in her mouth
to block her shouts for
help and worse still, insert sticks in her private
part.
Amana passed out on the
floor, till the next morning when a good Samari-
tan who happened to be
her neighbor called, only to
find her lay half dead. Traumatized with Amana’s state,
the neighbor called out for
help and in a niche of time
a crowd had already gathered to witness this scary
scenario. One person gathered the courage to check
whether she was alive, only
to find out that even though
she was not breathing her
heart pulse was beating,
they reported the case to
Mama Grace Apollo, who
went ahead to record a
statement with the police
before taking Amana to the
hospital.
She is currently recuperating well with her treatment
and very soon would be discharged even though it has
been confirmed that her
pelvic joint has a problem.
before
vacating,
they
progressed
to insert a paper
bag in her mouth
to block her shouts
for help and worse
still,
insertedsticks in her private part.
23
NEW SUDAN
WOMEN FEDERATTION
NEW SUDAN
WOMEN FEDERATTION
big for her to. This gathers
together both of the families to evaluate and marry
the love birds, but chaos
erupted when the cyclist
denied the pregnancy.
by N.S.W.F drama group
Mama monica Mombutu-chair lady
I
n
an
opening
speech
by
the
chairlady
Mama
Monica Mombutu
Kamanda (N.S.W.F
paralegal)
she
notes that in the
lower classes of primary
schools, the population of
girls is higher than that of
boys. Case study proofs that
the female perform better than the male counter
parts. However this is opposite from class four to
higher levels of learning.
This pandemic is due to
the high rates of early and
forced marriages as well as
early pregnancies.
The N.S.W.F drama group
team performed a skit that
24
highlighted the oblivious
behaviour as practised by
majority of young persons
who literally abuse the
right of other vulnerable
school going pupils.
Forced to drop
out of school on
realising that she
is pregnant
The skit was about a young
girl who mistakenly fellin love with a cyclist who
one day offers to take her
to school without charging
her a fee only to exchange
contacts and there after
getting close to one another
as close friends before finally courting and ending
up as sex partners. Forced
to drop out of school on realising that she was pregnant, the girl’s life partially
becomes messed up as her
current responsibility is to
Cases of young girls dropping out of school is on
the increase. Early and
unwanted pregnasies are
beckoning for an immediate take of action to curb
it. The much needed immunity was finally unveiled
by Commissioner Adil who
attended the campaign on
Girl child education. He
vowed to personally deal
with those who manipulate school going girls only
to dump them when they
become pregnant. Nevertheless, in some instances it has been found out
that there are tendencies
whereby sentenced perpetrators of girl child rights,
get to be released from custody before finishing their
sentences upon bribing officers. The commissioner
hereby strongly stated that
any prison warden caught
in such an act would be punished with a double penalty
to that of the perpetrator.
Also as measures in curbing the vice he indicted a
rule of banning cell phone
in learning institutions. He
promised to write letters to
principles from the schools
around to confiscate and
punish students found with
mobile phones in schools.
commissioner Adil Senderi
enjoys a comic drama
during drama-a girl boycotts school
and goes to her boyfriend (boda cyclist)
after receiving a call from
her boyfriend
Commissioner Adil Senderi
addresses the rally.
25
NEW SUDAN
WOMEN FEDERATTION
DONT BEAT HER
BEAT THE DRUM
T
NPA
he world has
always been
a lonesome
place, that
human beings in most
cases have
been reported to feel disgraced as a result of being
neglected their rightful dignity and peace of mind one
free from harassment. Females over decades have
received mythical torture
by the dominant male power, this practise has lead to
harm and degrade of moral
among the female gender
owing to frequent
brutal caning every time they
raise a voice to express
their concerns.
It is with anguished grieve
to report that a male being
titled as the head of homestead can freely practise
authority to punish the wife
any time he feels his powers are being under estimated. In most situations
a wife is prone to beating
from the husband when she
inquires about the where
about after turning up late
at home, it however worries
one a lot to learn that the
same punishment would
prevail when she confronts
the husband to provide
funds to sustain the family.
Worse still, when she takes
up the charge to seek an
employment
opportunity
to work and provide for the
family, as well the husband
in most cases would practise his freedom to punish
so as to protect his responsibility from being evaded
by the referred to be weak,
and dependent, supposedly
destined to stick in doors
watching after the kids as a
mother.
The big and yet to be confirmed theory in an African
society setting, thus proofs
that a women is considered to be a baby making
machine, this is confirmed
by the brutal beatings most
who step up to question
their husband normally
face.
Tracing cultural practise
from certain ethnic groups,
a woman, seen as the mother of nation, is mistreated
un aware, whereby she is
forced to work extremely
hard, cultivating whole day
under the scorching sun
with water as her meal,
only to return home evening with the proceeds of
her sales from a successful
harvest season and issues
the money to the husband
to allocates its expenses. As
27
NEW SUDAN
WOMEN FEDERATTION
NEW SUDAN
WOMEN FEDERATTION
such, the head of the house
to the best of his satisfaction, manages the funds in
favour of his own convenience by keeping to himself
more and handing out less
to the wife for household
expenses. His share directly is used luxuriously at lo-
cal joints as entertainment,
the women’s share that is
meagre caters for the food
and other basic needs for
the house.
In lay mans language, the
climax reckons, our world
revolves and at the same
time rotates, when it does
that many things are continually changing. The female gender thus stands
strong to advocate for her
dutiful right, with a slogan
don’t beat her, rather beat
the drum.
Shun the rape
prevalence
R
ape/ defilement is considered as one
amongst the worst violation of human
rights across planet earth. Extreme
measures have been put in place to
help curb the vice that continue to
ruin lives of the victims. The mystery
behind its root course has remained
to be a snag cycled by mythical beliefs with continued
predominant prevalence across all walks of life.
Since time in memorial, the vice has resulted to demoralize the dignity of victims to feel inferior in presence of others, ironically the perpetrators violate the
victims rightful obligation in trying to quench their
manly desires. The mystery behind research findings
show that the pandemic can easily be curbed through
strengthening the current laws to keep at bay perpetrators to be sentenced to long term imprisonment. This
however would steer and drive the law enforcers to
remain watchful in service delivery that would essentially lead to a decreased prevalence towards the vice.
“DONT BEAT HER
BEAT THE DRUM”
28
A
ngelina Micho a 28 year old lady was
raped by a gang of 5. This happened
while she was on her way to a burial
ceremony which in this case was happening during the night according to
their tradition. The gang of five over
powered her as she tried to free, but
her effortless encounter caused her these agony. After the scenario on the following day she reported the
case to NSWF who assisted her to record a statement
before taking her to hospital. On being discharged the
NSWF officers counseled her after being stigmatized
by her community members, this boosted her moral to
live with a positive mentality
QUOTES
PLEASE TAKE US
BACK TO SCHOOL AFTER THE FIRST MISTAKE.
THE
GIRL
CHILD
CRIES FOR A FRIENDLY LIFESTYLE FOR
SOUTH SUDAN.
HUMAN RIGHTS
VIOLATION CONTINUES TO DEMORALIZE THE SOVEREIGN
RIGHT OF YOUNG
GIRLS, FORCED AND
EARLY MARRIAGES
HAVE CAUSED US
OUR FREEDOM OF
CITIZENSHIP.
THE MOTHER
CONSIDERED AS THE
CRADLE OF LIFE
AND SOUL REASON
FOR
NATIONHOOD,
NOW RECKONS TO
SUPPORT AND SHUN
HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATION AS WHAT
USED TO BE BATTLE
FIELD, NOW
HAS TRANSFORMED
TO BE RECREATION
CENTRES.
29
NEW SUDAN
WOMEN FEDERATTION
NEW SUDAN
WOMEN FEDERATTION
Relief and development
policies
are considered an
integral part of
the broader peace
building process
because
where
poverty and inequality
endure
after internal conflict, they serve to
undermine peace
by breeding further
discontent
and anger.
T
he final dimension
of
peacebuilding
is
reconciliation. Where
deep social inequalities are common and
populations are divided,
impoverished, and devastated by war, institutional
and policy reforms aimed
at repairing and rebuilding
corrosive justice systems
cannot alone bring about
healing. Policies and programs aimed at reconciliation are vital. These generally involve policies which
stress compassion, forgiveness, restitution, psychological and social healing,
all of which are designed to
help communities live and
30
work together. Mechanisms
for pursuing reconciliation
include dialogue between
former adversaries, experience sharing, compiling
records of human rights
violations and Truth Commissions depending on the
nature and level at which
the conflict had advanced.
These actions also serve to
deter former abusers and
provide a lasting legacy
and reminder of the atrocities that have occurred.
Healing of bitter memories
and restoration of trust is
a delicate, highly complex
process that cannot be
rushed and which may take
generations
to achieve.
When reconciliation is
rushed before the ripe
moment is
due, sustainable peace
may not be
achieved.
Justice and
reconciliation address
the need to
deal
with
past
abuses through
formal and
informal
mechanisms
for resolving
grievances
arising from
conflict and
to create an
impartial
and accountable
legal
system
for
the future,
in particular, creating an
effective law enforcement
apparatus, an open judicial
system, fair laws, and a humane correction system.
These tasks include exacting appropriate penalties
for previous acts and building the state’s capacity to
promulgate and enforce
the rule of law. Incorporating the concept of restorative justice, justice and reconciliation efforts include
both extraordinary and traditional attempts to reconcile ex-combatants, victims,
and perpetrators.
31