GUITAR COACH MAGAZINE : ISSUE 001 Issue 001 The FREE Guitar Magazine created exclusively for iPad FREE Beginners Bootcamp Riffs & Licks Coaching Sessions Guitars & Gizmos Skills & Techniques Tutorial Videos for Songs, Riffs, Licks & Solos Going to school with Nils Lofgren Play Clapton, Dire Straits & The Eagles Step by step video lessons Plus guitar news, features, profiles & cool new Apps. MAGAZINE Editorial enquiries: [email protected] Advertising enquiries: [email protected] www.guitarcoachmag.com PRESS and HOLD the screen here to show the top bar navigation. TAP HOME to return to Guitar Coach Magazine home page. How to use this App... SWIPE horizontally to go to the next page PRESS and HOLD the screen here to show the bottom navigation bar. SWIPE horizontally to quickly navigate pages. TAP selected page to view. Issue 001 Features Contents Note from the Editor News in brief Guitarist profile Ask Andy Chord of the month Guitar Top 10s Song writing tips FAQs 5 6 14 19 20 29 41 43 From buying your first guitar, to playing songs and staying motivated. Coaching Session A short 20 minute session to get you working on your power chords and playing Clapton Skills & Techniques Time for some string bending and a great lick from Dire Straits and Guitar George Guitars & Gizmos Top 10 riffs you may not know, plus the latest guitar Apps and tech stuff Riffs, Licks & Solos Lets’ start with a simple yet effective solo from U2’s classic song, Vertigo. Bruce Springsteen’s E Street Band’s legendary guitarist Nils Lofgren shares some Guitar School secrets and much more... From Tabs to Apps...page 26 Lesson Videos, Tutorials and Tips Beginners Bootcamp Nils Lofgren...page 33 7 Songsterr brings together technology and tabs in one super cool App - it’s a must-have tool... 16 23 Steve Stine...page 21 As a top guitarist and teacher, both online and offline, Steve Stine offers his tips for learning quickly and easily... 28 37 Editor’s note Guitar Coach Magazine 5 Hi and welcome to Guitar Coach ... In this first issue of Guitar Coach magazine, we’ve not only got some great video coaching sessions for both Beginners and Intermediate players, but also Guitar News, Reviews, Hints, Tips, Techniques, Interviews and much more. We really hope you enjoy it and that you’ll tell all your friends about it too, particularly as it’s free! But more important than that, we hope this magazine helps you learn and have fun playing your guitar :) As you can seen on the previous page, we’ve broken down the magazine content into separate sections, to make it easy for you to navigate around the articles and lessons. In future issues of the magazine, you will see these same sections and be able to build your own library of coaching sessions for Riffs, Licks and Techniques etc. Contributors Many thanks to our contributors: Nils Lofgren Steve Stine The Songsterr Team Robin Frederick So, have fun, and do let me know what you think about the magazine. Just email me at [email protected] And to our writing team: Bob Cianci Graham Land Steven Andrews Ben Vine Tom Rosier Jonathan Howkins Editor, Guitar Coach magazine And our special thanks go to: Andy Partridge of BandJammer Keeping it Free! We hope you enjoy this issue of Guitar Coach magazine and we look forward to bringing you much more great free stuff in the next issue. But we need your help :) In order for us to continue to produce this magazine free of charge, we need to get the word out to as many people as possible - and to do this we need your help. All you have to do is tap the “Rate Us” button below and leave us a comment and a rating. If you’ve enjoyed this magazine, then we hope you’ll give us a 5 star rating! Thank you. Tap Here To Rate Us News Bulletin Guitar Coach Magazine 6 Hot news in the world of guitar this month: By Tom Rosier Lamb of God’s Front Man Arrested for Manslaughter. Andre 3000 to Star as Jimi. Lamb of God singer Randy Blythe is arrested in Oslo for the alleged manslaughter of a fan during a Lamb of God show. Blythe denies the charges and the band are appealing for funding from fans to aid his legal proceedings. Outkast founder Andre 3000 is set to play the role of Jimi Hendrix in an up coming movie about the rock legend’s life and career, though none of Hendrix’s music will be used in the picture. Gretsch Introduce New Models. Dave Grohl Re-honoured by Hometown. Gretsch introduce seven new models of the hugely successful Electromatic series guitars, basses and left-handed guitars. Living rock legend Dave Grohl is already honoured by his hometown of Warren, Ohio after the naming of Dave Grohl Alley. Now the town are due to honour Grohl again, by erecting two 900-pound drumsticks. The Cult Survive Bus Crash. Members of The Cult narrowly avoid a near 80-foot fall from a cliff after their bus veers off a road in Croatia. Rotten Debates Drug Legislation. Sex Pistols’ lead ‘singer’ John ‘Johnny Rotten’ Lydon debates with British politicians about the legalisation of drugs in the UK on televised debate show Question Time. Children of Bodom Singer Hospitalised. Children of Bodom guitarist and singer Alexi Laiho is rushed to hospital in Oslo, Norway after suffering from stomach pain at a concert. Fender Announce Summer Releases. Fender announce the release of a new range of acoustic model guitars this summer, including the Tim Armstrong ‘Hellcat’ 12- string, dreadnought bass and pair of mandolins. Blur New Single Under (the west) Way. Blur unveil the video for the ‘Under the Westway’, the first of two new singles released by the band. The band neither confirm nor deny that they will continue to work together after their gigs at Hyde Park this summer. Radiohead Work on New Album at Jack White’s Studio. Radiohead have confirmed that they have been working on new material at Jack White’s Third Man Studios, but the White Stripes front man has denied that he has been involved in the writing and/or production process. Guitar Coach Magazine 7 – How to stick with it – Buying your first Guitar – Easy songs: The Eagles, Lyin’ Eyes Bootcamp Guitar Coach Magazine 8 Staying motivated: How to stick with it by Graham Land As anyone who has attempted to learn to play a musical instrument knows, it takes hard work, patience and dedication. We've all had the experience of visiting a friend or colleague's house and spying a dust-covered guitar sitting in the corner, woefully out of tune and suffering from neglect. “Oh I tried it for a while, got nowhere and then gave it up. I should probably give it another go, but I don't have the time or motivation.” Sound familiar? Maybe you've even said something similar yourself at some point. If so, how do you recapture that fire that made you fork over a considerable sum for a guitar or bass, with dreams of creating sounds that bring pleasure to the ears of others (or at least your own)? Why did you feel you were getting nowhere fast? How can we avoid getting caught in the trap of losing inspiration and giving up? In his best-selling book Outliers, author Malcolm Gladwell states that the key to success in any discipline is practicing for 10,000 hours. As an aspiring guitarist, you may not have the goal of being the next Jimi Hendrix, so don't sweat it if you can't practice playing guitar in your bedroom or garage for 10,000 hours. The point is you need to put time in to get results. Practicing not only improves your playing, it gives you a sense of achievement due to hard work and perseverance. And though it may not seem like it sometimes, practice can be a lot of fun. Continued... Bootcamp Guitar Coach Magazine 9 Staying motivated: How to stick with it But those are just the “facts”. We need ways to continue playing – methods that keep things fun, measure our success and make our efforts satisfying. Here are five tips to keep you from quitting the guitar and hopefully inspire those of you who have already quit to pick it up, dust it off and try again. 1. Give yourself clear, attainable goals. Do you want to be able to perform “Capricho Arabe” like Segovia or just play the opening riff from “Smells Like Teen Spirit”? *Hint: the latter is probably more realistic and therefore more functional, but it's up to you. Either way, decide on your long and short-term goals and write them down. 2. Time your goals Give yourself a daily, weekly or monthly schedule for achieving your goals. Say to yourself: This week I'm going to learn “Teen Spirit”, next week “House of the Rising Sun” and within six months I'll nail “Johnny B. Goode” or the entire contents of Led Zeppelin IV. If you prefer, just give yourself the goal of practicing for one hour at a time, once a day or once a week. Whatever you think you can accomplish. 4. Find support Do you have any friends who play the guitar or another instrument or would like to learn? Maybe they're just starting out. Playing or talking with others who share the same passion for the guitar can provide important motivation. If you can't find others in your area, join an online community to discuss your musical progress and exchange ideas. 5. Visualize your success Picture what it will be like to achieve your goal. Imagine how it will be to play your favourite songs, alone or with other budding musicians accompanying you. Write down the following: • Where are you in this imagined scenario? • When is it – a week, a month or a year from now? • How does it make you feel to be able to play these songs? In this way, having a “dream” helps you to progress towards the realization of your goals. This is how your imagination plays a role in achieving practical, realistic objectives. 3. Measure your goals Summary Depending on your experience or skill level, break your goals up into simple, measurable and understandable steps. Learn your songs “riff by riff”. If you manage to play the intro to your favourite song in one practice session, you'll have achieved something and this feels great! Next session – main chord progression; the session after that – chorus... until you've finally mastered “Careless Whisper” and can serenade your sweetheart or drive your neighbours insane. Remember: playing guitar and making music is fun. Learning, improving and becoming comfortable with the instrument should be an enjoyable and rewarding experience and never something to beat yourself up about. Everyone started out not even knowing a single chord or scale, but they gave themselves goals, put the time and effort in and fell in love with the guitar. Good luck and stick with it! *A fun alternative to learning other artists' songs is to simply create your own. Follow the same steps and goals for learning your favourite songs and apply them to making your own songs instead. This adds a special creative satisfaction to learning the guitar. Boot Camp Guitar Coach Magazine 10 Buying your first acoustic guitar by Graham Land Every guitarist remembers their first guitar. Some look back with horror and disbelief, while others recall their introductory instrument with fondness, regardless of its quality. Most wish they knew back then what they know now. For this reason, it's a good idea to seek a bit of expert advice on the subject of your first guitar. Here are a few important tips: The main factor for most is price. Consider your budget for a starter guitar. This usually means buying a low-end guitar or perhaps a used, mid-range model. A practical solution is to opt for a beginner's guitar pack. Packages include a strap, plectrums, tuner and bag. Wellknown brands like Fender and Yamaha offer decent beginner packs. Price differences on acoustic guitars generally reflect the grade or type of wood used to construct the guitar and the fact they can be accurately tuned and stay in tune for longer. Less expensive guitars use layered wood laminate, while pricier models have tops made of solid pieces of wood, which vibrate more easily and therefore have a better sound quality than laminate. Though solid wood tops provide a nicer, fuller tone and improve with play, these are not the chief concerns for a beginner guitarist . New or Second Hand? You can often get some great guitars at great prices, by buying second hand. You can check out some of the deals Andertons have to offer right here: www.andertonsmusic.com Tap here to visit Andertons Online Music Store Boot Camp Guitar Coach Magazine 11 Buying your first acoustic guitar Most important in terms of pleasure and learning to play are comfort and playability. The size and shape of the guitar and its action (how close the strings are to the fretboard) are the main factors for comfort and playability. These aspects greatly facilitate learning to play the guitar and give far more satisfaction than an expensive guitar of better sound quality that is more difficult to play. Size – A smaller acoustic guitar may be more comfortable and therefore more playable for a novice guitarist, especially women and those of shorter stature. Try out different sizes, shapes and models to find what suits you best. Last but not least, get a friend who is an experienced player to help you choose your first guitar. The Fender Starter Package You can get all the details on the Fender Acoustic Guitar Package mentioned in the video right here: Tap Here For Details Boot Camp Guitar Coach Magazine 12 The Eagles: Lyin’ Eyes by Steven Andrews So you can now learn the introduction to Lyin’ Eyes by The Eagles. Andy shows you a simple strumming pattern using some open chords, but a slightly more challenging chord change. Chords used The first one is a G Major. It is made up of the top E-string 3rd fret which is a G note, an open B, open G, open D, 2nd fret A-string, which is the B note, and finally, the 3rd fret bottom E-string which is the G. Lyin' Eyes was a hit for The Eagles in 1975, and was the second single from their One Of These Nights album. The next chord is a G Major 7 and is slightly more difficult. It’s the same as the G chord, except you move on the top string on the 3rd fret down to the 2nd fret. It consists of the top E 2nd fret, then an open B, open G, open D, 2nd fret A-string, and 3rd fret bottom E-string. The Chords 1 3 3 2 2 1 0 2 C major X X O O 0 X O 1 1 2 3 G major 7 O 0 O 0 0 1 2 3 G major X OOO 3 OOO A minor D major Boot Camp Guitar Coach Magazine 13 The Eagles: Lyin Eyes Next is an open C chord, made by having the top E open, a C note made by the 1st fret on the B-string, open G, 2nd fret on the D string, and the 3rd fret on the A-string. It doesn’t matter much if you play that bottom Estring, but do your best not to strike it too hard. The next chord is A Minor, made with a top E open, 1st fret B-string, which is the C note, 2nd fret G-string which is the A note, an E note on the 2nd fret of the D string, and the A-string is open. Then we have a D chord, made with a 2nd fret on the E string, 3rd fret on the B string, which is a D note, 2nd fret on the G string, which is an A note, and an open D string. Strumming pattern In the strumming pattern we’ll be leading with a down stroke, and omitting the upstroke to give us an accent on the chord changes. The rhythm goes 1, 123456; 1, 123456; 1, 123456; 1, 123456. It may not be the exact way it’s played but it works here. It comes down to practicing those chords and that strumming pattern. Now practice! OK, watch the video and play along with the practice session until you’ve got it nailed. Have fun! Profile Guitar Coach Magazine 14 Guitarist Profile: Jimi Hendrix Born: November 27th 1942 Died: September 18th 1970 Choice of Guitar: Fender Stratocaster The Facts Jimi Hendrix was named Johnny Allen Hendrix when he was born and was nicknamed “Buster” as a child. He received an honourable discharge from the US army for being an “unsuitable” soldier. Records show he fell asleep on duty and couldn’t aim a gun. It was Keith Richards girlfriend Linda Keith that really gave Hendrix his big break. She became friends with him and recommended him to the Rolling Stones manager. He didn’t like Hendrix music, so Linda introduced him to Chas Chandler, bassist of the Animals, who became his manager. 24 hours before he died Jimi played an impromptu show at a jazz club in Soho with American funk band War. This show was recorded on a cassette player and the two Hendrix songs played at the show were later illegally distributed on a bootleg tape. This tape was later re-mastered and is the last known recording of Jimi Hendrix before he died. The Albums Jimi’s first album, Are You Experienced, only got beaten to the number one spot in the UK charts by Sgt Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band, which spent 27 weeks at number one. Are You Experienced is considered to be one of the most iconic albums of all time. Electric Ladyland was Jimi Hendrix’s first full dive into experimenting in the studio. The recording of the album was notoriously slow and unorganized leading Chas Chandler to quit. Hendrix invited guests to the studio who sat in on live recording sessions. The tension of the Electric Ladyland Purple Haze: Cover by BandJammer www.bandjammer.com recording sessions led to the break up of the Jimi Hendrix Experience before Woodstock in 1969. At that show Hendrix introduced the new line up as “Gypsy Sun and Rainbows”. The Influence Bob Dylan was so impressed with Hendrix’s version of “All Along The Watchtower” that he played it live from the time Hendrix died. Dylan claims it feels more like a tribute to Jimi than his own song. The Jimi Hendrix Experienced played their last live show in the UK in London’s Saville Theatre in 1967. The audience included the country’s rock royalty who were all impressed and influenced by Hendrix’s style. They included Eric Clapton, Jack Bruce, Brian Epstein, George Harrison and Paul McCartney. Jimi opened with a cover of the title track of Sgt Pepper’s, which had only been released three days before and rehearsed minutes before the band took to the stage. Jimi Hendrix is frequently voted best guitarist in music magazines and has influenced all areas of music, especially the blues. His songs have been covered from diverse artists including Rod Sterwart, Red Hot Chilli Peppers and Jamie Cullum. Guitar Coach Magazine 15 Play guitar and Jam with a full Band... Ask any professional guitarist about what is the easiest, quickest and most fun way to develop your guitar skills, and you can guarantee that they’ll say it’s to play with others. However it’s not always that easy to get a band together in your home, when it suits you. With BandJammer, the band are always ready and waiting with some great songs for you to have some fun with. You can either join the band for a jam session as an additional guitarist, or actually take the place of the Lead or Rhythm guitarist - the choice is yours! Each song has super detailed multi-camera, step by step lessons (on average 20 videos per song), so you can work through each one at your own pace. If you’re a relative beginner you can choose one of the easier songs and take the Rhythm guitar, or if you’re more at an intermediate level, you might want to take the Lead and nail some awesome solos! Join the Band and let’s have some fun! Tap Here For Details www.bandjammer.com Guitar Coach Magazine 16 – Cocaine; JJ Cale (and Eric Clapton) Coaching Guitar Coach Magazine 17 Your 20 Minute Coaching Session Cocaine: & Power Chords Hi and welcome to this Guitar Coaching session. The idea with these sessions, is to make them brief and fun! We’ll be covering skills and techniques and combining these with learning some cool riffs and licks, or even complete songs! All you need is your guitar and a spare 20 minutes. So let’s get started. Video 1: Introduction In this first video I’ll run through exactly what we’ll be playing so you’ve got a feel for the result we’re aiming for. I’ll then go on to explaining everything step by step in video 2. 1 X X X 1 2 X X X 3 4 X X X 4 7 9 E5 Power Chord 5 4 6 8 3 3 7 5 2 6 X X X 5 0 The Power Chords D5 Power Chord C5 Power Chord B5 Power Chord Coaching Guitar Coach Magazine 18 Cocaine: & Power Chords Video 2: Teaching OK let’s have a look at the Power Chords to start off with. Now Power Chords are also known as fifths. A Power Chord is ‘powerful,’ just as it is described. What we are actually doing is playing the lowest three notes of a major chord and making sure we use the root note for the lowest note. I'll explain. In an E5 Power Chord (open position) we are playing the bottom three notes of the E major chord. So we have an open E, we've a B which is the second fret of the A string and we've an E note which is the second of the D string, and these are the only notes we play for a power chord. What JJ Cale has done, or the Eric Clapton version has done, is to take that E Power Chord and play it further up the neck. So the Power Chord we have and the three notes we are playing are E, B, E, but this time the E note is on the 7th fret of the A string. And then we have the D string where you hold down the 9th fret (the B note), and then the E note which is the 9th fret for the G string. So we are now playing the E5 power chord one octave higher than when played in the open position. All the power chords used in Cocaine use this same shape, but in different positions on the fretboard. Because of this I am not going into a lot of detail. All we need to remember is that the root note of the E5 power chord is on the 9th fret of the string. Using this same shape therefore (albeit in different positions on the fretboard) means the root note for each power chord you play will always be on the A string. OK, when you've played that E5 chord twice, then the D5 and back to the E5, release all the pressure off your hands on your left hand so it doesn't ring out. Or alternatively use your right hand to stop the strings or notes ringing out. Now we play the D5 again and let the notes ring out. You can see the brilliance of this riff is, first of all, its simplicity, and secondly the timing. When we play the second D5 chord there is a slight gap. Cocaine was originally written and recorded by American singer-songwriter and guitarist JJ Cale in 1976. Eric Clapton covered the song in 1977, and it has since become regarded as one of his greatest hits. Coaching Guitar Coach Magazine 19 Cocaine: & Power Chords So it’s like 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 (letting the D5 ring out on the 5 count). It’s the accuracy of the timing that makes the riff distinctive. Get more Coaching Sessions... You can join Andy for some regular Guitar Coaching Sessions via his Blog. Simply enter your details below. You’ll then receive an email from Andy, when there’s a new session posted. Next we are going to work our way down the fretboard, still using the same shape, strumming each chord just one, We start by playing the E5 chord, moving down 2 frets to the D5, down two more frets to the C5 and finally down one more fret to the B5. When we hit that B5 we do not let it ring out. And that’s all there is to it! It’s such a great riff to play and is actually not as simple as it first sounds. You need to try and make sure that your timing is spot on and that when you are playing the chords they come out very clean, very clear and there is that distinctive gap between the E5 and the D5. I hope you’ve had fun with that and I'll see you again for another session in the next issue. So make sure you’ve subscribed to Guitar Coach Magazine. Bye for now! Any guitar questions? Contact Andy with your questions and we’ll include as many as we can in the FAQ section of your next issue of Guitar Coach magazine. Simply tap the contact button below and email your question. Thank you! Tap Here To ‘Ask Andy’ Guitar Chords Guitar Coach Magazine 20 Chord of the Month: Fmaj7th Welcome to our first Chord of the Month. This regular feature is all about looking at the more unusual chords (not standard majors and minors) explaining the fingering, their qualities and what chord sequences sound good with them, giving some examples of songs that use them effectively. These articles will develop your chord knowledge and also give you chance to gradually increase the number of chords you can play. This will, in turn, widen the repertoire of songs you will be able to master. So let’s have a look at the chord of Fmaj7 and the notes that make up this chord. Here is the chord chart: O 3 2 1 0 X X Fmaj7 As you can see, the notes you will be playing/strumming (starting from the high E string) are; Top E String – Open (E) B String – Second Fret (C) G String – Third fret (A) D String – Third fret (F) A string – Generally muted or not played Bottom E String – Generally muted or not played If you study the chord shape, you will note that the top 4 strings (E,B,G and D) make up the majority of the F major chord but with the first finger removed from the top E string, so the note on this string drops by a semitone or one step. The purists amongst us will not strum the A and Bottom E strings because the root note is F, which is the note on the D string (3rd fret). Generally, the root note should be the 1st string you strike when executing a downward strum. However, in this instance, the open A and open bottom E strings are still notes that make up part of the chord, so strumming them is not an inexcusable error. However, leading the downward strum with the bottom E note does not make it sound like the F maj7 chord should sound. Chords that go well with Fmaj7 Two songs I believe use the Fmaj7 chord within a simple chord effectively sequence are both written by Sir Paul McCartney. The acoustic guitar leading into the 3rd section of Band on the Run by Wings uses C to Fmaj7 Silly Love Songs repeats this sequence throughout the song. – C, Em7, Fmaj7 My suggestion on the best way to strum the chord is to omit striking the bottom E string altogether or, This just a taster of what is to alternatively, mute it with your come. Future articles will feature thumb so it does not “ring out.” You more complex chords and introcan also do the same with the A duce you to a whole new world of string but, as striking it is not the “guitar fingering.” end of the world (i.e. it does not take as much away from the sound of the chord as strumming the open bottom E) it may be best to only “try” and not strum the open A string. If you do, it won’t matter too much. Let’s face it, when you are playing live you don’t want to concentrate too much on perfection! Enjoy the experience and have fun. In general terms, major chords are happy chords and minor chords are sad sounding chords. I like Fmaj7 because it’s a halfway house between the two, so you can relate it to whatever mood you are in at the time – especially whilst song writing. Feature Guitar Coach Magazine 21 Steve Stine: Guitar Teacher Fargo, ND resident expounds on his guitar teaching theories and background, traditionally and online. “You Tube is great, but the problem is, there are a million things out there with a million points of view, and it can be very confusing, or at the very least limiting” Background & Theory Guitarist and guitar teacher Steve Stine, a resident of Fargo, ND, typifies the new breed of guitar teacher who makes use of both traditional and time-tested methods, as well as the Internet, in formulating individualized lesson plans. A full time veteran guitar teacher with twenty-five years experience, Stine teaches private and group sessions at North Dakota State University in Fargo, at a local Montessori School, and at the Elevate Rock School, also in Fargo. Additionally, Stine markets guitar instructional videos with GuitarZoom, and still maintains a satisfying family life and touring/recording schedule. Stine says one of the reasons he has been successful is because he pays attention to detail. “I read between the lines. Because I’ve been a music teacher in the school system, I have had classes-and continue to do so-in psychology and the growth of children, and methods of teaching that attain results. I can break ideas down to into their smallest theoretical or visual concepts, teach them and build them back up. Group classes are great for general ideas and education, as you usually have a large number of students of a variety of ages, but private lessons are essential to truly understand the elements that are lacking in an individual, whether they are weekly or on a per-lesson basis.” In-Person vs. Online Teaching We asked Steve to compare and contrast in-person versus online teaching, and this was what he had to say. “Person-to-person lessons are more personal, obviously, because you can work with the student from a couple of feet away. Online lessons are a bit less intimate in that aspect, but still very effective, as many students want to take lessons from a teacher they trust and understand, and sometimes, that’s not available locally. One plus to online lessons is they can be recorded and watched over and over. Some students prefer the online experience, as they’re more comfortable at home instead of sitting in a store or stranger’s house. “The general quality of online teaching can be great, but there are two things that make a big difference: the speed of the Internet connection on both sides, and the software used to interact between teacher and student. Many people use Skype for lessons, but there are far better options out there, and they cost more money, which may be worth it to the student.” Feature Guitar Coach Magazine 22 Steve Stine: Guitar Teacher What are the challenges of developing online guitar tuition? “Finding software or online applications that are clean, clear and sound good, with options of sending and receiving files easily and immediately is the challenge. Some people ask me, ‘Why should I pay for any guitar tuition when YouTube is free?’ “You Tube is great, but the problem is, there are a million things out there with a million points of view, and it can be very confusing, or at the very least limiting, because there’s no continuity. And if you find something that has continuity, who’s to say it will work for you? It’s always more beneficial to have someone who can work with and help you. Even my DVD products are formatted with the idea of not missing anything between the concepts being taught, and there’s tech support-which is me-along the way. “I don’t simply do this for income; I do this because it’s what I’m good at. I have a knack for finding that ‘cutoff’ point, where you push students too hard and lose them. My goal is not to have them become me or follow my musical belief system, but to encourage them on their journey.” By Bob Cianci Check out one of Steve’s online guitar courses: Steve Stine’s 96 Rock Licks “Online guitar teaching is evolving. There’s a product out there called eJamming, which is incredible for interactive jamming, although you can’t jam with someone simultaneously via the Skype style methods. I see this, integrated with great video-to-video interaction and more Internet speed, as the future of guitar lessons.” Teaching Style When asked to analyze his teaching style, Steve commented, “I have been doing this my entire life. I cater to each student, I don’t use method books, and I create methods for each based upon their wants and needs. I always remember that a student does not have to be here. I need to make the lesson an experience they enjoy, one that keeps them excited to practice. I am available after the lesson to help them with any questions they may have. Tap here for 96 Rock Licks Guitar Coach Magazine 23 – The art of string bending – Dire Straits, Guitar George Skills & Techniques Guitar Coach Magazine 24 Techniques: String Bending If you want to play and sound like your rock guitarist heroes, then you will need to learn the art of String Bending. It’s a technique all the top players use to add colour and emotion to their solos in the genres of blues, rock, jazz, country and pop music. String Bending is achieved by moving a held down string with your fretting hand in a direction perpendicular to its axis. You are moving the string up and varying its pitch. This can be done for one, two or three notes. Basic technique To bend strings you put a finger on the string and then, while pressing the string down on the fretboard, play it while pushing it up to the side. This stretches the string and makes its pitch go higher. Bends of one or two semitones are commonly used, but very skilled guitarists may use bends of 3 semitones or even higher. To bend a string well you must make sure you fret it properly. You may need to use three fingers to get the pressure you need to perform the String Bending you want. You must also let the note ring out. You can also release the pressure and let it return to its normal pitch i.e. a bend release. The range of a pitch bend is limited to some extent by the type of guitar you are using, by the material the strings are made of, how taut they are, and by the area of the neck in which you are playing. Steel strings can be bent further in pitch than nylon strings can and thin strings bend further than thick strings. It is far easier to use String Bending in the middle of the neck than playing near the nut at the top. Problems and Solutions The most difficult problem for beginners is getting the string bent the correct amount, to hit the right note you’re aiming for. You should first play the target note on a higher fret, listening carefully to its sound and then try to bend the string to get the exact same pitch. The more you practice String Bending the better you will get and the easier you will find it to play using this valuable technique. Skills & Techniques String Bending: Dire Straits and Guitar George In this video Andy will show you a neat little riff, packed with bends. It’s from the Dire Straits classic song Sultans Of Swing. Guitar Coach Magazine 25 Feature Guitar Coach Magazine 26 Songsterr: Expanding The World Of Guitar Tabs By Bob Cianci Russian/American-based site now offers iPad App feature & more Tap Here For Details An interesting feature of the Songsterr iOS App, which is not supported on the website, is offline mode. It will run offline tracks you played when you were online. Oleg Lyubchenko, Songsterr A Little Background Songsterr debuted in August 2008, a curious and perhaps unlikely collaboration of Russian and American technology and ingenuity, and since then, has garnered over 152,000 Likes on Facebook and over 6200 followers on Twitter. Songsterr receives millions of visitors on their website, Songsterr.com, and features over 80,000 songs and more than 400,000 tabs. Those are some impressive numbers for a tab site that is just four years old. In the simplest terms, Songsterr is an archive of guitar, bass and drums tabs. Any person with internet access can contribute new tabs or make changes to existing tabs, and according to their website, it is impossible to cause damage, as the software allows for easy reversal of errors. According to Oleg Lyubchenko, marketing manager at Songsterr, “recently, we implemented error report tools, so everybody can report errors in tab, vote up or down error reports that look useful or not useful, flag inappropriate error reports for deletion by moderators, or report off-topic, abusive, low quality, duplicates, etc.” Have you ever looked over an online guitar tab and said to yourself, “What was this idiot thinking when he wrote this? It’s completely wrong!” Unlike other archive sites such as Chordie, where incorrect tabs are legendary, prevalent, and remain available online until enough people complain, this doesn’t seem to be the case at Songsterr. Experienced Songsterr editors check all tabs to ensure accuracy, and, as stated earlier, participant members can easily report any errors that might slip through. Why Choose Songsterr? To quote reviewer Jason Kincaid in his August 2008 article on www.techcrunch.com, “One of the problems with typical guitar tablature is that it does a poor job representing rhythm and the duration that each note is played - both of which are essential. To remedy this, most people play a recording of the original song as they examine a tab so they can figure out when to play each note. But this process is frustrating and time consuming. Songsterr is looking to skirt this issue by accompanying each song with an audio file that plays alongside of it.” Feature Guitar Coach Magazine 27 Songsterr: Expanding The World Of Guitar Tabs of over 400,000 songs directly from Songsterr.com. There’s no need to upload tabs from your computer or download them from third party sites. iPad apps can be purchased from Apple’s App Store, and of course, directly on Songsterr’s website. An Android App was similarly launched in January 2012. Tap Here For Details Of The Songsterr App Kincaid’s review was written almost immediately after Songsterr’s unveiling. He made note that Songsterr lacked symbols for slides, bending, vibrato, and more. In all fairness, this issue has long since been corrected, and the symbols for these and much more are easily accessed in Songster’s Help section. Songsterr has two plans available for users-Free and Plus. The Free plan gives one access to all tabs contained, and what is referred to as a “subset” of features; Playback, Mixer, Solo and Count In. One needn’t sign up for a Free plan to use the basics, but will allow you to contribute to the archive and use favorites. The Plus plan costs $9.90 per month and includes advanced player features, such as Print, Half Speed, Backing Tracks, Chromatic Tuner, Metronome, Focus Mode, Fullscreen, Loop, Tuner, and much more. Take it from me; you will want all the goodies paid membership provides. And if you’re wondering whether Songsterr is legal, rest assured it is. The site’s paid subscribers allow Songsterr to pay royalties to artists, so everything is on the up and up. Unlike other tab sites that have been in and out of business, Songsterr isn’t going anywhere anytime soon. The Songsterr iPad App And finally, Songsterr launched a tab player App for iPhone, iPod and iPad in April 2011, the last of which will be of particular interest to our readers, allowing instant access to realistic playbacks Lyubchenko commented on the iOS App as follows, “An interesting feature of the Songsterr iOS App which is not supported on the website is offline mode. It will run offline tracks you played when you were online. There is a section called ‘History’ with a list of tabs available for offline mode. You can access these songs not only from History, but also from other sections, such as most popular, tags, search and favorite. You don’t have to play the whole song; you just need to wait a few seconds while the whole track is being uploaded to your device. “Also recently, in partnership with Jamplay.com, we launched a new section called Lessons in an iPhone version. This section gives you access to a few series of video guitar lessons.” While Songsterr has taken off like the proverbial rocket ship, there have been the inevitable detractors who compare and contrast Songsterr to older tab sites such as Ultimate Guitar and Guitar Pro. Having navigated through several of them myself, it appears those criticisms may have been unfounded. I particularly liked the rhythm notation and streaming audio file features on Songsterr, and found these to be very useful in helping me get a handle on certain tabs. www.Songsterr.com www.facebook.com/songsterr twitter.com/songsterr Guitar Coach Magazine 28 – Guitar Top 10’s – Guitar Geekery – Coolest Guitar Apps Guitar Top 10’s Guitar Coach Magazine 29 Top 10 Guitar Riffs: That Don’t Appear In Top 10 Lists by Ben Vine Mr Brownstone No its not “Sweet Child O’ Mine” but the 5th track on Appetite For Destruction is a masterpiece in itself. The riff is simple, running up and down the scale and is a great driving mechanism for the track. The song in itself is a ballad about the pains of heroin addiction, and added to the superb solo is a summary of the things Guns ‘n’ Roses are most well known for. Crosstown Traffic Track three on Jimi Hendrix' iconic album Electric Ladyland, “Crosstown Traffic”, is a great example of the experimental production techniques that Hendrix doesn't get much credit for. The riff features guitar accompanied by a kazoo, forming an original sound that makes it both catchy and easy to hum along to! Dammit Blink-182 have had many iconic pop punk hits, but the simplicity of “Dammit” shows them flaunting their more punk rock influences. The guitar part is deceptively simple, but this is what makes it effective. It becomes part of the chorus, providing an interlude before each verse. Your Touch The dirty and raw opening riff of “Your Touch” by the Black Keys has never featured on a top riff list (that I know of). However it is a familiar accompaniment to TV and film, appearing on the likes of "Zombieland" and "Eastbound and Down". The riff is reminiscent of the White Stripes, bluesy and swapping between power chords and a lead lick. Great for strutting down the street to on your headphones. Plug In Baby Starting with a scream of feedback, “Plug In Baby” is "original" Muse. Combining classical guitar influences with heavy effects that make it seem like Matt Bellamy is struggling to control the guitar. Origin of Symmetry was a breakthrough album for the band, with "Plug In Baby" leading the charge as arguably the best track. A firm live encore favourite. Walk Pantera's "Walk" is the first true metal song to make the list. Once again simplicity is key, with a driving, menacing riff introducing the song. It’s written in 12/8 timing, Dimebag Darrell’s soundcheck jam became one of the bands most recognized songs and was their first top 40 hit in the UK. It’s been covered many times, most notably by Avenged Sevenfold. Is This Love Bob Marley isn't a prominent figure in guitar articles, however the riff in "Is This Love" is the moment the idea of guitar being a lead instrument in reggae suddenly made sense. The album Kaya, which the track is taken from, was a way to make Bob Marley appeal to a wider audience through use of guitar. Maybe it could be classed as selling out, but who cares? It works! Smooth Supernatural was Santana's award winning album, featuring guest appearances from everyone from Eric Clapton to Wyclef Jean. "Smooth" features Rob Thomas from Matchbox 20, and the truly smooth guitar riff and improvised licks throughout the song definitely fit the title. It always features on summer playlists, but now it gets it's rightful place in a guitar top ten! Stay With Me Faces' "Stay With Me" is one of the less known tracks on this list. But featuring the likes of Ronnie Wood on guitar, it definitely isn't out of place. The interplay between guitar and keys occurs throughout the song, but the traditional overdriven blues riff that leads it is the most prominent. And, as I'm sure you'll agree, any song that includes a shout of "guitar!" before a solo is a winner! Taylor Once again not in the traditional vein of guitar lists, Jack Johnson's track "Taylor" is not one to be dismissed. Sure, it's played on acoustic guitar rather than a Strat doused in overdrive, but the technical and rhythmic ability shown while playing a lead riff is fantastic. Little slaps of the strings and rapid hammer-ons make this intro an impressive party piece at a BBQ. And the video starring Ben Stiller is not to be missed either! Guitar Geekery Guitar Coach Magazine 30 MicroGuitars: enter the world of the hacked axe by Graham Land If you hear the words “guitar tech” and immediately think of the roadie who changes strings and tunes up for successful rock bands, think again. A synthesis is taking place in the basements, bedrooms and garages of tech-savvy guitar players and musicinterested computer geeks. Some build 6-string Frankensteins, others construct nano-scale axes that really play, while others are focused on the software that enables musicians to create and share their music in an increasingly technology-dependent world. Some do all three! Guitars and technology have gone hand in hand since Les Paul and others experimented with adding electric microphones to acoustic guitars. The computer and IT revolution means hackers and guitar nerds are now taking things to an entirely new level. The result is a special breed of geek who combines cutting edge DIY techie innovations and the passion only a true muso could muster. Brighton-based Chris Holden, who holds the distinction of being both an old school programmer and a musician of 20 years, has experimented with combining various musical instruments and computers in his own DIY style. He's actually more of a guitar hacker than a computer hacker, often buying cheap guitars off eBay, experimenting with various guitar hacks and add-ons like built-in effects and flashing LED lights. One of his projects that's been garnering a fair bit of attention is his work with mini instruments, especially his line of MicroGuitars. He began creating small USB devices inspired by 80s tabletop electronic drum kits – remember Mattel's Synsonics drums? Using a laser cutter and drum software, Chris and a friend made their first mini drum kit in the course of just one evening. From there they moved on to mini guitars, mini basses, synths and even microphones, effectively creating an entire micro rock band. Chris sells his hand-made, custom designed MicroGuitars and other MicroInstruments through www.microband.co.uk. Clients can choose which kind of guitar model they'd like (SG, Flying V, Stratocaster, customized, etc.) as well as a range of samples to be loaded into the guitar. You can even decide which fret on the fingerboard will trigger each sample! MicroGuitarists can also create their own songs or “micro mash-ups” of their favourite artists by using a simple recording program and easily share their MicroBand creations on the internet. The MicroBand website provides a bank of samples or guitar riffs, a place to upload your songs and a community to share them with. Another project Chris is working on is a way to turn a mobile phone into a mini guitar amplifier, allowing tech geek guitarists to free themselves from cumbersome wired connections and PCs for the ultimate in wireless mini mobility jamming. Visit www.microband.co.uk. ‘My latest guitar project is fitting an accelerometer from wii controller inside my guitar and hooking it up to a simple wah circuit. The idea is that you raise and lower the guitar to activate the wah pedal’. –Chris Holden Guitar Apps Guitar Coach Magazine 31 App of the Month: Guitar Toolkit by Tom Rosier Guitar Toolkit is one impressive App. It’s absolutely brimming with features and is very user friendly. Tap here to check out this App Since the launch of Apple’s iOS and the release of the iPad and iPhone there have been hundreds upon hundreds of apps that have claimed to be a cut above the rest in terms of what they can offer, how they can offer it and at what price it can be offered. In this monthly article I aim to bring these apps to the forefront, take you through their operations, examine them, and let you know what applications deserve your money. This month I will be looking at Guitar Toolkit by Agile Partners. Guitar Toolkit Now the first thing that I noticed about this App was obviously its price tag. In comparison to many apps that offer similar operations this App does seem slightly on the expensive side. Priced at $9.99, it could almost be in contention for the most expensive guitar based App available on the App Store. … However, this could be considered its only draw back. At first glance the App is very user friendly, and aesthetically pleasing to say the least. Across the bottom you have your main window options. These options allow you to navigate through the App with minimal space taken up on screen, allowing the user to take full advantage of the retina display and offering quick and simple navigation through the apps many functions. When first opened the user is greeted by the familiar look of a guitar tuner, with the friendly EADGBE label in the corner, aiding beginner guitarists with the string tuning arrangement down the neck. But with one swift press of the ‘mode’ button the tuner transforms into a musicians best friend, a chromatic tuner. This alone would account for between $0.79 and $2.99 of the apps price tag, as some apps that I have trialled, especially the lower price range and free apps, do not offer the accuracy of this tuner. It also offers a high contrast mode, so that instead of having the needle alone pointing you in the direction of pitch, you also have LED style lights pointing you in the right direction. Guitar Toolkits next feature is the scales feature. Within this section you can pull up any scale of your choosing (literally any) for whatever key you want, and instantly be shown where these notes appear on the fretboard. Simply click on the scale, choose your scale or arpeggio, Guitar Apps Guitar Coach Magazine 32 App of the Month: Guitar Toolkit the type of music the scale you intend to use (including world, classical or modal, Asian or Indian) and then the scale name, be it pentatonic minor or altered diminished. Literally the world is your oyster. However this function does not stop there. By pressing the magnifying glass in the corner of the screen you can flip the screen to an alternate scale help wizard. This will allow you to press on any fret you like, placing a marker on that string and fret, and it will analyse all scales that the chosen note fits into. Then by adding more notes the App will then narrow down your choice of scale. I should probably add that when you press the marker the note will play, which I found especially useful. And then there was the metronome. No-one really likes metronomes, and I can’t imagine any guitarist out there would ever choose to play with a metronome for fun, but as a learning and development tool (especially if playing alone or acoustically) it really is good. In the centre of the screen you have a large simple on/off button. Great! And a simple scroll wheel that allows the user to easily and quickly navigate to the tempo they desire. It would be nice to simply type the tempo in also, but I won’t give it any negative points for that. Then by pressing the small ‘i’ button in the corner you can transform this metronome by changing its sounds (to essentially any sound you would ever desire), reversing the sounds if having a higher pitched beginning beat confuses the user, enable a flashing display, accent the flashes on the display and of course select you time signature. Brilliant! Next up is the chords page. Just like the scales page, the chords page can display any chord of your choosing, in all of its possible variations. Just what every guitarist needs. But again, like with the scales page you can press the magnifying glass and transform it into what I would describe as a ‘chord analyser’. By selecting two notes the app will list all possible chords that are associated with the two notes, and again by adding more notes reducing the number of chord possibilities open to you. I found this particularly useful for working out harmonies, as having an application open in front of you, which is also interactive, lets you try out harmonic possibilities and aids doing so in a methodological fashion. The last section of this app is the settings. I won’t go into too much detail, but if I were to say that you could have all of the options that I have described for essentially ALL stringed instruments that may give you a rough idea of what to expect here. You can even flip over the settings to accommodate left handed guitarists, add a capo and even edit the tuning of the guitar that you will see in the windows I have described. All in, I would probably say that thus far this is by a long way the best paid app that I have seen on the app store. Sure, $9.99 could be considered a little hefty, and you can get all of the functions of this app elsewhere for free or a fraction of this apps price. But after buying this app it is unlikely that I would pay for another app like this ever again, as it has everything I would ever need and its all in one convenient place. It doesn’t have the recording functions of other applications, and it also doesn’t have amp emulations which would be a very nice addition, but it does exactly what it says it does, and does it extremely well. The Verdict: Value for money: Functionality: Ease of use: Looks: Total: Tap Here For Details Of Guitar Toolkit Feature Guitar School: with Nils Lofgren ‘Keep exploring, keep learning, because it’s a never-ending journey.’ Guitar Coach Magazine 33 Feature Guitar Coach Magazine 34 Guitar School: with Nils Lofgren Nils Lofgren Guitar School: The Origins: Guitarist Nils Lofgren, usually thought of as an ace sideman for Neil Young and Bruce Springsteen (he’s currently on tour with The Boss and the newly-expanded 18-piece E Street Band), as well as a successful solo artist in his own right, has been offering online guitar lessons from his website, www.nilslofgren.com, for nearly five years. We asked Nils how he got started on guitar and how his Guitar School developed. “I started on accordion and took ten years of classical lessons, but switched to guitar and took lessons for a few months and had some great teachers. It was actually my brother, Tom Lofgren, who got me started with an old beat-up guitar at home. So, I’ve been playing and studying music, literally since I was five. Over the last four decades, people have been coming up to me constantly, telling me they’d like to play rock guitar for fun but weren’t allowed to, because, “I have no talent, I have no rhythm.” “I said, ‘Who told you that?’ And they never know, but they think that. So, I decided to put together one hour lessons and offer them on my website, because I wasn’t going to give lessons in my home. I have a Beginner’s School starting at zero, for people who think they have no talent or rhythm. You don’t need to know anything. All you need is a guitar and a way to tune it, and I’ll teach you to enjoy playing guitar. Part 2 of this interview with Nils Lofgren will be in the next issue of Guitar Coach magazine. “In the Beginners’ School, there are five lessons that are built around the blues scale, and I get deep into it with the acoustic and electric guitar. “Then, there’s an intermediate school that’s a little more advanced for people that know a bit and want to take some more sophisticated lessons. All the lessons are an hour long, which might take you eight months or eight days, depending on how crazy you are. When you’re ready for more information, you go to the next one. Once it’s in your computer, it’s yours for life. Tap Here For Details of Nils Guitar School Feature Guitar Coach Magazine 35 Guitar School: with Nils Lofgren Professor Lofgren “One of the problems that’s very frustrating is that guitar is like gymnastics for the hands. Everything is moving in a way it’s not used to. I’ve counselled people saying, ‘Here’s something you can do with one finger that takes no talent or rhythm, and I’ll back you up on a blues. They can make music immediately. Do that now with me and make music and focus on that part of it. The point of my Beginner’s School is, ‘Play music with me and feel what it’s like to make music right now, today.” Lofgren well understands how difficult learning guitar can be for the average person. “It’s all about putting in the ‘frustration’ and the practice. Are you ready for ten minutes of practice? How about twenty minutes? Obviously, you have to practice, but if you get frustrated, go back to the fun one-finger stuff and jam along with me and walk away. Tomorrow, when you come back, maybe you’re ready for twenty minutes of practice. Nils’ filming techniques for Guitar School are equally simple and basic. “It’s not a fancy three-camera shoot; just me in my studio, sometimes with my dog, showing you what I do. Sometimes, when I need a close-up, I’ll just walk right into the camera. “I’m very excited about this, because I’m still learning every day, even while on the road with Bruce and The E Street Band. I’m still applying what I’ve learned over the years. The whole idea, especially with the Beginner’s School, is to get people enjoying it before adding the frustrating practice stuff. The goal is to have guitar playing be a therapeutic healing hobby. It’s not a race; don’t give up on something because you can’t play it right away. The beautiful thing I learned from accordion lessons was, if you can’t do it immediately, don’t throw it away. Chip away at it slowly.” Life Onstage With Bruce “I think it was on The Rising tour. Bruce always plays a long solo in ‘Because The Night.’ One night, we were doing the song, and it came time for Bruce’s solo, and he just pointed at me, as if to say, ‘Go!,’ so clicked on my fuzz and did a solo almost three minutes long. It was unexpected, but that’s Bruce for you. Sure enough, over the next forty shows, Bruce played the solo every night! Now, years later, I’m playing the solo on that song every night. “Lately, I’ve come up with a solo for it that incorporates a harmonic minor scale that’s dark and modal, which is a sound I love. One of my problems is, I have short, thick fingers, not beautiful long hands and fingers like Jimi Hendrix. Playing that minor solo has been very hard for me, because I can’t come close to playing it at the tempo of the song. But, I haven’t given up on the idea of doing it. A lot of times, after two or three weeks, I’ll make a decision, as my own teacher, ‘You’re never going to be able to do it at that speed.’ OK, then we’ll let it go, or we’ll ‘I’m very excited about this, because I’m still learning every day, even while on the road with Bruce and The E Street Band.’ Feature Guitar Coach Magazine 36 Guitar School: with Nils Lofgren change it. I’ve learned to let it percolate and give it a bit of time. You should never beat yourself up about not being able to play something right away. I give myself permission to take it slow to start. All guitar players-all musicianshave physical limitations. “Keep exploring keep learning, because it’s a never-ending journey.” Old School Nils’ latest recording is titled Old School, and he considers it one of his best works. He recorded it in his home studio with guest artists like vocalists Paul Rodgers and Lou Gramm from Foreigner. “We had the great Sam Moore from Sam & Dave come in to sing. Standing in the studio and singing with him face to face was a real honor. The new Album The new album, Old School, covers a variety of topics including desperation, self-doubt, true love, departed friends, holding on to your dreams and the world gone mad... along with a tribute to the late, great Ray Charles. "These songs reflect characters with some radical feelings and beliefs," states Lofgren. "They're definitely thoughtprovoking." "Old School has many different types of songs and feels... some rough, bluesy tracks to haunting acoustic songs," continues Lofgren. "There's some interesting and controversial characters in these songs and I look forward to everyone's reaction." The album is available directly from his web site www.nilslofgren.com “I turned sixty when I was recording, and there’s a song on the record called, “Sixty Is The New Eighteen.” I wanted the album for be an accurate representation of what’s like to be sixty today, with the stigmas this crazy planet attaches to age.” by Bob Cianci Tap Here To Visit www.NilsLofgren.com Guitar Coach Magazine 37 – U2 Vertigo, guitar solo Riffs, Licks & Solos Guitar Coach Magazine 38 Vertigo, U2: Guitar Solo Tutorial Learn to play the lead for Vertigo by U2. The lead solo in Vertigo is short and relatively easy to play, although it can be challenging getting the timing just right. Hopefully, when you’ve got bass and drums going along with everything, it’ll all fall into place. Also this is a good solo to have a play around with some effects (if you have them). In the introductory video Andy’s playing the solo over a simple backing track which just has the bass line to help with the timing. Sound setup In this tutorial Andy starts by using just the middle pickup on his guitar, then adds some chorus, echo and drive to build up the sound. However the Edge tends to add in some delay as well. But feel free to experiment yourself and find a combination that sounds good to you. Andy and the band cover U2’s Vertigo. Recorded live during a rehearsal session. Vertigo is the opening track and first single by U2 from the album, How to Dismantle an Atomic Bomb, released in 2004. It soon became an international hit. Riffs & Licks Guitar Coach Magazine 39 Vertigo, U2: Guitar Solo Tutorial The solo You can use the bass line backing track to get the feel of it, then jam with the full band using the video on the previous page. Throughout the solo we’re just using the E, B and G strings. There are four sequences where we are hitting just two at a time. The first sequence To start with we’re using the 12th fret of the top E-string which is the E note, and the 10th fret of the B-string which is the A note. You play three down strokes on these two notes. The second sequence You then move the finger on the A note (B string 10th fret) down one fret to the 9th fret (which is now the A flat note). Then you hit the same two strings three times. The fourth sequence The final sequence of notes is 10th fret on the B string (A note) and the 11th fret on the G string (F sharp note). These are the only notes used in this solo but the strings must be struck at different times, and a different amount of times. If you now watch the videos you’ll see how it’s all put together. The third sequence The next two notes are on the B and Gstrings on the 9th fret. So barre it and again you play them three times. Good luck and have fun! Guitar Coach Magazine 40 Advertisement Play great songs and Jam with our live Band! • Learn great Songs, Riffs, Solos, Improvisation, Skills & Techniques! • Detailed Step by Step Teaching Videos • Multi Camera views • Learn either Rhythm or Lead Guitar • Downloads for Song Structure, Chords and Full Tab • Includes separate Jam Tracks for; – Drums and Bass, – Drums, Bass, and Rhythm Guitar, – Drums, Bass, and Lead Guitar. • Learn the song and then join the band! It’s easy and great fun! Tap Here For Details www.bandjammer.com Song writing Guitar Coach Magazine 41 A THREE-STAGE ROCKET TO LYRIC WRITING By Robin Frederick When NASA wants to blast a rocket into orbit, they do it in stages: There’s the big lift-off, then one or two smaller stages to get the payload into orbit and then fine tune it. So, what’s this got to do with writing lyrics? You can think of the lyric writing process in three stages: 1. Getting started. (Lift off) 2. Developing your idea. (Getting into orbit) 3. Rewriting to fine tune your lyric. Just like a successful launch, you need to go through each stage. Don't expect a song in the "getting started" phase to be at the final stage! Too often songwriters confuse the very first idea with the final goal. I do it. We all do. Next time you sit down to write a lyric try this three-stage writing process. STAGE ONE: GETTING STARTED Beginning the lyric writing process with a TITLE can give you a central beacon that will keep your song lyric focused very important if you want to keep listeners involved. OR…you can start with the first line of your song. Let’s say a terrific line occurs to you that launches a whole string of ideas. Write them all down, then go back and look them over. Do you know what this song is about? Can you put the lines in some kind of order that develops an overall idea? By the time you write the second line of your first verse, you should have a good idea where your song is headed! OR…find any short phrase that’s emotionally intriguing for you. Something you WANT to write about. Then, make a list of questions the phrase suggests. These are the questions you're going to answer in your song. Try questions like: What does this mean? Why do I need to say it? How does it feel? How did it happen? What do I think the consequences will be? Every phrase suggests different questions. And every songwriter will find different ones to ask. STAGE TWO: DEVELOP YOUR IDEA Decide on your song structure. For most songs, it’s a good idea to write in a form that has a chorus section, such as… VERSE/CHORUS/ VERSE /CHORUS/BRIDGE/ CHORUS. Feature your title prominently in your chorus section. It will provide an anchor to which you and your listeners will return again and again. Surround your title with lines that support it. For example, you might choose to answer the question you feel is the most important. Or describe the emotions that are going on. Remember, the chorus sums up the heart and soul of your song. Be sure to keep it focused on a peak emotional moment. Don’t try to explain too many specific ideas in the chorus—save that for the verses—you’ve got to make your listeners FEEL what you feel! (See Stage Three.) Lay out your verses around the chorus. Try answering one of your questions in each verse and the bridge. If you run out of questions, think about going deeper into one of them. By laying out your song instead of just writing whatever comes to you, you’ll stay focused on a single idea in each verse and you won’t wonder what you’re going to write about when you get to the bridge! If you’re writing songs for the film & TV market, keep the focus solely on a peak emotional moment and try to avoid a specific storyline. The script will take care of the story details. For film & TV, the VRS Song writing Guitar Coach Magazine 42 / VRS / BRIDGE / VRS form can work well. Try using your title in the last line of each verse. If you repeat that last line each time the verse comes around, it will add weight and create a chorus-like feel. vowel rhymes. Check out www.WikiRhymer.com and www.BRhymes.com for lists of near rhymes. STAGE THREE: REWRITE AND POLISH At times during this process, there’s likely to be a strong line that “just occurs to you,” a line you really want to use. If you laid out your song as a rough sketch first, take a look to see where the line might belong and put it there. If it doesn’t seem to belong to any section, then it might provide the germ of a new song. Write it on a separate sheet of paper and put it to one side. You can come back to it later to see where it leads. In Song writing, no good line is wasted – you just have to find the right place for it. Fill in more lines around the ones you've written. Use images, comparisons, and physical expressions of emotion to make your listeners really feel it! Don’t just tell them what you experienced; make them experience it, too. Replace a cliché with a fresh idea. Punch up your language. If you wrote "I NEED..." try "I HUNGER..." or “I CRAVE...” Go through your lyric and make certain you’ve answered the important questions about the emotional situation. Did you say something in your lyric that raised more questions or hinted at something else? You’ve got to deal with that— either answer the question or change that line. You don’t want to leave the listener feeling frustrated. Now is the time to "encourage" some rhymes. Don't force them; never change the natural word order of speech to accommodate a rhyme – you’re likely to lose the authentic, believability of the lyric. Look for a rhyme that feels easy and natural. if you use "vowel rhymes" you have a huge selection to choose from. Like the name implies "vowel rhymes" merely rhyme the vowel sound. Fine/time, now/house, love/stuff are all ONE LAST THOUGHT... REALLY... ONE LAST THOUGHT... If you write melody and lyrics together, try letting the natural melody of speech suggest a melody as your write. Record it onto whatever's handy - a handheld recorder, or even your phone. Just as a lyric goes through three stages, so a melody gets started, develops, then goes through a rewriting stage. Use what comes to you initially and rewrite it later by changing phrase lengths, playing with the rhythm patterns, and altering note pitches. You can read more here: www.robinfrederick.com Robin Frederick has written more than 500 songs for television, records, theater, and audio products. She is a former Director of A&R for Rhino Records, Executive Producer of over 60 albums, and the author of "Shortcuts to Hit Song writing" and "Shortcuts to Song writing for Film & TV." Both books are available at Amazon.com FAQs Guitar Coach Magazine 43 FAQs Here’s a short selection of the most popular FAQs this month. Please send my your questions and we’ll try and cover as many as possible in the next issue. How to learn to play guitar quickly and easily while having fun? I have wanted to play the guitar all my life. Where is the best place to start when learning to play? My advice always with this question is try and play with other guitarists – not on line, but in the same room. You will improve 10 times as fast playing and practicing with others, then you will sitting at home in your room alone. Try to find someone who's a better guitarist (if they can put up with you) and get together to sing songs, write music..etc..at least once a week. You will constantly pick up new techniques, tips and tricks that you wouldn’t necessarily learn on your own. Having said that, it's also very important that you FORCE yourself to sit down everyday with the express purpose of practicing. Some days you may not feel up to it, but if you force yourself - if only for 15 minutes a day - you'll find the time stretching into an hour or more. Learn a minimum of 3-4 different ways to play each chord. This will involve partial or whole bar chords up and down the neck, but will give you a great understanding of the fret board. For example, if someone is playing the standard G chord 3-2-0-0-0-3 realize that you can play a little 3 string G chord up at the 7th fret, that's shaped like the normal D chord x-x-x-7-8-7 I am about to start playing the guitar. What do you regard as the top 3 pieces of advice I should take on board? I know this sounds boring, but learn the Pentatonic Blues scale, and finally...find someway to record yourself...this is an invaluable tool for hearing areas of your playing that need more work. Ok, I can't guarantee it'll all be fun, easy, and quick if you serious about playing the guitar a lot of times it'll be the opposite but almost nothing beats the falling of learning a new song on the guitar or mastering a new technique. To go back to the 1st part of the questions, always start with the absolute basics like being able to fret a note and learning the basic open chords. This may well become a bit tiresome and possibly one of the most challenging parts of your guitar journey, but once you have these basics, you will be ready to start playing and learning from others. That’s when the improvement will really take off. You can always employ a guitar tutor, but this can be quite restrictive. There are so many great, inexpensive on-line guitar sites that teach from beginner to advanced and, of course, there’s YouTube, although the quality of “lessons” may vary. Try out free samples from various sites and choose the one hat fits what you want to learn that has an engaging teacher. That way you won’t get bored. A good question and imperiously difficult to answer. But I will give you my 3, based on that wonderful gift, hindsight. want to achieve. This is the root cause of a lot of frustration. 1. Set yourself a major goal, chunked down into smaller milestones. Link this into the 1st question asked and I believe you will have more than enough to get started. 2. Don’t become impatient if you are not always immediately achieving what you 3. Enjoy it. Best of luck! Ask Andy Guitar Coach Magazine 44 FAQs What guitar chords could I play if someone else plays different chords? What chords could I play while she plays B flat, F, and E flat? I want to write a song. How do I start and what are some guitar chords that flow nicely together to make a song? The easiest way to complement a friend is to use a capo and play the same chord in a different position on the fretboard. In fact, if you learn the CAGED capo method, you can easily do this for whole songs. I don't have time to get into that, but to answer your specific question, here are some options for you: Bb = capo 1 A or capo 3 G shape F = capo 1 E or capo 3 D shape So – where do I start with this one? To begin with, there is no set way to write a song and I would guess that virtually every chord sequence possible has been used at some time or another; although it has to be said that some chords will sound better together in a sequence and flow better than others. As far as song writing is concerned, I suppose there are 4 ways you can write a song. A lyric-based approach, used by Bob Dylan where the lyrics are the starting point (maybe what is in you head at the time) with a melody and chords added afterwards The Melody-based approach – probably used by Paul McCartney. A melody or hook line will be the starting point to writing a song. It could even be the whole song has a complete melody before an instrument is even picked up Note: See also the article on Songwriting in this issue, which will provide you with numerous hints and tips. To improve, there is no substitute to strumming along to a live band. Riff-based approach - which starts with a riff and develops into a song. A bit like the Sweet Child of Mine intro played by Slash morphed into the full song. Could be The Rolling Stones employed this method in some of their writing The mish mash approach. Just jam and sing and build up your jigsaw puzzle. Could be that many a progressive rock song from the 70’s used this technique. . Now onto chords that sound good to- Eb = capo 1 D or capo 3 C shape There is also a completely separate method for an electric guitar to complement an acoustic guitar using 3 string chords, but from your question, I don't think that's what you're going for. Alternatively, you can discard your capo altogether and learn the shapes as bar chords. gether. There is a whole bunch of theory you can extract to understand what chords fit well together. (Dominant/sub dominant/tonic etc…). As it sounds like you are new to the guitar and songwriting, I thought it best to simply provide some examples: CCCC FFFF CCCC GGGG FFFF CCCC (G) The last G being a kick or turn around. Some common patterns revolve around this pattern: C, Aminor, F, G or C, Eminor, F, G... Another popular variation is to do a walk up through the changes: C, Dminor, Eminor, F, G Beyond this set of simple patterns, you should open your ears while you play. Listen while you make changes. If you write a simple melody, you'll find it fairly easy to put it over one of these patterns or another, then, when you hit a spot where your melody isn't quite working with those chords... be inventive. Throw in outside chords (such as a D major in the key of C, or E or A major in the key of C). Hope this isn’t getting too complicated!!!!! The best way to learn this is to get songbooks and study the chords. It takes a little time and effort, but this kind of basic theory is necessary if you want to write music. Reviews Guitar Coach Magazine 45 Keeping it Free! We hope you’re enjoying this issue of Guitar Coach magazine and we look forward to bring you much more great free stuff in the next issue. But we need your help :) In order for us to continue to produce this magazine free of charge, we need to get the word out to as many people as possible - and to do this we need your help. All you have to do is tap the “Review” button below and leave us a comment and a rating. If you’ve enjoyed this magazine, then we hope you’ll give us a 5 star rating! Thank you! Tap Here To Review GUITAR COACH MAGAZINE : ISSUE 001 The FREE Guitar Magazine created exclusively for iPad Play guitar and have fun, with Guitar Coach magazine I hope you’ve enjoyed this first issue of Guitar Coach magazine. We’ve only just got started, so there will be even more great content for you in the next issue! More great Interviews. More Songs. Cool Riffs. Solos & Licks. Skills & Techniques. And Guitar Gizmos! Tap Here For Editorial For Editorial enquiries email:[email protected] Tap Here For Advertising For Advertising enquiries contact: [email protected] With many thanks to: Nils Lofgren, Steve Stine, The Songsterr team, and Robin Frederick Articles written by Bob Cianci, Steven Andrews, Graham Land, Ben Vine and Tom Rosier Special thanks to; Andy Partridge of BandJammer www.bandjammer.com for video contributions Look out for next month’s Issue. Coming Soon.
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