ipn – iwnest langkawi 2015

IPN – IWNEST LANGKAWI 2015
2015 IPN – IWNEST LANGKAWI
LANGKAWI, MALAYSIA
JUNE 5-6, 2015
IPN – IWNEST LANGKAWI 2015
Welcome to IPN-IWNEST 2015
Conferences Langkawi
Dear Professor, Dr and distinguished delegates,
Welcome to the IPN - IWNEST 2015 Conferences in Langkawi, Malaysia. On behalf of
International Postgraduate Network (IPN.org) and IWNEST, I would like to thank all
the Conference Chair, Program Chairs and the Technical Committees. Their high
competence and professional advice enable us to prepare the high-quality program. For
the participants, we hope all of you have a wonderful time at the conference and also in
Langkawi, Malaysia.
We believe that by this excellent conference, you can get more opportunity for further
communication with researchers and practitioners.
For the conferences of ICPRC, ICSM, ICOHS & ICLG than 50 submitted papers have been
received and 40 papers have been accepted and published finally.
In order to hold more professional and significant international conferences, your
suggestions are warmly welcomed. And we are looking forward to meet you again next
time.
Best Regards,
Thank you.
Yours Sincerely,
Datin MZ Zainab
Director – Conference Management IPN.org
Chairman, IPN – IWNEST 2015 Conferences, Langkawi
IPN – IWNEST LANGKAWI 2015
Message from IWNEST President
On behalf the IWNEST publications team, it is my privilege to welcome you to the IPN IWNEST 2015 Conferences Langkawi. IWNEST is an independent, non-political, nongovernmental organization of distinguished scientists dedicated to advancing science
around the world. We aim to help scientists and researchers to publish their findings in
our scientific journals and to promote and help to organize worldwide conferences. We
believe that has no boundaries, regardless of the great distances between countries and
continents. Thus IWNEST welcomes contributions from researchers from all concern
irrespective to the race, colour, religion and nationality.
Best Regards
Prof. Dr. Abdel Rahman Mohammad Said Al Tawaha
Founder President
Honorary Advisor
IPN – IWNEST 2015 Conferences, Langkawi
IPN – IWNEST LANGKAWI 2015
About International Postgraduate Network (IPN.org)
The International Postgraduate Network (IPN.org) is a non-profit international
association dedicated to the promotion of international education and university
cooperation in the field of Business, Art, Social Science, Management, Education,
Science, Technology, Engineering and any other related field.
Through the organization of different international events, it brings together
institutions, bodies and organizations from different countries of the world for
discussion and cooperation IPN.org Mission is to promote and enhance the dialogue in
education among the institutions devoted to field mentioned above through:
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Promotion of best practice standards in the service of international education.
The facilitation of relevant forums, training and information exchange.
Creation and dissemination of knowledge; exert an influence in public policy.
Production of publications used as a database document for research works,
projects and innovation activities held on the international education field.
IPN.org believes that this is best achieved through international cooperation and
promotes the development of closer links among relevant institutions and individuals
around the world.IPN.org supports that such international cooperation can help
countries learn from each other and promotes the dissemination of scientific and
engineering activities. IPN.org intends to achieve the mentioned objectives and get an
international visibility by the organization of international conferences and by
interacting with public and private organisms from all parts of the world.
www.internationalpostgraduatenetwork.org
www.ipnconference.org
www.ipnmalaysia.org
www.mpcn.org
IPN – IWNEST LANGKAWI 2015
Announcement
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Australian Journal of Basic and applied Sciences (ISI /Thomson Reuters Journal)
(ISSN 1991-8176) (abstract and indexing by ISI/Thomson Reuters, Ulrich
periodicals, Ebscohost, Cabi International and DOAJ) or
Advances in Environmental Biology (ISI/THOMSON REUTERS) (online issue
ISSN 1995-0756) (abstract and indexing by ISI/Thomson Reuters, , Ulrich
periodicals, Ebscohost, Cabi International and DOAJ) or
Journal of Applied Science Research (online issue ISSN 1819-544X) Google
Scholar, Ulrich Periodicals, EBSCO HOST, CSA, CAB Abstract, U.K., DOAJ, ISC or
Research Journal of Social Sciences (online issue ISSN 1815-9125) (abstract and
indexing by Google Scholar, Ulrich, EBSCO HOST, DOAJ
One excellent presentation will be selected from each session and the author of
excellent presentation will be awarded the certificate.
IPN – IWNEST LANGKAWI 2015
Keynote Speakers
Keynote Speaker 1:
Dr. Syd Gilani
Dubai Maritime Authority
Biography:
Dr. Syd Gilani is a recipient of the British High Commissioner’s Award. He holds a Ph.D.
in Management from Edith Cowan University, Australia and an MBA in Corporate
Planning & Advanced Financial Management from Bradford University, UK. He has
extensive experiences in the areas of strategy development and implementation, having
held roles as Chief Strategist and Director of Strategy in MNCs internationally. He has
also been COO and Group CEO of several conglomerates, having experience in
development, implementation and improvement of systems on a large and extremely
profitable scale. Dr. Gilani drives corporate culture to ensure that strategy, performance
and results are prioritised whilst implementing structures for governance, growth and
performance management. He steers vision and mission, restructuring core systems and
accomplishing quick and comprehensive turnarounds. He is skilled with takeovers,
international ventures, alliances between corporations and governments, subsidiary
management and new opportunity development. Dr. Gilani brings together strategic
rationale with financial reasoning to ensure best policies. For the higher education
sector, Dr. Gilani has developed the Bachelor of Applied Business Studies (BABS) in New
Zealand, a degree accredited by the New Zealand Qualifications Authority and still in
use to this day. He has also been the Deputy Dean of Business at the University of Dubai
where he helped implement the AACSB accreditation program for the College of
Business Administration. As Chair of Business at the American University in Dubai, he
introduced and implemented the co-operative education program for business students,
a first in the GCC. Known for his meticulous supervision of his Ph.D. students and
inspiring experience-based MBA classes, Dr. Gilani has mentored several Emirati
students who have gone on to become leaders in their respective fields while
contributing to the corporate and government sectors across the GCC. Currently, Dr.
Gilani is the Director of Strategy & Excellence at the Government of Dubai’s Maritime
Authority. In this capacity, he has spearheaded the development and implementation of
the Emirate of Dubai’s Maritime Sector Strategy 2011-2014. He was also responsible for
development and implementation of the second chapter of this work which is the
Maritime Sector Strategy 2015-2021. In 2014, he single-handedly visualized and
created the Maritime Vision 2030 for the Emirate of Dubai. Within the same year, Dr.
Gilani produced the Emirate’s first comprehensive Maritime Safety Policy and Strategy
IPN – IWNEST LANGKAWI 2015
for its territorial waters. Under the patronage of H.H. Sheikh Hamdan Bin Mohammed
Rashid Al Maktoum, the Crown Prince of the Emirate of Dubai, and under the
supervision of The Dubai Executive Council, Dr. Gilani was part of the team that
contributed to the development of the new Dubai Strategic Plan 2021. In tandem with
Dubai World Central (DWC) and Dubai Airport Engineering Projects (DAEP), he is
responsible for the development of the Emirates’ Logistics and Transportation
Competitive Strategy to position Dubai internationally as the key shipping and logistical
Super Gateway. Dr. Gilani also serves as board advisor and board member to companies
in New Zealand, Australia, Singapore and the GCC.
Abstract
The Pre-Strategy Preparedness Check
Developing a strategic plan takes discipline, foresight and a lot of honesty. Regardless of
how well prepared, a strategic plan is bound to encounter challenges along the way.
Even the best-laid of organisational strategies are rendered useless without proper
implementation. This is far from straightforward as corporate strategy by nature is
often conceptual and complex. Numerous researchers and authors cite reasons behind
these strategy failures and categorize them into fundamental internal and external
causes. A plethora of research has also provided guidance on rectifying these problems.
However, there is a necessity to look beyond into an area in between Strategy
Formulation and Strategy Implementation, which Dr. Syd Gilani terms the Pre-Strategy
Preparedness Check. Dr. Gilani explains the importance of understanding the
architectural configuration of the Pre-Strategy Preparedness Check, both in terms of its
hard and soft elements and components, in order to help organizations prepare for
better success in strategy achievement and implementation.
Keywords: strategy failure, internal and external causes, strategy implementation, PreStrategy Preparedness Check, hard and soft elements
IPN – IWNEST LANGKAWI 2015
Keynote Speaker 2:
Dr. Razif Bin Muhammed Nordin
Universiti Teknologi MARA
Abstract
Preparation and biodegradation characteristic of polyethylene
Polyethylene’s are widely utilized in many applications, ranging from household items
to engineering and advanced application. In fact they are part and parcel of our daily
life, which can be easily attributed to several factors. Among those include versatility
and large window of properties, ease of design and applications and development of
materials and processing, to quote a few. This paper will attempt to discuss the
pertinent issues, current and future, pertaining to biodegradability of polyethylene,
based on a specific example. This is amid at illustrating on how to improve
biodegradation of polyethylene without sacrifice the tensile properties.
IPN – IWNEST LANGKAWI 2015
List of the Conference Committee
IPN – IWNEST 2015 Conferences Langkawi, Honorary Advisor
Prof. Dr. Abdel Rahman Mohammad Said Al-Tawaha (Ph.D McGill University)
Founder President of Islamic World Network for Environmental Science and
Technology
Editor in Chief, Journal of Applied Science and Agriculture
Editor in Chief, Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences
Al Talal Bin Hussein University, Jordan
IPN – IWNEST 2015 Conferences Langkawi, Chairman
Datin MZ Zainab
IPN – IWNEST 2015 Conferences Langkawi, Academic Committee
Conference Chair
Prof. Dr. Abdel Rahman Mohammad Said Al-Tawaha (Ph.D McGill University)
Technical Committee
 Dr. Ismail Khalaf Abbas, Iraq
 Dr. Sana A. Al-Khashab, Iraq
 Dr. Wafa'a Abdelrahman Abdulla Al Taisan,
Saudi Arabia
 Dr. Samah Djeddi, Algeria
 Dr. Nada Fadhil Tawfiq, Iraq
 Dr. Ajay Verma .India
 Dr. Sarwoko Mangkoedihardjo, Indonesia
 Dr. Sharif Hossain, Saudi Arabia
 Dr. Babak Daneshvar Rouyendegh, Turkey
 Dr. Sunil Kumar, India
 Dr. Ezzeddine Ben Mohamed, Tunis
 Dr. Mahboub Sheikhalizadeh Heris, Iran
 Dr. Azimi Anaraki, Iran
 Dr. Cheevin Limsiri, Thailand
 Dr. Prayong Keeratiurai, Thailand
 Assistant Prof. Dr. Cheevin Limsiri,
Thailand
 Dr. Sureeporn Nipithwittaya, Thailand
 Dr. Kamran Mohamadkhani, Iran
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Dr. Piotr Tryjanowski, Poland.
Dr. Rafael Caballero, Spain.
Dr. Ömür Baysal, Turkey.
Dr. Aamir Nazir, Usa.
Dr. Li, Feng-Rui,China.
Dr. Zafer Olmez, Turkey.
Dr. Yasir Hasan Siddique Fibr, India.
Dr. S. Karthikeyan, India.
Dr. Bragadeeswaran, India
Dr. Sevil Toroglu, Turkey.
Dr. Ezekiel Olatunji, Nigeria.
Prof. Dr. Mohammed Rahmatullah,
Bangladesh
Prof. T.R.Mankhand, India
Prof. Bhaskar Bhattacharya.India
Prof. Dr. Kyung-Dong Lee, Korea
Prof. P. Ramkumar M., India
Prof. Dr. Abubakr Gomaa, Egypt
Dr. Anuchit Uchaipichat, Thailand
IPN – IWNEST LANGKAWI 2015
IPN – IWNEST 2015 Conference Langkawi, Organising Committee
YKY
Nurul
Shaiful
Rafie
Wafiy
Instruction for Oral Presentation
Devices Provided by the Conference Organizer:
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Laptop (with MS-Office & Adobe Reader)
Projector & Screen
Laser Sticks
Materials Provided by the Presenters:
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PowerPoint or PDF files
Duration of each Presentation (Tentatively):
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Regular oral presentation: about 15 minutes (including Q&A)
Keynote speech: about 40 minute (including Q&A)
Notice: Please keep your belongings (laptop and camera etc) with you!
During registration:
Original Receipt
Representative / Pass Card with lanyard
Printed Program
Participation Certificate (collected from Session Chair after the session)
Conference Souvenir
Conference Bag
IPN – IWNEST LANGKAWI 2015
IPN – IWNEST 2015 Conferences Langkawi
Conference Program
June 5, 2015
Venue : Lobby
Venue:
Adya 5
June 6, 2015
0900 – 1200
Registration
0830 – 0840
Opening
Remarks
0840 – 0910
Plenary
Speech 1
IPN.org
Dr. Syd Gilani
Dubai Maritime
Authority
Dr. Razif Muhammed
Nordin
UiTM
0910 – 0940
Plenary
Speech 2
0950 – 1020
Group Photo and Coffee Break
Venue:Adya 5
1030 – 1230
Session 1
Venue: Adya 6
1030 - 1230
Session 2
Venue:
Restaurant
Jelapang
1245 – 1415
Lunch
Venue: Adya 5
1430 – 1630
Session 3
Venue: Adya 6
1430 - 1630
Session 4
Venue: Adya 5
1630– 1700
Coffee Break
Best Presenter/Best Paper Awards
Ceremony
Venue:
Restaurant
Jelapang
1930 - 2100
Dinner
IPN – IWNEST LANGKAWI 2015
Session 1
Time: 1030 - 1230
Venue: Adya 5
Session Chair: Dr Ekwipoo Kalkornsurapranee
No Paper ID
1
001-icprc
Presenter
Novel Rubber Hot Tear Test by Using Suction Cups Mechanism. An
Investigation for Two Vulcanizates of Different Crosslink Densities
Soh Tiak Chuan, Qumrul Ahsan, Noraiham Mohamad
2
004-icprc
Universiti Teknikal Malaysia
Literature Mapping of Electrical Discharge Machining (EDM) System
Dana Dehghani, Azli Yahya, Norhalimah Idris, Muhammad Arif
3
011-icprc
Universiti Teknologi Malaysia
The Effect of Process Parameter for Graft Copolymerization of Sorbic
Acid Onto Polypropylene Film by Full Factorial Experimental Design
Nor Azwin Shukri, Zulkafli Ghazali, Nor Azillah Fatimah Othman, Mat
Uzir Wahit
4
002-icprc
Malaysian Nuclear Agency
Development of PTFE-filled NR/NBR/CR Rubber Blend for Chemical
Resistant Applications
M.N Noorzalila, M. Buvearasan, R. Muhammad Izzuan
5
003-icprc
Universiti Teknologi MARA
Sound Absorption Properties of Epoxidized Natural Rubber
Mahmud Iskandar Seth A Rahim, Mohamad Asri Ahmad
6
015-icprc
Lembaga Getah Malaysia
Functionalization of Gma-Grafted Banana Fibers With Ethylenediamne
for Metal Ion Adsorption
Selambakkannu, S., Othman, N.A.F., Mohamad, F. Bakar, K.A. and Saidi,
H.
Malaysian Nuclear Agency
IPN – IWNEST LANGKAWI 2015
7
005-icprc
Studying the Effects of Alkali Treatment on the Properties of Kenaf Fiber
for Reinforced Concrete Elements
Lam Tian Fook, Jamaludin Mohamad Yatim
8
009-icprc
Universiti Teknologi Malaysia
Particleboard from Para Rubber Wood bonded with Natural Rubber-gMethyl (methacrylate)
Dr Ekwipoo Kalkornsurapranee, Wisut Kaewsakul, Phontipa Daengli,
Padinya Aree, Sitisaiyidah Saiwari and Anoma Thitithammawong
Prince of Songkla University, Songkhla
IPN – IWNEST LANGKAWI 2015
Session 2
Time: 1030 - 1230
Venue: Adya 6
Session Chair: Dr Norma Alias
No Paper ID
1
006-icprc
Presenter
Microorganism as plastic biodegradation agent towards sustainable
environment
W Naimatul Asiah W Muhamad, Rashidi Othman, Ruhul Izzati
Shaharuddin, Mohd Shah Irani Hasni
2
012-icprc
International Islamic University Malaysia
Characterization of Spent Bleaching Earth After Thermal And Chemical
Treatment
Tuan Amran Tuan Abdullah, Safwanah Salleh, Mohd Johari Kamaruddin,
Ramli Mat, Anwar Johari, Nor Azillah Fatimah Othman
3
013-icprc
Malaysian Nuclear Agency
Preparation of a Novel 1-Vinylimidazole/2-Hydroxyethyl Methacrylate
Grafted Polyethylene Terephthalate/Kenaf Adsorbent via Radiationinduced Graft Copolymerization
Nor Azillah Fatimah Othman, Wan Nur Shahida Wan Jusoh, Nor Azwin
Shukri, Tuan Amran Tuan Abdullah
4
008-icprc
Malaysian Nuclear Agency
Some Studies On The Preparation And Characterization Of Natural
Rubber Grafted Poly (Methyl Methacrylate), Polystyrene And Poly
(Styrene-Co-Methyl Methacrylate)
Wanida Yung-Aoon, Preeyaporn Khunmaung, Parichat Chaisongkram,
Nitinart Seatung, Jobish Johns, Ekwipoo Kalkornsurapranee
5
019-icprc
Prince of Songkla University, Songkhla
Study The Effect of Milling Parameters on Surface Roughness During
Milling Kenaf Fibre Reinforced Plastic
Azmi bin Harun, Che Hassan bin Che Haron, Jaharah binti A. Ghani,
Suhaily binti Mokhtar, Sia Ting Ting
IPN – IWNEST LANGKAWI 2015
6
016-icprc
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
Silica filled Epoxidised Natural Rubber / cis 1,4-Polybutadiene
Dr Mazlina Mustafa Kamal,
7
010-icprc
Malaysian Rubber Board
Nucleation and Compatibilization of Poly (butylene adipate-coterephthalate) and Polylactide Biodegradable Composite Films
Dr Worasak Phetwarotai, Ekwipoo Kalkornsurapranee, PoonpailinJan
homklai, TunsudaSuparanon, Neeranuch Phusunti
8
018-icprc
Prince of Songkla University
HPCL: Integrated Software for
Parameter Characterization and
Mechanical Properties of Rubber Nanocomposite
Dr Norma Alias, Nadia Nofri Yeni Suhari
Universiti Teknologi Malaysia
IPN – IWNEST LANGKAWI 2015
Session 3
Time: 1430 - 1630
Venue: Adya 5
Session Chair: Dr. Kavitha Palaniappan
No Paper ID
Presenter
1
004-icohs Blood Cholinesterase Level and Cognitive Functioning among Primary
School Children near Paddy Field in Tanjung Karang, Selangor
Noor Aishah Hamzah, Zailina Hashim, Nurul Husna Miswon and David
Baguma
2
005-icohs
Universiti Putra Malaysia
Blood Cholinesterase Level and Neurobehavioral Performance among
Primary School Children at Tanjung Karang, Selangor, Malaysia
Nur Naqibah Lokhman, Zailina Hashim, Vivien How, Raihanah Chokeli
3
007-icohs
University Putra Malaysia
Women Left Behind After Workplace Accidents: Legend of Human Pillar
and Safety Campaign
Ryoichi HORIGUCHI
4
008-icohs
Kinki University
The Construct Validity of Health and safety executive “HSE” Tools for
Measuring a organizational Performance: Evidence from the aviation
industry in Yemen
Mohammed Alkhawlani, Prof. Dr. Zaini Abdullah
5
009-icohs
Universiti Teknologi MARA
Integration of Quality Management and Construction Accident
Causation: Development of Accident Causation Theories.
Noor Aisyah Asyikin Mahat, Faridah Ismail, Sharifah Nur Aina Syed
Alwee
6
006-icohs
Universiti Teknologi MARA
Study of Performance of Thyroid Counter for Monitoring of Intake of
Iodine-131 among Radiation Workers in Malaysia
Norhayati Abdullah, Siti Sara Deraman, Saleha Safie, Mohd Syafiq
Jawari, Raabiatun Adawiyah Mat Zin
Malaysian Nuclear Agency
IPN – IWNEST LANGKAWI 2015
7
012-icohs
Theoretical Review of Safety Climate in Malaysian Construction
Industry
Syamsul Hendra Mahmud and Roslan Amirudin
8
013-icohs
Universiti Teknologi Malaysia
Knowledge Management in Human Error in Accident Prevention
Ahmad Soyuti Hj Sabran
9
002-icohs
SapuraKencana-TL Offshore
Toxicity, Occupational Exposure Risks and Management Framework for
Nanomaterials used in Singapore
Kavitha Palaniappan
University of Newcastle Singapore
IPN – IWNEST LANGKAWI 2015
Session 4
Time: 1430 - 1630
Venue: Adya 6
Session Chair: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Abdul Talib Bin Bon
No Paper ID
1
002-iclg
Presenter
Local population: A study in the influence of learning styles in
computing field
Sin-Ban Ho, Chuie-Hong Tan
2
002-icsm
Multimedia University,
Business Model Innovation beyond Resource Constraint
Hui-Hua Ou yang , Hsiao-Yu Chang
3
003-icsm
Chien Hsin University of Science and Technology
From Vision to Strategy Achievement - A Strategic Leadership Case in
Focus: HH Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Ruler of Dubai
Dr. Syd Gilani, Berina E.O. Gilani
4
004-icsm
Dubai Maritime Authority
Measuring Framework for Information System Evaluation
Lew Sook Ling
5
005-icsm
Multimedia University
Assessment Of Items Premeditated For Trust Philosophies Integrated
Into Technology Adoption
Solomon Oluyinka, Alina Shamsuddin, Eta Wahab
6
006-icsm
University Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia
Model of Customer Loyalty on Professional Services: Empirical Study on
Independent Surveyor Service Industry In Indonesia
Hannan S., Suharjo B, Kirbrando and Nurmalina R
Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia
7
007-icsm
Determining Core Business for Aquaculture in Indramayu District - West
Java
Rostika, R. and R. Ahmad
Universitas Padjadjaran
IPN – IWNEST LANGKAWI 2015
8
008-icsm
The Determinant Factors Of Technology Adoption For Improving Firm’s
Performance; An Empirical Research Of Indonesia Electricity Company
Zainal Arifin , Firmanzah , Avanti Fontana
9
010-icsm
PLN Indonesia
The Validation of Self Efficacy Instrument for Franchise Entrepreneur
Fosa Sarassina, Nik Kamariah Nik Mat, Ruswiati Suryasaputra
10
009-icsm
Universiti Utara Malaysia
Mediating Role of Organization’s Continuous Commitment between
Strategy Implementation and Organizational Performance in Libya’s
Industrial Sector
Ahmed Alghazali Mohammed Alghannai , Abdul Talib Bin Bon
University Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia
IPN – IWNEST LANGKAWI 2015
Conference Venue
ADYA HOTEL LANGKAWI
No 1 PT, 4001, Persiaran Mutiara 2
Mukim Kuah 07000 Langkawi
Phone : +604-960 8000
Email : [email protected]
Conference Secretariat Contact:
International Postgraduate Network (IPN.org)
37B Jalan Pelabur 23/B, Seksyen 23
40300 Shah Alam
Selangor Darul Ehsan
Malaysia
Phone No. : +6018-2189487 (call/sms/whatsapp)
Tel no: +603-55486116 / +603-55455516
Fax: +603-55480616
Programme website:
www.ipnconference.org
www.internationalpostgraduatenetwork.org
www.ipnmalaysia.org
Contact Person: Mr Mohd Shaiful Shariffuldin
IPN – IWNEST LANGKAWI 2015
Note
IPN – IWNEST LANGKAWI 2015
Note
IPN – IWNEST LANGKAWI 2015
List of Abstract
No
1
Paper ID
001-icprcjasr
Presenter
Novel Rubber Hot Tear Test by Using Suction Cups Mechanism. An
Investigation for Two Vulcanizates of Different Crosslink Densities
Soh Tiak Chuan*1, Qumrul Ahsan2 , Noraiham Mohamad 3
Faculty of Manufacturing Engineering, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia, Melaka, Malaysia
*Corresponding author: Soh Tiak Chuan, Faculty of Manufacturing Engineering, Universiti
Teknikal Malaysia, Durian Tunggal, 76100 Melaka, Malaysia.
Tel: +6016-3982071, Fax: +606-2634898, E-mail: [email protected]
1,2,3
2
002-icprcjasa
Abstract- A new test method to analyze the hot tear resistance of
rubber vulcanizates comparable to the molding temperature of 165 0C
was investigated. A mold consists of 18 suction cups in complicated
shape was made. Quantities of fractured suction cups were analyzed
after the suction cups were stripped off automatically from the heated
mold through a special mold opening mechanism. Two industrial
applied formulations at different levels of crosslink density were
analyzed under this new test method. Hot tear test reveals the
vulcanizate with lower crosslink density is lesser in the amount of
fractured suction cups than the one with higher crosslink density with
an improvement of 317.52 %. The advancement level is profoundly
higher than the result of conventional trouser tear test conducted at
ambient temperature with an improvement of just 10.00 %. Hot tear
test exhibits better sensitivity to different levels of rubber crosslink
density pertaining to the tear resistances of vulcanizates at high
temperature. Statistical t-test and SEM micrographs analyses are
consistence to the results of hot tear test.
Keywords: Rubber Vulcanizate; Hot Tear Resistance; Crosslink Density;
Trouser Tear Test.
Development of PTFE-filled NR/NBR/CR Rubber Blend for Chemica
l Resistant Applications
M.N Noorzalila *1, M. Buvearasan 2, R. Muhammad Izzuan3
1 Faculty
of Chemical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA Pulau Pinang, 13500 Permatang Pau
h, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia
2,3 Harvik Rubber Industries Sdn. Bhd, 1414 Lorong Perusahaan 4, (Off Jalan Perusahaan), Free Ind
ustrial Zone (1), 1300 Prai, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia
Abstract- Rubbers may come in contact with different types,
combinations and concentration of chemicals and solvents which
IPN – IWNEST LANGKAWI 2015
3
003-icprcjasa
ultimately reduces its functionality and deteriorate over the time. The
blends of natural rubber (NR), nitrile rubber (NBR) and chloroprene
rubber (CR) have been designed for products being exposed with
solvents. In this work, the NR/NBR and NR/CR/NBR have been blended
with polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) to enhance chemical resistance of
the rubber blends. The rubber blends have been investigated for its
characteristics such as rheological properties, mechanical analysis and
immersions with respective solvents. The results showed that the
incorporation of PTFE in rubber blends could enhance the tensile
strength and hardness of the NR/NBR rubber, reduce the degree of
swelling and decrease in its penetration rate and diffusion coefficient.
This study showed that the PTFE-filled NR/NBR rubber have the
potentiality to be used for application and products working in contact
with chemicals or solvents.
Sound Absorption Properties of Epoxidized Natural Rubber
Mahmud Iskandar Seth A Rahim *1, Mohamad Asri Ahmad 2
1 High
Value-Added Rubber Products and Nanostructured Materials, Technology and Engineering D
ivision, Stesen Penyelidikan RRIM, Lembaga Getah Malaysia, 47000, Sungai Buloh, Selangor, Malay
sia.
2 Industrial Technical and Advisory Services, Quality and Technical Services Division, Stesen Penyeli
dikan RRIM, Lembaga Getah Malaysia, 47000, Sungai Buloh, Selangor, Malaysia.
4
004-icprcjasa
Abstract- This study presents the process to develop a green rubber
using Epoxidized Natural Rubber (ENR) with sound insulating
properties that could compete with commercial rubber sound insulator.
The aim of this paper is to evaluate performances of this green rubber
material in order to assess the feasibility of use in sound insulation
application. A two-microphone impedance tube was used to investigate
the sound absorption properties of the rubber formulated. The data
obtained show clearly that the ENR based sound insulation materials
performance is promising that almost match to commercial rubber
sound insulator. The data set obtained here could be a fundamental
study with available sound insulation materials model to take the
approach further and extended to other mechanical and thermal
properties performances.
Literature Mapping of Electrical Discharge Machining (EDM) System
Dana Dehghani *1, Azli Yahya 2, Norhalimah Idris 3, Muhammad Arif 4
1 Faculty
of Electrical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310, Skudai, Johor, Malaysia
of Biosciences and Medical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310, Skudai, Joh
or, Malaysia
3Faculty of Management, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310, Skudai, Johor, Malaysia
4Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310, Skudai, Johor, Malaysia
2 Faculty
Abstract- Electrical Discharge Machining (EDM) is a non-traditional
machining process used for end pieces in application of aerospace,
automotive industry and many manufacturing industries. The process
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removes the material from a workpiece by a series of frequent electrical
discharges between the electrode tool and the work piece in a dielectric
fluid environment. Due to the non-direct contact between the
workpiece and the electrode during the machining process, mechanical
stresses and chatter vibration issues are eliminated. This paper
presents a review of EDM particularly in control system, Material
Removal Rate (MRR) and power generator design and development.
Studying the Effects of Alkali Treatment on the Properties of Kenaf
Fiber for Reinforced Concrete Elements
Lam Tian Fook 1, Jamaludin Mohamad Yatim 2
1 Department
of Structure and Materials, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysi
a, 81310 UTM Skudai, Malaysia.
2 Department of Structure and Materials, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysi
a, 81310 UTM Skudai, Malaysia.
Abstract- Kenaf fibers are coming into interest to use in reinforced
concrete elements in recent years due to its attractive properties such
as lightweight, non-abrasive, degradable, renewable and inexpensive.
However, lack of good interfacial adhesion and high moisture
absorption make the use of kenaf fiber reinforced concrete elements
less attractive. Alkali treatment is one of the best used chemical
treatment for natural fibers. It can clean the fiber surface, chemically
modify the surface and increase the surface roughness. The purpose of
this study is to do a fundamental study on the effects of kenaf fiber in
different pH of NaOH. In this study, various alkali pH of NaOH were used
and the effects on the color of fiber, weight loss and water absorption of
treated kanef fibers were evaluated. From the study, It found that the
color of kenaf fiber was significantly changed due to alkali treatment
and become more and more yellowish whenever the pH of NaOH
increased. Treated kenaf fibers were lighter than untreated fibers. The
water absorption for fiber was also higher for treated kenaf fiber and
the time to reach saturation level was reduced after alkaline treatment.
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Microorganism as plastic biodegradation agent towards sustainabl
e environment
W Naimatul Asiah W Muhamad 1, Rashidi Othman *2, Ruhul Izzati Shah
aruddin 3, Mohd Shah Irani Hasni 4
International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kulliyyah of Architecture and Environmental Des
ign (KAED), International Islamic
University Malaysia, Jalan Gombak, 53100 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Abstract- The usage of plastic is critically in demand due to its
character which can be shaped into almost any desired shape and its
ability to retain that shape. Unfortunately, the wastage of those plastics
leads to many environmental issues and hazards towards human
health. Basically, plastics can degrade in the environment through four
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mechanisms which are photodegradation, thermooxidative, hydrolytic
degradation and microbial degradation. Microbial degradation is
subject to microorganism which acts as biodegradation agent. In this
case, microorganism will secrete an active enzyme to break down long
chain polymers. Microbial enzymes are attractive because the cost to
grow and maintain them is less and they are easy to manipulate.
Rhizopus delemar , Rhizophus arrizus and Pseudomonas sp. were
among the most cited bacteria that have successfully degraded certain
type of plastics. Whereas, fungal species of Aspergillus flavus and
Penicillium funiculosum were recorded by scientist which react with
certain plastic’s substrate. The objective of this paper is to review
several species of microorganism that have been experimented by
scientist and were claimed to have the capability to degrade plastic
towards eco-friendly approaches in order to sustain our environment.
In conclusion, microorganisms are very effective agent to fasten
degradation process of plastics without causing any side effect like
chemical or synthetic method does.
The Effect of Epoxide Functionality on Basic and Compound Proper
ties of In-House and Industrial Epoxidized Natural Rubbers
Patompong Pummor and Wisut Kaewsakul*
Department of Materials Science and Technology, Faculty of Science, Prince of Songkla University,
Hat Yai Campus, Songkhla 90110 Thailand
*Corresponding author: Kaewsakul W., Ph.D., Department of Materials Science, Faculty of Science, P
rince of Songkla University, Songkhla 90110 Thailand. Tel.:+66-74288383, Fax:+66-74288395, Ema
il: [email protected]
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Abstract- The intrinsic properties of the raw rubbers are an important
factor which determines the overall properties of the compounds and
end-use vulcanizate rubber products. The epoxidized natural rubber
(ENR) is one of the most commonly used modified natural rubber
materials in industry. Many research works have been carrying out on
ENR-related subjects. But a very few of those has paid an attention on
the difference between raw epoxidized natural rubbers produced from
laboratory and from industry. In the present work, the ENRs from the
two production sources were studied for their basic and compound
properties. Based on the results, ENRs at the same level of epoxidation
degree from both sources show the similar basic properties in terms of
chemical structure, thermal dependence, specific gravity, and cure
characteristics of compounds, except for their viscosity. The epoxide
groups play a significant role on basic characters and compound
properties of the epoxidized natural rubbers when compared to the
unmodified natural rubbers.
Keywords: Epoxidezed Natural Rubber, ENR, NR, Compound, Properties
Some studies on the preparation and characterization of Natural
rubber Grafted poly (methyl methacrylate), polystyrene and poly
(styrene-co-methyl methacrylate)
IPN – IWNEST LANGKAWI 2015
Wanida Yung-Aoon1, Preeyaporn Khunmaung1, Parichat Chaisongkram1,
Nitinart Seatung1, Jobish Johns2, Ekwipoo Kalkornsurapranee1*
1 Department
of Materials Science and Technology, Faculty of Science, Prince of Songkla University,
Songkhla, Thailand.
2 Research & Development Center, Department of Physics, Rajarajeswari College of Engineering, Ba
ngalore-74, India.
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Abstract- Background: Natural rubber sensitive to heat, oxidation and
poor oil and solvent resistance due to its unsaturated structure and
hydrocarbon. Objective: To improve thermal and oil resistant
properties of natural rubber by chemical modification. Results: Graft
copolymerization of natural rubber with poly (methyl methacrylate),
polystyrene and poly (styrene-co-methyl methacrylate) were
successfully prepared by using emulsion polymerization. The chemical
structures of grafted NRs were confirmed using Fourier-transform
infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy
(TEM) technique. The grafted NRs exhibited better heat and oil
resistant properties than that of unmodified NR. Among the four
different types of natural rubbers, NR-g-PMMA exhibited the highest oil
resistance properties and NR-g-P(S-co-MMA) exhibited the highest
thermal stability. Conclusion: A synergetic improvement in the
properties of NR by grafting leads the resulting material can be used
widely in industrial applications.
Particleboard from Para Rubber Wood bonded with Natural
Rubber-g-Methyl (methacrylate)
Ekwipoo Kalkornsurapranee1, Wisut Kaewsakul1, Phontipa Daengli1, Pa
dinya Aree2, Sitisaiyidah Saiwari2 and Anoma Thitithammawong2
1 Department
of Materials Science and Technology, Faculty of Science, Prince of Songkla University,
Songkhla, Thailand.
2Department of Rubber Technology and Polymer Science, Faculty of Science and Technology, Prince
of Songkla University, Pattani Campus, Pattani,
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Abstract- Background: Para rubber wood particleboard (PB) was
prepared from NR-g-PMMA based adhesive using hot compression
processes. The NR-g-PMMA was prepared in house by using emulsion
polymerization. Different weight ratios of NR/MMA (90/10, 80/20 and
70/30) were used to prepare the adhesive. PBs from Para wood
sawdust along with NR-g-PMMA based adhesive were successfully
prepared. It was found that the properties (i.e., tensile strength,
hardness, swelling and water absorption) of PB enhanced with
increasing the MMA concentration of the graft copolymer. The graft
copolymer with higher MMA concentration exhibited the greater ability
to interact between the graft copolymer and wood particle surfaces. As
a consequence, higher interaction between the carbonyl group on
PMMA of the graft copolymer and the hydroxyl group on wood particles
was observed.
Nucleation and Compatibilization of Poly (butylene adipate-co-
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aeb
terephthalate) and Polylactide Biodegradable Composite Films
Worasak Phetwarotai *P1,3P, Ekwipoo KalkornsurapraneeP1P, PoonpailinJ
anhomklaiP1P, TunsudaSuparanonP1P, Neeranuch Phusunti P
2P1P Department
of Materials Science and Technology, Faculty of Science, Prince of Songkla Universi
ty, Hatyai, Songkhla 90112, Thailand.
P2P Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Prince of Songkla University, Hatyai, Songkhla 901
12, Thailand.
P3P Bioplastic Research Unit, Department of Materials Science and Technology, Faculty of Science, P
rince of Songkla University, Hatyai, Songkhla 90112, Thailand.
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Abstract- Poly(butylene adipate-co-terephthalate) (PBAT) and
polylactide (PLA) biodegradable composite films were hot-melted via a
twin screw extruder. The influences of PLA contents, nucleating agent
types and compatibilizer levels on the tensile, thermal, physical, and
morphological properties of the composite films were investigated. PLA
contents were varied from 10 to 50 wt%. Nanoprecipitated calcium
carbonate (NPCC) and talc were used as a nucleating agent at 2 phr.
Whereas, toluenediphenyl diisocyanate (TDI) was used as a
compatibilizer at different concentrations (1 to 9 wt% based on PLA
contents) to enhance an interfacial adhesion between PBAT and PLA.
The presence of PLA, nucleating agent, and compatibilizer had
significant effect on mechanical strength, elongation, morphology, and
thermal behaviors of the PBAT/PLA biodegradable composite films. The
results showed that tensile strength of the composites was increased
with increment of PLA contents; in contrast, elongation at break was
substantially decreased due to phase separation of PBAT and PLA
according to SEM results. In addition, thermal stability and
crystallization of PBAT composite films were affected with the addition
of PLA. However, a presence of nucleating agent and an appropriate
level of TDI led to significant improvement of the tensile properties of
the PBAT composites compared with the uncompatibilized ones. These
effects are in agreement with morphological results.
The effect of process parameter for graft copolymerization of
sorbic acid onto polypropylene film by full factorial experimental
design
Nor Azwin Shukri
Mat Uzir Wahit2
*1,2,
Zulkafli Ghazali1, Nor Azillah Fatimah Othman1,
1 Radiation
Processing Technology, Malaysian Nuclear Agency(Nuclear Malaysia), Bangi, 43000,K
ajang, Selangor, Malaysia
2 1Center for Composites. Universiti Teknologi Malayia, 81310, UTM Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia
Abstract- Background: This study aimed to identify the significant
factor for the radiation-induced grafting of sorbic acid onto
polypropylene film using full factorial design of experiment. The
important parameters which effect percentage grafting yield (%GY)
such as absorbed dose (A), monomer concentration (B), reaction
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temperature (C) and reaction time (D) were investigated. Full factorial
design was applied and statistical analysis of the data was performed
using Minitab 16. Factorial plot of normal probability, pareto chart,
main effect and interaction effect were generated to determine
significant and insignificant factors which influence the grafting yield
Objective: To identify important statistical analysis variables for graft
copolymerization of sorbic acid onto polypropylene film by a full
factorial experimental design. Results: From the statistical analysis, B, A
and C influenced the %GY significantly, while D have a negative effect
on %GY. The interaction between BC, AB, AC and ABC was found to be
the most influencing interaction. The obtained results will be a guide for
subsequent optimization of the parameters of grafting sorbic acid onto
polypropylene film. Conclusion: The results of this study proved that
factorial design is a useful tool for the identification of the most
important parameter affecting %GY and henceforth, provides a
comprehensive understanding of the effect and the interaction effect of
each process parameter.
Characterization of Spent Bleaching Earth after thermal and
chemical treatment
Tuan Amran Tuan Abdullah1,2, Safwanah Salleh2, Mohd Johari
Kamaruddin2, Ramli Mat2, Anwar Johari1,2, Nor Azillah Fatimah Othman3
Centre of Hydrogen Energy, Institute of Future Energy, UniversitiTeknologi Malaysia, 81310
Skudai, Johor, Malaysia
2 Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Chemical Engineering, UniversitiTeknologi
Malaysia, 81310 Skudai, Johor, Malaysia
3 Radiation Processing Technology Division,Malaysian Nuclear Agency (Nuclear Malaysia), 43000
Kajang, Selangor, Malaysia
1
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Abstract- Regeneration of spent bleach earth (SBE) from the palm oil
solid waste were studied by treatment with heat and treated with
steam, acid and base. The spent bleaching earth was calcinated in open
air at 600C for an hour before further activated by steam, 0.1M and 0.5M
hydrochloric acid (HCl), and with 0.1M and 0.5M sodium hydroxide
(NaOH). The physical and chemical properties of the treated sample
were analyzed using BET-N2 surface area, X-ray Diffraction (XRD) and
temperature programmed desorption carbon dioxide (TPD-CO2). The
result indicated that the treated SBE with acid have higher surface area
followed by the treatment with low concentration of base, steam and
high concentration of base. All treated SBE with acid and base showed
strong CO2 adsorption.
Preparation of a Novel 1-Vinylimidazole/2-Hydroxyethyl
Methacrylate Grafted Polyethylene Terephthalate/Kenaf Adsorbent
via Radiation-induced Graft Copolymerization
Nor Azillah Fatimah Othmana,b*, Wan Nur Shahida Wan Jusohb, Nor
Azwin Shukrib, Tuan Amran Tuan Abdullaha
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a Centre
of Hydrogen Energy, Institute of Future Energy, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM
Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia
b Radiation Processing Technology Division, Malaysian Nuclear Agency, Bangi 43000 Kajang
Selangor, Malaysia
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Abstract- 1-Vinylimidazole (VIM) / 2-Hydroxyethyl methacrylate
(HEMA) were synthesized using radical-initiated copolymerization
using benzoyl peroxide as an initiator in toluene at 60°C for 5 hours.
Composition of copolymer for different monomers feed were
determined quantitatively by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy
(FTIR) through characteristic absorption bands (660 cm-1 for VIM and
1729cm-1 for HEMA). The pre-synthesized copolymer was anchored
onto polyethylene terephthalate (PET)/kenaf surface by hydroxyl
groups linker via radiation-induced grafting. Objectives: To develop a
novel and simple way to prepare functionalized adsorbent where thin
layer of polymer can be directly transferred to the substrate, and
therefore reduces chemical waste and save time. Results: Ratio 50:50
was found to be the best monomer feed ratio and 20kGy of absorbed
radiation dose produced the highest percentage of grafting (%) with the
average of 20.1%. Conclusion: A novel yet simple radiation-induced
grafting-to method was demonstrated to prepare thin polymeric layer
on PET/kenaf substrate using thermal annealing. The results have
proven that the combination of radiation and thermal annealing can be
used to graft polymers.
FUNCTIONALIZATION OF GMA-GRAFTED BANANA FIBERS WITH
ETHYLENEDIAMNE FOR METAL ION ADSORPTION
Selambakkannu, S*1., Othman, N.A.F1., Mohamad, F1. Bakar, K.A1. and
Saidi, H2.
Malaysian Nuclear Agency, Radiation Processing Technology, Bangi, 43000,Kajang, Selangor,
Malaysia
2 Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Jalan Semarak, 54100, Kuala Lumpur, Selangor, Malaysia.
1
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Abstract- Background: Banana fiber been grafted with glycidyl
methacrylate (gma) were functionalized with ethylenediamine (eda) in
order to develop an efficient metal adsorbent. Objective:
Functionalization of gma-grafted fibers was carried out with eda as for
the preparation of amine type fibrous adsorbent and few process
parameters had been analyzed. Metal ion removal capacity of the
functionalized fibers been analyzed too. Results: The gma-grafted fibers
were able to generate functionalized fibers with amine density of
2.00mmol/g-ad at 50% eda concentration for 1.5hours. Conclusion:
Functionalization of gma-grafted fibers with eda was effectively carried
out in this study.
Silica filled Epoxidised Natural Rubber / cis 1,4-Polybutadiene
Mazlina Mustafa Kamal1,
1
Malaysian Rubber Board, Technology Centre, RRIM Research Station Sg. Buloh, 47000 Selangor,
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Malaysia
[email protected]
Corresponding author:, E-mail: mazlinalgm.gov.my
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Abstract- The blending of two or more polymers by physical or
chemical means may improve a variety of physical and chemical
properties of the constituent polymers. ENR/BR blends were prepared
by using three different sequences. Results demonstrated that the
dynamic and viscosity properties were sequence dependant. The peak
value of tan δ at the glass transition temperature (Tg) in the plot of tan
versus temperature in the ENR/BR blend is influenced by the mixing
sequence applied
Evaluation of Bertam Fiber Composite Hood Subjected to
Pedestrian Crash Test
M.H. Norhidayah
Najmuddin4
*1,
A. Hambali
2,
Y. Mohd Yuhazri
3,
W.S.W.A.
Faculty of Manufacturing Engineering, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Durian Tunggal,
76100 Melaka, Malaysia.
4 International College of Automotive (ICAM),Mechanical Department, Faculty of Engineering,
DRB-HICOM Pekan Automotive Complex, Lot 1449, PT 2204 Peramu Jaya Industrial Area,26607
Pekan, Pahang Darul Makmur, Malaysia.
1,2,3,
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Abstract- Background: The safety aspects were being hot issues in
globalization era. One of the issues is safety of pedestrian when crashing
with vehicles. Many regulations were introduced and meets the safety of
pedestrian. Objective: The aim of this study is to analyze the effect of
Bertam fiber composite on pedestrian head injury criteria(HIC) in crash
simulation and then compared the result with existing material of
carhood. Results: the outer carhood which used Bertam fiber composite
has the lower value of HIC than existing material. Conclusion: the
Bertam composite fiber material is better than existing material
HPCL: Integrated Software for Parameter Characterization and
Mechanical Properties of Rubber Nanocomposite
Norma Alias*1, Nadia Nofri Yeni Suhari 2
Center for Sustainable Nanomaterials (CSNano), Ibnu Sina Institute for Scientific and Industrial
Research, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 Skudai, Malaysia.
2 Department of Mathematical Science, Faculty of Science, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310
Skudai, Malaysia.
1
Abstract- This paper presents the integrated scientific software called
High Performance Computing Library (HPCL) as a breakthrough
strategy for predicting, visualizing and observing some parameter
characteristics and mechanical properties of rubber nanocomposite for
advance polymer processing. The function and use of HPCL excessively
to manage a big data set and organized the computational library
related to mechanical parameters of composite material searchable
through a user-friendly web-based system. This software will involve
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some mathematical modeling, numerical simulations and high
performance computing technology to improve the accuracy of
prediction, quality of resolution and performance measurements. The
parameter characterization of rubber nanocomposite will focus on heat
flow, rubber elasticity, stress and stiffness, density and pressure
distribution, stress-displacement relation, phase change condition,
cooling and heating processes, solid-liquid interface, time step and
dimensional of the targeted area. The implementations of parallel
algorithms for investigating the parameter changes involving Partial
Differential Equation (PDE) are based on large sparse parabolic and
elliptic-Poisson types. PDE models are efficiently used to govern the
complex dynamic systems for rubber nanocomposite processing. The
discretization technique to obtain a large sparse linear system of
equations of PDE is based on Finite Difference Method (FDM). A set of
mathematical modeling are the computational engine for HPCL
visualization. The HPCL software supports high performance computing
of numerical simulation library and repository on distributed parallel
computing system (DPCS) using multiple computers communicating
over the local area network. The contribution of modeling and
simulation involve the algorithm provider, organizing process by
scientific librarian and application by user. The sequences and parallel
programs are supported by Parallel Virtual Machine (PVM) and C
language on DPCS based on Linux operating system. The performance
measurement will be investigated by run time, accuracy, convergence,
errors, speedup, efficiency and effectiveness. As a conclusion, the
integrated of HPCL software will be an alternative software system to
speed up the large sparse computational complexity and optimize the
visualization quality for predicting, visualizing and observing some
parameter characteristics of the unique combination of rubber
composite to save resources, time consuming and space allocation
during the injection molding process, melt-molding process, assemble
process of rubber nanocomposite material and manufacturing the
assembled product. The validation of mathematical modeling and
simulation of HPCL is compared to the real data set from Malaysia
Rubber Board (LGM).
Study the effect of milling parameters on surface roughness during
milling kenaf fibre reinforced plastic
Azmi bin Harun, Che Hassan bin Che Haron, Jaharah binti A. Ghani,
Suhaily binti Mokhtar, Sia Ting Ting
1School
of Manufacturing Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, 02600 Arau, Perlis, Malaysia
of Mechanic and Material Engineering, Faculty Of Engineering, Universiti Kebangsaan
Malaysia, 43600 UKM, Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia
2Deparment
Abstract- Background: Natural fibre is a hairy like raw material which
comes from natural sources such as animal, plant and mineral fibres.
Kenaf fibre is one of natural fibres which becoming popular as a
reinforced for plastic composite material in the industrial application
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such as aircraft, automotive, sporting goods, and marine engineering.
The objectives of this research are to study the effect of milling
parameters on the surface roughness in milling kenaf fibre reinforced
plastic composite using Taguchi Method. Later the optimization is
carried out to determine the optimum condition for the range of milling
parameters under investigation in order to minimize the surface
roughness (Ra). In this study, Taguchi Method L8 (23) design is used to
conduct a non-sequential experiment. The milling parameters were
cutting speed in the range of (V): 500rpm – 1000rpm, feed rate (F):
200mm/mim – 1200mm/mim, and depth of cut (DOC): 1.00mm –
2.00mm. The experimental results were analysed using the Minitab 16
software. It was found that, the optimum parameters for the minimum
surface roughness were the cutting speed at 1000 rpm, feed rate at
200mm/min and the depth of cut 1.0 mm. The feed rate and the cutting
speed are the main factors that influence the effect of surface roughness
in milling kenaf fibre reinforced composite. High cutting speed and low
feed rate resulted and low surface roughness for milling kenaf fibre
reinforced composite.
Influence of Pre-Treatment on the Physico-Chemical Properties of
Acacia nilotica fiber- Epoxy resin Composites
A.A. Salisu1, K.M. Aujara*2, M.Y. Yakasai3
1Department
of Pure and Industrial Chemistry, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria
of Science Laboratory Technology, Jigawa State Polytechnic,
Nigeria([email protected])
3Department of Science, Saadatu Rimi College of Education, Kano, Nigeria.
2Department
Dutse,
Abstract- Acacia nilotica fibers were chemically modified by treatment
with NaOH, Benzoyl chloride and phenyltriethoxysilane. The treated
and un-treated fibers were characterized using Scanning Electron
Microscope (SEM) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT–
IR). The surface chemistry of the fibers was altered as a result of the
chemical modification as depicted by FT–IR studies. This chemical
treatment was also found to alter the characteristic of the fiber surface
topography as seen by the SEM. Composites were prepared with treated
and untreated fibers and epoxy resin by hand-lay-up technique. The
water absorption, thickness swelling, chemical resistance and density of
the treated and untreated fiber composites were evaluated. The water
absorption and thickness swelling decreases significantly with chemical
treatments and the minimum value recorded was on saline treated fiber
composites. Also density measurement showed a decrease in value
when the fibers are subjected to treatments.
No
1
Paper ID
002-icohs
ICOHS 2015
Toxicity, Occupational Exposure Risks and
Framework for Nanomaterials used in Singapore
Kavitha Palaniappan *1
Management
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1
University of Newcastle Singapore, Division of Environmental and Occupational Health and
Safety, Faculty of Health and Medicine, Singapore.
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Abstract- Nanotechnology plays a key role in the technological
revolution of this century. Singapore outranks the world as an
investment destination and advancements in the field of
nanotechnology is becoming a significant contributor to its growth.
Currently there are a handful of companies and research organizations
that are involved in the development, manufacturing and
commercialization of nanomaterial products and applications in
Singapore. However, very little research focuses on the toxicological
aspects and occupational exposure of the nanomaterials that are being
used. Moreover, the toxicological aspects that are studied mainly
include in vitro testing, animal studies and cellular toxicities. It is
important to note that in vitro studies may not take into account the
translocation, toxico-kinetics and coordinated tissue responses towards
the nanoparticles that are most likely to happen in vivo. Human
exposure to nanomaterials and their effects are yet to be looked at and
with the alarming differences in toxicity of nanomaterials compared to
their non-nano counterparts, this angle of research comes as a necessity
in the current scenario. This paper provides a summary of the toxicities
of the nanomaterials that are being used in Singapore, namely, nanotitanium dioxide, nano-silver, nano-carbon, nano-cerium oxide, nanocalcium carbonate, nano-zinc oxide and nano-silicon carbide followed
by a theoretical framework to determine the occupational exposure
risks to nanomaterials in Singapore and possible management practices
that could be employed to overcome this adverse situation.
Blood Cholinesterase Level and Cognitive Functioning among
Primary School Children near Paddy Field in Tanjung Karang,
Selangor
Noor Aishah Hamzah *1, Zailina Hashim 1, Nurul Husna Miswon1 and
David Baguma1
Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences,
Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400, UPM Serdang, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia
1,
Abstract- Background: Paddy is the third most widely planted crop in
Malaysia after oil palm and rubber. The use of pesticides lead to increase
in yields by protecting the plantation from any pest and unwanted
plants. The extensive use of insecticide, may affect the human health
especially from occupational and environmental exposures. Children are
a vulnerable group to exposures of insecticides because of lessdeveloped metabolism and the on-going maturation of their organ
systems. Blood cholinesterase activity is the most effective biomarkers
to measure the level of exposure for various pesticides. Objective: The
purpose of this study is to determine the relationship between blood
cholinesterase levels with cognitive function of selected primary
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schoolchildren. Results: Highest percentage of schoolchildren had
normal (52.7%) exposure. About 92.9% reported watery eyes as signs
and symptoms of pesticide exposure. Most of the school children school
children were in the average scores (44.6%) of cognitive function test.
All scales in the McCarthy Scale Cognitive Abilities (MSCA) showed
significant correlation with blood cholinesterase levels (p<0.05).
Conclusion: There were significant relationship between blood
cholinesterase levels with cognitive function in all the MSCA scales. No
school children was reported with mentally retarded cognitive function.
Finally, gender, mother’s education and blood cholinesterase showed
significant relationship with memory and motor scales in the MSCA.
Blood Cholinesterase Level and Neurobehavioral Performance
among Primary School Children at Tanjung Karang, Selangor,
Malaysia
Nur Naqibah Lokhman *1, Zailina Hashim 1, Vivien How 1, Raihanah
Chokeli1.
1University
Putra Malaysia, Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, Faculty of
Medicine and Health Sciences, 43400, Serdang Selangor, Malaysia.
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Abstract- Background: Organophosphate pesticide with the main role
is to kill pest are numerously used in agricultural activity. However,
organophosphate also found to cause harm on human well-being as it
might have possibility to render neurobehavioral performance after
prolonged exposure. Numerous research done on adult workers found
organophosphate to cause significant problem but yet lack study on
children living in agricultural area. Objective: This study is aim was to
determine the cholinesterase level and the relationship with
neurobehavioral performance. Results: Result showed a significant
difference of blood cholinesterase levels between the exposed and
unexposed group (χ2 = 39.822, p=<0.001). The total score of NCTB test
showed that the exposed group (351.08) score was significantly lower
than the score of unexposed group (365.93).Time reaction test shows
significant difference between exposed and unexposed group. There is
also significant relationship between blood cholinesterase level and
Pursuit Aiming Test (p <0.001). Housing area (p = 0.017), total
household income (p=0.011), father’s occupation (p = 0.012) and
mother’s occupation (p = 0.001) were found to have influenced on the
blood cholinesterase level. Conclusion: Blood cholinesterase level
significantly influenced the Pursuit Aiming Test score which reflected on
the impairment of motor steadiness.
Study of Performance of Thyroid Counter for Monitoring of Intake
of Iodine-131 among Radiation Workers in Malaysia
Norhayati Abdullah *1, Siti Sara Deraman 1, Saleha Safie 2, Mohd Syafiq
Jawari 3, Raabiatun Adawiyah Mat Zin 4
1
Medical Physics Group, Radiation Safety and Health Division, Malaysian Nuclear Agency, Bangi
IPN – IWNEST LANGKAWI 2015
43000 Kajang. Selangor. Malaysia.
2 Faculty of Science, University of Technology Malaysia (UTM), 81310 Skudai. Johor. Malaysia.
3 School of Ocean Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, 21030 Kuala Terengganu.
Terengganu. Malaysia.
4 Ecole des Mines de Nantes, Universite de Caen, Caen Cedex, France.
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Abstract- Background: Routine assessment of internal contamination
for potential exposed radiation workers is essential to be carried to
ensure dose received by the workers are adhered the annual dose limits
of 20 mSv as stated in the AELB’s Basic Safety Radiation Protection
(BSRP) 2010. In the Medical Physics Group, Nuclear Malaysia, the intake
of 131I radionuclide by the workers could be monitored using a Captus
3000 Thyroid Counter System. In order to ensure the consistency and
reliability of measurements, this thyroid counter system is calibrated
and maintained using two types of gamma emitter radionuclides; 137Cs
and 152Eu. A weekly check on the system performances including energy
calibration, constancy and chi-square tests are performed. In addition,
checks on minimum detectable activities (MDA) and efficiencies
detection for several radionuclides are also carried out. Objective: The
objectives of this paper are: (i) To assess the performance of thyroid
counter includes energy calibration, constancy and precision tests; (ii)
To investigate the effect of neck-collimator distance on efficiency
detection of 131I; (iii) To determine the MDA of 131I at various neckcollimator distances; and (iv) To study the fluctuation of background
radiation in the Nuclear Medicine Standard Laboratory. Results: The
results of energy calibration, constancy and precision tests of the
thyroid counter are complied with the IAEA’s tolerance limits. We found
that the efficiency detection is inversely proportional with neckcollimator distance. The MDAs of 131I at 0-7 cm neck-collimator
distances for 300 s were determined to be within 320.42 Bq to 547.12
Bq. Conclusion: As a conclusion, the Captus 3000 Thyroid Counter
System now is fully operational and could be used for routine internal
monitoring of exposed personnel.
Women Left Behind After Workplace Accidents: Legend of Human
Pillar and Safety Campaign
Ryoichi HORIGUCHI *1
Professor of history at Kinki University, Faculty of Law, 3-4-1 Kowakae, Higashi Osaka City 5778502, Japan.
1
Abstract- This article discusses, from a historical point of view, two
cases of workplace accidents, that is, a history of Nagara bridge and a
history of safety campaigns, which happened in Japan respectively in the
Middle Ages and in the 1910s in making a comparison with one another
and reveals that unexpected accidents generated sorrowful memories
among those who were beside accident victims and the memories
embedded in their minds transformed their sorrows into a legend of
human pillar on one hand and safety campaigns on the other hand by
focusing on a close relation between memory and history on the basis of
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a concept coined by French historian Pierre Nora, lieux de mémoire. The
first case that we examine here belongs to a well-known legend of a
victim who was widely supposed to sacrifice himself as a human pillar
when constructing a bridge. We argue that it is not a human pillar but an
'occupational' accident that caused his death, based on a more
convincing explanation of the event given by Japanese folklorist Itsuo
Wakao who acutely appoints out that the victim was not killed as a
human pillar but in an accident. We share his view in this point. In the
second case, we consider nationwide safety campaigns that Toshibumi
Gamo organised and conducted in the 1910s in order to show that a
worker’s death promoted him to launch safety campaigns at work. Each
case has a twofold aspect that is common to both of the cases that we
discuss in this paper: a structural similarity and a duality of victims. The
former refers to a relation between memory and history in Nora’s sense
of the terms, showing that a sorrowful memory associated with a
human pillar embedded in a legend dedicated to the victim or with a
worker’s death symbolised in a green cross of the safety flag is a main
source to promote today’s safety awareness, whereas a history of each
case about the Nagara bridge or safety campaigns has its own way to
illustrate what really happened in the eyes of everyone but does not
belong to no one. In such a relation between memory and hisotry, we
are always invited to “the eternal present” of the event that happened in
the past in the sense that memory is always living not in the midst of
history but in their memory.
The latter means that victims are not
always those who were killed by workplace accidents. In fact, a worker’s
death has an extraordinary impact upon his family not only in the daily
life but also in their own mind. Therefore, we should not overlook that it
is often women, daughter or wife more or less with her babies or young
children, who were left behind after occupational accidents had
unexpectedly happened. Safety awareness aims to save primarily
accident victims and secondarily victims’ families. To keep workers safe
is, once upon a time or even now, to keep family smile.
The Construct Validity of Health and safety executive “HSE” Tools
for Measuring a organizational Performance: Evidence from the
aviation industry in Yemen
Mohammed Alkhawlani*1, Prof. Dr. Zaini Abdullah2
1
Department of Business Management, UiTM University, Shah Alam, Malaysia
Abstract- This study attempts to study the psychometric properties of
the Health safety and executive “HSE” construct validity, which used as a
performance indicator for the organizational performance. This tool
integrates seven factors- demand, control, managers’ support, peer
support, relationship, role and change using English version of the
instrument developed by the HSE. The HSE construction validity tested
and analyzed using AMOS structural equation model version 18. The
results found support for the fact that HSE construct factor can be
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measured by the seven theorized factors. The findings also showed an
acceptable internal consistency reliability of the overall and the seven
specific subclasses of HSE factor. Based on the results, it can be
concluded that the HSE model measurement tool can be a useful and
appropriate tool in as an indicator of the organizational performance
construct.
Integration of Quality Management and Construction Accident
Causation: Development of Accident Causation Theories.
Noor Aisyah Asyikin Mahat*1 , Faridah Ismail2, Sharifah Nur Aina Syed
Alwee 3
Universiti Teknologi MARA, School of Studies Quantity Surveying, Faculty of Architecture,
Planning & Surveying, 40450, Shah Alam, MALAYSIA
1 ,2,3
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Abstract- Background: Managing safety in construction projects
requires strategic management in preventing and controlling accident
from occur. Many researchers have sought to understand why accidents
happen and a lot of sophisticated systemic accident causation theories
have been developed and proven successful in managing safety. Insuring
safe and quality construction is an utmost concern of in construction
industry. This paper represents the preliminary findings of fragmentary
research carried out in Malaysian construction environment. The study
focuses on the development of Accident Causation Theories that suit
with Malaysian Construction environment, hence identifying the
relationship of quality management in accident causation. Objective:
The objective of this study is to identify the integration of quality
management that influence to the development of Accident Causation
Theories. Results: The findings highlight factors contributing to
accident and the crucial attributes of quality management in ensuring
safety in construction environment. The result can be used as a platform
for the future research in developing Accident Causation Theories.
Conclusion. The shift in emphasis on the role of the management, and
considered the causes of accidents are provoked among others factors
such environment, humans and job factors as well as work place
conditions. The influence of management are demand to be addressed
to reduce the causes of an accident. Although the safety improvement
are implemented on the construction site (safety working environment,
safety guidelines and safety program); the crucial area is to targets are
the working organization, especially for the employees to understand
and take the responsibility to ensure the presence of the hazard can
tremendously evade on site.
Theoretical Review of Safety Climate in Malaysian Construction
Industry
Syamsul Hendra Mahmud1 and Roslan Amirudin2
1, Lecturer,
2,
Faculty of Built Environment, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 Skudai, Johor
Associate Professor, Faculty of Built Environment, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 Skudai,
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Johor
Abstract- In order to survive in the competitive environment, it is
critical for the construction company to maintain their good
performance in term of health and safety. Since the industry that has a
reputation due to the high rates of incidents, injuries and fatalities, the
management team needs to begin by giving attention to health and
safety management approach that integrate between safety systems and
people. An improvement to safety will only be achieved if all project
stakeholders recognised the need to change their belief, attitude,
commitment and behaviour to create a good safety culture. This paper
presents an extensive literature review to highlight the need for
establishing a positive safety climate towards better construction safety.
Construction safety managers need to adapt more holistic strategies
which focus on not only improving physical working environment and
employees’ safety knowledge, but also on shaping employees’ beliefs
and attitude which lead to safe behaviour and ultimately healthy safety
culture.
No
1
Paper ID
002-iclg
ICLG 2015
Local population: A study in the influence of learning styles in
computing field
Sin-Ban Ho *1, Chuie-Hong Tan 2
Faculty of Computing and Informatics, Multimedia University, Jalan Multimedia, 63100
Cyberjaya, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia.
2 Faculty of Management, Multimedia University, Jalan Multimedia, 63100 Cyberjaya, Selangor
Darul Ehsan, Malaysia.
1
Abstract- Background: Learners have preferences about how they like
to learn. Existing literature suggests that understanding learning style of
local population is helpful providing them an effective learning
experience. Objective: The main objective for this paper is to determine
the learning styles preferences of computing learners. Results: Local
learners are more towards visual learning style, with the most
significant difference from international learners. Local learners prefer
reflective, while international learners prefer active. Both the local and
international learners opt for sensing and sequential learning styles.
Conclusion: A range of teaching ways and learning exercises should be
provided in computing education in order to match the local variety of
learning styles.
No Paper ID
1
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ICSM 2015
Business Model Innovation beyond Resource Constraint
Hui-Hua Ou yang *1, Hsiao-Yu Chang
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1 Department
of Interventional Radiology, Baskent University School Of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey
*Corresponding author: Hui-Hua Ou yang, Department of Business Administration, Chien Hsin
University of Science and Technology, Jung-Li, Taiwan, R.O.C. Tel: +886-34581196, Fax: +88632503909, E-mail: [email protected]
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Abstract - The business model is prevalent in recent studies, but not
well defined and knew. Most preview studies tried to explain business
model by value creation and value capturing. In practical, business
models innovations are for fitting their environment changing. This
study interprets the bricolage concept for building a new business
model beyond resource constraint environment. The methodology is
case study by a small, young business. Their new business models were
frequently created to fit their environment. The findings are that “at
hand” and “making do” which are important for new business model as
resource constrain. Resource exchange and rearrangement are the ways
to create new business models. The resources exchange would concern
both inside and outside.
From Vision to Strategy Achievement - A Strategic Leadership Case
in Focus: HH Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Ruler of
Dubai
Dr. Syd Gilani1, Berina E.O. Gilani2
Director of Strategy & Excellence, Dubai Maritime Authority, Government of Dubai, United Arab
Emirates
2 Independent Consultant, Dubai, United Arab Emirates
1
Abstract - Strategy development and execution of strategies are two key
areas where leaders cannot simply delegate responsibility. Just like an
organization, a State can only make things happen, drive change, and
deliver strategic objectives if a leader’s heart and soul are immersed in
the State. Whilst vision is also about action, in order to make strategy
happen from a strategic leadership point-of-view, vision requires an
understanding of what exactly a leader, who is in charge of execution,
does. This study aims at exploring and analyzing the impact of
leadership towards an organization or a State’s performance. In
specific, the study aims at identifying the common base component
factors of leadership attributes or characteristics, which may have
linkages and might have contributed towards the achievement of the
performance success of organizations and States. The study focuses on
an exemplary strategic leader of our time: His Highness Sheikh
Mohammed Bin Rashid Al Maktoum, U.A.E. Vice President, Prime
Minister and Ruler of Dubai. The study also explores and confirms how
His Highness Sheikh Mohammed has driven the achievement of Dubai’s
success to this day and how he has managed to make Dubai become
internationally known for its competitiveness in achieving its strategic
programs and initiatives performance through three key leadership
attributes or characteristics: Vision, Determination and Engagement, or
the VDE Factor.
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Measuring Framework for Information System Evaluation
Lew Sook Ling *1
Lecturer, Multimedia University, Faculty of Information Science and Technology, Jalan Ayer Keroh
Lama, 75450 Bukit Beruang,
Melaka, Malaysia.
1
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Abstract - Background: Information Systems (ISs) have been developed
to assist human to create, store, share and utilise information across
businesses for quick and accurate data and information for wise
decision making. However, from a big pool of existing ISs, selecting the
best IS as business solution for an organisation is based on personal
judgments that are usually from very subjective personal feeling. Clear
criteria for measuring IS performance is hence critically importance
especially for some low budget organisations such as small and medium
enterprises (SMEs). Objective: This study aims to propose a new
measuring model to evaluate information system (IS) performance.
Different types of IS were empirically tested using the developed six
domains as criteria of measurement. Results: Six domains such as
“System Quality”, “Information Quality”, “Service Quality”, “System Use”,
“User Satisfaction” and “Net Benefits” were confirmed to be the
measurement criteria. Six ISs such as “Executive Support System” (ESS),
“Management Information System” (MIS), “Decision Support System”
(DSS), “Knowledge Work System” (KWS), “Office System” (OS) and
“Transaction Processing System” (TPS) were adopted as the six types of
ISs for SMEs. Conclusion: This study proposes a research model that is
important for SME to improve IS performance. Apart from contributing
to the literature of IS, this study would assist in developing appropriate
criteria to adopt IS for domestic companies. This research is one of the
limited studies in Asia and Malaysia that examines how to evaluate IS to
improve organisational performance in Malaysian SMEs.
Assessment of items premeditated for trust philosophies
integrated into technology adoption
Solomon Oluyinka1, Alina Shamsuddin2, Eta Wahab3
University Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Faculty of Technology Management and Business,
Department of Management and Technology, 86400 Batu Pahat, Johor, Malaysia
1,2,3
Abstract - This study scrutinized well-groomed related technology
adoption theories and synthesis related models on trust to provide
more complete set precursors that can better explain the intention to
adopt internet banking. In consequence, this study focused on
examining reliability and validity of the proposed instruments.
Quantitative approach through a survey method was utilized with total
number of 147 usable questionnaires obtained from Nigerian
postgraduate students at University Technology Malaysia and University
Tun Onn Malaysia. The Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) and
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Analysis of Movement (AMOS) was used to analyze the data. Based on
the result obtained in the study, the overall results strongly confirm the
reliability and validity of the instruments.
Model of Customer Loyalty on Professional Services: Empirical
Study on Independent Surveyor Service Industry In Indonesia
Hannan S.1, Suharjo B.1, Kirbrando1 and Nurmalina R.1.
1Graduate
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School of Management and Business, Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia
Abstract- The advanced development of global economic competition in
accordance with the ongoing openness of domestic markets, one of
which is independent surveyor service, in Indonesia has been evident
by the growing amount of foreign independent surveyor service
providers opening their business in the country’s market. It is inevitable
for the local independent surveyor service companies, in order to
survive in the free of competition, to adapt the ideal competition
strategies. Based on the mentioned background, this research, therefore,
aims to provide a model of consumer loyalty for the professional
purposes of independent surveyor service in relation to activities of
examining coal export in Indonesia by adopting the relationship
marketing concept as the approach. Data are collected through handing
out questionnaires for 51 exporting companies and coal traders
represented by 93 respondents selected by their professional levels that
include management and official working directly with the independent
surveyor service providers. The collected data are analyzed using the
Structural Equation Model (SEM). The results from the analysis show
that customer satisfaction is a crucial factor to strengthen the
relationship between the independent surveyor service providers and
their clients. However, other factors are not less important in building
consumer loyalty; these include switching barrier, relationship bond,
trust and information sharing by each own’s level of contribution. In
addition, customer satisfaction is found to be influenced by perceived
quality, perceived value and customer expectation. Customer perceived
quality is achieved by having reliability, assurance, responsiveness and
empathy with different contribution respectively. The managerial
implication of this research is thus to offer competition strategies for
the independent surveyor service providers. The suggestions consist of
the willingness to maintain their interaction with the customers by
integrating factors that help strengthening the relationship mainly
through the provided integrated service with aspects of legal,
knowledge, technology and systems to facilitate the communication.
Furthermore, it is important for the providers to pay attention to their
customers’ time by furnishing their business with reliability, assurance
and value of money as the center.
Determining Core Business for Aquaculture in Indramayu District West Java
IPN – IWNEST LANGKAWI 2015
Rostika, R. and R. Ahmad 1
1 Universitas
Padjadjaran, Aquaculture Department, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, Jalan
Raya Jatinangor km 20, Kabupaten Sumedang-West Java-Indonesia
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Abstract - This research aims to identify problems and indicators as the
foreground for arranging development pattern for aquaculture business,
to recommend direction and target for regional government’s policies in
anticipating the development of aquaculture business as a potential that
needs integrated management, and also to recommend possible core
business to be expanded. Data are collected from general condition in
the location, spatial utilization pattern (land/waters), human
population, intraregional and interregional movement of goods and
services, identification of aquacultural core business potentials, market
identification and analysis, intraregional and interregional local market,
investment
opportunities,
sociocultural
condition
including
institutional, business pattern, consumption, income per capita,
transportation system, number and distribution of facilities and
infrastructures, as well as internal aquacultural facilities. The methods
used for data collecting include surveys and interviews related to the
core business planning for aquaculture in Indramayu. The data are then
analyzed using Space Factor application intended to map business
optimalization by identifying the condition, position, or problems in
business (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, threats) to formulate
the next strategies. SWOT Analysis is used as the tool and results in
catfish farming places in IFAS point (3.01) and EFAS (3.03) while
vannamei shrimp farming places in IFAS (3.43) and EFAS (2.80)
indicating that those farmings may be potentials in overcoming
weaknesses and obstacles in the future. Core business strategy planning
is composed using matrix space. Though vulnerable to various threats,
aquaculture businesses still have strengths in internal scope. The
suggested strategy for this is to use strength in using long-term
opportunities by implementing diversification (for products or
markets). Vannamei shrimp farming falls into this category. It is also
suggested for the business to minimize company’s internal problems in
order to seize better marketing opportunities. Catfish farming falls into
this category.
The determinant factors of technology adoption for improving
firm’s performance; an empirical research of Indonesia Electricity
Company
Zainal Arifin *1, Firmanzah 2, Avanti Fontana 3
1 PLN
Indonesia, Division of Strategic Procurement Planning, Engineering and Technology, Jakarta
12160 Indonesia
2 Universitas Indonesia, Department of Management, Faculty of Economic and Business, Depok
16424, Indonesia
3 Universitas Indonesia, Department of Management, Faculty of Economic and Business, Depok
16424, Indonesia
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Abstract - Although many technology adoption theories have been
formulated there is still lacking any studies that show a correlation
between the particular models in relation to firm’s performance in
dynamic circumstances. This study proposed technology adoption as a
functional competence/capability which mediate relationship between
dynamic capabilities with firm’s performance. The four determinant
factors has been identified are externalities, entrepreneurial leadership,
resources readiness, and absorptive capability. There is positively
significance relation among them in firm level. The study found that
without dynamic capability for managing the resource, technology
adoption will be less effective. Consequently manager should provide
some supporting “hardware” content such as externalities, resources
and leadership, and should improve firm’s “software” ability such as
absorptive capability in order to achieve a successful technology
adoption in their organization.
Mediating Role of Organization’s Continuous Commitment between
Strategy Implementation and Organizational Performance in
Libya’s Industrial Sector
Ahmed Alghazali Mohammed Alghannai *1, Abdul Talib Bin Bon 2
1 Faculty
of Technology Management, University Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia
Abstract - Background: Libya is offering a unique place for the study of
strategic management because it is still a developing nation. The
problem exists on the issue and challenges faced by industrial
companies operating in Libya where business practices remain severely
underdeveloped. However, due to lack of the right strategy management
practices, industries can achieve only 50% of the total production
capacity in Libya. This suggests further investigation for the
advancement of the industrial sector in Libya. Objective: This research
aims to establish and verify the hypothesized relationship between
strategy implementation and organizational success and the mediating
role of organization’s continuous commitment in Libya’s industrial
sectors. Results: A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect
data from the 223 respondents through disproportionate stratified
random sampling of employees working at the different industries in
Libya. Structural equation modeling (SEM) was used to test the
hypotheses. The results indicate that organization’s continuous
commitment fully mediates the relationship between strategy
implementation and organizational success in the Libyan industry
context. Conclusion: For proper implementation of strategic moves for
Libyan industrial sector needs to confirm the proper practices and
support from the senior managers towards implementation. This means
significant amount of resources will need to be allocated for education
and training. The vision of improving the Libyan industrial sector can be
fully realized only if all the related professional bodies take the full
responsibility and work together to attain this goal.
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The Validation
Entrepreneur
of
Self
Efficacy
Instrument
for
Franchise
Fosa Sarassina1, Nik Kamariah Nik Mat2, Ruswiati Suryasaputra3
1Othman
Yeop Abdullah Graduate School of Business, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Sintok, 06010,
Malaysia (PhD.Candidate)
2,3 Othman Yeop Abdullah Graduate School of Business, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Sintok, 06010,
Malaysia (Professor)
Abstract - Background: This study intends to validate a construct of
entrepreneurship self-efficacy on entrepreneurial start up phase
franchising context in Indonesia.
Results: Via factor analysis using principle component with varimax
rotation, initially extracted a-two factor solution. After measures of
sampling adequacy (MSA) deletion, a single factor consisting of 8-item
self- efficacy scale was established with reliability alpha of 0.87. The
final CFA analysis establishes a 9-item self-efficacy scale with reliability
alpha of 0.84 and composite reliability of 0.91. The CFA model reaches
its satisfactory model fit at p-value= 0.187, GFI= 0.929 and
RMSEA=0.052
CONCLUSION: This study validated the self efficacy instrument through
the analysis using Exploratory Factor Analysis
in SPSS and
Confirmatory Factor Analysis. Although the resulting underlying factors
are quite similar, the CFA could be more accurate since it tested for
goodness of fit indices.
`