Team B: Disrupt the Chain End Barrel Bombs in Syria Support Res. 2139 Identify Uncover Disrupt the supply chain Air-Launched Explosive Weapons 2013 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Number of Barrel Bomb Attacks 2013-2015 Pre-2139 Post-2139 “The most socially mediated conflict in history” Over 1 million videos shared since Jan 2012 Several hundred million views Finance Manu. Distr. Prep. Deploy disrupt the chain Disrupt the Chain site Online Crowd-sourced Identification Tool Intake through Eyewitness App and pre-verified content Video/ Photo and documentation from Syria media aggregators • Service contracts • Goods purchased for explosives • Fuel for helicopters • Identify the money trail • Pension funds • Pilot and crew • Helicopter • Air base • Impact photos • Eyewitness statements • Victim identification Low Probability High Probability High Risk Risk Assessment • Direct Data Collection Personal risk and privacy concerns • Authenticity/false allegations • Ethical impact of naming/ shaming on individuals and families in war zone • Cyber attacks • Lawsuits/defamation • Individuals harmed by release of information Low Risk • Uncertainty/unpredictability of existing data • Misinformation propagation by various interests • Minimal impact on core regime and supporting countries Finance Manu. Distr. Prep. Deploy Parts Materials Services Methodology 1- First stage: Aggregating verified information from CRS-SY, SNHR, ST, SS, VDC associated with of barrel bombs 2- Second stage: Crowdsourcing information to obtain a full picture of the supply chain from production, transportation, and deployment of both barrel bombs and the capabilities utilized in support of barrel bombing operations. 3-Third stage: Retrieving information from the crowd and verification from multiple witnesses 4- Fourth stage: Producing a narrative of the supply chain produced from the verified information gathered in the previous stages 5 – Fifth stage: “accountability” – make the narrative available to global activist that wil employ it to hold accountable key actors behind the supply chain Evidence base on Previous Cases Name and shame of companies: • Free2Protect: Evaluates electronic brands’ supply chain to create a grade for those companies involvement in child and forced labor and posts the information online. • Shamed on Twitter: General Mills, Sallie Mae, Macy’s – changed policies based on twitter attacks Successfully keeping companies accountable for their supply chain • Gap held accountable for Rana Plaza building in Bangladesh that killed more than 1,100 garment workers. Resulted in an alliance among 70 companies Evidence base on Previous Cases Successful crowdsourced information sites • Brown Moses, Bellingcat.com • Reddit • Governments: now using Facebook, Twitter and overseas regional networks to find key intelligence data Example: • Malaysia Airlines Flight killed 298 people. Within minutes who shot it, what shot it, and when and where it was shot was on social media.
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