G.D. GOENKA PUBLIC SCHOOL, FARIDABAD SUMMER HOLIDAYS HOMEWORK [2015-16] CLASS – VIII ENGLISH 1. Note down at least five thoughts of speaking tree and depict it beautifully on charts pictorially. 2. READING: Comprehension from ME ‘N’ MINE- F11 TO F28 3. WRITING: From ME ‘N’ MINE- F59 to F62 and F67 to F70 4. A beautiful chart having a tree depicting the Parts of Speech 5. Make a model on Tenses 6. Make a model on Adjectives and adverbs and their kinds. 7. Write a biography of Wordsworth and a time line of various events from the Tales from Shakespeare: Merchant of Venice and Midsummer’s Night Dream. 8. Learn a Poem for poem Recitation. 9. Prepare for a speech competition on “Unity is Strength”. FRENCH Make a Folder and decorate Q.1) Paste pictures related to France and describe them (in general) . Q.2) Solve the questions of Chapter 0 « Que savez –vous de la France ? of work Book. Q. No. 1 – 5. Q.3) Solve the questions of Chapter 1« Une boum » of Work Book. Q. No. 1 – 7, 9 – 11 , 14 & 15. Q.4) Solve the questions of Chapter 2 « Jeanne d’Arc » of Work Book. Q. No. 1 – 4. Q.5) Write chapter 3 « La vie d’un mannequin , est – elle facile ? » French Text in your notebook. ACTIVITY 1) Paste pictures of different kinds of trains running in France and name them like French TGV etc … OR 2) Paste pictures of French Cheese and name them . OR 3) Make a model of a monument (Le musée du Louvre/ Chateau de versailles). MATHS : (Number System) WORKSHEET -01 1. The numbers ________ and ________ are their own reciprocals (a) 1 and 0 (b) 1 and –1 (c) –1 and 0 (d) none of these. 2. The reciprocal of – 5 is ________. (a) 5 (b) 1 (c) – 1/5 SHHW[2015-16]-VIII (d) 1/5 Page 1 3. Reciprocal of 1/x , where x ≠0 is ________. (a) 1 (b) x (c) 0 (d) none of these 4. The product of two rational numbers is always a _______. (a) whole numbers (b) integers (c) natural numbers (d) rational numbers 5. What number should be added to 7/12 to get 4/15 ? (a) -19/60 (b) -11/30 (c) 51/60 (d) 1/20 6. The sum of two rational numbers is −1/2. If one of the numbers is 5/6, find the other. 7. What number should be subtracted from −2/3 to get −1/2? 8. Verify whether the given statement is true or not: (i) (59÷13) ÷ 52 = 59÷(13÷52) 9. Divide the sum of 13/5and −12/7 by the product of −31/7 and−1/2. 10. The product of two rational numbers is −16/9. If one of the numbers is −4/3, find the other. 11. After reading 7/9 of a book, 40 pages are left. How many pages are there in the book? 12. A drum full of rice weights 401/6 kg. If the empty drum weights 133/4kg, find the weight of rice in the drum. 13. Raju earns Rs16000/month. He spends ¼ of his income on food; 3/10 of the remainder on house rent and 5/ 21of the remainder on education of children. How much money is still left with him? 14. Simplify using a suitable property (a) (-3/7) х 6/5 + (1/10) х3/2 – (6/5) х (1/14) (b) (-4/9) х (2/7) + (2/3) – (2/7) х (1/3) (d) (3/10) х (-3/7) – (6/7) + (3/5) х (3/7) 15. A tin holds 16 1/2 litres of oil. How many such tins will be required to hold 313 1/2 litres of oil? WORKSHEET -02 1. Associative property is not followed in _____ (a) whole numbers (b) integers (c) natural numbers (d) rational numbers 2. ____ is the identity for the addition of rational numbers. (a) 1 (b) 0 (c) – 1 (d) 1 3. ____ is the multiplicative identity for rational numbers. (a) 1 (b) 0 (c) – 1 (d) 1 4. The additive inverse of 7/5 is (a) 1 (b) 0 (c) – 7/5 (d) 7/5a 5. Zero has ________ reciprocal. (a) 1 (b) 2 (c) 3 (d) no 6. Write. (i) The rational number that does not have a reciprocal. SHHW[2015-16]-VIII Page 2 (ii) The rational numbers that is equal to their reciprocals. (iii) The rational number that is equal to its negative. (iv) The additive inverse of a negative number 7. Give a rational number which when added to it gives the same number. 8. By what rational number should we divide 22/7, so as to get the number - 11/24 9. Represent the following rational numbers on the number line. (i) – 3/7 (ii) 8/7 (iii) 1.345 (iv)√2 (v)√3 10. If you subtract 1/2 from a number and multiply the result by 1/2, you get 1/8. What is the number? 11. Three consecutive integers are such that when they are taken in increasing order and multiplied by 2, 3, and 4 respectively, they add up to 74. Find these numbers. 12. Which of the following can be expressed as terminating or non - terminating? (a) 1/4 (b) -11/15 (c) -38/81 13. Find two rational numbers between (i) -2 and 2. (ii) -1 and 0. 14. Insert six rational numbers between (i) -1/3 and -2/3 (ii) ¼ and ½ 15. Find two rational and two irrational no between √2 and √3 Square And Square Roots 1.What will be the unit digit of the squares of the following numbers? (i) 81 (ii) 272 (iii) 799 (iv) 3853 (v) 1234 (vi) 26387 (vii) 52698 12796 (x) 55555] [ hint: 52 = 25 So, 555552 will have 5 at unit’s place] (viii) 99880 (ix) 2. The following numbers are obviously not perfect squares. Give reason. (i) 1057 (ii) 23453 (iii) 7928 ( iv) 222222 (v) 64000 (vi) 89722 (vii) 222000 (viii) 505050 3. The squares of which of the following would be odd numbers? (i) 431 (ii) 2826 (iii) 7779 (iv) 82004 4. (i) Express 49 as the sum of 7 odd numbers. (ii) Express 121 as the sum of 11 odd numbers. 5. Without adding, find the sum. (i) 1 + 3 + 5 + 7 + 9 (ii) 1 + 3 + 5 + 7 + 9 + I1 + 13 + 15 + 17 +19 (iii) 1 + 3 + 5 + 7 + 9 + 11 + 13 + 15 + 17 + 19 + 21 + 23 SHHW[2015-16]-VIII Page 3 6. How many numbers lie between squares of the following numbers? (i) 12 and 13 (ii) 25 and 26 (iii) 99 and 100 [992 = 9801 , 1002 = 10000 ,Now, 10000 - 9801 = 199 So, there are 199 - 1 = 198 numbers lying between 992 and 1002 ] 7. Write a Pythagorean triplet whose one member is. (ii) 14 (iii) 16 (iv) 18 [ As we know 2m, m2+1 and m2-1 form a Pythagorean triplet for any number, m>1.] 7. What could be the possible ‘one’s’ digits of the square root of each of the following numbers? 9801 (ii) 657666025 (iii) 998001 (iv) 99856 [ 42 = 16 and 62 = 36, hence, 4 and 6 are possible] (i) 8. Without doing any calculation, find the numbers which are surely not perfect squares. (i) 153 (ii) 257 (iii) 408 (iv) 441 [ Option 1 can be a perfect square, others can’t be perfect squares because the unit digit of a perfect square can be only from 0, 1, 4, 5, 6, 9] 9. For each of the following numbers, find the smallest whole number by which it should be multiplied so as to get a perfect square number. Also find the square root of the square number so obtained. (i) 252 (ii) 180 (iii) 1008 (iv) 2028 (v) 1458 (vi) 768 10 . For each of the following numbers, find the smallest whole number by which it should be divided so as to get a perfect square. Also find the square root of the square number so obtained. (i) 252 (ii) 2925 (iii) 396 (iv) 2645 (v) 2800 (vi) 1620 11. The students of Class VIII of a school donated Rs 2401 in all, for Prime Minister’s National Relief Fund. Each student donated as many rupees as the number of students in the class. Find the number of students in the class. 12. 2025 plants are to be planted in a garden in such a way that each row contains as many plants as the number of rows. Find the number of rows and the number of plants in each row. 13 Find the smallest square number that is divisible by each of the numbers 4, 9 and 10. 14. Find the smallest square number that is divisible by each of the numbers 8, 15 and 20. 15. Find the number of digits in the square root of each of the following numbers (without any calculation). (i) 64 (ii) 144 (iii) 4489 (iv) 27225 (v) 390625 SHHW[2015-16]-VIII Page 4 [ If there are even number of digits in square then number of digits in square root = n/2 If there are odd number of digits in square then number of digits in square root [n+1] /2 ] 16. Find the square root of the following decimal numbers .(i) 2.56 (ii) 7.29 (iii) 51.84 (iv) 42.25 (v) 31.36 17. Find the least number which must be subtracted from each of the following numbers so as to get a perfect square. Also find the square root of the perfect square so obtained. (i) 402 (ii) 1989 (iii) 3250 (iv) 825 (v) 4000 18. Find the least number which must be added to each of the following numbers so as to get a perfect square. Also find the square root of the perfect square so obtained. (i) 525 (ii) 1750 (iii) 252 (iv) 1825 (v) 6412 19. A gardener has 1000 plants. He wants to plant these in such a way that the number of rows and the number of columns remain same. Find the minimum number of plants he needs more for this. 20. There are 500 children in a school. For a P.T. drill they have to stand in such a manner that the number of rows is equal to number of columns. How many children would be left out in this arrangement. 21. Show that 63504 is a perfect square. 22. Find the smallest no. by which 25200 should be divided so that result is a perfect square. 23. Find the greatest no. of 6-digit which is a prefect square. 24. Find the least no. of 6-digit which is a prefect square. 25. Write Pythagorean triplet whose one number is 14. 26. Find the square root of 298116 by long division method. 27. Find the square root of 3013696 by long division method. 28. A welfare association collected Rs202500 as donation from the residents. If each paid as many rupees as there were residents, find the no. of residents. 29. Find the square root of 121 and 169 by repeated subtraction method. 30. A teacher wants to arrange maximum possible no. of 6000 students in a field such that the no. of rows is equal is the no. of column. Find the no. of rows if 71 were left out after arrangement. • Project work : Each student must prepare and submit one project from the below mentioned topics. Guidelines-i) You can prepare a power point presentation or a file. ii) Credit will be awarded to original drawings, illustrations and creative use of materials. SHHW[2015-16]-VIII Page 5 1.Contribution and life history of any mathematician like Aryabhatta, Mahaviracharya, Bhaskaracharya etc 2.History of ߨ. 3.Concept of zero and infinity. SOCIAL SCIENCE Topic-1 OBJECTIVE: To raise awareness about the various disasters that keep on striking one part of the world or the other and cause huge loss of life and property. The students will learn several techniques to mitigate the effects of natural disasters. TOPIC: TSUNAMI/ EARTHQUAKE • • • • Prepare a project file on any two major landslides/tsunami that have occurred in the last 10 years. Collect information and pictures from websites, newspapers and magazines about these landslides/tsunami. The project report should be handwritten. The project should cover the following areas: INTRODUCTION: • • • What is a landslide/tsunami? Causes of the disaster. Various warning systems in the world. SPECIFIC DETAILS ON: • • • • Name any two countries hit by a Tsunami/landslides recently. Locate the place and the country, where they have occurred, on the world political map. Areas that were affected. Extent of loss of property and life. CONCLUSION AND SUMMARY • • • What measures were taken by the government to reduce the impact of the disaster? Mitigation measures taken after the disaster. Your suggestions on how we can bring awareness among the students. MARKS DISTRIBUTION: • • • • • Total Marks-10 Content and originality-4 marks Use of pictures, sketches and maps-4 marks Presentation and research work done-2 marks Compulsory for everyone. SHHW[2015-16]-VIII Page 6 TOPIC: ROLL NO. 1-5 -Prepare a project file on the topic “Food Crop & Commercial Crops”. ROLL NO. 6-10 -Prepare a project file on the topic “Changing pattern of Industrialisation under the British”. ROLL NO. 11- 20 -Prepare a project file on the topic “Colonial Education and its Impact”. • • • Collect information and pictures from websites, newspapers and magazines about these topics. The project report should be handwritten. The project should cover the following areas: INTRODUCTION: • • • What is a Food Crop & Commercial Crops, Changing pattern of Industrialisation under the British, Colonial Education and its Impact (according to your roll number ) ? Causes of the same. Various changes caused in the world. SPECIFIC DETAILS ON: • • • Locate the place and the country, where they have occurred, on the world political map. Areas that were affected. Extent of loss of property and life. CONCLUSION AND SUMMARY MARKS DISTRIBUTION: • • • • Total Marks-10 Content and originality-4 marks Use of pictures, sketches and maps-4 marks Presentation and research work done-2 marks Note: - Revise the syllabus taught in the months April and May. *ALSO MAKE A CHART ON THE SAME TOPIC DEPICTING CAUSES , EFFECT AND PRECAUTIONS TO BE TAKEN CARE BEFORE AND AFTER THE DISASTER. *NOTE –Use Black & White picture printouts only for the mentioned project work. SCIENCE The following projects are compulsory for all the students • • Make a poster showing the causes of various types of pollution Collect information about apiculture , sericulture and pisciculture SHHW[2015-16]-VIII Page 7 The following projects are to be made according to the Roll no’s on decorative display boards using coloured print outs / cut outs / pictures relevant to the topics . Roll .No 1 to 4 - Dangers from plastics Roll No 5 to 8- Sewage Treatment Plant Roll No 9 to 12 – Need to save Electricity and ways to do it Roll No 13 to 16 – Recent researches done in the field of Science HINDI p`d<a kaya- Ca~aoM kI $ica va rcanaa%makta pr AaQaairt hO. At: Ca~aoM sao AnauraoQa hO ik vao ApnaI saMpUNa- maanasa p`itBaa ka ]pyaaoga krto hue [sa kaya- kao kroM. 1 yahaÐ kuC kiva va laoKkaoM ko naama ide jaa rhoM hOM ¸ijanako baaro maoM Ca~ samauicat jaanakarI ek~ krogaoM va ]nakI kivataAaoM va rcanaaAaoM pZ,ogaoM AaOr ]namaoM sao hr kiva va laoKk kI iksaI ek kivata va rcanaa kao ilaKogaoM.yah samast kaya- ek kao 3DI $proKa maoM krnaa ]icat haogaa. kivayaaoM ko naama hOM 1 maOiqalaISarNa gauPt 2 jayaSaMkr p`saad 3 ramaQaarI isaMh ‘idnakr’ 4 AyaaoQyaa isaMh ‘]paQyaaya’ 5 hirvaMSa raya baccana P`isaw laoKkaoM ko naama 1 mauMSaI p`omacand 2 Baartondu hirSacand` 3 dovakInandna K~I 4 hjaarI p`saad iWvaodI 5 kaka kalaolakr Pairyaoajanaa kayavaYa- 2014–15 maoM ijana bahadur baccaaoM kao vaIrta purskar sao sammaainat ikyaa gayaa hO¸]na pr ek piryaoajanaa tOyaar kIijae. vaIr baalakaoM ko ica~ rMgaIna caaT- popr pr icapkakr ek AakYa-k kaolaaja, tOyaar kIijae.saaqa hI ]na saBaI bahadur baccaaoM ko naama tqaa ]nako Wara ike gae prak`ma kao rMgaIna e–4 SaIT pr ilaiKe. 3 vaad –ivavaad hotu BaaYaNa tOyaar kroM ivaYaya –ikSaaoravasqaa maoM [MTrnaoT kI ]pyaaoigata iktnaI ]icat iktnaI Anauicat. pxa – raola na0 1–7 ivapxa – raola na0 8–16 SANSKRIT 1 pMcatM~ AaOr ihtaopdoSa kI khainayaaoM ka saMga`h kIijae AaOr sk`Op–bauk maoM ica~saiht lagaa[e. 2 mau#ya saMskRt ga`nqaaoMko naama va ]nako laoKkaoM ko naamaaoM ka saMga`h tOyaar kroM baD,o caaT- popr pr 3DI Aakar doto hue ica~saiht lagaa[e. SHHW[2015-16]-VIII Page 8 3 kao[- paÐca naIit Slaaok Aqa-saiht yaad kroM va e3 SaIT pr ilaKoM. COMPUTERS Roll No. 1-3 Create a Webpage on 3G Technology. Roll No. 4-6 Create a Collage on Logos/Applications on Women Safety Roll No. 7-9 Create a Poster on Be smart on the internet Roll No. 10-12 Create a Chart/Scrap Book on Famous Personalities (excluding film stars) Roll No. 13-15 Create a Poster on Social Networking Websites Roll No. 16-18 Create a Chart/Poster on Latest Technologies used to transfer data Roll No. 19-21 Create a chart/Scrap Book on Types of Computers such as Super , Micro computer. Note: Design a poster on chart ART ZIG ZAG CARD To make the card, fold a long rectangle of thick paper, the front part should be narrow than the back part. • Turn the paper over, Then, fold back the right hand section so that the new fold lines up with the back edge of the card. • The front section should be about half of the width of the card. If it’s wider, draw a pencil line down the card and cut along it. • To make the heart decorations, fold a piece of thick paper in half. Draw half a heart against the fold, then cut it out. • Open out the heart. Lay it on a piece of pink paper and draw around it. Then draw it twice more on other piece of paper. • Cut out hearts. Then cut out another smaller heart from thick paper. Draw around it three times and cut out the shapes. • Glue small heart into each big heart. Then, glue the big hearts along the edge on the front of the card. • Brush lots of dots of white glue around the edges of hearts and press on sequins. Then, leave the glue to dry. • You can decorate a card with flowers and with your own creativity. • SHHW[2015-16]-VIII Page 9

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