Do you have questions about library research? Need help finding

Chapter 1, Section 107. Available at:
The University of Minnesota's Thinking Through
Fair Use Tool is a web-based test designed to
guide you through the essential questions
determining fair use of copyrighted materials.
Try it out at:
Do you have questions about library
research? Need help finding
information for your project? Just ASK!
Librarians are ready to help at or at
any Penn State Library service desk.
Are copyright infringement and plagiarism
the same thing?
Copyright infringement and plagiarism are different
concepts entirely. Plagiarism is claiming that you
are the author of someone else's work. Copyright
infringement is using someone else's work
without their permission (and outside the
boundaries of fair use).
For more information on plagiarism, see the
Libraries interactive tutorial, Plagiarism & You at
Citing your sources:
If you are using information created by others in your
work, it's essential that you properly cite your
Additional information on citing sources can be
found at:
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Fair Use, and
the Libraries
Getting Started
© Copyright
Are you starting a new research paper, a
video, or other project that involves
using and citing sources?
What is copyright?
This guide presents the basics of
copyright, fair use, and citing materials.
Links to great library resources for
digital media projects are also shared.
Finding images / video / audio and more
The Libraries subscribe to over 500 online
databases, featuring articles, e-books, audio
material, streaming video, images, and much
Libraries databases with multimedia content
• Newspaper Photos (AP/Accunet Photo
• Vanderbilt Television News Archive
• Penn State Digital Collections
Some of the best databases for finding audio/
video for multimedia projects can be found
Please note: In some cases, the Libraries' license
agreement for a specific database may be more
restrictive than fair use.
Copyright is a form of protection given to authors of
creative works like music, movies, books, and
Chances are, if you are using a material that you
did not create yourself, it's copyrighted. The
unauthorized use of copyrighted material is
considered infringement — a violation.
Fair Use
What is fair use?
Put simply, fair use is an exception to infringement.
It's the use of copyrighted material without the
authorization of the owner for an expressive purpose
(i.e., quoting information from an article in your
research paper).
Examples of fair uses include commentary,
criticism, or parody.
If you use copyrighted works in your video/
podcast or other online material, does your use
of the materials constitute fair use?
Before you use copyrighted works, you should
consider the four fundamental factors of fair use
and determine whether, on balance, they favor
your use more than the author's protection (these
factors are from the
U.S. Code Ttitle on
Fair Use
Limited Time
Limited Material
Limited Audience
For Critique,
Education, or Satire
• Protects Commercial
Value of Work
• What is the
character of the
How are you
using the
material? Does it
contribute to the
message/content of your research
• What is the nature of the work that you are
Is it fact-based or highly expressive?
• How much of the work will you use within
your research paper/project?
Are you using only a small portion of the
work, e.g., a short video clip or a quote from
an article?
• What effect would this use have on the
market for the original or for permissions if
the use were widespread? Is the copyrighted
work you're using out of print or unavailable?
Would your use compete with the original?
For example, applying the above factors, you can
see that many works created for class assignments would fall under fair use. Use the four
factors and review them to see how they apply to
your specific situation.
For more information, see: “Limitations on
exclusive rights: Fair use.” Title 17 U.S. Code,