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At a glance:
The Payment Services Directive 2
At a glance: The Payment Services Directive 2
The Payment Services Directive 2 (“PSD2”) was designed to update the original Payment
Services Directive (“PSD”) to reflect new developments in the payments market.
What is it?
The PSD2 aims to boost transparency, innovation and
security, create a level playing field and expand the
regulatory scope of the existing PSD. The Directive also
seeks to facilitate the use of internet payment services by
including new ‘payment initiation’ and ‘account
information’ services within its scope – so-called TPPs.
Extended scope
Whilst we were familiar with PSD only applying to payment services
where both the payer and payee’s payment service providers
(“PSPs”) are in the EU, certain provisions, such as transparency
and information requirements, will apply to ‘one leg out’
transactions (i.e. where only one PSP is within the EU) under PSD2.
In addition, transparency and information requirements also extend
to payments in any currency (i.e. not just EU currencies). It remains
to be seen what additional obligations (for example, charging codes,
full amount principle, execution timeframes, etc.) will be applied to
one leg out transactions or non-EU currency transactions but it is
hoped that the final text will come to a sensible conclusion on this.
Exemptions
Some exemptions from the PSD will be either amended or
removed. In particular, the ATM services exemption will be deleted
and exemptions concerning limited network payment cards, digital
downloads and payment transactions through commercial agents
are probably going to be made narrower.
Third party payment service providers
Under the PSD2, third party payment service providers (“TPPs”),
offering services based on access to payment accounts provided
by a PSP in the form of payment initiation and/or account
2
information services come within the scope of regulation. This
means that in order to be allowed to provide payment initiation
services, TPPs need to get licensed or registered and supervised
as payment institutions as well as comply with certain information
and transparency requirements. The quid pro quo of falling within
the net is that TPPs obtain a “passport” to provide their services
on a pan-European basis.
For banks this is a very important and contentious development
since TPPs will be allowed behind the banks’ firewalls and,
justifiably, there are considerable concerns regarding security and
liability particularly if banks are unable to require TPPs to contract
with them before providing access (as some of the texts propose).
When is it coming?
The text of the PSD2 is not yet finalised. After negotiation of the
text between the EU Parliament and Council, if approved it is
anticipated that the PSD2 would be required to be implemented
into national law two years after adoption (i.e. likely by 2017).
What does it mean for my business?
PSPs will need to update their terms and conditions as well as
internal systems and processes to ensure they comply with
obligations due to the expanded scope of transactions caught by
the Directive.
PSPs should consider whether their current arrangements have
been affected by changes such as the removal/restriction of
exemptions and extension of scope and/or whether these might
lead to new opportunities or perhaps new competition.
Transaction Services Contacts
Clifford Chance has a market leading transaction services group, with an unrivalled depth
and breadth of experience in law and regulation affecting transaction services, payments,
privacy and data protection.
Simon Crown
Partner
T: +44 20 7006 2944
E: [email protected]
Caroline Meinertz
Partner
T: +44 20 7006 4253
E: [email protected]
Peter Chapman
Senior Associate
T: +44 20 7006 1896
E: [email protected]
Maria Troullinou
Senior Associate
T: +44 20 7006 2373
E: [email protected]
Laura Douglas
Associate
T: +44 20 7006 3907
E: [email protected]
Dermot Turing
Consultant to Clifford Chance
T: +44 20 7006 1630
E: [email protected]
Kikun Alo
Senior Associate
T: +44 20 7006 4067
E: [email protected]
Our team is widely recognised as the leading legal experts in the industry:
Financial Regulation Team of the Year 2014
Financial News Legal Awards
Band 1: Non-contentious Regulatory & Payments Law
Chambers UK 2015
Band 1: Non-contentious Regulatory
IFLR 1000 2015
Band 1: Non-contentious Regulatory
Legal 500 2014
About “At a glance” transaction services briefings
The Clifford Chance “At a glance” transaction services briefings provide a high level overview of a range of legislation, their timing and
potential impact to help legal counsel and business teams get up to date with measures relevant to transaction services.
You can find all of our “At a glance” transaction services briefings, and further briefings, topic guides and resources on our Financial
Markets toolkit: http://financialmarketstoolkit.cliffordchance.com
“At a glance” transaction services briefings series
PSD2
•
MIF Regulation
•
Cybersecurity Directive
•
Payment Accounts Directive
•
FATF2 Regulation
3
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© Clifford Chance, April 2015
Clifford Chance LLP, 10 Upper Bank Street, London, E14 5JJ
www.cliffordchance.com
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Registered office: 10 Upper Bank Street, London, E14 5JJ. We use the word ‘partner’ to refer to a member
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