If you are a Visual learner Visual thinking is a learning style where the learner better understands and retains information when ideas, words and concepts are associated with images. They enjoy books, and may have ‘photographic memories’, sometimes they can remember where information is located on a page. Tips for Learning: Try and read any material in a textbook before going to class to allow you to visually connect with material before you hear it Underline or highlight important words/phrases/definitions etc When required to learn a list of things, keep it in a place where you are sure to see it several times each day Try to draw a picture/chart/diagram of new information you need to learn Use visual images Make mindmaps (use colour and pictures in place of text where possible) Use flash cards Colour-code Make posters and colourful charts If you are an Auditory Learner Auditory learners learn best by hearing information. They can usually remember information more accurately when it has been explained to them orally. They learn effectively through lectures, audio books, oral presentations etc. They enjoy discussions and debates, and benefit from reading aloud. Tips for Learning: Read aloud Use your digital voice recorder to record notes Subvocalise i.e. recite the information you want to learn Discuss material with your peers Listen to others explaining material Use word association to remember facts Watch videos Use audiotapes for learning languages If you are a Kinaesthetic learner Kinesthetic learners learn best by moving their bodies as they learn. These are the "hands-on learners" or the "doers" who actually concentrate better and learn more easily when movement is involved. They remember best by building models and manipulating objects. They tend to grasp concepts more easily when abstract theories are combined with practical experience. Tips for Learning: Try to study through practical experiences such as role playing etc Record notes and listen on the move Write notes out over and over again Move around when learning Write facts to be learned on a flash card, with a question on one side and answer on the other (lay them out, quiz yourself, and shuffle: repeat this process until you are confident that you have learned the required material) Make notes on post-its and arrange on a big sheet (A3) Summary There are three main types of learning style i.e. auditory, visual, and kinaesthetic. Each person has a mix of learning styles and they may use different styles for different situations. However, most people have a dominant learning style. It is important that you identify your preferred method of learning in order to maximise your learning potential. Use a Multisensory approach i.e. it is recommended that you combine learning styles as by combining learning styles you are activating different parts of the brain and this will ensure more successful retention of information.
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