Class XII English HISTORY - DTEA

Class XII
English
1. Read the newspaper every day and write the headlines (datewise).
2. Read the novel 'The Invisible Man' chapters 1-18.
3. Vasant International School requires a receptionist. The administrative office drafts an
advertisement for the publication in the Situation Vacant columns of a newspaper. Draft an
advertisement inviting applications for a walk-in-interview along with the testimonials.
4. You want to sell a MarutiWagonR as you are going abroad. Draft an advertisement for the
classified columns of a local daily giving particulars of the model, mileage etc.
5. You are the Editor of your school magazine. Draft a notice for your school notice board inviting
articles, poems, jokes and sketches etc. from the students for your school magazine. Sign as
Neha/Neeraj, Secretary of Cultural Activities, SKV VikasPuri.
6. You are Incharge of junior science laboratary of ASN Public School, Shalimar Garden. Place an
order to SUV laboratary work, Karol Bagh for various apparatus/ equipment used in your
laboratary.
7. You are JasveerKaur/ Jaideep Singh from C-9, Tilak Nagar. You feel hurt and helpless to read
about the accidents caused due to illegal occupations of roads by vendors. Write a letter to the
police commisioner, Delhi about the problem of road encroachment by hawkers.
8. You are Mamta/Mohan. You find corruption as the biggest impediment in the developement of
a nation. You strongly believe that youth can play a very important role in fighting the menace of
corruption. Write an article on the 'Role Of Youth In Fighting Corruption' (150-200 words).
9. You are Sadhana/Sidharth, a student of ASN School RK Puram. You have observed that tuition
centres have come up in different parts of the city. They charge very high fee and assure the
students of better marks and seats in professional colleges. Almost all the students of class X and
XII join tuition centers or coaching centers. They strongly believe that one gets quality teaching
in them. Write a debate in around 150-200 words either in favour of or against the topic 'Tuition
And Coaching Centers, a neccessity for Students'.
10. Your areRajan/Rajini, the Head boy/girl of your school. You are asked to address the students of
a neighbouring school on World Environment Day as part of student's interaction program.
Write a speech in about 150 – 200 words emphasising on the 'Role of Students in Protectiong
the Environment'.
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HISTORY
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Read all the sources, given in chapter 1 to 4 and frame question and answers for all the
passages in a separate notebook.
Visit Indian National Museum and write about any five artifacts of Harappan civilization,
Coins, Ashokan Inscriptions, Evidences of Buddhism and Jainism with appropriate
pictures. Paste your photo shot in Indian National Museum.
Read the chapters 1 – 4
Watch movies like, MangalPandey, Bhagat Singh, Lagaan, Rang de Basanti, and movies
on Partition of India 1947.Write film review of any two movies.
Read all the short answers and long answers.
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GEOGRAPHY
1. Learn all questions and answerfrom chapter 1 to 7.
2. Complete table from page no6, 48, 56.
3. Draw the diagram frompage no 9, 12, 20.
4. Label places in world map page no 9, 32,34,35,36,38,39,40
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Political Science
 Instruction- Work to be done in the class register.
1. How and when was democracy established in Nepal?
2. Write a paragraph and paste the relevant pictures on recent disaster effected Nepal. Also
give the information on India’s help to Nepal discussing Indo-Nepal relations.
3. Describe the pictures as depicted in Chapters 1 to 4 of the book “Contemporary World
Politics” (till page no.- 60)
4. Write about Indo-US recent relations.
5. Read and write the headlines of the month of May and June from the newspaper everyday.
6. Draw the flags of the South-Asian countries and also show the respective countries on the
map.
7. Revise the chapters done so far.
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MATHAMATICS
1. (AB)’ =(B’A’)(2 questions)
2. Express a square matrix as a sum of a symmetric & a scew symmetric matrix (2 questions)
3. If f{x}= cosx -sinx 0
Sinxcosx 0
0
0 1
Show that f(x) f(y) = f(x+y)
4.
5.
6.
7.
Verify AB ≠ BA ( 2 questions)
Word problems on matrix multiplications (5 questions)
On PMI prove the result (3 questions)
Find the matrix X so that
x=
aij
=
aij
2x 3
2x3
aij
X =
aij
3x2
3x 2
8. Give two examples of each of the 6 determenent properties
9. Find the area of triangle using determenent ( 5 questions)
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PHYSICS
1. Do the questions as listed from NCERT.
Chapter 1 – 1 to 24 and All Worked examples.
Chapter 2 – 1 to 14, 17, 20, 21, 24 to 28 and All Worked examples.
2.Plan a Investigatory project for class XII physics practical examination and bring a write-up for the
same. This can be finalized in July after assessment.
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CHEMISTRY
Q1. Some of the class objects recovered from ancient monuments look like milky instead of being
transparent. Why ?
Q2. Which one of the following is an example of molecular soild:CO2 or SiO2.
Q3. An alloy of gold and cadmium crystallizes with with a cubic structure in which gold atom occupy the
corners and cadmium atom fit into the face center. Assign formula for this alloy.
Q4. Why does presence of excess of lithium make LiCl crystals pink?
Q5. Calculate the packing efficiency of ametal crystal for a simple cubic lattice,fcc and bcc?
Q6. The edge of the face centered cubic unit cell of aluminium is 404pm.Calculate the radius of
aluminium atom.
Q7. The unit cell of an element of atomic mass 108u density 10.5 g/cm3 is a cube with edge leanth
409pm.Find the type of unit cell of its crystal?
Q8. Explain in terms of Band theory : conductor, semi conductor ,insulator.
Q9.
Explain the following with example:
I)
II)
III)
IV)
V)
VI)
Ferromagnetism
Ferrimagnetism
Para magnetism
F-centers
Frenkle defects.
Schottky defects.
Q10. Account for the following:
i)
Fe3O4 is ferrimagnetic at room temperature but becomes paramagnetic at 850 k .
ii)
Zinc oxide becomes yellow on heating.
iii)
Frenkel defect does not change the density of AgCl crystals.
iv)
Conductivity of silicon increases on doping it with phosphorous.
v)
Schottky defect lower the density of related solids
Q11. State Henry’s law. What is the effect of temperature on the solubility of a gas in a liquid?
Q12. Two liquids A and B boil at 1450C and 1900C.Which of them has a higher vapour pressure at 800C?
Q13. Why is vapourpressure of a solution of glucose in water lower than that of pure water?
Q14 Some liquids on mixing form ‘ azeotropes’.Whatareazeotropes?
Q15. State Raoult’s law for solution of volatile and non-volatile solution?
Q16. Define the following terms:
i)
Isotonic solution
ii)
Van’t Hoff factor
iii)
Osmotic pressure
iv)
Reverse osmosis
Q17. Explain ideal and non –ideal solution. What is meant by positive and negative deviation from
Raoult’slaw.
Q18.
A 1.00 molal aqueous solution of trichloroacetic acid (CCl3COOH)is heated to its boiling point. The
solution has the boiling point100.860C. Determine Van’t Hoff factor (Kb for water= 0.512K Kg /mol.)
Q19.
Calculate the mass of compound ( molar mass = 256g/mol) to be dissolved in 75 g of benzene to
lower its freezing point by 0.48K(Kf= 5.12K Kg/mol.)
Q20.
Calculate the cellemf and ∆rG0 for the cell reaction at 250C.
Zn(s) / Zn2+ (0.1M) // Cd2+(0.01M)/Cd(s).
E0Zn2+/zn=-0.763V, E0 Cd2+/Cd=-0.403V.
Q21.
Q22.
Three electrolytic cells A,B and C containing solutions zinc sulphate,silver nitrate and copper
sulphate respectively are connected in series.A steady current of 1.5A was passed through them
untill1.45g silver were deposited at cathode of cell B.How long the current flow? What mass of
copper and zinc were deposited in concerned cells?
Explain corrosion is an electrochemical process with equation.
Q23.
Write reactions occurring in mercury cells.
Q24.
Q25.
Explain lead storage battery and fuel cell with equations
Conductivity of 0.00241 M acetic acid solution is 7.896x 10-5 S/ cm.Calculate its molar conductivity in
this Solution.If0m for acetic acid be 390.5 S cm2/mol,what would be its dissociation constant?
II.
Do all exercise questions and index questions of Lesson 1,2& 3 from NCERT book in your home
work note book.
III. Select topic for project and write procedure for the same.
Biology
1) Solve and learn mock test 1, 2,3,.
2) Make synopsis of biology project( Topic should be from NCERT XII).
Write one mark and two mark questions of mock test 1,2,3, in copy
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Economics
I.
Read and write one time for the following questions.
1.
Discuss the central problems of an economy.
2.
Draw a production possibility curve. What do the points inside and outside this curve
Indicate? Explain.
3.
Explain the relationship between total utility and marginal utility.
4.
Explain any three properties of Indifference curve.
5.
Define indifference map. Explain why an indifference curve to the right shows higher utility
level.
6.
Define budget set and Budget line.
7.
Explain the conditions of consumer’s equilibrium with the help of indifference curve analysis.
8.
Explain the difference between an inferior good and a normal good.
9.
Explain how the demand for a good is affected by the prices of related goods. Give
examples.
10.
Distinguish between change in demand and change in quantity demanded.
11.
Explain the law of demand with the help of a demand schedule and demand curve.
12.
Distinguish between complementary good and substitute goods.
13.
Distinguish between movement along a demand curve and shift in demand curve.
14.
Explain any two factors that affect price elasticity of demand. Give suitable example.
15.
Distinguish between extension and contraction of demand.
ACCOUNTANCY
Q.1 State the conditions under which capital balances may change under the system of a Fixed
Capital Account.
Q.2 A is partner in a firm. His capital as on Jan 01, 2007 was Rs. 60,000. He introduced additional
capital of Rs. 20000 on Oct 01 2007. Calculate interest on A’s capital @ 9% p.a.
Q.3 Alka, Barkha and Charu are partners in a firm having no partnership agreement. Alka, Barkha and
Charu contributed Rs. 20,000, Rs. 30,000 and Rs. 1,00,000 respectively. Alka and Barkha desire
that the profit should be divided in the ratio of capital contribution. Charu does not agree to
this. How will you settle the dispute.
Q.4 A and B are partners in a firm without a partnership deed. A is an active partner and claims a
salary of Rs. 18,000 per month. State with reason whether the claim is valid or not.
Q.5 Chandar and Suman are partners in a firm without a partnership deed. Chandar’s capital is Rs.
10,000 and Suman’s capital is Rs. 14,000. Chander has advanced a loan of Rs. 5000 and claim
interest @ 12% p.a. State whether his claim is valid or not.
Q.6 R, S, and T entered into a partnership of manufacturing and distributing educational CD’s on
April 01, 2006. R looked after the business development, S content development and T
financed the project. At the end of the year (31-03-2007) T wanted an interest of 12% on the
capital employed by him. The other partners were not inclined to this. How would you resolve
this within the ambit of the Indian Partnership Act, 1932?
Q.7 A, B and C are partners in a firm. A withdrew Rs. 1000 in the beginning of each month of the
year. Calculate interest on A’s drawing @ 6% p.a.
Q.8 A, B and C are partners in a firm, B withdrew Rs. 800 at the end of each month of the year.
Calculate interest on B’s drawings @ 6% p.a.
Q.9 A, B and C are partners in a firm. They have omitted interest on capital @ 10 % p.a. for three
years ended 31st march 2007. Their fixed capitals on which interest was to be calculated
through –out were
A
Rs. 1,00,000
B
Rs. 80,000
C
Rs. 70,000
Give the necessary Journal entry with working notes.
Q.10 X, Y, and Z are partners sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 3:2:1. After the final accounts
have been prepared it was discovered that interest on drawings @ 5 % had not been taken
into consideration. The drawings of the partner were X Rs. 15000, Y Rs. 12,600, Z Rs. 12,000.
Give the necessary adjusting Journal entry.
Q.11 A, B and C are partners sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 3:2:1. Their fixed capitals are
Rs. 1,50,000, Rs. 1,00,000 and Rs. 80,000 respectively. Profit for the year after providing
interest on capital was Rs. 60,000, which was wrongly transferred to partners equally. After
distribution of profit it was found that interest on capital provided to them @ 10% instead of
12% . Pass necessary adjustment entry.
Show your working clearly.
Q.12 Ravi and Mohan were partner in a firm sharing profits in the ratio of 7:5. Their respective fixed
capitals were Ravi Rs. 10,00,000 and Mohan Rs. 7,00,000. The partnership deed provided for
the following:(i) Interest on capital @ 12% p.a.
(ii) Ravi’s salary Rs. 6000 per month and Mohan’s salary Rs. 60000 per year.
The profit for the year ended 31-03-2007 was Rs. 5,04,000 which was distributed
equally without providing for the above. Pass an adjustment Entry.
Q.13 Distinguish between fixed capital method and fluctuating capital method.
Q.14 A, B and C were partners in a firm having capitals of Rs. 60,000, Rs. 60,000 and Rs. 80,000
respectively. Their current account balances were A- Rs. 10,000, B- Rs. 5000 and C- Rs. 2000
(Dr.). According to the partnership deed the partners were entitled to an interest on capital @
5% p.a. C being the working partner was also entitled to a salary of Rs. 6,000 p. a. The profits
were to be divided as follows:
(i) The first Rs. 20,000 in proportion to their capitals.
(ii) Next Rs. 30,000 in the ratio of 5:3:2.
(iii) Remaining profits to be shared equally.
During the year the firm made a profit of Rs. 1,56,000 before charging any of the above items.
Prepare the profit and loss appropriate on A/C.
Q.15 A and B are partners sharing profits in proportion of 3:2 with capitals of Rs. 40,000 and Rs.
30,000 respectively. Interest on capital is agreed at 5 % p.a. B is to be allowed an annual salary
of Rs. 3000 which has not been withdrawn. During 2001 the profits for the year prior to
calculation of interest on capital but after charging B’s salary amounted to Rs. 12,000. A
provision of 5% of this amount is to be made in respect of commission to the manager.
Prepare profit and loss appropriation account showing the allocation ofits.
Q. 16 Calculate the value of goodwill as on 1st Jan 2007 on the basis of three years’
of average profits of the last five years profits. The p + L for the years were
2001 – 30000 (profit)
purchases
2002 – 40000 (loss)
2003 – 92000 (profit)
2004 – 55000 (profit)
2005 – 70000 (profit)
2006 – 90000(profit)
During 2002 profit on sale of fixed asset amounted to Rs 2000, during 2004 amounted to Rs 5000,
and in 2006 loss on sale of fixed asset amounted to Rs 5000. [Ans 1, 59,000]
Q 17. The profits of a firm for the last three years were:2001 – 5, 00,000 (including an abnormal gain of Rs 1, 50,000)
2002 – 4, 00,000 (after charging an abnormal loss of Rs 2, 00,000)
2003 – 6, 00,000 (excluding Rs 2, 00,000 payable on the insurance of P + m)
Calculate the value of firms’ goodwill on the bases of four years’ purchases of the average profits
of the last three years. [Ans 18, 00,000]
Q 18 On 1st April 2001 an existing firm had assets of Rs 75000 including cash of Rs 5000. The
creditors amounted to Rs 5000 on that date. The firm had reserve fund of Rs 10,000 while partner’s
capital accounts
showed a balance of Rs 60,000. If the normal rte of return is 20% and the
goodwill of the firm is valued at Rs 24,000 at four years’ purchase of super profits, find the average
profits per year.[Ans super profit – 6000, av. profit – 20000]
Q 19. Is goodwill an intangible asset or a fictitious asset? Explain.
Q 20.A,B,and C were partners in a firm having no partnership agreement. A,B and C contributed Rs.2,
00,000, Rs.3, 00,000 and 1, 00,000respectively. AandB desire thatthe profits should be divided in the
ratio of capital contribution. C does not agree to this. How will the dispute be settled?
Q 21. A and B are partners sharing profits in the ratio of 3: 2 with capitals of Rs. 5, 00,000 and Rs. 3,
00,000 respectively. Interest on capital is agreed @ 6% p.a. B is to be allowed an annual salary
of Rs. 25000. During 2006, the profits of the year prior to calculation of interest on capital but
after charging B's salary amounted to Rs. 1,25,000. A provision of 5% of the profits is to be
made in respect of Manager's commission.
Prepare an account showing the allocation of profits and partners' capital accounts.
Q 22. X and Y are partners sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 3: 2 with capitals of Rs. 50,000
and Rs. 30,000 respectively. Each partner is entitled to 6% interest on his capital. X is entitled
to a salary of Rs. 800 per month together with a commission of 10% of net 'Profit remaining
after deducting interest on capitals and salary but before charging any commission. Y is
entitled to a salary of Rs. 600 per month together I. with-a commission of 10% of Net profit
remaining after deducting interest on capitals and salary and after charging all commissions.
The profits for the year prior to calculation of interest on capital but after charging salary of
partners amounted to Rs. 40,000. Prepare partners' Capital Accounts:(i)
When capitals are fixed, and
(ii)
When capitals are. Fluctuating.
Q 23. Give the answer to the following:
(1) P and Q are partners sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 3:2. On 1 st April 2009 their
capital balances were Rs.50, 000 and 40,000 respectively. On 1st July 2009 P brought Rs.10,
000 as his additional capital whereas Q brought Rs.20, 000 as additional capital on 1st October
2009. Interest on capital was provided @ 5% p.a. Calculate the interest on capital of P and Q
on 31st March 2010.
(2) A and B are partners sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 2:1. A withdraws Rs.1500 at the
beginning of each month and B withdrew Rs. 2000 at the end of each month for 12 months.
Interest on drawings was charged @ 6% p.a. Calculate the interest on drawings of A and B for
the year ended 31st December 2009.
Q 24.A, B and C are partners in a firm sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 2:3:5. Their fixed
capitals were 15, 00,000, Rs.30, 00,000 and Rs.6, 00,000 respectively. For the year 2009 interest on
capital was credited to them @ 12% instead of 10%. Pass the necessary adjustment entry.
From the following balance sheet of X and Y, calculate interest on capitals @ 10% p.a. payable to X
and Y for the year ended 31st December, 2008.
Liabilities
Amount
Assets
X's Capital
50,000
Sundry Assets
Y's capital
40,000
Drawings X
Amount
1, 00,000
10,000
P& L appropriation A/c (1998) 20,000
1,10,000
1,10,000
During the year 2008, X's drawings were Rs. 10,000 and Y's Drawing were Rs. 3,000. Profit
during the year, 2008 was Rs.30, 000.
Q 25. A, B and C entered into partnership on 1st April, 2008 to share profits & losses in the ratio of
4:3:3. A, however, personally guaranteed that C's share of profit after charging interest on
Capital @ 5% p.a. would not be less than Rs. 40,000 in any year. The Capital contributions
were:
A, Rs. 3, 00,000; B, Rs. 2, 00,000 and C, Rs. 1, 50,000.
The profit for the year ended on 31st March, '2008 amounted to Rs. 1, 60,000. Show the Profit
& Loss Appropriation Account. .
Q 26. Ram and Shyam started a partnership business on 1st January, 2007. Their capital
contributions were Rs. 2,00,000 and Rs. 10,0000 respectively. The partnership deed provided:
i.
Interest on capitals @10% p.a.
ii.
Ram, to get a salary of Rs. 2,000 p.m. and ShyamRs. 3,000 p.m.
iii.
Profits are to be shared in the ratio of 3:2.
The profits for the year ended 31st December, 2007 before making above appropriations were Rs.
2,16,000. Interest on Drawings amounted to Rs. 2,200 for Ram and Rs. 2,500 for Shyam.
Prepare Profit and Loss Appropriation Account.
Q 27. P and Q are partners with capitals of Rs. 6,00,000 and Rs. 4,00,000 respectively. The profit and
Loss Account of the firm showed a net Profit of Rs. 4, 26,800 for the year. Prepare Profit and Loss
account after taking the following into consideration:(i)
Interest on P's Loan of Rs. 2,00,000 to the firm
(ii)
Interest on 'capital to be allowed @ 6% p.a.
(iii)
Interest on Drawings @ 8% p.a. Drawings were; P Rs 80,000 and Q Rs. 1000,000.
(iv)
Q is to be allowed a commission on sales @ 3%. Sales for the year was Rs. 1000000
(v)
10% of the divisible profits is to be kept in a Reserve Account.
Q 28.A, B and C arte partners. They admit D and guarantee that his share of profit will not be less
than Rs. 20,000. Profits to be shared 4:3:3:2 respectively. Total profits were Rs. 96,000. It was agreed
that excess payable to D over his share will be borne by A,B and C in the ratio of 3:2:1. Calculate
share of profit for each partner.
Q 29. In a partnership firm assets are Rs.5, 00,000 and liabilities are Rs. 2, 00,000. The normal profit
rate is 15%. State the amount of normal profits.
Q 30. State the amount of goodwill, if goodwill is to be valued on the basis of 2 years’ purchase of
last year’s profit. Profit of the last year was Rs.20, 000.
Q 31. P,Q and R are partners in a firm sharing profits in the ratio of 2:2:1 on 1.4.2007 the partners
decided to share future profits in the ratio of 3:2:1 on that day balance sheet of the firm
shows General Reserve of Rs 50,000. Pass entry for distribution of reserve.
Q 32. A, B and C are partners in a firm having no partnership agreement. A, B and C contributed Rs.
20,000, Rs. 30,000 and Rs. 1,00,000 respectively. A and B desire that the profit should be divided in
the ratio of capital contribution. C does not agree to this. How will you settle the dispute.
Q.33. A and B are partners in a firm without a partnership deed. A is an active partner and claims
a salary of Rs. 18,000 per month. State with reason whether the claim is valid or not.
Q.34 Chandar and Suman are partners in a firm without a partnership deed. Chandar‘s capital is Rs.
10,000 and Suman‘s capital is Rs. 14,000. Chander has advanced a loan of Rs. 5000 and claim interest
@ 12% p.a. State whether his claim is valid or not.
Q.35 R, S, and T entered into a partnership of manufacturing and distributing educational CD‘s
on April 01, 2006. R looked after the business development, S content development and T financed
the project. At the end of the year (31-03-2007) T wanted an interest of 12% on the capital
employed by him. The other partners were not inclined to this. How would you resolve this within
the ambit of the Indian Partnership Act, 1932?
Q.36 A, B and C are partners in a firm. A withdrew Rs. 1000 in the beginning of each month of the
year. Calculate interest on A‘s drawing @ 6% p.a.
Q.37 A, B and C are partners in a firm, B withdrew Rs. 800 at the end of each month of the
year. Calculate interest on B‘s drawings @ 6% p.a.
Q.38 X, Y, and Z are partners sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 3:2:1. After the final accounts
have been prepared it was discovered that interest on drawings @ 5 % had not been taken into
consideration. The drawings of the partner were X Rs. 15000, Y Rs. 12,600, Z Rs. 12,000. Give the
necessary adjusting Journal entry.
Q.39 A, B and C are partners sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 3:2:1. Their fixed capitals are
Rs. 1,50,000, Rs. 1,00,000 and Rs. 80,000 respectively. Profit for the year after providing interest on
capital was Rs. 60,000, which was wrongly transferred to partners equally. After distribution of profit
it was found that interest on capital provided to them @ 10% instead of 12% . Pass necessary
adjustment entry. Show your working clearly.
Q.40 Ravi and Mohan were partner in a firm sharing profits in the ratio of 7:5. Their respective fixed
capitals were Ravi Rs. 10,00,000 and Mohan Rs. 7,00,000. The partnership deed provided for the
following:(i) Interest on capital @ 12% p.a.
(ii) Ravi‘s salary Rs. 6000 per month and Mohan‘s salary Rs. 60000 per year.
The profit for the year ended 31-03-2007 was Rs. 5,04,000 which was distributed
equally without providing for the above. Pass an adjustment Entry.
Q 41. X and Y are partners in a firm. Their capitals as on April 1, 2009 were Rs.2,50,000 and
Rs.1,80,000 respectively. They share profits equally. On July 1, 2009, they decided that their capitals
should be Rs.2,00,000 each. The necessary adjustments in the capitals were made by withdrawing or
introducing cash. According to the partnership deed, interest on capital is to be allowed @8% p.a. X
is to get an annual salary of Rs.4,000 and Y is allowed a monthly salary of Rs.800. It was found that Y
was regularly withdrawing his monthly salary.
The manager of the firm is entitled to a commission of 10% of the profit before any adjustment is
made according to the partnership deed.
Net profit for the year ended on 31st March, 2010, before charging interest on capital and salary,
was Rs.80,000. Prepare the Profit and Loss Appropriation account, Partner's Capita accounts and
Current accounts. (Profit: X-12,900, Y-12,900; Current A/C: X-33,900, Y-28,500)
Q 42. The partnership agreement of Maneesh and Girish provides that:
(i) Profits will be shared equally.
(ii)Maneesh will be allowed a salary of Rs.400 p.m.
(iii)Girish who manages the sales department will be allowed a commission equal to
10% of the net profit after allowing Maneesh's salary.
(iv) 7% interest will be allowed on partner's fixed capital.
(v) 5% interest will be charged on partner's annual drawings.
(vi) The fixed capitals of Maneesh and Girish are Rs.1,00,000 and Rs.80,000
respectively. Their annual drawings were Rs.16,000 and Rs.14,000 respectively.
The net profit for the year ending March 31,2002 amounted to Rs.40,000.
Prepare firm's Profit and Loss Appropriation Account.
Q 43. A and B are partners with capitals of Rs.5,00,000 and Rs.3,00,000 respectively. The profits for
the year ended 31st March, 2010 was Rs.3,46,000 before allowing interest on partner's loan. Show
the distribution of profit after taking the following into consideration:
(i) Interest on A's loan of Rs.1,50,000 to the firm provided on 1st April, 2009.
(ii) Interest on capital to be allowed @ 5% p.a.
(iii)Interest on drawings @6% p.a. Drawings were A Rs.60,000 and B Rs.40,000.
(iv) B is to be allowed a commission of 2% on sales. Sales for the year were
Rs.30,00,000.
(v) 10% of the divisible profits is to be kept in a Reserve Account.
Note: Also do : Chapter 1. 5 practical problems of each topic. Like P&L App. A/C, past adjustments
etc.
Chapter 2: All questions of practical problems of T.S Grewal
Chapter 3: All questions of practical problems of T.S Grewal
BUSINESS STUDIES
ASSIGNMENT NO. -1TOPIC-MANAGEMENT
Do business studies assignments in homework notebook.
1.‘Successful organizations do not achieve their goals by chance.Rathertheyhave to follow a process.’
(i)Identify the process
(ii)Define the process.
(iii)List its objectives
2.A company has achieved the target sales of 10,000 units but the advertisementexpenditure has
crossed the target limit. Is the performance of company efficientand effective? Give reason.
3.Identifythecharacteristicsof management in the following
(i)McDonalds offers ‘AlooTikki Burger’ to attract Indian customers.
(ii)An organization consists of diverse individuals with different needs.
(iii)Effect of management can always be noticed in every successful &unsuccessful organization.
(iv)It integrates the efforts of all members towards achieving the objectives.
(v)Management consists of ongoing series of functions.
(vi)In an organization employees are happy & satisfied & no chaos exists.
(vii) Management is to be seen in business &non business organizations
(viii)With the introduction of per second call by a cellular company, othercellular companies also
started offering per second calls to maintain marketshare.
4.Identifytheobjectiveof management in the following
(i)A company uses environmental friendly methods of production.
(ii)Management provides competitive salaries & perks.
(iii)Management offers employment to physically challenged people.
(iv)The revenue generated by a firm is just sufficient to cover the cost ofproduction.
(v)Management provides peer recognition.
(vi)Generate employment opportunities for weaker section of society.
(vii) A business needs to add to its prospects in the long run.
(viii)Management provides for personalgrowth&development of employee.
(ix)Through e-chaupal, ITC aims to changethe quality of life & the entireoutlook of the Indian
farmers.
(x)ABC group of cos. Decide to donate 2% of its sales to CRY for improvingthe condition of children in
India.
5.Identify the different levels of management in the following cases:
(i)Rituis the manager of the northern division of a large corporate house
(ii)Sachin determines the overall objectives & strategies for the organization.
(iii)Ramesh interacts with the actual work force.
(iv)Aditya is responsible for framing the plans & policies of AB industries.
(v)Dinesh is a superintendent in a cargo co.
(vi)Harish is a plant superintendent in the cargo co.
(vii) Dinesh is working as ‘operations manager’ in Tifco ltd.
(viii)Tanviris responsible for assigning work to employees & representing their
grievances to his boss
(ix)Ram is working as a regional manager.
(x)Prabhu decides opening a new branch of the business.
(xi)Raman is responsible for the welfare & survival of the organization.
(xii) Tapasya is responsible for implementing & controlling the plans &strategies of the organization.
6.Why is management called an inexact science?
7.A company is suffering losses because production department is producing more
output than required & sales department is not able to sell the given output.
(i)Identify the quality of management lacking.
(ii)Define the same.
(iii)Is it a separate function of management?
(iv)List its importance.
8.Identify the nature of management
(i)Management is a systematized body of knowledge that explaincertaingeneral truths.
(ii)It is practiced as personal application of existing theoretical knowledge inone’s own unique
manner.
(iii)There has been an increase in the corporate form of business &increasingemphasis on managed
business concern.
9.Identify the functions of management:
(i)Leading, influencing & motivating employees to perform the tasks assigned
to them.
(ii)Assigning duties grouping tasks,establishing authority &allocatingresources required to carry out a
specific plan.
(iii)Recruitment & selection of the personnel.
(iv)Finding out deficiencies in implementation of plans with the result achieved.
(v)Deciding the objectives, policies & procedures to be followed in thecompany.
10.PQR.PowerLtd.set up a factory for manufacturing solar lanterns in aremote village as there was
no reliable supply of electricity in rural areas. Therevenue earned by the company was sufficient to
cover the cost & the risks. The
demand of lanterns was increasing day by day, so the company decided toincrease production to
generate higher sales. For this they decided to employpeople from the nearby villages as very few
job opportunities were available inthe area. The company also decided to open schools & crèches
for the childrenof its employees.
(i)Identify the objectives by quoting the lines from above.
(ii)Identify two values which the company wanted to communicate to thesociety.
11.A cloth manufacturer distributes its defective product at free of cost(aftergetting them repaired
from NariNiketan at lower cost) to orphanage. Identify thevalues highlighted.
12.A manufacturer of fridge has used new technology in place of using harmfulgases, which do not
cause air pollution. Which value is being highlighted?
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ASSIGNMENT NO.– 2 TOPIC-MANAGEMENT
1.Give two differences between:
(I)Management principles & scientific principles.
(II)Management principles & management techniques
(III)Management principles & values
2. How are management principles derived?
3.Identify the nature of principles of management in the following cases:
(i)The extent of application of management principles varies depending onthe nature & size of
organization.
(ii)They do not provide readymade, strait jacket solutions i.e. they cannot beused as tailor made
tools.
(iii)Management principles are evolutionary in nature.
(iv)These principles cannot be applied blindly, even in an identical situation.
(v)Management principles aimat influencing human behavior which iscomplex& dynamic in nature.
(vi)The application of management principles is dependent on the prevailingcondition at a particular
point of time.
(vii) To be able to use a principle in large number of cases it establishesrelationship.
4.Identify the importance of principles of management:
(i)The cause & effect relationship avoids trial & error approach &reducesinefficiency, wastage &
spoilage in use of resources.
(ii)Principles enable managers to learn from past mistakes & to save time bysolving recurring
problems quickly.
(iii)Increased awareness of the public has made following social responsibilitymandatory.
(iv)Adopting an objective approach free from personal bias & prejudice.
(v)Principles should be based on facts, timely,realistic& subject tomeasurement& evaluation.
(vi)Management principles provide an effective & dynamic leadership to helporganization
implement the changes.
5.Identify the general principles of management violated, state the principle and
give one advantage & one consequence of itsviolation:
(i)Deepak &shikha are clerks & are paid Rs 20000 pm &Rs 15000 pmrespectively.
(ii)Mohan, an employee receives contradictory instructionsfrom three differentmanagers to carry
out a task.
(iii)Prakash, a general manager, is always engaged in day to dayoperationalactivities& is unable to
concentrate on core issues of the company.
(iv)Windhaven,a purchase manager, purchases raw material from a firmowned by his relative at a
rate more than the market price.
(v)Mayank, a sales manager though given the responsibility to meet salestarget has not been given
the authority to appoint requisite salesmen.
(vi)Kapil, a manager expects hissubordinates to work for the happiness &pleasure of being in the
organization.
(vii) Mohan, a manager expects his subordinates to adopt to the newenvironment& working
conditions without giving them time to settle down.
(viii)Prateek, aamanager, neither has a system of keeping his equipment orpeople at a prescribed
place.
(ix)An organization does not provide right place for physical &humanresources.
6.Name the principle of management:
(i)There should be team spirit of unity & harmony in the work group.
(ii)Which requires judicious application of penalties by the management.
(iii)It points out the danger & costs of unnecessary labour turnover.
(iv)It aims atsecuring the loyalty & devotion of the employees by giving themkind, fair & just
treatment.
(v)
It states that multiple bosses leads to divided responsibility.
(vi)Communication from top to bottom should follow official lines of command.
(vii) Workers should be encouraged to develop & carry out their plans fordevelopment.
(viii)A manager should replace ‘I’ with ‘WE’ in all his conversations with hisworkers.
7.Name the technique of scientific management:
(i)Helps in eliminating unnecessary diversity of products & thus therebyreducing cost.
(ii)Overlooks the principle of equity.
(iii)Focuses on separation of planning & execution function.
(iv)Helps in establishing interchangeability of manufactured parts & products.
(v)Is in direct contrast to unity of command.
(vi)Stresses on paying higher wages to efficient workers.
(vii) Aims to find the most optimum way of doing a job.
(viii)Determines movement involved in performing a job.
(ix)Determines the time needed to perform a well-defined job.
(x)Is an extension of principle of division of work &specialization?
8. State thepurpose/ objective of each technique of scientific management.
9. Why does Taylor insist on having specialized foremen?
10. Whatis ‘Gang Plank’? Give its significance.
11.What is meant by ‘MentalRevolution’?
12. Explain the style of management prevalent in Japan.
13. Name the principle which is an extension of the principle ofHarmonynotDiscord’.
14.Distinguish between ‘Unityof command’ & ‘Unity of direction’.
15. How according to Taylor could a complete harmony be maintained between themanagement&
workers?
-------------------------------------------------------------------------ASSIGNMENT NO. -3TOPIC-MANAGEMENT
1.
Define ‘Business Environment’.
2.
Give four examples each of ‘specific forces’ & ‘general forces’.
3.
Give example of how different elements of business environment are inter-related.
4.
Why is business environment a ‘Relative concept’?
5.
Define ‘opportunities’ & ‘Threats’.
6.
Environment is a complex phenomenon that is relatively easier to understand inparts but
difficult to grasp in totality’. Explain.
7.
Gee pvt.ltd. , a book publishing company, identifies the inclusion of ‘Hots” &“
Multidisciplinary” questions as an early opportunity & publishes the books as per
thechanged CBSE guidelines much before its competitors. Which environmentawareness is
being identified by Gee pvt ltd.?
8.
Lately, many companies have planned for significant investment in organizedretailing in
India. Several factors have prompted their decision in this regardcustomer income is rising,
people have developed a taste for better quality productseventhough they may have to pay
more.The government permitted cent percentforeign direct investment in some sections of
retailing. Identify the changes inbusiness environment under different dimensions, quoting
the lines from above Para.
9.
A leadingFMCG company manufacturing potato chips
as its premium snack feelsthe need to steer ahead of its competitors. Itasksfor suggestions
from itsemployees. The employees feel that the market for potato chips as a segment has
become commoditized. They suggest thatinnovation in finger snacks was muchmore& it
would also help the firm overcome the volatility & severe shortage ofchips-grade potatoes in
India.Besideschangein prices of potato often lead to change in profit margins of the firm.
Keeping in mind the fact that consumers arehealth conscious the companyexecutes the
suggestions of its employees by
introducing variant of finger snacks including multi grain, pulses & regional flavoursunder its
‘Kingo’ brand.
(i)
Which environment awareness is being identified by the company?
(ii)
Identify the dimension of business environment by quoting from above lines.
(iii)
Define the dimension so identified above.
(iv)
Identify& explain the principle of management in the above para.
(v)
List any two values shown by the company.
10.
Identify the dimension of environment in the following:
(i)
‘Make in India’ a national program, designed to facilitate investment.
(ii)
The cut in the ‘Repo rate’ by RBI, leaving more money in the hands of consumers.
(iii)
The governmentsmoveto amend the anti-smoking law and proposed radicalchanges,
including ban on sale of loose cigarettes and raising the minimumage of a person
buying tobacco products to 21 years from existing 18.
(iv)
Increased demand for ‘multi grain’ & ‘oat’ noodles in contrast to flour noodles.
(v)
The average age of Indian millionaire has come down. Besides offeringmultiple
variants within the model range, a car manufacturer also offerscustomization
options.
(vi)
Committed to the idea of “Make for India’ an international carmanufacturingco
decides to set up another plant in India.
11.
Define ‘ Liberalization’, ‘ Globalization’ & ‘ Privatization’.
12.
A reputed car manufacturer finds that with the sales volume taking a knock, anumber of its
dealers were bleeding&in order to sustain, some of them resorted to
Overcharging on spares & services, thereby giving the tag of ‘ an expensive tomaintain ‘ car.
The firm thus decides to increase the incentives for the dealers.
Which environment awareness is being identified by the company?
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प्र.1-मशोधय फाफक
ू ाचरयत्रचचत्रणलरखो।
हहिंदी
प्र.2-बक्तिन काचरयत्रचचत्रणलरखो।
प्र.3-ऩढ़ामे गएसभस्िऩाठोंिथाकवििाओिंकेप्रश्नोत्ियमादकयो।
व्माकयणकॉऩीभें लरखो
ऩत्रलरखो-
1भहहराओिं कीफढ़िीअसयु ऺाकीघटनाओिंऩयचचिंिाप्रकटकयिेहुएककसीसभाचायऩत्रकेसिंऩादककोऩत्रलरखो।
2-खाद्म
ऩदाथोंभें विशेषिःदध
ू औयदध
ू सेफनीिस्िुओिंभेंलभरािटकीसभस्माकीओयध्मानहदरािेहुएखाद्मविबागकेआमुति
कोऩत्रलरखो।
ननफिंधलरखो-
1-याष्ट्रबाषा हहिंदी
2- बाग्मऔयऩुरुषाथथ
3- नशाऔयमुिा
4- स्िदे शप्रेभ
5- आििंकिाद
कोईदोकहानीकीऩस्
ु िकऩढ़कयउनकीसभीऺालरखो।
नेऩारभें घहटिबूकम्ऩत्रासदीऩयएकपीचयलरखो। उसकेकुछचचत्रबीप्रस्िुिकयो।
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