Joining Forces: - Conservation Finance Alliance

Joining Forces:
The Dakar Meeting of African
Environmental Funds
Organized by the CFA African Environmental Funds Committee
SEPTEMbEr 2010
Photo Captions/Credits
Front Cover: (Clockwise from upper left)
Baobab tree Adansonia grandidieri Rice paddy fields with baobab trees
Morondava, Madagascar © Martin Harvey / WWF-Canon
African Funds Meeting © Camila Monteiro
Hawksbill turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata), Red Sea, Egypt
© Nils Aukan / WWF-Canon
Grassy plain and mountain Kunene Province Damaraland, Namibia
© John E. Newby / WWF - Canon
African elephant (Loxodonta africana) male on bank of Chobe river looking
threatening, low angle shot, Chobe NP, Botswana
© naturepl.com/Richard Du Toit / WWF
Page/Photographer
4 © Camila Monteiro
6 © Martin Harvey / WWF-Canon
11 © Mark Edwards / WWF-Canon
13 © Jason Rubens / WWF-Canon
14 © Roger Hooper / WWF-Canon
16 © Martin Harvey / WWF-Canon
19 © Martin Harvey / WWF-Canon
30 © Hartmut Jungius / WWF-Canon
34 © Angela Carpinacci Francesco Lupi / WWF-Italy
Back Cover:
A group of highschool students, taking part in a two day environmental
education workshop, enjoy a game viewing drive. Damaraland, Namibia
© Sandra Mbanefo Obiago / WWF-Canon
2
Joining Forces:
The Dakar Meeting of African
Environmental Funds
Organized by the CFA African Environmental Funds Committee
September 2010
Joining Forces: The Dakar Meeting of African Environmental Funds...................................................................1
Exchange of Experience on Creating and Operating an Environmental Fund......................................................7
Governance and Accountability................................................................................................................................7
Fundraising...............................................................................................................................................................9
Using the African Environmental Funds Network.................................................................................................12
Conclusion...............................................................................................................................................................18
Participants at the CFA African Environmental Funds Meeting...........................................................................19
Proposed Agenda and Topics of Discussions..........................................................................................................21
Profiles of Funds in Attendance
Section 1: Legally Established Funds..........................................................................................................24
Banc d’Arguin Coastal Marine and Biodiversity Trust Fund.............................................................25
Botswana Forest Conservation Fund.................................................................................................26
Bwindi Mgahinga Conservation Trust................................................................................................27
Eastern Arc Mountains Conservation Endowment Fund..................................................................29
Fondation pour les Aires Protégées et la Biodiversité de Madagascar..............................................30
Fondation pour les Parcs et Réserves de Côte d’Ivoire......................................................................31
Fondation Tany Meva..........................................................................................................................32
Fondation Tri-national de la Sangha..................................................................................................33
Kenya Wildlife Service Fund..............................................................................................................34
Malawi Environmental Endowment Trust.........................................................................................35
Mulanje Mountain Conservation Trust..............................................................................................36
Section 2: Funds in the Process of Creation................................................................................................38
Foundation for the Conservation of Biodiversity in Mozambique (BIOFUND Mozambique).........39
Fondation des savanes ouest africaines (FSOA).................................................................................40
Joining Forces: The Dakar Meeting of African Environmental Funds
Table of Contents
i
ii
Joining Forces: The Dakar Meeting of African Environmental Funds
Organized by the CFA African Environmental Funds Committee
September 28 – 30, 2010, Ile de Gorée, Sénégal
A
frican Environmental Funds’ representatives agreed to create a formal
network of funds across Africa. The network will allow funds to share
knowledge and provide mutual support to address the daily challenges of
managing a successful Environmental Fund.
The meeting was organized and convened through
the good offices of the Africa Environmental Funds
Committee, a sub-group of the Environmental
Funds Working Group of the Conservation
Finance Alliance co-chaired by Marie de Longcamp
(WWF-US) and Carl Bruessow (MMCT). The Dakar
Meeting was the culmination of two years of
monthly virtual exchanges among AEFC members,
which include funds, donors, technical partners and
individuals, who shared the vision of bringing funds
together in furtherance of the creation of a network.
Key objectives of bringing the African funds
together were:
•
to create an opportunity for funds to better
know each other;
•
to provide a forum for sharing knowledge
and experience on the creation and operation
of an Environmental Fund, especially in
the challenging areas of governance and
fundraising; and
•
to benefit from the presence of a representative
number of funds to jointly explore the potential
of an African funds network.
Key meeting outcomes were:
•
The African funds collectively appointed a
task force to lead the creation of the network.
Joining Forces: The Dakar Meeting of African Environmental Funds
The Dakar Meeting was attended by the
representatives of 15 funds and foundations that
are already operating or are in the process of
being created in 13 countries across Africa, by
donors who support those funds (Agence Française
de Développement (AFD), Fonds Français pour
l’Environnement Mondial (FFEM), Kreditanstalt für
Wiederaufbau (KfW), by international organizations
that provide a broad array of services to help
establish and operate Environmental Funds and/
or share their mission, Fondation Internationale
du Banc d’Arguin (FIBA), International Union
for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN), Wildlife
Conservation Society (WCS), World Wildlife Fund
(WWF) and by various individuals with an interest
in conservation finance and funds. Two special
guests from the Latin American and Caribbean
Network of Environmental Funds (RedLAC)
shared the experience of that network of funds
and presented the capacity building program that
is intended to link funds of the two regions. A
complete list of attendees is provided in Annex 1.
1
The task force is composed of the Executive
Directors of the Tri National de la Sangha
Foundation (FTNS) in Central Africa; the
Madagascar Foundation for Protected Areas
and Biodiversity (FAPBM); the Tany Meva
Foundation of Madagascar; the Fondation pour
les Parcs et Réserves de Côte d’Ivoire (FPRCI);
and the Kenya Wildife Service Fund (KWSF).
•
•
Participants recognized the supportive role
of the CFA Africa Environmental Funds
Committee, which will continue to assist with
network creation, and the beneficial exchanges
of experience through the Committee’s
monthly teleconference.
Donors expressed a willingness to consider
support for network development and creation.
•
African funds will help move forward SouthSouth cooperation between Africa and Latin
America by hosting four workshops in Africa in
2
2011-12 under the RedLAC Capacity Building
Programme funded by the FFEM and Moore
Foundation.
•
An initiative was launched to develop a
support service for African funds established
under UK law for the purpose of lowering the
financial and transaction costs of various UK
requirements through collective bargaining
and coordinated actions.
The meeting was made possible with financial
support from AFD, FFEM and KfW and logistical
support from FIBA. The participating funds
sponsored their costs of attendance.
Annex 2 is the final agenda of the threeday meeting.
Tuesday, September 28
Getting to Know Each Other
The meeting opened with a role play to set the
context of the meeting. Marie de Longcamp
(WWF-US) and Carl Bruessow (MMCT), co-chairs of
the CFA African Environmental Funds Committee
discussed the purpose and objectives of the meeting.
Paul Siegel (WWF-Senegal) was introduced as the
Master of Ceremony who would support the group
to achieve the meeting goals.
Funds made brief presentations of their histories
and objectives; elements of the presentations
were incorporated in the Profiles of each fund
which appear in Annex 3. Highlights of the funds
challenges and accomplishments are as follows:
Since 2002, the Mulanje Mountain
Conservation Trust (MMCT) has carried out
$5.5 million worth of operations…which
have contributed to the discovery of 100
additional species.
The Botswana Forest Conservation Fund
(BFCF) only began operations in 2009…
and has since funded thirteen activities,
including research.
Fondation Tany Meva fills a critical role
in conservation efforts in Madagascar by
working with communities to put in place
mechanisms for sustainable development
managed by the communities themselves.
The Malawi Environmental Endowment
Trust has supported over 200 projects
since its founding in 2007…with a current
portfolio of 100 projects, it measures its
success through the support it brings to
communities.
While still a work-in-progress, the
Mozambique BioFund will most likely
focus on the national system of protected
areas…work is currently underway by a
Founders Committee whose members
represent public, private and civil society
supporters of conservation action.
As a multi-country Fund, the Fondation
Tri-National de la Sangha (TNS)
encountered a relatively long creation
process which culminated in 2007 to the
satisfaction of all parties…and is now
about one-third of the way to its goal of an
endowment of 30-35 million Euros.
The Fondation pour les Parcs et Réserves
de Côte d’Ivoire (FPRCI) was created
in 2002 through a law reforming the
protected area system…survived a
difficult period of civil unrest…and has
emerged with a growing endowment that
initially supports the Parc National de Tai,
but aims to support the full network of
protected areas.
Joining Forces: The Dakar Meeting of African Environmental Funds
Introductions
3
African Funds Meeting
One half of the world’s gorilla population
is found in the parks supported by the
Bwindi-Mgahinga Conservation Trust
(BMCT), which has been financing
community development, research and
park management in the two parks for
over sixteen years.
The Guinea Bissau Fund began the process
of creation in 2007…and, once established
legally, will support the goals of increasing
the protected area system from 15% to
21% of the country’s land surface and of
improving its management.
The “last born” of the funds present at
Gorée is in the earliest stage of creation
in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
The Steering Committee… created only
in 2008… welcomes the challenges of
protecting the second largest river basin in
the World.
4
The Fondation pour les Aires Protégées et
la Biodiversité de Madagascar (FAPBM)
created in 2005, faces an enormous
challenge to support the 117 protected
areas of the country which will require an
estimated $12 to $15 million per year for
their operation. Other challenges for the
institution are to find funding sources other
than those of official donors, to set priorities
for the limited number of protected areas
that the foundation can finance in these
early years and to invest capital wisely to
meet the protected areas needs.
While receiving charity status in the UK
only in June 2010, the Banc d’Arguin
Coastal Marine and Biodiversity Trust
Fund (BaCoMab), counts a major success
in the negotiation of a fishing convention
with the European Community in line
with the goals of the fund and which will
produce some revenue for it.
Kenya Wildlife Service Fund (KWSF) is
a fund of a Government agency which
supports 26 national parks, 10 marine areas
and various conservancies. The biggest
challenge is to acquire funding, since the
strategy has been to give priority to raising
monies internally… tourism proceeds and
government contributions are a key part of
the strategy.
The Eastern Arc Mountain Conservation
Endowment Fund (EAMCEF) was
created for the purpose of conserving the
Tanzanian portion of a mountain range
comprised of 12 mountain blocks in
Tanzania and 1 in Kenya. Its operations
include forest conservation grants and
community development support.
Brief introductions were also made by participants
from AFD, FFEM, FIBA, KfW, IUCN, UNESCO, WCS,
WWF, PROFONANPE/RedLAC, FUNBIO/RedLAC and
the AWHT.
Where Do African Funds Come From?
Speakers: Marie de Longcamp and Carl Bruessow
An analysis of the African funds indicates that:
there are 17 existing African funds with five
others in the process of creation, and at least
three under consideration;
the 17 represent 26% of Environmental Funds
created worldwide, and hold about 12% of the
capital that all funds have mobilized to date;
•
like other funds around the world, African
Environmental Funds are umbrella and hybrid
funds and manage endowment, sinking and
other types of funds; and
•
while facing a number of challenges, the fund
mechanism is proving to be an effective and
resilient contributor to national and global
conservation achievements. It raises additional
funding, ensures transparent and flexible ways
of delivering financing and rationalizes the
management practices of natural resources. A
SWOT analysis summary appears in Box 1 below.
All funds are encouraged to participate in the
African Environmental Funds Committee (AEFC),
a forum for supporters of African funds to share
knowledge and to find ways that the “opportunities”
for funds can be realized.
SWOT ANALYSIS Of African Funds
STRENGTHS
Proof of viability
Impact on the ground
Resistance to
external factors
Mid-term investment
performance
OPPORTUNITIES
Environmental funds growth
in Africa
Economic and
demographic growth
New role for environmental
funds: payments for ecosystem
services and offsets
CFA AEFC network
Training available
WEAKNESSES
Capital and funding gap
Human Resources &
technical capacity
Data availability
THREATS
Race against time
Increase of pressure on
natural resources and
protected areas
Competing agendas
Lack of expertise
Joining Forces: The Dakar Meeting of African Environmental Funds
•
•
5
The AEFC, created in November 2008, has 29
members including the representatives of 14 funds.
As a sub-group of the Conservation Finance Alliance
(CFA), its rules are defined by a common Charter,
its co-Chairs are nominated by unanimous vote and
it operates through monthly telephone conference
calls (the cost of which was borne by WWF in 2009
and by the FFEM in 2010).
produce negative net returns as confirmed by
one participant.
•
The good returns of “small” funds were also due
to better balance across instruments.
•
There is a feeling of frustration from donor
capital being kept offshore while there are
certainly good uses on shore.
•
Risk tolerance is generally the determinant
of whether investments will be structured to
return high or low yields; high returns come
from [riskier] equities and more conservative
results from fixed income instruments.
•
In one case, a conservative investment policy
Over the last two years, the AEFC has:
•
produced an updated list of Environmental
Funds in Africa.
•
exchanged experience – working with the CFA
Environmental Funds Working Group.
•
contributed to the EF Toolkit (examples of
founding and operational documents, basic
training materials on fund creation and
operation, registry of fund experts, donor
information) – soon to be released.
•
succeeded in weathering the recent financial
crisis, but afterward the Board instructed the
asset manager to rebuild value using a less
conservative investment strategy.
contributed to the Annual Conservation Trust
Fund Investment Survey (CTIS) since 2007.
•
conducted a survey and released it as the
Training Needs for Environmental Funds
in Africa.
•
organized the present meeting.
A lively discussion ensued following the observation
that this year’s CTIS concluded that funds with
assets of less than $10 million equivalent had the
strongest returns; funds across Africa average $10
million, which could mean that they were the best
performers. Eleven funds across participated in the
last survey. Observations made included:
•
Caution in interpreting the cited result, since
funds that have invested locally account in
large part for those high returns, but the draft
report had not adjusted the returns for local
inflation. Inflation adjusted returns can even
6
Verreaux’s Sifaka Propithecus verreauxi-Hopping bipedally across open
ground, Madagascar Western Madagascar
A network might be used to create a facility
to share financial consultant services and
experience.
•
It is important to monitor investments in order
to be capable of explaining the results.
•
It should be kept in mind when discussing
returns that funds are long-term investors, so
that “losses” are temporal.
Exchange of Experience on Creating
and Operating an Environmental Fund
Governance and Accountability
Speakers: Kathy Mikitin, Francis Sabuni,
Dr. Fanny N’Golo, Geo Dutki
This session talked about basic principles
and best practices with respect to
governance and accountability. African
funds representatives presented three
supporting case studies.
The governance structures commonly seen in funds
or foundations are:
The General Assembly (also termed General
Meeting) which is made up of Members who are
often the persons responsible for creating the
institution (founding members), but may include
different categories of Members with varying voting
rights. The General Assembly is statutorily required
to meet a minimum of once per year. It generally
names the Board of Directors and takes decisions
that are “ordinary resolutions” and “special
resolutions.” The latter relate to major structural
changes affecting Board composition or changes to
statutes, and require a high proportion of votes.
The Board, comprised of Directors, is responsible
for the overall running of the fund or foundation
and can exercise all powers foreseen by the laws
which govern the entity. Size can vary, but nine
directors is the most common among African funds.
Board decisions cannot be overruled by a vote of
the General Assembly. In the exercise of Board
functions, duties are incumbent on the individual,
while powers are exercised jointly. A director’s
overriding duty is owed to the entity, rather than
to another constituency.
Management obtains its authority by delegation
from the Board, and generally that authority
involves implementation of the Board’s decisions
and execution of day-to-day operation. The overall
goal of management is to be efficient and effective
in all that it does.
Important factors in building a capable Board
are: (i) selecting directors who represent diverse
stakeholders and sectors (government, legal,
financial, commercial, conservation, academic,
communities) to provide the key expertise and
experience for understanding the fund’s “business”
and supporting the needs of the institution;
(ii) making use of committees to expand the
expertise not found among directors, broaden the
knowledge of directors and make the work of the
Board more efficient; and (iii) ensuring directors
receiving the general or topic-specific training
necessary to feel at ease when carrying out their
duties and exercising their powers. Donors should
do more to support the critical training function
in the interest of building effective institutions.
An accountable institution is one which reports,
explains and is answerable for consequences of
its actions, productions, decisions and policies.
Management is accountable to the Board, and the
Board is accountable to stakeholders (although
Joining Forces: The Dakar Meeting of African Environmental Funds
•
7
management must often speak for the Board).
Current management theory defines “governance
structures” to include stakeholders, so awareness
and consultation are a must. In dealing with
stakeholders, funds should (i) keep them informed
(websites are ideal!), (ii) communicate with a simple
and consistent message, (iii) put good controls in
place and use them; and (iv) assess effectiveness
periodically and make the results public.
Regular and good quality reporting within and
without is key to accountability. The Board relies
on management to report information to it, so
each fund should make key reports available on a
quarterly, semi-annually and annual basis to the
Board. The Annual Report can be the most efficient
and effective way to report outside the institution
and should be approached as an opportunity to
show the world what has been accomplished. There
is an opportunity for donors to work together to
simplify and standardize the reporting that funds
often must do to meet each donor institution’s
individual requirements.
Eastern Arc Mountain Conservation Endowment
Fund (EAMCEF) Website: Francis Sabuni explained
how the site (http://www.easternarc.or.tz/) was used
to communicate and keep stakeholders informed,
how it was conceived and maintained. The website
not only contains general information about the
Eastern Arc Mountains but also provides detailed
information about each of the thirteen mountain
blocks, the overall conservation strategy and
management of the Eastern Arc Mountain forests,
a description of the EAMCEF’s aims and objectives
and governance. Finally, detailed information is
available about calls for proposals, funding criteria
and grant making procedures (including a standard
call for project proposals). Annual reports about
projects funded to date and investment performance
are also available for download from the website.
8
Selecting the Board of the FPRCI: Dr. Fanny
N’Golo explained the process of selection which
was managed by a Steering Committee that
identified the characteristics it felt necessary for
Board Members, contacted potential candidates and
held an information meeting, prior to convening
the first General Assembly which named the
initial members. The selection of government
representatives to the Board was a collaborative
process between the civil society members who
were initially named and then proposed to the
Government of Côte d’Ivoire based on appropriate
skills. For example, it was considered important that
the Ministry of Finance representative be familiar
with public debt, and this choice has proven useful
in recent negotiations of a debt reduction
with Germany.
Stakeholder representation of the BMCT: Geo
Dutki presented the structures of the BMCT and
explained how various stakeholder groups are
involved. Of interest is the incorporation in the
governance framework of a local community
steering committee (whose membership includes
local government representatives, NGOs, indigenous
persons) that vets and monitors community
projects, approves community projects up to $1000;
and keeps community informed of BMCT activities.
Communities also elect three Board members who
are trustees with full voting rights.
•
If there is a debt for nature swap with France,
the social impact of projects that are financed
for biodiversity conservation is demonstrated.
•
There is an investment policy that addresses
Socially Responsible Investing (SRI).
Speakers: Julien Calas, Uwe Klug, Eric RakotoAndriantsilavo, Frédéric Hautcoeur, Carl Bruessow
This session was a dialogue between
different audiences: it was an opportunity
for the donors to present their objectives/
requirements and expectations, and for
the African fund representatives to discuss
their successes and challenges.
Expectations of the French Cooperation agencies
to be kept in mind when approaching them for
support:
•
AFD: Is the pivotal operator of the French
Cooperation. Its interest is in DEVELOPMENT.
It gives grants of two to five million euros and
loans from tens to hundreds of millions of
euros. Points to reflect upon: How can loans be
mobilized to finance biodiversity? Payments for
Ecosystem Services? Biodiversity Offsets?
•
FFEM: Is a fund dedicated to biodiversity.
Its interest is INNOVATION. Grants from
Julien Calas provided a general analysis of financing
sources for RedLAC and African funds, and a
summary of the French perspective on participation
in a fund.
Important objectives/requirements when AFD
or FFEM are considering involvement in
environmental funds include:
•
There should be a business plan and sizing of
the fund in relation to the need for biodiversity
conservation in the country/region (if the fund
is supposed to finance a PA system, a financial
gap analysis of the PA system is strongly
recommended).
•
Funds must not substitute for the government’s
own obligations.
•
The fund board is independent, while
nonetheless maintaining open channels for
contact and exchange between the fund and the
government.
•
The founders and subsequently the board
should represent expertise with quality and
diversity.
•
There is government involvement in the
creation of the initial fund (seed capital for
example).
•
The cost of operating the fund is reasonable.
the FFEM are generally about 1 to 2 million
euros. It can support the creation of funds,
innovative approaches to biodiversity
financing through funds.
•
French Ministry of the Economy and Finance:
Is involved in debt for nature swaps and
grants. However, it is not convinced of the
sustainability of funds, and has raised questions
on the risk involved in investing fund capital.
Still needs to be convinced of the impacts on
biodiversity and economic development.
The French agencies:
Do not sit on boards
✦ Do not earmark financing for certain
protected areas
✦ Will probably increase in the future a
requirement for Socially Responsible
Investment policies for funds’ capital
✦
Joining Forces: The Dakar Meeting of African Environmental Funds
Fundraising
9
KfW’s support to Environmental Funds, actual
and under consideration now totals about e100
millon. Uwe Klug went on to explain that KfW
decided to support conservation funds because PAs
are recognized as key components for maintaining
global biodiversity and because following the many
international fora (Rio, CBD, OMD) investments
in PAs have increased substantially. Conservation
Funds can respond to the two main challenges to PA
sustainability: recurrent cost financing and effective
PA management.
KfW’s objectives when supporting Conservation
Funds are:
•
Maintain biodiversity and secure previous
investments in the protected area network.
•
Improve the efficiency and effectiveness of PA
management (by requiring Management and
Business Plans).
•
Strengthen governance in the sector (by
bringing in the private sector and civil society).
•
Coordinate government action with civil society
and the support of the technical and financial
partners (Paris Declaration/Accra).
•
An endowment fund contribution is a last
resort financial strategy
•
Need to demonstrate that capital is safe and
that there is transparency in its management
(audits, various reports…)
Fondation pour les Aires Protégées et la
Biodiversité de Madagascar Experience. Eric
Rakoto-Andriantsilavo provided details of the
numerous contributions that the Fondation is
managing as an endowment ($31.7 M). A brief
history showed that discussions dated back to the
early 2000s but that those contributions were
finalized over three years, 2005-2008. Discussions
are in progress for an additional capital contribution
and a $8.5 million sinking funds.
The factors of success in raising funds are
considered to be:
•
Unique biodiversity of Madagascar
•
Commitment of the Government to
the environment
•
Strong support from traditional
international donors
•
Conditions/Expectations of the German Financial
Cooperation which should be kept in mind when
seeking support:
•
Biodiversity must be one of the priority sectors
(CI, WWF, …)
•
Consciousness of the need to reduce
dependence on public funding of development
•
Quality and network of connections of
identified for bilateral cooperation
•
Assistance will be decided in the framework of
Support from the major environmental NGOs
Board members
•
Opportunities offered by debt conversions
bilateral negotiations
•
“Financial Cooperation Guidelines relative
to Endowment Funds for Sustainable
Management of Natural Resources” have
been issued to guide decisions on support to
Environmental Funds
10
The challenges now faced by the FAPBM are to
attract other donors (private sector, Nordics,
private foundations), to diversify sources of funding
(green taxes, carbon funds, REDD), to double the
capital and to manage different types of financial
mechanisms (sinking funds, revolving funds).
Dancing Imraguen women at Ceremony for WWF donated boats. Banc d’Arguin
National Park, Mauritania Project number: MR0002
•
•
•
•
Define the profile of the institution, which in
this case has seen its objectives evolve beyond
the Banc d’Arguin National Park to include
other sites and plans for the management of
diversified financial mechanisms (endowment,
sinking fund, revolving fund, etc);
Evaluate financial needs. Good financial
projections help to determine the size of the
capital needed. It became clear that with
20 million euros of capital, few significant
activities could be undertaken outside the Park.
28+ million euros are required for sustainable
coastal and marine actions;
Know the possible sources of financing. For
example, revenue from the marine PAs is
marginal, although various taxes and fees are
required, they are rarely collected and returned
to the PAs. A major challenge will be to turn
this around. The fishing agreement with the EU
is a first success that will provide a million per
year over six to the park.
Define a strategy based on the Banc d’Arguin
National Park, a flagship product with an
international reputation. While it is early, this
approach appears to be successful given the
number of donors that have or are showing
interest (Government of Mauritania, MAVA/
FIBA, German Cooperation/ KfW, AFD/FFEM,
Lundin for Africa Foundation).
Mulanje Mountain Experience: Carl Bruessow
presented the many funding avenues that the
MMCT explored after it received its initial capital of
US$4.45 million.
The MMCT successfully broadened its scope of
activities from the original ecological interventions
and received project-support financing from two
donors (4 separate projects) to address the socioeconomic challenges of the area. An additional
success is the acquisition of Norwegian funding
which covers core and program costs so that no
further draw-down of the endowment capital will be
required for a five-year period.
The challenge has been to find additional
endowment capital. While this has not been possible
so far, the provision of the Norwegian funds will
effectively allow re-capitalization to occur. MMCT
continues to pursue PES opportunities and explore
other innovative financial mechanisms.
Joining Forces: The Dakar Meeting of African Environmental Funds
Banc d’Arguin Coastal Marine and Biodiversity
Trust Fund. Frédéric Hautcoeur presented the
strategy adopted by the BaCoMab:
11
Wednesday, September 29
Getting to Know Each Other
Marketplace
All Participants
13 countries), was presented by Alberto Paniagua,
(Executive Director of Peru’s PROFONANPE and
former President of RedLAC).
RedLAC’s mission is to:
Funds set up displays with a variety of visuals to
present the work that they carry out.
Set up an effective system of learning,
strengthening, training and cooperation
through a Network of Environmental
Funds aimed at contributing to the
conservation and sustainable use of
natural resources in Latin America and
the Caribbean (LAC).
Small Group Discussions
All Participants
Funds had the opportunity to participate in any or
all small group discussions on three topics:
•
•
•
UK Registered Funds1
Fundraising
Governance
RedLAC’s structure includes:
•
Assembly (all executive directors of funds –
defines the strategic plan, votes the budget and
approves financial statements)
•
Executive Committee (5-7 Assembly members
responsible for implementing the strategic
plan, preparing the budget, developing
fundraising activities)
Developing a Network and
Making it Work
•
Executive Secretariat (facilitates, coordinates
and communicates)
Speakers: Alberto Paniagua, Charlotte Karibuhoye
•
President
•
Work Commissions (temporary committees to
address needs)
Using the African Environmental
Funds Network
This session offered a view of two different
networks with different membership
composition, but similar objectives.
RedLAC, the network of funds of Latin America and
the Caribbean, which is the region with the largest
concentration of environmental funds (21 funds in
Its strategy guidelines are based on five principles:
(i) build capacity to serve their users; (ii) raise
resources to accomplish their goal; (iii) build their
institutions; (iv) build their image and (v) manage
knowledge.
A note summarizing the outcome of this and a subsequent meeting of this group was circulated to AEFC members in an e-mail from
Marie de Longcamp dated October 14, 2010 with the title “Offshore Registration”.
1
12
RedLAC membership is open to Environmental
Funds which are legally constituted and operating
in the LAC region and which pay a fee of US$3,300
(to cover the basic operating costs of the network).
The institution of a membership fee, which many
considered necessary, was the most controversial
topic ever raised, but it was finally accepted.
Membership benefits include:
•
Access to information of interest to
Environmental Funds
•
Exchange of knowledge and experience in
fund management
•
Coordination of contacts with international
organizations
•
International representation
•
Combined execution of regional projects
•
Shared hiring of experts for consulting services
on common problems
•
Representation at the Annual Assembly
The presentation made clear that the African funds
present should look to inspiration from RedLAC,
not reproduction. In effect, a network already
exists through the actions of the CFA African
Green turtle in corals. Mafia Island, Tanzania.
Project TZ0057 - Mafia Island Marine Park
Environmental Funds Committee. The structure
that might be needed to continue the network
should be flexible and cost-effective in achieving the
objectives that are commonly agreed.
The RAMPAO Network (Réseau régional d’Aires
marines protégées en Afrique de l’Ouest – West
African Marine Protected Areas Regional Network).
The coastal countries realized that they shared
many problems and could be well-served by a
common approach. The network began with
the creation in 1996 of a regional network for
coastal planning comprised of experts from
the 7 countries.2 In 2001-2002, a coalition of
governmental and non-governmental institutions,
with support from international organizations
(FIBA, IUCN, WWF, WI) and financial partners
developed a regional strategy for marine protected
areas, that serves as a blueprint for sub-regional
actions in this area. Discussions continued over
2002-2004 and work on formalizing a network of
MPAs began in 2005. Official creation took place in
2007 with 15 Founding MPA members.
The structures of RAMPAO are:
•
General Assembly (defines the general
orientation) with a President
•
Scientific Council (gives technical advice in
identifying priorities of common interest)
•
Secretariat (facilitates)
The seven country members are: Mauritania, Senegal, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Cap Verde, Republic of Guinea and Sierra Leone.
2
Joining Forces: The Dakar Meeting of African Environmental Funds
The creation of RedLAC did not happen overnight.
It had its roots in the Inter-Agency Planning Group
that met for four years, and brought many funds
together to share experience and promote funds as
a financing mechanism. For the LAC region group,
a Promotion Committee was named and met four
times in 1998 and 1999 to formulate the network
mission and structures. The first formal RedLAC
Assembly met in 2000. It all came about, and works
well today, because of people. The members are
rewarded with knowledge, satisfaction and strong
friendships.
13
The RAMPAO objectives are:
•
Promote the exchange of experience and
mutual learning;
•
Create synergies between the Marine Protected
Areas on subjects of common interest; •
Make the MAPs of the region functional and
operational; and
•
Reinforce the common capacities for speaking
out, defending interests and representing the
MAPs in the international arena.
RAMPAO does not require a fee for membership,
but receives support from its international
partners (PRCM Basket Fund – MAVA Foundation,
Spanish Cooperation, Dutch cooperation; and Oak
Foundation).
While facing several challenges (maintaining
contact, technical communication issues, three
14 pulling up nets, Mafia Island, part of the Mafia Marine Park which
Fishermen
was created with the support of WWF. Tanzania
languages), the experience has been a rich one.
Lessons learned include:
•
Broad consensus based on clear and shared
objectives is very important; these help define
the rules of membership;
•
All concerned parties should be involved in
the process (managers, communities, NGOs,
research, technical services, administration);
•
The objectives of the network must take into
account the concrete interests and needs of the
members (at local and national level);
•
The technical and financial support of partners
has been decisive in putting the network in
place and making it function.
The network has turned out to be a formidable
opportunity for learning and mutual reinforcement,
giving importance to exchanges and strengthening
of capacity.
All Participants
Question 2: How do you want it to work?
•
Voluntary, Informal, Light, Flexible
Participants were divided into four groups to work
through the answers to the following questions:
•
Strong communication (e.g. annual meeting,
email, telephone, internet)
•
•
Topical task forces/committees
•
Commitment of member funds (mobilizing
resources from members)
What do we want from the African
Environmental Funds Network?
•
How do you want it to work?
•
How can your fund contribute?
•
Independent
•
What are the next steps?
•
Consist of operational funds
•
A clear Charter (TOR) and annual work plan
•
Benefit from current FA group and CFA
Participants re-convened and each group presented
its brainstorming results. The consolidated outcome
is summarized as follows:
Question 1: What do we want from the African
Environmental Funds Network?
A vibrant, long-term, strategic facility for sharing
experiences/information and providing mutual
support for
Question 3: How can your fund contribute
(time, expertise, logistics, event organization
fundraising, etc.)
•
Commit time, money, information,
as appropriate
•
Staff time (3-4 days/month)
•
Provide space on existing website
•
Respond to all communications
•
•
Learning/training
•
Peer reviews
•
Planning
Provide subject-specific expertise and facilitate
topical experts’ groups including
•
Fundraising and investing
✦
Technical skills (including joint proposals)
•
Mentoring/Assisting emerging funds
✦
Benefits and empowerment of beneficiaries
•
Innovations, challenges, problems, successes
✦
Management planning
✦
Accounting and audits
✦
Establishing off-shore funds in UK
✦
Fundraising and donor relations
✦
Organizing workshops
Facilitate joint actions/priorities to benefit from
economies of scale (audits, obtaining legal and
financial advice, interactions with authorities (e.g.
UK Charity Commission))
•
Studies on mutual funds, investments, etc.
•
Ad hoc lobbying and fundraising
•
Creating a grant-making database
•
•
Identifying African trends
Sharing new experiences (exchange visits,
training, etc.)
•
Trans-national issues
Joining Forces: The Dakar Meeting of African Environmental Funds
Brainstorming
15
Question 4: What are the next steps?
•
Designate members of a task force and give it
a mandate
✦
Serve as Secretariat for the network,
✦
Draft Network TOR
✦
Identify priorities
•
Undertake a needs assessment of each fund
•
Establish a work plan (budget, operation
rules, timeline)
•
Confirm network adhesion of each fund
•
Prepare a flier on the network
•
Establish a communication system
•
Some funds need to get board approval
•
Identify funding needs and sources for
2011-2012
The meeting moved quickly to appoint a Task Force
with the following members:
Eric Rakoto-Andriantsilavo (FAPBM)
Fenosoa Andriamahenina (Tany Meva)
Tim Fomete (TNS)
Dr. Fanny N’Golo (FPRCI)
Edwin Wanyonyi (KWS)
Panther chamaeleon Furcifer pardalis Chamaeleons feed mainly on insects Madagascar
16
Thursday, September 30
Task Force Presentation
Speakers: Fenosoa Andriamahenina and Task
Force members
Priorities
Designate members of a task
force and give it a mandate
Serve as Secretariat for
the network
Network TOR/operational rules
Coordinate a process to
identify priorities
Quarterly emails to group
Establish a work plan (budget,
timeline) and fundraise
Establish contributions (staff
time, logistics, documents, web
site, etc.) from each Fund
Prepare a flier on the network
Undertake a needs assessment of
each Fund (from network and
for self)
Establish and consolidate a
profile of each Fund and make
accessible
Establish a communication
system (initially emails/
Skype (immediate)) eventually
communication plan
Confirm network adhesion of
each Fund
General Assembly
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9 10 11 12
Some Funds
need to get
board approval
Done
Ongoing
6-12 months…
will evolve over
time, with Carl
(About 12
months)
Joining Forces: The Dakar Meeting of African Environmental Funds
The following work plan was presented:
17
The Task Force (TF) will begin work on its TOR
which will be circulated for comments. It was
suggested that there be a quarterly work plan
with outputs, and that updating occur on a
quarterly basis.
The first challenge will be to find the mode of
communication that works best: phone, skype,
Facebook. The Task Force should report in regularly
to all funds, not just among its members, and it was
proposed that the African Environmental Funds
Committee could be useful for that purpose. A
permanent coordinator between the TF and AEFC
should be designated.
Financial partners will give consideration to ways in
which they can support the work of the TF and the
network initiative.
Exchange of Experience on Creating
and Operating an Environmental Fund
Building Capacity
Speaker: Camila Monteiro
The Capacity Building Project began with a 2008
survey of RedLAC members. The high priority areas
identified were innovative finance mechanisms,
monitoring and impact evaluation and fundraising/
financial sustainability. The 2009 Survey of African
funds followed and identified as its priorities
strategy development and operating procedures,
fundraising/communication and governance.
18
The goal of the Project which will cost $3.5
million over three years, will be to strengthen
funds in their operations and use of innovative
financial mechanisms that reduce dependency
from international donations and diversify resource
inflows. The components are:
•
Capacity building through workshops and
written materials (4 in Africa; 6 in LAC – both
regions will be invited to all workshops);
•
Call for Pilot projects with new market
mechanisms;
•
Support to administrative structures to
coordinate the project; and
•
Project evaluation.
Training sessions are intended for more than
executive directors. A selection committee will
choose the participants and an effort will be made to
respond to the real demand for a course. What will
be important is to know how the knowledge will be
used and transferred when the trainee returns to
his/her fund. Means of attending should not be an
obstacle since the project can assist with defraying
costs. A website will be prepared for each course
with all the information and materials.
Funds that can coordinate a workshop in Africa in
March 2011 were asked to contact Camila.
Conclusion
The meeting concluded with ample thanks
for organizers, sponsors and participants.
A consensus was reached that all meeting
objectives had been achieved.
Participants at the CFA African
Environmental Funds Meeting
Madagascar Women subsistence farmers work in their
fields, Central Madagascar
Organization Name
Name of Person(s)
Attending
Email Address
Position(s)
1 Mulanje Mountain Conservation
Trust (MMCT)
Carl Bruessow
[email protected]
Executive
Director
2 Mulanje Mountain
Professor Eston Sambo
[email protected]
Chairman of the
Board
3 IUCN
Geoffroy Mauvais
[email protected]
Trust Fund
Facilitator
(FSOA, FPRCI)
4 Botswana Forest
Gagoitsiwe Moremedi
[email protected]
Executive
[email protected] Director
5 WWF WAMER
Paul Siegel
[email protected]
Principal Advisor
– Master of
Ceremony
6 Kenya Wildlife Service
Edwin Wanyonyi
[email protected]
Head of Resource
Mobilization
7 Bwindi Mgahinga Conservation
Geo Z. Dutki
[email protected]
Trust
Administrator
8 Tany Meva Environmental
Fenosoa Andriamahenina
[email protected]
Executive
Director
9 Wildlife Conservation Society
Matthew Hatchwell
[email protected]
Director for
Europe
10 Eastern Arc Mountains
Francis Sabuni
[email protected]
[email protected]
Executive
Director
11 Biofund Mozambique
12 Foundation for National Parks
Sean Nazerali
[email protected]
Facilitator
Dr. Fanny N’golo
[email protected]
Executive
Director
13 Foundation for National Parks
Francis Lauginie
[email protected]
Board Member
14 WWF France/FTNS
Jochen Krimphoff
[email protected]
Manager
International
Affairs
15 RedLAC – FUNBIO
Camila Monteiro
[email protected]
Executive
Secretariat,
Representative
16 RedLAC – PROFONANPE
Alberto Paniagua
[email protected]
Chairman,
PROFONANPE
17 Agence Française de
Guillaume Chiron
[email protected]
Economiste –
Chef de Projet
Division
Environnement
et Equipement
Conservation Trust (MMCT)
Conservation Fund
Trust (BMCT)
Foundation
(WCS)/FTNS
Conservation Endowment Fund
(EAMCEF)
and Reserves of Côte d’Ivoire
and Reserves of Côte d’Ivoire
Développement AFD
Joining Forces: The Dakar Meeting of African Environmental Funds
September 28-30, 2010, Dakar, Senegal
19
Organization Name
Name of Person(s)
Attending
Email Address
Position(s)
18 Secrétariat du Fonds Français
Julien Calas
[email protected]
Biodiversity
Manager
19 Fondation pour les Aires
Eric Rakoto-Andraintsilavo
[email protected]
Executive
Director
20 Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau
Uwe Klug
[email protected]
Chargé de
Projet, Division
Agriculture &
Gestion des
Ressources
Naturelles
– Afrique
subsaharienne
21 Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau
Dr. Christoph Kessler
[email protected]
Chef de Division
Agriculture &
Gestion des
Ressources
Naturelles
– Afrique
subsaharienne
22 WWF-US
Marie de Longcamp
[email protected]
Director,
Conservation
Finance
23 Fondation Internationale du
Sylvie Goyet
[email protected]
Director General
26 Malawi Environmental
Stephen Nanthambwe
[email protected]
[email protected]
Chief Executive
Director
27 African World Heritage Fund
Ingvild Baustad
[email protected]
Publicity and
Communication
Officer
28 Guinee Bissau Fund
29 BaCoMaB
Alfredo da Silva
[email protected]
Director of IBAP
Frédéric Hautcoeur
[email protected]
Conseiller auprès
du Directeur du
PNBA
30 Fondation Tri National de
Tim Fomete
[email protected]
Directeur
Executif
31 Consultant
Kathy Mikitin
[email protected]
Independent
Consultant
33 Fondation Internationale du
Charlotte Karibuhoye
[email protected]
Coordinatrice
Programme A
34 Initiative Fonds RDC
Ben Balongelwa
[email protected]
Chef de Service/
ICCN
35 Initiative Fonds RDC
36 BaCoMab – GTZ
Bob Tumba
[email protected]
Facilitateur
Klaus Mersmann
[email protected]
Coordonnateur
ProGRN
37 UNESCO
Noeline Raondry-Rakotoarisoa
[email protected]
unesco.unon.org
Programme
Specialist
Ecological
Sciences
pour l’Environnement Mondial
(FFEM)
Protégées et la Biodiversité de
Madagascar
– German Development Bank
(KfW)
– German Development Bank
(KfW)
Banc d’Arguin (FIBA) – BaCoMaB
Endowment Trust (MEET)
la Sangha
Banc d’Arguin (FIBA)
20
Joining Forces: Dakar Meeting of African Environmental Funds
September 28-30, 2010 – Ile de Gorée, Sénégal
Objectives of this meeting
1) “Get to know each other”: present ourselves, our funds and finally meet in person!
2) “Exchange experiences on creating and running an EF”: share experience and challenges on
governance and fundraising issues. capacity building
3) “Forming an African funds network”: create a network and identify common activities as African EF
network and assess options to further strengthen the African EF Committee
Proposed agenda and topics of discussions
b) Introduction
11.30 – 11.45
Day 1
12.00 – 13.00
c) Who is who
Coffee Break
Where Do We Come From? Environmental Funds in Africa, the CFA
AEF Committee and the results of the capacity building needs
assessment
Lunch
Participants
a) Sylvie Goyet, Edwin
Wanyonyi, Julien Calas
b) Marie de Longcamp,
Sylvie Goyet, Paul Siegel
as Master of Ceremony
c) Everyone
Marie deLongcamp,
Carl Bruessow
Day 1
13.00 – 14.00
Exchange of Experience on Creating and Running an EF
Day 1
Governance Issues: Governance structures, principles of governance,
14.00 – 16.15
accountability and stakeholders
16.15 – 16.30
Day 1
16.30 – 18.30
a)
b)
c)
d)
Presentation on governance and accountability
Case Study 1 – Eastern Arc Mountain Website
Case Study 2 – Selection of the FPRCI Board of Directors
Case Study 3 – Bwindi-Mgahinga Conservation Trust –
Incorporating Stakeholders in governance
Coffee Break
Fundraising: Strategy, best practices, mechanisms and sources of
funding for EFs
a) Kathy Mikitin
b) Francis Sabuni
c) Dr. Fanny N’golo
d) Geo Dutki
a) Public donor perspectives
b) Case Study 1 – Fondation pour les Aires Protégées et la
Biodiversité de Madagscar
c) Case Study 2 – Banc d’Arguin Coastal Marine and Biodiversity
Trust Fund
d) Case Study 3 – Mulanje Mountain Conservation Trust
a) Julien Calas et Uwe Klug
b) Eric RakotoAndriantsilavo
c) Fred Hautcoeur
d) Carl Bruessow
Joining Forces: The Dakar Meeting of African Environmental Funds
Day 1
Topics
Getting to Know Each Other
Day 1
Introduction and Meeting Objectives
9.00 – 11.30
a) Discussion on stage around a coffee table
21
Day 2
Topics
Getting to Know Each Other
Day 2
Marketplace of the Different Funds:
9.00 – 10.30
Opportunity for each organization to showcase what it does
Small Group Sessions:
a) Fundraising
b) UK Registered Funds
c) Governance
10.30 –11.00
Coffee Break
Forming an African Funds Network
Day 2
How to Develop a Network: Making a network work!
11.00 – 12.30
a) RedLAC experience
b) The RAMPAO example (Réseau des AMP d’Afrique
de l’Ouest)
Day 2
Lunch
13.00 – 14.00
Day 2
Brainstorming:
14.15 – 15.30
Working Group Sessions to answer:
— What do you want from an African Environmental
Funds Network?
— How do you want it to work?
— How can your Fund contribute?
— What are the next steps?
15.30 – 16.00
Coffee Break
Day 2
Debrief of Working Group Session
16.00 – 17.30
Day 3
Topics
Exchange of Experience on Creating and Running an EF
Day 3
Task Force Presentation:
9.00 – 9.30
Priority activities and timeframe for the coming year
22
Day 3
9:30 – 11:00
Day 3
11:00 – 11:30
Building Capacity:
RedLAC FFEM Capacity Development Initiative and other synergies
Conclusions
Day 3
12.00 – 13.00
14.00 – 17.00
Lunch
Goree Island Tour and Fun!
Participants
All Funds
a) Alberto Paniagua
b) Charlotte Karibuhoye
Alberto Paniagua, Jochen
Krimphoff, Camila
Monteiro, Paul Siegel
Paul Siegel
Participants
Fenosoa Andriamahenina
Eric Rakoto-Andriantsilavo
Dr. Fanny N’Golo
Tim Fomete
Edwin Wanyonyi
Camila Monteiro
Carl Bruessow
Marie de Longcamp
Sylvie Goyet
Profiles of Funds in Attendance
Section 1: Legally Established Funds
Joining Forces: The Dakar Meeting of African Environmental Funds
Section 2: Funds in the Process of Creation
23
Profiles of Funds in Attendance
Section 1: Legally Established Funds
Banc d’Arguin Coastal Marine and Biodiversity Trust Fund
Botswana Forest Conservation Fund
Bwindi-Mgahinga Conservation Trust
Eastern Arc Mountains Conservation Endowment Fund
Fondation pour les Aires Protégées et la Biodiversité de Madagascar
Fondation pour les Parcs et Réserves de Côte d’Ivoire
Fondation Tany Meva
Fondation Tri-National de la Sangha
Kenya Wildlife Service Fund
Malawi Environmental Endowment Fund
Mulanje Mountain Conservation Trust
24
banc d’Arguin Coastal Marine and biodiversity Trust Fund
Country: Mauritania
Purpose and Mission:
Date of Establishment: January 2009
To promote, for the benefit of the public,
Geographical Extent of Support/Operation: National
(coastal and marine, with a focus on PNBA), operating in
multiple areas
•
the conservation, protection and
improvement of the physical and
natural environment, firstly of the Banc
d’Arguin National Park, and secondly
of other marine and coastal protected
areas in Mauritania
•
the sustainable development of the Banc
d’Arguin National Park, and of other
marine and coastal protected areas by:
Endowment: €504,000 (Government of Mauritania) +
€14,000 (Lundin)
Other: A €650,000 subsidy to allow the development of the
trust fund until it reaches its breakeven point in the next 4
years. (€320,000 contracted with the MAVA Foundation and
the remainder from the German Cooperation)
Investment Location: Offshore
(a)
(b)
Board Members:
2 Government (Ministers of Finance and Environment)
1 International NGO
2 Donors
2 Persons of renown from the environment and finance
Partners: AFD/FFEM, KfW, AECI (Spanish Cooperation)/
Office Autonôme des Parcs Nationaux d’Espagne, European
Union, GEF, Government of Mauritania, MAVA Foundation,
Lundin Foundation for Africa, GTZ, FIBA, Ministry of the
Environment, Ministry of Finance
Staffing: Not staffed for the moment. President of the Board
and Secretary are acting within the framework of their own
professional work. The recruitment process for an Executive
Secretary is underway with a goal of the position filled by
January 2011.
To advance the education of the public in
the biodiversity, conservation, sustainability
and management of the the Banc d’Arguin
National Park, and of other marine and
coastal protected areas.
Contacts:
Current Operations Involve:
Biodiversity Action
❑
❑
 Livelihoods Improvement
❑ Climate Change
❑ Payments for Ecosystem Services
❑ Carbon Trading
 Protected Area Management
❑
❑ Environmental Mitigation
❑ Micro-lending
Brief Summary of Operations Carried Out to Date:
No operations to date.
(c)
the preservation, conservation and
the protection of the environment
and the prudent use of natural
resources of the areas of benefit,
the relief of poverty and the
improvement of the conditions of
life for the areas of benefit resident
populations, and
the promotion of sustainable
means of achieving economic
growth and regeneration of the
areas of benefit; and
Sylvie Goyet
Board President
Case postale 458
1110 Morges, Suisse
[email protected]
Frédéric Hautcoeur
Board Secretary
S/c Bureau de la GTZ
B.P. 5217
Nouakchott, R.I. de Mauritanie
Tel/Fax: + 222.525.99.63
[email protected]
Joining Forces: The Dakar Meeting of African Environmental Funds
Funds Under Management:
25
botswana Forest Conservation Fund
Country: Botswana
Purpose and Mission:
Date of Establishment: October 5, 2006
To advance the Tropical Forest Conservation
Fund in promoting activities designed to
conserve, maintain and restore the forests of
Botswana.
Geographical Extent of Support/Operation:
National, operating in multiple areas
Funds Under Management:
Sinking Fund(s) US$ 8,340,856 for the period 2006 to 2016
Investment Location: Botswana
Board Members:
4 Government: 2 Representatives of the Government of Botswana and
2 Representatives of the US Government
5 Civil Society: Representatives of environmental NGOs, community development NGOs of
Botswana and scientific, academic or forestry organizations of Botswana
Partners:
Donors:
Local NGOs:
US Government
Grant recipients are NGOs, CBOs and academic institutions
Staffing:
Management:
Professional/Technical:
Support:
Executive Director
Finance Manager, Project Manager
Office Manager
Contact:
Current Operations Involve:
❑ Biodiversity Action
❑
Livelihoods Improvement
❑ Climate Change
❑ Payments for Ecosystem Services
❑ Carbon Trading
Protected Area Management
❑
Environmental Mitigation
❑
❑ Micro-lending
Brief Summary of Operations Carried Out to Date:
The initial focus has been on development of the operational
manual, grant guidelines and grant disbursements. Thirteen entities
have now received grants. Funded projects are at various stages of
implementation and disbursements began in 2010.
26
Mr. Gagoitsiwe Moremedi,
Executive Director
Forest Conservation Botswana
P.O. Box 5118
Gabarone, Botswana
Tel: 3158427
Fax: 3158426
[email protected]
[email protected]
bwindi Mgahinga Conservation Trust
Country: Uganda
Date of Establishment: 1994
Geographical Extent of Support/Operation: National with
operation in multiple areas
Purpose and Mission: To foster
conservation in Bwindi and Mgahinga
Protected Areas through investment in
community development projects, grants
for research and ecological monitoring,
funding park management and protection,
and programmes that create greater
conservation awareness.
Funds Under Management:
Endowment: US$ 6.3 million Other: 2.1 million Euros (Swarovsky)
Investment Location: Endowment – Offshore Other – Local
Board Members:
3 Government members (1 trustee), 3 Community representatives (all trustees), 1 Private Sector representative
(trustee), 1 Protected Area representative (trustee), 1 Local NGO (trustee), 1 International NGO (trustee),
1 Research institute (trustee)
Partners:
Donors: GEF/World Bank, Netherlands Government, FAO, USAID, D. Swarovski & Co., CARE, Greater Virunga
Executive Secretariat, African Orphan Foundation
Park Agency: Uganda Wildlife Authority NGOs: Development and Conservation NGOs operating at Park level
Community: The various communities of the park vicinity Local Government: At district and subcounty levels
Staffing:
Management:
Professional/Technical:
Support:
Trust Administrator, Finance Manager, Program Manager
2 Community Project Officers
Office Assistant, Secretary, Liaison officer (Kampala)
❑
Biodiversity Action

❑ Livelihoods Improvement
❑ Climate Change
❑ Payments for Ecosystem Services
❑ Carbon Trading
❑ Protected Area Management

❑ Environmental Mitigation
❑ Micro-lending
Brief Summary of Operations Carried Out to Date:
2008/2009 saw the following achievements:
•
•
Promotion of conservation awareness which included production and distribution in the BMCA region of 3250
calendars with conservation messages, airing of conservation radio spots and holding of eight conservation
seminars for over 360 district leaders in three districts.
Contribution to the fight against poverty by involving over 4200 individuals in various forms of income
generating activities, such as savings and loan associations; goat, pig and sheep rearing; potato, peas and
tree growing as well as activities to promote Problem Animal Management. These activities helped increase
the capacity of local communities to manage park and forest resources in a sustainable manner by providing
alternatives to park-based activities, some of which are not conservation friendly.
Joining Forces: The Dakar Meeting of African Environmental Funds
Current Operations Involve:
27
•
•
•
28
Provision of technical and financial support to consolidate and
expand activities to improve the livelihoods of the Batwa people by
making and providing school uniforms and scholastic materials
to over 700 Batwa pupils in primary school, giving breeding goats
which, by the end of the year, had more than doubled in number.
Improvement of the BMCT institutional effectiveness by preparing
a ten-year Programme Plan, Monitoring and Evaluation Plan that
was approved by the Board and starting of the revision of the
Trust Deed.
Proposals were prepared and shared with donors resulting in a
new partnership with the Swarovski Co. Funding is to support the
Sustainable Water Management for People and Nature (SWAMP)
around Bwindi Impenetrable National Park by
✦ Creating water awareness in schools in the area
✦ Supplying water to the surrounding communities
✦ Providing proper water sanitation system for the Bwindi
Hospital at Buhoma
Contact:
Geo Z. Dutki, Trust Administrator
Bwindi Mgahinga Conservation Trust
(BMCT)
Bwindi Trust House
Plot 4, Coryndon Road
PO Box 1064
Kabale, Uganda
Tel: 256 (4864) 24123
Fax: 256 (4864) 24122
Email: [email protected]
www.bwinditrust.ug
Eastern Arc Mountains Conservation Endowment Fund
Country: Tanzania
Purpose and Mission:
Date of Establishment: June 2001 – Official registration;
July 2002 – management and activity operational
Catalyze resources to foster conservation
of forest biodiversity in the Eastern Arc
Mountains of Tanzania through investment
in sustainable community development,
sustained financing for protected areas
management and financial support to
applied research.
Geographical Extent of Support/Operation: National with
operations in multiple areas
Funds Under Management: Offshore
Endowment: US$ 7.5 million
Investment Location: Endowment – Offshore
Board Members:
2 Government representatives, 1 National NGO representative, 1 International NGOs representative, 2 Local
Community representatives, 1 Academia/Research Institution representative, 1 Financial/Business Community
representative, 1 Legal profession representative
Partners:
Academic/Research Institutions: University of Dar Es Salaam, University of Agriculture, Sokoine University,
Mzumbe University, Tanzania Forest Research Institute
Commercial: Unilever
Community-Based Organizations: 3 local
Donors: World Bank/GEF
Government Agencies: 12
Non-Governmental Organizations: WCS, Tanzania Forest Conservation Group, Moloko, CARE International, WWF
Staffing:
Executive Director, Program Officer, Finance Officer
3 Field Project Officers
1 Secretary
Current Operations Involve:
Contact:

❑ Biodiversity Action

❑ Livelihoods Improvement
❑ Climate Change
❑ Payments for Ecosystem Services
❑ Carbon Trading

❑ Protected Area Management
❑ Environmental Mitigation
❑ Micro-lending
Brief Summary of Operations Carried Out to Date:
Establishment and making fully operational of the EAMCEF, securing
and investing of the initial endowment capital. Through project
grants supported a total of 49 projects implemented in 6 districts
targeting 4 forest sites totaling 181,679.2 ha. of forest reserves. Out
of the 49 projects supported, 24 are for community development
and livelihood improvement for the forest adjacent communities; 18
are for forest conservation of the target sites and 7 are for applied
biodiversity research. Grant beneficiaries and project implementers
include Government departments, NGOs, CBOs, Local Government
Authorities, Universities and Research Institutions.
Francis B.N. Sabuni,
Executive Director
Eastern Arc Mountains Conservation
Endowment Fund
Plot No. 348, Forest Hill Area
Kingalu Road
P.O. Box 6053
Morogoro, Tanzania
Telephone: (+255) 23 2613660
Cellphone: (+255) 755 330558
Fax:
(+255) 23 2613113
Email:
[email protected];
[email protected]
Website:
www.easternarc.or.tz
Joining Forces: The Dakar Meeting of African Environmental Funds
Professional/Management:
Technical:
Support:
29
Fondation pour les Aires protégées et la biodiversité de Madagascar
Country: Madagascar
Purpose and Mission:
Date of Establishment: January 2005
To support the conservation of biodiversity
in Madagascar by promoting and financing
the expansion, creation, protection, and
sustainable use of protected areas.
Geographical Extent of Support/Operation: National with
operations in multiple areas
Funds Under Management:
Endowment: US$ 31.76 million Sinking Fund(s): 8.5 million Euros (2004-2023)
Investment Location:
Endowment – Offshore Sinking Fund – Madagascar
Board Members: Nine Directors of which:
– At least one and a maximum of two person(s) from the public sector;
– Persons whose expertise is acknowledged in the following fields: finance,
biodiversity conservation, law, business, and fundraising;
– At least two women;
– At least one member and at most two members residing outside of Madagascar.
Partners:
Donors: Republic of Madagascar, World Bank/GEF, AFD/FFEM, KfW, Conservation International, WWF
Government: Ministry of the Environment and Forests
Parks Agency: Madagascar National Parks
NGOs: WWF, Conservation International
Private Foundation: MacArthur Foundation
Staffing:
Management:
Professional/Technical:
Support:
Executive Director
Financial Controller, Administrative and Accounting Manager,
Grants Officer, Marketing and Communication Officer
Office Assistant, Secretaries
Current Operations Involve:

❑ Biodiversity Action

❑ Livelihoods Improvement
❑ Climate Change
❑ Payments for Ecosystem Services
❑ Carbon Trading

❑ Protected Area Management
❑ Environmental Mitigation
❑ Micro-lending
Brief Summary of Operations Carried Out to Date:
The FAPBM continues to finance the recurrent costs of five parks
using the proceeds of the sinking fund created in 2003 through debt
reduction by Germany. These five parks are: Ankarafantsika, Marojejy
/ Anjanaharibe Sud, Andringitra / Andranomena, Tsimanampetsotsa,
Kirindy. In 2010, two additional parks, Masoala and the Mahavavy
Kinkony Complex, were financed for the first time using the
investment interest of the capital endowment. This brings the total
coverage of protected areas financed by the foundation to 804,396 ha.
30
Woman collecting sea food in the
tidal marshes of Nosy be Island,
Madagascar
Contact:
Eric Rakoto-Andriantsilavo,
Executive Director
Fondation pour les Aires Protégées et
la Biodiversité de Madagascar
Lot VX 13 Andrefandrova 101
Antananarivo, Madagascar
Tel: (+261 20) 22 605 13
Fax: (+261 20) 22 621 44
[email protected]
[email protected]
www.fondation-biodiversity.mg
Fondation pour les parcs et réserves de Côte d’Ivoire
Country: Côte d’Ivoire
Purpose and Mission:
Date of Establishment: November 23, 2003
To provide financial support for conservation
of the national parks and nature reserves of
Côte d’Ivoire, especially through the public,
private or non-governmental structures in
charge of their management.
Geographical Extent of Support/Operation:
National operation in multiple areas
Funds Under Management:
Endowment: 2.4 million Euros
Investment Location: Offshore
Board Members:
2 Government representatives, 2 Development partner representatives, 1 Representative of the Chamber of
Commerce, 6 Civil society representatives, 1 Non-Governmental Organization
Partners:
Donors:
NGOs:
Government:
KfW, World Bank/GEF, UNDP
WWF International, IUCN, Wild Chimpanzee Foundation, Afrique Nature International
Direction de la Protection de la Nature, Commission Nationale du Développement Durable,
Agence Nationale de l’Environnement
Parks Agency: Office Ivoirien des Parcs et Réserves
Research:
Cocody University, Abobo Adjamé University, Ecology Research Center
Private Sector: Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Côte d’Ivoire, Orange Côte d’Ivoire
Staffing:
Executive Director
Accounting administrator
Office Assistant
Contact:
Current Operations Involve:

❑ Biodiversity Action
❑ Livelihoods Improvement
 Climate Change
❑
❑ Payments for Ecosystem Services

❑ Carbon Trading

❑ Protected Area Management
❑ Environmental Mitigation
❑ Micro-lending
Brief Summary of Operations Carried Out to Date:
Actions carried out to date include:
•
•
•
•
•
Provided financial assistance to the OIPR in the amount of 142
million FCFA
Provided financial assistance to update the management plan for
the Comoé National Park
Created of an offshore charity in the UK (FPRCI-UK)
Currently pursuing the conversion of 9.5 million Euros of debt
of the Republic of Côte d’Ivoire with the Federal Republic of
Germany; funds will be put toward the existing endowment
Initiation of a feasibility study for a forest project to create a carbon
sink in the Marahoué National Park
Dr. Fanny N’golo, Directeur Exécutif
Fondation pour les Parcs et Réserves
de Côte d’Ivoire
11 Plateaux, rue des Jardins
Villa No. 1079
Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire
Tel: 22 41 77 00
Fax: 22 41 31 01
[email protected]
Joining Forces: The Dakar Meeting of African Environmental Funds
Management:
Professional/Technical:
Support:
31
Fondation Tany Meva
Country: Madagascar
Purpose and Mission:
Date of Establishment: 1996
Raise and manage funds in order to promote
environmentally sustainable development
in Madagascar and to contribute to global
environmental challenges through the
participation of local communities.
Geographical Extent of Support/Operation:
National operation in multiple areas.
Funds Under Management:
Endowment: US$ 12.63 million, Sinking Fund(s): US$ 3.9 million, Revolving Fund: US$ 115,000
Investment Location:
Endowment:
US$ 6 million – offshore, US$ 6.3 million invested in Madagascar
Sinking Fund: Invested in Madagascar
Revolving Fund: Invested in Madagascar
Board Members:
1 Government representative, 2 Private Sector representatives, 1 University representative, 2 NGO representatives,
1 Development program representative
Partners:
Donors: USAID, Conservation International, Liz Claibourne Art Ortenberg Foundation, Schwartz Foundation,
John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation
Project Cofunders: World Bank, UNDP Village du Millénaire, GEF Small Grants Program
International Organizations: Wildlife Conservation Society, World Wildlife Fund, World Food Programme
Staffing:
Management:
Executive Director
Professional/Technical:
11 staff
Finance and Administration: 9 staff
Current Operations Involve:
Contact:

❑ Biodiversity Action

❑ Livelihoods Improvement
 Climate Change
❑
❑ Payments for Ecosystem Services

❑ Carbon Trading

❑ Protected Area Management
❑ Environmental Mitigation

❑ Micro-lending
Brief Summary of Operations Carried Out to Date:
Tany Meva has supported activities in the following areas:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
32
Renewable energies (small hydropower, improved cooking stoves,
ethanol stoves, Jatropha candles);
Sustainable management of forest and reforestation;
Environmental education;
Livelihoods initiatives;
Emerging Community based National network;
Community Management transfer of small conservation sites; and
Microfinance for biodiversity conservation, community focused
energy fund and credit.
Up to now: 1090 projects have been funded for the equivalent of
US$ 8 million.
Fenosoa S. Andriamahenina,
Executive Director
Fondation Tany Meva
Lot A 1 bis Ambatobe
B.P. 4300
Antananarivo 103, Madagascar
Tel: (261) 20 22 403 99
Fax: (261) 32 02 463 20
[email protected]
www.tanymeva.org.mg
Fondation Tri-national de la sangha
Countries: Cameroon, Republic of Congo,
Central African Republic
Purpose and Mission:
The TNS Foundation is an independent conservation trust
fund created for the protection and management of a transboundary forest complex called the Sangha Tri-National
which covers a total surface area of some 28,000 km²,
including the three contiguous National Parks of Lobeke in
Cameroon, Dzanga-Ndoki in the Central African Republic
and Nouabale-Ndoki in Congo (Brazzaville), and their buffer
zones. The objective of the TNS Foundation is to contribute
to the specific priority financial needs for managing each of
the three TNS parks, both in terms of conservation and in
terms of sustainable management of natural resources in the
peripheral zones.
Date of Establishment: Created in 2007 and
incorporated by UK Charity Commission.
Geographical Extent of Support/Operation:
Transfrontier, operating in multiple areas
Funds Under Management:
Endowment: 8 Million Euros
Other: 1.45 Millions Euros project of KfW /BMZ, 0.5 Million Euros KfW, 661,000 Euros (Congo Basin Forest Fund),
400,000 Euros (EU, UNESCO-Central African World Heritage Forest Initiative)
Investment Location: Endowment – Offshore
Board Members: Eleven members of which:
8 Category A Directors: 3 Government representatives, 2 International NGOs representatives, 1 Regenwald Stiftung
representative, 2 Official Donor representatives
3 Category B Directors: 2 biodiversity specialists, 1 finance specialist
Partners: Donors: KfW, AFD Commercial: Krombacher International NGOs: WWF, WCS
Staffing:
Executive Director
Forestry Economist
Administrative and Human Resource Specialist
Current Operations Involve:
Contact:

❑ Biodiversity Action

❑ Livelihoods Improvement
❑ Climate Change
❑ Payments for Ecosystem Services
❑ Carbon Trading
❑ Protected Area Management

❑ Environmental Mitigation
❑ Micro-lending
Brief Summary of Operations Carried Out to Date:
The foundation finances recurrent and investment priority costs as
defined and approved in the management and business plans of the
three National Parks. In addition, the foundation is also supporting a
number of well-defined trans-border activities linked to coordination,
trans-boundary planning and information exchange, as well as some
joint implementation activities with a special focus at the moment on
the implementation of the Tri-national anti-poaching agreement signed
by the three countries. The foundation has four funding “windows”: one
for each of the three National Parks and one for trans-border activities.
A total amount of 800.000 euros has been granted since February
2009 to support: (i) reinforcing the surveillance of the forest complex;
(ii) improving eco-touristic infrastructures; (iii) organization of TNS
stakeholders meetings; (iv) training in carbon stock assessment; and (v)
a research project on biodiversity.
Dr. Timothée Fomete,
Executive Director
Fondation Tri-national de la Sangha
P.O. Box 6776 Yaoundé, Cameroon
Tel: +237 99 93 64 46
Fax: +237 22 05 76 82
[email protected]
[email protected]
Joining Forces: The Dakar Meeting of African Environmental Funds
Management:
Professional/Technical:
Support:
33
Kenya Wildlife service Fund
Country: Kenya
Purpose and Mission: The Trust Fund’s supreme objective is to
provide a sustainable source of funding for wildlife conservation
and its habitats to benefit present and future generations.
Date of Establishment: 2009
Geographical Extent of Support/Operation:
National, operating in multiple areas
Other objectives include:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis), Samburu reserve, Kenya
Conservation, management and maintenance of national
parks, reserves and sanctuaries
Securing wildlife corridors and dispersal areas is critical to
the survival of wildlife
Development and review of management plans for national
parks and reserves
Facilitation of research and monitoring activities
The protection of endangered and threatened wildlife species,
habitats and ecosystems
Rehabilitation of degraded wildlife habitats and ecosystems
Facilitation of community-based wildlife conservation
initiatives
Conservation education and extension services to create
public awareness
Research activities in the field of wildlife conservation and
management
Funds Under Management: Endowment: US$ 581,737
Investment Location: Funds are invested in Kenya
Board Members: 4 Private Sector representatives, 1 NGO representatives, 4 Government representatives,
2 Donor observers
Partners:
National Parks Agency: Kenya Wildlife Service
Private Sector: KLM Royal Dutch, Resolution Health, Microsoft East Africa, Kenya Tourism Board
Official Donors: Government of Kenya, AFD
Individuals: International and local individuals
NGO’s: International Fund for Animal Welfare
Others: Cycle with the Rhinos, To Hell’s Gate on a Wheelbarrow, KWS Animal Adoption Program, Honorary Wardens
Staffing: Professional/Technical: 1 Resource Mobilization and Research specialist
Current Operations Involve:
 Biodiversity Action
❑
 Climate Change
❑
Contact:
❑ Carbon Trading

❑ Livelihoods Improvement
❑
 Payments for Ecosystem Services

❑ Protected Area Management
❑ Environmental Mitigation
❑ Micro-lending
Brief Summary of Operations Carried Out to Date:
The Kenya Wildlife Service Fund (Endowment) is designed to provide
reliable, consistent funding, despite the fluctuating tourism income,
unpredictable national political environments, or the vagaries of
international economics. Therefore the fund will be able to support
wildlife conservation, security, research and monitoring, translocation,
infrastructure and communities neighboring parks for generation after
generation. The target of the fund is US $ 100 million to be raised over
a 10 year period.
34
The Fund was launched on August 27, 2010 and has concentrated on
raising funds from a broad representation of contributors and donors.
Edwin W. Wanyoni, Head of Resource
Mobilization Service
Kenya Wildlife Service
P.O. Box 40241 – 00100
Nairobi, Kenya
Tel: 254-20-600800
DL: 254-20-609356
[email protected]
www.kws.org
Malawi Environmental Endowment Trust
Country: Malawi
Purpose and Mission:
Date of Establishment: March 1999
The mission of the MEET is to administer
the endowment fund on behalf of the people
of Malawi in order to provide sustainable
support for an improved environment and
natural resources management.
Geographical Extent of Support/Operation:
National, operating in multiple areas
MEET’s vision is to enable all people to
address the environmental challenges
in Malawi.
Funds Under Management: Endowment: MK650 million (US$ 4.33 million)
Investment Location: The endowment is invested in Malawi
Board: 13 Members
Trustees (5): 2 representatives from Academia, 1 NGO representative, 2 Private Sector representatives
Governors (8): 1 Donor representative, 1 representative from Academia, 1 Government representtive, 2 Farmers’
Union representatives, 1 Private Sector representative, 1 Research Council representative, 1 NGO representative
Partners:
Donors: European Union, Danida, USAID
Government Agencies: 4
Parks Agency: Department of National Parks and Wildlife
NGOs: 20
Academic & Reseach: 15
Community Based Organization: 150
Faith-Based Organizations: 5
Commerce: 1
Management:
Professional/Technical:
Support:
Chief Executive Officer
1 Forester, 1 Conservation Specialist, 2 Project Managers, 3 Finance staff
1 Administrative Assistant, 2 Support Staff
Current Operations Involve:
Contact:

❑ Biodiversity Action

❑ Livelihoods Improvement
 Climate Change
❑
❑ Payments for Ecosystem Services

 Carbon Trading
❑
❑ Protected Area Management

 Environmental Mitigation
❑
❑ Micro-lending
Brief Summary of Operations Carried Out to Date:
The MEET has supported over 200 community based environment
and natural resource management micro-projects. It has also provided
support to research and training on the environment by training
institutions. A new strategic plan for 2010 – 2014 has just been
launched, with an emphasis on fundraising to increase the endowment
capital and for project specific support.
Mr. Stephen Nanthambwe,
Chief Executive Officer
Adindo House
3 Joachim Chissano Road
P.O. Box 3053
Blantyne, Malawi
Tel: 265 (0) 1 820 303/ 01 822 829
Fax: 265 (0) 1 823 378
Cell: 265 (0) 995 244 155
[email protected]
[email protected]
www.meet.org.mw
Joining Forces: The Dakar Meeting of African Environmental Funds
Staffing:
35
Mulanje Mountain Conservation Trust
Country: Malawi
Purpose and Mission:
Date of Establishment: 1996
MMCT is an endowment based organisation,
facilitating the conservation, research,
management and increased understanding
of Mulanje Mountain and its resources in a
transparent, professional, committed and
collaborative manner. Its vision is to strive
to enable responsible management and
conservation of the biodiversity and natural
resources of Mulanje Mountain and to ensure
the equitable sharing of benefits thereof.
Geographical Extent of Support/Operation:
National, operating in a single site (1,000km2 )
Funds Under Management:
Endowment:
US$6.5 million
Other Projects:
EU $4 million (3 projects)
Norway US$ 6 million
USAID $3 million
Foundation – less than $100,000
Investment Location: The endowment is invested in the USA.
Board Members:
11 Voting Members:
– District Commissioners (2);
– Department of Forestry, Director or permanent designated delegate (1);
– National Herbarium and Botanical Gardens, General Manager or permanent designated delegate (1);
– Academia, permanent designated delegate (1) – Biology Department, Chancellor College;
– NGOs (2), Executive Director or permanent designated delegates – Wildlife and Environmental Society of
Malawi and the Mountain Club of Malawi;
– Smallholder Tea Authority, Chair or permanent designated delegate (1);
– Independent members (3), Trustees.
8 Non-voting Members:
– Forestry Research Institute of Malawi, Deputy Director of Forestry (Research) or permanent designate
delegate (1);
– Chiefs from Mulanje and Phalombe Districts, one from each district chosen by all Chiefs (2);
– Ministry of Water Development, Director of Water Resources or permanent designated delegate (1);
– Environmental Affairs Department, Director or permanent designated delegate (1);
– Ministry of Tourism, Parks and Wildlife, Director of Tourism Services, or permanent designated delegate (1);
– Local Asset / Financial Adviser (1);
– Executive Director of MMCT who shall be Secretary to the Board of Governors (1).
Partners:
36
Donors: 7
Government Agencies: 8
Academic/Research Institutions: 8
Commerce: 12
Community-Based Organizations: 6
Non-governmental Organizations: 6
Other: 5
Staffing:
Governance: 16
Management: Executive Director
Professional: 18 (including projects staff)
Support: 14
Volunteers: 8 (PCVs, JICA, DED)
Current Operations Involve:

❑ Biodiversity Action
Contact:
 Climate Change
❑

❑ Livelihoods Improvement
 Payments for Ecosystem Services
❑
❑ Carbon Trading

❑ Protected Area Management
❑ Environmental Mitigation
❑ Micro-lending
Brief Summary of Operations Carried Out to Date:
Carl Bruessow, Executive Director
Mulanje Mountain Conservation Trust
P.O. Box 139
Mulanje, Malawi
Tel: 265 1 466 282
Fax: (265) 1 466 241
[email protected]
[email protected]
Joining Forces: The Dakar Meeting of African Environmental Funds
MMCT was the implementing agency for the World Bank/GEF Mulanje
Mountain Biodiversity Conservation Project from 2002-2008, receiving
its endowment in 2005. MMCT pursues the broader sustainable
development approach advocated by the Global Biosphere Reserve
status that the mountain and surrounds achieved in 2000. GEF
funds were largely constrained to ecological interventions so MMCT
broadened fundraising to address the socio-economic challenges of the
area, receiving funding in 2005 from EC for a five-year pilot project
based upon a 3 agency partnership. Determining energy production
(firewood & charcoal) was the major threat, an additional 2 EC
projects enabled this to be addressed and a separate agency, Mulanje
Renewable Energy Agency, to be established. Seeking additional capital
for the endowment proved elusive but Norway agreed to five year total
administrative & ecological support to MMCT and the endowment
during this period will be recapitalised with earnings. More recently,
MMCT also secured USAID support for 3 year project to consolidate
commerce interaction with local communities to increase livelihood
standards. Currently seeking World Heritage Site status.
37
Profiles of Funds Represented at the Meeting
Section 2: Funds in the Process of Creation
Foundation for the Conservation of Biodiveristy in Mozambique
Fondation des Savanes Ouest-Africaines (Benin)
Note: Three additional funds which are in the early stages of formation were represented at the meeting, but were
not yet able to prepare a Profile. These are: Democratic Republic of Congo Fund, the Guinea Bissau Fund and a
UNESCO Fund.
38
Foundation for the Conservation of biodiversity in Mozambique (bIOFunD Mozambique)
Country: Mozambique
Purpose and Mission:
Date of Establishment: not yet established
BIOFUND Mozambique aims to support the conservation of aquatic
and terrestrial biodiversity and the sustainable use of natural
resources, including the consolidation of the national system of
conservation areas.
(in process)
Geographical Extent of Support/Operation:
National and transfrontier with operations in
multiple areas
To achieve its mission and with a focus on support to public benefit
and sustainable development, the foundation may provide financing
for the following activities:
a)
Funds Under Management:
Sinking Fund: 4 million Euros (promised)
Other: Start up and initial operating funds (20102015): US$1.4 million
Board Members: The composition of the
Foundation Board will reflect diverse sectors and
geographical regions, including stakeholders
active in Mozambique’s conservation areas. Board
members will collectively have skills and expertise
that contribute to effective management of the
foundation, including finance, law, conservation,
fundraising, non-profit management, business,
etc. The Board will have a majority of Mozambican
members, as well as a seventy-five percent
majority of non-governmental representatives.
Partners: In process of establishment
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
g)
conservation and sustainable management of natural resources
and aquatic and terrestrial biodiversity;
management and development of conservation areas, including
investment in infrastructure;
community development in harmony with conservation
objectives;
research on biodiversity and ecological monitoring;
training for staff of the national system of conservation areas,
as well as other relevant sectors;
promotion of tourism and other activities for the benefit of
conservation; and
education and raising awareness of conservation and the value
of conservation areas.
In financing these activities, the foundation may provide support
to protected area management agencies, NGOs, communitybased organizations (CBOs), communities, research and training
organizations and others as necessary.
The foundation may also extend to financing conservation activities
outside of conservation areas, based on priorities defined and
identified in its Strategic Plan.
Staffing: In process of establishment
❑ Biodiversity Action
❑ Livelihoods Improvement
❑ Climate Change
❑ Payments for Ecosystem Services
❑ Carbon Trading
❑ Protected Area Management
❑ Environmental Mitigation
❑ Micro-lending
Brief Summary of Operations Carried Out to Date:
In 2007, Mozambique launched an initiative to support the development of a national sustainable financing strategy for
Mozambique’s conservation areas. Mozambique’s Ministry of Tourism (MITUR) and the Ministry for the Coordination of
Environmental Affairs (MICOA) sponsored an international conference on “Sustainable Financing of Protected Areas”, in
collaboration with partners such as the French Development Agency (AfD), German Development Bank (KfW), US Agency
for International Development (USAID), World Bank, World Conservation Union (IUCN) and the World Wide Fund for Nature
(WWF). Background studies for the conference analyzed long-term financing needs, ecosystem values and the institutional,
legal and regulatory framework for sustainable financing.
One of the key conference recommendations was to assess the feasibility of creating a conservation areas trust fund (foundation)
as one of the most promising potential financing mechanisms. The multi-stakeholder Biodiversity Group, chaired by the
National Directorate of Conservation Areas (DNAC) of MITUR, was responsible for developing a “trust fund” project with
financial and technical support from AfD, KfW and WWF. In May 2009, following review of the feasibility study for creation of a
trust fund, the Biodiversity Group established a Founders Committee for the creation of a trust fund for conservation areas in
Mozambique (hereafter the “Foundation”).
The Founders Committee is composed of representatives of government, the private sector, the conservation sector, civil society,
non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and donors. This Committee is currently developing the proposed “Profile” of the
Foundation, which will be refined on the basis of further legal and financial analyses as well as consultations with governmental
and non-governmental partners, and potential investors in the proposed Foundation. The Profile will provide the basis for
elaboration of the Foundation’s legal and operational documents.
Joining Forces: The Dakar Meeting of African Environmental Funds
Current Operations Involve:
39
Fondation des savanes ouest africaines (FsOA)
Date of Establishment: Not yet established
Purpose and Mission:
Geographical Extent of Support/Operation:
The foundation has been designed to manage both national
funds for the Pendjari and W protected areas and biosphere
reserve of Benin and later funds for the purpose of supporting
the tri-national W-Arly-Pendjari complex, with the
participation of Niger and Burkina Faso.
The FSOA has as its objectives to:
•
Promote the conservation and
preservation of:
–
–
–
Funds Under Management:
1.5 million Euros equivalent (set-aside by the Government of
Benin pending creation)
Investment Location: Local
•
Board Members: The Board will be comprised of 9 Directors
as follows:
2 Government representatives
1 Donor representative (KfW)
1 representative of an International NGO (IUCN)
5 civil society and private sector representatives
Partners:
Donors: KfW, World Bank/GEF, AFD, FFEM
Technical Partner: IUCN
Staffing: The institution has not yet been created and staffed.
Current Operations Involve:
Advance education, science and
local eco-development through the
promotion of an environmentally
sustainable management of natural
resources and biodiversity of the
following protected areas:
– Pendjari National Park and biosphere
reserve in Benin;
– The Benin area of the W Regional
Park and trans-boundary biosphere
reserve; and
– The Savannah trans-border area
known as ‘WAP’ (W-Arly-Pendjari)
covering such ecosystem in Benin,
Burkina Faso and Niger.
Contact:
❑ Biodiversity Action
❑ Livelihoods Improvement
❑ Climate Change
❑ Payments for Ecosystem Services
❑ Carbon Trading
❑ Protected Area Management
❑ Environmental Mitigation
❑ Micro-lending
Brief Summary of Operations Carried Out to Date: Not yet operational
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Pendjari National Park and biosphere
reserve in Benin;
The Benin area of the transboundary
W Regional Park and biosphere
reserve; and
The savannah trans-border area
known as ‘WAP’ (W-Arly-Pendjari)
covering the ecosystem in Benin,
Burkina Faso and Niger.
Mr. Geoffroy Mauvais,
Regional Coordinator, UICN
IUCN West and Central Africa
program on protected areas,
BP 1618 Ouagadougou 01
Burkina Faso
Tel : 226 76 04 58 01
[email protected]