File

BOURBONS, POPULISTS, &
PROGRESSIVES
K. Skibitsky
BOURBON
TRIUMVIRATE
Pronounced “Tri-um-vuh-reyt”
Name given to (3) democratic Georgia political leaders who
controlled Georgia politics from 1876-1890
John B. Gordon

1873-1880 & 1891-1897 served as a US
senator

Believed to have been a major leader of the Ku Klux Klan

In 1880, he resigned from the senate and took a position w/ the Western &
Atlantic railroad

1886-1890 Governor of Georgia

Served for the Confederacy & was injured five times (Antietam &
Gettysburg)
Joseph E. Brown
Georgia’s Civil War governor
US senator 1880-1891
Strong believer in state’s rights
ALFRED H. COLQUITT
1877-1882 Georgia governor
US senator 1883-1894
THE NEW SOUTH
HENRY GRADY
EDITOR OF ATLANTA CONSTITUTION
• COINED PHRASE “NEW SOUTH”
• DEMOCRATIC POLITICAL LEADER
• PROMOTED INVESTMENT, INDUSTRY, WHITE SUPREMACY, COTTON EXPOSITIONS, HELPED CREATE GT
GRADY HIGH SCHOOL IN ATLANTA, GA IS NAMED AFTER HIM AS WELL AS THE GRADY COLLEGE OF
JOURNALISM AT UGA (GO DAWGS!!)
COTTON EXPOSITIONS
 Used as way to market ATL/GA
 • 3 held (1881, 1887, 1895)
 Important for recovery & development in Georgia
1906 Race Riots

• Racial tension between whites/blacks

• Push for prohibition of alcohol

• Typical of violence for this time

Extra, extra! Race riots started in the
Five Points area of Atlanta which is now Woodruff Park
COUNTY UNIT SYSTEM
In the late 1890’s , candidates were picked for primaries not
by popular vote but by “unit” votes of each county in GA.
Counties were split into rural, urban, & towns. For each GA
General Assembly representative, each county got 2 votes.
This was to make sure that the “right” democrats stayed in
power & kept Georgia as a mainly one-party state.
Therefore, rural counties had political control of GA
• Officially in use from 1917-1960’s
• Votes allotted by county, not popular vote
Tom Watson

Supported farmer/working class

Leading spokesman for Populist party in GA

Sponsored law creating Rural Free Delivery (mail
delivered to rural areas for free. Imagine that. )

However- later in life Watson turned against the
minorities he had once supported & became
fanatical.
POPULISM/PEOPLE’S PARTY
• Started as Farmer’s Alliancepolitical party formed by
farmers & labor organizations,
faded following the 1893
economic downturn
• Caused Democratic Party split
• Wanted graduated income
tax, gov’t ownership of
industries, better credit system
for farmers, & a shorter workday
for factory workers
Rebecca Latimer Felton

Led GA in the fight for women’s suffrage (Fun
fact…In 1918 the US passed the 19th amendment,
which allowed women to vote!)

Views/Accomplishments

Supported prohibition, education for girls, etc.

Woo! 1st Woman to serve as U.S. Senator at age
87 (appointed as interim senator by the GA
governor, & served once until a new senator was
found)
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